THE PARISH OF LONG MARTON
Including the Manors of Brampton and Knock.
Within this parish there are three Townships each constituting a
manor, viz. Marton, Brampton and Knock. Marton belonged to the
family of Veteripont in the reign of Henry III, afterwards to the
Cliffords by whom it was held during the reigns of Edward III and
Richard II, then it passed to the name of Holland and Sir John de
Holland, knt., held it 15 Richard II. During the reigns of Henry v
and Henry VI it was held by the family of Gray but by some means
or other it fell into the hands of Henry VIII.
The manor of Brampton belonged anciently to a family of its own
name, afterwards it came to the Graystocks in whom it continued
until the latter end of Henry v, when it passed to the Lancaster
family and continued therein until the reign of Elizabeth when it
passed to the three co-heiresses of the last male heir.
The manor of Knock Shalcock belonged in the reigns of Edward II
and III to the family of Boyville, afterwards to the Rookby and then
to the Lancaster families.
The original dedication of the church is a little uncertain. John de
Morland, rector, in his will (1358) desired to be buried in the quire of
the Blessed Margaret of Marton; Hugh Todd and Nicolson and Burn
speak of St. Margaret and St. James; while Ecton's Thesaurus only
mentions St. James.
The church of Long Marton has been always an ecclesiastical
Rectory. The first mention of it occurs in the "Antique Taxatio
Ecclesiastica" which was a taxation of Benefices made by the
authority of Pope Nicholas IV, about the year 1291, or the 20th year
of Edward I. According to this document, still remaining in the
King's Remembrancer's office in the Court of Exchequer, the Rectory
of Long Marton was then estimated to be of the annual value of £20,
there are no particulars of the specific glebe, lands or tithes mentioned
but merely the general gross value.
The next valuation was made in 11 Edward II by the Bishop of
Carlisle in pursuance of a Royal Mandate directed to him; in this
"Novo Taxatio" the Rectory was valued at no more than £4 yearly.
No survey or taxation of the church occurs between this period and
that of 26 Henry VIII, 1535, which was made by Parliamentary
Authority, as follows:—
|MARTON RECTORY. John Gregson, incumbent.|
|The said rectory is worth in—|
|Mansion and glebe||£1||6||8|
|Tithe of grain||£14||6||8|
|Tithe of hay, flax and hemp||1||0||0|
|Tithe lamb and wool||3||6||8|
|Oblations and the lesser fees as in the|
|Reprisals to wit—|
|Synodals 4s., Procurations 3s. 10½d.||7||10½|
|Clear annual value||£21||15||5½|
|A tenth part whereof||£2||3||6¾|
The Commonwealth Survey of 1657 gives the following:—That the
right of presentation to the church is in the Countess of Pembroke.
That Mr. Lancelot Lowther is incumbent there and hath for his
maintenance the tithes of corn, wool, lamb and all other small dues
and tithes within the parish which are worth £65 by the year and also
the glebe land belonging to the same which is worth £15 by the year.
In May, 1334, Robert de Clifford presented John de Morland to
the rectory of Merton Parva, when the bishop directed the rural
dean of Westmorland and the vicar of Appleby to hold an inquisition
into the right of patronage. This was duly held and John de Morland
John de Morland, rector of Marton (1334–1358), made his will on
20 March, 1357–8, in which he desired to be buried in the choir of the
Blessed Margaret of Marton. He left 40d. to the fabric and tower of
his church, and 2s. a piece to four bridges, viz.:—two over the Eden
at Appleby and Sowerby and two over the Troutbeck at Kirkby
Thore and Marton. Testa. Karl., 17. The church was considerably
altered during the 14th century and probably by this rector.
Robert de Wolseley made his will on the morrow of the Feast of
St. Peter ad Vincula, 2 August, 1367, in which he desires to be buried
in the church of Marton, leaving to the altar there 13s. 4d. Testa.
On 22 November, 1655, Lancelot Lowther, minister of Long
Marton, being summoned by the Commonwealth to give an account
of his title to the place appeared and produced an Instrument of
Approbation under the seal of the Commissioners of Approbation of
Public Preachers, bearing date 30 March, 1655, to invest him in the
full possession of that parsonage.
Bishop Nicolson in his visitation of 10 July, 1703, records that the
"children were formerly taught in the vestry of the church, but now
in Knock porch in the south aisle." The church was restored in 1880
and the churchyard was enlarged in 1910.
A list of the Incumbents whose names have been met with during
the present research.
|1295–1300||William de Cumbe|
|1300–||John de Medburn|
|1334–1358||John de Morland|
| –1378||William de Loundres|
| –d.1562||William Bury|
| –r.1730||John Middleton|
|1874–1896||Hay M. Erskine|
Long Marton School.
Here the school was endowed in 1824 with the interest of £20
left by Thomas Machel, who also bequeathed £20 for the encouragement of a singing master to teach psalmody at the church.
Indenture made 24 December, 1833, between George Atkinson
of the Inner Temple, London, and Isabella Atkinson of Appleby,
widow, of the one part, and the rector of Long Marton for the
time being, Rev. Thomas Bellas of Bongate and many others of
the second part. Whereby George and Isabella Atkinson sell for
five shillings to the other parties a freehold piece of land upon which
a school house has lately been erected by subscription in the township
of Brampton, parish of Longmarton, bounded on the east and northeast by a parcel of land called Top Closes and on the west and south
by the highway from Longmarton Church to the King's way, to have
and to hold according to the form and effect of a certain indenture
and release prepared and engrossed and intended to bear date the
day after these presents.
Indenture made 25 December, 1833, between the said parties
whereby the said George and Isabella Atkinson release all their right
in the said premises to the said parties for the use of a school for
instructing children to read, write and cast accounts and such other
knowledge as shall be thought useful, and suffer such person as shall
be appointed to act as schoolmaster. Close Roll, 11190, pt. 169, n. 2.
The school-house was enlarged in 1900.
The ancient manor house, Nicolson and Burn say, was built
anew by Thomas Burton, grandson of Richard Burton, rector of
this parish, which Thomas was a Justice of the Peace for Westmorland in the time of Oliver Cromwell, and was afterwards knighted
by Charles 11 for divers services he had performed (though an
Oliverian) to the royal party. The said Sir Thomas sold the hall
to the ancestor of George Baker of Ellemore Hall, who sold the same
to divers of the inhabitants who demolished the hall, leaving only
so much as was sufficient for a farm house.
Long Marton, over the Troutbeck.
John de Morland, rector of Long Marton, in his will dated 20
March, 1357/8 bequeathed 2s. to the bridge over the Troutbeck at
Merton. Testa. Karl., 18.
On 9 January, 1737/8, Quarter Sessions received a petition from
the inhabitants setting forth that this bridge was a public one and
that the way at the ends thereof was founderous and bad; ordered
that the High Constables of the East and West Wards with all
convenient speed do view the said ways and report to the next
Sessions. On 10 April following it was ordered that 1d. in the pound
be assessed and levied for repairing the public bridge.
On 3 April, 1780, Quarter Sessions ordered the High Constable of
the East Ward to pay the contractor for rebuilding Long Marton
Bridge. During the great flood on 2 February, 1822, when so many
of the County bridges were destroyed, this bridge was damaged
considerably. On 22 October, 1830, it was ordered that 60 feet of
iron railing be erected at the north end of the bridge to give an
overflow and prevent danger from floods and that the rest of the road
be protected by a wall three feet high. On 17 August, 1892, it was
reported to the County Council that the bridge is only 13 feet 6 inches
in width between the parapets; and in 1929 the Council suggested
widening it by 6 feet on the upstream side.
On 9 January, 1681, upon the petition of the inhabitants of Dufton,
Quarter Sessions ordered that the inhabitants of Brampton do appear
at the next Sessions to answer why they do not repair Sandie Bridge
or show good cause to the contrary.
1295 3 May.
William de Cumbe, rector of Long Marton, owes £10 to
the executors of Isabella de Clifford. By August, 1298, the rector
having become blind W. Bonkes was put in charge of the church
John de Medburn, who was a minor at the time, was admitted to
the living, and on 6 March, 1299–1300 William de Brampton was
given the custody of the church and of John until he became of age.
He is to provide for John's maintenance in the schools and the supply
of the cure. On 9 October, 1303 John de Medburn was instituted.
Bp. John de Halton's Register.
Know all men etc. that I Christopher de Lancaster have given and
granted etc. to Sir John Boukyn, rector of Marton, and Sir Adam de
Brokelstowe, chaplain, as interim feoffees, my manor of Hartsop with
its belongings, to have and to hold in lands, etc. without retention
of anything belonging, of the chief lords of the fee by service, etc. for
all time. Dated on Wednesday next after the Purification of St.
Mary, 45 Edward III. The release was granted on the Friday next
after the Feast of St. Gregory the Pope.
Thomas de Musgrave, knt., by Adam Crosseby his
attorney, against William de Loundres, late parson of the church of
Merton in a plea that he render unto him £117 which he owes. De
Banco Rolls 473, m. 201d.; 474, m. 167d.; 475, m. 109d.
John parson of the church of Merton against Robert
Walker of Merton, whereas it was ordained by Edward, late King of
England, and grandfather of the present king, that if any servant
was retained in the service of any one by agreement, and withdrew
without reasonable cause or licence he should be subject to imprisonment, the same Robert being formerly in the service of the said
John at Merton withdrew from his said service without cause to the
grave damage of the said John. De Banco Rolls, 475, m. 43d.;
476, m. 366.
Long Marton paid a fifteenth as a subsidy to the king amounting
to 22s.; Knock, 10s. and Brampton 14s. 6d. A total of £2. 6s. 6d.
Excheq. Q.R. Miscell. Books, vol. 7.
1669–1672 Hearth Tax Roll
1669–1672 Hearth Tax Roll, Lay Subisdy, 195, n. 73.
|Robt. Sympson, vicar||4|
Seventeen householders were exempted from paying the Tax by
Twenty householders were exempted from paying the Tax by
Four householders were exempted from paying the Tax by
1677 23 April.
Ordered that a warrant of good behaviour be issued
against William Stephenson of Brampton, for not assisting the other
constable to execute a warrant directed by Robert Hilton one of his
Majesty's Justices of the Peace.
1706 7 October.
Presentment that William Raisbeck of Long Marton,
yeo., Mary his wife and Elizabeth Raisbeck, spinster, did forcibly
erect a stone wall upon Long Marton common, encroaching 15 yards
in length and 15 yards in breadth upon the common of the Rt. Hon.
Thomas lord Wharton to the injury of the inhabitants and tenants
of the manor of Long Marton. They were fined 6d.
Brampton Common was enclosed in 1770; 500 acres in Long
Marton and 500 acres of stinted pasture called Marton Park were
enclosed in 1804, Robert Lumb of Lowther, John Housman of Corby
and John Hobson of Dufton being the Commissioners. Knock
Common was enclosed in 1815.
1796 26 November.
For the provision of soldiers to serve in the army,
as requested by a late Act, the parish of Long Marton together with
the Townships of Milburn and Smardale, having 101 inhabited
houses had to provide two men or be fined £20 for each man missing
from that quota.
1802 15 January.
John Stephenson of Great Strickland and John
Ellison of Colby, being Protestant Dissenters from the Church of
England, produced a certificate that a house in Long Marton now in
the occupation of Thomas Pearson, heretofore licenced by the Bishop
of Carlisle, is intended to be a place of meeting for religious worship.
They both took in open court the oaths of Allegiance and Supremacy
the oath of Abjuration and made the Declaration against the doctrine
of Transubstantiation and subscribed the same according to Law.
The Wesleyan Methodist chapel at Long Marton was erected at a
cost of £400 with one hundred sittings; it was built upon land given
by Mrs. Mary Brunskill, who afterwards bequeathed two acres of
land which sold for £160, to assist in paying off the debt of its erection.
At Espland Hill in Brampton the Wesleyan chapel was built in 1866
with eighty sittings. At Knock the same Denomination built their
chapel in 1873 with sittings for sixty persons.