THE PARISH OF ALL SAINTS, ORTON.
Including the parish of Tebay and the Townships of Langdale,
Bretherdale and Birkbeck Fells.
Within this parish of Sker-Overton, so named from the Scar under
which it stands, we have a Stone Circle, "Gamelands," north-west
of Raisbeck; Tumuli (1) north-west of Raisgill Hall, (2) north of
Broadfell, (3) half a mile north-west of Sunbiggin, (4) half a mile
north-east of Sunbiggin; a Roman Road called "Wicker Street,"
for which see under Crosby Ravensworth; two Motte and Bailey
strongholds (1) Greenholme which lies in the angle formed by the
confluence of the Dorothy Beck on the west with the Birkbeck on
the north, (2) and Castle Howe on the river Lune at Tebay, the seat
of the ancient family of Tybai; the Beacon on the Scar made
statutory in 1403 and which flashed between Penrith, Stainmore and
Whinfell; lastly the Brandreth or boundary Stone measuring 47
by 33 by 18 inches and which stands as the lowest step to a stile a
little south of the Castle Howe farm.
Between the years 1154 and 1163 Gamel de Pennington granted
the churches of Pennington, Muncaster and Sker-Overton, with the
appurtenances thereof to the priory of Conishead, and the same was
confirmed by John Bartholomew, prior of Carlisle, in the time of
Hugh, 3rd Bishop of Carlisle (1219–1223). Alan son of Alan de
Pennington further granted certain lands called the "Frerebiggins"
in Overton to the same canons. Dr. Burn says that "below
Frerebiggins there is a place called Frere-mire and there is a parcel of
turbary called Frere-moss" which probably received their names
from having belonged to the Friars.
In 1263 there was a composition made between the Bishop of
Carlisle and the Prior of Conishead concerning the vicarage. "To
all Christian people etc. Robert (de Chauncy), by divine permission
an humble minister of the church of Carlisle, etc. We being called
to the valuation of the perpetual vicarage of Orton in our diocese by
the authority of the Pope . . . had fully made enquiry touching the
value by men worthy of belief, sworn to this and examined. The
prior of Conishead, for himself and his convent, appearing in our
presence, wholly submitted to an ordinance as to the said valuation.
We, therefore, having prayed for the grace of the Holy Ghost, and
having taken a just estimate of the value of the said benefice, do rate
to the perpetual vicarage of the said church, four pounds and fourteen
shillings, and instead of the said sum of money, we do assign two
dwelling houses, with two oxgangs of land with all their easements
and appurtenances whatsoever."
But there was also a chapel here appropriated to Whitby, for in
1310, William prior of Conyngesheved, Richard de Gosefeld canon of
that house, and others were charged with entering the abbot of
Whitby's Chapel at Overton, co. Westmorland, carrying away his
goods, and assaulting his monks, men and servants. Cal. Pat. Rolls,
1310, p. 255. Dr. Burn refers to a place called "The Chapel about
half a mile south from the church" and to a Lady Well there "which
was reported to have salutary effects in divers maladies."
In the "Antique Taxatio Ecclesiastica" of Pope Nicholas IV
made in the year 1291 the Church is valued at £40 and the Vicarage
at £10, but by the "Novo Taxatio" of Pope Clement v, made in
1318, the value is reduced to £5. See page 22. The "Valor
Ecclesiasticus" made by order of Parliament, 26 Henry VIII, 1535,
values the church thus:—
|Orton Vicarage Church. Thomas Lorde, incumbent.|
|The Rectory is appropriated to the Priory of Conishead.|
|The said Vicarage is worth in—|
|Mansion with glebe and a tenement||£1||4||0|
|Tithes of lamb and wool||12||0||0|
|" flax and hemp||3||4|
|Oblations and the lesser fees as in the
|Reprisals to wit—|
|Synodals, 5s; and Procurations 5s.||10||0|
|Clear annual value||£16||17||4|
|A tenth part whereof||1||13||8¾|
The Commonwealth Survey of 1657 is as follows:—
That the right of presentation of the church is jointly in the
parishioners who have purchased the tithe corn and hay of the whole
parish. That Mr. George Fothergill is the present incumbent there
and hath for his maintenance the tithes of wool and lamb and other
small tithes worth by the year £58, and likewise the glebe land which
is worth by the year £4. That the town of Orton is a Market Town.
During the incumbency of John Corney (1609–1643) the Rectory
and advowson were sold by the Crown to Francis Morice and Francis
Phelips, both of London. They in 1618 resold them to the said John
Corney, Edmund Branthwaite and Philip Winster for the sum of
£570, in trust for the landowners within the parish. Twelve feoffees
were elected to present such person to the vicarage as should be
chosen by the majority of the land owners, at a meeting called for that
purpose within three months next after a vacancy should occur in the
living. But after the death of John Corney three parishioners, not
being feoffees, took upon themselves the election of a Parliamentarian,
called Mr. Fetherstonhaugh, and caused him to be instituted without
the consent of a public meeting of the landowners. In the meantime
the feoffees had chosen an Episcopalian, called George Fothergill, by a
majority of 145 parishioners. Great strife arose when Fetherstonehaugh upon the authority of his institution broke open the church
door to take forcible possession, and for nine weeks the parishioners
had to watch the church lest he should continue in possession. It
was not a religious strife but merely one for the preservation of the
parishioners right to make their own choice, a right for which they
had paid a considerable sum of money. Finally George Fothergill
was instituted. In December, 1651, he compounded for his First
Fruits, in May, 1654, he was approved of by the Cromwellian
Commissioners and his ministry appears to have been continuous
until his removal to Warsop in 1663.
In 1877 the chancel was rebuilt and the nave restored.
A list of the Incumbents whose names have been met with during
the present research.
1294–||Rich. de Ravenglass|
|1294–||Richard de Castro Bernardi|
| –d.1573||Philip Machel|
|1849–||John S. Sisson|
ST. JAMES, TEBAY.
This church was erected in 1880 at a cost of £1976 from the design
of Charles J. Ferguson. The ecclesiastical parish was formed in 1884
and the civil parish on 1 April, 1897.
This school appears to have originated in private subscription
about the year 1733. From the fund then raised a school-house
was built, which continued to be used for the purposes of education
until the year 1809, when, being considered too small and the
situation bad, a new house was built elsewhere at the expense
of about £210, of which Miss Margaret Holme contributed £135. The
parish paid £3 a year rent for the old school-house and the money
thus raised went to paying a singing master, for teaching singing in
It was further endowed with £400 by the will of Frances Wardale,
dated 9 November, 1781; with a moiety of £200 by the will of Mary
Dalton, dated in 1831; with £700 by the will of Margaret Holme,
dated in 1839; and with £100 by the will of Mark Oldman, dated in
The school-house was rebuilt in 1808–9.
Greenholme and Bretherdale School.
Founded and endowed by George Gibson in his will dated 23
November, 1733, who gave £400 bank stock for a free school in
Bretherdale or Birkbeck Fells. The stock produced £573. 10. 9 and
was laid out with a further gift of £20 from Mr. Dent in purchase of
a farm of about 40 acres on 3 December, 1773.
The master reported on 10 November, 1735, that he approved a
plan for building the school, to cost £52. 10s. on a corner site called
Eskew Greenholme and that he had approved the orders for the
regulation of the school. In 1861 Thomas Hayton rebuilt the place,
since which time it has been used also as a chapel for the neighbourhood. George Gibson endowed it with 46 acres of land which
produced about £54 yearly.
Founded and endowed by Robert Adamson on 30 April, 1672,
who gave certain houses and 24 acres of land called "Ormandie
Biggin" and "Blackett Bottom," in the manor of Grayrigg, for
the maintenance of a school master whether of University degree
or a county scholar. He stipulated that all his relations and friends,
all inhabitants of Roundthwaite, all poor people in the parish of
Orton, all foreigners whatsoever and all contributors to the school
should have their children taught free. The scheme of 1863
restricted the number of free scholars to 30.
Indenture made 11 December, 1863, between Stephen Brunskill of
Kendal of the 1st part; Harry Arnold of the same of the 2nd part;
Stephen Brunskill, Edward Branthwaite of Kendal, John Sharp,
Edward Greenhow Milner, Abraham Burra, William Atkinson,
Robert Sharp, George Potter, all of Orton, yeomen, Rev. John
Septimus Sisson, vicar of Orton, Richard Burn of Orton Hall, James
Cropper of Ellergreen and John Jowitt Wilson of Kendal of the 3rd
part, being acting trustees of a charity school called Tebay School;
whereas the present school house and accommodation have been
found inadequate owing to the great increase of the railway population, a new school has been lately built, now the said Brunskill
grants to Harry Arnold a piece of land, parcel of an enclosure called
Highgate in the township of Tebay, bounded on the east by Tebay
Common, on the north by the turnpike road from Kendal to Kirkby
Stephen, on the west and south by other parts of the said enclosure,
with all buildings to the use of the said Trustees for the said school.
Close Roll, 16158, pt. 163, n. 7. The two Railway Companies
assisted with the cost of erecting the school and master's residence.
The school was enlarged in 1892.
This barrier is described as a plessicium, or slashed hedge, which
served as a stockade against the Scots, and is so named in the
following grant, dated about 1180, when its origin and use must have
been well known. "Grant by William de Lancaster 11 to the monks
of St. Mary at Byland, of his part of Borgheredala (Borrowdale) by
the great way which goes by Ernestan (Eagle-stone) to the plessicium
which has been made on account of the Scots; and by the brow of the
hill of Bannisdale, which is towards Borrowdale, as long as Bannisdale
continues, and so to Borrowdale Head and so to the bounds of
Westmorland, in perpetual alms, and for the settlement of the
complaint which Wimund, late Bishop of the Isles, had against the
father of the grantor." (Hist. MSS. Com., 10th Report, iv, 323.).
The precise position of this dyke has not been ascertained as yet,
but from "Hollow Gate," half way between Kendal and Shap, there
is a track some four miles across the moor eastward known as
"Breasthigh," which clearly has had a rampart on its northern bank
noticable near the ruins of Knott House and just beyond and which
comes out near Tebay where there is a farm called "The Dyke."
On the other hand it will be observed that the land to the northward
rises considerably so that the rampart could be of little strategic
strength against the Scots, and these place names may refer only to
an ancient park of 100 acres which William L'Engleys received
licence to impark in Tebay and Roundthwaite by grant of
12 Edward III.
Petty or Orton Old Hall.
A low two storeyed building. Over the front door appear the
initials and date, G.B. 1604 M.B., commemorating the rebuilding
by George Birkbeck. During the 17th century the Hall was purchased by the Petty family. A panel over a fireplace bears his
arms, disallowed by Dugdale, viz.: three castles with a pair of
compasses, together with the initials and date C.M.P. 1689. There
is a release of 3 November, 1721, by Mary Petty to dower and thirds
in Orton Hall in favour of her son Christopher. The Hall then
passed to a branch of the Garnett family, of whom one William
devised the property to the right heirs of Mary Holme and John
Garnett Holme, who sold it to Dr. Thomas Gibson, the author of
Legends and Historical Notes.
Originally built by Dr. Burn who died in 1785. It was greatly
enlarged and modernized by Harvey Goodwin, between the years
1898 and 1900. It is not certain where the ancient manor house
stood. Nicolson and Burn think that it was near the church,
on the south side, where ruins used to be seen and they point out that
the hill ascending to the church on that side is to this day called
This Hall was owned and occupied by the Blenkinsop family
and where they kept their courts.
This bridge is near Fawcett Mill and carries a road over Raisbeck
which flows from Sunbiggin Tarn. It has a span of 21 feet and was
rebuilt at a cost of £231. In 1904 an application was made to the
County Council for a contribution towards the cost. The Surveyor
reported that there was but little traffic over it and that therefore
there was no public call upon the county.
Carlingill Low, on the road between Low Borrow Bridge and
Whereas complaint has been made that a certain public bridge
called Low Carlingill Bridge, situate half in the county of York and
half in the East Ward of Westmorland, is totally fallen down and
demolished, and it appearing that the same ought to be supported,
repaired or rebuilt at a concurrent expense of the said counties, it
was ordered on 4 May, 1734, that the High Constable in conjunction
with the Surveyor of Bridges in the North Riding do contract for the
rebuilding of the said bridge. On 3 April, 1780, Quarter Sessions
ordered that the High Constable of the East Ward do view Low
Carlingill Bridge and contract for the rebuilding of the half belonging
to Westmorland. On 1 July, 1864, it was reported that the bridge
is only 11 feet in width and that 60 yards of the approach at the
Westmorland end runs on the edge of a steep precipice. In the late
Spring a landslip took place which reduced the width of the road to
8 feet causing great danger.
Coatflat, over Chapel Beck, between Orton and Raisbeck.
On 24 April, 1742, there was a presentment made to Quarter
Sessions that this was a public one and that it needed repair at the
south-east end and that the same ought to be done at the expense
of the County. On 22 April, 1745, it was further presented that the
water course below the bridge was not well and sufficiently scoured
to the common nuisance of his majesty's subjects passing upon the
highway and that John Miller of Ashfell, yeom., by reason of his
tenure of lands ought to repair, scour and cleanse the same as often
as occasion required. On 28 October, 1752, the High Constable was
ordered to repair the bridge and 300 feet at each end thereof, it being
a public bridge. On 26 May, 1891, it was reported to the County
Council that the bridge was only 8 feet 6 inches in width and that
the parapets were only 2 feet high, but that there was very little
traffic over it.
Dorothy, over the Bretherdale Beck on the Pikestone Lane between
Greenholme and Roundthwaite.
This bridge appears on the list of County Bridges made in the year
1825. It was reported to the County Council on 26 May, 1891, as
being only 7 feet 6 inches wide, but that it was not greatly used.
Ellergill, over Ellergill Beck near Gaisgill Railway Station on the
road between Tebay and K. Stephen.
On 16 July, 1717, this bridge was presented to Quarter Sessions as
being in great decay for want of repair. On 16 July, 1745, the
Justices ordered the High Constables to inform themselves whether
Ellergill Bridge be one of the public bridges of the County, whereupon
they reported on 10 August that it was. On 12 January, 1778, the
bridge with 300 feet at each end, was presented as in great decay and
too narrow and that it ought to be repaired and widened at the
expense of the County.
On 18 July, 1649, at the Assize held at Appleby, sixteen bridges
were presented as in decay, Greenholme Bridge being one of them,
when it was ordered that 4s. in the pound be assessed and levied upon
the whole County towards the repair of the same. This bridge
appears upon the list of public bridges made on 28 April, 1679. On
1 April, 1695, upon a petition to Quarter Sessions made by the
inhabitants of Birkbeck Fells shewing that this bridge had fallen
down to their very great inconvenience, it was ordered on 25 April
following that 2d. in the pound be assessed and levied for erecting a
new stone bridge in its place. Richard Ogden contracted to build it
for £8. On 26 May, 1891, it was reported that this bridge is only
8½ feet wide with parapets 2½ feet high, and that the schoolmaster of
the adjoining school was afraid that accidents might happen to the
children if the parapets were not raised.
High Borrow, or Huck's Bridge.
John Ogilby's plan of the main road north and south, made in the
year 1675 shows it crossing the "Burrow flu" at the old High
Borrow bridge and following the west bank of Crookdale Beck to
Hawse Foot. On 16 January, 1712–3, the bridge was presented to
Quarter Sessions as being very ruinous. On 14 December, 1745, the
Deputy Lieutenants in obedience to the command of the Duke, raised
a party to demolish the bridge in order to make the road from Kendal
to Shap impassable for artillery and wheel carriages. Therefore on
15 July, 1746, it became necessary for the Justices to order the High
Constables to view and contract for the repair of both this bridge and
Crookdale Bridge at as low a rate as possible. On 19 April, 1819, a
presentment was made that this bridge in the King's highway from
Kirkby Kendal to Shap was very ruinous, broken and in great decay
and that the inhabitants of the County—half being in the Bottom
and half in the Barony—ought to repair the same. Again on 12
January, 1824, it was presented that "High Borrow Bridge otherwise called Huck's Bridge" was very ruinous and also very narrow
and incommodious; and the jurors also present that a certain part
of the King's highway beginning at the south end of the said bridge
and continued towards the town of K. Kendal for the length of 300
feet and a breadth of 18 feet, also another part beginning at the
north end towards Shap for 300 feet and a breadth of 18 feet is in
On 17 October, 1825, the High Constables were ordered to produce
a plan of the intended alterations and improvements; and at the
next Sessions, 13 January, it was ordered that a committee with
Francis Webster, architect, do examine the state of the bridge and
report what alterations in their opinion ought to be made by rebuilding or otherwise. On 28 January, 1826, it was resolved that as the
Trustees of the Heron Syke Road have requested Mr. McAdam to
make a plan and estimate of an entire new road to avoid Huck's Hill,
the question as to the rebuilding of High Borrow Bridge otherwise
Huck's Bridge be postponed, but that F. Webster be asked to
furnish an estimate of the expense of the necessary repairs. On
5 March, 1891, it was reported that Huck's Bridge is situate on the
old road which is now a bye-road; it has been built at twice. It has
one arch of 23 feet 7 inches span with a width of roadway between
the parapets of 10 feet.
Langdale Bridge over the Langdale Beck on the road between
Gaisgill and K. Stephen.
On 27 May, 1686, the High Constables estimated to Quarter
Sessions that it would cost £35 to build and erect Langdale Bridge.
Low Borrow Bridge, over the Lune on the road between Appleby
This bridge appears upon the list of public bridges made on 28
April, 1679. On 2 May, 1712, a presentment was made to Quarter
Sessions that this bridge standing both in the Barony of Kendale
and the Bottom of Westmorland, was in decay. On 17 May an order
was issued to the High Constables to repair that part which belongs
to the Bottom at the same time as the Barony repaired their part.
The bridge appears upon the list of public county bridges made in the
Lune Bridge, over the Lune on the road between Tebay and Low
In 1379 there was a grant made to James de Pykeryng, knt., and
John de Yorke, in aid of the bridge of Stangerwath in Killington
over the water of Lone, of pontage for three years from things
saleable coming from the priory of Hornby to the bridge called
"Lonesbrig" over Tybay. Cal. Pat. Rolls, 1379, p. 354.
Thomas de Sandford in his will dated 29 August, 1380, bequeaths
"pontem inter Tybay at Routhwayt xiijs. iiijd." Testa. Karl., 143.
At the Assize held at Appleby on 18 July, 1649, sixteen bridges
were presented as being in decay after the Civil War, Lune Bridge
being one of them, when it was ordered that 4s. in the pound be
assessed and levied upon the whole County towards the repair of the
same bridges. It appears upon the list of public bridges made on
28 April, 1679. On 17 April, 1702, it was presented as being in
decay. In 1911 it was cement grouted.
Raisbeck Bottom Bridge, over Rais Beck.
In 1904 an application was made to the County Council for a
contribution towards the cost of rebuilding this bridge. It has a
span of 14 feet, but the Surveyor reported that there was practically
no traffic over it and therefore there was no public call upon the
Raisgill Hall Bridge, over the Lune.
Forasmuch as the bridge over the Lune at Raisgill Hall in Orton is
very ruinous and in great decay to the danger of passengers who have
occasion to pass over the same, and as the inhabitants have petitioned
the Court to have it repaired at the public expense, but it not
appearing that it is public nor who ought to repair it, some supposing
it to have been erected for private use; it was ordered on 5 October,
1724, that the bridge be viewed by two of the Justices residing near
and by the High Constables in order to discover if possible who ought
to be at the charge of repairing the same and report their opinion
to the next Court. The Justices reported that the bridge was utterly
decayed but that they could not be informed that it was ever reputed
to be a county bridge nor did they think it reasonable that the same
should be as no public road or King's highway led thereto. From a
sketch made by Thomas Bland of Reagill in 1843, the bridge is shown
as consisting of one rough stone arch, grass covered, and without any
Upon a presentment to Quarter Sessions, made on 5 October,
1702, that the public bridge called Randall in Orton is ruinous and
in decay, it was ordered on 13 July, 1703, that the High Constable
of the East Ward do contract for its efficient repair.
Rayne Bridge, over the Lune on the road between Gaisgill and K.
On 24 August, 1757, Quarter Sessions ordered that the High
Constables do contract for the repair of Rayne Bridge, it being one of
the public bridges belonging to the county. On 13 February, 1902,
it was reported to the County Council that the bridge was in a very
serious condition. The gradient of the approach on the Raisbeck
side is steep and the turn on to the bridge is almost a right angle.
The whole bridge must be taken down and a new skew bridge be
built. This rebuilding was approved of in May following and it
was resolved that William Grisenthwaite's tender amounting to
£1991. 9. 6 be accepted. During the progress of the work the
temporary bridge was washed down in November, re-erected and
again washed down as far as Lowgill in the January following. The
works were completed satisfactorily in August, 1903, at a cost of
£2161. 6. 10.
Salterwath Bridge, over the Lune on the road between Low
Borrow Bridge and Sedbergh.
The Roman Road came up the valley of the Lune from Ingmire
Hall and kept on the eastern side of the river and along the sloping
sides of Howgill Fell as far as this ford at Salterwath when it crossed
On 15 July, 1811, this bridge was presented to Quarter Sessions as
lying between the market towns of Orton and Sedbergh and, as being
in great decay broken and ruinous, the county ought to repair
and amend it. On 11 December, 1824, the taking down and rebuilding a new bridge here was let to Robert Gowling for £550. It appears
upon the list of public county bridges made in the year 1825.
Scales Bridge, over the Birk Beck near Greenholme.
On 18 July, 1649, at the Assize held at Appleby, sixteen bridges
were presented as in decay, Scales Bridge being one of them, when
it was ordered that 4s. in the pound be assessed and levied upon the
whole County for the repair of the same. It appears upon the list
of public bridges made on 28 April, 1679. In 1733 an order was
issued from Quarter Sessions for the repair of this bridge. On 18
April, 1752 there was a further order issued to the High Constables
to contract for the repair of the bridge, it being a public one. But
on 15 July, 1755, some doubt was expressed as to its being a public
bridge, when it was ordered that the Clerk of the Peace should make
search in the Rolls of the Sessions to see if it were one or not. However on 22 November following the order to repair the bridge at the
public expense was renewed. On 10 October, 1794 the High
Constables were ordered to contract for the rebuilding of Scales
Bridge in the parish of Orton, the old bridge having been washed
away by the late heavy floods. For some reason or other this bridge
does not appear upon the list of public bridges made in 1825, neither
does it now in the County Council list.
Tebay Bridge, over the Lune on the road between Tebay and Orton.
On 18 July, 1649, this bridge was found to be one of the sixteen, as
above, that were in decay. Tebay Bridge appears upon the list of
public bridges made on 28 April, 1679. On 1 October, 1750, the
High Constables were ordered to view this bridge and contract for
its repair together with the 300 feet of roadway at either end of it.
An order which was again renewed on 28 October, 1752.
Tebay Gill Bridge, alias Howbridge, over Tebay Gill on the road
between Tebay and K. Stephen.
On 16 July, 1717, a presentment was made to Quarter Sessions
that this bridge was in decay for want of repair. Again on 6 April,
1741, it was presented as a public bridge which ought to be repaired
at the expense of the county.
1293–4 7 February.
The bishop granted the custody of the then vacant
vicarage of Orton to Richard de Ravenglass, a canon of Conishead;
and on 16 June following the prior and convent of Conishead presented Richard de Castro Bernardi.
1302–3 4 February.
Henry, vicar of Orton, had to find a bond of 20
marks to the bishop, to be forfeited in case of incontinence on his
part. Register of Bp. Halton.
William White, by Adam Crosseby his attorney, appeared
against William Jude in a plea wherefore with force and arms they
took and carried away from "Boroughdale Rothery" three hundred
sheep belonging to the said William White. De Banco Rolls, 471,
m. 82d.; 472, m. 495d.; 473, m. 202.
William White, by Adam Crosseby his attorney, against
William de Bretherwayt in a plea that he render unto him five marks
which he owes. Ibid.
Overton, Bretherdale, Tebay and Langdale paid a fifteenth as
subsidy to the king amounting to 113s. 4d. Excheq. Q.R. Miscellaneous Books, vol. 7.
Fine at Westminster on the Quindene of Easter, 13 Elizabeth.
Between Alan Bellingham, esquire, of Fawcett Forest, plaintiff, and
Thomas Wharton, knt., deforciant, respecting one messuage, four
tofts, one garden, 12 acres of land, 8 acres of meadow, 100 acres of
pasture, 100 acres of heath and gorse, 100 acres of moor and 60 acres
of turbary, with the appurtenances in Tybay and Bretherdale.
Thomas acknowledged the tenement to be the right of Alan and
quitclaimed it to him and his heirs in perpetuity. For this release
Alan gave him forty pounds sterling.
Thomas Barlow was born at Langdale in this year. He was
educated at Appleby and Queen's College, Oxford. He was elected
Provost of the College in 1657; subsequently he became Margaret
Professor of Divinity and archdeacon of Oxford; and in 1675 was
appointed to the bishopric of Lincoln which he held till his death in
George Whitehead was born at Sunbiggin in 1635. For his piety
and learning, as well as for the variety of his sufferings and the
influence that he wielded through his long life, he became the hero of
Westmorland Quakers. He was buried in Bunhill Field, London, on
13 January, 1722/3.
Oliver Cromwell, at the request of the Lady Anne Clifford, granted
to the inhabitants a licence to hold a fair on the Friday in Whitsun
week, and a fair to last a fortnight from Wednesday next after
Whitsun week to continue till the day of Simon and Jude following.
He likewise granted licence for a Court of Pie-powder and the taking
of tolls. The great seal is about 6 inches in diameter and bears the
arms of the Commonwealth on one side, and the figure of Cromwell in
armour on horseback on the reverse. The Court of "Poudre des
Piez," or Pie-powder, was granted to Fairs to determine disputes and
to take notice of all manner of disorders committed by the pedlars
who attended and got their livelihood by vending goods without
having any fixed abode wherein to take " the dust off their feet."
In the Borough Laws of Scotland an alien merchant is called" Piedpuldreaux."
1669–1672 Hearth Tax Roll
1669–1672 Hearth Tax Roll, Lay Subsidy 195, n. 73.
|Mr. Kenyon, vicar||3|
Five householders were exempted from paying the tax by
Four householders were exempted from paying the tax by Certificate.
Seven householders were exempted from paying the tax by Certificate.
|Mr. Jho. Birbecke||3|
Three householders were exempted from paying the tax by
Seventeen householders were exempted from paying the tax by
|F. . . Brabon||1|
|. . . end||1|
|. . . Crosbye||1|
|Mr. Robt. Braithwaite||2|
|[Rich. ] Sympson||1|
|T . . . Adamson||1|
|. . . Atkinson||1|
Nine householders were exempted from paying the tax by Certificate.
1670 29 November.
William Robinson, John Holme and Elizabeth his
wife, John Fawcett and Elizabeth his wife, Thomas Atkinson and
Agnes his wife, were presented for not attending their parish church
or receiving the Holy Communion.
The weekly market on Wednesdays held under a charter of
Edward 1, was confirmed in 1678, but before 1777 the day was altered
to Friday. On 2 August, 1864, a weekly market for butter and farm
produce was started in the Assembly Rooms of the "Three Tuns
Inn" and by the 30th the foundation stone of a new Market House
was laid by Richard Burn. The building was formally opened on
31 May, 1865.
1682 2 October.
Ordered that the inhabitants of Bretherdale and
Birkbeck Fells do repair the highway betwixt Greenholme and Upper
Scales upon pain of £5.
1696 31 July.
Roger Kenion, vicar of Orton, signed the anti-Jacobite
"Association" that was formed throughout the Kingdom for the
protection of William 111.
1697 13 July.
Whereas Edward Addison stands convicted of petty
larceny, it is ordered that he be whipped from the High Cross in
Appleby through the market on Saturday next between the hours of
ten and twelve in the forenoon and set two hours in the stocks at
Orton on the Wednesday after between the hours of eleven and one.
1700–1 13 January.
Margaret the wife of John Thornburrow of Tebay
being convicted of petty larceny was ordered to sit in the stocks at
Orton on Wednesday "sennat" being the 22nd inst. for the space of
one hour between twelve and one o'clock.
1706–7 2 January.
Anthony Wharton of Birkbeck Fells was indicted
for keeping a greyhound not being qualified so to do.
1707–8 12 January.
Presentment that Bryan Lancaster of Kirkby
Kendall, yeo., and others unlawfully assembled to worship in a
certain unlicenced place called Le Garth at Orton. The indictment
was quashed by order of the Court.
1730 10 April.
Order to the High Constables to view the highway
leading to the west end of the public bridge known as Old Lune
Bridge in Killington and contract for the repair of such part as lies
within 300 feet of the bridge.
1736 4 October.
Richard Burn, B.A. took the oaths of Allegiance and
Supremacy, the oath of Abjuration and also subscribed the Declaration against the doctrine of Transubstantiation.
1751 25 May.
Quarter Sessions ordered that the Surveyor of Highways
within the parish of Orton should erect a Guide Post at the corner of
Mr. Barnes' garden in the highway leading from Orton to Appleby.
1756 26 April.
Ruth Yare of Orton for stealing one blanket of the value
of 8d. was ordered to be delivered to the master of the House of
Correction and there to be severely whipped.
1787 10 July.
John Brown of Orton being found guilty of stealing a
woollen petticoat of the value of 10d. was ordered to be taken to
Orton and be then and there stripped naked from the middle upwards
and publicly whipped through the market till his body be bloody and
then conveyed to his place of settlement.
1789 9 October.
By virtue of an Act of Parliament for dividing and
enclosing the open Commons and waste lands within the manor of
Orton the Commissioners did award a certain highway between
Orton and Greenholme to be made 60 feet wide between the ditches,
and so it is that one Richard Alderson, in a certain place called
Hayslack Bank within the parish of Orton and so along the said
highway towards the town of K. Kendal, did erect a stone wall
100 yards in length upon and across the said highway to the great
stoppage and hindrance of his majesty's subjects going and returning
on the said highway. On 6 May, 1791, the said Richard Alderson
was further indicted that with force and arms he did unlawfully
maintain the said wall and also another at a place called Spout Gill
between Birkbeck Fells and Bretherdale.
1796 26 November.
For the provision of soldiers to serve in the army,
as required by a late Act, the parish of Orton together with the
Township of Mallerstang, having 258 inhabited houses had to provide
five men, or pay £20 for each man missing from the quota.
The Rev. Robert Milner, vicar of Orton, took the usual oaths on
qualifying as a Justice of the Peace.
1833 2 April.
Indenture made between John Dodd of Raisbeck, gent.
of the 1st part; Stephen Brunskill of Orton, gent. and many others
of the 2nd part; and John Rawson of Appleby, Superintendant
Preacher of the Circuit of the 3rd part. Whereas those of the 2nd
part have money in their possession for the purchase of land and
building a Chapel thereon for the use of Wesleyan Methodists, now
this Indenture witnesses that for £4 John Dodd has sold to the said
parties all that freehold piece of land as now staked out being 14
yards square at the south-east corner of a close called Plump, adjoining the Town Street of Orton on the west to have and to hold on
conditions expressed in an Indenture made re Skircoat Methodist
Chapel in the connexion established by John Wesley. Close Roll
11017, pt. 61, n. 12.
1841 30 April.
Indenture made between Elizabeth Harrison of
Loupsfell in the parish of Orton, widow, of the 1st part; John
Simpson of Orton, blacksmith, and many others of the 2nd part;
and Jonathan Barrowclough of Appleby, Superintendant Preacher
of the Circuit of the 3rd part. Those of the 2nd part having money
in their possession for the purchase of land and building a Chapel
thereon for the use of the Wesleyan Methodists, now for £1 the said
Elizabeth Harrison has sold to them all that piece of land in Gaisgill,
as the same is now marked out, being 41 by 31 feet, bounded by land
of Mr. William Stubbs on the east, by land of the said Elizabeth
Harrison on the west and south, and the highroad from Kirkby
Stephen to Kendal on the north, to hold as by the conditions declared
in the Indenture re Skircoat Chapel. Close Roll 12659, pt. 193.
The Orton Agricultural Society was founded and the first Show was
held on 20 September, 1860. Richard Burn laid the foundation stone
of a new Butter Market on 30 August, 1864.
The Primitive Methodist Mission Chapel at Greenholme was erected
in this year.