THE WEST WARD.
THE PARISH OF ST. PETER, ASKHAM.
Including the Manor of Helton Flecket.
Within this parish we have Stone Circles on Moor Divock, viz.:—
(1) Copstone in double ring mound, 76 feet in diameter; (2) Six stones
of a circle, 15 feet in diameter; (3) a circle and cairn, 11 feet in
diameter; (4) a circle of eleven stones 19 feet in diameter with a
stone avenue stretching away west of north as far as No. 9 circle;
(5) a Tumulus revetted with a stone circle; (6) a single circle of seven
stones, 25 feet in daimeter; (7) a double circle with an outer ring of
five stones, 14 feet in diameter, and an inner ring of six stones, 7 feet
diameter; (8) a single circle, 9 feet in diameter; (9) a single circle,
14 feet in diameter, revetting a mound; (10) "White Raise" tumulus
some 57 to 60 feet in diameter and from 7 to 8 feet high; (11) a Long
Barrow; 25 by 15 feet apparently revetted with stones; (12) a Round
Barrow, 15 feet diameter.
The following are near the Roman road; (13) "The Cock Pit"
double circle of stones 90 to 103 feet in diameter with four cairns
inclosed; (14) a double circle, 27 feet in diameter; (15) a double circle,
15 feet diameter; (16) a group of mounds; (17) the "Standing
Stones," half a mile south of Swarth fell, comprising 65 stones within
a diameter of 57 feet; (18) a Tumulus on Riddingley's Top, and circles
and cairns half a mile east of it. Collingwood, Inventory of Ancient
Setterah Park is mentioned in 1290 as being a possession of Robert
and Idonea L'Engleys. The ramparts enclose a considerable space
and that there were buildings on the site is shown by an Indenture
of 1459 mentioning" the mansion and places builded" at the park
of "Setterhowe."Surrounding the whole was a moat ten to fifteen
feet wide. See Transactions N.s. xxi, pp. 180–222.
William de Romara, earl of Lincoln, granted to the canons of
Wartre Priory inter alia the church and lands of Gamel the priest of
Askham. The gift was confirmed to the canons by Pope Innocent 11
on 15 September, 1140, and by Pope Innocent IV in the year 1245.
In the "Antique Taxatio Ecclesiastica" of Pope Nicholas IV, made
in 1291, the church was valued at £17. 3. 10, but by the "Novo
Taxatio" of Pope Clement v, made in 1318, the value was reduced
down to £2. See page 22. The next "Valor Ecclesiasticus" of
26 Henry VIII, 1535, is as follows:—
|Askham Vicarage. William Brownby, incumbent.|
|The Rectory is appropriated to the Priory of Wartre in Yorkshire.|
|The said Vicarage is worth in—|
|Mansion with glebe||£1||0||0|
|Tithe of wool and lamb||2||0||0|
|Calves and the lesser fees as in the Easter Book||1||0||0|
|Reprisals to wit—|
|Synodals 4s. and Procurations 4d.||4||4|
|Clear annual value||£4||13||8|
|A tenth part whereof||9||4½|
Whereas James Waterson, farmer of the sequestrated vicarage of
Askham is in arrears to the sum of £24, it was ordered by the
Commonwealth Commissioners in 1653, that he pay in the same to
Mr. George Archer, the Treasurer for the County, within ten days
or otherwise upon his default be proceeded against according to the
Rules of the Ordinance in such case provided.
Whereas Mr. Richard Gibson late minister of Askham having been
formerly ejected hath intruded himself into the said place without
any lawful authority, pretending no other title to the place saving
that several of the parishioners desire him to officiate. It was ordered
on 22 November, 1655, that time be given till 25 March next for the
said Mr. Sibson to remove with his family and goods out of the said
parish and that in the meantime an order be issued to the Agent for
Westmorland to take care to secure the tithe corn and hay remaining
upon the glebe for the use of the next incumbent.
The Commonwealth Commissioners on 4 December, 1656, ordered,
upon the petition of Mr. Wargent, that for the time that he hath
officiated in the Cure at Askham and so long as he shall supply the
same, he shall be satisfied after the rate of £20 a year out of the profits
arising from the vicarage.
The Commonwealth Survey of 1657 is as follows:—
That the right of presentation to the Church is in Thomas Sand-forth, esquire. That there is no incumbent there. That the tithe
wool and lamb and other small dues within the parish due to the
incumbent when present was worth £9 by the year . . . lease worth
£14 by the year. That the profits of this vicarage have been under
sequestration about seven years last past and have since the time of
the sequestration, from time to time have been paid to John Archer,
the Treasurer for the County, or his assigns.
William Sandford sold the manor and tithes in 1680 to Sir John
Bishop Nicolson at his visitation of 1703 records that "The Church
yard, wherein there are no monuments, is but ill fenced; and the
entrance into the Southern door of the church (seldom used but when
they bring in a corpse, or by some prescribers of Helton) is almost
grown up. The walls are very low and crazy. In the Quire the
Communion-Table is well railed in and very decent. . . The
womens seats in the body of the church are without backs; but those
for the men well enough . . . Bp. Oley's books given to this parish
are all safe in Mr. Seed's hands, never having had a Repository in the
In the year 1735 the roof of the north side of the church was taken
down and renewed and the tax was laid according to the Book of
Rates, the lordship of Hilton paying equally and raising the like sum
with the lordship of Askham.
The church was rebuilt in 1832. "The Parish Church of Askham
falling into decay was with the consent of William Earl of Lonsdale,
the Patron, Percy lord Bishop of Carlisle and churchwardens taken
down and rebuilt on the same site, greatly improving the accommodation." At this time the custom of males and females sitting
together was introduced "which custom had not been practised in
the memory of man till the rebuilding." The foundation stone was
laid on 28 June, 1832, and the church was re-opened on Sunday,
18 August, 1833.
A list of the Incumbents whose names have been met with during
the present research.
|1295||William de Malton|
| –d.1563||Thomas Watter|
| –1656||Richard Sibson|
| –1660||Chris. Langhorn|
|1795–d.1832||J. Langton Leech|
The date of the commencement of this school is not known, but it
must have been long before 1779 when the school-house is said to
have been erected. In 1809 a subscription was raised among the
principal inhabitants and landowners, to which the earl of Lonsdale
contributed £100, to augment an endowment of £20 given by Mrs.
Jane Bowman. According to articles of agreement drawn up on
20 October, 1813, the earl and seven of the chief inhabitants were
Indenture made 7 February, 1818, between William Tinkler of
Askham, yeo. and Elizabeth his wife of the 1st part; Mary Tinkler
of Askham, widow, of the 2nd part; others of the 3rd, 4th and 5th
parts; and the earl of Lonsdale, Rev. John Langton Leech, vicar of
Askham, and other parishioners as Trustees of the 6th part; the said
William Tinkler for £212 has sold to the said Trustees his close at
Askham for the use of a charity school there. Close Roll, 9797,
pt. 58, n. 10.
The school house was enlarged in 1894 and 1909.
The manor was acquired by Sir Thomas de Hellbeck and passed
by marriage to the Swynburn family about the year 1314. The
capital messuage of Robert de Swynburn by inquisition in 1326
was found to have been partially burned by the Scots. In 1375
Edmund de Sandford came into possession and may have had a
pele-tower, of which some stone dressings may be inserted in the
present building. But the fact that there is no separate tower now,
just one main central block containing the solar and the hall of
co-eval date, is proof sufficient that the present building was not
erected before the 15th century. In 1574 it was transformed into
an Elizabethan mansion by the addition of rooms above the hall and
by the erection of wings enclosing a courtyard. With lettering
curiously conjoined and contracted the inscription reads:—
Thomas . Sandford . Esqvyr .
For . thys . payd . meat . & . hyr .
The . year . of . ovr . Savyore .
XV . hundreth . seventy . four.
Between 1655 and 1659 the spirit of the Renaissance demanded
the remodelling of the façade, a new doorway broken through on the
frontage to be made a classical feature and the windows entirely
In 1828 the Hall became the Rectory for the parish of Lowther.
References:—Trans., N.S. iv, 97; xxi, 228; xxii, 438.
Askham Bridge, over the river Lowther.
Quarter Sessions received, on 25 April, 1685, a petition addressed
to the Rt. Worshipful his Majesty's Justices of the Peace for the
County of Westmorland humbly showing that several of His Majesty's
good subjects have been lately drowned in crossing the river of
Lowther at the ford between Askham and Lowther, which is the
nearest and best way for the most part of the inhabitants in the West
Ward to the market or shire town of Appleby, and to several other
persons on the east side of the river and that your petitioners are
very well satisfied that a sufficient bridge may be there erected for
the convenience and security of your petitioners and other persons
who have occasion to pass that way and that the same may be done of
a moderate charge not exceeding £50. May it therefore please your
worships to grant your order to the surveyors of bridges or other
persons whom you shall think fit to view the same in order that they
may agree with some judicious workmen for the erecting of a public
bridge there. It is signed by 229 inhabitants of Barton, Martindale,
Hilton, Askham, Lowther and Whale.
The Grand Jury considering the ancient highway leading through
the river Lowther near Askham, how dangerous it is and how many
persons have lately perished there by the water, do hereby present
it as a thing very expedient and necessary that a convenient stone
bridge be built there . . . and we likewise present it as our humble
desire that the honorable bench would be pleased to order the building of a bridge to be forthwith contracted for, the county being not
chargeable therefore above forty pounds. Whereupon the Justices
agreed to the petition and the recommendation of the Grand Jury.
Whereas at the Easter Sessions it was ordered that a stone bridge
be constructed over the river at a cost to the County not exceeding
forty pounds, and the same being now very substantially built
according to articles made with Michael Ogden and John Nevinson,
and for further satisfaction of their pains and charges therein it is
thought very fit by the Court this 5 October, 1685, and at the request
of the Grand Jury that £12 be now added thereto, therefore it is
ordered that the High Constables of the East and West Wards do issue
out their warrants for a speedy assessing and levying the same.
On 3 March, 1753 the Sessions ordered the High Constables to
contract for the repair of this bridge, it being a public one. More
than one hundred years later complaint was made by the inhabitants
that the structure was dangerous on account of the road over it being
only 7½ feet wide. In 1877 Quarter Sessions recommended that it
should be widened so as to obtain a roadway of 16 feet, however,
nothing appears to have been done. On 13 September, 1889, the
bridge was reported to have a single span of 52½ feet with a rise from
the springing line of 12 feet, the roadway 7 feet 7 inches in width and
the parapets very low. The Bridge Master suggested to the County
Council either to widen the bridge by an addition of 10 feet at a cost
of £650 or to build a new bridge altogether, 15 feet wide, at a cost of
£900. Again nothing appears to have been done. On 24 August,
1894 the Master submitted two schemes. The first to erect a new
bridge some 73 yards below the existing structure at a cost of
£4349. 12.0 with a long approach on the west rising from the gateway
to Askham Hall and descending on the east to the gateway into
Lowther Park. The second to erect a new bridge just clear of the old
one on the low side, but raised 6 feet higher at a cost of £2787. 2. 6, or
if not raised higher £1686. 6. 6. Ultimately William Grisenthwaite's
tender of £2015. 19. 6. was accepted on 4 April, 1896. The bridge
bears the date 1897.
The prior and convent of Wartre presented to the church William
de Malton, one of their canon, on condition that he have living with
him always a fellow canon. Halton Register.
Thomas de Sandford appeared against Robert de Wasshyngton in a plea that he render unto him £43 which he owes. De
Banco Roll, 470, m. 54.
Thomas de Louthre of Ascome, by Adam Crosseby
his attorney, against William Birkehed "the woulman" in a plea
that he render unto him £9; and against John de Tymson that he
render five marks; and against John Hoggeson of Blencow that he
render 40s. which he owes. De Banco Roll, 477, m. 400d.
Askham paid a fifteenth as a subsidy to the king amounting to
26s. 8d.; and Helton Flecket, 10s. A total of £1. 16s. 8d. Excheq.
Q.R. Miscell. Books, vol. 7.
Inquest taken at Appleby, 16 July, 1607, the jury found that Alan
Prickett was seised of the park and divers lands and tenements called
"Satteraye Parke" within Helton Fleckan; and also a moiety of
the manor of Helton Fleckan and of divers messuages, lands and
tenements parcel of the said moiety of the said manor in Helton
Fleckan and Helton daile; and also of one tithe barn and of all
tithes of wheat and grain yearly growing within Helton Fleckan and
Helton daile. By his will, dated 31 December, 1606, he gave to
Arthur Brigge the said park and lands and tenements called "Satteraie Parke" and the said moiety of the manor and the said lands,
tenements, tithes and other premises in Helton Fleckan and Helton
daile to hold in trust according to his will. The said park, lands and
tenements called "Satteraie Parke" and the said moiety of the
manor of Helton and the said lands and tenements parcel thereof are
held of Margaret, countess of Cumberland, by knight service and are
worth yearly clear £10; the tithe barn and said tithes in Helton and
Helton daile are held of the king in chief and are worth yearly clear
16s. 8d. He died 31 December, 1606, and Alan Prickett the younger,
son of William, brother of the aforesaid Alan, deceased, is his
kinsman and heir and at the time of his uncle's death was a minor,
aged 19 years and 3 months. Court of Wards Inq. p. mortem, vol.
33, n. 26.
1669–1672 Hearth Tax Roll
1669–1672 Hearth Tax Roll, Lay Subsidy 195, n. 73.
|Tho. Samford esq.||6|
|Mr. Hutchinson, vicar||2|
Sixteen householders were exempted from paying the tax by
Mr. Rich. Winch||3|
1670 29 November.
Thomas Langhorn was presented to Quarter
Sessions for refusing to have his child baptised at his parish church,
and John Tinckler for refusing to receive the Blessed Sacrament and
for seldom attending the church.
1796 26 November.
For the provision of soldiers to serve in the army,
the parish of Askham, having 103 inhabited houses had to provide
two men or pay a penalty of £20 for each man missing from the quota.