THE PARISH OF ST. NINIAN, BROUGHAM
Including Whinfell Park, Hornby, Winderwath and Woodside.
Within the parish we have a Stone Circle on the south side of
Leacet Wood one and a half mile west from Cliburn Station; the
Roman fort of Brocavum and the later Norman Castle.
THE CASTLE AND MANOR.
The great road from Carlisle to York crossed the Eamont by a ford
a little below the modern bridge, and here it was met by a branch
road coming by way of Yanwath and by another from Low Borrow
Bridge via. Crosby Ravensworth Fell. We can feel pretty certain
that the same reason which induced the Romans to select the site,
namely the necessity of guarding the ford at this important junction
of the ways, led the Norman, many centuries later, to erect his castle
When the English king, in 1157, demanded that Malcolm of
Scotland should relinquish the territory, he appears to have issued to
those he placed in authority along the border, a royal order to erect
castles of stone. Fantosme does not mention Brougham when in
1174, William, the Lion of Scotland, captured Appleby and Brough,
but the castle must have been erected before the year 1189.
After Robert de Veteripont died from his wounds received in
battle, 1264–5, fighting on behalf of the earl of Leicester and the
barons against Henry 111, the king seized his vast possessions, but,
on the intercession of Edward his son, he restored them to Robert's
two heiresses—Isabella a girl of ten years and Idonea of six or seven
years of age. The king, however, by reason of their youth, committed them to the custody of his two influential friends—Roger de
Clifford of Clifford Castle in Herefordshire and Roger de Leyburn of
the county of Kent. And with heiresses in their wardship, holding
such vast possessions, it was only natural that marriages to their
respective heirs would be arranged quickly.
In the meantime the two guardians endeavoured to come to an
agreement as to the division of the estates between the two girls, an
agreement that was confirmed when Roger de Clifford, the younger,
married Isabella. They were to have the manor of Brougham; a
moiety of the manors of Marton, Appleby, Winton and Brough; a
moiety of the forests of Whinfell and Mallerstang; three parts of the
manor of Meaburn Regis and a moiety of the profits of the Sheriffwick.
On the other hand Idonea was to have the castle of Brough; a
moiety of the four manors as above; the manor of Kirkby Stephen;
the castle of Mallerstang; a fourth part of the manor of Meaburn
Regis, a moiety of the two forests as above; and a moiety of the
profits of the Sheriffwick. That Idonea was to have the two castles
of Brough and Mallerstang seems to imply that Isabella was to have
the two castles of Appleby and Brougham.
Unfortunately both young husbands died within a year of one
another, in 1282 and 1283, and the following is the Inquisition taken
after the death of Roger de Clifford.
Inquisition taken at Appleby before the King's Escheator, Thomas
de Normanvill, on Saturday after Hilary, 11 Edward 1, 1282, by
John de Halton and others as jurors, as to what lands Roger de
Clifford, junior, held of his proper heritage and what of the heritage
of Isabella his wife.
They say that he held of the heritage of the said Isabella by the
service of two knights:—
The manor of Brougham, worth yearly £15. 11. 7.
the moiety of the manor of Marton, worth yearly £13. 3. 5¼
the moiety of the manor of Appleby, worth yearly £27. 5. 3¼
three parts of the manor of Meaburn Regis, worth yearly £37. 14. 8¼
the moiety of the manor of Winton, worth yearly £24. 2. 3¼
the moiety of the manor of Brough with the herbage of Stainmoor,
worth yearly £70. 13. 0;
the moiety of the forest of Quinfell as well in herbage as agistment,
wood sold and other issues, worth yearly £23. 3. 3½
the moiety of the forest of Mallerstang worth yearly £22. 3. 9;
a service called cornage received as well from knights as other free
tenants, worth yearly £13. 11. 4;
rents from the same, worth yearly £2. 15. 7¾ and
the shrievalty of the county worth yearly £3. 6. 8. A total of
£253 10. 11¼.
His first born son Robert is his heir aged nine years at Easter.
Of the fees of knights and free tenants and advowsons of churches,
which he held of the inheritance of Isabella, the jurors say nothing,
for they have not been divided between her and her sister Idonea
wife of Roger de Leyburn, the coheiress of Robert de Veteripont.
Chanc. Inq. p. mortem, 11 Edw. I, file 35, n. 5.
His widow, Isabella, survived her husband about eight years, and
sat personally in court and executed the office of Sheriff. She died
however in 1291 at the age of 37 years. Idonea lived many years
after and married a second husband but died without issue, so that
the whole Veteripont inheritance became vested in the heirs of Isabella and Roger de Clifford.
Inquest taken after the death of Isabel de Clifford, one of the
daughters and heirs of Robert de Veteripont, taken at Appleby on
Friday after St. Barnabas the Apostle, 20 Edw. I, 1291, before the
King's Escheator beyond the Trent, as to what the said Isabel held
of the king in chief and what of others, in co. Westmorland the day
that she died. The jurors say on oath that the said Isabel held the
castle of Appleby with a moiety of the profits of the county of the
king in chief, whose issues are not sufficient to sustain the castle,
sheriff, his clerks, the constable, porter and other ministers of the
same, also in the same vill of Appleby certain land worth yearly
She held also the manor of Brougham in chief of the king, which
manor in gardens is worth yearly 10s. but cannot sustain the said
manor; and in demesne are 115 acres of arable land, worth 8d. per
acre, 9 acres of arable land worth 6d. per acre, 60 acres of land worth
3d. per acre, 58 acres of meadow worth 2s. per acre; a water mill
worth 10s. yearly; a close of which the herbage is worth 20s. the
year; a part of the forest of Quinnefell worth yearly in all issues 20
marks, a certain part within the said forest is worth 60s. yearly; a
certain meadow in Cumberland belongs to the said manor and is
worth 4s. yearly, also a small pasture called Thornholme which is
worth 10s. by the year. Sum total £29. 2. 10.
She held also the manor of Brough under Stainmore in chief of the
king. There are there 134 acres and 3 roods of arable land worth
18d. the acre yearly, 5 acres of waste land worth 3d. the acre, 50
acres of meadow worth 12d. the acre, of William's Rydding 30s.,
20 bovates of land rendering yearly £8. 2. 9., 11 cotters rendering for
their messuages and gardens 23s., free tenants rendering yearly
£19. 17. 0.; two mounds (torella) rendering yearly 9d.; in the lower
Brough 25 free tenants rendering yearly 20s. 6d.; of tenants aforesaid
for autumn works 10s. 6d.; of stallage 3s.; of the oven 20s.; there
are three forges rendering yearly 3s. 9d.; three cotters render yearly
10s.; in perquisites of the court yearly 15s.; of the office of constable
and his foresters £3. 6. 8.; a "Yarnest cesthouse" (wool assessment
house) worth yearly 20s.; a certain herbage in Stainmore with
agistment, worth yearly £5.; two closes worth yearly £8. 6. 8.;
thirteen vacaries with a plot worth yearly £26. 3. 4.; sea-coal 3s.
Sum total £101. 10. 10¾.
She also held in chief of the king the manor of Winton. There are
there 140 acres of arable land rendering yearly £7.; 25½ acres of
meadow worth yearly 47s.; 28 bovates of land rendering yearly
£18. 6. 6.; 13 cotters rendering for their messuages and gardens
£3. 9. 10.; for brewing 2s.; pannage and agistment of pigs 4s.; there
are there five free tenants rendering yearly 6s. 4½d.; one water mill
worth yearly £10. 13. 4., but the said Isabel enfeoffed her esquire
Adam del Hake of 100s. rent from the said mill for life. Sum total
£42. 10. 6½.
She also held in chief of the king the manor of Kirkby Stephen.
There are in demesne 70 acres of arable land rendering yearly £3.;
2½ acres of meadow rendering yearly 5s.; six bovates of land worth
yearly 46s.; cotters rendering yearly 13s. 4d. Sum total £6. 5. 3.
|Of the knight's fees Alan de Caberg holds Caberg for 3 carucates of land and renders yearly for cornage||17s.||8d.|
|Michael de Harcla holds Hartley||12s.||4d.|
|William de Dacre holds fourth part of Overton||6s.||4d.|
|The heirs of William de Soulby holds Crosby Gerard, Little Musgrave and a fourth part of Overton||22s.||8½d.|
|Andrew and John de Helton hold Helton Bacon||13s.||8d.|
|The heir of Robert de Askeby holds Great Askeby and Wynanderwath||19s.||0d.|
|Ralph de Cundale holds Bampton Cundale and Knipe||15s.||3d.|
|Henry Engaine holds Clifton||16s.||4d.|
|Henry de Boyvill holds Knoksalkak||3s.||4d.|
|Lucas Tailbois holds the moiety of Cliburn||12s.||4½d.|
|John de Goldington holds Colby||6s.||10d.|
Thomas de Multon holds Hoff and Drybeck||9s.||2d.|
|Earl Patrick holds the moiety of Milburn||10s.||10d.|
|John Machel holds Crackenthorpe||6s.||10d.|
|Roger Bull holds Kyrkeberg||2s.||0d.|
|Hugh de Lowther, Adam de Haverington, Henry de Witby, and the prior of Watton hold Lowther Wyllame and Lowther Ion||20s.||4d.|
|Walter Tylle, John de Staffole and Hugh de Sowerby hold a moiety of Cliburn||15s.||5d.|
|Michael de Harcla holds Smardale||13s.||8d.|
|Of the manor of Brough||10s.||8½d.|
|Of the manor of Winton||20s.||9d.|
|John de Helton holds Burton||one||mark.|
|Sum total of cornage||£13||8 10½|
They say that all the said tenements are held of the king in chief
by service of 2½ knight's fees. She held also the advowson of
Warcop church worth £40 yearly, and the advowson of Brougham
church worth £13. 6. 8. yearly. She held no land in the county
except of the king. Robert de Clifford is her son and next heir and
was aged 18 years at Easter last. Excheq. Inq. p. mortem, Series 1,
file 1, n. 27.
The history of the castle is written elsewhere (see Trans. N.S., vol.
xxii, pp. 143–157). The continuance of the Clifford holding was
broken only for twenty-four years, from the attainder of 1461 to
1485, when Henry lord Clifford, "the shepherd" resumed his ancient
proud position. During that time, namely on 6 February, 1461–2
Richard Musgrave, the younger, received a grant for life of the office
of Constable of the king's castle of Burham, co. Westmorland, and
surveyor of the castle and lordships with all the accustomed profits.
On 27 May following, the grant was made to Richard Nevil, Earl of
Warwick. (Cal. Pat. Rolls, 1461–67). Then on 11 July, 1471, there
was a grant made to William and John Parr, knights, and the heirs
male of their bodies, of the castles, manors and lordships of Pendragon, Brough, Appleby and Brougham; and again on 3 June, 1475,
William Parr, who was going to cross the sea with the king on his
voyage and service, received licence to grant the said castles and
manors to George, archbishop of York and others. (Cal. Pat. Rolls,
The castle was restored by the Lady Anne Clifford in 1652 and
finally dismantled in 1691.
ST. NINIANS CHURCH.
This church is now in a very remote part of the parish, far away
from any houses, in the centre of a field. The dedication to a British
Saint appears to indicate that it stands upon the site of a RomanoBritish foundation. But the first mention that we have of it is
found in the "Antique Taxatio Ecclesiastica" of Pope Nicholas iv,
made in 1291, where it is valued at £13. 6. 8. The "Novo Taxatio"
of Pope Clement v, 1318, reduces the value to £2. The "Valor
Ecclesiasticus" of 26 Henry VIII, 1535, gives:—
|Brougham Rectory, John Conyeres, incumbent.|
|The Rectory is worth in—|
|Mansion with glebe and one tenement||£1||5||0|
|Tithe of grain||8||0||0|
|Tithe of lamb and wool||4||0||0|
|Tithe of hay||1||10||0|
|Tithe of calves, flax and hemp||1||6||8|
|Reprisals to wit—|
|Synodals 3s.; Procurations 3s. 1d.||6||1|
|Clear annual value||£16||10||7|
|A tenth part whereof||1||13||0¾|
The Commonwealth Survey of 1657 gives the following:—
That the right of presentation to the church is in the Countess of
Pembroke. That Mr. Symon Webster is incumbent there and hath
for his maintenance the tithe of corn, hay, wool and lamb of the whole
parish which is worth £35 by the year, and also the glebe land which
is worth £13 by the year. That the profit of the Rectory was
sequestered from Mr. Arthur Savage about the year 1649, since which
time the Commissioners of Sequestration of this county or their agent
have retained the mean profits until July 1656, at which time the
said Mr. Symon Webster was inducted. And that there is a chapel
within the said parish two miles distant westward of the said church
and hath no maintenance belonging to the same.
The church was "repaired and new built frõ the ground or
such ruins as threatened to lay it there," by the Lady Anne in
1660, and she records that it "would in all likelyhood have fallen
downe, it was soe ruinous, if it had not bin now repaired by me."
Fortunately the interior has not been restored materially since.
Her initials and the date, 1660, are in relief plaster work at the
east end. The date of the font is 1662 and that on the quaint poorbox is 1663.
There is a remarkable cup, presented to the church by James Bird
after the rebuilding and it is possible that he received it from the
Lady Anne, to whom he was steward. It is a fine piece of Nuremberg
silver of the type known as the pine-apple cup, belonging to the early
part of the 17th century.
A list of the Incumbents whose names have been met with during
the present research.
|1310–||Robert de Appleby|
|1317–||Thomas de Warcop|
| –1362||Thomas del Close|
|1365–1382||Thomas de Derby|
| –1575||John Wansford|
| –1644||Arthur Savage|
CHAPEL OF ST. WILFRID.
This Chapel is situate close to Brougham Hall.
Somewhere about the year 1200 Gilbert de Burgham granted a
moiety of the town of Brougham together with the advowson of the
church to his feudal lord, Robert de Veteripont (Trans. N.S. 111, 356)
who, it would appear, demolished the buildings and added the site to
the Whinfell Park demesne. Whereupon in order to suit the altered
centre of population, a chapel of ease was erected in the other moiety
of the town (N. & B. i, 390). It was, however, a parish chapel and
in no sense attached to the dwelling of the de Burgham family.
In order to understand how it came about that the Lady Anne
Clifford restored the chapel in 1659 it will be necessary to follow the
history of the manor. On the death of Robert de Veteripont in 1264
it was found that the manor was then divided between three coheiresses, viz.:—Christiana de Burgham, William de Crackanthorpe
the husband of one sister and Henry Redding the husband of another.
About the year 1430 John Bird of Penrith married Jane daughter and
heiress of — Redding and so became possessed of one of the
thirds. Thus we find in 1453 the manor held by John Burgham,
John Crackanthorpe and John Bird; in 1505 by John Burgham,
John Crackanthorpe and William Bird; in 1527 by Christopher
Burgham, John Crackanthorpe and William Bird; in 1553 by
Thomas Burgham, Margaret wife of William Crackanthorpe and the
widow of Henry Bird; in 1563 Henry Brougham and Thomas Bird;
and in 1586 Thomas Brougham and James Bird. This Thomas
Brougham was the last in the male line of this branch and died in
1607. Whereupon his third share was sold to William Wright whose
son sold it to James Browne who sold it together with the chapel to
the Lady Anne Clifford whose grandson the Hon. John Tufton
sold it in 1676 to James Bird. Having already obtained the
Crackanthorpe third James Bird thus became possessed of the
whole manor and removed to Brougham Hall. He or his son
died without male issue when the manor was purchased in 1726
by John Brougham of Scales.
In 1393 Thomas Redding, lord of one third of the manor, granted
certain lands to Edward Skelling the rector in consideration that he
should administer the sacraments and provide "two searges afore St.
Wilfrey at his own proper costs." (Trans. N.S. iii, 356).
The chapel was rebuilt by the Lady Anne Clifford in the year 1659.
Her diary speaks of the event thus:—" This summer I caused the
Chappell at Brougham to be pulled down and new built upp again
larger and stronger than it was before at my own charge and it was
wholly finished about the latter end of April in one thousand six
hundred and fifty nyne." At the west end, high up, may be seen the
shield of Clifford impaling Veteripont.
In 1703 Bishop Nicolson recorded " The school is taught by the
curate at ye Chapple near Mr. Bird's, at a mile and half's distance
from the church . . . This Chapple . . . is in a base condition in ye
roof . . . Mr. Bird saies the Rector ought to repair it for that it was
built for his ease, at his request to the Bishop, and on condition to
that purpose . . . whilst the town of Brougham had a being, it was
more convenient for the greatest part of the parish; but that village
being now demolished and ye lands swallow'd by Mr. Bird's demesne
. . . Mr. Bird himself and his family are chiefly accommodated by
Up to 1764 the chapel was the favoured place for marriages. It
was restored between 1840 and 1850.
Attempts have been made to assign a very early date to this Hall,
affirming that the gateway is of the early Norman period, and that it
possessed a private chapel as early as 1393. But when in 1691
Thomas, lord Tufton, demolished Brougham castle in order to rebuild
Appleby castle, James Bird was his steward and it is quite possible
that he removed one of the gateways and rebuilt it up as the entrance
to his own Hall. The chapel, as we have seen already, was the parish
chapel of ease and not a private one.
When the Lady Anne was founding her Hospital at Appleby she
endowed it with one-third of the manor of Brougham, which included
a mansion house and lands round about it known as Brougham Hall,
which she purchased from James Browne.
On the death of James Bird, or of his son William, the male issue
ceased, and shortly after John Brougham of Scales in Cumberland
was enabled to purchase back the whole manor and Hall of his
ancestors. He entailed the estate upon his four nephews, viz.:—
Henry Richmond and John, sons of his brother Peter, and John and
Henry, sons of his brother Samuel. From the last named Henry the
estate has descended.
In 1829 Lord Chancellor Brougham almost entirely rebuilt the
Hall and it has undergone several modifications since.
This Hall was built about the year 1553 by Edward Birkbeck.
In a small ceiling of ornamental plaster work over the porch is the
date 1584, and Thomas Birkbeck erected some good oak panelling in
It is said to have been built by Roger the second lord Clifford, who
died c. 1327, for, and named after, his "fair mistress." In the Lady
Anne's time it was used as a kind of shooting-box, when the hall was
wainscotted with oak and hung round with trophies of the field,
antlers and stag's heads. Her diary makes frequent reference to it
and it was considered one of the sights of the neighbourhood. When
it was dismantled and mostly pulled down a small portion was
converted into a farm house, and Hodgson in his History of Westmorland speaking of this part describes it as a small house hard by
Whinfell Park. Even in his day, 1807, the foundations of the hall
were said to be visible.
Brougham, over the Eden on the road between Penrith and Appleby.
The ford is mentioned in a grant of pontage for six months, made
on 14 July, 1380, for the repair of the Lowther and Eamont bridges
from things for sale passing over or under them or across the "Castelwath of Burgham." In 52 George III, 1811, an Act was obtained for
continuing the main Turnpike Road direct through to Penrith
instead of round by Lowther Bridge, and for the building of Brougham Bridge on the line of the same. It appears upon the list of
public County bridges made in the year 1825. On 2 January, 1899,
it was reported to be in a most dangerous condition, the cutwater of
the western pier being washed away completely. Some £600 was
spent upon the repair.
Thomas del Close, rector of Brougham, made his will on Saturday
before the Feast of the Assumption of the Virgin, 15 August, 1362.
It was proved at Rose five days later, John Bowes, vicar of Kirkby
Stephen, being one of the executors. Testa. Karl., 65.
Sir Robert de Wolsely, who was instituted to Long Marton in
1362, requested in his will that his body might be interred in the
church of St. Wilfrid de Burgham, and bequeathed 26s. 8d. to
purchase a book for the said church. Trans., N.S. iii, 355.
Roger de Clifford, knt. by Thomas Dannay his attorney,
appeared against Thomas Daweson and eighteen others in a plea
wherefore with force and arms they broke into the said Roger's close
at Whinfell and cut down his trees lately growing there worth £20.
De Banco Roll, 469, m. 63d.
William de Horneby appeared against Robert de
Clyburn in a plea wherefore with force and arms he broke into the
house of the said William at Whinfell and took and carried away his
goods and chattels found there worth £10, also two boxes of deeds
and other muniments contained in the same boxes. The sheriff was
ordered to attach him, therefore he is attached and is distrained upon
his lands. De Banco Rolls, 473, m. 284d.
Thomas de Derby, rector of Brougham, made his will on 1 April,
1382, in which he desires to be buried in the church of "St. Wilfridi
de Burgham." It was proved at Penrith before the Bishop, 14 June,
After the death of Maud, relict of the 9th lord Clifford, an inquisition post mortem finds that the castle of Brougham is worth nothing
because it lieth waste by reason of the destruction by the Scots and
that the whole profit of the demesne is not sufficient for the reparation
and safe keeping of the castle.
Brougham paid a fifteenth as a subsidy to the king amounting to
30s., and Wyanderwath 13s. 4d. A total of £2. 3s. 4d. Escheq. Q.R.
Miscell. Books, vol. 7.
Margaret, Countess of Cumberland, made her will on 27 April, 1616,
in which she desires her "dear and noble sole daughter and heire" to
respect, favour and countenance Cuthbert Bradley, parson of
Brougham, that he sustain no wrong for having taken her side, seeing
that he has many enemies for her sake.
1644 20 July.
Upon a petition to Prince Rupert from Sir John Lowther,
showing that he hath a commission granted for the government of
Browham Castle wherein he hath both bestowed cost and laid in
some provision of corn and fireing at his own charge for preventing
an enemy from possessing the same; yet so it is that Sir Philip
Musgrave without any cause known hath set a sentry upon the castle
and endeavoureth as it seemeth to possess himself thereof to the
great disrepute and discouragement of your petitioner and the
country thereabouts where his regiment is raised. Writing from
K. Lonsdale Prince Rupert replied, "I think it most just that Sir
John Lowther be continued in the custody of the castle according to
his commission without any let or interruption from Sir Philip
Musgrave or any other person and that convenient allowance be
made for the support of the garrison in the said castle from time to
time out of such estate as is belonging thereunto.
Sir Daniel Fleming says, "The castle received great damage in the
time of the late Rebellion." And on 18 August, 1649, the Lady
Anne arrived, finding it "verie ruinous and much out of repair. In
which Castle and Parck I had not bene since the 9th of December,
1616, till this daie." In 1652 she records that the castle "had layne
as itt were ruinous and desolated ever since King James his lying in it
in 1617, till I made it lately habitable."
The Countess-pillar which stands by the Highway about a quarter
of a mile from Brougham Castle towards Whinfell, is a monument of
filial piety. The Lady Anne always remembered her parting scene
with her beloved mother and when she came into Westmorland,
among her other buildings she raised this pillar to record it.
"This pillar was erected in the year 1656, by Ann Countess
Dowager of Pembroke, etc. For a memorial of her last parting
in this place, with her good and pious mother, Margaret,
Countess Dowager of Cumberland, on the 2d of April 1616:
In Memory whereof she hath left an annuity of £4 to be
distributed to the poor of the parish of Brougham, every 2d day
of April for ever, upon the stone table placed hard by. Laus
The column stands 12 feet high, and has a large quadrangular
capital with the faces set to the cardinal points. On the east, west
and south are dials, whilst the above inscription is on the north side.
It is said that when Edward Balliol paid a vist to Brougham castle
in 1333 he was entertained by a stag hunt which became famous.
A hound called "Hercules" pursued a fine hart to the "borders of
Scotland," which of course was much nearer in those days, and back
again to Whinfell Park, where the hart giving its last desperate leap
over a wall into the forest, cleared it and fell dead, while the hound
failed to leap the wall and fell dead on the other side. The horns of
the stag were nailed to a tree and in course of time became embedded
deeply in the growing wood. The tree was known as the Hart's
Horn Tree. In 1648 one of the horns was broken off by some of the
Parliamentary soldiers and in 1658 the other horn was broken by
some mischievous people. The Lady Anne records, "This summer
by some few mischievous people secretly in the night was there
broken off and taken downe from thatt tree near the Paile of Whinfeld
Parke one of those old Hartes Hornes which was sett upp in the year
1333, att a generall huntinge when Edward Balliol . . . hunted a
greatt Stagg which was killed nere the sayd Oake Tree. In memory
whereof the Hornes were nayled upp in it, growing as it were naturally
in the Tree and have remayned there ever since . . . This Tree,
with the Hartes horne in it was a Thing of much note in these parts."
The Lady Anne tells us that she had lain in her castle of Brougham
ever since the previous 14th of October. "In the chamber wherein
my noble father was born and my blessed mother died." Then at
about 11 o'clock on this 17 August, she relates how she passed through
the various rooms, went down into the garden and from thence back
into the court "where I took my Horse Litter, in which I rid by the
Pillar that I erected in memory of my last parting there with my
blessed mother, and so through part of Whinfeild Park" to Appleby.
1669–1672 Hearth Tax Roll
1669–1672 Hearth Tax Roll, Lay Subsidy 195, n. 73.
|Mr. Grasty, vicar||5|
|Mr. James Bird||4|
Thirteen householders were exempted by Certificate.
Mr. Tho. Birkbeck||4|
1674 10 March.
John Nelson and his wife and Edmund Jackson and
his wife were presented for not attending Divine Service nor receiving
the Holy Communion and for refusing to have their infant children
baptized by the parish minister and for refusing to send their
children, apprentices and servants to be catechised. On the same
day Bridget Nelson and Elizabeth Jackson were presented for refusing to make humble and public thanksgiving to God for their safe
deliverance from child birth.
1696 1 August.
Rowland Borrow, rector of Brougham and Clifton,
signed the anti-Jacobite "Association" formed throughout the
Kingdom for the protection of William III.
1699 11 July.
Whereas Margaret Wolfe of Moorhouses in Brougham
was found guilty of stealing half a peck of groats and half a penny,
it is ordered that she be set in the stocks in Appleby on Saturday
next betwixt eleven and twelve in the forenoon.
1701–2 9 January.
Mrs. Mary Dalston of Hornby Hall was buried in
woolen only in the church of St. Wilfrid of Burgham.
Rowland Borrow, rector of Brougham and Clifton,
died. He lived in a large house at Eamont Bridge, which, after
serving as the "Poor House" for the West Ward, has been
partitioned off into several tenements.
1775 11 July.
Henry Brougham took the oaths of Allegiance and
Supremacy and the oath of Adjuration and made the Declaration
against the doctrine of Transubstantiation and subscribed the same
on becoming a Justice of the Peace.