THE PARISH OF ST. CUTHBERT, CLIBURN.
The Church was appropriated to the Abbey of St. Mary of York,
but it does not appear by whom the grant was made. It was confirmed to the abbot and monks by Bishop Athelwold between the
years 1133 and 1156, with the stipulation that the said abbot should
allow a decent maintenance to the officiating minister. But between
the years 1223 and 1246 an Award was made by the Prior of Carlisle
and others between the bishop, Walter Malclerk, and the abbot and
convent of St. Mary's, in which this church, together with Ormside
and Musgrave, was ceded to the Bishop of Carlisle and his successors,
saving a pension to the Priory of Wetherhal which was specially
reserved. This cession was confirmed to bishop Silvester de Everdon
in May, 1248, by the abbot Thomas and the convent.
It appears from the obligation of "Nicholas Malveysyn rector of
Clifburn," made about the year 1250, that the pension reserved out of
the living for the Priory of Wetherhal was ten shillings. With regard
to the spelling of this place-name we find a certain Robert de Clifburn
mentioned in a letter addressed to bishop Robert de Chauncy, dated
St. Mark's Day, 25 April, 1275. Does the spelling mark its derivation ?
In the "Antique Taxatio Ecclesiastica" of Pope Nicholas IV, made
in the year 1291 the church is rated at £13. 6. 8. with a pension to the
abbot of York of 10s. By the "Novo Taxatio" of Pope Clement V
made in 1318 the value is reduced to £3. 6. 8., for the reason of this see
page 22. The "Valor Ecclesiasticus" made by order of Parliament,
26 Henry VIII, 1535, is as follows:—
|Cliburn Rectory, Anthony Smythson incumbent.|
|The aforesaid Rectory is worth in—|
The Mansion and Glebe annually||13||4|
|Tithes and oblations||8||12||4|
Reprisals to wit—||£9||5||8|
|Synodals 3s., and Procurations is. 4d.||4||4|
|Clear annual value||9||1||4|
|A tenth part whereof||18||1¾|
The Commonwealth Survey of 1649 rated the living at £40.
Timothy Tully being incumbent. The subseqent Survey of 1657
gives the following:—
That the right of presentation to the church formerly belonged to
the Bishop of Carlisle and now to his highness the Lord Protector.
That Mr. John Ardrea is incumbent there and hath for his maintenance the tithes of corn, hay, wool and lamb and all other small dues
and tithes within the said parish worth £20 by the year and the Glebe
land which is worth £4 by the year.
The church was restored in 1849, when the stone bench that went
all round the church walls was removed. Again it was very
thoroughly restored during the incumbency of Canon Burton in
1886–7, on which occasion two inscribed Roman stones were found
and rebuilt into the walls of the porch.
The following is a list of the Incumbents whose names have been
met with during the present research.
|1317–||John de Burdon|
|1858–1868||Clarke W. Burton|
The Inclosure Act, under which this school was endowed in 1807
with an allotment of 10½ acres of the estimated value of £20 a year,
directed that the same should be for the support and maintenance, so
far as it would extend, of the schoolmaster for the time being of the
grammar school of Cliburn, and in case there should not be any such
school in Cliburn, then of such other schoolmaster as might be teaching there, for instructing the children of the landowners, farmers and
For a few years after the Inclosure, the rent was applied towards
the expense of building a school-room upon a small parcel of ground
that George Workman gave for the purpose. The parishioners
carried the materials for building and collected a small subscription
to help in the cost. The school-house was rebuilt in 1877.
This hall dates back to about the year 1387 when Robert de Cliburn
erected the pele tower. In 1567 Richard Cliburn erected a range of
domestic apartments and inscribed his name and date in a rhyming
couplet, similar to that at Newbiggin, over the door.
Richard . Clebur . thus . they . me . cawl .
Wch . in . my . time . hath . bealded . ys . hall .
The . year . of . our . Lorde . God—who . lyst .
For . to . neam—1567.
This Richard married Ellinor, daughter of Lancelot Lancaster of
Sockbridge and he was succeeded by his son Edmund who married
Grace the daughter of Alan Bellingham. Their great grandson,
Timothy sold the manor in 1654 to Robert Collingwood who, two
years later, sold it to Lt.-Col. Sawrey. The demesne then passed by
mortgage to Edward Lee of Monkwearmouth who ultimately sold it
in 1667 to Sir John Lowther.
The lead roof and battlements were taken off in 1872 when the
tower was gabled over.
Cliburn Bridge, over the river Leith on the road between Cliburn
This bridge appears upon the list of public bridges made on 28
April, 1679. In October, 1690, Quarter Sessions ordered that an
assessment of 2d. in the pound should be levied for the repair of this
bridge—an assessment that raised some fifteen pounds. On 6
October, 1755, it was ordered that the High Constables should repair
the bridge, it being a public one. On 11 April, 1774, the Justices
ordered the rebuilding in case the expense did not exceed £31. 6. 0
and on 9 January, 1775, the High Constables were ordered to pay for
the rebuilding, the work now being certified as complete. During
the great flood on 2 February, 1822, the bridge was broken down by
the torrents of water, and on 27 March following a contract was made
with Messrs. Castley for the rebuilding in red freestone at a cost of
Cliburn Mill Bridge, over the Lyvennett on the road between
Cliburn and Bolton.
Quarter Sessions ordered on 10 January, 1757, the High Constables
to contract for the repair of this bridge, it being a public bridge
belonging to the County. On 27 April, 1772, the High Constable of
the West Ward was ordered to contract for the building of an
additional arch, but not to exceed £20. During the great flood of
2 February, 1822, the bridge was washed away when it was at once
ordered that a temporary wooden bridge should be erected over the
Lyvennett at the Mill. On 15 July following it was ordered that a
new bridge be erected according to a plan produced; the contract
was let for £700.
Common Holm Bridge, over the river Leith.
This bridge appears upon the list of public bridges made on 28
Emma daughter of William de Cliburn appealed against Alan de
Eunethweyt for the death of Adam her husband killed in her arms.
So that by her suit he is outlawed in the county. His chattels are
not known because he is a stranger from the county of Cumberland.
And because the jurors are informed that the aforesaid Adam was
killed in the vill of Cliburn and the same vill did not arrest Alan
therefore it is in mercy. Assize Roll, 1256, m. 10d.
Dominus John de Burdon, rector of Cliburn, obtained permission to
study for five years, on condition that he was ordained sub-deacon in
the first year. Register of Bp. John de Halton.
John de Preston appeared against Robert de Cliburn in
a plea that he render unto him 53s. 4d. the arrears of an annual rent
of 13s. 4d. The sheriff is ordered to distrain. De Banco Rolls, 471,
m. 358; 472, m. 366.
Robert de Cliburn by Adam Crosseby his attorney,
appeared against John de Stirkland of Melkanthorp in a plea
wherefore with force and arms he with Thomas Williamson cut down
and carried away the trees and underwood belonging to the said
Robert, at Cliburn, worth 100s., and his corn and herbage lately
growing there, worth 100s. with certain beasts they trod down and
consumed. De Banco Roll 476, m. 366.
Cliburn paid a fifteenth as a subsidy to the king amounting to 24s.
Excheq. Q.R. Miscell. Books, vol. 7.
1669–72 Hearth Tax Roll
1669–72 Hearth Tax Roll, Lay Subsidy 195, n. 73.
Twenty-three householders were exempted from paying the Tax
1706–7 2 January.
Thomas Cowper of Cliburn, yeo. was indicted for
keeping a greyhound not being qualified so to do.
1796 26 November.
For the provision of soldiers to serve in the army
the parish of Cliburn together with the Township of Great Strickland
having 52 inhabited houses had to provide one man.
The Commons were enclosed when 189 acres were allotted to the
rectory as a commutation for the tithes of the parish, and ten and a
half acres for the endowment of the school.
1852 15 October.
Indenture between the Rev. William Shearman of
Penrith, Wesleyan minister, of the 1st part; George Byers of Cliburn,
yeo. and many others of the 2nd part; and the said Rev. William
Shearman as Superintendent Preacher of the Circuit of the 3rd part.
Those of the 2nd part being possessed of money for the purchase of
ground whereon to build a Chapel, now for the consideration of £5
the said Rev. William Shearman sells to the said parties a piece of
ground of 100 square yards, at the north-east corner of a small garth
at Cliburn, near the dwelling house of Barbara Thompson adjoining
the Town Street of Cliburn, lately purchased by the said Shearman of
the said Barbara, subject to conditions similar to an Indenture
bearing date 3 July, 1832, between certain parties for the settlement
of a piece of ground and chapel at Skercoat in the parish of Halifax,
for the use of Wesleyan Methodists. Close Roll 14422, pt. 100.
1868 5 September.
Rev. Clarke Watkins Burton, rector of Cliburn
from 1858, took the usual oaths on qualifying as a Justice of the