THE PARISH OF ST. LAURENCE, MORLAND
Including the Manors and Townships of Great and Little
Strickland, Thrimby, Newby, Sleagill, King's Meaburn,
Bolton and Bewley.
Within this parish we have Tumuli on Windrigg Hill; and earthworks south of Thrimby Grange.
The manor of Morland was never held of the Veteriponts or the
Cliffords, it belonged to the barons of Kendale. Sometime between
the years 1092 and 1125 Ketel son of Eltred confirmed Ivo de Tailbois'
grant to St. Mary's abbey at York and to the monks serving God
there, of the church of Morland with all pertaining thereto, together
with the church of Workington in pure and perpetual alms free and
exempt from all land service and lay taxation.
William de Lancaster 1, the grandson of Ketel's brother Gilbert,
between the years 1160 and 1170, granted to Alexander de Windesore
as a marriage portion with his daughter Agnes, all that he had in
Morland, Grayrigg and Heversham. In 1283 a William de Windesore
held these three manors of William de Lindesey for 15s. 10d. yearly
service. Cal. Inquis. ii, 270. The same were held of William de
Coucy by cornage, wardship and relief, and on the day of de Coucy's
death they were in his custody by reason of the minority of William
de Windesore who held the same when he became of full age in 1351.
In 1362 this de Windesore obtained the grant of a weekly market and
yearly fair at his manor of Morland. Cal. Chart. Rolls., V, 170.
In 1375 the three manors were held by William de Windesore, knt.,
of Joan late the wife of John de Coupland by homage and fealty and
the service of 13s. 4d. yearly. Cal. Inq. p.m., 49 Edward III, n. 29.
In 1411, William de Windesore, chivaler, held the same of Philippa
late the wife of Robert de Vere, late Duke of Ireland, as of her manor
of Kirkeby in Kendale, by homage and fealty and the service of
13s. 4d. yearly. They are worth yearly £40. Cal. Inq. p.m.,
13 Henry IV, n. 44.
As we have seen Ketel son of Elftred confirmed de Tailbois' grant
of this church to St. Mary's of York, but when Hugh, bishop of
Carlisle confirmed it, on 20 October, 1220, he stipulated that the
church was for the use of the Monks of Wetherhal and for the support
of the poor and of strangers. The vicars were to receive 100s. for
In the "Antique Taxatio Ecclesiastica" of Pope Nicholas IV,
made in the year 1291, the church is valued at the high figure of £80
and the vicarage at £26. 13. 4., but by the "Novo Taxatio" of Pope
Clement v, made in 1318 the value is reduced to £13. 6. 8. and £4.
respectively. See p. 22. The next "Valor Ecclesiasticus" made
by order of Parliament, 26 Henry VIII, 1535, gives the following:—
|Morland Vicarage, John Blythe incumbent.|
|Rectory appropriated to St. Mary's of York.|
|The Vicarage is worth in—|
|Mansion with glebe||16||0|
|Tithes, oblations and the lesser fees as in the Easter Book||£14||0||0|
|Reprisals to wit—|
|ension to the Bishop of Carlisle||£2||13||4|
|Synodals 4s., Procurations 1s. 4d.||5||4|
|Clear annual value||£11||17||4|
|The tenth part whereof||£1||3||9¾|
During the Commonwealth Mr. Peires Burton, minister of Morland,
on 30th January, 1655–6, appeared before "the Commissioners for
ejecting scandalous, ignorant and insufficent ministers, "and produced
a presentation of his highness the Lord Protector under the Great
Seal of England, dated 24 July, 1654, together with an Instrument
of Approbation from the Committee for Public Preachers, dated
13 November, 1654.
The Commonwealth Survey of 1657 gives the following:—
That the right of presentation to the church of Morland was
heretofore in the Dean and Chapter of Carlisle and now is in his
highness the Lord Protector. That the tithe corn and hay of Morland
Town is in the possession of Richard Kirkbride and Edward Adminson, esquires, by lease from the late Dean and Chapter and is worth
£20 by the year, out of which there is during the continuance of the
said lease the yearly rent of £6. 6. 8. paid to the Trustees for Maintenance of Ministers. That the tithe corn and hay of Newby is in
the possession of the said Edward Adminson by virtue of a lease from
the said Dean and Chapter and is worth by year £20 and of which
there is yearly paid during the continuance of the lease the sum of
£5. 6. 8. to the Trustees. That the tithe corn of Thrimby and
Sleagill is in the possession of Peter Mowson of Penrith a merchant
by virtue of a lease from the said Dean and Chapter and is worth by
the year . . . pounds and Sleagill £14 out of which there is paid during
the continuance of the lease . . . to the said Trustees. That the
tithe corn and hay of Little Strickland is in the possession of Christopher Crackanthorpe by lease from the said Dean and Chapter and
is worth by the year £10 out of which there is paid during the said
lease to the said Trustees the sum of £2. 13. 4. and a third part of the
hay to the Minister of Kirkland worth 6s. 8d. by the year. That the
tithe corn of Great Strickland is in the possession of Alan Bellingham
by lease from the said Dean and Chapter and is worth by the year
£18 out of which there is yearly paid to the said Trustees £14 during
the continuance of the lease. That the tithe corn and hay of King's
Meaburn are in the possession of William Dawes by virtue of a lease
from the said Dean and Chapter and are worth by the year £20 out
of which there is yearly paid to the said Trustees £8. 5. 4. during the
continuance of the lease. That the tithe corn of Bolton is in the
possession of William Dawes by lease from the said Dean and Chapter
for two lives yet in being that is life of the said William Dawes and
Mrs. Theodosia Sisson and are worth by the year £35 out of which
there is £8 paid to the said Trustees during the continuance of the
That Mr. Pearce Burton is present incumbent of the vicarage and
hath for his maintenance tithes wool, lamb and other small tithes
with the tithe of hay of Sleagill worth in all yearly about £30 and that
the Glebe land is worth by the year £5. 15. 4. also in the incumbent's
Bishop Nicolson in his Visitation of 20 August, 1703 records
that "the south aisle heretofore belonging to Thrimby Grange is
deserted by the lord Lonsdale as useless to him, and therefore the
parish who have now charged themselves with its repair, have turned
it into a school. The church was restored in 1896 at a cost of some
A list of the Incumbents whose names have been met with during
the present research.
|1313–d.1316||John de Warwick|
|1316–1332||Henry de Rillington|
|1334–d.1362||Rich. de Hanyngton|
|1363–r.1368||William de Lazonby|
|1368–1383||John del Pray|
|1828–1830||Will. R. Markham|
BEWLEY CASTLE CHAPEL.
Fithnenin was granted by Uchtred de Botelton with the consent of
Adam his heir to the church of Carlisle about the year 1170. Hugh,
abbot of Bellus Locus Regis in the New Forest became bishop of
Carlisle in 1218 and, doubtless brought the name of Bellus Locus to
his residence here. Bishop Silvester de Everdon made his residence
here in 1250 and executed two deeds "datum apud Bellum locum in
Westmeria die jovis proximo ante festum sancti Georgii, anno domini
millesimo CC° quinquagesimo."
Upon the site of this early residence the present building was
erected about the year 1325. In 1402 Bishop Strickland restored
the building including the Chapel and solar. After the Civil War the
manor was sold by the Parliamentary Commissioners but it was
repossessed at the Restoration. Between the years 1853 and 1857
it was sold again by the Ecclesiastical Commissioners.
ALL SAINTS, BOLTON.
On the north side of the fabric built into the wall over a window are
two sculptured stones which appear to date back to the time of
Henry 11, 1154–1189. In 1326 there was an inquisition held at
Appleby as to who ought to furnish the Chantry in the chapel of
Bolton. Prescott, Register of Wetheral, pp. 406–8.
The Commonwealth Survey of 1649 gives the chapel as belonging
to the vicarage of Morland "with one house for the curate abutting
upon the churchyard." The Survey of 1657 says "that there is
a parochial chapel at Bolton two miles south-east distant from the
parish church of Morland which hath no maintenance belonging to
it only the vicar of Morland is to find a Reader there and hath
usually paid him yearly £7 out of his tithes and glebe lands."
Nathaniel Beck was curate in 1663; Christopher Knight in 1687;
John Breeks in 1694; James Hanson died in 1721; Daniel Hudson
was here in 1728, and Edward Jackson in 1829.
The chapel underwent considerable repair in 1848 during the long
incumbency of the Rev. William Shepherd who was curate from 1834
to 1880. For the ancient sundial at the south-west corner, and the
tympanum and the Norman carved stones on the north side, see
Calverley, Early Sculptured Crosses, pp. 56–58.
ST. MARY, THRIMBY.
The Commonwealth Survey of 1657 says, "that there is a Chapel
called Thrimby Chapel two miles and a half distant from the parish
church of Morland which hath no maintenance belonging to it."
The ancient chapel which had lain waste for a considerable period
was restored in 1681 by Thomas Fletcher who also, by deed dated
2 February, 1684, granted to certain feoffees a rent charge of £10 to
be paid out of High and Low Sandriggs and Bryam tenement, which
is now a part of High Hall farm, for its support and for an English
and Grammar school to be taught in the chapel.
In the porch of the chapel is fixed a large slab bearing the following
EXPRIMIT . UNDE . DEI . LAUDES . LOCUS . HICCE . BEATUS?
QUIS . DEDIT . HUIC . FORMAM, QUI . MODO . PULVIS . ERAT?
ARMIGER . EFFECIT . FLETCHAR . STRICKLANDICUS . OLIM,
PRAESIDIUM . PATRIAE, LEGIBUS . ALTUS . HONOS
QUI . FUIT, OBIIT : FATIS . CONCEDIMUS . OMNES;
FATA . AT . NULLA . PREMANT . HOC . PIETATIS . OPUS
T.D. L.D. 1695 L.S. (Lancelot Sisson).
The Rev. Joseph Whiteside gave the following as a plain translation:—
"How comes this House of Prayer to declare the praise of God?
Who has restored the dilapidated fabric?
It was the work of Fletcher esquire, recently of Strickland,
A bulwark of his fatherland, an ornament of the law who
Alas is dead: We all submit to the fates
But may no fate efface his labour of love."
In 1739 the value of the living was still £10 a year but it was
augmented by Queen Anne's Bounty in 1741.
On 8 October, 1741, we find, "William Fleming, a literate person
was admitted and licenced to read Prayers and Homilies in the chapel
of Thrimby in the Parish of Morland in the diocese of Carlisle by the
feoffees of the said chapelry, he the said William Fleming having first
subscribed all and singular the Articles and taken all and every the
oaths by Law in this behalf required before the Lord Bishop of
Carlisle in the presence of me Jos. Nicolson Not. Pub. Register."
The Rev. John Webster, curate and schoolmaster, was appointed
by the vicar of Morland about the year 1805; but as the chapel was
at that time in a dilapidated state and as the expense of repairing it
was payable out of the rent-charge of £10, the bishop refused to grant
him a licence until the chapel was put in repair. Mr. Webster,
however, continued to officiate without fee until 1812 when the following agreement was made.
The site of the old chapel and chapel yard was surrounded by a
farm which had been purchased by the earl of Lonsdale, so that it
became very desirable to the earl to purchase this site also; he
therefore agreed with the inhabitants to give in exchange a parcel of
land in Little Strickland and greatly assisted to build a new chapel
and school thereon, and at his instance the chapel was consecrated and
Mr. Webster licenced.
The chapel paid church rates to the mother church of Morland until
1870 when Great and Little Strickland were constituted a separate
Lancelot Sisson was curate in 1696, William Smith in 1730, William
Fleming in 1741, Richard Powley in 1749, John Webster in 1805,
John Atkinson Whitehead in 1846, and Stephen Whiteside from 1859
ST. MARY IN LE WYTH.
In 1405 John de Stutton, prior of Wetherhal, appointed Roger
Peroy to the chapel of the Blessed Mary in le Wyth in our parish of
Morland, reserving the oblations in the same to the priory.
In 1424 a difference arose between the prior and John Richemont,
vicar of Morland, concerning these oblations and the right to half an
acre of land upon "Litel Aynesbergh" and abutting upon" Commune Banc"; the dispute was referred to the abbot of St. Mary of
York who gave his Award in favour of the Priory.
Dr. Prescott says, "Le Wyth is not now known, but there is a
place still called Chapel Garth [at Kempley] between Morland and
King's Meaburn, close to the river Lyvennet."
The Commissioners for propagating the Gospel in the four northern
counties of Northumberland, Cumberland, Westmorland and
Durham directed on 31 March, 1653, that "Whereas there is exceeding great need of a school at Morland in the county of Westmorland
it is ordered that the tithes of Scattergate and Burrels of the yearly
value of £20, late of the Dean and Chapter's lands be granted to and
for the maintenance of a school master at Morland and being satisfied
of the ability and due qualification of Thomas Todd for that employment, we do hereby constitute and appoint the said Mr. Todd master
of the said school." Certain feoffees were appointed to take care
thereof. Todd was succeeded by John Pears, school master and
parish clerk who died on 18 January, 1664–5.
In 1699 John Thompson was the schoolmaster and the school was
held still in the south transept of the church. On a stone, formerly
forming the lintel of a doorway near the south east corner of the
transept, was sculptured "Ludus Grammaticus Johannus Thompsonis—anno 1699." He appears to have gone from here to Barton
School for on his tombstone a Latin inscription reads "Here are
deposited the remains of John Thompson, late schoolmaster of Barton
in this county. A man of the most exemplary piety, probity and
sobriety. A great admirer of and well versed in the politer sort of
literature. In life he lived esteemed by all, and died universally
regretted on the 17th of July, and in the year of our Lord, 1736."
Bishop Nicolson in his Visitation of 20 August, 1703, records that
"the South aisle heretofore belonging to Thrimby Grange is deserted
by the lord Lonsdale as useless to him, and therefore the parish who
have now charged themselves with its repair, have turned it into a
About the year 1780 the inhabitants by their subscriptions and
labour built a proper school house. The endowment arises from an
agreement, dated 23 November, 1801, between the Dean and Chapter
of Carlisle, as lords of the manor, and the Vicar and tenants. Whereas
the tenants and owners of certain customary estates in Morland,
and of four tenements in Bolton, claimed the right of cutting wood
in the woodlands of the Dean and Chapter for the repair of their
houses, buildings and the footbridges over their becks, and that
the said tenants had agreed to relinquish such claim, the Dean and
Chapter in consideration thereof agreed to give to the vicar of
Morland and the said tenants and owners in trust 34 acres of land
within the manor. Two acres thereof, on the north of the vicar's
allotment for the repairing of the chancel. And five parts out of
six of the rents of the remaining 32 acres in trust for the maintenance
of the schoolmaster of the school at Morland, lately built there, on
condition that the customary tenants and inhabitants would contribute £8 yearly to the said schoolmaster. And one-sixth part to
be employed for the repair of foot-bridges and gates across the roads
in the said manor, in keeping the school-house in repair and in cultivating and improving the said 32 acres.
The school-house was built by subscription and the school endowed
with £50 by the will of James Hanson dated 1 July, 1721, for teaching
four or more of the poorest children of the inhabitants. His widow,
Elizabeth, also gave £10. By deed dated 4 December, 1762, Joseph
Railton gave £40; and William Bowness at the same time gave £50
for teaching the poorest children and for employing a singing master
every seventh year to teach the inhabitants to sing psalms in chapel.
In 1765 Dr. Michael Richardson gave £50; in 1782 Nicholas Dent
gave £50, it being a legacy left by his uncle Dr. Michael Richardson;
and in 1802 John Fallowfield gave £21 the yearly interest of which
was for the education of two of the poorest children.
A new building was erected in 1856 by the munificence of Richard
Tinkler which contains besides the school room a library and reading
room for the use of the township.
Little Strickland and Thrimby School.
As has been said already on 2 February, 1684, Thomas Fletcher
settled in the hands of Trustees a rent charge of £10 a year for the
maintenance of a well qualified curate and school master to perform
divine service in Thrimby Chapel and teach English and grammar
there. The person elected was to be an unmarried man. Until
about the year 1834 the two offices of curate and schoolmaster appear
to have been held by one person, but at that time the then curate and
master being desirous of deputing his duties at the school to an
assistant to be appointed by himself, a meeting of the inhabitants was
held at which it was resolved that the two offices should be held by
distinct persons, each of whom should receive £5 a year from the
It is now a public elementary school.
Great Strickland School.
This school was founded in 1790 and the school house was rebuilt
in 1848 at a cost wholly defrayed by Sarah Plumer.
Indenture made 20 February, 1851, between Sarah Plumer, wife
of the Rev. Charles John Plumer of Elstree, Herts., of the one part;
and the aforesaid Charles John Plumer; Rev. William Rice Markham,
vicar of Morland; the Rev. William Holme Milner, vicar of Penrith;
Henry Richard Hugh Plumer of Great Strickland, esquire; William
Kilner of Fieldstead near Great Strickland, yeoman; the Rev.
William Jackson, D.D., Chancellor of Carlisle; and the Rev. John
Atkinson Whitehead of Little Strickland, of the other part. Whereas
by a deed poll of even date under seal of the Dean and Chapter of
Carlisle, all that piece of ground in Great Strickland bounded by the
road from Great Strickland to Penrith on the east, by an occupation
road on the south-west and by Miss Taylor's land on the north-west,
together with the school house and master's house erected thereon
at the cost of the said Sarah Plumer was conveyed to the Trustees
mentioned in the second part as a school for poor persons in the
township of Great Strickland and neighbourhood and residence for
the master or mistress thereof, and messuage with smith's shop and
garth, and closes called Linelands and parcel of Sacklands, Potlands
Field, Starnfoot Hill, Sowfield High, Scarrfoot Close and land called
Whoe, Beebounds in New Close and two cattlegates in Little Strickland pasture formerly belonging to the earl of Lonsdale and made
free by him to Thomas Thompson, and a Close called Sowfield and a
dale in Back of Hill, and Great Flatt Close; now the said Sarah
Plumer conveys the same to the said Trustees for the use aforesaid,
they to execute all necessary repairs, provide necessary books and
furniture and provide a salary for the teacher, such school master or
mistress to be a member of the Church of England and competent
to teach, etc. Close Roll 14161, pt. 30, n. 7.
King's Meaburn School.
This is a public Elementary School, built in 1831 and enlarged in
1907. It is endowed with £8 yearly arising from a sum of £200
invested by seven trustees.
The school-house was built in 1858.
Early in the 16th century Richard Nevinson of Kemplees rented
from George Vernon a messuage at Newby-in-the-Stones, together
with Newby Wood and a parcel of ground called Forty-penny
farmhold. John Nevinson rebuilt this Hall and raised his and his
wife Elizabeth's initials and date 1685 on several door lintels. The
last of the Nevinson family died in 1772, since when the Hall has
passed to the Lowther estate. At the end of the courtyard near the
west gate is the site of the old Tithe Barn.
Little Strickland Hall.
This Hall was erected about the year 1580 by John Crackanthorpe,
the second son of Christopher who rebuilt Newbiggin Hall. After
four generations Richard Crackanthorpe sold the property to John
Pattinson of Thrimby, from whom it passed to the Lowther estate.
The Hall is specially noticeable for its ribbed plaster ceiling in the
Lord's Parlour, dated 1585, and for the oak panelling in this room
and the room above.
Morland Old Hall.
A portion of this 16th century building is still standing near the
mill but it is now occupied as a farm house.
Bolton Bridge, over the Eden.
On 29 August, 1807, Quarter Sessions ordered that the High Constable of the West Ward be appointed to superintend the erection by
public subscription of a new bridge over the river Eden near the village
of Bolton, in a substantial and commodious manner for the passage
of horses, carts and carriages. On 9 January, 1809, it was certified
as being substantially built and commodious for the use of the public.
Yet on 10 January, 1815, whereas Bolton Bridge is so much in decay
as to render the taking down of the same expedient, it is ordered that
it be rebuilt either on the old site or on any other more convenient to
the public but contiguous to or within 200 yards of the present site.
On 11 February advertisements were issued for proposals for building
a good and substantial Stone Bridge of a width of 21 feet within the
parapets; and also for erecting two stone abutments whereon to
place an iron bridge of the same width in case a stone bridge should
not be adopted. On 2 March Messrs. Gowling offered to build a
stone bridge for £2500 exclusive of the materials of the old bridge
or £2400 including such materials. They likewise tendered £1800
for building the stone abutments whereon to place an iron bridge.
On 3 June a plan drawn by Mr. Smirke of an iron chain bridge was
approved and adopted, so that it looks as if one of the following
estimates for building stone abutments was also adopted:—Messrs.
Gowling's revised estimate of £1000, or Messrs. Douglas of £856 or
Messrs. Johnston of £600. It was thirty yards in length and
originally only supported by these stone abutments at either end, but
the iron work having sagged some two months after its completion,
two massive pillars were raised under to support the structure.
Then came the great flood of 2 February, 1822, which appears to
have washed these supports away.
On 20 November, 1868, the Bridge Master reported that this bridge
had been twice re-timbered [in the planking] within the last forty
years, that the timber is again rotten and that it would be inadvisable
to re-use any of it in the necessary repair. On the following day it
was resolved that the Committee appointed be instructed to make
enquiry into the expediency of repairing Bolton Bridge, and should
it be decided in the negative that they should then obtain an estimate
as to the comparative costs of an iron and a stone bridge as a substitute for the present one. On 1 July, 1869, it was decided to
advertise for tenders for the construction of a stone bridge of one
arch and on 20 October the tender of Mr. Little of Penrith for the
sum of £1570 was accepted. Thus ended the life of this poor bridge,
which showed that a great artist was not necessarily a great engineer.
Chapel Bridge crosses the Lyvennett on the road between Morland
and King's Meaburn.
On 26 April, 1731, Quarter Sessions ordered that 2d. in the pound
be forthwith levied in the East Ward as well upon tenant right as
demesne lands for the rebuilding of a certain public bridge called
The Chapel Bridge in the parish of Morland. The like order to the
Surveyor of Bridges in the West Ward. On 12 July, 1743, it was
presented as wanting reparation at the expense of the county. On
2 July, 1841, it was ordered that a committee view Chapel Bridge at
Morland to ascertain whether it be a foot bridge or horse bridge and
also estimate what sum would put it in repair; it was reported on
23 October to be a wooden structure wide enough only for a bridle
road. In January, 1869 it was resolved that the bridge should be
repaired with cresoted wood.
On 16 July, 1717, it was reported that this bridge was about 35
years previously rebuilt a stone bridge at the charge of the County of
Westmorland; that it is now fallen into decay and wants reparation,
it being a constant Church-way and a market-way when the river is
not fordable; whereupon the Court ordered it to stand indicted as a
public bridge in decay.
Great Strickland Mill Bridge, over the river Leith.
On 13 September, 1889, it was reported as consisting of one arch
of 25 feet span and a rise of 8 feet 7 inches from the water line to the
underside of the arch. The width between the parapets is 16 feet
and it is a very substantial and well built structure; but the turn on
it from the east is almost a right angle whilst on the west it is
necessary to have a gate as the north side of the road for a distance
of 160 yards is not walled in. The bridge is not of any great utility
to the public so that there seems to be no good reason why it should
be taken over by the County.
On 15 May, 1902, a second application was made to the County
Council to have the bridge taken over, together with 300 feet of
approach on the Gt. Strickland side and 63 feet of the Hag Road
which led to the main road between Penrith and Shap. The County
considered that as it was a District Council road repairable by the
whole district there would seem to be no reason for the County at
large to take it over. Yet on 20 November, 1903, it was resolved
to make it repairable by the County, with its approaches so far as
the wing walls extend, a distance of 42 yards, on condition that the
two gates upon the road be removed and the land on each side be
fenced off. However, the District Council refused to accept the
Mill Bridge in the footway leading from King's Meaburn to Newby
On 16 July, 1745, this bridge was presented as being very ruinous
and in decay, and that the inhabitants of King's Meaburn have from
time immemorial repaired the said bridge and still ought to repair
In July, 1878, this bridge was reported to consist of a single arch
and that it was only 9 feet wide; that it can be widened easily to
13 feet on the low side as the foundation is rock, at a cost of
£144. 14. 6. Captain Markham offered the land on condition that
the new portion should be built of stone.
On 13 February, 1819, the Newspapers say that, "A new bridge
is about to be built by subscription, over the River Eden, at Oxen
Stand, between Morland and Temple Sowerby." On 30 June, 1881,
this bridge was taken over by the County. On 14 May, 1902, a
tender of £155 was accepted for the rebuilding of the north parapet.
The Roman Road from Sleagill followed the line of the present
highway with only a few yards deviation to Sandwath Bridge at
Thrimby or Bessie Ghyll Bridge.
On 6 October, 1760, Quarter Sessions ordered the High Constable
of the West Ward to contract for the rebuilding of this bridge in
stone, it being one of the public bridges belonging to the County.
Walk Mill Bridge, over the Lyvennet.
On 13 July, 1812, Quarter Sessions ordered that the High Constable
of the West Ward be appointed to superintend the building of a
bridge over the Lyvennet at Walk Mill on the highway towards the
village of Morland. On 9 January, 1815, it was certified as being
substantially built and in a commodious manner for the use of the
public. In 1825 it appears on the list of public county bridges.
This bridge appears upon the list of public bridges made on 28
April, 1679. On 8 December, 1757, Quarter Sessions ordered the
High Constables to contract for the repair of the bridge. On 10
April, 1835, it was ordered that Robert Bird should be paid £10. 8. 0.
for timber for "Water Faws Bridge" and in April, 1836 a contract
was let for rebuilding the bridge at a cost of £440.
Sometime between the years 1231 and 1236 Sir Walter de Stirkeland received permission from the abbot of St. Mary's at York, to
have a chantry for the private use of his family in the chapel attached
to his house at Stirkeland. As in all similar grants the rights and
revenues of the mother church of Morland were retained; the
chaplain was to be subservient to the vicar and Sir Walter undertook
that he and his entire household would attend the parish church on
the four chief Feast Days of the year.
The jurors present that Elyas Hamon of Sleagill and Alexander
son of James of the same place were playing together with a ball in
the vill of Newby when the aforesaid Elyas, a boy of eleven years of
age, wishing to strike the ball struck the aforesaid Alexander, a
certain other boy of nine years of age, with his staff on the head by
mischance and against the will of the said Elyas. So that immediately after Alexander died and Elyas fled. And because he
is under age and struck Alexander unknowingly and unintentionally
therefore there is no outlawry and it is reserved by the Court for
consideration if he may return. Assize Roll, 1256, m. 12d., 40
Another incident which came before the same Assize was that
Aylmer le Escot and Alexander de Newby had a fight in the vill of
Morland. Aylmer struck Alexander with a hatchet on the head by
which he was killed. Aylmer was arrested by the inhabitants and
kept in ward. However he escaped and made for Morland Church
where he owned the deed, abjured the realm and was outlawed. On
passing along the high road, by which he was to leave the realm,
he was attacked by two assailants and wounded with three arrows
so that he made for Cliburn churchyard from which they forced him
out and decapitated him.
John Gudeberd of Brougham and Margery his wife granted to
Richard de Preston, son of Sir Richard de Preston, and Amabil his
wife, and the heirs of Richard, a messuage lying between Latuneland
and Richard's land in Great Strickland. Also Roger de Barton
granted to the same Richard and Amabil a messuage and various
lands in the same vill. They further purchased land in Great
Strickland from Adam le Hunter, clerk, and Joan his wife. Again
Henry de Lynacre of Great Strickland and Christiana his daughter
granted a messuage and lands in Great Strickland to the same
Richard and Amabil. Deed at Sizergh.
A writ was issued against Nicholas de Cliburn, clerk, to answer
Robert de Lowther for taking and imprisoning him by force and arms
1313 4 January.
Institution on the king's presentation in right of the
abbacy of St. Mary's at York, of John de Warwick with a reservation
of a pension to the Prior.
Richard de Hanyngton, vicar of Morland, while on the road to
Penrith lost his "journal" which he was carrying for the purpose of
saying the canonical hours. The hours of prayer fixed by the
canonical rules were Matins, including Venite and Te Deum, after
midnight; Lauds, including Benedicite omnia opera and Benedictus
Dominus, at sunrise; Prime, including on Sunday the creed of St.
Athanasius, at 6 o'clock; Terce, the third hour, at 9 o'clock; Sext,
the sixth hour, at noon; None, the ninth hour, at 3 o'clock; Vespers,
including the Magnificat, at sunset; and Compline, including the
Nunc Dimittis, at 9 o'clock. In practice these exact hours were not
strictly adhered to.
Richard de Hanyngton, vicar of Morland, made his will on Tuesday,
23 August, 1362. John Murrays succeeded him on the presentation
of the abbot and convent of St. Mary at York. Test. Karl., 66.
John del Pray [Brae or Bray] vicar of the church
of Morland, by Adam Crosseby his attorney, appeared against Thomas
Clerk of Morland in a plea wherefore with force and arms the corn and
grass of the said John at Morland worth £10 with certain beasts was
depastured, trodden down and consumed. Defendant did not come.
Case adjourned until the octave of S. Hilary. De Banco Rolls, 468,
m. 151d.; 470, m. 54d.
Thomas de Appelby by Adam Crosseby his attorney,
appeared against John de la Pray, vicar of the church of Morland,
Robert Overdo and Thomas Olifant in a plea that they render unto
him 40 marks which they owe. Defendants did not come. Case
adjourned until Easter. De Banco Rolls, 469, m. 307d.; 470, m.
225d.; 472, m. 551d.
John de Derwentwater, knt., against John Walker of
Meaburn in a plea wherefore with force and arms the corn and
herbage belonging to the said John de Derwentwater at Bolton worth
5 marks, with certain beasts he depastured, trod down and consumed.
De Banco Rolls, 471, m. 12d.; 472, m. 41.
Agnes de Louthre of Great Strickeland, by William
de Soulby her attorney, against Robert Dey in a plea wherefore with
force and arms a certain mare belonging to the said Agnes worth 20s.
was taken away from Great Strickland with other goods worth 40s.
De Banco Roll, 472, m. 366d.
John Bateson by Adam Crosseby his attorney
appeared against William Sandreson of Thrymeby in a plea that he
render unto him his cattle worth £20 which he unjustly detains.
De Banco Rolls, 472, m. 435d.; 473, m. 201d.; 476, m. 611d.
Juliana who was the wife of Richard Vernon, knt., by
Adam Crosseby her attorney, against John de Hothum, knt., and
Walter Pedwardyn, knt., for the third part of the manor of Newby
with appurtenances, and ten . . . And the said John and Walter, by
William de Garton their attorney, come and seek a hearing thereof,
and the day given is St. Michael's Day. De Banco Roll, 475, m. 308.
John and Walter were the heirs of Margaret one of the sisters of
Thomas de Thweng and therefore coheirs of the Lumley Fee of which
Newby formed a portion. See Records of Kendale, i, 324 and iii, 214.
John de Derwentwater, knt., against John Walker of
the Moor, John Torner, William Uttyng and Richard his son, in a
plea wherefore with force and arms Robert Hirde, servant of the
said John de Derwentwater, being lately at Bolton was taken and
carried away, so that for a great time the said John lost the service
of his servant and claims damages at £10. De Banco Rolls, 476, m.
12d.; 477, m. 21d.; 478, m. 12d.
Morland paid a fifteenth as a subsidy to the king amounting to 40s.;
Neweby, 50s.; Stirkland magna, 33s. 4d.; Stirkland parva, 20s. 2d.;
Thirneby, 10s.; Slegill, 30s.; King's Meaburn, 15s.; and Bolton,
60s. 4d.; a total of £12. 18s. 10d. Excheq. Q. R. Miscell. Books,
Final Concord at Westminster, on the Octave of St. Michael,
13 Elizabeth. Between Alan Bellingham, esquire, plaintiff, and Sir
Simon Musgrave, knt., and Juliana his wife and Christopher Musgrave
son and heir apparent of the said Sir Simon, deforciants, of the manors
of Strickland, Great Strickland and Melkenthorpe, and 30 messuages,
20 cottages, 20 tofts, 1 watermill, 1 dovehouse, 30 gardens, 30
orchards, 300 acres of land, 100 acres of meadow, 400 acres of pasture,
200 acres of wood, 200 acres of heath and gorse, 300 acres of moor,
200 acres of turbary, and 2s. rent, with the appurtenances. Sir
Simon, Julian and Christopher acknowledged the manors etc. to be
the right of Alan. For this release Alan gave them £20 sterling.
1571–2 10 February.
Be it known that we Robert Bunting and
Anthony Yate have given, granted and confirmed to Alan Bellingham esquire, all those manors, messuages, lands and tenements in
Strickland, Great Strickland and Melkenthorpe which the said Alan
lately recovered in the Court of the Lady the Queen at Westminster,
as above enumerated, together with two solidates yearly rent.
Dated 10 February, 14 Elizabeth.
1669–72 Hearth Tax Roll
1669–72 Hearth Tax Roll, Lay Subsidy 195, n. 73.
John Hutchinson, vicar||4|
Twenty-five householders were exempted from paying the Tax
Ten householders were exempted from paying the Tax by Certificate.
|Thomas Allan, senior||1|
Fourteen householders were exempted from paying the Tax by
Fourteen householders were exempted from paying the Tax by
|Mr. Thomas Nevinson||6|
Seventeen householders were exempted from paying the Tax
|Thomas L . . .on||1|
|. . . [Ch]ester||1|
|. . . Sanderson||1|
Sixteen householders were exempted from paying the Tax by
Three householders were exempted from paying the Tax by
Seven householders were exempted from paying the Tax by
1677 1 October.
Quarter Sessions ordered that a fine of £5 formerly
imposed upon the inhabitants of Newby, and £2 upon the inhabitants
of Little Strickland for not repairing the way through the Lane from
Newby Pasture gate to Bedlam Gate, be forthwith levied upon the
obstinate refusers to repair the same and that a warrant be issued
to Richard Smith, High Constable of the West Ward, for that
1678 24 July.
Henry, Richard and Mariam Holme and John Sheerman
were presented as being Nonconformists and for not attending their
1681 3 October.
Ordered that the highway betwixt Sandwath and
Sleagill Town Head be repaired, otherwise the township of Sleagill to
be fined £5 or show cause to the contrary. On 2 October, 1682, the
Court being informed that the same was not yet repaired a warrant
was issued to levy £5 of the goods and chattels of the inhabitants of
Sleagill for the repairing of the same. On 8 January, 1682–3, it was
further ordered that a warrant be issued to levy £5 for disobeying the
1684–5 12 January.
Ordered that the constable of Strickland do
forthwith take steps to shut up the Meeting House there. This was
during that terrible time after Charles 11 recanted "that no conventicle hath any authority, allowance or encouragement from us,"
and before James 11 issued his Declaration of Liberty of conscience.
1696 31 July.
William Atkinson, vicar of Morland, and Lancelot
Sisson, curate of Thrimby, signed the anti-Jacobite "Association"
formed throughout the Kingdom for the protection of William 111.
1697–8 10 January.
Forasmuch as Jennett Tebey of Bolton, spr. stood
indicated for petty larceny and was found guilty, it is therefore
ordered that she be set in the stocks in Appleby on Saturday next,
being Market Day, from eleven to twelve o'clock and then immediately after be whipped naked from the waist upward till blood
come, from the High Cross to the Low Cross in Appleby aforesaid and
then to be discharged out of custody paying her fees.
1702 13 April.
It is allowed that the house of Henry Lycock of Gatelands be licenced as a house for public assembly for religious worship.
1706–7 2 January.
William Allen of Bolton and William Bland of Myles
in Newby Stones were indicted for keeping greyhounds and guns not
been qualified so to do.
1728–9 13 January.
Thomas Benson of Harding in Sleagill was ordered
by Quarter Sessions to be set in the stocks in Appleby on Saturday
next being the public market day from ten to twelve of the clock and
from thence be carried to the High Cross stripped to the waist naked
and from thence be whipped to the Low Cross.
1770 23 April.
Presentment that from the time whereof the memory
of man is not to the contrary there was and yet is a certain common
and ancient Pack and Prime way leading from the village of Bolton
to the village of Gt. Strickland for all the liege subjects of the king
on horseback and on foot, to go and return at their will, and that
a certain part of that way beginning at a certain place called Little
Lane End and so along that way to the high road on Bolton Moor,
containing in length 300 yards and in breadth one yard was and yet
is very ruinous, miry, deep broken and in decay for want of due
reparation. And that the inhabitants of Bolton ought to repair and
amend when and so often as it shall be necessary.
An Act for dividing and inclosing the common and waste grounds
within the manor of King's Meaburn was presented to Parliament this
year. Whereas the Rt. Hon. Sackville, earl of Thanet Island is lord
of the manor and as such is intitled to the Royalties therein, and the
said earl, John Thwaites, Nicholas Temple, Robert Addison, Christopher Addison, James Thwaites and others are proprietors and
intitled to right of common. May it therefore please your majesty,
that Thomas Heelis of Appleby Castle, Thomas Harrison of Appleby,
and Thomas Gibson of Oddendale be appointed as commissioners for
putting this Act into execution.
1796 26 November.
For the provision of soldiers to serve in the army,
the parish of Morland, except the two Stricklands and King's
Meaburn, but with the addition of the parish of Brougham, having 103
inhabited houses had to provide two men or else pay a fine of £20 for
each man missing from the quota.
Whereas an Act was passed in 1777–8 for dividing and inclosing
the open wastes and commons lying in the manor of Sleagill containing
some 500 acres or thereabouts; John Moore, George Wheatley and
Thomas Gibson being the Commissioners appointed. And whereas
no division or allotment was made nor any other act done except the
appointment of James Wilson of Kendal as a Commissioner in place
of John Moore deceased. May it therefore please your majesty that
the said Act may be repealed and that it may be enacted that James
Wilson of Kendal and John Gibson of Oddendale be appointed as
Whereas there are within the township of Newby several open
commons and waste grounds containing by estimation one thousand
acres or thereabouts, and also two common stinted pastures called
Newby High Pasture and Newby Low Pasture containing together
some 300 acres be the same more or less. May it please your majesty
that it be enacted that Robert Lumb of Lowther and John Todd of
Kendal be appointed as Commissioners for the division and inclosure
of these commons and waste places, etc.
1807 31 January.
George, John and Thomas Thompson certified
to Quarter Sessions on this day that the Meeting House in Morland
was set apart as a place for the meeting of Protestant Dissenters called
Quakers for the exercise of religious worship.
1818 3 October.
Indenture between John Bushby of Culgarth, spirit
merchant, of the one part, and John Brownrigg of Morland Field and
others of the second part. In consideration of the sum of 5s. John
Bushby has sold to those of the second part, a freehold piece of ground
going back 15 yards in length from the Town Street of Morland and
12 yards in breadth, it being part of James Clark Garth, adjoining
the property of Robert Scourfield on the north, land of the said
Bushby on the south and west, for the building of a Chapel Meeting
House for the Wesleyan Methodists at all times to pay their devotion
to Almighty God. Close Roll, 9859, pt. 46.
1820 10 June.
Indenture made between William Dent of Bolton, yeo.
of the one part, and John Dent of Bolton and many others of the
second part. Witnesses that in consideration of 10s. the said William
Dent has conveyed to those of the second part, all that parcel of
ground in the village of Bolton upon part of which a newly erected
building used as a Chapel and Meeting House of the Wesleyan
Methodists now stands. On north-east back from the Town Street
44 feet, on the south-west 47 feet, on the south-east 37 feet and on the
north-west 36 feet, together with the said Chapel to hold services
there, etc. Close Roll, 9953, pt. 64.
1821 15 October.
William Wilson of Morland, for stealing a coat, a
waistcoat, two silk neckcloths, a cotton pocket handkerchief and a
pair of leather gloves, was sentenced to Transportation beyond the
seas as the Privy Council shall direct for a period of seven years. In
the 17th century the practice arose of reprieving felons on their
petition that they should be transported. But this could not be done
against their consent till the passing of the Transportation Act,
which enabled the King in council to appoint places of confinement beyond the seas, and an act of 1827 imposed this penalty
for felony in all cases where no other punishment was provided.
The colonies protested so strongly that transportation was abolished
in favour of penal servitude.
1830 11 January.
William Rice Markham, vicar of Morland, took the
usual oaths on qualifying as a Justice of the Peace.
1830 29 May.
Five hundred acres being parcels of commons and waste
grounds within the Townships of Great Strickland and Thrimby, were
ordered to be divided and inclosed by an Act of Parliament which
received the Royal Assent on 29 May. William, earl of Lonsdale was
lord of the manor; the Rev. William Kilner, D.D., William Fallowfield, John Kilner, Robert Noble Webster and others were interested
parties in the said commons; the Dean and Chapter of Carlisle were
patrons of the vicarage and church of Morland; and the Rev. William
Rice Markham was the vicar. James Parnell of Lowther was appointed the sole commissioner for valuing, dividing, allotting,
inclosing and otherwise improving the said commons.
At Newby the Wesleyan Methodist Chapel was built in 1853, and
a Primitive Methodist Chapel in 1874.