February 19th - April 9th
An exact and perfect Journal of the Passages of
the Upper House of Parliament, holden at
Westminster, Anno xxxv° Reginæ Eliz.
Anno Dom. 1592. which begun there on
Munday the 19th of February, and then
and there continued until the Dissolution thereof,
on Tuesday the 9th of April, Anno Dom.
Feb. 19. 1592.
The Queen goes to the House of Lords.
THE Summons for this Parliament being returnable
upon this Munday, February 19, it held accordingly. The Queen coming privately by Water,
accompanied with Sir John Puckering Lord Keeper
of the Great Seal, and many of the Lords Spiritual
and Temporal; there being present this day these
Peers, and others ensuing.
The Names of the Peers there sitting.
Johannes Puckering, Miles.
Dom. Custos mag. Sigill.
Dom. Burleigh, Dom. The Saurar. Angliæ.
Comes Oxon. Magnus Camerarius Angliæ.
Comes Derby, Magnus Seneschallus.
Episc. Covent. & Litch.
Episc. Bathon. & Wells.
Dom. Howard, Mag.|
Maresch. & Admir.
Dom. Hunsdon, Camerarius Reginæ.
Dom. St. John.
The Queen and the Lords being thus sate, and the Knights,
Citizens and Burgesses of the House of Commons, as many as
conveniently could be let in; about two of the clock in the afternoon, Sir John Puckering Lord Keeper of the Great Seal, by
command from the Queen, spake to this effect.
The Lord Keeper's Speech.
The Lord Keepers Speech, how to direct themselves in this Session.
That though the assembling of Parliaments hath antiently
been, and still were for the Enacting of Laws, and Reforming of Abuses and Grievances of the Subjects within the
Realm; yet at this time the Queens Majesty was desirous to have
the Advice of all her loving people, concerning the Defence and
Preservation of her Self, her Realms and Subjects, from the Power
and Oppression of a forreign Enemy.
The Spaniards Design of Revenge discovered;
And his Designes laid open.
Then he declared, that this Enemy was the King of spain, and
that his malice was increased by his loss and shame received in 88.
That his resolution still was to invade this Kingdome, did plainly
appear by his building and getting together many Ships of less bulk,
which would be fitter for service in our Seas, than those greater
Galliasses and Gallions had been in 88. That he desired some
nearer place from whence to invade England, and therefore at
this time was labouring to plant himself in Britain, a part of
France. That he had raised Faction in Scotland, and Conspiracies against the King there, finding him an enemy to his ambitious desires.
Exborts them to raise Moneys.
And therefore we her Majesties Subjects (said he) must with all
dutiful consideration think what is sit for us to do; and with
all willingness yield part of our own for the defence of others,
and assistance of her Majesty in such an unsupportable charge.
Were the cause between Friend and Friend, how much would
we do for the relief of one another? but the cause is now between our Soveraign and our selves: seeing there is so much
difference in the parties, how much more forward ought we
Shews how ineffectual the former Supplies proved;
and by what means they came to be so.
The Ald formerly granted to her Majesty in these like cases, is
so ill answer'd, and with such slackness performed, as that the
third of that which was granted cometh not to her Majesty. A
great shew, a rich grant, and a long sum seems to be made; but
little it is, hard to be gotten, and the sum not great which is
paid. Her Majesty thinks this to be, for that the wealthier fort
of men turn this charge upon the weaker, and upon those of
worst ahility; so that one dischargeth himself, and th'other is not
able to satisfie that he is charged withal: these things should be
reformed by such as are Commissioners in this service.
Gives them caution not to mispend time.
Wherefore it is her Majesties pleasure, the time be not spent in
devising and enacting new Laws, the number of which are so
great already, as it rather burtheneth than easeth the Subject;
but the principal cause of this Parliament is, that her Majesty
might consult with her Subjects, for the better withstanding
those intended Invasions, which are now greater than ever before
were heard of. And, where heretofore it hath been used that
many have delighted themselves in long Orations, full of verbosity
and vain ostentations, more than in speaking things of substance;
the time that is precious would not be thus spent. This Session
cannot be long; the Spring-time is sit that Gentlemen should repair to their Countreys, the Justices of Assize also to go their
Circuits; so the good hours would not be lost in idle Speeches,
but the little time we have should be bestowed wholly on such
business as is needful to be considered of; and Thursday next is
appointed the day to present the Speaker.
Receivers of Petitions named.
Assoon as the Lord Keeper's Speech was ended, the Clerk of
the Parliament read the names of the Receivers of Petitions for
England, Ireland, and Wales, and Scotland; Sir Francis Popham Lord
Chief-Justice of the Kings-Bench, John Clinch one of the Justices
of the said Bench, Dr. Awbery, Dr. Ford; and they which will deliver
Petitions, are to deliver the same within six days next ensuing.
Receivers of Petitions for Gascoigne and other parts beyond
the Seas and the Isles, Sir Edmond Anderson Lord Chief-Justice
of the Common-Pleas, Sir William Peryam Lord Chief-Baron,
Tho. Walmesley one of the Justices of the Common-Pleas, Doctor
Cary, Doctor Stanhop; and they which will deliver Petitions,
are to deliver them within six days next ensuing.
Triers of Petitions for England, Ireland, Wales and Scotland,
the Archbishop of Canterbury, the Marquiss of Winchester, the
Earl of Darby Lord Steward of the Queens Houshold, the Earl
of Sussex, the Earl of Essex, the Bishop of London, the Bishop of
Durham, the Lord Howard of Effingham Earl Marshal and Lord
Admiral of England, the Lord Cobham, the Lord Grey of Wilton:
all these, or four of them, calling to them the Lord Keeper of
the Great Seal of England, and the Lord Treasurer, and the Queens
Serjeants, when need shall require, shall hold their place in the
Triers of Petitions for Gascoigne, and other parts beyond the
Seas, and the Isles, the Earl of Oxford great Chamberlain of
England, the Earl of Shrewsbury, the Earl of Huntington, the
Bishop of Rochester, the Bishop of Lincolne, the Lord Hunsdon
Lord Chamberlain to the Queen, the Lord Lumley, the Lord
Buckhurst; all these, or any four of them.
Although the usual Custome in the Original Journal-books,
is to place all Proxies upon what days soever returnable,
before the beginning of the Journal it self; lyet I have
conceived it more methodical, to place all such Returns in
those days upon which they were delivered to the Clerk
of the Parliament; and always upon the day on which the
first Return was, to make some short Observations of that,
if it be unusual and extraordinary, and so to refer the view
of the residue to their proper days. On this instant Mon
day therefore, being the Nineteenth day of February, and
the first day of the Parliament, was returned only this one
Decimonono die Februarii introductæ sunt Litteræ Procuratoriæ
Edwardi Episcopi Norwicensis, in quibus Procuratores Suos constituit Johannem Episcopum Lond. & Richardum Episcopum Peterburgen.
Nota, This is one of those Proxies I call an usual or ordinary
Proxie, when a Spiritual Lord maketh but two Proctors, and
a Temporal Lord but one, and those of their own Order:
but when a Temporal Lord nominateth a Spiritual Lord for his
Proctor, or nominateth more than one Proctor; and when
a Spiritual Lord nominateth a Temporal Lord for his Proctor,
or but one Proctor, or more than two; these I call unusual
and extraordinay Proxies. And therefore at this very time,
of nine Temporal Lords that sent their Proxies, but one
named two Lords; of which see afterwards on Munday,
March 5. all the rest naming but one. Indeed, of six Spiritual Lords which sent their Proxies, there was but that
one set down in the Page before-going, which made two
Proctors, all the rest naming three, or but one; all which, see
afterwards on the 22. 24. 27. days of February, and on the
7. and 28. days of March: Where also it may be noted,
That John Archbishop of Canterbury had this Parliament
five Proxies. Now follows next in order to be set down,
the continuing of this Parliament; which in the original
Journal-book it self, followed immediately upon the names
of the Lords foregoing, being present this afternoon: So
that the substance of the Lord Keeper's Speech foregoing,
and this also that follows at the presentment of the Speaker,
was supplied by my self out of a very exact Journal which I
had of the Passages of the Lower House this present Parliament; conceiving those Speeches, in all my Journals, ought
more fitly to be referred to the Passages of the Upper House,
than of the House of Commons.
Dominus Custos Magni Sigill. ex mandato Dominæ Reginæ,
continuavit præsens Parliamentum usque in diem Jovis prox.
Thursday, Feb. 22.
On Thursday, Feb. 22. the Queens Majesty her self came about
three of the clock in the afternoon, accompanied with divers of
the Lords Spiritual and Temporal; there being present this day
the Archbishop of Canterbury, Sir John Puckering Kt. Lord Keeper of the Great Seal, William Lord Burleigh Lord Treasurer of
England, the Marquiss of Winchester, twelve Earls, two Viscounts,
fifteen Bishops, and twenty three Barons; being for the most part
the very same that are by name set down to have been present on
Edw. Cooke the Queens Sollicitor chosen and presented.
The Queen and the Lords being thus sat, the House of Commons having notice thereof, immediately came up with Edward
Coke Esq; the Queens Sollicitor, into the Upper House, whom they
had chosen for their Speaker; who being led up to the Bar at the
nether end of the said House, between two of the most eminent
Personages of the Lower House, as soon as silence was made, and
the rest of the House of Commons had placed themselves below
the Bar, he spake as followeth.
The Speaker's Speech.
Your Majesties most loving Subjects the Knights and Burgesses
of the Lower House, have nominated me, your Graces poor
Servant and Subject, to be their Speaker. This their Nomination
hath hitherto proceeded, that they present me to speak before your
Majesty; yet this their Nomination is onely a Nomination yet, and
no Election, until your Majestie giveth allowance and approbation:
For as in the Heavens a Star is but opacum corpus until it hath
received light from the Sun, so stand I corpus opacum, a mute body,
until your high bright shining wisdom hath looked upon me and allowed me.
The Speaker disables himself.
How great a Charge this is, to be the Mouth of such a Body as
your House of Commons represent, to utter that is Spoken Grandia
Regni, my small experience, being a poor professor of the Law, can
tell; but how unable I am to undergo this Office, my present Speech
doth tell, that of a number of this House I am most unfit: for amongst them are many grave, many learned, many deep wise men,
and those of ripe Judgments; but I an untimely Fruit, not ripe, nay
bud a but not scarce fully blossomed, so as I fear your Majesty will say,
Neglecta fruge, liguntur folia; amongst so many fair fruits, you have
plucked a shaking leaf.
If I may be so bold to remember a Speech used the last Parliament
in your Majesties own mouth, Many come hither ad consulendum
qui nesciunt quid sit consulendum: a just reprehension to many, as
to my self also, an untimely fruit, my years and judgment ill befitting the gravity of this place. But howsoever I know my self the
meanest, and inferiour unto all that ever were before me in this place,
yet in faithfulness of service, and dutifulness of love, I think not
my self inferiour to any that ever were before me: And amidst my
many imperfections, yet this is my comfort, I never knew any in
this place, but if your Majesty gave him favour, God who also called
them to this place, gave them also the blessing to discharge it.
The Lord Keeper having received Instructions from the
Queen, answered him.
But is commended and approved by the Qu. order.
HER Graces most Excellent Majesty hath willed me to signifie unto you, that she hath ever well conceived of you
since the first heard of you; which will appear when her Highness
selected you from others to serve her self : but by this your modest,
wife, and well-composed speech, you give her Majesty further occasion to conceive of you above that she ever thought was in you : by endeavouring to deject and abase your self and your desert, you have
made known and discovered your worthiness and sufficiency to
discharge the place you are called to. And whereas you account your
self corpus opacum, her Majesty, by the influence of her Vertue and
Wisdom, doth enlighten you, and not onely alloweth and approveth
you, but much thanketh the Lower House, and commendeth their discretions in making such a Choise, and electing so fit a man.
Wherefore, Mr. Speaker, proceed in your office, and go forward
to your Commendation as you have begun.
The Lord Keepers Speech being ended, the Speaker began
a new Speech.
The second Speech of the Speaker.
Considering the great and wonderful Blessings, besides the long
Peace we have enjoyed under your Graces most happy and victorious Reign, and remembring withal the Wisdom and Justice your
Grace hath reigned over us with, we have cause to praise God that
ever you were given us; and the bazard that your Majesty hath
adventured, and the charge that you have born for us and our safety,
ought to make us ready to lay down our Lives and all our Living to
do you service.
After this, he related the great Attempts of her Majesties Enemies against us, especially the Pope, and the King of spain adhering unto him; how wonderfully were we delivered in 88, and
what a favour therein God manifested unto her Majesty.
The Kings of Englands Supremacy asserted from the time of Hen. 3.
proved by Statutes in each Kings reign.
His Speech, after this, tended wholly to shew out of the Histories of England, and the old State, how the Kings of England,
ever since Henry the third's time, have maintained themselves to be
Supream Head over all Causes in their own Dominions; and recited the Laws that were made in his and other Kings times, for
maintaining their own Supremacy, and excluding the Pope. He
drew down his Proofs by Statute in every Kings time since Hen. 3.
unto Edw. 6.
Too great a multiplicity of our Laws.
This ended, he came to speak of the Laws, that were so great
and so many already, that they were sitly to be termed Elephantinæ Leges: Wherefore to make more Laws, it might seem superfluous; and to him that might ask Quid Causa ut Crescunt tot
magna volumina Legis? it may be answered, In promptu Causa est,
Crescit in orbe malum.
The malice of our Arch-enemy the Devil, though it was always
great, yet never greater than now; and that Dolus and Malum be
ing crept in so far amongst men, it was necessary that sharp Ordinances should be provided to prevent them, and all care to be
used for her Majesties preservation.
Now am I to make unto your Majesty three Petitions in the names
of your Commons. First, That liberty of Speech and freedom from
Arrests, according to the ancient custom of Parliament, be granted
to your Subjects : That we may have access to your Royal Person, to
present those things which shall be considered of amongst us : And
lastly, That your Majesty will give us your Royal Assent to the things
that are agreed upon. And for my self, I humbly beseech your Majesty, if any speech shall fall from me, or Behaviour found in me,
not decent, and unsit, That it may not be imputed blame upon the
House, but laid upon me, and pardoned in me.
To this Speech the Lord Keeper having received new Instructions from the Queen, he replied.
Lord Keeper's Reply.
HE commended the Speaker greatly for his Speech; and he
added some Examples for the Kings Supremacy in Henry the
second's time, and Kings before the Conquest. As for the Deliverance we received from our Enemies, and the Peace we enjoyed,
he said, the Queen would have the praise of all those to be attributed to God onely. To the Commendations given to her self,
she said, Well might we have a wiser Prince, but never should they
have one that more regarded them, and in Justice would carry an
evener stroke without acceptation of Persons; and such a Princess
she wished they might always have.
A good caution about liberty of speaking in the House.
To your three Demands, the Queen answereth, Liberty of Speech
is granted you; but how far, this is to be thought on : there be two
things of most necessity, and those two do most harm; which are
Wit and Speech : the one exercised in Invention, the other is uttering things invented. Priviledge of Speech is granted; but you
must know what Priviledge you have, not to speak every one what
he listeth, or what cometh in his brain to utter, but your Priviledge
is to Say Yea or No. Wherefore, Mr. Speaker, her Majesties pleasure is, That if you perceive any idle heads which will not stick to
hazard their own Estates, which will meddle with reforming of the
Church, and transforming of the Common wealth, and do exhibit
any Bills to such purpose, That you receive them not, until they be
viewed and considered of by those whom it is fitter should consider
of such things, and can better judge of them.
As also about priviledge of their persons.
To your Persons all Priviledge is granted, with this Caveat, That
under colour of this Priviledge, no mans ill doings, or not performing
of duties, be cover'd and protected.
The last, free Access, is also granted to her Majesties Person, so
that it be upon urgent and weighty Causes, and at times convenient,
and when her Majesty may be at leisure from other important Causes
of the Realm.
After this Speech was ended, the Lord Keeper continued the
Parliament in manner and form following: Dominus Custos Magni
Sigill. ex mandat. Dominæ Reginæ continuavit præsens Parliamentum usque in diem Sabbati prox. futur.
This day was returned the Proxie of John Bishop of Carlisle,
by which he constituted John Archbishop of Canterbury,
John Bishop of London, and Matthew Bishop of Durham,
his Proctors; quod nota.
Saturday, Feb. 24.
On Saturday, Feb. 24. a Bill for restraining and punishing vagrant and seditious persons, who under fained pretence of Conscience and Religion, corrupt and seduce the Queens Subjects,
prima vice lect.
Eodem die Returnat. est Breve quod Richardus Wigorn. Episcopus
præsenti Parliamento interesse summonebatur, & idem Episcopus ad
suum præheminenciæ sedendi in Parliamento locum admissus est,
salvo cuiquam jure suo.
Dominus Custos magni Sigill. continuavit præsens Parliamentum
usque in diem Lunæ hora nona.
This day was returned the Proxie of John Archbishop of York, by
which he constituted onely one Proctor, viz. John Archbishop of Canterbury; quod nota.
Feb. 25 Sunday.
Munday, Feb. 26.
On Munday, Feb. 26. Returnatum est Breve quo Edwardum Dom.
Cromwel præsenti Parliamento interesse summonebatur, qui admissus
est ad suum præheminenciæ sedendi in Parliamento locum, salvo
The Writ returned, whereby Gilbert Earl of Shrewsbury was
summoned. The several Writs returned, whereby George Bishop
of Landaff, William Lord Compton, and Edward Earl of Worcester were summoned.
It seemeth by the Journal-book, that nothing else was done this
day, but the Parliament continued in usual form: As on
Thursday the 22th of February, and on Saturday the 24th day
of the same month, two extraordinary Proxies were returned
from two Spiritual Lords; the first constituting three Proctors, and the other but one: for the most ordinary use of
the Bishops is, to constitute two Proctors. So also on the
27th of February, being Tuesday, though the Lords did not
sit, yet was one unusual Proxie returned from another Spiritual Lord, who constituted but one Proctor to give his
voice in Parliament in his absence; whereas it is before often
observed, no Temporal Lord nominateth usually above one
Proctor, and no Spiritual Lord fewer than two. This said
Proxie is thus entered in the Journal-book of the 35 year
of the Queen at the beginning of it.
27° Februarii introductæ sunt Littera Procuratoriæ Thomæ Wintoniensts Episcopi, in quibus Procuratorem suum constituit Johannem
Wednesday, Feb. 28.
On Wednesday, Feb. 28. two several Writs were returned,
whereby John Bishop of Bath and Wells, and Matthew Bishop of
Durham, were summoned to come to this Parliament; who accordingly took their places. Also this morning two Bills had each of
them one reading.
Nota, That because the dayly continuing of the Parliament in
these words, Dominus Custos Magni Sigilli continuavit præsens Parliamentum, &c. being but matter of course, is omitted in all the Journal afterwards, unless something extraordinary and unusual doth happen, in respect of the Person, time,
Thursday, March. 1.
On Thursday, March 1. two Bills were each of them once
Saturday, March. 3.
On Saturday, March 3. (to which day the Parliament had on
Thursday been continued) four Bills had each of them one reading.
March. 4. Sunday.
Munday, March. 5.
On Munday, March 5. three Bills were read; and the second,
upon the second reading, was committed to be ingrossed.
Nota, This day also was returned a Proxie for a Temporal Lord,
by which he constituted two Proctors; which because it is
extraordinary and unusual, I desired to have it inserted; and
the rather, because of eight other Temporal Lords, none of
them constituted above one Proctor, according to the ordinary practice both in these times and since. The said Proxie
before mentioned is thus entered in the beginning of the
original Journal book of this Upper House of Parliament.
Quint. Marcii introductæ sunt Litteræ Procuratoriæ Henrici Comitis Huntingdon. in quibus Procuratores suos constituit Gulielmum
Dominum Burleigh The Saurarium Angliæ, & Robertum Comitem
Essex, Vicecomitem Hereford, & Dominum Ferrers de Chartley.
Tuesday, March. 6.
On Tuesday, March 6. there was one Bill read once.
Wednesday, March. 7.
On Wednesday, March 7. Breve returnatum est quo Johannes
Salisburien. Episc. præsenti Parliamento interesse Summonebatur, qui
admissus est ad suum præheminenciæ Sedendi in Parliament. locum,
salvo jure alieno.
A Bill for restraining Popish Recusants to certain places of abode.
The same morning there were four Bills read each of them once;
the fourth being a Bill for restraining Popish Recusants to some certain places of abode.
There was also brought up to the Lords from the House of Commons, an Act for the naturalizing and making free of William
sidney eldest son of Robert Sidney Kt. Governour of Vlushing,
and Dame Barbara his wife; and of Peregrine Wingfield son and
heir of Sir John Wingfield Kt. and Dame Susan Countess of Kent
And note, this day also was one extraordinary Proxie return'd
from a Spiritual Lord, who constituted but one Proctor,
whereas usually no such Lord constituteth fewer than two;
which Proxie is thus entered in the beginning of the Journal-book of this Parliament.
7° Marcii introductæ sunt Litteræ Procuratoriæ Mathei Dunelmensis Episc. in quibus Procuratorem Suum constituit Johannem Cantuariensem Episcopum.
Thursday, March. 8.
On Thursday, March 8. were three Bills each of them once
read; whereof the first was an Act for explanation and confirmation of the Queens Majesties Title to the Lands and Tenements
late Sir Francis Englefield's Kt. convicted of High Treason. Not
long after this Bill had been committed to ingroffing, according to a certain Order formerly made by the Lords, Francis Englefield Esq; appeared before them with one of his learned Counsel;
who were commanded to declare what they could alleadge, why
an Act for explanation and confirmation of the Queens Majesties
Title to the Lands and Tenements late Sir Francis Englefield's Kt.
attainted of High-Treason, should not pass: And upon Allegations made by the learned Counsel, the Lords commanded they
should set them down in Writing, and deliver them to the Atturney-General; and that on Friday they should attend on the Judges
and the Queens learned Counsel at Serjeants-Inne, and shew such
Deeds of Conveyance as they made mention of before the Lords,
that the said Lords, upon answer of the Judges and learned Counsel, might proceed upon the said Bill as it should seem best to their
Saturday, March. 10.
On Saturday, March 10. (to which day the Parliament had
been last continued) after the reading of one private Bill, Prima
vice, the Lords gave in Commandment to Mr. Atturney-General
to bring on Munday certain Depositions remaining in the Exchequer, concerning the Cafe of Sir Francis Englefield, after they had
first heard the opinion of the Judges; which was delivered by the
Lord Chief Justice of England.
March. 11. Sunday.
Munday, March. 12.
On Munday, March 12. two Bills had each of them one reading.
Tuesday, March. 13.
A Collection in the House of Peers for poor Souldiers.
On Tuesday, March 13. two Bills being each of them once read,
the Lords, at the Bishop of Worcester's motion, condescended to a
Contribution for the relief of such poor Souldiers as went begging
in the streets of London, viz. That every Earl should give Forty
shillings, every Bishop Thirty shillings, and every Baron Twenty
shillings; and appointed the said Bishop and the Lord Norris Collectors thereof, and committed the bestowing thereof to the Earl of
Essex and Lord Willoughby of Eresby.
Thursday, March. 15.
On Thursday, March 15. (to which day the Parliament had
been last continued) were four Bills each of them once read.
Friday, March. 16.
On Friday, March 16. were two Bills each of them once read.
And then the Lord Keeper continued the Parliament, in the
usual form, to the Munday following.
Munday, March. 19.
On Munday, March 19. one Bill onely, upon its second reading,
was committed to be ingrossed.
Tuesday, March. 20.
On Tuesday, March 20. the Bill touching Sir Francis Englefield's Lands had its third reading, and was concluded. Four
Bills also more were this forenoon sent up to the Lords from the
Thursday, March. 22.
On Thursday, March 22. two Bills had each of them one reading.
Saturday, March. 24.
On Saturday, March 24. (to which day the Parliament had
been last continued) was one Act concluded after the third reading; and four other Bills brought up to the Lords from the House
of Commons, whereof one was an Act concerning the lawful deprivation of Edmond Bonner late Bishop of London.
March. 25. Sunday.
Munday, March. 26.
Subsidy-bill read, granted by the Temporalty.
On Munday, March 26. were three Bills each of them once
read; whereof the first was an Act for the grant of three entire
Subsidies, and fix Fifteenths and Tenths, granted by the Tempo
ralty, which had passed the House of Commons, and was sent up
to the Lords on Saturday last. This morning also two other Bills
were sent up to the Lords from the said Commons.
Tuesday, March. 27.
On Tuesday, March 27. three Bills had each of them one reading.
Wednesday, March. 28.
On Wednesday, March 28. three Bills were read Secunda vice,
and one Bill tertia vice. Five other Bills were also sent up to the
Lords from the Commons.
Nota, This day was an unusual Proxie returned from one of the
Bishops absent at this time from the Parliament (as divers
other Peers) by the License of her Majesty; in which Proxie
he constituted but one Proctor, whereas it is the usual custome for every Spiritual Lord to nominate two at the least,
and every Temporal Lord but one. This Proxie is thus entered in the beginning of the original Journal-book of this
28° Die Marcii introductæ sunt Litteræ Procuratoriæ Thomæ Cicestrensis Episcopi, in quibus Procuratorem suum constituit Johannem
Thursday, March. 29.
On Thursday, March 29. seven Bills had each of them one reading.
Subsidy granted by the Clergy, passed.
On Fryday, March 30. five Bills were read; whereof the first
was the Bill of Subsidy granted by the Temporalty, and the last
the Bill of Subsidy granted by the Clergy : both which at this
time, upon their several third readings, passed the Lords House.
Saturday, March. 31.
On Saturday, March 31. were five Bills read.
April. 1. Sunday.
Munday, April. 2.
On Munday, April 2. one Bill was read; and fix Bills of like
consequence were sent up to the Lords from the Commons.
Tuesday, April. 3.
On Tuesday, April 3. were four Bills once read.
Wednesday, April. 4.
On Wednesday, April 4. one Bill was read prima & secunda
Thursday, April. 5.
On Thursday, April 5. three Bills of no great moment, upon
their third reading, passed the House, and were expedited.
An Order about the Contribution for maimed Souldiers.
The absent Peers to pay a double proportion for the relief of the indigent and maimed Souldiers, by Order of the House.
The Commons having taken the same method.
This morning also this Order was agreed on amongst the
Lords: viz. Whereas the Lords of Parliament, both Spiritual and
Temporal, assembled in the Parliament chamber at Westminster,
have with one uniform consent, both in their own Names and the
rest of the Lords absent, ordered, That there shall be a charitable
Relief and Contribution made towards the relief and help of a number of Souldiers that are seen in the time of this Parliament maimed and so hurt in the Wars of France, the Low Countries, and
on the Seas, for the service of the Queens Majesty and of the
Realm; and for that purpose have allowed, that every Archbishop,
Marquiss, Earl, and Viscount, should pay towards the Contribution
the sum of 40 s. every Bishop 30 s. and every Baron 20 s. For collection whereof there hath been appointed the Queens Majesties Almoner, the Bishop of Worcester, to collect the same of Bishops; the
Lord Norris to collect the sums payable by the Lords Temporal:
which hath been diligently done, and received by them for all the
Lords Spiritual and Temporal that have been present, and that
have attended to their great charge on the service of the Realm in
this Parliament. And considering the number of the Souldiers be
very many to be relieved therewith, notwithstanding the Knights
and Burgesses of the Commons House have yielded very good and
large Contributions, according to their degrees, for the better relief
of the said maimed Souldiers; It is by the said Lords Spiritual
and Temporal, that have given their chargeable attendance here, and
have charitably and honourably yielded to this Contribution, thought
meet, and so it is ordered and decreed by them, with common and
free consent, That all the Lords of Parliament that have been alto
gether absent in this Sessions, and that shall not have contributed
to this charitable Relief before the end of this Sessions, shall be required by Letters to be sent to them by the Lords that had their Procurations for their absence, or by Letters from the Lord Keeper of
the great Seal, required and charged to make payment to be made
according to their degrees and vocation, double the sums of money
paid by the Lords that have been here present and continued their
attendance: that is to say, every Earl that hath been absent 4 l.
the Archbishop of York to pay as much, and every Bishop also to
pay 3 1. and every Baron 40 s. And for such as have been here
present sometimes, and yet very seldom, but have been absent most
part, it is thought meet, That every such Lord Spiritual and Temporal shall, according to their degrees, pay a third part more than
the Lords that have been present. All which sums of money they
shall cause to be delivered to the hands of the Lord Keeper of the
great Seal, to be afterwards by such Spiritual Lords of Parliament
as are chosen for that purpose, distributed to the maimed Souldiers
as shall be found to have most need thereof. The like whereof the
Commons assembled in this Parliament have ordered for all the Members of that House that are absent, and have not paid, to contribute
in double manner: which Order is thought very just, considering
the Lords and others that have been absent, and have been at no
charge to come up and give their attendance, may very reasonably,
and with a great saving to their charges, contribute to this Order.
And if any Lord Spiritual or Temporal shall refuse, or shall forbear
thus to do, (which is hoped in Honour none will do) there shall be
ordinary means used to levy the same.
Friday, April. 6.
On Friday, April 6. Four Bills were each of them once read.
Eight Bills were this Morning sent up to the Lords from the
House of Commons, whereof the last was an Act to make void
the Spiritual Livings of those that have for saken the Realm, and
do cleave to the Pope and his Religion.
Saturday, April. 7.
On Saturday, April 7. two Bills, only, were each of them once
April. 8. Sunday.
Munday, April. 9.
On Munday, April 9. were Three Bills each of them read
secunda & tertia vice, and so expedited. Also eight Bills, this
Morning, were sent up to the Lords from the House of Commons, whereof one was read prima & secunda vice, and another
read prima vice.
This Morning, finally, whereas a Bill entituled an Act touching Power and Repeal of certain uses of a Deed Tripartite
therein mentioned, of and in certain Mannors, Lands and Tenements of Anthony Coke of Rumford in the County of Essex
Esquire, hath been heretofore three times read, and assented unto
by the Lords, in which Bill there is no Saving to the Queens
Majesty, or any other person or persons, of their lawful estates
or titles; there was a Saving drawn for her Majesty and all others,
which was offer'd to this House. And some question and ambiguity did grow, whether the Saving should be now added to the
Bill; and in the end it was Resolv'd the same should be added
to the Bill, for that it is usual and requisite to have such Savings in every Bill; and for that there was nothing in the
Saving contrary to any matter in the Bill, and that her Majesties Right and all others be saved thereby. And nevertheless
upon weighty Considerations, the Lords have ordered, that this
shall not hereafter be drawn to make any president.
Then the Lord Keeper continued the Parliament till the Morrow following, on which it ended; which said Continuance is
entred in the Original Journal-book, in Manner and Form following: Dominus Custos Magni Sigilli continuavit præsens Parliamentum usque in diem Martis hora octava.
Tuesday, April. 10.
On Tuesday, April 10. In the Morning were two Bills read,
whereof the first was an Act for Naturalizing of certain Englishmens
Children born beyond the Seas, tertia vice lect. & expedit. And
the second was an Act for the Queens most gracious and free
Pardon; which was read only once, and then passed the House.
Nota, That the Bill or Act for the Queens general Pardon
passeth each House upon the first reading; whereas other
Bills cannot be expedited without being thrice read both by
the Lords and Commons.
The Queens Majesty came not till the Afternoon; and therefore in this place, through the negligence of the Clerk, the
continuing of the Parliament until some hour in the Afternoon is omitted, which should have been inserted.
The Queen comes to Dissolve the Parliament.
Between 5 and 6 a Clock in the Afternoon, this present Tuesday, being the 10 of April, the Queens Majesty, accompanied
with her Officers and dayly Attendance, came to the UpperHouse; and assoon as her Majesty, with her Lords Spiritual and
Temporal, and the rest that have place there, were set; the
Knights, Citizens and Burgesses of the House of Commons having notice thereof, came up with their Speaker, bringing with
them the Bill of the Subsidy. The Speaker being placed at the
Bar of the Upper-house, and as many of the Commons as could
conveniently be let in; after humble Reverence to her Majesty
spake as followeth:
The Speakers Speech to the Queen.
The High Court of Parliament, most High and Mighty Prince,
is the greatest and most antient Court within this Tour
Realm; for before the Conquest, in the high places of the WestSaxons, we read of a Parliament holden; and since the Conquest
they have been holden by all your Royal Predecessors, Kings of
England, and Queens of England.
The Antiquity of Parliaments in this Island.
In the times of the West-Saxons a Parliament was held by the
Noble Queen Ina, by these words: I Ina. Queen of the West-Saxons,
have caused all my Fatherhood, Aldermen, and wife Commons, with
the Godly-men of my Kingdome, to consult of weighty matters, &c.
Which words do plainly shew the parts of this Court, Still observed to
this day. For in Queen Ina, is Your Majesties most Royal Person represented: The Fatherhood in antient time were those whom we call
Bishops, and still we call them Reverend Fathers, an antient and free
part of our State. By Aldermen was meant your Noblemen; for so honourable was the word Alderman in antient time, that the Nobility only were called Aldermen. By wisest Commons, is signified your Knights
and Burgesses; and so is your Majesties Writ, De discretioribus
& magis sufficientibus. By Godliest men, is meant your Convocation-house; it consisteth of such as are devoted to Religion, and
as godliest men do consult of weightiest matters; so is your Highness
Writ at this day, Pro quibusdam arduis & urgentissimis negotiis,
nos statum & defensionem Regni nostri & Ecclesiæ tangentibus.
Tour Highness Wisdome and exceeding Judgment, with all careful Providence, needed not our Councels: yet so urgent Causes there
were of this Parliament, so importunate Considerations, as that
we may say, (for we cannot judge) if ever Parliament was so Needful as now, or ever so Honourable as this.
If I may be bold to say it, I must presume to say that which
hath been often said; but what is well said, cannot be too often spoken: This sweet Council of ours I would compare to that sweet
Commonwealth of the little Bees;
Sic enim parvis componere magna solebam.
The little Bees have but one Governour, whom they all serve; he
is their King, Quia latrea habet latiora; he is placed in the midst
of their habitations, ut in tutissima turri: they forage abroad, sucking honey from every flower, to bring to their King: Ignavum
Fucos pecus à Principibus arcent, the Drones they drive out of
their Hives, non habentes aculeos; and whoso assails their King,
in him immittunt aculeos, & tamen Rex ipse est fine aculeo.
Your Majesty is that Princely Governour and Noble Queen, whom
we all serve; being protected under the shadow of your wings, we
live; and wish you may ever sit upon your Throne over us; and
whosoever shall not say Amen, for them we pray, ut convertantur
nè pereant, & ut confundantur nè noceant. Under your happy
Government we live upon Honey, we suck upon every sweet Flower;
but where the Bee sucketh Honey, there also the Spider draweth
Poyson: some such there be; but such Drones and Dore-Bees we will
expel the Hive, and serve your Majesty, and withstand any Enemy
that shall assault You, our Lands, or Goods. Our lives are prostrate
at your feet to be commanded; yea, and thanked be God, and honour be to your Majesty for it, such is the power and force of your
Subjects, that of their own strengths they are able to encounter your
greatest Enemies; and though we be such, yet have we a Prince that
is Sine aculeo, so full of that Clemency is your Majesty. I come
now to your Laws.
The Laws we have conferred upon this Sessions of so honourable a
Parliament, are of two natures; the one such as have life, but are
ready to die, except your Majesty breathe life into them again; the
other are Laws that never had life, but being void of life, do come to
your Majesty to seek life.
The first sort are those Laws that had continuance until this Parliament, and are now to receive new life, or are to die for ever. The
other that I term capable of life, are those which are newly made,
but have no essence until your Majesty giveth them life.
Two Laws there are, but I must give the honour where it is due,
for they come from the noble wise Lords of the Upper House, the
most honourable and beneficial Laws that could be desired; the one
a Confirmation of all Letters-Patents from your Majesties most noble Father of all Ecclesiastical Livings which that King of most renowned Memory took from those superstitious Monasteries and Priories, and translated them to the erecting of many foundations of
Cathedral-Churches and Colledges, thereby greatly furthering the
maintenance of Learning and true Religion. The other Law to
suppress the obstinant Recusate, and the dangerous Sectary; both very
pernicious to your Royal Government.
Lastly, your most loving and obedient Subjects, the Commons of
the Lower House, most humbly and with dutiful thanks stand bound
unto your gracious goodness for your general and large Pardon granted unto them, wherein many great Offences are pardoned; but it
extendeth onely to Offences done before the Parliament.
I have many ways, since the beginning of this Parliament, by ignorance and insufficiency to perform that which I should have done,
offended your Majesty; I most humbly crave to be partaker of your
most gracious Pardon.
The Lord Keeper then received Instructions from the Queen,
and afterwards replied unto the Speaker. The former
part of this Speech was an Answer almost verbatim to the
Speaker's Oration, very excellently and exactly done; and
those things which followed, were to this or the like purpose.
The Lord Keeper.
The Lord Keeper replies.
HE said, That her Majesty most graciously did accept of the
Service and Devotions of this Parliament, commending
them that they had employed their time so well, and spent it on
necessary Affairs; save onely that in some things they had spent
more time than needed: but the perceived some men did it more
for their satisfaction, than the necessity of the thing deserved.
Gently rebukes them for some Miscarriages.
She misliked also, that such irreverence was shewed towards
Privy-Counsellors, (who were not to be accounted as common
Knights and Burgesses of the House, that are Counsellors but during
the Parliament;) whereas the other are standing Counsellors, and
for their wisdom and great service, are called to the Council of
Then he said, That the Queens Majesty had heard that some
men, in the case of great necessity and grant of Aid, had seemed
to regard their Country, and made their necessity more than it was,
forgetting the urgent necessity of the time, and dangers that were
Gives them Captions.
That her Majesty would not have the People feared with Reports
of great dangers, but rather to be encouraged with boldness against
the Enemies of the State. And therefore that the straightly charged and commanded, that the mustred Companies in every County
should be supplied, if they were decayed, and that their Provisions
of Armour and Ammunition should be better than heretofore it
hath been used.
That for this offer of three Subsidies, her Majesty most graciously
in all kindness thanketh her Subjects; but except it were freely and
willingly given, she did not accept of it: for her Majesty never accepteth any thing that is not freely given.
That if the Coffers of her Majesties Treasure were not empty,
or if the Revenues of the Crown and other Princely Ornaments
could suffice to supply her Wants, and the Charges of the Realm, in
the word of a Prince she doth pronounce it, she would not now
have charged her Subjects, nor accepted of this they gave her.
The Lord Keeper's Speech being ended, after some time of
intermission, the Queen being sat in her Chair of State,
used a Princely Speech unto the Houses; of which, the
greatest part was to the effect and purpose following.
The Qu-speaks her self.
This Kingdom hath had many wise, noble, and victorious
Princes; I will not compare with any of them in
Wisdom, Fortitude, or any other Vertues: but saving the
duty of a Childe, that is not to compare with his Father, in
Love, Care, Sincerity, and Justice, I will compare with any
Prince that ever you had or shall have.
It may be thought simplicity in me, that all this time of
my Reign I have not sought to advance my Territories, and
enlarge my Dominions; for opportunity hath served me to
do it. I acknowledge my womanhood and weakness in that
respect; but though it hath been not hard to obtain, yet I
doubted how to keep the things so obtained: that hath onely
held me from such attempts. And I must say, my minde
was never to invade my Neighbours, or to usurp over any;
I am contented to reign over mine own, and to rule as a just
Yet the King of Spain doth challenge me to be the Quarreller, and the beginner of all these Wars; in which he doth
me the greatest wrong that can be: for my Conscience doth
not accuse my thoughts wherein I have done him the least
injury; but I am perswaded in my Conscience, if he knew
what I know, he himself would be sorry for the wrong that
he hath done me.
I fear not all his Threatnings; his great Preparations and
mighty Forces do not stir me: for though he come against me
with a greater power than ever was his Invincible Navy, I
doubt not (God assisting me, upon whom I always trust)
but that I shall be able to defeat and overthrow him. I
have great advantage against him; for my Cause is just.
The Q. swears by God, she will punish Cowards.
I heard say, when he attempted his last Invasion, some
upon the Sea-coast forlook their Towns, and flew up higher
into the Country, and left all naked and exposed to his entrance. But I swear unto you by God, if I knew those persons, or of any that shall do so hereafter, I will make them
know and feel, what it is to be so fearful in so urgent a
The Subsidies you give me, I accept thank-fully, if you
give me your good wills with them; but if the necessity of
the time, and your preservations, did not require it, I would
refuse them. But let me tell you, that the sum is not so much,
but that it is needful for a Prince to have so much always
lying in her Coffers, for your defence in time of need, and not to
be driven to get it when we should use it.
You that be Lieutenams, and Gentlemen of Command in
your Countries, I require you to take care that the People be
well armed, and in readiness upon all occasions. You that
be Judges and Justices of the Peace, I command and
straightly charge you, that you see the Laws to be duely executed, and that you make them living Laws, when we have
put life into them.
Thus with most gracious thanks to both Houses, the
Princely Speech ended.
Then were the Titles of all the Acts read in due order, and first,
the Bill of Subsidies; to which the Clerk of the Parliament standing up, did read the Queens Answer, in manner and form following: La Royne remercie ses loyaule Subjects accept leur benevolence, & ainsi le veult.
The Clerk of the Parliament having read the Queen's acceptance,
and thanks for the Subsidies given, as aforesaid, did then, upon
the reading of the Pardon, pronounce in these French words following, the Thanks of the Lords and Commons for the same.
Les Prelates, Seigneurs, & Communes, en se present Parliament
assembles, an nome de touts vous autres Subjects, remercient preshumblement vostre Majesty, & prient a Dieu, que il vout done en
sante bonne vie & longue.
Nota here, to the Subsidy-bill, because it is the meer gift of the
Subject, the Queen's consent is not required for the passing
of it, but as it is joyned with her thankful acceptance; nor
to the Bill of Pardon, because it is originally her free gift,
no other circumstance is required than that the thankful
acceptance thereof by the Lords and Commons be likewise
expressed; it being but once read in either House before it comes thus at last to be expedited. Now to all other
Bills, either private or publick, the Queen's express consent,
though in different words, is always requisite, as followeth.
The Bills of Subsidies and Pardon being passed in manner and
form as aforesaid, then were the Publick Acts read; to every one
of which, allowed by the Queen, the Clerk of the Parliament reads
in French these words following: Le Royne le veult.
To every Private Act that passeth, the Clerk of Parliament reads
the Queens Answer in these French words following: Soit fait
come il est desiré.
These two last Answers to the Publick and Private Acts that pass,
are to be written by the Clerk of Parliament at the end of every
To such Acts as her Majesty forbears to allow, the Clerk of the
Parliament reads in French these words following: Le Royne s' advisera.
After which ended, the Dissolution of the Parliament followed,
in these words: Dominus Custos Magni Sigilli, ex Mandato Diminæ
Reginæ, tunc præsentis dissolvit præsens Parliamentum.