On Wednesday the first day of February, the
Bill touching levying of Fines in the County Palatine of Durham; and the Bill touching thicking of Hats or Caps in Mills, were each of them
read the first time. The Bill also touching the
grant of Tonnage and Poundage, was read the
On Friday the 3d of Feb. the title of a Bill,
which had this day its second reading, is thus entred in the Original Journal-Book of the foresaid
House: The Bill for felling of Wood and Timber
in Forrests or Chases. And under the entrance of
the title of it, in the Original Journal-Book of
the House of Commons, was written Mr Sackvill, by which it should seem, that this Bill was
committed upon the first reading to him, and (as
it is probable) to others also. By which manner
of entring the title of the said Bill, it may plainly be collected, that the Bill it self had at this
time its second reading, and was thereupon committed to Mr Sackvill (to whom it seemeth the
Bill was delivered) and others whose names are
omitted; the manner of which, being there also
left unmentioned, I thought good to supply, according to the usual Form, both then doubtless
used, and at this day also.
The Clerk of the said House, having read the
title, and the Bill aforesaid, standing, kissing his
hand, delivered the same with a Breviate (containing the substance of the Bill) annexed unto
it, unto the Speaker; who thereupon, standing
up uncovered, and reading both the Title, and
the Breviate said, This is the second reading; and
then, having paused a while, and (as it is likely)
none speaking against the Bill, he put the question for the committing thereof, as followeth;
viz. As many as do think fit this Bill should be
committed, say, Yea. And after the affirmative
voice given, as many as shall think the contrary,
say, No; and then (as it should seem) the Speaker judging that the affirmative voice was the
greatest, did put the House in mind to name
Committees. And thereupon every one of the
House that listed, did name such other Members
of the same, to be of the Committee, as they
thought fit; and the Clerk either did, or ought
to have written down as many of them, as he
conveniently could; and when a convenient
number of the Committees named, were set down
by the Clerk, then did the Speaker move the
House to name the time and place, when and
where they should meet, which the Clerk did
also doubtless then take a note of, and did also
(Silence being made in the House) read out of
that Book or Paper (in which he entred them)
the Committees names, with the time and place
of their meeting.
And it is most probable, that the Clerk of the
House of Commons himself, or his servant, in
the transcribing out of the foresaid notes into
that Book, which now remaineth the Original
Journal of the said House, for this present Parliament, did there wittingly and knowingly forbear to insert the names of the other Committees,
appointed in the foregoing Bill, with the time
and place of their meeting, as matters of Form
and not essential to the said Journal.
The Bill for a Subsidy, and two Fifteens and
Tenths, granted by the Temporalty, was read
the first time.
Mr Carrell, on the behalf of the Committees
(who were appointed on Monday the 30th day
of January foregoing) to consider of the validity of the Writs of Summons of the Parliament foregoing, and this present now Assembled, (in respect that these words Supremum caput
were wanting in them) did make report, that it
was agreed by the said Committee, that the
want of the said words did not at all hinder, or
impeach the validity of the said Writs of Summons, and so consequently of those preceding
Parliaments, or this present now Assembled.
On Saturday the 4th day of Feb. the Bill for
Tonnage and Poundage to be granted to the
Queens Majesty, was read the second time, and
Ordered to be Ingrossed.
There passed divers Arguments in the House,
touching a Request to be made to the Queens
Highness, for her Marriage; but by whom the said
Arguments were made, or what the substance of
them was, or what was resolved by the House
upon them, is through the negligence of the
Clerk of the House of Commons, omitted in the
Original Journal-Book of the same; yet it may
easily be gathered by that which followeth, on
Monday the 6th day, and on Friday the 10th day
of this Instant February ensuing; that the House
did this day Resolve that such a Petition should
speedily be drawn.
February the 5th Sunday.
On Monday the 6th day of Feb. the Bill for
the Subsidy granted by the Temporalty, was read
the second time, and thereupon Ordered to be
The Bill for the restitution of Tenths, and First-Fruits, was brought from the Lords by Mr Attorney and Mr Sollicitor, the manner of whose
delivery thereof, being not found in the Original Journal-Book of the House of Commons, I
have caused to be supplied, according to the
usual course thereof.
The said Mr Attorney and Sollicitor, being admitted into the said House, came up close to the
Table, where the Clerk fate, and made three
Congies, and then acquainted Sir Thomas Gargrave the Speaker, that the Lords had sent unto
the House such a Bill; of which one of them
read the Title, and so again departed the House,
having made three other Congies.
It was Ordered by the House, that Mr Speaker
with all the Privy-Council, and thirty other
Members of the same, should attend upon the
Queen this Afternoon, to petition her Majesty,
touching her Marriage, in such manner and Form,
as had been on Saturday last agreed upon; but
whether they were admitted to her Majesties
presence, doth not appear, nor can possibly be
gathered out of the Original Journal-Book of
the House of Commons; neither in what manner their Petition was framed, although it is
plain by her Majesties Answer, inserted at large,
on Friday the 10th day of this instant February
ensuing, that it was only general, to perswade
her Majesty, for the welfare of her State and
Kingdom, to be pleased to marry, without limiting the time, Person or place. And howsoever, whether this aforesaid Petition were delivered this Afternoon or no, most likely it is,
that her Majesty deferred, and took time to give
an Answer in so weighty a business, until the said
10th day of February aforesaid, which I do the
rather gather, not only from the above-mentioned Original Journal-Book it self, in which there
is no report or mention of her Majesties Speech,
made unto the House by the Speaker, until in
the Forenoon of the said day; but also from an
antient written Copy of her Majesties said Answer, which I had by me, in which it is referred
unto the said 10th day of February, as then uttered by her, which will also more fully appear
in the passages of the said day, where it is at
large set down.
On Tuesday the 7th day of February, the Bill
that the Citizens of York may take Apprentices
notwithstanding the Statute to the contrary, was
read the first time.
The Bill also for the Subsidy of Tonnage and
Poundage, was read the third time, and passed;
which may be gathered by these words, viz. Judicium assent. placed in the inner margent before
the beginning of the entrance of the title of the
said Bill in the Original Journal-Book of the
House of Commons; by which words I suppose
the Clark intended, as much as if he had recorded it at large, that upon the said third reading of the Bill, it passed the House by the judgment and assent of the same. The manner and
form of which third reading I have thought good
to cause to be applied to the present occasion,
according to the usual course therein accustomed.
The Clerk of the House standing up read the
Title and the Bill aforesaid, and kissing his hand,
delivered the same unto the Speaker, who standing up uncovered, read again the Title of the
said Bill, and opened shortly the effects thereof;
and then said, This is the third reading of this
Bill; and told them further, that with their favour he would now put it to the Question, for
the passing; but paused a while to see, if any
Member of the House would speak unto it
(which at this day is commonly most used upon
the third reading of a Bill) and whether any of
the said House spake unto the said Bill or no, doth
not appear. But the Speaker holding the Bill in
his hand, made the Question for the passing of
it in this sort, viz. As many as are of the mind,
that the Bill shall pass, say Yea; which being
Answered accordingly by the House, or the
greatest part of them, the Bill passed; and so he
delivered it again unto the Clerk, who because
the Bill was Originally begun, and first passed in
the House of Commons, wrote within the said
Bill, on the top of it towards the right hand, these
words, viz. Soit baille aux Seigneurs.
The House was Adjourned until Thursday
next, because the Morrow following, being Ash-Wednesday, there was a Sermon to be Preached
at the Court, before the Queen, at which (as it
should seem) the greatest part of the House desired to be present.
On Thursday February the 9th. the Bill for
Melcomb Regis in the County of Dorset, to be fortified, was read the first time; And the Bill also
to restore the Supremacy of the Church of England, to the Crown of the Realm, was read the
first time, and committed to Mr Cooke, as he is
there termed, and elsewhere Sir Anthony Cooke,
and as is very probable, also to some others not
named. For it may be here noted, that in the
first Journals of her Majesties time, the title of
Mr only, is ordinarily given to Knights.
Mr Sollicitor and Mr Martin, brought from
the Lords the Bill for the Queens Title to the
Crown, which was delivered in such order and
manner, as was the Bill for the Restitution of
Tenths and First-Fruits, on Monday the sixth
day of this Instant February foregoing.
Friday 10 Feb. the Bill for one Subsidy, and
two Fifteens and Tenths, was read the third time
Mr Speaker declared the Queens Majesties Answer to the Message, which was read to the
House by Mr Mason, to the great honour of the
Queen, and the contentation of this House;
which is all that is contained in the Original
Journal-Book of the House of Commons, touching this great business of their Petition, preferred
to her Majesty, to induce her to marry; and
therefore it shall not be amiss to leave some larger memorial thereof; for this business, having
been first propounded and resolved on in the
said House, on Saturday the 4th day of this instant February foregoing, and preferred to her
Majesty (as it should seem) on the Monday following in the Afternoon, was not answered by
her Majesty until this Morning, and was then
also read in the said House; as appeareth by the
foregoing imperfect mentioning thereof. And I
am the rather induced to conceive, that her Majesty gave not her Answer until this Morning, to
the said Petition of the Commons, from a Copy
of the said Answer, which I have by me, written
by Alexander Evesham, which said Answer out of
the said Copy (in which it is referred to this instant 10th day of February) with the title and
subscription thereof, do now in the next place
Friday 10th of Feb. 1558. &c.
The Answer of the Queens Highness, to the Petition
propounded unto her, by the Lower House, concerning her Marriage.
As I have good cause, so do I give you all
my hearty thanks, for the good Zeal and
loving Care you seem to have, as well towards
me, as to the whole Estate of your Country.
Your Petition I perceive consisteth of three parts,
and my Answer to the same shall depend of
And to the first part, I may say unto you, that
from my Years of Understanding, sith I first had
consideration of my self to be born a Servant of
Almighty God, I happily chose this kind of life,
in the which I yet live: which, I assure you, for
mine own part, hath hitherto best contented my
self, and I trust hath been most acceptable unto
God: from the which, if either Ambition of
high Estate, offered to me in Marriage, by the
pleasure and appointment of my Prince (whereof
I have some Record in this presence (as you our
Treasurer well know) or if eschewing the danger of mine Enemies, or the avoiding of the
peril of Death, whose Messenger, or rather a continual Watchman, the Princes indignation, was
no little time daily before mine Eyes (by whose
means (although I know, or justly may suspect)
yet I will not now utter, or if the whole cause
were in my Sister her self, I will not now burthen
her therewith, because I will not charge the Dead)
if any of these, I say, could have drawn, or
disswaded me from this kind of life, I had not
now remained in this Estate, wherein you see
me. But so constant have I always continued in
this determination, although my Youth and
words may seem to some hardly to agree together, yet is it most true, that at this day I stand
free from any other meaning, that either I have
had in times past, or have at this present; with
which Trade of Life I am so throughly acquainted, that I trust, God, who hath hitherto therein
preserved and led me by the hand, will not of
his goodness suffer me to go alone.
For the other part, the manner of your Petition I do well like, and take it in good part, because it is simple, and containeth no limitation
of place or person; if it had been otherwise, I
must needs have misliked it very much, and
thought it in you a very great presumption, being unfitting and altogether unmeet for you to
require them, that may command; or those to
appoint whose parts are to desire, or such to bind
and limit, whose Duties are to obey, or to take
upon you to draw my Love to your liking, or
to frame my will to your fantasie: For a Guerdon constrained, and gift freely given, can
never agree together. Nevertheless, if any of
you be in suspect, whensoever it may please God
to incline my heart to another kind of Life, you
may very well assure your selves, my meaning is
not to determine any thing, wherewith the Realm
may or shall have just cause to be discontented.
And therefore put that clean out of your heads.
For I assure you (what Credit my assurance may
have with you, I cannot tell, but what Credit
it shall deserve to have, the sequel shall declare)
I will never in that matter conclude any thing
that shall be prejudicial to the Realm. For the
well, good and safety whereof, I will never shun
to spend my Life, and whomsoever my chance
shall be to light upon, I trust he shall be such,
as shall be as careful for the Realm, as you; I
will not say as my self, because I cannot so certainly determine of any other, but by my desire
he shall be such as shall be as careful for the preservation of the Realm, and you, as my self.
And albeit it might please Almighty God to
continue me still in this mind, to live out of the
State of Marriage, yet is it not to be feared but
he will so work in my Heart, and in your Wisdom, as good Provision by his help may be made,
whereby the Realm shall not remain destitute of
an Heir that may be a sit Governour, and peradventure more beneficial to the Realm than such
Off-spring as may come of me. For though I be
never so careful of your well doing, and mind
ever so to be, yet may my Issue grow out of
kind, and become perhaps ungracious, and in the
end, this shall be for me sufficient, that a marble stone shall declare, that a Queen having
Reigned such a time, lived and died a Virgin.
And here I end, and take your coming to me in
good part, and give unto you all my hearty
thanks, more yet for your Zeal and good meaning, than for your Petition. And under her Majesties Answer aforesaid, was subscribed in the
same hand, as followeth;
This was Copied out of a Printed Copy, garnisht with gilt Letters, given to the Honourable the Lady Stafford, of her Majesties PrivyChamber, and written out by Alex. Evesham,
1590. By which subscription the authentickness
of this Copy doth sufficiently appear.
On Saturday the 11th of Feb. the Letany was
said by the Clerk kneeling, and answered by
the whole House on their Knees with divers
The Bill touching Tanners, Curriers, and Shoemakers for Tann'd Leather, And the Bill for felling of Tann'd Leather in Markets, were each
of them read the first time. As also the Bill for
the Recognition of the Queens Majesties title
to the Crown, was read the first time and committed.
The Bill also touching Liberties of Hexham
and Hexamshire, and the Bill for the Confirmation of divers Grants and Leases, made by Bishops deprived, were each of them read the first
Mr Sollicitor and Mr Dr Lewis, brought from
the Lords two Bills, one concerning Treasons,
and another for Explanation of the Statute of feditious words and rumors.
The Bills for Tonnage and Poundage, and
for the Subsidy of the Temporalty, were sent up
to the Lords, by Mr Treasurer and others not
named in the Original Journal-Book of the
House of Commons.
On Monday the 13th day of February, the Bill
for Garbling of Feathers was read the first
The Bill for thicking of Caps by mens Feet and
Hands, And the Bill for annexing the Supremacy
to the Crown, were each of them read the second time; both which Bills as it should seem
were now dashed upon the second reading aforesaid; the first of them (as probably may be gathered) without any great dispute, but the latter being of great weight was long argued (as
appears plainly by the Original Journal-Book of
the House of Commons) before it was dashed;
and the new Bill framed to the same effect, was
read the first time on Tuesday the 21th day, the
second time on the 22. day, and the third time
on Saturday the 25. day of this Instant February
ensuing; when it passed the House. Vide plus
concerning this matter on Tuesday the 27. day of
On Tuesday the 14. day of February, the Bill
to bring Artificers to dwell in Market Towns,
was read the first time.
Divers Arguments passed in the House, touching the framing of a new Bill, for annexing of
the Supremacy to the Crown.
On Wednesday the 15th day of February, Committees were appointed, for the drawing of a
new Bill, for annexing of the Supremacy to the
The Bill to restore the Earl of Pembrook, Sir
John Mason, Mr H. Nevill, Mr Fitz Williams,
Sir P. Foly, Sir Hen. Seymour, Sir Richard Sackvill, Patentees by King Edw. the Sixth, of the
late Bishop of Winchesters Lands; and the Bill
for Order of Service and Ministers in the Church,
were each of them read the first time.
Upon a Request made to the Lords, that
thirty of this House might attend their Lordships, for the Authority of his place, whom it
shall please the Queen to take to Husband;
Mr Attorney declared from the Lords, that twelve
of their Lordships will be to morrow in the
Afternoon, in the Star-Chamber, to meet with
the thirty Members of this House.
The Bill for punishment of divers Treasons,
and the Bill for punishment of false rumors or
tales, were each of them read the first time.
On Thursday the 16. of Febr. the Bill for Common-Prayer and Administring of Sacraments,
was read the first time.
Two Bills also had each of them one reading,
the first being the Bill for the payment of an imposition by French Men in Somerset and Dorset,
to Melcombe Regis, was read the second time,
and as it should seem, committed to Mr South
and others not named.
The Bill for Recognition of the Queens Highness Title to the Crown, was read the second
time, but no mention is made, that it was either
referred to Committees, or Ordered to be ingrossed; and the reason thereof was, that this
Bill had passed the Upper House, and was sent
down to the House of Commons, on Thursday
the 9. day of this instant Feb. foregoing, fairly
ingrossed in Parchment, and therefore can be no
more ingrossed, neither do the Lords ordinarily
refer such Bills to Committees, unless there be
very great cause, in respect that each House
holding correspondency with others, they do not
willingly submit that to the Agitation of a private Committee, which hath been allowed and
approved by the wisdom of the whole House.
The Bill for the deceitful using of Linnen
Cloth, was read the first time.
The Bill for the Recognition of the Queens
Title to the Crown, was read the second time;
but no mention is made, that it was either Ordered to be engrossed, or referr'd to Committees,
because it had been formerly sent from the
The Bill for punishment of divers Treasons
was read also the second time: which Bill being
of great moment, was, as it should seem, committed to Mr Vice-Chamberlain (erroneously
written Fitz Chamberlain, as may plainly be gathered) and others; although it had been sent
down from the Lords on Saturday the 11th day
of this instant Feb. foregoing: in which Case
Bills usually pass of course in the House of Commons, when they come ready expedited in Parchment from the Lords.
The Bill for restitution in Blood of the Queens
Highness, for the Attainder of Queen Anne her
Highness Mother, being brought from the Lords
by Mr Attorney, was read the first time.
On Friday the 17th day of February, two Bills
of no great moment, had each of them one reading, of which the second, being the Bill to restore the First-Fruits and Tenths, with a new
Proviso, was read the second time, and, as it
should seem, committed to Mr Sackvill and others, although it had been formerly sent down
from the Lords.
On Saturday the 18th day of February, four
Bills of no great moment had each of them their
first reading, of which the last was the Bill to
reverse Judgements, in præcip. quod red. for lack
The Bill for Leases and Offices made by the
deprived Bishops, was read the second time, and
as it should seem committed to Mr Gates and
The Bill also for the Patentees of the Bishop of
Winchesters Lands, was read the second time.
The Bill lastly, for restitution in Blood of the
Queens Highness after Queen Anne was read the
second time, but no mention is made, that it
was either Ordered to be ingrossed, or referred
to Committees, because it had been sent from
the Lords on Thursday the 16th of this instant
On Monday the 20th day of February, the new
Bill for Tanning and felling of Tann'd Leather,
and the new Bill for regrating of Tann'd Leather, were each of them read the first time.
The Proviso from what time the Repeal of
the Attainder of Cardinal Poole shall have commencement, was read the first time.
The Bill touching common Recoveries, was
read the first time.
The Bill for the Sessions to be holden in Pembrook Town, was read the second time, and Ordered to be ingrossed; and the Bill explaining
the Act of Regrators, Forestallers, &c. was read
the second time.
The Proviso in the Bill for First-fruits, was
read the first and second time.
The Bill lastly, of Tonnage and Poundage,
was brought from the Lords by Mr Sollicitor.
On Tuesday the 21th day of February, three
Bills of no great moment, had each of them
their first reading: of which the last was the
new Bill for the payment of an imposition by
Frenchmen to Melcomb Regis in Dorsetshire.
The Bill for the First-Fruits and Tenths, annexed to the Crown; and the Bill for the restitution in Blood of the Queen, after her Highnesses Mother, did each of them pass upon their
third reading, and were sent up to the Lords by
Mr Comptroller and others, with the Bill of the
The new Bill for the Supremacy of the Church,
&c. annexed to the Crown, was read the first
On Wednesday the 22th day of February, two
Bills of no great moment, had each of them one
reading, of which the second being the Bill for
Supremacy of the Church annexed to the Crown,
was read the second time, and ordered to be
The Bill for restitution of Gerson Wroth to
be naturally English Born, was read the first
The Bill against regrating of Tann'd Leather,
and Carriers of Leather, The Bill for Tanners
and felling of Leather in open Market, And the
Bill touching the Repeal of the Attainder of Cardinal Poole, were each of them read the second
time, and Ordered to be ingrossed.
Two Bills lastly, of no great moment, had each
of them one reading, of which the last, being
the Bill for punishment of Treasons, with a Proviso from the House of Commons, was read the
third time, and passed the House.
On Friday the 24th day of February, the Bill
touching carrying of Woollen-Cloths over the
Sea, The Bill for searching and sealing of Woollen-Cloths, And the Bill for Heneden and Hold
shire, parcel of the Bishoprick of Durham, to be
to Sir Francis Jobson Knight, were each of them
read the first time.
The Bill for the restitution of the Blood of
Sir James Crost, and the like Bill for Sir Hen.
Gates, were brought from the Lords by Mr
Comptroller and others.
John Smith returned a Burgess for Cammelford in Cornub. upon a Declaration by Mr Marsh,
that he had come to this House being Out-lawed,
and also had deceived divers Merchants in London, taking Wares of them to the summ of three
hundred pounds, minding to defraud them of
the same, under the colour of the Priviledge of
this House, the Examination whereof being
committed to Sir John Mason and others of this
House, it was found and reported to be true,
and a Writ of Capias utlagatum against him, was
directed to the Sheriff of London, return. Quindena Paschæ next, at the Suit of Will. Pincbbeck
and Johan his Wife, in a Plea of Detinue.
Upon which matters consultation being had
in the House, the Question was asked by Mr
Speaker, if he should have priviledge of this
House or not. But by the more number of
Voices it seemed, that he should not have priviledge. And upon the division of the House,
the number that would not have him to be priviledged, was a hundred and seven persons, and
the number that would he should be priviledged,
was a hundred and twelve, and therefore it was
Ordered that he should still continue a Member
of the House. Vide concerning this matter in a
like President in an. 35 Regin. Eliz. in the Journal of the House of Commons, on Thursday the
first day, Friday the 2d day, on Saturday the 17th
day, and on Monday the 19th day of March.
On Saturday the 25th day of February, the
Bill for the Incorporation of Trinity-Colledge in
Cambridge, and the Bill for the preservation of
the Fry of Eels and Salmons, were each of them
read the first time.
The Bill for the Supremacy of the Churches
of England and Ireland, and abolishing of the
Bishop of Rome, with a Proviso for Richard
Chettwood and Agnes Woodhall, was read the third
time, and passed upon the Question. And one
other Proviso touching Robert Harecourt Merchant of the Staple, was read the first, second,
and third time.
On Monday the 27th day of February, five
Bills of no great moment, had each of them one
reading, of which the three last, being for the
restitution in blood of John Lord Grey, Sir James
Crostes, and Sir Henry Gates, were each of them
read the first time.
The Bill touching the Declaration of the Repeal of the Attainder of Cardinal Poole, was
read the third time, and passed the House, and
was sent up to the Lords by Mr Treasurer, together with the Bill touching the Queens Supremacy, and also the Bill of Treasons.
The new Bill for preservation of Woods was
read the first time.
The Bill lastly, for repealing and reviving an
Act for Shoomakers and Curriers, And the Bill
for Tanners and felling of Tann'd Leather in
Markets or Fairs, were each of them read the
third time, and passed upon the Question.
On Tuesday the 28th day of February, three
Bills of no great moment had each of them one
reading, of which the last being the Bill for assurance of certain Lands, late parcel of the Bishoprick of Winchester, granted to King Edward the
Sixth, and by his Letters Patents granted to the
Earl of Pembroke, Sir William Fitz-Williams,
Sir Philip Hobbie, Sir John Mason, Sir Henry
Seymour, Sir Henry Nevil, and Sir Richard Sackvill, was read the first time, and as it should
seem committed to Mr King smell to be considered of.
John Owersall one of the Burgesses for Hull,
Edmund Gascoigne Burgess for Thetford in the
County of Norfolk, and William Carvell one of
the Burgesses for Northampton, were each of them
in respect of their several occasions, Licensed to