THE JOURNAL OF THE House of LORDS.
The Journal of the Passages of the House of Lords, in the Parliament
bolden at Westminster, An. 14 Reginæ Eliz. A. D. 1572, which
began there on Thursday the 8th Day of May, and then and there
continued until the Adjournment thereof on Monday the 30th and
last Day of June next ensuing.
This Session of Parliament held in
An. 14 Reginæ Eliz. although it
lasted no long time, yet it containeth in it a great deal of extraordinary matter touching the Proceeding of the House in the business of the Scottish Queen; and towards the Conclusion thereof
touching the Priviledge of the Members of the
same: and that which doth yet somewhat the
more enlarge and beautifie it, is the Addition
of Sir Nicholas Bacon s Speech, being the Lord
Keeper of the Great Seal, on the first day of this
Session. But howsoever this said Session were
in it self short in Continuance, yet considering
the two other following Sessions, which with it
made but one and the same Parliament, and
that the longest of any in this Queens time, it
will not prove unworthy (although the aforesaid extraordinary passages wanted) of a careful
and methodical setting down. For the second
Session being held in An. 18 Regin. Eliz. and the
third and last Session in An. 23 Regin. ejusdem, it
was continued by many Adjournments and Prorogations (although the House sate but a part of
the time) until the final Dissolution thereof upon the 19th day of April in An. 25 Reginæ prædictæ, after it had lasted about the space of eleven years.
On Thursday the 8th day of May, according to
the Writ of Summons that had been sent forth
dated at Greenwich the 5th day of May, in the
fourteenth year of the Queen, the Parliament
Nota, That the Writ of Summons is set down
in the Original Journal-Book of the Upper
House to have born date the 5th day of May in
this fourteenth year, and the Parliament to have
begun on the 8th day of May in the same year
of the Queen, but three days after the Writ of
Summons it self, which is impossible; and it is plain,
that the day of the beginning of the Parliament
cannot be mistaken, because according to that all
the other days through the whole Journal-Book
do follow in due form and order: and therefore
it is very probable, that the date of the Writ is
set down contrary to the Originals themselves,
which were dated the 5th day of March, and that
the Clerk might mistake. This is likewise very
conjecturable in respect that the name of the
Month being set down and perhaps abbreviated,
it was easily written May for March, and so this
incongruity is only the slip and error of the
The Queens Majesty was doubtless present her
self this day in the Upper House, and was attended by Sir Nicholas Bacon Lord Keeper of the
Great Seal, and divers Lords Spiritual and Temporal; but in the Journal-Book of the Upper
House there is no mention made who were present this day, only it may be guessed by the names
of such as the said Original Journal-Book setteth down to have been present on Monday the
12th day of this instant May following, which
is the first day on which the presence of any
Lords is marked, according to the usual form by
the Clerk of the Parliament.
Neither can it possibly be collected or gathered by the Original Journal-Book of the Upper
House, or House of Commons, whether her Majesty was present or no. For as concerning the
Journal of the House of Commons it appeareth
only, that divers of the Knights, Citizens and
Burgesses of the said House of Commons did this
day take the Oath in that Case accustomed. And
therefore the chief ground I had to conclude
that her Majesty was this day personally in the
Upper House, was a Copy I had by me of the
Lord Keepers Speech made there this day in the
publick Assembly of both Houses, in the end of
which he gives direction to the House of Commons to Elect their Speaker; which shews also
that the said Speech in divers Copies thereof is
falsly attributed to the eighteenth Year of her
Majesty, which was but the second Session of
this Parliament, and no Speaker Elected in it;
and therefore this Error seemeth only to have
grown through the fault of Transcribers and the
ignorance of such as suffered so groundless an
Error to stand.
The said Speech therefore of the Lord Keeper,
pronounced by her Majesties Commandment, was
as followeth, viz.
THE Queens Majesty, our most Dread and
Gracious Soveraign Lady, hath given me
Commandment to declare unto you the Causes
of the Summons of this Assembly for a Parliament to be holden here at this time; wherein
albeit I mean to imploy my whole endeavour to
the uttermost of my power and understanding,
yet I must needs confess, that neither shall you
have it done as the Majesty of this presence, neither as the gravity of the Cause requireth it to be
done. And yet the often Experience that I have
divers and sundry times had of the Queens Majesties great benignity and gentleness in bearing
with and well accepting the doings of those that
to her Service put their good wills and diligences; And besides all, the proof of your Patience
in the like matter hath so much encouraged me,
that (as I trust) it shall be done although not
cunnuingly nor eloquently, yet plainly and truly,
so as it may be well understood and easily born
away, and therewith also as briefly as the greatness of such a matter will suffer. True it is, the
original and principal cause is, that things there
propounded may be orderly and diligently debated, deeply considered, and thereupon wisely
concluded. And to the end also that those Conclusions so made, the rather for such an universal Consent as in Parliament is used, remain firm
Now the matters that are in this Parliament to
be proved, do consist altogether in two parts.
The former is in matters of Religion, for the better maintenance of Gods Honour and Glory.
The second in matters of Policy, for the more
perfect upholding and establishing of the Queens
Majesties Royal Estate, and the preservation of
the Common-Weal committed to her Charge.
The Causes of Religion are again to be divided
into two, that is into matters of Doctrine and Discipline. The thing of Policy I mean also to part into other two, that is, into matter concerning the
good Government of the Subjects at home, and into causes of defence against the Enemy abroad.
And thus by this Process you see you are, as
indeed you ought.
First, To consider in this your Assembly of
Gods cause, which faithfully, sincerely and diligently done, like as it cannot but bring success to
all the rest, so likewise lukewarm, deceitful and
double-dealing therein cannot but breed, nourish and bring forth Factions, Divisions, Seditions,
&c. to the great peril and danger of all the rest.
And the greater that the personages be in Authority and Dignity that thus deal, the greater of
necessity must be the danger of the CommonWeal. And because Gods Law and Doctrine being the first Law and branch must light upon our
selves that ought to take the benefit of it, as first
and chiefly upon Ministers of this Doctrine, either
for not preaching and teaching by word and example of life so purely and reverently as they might,
or else not so diligently as they were bound.
And secondly upon us for not hearing it so desirously or else hearing it and forgetting it, or
not following it so effectually as we should.
Thirdly, For that many of us of the Laity do
not yield and give that estimation, countenance
and credit to the Ministers of his Doctrine which
of right they ought to have, and that many
greatly hurt the setting forth of it: For this one
thing may be holden firm by the Rules of good
Government, that all Officers both Spiritual and
Temporal that have Governance, during the
time of their Offices, ought to be preserved in
Credit and Estimation. For how can any thing
be well set forth by them that want Credit?
Marry for my part let the time of their Offices
last as their doings do deserve.
Fourthly, Because the want of the number of
Ministers that ought to be and be not, and for
the insufficiency of those that be for diverse respects. But therein the Queens Highness doubteth nothing, but all that which the difficulty of
time in so great a scarcity of men meet to be Ministers will suffer to be done, shall by my Lords
the Bishops be done in this behalf, and that as
speedily, diligently and carefully as can be. And
if any person admitted or to be admitted to this
Ministry shall hereafter either of Arrogancy or
Ignorance, show any strange Doctrine contrary,
or varying from that which by common consent
of the Realm is published, to the breach of Unity, that he by those to whom it appertaineth,
sharply and speedily be reformed, all favour and
fear set apart.
Thus much for Doctrine. You are most earnestly also to think and consider of the Discipline
of the Church as one of the strong Pillars of Religion, which doubtless at this time hath two
great lacks. The first the imperfection of Laws
for the countenance of it, which hath grown either by reason that sundry of the Ordinances
made for that purpose, be dissused or otherwise
have not their force; or else for that most of
the Laws that remain be such as for their softness
few men make account of.
The second imperfection is the slothfulness,
corruption and fearfulness of the Ecclesiastical
Ministers and Officers in the due Execution of
those Laws that be good and yet continue. True
and too true it is, that hereby at this present two
great Enormities daily grow: The former that
men of wealth and power given to be evil may
in their Countries live what dissolute and licentious life they list, and both Temporally and Spiritually offend daily in all the branches of Simony, the very Canker of the Church without feeling of this Discipline.
The second, That many of the laudable Rites
and Ceremonies of the Church, or pertaining to
the Ministers of the same agreed upon by common consent, the very Ornaments of our Religion are very ill kept, or at least have lost a
great part of their Estimation. And here (through
the many faults for want of Discipline) to remember you of one particular matter of great
moment. How cometh it to pass that the common people in the Country universally come so
seldom to Common-Prayer and Divine Service,
and when they do come, be many times so vainly
occupied there, or at least do not there as they
should do, but for want of this Discipline?
And yet to the help of this there was at the
last Parliament a Law made, but hitherto no
man, no, no man or very few hath seen it Executed; as plainly to speak, Laws for the furtherance of this Discipline unexecuted be Rods
for Correction without Hands. It cannot be denied but as Superstition is every way to be abhorred for fear of Idolatry; so certainly the loss
of this Discipline is always to be avoided, lest
else contempt (that necessarily must follow) may
cause Irreligion to creep faster in than a man
would think. For of all other it is the most pestilent and pernicious thing, never suffered nor allowed in any Common-Weal, nay not amongst the
Heathens that were most barbarous. But here it
may be said the mischief appeareth, where is the
remedy? and that it were better not opened in
such a presence, than opened without the remedy both devised and declared.
In mine opinion the remedies may easily be
devised: all the difficulty is in the well Executing
of them. As first, if the chief Parsonages of this
Realm, both in Town and Country, would give
good Example, it cannot be but it would be
much to the remedying of a great part of this
Secondly, The dividing every one of the Dioceses according to their greatness into Deaneries,
as I know commonly they be; and the committing of the Deaneries to men well chosen, as I
think commonly they be not: and then the keeping of certain ordinary Courts at their prescript
times for the well Executing of those Laws of
Discipline, as they ought to be, with a sure controulment of those inferior Ministers by the Bishop or his Chancellor, not biennially or triennially, but every year twice or thrice: which use
of necessity without very great difficulty may do
much in very short time to the reformation of
this, the chief Officers Ecclesiastical all being very
well, and the Laws themselves being first made
sufficient and perfect, which in this Parliament
may very well be brought to pass.
And because the proceedings of matters in Discipline and Doctrine do chiefly concern my
Lords the Bishops, both for their understanding
and Ecclesiastical Function, therefore the Queens
Highness looketh that they being called together
here in Parliament, should take the chiefest care
to confer and consult of these matters. And if in
their Conference they found it behooful to have
any Temporal Acts made for the amending and
reforming of any of these lacks, that then they
will exhibit it here in Parliament to be considered upon, and so Gladius Gladium, juvabit, as
before time hath been used; foreseeing always
that all Laws and Ordinances for this matter of
Doctrine and Discipline be uniform, and so one
sort throughout the whole Realm. And thus
much concerning Religion, being the first
Now to the second, that is, matters of Policy.
And herein first for the good Government of the
Subjects at home, the lacks and defaults whereof
as in Discipline so in this stand altogether in the
imperfection of Laws, or else the fearfulness,
slothfulness and corruption of Temporal Officers, that ought to see the due Execution of
them. For the help of the former, you are to
Examine whether any Laws already made are too
sharp or too sore, and so over-burthensom for the
Subject, or whether any of them are too loose or
too soft, and so over-dangerous to the State;
for like as the former may put in danger many
an Innocent particularly, so the second may put
in danger both the nocent and innocent, and the
whole State universally. You are also further to
Examine the want and superfluity of Laws, and
whether crafty Covetousness and Malice have devised any means to defraud Laws already made,
or how to do any injuries for which there is no
Law that hath his being to reform it: or whether the Common-Weal and State of this Realm,
by reason of any imperfection or cause, is like to
fall to any danger or peril; for the greater the
danger is, the greater would the care and consideration be for the remedy of it. You are also
to Examine whether there are too many Laws
for any one thing, which breedeth so many
doubts, that the Subject is sometimes to seek how
to observe them, and the Chancellor how to
give advice concerning them.
As to the second imperfection, which is the
want of the due Execution of Laws; because I
cannot perceive but all the rest and all Laws made
and to be made is but a vain matter, therefore I
have thought oft with my self what might be
the best remedy, if not to make all Laws perfectly Executed (for that I can hardly hope of)
yet to make them in much better Case than now
they be. And when I had considered all things,
I could find no help but this: The first by having
great care in the choice of those Officers that
have the Execution of Laws. The second, to do
as much as may be for the banishing of sloth,
corruption and fears from them. A third way
there is which I leave to your judgments, this it
is: there should be a triennial or biennial Visitation in this nature, made of all the Temporal
Officers and Ministers that by virtue of their
Office have in charge to see the Execution of
Laws. By this I mean that the Queens Majesty
should make choice every second or third year
of certain expert and approved persons, to whom
Commission should be granted to try out and
examine by all ways and means the offences of
all such as have not seen to the due Execution of
the Laws according to the offices and charges
committed to them by the Prince. And the offences so found and certified to be sharply punished without remission or redemption. Of effect much like this, and to the like end was the
Visitation of the Church first devised; whereof,
in the beginning of it, came great good doubtless; and reason I see none but the like good
ought to follow upon like Visitation made amongst Temporal Officers. And the old Commission of Oyer tended somewhat to this end. I
doubt certainly if the Laws and Statutes of this
Realm should not indifferently, uprightly and
diligently be put in Execution (as my trust is
they shall) especially in the great and open
Courts of this Realm, then my burthen, I confess, is equal with the greatest, and yet for my
part, I would gladly every year hear of, and
yield to such a Comptroller.
Now to the last and greatest, which is the defence against the Foreign Enemy abroad and his
Confederates brought up and bread amongst us
our selves, because these matters be by reason
now chiefly in hand, and that the dealings of
the outward Enemy be matters that go to the
whole, and that this presence you know representeth the whole; Therefore in all congruity
it seemeth reason that all we for and in the name
of the whole consider carefully of this cause, and
give present assistance for the help of it. And to
the end you may be more able to give good
Counsel and advice therein, it hath been thought
meet I should summarily and shortly make you
privy of these proceedings, which shall be the
better understood if I begin at the root as I intend:
This it is: The Queens Majesty at her coming
to the Crown finding this her Realm in a ragged
and torn State, and yet in Wars with a mighty
Enemy, the Chief Fortress of the same lost, to
the Realms great dishonour and weakning; her
Frontier Towns not sufficiently fortified, the
Revenue of the Crown greatly spoiled, the Treasure of the Realm not only wasted, but the
Realm also greatly indebted; The Land of Ireland much out of order; The Staple and Store
of all kind of Munition for the Realms defence
marvellously consumed; The Navy and Sea matters nothing in the State they now be, was forced to give Ear to a Peace with some other Conditions than else it is like her Highness would
have come to, to the end that these dangerous
defaults might be in the time of Peace sufficiently
for the security of the Realm provided for.
Whereupon indeed her Highness (Peace being
concluded) entred into the reforming and supplying of most of all those great lacks, and for
the well-doing of them hath not forborn to
take any care or pains, neither hath she stricked
for the compassing of this both to spend her
own Treasure, to sell her own Lands, to prove
her own Credit at home and abroad to the uttermost, and all this for our Sureties and quiet.
(Here want the Causes why the Queens Highness
sent her Forces to lie in assisting the Admiral and
others against the Guises, and a Declaration of
the great charges that grew thereby.)
Thus have you heard the sum of those Proceedings; whereby it is plain and evident, that
as our most Dear and Gracious Soveraign Lady,
hath for the preservation of common quiet, and
for our own Surety against the common Enemy,
forborn no care or travel in the devising, no more
hath she charge or expence in the performing. I
may safely affirm it, because I am well able to
prove it, that the Charges of the managing of
these Affairs, and that that hath been done since
the Queens Majesty came to the Crown in supplying the dangers aforementioned, amount to
as much as two of the greatest Subsidies that I
can remember; a matter not possibly to be born
for that which is past, nor to be continued for
that which is to come by the ordinary Revenue
of the Crown, and yet of necessity to be done,
except all (which God forbid) should run to
ruine: If when any part of the natural body
happeneth to be in danger, the head and every
part hasteth to the relief; what would then be
done trow ye, when peril is offered, that the
Head should take the whole care and bear the
whole burthen, and all the Members remain uncareful and uncharged therewith? How light a
burthen it is when it is born of many, is understood of us all. But hereof I make a stay, because there is no doubt your good wills and towardness upon these Considerations be such, as
this last Speech of mine needeth not, and so
doubtless the Queens Highness taketh it. And
yet your Wisdoms well know, that the Office of
this place which I occupy, craveth thus much to
be said at my hands, and for that purpose chiefly
could I trust you take it, and not for any necessity to draw them by perswasion that otherwise
of their own disposition be forward enough. The
Declarations of the Proceedings being uttered, I
do assure my self to suffice to men of your understanding and inclination. For how can a man
think that any is so void of reason, that he
would not gladly offer any aid against a Foreign
Enemy, that he were able to make for the safety
of his own Country, his Soveraign, himself, his
Wife and Children; especially when by reason it
is plain, that the Queens Majesty hath already,
and daily doth imploy her own Treasure, yea,
and her Lands and Credit, not in any Glorious
Triumphs, supersluous and sumptuous Buildings
of delight, vain and chargable Embassages, neither in any other matters of will and pleasure;
I mean, no Expence to be noted in a Prince of
thirteen Years Reign, but as far as man can judge
in the Service of her Realm and necessary defence for her people, and for the annoyance of
the Enemy. Yet hath it been seen ere this, that
Princes Wills, Pleasures and Delights, have been
followed in Expences as necessities. And now
God be thanked the doings have been such since
the Queens Highness Reign, that to the indifferent man it will be probable and plain, that the
relieving of the Realms necessity is become the
Princes Delight; a good Change, God continue
it, a marvellous good Example for us to follow,
and yet it is scant credible how long it was, and
in the end with what difficulty the Queens Majesty came to agree that this Example should be
followed by us, in being content that this Parliament should be Summoned, that it might be
moved that the Realm might contribute to the
Realms defence, with such difficulty indeed, that
if any other way could have been devised (her
Honour and Realms Surety saved) this had never been attempted: So loth she is to any offenfive matter by burthen or charge, that if any
other way could have been devised, this had not
been: and so from her own Mouth she Commanded me to say unto you.
Oh what a grief it is to a Prince (trow you)
when he findeth such want that he is not able so
to consider of the Service of his Servants and
Subjects; this dangerous and necessary Service,
as their deserts do crave! knowing that most
commonly the very life and heart of the Servant, and Souldier which so often offereth himself to the Cannon, the Pike, the Fire, is either
over-thrown or set up as regard is had of his perils. Except there be some odd men (as they
call them) of that perfection, that virtue and
well-doing is their mark, and not reward, who
hold for firm, that Recti facti merces est fecisse
tantum, but Rara avis in terris, &c. Yea, those
are so rare as counsel cannot be given that Princes Service should hang on the help of such hope,
and yet these be the perfectest and best, but the
World is not served by such. To give good
words is a good thing, but often used, albeit never so cunningly, without Deeds or Service, is
reputed but as Wind, and is indeed dare verba.
Marry, power serving not, then it deserveth
great Commendations; for it is as much as can
be done: for ultra posse non est esse. But hereof
thinketh little the greatest number. But to a
Prince who thinketh thus much, and daily thinketh and feeleth of it, what a tormenting trouble is such a want think ye? These wants when
they happen, would be, ought to be most holpen. But there I have troubled you further than
I meant, or perchance needed. If I have so
done, I pray you apply it to the best as I meant
it, and so there must needs come good of it.
And thus no further to trouble you but to
make as end. You have heard First, the causes
of this Assembly. Secondly, What I think meet
to be remembered. Thirdly, What for the Governance of the Subject at home, and what hath
been done for the defence of the Enemy abroad;
your Offices and Duties, to be careful to consider of these matters, which I have the rather
summarily remembred than effectually discoursed
upon. The former pertaineth to my Office as a
Remembrancer. The second to you as Executors of these remembrances. And because you
of the Nether House cannot without a Head
thus do, therefore it resteth, that you according
to your antient Order, of your selves chuse some
wise and discreet man, who after he hath been
by you chosen and presented, and that presentation by the Queens Majesty allowed, shall then
be your Speaker, and Day is given, &c.
This Speech being thus transcribed out of the
Copy I had of it, as is aforesaid; now follow
the names of the Receivors and Tryors of Petitions out of the Original Journal-Book of the
Upper House, which the Clerk of the same readeth in French as soon as the Lord Keepers Speech
is ended, and which were as followeth.
Receivors of Petitions for England, Ireland,
Wales and Scotland.
Sir Robert Catlin Knight, Chief Justice of the
Kings-Bench, Sir William Cordell Knight, Master
of the Rolls, Sir John Widdon Knight, one of
the Justices of the ------ Sir Richard Read Kt
one of the Justices of the ------ and Dr Huick;
and they that will deliver Petitions, are to deliver the same within six dayes next ensuing.
Receivors of Petitions for Gascoigne and other
Lands beyond the Seas and the Isles.
Sir James Dyer Knight, Chief Justice of the
Common-Pleas, Sir Edward Sanders Knight, Lord
Chief Baron, Richard Weston, one of the Justices
of the ------ John Southcott, one of the Justices
of the ------ Doctors Lewis, Doctor Yale and
Doctor Vaughan: and they that will deliver Petitions, are to deliver the same within six days
Triors of Petitions for England, Ireland, Wales
The Archibishop of Canterbury, the Earl of Oxford, the Earl of Sussex, the Earl of Huntington,
the Earl of Bedford, the Bishop of London, the
Bishop of Winchester, the Bishop of Ely, the Lord
Howard of Essingham, Lord Chamberlain of the
Queens House, the Lord Windsor, and the Lord
North. All these or four of them, calling unto
them the Lord Keeper of the Great Seal, and
the Treasurer, and the Queens Serjeants when
need shall require, shall hold their place in the
Triors of Petitions for Gascoigne and other
Islands beyond the Seas.
The Archibishop of York, the Earl of Lincoln,
Lord Admiral of England, the Earl of Leicester,
the Earl of Essex, the Bishop of Worcester, the
Bishop of Lincoln, the Bishop of Rochester, the
Lord Burleigh Principal Secretary, the Lord
Wentworth, the Lord Buckhurst. All they or
four of them calling to them the Queens Serjeants, Attorney and Sollicitor when need shall require, shall hold their place in the Treasurer's
Hodiè retornatum est breve Dom. Reginæ quo
Henricus Compton de Compton Chevalier præsenti Parliamento interesse summonitus est, qui præsens admissus est ad suum præheminentiæ sedendi in
Parliamento locum, salvo cuiq; jure suo.
And two other Writs were returned in like
manner, by which Henry Cheyney of Toddington,
and Henry Lord Norris of Ricott, were Summoned to be present this Parliament, who were accordingly admitted to their due places, saving to
all others their right.
Nota, That there is no entrance in the Original Journal-Book of the Upper House, of any
Continuance or Adjournment of the Parliament
by the Lord Keeper, which doubtless happened
through the great negligence of Anthony Mason
Esq; at this time Clerk of the said House.
There were also divers Proxies returned on
this present Thursday, being the 8th day of May,
but whether before or after the Continuance of
the Parliament appeareth not; in which two Spiritual Lords Constituted each of them two Proctors a piece, according to the usual and frequent
manner, and are therefore omitted; but four
other Bishops nominating either three Proctors
apiece or but one, which is somewhat extraordinary, therefore they are here inserted.
Die 8° Maij, introductæ sunt literæ Procuratoriæ Hugonis Episcopi Landaven. in quibus Procuratores suos constituit Nicolaum Wigorn., Richardum Meneven, & Nicolaum Bangoren. Episcopos.
Eodem die introductæ sunt literæ Procuratoriæ
Jacobi Dunelmensis Episcopi, in quibus Procuratorem suum constituit Edmundum Archiepiscopum
Eodem die introductæ sunt literæ Procuratoriæ
Johannis Herefordensis Episcopi, in quibus Procuratores suos constituit Matthæum Cantuariensem
Archiepiscopum & Edwin. London. & Nicholaum
Eodem die introductæ sunt literæ Procuratoriæ
Thomæ Assavensis Episcopi, in quibus Procuratores suos constituit Robertum Wintonien, Nicolaum Wigorn., ac Nicolaum Bangoren. Episcopos.
Now although it be most usual for the Spiritual Lords to name two Proctors, yet here four
of six varied from it, three of them exceeding
that number, and the other nominating but one.
It is likewise as usual for the Temporal Lords to
Constitute but one Proctor, and it is an Action
worthy observation where they nominate more;
for in this very Parliament of fifteen Temporal
Lords that sent Proxies, but one nominated two
Proctors: which see afterwards on Monday the
12th day of this instant May following, and all
the rest Constituted but one Proctor apiece,
which being trivial and ordinary are omitted.
Nota, Also that the Earl of Leicester had this
Parliament eight Proxies sent unto him, viz. from
George Earl of Shrewsbury, Edward Earl of Darby,
Henry Lord Scroop, Edward Lord Dudley, Anthony Viscount Mountacute, Gregory Lord Dacres,
William Lord Sands, and Edward Earl of Lincoln; all which seem to have been returned on
Monday the 12th day of this instant May, in such
order as they are here set down.
Nota, That the Lord Burleigh also Principal
Secretary to her Majesty, had six Proxies sent
unto him this Parliament, viz. from John Marquess of Winchester, Henry Lord Hunsdon, Thomas Lord Buckhurst, John Lord Latimer, Edward Earl of Lincoln (who made also the Earl
of Leicester his joint Proctor with him) and Robert Lord Rich. These also are set down in the
Journal-Book to have been returned the 12th
day of May in such order as they are here set
down; but now by a late Order made in the Upper House an. 2do Caroli Regis, no Lord is capable of above two Proxies.
Nota, That in the Original Journal-Book of
the Upper House it doth not appear at all whether her Majesty or any of the Lords were present on Saturday following being the tenth day
of this instant May, (it appearing plainly, that
neither House sate on Friday the 9th day of the
same) nor what was done thereupon, and therefore
the Passages of the same are supplied out of the
Original Journal-Book of the House of Commons.
On Saturday the 10th day of May (in the Afternoon) her Majesty being come to the Upper
House, with divers of the Lords Spiritual and
Temporal, being there also set, and the Knights,
Citizens, Burgesses and Barons of the House of
Commons having notice repaired thither with
Robert Bell of the Middle-Temple London Esq;
their Speaker Elect, who was led up unto the
Rail or Bar, at the lower end of the said Upper House, by two of the most Eminent Personages of the Commons, and presented to her Majesty, whom she allowed and Confirmed in the
said place of Prolocutor or Speaker, notwithstanding his Excuse made, and disabling himself
according to the usual form.
After which the said Speaker being now fully
and absolutely invested in his said place, did after his humble thanks rendred to her Majesty, in
the Conclusion of his Speech make certain Petitions of course in the behalf of himself and the
House of Commons, viz. for the free access to
her Majesty, freedom of Speech, and freedom
from Arrests and Suits during the Continuance of
the Parliament, and for Pardon for himself if
he should in any thing unwittingly mistake or
offend. All which being graciously allowed by
her Majesty, she arose and departed.
Nota, That there is no entrance in the Original Journal-Book of the Upper House of the
Continuance or Adjournment of the Parliament,
which doubtless happened through the great
negligence of Anthony Mason Esq;, now Clerk
of the same. For it is plain, the Lords did sit
again on Monday following in the Forenoon, to
some hour of which it is most likely it was continued, and the passages whereof, as also of all
the other days on which the said House sate, do
now in order follow out of the aforesaid Original Journal-Book of the same.
May the 11th Sunday.
On Monday the 12th of May, to which day
the Parliament had been last continued (as is
most likely) the presence of the Lords is first noted in the Original Journal-Book of the Upper
House, which were as followeth (their Names
only being altered into English.)
The Archbishop of Canterbury.
The Archbishop of York.
Sir Nicholas Bacon Knight, Lord Keeper of the
Great Seal of England.
The Marquess of Winchester.
The Earl of Oxford Great Chamberlain of
The Earl of Kent.
The Earl of Worcester.
The Earl of Rutland.
The Earl of Sussex.
The Earl of Warwick.
The Earl of Pembroke.
The Earl of Hartford.
The Earl of Leicester.
The Earl of Essex.
The Bishop of London.
The Bishop of Winchester.
The Bishop of Ely.
The Bishop of Worcester.
The Bishop of St Davids.
The Bishop of Salisbury.
The Bishop of Bath and Wells.
The Bishop of Coventry and Litchfield.
The Bishop of Peterborough.
The Bishop of Norwich.
The Bishop of Chester.
The Bishop of Bangor.
The Bishop of Lincoln.
The Bishop of Exeter.
The Bishop of Rochester.
The Lord Howard of Effingham, Chamberlain to the Queen.
The Lord Burleigh, Secretary to the Queen.
The Lord Abergaveny.
The Lord Strange.
The Lord Dacres.
The Lord Stafford.
The Lord Grey of Wilton.
The Lord Mountjoy.
The Lord Darcy.
The Lord Mounteagle.
The Lord Sands.
The Lord Windsor.
The Lord Wentworth.
The Lord Burrough.
The Lord St John of Basing.
The Lord Cromwell.
The Lord Evers.
The Lord Wharton.
The Lord Willoughby of Parham.
The Lord Pagett.
The Lord Darcy of Chich.
The Lord North.
The Lord Chandois.
The Lord St John of Bletsoe.
The Lord Buckhurst.
The Lord De la Ware.
The Lord Compton.
The Lord Cheyney.
The Lord Norris.
This day also by Order and Consent of the
whole House, were appointed to confer with
such number of the House of Commons as should
please the said House to appoint, for the more
speedy and better direction of them in the great
matter touching the Queen of Scots, these Lords
The Archbishop of Canterbury.
The Archbishop of York.
The Earl of Oxford.
The Earl of Kent.
The Earl of Worcester.
The Earl of Sussex.
The Earl of Warwick.
The Earl of Bedford.
The Earl of Leicester.
The Earl of Essex.
The Bishop of London.
The Bishop of Winchester.
The Bishop of Ely.
The Bishop of Lincoln.
The Bishop of Rochester.
The Lord Chamberlain.
The Lord Burleigh.
The Lord Grey.
The Lord Windsor.
The Lord Wentworth.
The Lord North, and the Lord Chandois. Who
were appointed to meet in the Star-Chamber, at
eight of the Clock in the Morning the next day.
Vide on Wednesday May the 28th ensuing.
The Bill for preservation of Wood and Timber was read prima vice & Commissa Archiepiscopo
Cantuar., Comiti Lincoln., Comiti Sussex, Comiti
Leicester, Episcopo Elien., Episcopo Wigorn., Episcopo Meneven., Domino Howard, Domino Camerario, Domino Burleigh, Domino Windsor, Domino Wentworth, Domino Pagett, Domino Chandois, Domino Buckhurst, & Justiciario Southcott
& Justic. Weston.
The Bill for punishment of Vagabonds, and for
relief of the poor was read prima vice & Commissa Archiepiscopo Cantuar., Comiti Huntington,
Comiti Rutland, Comiti Pembroke, Comiti Hertford. Episcopo London. Episcopo Wigorn., Episcopo Meneven, Episcopo Bangor., Domino Grey,
Domino St John, Domino Evers, & Domino St
John de Bletsoe, & Justiciario Harper, & Christophero Wray Servienti ad Legem.
Nota, That here a Bill is not only committed
upon the first reading, but a Judge who is but a
meer Assistant unto the Upper House, and a Serjeant who is but a meer Attendant thereon, are
made joint Committees with the Lords as in the
Dominus Custos magni Sigilli continuavit præsens Parliamentum usq; in diem Crastinum borâ
This day also was brought in the Proxy of
Edward Earl of Lincoln into the Upper House,
and as it seemeth the Proxies of fourteen other
Temporal Lords, viz.
One Marquess, two Earls, one Viscount, and
But there is no mention made in the Original
Journal-Book whether they were returned before or after the Continuance of the Parliament,
according to the usual form as aforesaid, which
was in the Afternoon of this present Monday,
where each Temporal Lord nominateth one Proctor, and therefore were admitted; but the Earl
of Lincoln nominating two Proctors, which is
somewhat extraordinary, is transcribed out of the
Original Journal-Book as followeth.
12th Maij introductæ sunt literæ Procuratoriæ
Edwardi Comitis Lincoln. in quibus Procuratores
suos constituit Robertum Comitem Leicester, &
Willielmum Dominum Burleigh.
On Tuesday the 13th day of May, to which
day the Parliament had been last continued, the
Bill against corrupt Presentations was read primâ
Nota, Because the daily continuing of the Parliament in these words, Dominus Custos magni Sigilli, &c. is but matter of course, it is afterwards
through the whole Journal-Book omitted, unless something extraordinary fall out either in respect of the person, time, or manner of continuing of it.
On Wednesday the 14th day of May, to which
day the Parliament had been last continued on
the day next foregoing, divers Lords Spiritual
and Temporal Assembled, but nothing was done
save only the Continuance of the Parliament by
the Lord Keeper to the day next following, at
eight of the Clock.
On Thursday the 15th day of May, to which
day the Parliament had been yesterday continued, the Bill for the punishment of Vagabonds
and relief of the Poor was read secunda vice: but
there is no mention made that it was either Ordered to be ingrossed or referred to Committees,
of which doubtless there can be no other reason,
(seeing it was not sent up from the House of
Commons) than the negligence of the Clerk of
the Upper House, in respect that it is easie to be
conjectured, that this foregoing Bill was either
Ordered to be ingrossed or recommitted to the
former Committees, whose names see on Monday the 12th day of this instant May foregoing.
On Friday the 16th day of May, the Bill against Forging and Counterfeiting of Foreign
Coin being not currant within the Realm, was
read prima vice.
On Saturday the 17th day of May, the Bill
against Forging and Counterfeiting of Foreign
Coin being not currant within the Realm, was
read secunda vice, & commissa ad ingrossand.
The Bill against corrupt Presentations was read
secunda vice & commissa Comiti Huntington, Com.
Bedford, Episcopo Wigorn. Episcopo Wintonien.
Domino Grey, & Domino St John de Bletsoe.
Vide concerning this Bill on Saturday the 31th of
this instant May following.
The Bill also for the annexing of the Jurisdiction of Dorset to the See of Sarum, was read
prima vice & commissa Archiepiscopo Cantuar. Archiepiscopo Ebor. Comiti Bedford, Comiti Pembroke, Vice-Com. Bindon, Episcopo Wigorn. Episcopo Exon. Episcopo Lincoln. Episcopo Roffen.
Domino Mountjoy, Domino St John, Domino
The Bill lastly for punishment of Vagabonds
and relief of the Poor, was read tertia vice &
May the 18th Sunday.
On Monday the 19th day of May, to which
day the Parliament had been last continued. The
Bill for the punishment of Vagabonds and relief
of the Poor, was delivered to Doctor Lewes and
Doctor Vaughan, to be carried to the House of
The Bill also against Forging and Counterfeiting of Foreign Coin being not currant within
the Realm, was read tertia vice, and sent to the
House of Commons by Doctor Yale and Doctor
The Bill lastly for punishment of such as shall
rebelliously take or detain from the Queens Majesty any Castle, Tower, Fortress, Ship or other
Munition of War, was read prima vice.
On Wednesday the 21th day of May, to which
day the Parliament had been on Monday last continued, three Bills were brought up to the Lords
from the House of Commons, of which the first
being the Bill that the Tenant and Defendant
may have a Tales de circumstantibus, and the second against the deceit of Under-Collectors of
the Tenths and Subsidies of the Clergy, were
each of them read prima vice.
On Thursday the 22th day of May, introducta
fuit Billa nova touching corrupt Presentations,
& prima vice lecta.
Six other Bills of no great moment had each
of them one reading; of which the third being
the Bill touching corrupt Presentations; another that the Tenant and Defendant may have a
Tales de Circumstantibus, as well as the Demandant or Plaintiff; and the last being the Bill against deceits of Under-Collectors of the Tenths
and Subsidies of the Clergy, were each of them
read secunda vice: but no mention is made that
they were either Ordered to be engrossed or referred to Committees, because they had been
sent to their Lordships from the House of Commons the day foregoing.
On Friday the 23th day of May, Two Bills
of no great moment had each of them one
reading; of which the first being the Bill against deceits of Under-Collectors of the Tenths
and Subsidies of the Clergy, was read tertia vice
Three other Bills also were each of them read
secunda vice & commissæ ad ingrossand.; of which
the third was the Bill against such as shall conspire or practice the enlargement of any Prisoner
committed for High-Treason, &c.
On Saturday the 24th day of May, Two Bills
of no great moment had each of them their third
reading and passed the House; of which the second was the Bill against such as shall conspire or
practise the enlargement of any Prisoner committed for High-Treason.
The Bill that the Tenant or Defendant may
have a Tales de Circumstantibus, as well as the
Demandant or Plaintiff, was sent to the House
of Commons by Serjeant Barham and Doctor
Five Bills also were brought up to the Lords
from the House of Commons; of which the last
was the Bill for the inserting of the Mannor of
Havering at Bowre in a blank and void place in
certain Letters Patents of the late King Edward
the Sixth, made unto certain persons of certain
Lands and Tenements in the County of Essex.
On Wednesday the 28th day of May, Six Bills
of no great moment had each of them one reading; of which the fourth being the Bill touching
Fine and Recoveries, was read secunda vice &
commissa Comiti Rutland, Comiti Suff., Comiti
Huntington, Domino Wentworth, Domino North,
Domino primario Justiciario Com. Placitorum, primario Baroni Scaccarii, & Justiciario Wray.
Nota, That here the Judges who are but Assistants unto the Upper House, are made joint
Committees with the Lords.
The Bill of Wood (which had been read prima vice on Monday the 12th day of this instant
May foregoing, and then committed to those
whose names are there set down, was now recommitted to the Archbishop of Canterbury, the
Earl of Sussex, the Earl of Huntington, the Earl
of Bedford, the Earl of Leicester, the Bishop of
Worcester, the Bishop of Chichester, the Lord Chamberlain, the Lord Burleigh, the Lord Wentworth,
the Lord Chandois, the Lord Norris, the Master
of the Rolls, Justice Weston, Justice Southcott, and
Mr. Serjeant Barham.
But whether this Bill had its second reading at
this present or upon some other day foregoing,
doth not certainly appear, but seemeth to have
been omitted through the negligence of Anthony
Mason Esq; at this time Clerk of the Upper House:
Neither do there want Presidents that Bills after
the first reading have been referred to Committees, when there hath been no mention made of
any second reading; nay sometimes when the
Bill hath had its second reading on a former day,
as it was in the Bill for the Commission of Sewers referred to Committees on Saturday the 21th
day of April in the Parliament de an. 13 Regin.
Eliz. in the Journal of the Upper House, it is
afterwards committed: and sometimes it is committed when it hath its second reading at an after-day, as it was at this present Journal in the
Bill touching Tunbridge-School, on Monday the
9th day of June ensuing.
For the great matters touching the Scottish
Queen (which had been referred to Committees
on Monday, the 12th day of this instant May foregoing) were appointed these Lords; viz.
The Archbishop of Canterbury, the Earl of
Sussex, the Earl of Leicester, the Bishop of Lincoln, the Lord Burleigh, and the Lord Grey; Vide
touching this matter on Tuesday the 10th day of
June next ensuing.
On Thursday the 29th day of May, the Bill for
the annexing of Hexham and Hexamshire, &c. was
sent up to the Lords from the House of Commons.
The Bill for the inserting of the name of the
Mannor of Havering at Bowre in a blank or void
place, was read the second time; but no mention
is made that it was either Ordered to be ingrossed or referred to Committees, because it had
been sent from the Lords on Saturday the 14th
day of this instant May foregoing.
The Bill for the preservation of Timber and
Fuel within twelve Miles of London and Subburbs of the same, was read secunda vice and committed to the Earl of Worcester, the Earl of Rutland, the Earl of Essex, the Lord Abergavenny,
the Lord St John of Bletsoe, and the Lord
The Bill for the assurance of certain Lands, according to the meaning of Sir Thomas Woodhouse
for the benefit of certain Infants, was read secunda vice.
The Bill for repeal of a Statute made for the
Town of Shrewsbury an. 8. Reginæ Eliz. was read
secunda vice, and committed to the Earl of Bedford, the Earl of Essex and others.
The Bill also touching Presentations to Benefices by lapse was read the second time and committed unto the Archbishop of York, the Earl of
Rutland, the Earl of Hartford, the Bishop of
Worcester, the Lord Cromwell, the Lord Ewers,
Justice Southcott, and Justice Wray.
The Bill for keeping of the Assizes and Sessions in the Town of Stafford, and the Bill for
annexing the Sheriffwicks of Huntingtonshire
and Cambridgshire, were each of them read secunda vice & Commissæ ad ingrossand.
The Bill lastly touching Sea-Marks, and that
no Hoy or Plate shall cross the Seas, was read
prima vice and committed to the Earl of Suffolk,
the Earl of Leicester, the Lord Burleigh, the Lord
Darey de Chich. the Lord Cheyney, the Lord Norris, Serjeant Barham, and Doctor Lewes.
Nota, That this is not committed only upon
the first reading, but also a Serjeant and a Doctor who are but Attendants upon the Upper
House, are here made joint Committees with the
On Friday the 30th day of May, Two Bills
of no great moment had each of them one reading; of which the first being the Bill for inserting of the name of the Mannor of Havering at
Bowre in a blank and void place of certain Letters Patents of the late King Edward the Sixth,
made unto certain persons of certain Lands and
Tenements in West-ham in the County of Essex,
was read the third time and passed the House.
On Saturday the 31th of May, Four Bills of no
great moment had each of them one reading; of
which the third being the Bill for renewing of a
Statute made for the keeping of the Assises and
Sessions within the Town of Stafford, was read
tertia vice & conclusa. And the fourth and last
being the Bill against corrupt Presentations was
read secunda vice & commissa to the Earl of Rutland, the Earl of Sussex, the Lord Chandois, and
the former Lords nominated on Saturday the 17th
day of this instant May foregoing, where this
Bill was then read the second time, and then