On Monday the second day of April, to which
day the Parliament had been last continued, the
Bill for Explanation of a Statute made in the thirty
third year of Henry the Eighth, touching Grants
made to his Majesty and Confirmation of Letters
Patents, was read Secunda vice.
Six Bills were brought up to the Lords from
the House of Commons; of which the second
was for bringing in of fresh Water into the
Town of Stonebouse in the County of Devon.
On Tuesday the third day of April, Five Bills
of no great moment had each of them one reading; of which the fourth being the Bill for the
maintenance of the Navigation of England, was
read secunda vice.
On Wednesday the 4th day of April, the Bill
for Explanation of the Statute made in the thirty
fourth year of Henry the Eighth, for confirmation of Letters Patents made by his Highness to
others, was read primâ & Secundâ vice.
On Thursday the 5th day of April, Three Bills of
no great moment had each of them one reading;
of which the second being the Bill for Confirmation of Letters Patents to the Mayors, Sheriffs,
Citizens and Commonalty of the City of Lincoln
was read tertiâ vice & conclusa.
This Morning also this Order following was agreed
on amongst the Lords, viz.
Whereas the Lords of Parliament both
Spiritual and Temporal assembled in
the Parliament Chamber here at Westminster have
with one uniform consent, both in their own
names and the rest of the Lords now absent,
Ordered, that there shall be a charitable relief
and contribution made towards the Aid and
help of a number of Souldiers that are seen
in the time of this Parliament maimed and
sore hurt in the Wars of France and Low
Countries and on the Seas, for the service of the
Queens Majesty and the Realm, and for that
purpose have allowed that every Archbishop,
Marquess, Earl and Viscount should pay toward
their Contribution the sum of forty shilings,
every Bishop thirty shillings, and every Baron
twenty shillings; for Collection whereof there
hath been appointed the Queens Majesties Almoner and the Bishop of Worcester to collect the
sums of Bishops; and the Lord Norris to collect the sums payable by the Lords Temporal; which hath been diligently done and received by them from all the Lords Spiritual and
Temporal that have been present and that have
attended to their great charge on the service of
the Realm in this Parliament : And considering
the number of the Souldiers to be relieved therewith, being very many, notwithstanding the
Knights, Citizens and Burgesses of the House of
Commons have yielded very good and large
Contributions according to their Degrees; Yet
for the better relief of the said maimed Souldiers, It is by the Lords Spiritual and Temporal
that have given their Attendance here, and have
charitably and honourably yielded to this Contribution, thought meet, and so it is Ordered and
Decreed by them with common and free consent, that all the Lords of Parliament that have
been altogether absent in this Sessions, and that
shall not have Contributed to this charitable use
of relief before the end of this Sessions, Shall be
required by Letters to be sent to them by the
Lords that had their Procuration for their absence, or by Letters from the Lord Keeper of
the Great Seal required and charged, to Cause
payments to be made according to their Degrees
and Vocations the double of the sums of money
paid by the Lords that have been here present
and continued their Attendance: That is to say,
that every Earl that hath been absent, shall pay
four pound, the Archbishop of York to pay as
much. And every Bishop also absent to pay three
pound, and every Baron forty shillings. And for
such as have been here present and continued
their Attendance at some times though very seldom, having been absent for the more part, it is
thought meet, that every such Lord Spiritual and
Temporal shall according to their Degrees pay a
third part more than the Lords that have been
constantly present. All which sums of money
they shall cause to be delivered to the hands of
the Lord Keeper of the Great Seal, to be afterwards by such Spiritual Lords of Parliament as
are chosen for that purpose; distributed to the
maimed Souldiers as Shall be found to have most
need thereof. The like whereof the Commons
Assembled in this Parliament have Ordered. For
all the Members of that House that are absent
and have not paid, are to contribute in double
manner. Which Order is thought very just, considering the Lords and others who have been
absent and have been at no charge to come up
and give their Attendance, may very reasonably
and with a great saving to their Charges contribute to this Order. And if any Lord Spiritual
or Temporal shall refuse or forbear thus to do,
(which is hoped in Honour none will do) there
shall be ordinary means used to levy the same.
On Friday the 6th day of April, to which day
the Parliament had been last continued, four Bills
of no great moment had each of them one reading; of which the second being the Bill for avoiding deceits used in sale of twice laid Cordage for the better preservation of the Navy of
this Realm, was read tertia vice & conclusa.
Eight Bills were sent up to the Lords from the
House of Commons; of which the last was the
Bill to make void the spiritual Livings of those
that have forsaken the Pealm and do cleave to
the Pope and his Religion.
On Saturday the 7th day of April, Two Bills
of no great moment had each of them one reading; of which the first being the Bill for rating
of the Wages of Spinners and Weavers, and to
reform the falsities of Regrators of Woollen
Yarn, was read primâ vice.
On Monday the 9th day of April, to which day
the Parliament had been last continued, three
Bills were each of them read Secundâ & tertiâ
vice, and so expedited; of which the second was
the Bill for the bringing of fresh Water to the
Town of Stonehouse in the County of Devon.
Eight Bills also this Morning were sent up to
the Lords from the House of Commons; of
which the first being the Bill for the Naturalizing
of Justice Dormer and George Sheppy being born
beyond the Seas, of English Parents, and to put
them in the nature of meer English, was read
Primâ & Secundâ vice.
But it doth not appear whether this Bill were
committed or no, which did not only happen in
this place by the negligence of Mr Anthony Masou at this time Clerk of the Upper House, but
also through the whole Original Journal Book
of the said House this Parliament; in all which
although divers Bills are said to be read the second time, yet it is not at all expressed whether
they were thereupon Ordered to be ingrossed,
or further to be considered of by some select
Committees of the House; one of which of necessity must be put in Execution upon the said
second reading of a Bill, both in the Upper
House and that of the House of Commons, unless the Bill have its third reading also at the
same time and pass the House, or else be dasht
upon the question, and so cast out of it.
This Morning finally, Whereas a Bill Intituled
An Act touching Power and Liberty to repeal
certain uses of a Deed Tripartite herein mentioned of and in certain Lands, Mannors and
Tenements of Anthony Cooke of Romford in the
County of Essex Esquire, hath been heretofore
three times read and assented unto by the Lords,
in the which Bill there is no Saving to the Queens
Majesty or any other person or persons, of their
lawful Estates or Titles; This day there was a
Saving drawn for her Majesty and all others,
which was offered to this House; and some question and ambiguity did grow, whether the Saving should be now added to the Bill. And in
the end it was resolved, that the Saving should
be added to the Bill; for that it is usual and requisite to have some Saving in every Bill, and for
that there was nothing in the Saving contrary to
any matter in the Bill, and that her Majesties
Right and all other be saved thereby. Nevertheless upon weighty considerations the Lords
have Ordered, that this shall not hereafter be
drawn to make any Precedent.
On Tuesday the 10th day of April in the Morning were two Bills read, of which the second being the Bill for the Queens most gracious and
general free Pardon, was read primâ vice, and so
passed upon the question.
Nota, That the Bill or Act for the Queens general Pardon passeth each House upon the first
reading; Whereas other Bills cannot be expedited without being read three times both by the
Lords and the Commons.
The Queens Majesty came not till the Afternoon, and therefore in this place through the
negligence of the Clerk, the continuing of the
Parliament until some hour in the Afternoon is
omitted, which should have been inserted in
these words, viz.
Dominus Custos magni Sigilli continuavit præsens Parliamentum usque in horam, &c. Meridie.
Between five and six of the Clock in the Afternoon this present Tuesday, being the tenth day
of April, the Queens Majesty, accompanied with
her Officers and daily Attendants, came to the
Upper House, and as soon as her Majesty with the
Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and the rest that
have place there, were set, the Knights, Citizens and Burgesses of the House of Commons
having notice thereof came up with their Speaker, bringing with them the Bill of Subsidy.
The said Speaker being placed at the Bar at the
lower end of the Upper House, and as many of the House of Commons as could conveniently being let in, after Humble Reverence done
to her Majesty spake as followeth:
THE High Court of Parliament, most High
and Mighty Prince, is the greatest and most
ancient Court within this your Realm. For before the Conquest in the High places of the WestSaxons, we read of a Parliament holden; and
since the Conquest they have been holden by all
your Noble Predecessors Kings of England.
In the time of the West-Saxons a Parliament
was holden by the Noble King Ina, by these
words: I Ina King of the West-Saxons have caused all my Fatherhood, Aldermen and wisest
Commons, with the Godly men of my Kingdom to consult of weighty matters, &c. Which
words do plainly shew all the parts of this
High Court still observed to this day. For
by King Ina is your Majesties most Royal Person represented. The Fatherhood in Ancient
time were these which we call Bishops, and still
we call them Reverend Fathers, an Ancient and
chief part of our State.
By Aldermen were meant your Noblemen. For
so honourable was the word Alderman in Ancient
time, that the Nobility only were called Aldermen.
By Wisest Commons is meant and signified
Knights and Burgesses, and so is your Majesties
Writ de discretioribus & magis sufficientibus.
By Godliest men is meant your ConvocationHouse. It consisteth of such as are devoted to
Religion. And as Godliest men do consult of
weightest matters, so is your Highness Writ at
this day pro quibusdam arduis & urgentibus negotiis nos, Statum & defensionem Regni nostri &
Your Highness Wisdom and exceeding Judgment withal careful Providence needed not your
Councils: But yet so urgent Causes there were
of this Parliament, so important Considerations,
as that we may say (for that we cannot judge)
never Parliament was so needful as now, nor
any so Honourable as this.
If I may be bold to say it, I must presume to
say that which hath been often said, (but what
is well said cannot be too often spoken) this sweet
Council of ours I would compare to that sweet
Commonwealth of the little Bees.
Sic enim parvis componere magna solebam.
The little Bees have but one Governour
whom they all serve, he is their King, quia latera
habet latiora; he is placed in the midst of their
habitations ut in tutissima turri. They forrageabroad, sucking Honey from ever Flower to bring
to their King. Ignavum sucos pecos a præsepibus arcent, The drones they drive away out of their
Hives, non babentes aculeos. And who so assails
their King, in him immittunt aculeos, & tamen
Rex ipse est sine Aculeo.
Your Majesty is that Princely Governour and
Noble Queen, whom we all serve; being protected under the shadow of your Wings we live,
and with you may ever sit upon your Throne
over us. And whosoever shall not say Amen,
for them we pray ut convertantur ne pereant, & ut
consundantur ne noceant. Under your happy government we live upon Honey, we suck upon
every sweet Flower: But where the Bee sucketh
Honey, there also the Spider draweth Poyson.
Some such venoms there be. But such Drones and
Door Bees we will expel the Hive and serve your
Majesty, and withstand any enemy that shall assault you. Our Lands, our Goods, our Lives
are prostrate at your feet to be commanded. Yea
and (thanked be God, and Honour be to your
Majesty for it) such is the power and force of
your Subjects, that of their own strength they
are able to encounter your greatest enemies.
And though we be such, yet have we a Prince
that is Sine Aculeo, so full of that Clemency is
your Majesty. I fear I have been too long, and
therefore to come now to your Laws.
The Laws we have conferred upon this Sessions of so Honourable a Parliament are of two
natures; the one such as have life but are ready
to die, except your Majesty breathe life into
them again; the other are Laws that never had
life, but being void of life do come to your Majesty to seek Life.
The first sort are those Laws that had continuances until this Parliament, and are now to receive new Life or are to die for ever. The other
that I term capable of life are those which are
newly made, but have no effence until your Majesty giveth them life.
Two Laws there are, but I must give the Honour where it is due; for they come from the
Noble wife Lords of the Upper House; the
most Honourable and beneficial Laws that could
be desired: the one a confirmation of all Letters Patents from your Majesties most Noble Father of all Ecclesiastical Livings, which that King
of most renowned memory your Father took
from those Superstitious Monasteries and Priories,
and translated them to the erecting and setting
up of many Foundations of Cathedral Churches and Colledges, greatly furthering the maintenance of Learning and true Religion.
The other Law to suppress the obstinate Recusant and the dangerous Sectary, both very
pernitious to your Government.
Lastly, Your loving and obedient Subjects
the Commons of the Lower House humbly and
with all dutiful thanks stand bound unto your
gracious goodness for your general and large
Pardon granted unto them, wherein many great
offences are pardoned.
But it extendeth only to offences done before
I have many ways since the beginning of this
Parliament by ignorance and insufficiency to perform that which I should have done, offended
your Majesty, I most humbly crave to be partaker of your Majesties most gracious Pardon.
The Lord Keeper received Instructions from
the Queen, and afterwards replied unto the
The former part of this Speech was an Answer
almost verbatim to the Speakers Oration, very
excellently and exactly done: And those things
which follow are to this or the like purpose, viz.
That her Majesty did most graciously accept
of these Services and Devotions of this Parliament, commending them that they had imployed
the time so well and spent it in so necessary affairs,
save only that in some things they had spent more
time than needed. But the perceived that some
men did it more for their satisfaction than the
necessity of the thing deserved. She misliketh
also that such irreverence was shewed towards
Privy Councellors, who were not to be accounted as common Knights and Burgesses of the
House, that are Councellors but during the Parliament; whereas the other are standing Councellors, and for their wisdom and great service
are called to the Council of the State.
That the Queens Majesty had heard that some
men in the Cause of great necessity and grant of
Aid, had seemed to regard their Country, and
made their necessity more than it was, forgetting
the urgent necessity of the time and dangers
that were now imminent.
That her Majesty would not have the people
feared with a report of great dangers, but rather
to be encouraged with boldness against the Enemies of the State. And that therefore the straitly charged and commanded that the Mustered
Companies in every Shire should be supplied, if
they were decayed: And that their Provisions of
Armor and Munition should be better than heretofore it hath been used.
That for this offer of three Subsidies, her Majesty most graciously in all kindness thanketh her
Subjects: But except it were freely and willingly
given, she did not accept of it; for her Majesty
never accepteth any thing that is not freely
That if the Coffers of her Majesties Treasures
were not empty, or if the Revenues of the
Crown and other Princely Ornaments could
suffice to supply her wants and the Charges of
the Realm, in the word of a Prince the doth
pronounce it, she would not have charged her
Subjects, nor have accepted of this they give
The Lord Keeper's Speech being ended, after
some time of Intermission, the Queen being set
in her Chair of State, used a Princely Speech unto the House; of which the greatest part was to
the effect and purpose following, viz.
This Kingdom hath had many Wife, Noble
and Victorious Princes, I will not compare
with any of them in Wisdom, Fortitude and
other Vertues; but saving the Duty of a Child,
that is not to compare with his Father, in Love,
Care, Sincerity and Justice, I will compare with
any Prince that ever you had, or shall have. It
may be thought simplicity in me, that all this
time of my Reign I have not sought to advance
my Territories, and enlarge my Dominions; for
opportunity hath served me to do it. I acknowledge that my Womanhood and weakness in that
respect. But it hath not been the hardness to obtain, or doubt how to keep the things so obtained, that only hath withheld me from these attempts: My Mind was never to Invade my
Neighbours, or to Usurp over any. I am contented to Reign over mine own, and to Rule as
a Just Prince. Yet the King of Spain doth challenge me to be the Quarreller, and the Beginner
of all these Wars. He doth me the greatest wrong
that can be; for my Conscience doth not accuse
my thoughts, wherein I have done him the least
Injury; so that I am perswaded in my Conscience, if he knew what I know, he would be
sorry himself for the wrong he hath done me. I
fear not all his Threatnings, his great Preparations and mighty Forces do not stir me : For
though he come against me with a greater Power
than ever was his Invincible Navy, I doubt not
but (God assisting me, upon whom I always
trust) I shall be able to defeat him and overthrow him. For my Cause is Just. I heard say
when he attempted his last Invasion, some upon
the Sea-Coasts forsook their Towns and fled up
higher into the Country, and left all naked and
exposed to his Entrance: But I swear unto you,
By God, if I knew those persons, or may know
of any that shall do so hereafter, I will make
them know and feel what it is to be so fearful in
so urgent a Cause.
The Subsidy you give me I accept thankfully,
if you give me your good will with it; but if
the necessiry of the time and your Preservations
did not require it, I would refuse it. But let me
tell you, the summ is not so much, but that it is
needful for a Prince to have so much always lying in her Coffers for your defence in time of
need, and not be driven to get it when the
should use it.
You that are Lieutenants and Gentlemen of
Command in your Countries, I require you to
take care and special Order, that the people
be well Armed and in readiness upon all occasions.
You that be Judges and Justices of Peace, I
Command and straitly Charge you, that you see
the Law to be duly executed, and that you make
them living Laws when we have put life into
Thus with most gracious thanks to the House
her Princely Speech ended.
Note, That the several Interlocutory Speeches
of the Speaker and the Lord Keeper immediately
foregoing, with the coming up of the said Speaker and the rest of the House of Commons into
the Upper House, are not found in the Original
Journal-Book of the same House, but are here
inserted partly out of the Original Journal-Book
of the House of Commons, and partly out of anothere very exact Journal of that House which was
in my Custody, being very diligently observed
and set down by some Anonymus, who was a
Member of the said House during this Parliament, out of which the said Speeches were written almost verbatim. And I have always thought
it most fitting in all those several Journals, ever
to refer such like Speeches and other Passages as
are wholly handled and agitated in the said Upper House, to be set down as largely as by any
good Authority they may in the Journal of the
same, to which they do most truly and properly
belong, and only for order sake to give a short
touch or remembrance of them in the Journal
of the House of Commons.
After the before-recited Speeches were ended
as aforesaid, then were the Titles of all the Acts
read in their due order. Which manner of the
Clerk of the Upper House his reading, and of
her Majesties Answering to the said Acts, is not
thus exactly set down in the Original Journal of
this Parliament, but is supplied out of another
of the Queens time, and doth alike serve in all
places, because the same form is still continued.
And first the Bill of Subsidies, to which the
Clerk of the Parliament standing up did read
the Queens Answer in manner and form following, viz.
La Roigne remercie ses loyaulx subjectes, accepte
leur benevolence, & ainsi le veult.
The Clerk of the Parliament having read the
Queens Acceptance, and thanks for the Subsidies
given as aforesaid, did then upon reading of the
Pardon pronounce in these French words following, the thanks of the Lords and Commons for
Les Prelats, Seigneurs & Communes en ce present Parlament assembles, au nom de tous vostres
autres subjects remercient tres humblement vostre
Majeste & prient à dien, que il vous done en sancte
bonne vie & longue.
Nota, That here to the Bill of Subsidy, because
it is the meer gift of the Subject, the Queens Consent is not required for the passing of it, but as
it is joined with her thankful acceptance; nor
to the Bill of Pardon, because it is originally her
free gift, is other circumstance required than
that the thankful acceptance thereof to the Lords
and Commons be likewise expressed, it being
but once read in either House before it come thus
(at last) to be expedited. Now to all other Bills
either private or publick the Queens express consent, though in differing words, is always requisite, as followeth, viz.
The publick Acts were read, to every one of
which allowed by the Queen the Clerk of the
Parliament read in French these words following, viz.
La Roigne le veult.
To every private Act that passeth, the said
Clerk of the Parliament reads the Queens words
in these French words following, viz.
Soit fait come il est desire.
These two last Answers to the publick and private Acts that past, are to be written by the
Clerk of the Parliament at the end of every
To such Acts as her Majesty doth forbear to
allow, the Clerk of the Parliament reads in
French these words following, viz.
La Roignes advisera.
After which ended, the Dissolution of the Parliament followed in these words, viz.
Dominus Custos magni Sigilli ex mandato Dominæ Reginæ tunc præsentis, dissolvit prœsens Parliamentum.