The Chapel Royal
Composers

Sponsor

Institute of Historical Research

Publication

Author

R.O. Bucholz

Year published

2006

Supporting documents

Pages

287-288

Citation Show another format:

'The Chapel Royal: Composers', Office-Holders in Modern Britain: Volume 11 (revised): Court Officers, 1660-1837 (2006), pp. 287-288. URL: http://british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=43827 Date accessed: 20 August 2014.


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Composers 1699–1837

The position of composer of the chapel royal was created in 1699 for John Blow. Prior to this date, no chapel royal servant was specifically charged with composing new music; such music came either from members of the choir or the organists or from outsiders such as Matthew Locke. (fn. 1)

The composers of the chapel royal were generally appointed by the dean via warrant to the sub dean. From 1707 there were two composers (one such place being held jointly 1707–1708). Blow was paid £73 per annum as composer, divided into £11 8s 1 1/2d wages and £61 11s 10 1/2d in. (fn. 2) The same fees were applied to the two composers in ordinary from 1707. Handel's fee as `Composer of Musick for the Chappel royal' was £200 paid at the treasurer of the chamber's office. (fn. 3) By the 1780s each composer/organist was paid £146 (i.e., £73 per place) per annum. (fn. 4)

1699 20 Mar. Blow, J.
1707 7 Mar. Clark, J. (joint)
1707 7 Mar. Croft, W. (joint)
1708 17 Apr. Croft, W.
1709 3 Feb. Weldon, J.
1723 25 Feb. Handel, G. F.
1727 4 Sept. Green, M.
1736 21 June Boyce, W.
1756 13 Jan. Nares, J.
1779 24 Mar. Dupuis, T. S.
1783 1 Mar. Arnold, S.
1796 25 July Attwood, T.
1802 27 Dec. Knyvett, C.
1808 14 June Knyvett, W.

Footnotes

1 See C. Dearnley, English Church Music 1650–1750 (New York, 1970), pp. 57–58n; P. Holman, liner notes to `Mathew Locke Anthems, Motets and Ceremonial Music', Hyperion CDA 66373.
2 Chamberlayne (1704) III, 511;RECM II, 73; LS 13/44, f. 20.
3 LC 3/7, f. 21.
4 RK (1786), p. 94.