The name of this parish was anciently written Edintone. I
can find nothing satisfactory relative to its etymology; it was
probably denominated from some one of its remote possessors. The
parish lies within the hundred of Wallington, and is bounded by
Croydon, Saunderstead, Farleigh, and Chelsham, in Surry; and by
West Wickham and Beckenham in Kent. The village (fn. 1) is situated
about three miles to the east of Croydon, at the foot of a range of
hills to which it gives its name. Their extent is about five hundred
On the brow of the hill, towards Addington, is a cluster of tumuli,
about 25 in number; they are of very inconsiderable height; one of
them is nearly 40 feet in diameter; two others are about half that
size; the remainder are very small. The greater part of them
appears to have been opened. Salmon says, that some broken
pieces of urns, which had been taken out of them, were, in his
time, in the possession of an apothecary at Croydon.
The land at Addington is, for the most part, arable; there is
little meadow, but a pretty large proportion of wood and common.
The soil is very various; being, in some parts of the parish, gravel;
in some, chalk; and in others, a stiff clay.
It appears, by Doomsday Book, that there were two manors in
the parish of Addington in the time of William the Conqueror; they
were not exactly divided, as Salmon (fn. 2) has asserted, though they
were each taxed as eight hides; for the land of one manor was four
carucates, (fn. 3) that of the other, two and a half; the one was valued
at 5l. the other at 3l. The former manor had been held by
Ofward, in the time of Edward the Confessor, and was then the
property of Albert, a clerk; the latter having belonged to Godric,
in the Confessor's reign, was, at the time of the survey, in the
possession of Tezelin the cook; they were both held of the king.
Tezelin's manor continued in lay hands, and was held by a very
singular tenure, as will be mentioned hereafter.
Manor of the Knights Templars.
Manor of the monastery of St. Mary Overie.
Godric's manor, previously to the reign of Edward I. appears to have
been divided into two; one of which was given to the Knights Templars
by Walter de Morton (fn. 4) , and was held of the Archbishop of Canterbury's manor of Croydon, by an annual rent of thirty-two shillings
and one penny. The Templars were abolished by Pope Clement
the Fifth, in the year 1311; and in the 17th year of Edward II. an
act of parliament passed, by which their possessions in England,
among which Addington (fn. 5) was included, were transferred to the Knights
of St. John of Jerusalem. The other moiety belonged, I know not by
what grant, to the monastery of St. Mary Overie (fn. 6) ; to this manor the
advowson of the church was annexed; it was rated at ten shillings.
For twelve acres of land, which belonged to this convent in the parish
of Addington, they were obliged to keep a lamp burning every
night in the church (fn. 7) . The mansion-house belonging to this
manor is described as having a hall of 35 feet in length, and 28 in
breadth; and two solarii, or upper rooms, the one 32 feet by 18,
the other 32 feet by 11. At the dissolution of monasteries, both
these manors came into the possession of the Leigh family (fn. 8) ; who,
at that time, held the third manor above mentioned.
Aguillon's, or Bardolf's manor.
The earliest proprietor of this manor, that I find upon record after
the Conquest, is Bartholomew Chesnet (fn. 9) , or Cheyney, who had two
daughters co-heiresses; one of whom married Peter (fn. 10) , the grandson
of Ailwin of London, and was buried in Bermondsey abbey; for
which privilege her husband gave the monks a rent of 15 shillings,
issuing out of a house in Addington; the other daughter married
William Aguillon, who, in right of his wife, inherited the manor (fn. 11) ;
his son, Sir Robert Aguillon (fn. 12) , had a licence to fortify and embattle his manor house at Addington. A spot of ground near the
church, being still called the Castle Hill, serves to ascertain the
site of this mansion, which, most probably, continued to be the
manerial residence till the year 1400, when the manor house, which
was pulled down about twelve years ago, (and which was situated
at the foot of the hill,) was erected; as appears by the following
inscription (fn. 13) which was over the door:
In fourteen hundred and none,
Here was neither stick nor stone,
In fourteen hundred and three
The goodly building which you see.
This house was built chiefly of flint, mixed with chalk, and very
Sir Robert Aguillon was sheriff (fn. 14) of Sussex in the reign of Henry
the Third; he married Margaret (fn. 15) , Countess of the Isle of Wight,
by whom he had two daughters; one of whom married Jourdan de
Saukvil, ancestor of the Duke of Dorset; the other married Hugh
Bardolf (fn. 16) , and had for her portion the manor of Addington, which
continued in the Bardolf family for two or three generations.
William Walcot (fn. 17) died seized thereof, in the reign of Richard the
Second, having held it for life, by a grant from William Bardolf.
In the reign of Henry the Sixth it was the property of William
Uvedale (fn. 18) , who, for a fine of forty shillings, paid into the exchequer,
obtained a licence to alienate it to John Leigh and others, and the
heirs of the said John. The descendants of this John Legh or
Leigh obtained a grant of the other manors at the suppression
of monasteries, and the whole became united into one; which
continued in the possession of the Leigh family till the middle of the
present century. Sir John Leigh (fn. 19) died in 1737, without male
issue. After his death, there was a suit in chancery depending for
many years, relating to the right of succession to the Addington
estate, which was at length determined in favour of his female heirs,
one of whom married John Bennet, Esq. and the other Henry
Spencer, Esq. The manor and estate were sold by their
sons, Wooley Leigh Bennet, Esq. and Wooley Leigh Spencer, Esq.
(about the year 1767,) to Barlow Trecothick, Esq. alderman of London, and they are now the property of James Trecothick, Esq. his
nephew; who has a handsome modern mansion, situated about half
a mile from the church, and nearly in the centre of the park; it
was begun in 1772, by the late alderman Trecothick, and finished
after his death by the present proprietor.
Singular tenure of the manor.
That part of the manor of Addington, which belonged to the
Aguillons and Bardolfs, was, and still is, held by a very singular
species of grand ferjeanty, viz. by the service of presenting a certain dish to the king on the day of his coronation. Of the origin of
this service, it seems not an improbable conjecture, that the manor
was an appendage to the office of the king's cook, as Richmond,
then Shene, anciently was to the office of baker. It is certain that
Tezelin, the cook, held it of the Conqueror; being afterwards
separated from the office, the nature of the serjeanty might continue, though confined to the service of presenting a dish to the
king once in his reign. The service and the dish are variously
described in the different records. Bartholomew Cheney (fn. 20) is said
to have holden Addington by the service of finding a cook to dress
such victuals in the king's kitchen, as the Seneschall shall order.
This was, in fact, only executing the office of cook by deputy; and
his son-in-law, William Aguillon (fn. 21) , held it by the service of
(fn. 22) , as the record expresses it, in the king's kitchen on
the day of his coronation, or of finding a person who should make
for him a certain pottage, called the Mess of Gyron; or if seym (fn. 23)
be added to it, it is called, Maupygernon; the seym in another record is called unguentum. Sir Robert Aguillon (fn. 24) held it precisely
by the same service, and the dish is mentioned by the same name
(viz. le Mess de Gyron) in the pleas of the crown; though Blount (fn. 25)
has quoted it thence by the name of Dilligrout, and Aubrey has copied
his mistake. Thomas Bardolf (fn. 26) , who died seized of Addington in
the reign of Edward the Third, held it by the service of making
three messes of Maupygernoun at the coronation, one of which he
was to present to the king, another to the archbishop of Canterbury,
and the third, to whomsoever the king would. The service is still
kept up, and a dish of pottage was presented to the present king
at his coronation, by Mr. Spencer, as lord of the manor of
Addington; but I cannot find that there exists any ancient (fn. 26) receipt
for the making of it.
In the enumeration of the manors (fn. 27) , which were the dower of Margaret the widow of Sir Robert Aguillon, Addington is mentioned,
with its member of Waldingham. This place, which is mentioned
as an appendage to the manor in another record (fn. 28) , is in Tandrige
hundred, about three miles from Addington.
The church of Addington is a very small structure; it consists of a
nave, a chancel, and a small south aisle, separated from the body of
the church by plain pointed arches, and massy ancient pillars of rude
workmanship. The church appears to have been partly rebuilt,
about the reign of Edward the Third; the windows in the north wall
being of the architecture of that period.
The pillars above mentioned, are probably coëval with the original structure, as is the chancel; at the end of which, are three narrow
pointed windows. The tower, which is at the west end, is low,
square, and embattled; it was originally composed of slint, but has
been almost rebuilt with brick, and is now covered with plaster. The
church is of slint; except the windows, which are of soft stone.
Aubrey, who in general has little of description in his work, is uncom
monly diffuse in describing this church; his account of the chancel, is
quaint and curious. "Here we find the indifferent spectacle of an
unsealed roof, and walls sufficiently wanting the beautifying art of
the painter; heretofore enriched at certain places, with I know not
what disagreeable ornament of black, at best a confused medley of
daubing; appearing horrible enough, were we not diverted by the
several streamers, &c. bearing the hatchments and arms of many
of those honourable persons here interred (fn. 29) ." The streamers still
remain, but they are grown almost as horrible as the walls were when
Mr. Aubrey wrote his account; there are likewise some helmets, and
other pieces of rusty armour.
In the north-east corner of the chancel, is an altar tomb, of Purbeck
marble, on which are brass plates with figures of a man and woman,
praying, with labels issuing from their mouths, on the one of which is
"Deus misereatur mihi, et benedicat nobis;" and in the other,
"—vultum suum super nos et misereatur mihi:" underneath are
the figures of five children; the slab is likewise decorated with the
arms (fn. 30) and quarterings of the Leighs and Harveys; and the whole is
surrounded with a border of brass, on which is the following inscription in the black letter:
"Here liethe John Leigh, esquyer, and Isabell hys wyfe, daughter of John Harvey, of Thurley in Bedfordshyre, and sole
syster of Sir George Harvey, Knyght; whych John
decessed the 24th day of Aprill, in the yere of oure Lorde
God, Mcccccix, and the sayde Isabell, desseased the 8th
daye of January, in the yere of Chryste's Incarnacion,
McccccxLIII. on whose soules I pray God have mercy."
Against the north wall, is a large monument, composed partly of
marble, and partly of alabaster; erected by Sir Oliph Leigh, Knt. to
the memory of his father and grandfather. In the upper part of the
monument are two arches; under one of which, are kneeling figures
of John Leigh, (father of Sir Oliph,) who died in 1576, and of his
wife Joan, daughter and heir of Sir John Oliph, Knt.; under the other
arch, are figures in the same posture, of Nicholas Leigh, the grandfather, who died in 1565, and of his wife Ann, daughter of Sir
Nicholas Carew. Underneath is the effigies, as large as life, of Sir
Oliph Leigh, who erected the monument, and died in 1611; he is
represented completely armed, and reclining upon his elbow. The
effigies of his Lady Jane, daughter of Sir Thomas Browne, of Betchworth, Knight, leaning on her right hand, with a book in her left,
is beneath, and the whole is inclosed with iron palisades. Most of the
arms about this monument are obliterated; there only remain those
of Leigh, Oliph (fn. 31) , and Carew (fn. 32) . Above the altar tomb before described, is a monument to the memory of Sarah, wife of Sir Francis
Leigh, who died in 1691; and of her mother, Elizabeth Lovel,
sister of Henry Guy.
Near the communion table, on a slab of Purbeck marble, is a
brass figure of a man in armour; and underneath the following inscription in the black letter:
"Of your charite pray for the soule of Thomas Hatteclyss,
esquyre, sometyme one of the fowre Masters of the housholde to our soverayne Lord Kyng Henry the 8th, and
Anne hys wyfe; wiche Thomas departed the 30th day of
August, An. MVcXL."
On the slab are the arms (fn. 33) and quartering of Hatteclyff impaling
Leigh. There is likewise in the chancel an inscribed tablet, to the
memory of Mary, daughter of Sir George Chudleigh, Bart. and wife
of George Cole, Esq. of Addington, late of Petersham, who died
1652; a large marble urn, and an inscribed tablet to the memory of
Barlow Trecothick, Esq. late alderman of London, who died in 1775;
and a monument of white marble against the south wall, to the memory of his first wife, Mrs. Grizell Trecothick.
In bishop Fox's Register (fn. 35) , at Winchester, is the will of John
Att Lee, or at Legh; who directs his body to be buried in Addington
church, in the sepulture of his father, John at Legh. He bequeaths to
the high altar for his tithes forgotten, twelve-pence; to our Lady altar,
sixpence; to St. Katharine altar, sixpence; to the altar of Cosme
and Damiane (fn. 36) , sixpence; to every of his God-children within the
parish of Addington, one ewe sheep; the residue of his effects, he
bequeaths to his cousin Nicholas at Legh. The will bears date 1511.
I imagine, that this John was son of John Legh, who died in 1509;
whose tomb is at the upper end of the chancel, and that his cousin
Nicholas is the person who obtained the grant of possessions in Addington, from Henry the Eighth.
Rectory and vicarage
The church of Addington is dedicated to St. Mary; the benefice
is a vicarage in the diocese of Winchester, and in the deanery of
Ewell. The great tithes are impropriated to the lord of the manor.
The rectory formerly belonged to the monastery of St. Mary Overie,
being the gift of Bartholemew de Kaisnet (fn. 37) , the same person, I
apprehend, whose daughter William Aguillon married. There was
a chapel annexed, called the chapel of All-Saints; the patronage of
which, belonged to Reginald de Edintone, the lord probably of the
other manor: this chapel was likewise granted to the monastery.
There is a tradition in the village to this day, that formerly there
were two churches, to which the above fact probably gave rise;
though the chapel here mentioned, was most likely a chantry adjoin
ing to the church. The rectory, at the dissolution of monasteries,
came into the possession of the Leighs, and has descended with the
manor. The church was taxed in 1291 (fn. 38) , at twelve marks. The
vicar formerly had half of the small tithes of Aguillon's manor (fn. 39) ,
and he had the 20th of sheaves belonging to the manor of St. Mary
Overie; but he received nothing from the ancient manor of the
Templars, nor from the twelve acres, for which the monastery of
St. Mary Overie kept a lamp in the church. The present vicar
is George Edmonstone, A. M. The vicarage is in the patronage of James Trecothick, Esq. It is rated in the king's books, at
4l. 16s. 5½d.
The earliest date of the parish register, is 1559.
Comparative state of population.
||Average of births.
||Average of burials.
|1580 (fn. 40)
The register towards the latter end of the last century, was too
imperfect to form an average. There are now twenty-two
houses in the parish.
In 1603, there were only two burials; in 1625, eight; in 1665,
no burials are entered.
The parish of Addington receives 1l. per annum out of the benefactions of Henry Smith, Esq. Thomas Purdy, who died in 1646,
and is buried in the belfry, left twenty shillings per annum towards
the repairs of the steeple.