Appendix 3
Leases of the Piazza and surrounding streets within the area of the brick boundary wall, 1631-7

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English Heritage

Publication

Author

F. H. W. Sheppard (General Editor)

Year published

1970

Supporting documents

Pages

294-321

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'Appendix 3: Leases of the Piazza and surrounding streets within the area of the brick boundary wall, 1631-7', Survey of London: volume 36: Covent Garden (1970), pp. 294-321. URL: http://british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=46134 Date accessed: 24 September 2014.


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APPENDIX III: LEASES OF THE PIAZZA AND SURROUNDING STREETS WITHIN THE AREA OF THE BRICK BOUNDARY WALL, 1631–7

This table is designed to be used in conjunction with the estate plan, fig. 45 in the end pocket of this volume. The house numbers in the first column are derived from an estate plan of 1795 and Horwood's map of 1799. The second column contains the present numbers or the name of the present building on the site. All leases were granted by Francis, fourth Earl of Bedford. The names and dates of residence of the first occupants are believed to be correct but the early ratebooks are often extremely confused and where it has proved impossible to interpret them with any certainty the first occupant has been omitted from the table.

Sources. Bedford estate leases, rentals and accounts, all now deposited in the Greater London Record Office (E/BER); Chancery Proceedings in the Public Record Office; parish ratebooks in Westminster City Library.

* workmen also employed in building the north-east range of the portico buildings (Nos. 13–19 on fig. 45).

† workmen also employed in building St. Paul's Church.

No. in 1795 or 1799 Present number, or building on the site Date of lease Term of years Annual rent Frontage Lessee Designation Address Consideration No. First occupant Period
£ s. d.
BEDFORD STREET: WEST SIDE, SOUTH TO NORTH
Here is Chandos Street (now Place)
10–19 with 60–68 Chandos Street 10–19 June 1631 31 from 24 June 1631 47 17 6 200'×240' Richard Brigham His Majesty's coachmaker St. Martin's in the Fields building
20 20 14 May 1631 do. 4 10 30' Robert Nelson merchant taylor London do. 20 lessee 1633–5
21 21 13 March 1634/5 39¼ from 25 Dec. 1634 4 20' Samuel Smith embroiderer St. Martin's in the Fields surrender of lease granted to †Silvanus Tailor, and building 21 lessee 1634–64
22 22 do. do. do. do. John Honnor milliner do. do. 22 Michael Mason 1635–7
23 23 24 Jan. 1634/5 do. 5 25' Gabriel Barber esquire Hertford do. 23 ? Sir Francis Kynaston 1635–7
24 24–25 13 March 1634/5 do. 8 40' Richard Clayton citizen of London do. 24 ? Jeremy Hearne 1636–8
25 25 Anthony Withers 1635–54
26 26 See Nos. 19–21 King Street 26 Thomas Davis 1636–53
BEDFORD STREET: EAST SIDE, NORTH TO SOUTH
28 28 See Nos. 15–18 King Street 28 John Withespoone 1634–51
29 29–30 31 from 29 Sept. 1633 5 *†William Mason mason 29 John Hoskins 1634–64
30 30 Sebastian Lepeire 1637–43
Here is the entrance to the churchyard (now Inigo Place)
31 31–32 1 June 1631 do. do. 40' †John Benson the elder bricklayer Westminster ? building 31 ? William Wright 1637–43
32 32 ? Nathaniel Lumsden 1637–c. 1638
33 33 25 May 1631 31 from 24 June 1631 3 20' Josias Fendall citizen and joiner of London do. 33 lessee 1637–52
34 Alginate House See No. 22 Henrietta Street
Here is Henrietta Street
35 35–36 See Nos. 18–19 Henrietta Street
36
37 37–40 37 Humphrey Groves 1635–71
38 38 William Dungam 1633–6
39–40 with 26–30 Maiden Lane 41 from 25 March 1631 10 80'×140' Gabriel Barber esquire Hertford building 39–40 ? John Hamilton 1634–6
BOW STREET: WEST SIDE, SOUTH TO NORTH
1 1 See Nos. 20–21 Russell Street
2 2 31 from 25 March 1631 2 20' Giles Whitinge carpenter St. Giles, Middlesex 2 ? Sir Thomas Sherley 1635–6
3 Russell Street Market area 16 Nov. 1631 31 from 29 Sept.1631 2 20' Thomas Turney bricklayer St. Martin's in the Fields building 3 Robert Crosse 1633–6
4 do. do. do. do. Richard Harris gentleman do. do. 4 lessee 1633–66
5 do. do. do. do. John Ward citizen and girdler of London do. 5 Thomas Limerick 1634–41
6 do. 6 60' Richard Brett 6 ? Richard Browne 1634–7
7 7 ? Mrs. Katherine Whittingham 1633–8
8 8 ? John Ashley 1633–c. 1647
9 Floral Hall and Royal Opera House do. 4 40' George Gardiner 9 Sir Egremont Thynne 1633–6
10 10 Thomas Browne 1634–6
11 do. 2 10 20' John Mitchell 11 Thomas Howard/Haywood 1633–44
12 'held by concealement no rent 40' John Parker cordwainer do. 12 Dr. Robert Gifford 1633–41
13 13 Sir Edward Payton 1633–9
14 31 from 25 March 1632 2 10 20' do. do. do. 14 Lady Dorothy Fowles 1633–41
15 do. 3 33' do. do. do. 15 Widdow Lee 1633–5
16 16 Richard Vincent 1633–4
17 do. do. 28'×27' do. do. do. 17 Richard Booker 1633–5
Adjacent house on south side of Hart Street 2 May 1632 do. 2 30' do. do. do. building
BOW STREET: EAST SIDE, SOUTH TO NORTH
39 39 See Nos. 22–23 Russell Street
38 38 No information
37–35 37–35 31 from 25 March 1631 2 15 60' Jeremie Deane ? carpenter
BRYDGES STREET (NOW PART OF CATHERINE STREET): WEST SIDE, SOUTH TO NORTH BRYDGES STREET (NOW CATHERINE STREET): WEST SIDE, SOUTH TO NORTH
1–7 7–15 See Nos. 1–3 York Street
Here is York Street
8 21 Tavistock Street No information 8 James Smith 1632–68
9 17 9 John Kyte 1633–51
10 19 10 ? Richard Martin 1633–5
11 21 31 from 29 Sept. 1631 4 80' John Ward citizen and girdler of London 11 John Dunnington 1633–51
12 23 12
13 26 13
14 27 14
15 29 do. 5 5 75'×29' Richard Harris 15
16 31 16
17 with 1–2 Russell Street 33 gentleman St. Martin's in the Fields 17 Robert Pattison 1633–80
CHANDOS STREET: NORTH SIDE. See Nos. 10–19 Bedford Street
CHARLES STREET (NOW PART OF WELLINGTON STREET): WEST SIDE, SOUTH TO NORTH
1 (originally two houses) 33–35 Wellington Street and Flower Market 31 from 25 March 1634 1 12 32' Richard Brett 1
1
Widdow Cornwall
? Lady Perrin
1636–c. 1645
1636
2 (do.) 24 Feb. 1634/5 33 from 25 Dec. 1634 2 2 28' Robert Hope tailor St. Giles in the Fields building two messuages and surrender of lease to Isaac de Caus 2
2
John Beard
Giles Drewett
1637–76
1636–8
3 Back of Scawen's site: see No. 1 Tavistock Row 3 ? Charles Harbert 1634–6
4 4 Roger Gibson 1634–6
5 (originally a passage into Piazza) 41 Wellington Street and Flower Market extension
6 Back of Hulbert's site see: Nos. 3–4 Little Piazza 6 Howell Morris 1634–c. 1647
7 7 ? George Gibson 1637
8 8 ? Charles Harbert 1636–8
9 See No. 5 Russell Street 9 Humphrey Marchant 1633–9
10 10 ? William Richardson 1633–6
CHARLES STREET (NOW PART OF WELLINGTON STREET): EAST SIDE, NORTH TO SOUTH
11 42 11 John Wheatley 1633–4
12 40 12 James Forrest 1632–c. 1641
13 with 3–4 Russell Street 38 31 from 29 Sept. 1631 5 13 80'×29' Richard Harris gentleman St. Martin's in the Fields 13 Robert Snelling 1632–5
14 36 do. 4 80' do. 14 Philip Curtis 1633–c. 1641
15 34 do. do. 15 John Forrest 1633–c. 1647
16 32 16 Richard Smith 1633–c. 1645
17 30 17 Elizabeth Wicks 1633–4
(28) See No. 11 York Street
HENRIETTA STREET: SOUTH SIDE, EAST TO WEST
4 4–5 31 from 29 Sept. 1631 8 Sir Humphrey Foster 4 Sir William Cope 1634
5 5 John Honnor 1633–6
6 6–7 do. 6 12. Christopher Hutchinson gentleman St. Giles in the Fields 6 Rt. Hon. Lord Monson 1634–5
7 7 Rt. Hon. Lord Powis 1634–7
8 8 18 July 1631 do. 3 6 22' Henry Hinchloe doctor of physic St. Dunstan's, Middlesex building 8 lessee 1633–5
9 9 15 July 1631 31 from 24 June 1631 3 4 6 21' 6" George Gresley girdler St. Martin's in the Fields do. 9 Thomas Norris 1633–40
10 10 31 July 1631 do. do. do. Samuell Clarke gentleman do. do. 10 The Lady Windsor 1633–c. 1641
11 11–13 26 July 1631 31 from 29 Sept. 1631 9 60' John Honnor milliner do. do. 11 Alexander Sutor 1633–51
12 12 ? Sir Humphrey Crofts 1635–7
13 13 Duncan Manto 1633–53
14 14–17 26 April 1631 41 from 25 March 1631 10 80' Gabriel Barber esquire Hertford building 14 Robert Brewer (Bras-seiur) 1633–4
15 15 Jeremy Richardson 1633–51
16 16 Humphrey Fones 1633–c. 1645
17 17 Henry Cockaine 1633–4
18 18–19 do. do. 15 16 3 63'×63' 6" do. do. do. do. 18 James Pattison 1633–5
19 19 Robert Bryan 1633–5
20 with 35–36 Bedford Street 20 James Weaver 1633–5
HENRIETTA STREET: NORTH SIDE, WEST TO EAST
22 Alginate House 34 from 29 Sept. 1632 7 4 6 William Newton gentleman Biddenham, Beds. 22 James Gascoyne 1633–41
23 23–24 23 Nov. 1632 34½ from 29 Sept. 1632 8 80' do. do. do. surrender of lease granted to Newton 10 May 1631 and building and 'beaute-fyinge' four messuages 23 Thomas Evans 1633–58
24 24 Henry Jones 1633
25 25–29 25 Samuel Barnes c. 1635–45
26 26 James Hill 1633–50
27 27 Daniel Briggs 1634–6
28 28 Gyles Dawson 1633–c. 1645
29 29 Robert Smethwicke 1633–6
30 30 ? George Keele 1633–54
31 30–33 16 July 1633 36 from 25 March 1631 17 6 180' 3" Edward Palmer citizen and girdler of London surrender of lease granted to Palmer 10 May 1631 and building nine messages 31 Thomas Moreton 1633–c. 1641
32 32 Paul Davis 1633–52
33 33 William Harris 1633–5
34 34 34 Archibald Hamilton 1633–7
35 35 Francis Burtby 1633–4
36 19 July 1633 36 from 25 March 1633 4 33'×33' do. do. building two messuages 36 Richard Reeve 1633–47
37 37 John Durdant 1633–47
JAMES STREET: EAST SIDE, SOUTH TO NORTH
1 1 See No. 4–5 Piazza 1 Robert During 1636–43
2 2 14 Aug. 1635 41 from 29 Sept. 1635 1 19' 6" John Parker yeoman St. Martin's in the Fields building one messuage 2 Henry Filkins 1637–43
3 3 21 Aug. 1635 do. do. do. John Ward citizen and girdler of London yeoman do. 3 ? Mrs. Susanne Hutchin
?Richard Thornton
1636–40 1637–c. 1641
4 4 14 Aug. 1635 do. do. 19' John Parker yeoman do. do. 4 Richard Martin 1637–c. 1641
5 5 21 Aug. 1635 do. do. 19' 6" John Ward citizen and girdler of London do. 5 Anne Smith 1635–7
6 6 14 Aug. 1635 do. do. do. Robert Horne gentleman do. do. 6 Paule Greene 1638–43
7 7 14 Aug. 1635 41 from 29 Sept. 1635 1 19' 6" John Ward citizen and girdler of London building one messuage 7 Robert Edwards 1637–c. 1641
8 8–9 3 42'×62' John Ward and John Parker 8 John Owen 1638–9
9 9 Francis Sandall 1636–56
JAMES STREET: WEST SIDE, NORTH TO SOUTH
Here is Hart Street (now Floral Street)
25 25–26 30 Aug. 1635 41 from 29 Sept. 1635 2 7 6 Thomas Barnes carpenter St. Martin's in the Fields building two messuages (he built three, one in Hart Street) 25 ? E. Mallard 1638–c. 1641
26 26 Bartholomew Cobden 1637–54
27 27 [Rectory house] 27 Robert Russell 1637
28 28 do. 1 5 George Plucknett scrivener Westminster 28 Bridgett Millet 1637–44
29 29 do. do. Gabriell Clincard 29 James Harrison 1637–c. 1641
30 30 do. do. George Plucknett do. do. 30 Thomas Ayres 1637–45
31 31 do. do. Gabriell Clincard 31 Dr. Jackson 1637–8
32 part of Bedford Chambers do. 1 12 6 Thomas Barnes carpenter St. Martin's in the Fields 32 George Norton 1637
KING STREET: SOUTH SIDE, EAST TO WEST
1 1–2 3 March 1632/3 36 from 25 March 1633 1 33'×33' Thomas Turney bricklayer do. building two messuages 1 ? Edward Stockdale 1635–7
2 2 William Drayton c. 1635–55
3 3–4 do. do. 3 10 35' do. do. do. building 3
4 4 John Turrin 1635–60
5 5–7 do. do. 5 10 53' do. do. do. do. 5
6 6 Daniel Briggs c. 1635–1650
7 7 Henry Pharoe 1633–44
8 8 20 Aug. 1631 31 from 24 June 1631 1 13 24' do. do. do. do. 8 Richard Light 1634–7
9 9–11 do. do. 3 14 54' do. do. do. do. 9 ? Robert Brooke 1633–6
10 10 ? Dr. Smith 1634
11 11 ? Martha Falwater 1633–4
12 12–14 do. do. 3 16 55' 6" do. do. do. do. 12 ? Francis Beedome 1633–4
13 13 ? Peter Watson 1633–4
14 14 John Thoroughgood 1634–c. 1645
15 15–16 1 June 1631 31 from 29 Sept. 1631 7 19 76'×53' Ralph Bries master carpenter to His Majesty Westminster do. 15 Joseph Hyder 1633–58
16 16 Benjamin Bitridge 1635–6
17 17 Nicholas Hester 1633–40
18 and 28 Bedford Street 18 Robert Symonds
John Minchen
1634–44
1637–71
Here is Bedford Street
19 18–20 13 March 1634/5 39¼ from 25 Dec. 1634 6 5 80'×37' 6" Josias Fendall citizen and joiner of London surrender of lease granted to †Silvanus Tailor, and building 19 John Carmichael 1636–c. 1641
20 20 ? John Stokes 1636–8
21 with 26 Bedford Street 21 ? John Trenchard 1638–43, 1647, 1651–5
KING STREET: NORTH SIDE, WEST TO EAST
23 sites taken into the roadway of Garrick Street 10 May 1632 31 from 24 June 1632 5 50' Thomas Constable milliner St. Martin's in the Fields building 23 John Sawyar 1633–5
24 24 John Wallis 1633–4
25 25 Thomas Southerne 1633–5
26 26 15 May 1632 do. 3 9 23' John Anstie gentleman usher to the King do. 26 lessee 1634–c. 1641
27 27 10 May 1632 do. 5 4 26' Thomas Constable milliner do. do. 27 lessee 1633–66
28 28 15 July 1631 31 from 24 June 1631 3 20' Hugh Pope gentleman do. do. 28 lessee 1633–9
29 29 do. do. do. do. John Cooper barber do. do. 29
30 30 10 July 1633 33 from 25 March 1633 do. do. Mathewe Browne bricklayer do. do. 30
31 31 do. do. do. do. do. do. do. do. 31 Freeman Esq. 1637–8
32 32 16 March 1634/5 31 from 25 March 1635 do. do. John Stacey tailor do. costs Jn. Parker has been at in building 32 lessee 1635–72
33 33 do. do. do. do. Robert Ramsay do. St. Bride's, London do. 33 Dr. May 1635–8
34 34 18 Feb. 1634/5 33 3 12 24' William Hodges esquire St. Martin's in the Fields 34 lessee 1634–5
35 35 20 Feb. 1634/5 31 from 25 March 1635 5 8 36' Adrian Scroope do. do. building 35 lessee 1634–8
36 36–37 27 April 1631 36 from 25 March 1631 6 40' Charles Franckland gentleman Westminster do. 36 Lady Banfield 1633–6
37 37 Gabriell Mathewe 1633–6
38 38 19 July 1633 41 from 20 Sept. 1633 3 6 22' Edward Carter do. St. Martin's in the Fields do. 38 lessee 1633–50
39 40–41 (originally one house) 39–42 10 July 1633 38 from 24 June 1633 12 80' Maurice Aubert principal surgeon to the Queen do. (3 messuages) 39
40 and 41
Edward May
Sir John Brooke(s)
1635
1633–43
42 42 lessee 1634–43
43 See Piazza, north side
MAIDEN LANE: NORTH SIDE. See Nos. 37–40 Bedford Street
THE PIAZZA: PORTICO BUILDINGS, NORTH SIDE, WEST TO EAST
43 King Street 43 King Street 1 April 1637 46 from 29 Sept. 1636 3 15 60' William, Lord Paget Baron Paget of Beaudesert Staffordshire money (house already built by William Hodges Esq.) 43 lessee 1637–43
1 46 from 25 March 1635 1 17 6 Daniel Charlewood bricklayer 1 Walter Montagu 1637–41
2 Bedford Chambers 5 July 1636 41 from 29 Sept. 1635 do. 45' Thomas Barnes carpenter St. Martin's in the Fields building 2 Sir John Harper 1639–41
3 41 from 25 March 1635 2 12 6 do. do. do. 3 John Mordaunt, Earl of Peterborough 1639–43
Here is James Street
4–5 (originally one house) with 1 James Street part of Piazza Chambers 19 May 1636 41 from 29 Sept. 1635 2 18' 8"×55' Henry Sparkes gentleman St. Andrew's, Holborn building two messuages 4–5 ?—Lewes 1637–8
6–7 (originally one house) part of Piazza Chambers and Mart Street 1636 41 from 29 Sept. 1635 2 John Ward citizen and girdler of London 6–7 Sir William Alexander, Earl of Stirling 1638–40
8 do. 1 16 9 28' 10" Thomas Pullen bricklayer Westminster 8 Thomas Killigrew 1636–40
9–10 (originally one house) do. do. William Outing do. 9–10 —Holborne 1638
10–11 (originally one house) Royal Opera House and Floral Hall do. do. George Plucknett scrivener do. 10–11 Sir Thomas Littleton 1637–9
12 20 Nov. 1635 do. do. 29' 5" *Richard Vesey carpenter do. building 12 Sir Edmund/Edward Pye 1637–c. 1673
THE PIAZZA: PORTICO BUILDINGS, EAST SIDE, NORTH TO SOUTH
Nos. 13–14, 15–17, 18–19 with No. 13 Russell Street built for the Earl of Bedford by direct labour (see page 78)
13–14 (originally one house) Royal Opera House Floral Hall and Russell Street Market area 1 Nov. 1634 4 from 29 Sept. 1634 150 (Sir) Edward Sydenham esquire 'diverse good causes' 13–14 lessee
Sir Charles Gawdy
Lady Cooke
1635–43
1637–43
1638–43
16–17 (originally one house) do. do. 160 Sir Edmund Verney knight marshal of the King's household do. 16–17 lessee 1636–c. 1641
18–19 with 13 Russell Street (originally one house) 18–19 Lady Hobart('Hubbert') 1637–c. 1641
Here is Russell Street
1 Little Piazza with 11 Russell street Russell Chambers (Nos. 11–12 Russell Street) 37 from 29 Sept. 1636 6 10 Thomas Barnes carpenter St. Martin's in the Fields 1 ? Sir Thomas Hanmore c. 1640–3
2 Little Piazza 24 Feb. 1636/7 do. 5 30' Edmond Keyser ironmonger and citizen of London building 2
3 Little Piazza Flower Market 24 June 1633 50 from 24 June 1633 6 62' 6" George Hulbert esquire do. do. (two houses in Piazza, three houses in Charles Street) 3 Sir William Uvedale 1640–c. 1647
4 Little Piazza 4 lessee c. 1638
THE PIAZZA: SOUTH SIDE, EAST TO WEST
1 Tavistock Row with 3–4 Charles Street Flower Market and Covered Way 14 Jan. 1633/4 41 from 25 March 1634 4 10 Robert Scawen gentleman; servant to the Earl of Bedford St. Martin's in the Fields building (one house in the Piazza and two in Charles Street) 1 Thomas, Viscount Savile, Earl of Sussex 1635–43, 1647–59
2–3 Tavistock Row (originally one house) 41 from 25 Dec 1634 4 4 Robert Hope tailor St. Giles in the Fields 2–3 Sir Peter Temple 1637–43
Here was Bedford Garden wall
4 Henrietta Street See Nos. 4–5 Henrietta Street
THE PIAZZA: WEST SIDE, SOUTH TO NORTH
Here is Henrietta Street
37 Henrietta Street See Nos. 36–37 Henrietta Street
Here is St. Paul's Church
1 King Street See Nos. 1–2 King Street
Here is King Street
RUSSELL STREET: SOUTH SIDE, EAST TO WEST
1 1–2 See Nos. 15–17 Brydges Street
2
3 3 See Nos. 11–13 Charles Street
4 44 Wellington Street
Here is Charles Street (now Wellington Street)
5 with 9 and 10 Charles Street Flower Market extension 32 from 24 June 1632 7 15 40'×60' Richard Brett
6 2 July 1632 31 from 24 June 1632 3 20' Richard Harrison bricklayer St. Martin's in the Fields building 6 Alexander Breamer 1633–58
7 do. do. do. do. do. do. do. do. 7 Nicholas Phiske 1633–58
8 8 do. do. do. do. do. do. do. do. 8 Walter Bevans c. 1635–62
9 9 do. do. do. do. do. do. do. do. 9 Thomas Bulfielde 1633–c. 1634
10 10 do. do. do. do. do. do. do. do. 10 Joseph Taylor 1633–c.1641
11 part of Russell Chambers See No. 1 Little Piazza
RUSSELL STREET: NORTH SIDE, WEST TO EAST
13 Russell Street Market area See Nos. 18–19 Piazza
14 22 May 1631 31 from 29 Sept. 1631 8 60' John Fishbourne gentleman New Windsor, Berks. building 14 Richard Lasenby 1633–66
15 15 George Dethicke 1632–56
16 16 William Goddard 1632–5
17 17–18 10 June 1631 do. 5 6 8 40' Giles Whitinge carpenter St. Giles, Middlesex do. 17 John White 1633–5
18 18 Robert Dollam 1632–c. 1640
19 19 do. 2 13 8 20' William and Ann Bradshaw 19 lessees 1636–c. 1644
20 20–21 do. 6 40'×40' John Fishbourne gentleman New Windsor, Berks. 20–21 William Clifton 1633–4
21 with 1 Bow Street (originally one house)
Here is Bow Street
22 23 31 from 25 March 1631 2 15 43'×31' 9" John Ward citizen and girdler of London 22
23 23
24 24 part of the Telephone Exchange 31 from 29 Sept. 1631 2 5 45' Richard Ryder carpenter St. Martin's in the Fields 24
20 Little Russel Street 20
YORK STREET (NOW PART OF TAVISTOCK STREET): NORTH SIDE, WEST TO EAST
11 11 and 28 Wellington Street 31 from 29 Sept. 1631 3 12 33'×26' Richard Harris gentleman St. Martin's in the Fields 11 ? George Chapman 1634–6
12 13 do. 1 20' do. do. do. 12 Henry Platt 1633–43
13 15 do. do. do. do. do. do. 13 William Harrison 1634–43
14 17 do. do. do. do. do. do. 14 Thomas Webber 1633–7
15 with 8–10 Brydges Street 19 No information 15 ? Richard Martin 1635–7
YORK STREET (NOW PART OF TAVISTOCK STREET): SOUTH SIDE, EAST TO WEST
1–2 (originally one house) 42–40 4 April 1632 32 from 24 June 1632 5 2 45'×c. 90' Phillip Parker 1–2 Thomas Gough 1632–4
3 with 1–7 Brydges Street 38 3 George Rolphe 1634–9
4 36 do. 2 6 27' William Williamson 4 Robert Brooke 1633–59
5 34 do. 1 10 20' do. 5 James Love 1633–67
6 32 do. do. do. do. 6 William Waverley 1634–6
7 26 Wellington Street do. do. do. do. 7 Benjamin Hewett 1634–6
8 sites taken into the roadway of Wellington Street do. do. do. Phillip Parker 8 Richard Foster 1633–6
9 (with rooms over the back gate of Bedford House) do. do. do. do. 9 Dr. Gibbs 1637–c. 1645
10 33 from 25 March 1633 3 8 Richard Ryder carpenter St. Martin's in the Fields 10 Robert Scawen 1637–43

APPENDIX III LEASES OF BEDFORD GROUND, 1706–14

All leases were granted by Wriothesley, second Duke of Bedford, until his death on 26 May 1711. Thereafter they were granted by the trustees of Wriothesley, the third Duke.

The house numbers are derived from a Bedford estate plan of 1795. Southampton Court is now part of Maiden Lane.

Sources. Bedford estate leases and a survey of 1759 (for house signs), all now deposited in the Greater London Record Office (E/BER); parish ratebooks in Westminster City Library.

The layout of Bedford Ground is shown on fig. 32 (p. 208).

No. House Sign in 1759 Date of lease Term of years Annual rent Frontage Lessee Designation Address Consideration First occupant Period
£ s.
SOUTHAMPTON STREET: WEST SIDE, NORTH TO SOUTH
22 24 April 1708 61 from 25 March 1707 7 10 15' John Prince junior bricklayer St. Giles in the Fields building one messuage Mr. Francis Ray 1709–15
23 1 June 1708 do. 8 16' 6" Ann Oldfield spinster St. Paul's do. lessee 1709–13
24 Indian King and Queen 12 May 1708 do. do. do. Thomas Barlow carpenter do. do. Mr. Robert Wilks 1709
25 7 March 1709 do. 15 22' Richard Petty gentleman do. do. Mr. Lloyd 1709–15
26 Angel 27 Oct. 1707 61 from 25 March 1706 23 8 26' William Farrer esquire Inner Temple do. lessee 1709–13
27 10 Dec. 1706 do. 24 6 27' Samuel Rolt esquire Milton Ernest, Beds. do. lessee 1708
28 Crown 22 Jan. 1706/7 do. 12 19' Benjamin Payne citizen and carpenter of London do. Mrs. Martha Lucas 1709–14
29 with 44 Maiden Lane 21 Jan. 1706/7 do. do. 16' 6"×46' do. do. do. Mr. John Thomas ? 1709–12
Here is Southampton Court (now part of Maiden Lane)
30 Three Nuns 6 Dec. 1706 do. 10 18'×34' 8" John Blenco citizen and plasterer of London do. Mr. John Sammon 1709–10
31 with 3 Maiden Lane Phoenix 14 Dec. 1706 do. 25 17 22' Ambrose Godfrey Hanckwitz chemist St. Martin's in the Fields do. lessee 1707–41
32 17 Jan. 1706/7 do. 16 20' William George silk dyer do. do. lessee 1707–23
33 3 Nov. 1707 61 from 25 March 1707 17 2 22' Thomas Gardiner doctor of physic St. Paul's do. ? lessee 1708
34 3 Sept. 1708 do. 8 10 17' Mary and Alice Hebburne spinsters do. do. lessee (Alice) 1709–15
35 25 Oct. 1708 do. do. do. Thomas Barlow carpenter do. do. Mrs. Bridget James 1710–28
36 Wheat sheaf 16 May 1710 61 from 29 Sept.1708 10 20' John Chaplin citizen and joiner St. Anne's do. Mr. Saltmarsh 1709–10
37 19 April 1709 do. 10 16 27' John Pincke painter St. Paul's do. lessee 1710–17
38 Hat 2 Aug. 1708 61 from 25 Dec. 1707 10 24' John Foltrop citizen and carpenter of London do. Major Ward 1710–29
388 and 389 Strand Jarr do. do. 30 45' 8"×30' do. do. building two messuages Mr. Thomas Clarke 1709–13
Here is the Strand
SOUTHAMPTON STREET: EAST SIDE, SOUTH TO NORTH
378 Strand 2 Feb. 1708/9 61 from 25 Dec. 1707 20 35' 6"×17' John Foltrop citizen and carpenter of London building one messuage Mr. Thomas Boucher 1709–31
2 do. do. 7 16 15' 3" do. do. do. John Paterson 1710–33
3 14 June 1709 do. do. 13' Thomas Harriot glazier St. Anne's do. Mrs. Joan Sanclough 1710–13
4 19 March 1708/9 do. 8 8 14' John Prince junior bricklayer St. Giles in the Fields do. lessee 1709–11
5 3 Jan. 1706/7 61 from 25 March 1706 12 20' John Pincke painter St. Paul's do. lessee 1708–9
6 4 Jan. 1706/7 do. do. do. do. do. do. do. Mrs. Elizabeth Fancourt 1710–41
7 5 Sept. 1707 do. 10 17' Thomas Harriot
John Prince
junior
glazier bricklayer St. Anne's
St. Giles in the Fields
do. Mr. Thomas Cotton 1708–21
8 3 Sept. 1707 61 from 25 March 1707 6 10 12' 2" do. do. do. do. do. do. do. Mr. Morine Wakeham 1708–18
9 6 Aug. 1707 do. 10 16 18' Thomas Martin bricklayer St. Martin's in the Fields do. Mr. Thomas Chester 1709–29, 1731–37
10 Unicorn 20 May 1708 do. 12 20' John Curtis do. do. do. Mr. William Elliott 1709–18
11 17 Jan. 1708/9 61 from 24 June 1707 9 15 19' 6" (Captain) Thomas Rathbone carpenter St. Marylebone do. Mr. Robert Hall 1709–13
12 Green Cannister 14 May 1708 61 from 25 March 1706 10 20' William Holmes grocer St. Martin's in the Fields do. Mr. Benjamin Powell 1709–17, 1719–26
13 do. do. do. do. do. do. do. do. Mr. John Seaton 1708–40
14 Bedford Head 10 April 1708 do. 30 15 31'× 51' Francis Oakeley (executor of widow of Benjamin Cooke) glazier St. Paul's do. Mr. James Gyde 1708
Here is Tavistock Street
The following five leases are not building leases; Nos. 15–17 and 19–20 were built for the second Duke of Bedford by direct labour (see page 38)
15 19 Nov. 1708 7 from 25 Dec. 1708 60 34' 6"×18' 3" Robert Skelton cheesemonger St. Margaret's lessee 1709–13
16 10 June 1708 7 from 29 Sept. 1708 70 21' 6" Christian Leopold Steffken gentleman St. Martin's in the Fields rents and covenants lessee 1709–13
17 26 Nov. 1707 7 from 25 March 1708 67 10 21' 6" Elizabeth and Martha Ridley spinsters St. Paul's do. lessee (Elizabeth) 1708–19
18 Leased with 14 Tavistock Row (see below) Mrs. Silverton 1707–8
19 10 March 1707/8 14 from 25 March 1708 42 21' 9" Charles Whitaker gentleman Worcester do. Mrs. Grace Whitaker 1708–17
20 31 Dec. 1707 7 from 25 March 1708 60 16'×34' 6" James Wells oilman St. Faith's London rents and covenants Mr. Gerrard Wells 1708–12
Here is the Piazza
TAVISTOCK ROW: WEST TO EAST
14 2 Jan. 1706/7 61 from 25 March 1706 16 10 22' John Rowley gentleman St. Paul's building one messuage (fn. *) lessee 1707–8
13 24 Nov. 1714 61 from 24 June 1714 8 16' Gray Sambach plumber do. do. Mr. Christian Frederick Zincke 1715–48
12 do. do. 4 do. John Prince junior bricklayer do. do. Mr. Robert Sedgwick 1715–19
11 do. do. 8 do. Henry Bodker goldsmith do. do. lessee 1715–17
10 17 June 1712 59 from 25 March 1713 11 8 19' William Long gentleman St. Marylebone building one messuage Mr. Jo Nicholls 1712–13
9 Acorn do. 61 from 25 March 1712 8 16' 2" do. do. do. do. Mrs. Ann Ludlam 1713–33
8 18 May 1713 58 from 29 Sept. 1712 20 26' Nicholas Launce do. St. Paul's building three messuages (two behind) Mr. Griffith Pugh 1712–16
7 See No. 8 behind No. 8 Mrs. Elizabeth Wall 1712–15
6 7 July 1707 61 from 25 March 1706 27 10 22' John Leader cooper do. building one messuage lessee 1708–13
5 28 July 1712 59 from 25 March 1712 15 20' John Vander Vaart gentleman do. do. lessee 1711–26
4 18 April 1707 61 from 25 March 1707 12 20' John Phillips citizen and bricklayer of London do. Mrs. Giles 1712
Here is Tavistock Court
TAVISTOCK STREET: SOUTH SIDE, EAST TO WEST
No. 10 York Street with 1 Hat and Stocking 5 July 1712 59 from 25 March 1712 12 34' John Prince junior bricklayer St. Paul's building lessee 1712–20
2 and 3 Harlequin and Pierot Golden Anchor and King's Arms 16 May 1712 do. 18 40' Joseph Gronous citizen and vintner of London building two messuages Mr. Richard Leveridge 1714–36
4 Mr. Jerom Brunetta 1714–22
5 Indian Queen 31 Aug. 1713 60 from 29 Sept. 1713 10 4 31' 6" Benjamin Payne citizen and carpenter of London building one messuage Mr. Barcher 1715
6 Sun 17 May 1712 59 from 25 March 1712 7 18' do. do. do. Mr. John Hawk 1714–15
7 Angel and Crown 16 May 1712 do. do. do. do. do. do. Mr. John Jeffryes 1712–13
8 Wheatsheaf and Star 10 April 1711 61 from 25 Dec. 1710 11 24' do. do. do. lessee 1712–13, 1715
9 Crown and Fan 15 March 1710/11 61 from 25 March 1711 7 10 19' Thomas Samms joiner St. Clement Danes do. Mr. Mathew Butterfick 1712–15
10 Three Crowns 28 July 1712 60 from 25 March 1712 7 20' Abraham Jordan citizen and carpenter of London do. Mr. Benjamin Portlock ? 1714–24
11 Golden Fleece do. do. do. do. William Diamond bricklayer St. James's Westminster do. Mrs. Elizabeth Vyes 1714
12 Indian Queen Star and Garter 4 Aug. 1712 do. 13 6 38' 6" John Foltrop citizen and carpenter of London building two messuages Mr. Richard Coombes 1714–16
13 Mr. John Aldern 1714–33
14 Indian Queen 2 Aug. 1708 61 from 25 Dec. 1707 12 34' do. do. do. Mrs. Elizabeth Leigh and George Carver 1710 1710–12
15 Golden Fleece Mr. Gribbs 1710
16 Wheatsheaf do. do. do. do. do. do. do. Susana Howell 1709–10
17 Mr. Christopher Plunket 1710
18 Naked Boy 2 Aug. 1708 61 from 25 Dec. 1707 5 19 17' Abraham Jordan citizen and carpenter of London building one messuage Mr.John Bradshaw 1709–24
19 Blackmoors head do. do. do. do. do. do. do. Captain William Hewet 1709–10
20 Golden Lyon Acron Golden Anchor and Star do. do. 17 13 51' John Foltrop citizen and carpenter building three messuages Mrs. Dorothy Pagett 1710–18
21 Mr. Daniel Lambert 1710–13
22 Dr. John Hays 1709–13
23 Three fleur de lis 14 May 1708 61 from 25 March 1706 7 22' 2½" William Holmes grocer St. Martin's in the Fields building one messuage Mr. Thomas Allen 1710–38
Here is Southampton Street
TAVISTOCK STREET: NORTH SIDE, WEST TO EAST
24 Built for the second Duke of Bedford by direct labour, and leased by verbal agreement Mr. Jo Philips 1710–12
25 10 June 1709 61 from 25 March 1706 10 20' John Chaplin citizen and joiner of London St. Anne's building one messuage Mrs. Anne Appleton 1710–13
26 Wheatsheaf 13 June 1709 do. 11 22' do. do. do. do. Mr. Joshua Lloyd 1709–12
27 Pineapple 11 May 1708 61 from 25 Dec.1707 10 21' Joseph Hayes merchant St. James's Westminster do. lessee 1709–29
28 One of the three houses to be built under lease to Nicholas Launce: see No. 8 Tavistock Row Mr. George Washington 1712–29
29 Flower de Luce Back of house in Tavistock Row built under lease to John Leader: see No.6 Tavistock Row Mr. Jo Leader (lessee) 1714
30 The Sun 16 Dec. 1710 61 from 29 Sept. 1710 7 20' John Leader cooper St. Paul's do. Mr. Burston 1712–13
31 Salutation 12 Dec. 1706 61 from 25 March 1706 do. 20'×35' John Phillips citizen and bricklayer of London do. Mr. Joseph Machin 1709–15
Here is Tavistock Court
32 Crown Princess Royal 4 Aug.1712 59 from 25 March 1713 17 2 41'×59' John Foltrop citizen and carpenter of London building three messuages, (one in Tavistock Court) Mr. John Pyles 1714
33 Mr. Francis Hurden 1712–14
34 Mr. James Walker 1709
35 Rising Sun 24 July 1712 60 from 25 March 1712 8 11 19' Thomas Rathbone carpenter St. Marylebone building one messuage Mrs. Mary Bayley 1714–16
36 Blackmoors head do. do. do. do. do. do. do. do. Mr. Edward Stockdale 1714–23
37 Eagle and Pearl 17 Jan. 1710/11 61 from 25 Dec. 1710 7 4 16' William Broughton clothworker St. Mary le Savoy do. lessee 1712–29
38 Parrott 22 April 1712 59¾ from 25 March 1712 8 2 18' Michel Caboret Lagarene goldsmith St. Martin's in the Fields do. Mr. Francis Young 1712–14
39 Golden Ball 30 May 1712 61 from 25 March 1712 8 18' William Sudbury carpenter St. Mary le Savoy do. Mrs. Joana St. Loe 1714
40 18 March 1713 14 59 from 25 March 1714 12 16 32' Edward Bearcroft gentleman St. Andrew Holborn building two messuages Mr. Samuell Bellgrove 1714
41 Mr. Solomon Long 1714–25
42 18 May 1713 59 from 25 March 1712 11 72'×15' Nicholas Launce gentleman St. Paul's building two messuages Mrs. Catherine Cowper 1714–29 1714 1714–15
43 Mr. Jeremiah Milner and Mrs. Ursula Holton 1714 1714–15
Here is Charles Street
SOUTHAMPTON COURT (NOW PART OF MAIDEN LANE): NORTH SIDE
43 Crown and Sword 30 Aug. 1707 61 from 25 March 1706 6 18' Benjamin Payne citizen and carpenter of London building one messuage Mr. Goodwin Washbourne 1708–13
42 Half Moon 1 Sept. 1707 do. do. do. do. do. do. Mr. Pelletier 1710–11
SOUTHAMPTON COURT: SOUTH SIDE
1 7 Dec. 1706 do. 11 18 45' 4' John Blenco citizen and plasterer of London building two messuages Mr. Richard Hill 1709–26, 1733
2 Jarr Mr. Thomas Hughes 1708–10
3 Ambrose Godfrey's laboratory, see No. 31 Southampton Street
4 14 Feb. 1706/7 61 from 25 March 1706 8 16' 6" James Jones sawyer St. Paul's building one messuage lessee 1708
TAVISTOCK COURT: WEST SIDE, NORTH TO SOUTH
1 16 Dec. 1706 61 from 25 March 1706 4 26' John Phillips citizen and bricklayer of London building one messuage Mr. Gril Gostoberry 1709–11
2 19 April 1727 61 from 25 March 1707 do. do. do. do. do. Mrs. Sarah Bradshaw 1713–18
HENRIETTA STREET: SOUTH SIDE, WEST TO EAST
3 White Bear 7 March 1709/10 61 from 25 March 1707 15 23' Richard Petty gentleman St. Paul's do. Mr. Henry Emmerson 1709–18
2 Three Flowers de Luces do. do. do. 21' do. do. do. do. Mr. James Robinson 1709–10
1 5 Jan. 1707/8 61 from 25 March 1706 8 10 40'×13' 3" John Prince junior bricklayer St. Giles in the Fields do. Henry Ferne Esquire 1709–11

Footnotes

* This site included that of 18 Southampton Street, where Rowley built a second messuage behind No. 19