Charles I, 1625
An Acte for the Graunt of two entire Subsidies graunted by the Temporaltie.

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History of Parliament Trust

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John Raithby (editor)

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1819

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9-21

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'Charles I, 1625: An Acte for the Graunt of two entire Subsidies graunted by the Temporaltie.', Statutes of the Realm: volume 5: 1628-80 (1819), pp. 9-21. URL: http://british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=47202 Date accessed: 30 September 2014.


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Contents

Grant of Two entire Subsidies; viz. on Personal Estates (after Payment of Debts, &c.) 2s. 8d. in the Pound.
II. Two Subsidies on Real Estates 4s. in the Pound. III. Plate, &c. held for Corporations to be rated. IV. Subsidies when rated in Shires, Towns,&c. V. Absentees whether Natives or Aliens charged by Certificate of Inhabitant of Place where Lands,&c. be. VI. Commissioners to be appointed by Lord Chancellor, Lord Treasurer, and other great Officers. VII. Commissioners to execute. Act according to the tenor thereof. VIII. Persons named in Precept to appear before Commissioners. IX. Spiritual Persons how rated for Temporal Possessions. X. Assessors misbehaving. XI. Remedy for Persons aggrieved by the Assessment. XII. Commissioners to be rated at such Place where they shall be Commissioners; other Persons where they have resided for the most Part of the Year preceding. XIII. Remedy for Commissioners and other Persons taxed in other Place than where they are Commissioners or were resiant for most Part of the preceding Year. XIV. Double Charges not to be allowed. XV. Proviso for Persons having two Mansions, or being Houshold Servants or Waiting Servants to the King or others. XVI. The Power of Commissioners to tax other Commissioners, and also Assessors. XVII. Rates estreated under the Sign Manual and Seal of the Commissioners, and Estreat delivered to sufficient; Inhabitants,&c. of Hundreds,&c. XVIII. Commissioners may appoint Collectors XIX. Commissioners to take Recognizances of Collectors. XX. Persons having been Collectors of First Subsidy not to be appointed Collectors of Second Subsidy, unless they shew Quietus est. Penalty £100. XXI. Persons living in Cities,&c. not to be appointed Collectors or Assessors out of them. XXII. Assessors, Attornies, Factors,&c. after being charged with Receipt of Assessment, dying or removing or concealing their Goods, XXIII. Allowance to High Collectors and their Accountants. XXIV. Commissioners,&c. not compellable to make Presentments other than to Exchequer. XXV. Head Collectors for First Subsidy not compellable to be Collectors of Second Subsidy. XXVI. Commissioners, if they cannot agree,&c. may make several Indentures. XXVII. Commissioners not thinking fit to join in one Certificate Proceedings. XXVIII. Proviso for Stamford Baron. XXIX. Persons having Spiritual and Temporal Possessions, and also Personal Property, not to be doubly charged. XXX. Exception for Scotland, Ireland, Jersey and Guernsey. XXXI. Exception for English Inhabitants of Berwick-upon-Tweed. XXXII. Proviso for Patents of Liberties,&c. to Cities,&c. XXXIII. Proviso for Universities of Oxford and Cambridge and Winchester College and Eaton College and the poor Knights of Windsor and Free Schools and Readers,&c. in the Universities of Oxford and Cambridge and for Hospitals,&c. XXXIV. Inhabitants of Cinque Ports for the most part of the Year before the Grant chargeable during Resiance only. XXXV. Proviso for Inhabitants of Rumney Marsh. XXXVI. Alien or Denizen assigning his Landsv,&c. to his Child with Intent to defraud the Subsidy, such Child chargeable as an Alien. Footnotes

Grant of Two entire Subsidies; viz. on Personal Estates (after Payment of Debts, &c.) 2s. 8d. in the Pound.

Most Excellent and most Gracious Soveraigne, wee your Majesties most humble, faithfull and loving Subjects, your Co[m]mons assembled in your High Court of Parliament, taking into our due and serious Consideracion the manifold occasions which at your Majesties first entrance into the Governement of these your Realmes and Dominions doe presse your Majestie; and your most important Affaires, which both at home and abroad are now in Accion, and cannot but exhaust your Treasure beyond the ordinarie p[ro]porcion of your setled Revenue; and with joy and comfort unexpressable, calling to minde the great hopes wee have received heretofore, and the p[re]sent Assurance wee now enjoy of your Majesties most Wise Religious and Gracious Government; As a pledge of our most bounden dutie and thankefullnes Wee humblie p[re]sent your Majestie with the free and cheerefull Gift of two entire Subsidies, which wee humblie beseech your Majestie graciouslie to accept, as the first fruits of the most dutifull Affeccions of your loyall and loving Subjects devoted to your Service: And wee shall dailie and devoutlie pray unto the Almightie God, the King of Kings for a blessing from heaven upon your high and great Designes, that they may be successefull and prosperous to the glory of God, your Majesties eternall Honour and the restoring of the auncient renowne and glory of this Nacion.

Aliens and Popish Recusants Convict, 5s. 4d. in the Pound; Poll Tax on Aliens and Popish Recusants Convict not contributory as above 8d.

And therefore wee humbly beseech your Majestie, That it may be enacted, and be it enacted by the Kings most Excellent Majestie, the Lords Spirituall and Temporall, and Co[m]mons in this p[re]sent Parliament assembled, and by the authoritie of the same, that our said Soveraigne Lord the Kings Majestie, his Heires and Successors shall have receive and enjoy two entire Subsidies, to be rated taxed levied and paid at two severall payments, of every p[er]son Spirituall and Temporall of what estate or degree he or they be of, according to the tenor of this Act in manner and forme following, That is to saie; Aswell that every p[er]son borne within this Realme of England Wales, or other the Kings Dominions, as all and every Fraternitie Guild Corporacion Misterie Brotherhood and Commonaltie corporate & not corporate within this Realme of England, Wales, or other the Kings Dominions being worth three pounds, for every pound, as well in coine and the value of every pound that every such p[er]sons, Fraternitie, Guild, Corporacion, Misterie Brotherhood and Commonaltie corporate or not corporate, hath of his or their owne, or any other to his or their use, As also Plate stocke of Merchandise, all manner of corne and graine, housholdstuffe, and of all other goods moveable, aswell within this Realme as without, and of all such so[m]mes of mony as to him or them is or shalbe owing whereof he or they trust in his or their conscience. surelie to be paid (except and out of the p[ro]misses deducted such so[m]mes of mony as he or they doe owe, and in his and their consciences intend trulie to pay, and except also the apparell of every such p[er]sons, their wives and children belonging to their owne bodies, saving jewells gold silver stone and pearle) shall pay to and for either of the said Subsidies, two shillings eight pence of every pound. And also every Alien and Straunger borne out of the Kings obeysance, aswell Denizen and others inhabiting within this Realme; and also every Popish Recusant convict, or which before the tyme of the Assessement of the severall Subsidies by this p[re]sent Act graunted shalbe a Popish Recusant convict, or which are or shalbe indicted for Popish Recusancie, and their indictments are or shalbe removed by Cerciorare, of every pound that he or they shall have in coine and the value of every pound in plate corne graine merchandize housholdstuffe or other goods jewells chattells moveable and unmoveable as is aforesaid, as well within this Realme as without, and of all so[m]mes of money to him or them owing, whereof he or they trust in his or their conscience to be paid (except and out of the p[re]misses deducted, every such so[m]me or so[m]mes of mony which he or they doe owe, and in his or their conscience or consciences intend trulie to pay) shall pay to and for each of the said Subsidies, five shillings foure pence of every pound. And also that every Alien and stranger borne, borne out of the Kings Dominions, being denizen or not denizen, not being contributorie to any the Rates aforesaid, and being of the age of seaven yeares or above, And every Popish Recusant convict, or which before the time of the Assessement of the severall Subsidies by this p[re]sent Act graunted shalbe a Popish Recusant convict and being of the age of seaventeene yeares, or which being of the age of one and twentie yeares have not received the holy Co[m]munion within one yeare then last past, shall pay to and for the said first Subsidie eight pence for every poll, and to and for the said second Subsidie eight pence for every poll, And the master or he or shee, with whome the said Alien is or shalbe abiding at the tyme of the taxacion or taxacions thereof to be charged with the same for lacke of payment thereof.

II. Two Subsidies on Real Estates 4s. in the Pound.

Aliens, &c. 8s. in the Pound.

And be it further enacted by the authoritie aforesaid That every p[er]son borne under the Kings obeisance, and every Corporacion, Fraternitie Guild Misterie Brotherhood, and Commonaltie, corporate or not corporate for every pound that every of the same p[er]sons, and every Corporacion, Fraternitie Guild Misterie Brotherhood & Co[m]monaltie corporate or not corporate, or any other to his or their use hath in fee simple fee taile for terme of life terme of yeares by Execucion Wardship or by Coppie of Court Roll of and in any Honors Castles Mannors Lands Ten[an]ts Rents s[er]vices Hereditam[en]ts An[n]uities Fees Corrodies or other yearelie proffits of the yearelie value of twentie shillings, as well within auncient demesne and other places priviledged as elsewhere, and so upward, shall pay to and for the said first subsidie, foure shillings of and for every pound and to and for the second Subsidie foure shillings of and for every pound: And every Alien denizen or not denizen borne out of the Kings obeysance; and every Popish Recusant convict, or which before the tyme of the assessement of the severall Subsidies by this p[re]sent Act graunted, shalbe a Popish Recusant convict, which shalbe indicted for Popish Recusancie, and their indictments are or shalbe removed by Cerciorare, in such case to pay to and for the said first Subsidie eight shillings for every pound, And to and for the said second Subsidie eight shillings of every pound.

III. Plate, &c. held for Corporations to be rated.

Lands, Corodies, Fees, &c.; Proviso for Ornaments, &c. of Churches and Chappels.

And that all so[m]mes to be p[re]sented and chargeable by this Act, either for goods and debts, or either of them, or for Lands Tenements and other the p[re]misses, as is in this Act contained, shalbe at every of the said payments, set and taxed after the rate and p[ro]porcion [and (fn. 1) ] according to the true meaning of this Act; Lands and Tenements chargeable to the dismes of the Clergie and yearelie wages due to the servaunts for their yearelie service (other then the Kings. servaunts taking yearelie wages of five pounds or above) onelie excepted and foreprised. And that all Plate, Coyne, Jewells, Goods, Debts and Chattells p[er]sonalls, and all Lands, Tenements, and other the p[re]misses as aforesaid, being in the rule and custodie of any p[er]son or p[er]sons to the use of any Corporacion, Fraternitie, Guild, Misterie, Brotherhood, or any Commonaltie, being corporate or not corporate, be, and shalbe rated, set, and charged by reason of this Act, at the value certified by the p[re]senters of that Certificate of every pound in goods and debts as is aforesaid, And for every pound in Lands Tenements An[n]uities Fees Corrodies, and other yearelie proffitts as is aforesaid, and the so[m]mes that are above rehearsed sett and taxed to be levied and taken of them that shall have such goods in custodie, or otherwise charged for Lands as is before rehearsed, And the same p[er]son and p[er]sons, and bodies corporate by authoritie of this Act shalbe discharged against him or them that shall or ought to have the same at the time of the payment or deliverie thereof, or at his otherwise departure from the custodie or possession of the same: Except and alwaies foreprised from the charge and assessement of the said Subsidies all Goods Chattells Jewells and ornaments of Churches and Chappells, which have beene ordayned and used in Churches and Chappells for the honor and service of Almightie God.

IV. Subsidies when rated in Shires, Towns,&c.

Names, Places,&c. of Persons liable sent to the Exchequer.; Names of Collectors certified to the Exchequer; Payments in Liberties,&c.

And the said first Subsidie, shalbe by authoritie aforesaid taxed, sessed, and rated according to this Act, in every Shire, Riding, Lath, Wapentake, Rape, Citie, Borough, Towne, and every other place within this Realme of England, and Wales, and other the Kings Dominions before the last day of September now next co[m]ming, And the said second Subsidie, shall by the authoritie aforesaid, be taxed sessed and rated before the last day of March now next ensuing, And the particuler so[m]mes of every Shire Riding, Borough, Towne, and other place aforesaid, with the particular names of such as are or shalbe chargeable, to, and for the payment of the said first Subsidie, to be taxed and sett by the Co[m]missioners to the same to be lymitted, or two of them at the least, with the names of the high Collectors, and in the same forme shalbe certified into the Kings Exchequer, before the twentith day of October next co[m]ming: And the particuler so[m]mes of every Shire, Riding, Borough, Towne, and other places aforesaid, with the particular names of such as are chargeable for the said second Subsidie to be taxed and sett by the Co[m]missioners to the same to be lymitted or two of them at the least, with the names of the high Collectors, and in the same forme shalbe certified into the Kings Exchequer, before the twentith of Aprill now next co[m]ming, And the said so[m]mes in forme aforesaid to be taxed to and for the payment of the said first Subsidie, shalbe paid in one entire so[m]me into the Kings receipt of Exchequer aforesaid to the use of our said Soveraigne Lord, at or before the last day of October now next co[m]ming, And the said so[m]mes in manner and forme aforesaid, to be taxed for the payment of the said second Subsidie shalbe paid in one entire so[m]me into the receipt aforesaid, to the use aforesaid at or before the last day of Aprill now next co[m]ming, And the so[m]mes abovesaid, of and for the said Subsidies shalbe taxed, set, asked, and demaunded, taken, gathered, levied, and paid to the use of our said Soveraigne Lord his Heires and Successors in forme aforesaid, as well within Liberties Franchesies Sanctuaries Auncient demesnes and other whatsoever places exempt or not exempt, as without, except such Shires places and p[er]sons as shalbe foreprised in and by this p[re]sent Act, any Grant Charter p[re]scripcion, Use or Libertie, by reason of any l[ia]res patents, or other priviledge p[re]scripcion, allowance for the same, or whatsoever other matter or discharge heretofore to the contrary made, granted, used, or obtayned notwithstanding.

V. Absentees whether Natives or Aliens charged by Certificate of Inhabitant of Place where Lands,&c. be.

Rule by which they are to be charged.

And it is further enacted by the authoritie of this p[re]sent Parliament, That every such p[er]son aswell such as be borne under the Kings obeysance, as every other p[er]son Stranger borne, Denizen or not Denizen, inhabiting within this Realme, or within Wales, or other the Kings Dominions, which at the tyme of the same assesings or Taxacions or ev[er]y of them to be had or made, shalbe out of this Realme, or out of Wales, and have goods chattells lands [and (fn. 2) ] tenements fees or an[n]uities, or other proffitts within this Realme, or in Wales shalbe charged and chargeable for the same by the Certificate of the inhabitants of the place where such goods chattells lands tenements or other the p[re]misses then shalbe, or in such other place where such p[er]son or p[er]sons, or his or their Factor Deputie, or Attorny shall have their most resort unto, within this Realme or in Wales, in like manner as if the said p[er]son were or had byn at the tyme of the said assessing within this Realme: And that every p[er]son abiding or dwelling [within (fn. 3) ] or without this Realme, shalbe charged or chargeable to the same Subsidies graunted by this Act, according and after the rate of such yearelie substance, or value of lands, or tenements goods chattells and other the p[re]misses, as every p[er]son so to be charged, shalbe set at, the tyme of the said assessing or taxacion upon him to be made and no otherwise.

VI. Commissioners to be appointed by Lord Chancellor, Lord Treasurer, and other great Officers.

Commissioners for Boroughs and Towns Corporate, not being Counties, not to execute Act out of their Boroughs or Towns.; Penalty.; Certificate thereof by the other Commissioners to the Exchequer.

And be it further enacted by the authoritie aforesaid that for the assessing and ordering of the said two Subsidies to be dulie had the Lord Chauncellor of England, or the Lord Keep of the Great Seale, the Lord Treasurer of England, the Lord President of the Kings Councell, the Lord Privie Seale, the Lord Steward of the Kings houshold, the Lord Admirall of England, the Lord Chamberlaine of the Kings most honorable Houshold for the tyme being or two of them at the least (whereof the Lord Chauncellor of England, or Keep of the Greate Seale for the tyme being to be one) shall and may name and appoint of and for every Shire Riding and other places, aswell within this Realme as in Wales, and other the Kings Dominions, as also of and for every Citie and Towne being a Countie of it selfe, and of and for the Isle of Wight, such certaine nomber of p[er]sons of every of the same Shires Ridings Lathes Wapentakes Rapes Cities Townes and Isle of Wight and every other place, as they shall thinke convenient to be Co[m]missioners of and within the same place whereof they be Inhabitants: and also of and for the honorable houshold of the Kings Majestie, in what Shire or other place the said houshold shall [then happen (fn. 4) ] to be, And the Lord Chauncellor or Lord Keep of the great Seale for the tyme being, and other with him before named, or two of them as is aforesaid in like manner may name and appoint of every other such Borough, Townes corporate, as well in England as in Wales, and other the Kings Dominions, as they shall thinke fitt and requisite, six, five, foure, three or two of the head Officers, and other honest inhabitants in every of the said Cities Boroughes and Townes corporate, according to the nomber and multitude of the people being in the same, The which p[er]sons (if any such be) thereunto named of the said Inhabitants of the said Boroughs and Townes corporate, not being Counties of themselves, shalbe joyned and putt in as Co[m]missioners, with the p[er]sons named for such Shires and Ridings, as the said Boroughes and Townes corporate, not being Counties in themselves, be set and have their being: which p[er]sons so named for and of the said Boroughs and Townes corporate, not being Counties, by reason of their dwelling in the same, shall not take uppon them, nor none of them to put any part of their Co[m]mission in execucion for the p[re]misses out of the said Boroughs and Townes corporate wherein they be so named onelie, nor to execute the said Co[m]mission within the Borough or Towne corporate where they shalbe so dwelling, but at such daies and tymes as the said other Co[m]missioners for the same Shire and Riding shall thereunto lymitt and appoint within the said Borough and Towne corporate not being a Countie, whereof they be so named, and not out of such Borough or Towne, and in that manner to be ayding and assisting with the said other Co[m]missioners, in and for the good executing of the effect of the said Co[m]mission, uppon paine of every of the said Co[m]missioners soe named, for every such Citie Borough and Towne corporate, not being a Countie, to make such Fine as the said other Co[m]missioners in the Co[m]mission of and for the same Shire or Riding so named, or three of them at the least, shall by their discrecions sett and certifie into the Kings Exchequer, there to be levied to the use of the Kings Majestie in like manner as if such or like so[m]mes had byn sett and rated uppon every such p[er]son for the said Subsidies.

Commissions directed out of Chancery; Schedules to Commissions.; Commissioners to divide themselves.; Commissioners not compellable to act out of Shires.

The which Co[m]missioners soe named of and for the said Citties, Boroughs and Townes not being Counties, and onelie put into the said Co[m]mission by reason of their dwelling in the same, shall not have any part or porcion of the Fees and rewards of the Co[m]missioners and their Clerks in this Act afterwards specified and allowed, And the Lord Chauncellor of England or Keep of the greate Seale of England for the tyme being, shall make and direct out of the Court of Chauncery under the great Seale severall Co[m]missions: That is to saie, For every Shire Riding Lath Wapentake Rape Citie Towne Borough Isle and houshold unto such p[er]son and p[er]sons as by his discrecion, or any of the other with him before named and appointed, as is before rehearsed shalbe thought sufficient for the sessing and levying of the said two Subsidies in all Shires and places, according to the true meaning of this Acte: which Co[m]mission for the payment of the said first Subsidie shalbe directed and delivered to the said Co[m]missioners, or to one of them, before the last day of August next co[m]ming, And the Co[m]mission for the payment of the said second Subsidie shalbe directed and delivered to the said Co[m]missioners, or to one of them before the last day of Februarie next co[m]ming, And to every of the said Co[m]missions tenne Schedules conteyning in them the tenor of this Act shalbe affiled: By the which Co[m]mission, the Co[m]missioners in every such Co[m]mission named according to this Acte, and as many of them as shalbe appointed by the said Co[m]mission shall have full power and authoritie to putt the effect of the said Co[m]mission in Execucion: And that by the authoritie of this Act, after such Co[m]mission to them directed they may by their assents and agreements sever themselves for the execucion of their Co[m]mission, in Hundreds Lathes, Wards, Rapes, Wapentakes, Townes, Parishes, and other places within the lymitts of the said Co[m]mission, in such forme as to them shall seeme expedient to be ordered, and betweene them to be co[m]muned and agreed, according to the tenor and effect of the Co[m]mission to them therein directed, Uppon which severance every p[er]son of this p[re]sent Parliament that shalbe Co[m]missioner shalbe assigned unto the Hundred where he dwelleth. Provided alwaies that no p[er]son be or shalbe compelled to be any Co[m]missioner to and for the execucion of this p[re]sent Act, but onelie in the Shire where he dwelleth and inhabiteth. And that any p[er]son assigned to the contrary thereof in any wise, shall not be compelled to put in execucion the effect of this Act or any part thereof.

VII. Commissioners to execute. Act according to the tenor thereof.

Commissioners to direvct Precepts to certain number of Inhabitants in Hundreds,&c. to appear before Commissioners.; Persons who receive Precepts are to shew such Precepts to the other Inhabitants named therein.; Penalty 40s.

And be it alsoe enacted by the authoritie of this p[re]sent Parliament, That the Co[m]missioners and every of them which shalbe named lymitted and appointed according to this Act to be Co[m]missioners in every such Shire Riding Lathe Wapentake Rape Citie Towne Borough Isle and the said houshold, or any other place, and none other, shall trulie effectuallie and diligentlie for their part execute the effect of this p[re]sent Act, according to the tenor thereof in every behalfe, and no otherwise by any other meanes without omission, favour, dread, malice, or any other thing to be attempted or done by them or any of them to the contrary thereof, And the said Co[m]missioners, or as many of them as shalbe appointed by the said Co[m]mission, and none other, for the execucion of the said Co[m]mission and Act, shall for the taxacion of the said first Subsidie, before the twentith day of September next ensuing; And for the Taxacion of the said second Subsidie, shall before the twentith [day (fn. 5) ] of March next co[m]ming by vertue of the Co[m]mission delivered unto them in forme [aforesaid, (fn. 6) ] direct their severall or joyntp[re]cept or p[re]cepts unto eight, seaven, sixe, five, foure, three or two, as for the nomber of the Inhabitants shalbe requisite of the most substanciall discreet and honest p[er]sons inhabitants to be named by the said Co[m]missioners, or by as many of them as shalbe appointed by the said Co[m]mission of and in Hundreds Lathes Rapes Wapentakes Wards Parishes Townes and other places aswell within Liberties, Franchesies, Auncient demesne, places exempted and Sanctuaries, as without, within the lymitts of the Shires, Ridings, Lathes, Wapentakes, Rapes, Citties, Townes, Boroughs, and Isle aforesaid, and other Places within the lymitts of their Co[m]mission, and to the Constables, Subconstables, Bailiffs and other like Officers and Ministers of every of the said Hundreds, Townes, Wards, Lathes, Wapentakes, Parishes and other Places aforesaid, as to the said Commissioners and every nomber of them or unto three or two of them by their discrecion in division shall seeme expedient, as by the manner and use of those parts, shalbe requisite, straitlie by the said p[re]cept charging and co[m]maunding the said Inhabitants Constables and other Officers aforesaid, to whome such p[re]cept shalbe so directed to appeare in their p[ro]per p[er]sons before the said Co[m]missioners or such nomber of them, as they shall divide themselves, according to the tenor of the said Co[m]mission at certaine daies and places by the said Co[m]missioners or any nomber of them as is aforesaid, within Cities Boroughs or Townes corporate or without in any other Places as is aforesaid, by their discrecion shalbe lymitted thereunto, to doe and accomplish all that to them on the part of the Kings Majestie shalbe enjoyned touching this Act: Co[m]maunding further by the same p[re]cept, that hee to whose hands such p[re]cept shall come, shall shew and deliver the same to the other Inhabitants or Officers named in the same p[re]cept, And that none of them faile to accomplish the same uppon paine of fortie shillings to be forfeited to the Kings Majestie.

VIII. Persons named in Precept to appear before Commissioners.

Such Persons making Default or refusing to serve.; Penalty 40s. ; Upon Appearance charged to make enquiry into the Substance of Persons to be charged, but such Enquiry not to be taken on Oath, and to certify before Commissioners.; Penalty £5. or more.; Commissioners to read the Rates openly.; Afterwards another Day appointed by Commissioners for such Persons to appear.; Not appearing.; Penalty 40s.; or refusing to make Certificate.; Penalty 40s.; Commissioners to examine Presenters of Certificate.; Further Proceedings on Assessments by Precept to Constables,&c. to warn Persons named therein to appear.; Oath not allowed on Enquiry into the Substance of Persons charged.; Persons named in the said Precept called upon not appearing.; Penalty double Rate.; On Enquiry into the Substance of Persons charged, Commissioners may increase Taxation.

And it is further ordeyned by the Authoritie of this p[re]sent Parliament, that at the said day and place p[re]fixed and lymitted in the said p[re]cept, every of the said Co[m]missioners then being in the Shire, and not having sufficient excuse for his absence, at the day and place p[re]fixed for that part whereunto he was lymitted, shall appeare in his owne p[ro]per p[er]son, and there the same Co[m]missioners being p[re]sent or as many of them as shalbe appointed by the Kings Majesties Co[m]mission, shall call or cause to be called before them the said Inhabitants and officers to whome they have directed their said p[re]cepts, and which had in co[m]maundement there to appeare by vertue of the said p[re]cept. And if any p[er]son so warned make default, unlesse he then be letted by sicknes or lawfull excuse, and that lett be then witnessed by the oathes of two credible p[er]sons, or if any appearing refuse to serve in forme following, Then every such p[er]son so making default or refusing to serve shall forfeit to the Kings Majestie fortie shillings, and so at every tyme appointed by the saide Co[m]missioners for the same Taxacion, untill such Tyme the nomber of every such p[er]sons have appeared and certified in forme underwritten, every of them so making default or refusing to serve, shall forfeit to the Kings Majestie fortie shillings, and uppon the same appearance had, they shalbe charged before the Co[m]missioners by all convenient waies and meanes (other then: by corporall Oath) to enquire of the best and most value of the substance of every p[er]son dwelling and abiding within the lymitts of the places that they shalbe charged with, and of other which shall have his or their most resort unto any of the said places and chargeable with any su[m]me of mony by this Acte of the said [Subsidies (fn. 7) ] and of all other things requisite touching the said Act, and according to the intent of the same, and thereuppon as neere as it may be or shall come to their knowledge, without respect of any former taxacion heretofore had, trulie to p[re]sent and certifie before the said Co[m]missioners the names and surnames, and the best and uttermost substance and values of every of them, as well of Landes Tenements and other Hereditaments Possessions and Proffitts, as of goodes chattells debts and other things chargeable by the same Act, without any concealement, love, favour, affeccion, dread or malice, uppon paine of forfeiture of five pounds or more, to be taxed, extracted, and levied in forme as hereafter in this p[re]sent Act shall be lymitted or appointed: and thereuppon the said Co[m]missioners shall openlie there read, or cause to be read unto them the said rates in this Act mencioned, and openlie declare the effect of their charge unto them in what manner and forme they ought and should make their certificates according to the rates and so[m]mes thereof abovesaid, and of all manner of p[er]sons aswell Aliens and Strangers Denizens or not Denizens inhabiting within this Realme, as of such p[er]sons as be borne under the Kings obeisance chargeable to this Act, and of the possessions goodes and chattells of Fraternities Guilds Corporacions Brotherhoods Misteries Co[m]monalties, and other as is abovesaid, and of p[er]sons being in the parts beyond the Seas, having Goods and Chattells Lands or Tenements within this Realme as is aforesaid, and of all goods being in the Custodie of any p[er]son or p[er]sons, to the use of any other as is abovesaid, by the which Informacion and shewing, the said p[er]sons should have such plaine knowledge of the true intent of this p[re]sent Act, and of the manner of their Certificate, That the same p[er]sons shall have no reasonable cause to excuse them by ignorance. And after such charge, and the Statute of the said [Subsidies (fn. 8) ] and the manner of the said Certificate to be made in writing, conteyning the names and surnames of every p[er]son, and whether he be borne without the Kings obeysance, or Within, and the best value of every p[er]son, in every degree, aswell of the yearelie value of Lands and Tenements, and of such like possessions and proffitts, as of the value of goods and chattells debts and every thing to their certificate requisite and necessary to them declared, the said Co[m]missioners there being, shalby their discrecions lymitt and appoint unto the said p[er]sons another day and place to appeare before the said Co[m]missioners, and charging the said p[er]sons, that they in the meane tyme shall make diligent inquirie by all waies and meanes of the p[re]misses, and then and there every of them uppon paine of forfeiture of fortie shillings to the Kings Majestie, to appeare att the said new p[re]fixed day and place there to certifie unto the said Co[m]missioners in writing according to their said charge and according to the true intent of the said Graunt of Subsidie and as to them in manner aforesaid hath bene declared and shewed by the Co[m]missioners, Att which daie and place so to them p[re]fixed, if anie of the said p[er]sons make default, or appeare and refuse to make the said Certificate that then everie of them so offending, to forfeite to the Kings Majestie fortie shillings except there be a reasonable excuse of his default, by reason of his sicknes or otherwise by the oathes of two credible p[er]sons there witnessed, and of such as appeare readie to make Certificate as is aforesaid, the said Co[m]missioners there being, shall take and receave the same Certificate and every part thereof, and the names values and substance of everie p[er]son so certified And if the said Co[m]missioners see cause reasonable they shall examine the said Presenters thereof, and thereupon the said Co[m]missioners att the said daies and place by their agreement amongest themselves, shall from time to time there openlie p[re]fixe a day at a certaine place or places within the limitts of their Co[m]mission by their discrecion for their further p[ro]ceeding to the said Assessing of the same [Subsidies, (fn. 9) ] And thereuppon att the said day of the said Certificate, as is aforesaid taken, the same Co[m]missioners shall make their p[re]cept or p[re]cepts to the Constables Subconstables Bailiffs or other Officers of such Hundreds Wapentakes Townes or other places aforesaid as the same Co[m]missioners shalbe of comprysing and conteyning in the said p[re]cepts the names and surnames of all p[er]sons p[re]sented before them in the said Certificate, of whome if the said Co[m]missioners or as many of them as shalbe thereunto appointed by the Kings Co[m]mission shall then have vehement suspect to be of more greater value or substance in Lands Goods Chattells or so[m]mes of money owing unto them or other substance aforesaid then uppon such p[er]son or p[er]sons soe certified and specified as aforesaid, the same Co[m]missioners shall make their p[re]cepts or p[re]cept directed to the Constables Bailiffs or other Officers co[m]manding the said Constables Bayliffs or other officers to whome such p[re]cept shalbe directed to warne such p[er]sons whose names shalbe comprised in the said p[re]cepts att their mansions, or to their p[er]sons, that the same p[er]sons named in such p[re]cepts and everie of them shall p[er]sonallie appeare before the said Co[m]missioners at the said new p[re]fixed day and place there to be examined by all waies and meanes (other then by corporall oath) by the said Co[m]missioners of their greatest substance and best value, and of all and everie somes of money owing to them and other whatsoever matter conc[er]ning the p[re]misses or anie of them according to this Act. At which day and place so p[re]fixed the said Co[m]missioners then and there being, or as many of them as shalbe thereunto appointed by the Kings Co[m]mission, shall cause to be called the said p[er]sons whose names shalbe comprised in the said p[re]cept as is aforesaid for their examinacion, And if anie of [these (fn. 10) ] p[er]sons which shalbe warned as aforesaid to be examined, which at anie time after the warning, and before the day p[re]fixed shalbe within such place as he may have knowledge of his said appearance to be made make default and appeare not, unlesse a reasonable cause, or els a reasonable excuse by the oathes of two credible p[er]sons, before the said Co[m]missioners, be truelie alleaged for his discharge, that then everie of them so making default to be taxed and charged to the Kings Majestie, with and at the double so[m]me of the rate, that he should or ought to have bene sett att, for and after the best value of his landes or substance uppon him c[er]tified if he had appeared by the discrecion of the Co[m]missioners there being which Commissioners shall travaile with every of the other p[er]sons soe then and there appearing, whose names shalbe exp[re]ssed in the said p[re]cept or p[re]cepts and in whome anie vehement suspect was or shalbe had in forme aforesaid by all such waies and meanes they can, other then by corporall oath for the better knowledge of their best value, either in hereditaments or possessions, or els in goods or debts and thereuppon shall have power and authoritie by virtue of this Act according to their discrecions to enlarge and increase the taxac[i]on of such p[er]sons as they shall soe find by due examinacion to be of greater value or substance in landes or goodes, then the were p[re]sented att.

IX. Spiritual Persons how rated for Temporal Possessions.

And that everie Spirituall p[er]son at everie of the said taxacions of the said two Subsidies, shalbe rated and sett according to the rate abovesaid, of and for everie pound that the same Spirituall p[er]son, or anie other to his use, hath by discent bargaine or purchase in Fee simple, or fee taile, terme of life, terme of yeres, by execucion, by wardshipp, or by coppie of court Roll, in anie mannors lands tenements rents services offices fees corrodies an[n]uities and hereditaments after the true just and yereley value thereof and according as other the Kings Majesties Subjects borne within this Realme be charged in forme above remembred, soe that it extend to the yereley value of twentie shillings or above.

X. Assessors misbehaving.

Commissioners may set a Fine upon them; estreated into the Exchequer.

And it is further enacted That if the said Taxors or Assessors shall not dulie behave themselves in their inquirie, taxacion, Assessement, or Certificate, but shall affeccionately corruptlie or parciallie demeane themselves in that behalfe, in such wise, that the Co[m]missioners shalby their consideracions deeme them offenders worthie of punishment, for not doeing their duties therein, that then foure or more of the Co[m]missioners in that Countie for the said Subsidie, shall have power and authoritie by their discrecions either to charge the said Assessors uppon their corporall oathes, for the better service aforesaid in that behalfe, or els by their discrecions to taxe and sett uppon the said Assessors for their misdemeanors in that behalfe, such a fine or paine as they shall thincke good, soe that it exceed not the so[m]me of ten pounds, and the same fine or paine att their discrecions to estreat into the Courte of Exchequer: Everie which Fine soe taxed and sett, by foure of the said Co[m]missioners or more, and being estreated with the Schedule and Bookes of that limitt shalbe levied and answered to the Kings use in [like (fn. 11) ] manner, and forme to all intents and purposes, as anie other so[m]mes that shalbe taxed and become due by virtue of this Statute and Act of Subsidie, and not in any other wise or manner.

XI. Remedy for Persons aggrieved by the Assessment.

Commissioners may abate or increase Assessment.; False Oath of Value of Lands,&c.; Penalty.

And if anie p[er]son certified or rated by virtue of this Act whether he be a Co[m]missioner or other to anie manner of value doth find himselfe greived with the same p[re]sentment, sessing or rating, and thereuppon complaine to the Co[m]missioners before whome he shalbe called sessed or taxed, or before two of them before the same taxacion be certified in the Court of Exchequer that then the said Co[m]missioners, or two of them, shall by all waies and meanes examine particularlie and distinctlie the p[er]son so complayning uppon his oath and other his neighbours by their discrecions of every his Lands and Tenements above specified, and of every his goods chattells and debts above mencioned: And after due examinacion and p[er]fect knowledge thereof had and p[re]ceived by the said Co[m]missioners, or two of them, which shall have power by authoritie aforesaid, the said Co[m]missioners or two of them, to whome any such complaint shalbe made, by their discrecion uppon the oath of the said p[er]son so complayning may abate, defaulke, increase or inlarge the said assessements, according as it shall appeare unto them just uppon the same examinacion, and the same so[m]me so abated, defaulked, increased, or inlarged, shall be by them estreated in forme as hereafter ensueth. And if it be proved by witnesses, or by the parties owne confession, or other lawfull waie or meanes, within a yeare after any such oath made, that the same p[er]son so rated and sworne, was of any better or greater value in lands goodes or other things above specified at the tyme of his said oath, then the same p[er]son so sworne did declare uppon his said oath, that then every such p[er]son so offending shall lose and forfeit to the Kings Majestie so much lawfull mony of England, as he the same p[er]son so sworne was set at or taxed to pay.

XII. Commissioners to be rated at such Place where they shall be Commissioners; other Persons where they have resided for the most Part of the Year preceding.

Absentees assessed where last abiding.; Rate to be according to the Substance of Persons liable.

And also it is enacted by the same authoritie, that every p[er]son to be rated and taxed as is aforesaid, shalbe rated and set, and the so[m]me on him set to be levied at such place, where he and his familie were resident for the most part of the yeare next before the same p[re]sentment and taxacion made, and no where else. And that no Co[m]mission[er] for his Subsidie shall be rated or taxed for his goods or lands, but in the Shire or in other place where he shalbe Co[m]missioner. And that if any p[er]son chargeable to this Act, at the tyme of the said assessings happen to be out of this Realme, and out of Wales, or farre from the place where he shalbe knowen: then he to be set, where he was last abiding in this Realme, or within Wales, and after the substance, value, and other proffitts of every p[er]son, to be knowen by the examinacion, certificate or other manner of way as is aforesaid, And that the said Co[m]missioners, or as many of them as shalbe appointed by the Kings Majesties Co[m]mission or Co[m]missions shall after the rate and rates aforesaid cause every p[er]son so to be set rated and taxed, according to the rate of the substance and value of his lands goodes chattells and other p[ro]ffitts chargeable by this Act, whereby the greatest or most best so[m]me or so[m]mes according to his most substance, by reason of this Act might or may be set or taxed.

XIII. Remedy for Commissioners and other Persons taxed in other Place than where they are Commissioners or were resiant for most Part of the preceding Year.

Fee for Allowance.

And that every p[er]son taxed in any Countie or Place, other then where he and his family were resiant for the most part of the yeare, then next before, or in any Countie or place, other then where he is a Co[m]missioner for the Subsidie, if he be a Co[m]missioner, uppon certificate made to the said Court of Exchequer under the hands and seales of two Co[m]missioners for the same Subsidie in the same Countie or place where such p[er]son and his family were resiant for the most part of the yeare then next before, or where he is a Co[m]missioner for the taxacion and payment of the same Subsidie, testifying his most resiance, having of familie, or being a Co[m]missioner, shalbe a sufficient discharge for the taxacion of that p[er]son in any other places, and of and for all other so[m]mes of mony uppon such p[er]sons so set and taxed, save only the taxacions made in that Countie or place from which such certificate shall be made as is aforesaid, and for the so[m]me of mony uppon such p[er]son there assessed or taxed, And that such certificate without any Plea or other circumstance, shalbe a sufficient warrant aswell to the Barons and Auditor and Auditors of the said Court of Exchequer, as to all and every other Officers, to whome the allowance thereof shall appertaine, paying for such discharge and allowance onelie six pence and no more.

XIV. Double Charges not to be allowed.

Remedy in respect of Double Charges.

Provided alwaies, that every such p[er]son that shall be rated or taxed according to the intent and true meaning of this Act for paying of and to these Subsidies for and after the yearelie value of his Lands Tenements, and other reall possessions or proffitts, at any of the said taxacions, shall not after be sett and rated for his goods and chattells, or other moveable substance at the same taxacion, and that he that shalbe sett charged or taxed for the same Subsidies for his goodes chattells and other moveables at any of the said taxacions according to the true meaning of this Act, shall not after be charged taxed or chargeable for his lands or other reall possessions and proffitts abovesaid at the same taxacions or any of them, nor that any p[er]son by any taxacion be double charged for the said Subsidies, nor set or taxed at severall places by reason of this Act, But if any p[er]son happen to be double set taxed or charged, either in one place, or at severall places, then he to be discharged of the one taxacion, and charged with the other, according to the meaning and intent of this Act, any thing contayned in this p[re]sent Act to the contrary notwithstanding.

XV. Proviso for Persons having two Mansions, or being Houshold Servants or Waiting Servants to the King or others.

Persons unduly escaping Taxation,; on Proof thereof before Commissioners or Barons of the Exchequer,; taxed at Double Value.

And that it be ordeyned and enacted by the said authoritie of this p[re]sent Parliament, That no p[er]son having two Mansions, or two places to resort unto, or calling himselfe Houshold servant, or waiting servant to the Kings Majestie, or other Lord or Lady, Master or Mistresse, be excused uppon his saying, from the taxes of the said Subsidies, in neither of the places, where he may be set or taxed, unlesse he bring a Certificate in writing from the Co[m]missioners where that he is so set or taxed indeed at one place. And if any p[er]son that ought to be set and taxed to these p[re]sent Subsidies by reason of his removing or resorting to two places, or by reason of his saying that he elsewhere was taxed, or by reason of any priviledge of his dwelling or abiding in any place not being foreprised in this Act, or otherwise by his covine or crafte, or by any words or sayings or otherwise: or if any that is a Co[m]missioner or Assessor of others, happen to escape from the said taxacions for the payment of these Subsidies, or any of them, and be not set and taxed according to the true intent of this Act, and that proved by p[re]sentment, Examinacion, Informacion, or otherwise before the said Co[m]missioners, or two of them, or before the Barons of the Kings Mats Exchequer, or two Justices of the Peace of that Countie where such p[er]son dwelleth: Then every such p[er]son that by such meanes or otherwise, willinglie by covin or without just cause, shall happen to escape from the said taxacions or payments aforesaid or any of them, and shall not be rated taxed and set shall be charged upon the knowledge and proofe thereof, with, and at the double value of so much as he should, might or ought to have bene set or taxed at by vertue of this Act: And the same double value to be levied gathered and paid of his Goods and Chattells, Lands and Tenements towards the said Subsidies, and further to be punished according to the discrecion of the Barons, Justices and Co[m]missioners, before whome he shalbe convicted for his offence and deceit in that behalfe.

XVI. The Power of Commissioners to tax other Commissioners, and also Assessors.

Barons and Persons of higher Estate taxed by the Lord Chancellor, Lord Treasurer, and other Persons named by the King.; Rate estreated and certified.

And be it further enacted by the authoritie aforesaid, That the said Co[m]missioners in every Co[m]mission, which shalbe or inhabite in any Countie or Place within the lymitts of their Co[m]mission, or the more part of them, shall have full power and authoritie by this Act to set taxe and sesse every other Co[m]missioner joyned with them in every such Co[m]mission, and the said Co[m]missioners within their Division shall also assesse every Assessor within their Division, for his or their goods lands and other the p[re]misses as is abovesaid, by which [said (fn. 12) ] Co[m]mission the said Co[m]missioners, to whome it shall appertaine, shall indifferentlie set taxe and sesse themselves and the said Assessors.; and that aswell the so[m]mes uppon every of the said Co[m]missioners and Assessors so sessed rated and taxed as the su[m]mes made and p[re]sented by the Presenters, as is abovesaid, shalbe written certified, set and estreated, and the Estreats thereof to be made with other the inhabitants of that part, and within the lymitts of the same Co[m]mission and Division, so to be gathered and levied, in like manner as it ought or should have bene, if the said Co[m]missioners had not bene in the said Co[m]mission, And that all p[er]sons of the estate of a Baron or Baronesse, and every estate above shalbe charged with their freehold and value as is aforesaid by the Chauncellor or the Lord Keeper of the great Seale of England, the High Treasurer of England for the tyme being or one of them, together with other such p[er]sons as by the Kings Majesties authoritie or co[m]maundement shalbe named and appointed, and they to be charged for the said severall payments of the said Subsidies after the forme of the said Graunt according to the taxacion aforesaid and the so[m]me of and uppon them to be taxed and set with the names of the Collectors appointed for gathering and paying of the same, to be estreated delivered and certified at dayes and places above specified by the Lord Chauncellor or Keep of the great Seale, and Lord Tresurer, or one of them, together with other such p[er]sons, as thereunto shalbe named, as is aforesaid.

XVII. Rates estreated under the Sign Manual and Seal of the Commissioners, and Estreat delivered to sufficient; Inhabitants,&c. of Hundreds,&c.

By virtue of Estreat Officers,&c. to levy Rate.; Distress.; If Rate not paid in Eight Days then Distress appraised and sold.; Officers,&c. to answer for the Portion limited to them, only.

And be it further enacted by the authoritie aforesaid, That after the taxes and assesses of the said so[m]mes uppon and by the said assessing and certificate as is aforesaid made, the said Co[m]missioners or as many of them as shalbe thereunto appointed, and have authoritie by the Kings Majesties Co[m]mission, shall with all speed, and without delay by their writing estreate the said taxes thereof, under the Seales and Signes Manuell of the said Co[m]missioners, or as many of them as shalbe appointed at the least. and the same shall deliver unto sufficient and substanciall Inhabitants, Constables, Subconstables, Bayliffs, and other Officers joyntlie of Hundreds, Townes, Parishes, and other Places aforesaid within their lymitts, and to other sufficient p[er]sons, Inhabitants of the same, onelie by the [discrecions (fn. 13) ] of the said Co[m]missioners, with the assent of the high Collector, and as the place and parties shall require, aswell the particuler names& surnames, as the remembrance of all [so[m]mes (fn. 14) ] taxed and sett of and uppon every p[er]sons, aswell man as woman chargeable to this Acte, Housholders and all other Inhabitants and Dwellers within the said Parishes, Townes and Places contributorie to this Act of Subsidies, by authoritie of which writing and estreat so delivered, the said Officers and other p[er]sons so named and deputed, severally shall have full power and authoritie by vertue of this Act, imediatelie after the delivery of the said writing or estreat, to demaund levie and gather of every p[er]son therein specified the su[m]me and su[m]mes in the same writing or estreat comprised, and for non payment thereof, to distreine the same p[er]son or p[er]sons so being behinde, by their goods and chattells, and the distresse so taken to keepe by the space of eight daies, at the costs and charges of the owner thereof, And if the said owner do not pay such so[m]me of money as shalbe taxed by authoritie of this Act within the same eight daies, then the same distresse to be appraised by foure or three or two of the inhabitants where such distresse is taken, and also then to be sold by the Constable or other Collector for the payment of the said money, and the overplus co[m]ming of the sale and keeping thereof (if any be) to be imediatelie restored to the owner of the same distresse, Which said Officers and other p[er]sons so deputed to aske, take, gather and levie the said so[m]mes, shall aunswere and be charged for the porcion onelie

Allowance to Officers on Rate recovered.

to them assigned and lymitted to be gathered levied and comprised in the said writing or estreat, so to them as aforesaid, delivered to the use of our Soveraigne Lord the Kings Majestie, and his Heires and Successors, and the said so[m]me in that writing or Estreat to be comprised to pay unto the high Collector or Collectors of that place for the colleccion of the same, in manner and forme underwritten, thereunto to be named and deputed, and the same. Inhabitants and Officers, so gathering the same particular so[m]mes for their colleccion thereof, shall retaine for every twentie shillings so by them received and paid, two pence, And that to be allowed at the payment of their colleccion by them to be made, to the high Collector or Collectors.

XVIII. Commissioners may appoint Collectors

to be High Collectors.; Commissioners to deliver Estreats under their Seals and Sign Manual to Collectors.; Collectors to answer the Sums comprized in Estreat.

And further be it enacted by the said Authoritie, that the said Co[m]missioners, or the more part of them, as shall take uppon ( (fn. 15) ) the execucion and busines of the said Co[m]mission, shall for every of the said payments of the said Subsidies name such sufficient and able p[er]sons, which then shall have and possesse lands and other Hereditaments in their owne right of the cleare yearelie value of fortie pounds, or goodes to the value of foure hundred pounds, at the least, as he shalbe taxed in the Subsidie Booke, if any such be in the said lymitts, and for want of such so assessed, then those to be appointed Collectors that then shalbe sufficient, and rated and taxed in the Subsidie Bookes in lands and goods neerest to the values aforesaid, as by their discrecions shalbe thought good in Shires, Ridings, Lathes, Wapentakes, Rapes, Cities, Townes, corporate, and other whatsoever places, as well within places priviledged, as without, not being foreprised within this Act, to be high Collectors, and to have the colleccion and receipt of the said so[m]mes set and leviable within the p[er]cinct lymitts and bounds, where they shalbe so lymitted and appointed to be high Collectors, And to every of the said Collectors so severally named, the said Co[m]missioners or two of them at the least, with all speed and without delay, after the said whole so[m]me of any payment of the said Subsidies be set by all the lymitts of the same their Co[m]mission, or in such lymitts as the high Collectors shalbe so severallie assigned, shall under their Seales and Signe manuall, deliver one estreate indented in Parchment comprising in it the names of all such p[er]sons as were assigned to levie the said particuler so[m]mes, and the so[m]mes of every Hundred, Wapentake, Towne, or other place aforesaid, with the names and surnames of the p[er]sons so chargeable according to the Estreat so thereof first made, and delivered as is aforesaid. And the Collectors to be assigned, shalbe charged to aunswere the whole so[m]me comprised in the said Estreat lymitted to his colleccion, as is aforesaid.

XIX. Commissioners to take Recognizances of Collectors.

Condition of Recognizance for first Subsidy.; Condition of Recognizance for Second Subsidy.; Commissioners to certify Recognizances,&c. into the Exchequer.; Penalty £10.; Collector not making Recognizance.; Penalty £20l.; Exchequer to cancel Recognizances on Payment of Collection into Exchequer without Fee.; Collector may appoint Days and Places for Payment of Collection.; Assessor,&c. not paying Collection to High Collectors,; after Allowance of 2d. in the Pound for Collection; Distress.; Proceedings thereon.

Provided alwaies, and be it enacted by the authoritie aforesaid that the said Co[m]missioners having authoritie by this Act to name and nominate the same high Collectors of every of the said Subsidies, shall ymediatelie uppon their nominacion and eleccion, take by authoritie of this p[re]sent Parliament, sufficient Recognizances or Obligacions, without any Fee or reward to be paid therefore, of every p[er]son so by them to be named to be high Collectors, to be bound to the Kings Majestie in the double so[m]me of the so[m]me of his colleccion, and to be indorsed and made uppon such condicion, that is to saie, for the colleccion of the payment of the said first Subsidie: That if the said Collector his Heires or Executors doe trulie content and pay to the use of the Kings Majestie, his Heires or Successors in the receipt of the said Exchequer, at or before the last day of October, next ensuing, so much of the said so[m]me of money allotted and appointed to his colleccion, as hee shall collects and gather, and content and pay the residue of his colleccion and charge within one moneth next after such tyme, as hee hath collected and gathered the same residue, that then the saide Recognizances or Obligacions to be void, or els to stand in full strength and vertue, And for the colleccion of the said second Subsidie, uppon condicion, That if the said Collector his heires or executors doe trulie content and pay to the use of the Kings Majestie his Heires or Successors in his receipt of Exchequer, at or before the said last day of Aprill which shalbe in the yeare of our Lord God, one thousand six hundred twentie and sixe, so much of the said so[m]me of mony allotted and appointed to his colleccion, as he shall collect and gather, and content and pay the residue of his colleccion& charge within one moneth next after such tyme, as he hath collected and gathered the same residue, that then the said Recognizances or Obligacions to be void, or els to stand in full force and vertue: Which said severall Recognizances or Obligacions so taken, the said Co[m]missioners shall severallie certifie and deliver into the Kings Majesties Exchequer with the severall Certificates of the said Taxacions and Rates of the payment of the said Subsidies, at and by the tyme to them p[re]scribed and appointed by this Act, for the certificate of the said severall Taxacions of the said Subsidies, uppon paine of forfeiture of ten pounds to the Kings Majestie for every such Recognizance or Obligacion not so certified, And that every such Collector so elected named and chosen uppon request to him made, shall knowledge and make the said Recognizance or Obligacion, uppon paine and forfeiture of twentie pounds to the Kings Majestie for the refusall thereof; And that the Treasurer and Barons of the Exchequer for the tyme being uppon payment of the said severall colleccions of the Subsidies at the daies and tymes herein lymitted for the payment thereof shall cancell and deliver the Recognizances or Obligacions for the payment thereof to the Collector or Collectors without any other warrant, and without any fee or reward to be paid for the same to any p[er]son. And every Collector so deputed, having the said Estreat in parchment as is aforesaid, shall have authoritie by this Act to appoint daies and places within the circuit of his colleccion, for the payment of the said Subsidies to him to be made and thereof to give warning by p[re]clamacion or otherwise, to all the Constables or other p[er]sons or inhabitants, having the charge of the particular colleccion within the Hundreds, Parishes, Townes, or other places by him or them lymited, to make payment for the said particuler colleccion of every su[m]me as to them shall appertayne. And if at the same day and place so lymitted and p[re]fixed by the said high Collector, the said Constable Officers, or other p[er]sons or inhabitants as is aforesaid, for the said particuler colleccion assigned and appointed within such Hundred Citie Towne or other place do not pay unto the said high Collectors, the some within their severall Hundreds, Townes, Parishes, and other places due and comprised in the said Estreat thereof, to them delivered by the said Co[m]missioners or so[m]me of them as is aforesaid, or so much thereof as they have by any meanes received two pence for every pound for the said particuler colleccion as is aforesaid, alwaies thereof to be allowed, excepted, and abated, that then it shalbe lawfull to the said high collectors and every of them and to their assignes, to distraine every of the said Constables Officers and other inhabitants for their said severall and particuler colleccion of the said so[m]mes comprised in the said Estreat and writing thereof to them and every of them as is before expressed, delivered or for so much of the same so[m]me, as so then shall happen to be gathered and levied, and behinde and unpaid, by the goods and chattells of every of them so being behinde, and the distresse so taken, to be kept and appraised and sold as is aforesaid, and thereof to take and levie the so[m]mes so then being behinde and unpaid, and the overplus co[m]ming of the sale of the said distresse (if any be) to be restored and delivered unto the owner in for me above remembred.

XX. Persons having been Collectors of First Subsidy not to be appointed Collectors of Second Subsidy, unless they shew Quietus est. Penalty £100.

Provided alwaies, and be it enacted by the authoritie aforesaid, That no p[er]son or p[er]sons shalbe nominated or appointed to be a high Collector or Collectors for the second Subsidie, graunted by this Acte, which before that tyme hath bene a Collector or Collectors for the first Subsidie, unlesse such p[er]son or p[er]sons so to be nominated and appointed high Collector or Collectors for the said second Subsidie, doe first shew forth before him or them by whome he shalbe nominated and appointed, his Quietus est for his discharge of his colleccion before appointed to his charge, uppon paine of one hundred pounds to be paid and forfeited by him or them that so shall nominate and appoint any such Collector contrary to this p[re]sent Act.

XXI. Persons living in Cities,&c. not to be appointed Collectors or Assessors out of them.

Provided alwaies that no p[er]son inhabiting in any City. Borough or Towne corporate, shalbe compelled to be any Assessor or Collector, of or for any part of the said Subsidies, in any place or places out of the said City, Borough or Towne corporate, where he dwelleth.

XXII. Assessors, Attornies, Factors,&c. after being charged with Receipt of Assessment, dying or removing or concealing their Goods,

or when Monies comprised in Estreat cannot be levied by Distress; or where Distress cannot be sold; Process out of the Exchequer, and the Commissioners may direct Precepts to Officer to levy such Money.; Who may distrain.; Distress appraised and sold.; If Distress taken out of Limit assigned, Allowance.

And it is also by the said authoritie enacted, That if any Inhabitants or Officers, or whatsoever p[er]son or p[er]sons charged to and for the colleccion and receipt of any part or porcion of the said Subsidies by any manner of meanes according to this Act, or any p[er]son or p[er]sons for themselves, or as Keep, Guardian, Deputie, Factor or Attorny, of or for anie other p[er]son or p[er]sons for any goods or chattells of the owner thereof, at the tyme of the said assessing to be paid being out of this Realme, or in any other parts not knowen, or of and for the goods and chattell of any other p[er]son or p[er]sons of any corporacion, Fraternitie, Misterie or other whatsoever Co[m]monaltie, being corporate or not corporate, and all p[er]sons having in their rule, governance and custodie any goods or Chattells at the tyme of the said assessing, or any of them to be made, or which for anie cause, for and by colleccion, or for himselfe, or for any other, or by reason that he hath the rule, governance, or custodie of any goods or chattells of any other p[er]son or p[er]sons, Corporacion, Co[m]monaltie, Fraternitie, Guild or Misterie, or any such other like, or as Factor, Deputie or attorney of or for any p[er]son, shalbe taxed valued rated and set, to any so[m]me and so[m]mes by reason of this Acte, and after the taxacion and assessing uppon any such p[er]son or p[er]sons, as shalbe charged with the receipt of the same, happen to die or depart from the place where he was so taxed and set, or his goods or chattells to be so eloined, or in such privie or covert manner kept, as the said p[er]son or p[er]sons charged with the same by Estreats or other writings from the said Co[m]missioners, or as many of them as shalbe thereunto appointed by the said Co[m]mission as is aforesaid, can, ne may levie the same so[m]me and so[m]mes comprised within the same Estreats, by distresse within the Lymitts of their colleccion, as is aforesaid, or cannott sell such distresse or distresses as be taken for any of the said payments before the tyme lymited to the high Collector for his payment to be made in the Kings Majesties Receipt, then uppon relacion thereof, with due examinacion by the oath or examinacion of such p[er]son. or p[er]sons as shalbe charged with and for the receipt and colleccion of the same before the said Co[m]missioners, or as many of them, as by the said Co[m]mission shalbe thereunto appointed, where such p[er]son or p[er]sons, or other, as is aforesaid, their Goods and Chattells were set and taxed, and uppon plaine Certificate thereof made into the Kings Majesties Exchequer by the same Co[m]missioners, as well of the dwelling place names and so[m]mes of the said p[er]sons of whome the same so[m]mes cannott be levied and had as is aforesaid: Then as well the Constable and other Inhabitants appointed for the same particuler colleccion against the high Collectors, as the high Collector uppon his account and Oath in the said Exchequer, to be discharged thereof, and p[re]cesse to be made for the Kings Majestie out of the same Exchequer by the discrecion of the Barons of the same Exchequer against such p[er]son his Heires or Executors so being behinde with his payment. And over that the same Co[m]missioners, to whome any such declaracion of the p[re]misses shalbe made in forme aforesaid from tyme to tyme, shall have full power and authoritie to direct their p[re]cept or p[re]cepts to the said p[er]son or p[er]sons charged with any so[m]me, of for and uppon any such p[er]son and p[er]sons or other as is aforesaid, or to any Sheriffe, Steward, Bailiffe or other whatsoever Officer Minister, p[er]son or p[er]sons of such place or places, where any such p[er]son or p[er]sons so owing any such so[m]me or so[m]mes shall have Lands and Tenements and other Hereditaments or reall possessions, goods and chattells, whereby any such p[er]son or p[er]sons so indebted, his Heires Executors or Assignes, or other having the Custodie governance or disposicion of any goods or chattells, lands tenements or other Hereditaments which ought or may by this Act be lawfully distreyned or taken for the same hath and shall have goods chattells landes tenements or other possessions, whereof such so[m]me and so[m]mes, which by any such p[er]son or p[er]sons may or ought to be levied, be it within the lymitts of such Co[m]mission, where such p[er]son or p[er]sons was or were taxed or without in any place within this Realme of England, Wales, or other the Kings Majesties Dominions Marches or Territories, by which p[re]cept, aswell such p[er]son or p[er]sons shalbe charged to levie such monie, as the Officer of the place or places where such distresse may be taken, shall have full power and authoritie to distreyne every such p[er]son indebted, charged or chargeable by this Act, or his Executors or Administrators of his Goodes and Chattells, his Guardians, Factors, Deputies, Leassees, Farmors, and Assignes, and all other p[er]sons, by whose hands, or out of whose lands any such p[er]son should have Fee, Rent, A$$$uitie, or other proffitt, or which at the tyme of the said assessing shall have goods or chattells, or any other thing moveable of any such p[er]son or p[er]sons being indebted or owing such su[m]me, and the distresses so taken, cause to be kept appraised and sold in like manner and forme, as is aforesaid, for the distresse to be taken uppon such p[er]sons to be taxed to the said Subsidies, and being sufficient to distreyne within the lymitts of the Collectors, Inhabitants or other officers charged with or for the said so[m]mes so uppon them to be taxed. And if any such distresse for non payment happen to be taken out of the lymitt

Persons charged discharged by Distress.; Persons distrained having no Lands,&c.; Proceedings.; Imprisonment until Sums due, and also Fee for Arrest paid.; Officer not executing Process.; Penalty 2cs.; Gaoler suffering Escape.; Penalty 40s. and Double Value of Rate and Fees.; Like Process for Subsidies due by any Person charged for another unpaid.; In Default of Payment Imprisonment.; Certificate by Commissioners.; Collectors,&c.; disobeying Commissioners.; Persons suspected to be not indifferently taxed refusing to appear or be examined,; Penalty 40s. or under, at Discretion of Commissioners.; Commissioners may punish by Imprisonment.

of the said p[er]sons charged and assigned to levie the said p[er]sons so charged for the levying of any such so[m]mes by distresse, shall p[re]ceive and take of the same distresse, for the labour of every p[er]son going for the execucion thereof, for every mile that every p[er]son so laboureth for the same, two pence, And every Farmor, Guardian, Tenant, Factor, or other whatsoever p[er]son being distreyned, or other p[er]son charged for [the (fn. 16) ] payment of any such so[m]me or so[m]mes or any other so[m]me by reason of this Act, shalbe of such so[m]me or so[m]mes of him or them so levied and taken, discharged and acquited at his next day of payment for the same, or at the delivery of such Goods and Chattells as he that is so distreyned, had in his custodie or governance against him or them that shalbe so taxed& set. Any Graunt or Writing obligatorie, or other whatsoever, matter to the contrary made heretofore notwithstanding. And if any such p[er]son that should so be distreyned have no Lands or Tenements sufficient, whereby he and his Tenants and Farmors may be distreyned, or have aliened eloyned, or hid his Goods and Chattells whereby he should or might be distreyned, in such manner that such goods or chattells should not be knowen or found, so that the so[m]me of or by him to be paid in the said forme, shall not, ne can be convenientlie levied, then uppon relacion thereof to the Co[m]missioners, or to as many of them as by the said Co[m]mission shalbe thereunto appointed where such p[er]son or p[er]sons was taxed and sett by the oathes of him or them that shalbe charged with the levying and payment of that so[m]me or so[m]mes, the same Co[m]missioners shall make a p[re]cept in such manner as is aforesaid, for to attach take and arrest the body of such p[er]son or p[er]sons, that ought to pay the said so[m]mes, and by this Act shalbe charged with and for the said so[m]me and so[m]mes, and them so taken safelie to keepe in prison within the Shire or other place where any such p[er]son or p[er]sons shalbe taken and attached, there to remaine without baile or Mainsprise untill he hath paid the said so[m]me or so[m]mes, that such p[er]son for himselfe or for any other by this Act shalbe chargeable, or ought to be charged withall, and also for the Fees of every such Arrest, to him or them that shall execute such p[re]cept, twentie pence; And that every Officer, unto whome such p[re]cept shalbe directed doe his true diligence and execute the same uppon every p[er]son so being indebted, upon paine to forfeite to the Kings Majestie for every default in that behalfe, twentie shillings. And that no keep of any Gaole, from his Gaole suffer any such p[er]son to goe at large, by letting to Baile, or otherwise to depart out of his prison before he have paid his said debt, and the said twentie pence for his Arrest, upon paine to forfeit to the Kings Majestie fortie shillings: And the same Gaoler to pay to the Kings Majestie the double value as well of the rate, which the said p[er]son so imprisoned was taxed at, as of the said twentie pence for the fees. And like p[re]cesse and remedie in like forme shalbe graunted by the said Co[m]missioners or as many of them as by the said Co[m]mission shalbe thereunto appointed at like Informacion of every p[er]son or p[er]sons being charged with any so[m]me of mony for any other p[er]son or p[er]sons by reason of the said Subsidies, and not thereof paid, but willfully withdrawen, nor the same leviable within the lymitts where such p[er]sons were thereunto taxed. And if the so[m]me or so[m]mes being behind unpaid by any p[er]son or p[er]sons as is aforesaid, be levied and gathered by force of the said p[re]cesse to be made by the said Co[m]missioners, or if in default or for lacke of payment thereof, the p[er]son or p[er]sons so owing the said so[m]me and so[m]mes of mony, by p[re]cesse of the same Co[m]missioners to be made, as is aforesaid, be co[m]mitted to prison in forme abovesaid, that then the said Co[m]missioners, which shall award such p[re]ces shall make Certificate thereof in the said Exchequer of that shalbe done in the p[re]misses in the Terme next following after such so[m]me or so[m]mes of mony, so being behinde shalbe levied and gathered, or such p[er]son or p[er]sons for non payment of the same, co[m]mitted to prison. And if it happen any of the said Collectors to be assigned, or any Maiors, Sheriffs, Stewards, Constables, the Headborough, Bursholder, Bayliffe or any other Officer or Minister, or other whatsoever p[er]son or p[er]sons to disobey the said Co[m]missioners, or any of them in the reasonable request to them made by the said Commissioners for the execucion of the said Co[m]mission, or if any of the Officers, or other p[er]sons dóe refuse that to them shall appertaine and belong to doe by reason of anie p[re]cept to him or them to be directed, or any reasonable co[m]maundement instance or request touching the p[re]misses or other default in any appearance or colleccion to make, or if any p[er]son being suspected not to be indifferentlie taxed, as is aforesaid, doe refuse to be examined according to the tenor of this Act before the said Co[m]missioners, or as many of them as shalbe thereunto assigned, as is aforesaid, or will not appeare before the said Co[m]missioners upon warning to him made, or else make resistance or rescues upon any distresse, upon him to be taken for anie parcell of the said Subsidies, or committ any misbehavior in any manner of wise contrarie to this Act or co[m]mitt any willfull omission, or other whatsoever willfull doing or misdoing contrary to the tenor of this Act or Graunte; The same Co[m]missioners, and every nomber of them above remembred or two of them at the least uppon probable knowledge of any such misdemeanors had by Informacion or Examinacion, shall and may sett upon every such offendor for every such offence in the name of a Fyne by the same offendor to be forfeited, fortie shillings or under, by discrecion of the same Co[m]missioners. And further the said Co[m]missioners and every nomber of them or two of them at the least, shall have authoritie by this p[re]sent Act, to punish every such offender by imprisonment, there to remaine and to be delivered by their discrecion, (fn. 16) as shall seeme to them convenient, the said Fynes (if any such be) to be certified by the said Co[m]missioners that so assessed the same into the Kings Majesties Exchequer there to be levied and paid by the Collectors of that part for the said Subsidies retorned into the said Exchequer to be therewith charged with the payment of the said Subsidies in such manner as if the said Fines had bene sett and taxed uppon the said offenders for the said Subsidies.

XXIII. Allowance to High Collectors and their Accountants.

Allowance to be paid by Collectors to Commissioners for Expences and Labours of their Clerks.; Remedy for the same for Commissioners against Collectors.

And be it also enacted by the said authoritie of this p[re]sent Parliament That every of the said high Collectors, which shall account for any part of the said Subsidies in the said Exchequer uppon their severall accounts to be yeilded, shalbe allowed at every of the said payments of the said Subsidies for every pound lymited to his colleccion, whereof any such Collector shalbe charged and yeild account, sixe pence as parcell of their charge, that is to saie, of every pound thereof for such p[er]sons as then have had the particuler colleccion of the Townes and other places as is aforesaid specified in his colleccion, two pence and other two pence of every pound thereof, every of the said cheife Collectors, or their Accomptants to retaine to their owne use, for their labour and charge in and about the p[re]misses, and two pence of everie pound residue, to be delivered allowed and paid by the said Collector so being thereof. allowed, to such of the Co[m]missioners, as shall take uppon them the busines and labour for and about the p[re]misses, that is to saie, Every Collector to pay that Co[m]missioner or Co[m]missioners, which had the ordering of the writings of and for every of the said Subsidies, where the said Collector or Collectors had their colleccion, for the expences for the said Co[m]missioners, so taking uppon them the said businesse, and labour of their Clarkes writing the said p[re]cepts and Extacts of the said Colleccions, the said last two pence of every pound to be devided amongest the said Co[m]missioners, having regard to their labour and busines taken by them and their said Clarkes in and about the p[re]misses, for which part, so to the said Co[m]missioners appertayning, the said Co[m]missioners six, five, foure, three, or two, or as many of them as shalbe thereunto appointed by the Kinges Majesties Co[m]mission, and every of them joyntlie and severallie for his and their said part, may have his remedie against the Collector or Collectors, which thereof byn or might have bin allowed by accion of debt, in which the Defendant shall not wage his Lawe, neither Proteccion, neither Injunccion or Essoine shalbe allowed.

XXIV. Commissioners,&c. not compellable to make Presentments other than to Exchequer.

And that no p[er]son, now being of the nomber of this p[re]sent Parliament, nor any Co[m]missioner shalbe named or assigned to be any Collector or Subcollector or Presenter of the said Subsidies, or any part thereof, nor any Co[m]missioners shalbe compelled to make any p[re]sentment or Certificate, other then [into (fn. 17) ] the Kings Majesties said Exchequer, of for or concerning the said Subsidies, or any part or parcell thereof. And likewise that no other p[er]son that shalbe named and assigned to be Co[m]missioners in any place to and for the execucion of this Act of Subsidies, be or shalbe assigned or named head Collector of any of the Payments of the said Subsidies [neither (fn. 18) ] of any part thereof.

XXV. Head Collectors for First Subsidy not compellable to be Collectors of Second Subsidy.

Taking Fees of Accountants.; Penalty.; Imprisonment.; Commissioners at Meetings to shew Certificates and Presentments to the other Commissioners.; Indenture of Collectors Names and of Sums written to Collectors, Fines.&c. to be certified by Commissioners into the Exchequer.; Collectors answerable for their own Collection only.

And that every such p[er]son or p[er]son which shalbe named and appointed as is aforesaid to be head Collectors of and for the payment of the said first Subsidie, or of any part thereof, shall not be compelled to be Collector for the payment of the said second Subsidie nor any part thereof. . And the said Collectors which shalbe assigned for the colleccion of the said two Subsidies, or of any part thereof and every of them, be and shalbe acquited and discharged of all manner Fees and Rewards and of every other charge in the Kings Majesties Exchequer, or elswhere, of them, or any of them by reason of that colleccion payment or accompt, or any thing conc[er]ning the same to be asked, And that if any p[er]son receive or take any Fees, Rewards or pleasures of any such Accomptants, or use any unnecessary delay in their accompt, that then he shall forfeit to the Kings Majestie for every penny or value of every pennyworth so taken, five shillings, and five pounds to the partie greived for every such delay, and suffer imprisonment at the Kinges Majesties pleasure. And after every taxing and assessing of the said severall Subsidies (as is aforesaid) had or made, and the said extacts thereof in Parchment, unto the Collector in manner and forme before rehearsed, delivered, The said Co[m]missioners, which shall take uppon them the execucion of this Acte within the limitts of their Co[m]mission by their agreements, shall have meetings together, At which meeting every of the said Co[m]missioners, which then shall have taken uppon them the execucion of any part of the said Co[m]mission, shall by himselfe or his sufficient Deputie trulie certifie and bring forth unto the said Co[m]missioners named in the said Co[m]mission, the Certificate and Presentment made before him and such other Co[m]missioners as were lymitted with him in one limitt, so as the same certificate may be accompted and cast with the other Certificates of the other limitts within the same Co[m]mission, and then the said Co[m]missioners and every nomber of them, unto two at the least, as is aforesaid, if any be in life, or their Executors or Administrators of their goods, if they then be dead, shall joyntlie and severallie as they were divided within their lymitts under their seales, by their discrecion make one or severall writings indented, contayning in itt aswell the names of the said Collectors by the Co[m]missioners for such colleccions and accounts in the Exchequer and payments in the said receipt, deputed and assigned, as the grosse and severall so[m]mes written unto every such Collectors to receive the said Subsidies, and also all Fynes, Amerciaments, and other Forfeitures, if any such by reason of this Acte, happen to be within the limitt and p[re]cinct of their Co[m]mission, to be certified into the Kings Majesties said Exchequer by the said Co[m]missioners. In which writing or writings indented so to be certified, shalbe plainelie declared and expressed the whole and entire so[m]me or so[m]mes of the said Subsidies severally lymited to the collection of the said Collectors, severally deputed and assigned to the said so[m]mes, Soe as none of the said Collectors, so certified in the said Exchequer, shalbe compelled there to account, or to be charged, but onelie to and for the so[m]mes lymitted to his colleccion, and not to or for any so[m]me lymited to the colleccion of his fellowes: But every of them shalbe severallie charged for their, part lymited to their Colleccion.

XXVI. Commissioners, if they cannot agree,&c. may make several Indentures.

Collectors not chargeable for other Collectors.; Commissioners or Collectors or Persons taxed, dying before discharged, Heirs and Executors chargeable as such Persons would have been if alive.

And if the said Co[m]missioners joyned in one Co[m]mission amongest themselves in that matter cannott agree, or if any of them be not ready, or refuse, to make certificate with other of the same Co[m]missioners, that then the said Co[m]missioners may make severall Indentures [in forme (fn. 19) ] aforesaid, of their, sev[ers]all lymitts or separacions of Collectors within the limitts of their Co[m]mission, uppon and in the Hundreds, Wards, Wapentakes, Rapes, or such other like divisions, within the said severall lymitts of their Co[m]mission, as the places there shall require to be severed and divided, and as to the same Co[m]missioners shall seeme good to make divisions or other lymitts or Colleccions, for the severall charges of the same Collectors, so that alway one Collector shalbe charged, and account for his part to him to be lymitted onely by himselfe, and not for any some lymitted to the part of any of his fellowes: And the charges of every of the collectors to be set and certified severally uppon them. And every such Collector uppon his account and payment of the so[m]me of monie lymited within [his (fn. 20) ] colleccion to be severallie by himselfe acquited and discharged in the said Exchequer without paying any manner Fees or Rewards to any p[er]son or p[er]sons for the same, upon paine and Penaltie last abovesaid, and not to be charged for any porcion of any other Collector. And if any Co[m]missioner after he hath taken certificate of them, that, as is aforesaid, shalbe before any Co[m]missioners exaied and the so[m]mes rated and set, and the bookes and writings thereof being in his handv, or if any Collector or other p[er]son charged with anie receipt of anie part of the said Subsidies, or any other p[er]son taxed or otherwise by this Act charged with or for any parcell of the said Subsidies, or with any other so[m]me Fine Ant[er]ciament Penaltie, or other Forfeiture, happen to die before the Co[m]missioners Collector or other whatsoever p[er]son or p[er]sons have executed, accomplished satisfied, or sufficientlie discharged that, to which every such p[er]son shall appertaine or belong to doe according to this Act, Then the Executors and Heires of every such p[er]son, and all other seized of any Lands and Tenements that any such p[er]son being charged by this Act and deceasing before he be discharged thereof, or any other to his use onelie, had of an Estate of Inheritance at the tyme that any such p[er]son was named Co[m]missioner, Collector, or otherwise charged with or for any manner of thing to be done satisfied or paid by reason of this Act. And all those that have in their possession or hands any Goods, Chattells, Leases, or other things that were to any such p[er]son or p[er]sons at the time of his death, or any Lands or Tenements that were the same p[er]sons at the time that he was, as is aforesaid, charged by this Act shalbe by the same compelled and charged to doe, and accomplish in every case, as the same p[er]son so being charged should have done, or might have byn compelled to doe, if he had bene in plaine life, after such rate of the Lands and Goods of the said Co[m]missioner or Collector, as the partie shall have in his Hands.

XXVII. Commissioners not thinking fit to join in one Certificate Proceedings.

Commissioners making Default of Certificate, Process out of Exchequer against them.

And if the said Co[m]missioners for causes reasonable them moving, shall thinke it not fitt to joyne in one Certificate, as is aforesaid, then the said p[er]son or p[er]sons, that shall first joyne together, or hee that shall first certifie the said writing indented as is aforesaid, shall certifie all the names of the Co[m]missioners of that Co[m]mission, whereuppon such writing shalbe there then to be certified, with division of the Hundreds, Wapentakes, Wards, Tythings, and other places, to and among such Co[m]missioners of the same Co[m]mission, with the names of the said Co[m]missioners, where such Separacions and Divisions shalbe, with the grosse so[m]mes of money, aswell of and for the said Subsidies taxed or set, of or within the said Hundreds, Wards, Wapentakes, or other places to him or them divided or assigned, that shall so certifie the said first Writings, as of the Fines, Amerciaments, Penalties and other Forfeitures, if any happen to be within the same Limitts, whereof the same writings shalbe certified: And after such writings indented, which, as is aforesaid, shalbe certified, and not contayne in it the whole and full so[m]mes set and taxed within the Limits of the same Co[m]mission, the other Co[m]missioners of the same, before the day of payment of the said Subsidie, shall certifie into the said Exchequer, by their writing or writings indented to be made, as is aforesaid, the grosse and severall so[m]mes, set and taxed within the places to them limited, for every of the said Subsidies, and other fines, ant[er]ciaments, penalties and forfeiture, with the names of the [Hundreds, (fn. 21) ] Wards, Wapentakes, and other Places to them assigned, or else by their said writings indented, to certifie at the same place, before the same day of payment, such reasonable causes for their excuses, why they may not make such certificate of and for the said Subsidies Fines Amerciaments and other forfeitures growing or set by reason of the causes of their lets, or of their not certifying, as is aforesaid, or else in default thereof, p[re]cesse to be made out of the Kings Majesties said Exchequer, against the said Co[m]missioners, and every of them not making certificate, as is aforesaid, by the discrecion of the Tresurer and Barons of the said Exchequer.

XXVIII. Proviso for Stamford Baron.

Provided alwaies, and be it enacted by the authoritie aforesaid, That the inhabitants of the Parishe of Saint Martine called Stamford Baron in the Suburbs of the Borough and Towne of Stamford, in the South part [of (fn. 22) ] the waters there, called Wellands, which hereafter shalbe contributory to the payment of these p[re]sent Subsidies, graunted to the Kings Majestie, his Heires and Successors, shalbe assessed, rated, and taxed for the same, by such Co[m]missioners, which shalbe appointed for the taxing, rating, and sessing of the same Subsidies within the Countie of Lincolne, and shalbe for the same contributorie, and pay the said Subsidies, to the Collector or Collectors, which shalbe assigned and appointed for the levying and gathering of the same, with the Aldermen and Burgesses of the same Borough and Towne of Stamford.

XXIX. Persons having Spiritual and Temporal Possessions, and also Personal Property, not to be doubly charged.

Provided alwaies, and be it further enacted by the authoritie aforesaid, That all and every p[er]son and p[er]sons having Mannors Lands Tenements,. and other Hereditaments chargeable to the payment of the said Subsidies graunted to the Kings Majestie by this Acte, and also having Spirituall possessions chargeable to his said Majestie by anie graunt made or to be made by the Clergie of this Realme in their Convocacion, and over this, having substance in goods and chattells chargeable by this said Acte, that then, if any of the said p[er]son or p[er]sons be hereafter charged, assessed and taxed for the said Mannors Lands and Tenements, and Spirituall possessions, and also charged assessed and taxed for his and their goods and chattells, that then he or they shalbe onelie charged by vertue of this Act for his and their said Mannors Lands Tenements Hereditaments and Spirituall possessions, or onelie for his said goods and chattells, the best thereof to be taken for the Kings Majestie, and not to be charged for both, or double charged for any of them; Any thing in this Act conteyned to the contrary in any wise notwithstanding.

XXX. Exception for Scotland, Ireland, Jersey and Guernsey.

Provided alwaies, that this graunte of Subsidies, or any thing therein conteyned, in any wise extend not to charge the Inhabitants dwelling in Scotland, Ireland, Jersey, and Garnesey, or any of them, of, for or concerning any Mannors, Lands, Tenements, or other possessions, goods, chattells, or other moveable substance, which the said Inhabitants or dwellers, or any others to their use have within Scotland, Ireland, Jersey and Garnesey, or in any of them, or of, for, or concerning any Fees or Wages, which any of the said Inhabitants or dwellers have of the Kings Majestie for their attendance and doing service to our Soveraigne Lord the Kings Majestie in Scotland, Ireland, Jersey and Garnesey, or in any of them. Any thing in this p[re]sent Act to the contrary in any wise notwithstanding.

XXXI. Exception for English Inhabitants of Berwick-upon-Tweed.

Provided also, That this p[re]sent Act of Subsidies, ne any thing therein conteyned, extend to any of the English Inhabitants or resiants in the Towne of Berwicke, for or concerning any Mannors, Lands, Tenements, or other possessions, goodes, chattells, or other moveable substance, which the same English Inhabitants or dwellers, or any other to their use, have within the said Towne of Berwick, or for or concerning any Fees or wages, which any of the English inhabitants or dwellers have of the Kings Majestie for their attendance or doing service to the Kings Majestie, for, or, within the said Towne, but that the English inhabitants and resiants, and every of them shalbe of, and from the said Subsidies, and every parcell thereof, onelie for their said Mannors, Lands, Tenements, Fees, Wages, Goods, and Chattells, lying and being in the said Towne of Berwicke, utterlie acquitted and discharged, Any thing in this p[re]sent Act before rehearsed to the contrary notwithstanding.

XXXII. Proviso for Patents of Liberties,&c. to Cities,&c.

Provided also, that all l[ia]res Patents graunted by the Kings Majestie, or any of his most noble Progenitors, to any Cities, Boroughes, or Townes within this Realme, of any manner of Liberties Priviledges or exempcions from the burthen and charge of any such graunts of Subsidies, which be at this p[re]sent tyme in force and availeable, shall remaine good and effectuall to the said Cities, Boroughes, and Townes hereafter according to the purports thereof, although the Inhabitants of the same, and also the said Corporacions, shall uppon the great and weightie consideracions of the Graunte aforesaid, be for this Graunt charged and contributorie in like manner forme and sort, as other Cities, Boroughes, and Townes, which be not in any wise priviledged, but by this Act charged.

Proviso for Orphans and Infants.

Provided alwaies, and be it enacted by the authoritie aforesaid,' That no Orphan or Infant within the age of one and twentie yeares, borne within any of the Kings Majesties Dominions, shalbe charged to any payment of these Subsidies, for his or their Goods and chattells to him or her left or bequeathed. Any thing in this Act contayned to the contrary notwithstanding.

XXXIII. Proviso for Universities of Oxford and Cambridge and Winchester College and Eaton College and the poor Knights of Windsor and Free Schools and Readers,&c. in the Universities of Oxford and Cambridge and for Hospitals,&c.

Provided also that this Act, nor any thing therein contayned, shall extend to the lands or goods of any Colledge, Hall or Hostell, within the Univ[er]sities of Oxford and Cambridge, or any of them, or to the Goods or Lands of the Colledge of Winton founded by Bishopp Wickham, or to the goods or lands of the Colledge of Eaton next Windsor, or to the Lands, Tenements, or revenues onelie assigned and appointed for the sustentacion and living of the poore Knights founded in the Castle or Colledge of Windsor by our late Soveraigne Lord King Henry the eight, or to any the Goods or Chattells of the same Knights or any of them, or to the Goods or lands of any co[m]mon free Grammar Schoole within the Realme of England or Wales, or to the goods of any Reader Schoolemaster or Scholler, or any Graduate or Resiant, or remayning for studie without fraude or covin within any the said Univ[er]sities and Colledges or townes of Oxford and Cambridge, or Suburbes of the same, or to any of them, or to any their servants attending dailie uppon any of them, nor to the goods of any Officer Minister Almes men or servants belonging to any of the said Univ[er]sities, Colledges, Halls, or Hostells, and dwelling and resiant within the said Univ[er]sities, or either of them, or within either of the said Townes of Oxford and Cambridge& the Suburbes of the same without fraude or covin, or to the goods, and lands of any Hospitall, Maisondieu, or Spittle house p[re]pared and used for the sustentacion and releife of poore people, Any thing in this Act contayned to the contrary in any wise notwithstanding.

XXXIV. Inhabitants of Cinque Ports for the most part of the Year before the Grant chargeable during Resiance only.

Provided also, and be it further enacted, that the said Grant of Subsidies, or any thing therein contayned, doe not in any wise extend or be p[re]judiciall or hurtfull to any of the inhabitants or resiants having dwelt for the most part of the yeare next before the taxing and assessing of the said Subsidies as aforesaid, within the five ports corporate, or to anie their members incorporated, or united to the said five Ports, or to anie of the said five Ports, but that such the inhabitants or Resiants as aforesaid, in the said five Ports corporate, and their members, be and shalbe of and from the said Graunt and payment of every of the said Subsidies, and every part thereof, and onelie during their resiance as aforesaid, and no longer, clearelie acquited and discharged, Any matter or whatsoever thing in this p[re]sent Act had or made to the contrary notwithstanding.

XXXV. Proviso for Inhabitants of Rumney Marsh.

Provided also that the said Grant of Subsidies doe not in any wise extend to be p[re]judiciall or hurtfull to the English Inhabitants or Resiants at this p[re]sent tyme within the Liberties of Rumney Marsh, of or for any part of the said so[m]mes graunted in this p[re]sent Parliament, of the said English Inhabitants now there Resiants, or any of them, to be taxed, set, asked, levied, or paid, but that the said English Inhabitants, and now Resiants of Rumney Marsh aforesaid and every of them, be and shalbe of and from, the graunt and payment of the said Subsidies during their [Resiance (fn. 23) ] there, and no longer acquited and discharged, Any matter, and whatsoever thing in this p[re]sent Act made to the contrary notwithstanding.

XXXVI. Alien or Denizen assigning his Landsv,&c. to his Child with Intent to defraud the Subsidy, such Child chargeable as an Alien.

Provided neverthelesse, and be it enacted by the authoritie aforesaid, That if any Alien or Straunger borne, Denizen, or not Denizen, and dwelling and inhabiting within this Realme of England, shall assigne and convey over unto any his or their childe or children borne within the said Realme of England, any his or their Lands, Tenements, Goods or Chattells, to the intent thereby to defraud the Kings Majestie of his said Subsidies of or for the same, that then all and every such childe and children, so being seised of any such Lands and Tenements, and possessed of any such goods or chattells shalbe charged and chargeable to and with the payment of double the said Subsidies for the same Lands, Tenements, Goods, and Chattells at the said rates and values, as Aliens and Straungers, Denizens, and not Denizens are before limited and appointed to pay.

Footnotes

1 O. omits.
2 or O.
3 within this O.
4 happen then O.
5 O. omits.
6 abovesaid O.
7 Subsidie O.
8 Subsedy O.
9 Subsidie O.
10 those O.
11 the like O.
12 O. omits.
13 discrec[i]on O.
14 so[m]mes of Money O.
15 them O.
16 O. omits.
17 to O.
18 either O.
19 in the forme O.
20 this O.
21 Hundred O.
22 of of O.
23 1 Resiancie O.