References

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English Heritage

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Author

F. H. W. Sheppard (General Editor)

Year published

1975

Supporting documents

Pages

365-425

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'References', Survey of London: volume 38: South Kensington Museums Area (1975), pp. 365-425. URL: http://british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=47542 Date accessed: 20 September 2014.


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References

ABBREVIATIONS

1851 Comm. Archives of the Commissioners for the Exhibition of 1851
1851 Comm.,W.A. The same, Windsor Archives, being transcripts in the possession of the Commissioners of items in the Royal Archives at Windsor Castle.
A.E.P. Alexander estate papers in the possession of Mr. Ian Anstruther.
B. The Builder.
B.A. Building Act case, Greater London Council.
B.M. British Museum.
B.N. The Building News .
Boase Frederick Boase, Modern English Biography, 1965 ed.
B.R. Building Regulation case, Greater London Council.
Broadlands MSS. MSS. belonging to the Trustees of the Broadlands Archives temporarily deposited with the Historical MSS. Commissioners.
C.C. Archives of the Church Commissioners.
C.C.T. Archives of the Campden Charities' Trustees.
C.G.L.I. Archives of City and Guilds of London Institute.
C.I. Archives of Commonwealth Institute.
Colvin H. M. Colvin, A Biographical Dictionary of English Architects,1660–1840, 1954.
D.N.B. Dictionary of National Biography.
D.S.R. District Surveyors' Returns for South Kensington in Greater London Record Office, County Hall and Dartmouth Street.
Faulkner Thomas Faulkner, History and Antiquities of Kensington, 1820.
G.E.C. The Complete Peerage, ed. G.E.C., 1910–59.
G.L.C. Greater London Council.
G.L.R.O.(L) Greater London Record Office, County Hall.
G.L.R.O.(M) Greater London Record Office (Middlesex), Dartmouth Street.
Gunnis Rupert Gunnis, Dictionary of British Sculptors 1660–1851, rev. ed., N.D.
H.C.C. and H.C.D. (Sir) Henry Cole's Correspondence and Diary in the library of the Victoria and Albert Museum, consulted by courtesy of Mrs. Dutnall of Cavendish, Suffolk, a great-grand-daughter of Sir Henry Cole and Trustee for the Cole family, in whom the copyright is vested.
H.L.R.O. House of Lords Record Office.
I.C. Archives of Imperial College of Science and Technology.
I.L.N. The Illustrated London News.
J.S.A. Journal of the (Royal) Society of Arts.
K.P.L. Kensington Central public Library, Hornton Street.
L.C.C. London County Council.
Liddell Collection Papers of John Liddell, architect, at the time of writing in the stock of B. Weinreb, Architectural Books Limited.
M.B.W. Archives of the Metropolitan Board of Works in Greater London Record Office, County Hall.
M.C.S. Archives of the Metropolitan Commissioners of Sewers in Greater London Record Office, County Hall.
M.L.R. Middlesex Land Register in Greater London Record Office, County Hall.
Mangeot family papers Papers in the possession of Mr.Fowke Mangeot, a great-grand-son of Sir Henry Cole and Francis Fowke.
N.H.M. Natural History Museum.
N.M. The National Memorial to His Royal Highness the Prince Consort, 1873.
O.S. Ordnance Survey, 5 foot map of London.
P.O.D. Post Office Directories.
P.P. Parliamentary Papers.
P.P.R. Principal Probate Registry, Somerset House.
P.R.O. Public Record Office.
RA Royal Archives, Windsor Castle.
R.B. Ratebooks in Kensington Central Public Library, Hornton Street.
R.C.M. Archives of Royal College of Music.
R.H.S. Archieves of Royal Horticultural Society.
R.I.B.A. Royal Institute of British Architects.
T. The Times.
V.A.M. Victoria and Albert Museum.
W.C.S. Archives of the Westminster Commissioners of Sewers in Greater London Record Office, County Hall.
W.P.L. Westminster Public Library, Buckingham Palace Road.

CHAPTER I (pp. 1–18)

Estates and Houses before 1851

1. P.R.O., C66/1851, no. 19.

2. Calendar of Letters and Papers of Henry VIII, vol. XVI, p. 174, vol. XVII, p. 392.

3. C.C., document no. 29208, pp. 336–9.

4. G.L.R.O.(M), MR/UP/435.

5. P.R.O., C54/3338, no. 42.

6. Minet Library, Surrey Collection, Cl. VI/237, p. 29.

7. Extra-illustrated Faulkner in B.M. (press mark L.R. 27I.c.3), between pp. 440 and 441.

8. P.R.O., C54/2057, Argyll et al. to Weddell et al.

9. Harleian Society, Registers, vol. XVI (Kensington 1539–1675), 1890, p. III.

10. Relations of Golconda in the Early Seventeenth Century, ed. W. H. Moreland, 1931 (Hakluyt Society Publications, 2nd series, no. lxvi), pp. xxiii–xxxvi: A. R. Ingram, The Gateway to India, 1938, passim.

11. Survey of London, vol. XVII, 1936, p. 148.

12. K.P.L., Court Rolls of Earl's Court, box III, m.4.

13. P.R.O., PROB 11/231, f. 321.

14. K.P.L., MS. 2694.

15. Complete Baronetage, ed. G.E.C., vol. v, 1906, p. 127: K.P.L., MS. 2729.

16. K.P.L., MSS. 2790–2.

17. Ibid., MSS. 2778, 2799–2800.

18. Complete Baronetage, loc. cit.: K.P.L., MS. 2737.

19. P.R.O., C14/612/6.

20. G.L.C. Map Collection, JK 1861.

21. P.R.O., C14/612/6: Complete Baronetage, vol. I, 1900, p. 67.

22. P.R.O., C13/1175/17: The Gentleman's Magazine, vol. LXXV, Sept. 1805, p. 874.

23. Vicomte A. Révérend, Titres, Anoblissements et Pairies de la Restauration 1814–1830, vol. 3, 1903, pp. 60–1.

24. R.B.: K.P.L., MS. 2847.

25. Révérend, op. et loc. cit.: P.R.O., C14/612/6; C13/1175/17.

26. P.R.O., C14/612/6: 16 and 17 Vict., c. 5, private.

27. 17 and 18 Vict., c. 25, private.

28. K.P.L., MS. 2786.

29. Stephen Switzer, The Nobleman, Gentleman and Gardener's Recreation, 1715, index.

30. Ibid., p. 58: David Green, Gardener to Queen Anne, 1956, p. 4: K.P.L., MS. 63/1379 (Great Church Book), p. 5; MS. 2749.

31. K.P.L., MS. 2701.

32. Green, op. cit., passim.

33. K.P.L., MS. 86.

34. D.N.B.

35. Faulkner, p. 441.

36. K.P.L., Court Rolls of Earl's Court, box I, m.3.

37. Ibid., Pic. 440: Faulkner, p. 440.

38. Harleian Society, Registers, ut supra, p. 74.

39. Faulkner, pp. 261, 272, 273: G.E.C.

40. K.P.L., MS. 2727.

41. Peter Burke, The Public and Domestic Life of the Right Hon. Edmund Burke, 1853, pp. 277–80.

42. P.R.O., PROB II/90, f. 90.

43. K.P.L., MS. 2758.

44. Endowed Charities (London), vol. IV, 1901, p. 431: P.R.O., PROB 11/231, f. 321.

45. K.P.L., MS. 3900.

46. Ibid.: Endowed Charities (London), vol. IV, p. 460: Charity Commissioners, file 237938.

47. K.P.L., MS. 3900: M.L.R. 1874/21/215.

48. K.P.L., MS. 86; cf. MSS. 2265–6.

49. Green, op. cit., p. 5: Notes and Queries, 11th series, vol. 11, 1910, p. 204.

50. Colvin.

51. K.P.L., MS. 2824.

52. R.B.: K.P.L., MSS. 2834, 2848.

53. R.B.: G.E.C.: D.N.B.

54. 37 Geo. III, c. 132, private.

55. K. Downes, Hawksmoor, 1969, p. 73.

56. Survey of London, vol. XXXVII, 1973, p. 36.

57. Green, op. cit., p. 97: Colvin.

58. B.M., Add. MS. 19613, f. 93.

59. Green, op. cit., p. 156.

60. K.P.L., MS. 2819: Faulkner, p. 438.

61. M.L.R. 1798/3/95–7.

62. R.B.: M.L.R. 1826/6/555.

63. K.P.L., Kensington and Chelsea Street Names, 1968.

64. P.R.O., C13/1175/17.

65. C. J. Richardson, Picturesque Designs for Mansions, Villas, Lodges. . ., 1870, p. 112.

66. P.R.O., C33/993, p. 798.

67. K.P.L., MS. 2787.

68. G.E.C.

69. 1851 Comm., W.A. x, 47, 49: K.P.L., 711.5 Exh.

70. Richardson, op. et loc. cit.: 17 and 18 Vict., c. 25, private.

71. A.E.P., deed of settlement, 28 Sept. 1830.

72. Dorothy Stroud, The Thurloe Estate, 1965 ed., pp. 5–6.

73. P.R.O., PROB 11/193, f. 94; C54/4166, no. 13.

74. Ibid., PROB 11/338, f. 43 (will of C. Blake); PROB 11/425, f. 70 (will of M. Dorney); C10/428/25.

75. Faulkner, p. 259.

76. A.E.P., marriage settlement of 21, 22 Aug. 1713.

77. Ibid.: K.P.L., MS. 1042; Court Rolls of Earl's Court, box IV, m.I, VI, mm.6, 7, XII, mm.1, 2, 3.

78. P.R.O., C10/428/25: K.P.L., Court Rolls of Earl's Court, box III, m.2, IV, m.I, VI, mm.6, 7, VII, m.4.

79. A.E.P., deeds of enfranchisement, 25 March 1836, 1 and 2 July 1838.

80. Ibid., copy of A. M. Brace's will: Army Lists: Harleian Society, Registers, vol. XXVIII (Bath Abbey, Burials), 1901, p. 448.

81. The Gentleman's Magazine, vol. LXIX, Jan. 1799, p. 85: A.E.P., copy of H. T. Brace's will: Stroud, op. cit., pp. 8–9.

82. Stroud, op. cit., pp. 8, 10: The Gentleman's Magazine, vol. LXIX, Suppl., 1799, p. 1191.

83. Holden's Triennial Directory, 1809–11: R.B.

84. Johnstone's London Commercial Guide and Street Directory, 1817.

85. A.E.P., land tax papers: M.L.R. 1867/25/418.

86. M.L.R. 1867/25/418.

87. A.E.P., leases of 20 April 1773, 6 Oct. 1807.

88. Ibid., building agreement of 14 June 1826.

89. The Gentleman's Magazine, vol. CI, Feb. 1831, p. 187.

90. P.O.D.: Pigot's Directory (London and Provincial), 1827–8.

91. P.O.D.: A.E.P., miscellaneous deeds of 1826 and 1827.

92. D.S.R.

93. A.E.P., building agreements of 1 March and 13 Dec. 1857.

94. Ibid., building agreements, Dec. 1870 to June 1882.

95. R.B.

96. P.P.R., will of H. B. Alexander, 1885; index to wills, 1885, sub H. B. Alexander.

97. Ibid., will of H. B. Alexander: Joseph Foster, Alumni Oxoniensis, 1751–1886, vol. 1, 1887, sub W. H. Alexander.

98. D. Stroud, op. cit., p. 28: P. Fleetwood-Hesketh, 'Future of the National Portrait Gallery', in Country Life, 20 Aug. 1970, p. 446.

99. A.E.P., copy of W. H. Alexander's will: P.P.R., will of H. B. Alexander, 1885.

100. Ibid.: Burke's Peerage.

101. R.B.: cf. Desmaretz's map of 1717 (P.R.O., MPH 258) with Rocque's map of the environs of London, c. 1745: K.P.L., C Pic. Nos. 484a, b.

102. R. Leslie-Melville, The Life and Work of Sir John Fielding, 1935, pp. 226–7, 291, 299: R.B.

103. R.B.: Burke's Peerage.

104. 1851 Comm., W.A. IX, 52, 56: M.L.R. 1852/ 12/654–5.

105. M.L.R. 1857/14/113; 1862/17/403.

106. Calendar of State Papers Domestic 1644–1645, p. 377; ibid., 1645–1647, p. 516.

107. P.R.O., PROB 11/381, f. 115.

108. W.P.L., WBA 290/9.

109. Ibid., WBA 290/292: C.C., document no. 292079, item no. 13.

110. P.R.O., PROB 11/1635, f. 552.

111. C.C., document no. 292078, pp. 210–12.

112. M.L.R. 1852/12/655.

113. W.P.L., ratebooks of St. Margaret's parish.

114. Leigh Hunt, The Old Court Suburb, 1855, vol. 1, p. 30.

115. W.P.L., ratebooks of St. Margaret's parish: K.P.L., MSS. 2265–6.

116. K.P.L., Kensington Gore, C Pic. No. 473: V.A.M., Lib., photo. coll., no. 34968.

117. W.P.L., ratebooks of St. Margaret's parish: D.N.B.

118. The Letters of Horace Walpole, ed. Mrs. Paget Toynbee, vol. VI, 1904, p. 318.

119. Sir John Soane's Museum, Adam drawings, vol. II, nos. 186–7; vol. 22, no. 208; vol. 50, no. 39.

120. The Autobiography and Correspondence of Mary Granville, Mrs. Delany, ed. Lady Llanover, 2nd series, vol. 1, 1862, p. 150.

121. The Letters of Horace Walpole, vol. VI, pp. 376–7, 379, 399–400, 426.

122. Sir John Soane's Museum, Adam drawings, vol. 20, no. 81.

123. W.P.L., ratebooks of St. Margaret's parish: P.O.D.

124. W.P.L., WBA 177/70, 77.

125. Ibid., ratebooks of St. Margaret's parish: G.E.C.: David Spinney, Rodney, 1969, p. 417.

126. Robert Isaacs Wilberforce and Samuel Wilberforce, The Life of William Wilberforce, 1838, vol. III, p. 388; vol. v, p. 101.

127. Michael Sadleir, Blessington-D'Orsay, 1933, pp. 253–346: J. Fitzgerald Molloy, The Most Gorgeous Lady Blessington, 1896, vol. II, pp. 305–8: W.P.L., ratebooks of St. Margaret's parish.

128. W.P.L., WBA 177/93: Helen Morris, Portrait of a Chef, 1938, pp. 100–118: Edward B. Page and P. W. Kingsford, The Master Chefs, 1971, pp. 134–40.

129. P.O.D.: Col. W. F. Prideaux, 'Notes on Salway's Plan of the Road from Hyde Park Corner to Counter's Bridge' in London Topographical Record, vol. III, 1906, pp. 45–6.

130. Sadleir, op. cit., pp. 255–6: W.P.L., WBA 177/93.

131. C.C., document no. 292079, item no. 12.

132. Ibid., document no. 292078, 30 July 1744: K.P.L., MS. 86.

133. P.R.O., PROB 11/880, f. 434: C.C., document no. 292078, pp. 31–6, 72–3, 154, 181–4.

134. P.R.O., PROB 11/2004, f. 668.

135. C.C., document no. 292078, pp. 239–42.

136. W.P.L., ratebooks of St. Margaret's parish: G.E.C.: D.N.B.:Leslie Stephen, The Life of Sir James Fitzjames Stephen, 1895, p. 22.

137. W.P.L., ratebooks of St. Margaret's parish: D.N.B.: P.R.O., PROB 11/2087, f. 73.

138. P.R.O., PROB 11/2087, f. 73.

139. C.C., document no. 292078, pp. 336–9:D.N.B.: M.L.R. 1871/6/752.

140. Prideaux, op. cit., pp. 42–3.

141. 1851 Comm., W.A. VIII, 25: enfranchisement of 18 Feb. and conveyance of 2 June 1852 in possession of Messrs. Witham, Weld and Co.

142. M.L.R. 1857/8/491–2.

143. P.R.O., PROB 11/381, f. 115: M.L.R. 1835/2/ 181.

144. M.L.R. 1835/2/181.

145. P.R.O., MPH 258.

146. G.L.C. Photograph Library, 58/1232.

147. C.C., document no. 292078, pp. 184–5, 305–11: G.L.R.O.(M), MR/UP/435.

148. M.L.R. 1858/6/852: G.L.R.O.(M), MR/UP/ 435.

149. K.P.L., Vestry Minutes, 13 Sept., 4 Oct. 1758: Endowed Charities (London), vol. IV, 1901, pp. 431, 440, 459–60: G.L.R.O.(M), MR/ UP/435.

150. M.L.R.1857/8/491–2; 1857/14/113; 1858/6/ 113; 1862/17/403.

151. G.L.C. Members' Library, Collections Relating to Henry Smith: P.R.O., PROB 11/153, f. 1.

152. K.P.L., MSS. 86, 2726.

153. Faulkner, p. 288: Prideaux, op. cit., p. 48.

154. Faulkner, p. 288: M.L.R.1805/3/329.

155. M.L.R. 1811/5/375.

156. Faulkner, p. 288: D.N.B.

157. R.B.: P.R.O., PROB 11/1752, f. 127.

158. M.L.R. 1861/12/630; 1862/1/230.

159. Endowed Charities (London), vol. v, 1903, pp. 830–2: Charity Commissioners' records, CB 2895.

160. M.L.R. 1762/3/194–5.

161. Endowed Charities (London), vol. v, p. 832.

162. M.L.R. 1851/7/437.

163. Ibid., 1764/3/440: Colvin.

164. M.L.R. 1764/4/186–7.

165. Ibid., 1769/4/295.

166. Ibid., 1776/5/243.

167. Ibid., 1782/3/231.

168. Survey of London, vol. XVIII, 1937, p. 136.

169. Arthur T. Bolton, The Architecture of Robert and James Adam, 1922, vol. 1, p. 25: Doreen Yardwood, Robert Adam, 1970, p. 93: Survey of London, vol. XVIII, 1937, pp. 105, 110.

170. T. 30 June 1823.

171. M.L.R. 1833/2/427: H. Clifford Smith, Buckingham Palace, 1931, p. 147.

172. P.R.O., HO 107/690/10, f. 8: G.L.R.O.(L), TA 9.

173. M.L.R. 1846/4/759 and 1846–9 passim sub Thomas Dowbiggin: K.P.L., photographs of 1904.

174. M.L.R. 1846/4/760–1: M.C.S. 290, f. 485.

175. P.O.D.: R.B.

176. Thomas Faulkner, An Historical and Topographical Description of Chelsea and its Environs, 1829 ed., vol. 11, pp. 1–2.

177. Survey of London, vol. IV, 1913, p. 18: information kindly provided by the Librarian and Archivist at Hatfield House.

178. G.L.R.O.(M), MR/UP/683.

CHAPTER II (pp. 19–25)

Clareville Grove Area

1. A.E.P., copy of enfranchisement, 17 May 1810: M.L.R. 1810/4/606: K.P.L., Court Rolls of Earl's Court, passim.

2. The Gentleman's Magazine, vol. LXVII, 1797, p. 355: P.R.O., PROB 11/1289, f. 252: A.E.P., copy of enfranchisement, 17 May 1810: M.L.R. 1810/4/606.

3. A.E.P., copy of enfranchisement, 17 May 1810; copy of land tax redemption contract, 1799: M.L.R. 1821/8/542; 1830/3/73: Underhill's Triennial Directory for 1817–19.

4. M.L.R. 1830/3/73.

5. Ibid., 1822/8/774; 1821/8/542: R.B.

6. M.L.R. 1823/3/739; 1823/5/243; 1823/10/ 865–6.

7. Ibid., 1827/7/102.

8. Ibid., 1825/1/791.

9. Ibid., 1825/1/790–1; 1825/10/97–9, 759; 1826/3/205, 427; 1826/9/416; 1827/2/546; 1827/5/59–60.

10. Ibid., 1826/3/427; 1826/9/416: R.B.

11. M.L.R. 1826/3/206; R.B.: P.O.D.

12. M.L.R. 1827/5/58; 1829/2/357–9; 1829/7/ 356; 1830/3/75; 1832/3/734.

13. Ibid., 1832/3/734: R.B.

14. M.L.R. 1830/3/75: R.B.

15. M.L.R. 1828/6/167; 1828/9/154: R.B.

16. M.L.R. 1825/12/568; 1826/3/195; 1830/3/74, 76.

17. Ibid., 1830/3/73.

18. K.P.L., MSS. 819, 820: R.B.

19. M.L.R. 1830/4/100: G.L.R.O.(L), M.C.S., Sewer plans, P/6/148.

20. R.B.

21. G.L.R.O.(L), M.C.S., Sewer plans, P/6/148: M.L.R. 1830/8/364; 1834/2/596.

22. R.B.: G.L.R.O.(L), M.C.S., Sewer plans, P/6/148.

23. R.B.: P.R.O., H.O. 107/690/10, ff. 28–9.

24. P.O.D.: M.L.R. 1843/6/748–9: A.E.P., release of 2 Dec. 1842, Lee to Maugham; declaration of H. Larchin, 7 Nov. 1861: M.L.R. 1843/ 6/748–9.

25. A.E.P., conveyance of 8 Nov. 1861, H. Larchin to Freake; agreement of 31 Dec. 1870: M.L.R. 1861/16/64.

26. P.R.O., PROB 11/2048, f. 48.

27. Diagrams of the Parish of St. Mary Abbotts, Kensington, 1846–7, p. 151: G.L.R.O.(L), TA 9: D.S.R.

28. G.L.R.O.(L), M.S.C. 297, no. 186/7142: D.S.R.

29. R.B.: P.O.D.

30. D.S.R.: Sale particulars in possession of Mr. Cecil Thomas.

31. D.S.R.: B. 28 Jan., 4 Feb. 1882, pp. 120, 149.

32. D.S.R.

33. G.L.C. Members' Library, file no. 1201.

34. B.A. 63696.

35. Ibid., 107115.

36. B. 9 Oct. 1886, p. 518: The British Architect, 22 April 1887, p. 315: D.S.R.: Oliver Matthews, Early Photographs and Early Photographers, 1973.

37. B. ut supra.

38. Ibid., 12 June 1886, p. 846.

39. Ibid., 9 Oct. 1886, p. 518: The British Artichect, ut supra: P.O.D.

40. Brochure in possession of Mr. Cecil Thomas.

41. The British Architect, ut supra.

42. Information kindly supplied by Mr. Cecil Thomas.

43. Minutes of the School Board for London, Dec. 1877-May 1880,passim.

44. Ibid., 6 Aug. 1879, p. 428, 12 May 1881, p. 881: D.S.R.

45. B. 26 July 1879, p. 844.

46. Ibid.: D.S.R.: Minutes of the School Board for London, 6 Aug. 1879, p. 428.

47. L.C.C., Education Committee Minutes, 26 Nov. 1913, p. 790, 4 July 1956, p. 426, 9 Oct. 1957, p. 237; Education Bulletin, no. 396, 13 June 1956, para. 20, no. 399, 18 July 1956, para. 23.

CHAPTER III (pp. 26–48)

Hyde Park Gate, Kensington Gate and Palace Gate

1. Endowed Charities (London), vol. iv, 1901, pp. 425–6: G.E.C.

3. C.C.T., lease of 29 Sept. 1645 to P. Colby.

3. An inquiry into the merits of the claim made on behalf of the Parish of Kensington to the workhouse built on the lands of the Campden Trust, 1846 (copy in K.P.L.).

4. 17 Geo. III, c. 64, public.

5. K.P.L., Minutes of the Trustees of the Poor, 1777 passim.

6. Ibid., 16 Sept. 1777, 13 Feb., 13 March 1778.

7. Ibid., 3 April, 1 May 1778.

8. Ibid., 31 March 1778, 9 Feb. 1780, 6 March 1797.

9. C.C.T., Minutes, 1779 passim.

10. Ibid., 1786–1803 passim.

11. Ibid., 26 Nov. 1810.

12. Ibid., 25 April 1811, 28 Feb. 1812.

13. Ibid., 20 June 1820.

14. Ibid., 13, 17 March 1821.

15. K.P.L., Kensington Turnpike Trust, Minutes of Committee, 29 July 1822.

16. W.C.S. P/16/515: C.C.T, Minutes, 31 March 1821.

17. C.C.T., Minutes, 24 April 1821.

18. Ibid., 1821–31 passim.

19. R.B.

20. C.C.T, lease of 20 May 1829 to T. R. Drew; conveyance of 8 May 1875 to J. Watney: M.L.R. 1832/7/632.

21. C.C.T., Minutes, 23 June 1824.

22. Ibid., 16 July 1824 et seq.

23. Ibid., 1828 passim; sale particulars of 1834.

24. Ibid., lease of 1 Feb. 1838 to R. C. Kidd.

25. Ibid., lease of 23 June 1840 to R. Thew.

26. P.R.O., H.O. 107/1468, f. 23.

27. An inquiry . . ., ut supra: K.P.L., Vestry Minutes, 1 May 1840; Minutes of the Trustees of the Poor, 1820–45 passim: G.L.R.O.(L), KBG Minutes, 1840–9, passim.

28. T. 1 Dec. 1851.

29. M.C.S. P/4/106: M.L.R. 1852/15/296.

30. B. 13 Dec. 1851, p. 779n.: T. 9 Dec. 1851.

31. Guildhall Lib., MS. 9154.

32. Ibid.: G.L.R.O.(L), FBG 3, June-Nov. 1849.

33. Leigh Hunt, The Old Court Suburb, 1855, vol. 1, pp. 87–9.

34. D.S.R.

35. B. 13 Dec. 1851, p. 779: T. 9 Dec. 1851.

36. Hammersmith Pub. Lib., FBW/1, pp. 42–4.

37. Annual Reports of Fulham Board of Works, 1857–87 passim.

38. P.P.R., index to wills, 1904, sub Bean.

39. B. 13 Dec. 1851, p. 779: Annual Register for 1851. Chronicle, pp. 187–8.

40. M.L.R. 1852/15/296; 1853/7/836.

41. G.L.R.O.(L), KBG 11, 17 Feb. 1848.

42. M.L.R. 1852/15/304.

43. P.R.O., R.G. 9/17, ff. 5–8: R.B.

44. C.C.T., Minutes 1873–4 passim: Annual Reports of Campden Charities' Trustees, 1867–8, p. 6; 1874, p. 7.

45. C.C.T., conveyance of 8 May 1875 to J. Watney.

46. D.S.R.: B.A. 4395: P.O.D.

47. C.C.T., file on Nos. 47–49 Hyde Park Gate.

48. B.A. 106238.

49. Survey of London, vol. XXXVII, 1973, pp. 89–90, 197: J.A. Venn, Alumni Cantabrigienses, pt. 11, vol. 3, 1947, sub Hanson, Stephen.

50. K.P.L., MS. 3791: M.L.R. 1833/6/268–9.

51. Charles Henry Cope, Reminiscences of Charles West Cope R. A., 1891, pp. 118–19.

52. R.B.: M.L.R. 1836/5/606.

53. Survey of London, vol. XXXVII, 1973, pp. 93, 197.

54. R.B.: D.N.B.

55. M.L.R. 1841/2/223; 1850/5/796.

56. Ibid., 1841/2/110–11.

57. F. M. Redgrave, Richard Redgrave C.B., R.A. A Memoir . . ., 1891, p. 47.

58. G.L.C. Members' Library, file no. 1631.

59. D.N.B.

60. M.L.R. 1847/10/22; 1850/5/796.

61. D.S.R.: P.O.D.

62. M.L.R. 1843/6/994–5; 1850/5/796.

63. Ibid., 1845/8/102; 1847/7/1007: P.O.D.

64. M.L.R. 1846/9/341–2; 1847/2/622–8; 1848/3/ 823–5; 1850/5/796.

65. D.S.R.: W.C.S. 84, pp. 352, 364.

66. Survey of London, vol. XXXVII, 1973, p. 158.

67. G.L.C. Members' Library, file no. 1227.

68. M.L.R. 1846/9/772; 1847/7/1007; 1848/4/ 767.

69. Ibid., 1841/2/112; 1843/3/506; 1847/2/351.

70. Ibid., 1850/5/796.

71. Ibid., 1851/12/268.

72. P.R.O., PROB 11/2054, f. 327.

73. M.L.R. 1858/6/743; 1881/29/684.

74. Ibid., 1858/13/302–9; 1861/7/69, 391.

75. Mark Girouard, 'Creating the "Old English" Style. Early Norman Shaw Commissions—11', in Country Life, 6 Sept. 1973, pp. 614–18.

76. Manuscript diaries of E. W. Cooke in private possession (reference kindly supplied by Mr. John Munday).

77. Information kindly supplied by Mr. Andrew Saint from material for a forthcoming biography of Shaw.

78. D.N.B.: P.O.D.: Elizabeth Aslin, The Aesthetic Movement, 1969, pp. 141–2.

79. D.N.B.: P.O.D.: G.L.C. Members' Library, file no. 1302.

80. B.A. 53337.

81. B.N. 7 Dec. 1877, p. 562.

82. A. S. G. Butler, The Lutyens Memorial. The Architecture of Sir Edwin Lutyens, 1950, vol. 1, p. 13: Enid Bagnold's Autobiography, 1969, pp. 150–6, and information kindly supplied by Miss Bagnold.

83. M.L.R. 1850/4/848.

84. B.A. 53337, 101661.

85. P.R.O., H.O.107/1468, ff. 17–22; R.G. 10/29, ff. 43–4, 68–71.

86. P.O.D.: G.E.C.

87. Frederic William Maitland, The Life and Letters of Leslie Stephen, 1906, p. 322.

88. M.L.R. 1862/1/230–1.

89. C.C.T., Minutes, 24 April 1862.

90. Ibid., 21 Feb. 1862.

91. 28 and 29 Vict., c. 262, local: G.L.R.O.(M), MR/UP/776.

92. K.P.L., MS. 2397; Vestry Works Committee, 4 July, 14 Nov., 12 Dec. 1862, 28 May, 12 June 1863: B. 7 Aug. 1869, p. 629: R.B.

93. M.L.R. 1864/5/523; 1871/13/37; 1871/22/ 816: R.B.: P.R.O., R.G. 10/29.

94. B. 17 Sept. 1898, p. 250: The British Architect, 12 May 1876, p. 241: D.N.B.

95. M.L.R. 1862/10/774; 1864/5/523.

96. The British Architect, loc. cit.

97. K.P.L., K62/900.

98. D.N.B.: V.A.M., Dept. of Prints, 8089G.

99. B. 20 May 1876, p. 499: P.O.D.

100. P.O.D.

101. P.P.R., will of James Johnstone, 1878: D.N.B.: Boase.

102. B. 27 March 1909, p. 381.

103. Death Certificate of C. J. H. Cooper, March 1909.

104. Academy Architecture and Annual Architectural Review, ed. Alex Koch, 1893, p. 103; 1899, no. 1764: L.C.C. Minutes, 18 Dec. 1894, p. 1323, 28 May 1895, pp. 508–9: B. 19 April 1902, p. 397.

105. H. Muthesius, Das Englische Haus, vol. 1, 1908, p. 170.

106. George Hare Leonard, 'A Nineteenth Century House. Part I', in The Studio, vol. 16, 1899, pp. 92, 94, 96.

107. Modern British Domestic Architecture and Decoration ed. Charles Holme, 1901, Pls. 67–75: L.C.C. Minutes, 13 Oct. 1896, p. 1055: D.S.R.: P.O.D.

108. Leonard, op. cit., pp. 90–100.

109. P.O.D.: Who Was Who . . . 1916–1928.

110. Leonard, op. cit., p. 97.

111. Ibid., P. 100.

112. C. J. Harold Cooper, 'The Home and its Bedrooms,' in The British Home of Today, ed. W. Shaw Sparrow, 1904.

113. M.B.W. 63, pp. 330–1; 375, no. 63: date on building: P.O.D.: Victoria County History of Shropshire, vol. VIII, 1968, p. 39: M.L.R. 1871/22/816.

114. M.B.W., ut supra: B. 16 Nov. 1878, pp. 1194–5.

115. Victoria County History, ut supra, p. 55: N. Pevsner, Shropshire, 1958, p. 112: Country Life, 8 June 1918, p. 536.

116. Survey of London, vol. XXXVII, 1973, p. 143.

117. H.C.D. 11 June 1873.

118. Bedford Estate Office, Thorney House papers, draft conveyances of 31 May, 31 July 1869.

119. Ibid., plans, drawings, specifications and tender; sale particulars of 1894.

120. Information kindly supplied by Mrs. M. P. G. Draper: P.O.D.

121. Bedford Estate Office, Thorney House papers, draft conveyances of 24 June 1873, 7 May 1874.

122. Ibid., sale particulars of 1894.

123. Information kindly supplied by Mrs. M. P. G. Draper: B.A. 13200: T. 8 Nov. 1899.

134. B.A. 25720: B.R. 3044.

125. Bedford Estate Office, Thorney House papers, copy of conveyance of 25 March 1873.

126. B. 15 April 1876, p. 372: D.S.R.

127. B. 15 April 1876, p. 372.

128. Ibid., 10 June 1876, p. 568.

129. J.G. Millais, The Life and Letters of Sir John Everett Millais, 1899, vol. 1, p. 363.

130. The Art Annual for 1885. Christmas Supplement, part IV, p. 29.

131. The Magazine of Art, vol. IV, 1881, pp. 290, 291, 295.

132. Ibid., p. 293.

133. B.N. 14 April 1876, pp. 366–7.

134. The Magazine of Art, ut supra, p. 291.

135. H.C.D. 17 May, Sept. 1874, no. 1126.

136. Royal Academy Catalogue, 1874, no. 1126.

137. P.R.O., H.O. 1/174, no. B.59; H.O. 1/142, no. 5537: P.P.R., index to wills, 1901, sub Hardy.

138. M.L.R. 1874/25/853.

139. P.R.O., H.O. 1/116, no. 4485; H.O. 1/174, no. B.59.

140. T. 26 April 1877.

141. P.P.R., ut supra: Electoral Registers of Mayfield, Sussex, 1896–1901.

142. Hart's Army List, 1861, 1871–3 passim.

143. Information kindly supplied by Mr. M. R. Holmes.

144. M.L.R. 1873/15/564.

145. Ibid., 1876/11/219.

146. G.E.C.

147. P.O.D.: T. 18 April 1925: L. J. Trotter, The Life of John Nicholson, 1897, p. 324.

148. National Monuments Record, Bedford Lemere photographs, vol. 22 (interiors), nos. 36–42: R.I.B.A. Journal, 3rd ser., vol. XXXII, 1924–5, pp. 191–2.

149. M.L.R. 1873/8/713: Middle Temple Admissions Register, vol. 11, 1782–1909, p. 566.

150. V.A.M., D. 1790–1908 to D. 1798–1908.

151. See Mark Girouard, 'Ken Hill, Norfolk—1', in Country Life, 21 Dec. 1967, pp. 1654–7, and 'The Architecture of John James Stevenson. Part 1', in The Connoisseur, Nov. 1973, pp. 170–3.

152. J. J. Stevenson, House Architecture, 1880, vol. 1, p. 349.

153. Royal Academy Catalogue, 1875, no. 983: B. 8 May 1875, p. 406.

154. B.N. 14 May 1875, p. 536.

155. B. 27 Sept. 1873, p. 774.

156. Ibid.: 1851 Comm., file 62, 22 Sept. 1876.

157. 1851 Comm., file 62, 22 Sept. 1876.

158. M.L.R. 1875/6/190: P.O.D.

159. B. 14 Oct. 1876, p. 1012.

160. B. 16 Dec. 1882, p. 798.

161. P.O.D.: P.P.R., index to wills, 1894, sub Sharp.

162. K.P.L., postcards, vol. 5, no. 449.

163. The building is fully described with plans and sections in The Architectural Review, vol. LXXXV, Jan.-June 1939, pp. 173–84.

164. The Architectural Review, vol. LXXXII, July-Dec. 1937, pp. 51–3.

165. Information kindly supplied by Mr. R. M. Bell: D.S.R.: B.R. 110479: The Architectural Review, 1939, loc. cit., pp. 179, 181, 183–4: R.B.

CHAPTER IV (pp. 49–73)

The Estate of the Commissioners for the Exhibition of 1851

1. Second Report of the Commissioners for the Exhibition of 1851, 11 Nov. 1852, p. 9.

2. Ibid., pp. 5–8.

3. The Letters of Queen Victoria, ed. A. C. Benson and Viscount Esher, vol. 11, 1907, p. 311.

4. Edgar A. Bowring, 'South Kensington' in The Nineteenth Century, June 1877, p. 565.

5. 1851 Comm., Letters, part-draft in vol. 1.

6. P. P. 1852–3, XXXV, Report from the Select Committee on the National Gallery, 4 Aug. 1853, pp. 713–23.

7. Quarterly Review, no. 221, Jan. 1862, p. 194.

8. I.C., Playfair Papers, 776.

9. 1851 Comm., W.A. XI, 27.

10. Theodore Martin, The Life of . . . The Prince Consort, vol. 11, 1876, p. 391: H.C.D. 11 Aug. to 2 Sept. 1851: 1851 Comm., W.A. IX, 24.

11. H.C.C. 1, Phipps to Cole, 18 Aug. 1856.

12. I.C., Playfair Papers, 800.

13. Hansard's Parliamentary Debates, Third Series, vol. CXXXIX, 1689–90: H.C.D. 21 July 1859.

14. Bowring, op. cit., p. 564n.

15. H.C.D. 6 March 1861: The Letters and Memoirs of Sir William Hardman, Second Series, 1863–1865, ed. S. M. Ellis, 1925, p. 37.

16. E.g. H.C.D. 16 May 1859.

17. Third Report of Commissioners, 12 April 1856, p. 15.

18. 1851 Comm., W.A. XII, 13 (printed in Theodore Martin, op. cit., vol. 11, 1876, pp. 569–73).

19. I.C., Playfair Papers, 835.

20. 1851 Comm., W.A. IX, 32.

21. First Report of Commissioners, 24 April 1852, p. liv: Second Report, 11 Nov. 1852, p. 11.

22. Second Report of Commissioners, 11 Nov. 1852, p. 11.

23. H.C.D. 10 Aug.–2 Sept., 23 Oct., 2 Nov. 1851: I.C., Playfair Papers, 707, 834.

24. 1851 Comm., W.A. XII, 40, 47, XX, 101; Letters, 153, 155: Third Report of Commissioners, 12 April 1856, pp. 42–3: RA F28/81–83, 86.

25. T. 13, 14 Nov. 1851: H.C.D. 15 Nov. 1851: I.C., Playfair Papers, 773, 839: RA F25/138: 1851 Comm., W.A. XI, 65.

26. 1851 Comm., Minutes, 1 May 1858.

27. B. 31 Jan. 1863, p. 85.

28. Second Report of Commissioners, 11 Nov. 1852, p. 15.

29. Ibid., pp. 11–40 pasism.

30. E.g. 1851 Comm., Letters, 253: Broadlands MSS. RC/H/52/1–2.

31. P.P. 1851, XXII, Report of the Commissioners appointed to consider . . . a Site for a New National Gallery, 4 Aug. 1851.

32. 1851 Comm., W.A. VIII, 25, IX, 37, 46.

33. Hansard's Parliamentary Debates, Third Series, vol. CXXIII, 1020, 1025–6, 1033–4.

34. P.P. 1852–3, XXXV, Report from the Select Committee on the National Gallery, 4 Aug. 1853.

35. E.g. V.A.M., Guard Books, nos. 2506, 2509, 2514; Dept. of Prints, E 694–1913.

36. 1851 Comm., W.A. XII, 29, 30.

37. Ibid., Letters, 151.

38. Ibid., Letters, 209.

39. Ibid., W.A. XIII, 8–12, 19; Letters, 214, 228.

40. P.P. 1857 (Sess. 2), XXIV, Report of the National Gallery Site Commission, 15 June 1857.

41. 1851 Comm., W.A. XIV, 18.

42. Broadlands MSS., WFC/G/43: RA F28/70.

43. 1851 Comm., W.A. XXI, 87, 89, 93.

44. P.P. 1857 (Sess. 2), XXIV, Report of the National Gallery Site Commission, 15 June 1857, qu. 3236.

45. 1851 Comm., W.A. XIV, 3; Letters, 251–2.

46. Ibid., W.A. XIV, 75: H.C.D. 4 May 1858.

47. P.O.D.

48. 1851 Comm., W.A. VIII, 25, IX, 11, 37.

49. Third Report of Commissioners, 12 April 1856, p. 148.

50. 1851 Comm., W.A. VIII, 25.

51. Ibid., W.A. X, 28, 34.

52. Ibid., W.A. VIII, 25, IX, 24, 34, 39, 40, 46. For Thomas Cubitt's work for the Commissioners see Hermione Hobhouse, Thomas Cubitt Master Builder, 1971, pp. 445–55.

53. M.L.R. 1852/12/654–5.

54. 1851 Comm., W.A. IX, 52, 56.

55. Ibid., W.A. VIII, 25, IX, 11, 48.

56. Ibid., W.A. x, 1.

57. Ibid., W.A. IX, 53.

58. RA Add. H2/3797.

59. 1851 Comm., W.A. IX, 46.

60. Ibid., W.A. X, 46, XI, 66; Letters, 44.

61. Ibid., W.A. X, 26.

62. Ibid., W.A. X, 2, 26.

63. K.P.L., 711.5 EXH (K71/319).

64. 1851 Comm., box-file, 'Maps'; W.A. X, 27.

65. Theodore Martin, op. cit., vol. 11, 1876, p. 446: Bowring, op. cit., p. 568: 1851 Comm., W.A. x, 18, 23.

66. W. D. Jones, Lord Derby and Victorian Conservatism, 1956, p. 171: W. F. Monypenny and G. E. Buckle, The Life of Benjamin Disraeli, vol. III, 1914, pp. 371, 402: 1851 Comm., W.A. x, 24, 27, 34.

67. 1851 Comm., Letters, 44.

68. Ibid., W.A. x, 26–8.

69. Ibid., Letters, 47.

70. Ibid., W.A. X, 49.

71. Ibid., W.A. X, 52, 57, 63, 65; Letters, confidential minutes, 7, 14 Aug. 1852.

72. B.M., Add. MSS. 44373, ff. 173–81.

73. Theodore Martin, op. cit., vol. 11, 1876, p. 446.

74. 1851 Comm., W.A. XI, 68; Minutes, 21 Feb. 1854: M.L.R. 1853/6/328.

75. 1851 Comm., W.A. XI, 66.

76. Second Report of Commissioners, 11 Nov. 1852, p. 36.

77. Ibid., p. 39: C. J. Richardson, Picturesque Designs for Mansions, Villas, Lodges . . ., 1870, p. 112.

78. C. J. Richardson, op. cit., pp. 112–13.

79. 1851 Comm., W.A. IX, 62.

80. Ibid., W.A. X, 29.

81. Ibid., W.A. X, 11.

82. H.C.D. 25 Jan., 28 April, 10 June 1876.

83. 1851 Comm., W.A. x, 76.

84. Ibid., Letters, confidential minutes, 19 Oct. 1852; W.A. X, 90: B.M., Add. MSS. 44373, ff. 173–81.

85. P.R.O., MAF 11/107/867.

86. 1851 Comm., W.A. X, 73, XIV, 26.

87. Ibid., Letters, 194; W.A. XIV, 1.

88. Ibid., Minutes, 14 Feb. 1857; W.A. XIII, 33: M.L.R. 1857/8/491–2.

89. Hansard's Parliamentary Debates, Third Series, vol. CXXXIV, 1404–11: 17 and 18 Vict., c. 107, local and personal.

90. Fourth Report of Commissioners, 3 May 1861, pp. 61–2.

91. 1851 Comm., W.A. XIV, 28, 31; Minutes, 1 May 1858.

92. Ibid., W.A. XIV, 28.

93. Ibid., Letters, 207: cf. Bowring, op. cit., Aug. 1877, p. 73.

94. P.R.O., Ed 28/21, no. 36.

95. 1851 Comm., Minutes, 21 Feb. 1854, 20 June 1857.

96. Ibid., W.A. IX, 46.

97. Ibid., W.A. X, 11, 18, 23,29.

98. Ibid., W.A. X, 34.

99. Ibid., Letters, confidential minutes, 19 Oct. 1852; Letters, 74; W.A. XIX, 117.

100. C. J. Richardson, op. cit. (ref. 77), p. 112: 1851 Comm., Letters, confidential minutes, 19 Oct. 1852.

101. 1851 Comm., Letters, confidential minutes, 1 Nov. 1852.

102. Ibid., W.A. X, 78.

103. Ibid., W.A. X, 90.

104. Ibid., W.A. X, 85.

105. Ibid., W.A. X, 98; Minutes, 25 Jan. 1853.

106. Ibid., W.A. XI, 62.

107. Ibid., W.A. XI, 46, XII, 5, 9.

108. Ibid., W.A. XIV, 87: M.L.R. 1859/1/572.

109. C. J. Richardson, op. cit. (ref. 77), p. 103.

110. Ibid., p. 112.

111. 1851 Comm., W.A. x, 78: P.R.O., PROB 11/2087, f. 73.

112. 1851 Comm., W.A. VIII, 25.

113. Ibid., W.A. X, 29; Letters, confidential minutes, 19 Oct. 1852.

114. Ibid., W.A. X, 98; Letters, confidential minutes, 1 Nov. 1852.

115. Miss Eden's Letters, ed. Violet Dickinson, 1919, p. 399.

116. 1851 Comm., Letters, 385; file 120, 4 March 1862.

117. RA Add. J/128.

118. 1851 Comm., Minutes, 18 Feb. 1870.

119. Ibid., Minutes, 17 June 1873: M.L.R. 1874/18/ 146.

120. Enfranchisement of 18 Feb. and conveyance of 2 June 1852 in possession of Witham, Weld and Co.

121. 1851 Comm., W.A. IX, 67–8.

122. Ibid., W.A. X, 29.

123. Ibid., W.A. X, 58.

124. Ibid., Letters, confidential minutes, 19 Oct. 1852; W.A. XII, 5, 9.

125. Ibid., W.A. x, 79.

126. Ibid., W.A. x, 58: B.M., Add. MSS. 44742, ff. 170–4.

127. 1851 Comm., Letters, confidential minutes, 19 Oct. 1852: B.M., Add. MSS. 44742, ff. 176–183.

128. 1851 Comm., Letters, 220, 221, 224; file 120, 5, 7, 9 June 1856; W.A. XIII, 33; Minutes, 14 Feb. 1857: P.R.O., MAF 11/107/1202.

129. 1851 Comm., Minutes, 1 May 1858.

130. Ibid., Minutes, 1 May 1858; file 120, 5, 9 Nov. 1858; Letters, 314.

131. Ibid., W.A. x, 65.

132. Ibid., W.A. x, 76; Letters, confidential minutes, 19 Oct. 1852.

133. Ibid., W.A. x, 76.

134. Ibid., Letters, confidential minutes, 19 Oct., 1 Nov. 1852.

135. Ibid., W.A. x, 98; Letters, 86.

136. Ibid., Letters, 140, 172.

137. Ibid., W.A. XII, 74; Minutes, 7 Feb. 1862.

138. A.E.P., agreement of 13 March 1857: 1851 Comm., W.A. XIV, 6.

139. P.R.O., MAF 11/107/867, 1202, 1300, 1362; MAF 11/812/1496.

140. 1851 Comm., Letters, 28 May 1852.

141. B.M., Add. MSS. 44373, ff. 173–81.

142. London Oratory, General Congregation, Minutes, 7 May 1853.

143. 1851 Comm., W.A. XIX, 118.

144. Ibid., 117.

145. Ibid., W.A. XII, 3, 27; Letters, 133, 135, 146, 149–50; file 48, 22 Oct., 7 Nov., 17 Dec. 1853. Photographs of the plans in V.A.M., Guard Books, nos. 2506–9, 2512–14.

146. H.C.C. 1, Phipps to Cole, 24 Sept. 1853: 1851 Comm., file 48, 18 Nov. 1853–2 March 1854; Letters, 149.

147. H.C.D. 8, 21 Feb. 1854: H.C.C. 1, Grey to Cole, 9 Feb. 1854: V.A.M., Guard Books, no. 2510; Dept. of Prints, 224A, 4612–14.

148. H.C.D. 21–3, 28 Feb. 1854, 16, 27 April 1857.

149. 1851 Comm., file 120, 8 July 1854; Letters, 161; W.A. XIII, 31: Fourth Report of Commissioners, 3 May 1861, p. 61: Bowring, op. cit., June 1877, pp. 569–70.

150. 1851 Comm., Letters, 141.

151. Ibid., Minutes, 7 Feb. 1862.

152. Fourth Report of Commissioners, 3 May 1861, p. 96.

153. Bowring, op. cit., June 1877, pp. 569–70.

154. 1851 Comm., file 120, 16, 24 Oct. 1856.

155. Ibid., Letters, 174.

156. G.L.C., Dept. of Architecture and Civic Design, Street Naming Plan 1912.

157. 1851 Comm., W.A. XIII, 34, XIV, 3: H.C.C. 1, Grey to Cole, 29 Nov. 1856: H.C.D. 1 Dec. 1856.

158. 1851 Comm., Minutes, 7 Feb. 1862.

159. C. J. Richardson, op. cit. (ref. 77), pp. 97–102, 117–22: H.C.D. 1 Oct. 1857: H.C.C. 1, Grey to Cole, 6 Oct. 1857: B.N. 25 June 1858, p. 642.

160. P.R.O., Works 20/97; 20/135.

161. 1851 Comm., Minutes, 1 May 1858; Letters, 312: H.C.C. 16, J. C. Robinson to Cole, 4 Dec. 1858: H.C.D. 17 April 1857: P.R.O., Ed 28/8, no. 116.

162. 1851 Comm., W.A. XIV, 87; Letters, 315–16, 319–20: H.C.C. 1, Cole to Grey, 19 Oct. 1858; H.C.C. 14, Redgrave to Cole, 16 Nov. 1858: Bowring, op. cit., June 1877, p. 570.

163. P.R.O., Ed 28/17, no. 95: V.A.M., Lib. MSS., Notes of German Tour by Henry Cole, 1863.

164. 1851 Comm., Minutes, 7 Feb. 1862: Fifth Report of Commissioners, 15 Aug. 1867, p. 14.

165. H.C.D. 24 Sept., 15, 21, 24 Oct., 3 Nov. 1857, 9 Feb. 1858: H.C.C. 1, Grey to Cole, 31 Oct. 1857.

166. Fourth Report of Commissioners, 3 May 1861, pp. 151–2.

167. Ibid., p. 72.

168. See, e.g., V.A.M., Lib. MSS., Miscellanies of H.Cole, 1861–6, f. 188.

169. 1851 Comm., W.A. XIV, 75; file 114, March, 2, 3 July, 27–31 Dec. 1858, Jan. 1859.

170. V.A.M., Lib. MSS., Miscellanies, Henry Cole ('1852 Bradford Meeting'), ff. 345, 346V.

171. B. 8 June 1861, pp. 390–1.

172. E.g. 1851 Comm., Letters, 4 Oct. 1852, Phipps to Bowring.

173. B. 11 Dec. 1852, pp. 278–9.

174. Hansard's Parliamentary Debates, Third Series, vol. CXXIII, 1020–36.

175. 1851 Comm., W.A. XI, 54.

176. Third Report of Commissioners, 12 April 1856, pp. 158–61: Fourth Report, 3 May 1861, pp. 41–2.

177. B.M., Add. MSS. 44742, ff. 176–83: Hansard's Parliamentary Debates, Third Series, vol. CXXXIV, 1404–11.

178. H.C.C. 1, Phipps to Cole, 18 Aug. 1856.

179. 1851 Comm., Letters, 155, 161.

180. Ibid., Letters, Gladstone to Bowring, 4 July 1855.

181. Ibid., W.A. XII, 28, 33–5; Letters, 138–40.

182. B.M., Add. MSS. 44382, ff. 276–85: 1851 Comm., W.A. XII, 52–4; Letters, 166–7, 170.

183. 1851 Comm., Letters, 172.

184. Ibid., W.A. XII, 58.

185. Ibid., W.A. XIV, 73: B.N. 25 June 1858, p. 658.

186. Lord Edmond Fitzmaurice, The Life of . . . Second Earl Granville, 3rd ed., 1905, vol. 1, p. 179.

187. E.g. 1851 Comm., Letters, 214.

188. 1851 Comm., W.A. XII, 64–5, XIII, 2; Letters, 195, 212.

189. Ibid., Minutes, 14 Feb. 1857.

190. B. 27 March 1858, p. 209.

191. H.C.D. 13 April 1858: Fourth Report of Commissioners, 3 May 1861, pp. 9–10, 87–92: 1851 Comm., W.A. XIV, 47–8: B.M., Add. MSS. 38997, ff. 45–8.

192. 21 and 22 Vict., c. 36, public.

193. 1851 Comm., W.A. XV, 8.

194. Unpublished memorandum by Mr. C.H. GibbsSmith.

195. 1851 Comm., W.A. XIV, 58–9, 73.

196. Ibid., W.A. XIV, 84, 86, 88: M.L.R. 1859/1/ 765: Bowring, op. cit., June 1877, p. 578.

197. B.M., Add. MSS. 44382, ff. 276–85.

198. 1851 Comm., W.A. XIII, 33; XIV, 6.

199. Ibid., Minutes, 21 Aug. 1857, 1 May 1858, 28 June 1860.

200. Ibid., W.A. XIV, 58–9: B. 11 Sept.-2 Oct. 1858.

201. 1851 Comm., W.A. XIV, 88; Letters, 327.

202. Ibid., Minutes, 19 Feb. 1859: Fourth Report of Commissioners, 3 May 1861, frontispiece.

203. 1851 Comm., W.A. X, 47, XV, 68; Letters, 347.

204. Ibid., W.A. XV, 73, 88; Minutes, 28 June 1860.

205. P.R.O., C16/524/R23: M.L.R. 1867/24/776–781; 1868/13/770–3; 1868/14/350–78; 1870/8/985; 1871/19/954.

206. 1851 Comm., Letters, 305.

207. Ibid., Letters, 336, 368.

208. P.R.O., C16/524/R23.

209. Bowring, op. cit., June 1877, p. 564.

210. M.L.R. 1867/7/734–40; 1874/26/627–31.

211. 1851 Comm., file 102, memo. 23 Nov. 1935.

212. P. P. 1857 (Sess. 2), XXIV, Report of the National Gallery Site Commission, qu. 2848.

213. P.P. 1860, XVI, Report from the Select Committee on the British Museum, 10 Aug. 1860, qus. 2939, 3378–9.

214. E.g.B.N. 3, 10 July 1857, pp. 688, 708.

215. M.L.R. 1860/6/890: 1851 Comm., Minutes, 28 June 1860: Fourth Report of Commissioners, 3 May 1861, p. 20.

216. 1851 Comm., W.A. XIX, 3, 14, 21, 25.

217. Ibid., W.A. XIX, 5, 12, 32; Letters, 417.

218. Ibid., W.A. XIX, 14, 30; Letters, 421: B. 11 July 1863, p. 492.

219. Henry Cole, Observations on the Expediency of Carrying out the Proposals of the Commissioners . . ., rather by the Public themselves than by Government, 1853: H.C.D. 15, 30 Aug., 27 Oct. 1853, 22, 24 Feb. 1854: H.C.C. 1, Cole to Phipps, 6 Sept. 1853, Grey to Cole, 16 Oct. 1853, Cole to Grey, 9 Aug. 1856, Phipps to Cole, 18 Aug. 1856; H.C.C. 2, Cole to Grey, 4 July 1862: 1851 Comm., Letters, 134.

220. 1851 Comm., Letters, 418, 421.

221. B.N. 10 July 1863, pp. 521–2.

222. 1851 Comm., Minutes, 21 May 1863.

223. Eighth Report of Commissioners, 13 March 1911, p. 7.

224. RA F28/42.

225. H.C.C. 2, Grey to Cole, 4 March 1865.

226. Broadlands MSS., GC/GL/107.

227. 1851 Comm., W.A. XX, 85, 87; Letters, 433: RA F28/61.

228. 1851 Comm., Letters, 409: H.C.C. 2, Cole to Grey, 18 June 1862, Grey to Cole, 8 Aug. 1862: RA Add. H1/402–3.

229. 1851 Comm., W.A. XX, 101, XXI, 28: RA F28/81, 83, 86.

230. E.g. H.C.D. 22 April 1857: V.A.M., Lib. MSS., Miscellanies of H. Cole, 1861–6, ff. 87–8.

231. Your Dear Letter. Private Correspondence of Queen Victoria and the Crown Princess of Prussia, 1865–1871, ed. Roger Fulford, 1971, p. 75: for the following see 1851 Comm., W. A. XX, 17, 69, 73, 75, 101, 112, 114, XXI, 69–108 passim, and John Steegman, 'The Royal Academy's Second Founder', in Country Life, 7 June 1962, pp. 1372–3.

232. 13th Report of Science and Art Department (1866), pp. 163, 168.

233. 1851 Comm., file 46, memo. Aug. 1876.

234. 27th, 33rd Reports of Science and Art Department (1880, 1886).

235. V.A.M., Guard Books, no. 2510.

236. 1851 Comm., W.A. XIV, 75; Letters, 319: H.C.C. 1, Grey to Cole, 3 Dec. 1858.

237. Mangeot family papers, Fowke to Cole, 21 Oct. 1860.

238. 27 and 28 Vict., c. 291, 322, local.

239. 1851 Comm., W.A. XX, 4, 6; Minutes, 16 April 1864: Fifth Report of Commissioners, 15 Aug. 1867, p. 87.

240. Fifth Report of Commissioners, 15 Aug. 1867, frontispiece: H.L.R.O., Minutes of Evidence of Select Committee of House of Lords on Metropolitan Railway (Notting Hill and Brompton Extension) Act, 23 June 1864, p. 118.

241. 1851 Comm., file 69, 15 Feb. 1867: M.L.R. 1874/5/278.

242. Fifth Report of Commissioners, 15 Aug. 1867, p. 87: P.R.O., C16/454/S102.

243. 1851 Comm., W. A. XX, 11, 42, XXI, 26: Fifth Report of Commissioners, 15 Aug. 1867, p. 31: RA Add. J/128.

244. Bowring, op. cit., Aug. 1877, p. 71.

245. 7th Report of Science and Art Department (1860), p. 152; 14th Report (1867), p. xvii.

246. 1851 Comm., W. A. XXI, 95.

247. Sir Henry Cole, A Special Report on the Annual International Exhibitions . . ., 1879, p. XV: 1851 Comm., Minutes, Aug.–Oct. 1872.

248. B.N. 30 June 1871, pp. 517–18.

249. The Key (B.M., pressmark PP 1712 b).

250. P.R.O., Ed 28/18, nos. 166, 185; Ed 28/19, no. 3; Ed 28/23, nos. 119, 173.

251. Plans appended to P.P. 1866, XL, 439, South Kensington Museum (New Buildings). Copy of Correspondence between the Treasury and the Science and Art Department, and P.P. 1870, LIV, 747, South Kensington Museum, Return of Cost of Buildings etc.: printed prècis of Minutes of Science and Art Department, 10 Feb. 1871, sub Tunnel.

252. 1851 Comm., W.A. XX, 19, 22, 42.

253. Ibid., Minutes, 12 June 1874.

254. Sixth Report of Commissioners, 29 July 1878, p. 34.

255. 1851 Comm., Minutes, 27 July 1872; file 46, memo. Aug. 1876.

256. Ibid., Minutes, 17 June 1873; file 84, 4 Aug. 1873: B. 28 June 1873, p. 515.

257. 1851 Comm., Minutes, 8 Dec. 1873, 25 March, 12 June 1874.

258. Ibid., Minutes, 8 Dec. 1873, 25 March, 12 June 1874, 29 July 1878; file 99, 1 July 1873: M.L.R. 1888/4/237.

259. H.C.D. 18 Sept., 30 Oct., 7 Dec. 1875, 10 Jan., 31 May 1876: H.C.C. 4, Cole to Lord Granville, 1 June 1876; H.C.C. 7, Lord Spencer to Cole, 9 July 1875, 8 Jan. 1876: 1851 Comm., W.A. XXII, 28–9.

260. 1851 Comm., W.A. XXXII, 38.

261. E.g. H.C.D. 16 Oct. 1874.

262. Ibid., Aug.-Sept. 1874, April-May and 14 July 1875; cf. 13 April 1873.

263. H.C.C. 7, Lord Spencer to Cole, 9 July 1875: 1851 Comm., Minutes, 23 July 1875.

264. 1851 Comm., file 100, 24 Dec. 1875.

265. E.g.B.N. 13 Oct. 1876, pp. 357–8.

266. 1851 Comm., Minutes, 20 July 1877.

267. Ibid., Minutes, 8 March 1880, 12 July 1881.

268. Ibid., file 75 A, 6–7 July 1877; file 100, Aug;-Nov. 1877.

269. Ibid., file 99, 11 July 1878; Minutes, 12 July 1881.

270. Ibid., file 100, 18 Nov. 1878.

271. Ibid., file 99, 5 May 1881.

272. Ibid., Minutes, 15 July 1882.

273. Ibid., file 114, June 1889, Feb. 1890: T. 29 Nov. 1887–21 March, 30 June 1888.

274. Guildhall Lib., Royal Exchange Assurance, Committee of Treasury Minutes, 14 Aug. 1872, p. 74, 23 Dec. 1874, p. 132, 15 Dec. 1875, p. 170, 15 April 1885, p. 164, 20 Oct. 1886, p. 44, 11 April 1888, p. 94.

275. 1851 Comm., file 114, June 1889, Dec. 1894.

276. B.A. 2492: B. 13 Feb. 1892, p. 122: The British Almanac and Companion for 1893, pp. 291–2.

277. 1851. Comm., Letter Book 1895–7, 1 April 1896.

278. Ibid., file 114, Dec. 1888.

279. Ibid., Minutes, 12 July 1881.

280. Ibid., file 82, 5 May 1883.

281. Ibid., file 84, 27, May 1875; file 46, memo. Aug. 1876: H.C.C. 7, Lord Spencer to Cole, 8 Jan. 1876: H.C.D. 12 April 1876: RA F28/141–2: F.S.A., vol. XXIV, 9 June 1876, pp. 734–5.

282. P.R.O. Ed 79/23, 21 June 1876: 1851 Comm., file 46, memo. Aug. 1876; file 68, 5 March 1879; Minutes, 29 July 1878.

283. RA F28/176.

284. Ibid., PP Vic. 1/22/49: 1851 Comm., file 82, 5 May 1883.

285. I.C., Playfair Papers, 727–8, 732, 950.

286. 1851 Comm., file 46, memo., Aug. 1876; Minutes, 17 June 1873, 24 May 1876.

287. I.C., Playfair Papers, 822: 1851 Comm., Minutes, 12 March 1887.

288. 1851 Comm., file 46, memo., Aug. 1876: I.C., Playfair Papers, 750, 822: Sixth Report of Commissioners, 29 July 1878, p. 38: F.S.A., vol. XXV, 17 Nov. 1876, p. 8.

289. Seventh Report of Commissioners, 23 July 1889, p. 32.

290. I.C., Playfair Papers, 848: RAPP Vic. 1/22/49.

291. M.L.R. 1888/4/237.

292. Seventh Report of Commissioners, 23 July 1889, pp. 3–5, 48, Eighth Report, 13 March 1911, p. 7: 1851 Comm., Minutes, 19 July 1888; file 68, 19 Dec. 1889, 20 Jan., 11 Feb. 1890.

293. Eighth Report of Commissioners, 13 March 1911, pp. 7–8, 23.

294. Seventh Report of Commissioners, 23 July 1889, pp. 36–7.

295. H.C.D. 17 Sept. 1873: 1851 Comm., Minutes, 29, July 1878, 26 July 1879, 15 July 1882: Sixth Report of Commissioners, 29 July 1878, plan.

296. 1851 Comm., file 20, Feb-July 1888.

297. Ibid., Minutes, 19 July 1888.

298. B.N. 24 Aug. 1888, p. 260, 16 Aug. 1889, p. 240.

299. 1851 Comm., file 46, 5 June 1889.

300. Seventh Report of Commissioners, 23 July 1889, p. 37.

301. 1851, Comm., Letter Books, 1893–5, 29 June 1893.

302. Seventh Report of Commissioners, 23 July 1889, p. 38.

303. Eighth Report of Commissioners, 13 March 1911, pp. 15–16.

304. C.C., file 33082: archieves of Holy Trinity, Prince Consort Road, New Church, Kensington Gore . . . [c. Nov. 1901].

305. H.C.D. 14–15 March 1874.

306. Eighth Report of Commissioners, 13 March 1911, p. 13.

307. Leonard Huxley, Life and Letters of Thomas Henry Huxley, 1903, vol. III, p. 233.

308. I.C., Huxley Papers, XIV, 48–55.

309. See the unpublished Sheffield University Ph.D. thesis on the Science and Art Department by Doctor H. Butterworth who has kindly allowed it to be consulted.

310. For the Department see H. Butterworth above and articles by W. H. G. Armytage, E. L. Edmonds and K.O. Roberts in The Vocational Aspects of Secondary and Further Education, vols II, IX, XXI, 1950, 1957, 1969, and John Leese, Personalities and Power in English Education, 1950, pp. 228–32.

311. The Magazine of Arts, 1893, pp. 145–9.

312. 1851 Comm., Letter Book 1912–14; file 71, Feb. 1929.

313. R.I.B.A. Journal, 3rd ser., vol. XII, 1905, p. 363: B. 21 July 1911, p. 61.

314. 1851 Comm., file 68, 3 June 1911.

315. Ibid., file 75B, Feb. 1908: Eighth Report of Commissioners, 13 March 1911, pp. 12, 13: House of Lords Sessional Papers, 1927, no. 47, Report from Select Committee of House of Lords on Royal Albert Hall Bill, 4 May 1927, memo. in evidence by Evelyn Shaw.

316. For above see 1851 Comm., file 68, and Letters, first volume: P.R.O., Ed 23/523; Works 17/40: RA Geo. V 077/3–5, 10.

317. 1851 Comm., file 68, 12 Jan. 1913.

318. Tenth Report of Commissioners, 29 May 1951, p. 5.

319. P.R.O., Ed 23/604, 31 Jan. 1913.

320. 1851 Comm., file 70, 28 June 1924.

321. Ninth Report of Commissioners, 4 April 1935, pp. 8–9.

322. 1851 Comm., file 68: P.R.O., Works 17/153: RA Geo. V 42464, 17 Jan. 1934–8 April 1935.

323. 1851 Comm., files 68, 70; RA Geo. V 42464, 10 Jan. 1928: Royal Commission on National Museums and Galleries, Oral Evidence, 1928, p. 280.

324. Royal Commission on National Museums and Galleries, Final Report, Part II, 1 Jan. 1930, p. 53.

325. I.C., file 1936–41: 1851 Comm., file 68, Oct. 1937: P.R.O., Ed 23/784, Oct. 1937.

326. Tenth Report of Commissioners, 29 May 1951, pp. 10–12.

327. Eleventh Report of Commissioners, 14 Sept. 1961, p. 12.

328. H.C.D. 29 March 1874.

CHAPTER V (pp. 74–96)

'South Kensington' and the Science and Art Department

1. For this chapter the following are particularly important: Quentin Bell, The Schools of Design, 1963, and Winslow Ames, Prince Albert and Victorian Taste, 1967.

2. P.P., 1836, IX, Report of Select Committee on Arts and Manufactures, 1836, p. iii.

3. Oswald Hederer, Leo von Klenz, Persönlihkeit und Werk, 1964.

4. Keith Andrews, The Nazarenes, 1964, pp. 55–7 et passim: Winslow Ames, op. cit.

5. Ford M. Hueffer, Ford Madox Brown, A Record of his Life and Work, 1896, p. 36.

6. Quentin Bell, op. cit., p. 255.

7. H.C.C. 5, Lord Henry Lennox to Cole, 14 Oct. 1863.

8. Quoted by Ames, op. cit., p. 130.

9. L. D. Ettlinger, 'On Science, Industry and Art: some Theories of Gottfried Semper', in The Architectural Review, vol. 136, July 1964, pp. 57–60.

10. P.R.O., Ed 28/7, no. 254; Ed 28/8, no. 33.

11. Gottfried Semper, Wissenschaft, Industrie und Kunst, 1852.

12. V.A.M., Lib. MSS., Notes of German Tour by Henry Cole, 1863, pp. 34, 36.

13. H.C.D. 4 Dec. 1863.

14. Illustrated in Hermione Hobhouse, Lost London, 1971, p. 132: Ames, op. cit., pp. 52–4.

15. P.R.O., Ed 28/7, no. 29.

16. D.N.B., sub Wild.

17. H.C.D. 1 Nov. 1851.

18. P.R.O., Ed 28/6, no. 112.

19. Nikolaus Pevsner, Matthew Digby Wyatt, 1950, pp. 2–3.

20. H.C.C. 12, Wyatt to Cole, 23 Aug. 1858.

21. Quentin Bell, op. cit., p. 179.

22. T. 20 April 1882.

23. Mangeot family papers, MS. obituary of Cole by F. R. Fowke, p. 18.

24. Quentin Bell, op. cit., pp. 256–7.

25. B. 29 April 1882, pp. 505–7.

26. P.P., 1847, LXII, Report of a Special Committee of the Council of the Government School of Design, p. 37.

27. International Health Exhibition, 1884, The Health Exhibition Literature, vol. XIV, Conference on Education, Section B, p. 272.

28. Winslow Ames, op. cit., pp. 98, 119–20.

29. Approved by the Prince, Phipps to Cole, 10 Sept. 1852 (H.C.C. 6).

30. First Report of the Department of Practical Art, 1853, Appendix v, p. 230.

31. Quoted in Ames, op. cit., p. 120, from Cole MSS. in V.A.M. (draft of statement on Department of Practical Art estimates for 1852–3).

32. Ames, op. cit., pp. 121–3: H.C.D. 5 May, 17 July 1856.

33. Quoted in Bell, op. cit., p. 259n.

34. 1851 Comm., W.A. VIII, 105.

35. H.C.D. 5 Jan., 19 Feb. 1852.

36. P.P., 1849, XVIII, Minutes of Select Committee of House of Commons on the Schools of Design, qu. 3296.

37. V.A.M., Guard Books, no. 2510.

38. 1851 Comm., W.A. XIX, 117–18.

39. V.A.M., Guard Books, nos. 2506–9, 2512–14.

40. Ibid., no. 2509.

41. Ibid., nos. 2506–7.

42. Ibid., no. 2513.

43. Ibid., no. 2508.

44. Ibid., no. 2512.

45. Ibid., no. 2514.

46. Ibid., no. 2510; Dept. of Prints, 224A, 4612–14.

47. See Redgrave's and Fowke's evidence before the Select Committee on the South Kensington Museum in 1860 (pp. 86, 129) and Cole's address to the Ecole Centrale d'Architecture in Paris in 1867 (Fifty years of Public Work of Sir Henry Cole, K.C.B., 1884, vol. 11, pp. 301–4).

48. Mangeot family papers, Fowke to Cole, 24 Aug. 1859.

49. H.C.D. 31 May 1861.

50. E.g. RA Add. H2/36; H7/53.

51. Reprinted from T. in A. E. Street, Memoir of George Edmund Street, R.A., 1888, pp. 267–8.

52. H.C.C. 12, Street to Cole, 19 Dec. 1865.

53. P.R.O., Ed 28/25, no. 20.

54. The Prince Consort's Library, 1860–1960, 1960: P.R.O., Ed 84/14, no. 3 (24 June 1860).

55. P.P., 1860, XVI, Report from the Select Committee on the South Kensington Museum, 1 Aug. 1860, qu. 563.

56. Ibid., qu. 667: P.R.O., Ed 28/20, no. 58.

57. Mangeot family papers, MS. by F. R. Fowke.

58. B.N. 5 Jan. 1872, p. 2; 6 Feb., 27 March 1874, pp. 162, 353.

59. P.R.O., Ed 28/11, index and no. 91; Ed 28/19, no. 19: Mangeot family papers, Fowke to Cole, 1 Sept. 1859.

60. B. 16 Jan. 1904, p. 64.

61. P.R.O., Ed 28/19, no. 19: Liddell Collection (Liddell to Cowper, 5 March 1866).

62. Liddell Collection (for assistance with Liddell's early career acknowledgement is made of help kindly supplied by Mrs. D. Chafer of B. Weinreb, Architectural Books Ltd.).

63. V.A.M., E. 1054–1965.

64. Liddell Collection (Fowke to Liddell, 24 Dec. 1864): H.C.D. 9 March 1865.

65. P.R.O., Ed 28/20, no. 59: The Architect's, Engineer's and Building-Trades' Directory, 1868, sub Dillon, C. R. (B.M. pressmark PP 2491 ibg).

66. H.C.D. 7, 9 Oct. 1865.

67. Liddell Collection (Charles to John Liddell, 29 Dec. 1865; John Liddell to Cowper, 5 March 1866): H.C.D. 12 Dec. 1865: B.N. 30 Jan. 1880, pp. 126–7.

68. V.A.M., E. 5878–1910.

69. Ibid., Lib. photograph 76–1958 in X223 (Donnelly Album).

70. Liddell Collection (instructions and requisition to Liddell, 24 Jan., 13 Feb. 1866); P.R.O., Ed 84/5, 10 Feb. 1866 (reference kindly supplied by Mr. J. Physick).

71. V.A.M., E. 1027–1927 to 1031–1927; cf. E. 1041 and 1042–1927. For Liddell see H.C.D. 21 Feb. 1861, 30 May, 7, 22 July 1862, 7, 9, 14 March, 25 July, 7, 9 Oct., 12 Dec. 1865, 23 March, 10 April, 12 June 1866.

72. P.R.O., Ed 28/14, no. 51.

73. For Gilbert Redgrave see his obituary in T. 17 June 1941.

74. B.N. 21 Oct. 1870, p. 303: Paris Universal International Exhibition 1878. Official Catalogue of the British Section, Part I, pp. xvii–xviii.

75. Who's Who in Architecture, 1914, sub Briggs.

76. P.O.D. 1876, sub Kensington Road, Royal Albert Hall.

77. Anne Pollen, John Hungerford Pollen 1820–1902, 1912, pp. 296, 325.

78. D.N.B.: Charles Carrington, Rudyard Kipling, 1955, pp. 4, 7.

79. F. M. Redgrave, Richard Redgrave, C.B., R.A., A Memoir . . ., 1891, p. 192. Redgrave misnames St. Eugène as St. Cecilia, deceived, like C. F. Hayward in 1855, by its location in the rue Ste Cècile (see The Land and Building News, 1 Jan., 1 Feb. 1856, pp. 6, 69–70).

80. V.A.M., E. 1016–1965.

81. B.N. 24 Feb. 1865, pp. 130–1.

82. 13th Report of Department of Science and Art (1866), p. 3.

83. P.R.O., Ed 28/10, no. 81; Ed 28/13, no. 154; Ed 28/15, no. 36; Ed 28/17, no. 141.

84. H.C.C. 5, Northcote to Cole, 3 July 1863.

85. H.C.D. 5 Aug. 1862, 11 Aug. 1864.

86. V.A.M., Lib. MSS., II RC.H. 24 (21 Jan. 1908).

87. P.R.O., Ed 28/22, no. 41: V.A.M., Decorations of the South Kensington Museum 1862 to 1874, Part 1, p. 11: Henry Ingle Potter, Notes on Some Works by Alfred Stevens from 1850 to 1857, Sheffield, n.d., p. 15 (reference kindly supplied by Mrs. Susan Beattie).

88. H. I. Potter, op. cit., p. 15: W. Armstrong, 'Bundles of Rue: Lives of Artists Recently Deceased: Alfread Stevens', in The Magazine of Art, vol. IV, 1881, p. 219: E. F. Strange, address on Alfread Stevens, in B. 19 Jan. 1912, pp. 61–3: V.A.M., E. 2653–1911 and R.I.B.A., Drawings Collection, Alfred Stevens [20]. 16.

89. National Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne, Australia, no. 1038/3: information kindly supplied by Mrs. Shirley Bury.

90. E. F. Strange, op. et loc. cit: Richard Lunn, 'Some Recollections . . .', in The R.C.A. Students' Magazine, vol. 1, no. IV, March 1912, p. 85.

91. P.R.O., Works 17/8/1, 21 April 1884.

92. Ibid., Ed 84/67, no. 3783 (11 May 1877).

93. H.C.C. 12, Street to Cole, 28 March 1866.

94. Mangeot family papers, MS. account by Fowke of Italian tour, 1863.

95. 9th, 29th Report of Department of Science and Art (1862, 1882).

96. P.P., 1868–9, X, First Report from Select Committee on Hungerford Bridge, 10 May 1869, qu. 2255.

97. See e.g. B.N. 30 Jan. 1880, pp. 146–7.

98. H.C.D. 20 March 1870.

99. P.R.O., Ed 28/21, no. 10: First Report . . . on Hungerford Bridge, 10 May 1869, qus. 2267–2268.

100. P.R.O., Ed 84/12, 20 Oct., 16 Nov. 1871.

101. H.C.D. 22 June 1857.

102. H.C.C. 14, Redgrave to Cole, 9 Oct. 1864.

103. J.S.A., vol. XIV, 5 Oct. 1866, pp. 715–16.

104. V.A.M., Lib. MSS., Notes of German Tour by Henry Cole, 1863, pp. 16, 34, 45: Mangeot family papers, MS. account by Fowke of Italian tour, 1863.

105. P.R.O., Ed 28/23, nos. 25, 63, 165, 236; Ed 28/27, no. 75: V.A.M., Lib. MSS., 86. cc. 28, Feb. and Dec. 1869: 18th Report of Department of Science and Art (1871), p. 381.

106. Paris Universal Exhibition of 1867. Part II. Catalogue of . . . the British Section, 1868, group vi, class LXV, no. 20.

107. E.g. H.C.D. 21 Aug. 1869.

108. P.P., 1860, XVI, Report from the Select Committee on South Kensington Museum, 1 Aug. 1860, qus. 92–4, 148.

109. 1851 Comm., Minutes, 12 May 1870, 30 May 1871: B.N. 21 Oct. 1870, p. 303: The Nineteenth Century, Aug. 1877, pp. 79–80: RA Add. H2/4552: Elizabeth Aslin, The Aesthetic Movement, 1969, pp. 141–2.

110. Fifty Years of Public Works, ut supra (ref. 47), 1884, vol. 1, p. 330.

111. P.R.O., Ed 28/26, no. 129.

112. 15th Report of Department (1868), p. 200.

113. P.P., 1860–9, X, Second Report from Select Committee on Hungerford Bridge, 2 Aug. 1869, qus. 3944–8.

114. V.A.M., Lib. MSS., Notes of German Tour by Henry Cole, 1863, p. 100.

115. H.C.C. 5, Cole to Northcote, Sept. 1875.

116. Robert Kerr, 'English Architecture Thirty Years Hence' (1884) quoted by Nikolaus Pevsner in Some Architectural Writers of the Nineteenth Century, 1972, p. 303.

117. RA Add. H2/810[a]: H.C.C. 2, Cole to Grey, 24 April 1862.

118. P.R.O., Ed 28/16, no. 144; Ed 28/18, no. 99; Ed 28/21, no. 156.

119. E.g. F. M. Redgrave, op. cit., pp. 193, 199.

120. P.R.O., Ed 84/12, 1 Dec. 1874.

121. Ibid., Ed 28/21, no. 80.

122. V.A.M., Guard Books, nos. 2690–9.

123. P.R.O., Ed 28/21, nos. 53, 64.

124. 13th Report of Department (1866): P.R.O., Ed 28/21, no. 137; Ed 28/24, no. 6.

125. H.C.C. 10, Cole to Mundella, April 1878.

126. V.A.M., Lib. MSS., II RC.H. 24 (c. 1907).

127. P.R.O., Ed 28/23, no. 218.

128. V.A.M., Lib. MSS., 86. cc.27, Oct. 1878.

129. D.N.B. sub Clarke and Wild.

130. H.C.D. 25 Nov. 1870.

CHAPTER VI (pp. 97–123)

Victoria and Albert Museum

1. It is intended that the story of the museum will be fully described and illustrated in a forth-coming official history: in the preparation of this Mrs. Shirley Bury and Mr. John Physick have very kindly supplied information to the Survey of London.

2. See 1st and 5th Reports of Department of Science and Art (1854, 1858): Third Report of the Commissioners for the Exhibition of 1851, 12 April 1856.

3. Histories of Department in P.R.O., Ed 84/215.

4. V.A.M., Guard Books, no. 2510; Dept. of Prints, 224A, 4612–14.

5. For Semper see R.I.B.A. Transactions, Session 1878–9, pp. 233–5: N. Pevsner, Academies of Art Past and Present, 1940, pp. 251–3, 255: L.D. Ettlinger, 'On Science, Industry and Art. Some Theories of Gottfried Semper', in The Architectural Review, vol. cxxxvi, July 1964, pp. 57–60: W. Ames, Prince Albert and Victorian Taste, 1967, p. 94: H.C.C. 10, Semper to Cole, 9 June 1853.

6. Fifty Years of Public Work of Sir Henry Cole, K.C.B., 1884, vol. 1, p. 322: H.C.C. 14, Redgrave to Cole, 30 June 1855.

7. V.A.M., Lib. MSS., Miscellanies of Henry Cole 1861–6, p. 189.

8. Archibald Geikie, Life of Sir Roderick Murchison, 1875, vol. 11, p. 191: Broadlands MSS. RC/H/55: 1851 Comm., W.A. XII, 65, 67, 70, 73, 75: Hansard's Parliamentary Debates, Third Series, vol. cxxxix, 1683–91.

9. Fourth Report of Commissioners for the Exhibition of 1851, 3 May 1861, p. 97.

10. The Graphic, 29 June 1872, p. 607: John Timbs, The Year Book of Facts, 1858, p. 14, cited by Gilbert Herbert, 'A Cast-Iron Solution', in The Architectural Review, vol. 153, June 1973, pp. 367–73.

11. 1851 Comm., Letters, 187, Phipps to Bowring, 14 Aug. 1855.

12. B. 10 May 1856, p. 262, 24 Jan. 1857, pp. 45–47: The Engineer, 2 May 1856, pp. 244–5: Third Report of Commissioners for the Exhibition of 1851, 12 April 1856, p. 59, App. T and fig.: Fourth Report, 3 May 1861, p. 97.

13. 1851 Comm., Letters, 223, 229–30, 233, 236, 239 (May-Sept. 1856); file 48, 21 Sept. 1856.

14. H.C.C. 14, Redgrave to Cole, 30 June 1855; H.C.C. 1, Cole to Grey, 9 Aug. 1856: H.C.D. 21 Feb., 26 April 1856.

15. Printed pregrave;cis of Minutes of Science and Art Department, Jan.-April 1857.

16. H.C.D. 22 June 1857: B. 27 June 1857, p. 357: I.L.N. 27 June 1857, p. 636.

17. 5th Report of Department (1858), pp. 73–5.

18. I.L.N. 4 July 1857, p. 6

19. 5th Report of Department (1858), pp. 70–1.

20. Ibid., p. 78.

21. P.P., 1860, xvi, Report and Minutes of Evidence from the Select Committee on the South Kensington Museum, qu. 312.

22. Ibid., qus. 58, 502–3.

23. H.C.D. 1, 5 July 1856: P.R.O., Works 17/24/4, nos. 10, 18, 23: B. 24 Jan. 1857, pp. 45–6: P.P., 1860, xvi, Report from the Select Committee on the South Kensington Museum, 1 Aug. 1860, qu. 457 et seq.

24. B.N. 22 Jan. 1858, pp. 91–2: 5th Report of Department (1858), p. 82: B. 10 March 1866, p. 165: V.A.M., Guard Books, nos. 4141–2.

25. P.R.O., Ed 28/7, no. 132: H.C.D. 22 May 1857.

26. P.R.O., Ed 28/7, no. 205.

27. Ibid., Ed 28/11, no. 30: RA Add. H2/17A.

28. H.C.D. 31 July 1856: H.C.C. 1, Cole, to Phipps, 29 Aug. 1856; P.R.O., Ed 28/6, no. 80.

29. 1851 Comm., W.A. xiv, 1, 5, 14; Minutes, 14 Feb. 1857: H.C.D. 6, 29, 31 Dec. 1856, 27 Feb. 1857: V.A.M., Lib. MSS., Miscellanies, Henry Cole ('1852 Bradford Meeting . . .'), between ff. 253–4.

30. H.C.D. 20 Nov. 1867.

31. B. 24 Jan. 1857, p. 46: 1851 Comm., Minutes, 20 June 1857.

32. H.C.D. 29, 31 Dec. 1856.

33. P.R.O., Ed 28/8, no. 3.

34. V.A.M., Guard Books, no. 2196–75.

35. P.R.O., Ed 28/12, no. 94: Mangeot family papers, Fowke to Cole, 29 Sept. 1860: V.A.M., Guard Books, nos. 2425–6.

36. H.C.D. 22 Sept. 1856.

37. Ibid., 31 July, 10, 25 Nov. 1856: Francis Fowke, A Description of the Building . . .[for] . . .the Sheepshanks Collection . . ., 1858: 4th Report of Department (1857), App. A.

38. H.C.D. 14 April 1858: I.L.N. 24 April 1858, p. 411: 5th Report of Department (1858), p. 56.

39. 5th Report of Department (1858), p. 64: P.P., 1860, xvi, Report from Select Committee on South Kensington Museum, 1 Aug. 1860, qu. 2410.

40. 5th Report of Department (1858), p. 62.

41. H.C.D. 4 Oct. 1856, 18 June 1857: 1851 Comm., Letters, 241, Grey to Bowring, 1 Oct. 1856.

42. P.P., 1860, xvi, Report from Select Committee, ut supra, 1 Aug. 1860, p. 45: H.C.C. 14, Redgrave to Cole, 27 Jan. 1859.

43. 5th Report of Department (1858), pp. 62–3.

44. P.P., 1860, xvi, Report from Select Committee,

45 7th Report of Department (1860), p. 123.

46. P.P., 1860, XVI Report from Select Committee, ut supra, evidence of R. Redgrave, qu. 1557:for Bridgewater House, see Servey of London,vol.xxx,1960,pp./496-504

47. F. Fowke, op. cit. (ref. 37), p. 26.

48. Ibid., p. 24.

49. V.A.M., Decorations of the South Kensington Museum 1862 to 1874, Pt. 1, p. i; Dept. of Prints, E. 393–1956: F. Fowke, op. cit., pp. 9, 24.

50. F. Fowke, op. cit., P. 9.

51. 5th Report of Department (1858), p. 61 and plan.

52. P.R.O., Ed 28/14, no. 31.

53. P.P., 1860, xvi, Report from Select Committee, ut supra, qu. 1557.

54. 21 and 22 Vict., c. 36, 12 July 1858, public.

55. H.C.C. 14, Redgrave to Cole, Nov. 1858 to Jan. 1859.

56. H. Cole, 'Brief Notes on the Career of the late Captain Francis Fowke, R.E.', in Papers on Subjects connected with the Duties of the Corps of Royal Engineers, N.S., xv, 1866, p. x: F.M. Redgrave, Richard Redgrave, C.B., R.A., A Memoir . . ., 1891, pp. 207–8.

57. H.C.C. 14, Redgrave to Cole, 15 Jan., 10 Feb. 1859: B. 26 Feb. 1859, P. 145.

58. P.R.O., Works 17/24/4, nos. 66, 72, 84: H.C.D. 5 Dec. 1859: The Athenaeum, 19 Nov., 10 Dec. 1859, pp. 674, 781.

59. 13th Report of Department (1866), p. 2: H.C.C. 4, Cole to Granville, 16 Jan. 1860: Report from Select Committee, ut supra, 1 Aug. 1860, qu. 2410.

60.The Athenaeum, 19 Nov. 1859, p. 674.

61. P.R.O., Ed 28/11, nos. 23, 90: H.C.D. 5 Nov. 1859.

62. H.C.D. 25 April 1859.

63. B. 26 Feb. 1859, p. 145: P.R.O., Works 17/24/4, no. 72.

64. P.P., 1860, XVI, Report from Select Committee, ut supra, evidence of H. Cole, qus. 559–67.

65. Ibid., evidence of Capt. F. Fowke, qu. 2337.

66. Ibid., evidence of Fowke, qu. 2341.

67. P.R.O., Ed 28/6, no. 19: Ed 28/10, no. 81: H.C.D. 3 Oct. 1859.

68. Fifty Years of Public Work, ut supra, vol. 11, pp. 301–4.

69. P.P., 1860, XVI, Report of Select Committee, ut supra, evidence of Capt. F. Fowke, qus. 2390, 2393, 2396, 2419.

70. Ibid., plan and elevation attached to appendices.

71. V.A.M., Guard Books, no. 2508.

72. P.P., 1860, XVI, Report from Select Committee, ut supra, 1 Aug. 1860.

73. H.C.C. 1, Grey to Cole, 16 Aug. 1860.

74. H.C.D. 26 April, 14 June 1859: H. Cole, 'Brief Notes on . . . Francis Fowke' ut supra, p. xiv.

75. V.A.M., Guard Books, nos. 2348–51.

76. P.P., 1860, XVI, Report of Select Committee, ut supra, qus. 2316, 2348.

77. Mangeot family papers, Fowke to Cole, 1, 21, 23 Sept. 1859.

78. 10th Report of Department (1863), pp. 128–9.

79. V.A.M., Guard Books, nos. 2626, 2705–6.

80. H.C.D. 11 Sept. 1860: B. 3 May 1862, pp. 305–6: P.R.O., Ed 28/16, no. 52.

81. P.R.O., Ed 28/24, no. 146.

82. See, e.g., Moody design in V.A.M., Dept of Prints, 8061: M. D. Conway, Travels in South Kensington, 1882, p. 43.

83. P.R.O., Ed 28/30, no. 20.

84. V.A.M., Decorations, ut supra, pp. 10–11: 12th, 13th and 15th Reports of Department (1865–6, 1868).

85. V.A.M., E 4546–1909.

86. Ibid., Decorations, ut supra, pp. 10–11; Dept. of Prints, Box 254; Guard Books, no. 10200.

87. B.N. 19 Aug. 1870, p. 127.

88. Display of the cartoons described in The Athenaeum, 1 July 1865, pp. 19–20.

89. P.R.O., Ed 28/19, no. 44.

90. Ibid., Ed 28/13, no. 104.

91. V.A.M., Decorations, ut supra, p. 3.

92. Mangeot family papers, Fowke to Cole, 29 Sept. 1860.

93. V.A.M., Lib. MSS., 86.NN, Box 11, Sykes to Cole, 13 Dec. 1861: H.C.D. 24, 27 March 1862.

94. E.g. 13th Report of Department (1866), p. xiii.

95. J.S.A., vol. XIV, 9 March 1866, pp. 296–7: Photographs of Terra Cotta Columns modelled ... by Godfrey Sykes. With ... a brief Memoir . . ., Arundel Society, 1866.

96. B. 3 May 1862, pp. 305–6: The British Almanac for 1863. Companion, p. 231.

97. P.R.O., Ed 28/12, no. 133; Ed 84/54, 6 Jan. 1862.

98. See Department's nth, 12th Reports (1864, 1865).

99. B.N. 24 Feb. 1865, pp. 130–1.

100. P.R.O., Ed 28/16, no. 172; Ed 28/17, no. 44: The Art Journal, July 1864, p. 222.

101. The British Almanac for 1867. Companion, p. 132.

102. A Guide to the Art Collections of the South Kensington Museum, 1868, pp. 21–3.

103. P.R.O., Ed 28/16, no. 32; Ed 84/68, 24 Nov. 1908: see (e.g.) printed précis of Minutes of Department, 22 Aug. 1867, sub New Permanent Buildings.

104. P.R.O., Ed 84/15, 2(III).

105. Ibid., Ed 84/67 (15 Jan. 1866): V.A.M., Decorations, ut supra, p. 11: Specification of Works (Aug. 1864) in the Liddell Collection.

106. V.A.M., Decorations, ut supra, p. 10: information kindly supplied by Mr. J. Physick.

107. Mangeot family papers, Fowke to Cole and reply, 7, 24 Sept. 1861: H.C.D. 24 Sept. 1861.

108. H.C.D. 24 March 1862: 10th Report of Department (1863), pp. 128–31: P.R.O., Works 33/2744–5 (section and details); a principal-floor plan is in Works 17/25/2 (reference kindly supplied by Mr. J. Physick).

109. V.A.M., Guard Books, no. 3200: H.C.D. 16,18 Aug. 1864.

110. P.R.O., Ed 84/67, 26 Jan. 1866.

111. H.C.D. 29 Sept., 4, 12 Dec. 1863.

112. P.R.O., Ed 28/17, no. 9a.

113. 1851 Comm., W.A. XIX, 32, 34, 45.

114. 11th Report of Department (1864), p. 144.

115. P.R.O., Ed 28/20, no. 49: 13th Report of Department (1866), p. 240.

116. In P.P., 1870, LIV, South Kensington Museum, Return of Cost of Buildings, etc.

117. 1851 Comm., W.A. XXI, 114: B. 11 June 1870, pp. 467, 469.

118. RA F28/106.

119. P.R.O., Ed 28/27, no. 127.

120. V.A.M., Decorations, ut supra, pp. 14–15.

121. P.R.O., Ed 28/23, no. 120; Ed 28/25, no. 42.

122. Ibid., Ed 28/23, no. 22.

123. 16th Report of Department (1869), p. 385: Paris Universal Exhibition of 1867. Part II. Catalogue of.. .the British Section, 1868, p. 45.

124. Information kindly supplied by Mr. J. Physick: P.R.O., Works 17/26/2 (4 Feb. 1899).

125. H.C.C. 12, SykestoCole, 30 Dec. 1864, H.C.C. 14, Redgrave to Cole, 29 Aug. 1868: H.C.D. 22 Nov. 1867, 9, 11 March 1868:15th Report of Department (1868), pp. 197–9: P.R.O., Ed 28/24, no. 103.

126. Mangeot family papers, Fowke to Cole, 24 Aug. 1861: P.R.O., Ed 28/14, no. 155: H.C.D. 25 Feb. 1862, 19 Feb. 1863: 10th Report of Department (1863), p. 131, 11th Report of Department (1864), pp. 143–4.

127. Quentin Bell, The Schools of Design, 1963, plate 7.

128. P.R.O., Ed 28/14, no. 137; Ed 28/15, no. 82.

129. Ibid., Works 17/219.

130. 12th Report of Department (1865), p. xiii: P.R.O., Ed 28/19, no. 190; Ed 28/22, no. 221; Ed 28/24, no. 36; Ed 28/27, no. 55: H.C.D. 27 Oct. 1869.

131. cf. V.A.M., E.1023–1927; E.1054–1965: H.C.D. 10 Oct. 1864: plan (Nov. 1865) in P.P., 1866, XL, 439: and coloured perspective view in Mangeot family papers.

132. T. 3 Jan. 1862: N.M., 1873, pp. 8–9: RA Add. H2/220; H7/54, 58.

133. P.R.O., Ed 28/19, no. 191; Ed 28/20, no. 4.

134. 13th Report of Department (1866), pp. 1–4.

135. 14th Report of Department (1867), p. 15: B.M., Add. MSS. 44617, ff. 41–4.

136. H.C.D. 5 Nov. 1867.

137. 16th Report of Department (1869), p. 386 and plan.

138. V.A.M., Decorations, ut supra, pp. 4–8: information kindly supplied by Mr. J. Physick.

139. The Art Journal, March 1864, p. 76.

140. P.R.O., Ed 28/14, no. 64: 11th–17th Reports of Department (1864–70).

141. P.R.O., Ed 28/27, no. 129: H.C.D. 3 March 1872, 26 Jan. 1873: E. R. and J. Pennell, The Life of James McNeill Whistler, 1908, vol. 1, pp. 150–1.

142. For the following see the forthcoming biography of Leighton by Richard Ormond who has very kindly made his draft-text available to the Survey of London, and also his Leighton's Frescoes (V.A.M. Brochure 6), 1975.

143. P.R.O., Ed 28/17, no. 15: H.C.D. 20 Sept. 1863 : The Art Journal, 1863, p. 210.

144. P.R.O., Ed 28/19, nos. 21, 45: H.C.D. 31 May 1865.

145. P.R.O., Ed 28/19, nos. 45,172, 194: B. 13 May 1865, p. 343.

146. H.C.D. 19, 31 May 1865.

147. P.R.O., Ed 28/20, no. 67; Ed 28/21, nos. 4, 49.

148. Ibid., 28/23, no. 54: H.C.D. 7 March 1868: V.A.M., Decorations, ut supra, p. 9; Dept. of Prints, 8089L.

149. P.R.O., Ed 28/23, nos. 156, 160: H.C.D. 8 June 1868: Mrs. Russell Barrington, The Life, Letters and Work of Frederic Leighton, 1906, vol. 11, pp. 202–3.

150. P.R.O., Ed 28/29, no. 118; Ed 84/67, 10 Dec. 1873.

151. Richard Ormond, op. cit. (ref. 142): H.C.D. 7 Dec. 1870.

152. Richard Ormond, op. cit.: H.C.C. 12, Leighton to Redgrave, 14 Oct. 1870.

153. V.A.M., Dept. of Prints, 992–1873.

154. Richard Ormond, op. cit.: P.R.O., Ed 28/27, nos. 78–9: H.C.D. 7 Jan. 1872.

155. P.R.O., Ed 28/26, no. 128: H.C.D. 11 May 1871.

156. V.A.M., Decorations, ut supra, p. 9; Dept. of Prints, 128–1885.

157. Richard Ormond, op. cit.

158. P.R.O., Ed 28/30, no. 98.

159. Ibid., Ed 28/30, no. 175A; Ed 84/67, Aug. 1875.

160. Printed précis of Minutes of Department, 23 June 1877 sub Pickersgill.

161. Richard Ormond, op. cit.: B. 28 Feb. 1880, pp. 241–2. Leighton's method of work was described by his assistant, James Ward, in 'Lord Leighton, P.R.A.: Some Reminiscences', in The Magazine of Art, 1896, pp. 373–9. Mr. Ormond refers also to T. Gambier Parry's Spirit Fresco Painting (1880, published by the Department) and Ward's Fresco Painting (1909) for the method.

162. H.C.D. 26 Jan., 22 March 1880: T. 27 Feb. 1880.

163. The Artist, 15 March 1880, pp. 80–1.

164. H.C.D. 16, 17, 21, 29 Aug. 1880.

165. P.R.O., Works 17/82, Oct. 1880, May, Dec. 1883: Fifty Years of Public Work, ut supra, vol. 1, p. 335: printed précis of Minutes of Department, 16 Aug. 1886: information kindly supplied by Mr. J. Physick.

166. V.A.M., Dept. of Prints, 993–1873; 297–1907.

167. Mrs. Russell Barrington, op. cit., pp. 201–2, 224.

168. E.g., in B. 28 Feb. 1880, pp. 241–2: T. 27 Feb. 1880.

169. P.R.O., Works 17/82. For the restorations see Richard Ormond, op. cit.

170. P.R.O., Ed 84/67 (memo. 1876): V.A.M., E 2946–1911.

171. P.R.O., Ed 84/67, 7 Jan. 1880: 25th Report of Department (1878), p. xvii.

172. P.R.O., Ed 84/68, 15 Nov. 1881, 24 Jan. 1882, July 1885, 17 April, 28 Aug., 4 Sept. 1886: W.E.F. Britten, 'Some Thoughts on Decorative Art: The Cartoons at South Kensington', in The Architectural Review, vol. 1, Nov.-May 1897, p. 121 (reference kindly supplied by Mr. J. Physick).

173. A Guide to the Art Collections of the South Kensington Museum, 1868, p. 36.

174. P.R.O., Ed 28/16, no. 169: H.C.D. 14 March 1865: V.A.M., Decorations, ut supra, p. 10; Dept. of Prints, painting 47–1876.

175. The Athenaeum, 8 July 1865, p. 56.

176. P.R.O., Ed 28/16, no. 113; Ed 28/17, no. 45; Ed 28/18, nos. 81, 98, 146; Ed 28/19, no. 167: H.C.D. 18 Aug. 1863: 11th–13th Reports of Department (1864–6).

177. The Athenaeum, 23 July 1864, p. 121. There is a description in The Art Journal, Sept. 1864, p. 283.

178. V.A.M., Decorations, ut supra, p. 3: P.R.O., Ed 28/19, no. 139; Ed 28/22, no. 46; Ed 84/54, 2 July 1875.

179. V.A.M., Dept. of Prints, Catalogue of drawings sub Townroe, and P. 14–1934: P.R.O., Ed 28/30, nos. 53–4: H.C.D. 12 Jan. 1876.

180. P.R.O., Ed 28/24, no. 48: information kindly supplied by Mr. J. Physick.

181. P.R.O., Ed 28/30, no. 98.

182. V.A.M., Decorations, ut supra, p. 12; Dept. of Prints, 8089.C: 11th–13th Reports of Department (1864–6).

183. 12th Report of Department (1865), p. 228, 13th Report (1866), p. 240: V.A.M., Decorations, ut supra, p. 2.

184. H.C.D. 30 Jan. 1866: J.S.A., vol. XIV, 9 March 1866, pp. 296–7.

185. V.A.M., Decorations, ut supra, p. 17; Lib. MSS. II RC.H. 24 (memo, by D. S. MacColl of conversation with Townroe, c. 1907): H.C.D. 6 Aug. 1872.

186. 15th Report of Department (1868), pp. 197–9.

187. B.N. 22 July 1870, p. 55.

188. 16th to 22nd Reports of Department (1869–75).

189. H.C.D. 16 March 1870, 6 Aug. 1872.

190. 21st and 22nd Reports of Department (1874, 1875): B.N. 2 April 1875, p. 365: V.A.M., Decorations, ut supra, p. 17.

191. P.R.O., Ed 28/21, no. 43.

192. B.N. 29 July 1870, pp. 73–4: V.A.M., Decorations, ut supra, p. 17.

193. 15th Report of Department (1868), pp. 197–9: The Athenaeum, 18 Jan. 1868, p. 98.

194. In V.A.M., Dept. of Prints. See also Guard Books, nos. 10340–75, 10383–4.

195. The Graphic, 20 May 1871, pp. 467, 472 (illus.).

196. 16th–20th Reports of Department (1869–73): P.R.O., Ed 28/28, no. 203.

197. P.R.O., Ed 28/21, no. 43: Charles Mitchell, 'William Morris at St. James's Palace', in The Architectural Review, vol. CI, 1947, pp. 37–9.

198. P.R.O., Ed 28/18, no. 150.

199. Ibid., Ed 28/22, nos. 45, 229; Ed 84/6, p. 59.

200. 15th–17th Reports of Department (1868–70).

201. Aymer Vallance, The Art of William Morris, 1897, p. 60: M. D. Conway, Travels in South Kensington, 1882, p. 136.

202. V.A.M., Lib. MSS., RCJJ 35, Warington Taylor to Webb; Decorations, ut supra, pp. 17–18: The Architectural Review, vol. XXXVIII, July 1915, p. 6: W. R. Lethaby, Philip Webb..., 1935, pp. 43–4, 46, 50.

203. Information kindly supplied by Mr. J. Physick: R.I.B.A., Drawings Collection, V15/271 (identified by Mrs. Morris of V.A.M. Circulation Department): cf. Easter Art Annual, 1899, p. 20.

204. The Athenaeum, 18 Jan. 1868, p. 98: B.N. 29 July, 5 Aug. 1870, pp. 73, 105.

205. The Athenaeum, 14 March 1868, p. 397, 12 June 1869, p. 804.

206. Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge, Burne Jones account book 1861 onwards.

207. V.A.M., Decorations, ut supra, p. 18: information kindly supplied by Mr. J. Physick.

208. J. W. Mackail, The Life of William Morris, 1899, vol. 1, p. 177: W. R. Lethaby, op. cit., p. 56.

209. W. F. Lowe, 'Restoration of Morris Windows at the Victoria and Albert Museum', in Museums Journal, vol. 60, Aug. 1960, pp. 121–2.

210. B.M., Add. MSS. 45342, ff. 17–18.

211. P.R.O., Ed 28/22, nos. 193, 206.

212. Ibid., Ed 28/21, no. 138: V.A.M., Decorations, ut supra, pp. 12–13: H.C.D. 8 June 1868.

213. B.N. 9 Feb. 1877, p. 162.

214. P.R.O., Ed 28/26, no. 129: The South Kensington Museum. Examples of the Works of Art. . . and of the Decorations . . ., 1881–2, vol. 1, no. 1: J.S.A., vol. XIX, 16 Dec. 1870, pp. 65–8.

215. V.A.M., Decorations, ut supra, p. 13.

216. P.R.O., Ed 84/67, 4 June, 9 Aug., 21 Oct. 1878: T. 17 May 1878: H.C.D. 23 June, 8 July 1874, 2, 19 Jan., 16 June 1876, 22 March, 9 April, 4 July, 13 Nov. 1877.

217. V.A.M., Decorations, ut supra, pp. 19–20.

218. H.C.D. 29 May 1869: The Art Journal, June 1870, p. 184.

219. P.R.O., Ed 28/24, no. 95 : V.A.M., Decorations, ut supra, pp. 20–24: J.S.A., vol. XVI, 20 Dec. 1867, p. 88: W. B. Scott, 'Ornamental Art in England', in The Fortnightly Review, Oct. 1870, p. 410: B.N. 5 Aug. 1870, p. 93.

220. V.A.M., Decorations, ut supra, p. 25: 15th Report of Department (1868), p. 255; 17th Report (1870), p. 455: The Athenaeum, 20 Feb., 12 June 1869, pp. 281, 804.

221. P.R.O., Ed 28/21, no. 90.

222. H.C.D. 28 Jan. 1867: 15 th Report of Department (1868), p. 255 : W. B. Scott, Autobiographical Notes, 1892, vol. 11, p. 170.

223. H.C.D. 9 Aug. 1864: 16th Report of Department (1869), p. 385.

224. Minutes of Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers, vol. cxii, 1892–3, part 2, 1893, pp. 347–9.

225. V.A.M., Lib. MSS., Box 194A, printed prospectus by James Gamble [1887].

226. D. S. MacColl, 'The Stevens Memorial and Exhibition at the Tate Gallery', in The Burlington Magazine, Nov. 1911, p. 117: V.A.M., Lib. MSS., II RC.H.24 (c. 1907).

227. B.M., Add. MSS. 38994, f. 243: P.R.O., Ed 28/23, no. 174.

228. H.C.C. 12, Poynter to Cole, 25 July 1868: P.R.O., Ed 84/67, 15 June 1875: V.A.M., Decorations, ut supra, pp. 15–16; Dept. of Architecture and Sculpture, A 12–1973: John Physick and Michael Darby, 'Marble Halls' (V.A.M. exhibition catalogue), 1973, p. 206.

229. P.R.O., Ed 28/25, no. 22; Ed 84/67, Dec. 1874: 25th Report of Department (1878), p. xvii.

230. James Ward, 'Lord Leighton, P.R.A.: Some Reminiscences . . .', in The Magazine of Art, 1896, p. 373.

231. P.R.O., Ed 84/67, 20 Nov. 1877.

232. Ibid., 19, 30 Dec. 1879.

233. Ibid., Ed 84/69, 4573M: information kindly supplied by Mr. J. Physick.

234. A Guide to the Art Collections of the South Kensington Museum, 1868, pp. 40–42.

235. E.g. P.R.O., Ed 28/19, no. 190.

236. 15th Report of Department (1868), pp. xviii, 197.

237. 17th Report of Department (1870), p. 361; 18th Report (18 71), p. xviii.

238. H.C.D. 10 July 1867, 4 Feb., 13 May 1868, 10 July 1873: 17th Report of Department (1870), p. 455; 19th Report (1872), p. xvii: B.N. 25 April 1873, p. 469: V.A.M., Lib. MSS., Miscellanies of Henry Cole 1868–73, f. 240.

239. V.A.M., Lib. MSS., Notes of German Tour by Henry Cole, 1863, p. 88.

240. Ibid., Decorations, ut supra, p. 2 5.

241. 19th Report of Department (1872), p. 405: B. 4 Oct. 1873, pp. 789–90.

242. V.A.M., Decorations, ut supra, p. 25 : H.C.D. 4, 31 Jan., 28 May 1872.

243. B.N. 25 April 1873, p. 469: V.A.M., D564–1905.

244. V.A.M., Decorations, ut supra, pp. 4, 10, 25: 20th Report of Department (1873), p. 436.

245. B. 4 Oct. 1873, pp. 789–90.

246. H.C.C. 12, Millais to Cole, 21 May 1872.

247. B. 4 Oct. 1873, pp. 789–90: R.I.B.A. Journal, 30 March 1893, pp. 275–6 (obituary by C. Purdon Clarke): V.A.M., Lib. MSS., II RC.H.24 (memo, by D. S. MacColl of conversation with Townroe c. 1907): H.C.D. 20 Aug. 1880.

248. P.P., 1868–9, X, First Report from Select Committee on Hungerford Bridge, 10 May 1869, pp. 100–106: H.C.D. 24 Feb. 1869.

249. H.C.D. 25 June 1869.

250. P.R.O., Ed 84/8, 1 July 1869.

251. 15th–17th Reports of Department (1868–70).

252. B.M., Add. MSS. 44617, ff. 41–44: P.R.O., Ed 28/25, nos. 36–8: H.C.D. Dec. 1869-Jan. 1870.

253. H.C.D. 2, 6, 7 Dec. 1869.

254. Précis of Correspondence relating, primarily, to the Buildings at South Kensington, in P.P., 1897, XII, Second Report from the Select Committee on the Museums of the Science and Art Department, App. no. 19: B.M., Add. MSS. 44617, ff. 41–44.

255. 18th Report of Department (1871), p. 379: P.R.O., Ed 84/56, 25 Aug. 1870.

256. B.M., Add. MSS. 38997, f. 296; 38998, ff. 206, 312.

257. H.C.D. 26 June 1871.

258. E.g., Maurice Wright, Treasury Control of the Civil Service 1854–1874, 1969, p. 276.

259. B.M., Add. MSS. 44617, ff. 41–44.

260. H.C.D. Nov. 1871, 21 May 1873: B.M., Add. MSS. 39000, f. 224: printed précis of Minutes of Department, 2 Jan. 1872 sub Treasury.

261. Lyon Playfair, Memoirs and Correspondence, ed. Wemyss Reid, 1899, p. 114.

262. W. B. Scott, Autobiographical Notes, 1892, vol. 1, pp. 329–30.

263. RA A46/20: B. 9 Aug. 1873, p. 632: P.P., 1897, XII, Second Report from the Select Committee on the Museums of the Science and Art Department, 23 July 1897, pp. 451–6: B.M. Trustees, Standing Committee Minutes, pp. 12753–901 (July 1873-Jan. 1874) passim.

264. H.C.D. 17 Oct., 1 Nov. 1873: H.C.C. 3, Knollys to Cole, 22 Nov. 1873: RA F28/123, 124, 127.

265. H.C.C. 3, Cole to Knollys (copy), 24 Nov. 1873: B.M., Add. MSS. 39008, f. 50, Cole to Layard, 16 April 1875.

266. E.g., H.C.D. 9 July 1874:19th Report of Department (1872), p. 404.

267. P.R.O., Ed 84/67, Jan. 1879.

268. B.M., Add. MSS. 39008, f. 50, Cole to Layard, 16 April 1875: H.C.C. 10, Cole to Mundella, April 1878.

269. V.A.M., Lib. MSS. 86.cc.30, 22 Dec. 1870, 26 June 1871.

270. P.R.O., Ed 28/24, no. 6; Ed 84/67, 26 Sept. 1874.

271. Précis of Correspondence relating, primarily, to the Buildings at South Kensington, in P.P., 1897, XII, Second Report, ut supra, App. no. 19, 5 Dec. 1874: B. 18 July 1874, p. 604: P.R.O., Works 33/1662: H.C.D. March-Nov. 1874.

272. P.R.O., Ed 84/56, 14 Aug. 1882 (printed précis).

273. 1851 Comm., Letter Book, April-June 1874 [sic], Scott to Cole, 12 Nov. 1874 (loose item): H.C.D. 25 Nov. 1874: H.C.C. 5, Cole to Northcote, Sept. 1875.

274. Precis of Correspondence, ut supra, 23 Aug. 1875 : Sixth Report of the Commissioners for the Exhibition of 1851, 29 July 1878, p. 41: V.A.M., Lib. MSS., 86.cc.27, 2 June 1876.

275. 26th Report of Department (1879), p. XV.

276. Printed précis of Minutes of Department, 17 Aug. 1877 sub Brompton Oratory: P.R.O., Ed 84/56, 1 Feb. 1882.

277. V.A.M., Lib. MSS., 86.cc.27, 1879–80.

278. Ibid., MSS., II RC.H.24 (memo, by D. S. MacColl of conversation with Townroe, c. 1907): P.R.O., Ed 84/56, 6 March, 12 June 1882.

279. V.A.M., Dept. of Prints, Box 252.

280. H.C.D. 8 Sept. 1881.

281. 31st Report of Department (1884), p. xvi: P.R.O., T165/58/7, p. 24.

282. Printed précis of Minutes of Department, 10 June, 10 Aug. 1882, sub Treasury: P.R.O., Ed 84/56, 12 June, 30 Aug. 1882.

283. P.R.O., Ed 84/56, 3 Jan., 1 Feb. 1882.

284. Ibid., 12 June 1882, 26 Jan. 1885: information kindly supplied by Mr. J. Physick.

285. P.R.O., Ed 84/56, 28 Nov. 1884: Hansard's Parliamentary Debates, Third Series, vol. CCLXXIX, 674–5.

286. P.R.O., Ed 84/56, 26 Jan., 5 Feb. 1885: Précis of Correspondence, ut supra, 5 May, 3 Sept. 1886.

287. P.R.O., Ed 84/67, Nov.-Dec. 1879; Ed 84/68, 16 Feb. 1885 et seq.

288. See P.P., 1897, XII, Second Report from the Select Committee on the Museums of the Science and Art Department, 23 July 1897, qus. 1778–84, 5535–46.

289. B. 25 July 1857, pp. 413–14: [A. Beresford-Hope,] 'South Kensington Museum and Loan Exhibition', in The Quarterly Review, vol. 113, Jan. 1863, pp. 177–8.

290. 1851 Comm., Letters, 272, Grey to Bowring, 21 May 1857.

291. P.P., 1860, XVI, Report from the Select Committee on the South Kensington Museum, 1 Aug. 1860, evidence of Henry Cole, especially qus. 136–7, 303.

292. See 9th Report of Department (1862).

293. 5th Report of Department (1858), pp. 81–2.

294. P.P., 1864, XII, Report from the Select Committee on the Patent Office, qu. 2407: P.P., 1860, XVI, Report of the Select Committee on the British Museum, qu. 3007.

295. Sir Charles Robinson, 'Our Public Art Museums: A Retrospect', in The Nineteenth Century, Dec. 1897, pp. 953, 955.

296. [A. Beresford-Hope,] ut supra, pp. 176–207.

297. P.R.O., Ed 28/16, no. 91; Ed 28/23, no. 27; Ed 28/25, nos. 37, 38 (appendix to memo, of 31 Jan. 1870).

298. Ibid., Ed 28/19, no. 213.

299. 11th Report of Department (1864), p. xiii.

300. 12th Report of Department (1865), p. xviii.

301. 13th Report of Department (1866), pp. xvii, 163: B. 3 Feb., 24 March 1866, pp. 81, 210.

302. 19th Report of Department (1872), p. xxii.

303. B.M., Add. MSS. 38995, f. 335, Cole to Layard, 24 Oct. 1868.

304. H.C.C. 7, Cole to Lord Spencer, 20 Dec. 1880 and n.d.: H.C.D. 30 Aug., 7 Sept. 1880, 28 Jan. 1881.

305. 36th Report of Department (1889), p. xxx.

306. Printed precis of Minutes of Department, 19 Nov. 1886.

307. P.R.O., Works 17/23/9, 29 Nov. 1890-Feb. 1891.

308. Ibid., Ed 84/15, no. 2 (III).

309. Ibid., Works 17/23/9, 30 July 1891.

310. Ibid., Works 17/23/9, no. 244; Works 33/1688: Guide to Victoria and Albert Museum, 1909, p. 6.

311. P.R.O., Works 17/23/9, 18 Dec. 1891.

312. Ibid., Ed 84/72, 30 July 1891; Works 17/23/9, 18 Dec. 1891.

313. Ibid., Ed 84/72, 26 Nov., 2 Dec. 1891, 2 March 1892; Works 17/25/4, 11 Dec. 1891, 1, 9 April, 30 June 1892: cf. Architectural Association Notes, vol. XVII, 1902, p. 41.

314. P.R.O., Works 17/25/4, no. 3, 3 Nov. 1891.

315. Précis of Correspondence, ut supra, memo, by Donnelly, 12 March 1894.

316. P.R.O., Works 17/23/10, 30 Jan. 1892.

317. Ibid., Works 17/23/10, no. 24, 7 April 1892.

318. 40th Report of Department (1893), p. xxxiii.

319. Précis of Correspondence, ut supra, 27 Dec. 1892.

320. P.P., 1897, XII, First Report from the Select Committee on the Museums of the Science and Art Department, 21 May 1897.

321. P.R.O., Works 17/26/2, nos. 1–2, 12 Aug. 1897.

322. P.P., 1897, XII, Second Report from the Select Committee on the Museums of the Science and Art Department, 23 July 1897, qus. 481–4, 7251: P.R.O., Ed 84/57, 4 Nov. 1897.

323. R.I.B.A., Drawings Collection, X10/5 (block plan by Webb, May 1898).

324. See P.P., 1886, LI, Report of Interdepartmental Committee on the National Science Collections, p. 42 (memo, by Donnelly): P.R.O., Works 17/26/2, Aug. 1897—June 1898 passim.

325. P.R.O., Works 17/26/2, nos. 47–52: P.P., 1898, XI, Select Committee on the Museums of the Science and Art Department, First Report, 26 April and Second Report, 29 July 1898, evidence of Sir Norman Lockyer and Sir Henry Roscoe.

326. P.R.O., Works 17/26/2, 5, 7, 29 Aug. 1898.

327. RA Add. A4/56–9.

328. T. 21 Nov. 1908, 26 June 1909.

329. P.R.O., Ed 84/57, 23 July 1898; Works 17/26/2, 3 Dec. 1898, 10 Jan. 1899: R.I.B.A., Drawings Collection, X10/6(28), OS4/21 (3–4).

330. B. 20 May 1899, pp. 485–6.

331. P.R.O., Works 17/26/2, 4, 10 Feb. 1899.

332. Ibid., Ed 84/72, 15 Dec. 1898: RA Add. A4/85–6, 88.

333. P.R.O., Ed 84/72, 22 Dec. 1898.

334. Ibid., Works 17/26/2, 24 Feb., 1 March 1899.

335. T. 18 May 1899.

336. Information kindly supplied by Mr. J. Physick.

337. P.R.O., Works 17/23/12, 7 June 1899.

338. Ibid., Ed 84/58, 25 Nov. 1903; Ed 84/215, 17 Nov. 1908; Works 33/1706–7.

339. Ibid., T165/58/7, p. 25: B. 3 July 1909, pp. 16–17: Guide to Victoria and Albert Museum, 1909, pp. 5–7.

340. P.R.O., Ed 84/68, 23 March, 17 April 1901: information kindly supplied by Mr. J. Physick.

341. P.R.O., Ed 84/215, 25 Jan. 1908.

342. R.I.B.A. Journal, 2 March 1893, p. 217: Architectural Association Notes, vol. XVII, 1902, p. 41.

343. T. 21 Nov. 1908, 26 June 1909: B. 26 June 1909, pp. 749–50: B. N. 2 July 1909, pp. 1–3.

344. The Gentlewoman, 29 June 1907.

345. Report of the Committee of Re-Arrangement, Victoria and Albert Museum (Art Division), to President of Board of Education, 29 July 1908.

346. P.R.O., Ed 84/68, 5 Aug.-19 Sept. 1909.

347. Ibid., Ed 84/69, April 1911.

348. Ibid., Ed 84/69, no. 11/1883½M (7 April 1911).

349. Ibid., Ed 84/69, no. 4480M (Sept. 1911 et seq.).

350. T. 15 Dec. 1913 (letter from J. Eyre).

351. P.R.O., Ed 84/68, 12 Oct. 1910.

352. Ibid., Ed 84/70, 2, 3 May 1912.

353. Ibid., Ed 84/68, 12 Oct. 1910.

354. Alan Cole, 'Decorations of the Victoria and Albert Museum', in J.S.A., vol. LXII, 13 Feb. 1914, p. 271: V.A.M., Lib. MSS., II. RC.H.24 (Cole to MacColl, 5 May 1912).

355. D. S. MacColl, 'The Stevens Memorial and Exhibition at the Tate Gallery', in The Burlington Magazine, Nov. 1911, p. 112.

356. Alan Cole, op. cit.: P.R.O., Ed 84/70, June 1912.

357. Hermann Muthesius, Das Englische Haus, vol. 3, 1911, p. 78.

358. P.R.O., Ed 84/70, 8 May, June 1912.

359. Ibid., 1913: information kindly supplied by Mr. J. Physick.

360. [Sir] Trenchard Cox, 'History of the Victoria and Albert Museum', in Proceedings of the Royal Institution of Great Britain, vol. 37, pt. III, no. 167, 1959, p. 284.

361. Sir Leigh Ashton, '100 Years of the Victoria and Albert Museum', in J.S.A., vol. ci, 26 Dec. 1952, pp. 79–88: Trenchard Cox, op. cit., pp. 276–304.

362. Museums Journal, vol. 57, Feb. 1958, pp. 264–6.

CHAPTER VII (pp. 124–32)

The Garden of the Royal Horticultural Society

1. For the history of the Society see H. R. Fletcher, The Story of the Royal Horticultural Society 1804–1968, 1969.

2. 1851 Comm., W.A. XII, 58.

3. Fifty Years of Public Work of Sir Henry Cole, K.C.B., 1884, vol. 1, p. 327: H.C.D. Oct.-Nov. 1857, 28 March 1858: H.C.C. 1, Grey to Cole, 31 Oct. 1857.

4. H.C.D. 3 May 1858, 27 April 1859.

5. Ibid., 16 July 1858; 1851 Comm., Minutes, 2 July 1859; W.A., XIV, 75: F. M. Redgrave, Richard Redgrave, C.B., R.A., A Memoir . . ., 1891, pp. 190–1.

6. Mangeot family papers, Fowke to Cole, 20 July 1858.

7. 1851 Comm., W.A., XV, 56; Minutes, 28 June 1860: H.C.D. 21 Dec. 1859.

8. P.R.O., Ed 84/13.

9. 1851 Comm., file 84, 26 Jan. 1859.

10. H.C.D. 9, 11, 27 April 1859.

11. Ibid., 4, 20, 24 April 1859.

12. V.A.M., Lib. MSS., Miscellanies, Henry Cole ('1852 Bradford Meeting...'), ff. 343–6: RAF27/15.

13. 1851 Comm., W.A. XV, 27: The Gardener's Chronicle, 9 July 1859, pp. 584–6: Fourth Report of the Commissioners for the Exhibition of 1851, 3 May 1861, pp. 19–20, 118–34.

14. Fletcher, op. cit., p. 187.

15. Royal Horticultural Society, Council Minutes, 21 Dec. 1860.

16. H.C.D. 27 Dec. 1859: 1851 Comm., W.A. XV, 66: Mangeot family papers, MS. vol., 'Lectures on Science', p. 29: Edgar Bowring, 'South Kensington', in The Nineteenth Century, Aug. 1877, p. 73: V.A.M., E.6066–1910.

17. R.H.S., Council Minutes, 19 Aug. 1859.

18. 1851 Comm., W.A. XV, 18, XIX, 125, XXII, 17: J.S.A., vol. VII, 8 July 1859, pp. 579–80.

19. V.A.M., Guard Books, nos. 969, 990–3.

20. Ibid., Lib. MSS., Miscellanies, Henry Cole ('1852 Bradford Meeting . . .'), ff. 343–6.

21. R.I.B.A., Drawings Collection, J11/61.

22. B. 9 July 1859, p. 457.

23. 1851 Comm., W.A. XV, 33.

24. H.C.D. 28 April, 3 Oct. 1859: B. 17 Sept. 1859, p. 612.

25. H.C.D. 9, 10, 16 May 1859.

26. Ibid., 2 July 1859.

27. B.N. 24 May 1861, p. 437: B. 16 Dec. 1865, p. 882.

28. P.R.O., Ed 84/13, p. 44: Minutes of Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers, vol. cxii, 1892–3, part 2, 1893, pp. 347–9.

29. P.R.O., Ed 84/13, p. 54.

30. Ibid., p. 75.

31. Andrew Handyside and Co., Works in Iron, 1868, frontispiece and p. 91; see also edition of 1877, pp. 257–60.

32. Described by Andrew Murray, The Book of the Royal Horticultural Society, 1862–1863,1863, pp. 144–7.

33. Andrew Handyside, ut supra.

34. H.C.D. 25, 26 April 1861: B. 4 May 1861, p. 300.

35. The Art Journal, 1861, p. 214.

36. B.N. 16 Nov. 1860, p. 869, 24 May 1861, p. 437.

37. B. 20 July 1861, p. 496.

38. Ibid., 23 June 1860, p. 404.

39. Ibid., 3 July 1869, p. xi: The Journal of Horticulture . . ., vol. XIII, ns., 1867, pp. 62–3.

40. B. 2 Nov. 1861, p. 754: Royal Horticultural Society's Gardens. South Kensington. Opening of the New Gardens. Programme for June 5 and 6 1861, p. 19.

41. P.R.O., Ed 84/13, p. 204.

42. B. 29 March 1890, p. 239: information kindly supplied by Miss Priscilla Metcalf.

43. B. 29 Dec. 1860, pp. 836–7.

44. The Athenaeum, 15 June 1861, p. 800, 19 Oct. 1861, p. 509.

45. H.C.D. 5 April 1859.

46. E.g. B.N. 16 Nov. 1860, p. 869: The Athenaeum, 16 March, 15 June 1861, pp. 362, 800.

47. 1851 Comm., W.A. XVI, 37, 52, 54; Minutes, 20 Nov. 1860: H.C.D. 27 Dec. 1860.

48. P.R.O., Ed 84/13, pp. 80–1: H.C.C.2, Sykes to Cole, 9 April 1861: V.A.M., Dept. of Prints, 8132.1: B.N. 26 July 1861, p. 616. The roof-truss designed by Fowke for the entrance was described by G. R. Redgrave in Minutes of the Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers, vol. Ixxxii, 1884–5, part 4, 1885, pp. 301–4.

49. The Athenaeum, 15 June 1861, p. 800, 19 Oct. 1861, p. 509.

50. H.C.D. 16 July 1860: J.S.A., vol. IX, 7 June 1861, p. 539.

51. R.I.B.A., Drawings Collection, Alfred Stevens [42] (information kindly supplied by Mrs. Susan Beattie).

52. H.C.C. 14, Redgrave to Cole, 22 Nov. 1859: 1851 Comm., W.A. XV, 56: Mangeot family papers, Fowke to Cole, 23 Nov. 1859.

53. H.C.C. 1, e.g. Grey to Cole, 17 Aug. 1860.

54. 1851 Comm., W.A. XV, 67.

55. H.C.C. 4, Cole to Granville, 16 Jan. 1860: R.H.S., Council Minutes, 1 Dec. 1860.

56. H.C.C. 14, Redgrave to Cole, n.d.

57. H.C.D. 14 Jan. 1861.

58. H.C.C. 1, Phipps to Cole, 18 Aug. 1856, Cole to Grey and reply, 22, 24 Oct. 1859: R.H.S., Council Minutes, 25 Oct., 18 Nov. 1859.

59. H.C.D. 27 Dec. 1859, 1, 2, 21 Feb. 1860.

60. Murray, op. cit., p. 58: B. 19 May 1860, pp. 311–12.

61. H.C.D. 30, 31 Jan., 15 Feb., 1 Dec. 1860.

62. B. 8 Feb. 1862, p. 93: P.R.O., Ed 84/13, pp. 96, 107.

63. Mangeot family papers, MS. by F. R. Fowke.

64. H.C.C. 1, Grey to Cole, 11 Dec. 1859.

65. 1851 Comm., W.A., XVI, 50.

66. R.H.S., Council Minutes, 4 Sept. 1860: P.R.O., Ed 85/13, pp. 31–2, 88: H.C.D. 13, 14 Dec. 1860, 16 Jan., 5, 6 Feb. 1861: B. 29 Dec. 1860, p. 836: Royal Horticultural Society's Gardens. South Kensington. Opening of the New Gardens. Programme for June 5 and 6 1861, p. 20.

67. H.C.D. 31 May 1861.

68. Ibid., 18 March, 2 April 1861, 5 Feb. 1868: cf. V.A.M., Lib. MSS., 86. NN, Box 11, Sykes to Cole, 13 Dec. 1861.

69. H.C.C. 1, Grey to Cole, 27 March 1861: H.C.D. 3 June 1861.

70. Dearest Child. Letters between Queen Victoria and the Princess Royal 1858–61, ed. Roger Fulford, 1964, p. 336: cf. Fifty Years of Public Work of Sir Henry Cole, K.C.B., 1884, vol. 1, p. 360.

71. H.C.D. 29 Aug. 1958, 3 May 1860, 24 July 1861.

72. Ibid., 27 April 1859.

73. H.C.C. 1, PhippstoCole, 23, 31 July 1859:5. 2 June 1860, p. 345.

74. H.C.C. 1, Grey to Cole, 5 May 1860; H.C.C. 2, Grey to Cole, 26 Dec. 1859.

75. H.C.D. 22 March, 28 April 1860: P.R.O., Ed 84/13, pp. 31–2.

76. H.C.C. 2, Grey to Cole, 26 Dec. 1859; H.C.C. 12, St. John's Brickworks to Cole, 30 April 1860: P.R.O., Ed 84/10 (1 May 1860).

77. H.C.C. 1, Phipps to Cole, 23, 31 July 1859: H.C.D. 9 Aug. 1859.

78. 1851 Comm., W.A. XIX, 123: V.A.M., Lib. MSS., Notes of German Tour by Henry Cole, 1863, p. 89.

79. V.A.M., Lib. MSS., Miscellanies by H. Cole (1861–6), f. 29.

80. H.C.C. 1, Grey to Cole, 8, 11 Dec. 1859: 1851 Comm., W.A. XV, 62, 64a; Letters, No. 352.

81. 1851 Comm., Letters, No. 370.

82. Ibid., W.A. XV, 48, XX, 1; Letters, No. 349.

83. V.A.M., Guard Books, nos. 2337–44, etc.: P.R.O., Ed 84/13, c. early 1861: P.P., 1868–1869, X, Second Report from Select Committee on Hungerford Bridge, qu. 3948.

84. P.R.O., Ed 84/13, p. 231.

85. H.C.D. 28 Nov. 1859: Murray, op. cit., p. 53.

86. Mangeot family papers, Fowke to Cole, 29 Sept. 1860.

87. R.H.S., Council Minutes, 5 Feb. 1861.

88. The Athenaeum, 11 May 1861, p. 632.

89. B. 8 June 1861, pp. 390–1: I.L.N. 8 June 1861, p. 528.

90.The Athenaeum, 8 June 1861, p. 766.

91. I.L.N. 8 Dec. 1860, p. 538.

92. Ibid., 14 Sept. 1861, p. 269.

93. B.N. 24 May 1861, p. 437.

94. B. 2 Nov. 1861, p. 754.

95. Ibid.: RA, Queen Victoria's Journal, 5 Dec. 1864.

96. The Quarterly Review, July 1862, p. 182.

97. 1851 Comm., W.A. XV, 97.

98. B.N. 2 and 16 Nov. 1860, pp. 837, 869, 24 May 1861, p. 437: B. 4 May 1861, p. 300: I.L.N. 21 July 1866, pp. 74–5.

99. B.N. 16 Nov. 1860, p. 869: P.R.O., Ed 84/13, pp. 29–30, 48, etc.

100. B.N. 14 Feb. 1868, p. 107: V.A.M., Guard Books, no. 2553.

101. P.R.O., Ed 84/13, p. 39.

102. The Athenaeum, 16 March 1861, p. 362: R.I.B.A. Transactions, 1st ser., vol. XXXII, 1881–2, p. 117.

103. B.N. 24 May 1861, p. 437. For the arcades see also B.N. 16 Nov. 1860, p. 869 and 12 April 1861, p. 306.

104. H.C.D. 9 March 1861.

105. Ibid., 5 Aug. 1861.

106. R.H.S., Council Minutes, 13 March 1861.

107. Andrew Murray, op. cit., p. 67.

108. The Athenaeum, 18 May, 22 June 1861, pp. 670, 833.

109. Andrew Murray, op. cit., p. 54.

110. R.H.S., Council Minutes, 7 July 1859: Fletcher, op. cit., pp. 193, 195, 199.

111. RAPP Vic. 15887: RA Add. H2/4480.

112. Andrew Murray, op. cit., p. 47.

113. Ibid., p. 71.

114. Ibid., p. 73.

115. 1851 Comm., W.A. XVII, 31.

116. Ibid., 28, 29.

117. B.N. 24 May 1861, p. 437.

118. Ibid., 16 Nov. 1860, p. 869.

119. R.H.S., Council Minutes, 28 Sept. 1860.

120. 1851 Comm., W.A. XVII, 33.

121. V.A.M., Lib. MSS., Miscellanies by H. Cole (1861–6), f. 2.

122. R.H.S., Council Minutes, 27 March 1860: P.R.O., Ed 84/13, pp. 111–14.

123. RAF28/23.

124. 1851 Comm., W.A. XIX, 32, 126.

125. Ibid., 132: RA F28/57.

126. H.C.D. 3 June, 24 July 1861.

127. 1851 Comm., W.A. XIX, 132, 141–2.

128. H.C.C. 2, Grey to Cole, 26 March 1862: P.R.O., Ed 84/13, pp. 250–1: 1851 Comm., W.A. XIX, 12, 137; Minutes, 21 May 1863.

129. B. 17 Feb. 1866, p. 123.

130. 1851 Comm., W.A. XX, 30, 42: Fletcher, op. cit., p. 204.

131. 1851 Comm., W.A. XX, 100, XXI, 26: RA Add. J/50, 54, 132.

132. RA Add. J/50 et seq.

133. J.S.A., vol. XVIII, 24 June 1870, pp. 696–7: 1851 Comm., file 69, 3 March 1870: H.C.D. 30 Dec. 1869, 10 Feb. 1870.

134. B. 29 April 1871, p. 318.

135. RA Add. J/157: cf. V.A.M., E691–1959.

136. Sixth Report of the Commissioners for the Exhibition of 1851, 29 July 1878, pp. 15–16.

137. RA Add. J/144.

138. 1851 Comm., file 84 (MS. petition of Society in House of Lords, 4 Aug. 1873).

139. Fletcher, op. cit., pp. 206–8: RA F28/117: Edgar Bowring, 'South Kensington', in The Nineteenth Century, June 1877, p. 581.

140. Fifty Years, ut supra, vol 1, p. 268.

141. 1851 Comm., Letter Book April-June 1874 [sic], Scott to Lord Spencer, 3 Nov. 1874, 22 Jan. 1875 (loose items); Minutes, 23 July 1875.

142. The British Almanac for 1862. Companion, p. 2 50.

143. Pall Mall Gazette, 2 Feb. 1874.

144. RA Add. J/147: C. J. Richardson, The Englishman's House, 1870, p. 136.

145. RA F28/135: 1851 Comm., W.A. XXII, 31, 34.

146. 18 51 Comm., file 46 (memo. Aug. 1876).

147. Sixth Report of the Commissioners for the Exhibition of 1851, 29 July 1878, p. 43.

148. RA F28/156: Edgar Bowring, op. cit., June 1877, p. 582.

149. Seventh Report of the Commissioners for the Exhibition of 1851, 23 July 1889, pp. 7–9.

150. H.C.D., e.g. 20 March, 12 April 1881.

151. Ibid., 24 April 1880.

152. Seventh Report of the Commissioners for the Exhibition of 1851, 23 July 1889, p. 9.

153. G. R. Redgrave, 'The Semicircular Timber Roof-Truss Designed by the late Captain F. Fowke, R.E.', in Minutes of Proceedings of Institution of Civil Engineers, vol. Ixxxii, 1884–5, part 4, 1885, pp. 301–4: Engineering, 4 May 1883, pp. 411–12: The Royal Engineers' Journal, 2 July 1883, p. 168.

154. V.A.M., Lib. Photograph Collection, 757–1921.

155. Fletcher, op. cit., p. 233.

CHAPTER VIII (pp. 133–6)

The Memorial to the Exhibition of 1851

1. The Art Journal, 1 July 1863, pp. 137–8.

2. RA PP Vic. 1275 (8 Nov. 1853): The Art Journal, 1 Dec. 1853, p. 303.

3. RA PP (Challis to Granville, 25 June 1853).

4. T. 8 Nov. 1853.

5. Theodore Martin, The Life of. . . The Prince Consort, vol. 11, 1876, p. 537.

6. RAY 149/80.

7. RA PP Vic. 1275 (3 May 1854).

8. Ibid., (6 May 1854): H.C.D. 5 May 1854.

9. RA PP Vic. 1275 (11 May 1854).

10. The Art Journal, 1 Jan. 1857, p. 11.

11. B. 31 May, 16 Aug. 1856, pp. 303, 449: The Art Journal, 1 June, 1 Aug. 1856, pp. 159, 258, 1 Jan. 1857, p. 11, 1 July 1863, p. 138.

12. RA Add. Q/387.

13. B. 18 July 1857, p. 410 and advertisement.

14. The Art Journal, 1 April 1858, p. 125.

15. B. 13 Feb. 1858, pp. 103–4, 4 Feb. 1860, p. 69: The Art Journal, 1 March 1858, p. 93.

16. B. 3 April 1858, p. 230.

17. B.N. 12 Feb. 1858, p. 145.

18. B. 13 Feb. 1858, pp. 103–4.

19. The Art Journal, 1 March 1858, p. 93: B.N. 9, 16 April 1858, pp. 368, 408.

20. B. 6 March, 3 April 1858, pp. 158, 230.

21. Ibid., 13 Feb. 1858, p. 104: H.C.D. 12 Feb. 1858.

22. B. 13 Feb., 6 March 1858, pp. 103–4, 158; The Art Journal, 1 March 1858, p. 93.

23. B. 20 March 1858, p. 194: The Art Journal, 1 April 1858, p. 125: The Athenaeum, 27 Feb. 1858, p. 277.

24. B.N. 9 April 1858, p. 368.

25. V.A.M., Dept. of Architecture and Sculpture, No. 318–1880; Dept. of Prints, D 2059–, 2067— and 2072–1885, D 1203— and 1209–1907, and E 2467— and 2699–1911.

26. B. 13 Feb. 1858, pp. 103–4.

27. R.I.B.A., Drawings Collection, Stannus Papers,

28. B. 3 April 1858, pp. 230–1.

29. Ibid., 4 Feb. 1860, p. 69: Andrew Murray, The Book of the Royal Horticultural Society 1862–1863, 1863, pp. 57–8.

30. H.C.C. 1, Grey to Bell, 22 March 1858.

31. J.S.A., vol. VII, 27 May 1859, pp. 475–85 : RA Add. H2/5–6.

32. Murray, op. et loc. cit.: B. 4 Feb. 1860, p. 69.

33. RA PP Vic. 2817 (9 Nov. 1859): 1851 Comm., W.A. XV, 55: The Art Journal, 1 Feb. 1860, p. 63: R.H.S., Council Minutes, 25 Nov. 1859, 31 Jan., 27 March 1860.

34. RA Add. H1/8; H2/5–6: H.C.C. 2, Grey to Cole, 3 Jan. 1862.

35. The Art Journal, 1 May 1860, p. 158.

36. 1851 Comm., Letters, 353; W.A. XV, 67.

37. Murray, op. cit., p. 61.

38. RA PP Vic. 4024 (17 March 1860): The Art Journal, 1 May 1860, p. 158: R.H.S., Council Minutes, 3 April 1860: 1851 Comm., W.A. XIX, 115: Murray, op. cit., p. 59.

39. 1851 Comm., W.A. XIX, 115: R.I.B.A., Drawings Collection, Z6 (memo, by H. H. Stannus): V.A.M., Dept. of Prints, 8132.2.

40. RA F27/93: V.A.M., Dept. of Prints, A. L. 7851.

41. RA F27/93–4.

42. H.C.D. 29–30 April 1861.

43. Murray, op. cit., p. 59.

44. 1851 Comm., W.A. XIX, 115.

45. B. 13 June 1863, p. 422: The Art Journal, 1 Aug. 1863, p. 166.

46. B. 20 July 1861, p. 496.

47. The Art Journal, 1 Oct., 1 Dec. 1861, pp. 318, 366–7.

48. Murray, op. cit., p. 86.

49. RA M58/112, M64/75: H.C.D. 26 Feb. 1881.

50. RA F27/118: B. 4 Jan. 1862, pp. 6–7.

51. Murray, op. cit., p. 67.

52. The Art Journal, 1 Oct. 1862, pp. 210–11.

53. B. 9 May, 6, 13 June 1863, pp. 335, 406, 422: B.N. 12 June 1863, p. 453.

54. RA Add. H2/638.

55. Ibid., F 27/120.

56. A Mid-Victorian Pepys. The Letters and Memoirs of Sir William Hardman, ed. S. M. Ellis, 1923, p. 203.

57. B. 6 June 1863, p. 406.

58. B.N. 12 June 1863, p. 453.

59. The Art Journal, 1 July 1863, pp. 137–8.

60. RA Add. H2/785.

61. B. 3 Nov. 1877, p. 1110.

62. A Mid-Victorian Pepys, ut supra, p. 202.

63. O.S. 1893–5.

64. 1851 Comm., file 101, Dec. 1897—June 1899.

CHAPTER IX (pp. 137–47)

The Exhibition Building of 1862

1. See the well-illustrated article by Betty Bradford, 'The Brick Palace of 1862', in The Architectural Review, vol. 132, July 1962, pp. 8, 15–21.

2. Lord Edmond Fitzmaurice, The Life of the Second Earl Granville, 3rd ed., 1905, vol. 1, p. 395.

3. Sir H. T. Wood, A History of the Royal Society of Arts, 1913, p. 416: H.C.D. 22 March 1858.

4. J.S.A., vol. VI, 16 April 1858, p. 333.

5. H.C.C. 1, Cole to Grey, 6 March 1858.

6. 1851 Comm., W.A. XIV, 75: H.C.D. 16 July 1858: Fifty Years of Public Work of Sir Henry Cole, K.C.B, 1884, vol. 1, p. 227.

7. B. 21 Aug., 2, 16 Oct., 27 Nov. 1858, pp. 575, 655, 697, 795: RA F27/2, 6: J.S.A., vol. VII, 4 Feb. 1859, pp. 170–2.

8. Fourth Report of the Commissioners for the Exhibition of 1851, 3 May 1861, pp. 160–1.

9. H.C.C. 1, Grey to Cole, 31 Dec. 1858: 1851 Comm., W.A. XV, 9, XVIII, 51.

10. J.S.A., vol. VII, 1 July 1859, pp. 558–9: RA F27/43.

11. Fourth Report, ut supra, pp. 162–5.

12. Cornhill Magazine, vol. IV, July 1861, p. 95.

13. RA F27/43: J.S.A., vol. VII, 3 June, 1 July 1859, pp. 492, 557, 560.

14. H.C.C. 14, Redgrave to Cole, 15 Jan. 1859: H.C.D. 14 March 1859.

15. H.C.C. 4, Cole to Granville, 16 Jan. 1860.

16. Mangeot family papers.

17. J.S.A., vol VIII, 18 Nov. 1859, pp. 2–3: Wood, op. cit., pp. 419–20: RA F27/43, 82.

18. Royal Society of Arts, Committee Minutes, 15 March 1860: RA F27/31–3: 1851 Comm., W.A. XV, 108.

19. RA F27/34–5.

20. Ibid., F27/36, 43.

21. Ibid., F27/38: J.S.A., vol. VIII, 29 July 1860, pp. 610–13.

22. Fourth Report, ut supra, pp. 170–3: RA F27/82: J.S.A., vol. VIII, 20 July 1860, p. 655.

23. RA F27/39, 43, 45–6, 49–53, 56–62, 68–9, 71–8.

24. Ibid., F27/71, 77–8, 80.

25. Report of the Commissioners for the Exhibition of 1862, 1863, p. xviii.

26. Fifty Years, ut supra (ref. 6), vol. 1, pp. 240–1.

27. V.A.M., Lib. MSS., Miscellanies of Henry Cole, 1861–6, ff. 205–6.

28. H.C.D. 1861 passim.

29. Fifty Years, ut supra, vol. 1, pp. 240–1: H.C.D. 4, 13 Dec. 1860.

30. P.R.O., Ed 84/16, p. 5a.

31. RA F27/83; RA Add. J31/127: P.R.O., Works 33/1244.

32. P.R.O., Ed 84/16, p. 5b.

33. Ibid., Works 17/16/2, no. 5; Works 33/1244, 1253; Ed 84/16, p. 5b: B. 9 Feb. 1861, pp. 85–6: J.S.A., vol X, 6 Dec. 1861, p. 41.

34. Mangeot family papers, Fowke to Cole, 25 Nov. 1860.

35. V.A.M., Dept. of Prints, E. 1317–1927.

36. P.R.O., Works 33/1252.

37. H.C.C. 4, Granville to Cole, 6 Jan. 1861.

38. H.C.D. 15 Jan. 1861: H.C.C. 4, Cole to Granville, 16 Jan. 1861.

39. H.C.D. 15, 16 Jan. 1861: The Correspondence of Lord Overstone, ed. D. P. O'Brien, 1971, vol. 11, pp. 948–9.

40. Fourth Report, ut supra, pp. 183–5.

41. Report, 1863, ut supra, p. xix: T. 5 Feb. 1861: B. 9 Feb. 1861, pp. 85–6.

42. Lord Edmond Fitzmaurice, op. cit., p. 391.

43. T. 5 Feb. 1861.

44. See H.C.D. 6 Feb. 1861.

45. B.N. 15 Feb., 1 March 1861, pp. 130–1, 186: B. 9 Feb. 1861, pp. 85–6.

46. The Daily Telegraph, 9, 14 Feb. 1861 (Mr. J. Physick kindly drew attention to this reference).

47. H.C.D. 9 Feb. 1861: Fifty Years, ut supra (ref. 6), vol. I, p. 242.

48. P.R.O., Ed 84/17, p. 3.

49. Ibid., Works 17/16/2, no. 5.

50. E.g. [H. Cole] Some Account of the Buildings. . . for the International Exhibition of 1862, p. 13 (1st and 2nd eds., 1861, 1862).

51. E.g. A Mid-Victorian Pepys: The Letters and Memoirs of Sir William Hardman, ed. S. M. Ellis, 1923, p. 141: The Practical Mechanic's Journal. Record of the Great Exhibition of 1862, p. 34: Hansard's Parliamentary Debates, 3rd ser., vol. CLXXII, 97–9 (Lord Elcho).

52. RA F27/130.

53. H.C.D. 5, 9 Feb. 1861.

54. Ibid., 11, 12, 18, 19 Feb. 1861: Fifty Years, ut supra, vol. 1, p. 242: P.R.O., Works 17/16/2, no. 5.

55. H.C.D. 21 Feb. 1861: Lord Edmond Fitzmaurice, op. cit., p. 391.

56. The Correspondence of Lord Overstone, ut supra.

57. H.C.D. 22, 23 Feb., 6 March 1861: Report, 1863, ut supra, p. xix: J.S.A., vol. IX, 22 Feb. 1861, pp. 205–9: P.R.O., Works 17/16/ 2, no. 5: Civil Engineer and Architect's Journal, 1 March 1861, p. 90.

58. H.C.D. 15 Jan. 1861.

59. P.R.O., Ed 84/16, no. 18.

60. Wood, op. cit., pp. 421–2: Fourth Report, ut supra, pp. 190–201: J.S.A., vol. IX, 22 Feb., 28 June 1861, pp. 205–9, 585: Report, 1863, ut supra, pp. lix–lx.

61. RA F27/82.

62. B.N. 15 March 1861, p. 220: B. 16 March 1861, p. 173: I.L.N. 16, 23 March 1861, pp. 237, 274–5.

63. B.N. 22 April 1864, pp. 297–8.

64. E.g. Civil Engineer and Architect's Journal, 1 April 1862, p. 93: Practical Mechanic's Journal. Record, ut supra (ref. 51), pp. 38, 54: The Quarterly Review, vol. 112, July 1862, pp. 186–7.

65. The roof-truss designed by Fowke was later described by G. R. Redgrave in Minutes of the Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers, vol. Ixxxii, 1884–5, part 4, 1885, pp. 301–4.

66. [H. Cole] Some Account, ut supra, 1861, p. 15: I.L.N. 23 Sept. 1861, p. 329: Practical Mechanic's Journal. Record, ut supra (ref. 51), p. 37.

67. Civil Engineer and Architect's Journal, 1 Jan. 1862, p. 8: Hansard's Parliamentary Debates, 3rd ser., vol. CLXXII, 102–3 (W. Tite).

68. P.P., 1868–9, x, Second Report from the Select Committee on Hungerford Bridge, 2 Aug. 1869, qus. 3597–8.

69. [H. Cole] Some Account, ut supra, 1861, p. 10: P.R.O., Works 17/16/2, no. 5: Report, 1863, ut supra, p. xviii.

70. [H. Cole] Some Account, ut supra, 1861, p. 9.

71. Official Catalogue: Fine Art Department, p. 95: H.C.D. 13 June, 22 July 1862: see also completion design by Liddell in Liddell Collection.

72. V.A.M., Guard Books, nos. 2625, 2690, etc.

73. Ibid., Lib. MSS., Miscellanies of Henry Cole 1861–6, ff. 51 (1st and 2nd foliations).

74. Ibid., Dept. of Prints, 8129 and D1929–1908: J.S.A., vol. X, 14 March 1862, p. 260: B. 22 March 1862, p. 213: B.N. 11 July 1862, pp. 22–3.

75. [H. Cole] Some Account, ut supra, 2nd ed., 1862, p. 13.

76. B. 11 Jan. 1862, p. 22: Civil Engineer and Architect's Journal, 1 May 1862, pp. 114–16: RA Add. H2/512–13.

77. B.N. 20 Dec. 1861, pp. 995–6.

78. John Hollingshead, A Concise History of the International Exhibition of 1862, 1862, p. 155: Practical Mechanic's Journal. Record, ut supra (ref. 51), p. 56.

79. J.S.A., vol. IX, 7 June 1861, p. 537: B. 8 June 1861, pp. 390–1: B.N. 7 June 1861, pp. 485–6.

80. V.A.M., Lib., Photograph Collection, X 93; see also items in X 601, and Guard Books, nos. 2586–97.

81. Report, 1863, ut supra, p. 49: B.N. 26 July 1861, pp. 616–17: I.L.N. 27 July 1861, p. 102: The Art Journal, Sept. 1861, pp. 268–9: B. 11 Jan. 1862, pp. 21–2.

82. B. 19 Oct. 1861, p.718.

83. B.N. 27 Dec. 1861, p. 1014: B. 29 March 1862, p. 227: J. Hollingshead, op. cit., p. 147: Report, 1863, ut supra, p. 51: [H. Cole] Some Account, ut supra, 1861, p. 21.

84. Report, 1863, ut supra, p. 51.

85. Practical Mechanic's Journal. Record, ut supra (ref. 51), p. 52.

86. J.S.A., vol. X, 3 Jan. 1862, p. 95: I.L.N. 8 Feb. 1862, p. 157: B. 29 March 1862, p. 227.

87. E.g., B. 21 Sept. 1861, p. 647.

88. Report, 1863, ut supra, p. 49.

89. Civil Engineer and Architect's Journal, 1 Jan. 1862, p. 8.

90. [H. Cole] Some Account, ut supra, 1861 ed., p. 19, 1862 ed., p. 16: Report, 1863, ut supra, pp. 49, 52–3.

91. J.S.A., vol. x, 3 Jan. 1862, p. 95.

92. B. 11 Jan. 1862, p. 21.

93. H.C.D. 12 March 1861.

94. Cornhill Magazine, vol. IV, July 1861, p. 94.

95. B. 4 Jan. 1861, p. 20.

96. B.N. 26 July 1861, pp. 616–17.

97. Report, 1863, ut supra, pp. 53, 54.

98. B. 29 March 1862, p. 227.

99. [H. Cole] Some Account, ut supra, 1861, p. 19.

100. Ibid., p. 18.

101. RA F27/149.

102. H.C.D. 29, 30, 31 May 1861: P.R.O., Ed 84/ 16, no. 28.

103. P.R.O., Ed 84/17, p.25.

104. Ibid., Ed 84/16, pp. 19, 34: H.C.D. 30 May 1861: V.A.M., Lib., Photograph Collection, X93, no. 67.188.

105. H.C.D. 12, 26 March 1861: P.R.O., Ed 84/16, nos. 26, 150; Ed 84/17, pp. 32–3: Hansard's Parliamentary Debates, 3rd ser., vol. CLXXII, 78.

106. H.C.D. 28 March, 4, 16 April, 30 July 1861.

107. Ibid., 3 Sept. 1861.

108. B. 29 March 1862, p. 227: Report, 1863, ut supra, p. 50.

109. P.R.O., Ed 84/17, p. 32.

110. Minutes of the Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers, vol. cxii, 1892–3, part 2, 1893, pp. 347–9.

111. P.R.O., Ed 84/17 (May-June 1861): J.S.A., vol. X, 6 Dec. 1861, pp. 41–57.

112. H.C.D. 19, 20 March 1861: Mangeot family papers, undated draft by Fowke, late March 1861.

113. P.R.O., Ed 84/16, nos. 92, 108; Ed 84/17, p. 213: J.S.A., vol. X, 27 Dec. 1861, p. 84.

114. J.S.A., vol. X, 10 Jan. 1862, p. 109: B. 11 Jan. 1862, p. 22: H.C.D. 22 Dec. 1861: B. N. 7 Feb. 1862, p. 84.

115. H.C.D. 1, 25 Jan. 1862: J.S.A., vol. X, 11 April 1862, p. 340.

116. Report, 1863, ut supra, p. XX. Crace's scheme was fully described by him in J.S.A., vol. X, 11 April 1862, pp. 339–43. The colouring of the nave is strikingly shown in I.L.N. 18 Oct. 1862.

117. Practical Mechanic's Journal. Record, ut supra, p. 53.

118. B.N. 7 Feb. 1862, p. 84.

119. J.S.A., vol. X, 27 Dec. 1861, p. 84, 11 April 1862, pp. 343–5 (G. Wallis).

120. P.R.O., Ed 84/17, pp. 260, 263: J.S.A., vol. X, 31 Jan., 14 Feb. 1862, pp. 155, 183.

121. I.L.N. 15 Feb. 1862, p. 176.

122. P.R.O., Ed 84/17, p. 238.

123. Ibid., p. 180.

124. B. 10 May 1862, pp. 325–6: see also The Quarterly Review, vol. 112, July 1862, pp. 190–1.

125. Report, 1863, ut supra, p. XIV: RA F27/158.

126. D.N.B., sub Cole: H.C.D. 1861–2, accounts.

127. H.C.D. 27 Feb. 1875.

128. RA F27/158.

129. T. 2 May 1862.

130. J.S.A., vol. X, 6 Dec. 1861, p. 55.

131. B. 14 Dec. 1861, p. 857.

132. Ibid., 3 May 1862, pp. 313–14.

133. The Quarterly Review, vol. 112, July 1862, p. 194.

134. I.L.N. 29 March 1862, p. 315: The Art Journal, April 1862, p. 108.

135. Civil Engineer and Architect's Journal, 1 Jan. 1862, p. 7: I.L.N. 25 Jan. 1862, pp. 83–4.

136. B. 8,15 Nov. 1862, pp. 797, 816: I.L.N. 8 Nov. 1862, p. 485: C. Daly, Revue Générale de l' Architecture, vol. XXI, 1863, p. 274.

137. F. Dostoyevsky, Summer Impressions, 1955, p. 59 (quoted in part by Eric de Mare in The London Doré Saw, 1973, pp. 79, 91).

138. I.L.N. 19 Oct. 1861, p. 397: Report, 1863, ut supra, p. 87.

139. Cornhill Magazine vol. IV, July 1861, pp. 95–6.

140. H.C.D. 10 July 1862.

141. Report, 1863, ut supra, pp. xxviii–xxix.

142. I.L.N 18 Oct. 1862, p. 413.

143. Report 1863, ut supra, p. 87. In RA Add. J/60 Cole gave the figures in 1868 as 458 and 468 thousand respectively.

144. Report, 1863, ut supra p. 87.

145. Ibid., pp. lxi–lxii.

146. Ibid., pp. xvi, lxi.

147. Ibid., p. lx: Minutes of Proceedings of Institution of Civil Engineers, vol. lxxxvii, 1886, p. 453.

148. H.C.D. 19 Feb., 13 June 1861, 25 Aug. 1862.

149. 1851 Comm., W.A. XIX, 1, 4.

150. Ibid., W.A. XIX, 14, 15.

151. Ibid., W.A. XIX, 30, 32, 34, 41; Minutes, 21 May 1863: V.A.M., Lib. MSS., Miscellanies of Henry Cole 1861–6, ff. 87–8: H.C.D. 23 March 1863: RA F28/31.

152. H.C.D. 31 Dec. 1861, 2, Jan. 1863: 1851 Comm., W.A. XIX, 21.

153. H.C.D. 30 Jan., 3, 14, 26 Feb. 1863: 1851 Comm., W.A. XIX, 38: P.R.O., Works 17/16/2, no. 5.

154. B.N. 27 Feb. 1863, p. 169.

155. 1851 Comm., W.A. XIX, 50–1; Minutes, 21, 25 May 1863.

156. The Art Journal, Feb., April 1862, pp. 46–7, 108.

157. B. 15 Nov. 1862, p. 817.

158. B.N. 3 Oct. 1862, pp. 250–1, 19 June 1863, p. 461.

159. 1851 Comm., Letters, 425–6: RA F28/35: H.C.C. 2, Grey to Cole, 27 May 1863.

160. RA F28/33–5.

161. Ibid., 31–2.

162. 1851 Comm., W. A. XIX, 75.

163. Hansard's Parliamentary Debates, 3rd ser., vol. CLXXI, 903–37.

164. M.L.R. 1864/19/215.

165. Handsard, ut supra, 806, 910, 924 vol. CLXXII, 99: 1851 Comm., W.A. XIX, 89, 92.

166. P.R.O., Ed 84/17, pp. 388–9.

167. B. 6 June 1863, p. 405: Broadlands MSS., PM/A/9.

168. 1851 Comm., W.A. XIX, 90.

169. B.N. 19 June 1863, pp. 464–6: B. 20 June 1863, p. 437.

170. B.N. 3 July 1863, p. 515: B. 11 July 1863, pp. 490–1: Hansard's Parliamentary Debates, 3rd ser., vol. CLXXII, 95.

171. Hansard, ut supra, 81, 95.

172. H.C.C. 12, Wyatt to Cole, 28 June 1863.

173. Fifty Years, ut supra, vol. 11, p. 302.

174. Hansard, ut supra, 74–135: The Letters of Queen Victoria, Second Series, vol. 1, 1926, pp. 96–7: Earl of Malmesbury, Memoirs of an ex-Minister, 1885, p. 577: 1851 Comm., W.A. XIX, 105, 109: H.C.D. 2 July 1863.

175. B. 11 July 1863, pp. 490–1.

176. The Letters of Queen Victoria, ut supra, pp. 97–9.

177. B. 18 July 1863, p. 509: The British Almanac for 1864. Companion, p. 124.

178. H.C.D. 7 July 1863: The British Almanac, ut supra: B. 11 Jan. 1879, p. 53: Hansard, ut supra, 1422: J.S.A., vol. XII, 5 Feb., 4 March 1864, pp. 191, 260.

179. P.R.O., Ed 84/14, nos. 71, 74: J.S.A., vol. XII, 28 Oct. 1864, p. 771: B. 1 Oct., 12 Nov. 1864, pp. 731, 835: V.A.M., Guard Books, nos. 3344–6.

CHAPTER X (pp. 148–76)

Albert Memorial

1. Theodore Martin, The Life of His Royal Highness The Prince Consort, vol. 11, 1876, p. 537.

2. H.C.D. 29 Dec. 1861: V.A.M., Lib. MSS., Miscellanies of Henry Cole 1861–6, f. 24: RA Add. H2/2.

3. The National Memorial to His Royal Highness the Prince Consort, 1873, p. 8: T. 3 Jan. 1862: H.C.C. 2, Cole to Grey, 15 May 1862: RA Add. H7/54.

4. RA Add. H2/30.

5. Ibid., H2/28.

6. H.C.C. 2, Grey to Cole, 3, 9 Jan. 1862.

7. T. 3 Jan. 1862.

8. N.M. pp. 1–2: RA Add. H2/4: H.C.C. 2, Clarendon to Grey, 19 April 1862.

9. RA Add. H2/34, 94.

10. Ibid., H2/4.

11. N.M. p. 2: RA Add. H2/7: H.C.C. 2, Grey to Cole, 9, 28, 29 Jan. 1862.

12. RA Add. H2/34.

13. N.M. pp. 2–3: RA Add. H2/34, 94, 101a, 105–107, 109.

14. E.g., B. 7 March, 4 April, 2, 23 May 1863, 12 Aug. 1871, 6 July 1872.

15. RA Add. H2/5–7.

16. The Art Journal, quoted by Gunnis.

17. N.M. p. 3.

18. RA Add. H2/94.

19. Ibid., H5/2–3.

20. H.C.C. 2, Grey to Cole, 20 Feb. 1862.

21. RA Add. H2/53.

22. Ibid., H7/10–11.

23. N.M. pp. 5–6: RA Add. H2/154–6.

24. H.C.C. 2, Cole to Grey, 7 Feb. 1862.

25. N.M. pp. 5–6: H.C.C. 2, Grey to Cole, 30 March 1862: RA Add. H2/176–7.

26. RA Add. H2/154–6.

27. RA, Queen Victoria's Journal, 4 April 1862.

28. H.C.C. 2, Clarendon to Grey, 19 April 1862, Grey to Cole, 23 April 1862.

29. Ibid., Grey to Cole, 9 Jan. 1862.

30. Ibid., Cole to Grey, 25 Jan. 1862, Grey to Cole, 28 Jan. 1862.

31. RA, Queen Victoria's Journal, 9 April 1862.

32. E.g., The London Review, 26 April 1862, pp. 388–9: T. 28 March 1863.

33. RA Add. H2/56: H.C.C. 2, Grey to Cole, 15 Feb. 1862.

34. N.M. p. 6.

35. RA Add. H2/169.

36. Ibid., H2/4359.

37. H.C.C. 2, Grey to Cole, 9 Jan., 22 April 1862: RA Add. H1/292–3; H2/18, 200–2; Z13/ 23: Broadlands MSS., WFC/G/43.

38. RA Add. H1/232–3; H7/58, 73: H.C.D. 24 Jan. 1868.

39. RA Add. H1/281.

40. Ibid., H1/271.

41. Ibid., H1/283.

42. Ibid., H1/362.

43. N.M. pp. 9–11.

44. Civil Engineer and Architect's Journal, April, May, Sept., 1862, pp. 94, 153–4, 263.

45. RA Add. H1/368–70.

46. Ibid., H7/64.

47. 1851 Comm., W.A. XVIII, 66: RA Add. H2/ 298; F28/107: H.C.C. 2, Grey to Cole, 23 Dec. 1863: H.C.D. 12 Dec. 1866.

48. N.M. p. 12: RA Add. H7/42–3, 79–80.

49. RA Add. H1/290.

50. V.A.M., Dept. of Prints, E 2601–1962.

51. I.L.N. 11 July 1863, pp. 48–9.

52. R.I.B.A., Drawings Collection, OS 3/4.

53. Ibid., X 16/6–8, 10.

54. P.R.O., Works 35/68.

55. RA Add. 1/17A.

56. V.A.M., Dept. of Prints, E 3555–1934, pp. 63–5, 9150 E and F, and D 1094–1886.

57. D. Barclay and R. Blomfield, '"Greek" Thomson', in The Architectural Review, vol. XV, 1904, p. 193: L. A. Budden, 'The Work of Alexander Thomson', in The Builder, 31 Dec. 1910, pp. 817–18: G. Law, 'Greek Thomson', in The Architectural Review, vol. 115, 1954, p. 314.

58. N. Pevsner, 'An Unknown Albert Memorial', in The Architectural Review, vol. 146, Dec. 1969, p. 469.

59. Sir George Gilbert Scott, Personal and Professional Recollections, 1879, pp. 262–3: RA Add. H1/280.

60. RA Add. H1/480.

61. Ibid., H1/532.

62. Ibid., H1/400.

63. Scott, Recollections, p. 263.

64. RA Add. H2/488.

65. Scott, Recollections, p. 269.

66. N.M. pp. 37–8.

67. Scott, Recollections, p. 264.

68. N. M. p. 42.

69. RA Add. H4/5.

70. Ibid., H1/393, 423.

71. Ibid., H1/540–5.

72. Ibid., H2/503–4.

73. RA, Queen Victoria's Journal, 12, 14, 21 Feb. 1863.

74. Dearest Mama. Letters between Queen Victoria and the Crown Princess of Prussia, 1861–1864, ed. Roger Fulford, 1968, p. 177: H.C.D. 21 Feb. 1863.

75. RA, Queen Victoria's Journal, 12 Feb. 1863.

76. Dearest Mama, ut supra.

77. RA Add. H1/574–7.

78. RA, Queen Victoria's Journal, 25 Feb. 1863.

79. Fifty Years of Public Work of Sir Henry Cole, K.C.B., 1884, vol. 1, p. 362n.: H.C.D. 26 Feb. 1863.

80. RA Add. H2/3720

81. RA, Queen Victoria's Journal, 20, 21 Feb. 1863; RA Add. H1/574–7.

82. RA A31/14.

83. Broadlands MSS., GC/GL/74, 79; WFC/G/ 43.

84. RA Add. H2/321a—b, 342.

85. Ibid., H1/580–3, 600–2; H7/133.

86. E.g., N. M. p. 18.

87. RA Add. H1/604.

88. Ibid., H1/600–1.

89. RA, Queen Victoria's Journal, 14 Feb. 1863; RA A31/24; RA Add. H2/390: Broadlands MSS., GC/GR/2415; GC/GL/109.

90. H.C.C. 2, Grey to Cole, 13 March 1863.

91. N. M. pp. 15–17.

92. B. 27 Sept., 8 Nov. 1862, pp. 699, 805.

93. RA Add. H2/569–70.

94. V.A.M., Dept. of Prints, 2104: Mangeot family papers, MS. account of Italian tour by Francis Fowke, 1863, p. 190.

95. RA Add. H1/613–14, 625; H7/140–1.

96. Ibid., H1/621–3; H7/141.

97. Broadlands MSS., GC/GR/2415: RA Add. H2/383, 385–6, 389.

98. Broadlands MSS., GC/GL/107, 110.

99. Ibid., GC/AY/1.

100. T. 24 April 1863: B. 2 May 1863, p. 313.

101. Broadlands MSS., GC/GL/110.

102. Dearest Mama, ut supra, pp. 202–3.

103. RA Add. H2/744–5: 1851 Comm., W.A. XXI, 49.

104. RA F31/114; Add. H2/485–6.

105. Ibid., Add. H2/489.

106. E.g. Ibid., H2/469–70.

107. Ibid., H2/794.

108. Ibid., H2/763, 4363.

109. E.g., 1851 Comm., W.A. XIX, 107, 115; XX, 64: H.C.D. 7 July 1863: RA F31/114.

110. RA Add. H2/600, 718a: H.C.C. 2, Grey to Cole, 23 Dec. 1863.

111. RA Add. H2/737–42.

112. N.M. p. 24: P.R.O., Ed 28/22, no. 84: V.A.M., A 13–1973.

113. RA Add. H2/2154.

114. N.M. pp. 19–21.

115. RA Add. H1/472: H.C.D. 24 April 1863: Sir Herbert Maxwell, The Life and Letters of George William Frederick, Fourth Earl of Clarendon, 1913, vol. 11, p. 261.

116. B. 12 May 1866, pp. 341–2.

117. RA Add. H2/501–6, 544, 749–52: H.C.C. 2, draft by Cole of letter to be written by Kelk, 7 July 1863; Grey to Cole, 15 July 1863: H.C.D. 15 Feb., 12 March 1864.

118. RA Add. H2/744–5.

119. E.g., H.C.D. 24 March, 10 April 1862, 4 Dec. 1872.

120. RA Add. H2/4363.

121. N.M. p. 32: RA Add. H2/2004.

122. N.M. p. 42: RA Add. H2/1359.

123. RA Add. H2/3265.

124. I.L.N. 21 Jan. 1865, p. 50: T. 30 Jan. 1869: N.M. pp. 27, 38.

125. 1851 Comm., W.A. XX, 66.

126. I.L.N. 21 Jan. 1865, p. 50.

127. Ibid., loc. cit.: B. 12 May 1866, pp. 341–2.

128. RA Add. H2/2234–5.

129. Ibid., H2/1359.

130. Ibid., H2/1843.

131. B. 12 May 1866, pp. 341–2.

132. N.M. pp. 28, 39,40.

133. Ibid., p. 27: RA Add. H2/890a.

134. RA Add. H2/1145,1148.

135. Ibid., H2/1613–51, 1661.

136. Ibid., H2/1168–9, 1173–4.

137. Ibid., H2/1168–9, 1275–6, 1359, 1661.

138. Ibid., H4/14.

139. Ibid., H2/1414.

140. B.M., Add.MSS. 38993, f. 200.

141. R A Add. H2/1659,1661–2.

142. N.M. p. 28: RA Add. H2/1659,1843.

143. RA Add. H2/1790–1.

144. Ibid., H2/1794.

145. RA, Queen Victoria's Journal, 15 Nov. 1866.

146. RA Add. H2/1842.

147. Ibid., H2/1893–4.

148. Ibid., H2/2630.

149. H.C.D. 26 Feb. 1863.

150. V.A.M., Dept. of Prints, E 3555–1934, p. 64.

151. RA Add. H2/April-May 1863 passim.

152. Ibid., H2/484.

153. Ibid., H 11 (11 March, 4 May 1863).

154. Ibid., H2/356–63, 484.

155. Ibid., H2/518.

156. Ibid., H11 (4 May 1863).

157. H.C.C. 2, Grey to Cole, 13 March, 23 Dec. 1863: H.C.D. 26 April 1863.

158. RA Add. H2/536, 559: H.C.C. 1, Phipps to Cole, 11 May 1863; H.C.C. 2, Grey to Cole, May 1863.

159. H.C.C. 2, Grey to Cole, April-May 1863 passim: RA Add. H2/536, 544.

160. RA Add. H2/512–13, 540–2, 544: H.C.C. 2, Grey to Torrington, 2 May 1863.

161. RA Add. H2/105–7.

162. Journals and Correspondence of Lady Eastlake, 1895, vol. II, pp. 176–7: T. 28 March, 23 April 1863: RA Add. H2/410.

163. 1851 Comm., W.A. XVIII, 42: H.C.C. 2, Cole to Grey, 3 May 1862: The Art Journal, 1 June 1862, p. 14.

164. RA Add. H2/599: B.M., Add. MSS. 38993, f. 321.

165. RA Add. H2/469–70.

166. H.C.D. 4 June 1863: Scott, Recollections, p. 268.

167. RA Add. H1/644.

168. Broadlands MSS., GC/GL/117.

169. RA Add. H2/1520.

170. Ibid., H2/485.

171. Ibid., H2/598.

172. Ibid., H2/674.

173. Broadlands MSS., GC/GR/2419.

174. RA Add. H2/674.

175. RA R50/39.

176. Broadlands MSS., GC/GL/144.

177. RA Add. H2/1504 (letters quoted in).

178. B.M., Add. MSS. 38992, f. 193, MSS. 38993, ff. 9, 11: RA Add. H2/1465.

179. RA Add. H2/1501.

180. Ibid., H2/1503.

181. Ibid., H2/1519–20.

182. Ibid., H2/1523.

183. Ibid., H2/1524–5; R50/39.

184. Mangeot family papers, MS. account of Italian tour by Francis Fowke, 1863, p. 190.

185. B. 20 June 1863, p. 447: The British Almanac for 1864. Companion, pp. 126–8: The Athenaeum, 15 Oct. 1864, p. 505: Scott, Recollections, p. 268.

186. N.M. p. 41: cf. H. S. Goodhart-Rendel, Vitruvian Nights, 1932, p. 247.

187. E.g., B.N. 5 July 1872, pp. 1–2.

188. RA Add. H2/2639.

189. Ibid., H2/3819–20, 4160; H5/98.

190. Ibid., H2/550–2: H.C.C. 2, Grey to Cole, 23 Dec. 1863.

191. RA Add. H2/512–13.

192. Ibid., H2/540–2.

193. Ibid., H2/572: H.C.D. 4 June 1863.

194. RA Add. H2/675: H.C.C. 2, Grey to Cole, 4 Nov. 1863: V.A.M., Lib. MSS., Notes of German Tour by Henry Cole, 1863, p. 44.

195. H.C.C. 2, Grey to Cole, n.d. (c. May 1863) and 4 Nov. 1863.

196. Scott, Recollections, p. 225.

197. Descriptive text accompanying model in Victoria and Albert Museum (A13–1973).

198. N.M. pp. 38, 40–1: Scott, Recollections, p. 265: H.C.D. 4 June 1863: RA Add. H2/737–43.

199. N.M. p. 46: RA Add. H2/2635, 2638.

200. RA Add. H5/8.

201. Ibid., H2/Aug.-Oct. 1868, Jan.-March 1869 (12275–90, etc., and 2562).

202. N.M. pp. 38–40: RA Add. H2/3084–6.

203. RA Add. H2/4041, 4160, 4246.

204. Ibid., H2/1275–7: cf. N.M. p. 28.

205. E.g., RA Add. H2/3194: B.N. 5 July 1872, p. 2.

206. RA Add. H1/665.

207. Ibid., H1/580; H2/2580.

208. Ibid., H1/580.

209. Broadlands MSS., WFC/S/5.

210. Scott, Recollections, pp. 268–9.

211. RA Add. H2/2580.

212. Dearest Mama, ut supra, p. 206.

213. B. 18 April 1863, pp. 276–7.

214. RA Add. H2/2576, 2580.

215. Ibid., H7/127:N.M. pp. 9–11.

216. B. 18 April 1863, pp. 276–7: RA Add. H1/580; H2/638.

217. Broadlands MSS., WFC/S/5: RA Add. H2/ 737–42.

218. N.M. pp. 39, 56.

219. RA Add.H2/861; H5/15.

220. RA Add. H2/876; H5/13, 15; H12 (14 June, 14, 20 July 1864).

221. The Athenaeum, 15 Oct. 1864, p. 505.

222. Daily Telegraph, 8 July 1867: B.N. 5 July 1872, p. 2.

223. RA Add. H2/1679–80, 4266–71.

224. Ibid., H2/2246–7; H5/49–50.

225. Ibid., H2/501–6, 512–13, 798–9.

226. N.M. p. 15.

227. Scott, Recollections, p. 266: N.M. p.42.

228. RA Add. H2/2431, 2463: Your Dear Letter. Private Correspondence of Queen Victoria and the Crown Princess of Prussia, 1865–1871, ed. Roger Fulford, 1971, p. 167.

229. H.C.C. 2, Grey to Cole, 11 Jan. 1862: RA Add. H2/1296.

230. H.C.C. 2, Grey to Cole, 9, 11, 28 Jan., 5 Feb. 1862.

231. RA Add. H2/321a—b.

232. Ibid., H2/785.

233. Ibid., H2/844c—d.

234. Ibid., H2/1320–2, 1325, 2076.

235. Ibid., H2/865–6; H12 (c. Feb. 1865).

236. Ibid., H2/1294–6.

237. Ibid., H2/1315, 1320–3, 1325.

238. Ibid., H2/1294–6, 1308, 1324, 2075.

239. Ibid., H2/1307, 1311–13, 1316, 1319, 2515.

240. Ibid., H2/1286–8, 1290–3; H5/32–3; H12: Broadlands MSS., WFC/S/5: B.M., Add. MSS. 38993, ff. 9, 11.

241. B.M., Add. MSS. 38992, f. 133: RA Add. H2/1721, 1726.

242. B.M., Add. MSS. 38992, f. 236: RA Add. H2/1699.

243. N.M. pp. 29–30.

244. B.M., Add. MSS. 38993, ff. 356, 371.

245. Ibid., Add. MSS. 38994, f. 61.

246. H.C.D. 16 Jan. 1866.

247. B.M., Add. MSS. 38993, f. 379.

248. Ibid., f. 388; 38994, f. 161.

249. Ibid., 38994, f. 61: RA Add. H2/2035.

250. B. M., Add. MSS. 38994, f. 77.

251. RA Add. H2/2035, 2049.

252. Ibid., H2/2031.

253. Ibid., H2/2041, 2043.

254. Ibid., H2/2044, 2046.

255. B.M., Add. MSS. 38994, f. 161: RA Add. H2/ 2035.

256. N.M. p. 94.

257. B.M., Add. MSS. 38994, f. 61.

258. Ibid., f. 81.

259. RA. Add. H2/2049, 2057.

260. B.M., Add. MSS. 38994, f. 267: RA Add. H2/1946–9.

261. B.M., Add. MSS. 38994, ff. 251, 301: RA Add. H2/2075, 2078.

262. B.M., Add. MSS. 38994, f. 251.

263. RA Add. H2/2436.

264. Ibid., H2/2430.

265. Ibid., H2/2432.

266. Ibid., H2/2455, 2462.

267. Ibid., H2/2463, 2473: B.M., Add. MSS. 38995, f. 102: Your Dear Letter, ut supra (ref. 228), pp. 182–3.

268. The Art Journal, Nov. 1868, pp. 239–40.

269. RA Add. H2/2439.

270. Ibid., H2/2431.

271. Ibid., H2/2463.

272. B.M. Add. MSS. 38995, f. 1.

273. RA Add. H2/2435, 2499.

274. Ibid., H2/2820.

275. N.M. p. 100.

276. B.M., Add. MSS. 38995, f. 145.

277. Ibid., f. 141: RA Add. H2/2473.

278. RA Add. H2/2520, 4477.

279. Ibid., H2/2378.

280. B.M., Add. MSS. 38993, f. 133.

281. RA Add. H2/2384.

282. Ibid., H2/2390.

283. B.N. 5 July 1872, p. 2.

284. E.g., B.M., Add. MSS. 38995, ff. 109, 150: RA Add. H2/3189, 3194, 3263, 3339–40: J.S.A., vol. XVIII, 15, 22 April, 13 May 1870.

285. RA Add. H2/3342.

286. Ibid., H2/2576.

287. Ibid., H2/2606.

288. Ibid., H2/2609.

289. Ibid., H2/3202.

290. Ibid., H2/2576.

291. Ibid., H2/2576, 2578.

292. Ibid., H2/4327.

293. Ibid., H2/3094.

294. Ibid., H11 (John Bell to Grey, 12 April 1869, quoting Clayton to Bell, 4 April).

295. Ibid., H2/3720.

296. B.M., Add. MSS. 38995, ff. 290, 348: RA Add. H2/2398 [A].

297. B. M., Add. MSS. 38995, f. 396.

298. RA Add. H2/2407, 2410, 2925–6.

299. N.M. p. 100.

300. RA. Queen Victoria's Journal, 2 July 1870.

301. RA Add. H2/3099–3102: B. M., Add. MSS. 38999, f. 32: Scott, Recollections, p. 267.

302. RA Add. H2/3523, H5/86.

303. Ibid., H2/4477; H5/105.

304. Ibid., H2/2398 [A], 4295.

305. RA PP Vic. 23623.

306. RA Add. H2/4451.

307. Ibid., H2/4513.

308. Ibid., H2/4528, 4559.

309. Daily News, 25 Nov. 1875.

310. RA Add. H2/4620.

311. Ibid., H2/4651.

312. Ibid., H12.

313. Daily News, 11 March 1876.

314. RA Add. H2/2019.

315. Ibid., H2/4459, 4463–4, 4477.

316. Ibid., H2/4489–90.

317. Ibid., H2/501–6.

318. Scott, Recollections, pp. 265–6: RA Add. H1/ 600–2; H2/501–6.

319. Lavinia Handley-Read, 'Whitehall Sculpture', in The Architectural Review, vol. 148, 1970, pp. 276–9.

320. RA Add. H5/7.

321. Ibid., H2/821.

322. Ibid., H2/1592–6.

323. N.M. p. 48.

324. Ibid., p. 33: National Monuments Record, photograph B66/3891.

325. N.M. p. 28.

326. RA Add. H2/1266.

327. Ibid., H2/1893–4.

328. B.M., Add. MSS. 38992, ff. 265–70.

329. Ibid., Add. MSS. 38992, ff. 213, 244, 265–70.

330. RA Add. H2/3154–5, 3537–9: H11 (9 Nov. 1870).

331. Ibid., H2/3537–9, 3543, 3672.

332. B.M., Add. MSS. 38994, f. 414.

333. RA Add. H2/2141–2.

334. Ibid., H2/2865, 2867–8, 2870; H5/67.

335. Ibid., H2/3537–8.

336. N.M. plate 13.

337. Ibid., p. 64: RA Add. H2/1812–13.

338. RA Add. H2/2995.

339. B.M., Add. MSS. 38992, ff. 220, 224, 244, 265, 267–71, 280.

340. RA Add. H2/2257–8.

341. N.M. p. 28.

342. V.A.M., Dept. of Architecture and Sculpture, 178–1906 and 179–1906.

343. RA Add.H2/1812–13.

344. B.M., Add. MSS. 38996, f. 89.

345. RA Add. H2/2257–8.

346. Ibid., H2/2622.

347. B.M., Add. MSS. 38996, ff. 82–9, 99.

348. RA Add. H2/2254–5, 2618–19, 2938–42: B.M., Add. MSS. 38996, ff. 82–9, 99.

349. RA Add. H2/2259, 2997.

350. N.M. p. 34: J.S.A., vol. XX, 14 June 1872, p. 632.

351. N.M. pp. 65–90.

352. B. 27 July 1872, p. 583.

353. RA Add. H2/1893–4, 2352.

354. RA, Queen Victoria's Journal, 28 March 1865; RA Add. H2/1270–3.

355. Saturday Review, 13 July 1872, pp. 51–2.

356. Pall Mall Gazette, 14 July 1869: The Athenaeum, 15 Nov. 1873, pp. 633–4.

357. The Art Journal, cutting in RA Add. H2/3455.

358. B.N., 5 July 1872, p. 2.

359. H.C.C. 2, Cole to Grey, Whitsunday 1863.

360. RA Add. H2/3842–3.

361. B.N. 12 Nov. 1875, p. 549.

362. The Art Journal, March 1865, p. 87.

363. RA Add. H2/785, 810 [A].

364. Ibid., H2/818.

365. Ibid., H2/826.

366. Ibid., H2/810 [A].

367. Gunnis.

368. RA Add. H2/810 [A].

369. Ibid., H2/743, 802.

370. Ibid., H2/811–12, 842; H12.

371. Ibid., H2/830, 871; H12: 1851 Comm., W.A. XX, 48.

372. N.M. p. 56.

373. RA Add. H2/2350, 3834.

374. Ibid., H2/3657, 3660, 3679.

375. Ibid., H2/1946–9, 2136: B.M., Add. MSS. 38994, f. 345.

376. N.M. p. 47.

377. RA Add. H2/824.

378. Ibid., H5/15.

379. H.C.C. 2, Grey to Scott (copy), 29 April 1863.

380. RA Add. H12 (c. July 1864).

381. Ibid., H2/798–9.

382. Ibid., H2/877.

383. The Athenaeum, 18 March 1865, p. 385.

384. RA Add. H2/956–63.

385. Scott, Recollections, pp. 266–7.

386. RA Add. H2/811–12, 817, 871, 3560.

387. N.M. p. 56: photographs in RA Add. H2/909–927.

388. RA Add. H2/944, 956–63, 965–74.

389. Ibid., H2/956–63.

390. Ibid., H2/1058–73.

391. N.M. p. 56: RA, Queen Victoria's Journal, 23 Feb. 1865.

392. RA Add. H2/1022, 1186, 1188, 1192, 1245–6.

393. Ibid., H2/3099–3102, 3109.

394. Ibid., H5/75–6.

395. RA F28/107; RA Add. H2/2046.

396. RA Add. H2/1026.

397. Ibid., H12 (2 Feb. 1865).

398. The Art Journal, Nov. 1868, pp. 239–40.

399. B.M.,Add. MSS. 38993, f. 146.

400. RA Add. H2/1197,1199, 1200.

401. Ibid., H2/1531.

402. Ibid., H2/1245.

403. cf. RA Add. H2/1270–3, 1491: B.M., Add. MSS. 38992, ff. 314, 319.

404. RA Add. H2/1197: B.M., Add. MSS. 38992, f. 286.

405. RA, Queen Victoria's Journal, 5 Dec. 1864; RA Add. H2/954.

406. RA Add. H2/944.

407. Ibid., H2/1083, 1085–94.

408. Ibid., H2/3948–9, 3952, 3954.

409. Ibid., H2/861.

410. Ibid., H2/1114–15.

411. Ibid., H2/2842.

412. B.M., Add. MSS. 38992, f. 210.

413. RA Add. H2/1132–3.

414. Ibid., H2/2350.

415. Ibid., H2/3188.

416. Ibid., H2/2545.

417. Ibid., H2/2547–8, 3062.

418. Ibid., H2/3605.

419. Ibid., H2/2773, 3022–7, 3031.

420. Ibid., H2/3777–8, 3957.

421. Ibid., H2/2539–40.

422. Ibid., H2/4363; H5/103.

423. Ibid., H2/3856.

424. Ibid., H2/3523.

425. Ibid., H2/3952.

426. Ibid., H2/2646, 2851–4, 3091–2, 3144.

427. Ibid., H2/3775.

428. Ibid., H2/3099–3102, 3448, 3553–5.

429. H.C.D. 15 Oct. 1874.

430. RA Add. H2/3553–5, 4160.

431. Information supplied by the Department of the Environment.

432. N. M. p. 58.

433. T. 2 July 1872.

434. Saturday Review, 13 July 1872, pp. 51–2.

435. N. M. p. 59.

436. Journals and Correspondence of Lady Eastlake, 1895, vol. 11, p. 236.

437. Ibid., pp. 235–6: cuttings in RA Add. H2/400 et seq., 4026.

438. Journals and Correspondence, ut supra, p. 236.

439. N. M. p. 60.

440. Ibid., pp. 60–1.

441. RA Add. H2/1220, 3716–17, 3719: B.M., Add. MSS. 38993, f. 116; 38994, f. 134.

442. Daily Telegraph, 8 Oct. 1867.

443. RA Add. H2/1893–4.

444. Pall Mall Gazette, 14 July 1869.

445. E.g., The Art Journal, Feb. 1867, May 1871.

446. Pall Mall Gazette, 5 July 1872.

447. The Athenaeum, 15 Nov. 1873, pp. 633–4.

448. Journals and Correspondence, ut supra, pp. 235–6.

449. B.M., Add. MSS. 38994, f. 53.

450. B. 23 May 1863, p. 361.

451. Scott, Recollections, p. 266.

452. RA Add. H2/798–9.

453. Ibid., H2/737–42.

454. N.M. pp. 42, 44, 48: Scott, Recollections, p. 265.

455. RA Add. H2/1961.

456. Ibid., H2/4452.

457. Ibid., H2/4266–71.

458. Ibid., H2/4475.

459. Ibid., H2/1882.

460. Scott, Recollections, p. 265.

461. N. M. p. 47.

462. Ibid., p. 93.

463. RA Add. H2/1882, 2323, 2332: N. M. p. 93.

464. N. M. pp. 45, 93: RA Add. H2/3289.

465. RA Add. H4/5.

466. N. M. p. 44.

467. RA Add. H2/737–42, 749–52.

468. Ibid., H2/744–5.

469. Ibid., H2/2820, 3302–3, 3307.

470. RA Add. H2/3385.

471. Ibid., H2/3302–3, 4219, 4230, 4237–8; H5/103.

472. N. M. pp. 42–3.

473. Ibid., p. 46.

474. Ibid., p. 51.

475. RA Add. H2/1597–1610: B. M., Add. MSS. 38995, f. 269.

476. B.M., Add. MSS. 38993, f. 162: N.M. p. 48.

477. B.M., Add. MSS. 38993, f. 174.

478. Ibid., Add. MSS. 38994, f. 203.

479. B. 12 Dec. 1868, p. 908.

480. Ibid., 30 Jan. 1869, p. 80.

481. N. M. p. 48.

482. E.g., RA Add. H2/1847, 1850: B.M., Add. MSS. 38994, f. 153.

483. RA Add. H2/2909.

484. Ibid., H2/2888 et seq.

485. Ibid., H2/2911, 2916.

486. Ibid., H2/2910.

487. Ibid., H2/1900.

488. Ibid., H2/3336–7.

489. Ibid., H2/4631.

490. Ibid., H2/3043.

491. Ibid., H2/3278, 3310, 3351.

492. Ibid., H2/3113–15, 3280–2.

493. Ibid., H2/3399–3400.

494. Ibid., H2/3501, 3819–20; H5/88.

495. Ibid., H2/3265–6, 3315.

496. P.R.O., Works 35/108.

497. P. P., 1870, LV, Copy of Plans and Papers relating to the Kensington Road Improvement Bill.

498. RA Add. H2/2820, 2831: B. M., Add. MSS. 38996, ff. 45–7, 87.

499. RA Add. H2/2844.

500. Hansard's Parliamentary Debates, Third Series, vol. CCI, 1271.

501. RA Add. H2/3315.

502. E.g. Saturday Review, 11 June 1870, p. 769: The Standard, 4 Oct. 1870, 24 March 1871: T. 9 March 1871 (letter from G. R. Redgrave): B.N. 17 March 1871, p. 206.

503. RA Add. H2/3280–1.

504. E.g. RA Add. H2/2794, 3264: J.S.A., vol. XVIII, 15 April, 13 May 1870.

505. P.R.O., Works 35/87, 97: N. M. plates 20, 22. The probable cause of the dislodgment of the cross was suggested by Mr. C. H. GibbsSmith.

506. See, e.g., photograph of 1868 in possession of Corporation of Royal Albert Hall: N. M. Frontispiece.

507. B. M., Add. MSS. 38996, f. 21: RA B26/34; RA Add. H2/3075, 3269, 3273.

508. The Standard, 24 March 1871.

509. T. 9 March 1871 (letter from G. R. Redgrave): cf. B. 20 May 1899, p. 486 and H. S. Good-hart-Rendel, 'Brompton, London's Art Quarter' in R.I.B.A. Journal, Jan. 1956, pp. 83–90.

510. RA Add. H5/98.

511. Ibid., H5/46.

512. Ibid., H2/4156; H5/106: drawings in P.R.O., Works 35/68–108.

513. R.I.B.A., Drawings Collection, OS 3/4B.

514. RA Add. H2/4163–5.

515. Ibid., H2/2234–5.

516. Ibid., H2/2237–42, 2583, 3177.

517. Ibid., H2/3317–20.

518. Ibid., H2/4068 et seq., 4073, 4155, 4246.

519. Ibid., H2/4244, 4250, 4255–6, 4266–73, 4282; H12 (5 June 1876).

520. Information supplied by the Department of the Environment: P.R.O., Works 20/125 (March 1915).

521. V.A.M., Dept. of Prints, E 3555–1934, p. 65: RA Add. H2/675: H.C.C. 2, Grey to Cole, 23 Dec. 1863.

522. H.C.D. 22 Oct., 12 Nov., 12 Dec. 1866, 27 April, 3 Dec. 1867.

523. H.C.D. 17 May 1874.

524. B. 14 April, 5 May 1877, pp. 384, 450, 452: The Art Journal, 1877, p. 158 (quoted by John Physick, Designs for English Sculpture 1680–1860, 1969, p. 194): RA PP Vic. 2508.

525. RA Add. H4/2: N.M. p. 37.

526. RA Add. H2/4359–64.

527. Ibid., H2/4358.

528. E.g., T. 29 Aug. 1868, 30 Jan. 1869: The British Almanac for 1869. Companion, p. 220: Morning Post, 2 March 1869.

529. RA Add. H1/644; H2/866, 868.

530. H.C.D. 4 Dec. 1872: RA Add. H2/3763, 3765, 3767–8, 3796–7.

531. RA, Queen Victoria's Journal, 1 July 1872.

532. Ibid., 15 Nov. 1866.

533. RA Add. H2/1976.

534. Ibid., H2/3849–50.

535. T. 14 Nov. 1873.

536. Ibid., 2 July 1872, 14 Nov. 1873.

537. B. 22 Nov. 1873, pp. 917–18.

538. The Standard, 4 Oct. 1870.

539. RA Add. H2/3289: Pall Mall Gazette, 31 March 1870: Daily News, 11 March 1876: H.C.D. 16 April 1876.

540. P.R.O., Works 20/125.

541. Quoted in J.S.A., vol. XX, 19 July, 1872, pp. 721–2.

542. B.N. 1 Oct. 1868, p. 697, 5 July 1872, pp. 1–2.

543. The Athenaeum, 10 Dec. 1870, p. 766.

544. J. W. Robertson Scott, The Story of the Pall Mall Gazette, 1950, p. 162: RA Add. H2/3152, 3155.

545. B. 27 July, 5 Oct. 1872, pp. 583, 790–1.

546. RA Add. H2/3358–63, 3421–4, 3433–7; H5/81.

547. Ibid., H2/3816, 3818: Scott, Recollections, pp. 268–70.

548. The Athenaeum, 15 Feb. 1873, p. 217.

549. James Fergusson, History of the Modern Styles of Architecture, 3rd ed., 1891, vol. 11, pp. 161–3.

CHAPTER XI (pp. 177–95)

Royal Albert Hall

1. Marcus Binney, 'The Origins of the Albert Hall', in Country Life, 25 March 1971, pp. 680–3. For the history of the hall see Ronald W. Clark, The Royal Albert Hall, 1958.

2. 1851 Comm., W.A. XIX, 117–18.

3. V.A.M., Guard Books, nos. 2506–9, 2512–14.

4. Ibid., Lib. MSS., Miscellanies by H. Cole, 1861–6, ff. 188–9.

5. H.C.C. 1, Phipps to Cole, 9 July 1857, Cole to Grey, 6 March 1858: H.C.D. 17, 20, 28 July 1857.

6. V.A.M., Lib. MSS., Miscellanies by H. Cole, 1861–6, ff. 190–200. A sketch part-elevation by Cole in V.A.M., Dept. of Prints, 224B, possibly has some connexion with this scheme.

7. 1851 Comm., W. A. XVII, 3, 7: B. 20 July 1861, p. 504: B. N. 29 Nov. 1861, p. 949.

8. H. C. D. 16 March 1876.

9. E.g., H. C. C. 2, Grey to Cole, 3, 9 Jan., 22 April 1862: Broadlands MSS., WFC/G/43: RA Add. H7/58.

10. H. C. C. 2, Cole to Grey, 15 May 1862.

11. 1851 Comm., W. A. XVIII, 65.

12. N. M. p. 8.

13. Civil Engineer's and Architect's Journal, 1 Sept. 1862, p. 264.

14. R. I. B. A., Drawings Collection, X16/6, 10.

15. P. R. O., Works 35/68.

16. B. 4 April 1863, p. 233.

17. RA Add. 1/17A.

18. B. N. 6 Feb. 1874, p. 162.

19. Ibid., 3 March 1871, pp. 171–2.

20. RA Add. 1/17A (pencil draft in R.I.B.A., Scott notebook no. 81, pp. 23–41): G. G. Scott, Personal and Professional Recollections, 1879, p. 279: V.A.M., Dept. of Prints, E. 3555–1934, p. 64.

21. V.A.M., Dept. of Prints, E. 3555–1934, p. 64.

22. RA Add. H1/549.

23. 1851 Comm., Minutes, 16 June 1862.

24. RA Add. H2/675: V.A.M., Lib. MSS., Notes of German Tour by Henry Cole, 1863, p. 44.

25. H.C.C. 2, Cole to Grey, 18 June 1862.

26. 1851 Comm., W.A. XIX, 123: V.A.M., Lib. MSS., Miscellanies by H. Cole, 1861–6, ff. 80–5, 203, 209–11.

27. H.C.C. 2, Grey to Cole, 4 Nov. 1863: RA F28/55: 1851 Comm., W.A. XX, 104.

28. H.C.D. 12 Nov. 1863: H.C.C. 2, Grey to Cole, 18 May 1864.

29. V.A.M., Lib. MSS., Miscellanies by H. Cole, 1861–6, f. 209 verso.

30. Marcus Binney, op. cit., fig. 11.

31. R.I.B.A., Sessional Papers, Session 1871–2, 1872, p. 84: H.C.D. 20 Jan. 1872.

32. R.I.B.A., Sessional Papers, ut supra, p. 84: H.C.D. 13 Nov. 1863.

33. H.C.D. 5 March 1864 (also quoted in Fifty Years of Public Work of Sir Henry Cole, K.C.B., 1884, vol. 1, p. 360).

34. H.C.D. 27 June 1864.

35. Mangeot family papers: 1851 Comm., W.A. XXI, 97.

36. H.C.D. 15 July 1864: 1851 Comm., W.A. XX, 37, XXI, 98.

37. RA F28/57: 1851 Comm., W.A. XX, 29.

38. 1851 Comm., W.A. XX, 34.

39. H.C.C. 2, Grey to Cole, 28 Aug. 1864.

40. 18 51 Comm., W.A. XX, 71.

41. Ibid., 71, 74: H.C.D. 29 and 30 Jan. 1865: F. M. Redgrave, Richard Redgrave, C.B., R.A., A Memoir. . ., 1891, p. 280. Two versions of Gilbert Scott's design survive as undated lithographs in the Mangeot family papers. Fowke's interior model is in V.A.M., A10–1973.

42. 1851 Comm., W.A. XX, 78: H.C.D. 29 and 30 Jan. 1865.

43. 1851 Comm., W.A. XX, 53, 71.

44. H.C.D. 19 Aug., 29 Dec. 1864.

45. V.A.M., Lib. MSS., Miscellanies by H. Cole, 1861–6, ff. 210–36.

46. Ibid., ff. 156–8.

47. 1851 Comm., W.A. XX, 90.

48. Ibid., 47.

49. Ibid., 48.

50. Ibid., 81.

51. H.C.D. 15 Feb. 1865.

52. H.C.C. 2, Grey to Cole, 4 March 1865.

53. RA F28/64.

54. 1851 Comm., W.A. XXI, 62.

55. Ibid., 97, 98.

56. Ibid., 47, 48: H.C.C. 3, Fisher to Cole, 14 Jan. 1866.

57. RA F28/100: 1851 Comm., W.A. XXI, 49.

58. V.A.M., Lib. MSS., Miscellanies by H. Cole, 1861–6, ff. 159–60, 250–1.

59. 1851 Comm., Minutes, 10 July 1872.

60. Ibid., W.A. XX, 97, 102.

61. Ibid., 108.

62. V.A.M., Lib. MSS., Miscellanies by H. Cole, 1861–6, f. 266.

63. 1851 Comm., W.A. XX, 96, 105.

64. RA F28/75.

65. Ibid., F28/76.

66. 1851 Comm., W.A. XX, 104.

67. Ibid., 65.

68. RA F28/74.

69. Ibid., F28/79: 1851 Comm., W.A. XX, 112, XXI, 28, 55.

70. 1851 Comm., W.A. XX, 96–7, 105, 119.

71. RA F28/82.

72. 1851 Comm., W.A. XX, 17, 66, 84, 102, 109, 114: RA F28/88.

73. 1851 Comm., W.A. XX, 64.

74. Ibid., 101, 112: RA F28/79.

75. 1851 Comm., W.A. XX, 85, 89: RA F28/80.

76. 1851 Comm., W.A. XX, 105.

77. RA F28/65.

78. Ibid., F28/86.

79. 1851 Comm., W.A. XXI, 21.

80. Ibid., xx, 34.

81. Royal Albert Hall, prospectus, 1865.

82. R.I.B.A., Sessional Papers, ut supra, p. 83.

83. Royal Albert Hall, prospectus, 1865: B.N. 13 April 1866, pp. 230–1, 27 March 1874, p. 353: I.L.N. 18 May 1867, p. 489.

84. Royal Albert Hall, prospectus, 1865 : H.C.C. 2, Tite to Cole, 17 April 1866.

85. Photographs in possession of Mangeot family, the Corporation of Royal Albert Hall, and Victoria and Albert Museum. Reproduced in The Architect's Journal, 1 Dec. 1920, p. 593, and by John Physick and Michael Darby, 'Marble Halls' (V.A.M. exhibition catalogue), 1973, p. 204.

86. H.C.D. 7 Dec. 1865.

87. B. 3 March 1866, p. 145, 25 May 1867, p. 366.

88. RA F28/100: 1851 Comm., W.A. XXI, 49, 55.

89. 1851 Comm., W.A. XXI, 36, 40: Sir Sidney Lee, King Edward VII, vol. 1, 1925, p. 190.

90. H.C.D. 14 Dec. 1865, 24 March 1866: H.C.C. 2, Grey to Cole, 25 March 1866.

91. 1851 Comm., W.A. XXI, 46: H.C.D.

92. H.C.D. 30 Dec. 1865.

93. 1851 Comm., W.A. xxi, 45 (bis).

94. Ibid., 23, 24: B.M. Add. MSS. 39116, f. 314: H.C.C. 2, Grey to Cole, 12 Aug. 1865.

95. 1851 Comm., W.A. XXI, 49.

96. P.R.O., Ed 28/21, no. 64.

97. 1851 Comm., W.A. XXI, 46, 48.

98. B.N. 27 March 1874, p. 353.

99. Liddell Collection (June 1866).

100. H.C.D. 25 June 1865, 27 June, 19 July 1866: 1851 Comm., W. A. XXII, 17: James Fergusson, History of the Modern Styles of Architecture, 2nd ed., 1873, p. 544.

101. R.I.B.A., Sessional Papers, ut supra, p. 84.

102. 1851 Comm., W. A. XXI, 44.

103. H.C.D. 1 Feb. 1866: 1851 Comm., W.A. XXI, 54.

104. H.C.D. 22, 26 Feb., 4 March, 10, 15 April 1866: 1851 Comm., W.A. XXI, 64.

105. H.C.D. 1, 26 Feb. 1866.

106. Opening of the Royal Albert Hall . . . with a History, 1871, p. 25: R.I.B.A., Sessional Papers, ut supra, p. 92.

107. Liddell Collection (Charles to John Liddell, 29 Dec. 1865, John Liddell to Cowper, 5 March 1866).

108. Ibid. (Scott to Liddell and reply, 29, 31 March 1866).

109. Ibid., undated drawings.

110. H.C.D. 19 April 1866.

111. Ibid., 1 May 1866.

112. H.C.C. 2, Tite to Cole, 17 April 1866.

113. H.C.D. May-June 1866.

114. Ibid., 15 June 1866.

115. H.C.C. 2, Tite to Cole, 17 April 1866; B. 21 July 1866, p. 550.

116. RA Add. J/25.

117. 1851 Comm., W.A. XXI, 112.

118. H.C.D. 2 Oct. 1866.

119. 1851 Comm., W.A. XXI, 107, 111, 118.

120. RA F28/107.

121. RA Add. J/14, 15.

122. 1851 Comm., file 75A (3 April 1867).

123. Ibid., W.A. XXI, 106: Fifth Report of Commissioners for Exhibition of 1851, 15 Aug. 1867, pp. 28–9.

124. 1851 Comm., W.A. XX, 88, XXI, 55, 61: RA F28/100.

125. Opening of the Royal Albert Hall . . . with a History, 1871, p. 21: Fifth Report of Commissioners, ut supra.

126. RA Add. J/22.

127. 1851 Comm., file 75A (8 April 1867).

128. RA Add. J/24.

129. Ibid., J/27.

130. I.L.N. 25 May 1867, p. 526: Opening, ut supra, p. 22: RA Add. J passim (1867).

131. I.L.N. 18, 25 May 1867, pp. 493, 516–17: RA Add. J/44.

132. V.A.M., Dept. of Architecture and Sculpture, A11–1973 to A11c—1973.

133. R.I.B.A., Sessional Papers, ut supra, p. 84: see also B. 10 April 1869, p. 278: Opening, ut supra, p. 37.

134. RA Add. J/1, 9, 12: 1851 Comm., W.A. XXI, 118.

135. RA Add. J/3, 5, 7.

136. R.I.B.A., Sessional Papers, ut supra, p. 85.

137. E.g. Pall Mall Gazette, cutting (Feb. 1866) in 1851 Comm., W.A. XXI, 53: B.N. 23 March 1866, p. 177.

138. RA Add. J/45–6.

139. E.g. B.N. 13 April 1866, pp. 230–1, 28 May 1869, p. 474.

140. Cuttings in RA Add. H2/3212 et seq.

141. R.I.B.A., Sessional Papers, ut supra, p. 89.

142. Ibid.: cf. 1851 Comm., W.A. XXI, 121.

143. 1851 Comm., W.A. XXI, 113: R.I.B.A., Sessional Papers, ut supra, pp. 88–9.

144. D.N.B.

145. R.I.B.A., Sessional Papers, ut supra, p. 89: B.N. 3 March 1871, pp. 171–2.

146. B. 10 April 1869, pp. 278–9.

147. Photographs in possession of Corporation of Royal Albert Hall.

148. R.I.B.A., Sessional Papers, ut supra, p. 90.

149. B.N. 28 May 1869, p. 475.

150. H.C.C. 4, Cole to Granville, 11 May 1870: B. 21 May 1870, p. 409.

151. Royal Engineers' Journal, vol. XIII, 2 July 1883, p. 166. The roof is described and illustrated in Engineering, 20 Aug. 1869, pp. 117–118 and p. 123.

152. R.I.B.A., Sessional Papers, ut supra, p. 99.

153. B.N. 24 May 1867, p. 358: B. 10 Dec. 1870, pp. 977–8: Opening, ut supra, p. 40: Richard Lunn, 'Some Recollections . . .' in The RCA Students' Magazine, vol. 1, Feb. 1912, p. 62.

154. Richard Lunn, op. et loc. cit.: B. 1 April 1871, p. 249: I.L.N. 8 April 1871, p. 346.

155. R.I.B.A., Sessional Papers, ut supra, p. 85: B. 10 April 1869, p. 279: Opening, ut supra, p. 40.

156. H.C.D. 26 March 1871: V.A.M., 1112—AL.

157. B.N. 5 May 1871, pp. 352–3: R.I.B.A., Sessional Papers, ut supra, p. 87: H.C.D. 17 Oct. 1874.

158. James Fergusson, History of the Modern Styles of Architecture, 2nd ed., 1873, p. 544: H. H. Statham, 'Architecture Practically Considered in Reference to Music' in R.I.B.A., Sessional Papers, Session 1872–3, 1873, pp. 81–99.

159. E.g., RA Add. H2/675; J/76: H.C.D. 19 Aug. 1864, 11 March 1866.

160. R.I.B.A., Sessional Papers, Session 1871–2, 1872, pp. 86–7: cf. B.N. 5 May 1871, pp. 352–3.

161. B.M., Add. MSS. 38998, f. 312v.; 38999, f. 208.

162. J.S.A., vol. XVIII, 28 Oct. 1870, p. 922: RA, Queen Victoria's Journal, 3 Dec. 1870: H.C.D. 17 Dec. 1870, 7 Jan. 1871.

163. H.C.D. 11, 18 Feb. 1871.

164. Annual Register for 1871. Chronicle, p. 39.

165. B. 1 April 1871, p. 249.

166. T. 2 Jan., 16 June 1969: information kindly supplied by the late Mr. F. J. Mundy, General Manager of the Royal Albert Hall.

167. R.I.B.A. Journal, 3rd ser., vol. II, 1894–5, 1895, pp. 369–70: The Guardian, 2 Jan. 1969.

168. R.I.B.A., Sessional Papers, ut supra (ref. 160), p. 93.

169. B. 10 April 1869, pp. 278–9.

170. Engineering, 20 Aug. 1869, pp. 117–18.

171. B.N. 28 May 1869, pp. 474–5: R.I.B.A., Sessional Papers, ut supra, pp. 90, 92: The Key, 24 June 1871, p. 6 (B.M., pressmark PP 1712b).

172. R.I.B.A., Sessional Papers, ut supra, p. 92.

173. Royal Albert Hall, tracing, n.d.: H.C.D. 21 Aug. 1869.

174. Opening, ut supra, p. 37: R.I.B.A., Sessional Papers, ut supra, pp. 90, 92, 97–8.

175. H.C.D. 28 June 1866.

176. Royal Albert Hall, 'Specification of Works', 1867.

177. Opening, ut supra, p. 36: R.I.B.A., Sessional Papers, ut supra, p. 93.

178. I.L.N. 18 May 1867, p. 493: models of parts of elevation in V.A.M. Dept. of Architecture and Sculpture, A11–1973.

179. Daily Telegraph, 7 June 1869.

180. H.C.D. 31 Jan., 6 April 1868.

181. 16th Report of Science and Art Department (1869), p. 282: B. 10 Dec. 1870, pp. 977–8: R.I.B.A., Sessional Papers, ut supra, p. 94.

182. V.A.M., Lib. MSS., II RC.H.24.

183. D. S. MacColl, 'The Stevens Memorial and the Exhibition at the Tate Gallery', in The Burlington Magazine, Nov. 1911, p. 112.

184. Opening, ut supra, pp. 26–36: R.I.B.A., Sessional Papers, ut supra, pp. 92–3.

185. P.P., 1868–9, x, Second Report from Select Committee on Hungerford Bridge, 2 Aug. 1869, qu. 3945: R.I.B.A., Sessional Papers, ut supra, pp. 98–9.

186. Opening, ut supra, pp. 30–1.

187. R.I.B.A., Sessional Papers, ut supra, p. 93: Opening, ut supra, pp. 27, 29.

188. RA PP Vic. 8987 (Prince of Wales's address at opening): Annual Register for 1871. Chronicle, p. 39.

189. Sixth Report of the Commissioners for the Exhibition of 1851, 29 July 1878, p. 77.

190. 1851 Comm., W.A. XXI, 116.

191. Ibid., xx, 76.

192. V.A.M. Lib., Cole MSS., 'Royal Albert Hall', no. 48.

193. H.C.D. 3 April 1871.

194. RA, Queen Victoria's Journal, 3 Dec. 1870.

195. B.N. 13 April 1866, pp. 230–1, 5 July 1867, p. 458.

196. Edgar A. Bowring, 'South Kensington', in The Nineteenth Century, Aug. 1877, p. 74.

197. B.N. 14 July 1871, pp. 33–4: 1851 Comm., file 75A (31 May 1875).

198. RA, Queen Victoria's Journal, 29 March 1871.

199. 1851 Comm., W.A. XXII, 17: B.M., Add. MSS. 38999, f. 208.

200. H.C.D. 7 May 1879.

201. R.I.B.A., Sessional Papers, ut supra, p. 88.

202. Ibid., p. 97. The system of heating and ventilation was described by Gilbert Redgrave in B. 4 Feb. 1871, pp. 80–1.

203. B.N. 21 July 1871, p. 45: Annual Register for 1871. Chronicle, p. 40.

204. Mangeot family papers, Fowke to Cole, 1 Sept. 1862; MS. volume, 'Lectures on Science', p. 25.

205. B. 22 March, 10 May 1879, pp. 329, 520–2: Ronald W. Clark, The Royal Albert Hall, 1958, p. 104.

206. RA Add. J/44.

207. I.L.N. 25 May 1867, p. 526.

208. B.N. 24 May 1867, p. 358.

209. H.C.D. 14 July 1869: cf. Fifty Years of Public Work of Sir Henry Cole, K.C.B., 1884, vol. 1, p. 364.

210. 1851 Comm., file 75C (4 May 1927): John B. Geale, A Short History of the Royal Albert Hall, 3rd ed., 1956, p. 14.

211. James Fergusson, History of the Modern Styles of Architecture, 2nd ed., 1873, p. 544.

212. I.L.N. 8 April 1871, p. 346.

213. H.C.D. 1 March, 14, 19, 21 July 1870.

214. Ibid., 9 Jan., 5 March 1871.

215. Royal Albert Hall, Minute Book 2 (Council, 4 July 1873).

216. Ibid., Minute Books 2–3 (Council, 4, 12 July, 5 Nov. 1873, and Decoration Committee, 1 April 1874–12 April 1875 passim): H.C.D., e.g., 1 April, 3 Nov. 1874, 27 Jan. 1875.

217. R.I.B.A., Sessional Papers, ut supra, p. 88: H.C.D. 16 July, 3 Dec. 1873, 14 Jan., 4 Feb., 12 March, 1 April, 14 May, 3 Nov. 1874.

218. H.C.D. 16 July 1873.

219. Ibid., July 1873 to Nov. 1875 passim: Royal Albert Hall, Minute Book 3 (Decoration Committee, 12 April 1875, and Council, 5 May 1875): 1851 Comm., file 75A (31 July 1875).

220. Mangeot family papers, memorandum by F. R. Fowke of newspapers 1866–9.

221. B.N. 6, 13, 20, 27 Feb., 6, 27 March 1874, pp. 162, 189, 216, 244, 271, 353.

222. Mangeot family papers, MS. by F. R. Fowke, 27 March 1874.

223. V.A.M., Lib. MSS., II. RC.H. 24.

224. H.C.D. 7 May 1868, 24 Jan. 1873, 10 Oct. 1874.

225. E.g., ibid., 4 July 1877, 15 Nov. 1880.

226. Mangeot family papers, MS. by F. R. Fowke.

227. B.N. 13 Feb. 1874, p. 189.

228. Ibid., 7 Feb. 1868, p. 91: R.I.B.A., Sessional Papers, ut supra, p. 92.

229. T. 18 May 1891.

230. H.C.D. 16 July 1870.

231. Maurice B. Adams, Architects from George IV to George V, 1912, p. 20.

232. I.L.N. 8 April 1871, pp. 342–3.

233. H.C.D. 24 April 1866.

234. Ibid., 26 June 1866.

235. Ibid., 1 March, 16 July 1870, 3 Dec. 1873, 14 Jan., 4 Feb. 1874.

236. Royal Albert Hall, drawing no. 886.

237. Richard Lunn, op. et loc. cit. (ref. 153).

238. B.N. 4 Nov. 1870, p. 327.

239. Journals and Correspondence of Lady Eastlake, 1895, vol. 11, p. 221.

240. Pall Mall Gazette, 5 July 1872.

241. See RA Add. H2/3212 et seq.: Saturday Review, 11 June 1870, p. 769: T. 9 March 1871 (letter from G. R. Redgrave).

242. Daily Telegraph, 7 June 1869.

243. B.N. 17 March 1871, p. 206, quoting The Examiner.

244. 1851 Comm., file 75A and Minutes.

245. P. A. Keen, 'Metropolitan Railway Road Services', in Journal of Transport History, vol. 1, 1954, p. 220: Sir Henry Cole, A Special Report on the Annual International Exhibitions, 1879, pp. 174–5.

246. 1851 Comm., file 69: H.C.D. 24 Jan. 1876.

247. 1851 Comm., file 69.

248. Charles E. Lee, 100 Years of the District, 1968, p. 16.

249. RA Add. J/21.

250. 1851 Comm., file 75A (5th Report of Council of Royal Albert Hall, 1876–7).

251. P.O.D.

252. H.C.D. 14 Jan. 1876.

253. 1851 Comm., file 120: Seventh Report of the Commissioners for the Exhibition of 1851, 23 July 1889, p. 17: Royal Albert Hall, drawing no. 44.

254. 1851 Comm., file 75A (Dec. 1891): O.S. 1893–1895.

255. The British Almanac and Companion for 1893, p. 291:1851 Comm., file 75B (28 June 1907).

256. 1851 Comm., file 75A (Aug. 1896, March, July 1897, Dec. 1898): file 75B (June 1906): Eighth Report of Commissioners for the Exhibition of 1851, 13 March 1911, p. 12: O.S. 1893–5.

257. Report from Select Committee of House of Lords on Royal Albert Hall Bill, 10 May 1927.

258. Hope Bagenal, 'Concert Music in the Albert Hall', in R.I.B.A. Journal, Aug. 1941, pp. 169–71.

259. T. 13 June 1949, 5 May 1950.

260. Ibid., 2 Jan., 16 June 1969.

CHAPTER XII (pp. 196–200)

Eastern and Western Galleries

1. RA Add. J/63.

2. P.P., 1878–9, XXVII, Sir Henry Cole, A Special Report on the Annual International Exhibitions of the Years 1871, 1872, 1873 and 1874, 6 May 1875, p. xi.

3. RA Add. J/66, 71.

4. Sir Henry Cole, op. cit., p. x.

5. RA Add. J/51–3.

6. Ibid., J/58.

7. H.C.D. 25 April, 30 May 1868.

8. R.I.B.A. Journal, 30 March 1893, pp. 275–6.

9. Photograph in possession of Corporation of Royal Albert Hall.

10. Sir Henry Cole, op. cit., p. xix.

11. RA Add. J/101.

12. Sir Henry Cole, op. cit., p. xviii.

13. RA Add. J/105.

14. Sir Henry Cole, op. cit., p. xviii: 1851 Comm., W.A. xv, 88, xxii, 17.

15. RA Add. J/66.

16. Ibid., J/76.

17. Ibid., J/67–9.

18. Ibid., J/96.

19. Ibid., F28/109, 110.

20. H.C.D. 3 Feb. 1869: RA Add. J/109: P.R.O., Works 33/1276.

21. RA Add. J/126, 128: P.R.O., Works 33/1278, etc.

22. RA Add. J/126.

23. Ibid., J/133, 138: Sir Henry Cole, op. cit., p. xiii: M.L.R. 1871/9/548.

24. RA Add. J/137, 139–42.

25. Ibid., J/146.

26. Sir Henry Cole, op. cit., p. xxi.

27. Ibid., pp. xii–xiv.

28. RA Add. J/153: 1851 Comm., file 48 (contracts 7–8 Dec. 1869).

29. RA Add. J/153: H.C.D. 2 Nov. 1869: P.R.O., Works 33/2078 et seq.

30. J.S.A., vol. xviii, 19 Nov. 1869, pp. 14–15.

31. P.R.O., Ed 28/25, no. 43.

32. H.C.D. 30 Dec. 1869: 1851 Comm., file 69, 3 March 1870.

33. H.C.D. 13 Jan. 1871.

34. 1851 Comm., file 69, 3 March 1870.

35. B. 2 July 1870, p. 523.

36. E.g., J.S.A., vol. XVIII, 24 June 1870, pp. 696–7: B. 2 July 1870, p. 524: B.N. 1 July 1870, p. 4.

37. The Key, 24 June 1871, p. 6 (B.M., pressmark PP 1712b).

38. The British Almanac for 1871. Companion, p. 181.

39. Sir Henry Cole, op. cit., pp. xviii, xxi: B. 2 July 1870, p. 523.

40. B. 29 Oct. 1870, p. 864.

41. H.C.D. 13 Jan. 1871: The Graphic, 6 May 1871, p. 423.

42. Edgar Bowring, 'South Kensington', in The Nineteenth Century, June 1877, p. 76.

43. B. 29 Oct. 1870, p. 864: V.A.M., Guard Books, nos. 9783, GX4086: O.S. 1862–7 (rev. 1872).

44. Sir Henry Cole, op. cit., p. 171.

45. B. 6 May 1871, p. 337.

46. B.M., Add. MSS. 38999, f. 208: B.N. 21 July 1871, p. 45.

47. Sixth Report of the Commissioners for the Exhibition of 1851, 29 July 1878, p. 9.

48. Sir Henry Cole, op. cit., pp. 37–40.

49. Ibid., pp. xxxiv, xl, xlii: Sixth Report, ut supra: Edgar Bowring, op. et loc. cit.

50. Sir Henry Cole, op. cit., pp. xviii, xix, xl, xlii.

51. 1851 Comm., file 75A, 24 Nov. 1875.

52. Sir Henry Cole, op. cit., p. xxxviii.

53. Ibid., p. xxvi.

54. B.N. 4 Aug. 1871, pp. 91–2.

55. Sir Henry Cole, op. cit., pp. 208–9: Sixth Report, ut supra, pp. 7, 8.

56. P.R.O., Works 33/2104–2111.

57. 1851 Comm., file 74, May 1890—July 1892; file 68, 17 Oct. 1927.

58. Ibid., Letter Book, April-June 1874 [sic], Scott to Knollys, 25 Nov. 1874 (loose item): Sixth Report, ut supra, p. 10.

59. T. 15 May 1880: B. 22 May 1880, pp. 622–4.

60. P.R.O., Ed 84/67, 24 Jan. 1880.

61. Second Report from the Select Committee on the Museums of the Science and Art Department, 23 July 1897, qu. 236.

62. Annual Report of Imperial College, 1956–7, p. 10.

63. 1851 Comm., Minutes, 4 April 1876: Edgar Bowring, 'South Kensington' in The Nineteenth Century, Aug. 1877, p. 78.

64. P.R.O., Ed 84/56, April 1882—July 1883.

65. Ibid., 30 Aug. 1882.

66. Report of Interdepartmental Committee on the National Science Collections, 25 June 1886, p. 39 (dissenting report by A. B. Mitford, 30 July 1885).

67. 1851 Comm., file 68, 17 Oct. 1927: Survey of London, vol. xxv, 1955, p. 80.

CHAPTER XIII (pp. 201–16)

Natural History Museum

1. P.P., 1857–8, XXXIII, Copy of Memorial addressed to Her Majesty's Government by the Promoters and Cultivators of Science on the subject of the proposed severence from the British Museum of its Natural History Collections.

2. Richard Owen, On the Extent and Aims of a National Museum of Natural History, 1862, pp. 95–101.

3. Richard Owen, Report from the Superintendent of the Departments of Natural History to the Trustees of the British Museum, 10 Feb. 1859: N.H.M., sketch plans by Owen, 26 Jan. and 8 Feb. 1859 (latter is no. 1 in red portfolio in Board Room).

4. Richard Owen, On the Extent . . ., ut supra, p. 88.

5. Ibid., pp. 116–17. (Owen's idea of a museum of natural history was discussed by Doctor M. Rudwick in a lecture at the museum in March 1971.)

6. Ibid., pp. 14, 24.

7. Ibid., p. 117.

8. N.H.M., Richard Owen, 'On the Origin and History of the British Museum (Natural History)' (1879).

9. B.M. Trustees, Sub-Committee Minutes, pp. 1126–38.

10. Ibid., General Minutes, p. 2242.

11. 1851 Comm., W.A. xv, 82, 87, 88, 116: Fourth Report of the Commissioners for the Exhibition of 1851, 3 May 1861, p. 23.

12. N.H.M., Richard Owen, address to British Association at York, 1881.

13. Ibid., Richard Owen, 'On the Origin . . .', ut supra: Leonard Huxley, Life and Letters of Thomas Henry Huxley, 2nd ed., 1903, vol. 1, p. 231.

14. Rev. Richard Owen, The Life of Richard Owen, 1894, vol. 11, p. 41: B.M., Add. MSS. 44397, ff. 17, 26, 76.

15. B.M. Trustees, Sub-Committee Minutes, pp. 1234–63, 1274: 1851 Comm., W.A. XVIII, 29, 33–4.

16. Hansard's Parliamentary Debates, Third Series, vol. CLXVI, 1532, 1903.

17. 1851 Comm., Letters, 408–9, Grey to Bowring, 31 March, 18 April 1862.

18. E.g., B.N. 14, 28 Feb., 23 May 1862, pp. 101–102, 141–2, 353.

19. 1851 Comm., W.A. XVIII, 55, 58, 61; Letters, 412, Grey to Bowring, 21 May 1862.

20. N.H.M., Richard Owen, address to British Association at York, 1881: P.R.O., Works 17/16/2: Return to an Order of the . . . House of Commons dated 23 June 1863 for Copy of Estimates, Plans and Sections of a Museum of Natural History in Prince Albert Road, 25 June 1863.

21. N.H.M., Richard Owen, 'On the Origin and History of the British Museum (Natural History)' (1879): 1851 Comm., W.A. XIX, 1, 14, 15, 17: H.C.D. 23 March 1863: Hansard's Parliamentary Debates, Third Series, vol. CLXXII, 92.

22. Fifth Report of the Commissioners for the Exhibition of 1851, 15 Aug. 1867, p. 10.

23. P.R.O., Works 17/16/1, Jan. 1864: B. 23 April 1864, pp. 289–91.

24. P.R.O., Works 17/16/1, Jan. 1864: B.M. Trustees, Standing Committee Minutes, pp. 10481–3, 10497–9.

25. P.R.O., Works 17/16/1, 21 April 1864.

26. Ibid., 5 April 1864. 'Greek' Thomson's design is reproduced by John Physick and Michael Darby, 'Marble Halls' (V.A.M. Exhibition Catalogue), 1973, p. 198.

27. B. 23 April 1864, pp. 289–91.

28. James Fergusson, 'The New Law Courts' in Macmillan's Magazine, Jan. 1872, p. 252: H.C.D. 25, 26 April, 6 May 1864.

29. P.R.O., Works 17/16/1, 2 May 1864. See descriptions and illustrations of designs in B. 23, 30 April, 7, 14, 28 May, 25 June 1864.

30. T. 15, 18, 20, 21, 22 Dec. 1865 (letters from Robert Kerr and Henry Cole).

31. Liddell Collection (Fowke to Liddell, 24 Dec. 1864; Liddell to Cowper, 5, 23 March, 15, 19 May 1866; Austin to Liddell, 31 May 1866; Liddell to Manners, 9 May 1867): H.C.D. 9 March 1865: B. 9 June 1866, p. 434.

32. B.N. 26 Feb., 27 March 1874, pp. 162, 353: The Standard, 1 Aug. 1879.

33. B.N. 30 Jan. 1880, pp. 126–7: R.I.B.A., Transactions, 1879–80, no. 4, p. 85.

34. James Fergusson, History of the Modern Styles of Architecture, third ed., vol. 11, 1891, p. 141.

35. Henry Cole, 'Brief Notes on the Career of the late Captain Francis Fowke, R.E.' in Papers on Subjects connected with the . . . Royal Engineers, New Series, vol. xv, 1866, p. xiii.

36. 1851 Comm., Letters, 432, Grey to Bowring, 15 May 1864.

37. B. 28 May 1864, p. 394: V.A.M., Lib., [Francis Fowke], Remarks on Prize Design for proposed Natural History Museum, 1865.

38. P.R.O., Works 17/16/1, no. 67.

39. B. 23 April 1864, pp. 289–91: B.N. 29 April 1864, p. 313: The Athenaeum, 7 May 1864, pp. 651–2: The British Almanac for 1865. Companion, pp. 120–1.

40. James Fergusson, 'The New Law Courts', ut supra, p. 253.

41. P.R.O., Works 17/16/2, 27 Feb. 1866: B.M., Add. MSS. 38996, ff. 170–1.

42. N.H.M., Board Room, red portfolio, no. 2 (perspective section).

43. V.A.M., Lib., [Francis Fowke], Remarks . . ., 1865, ut supra.

44. B. 25 June 1864, pp. 473–5: N.H.M., Board Room, portfolio K, no. 1.

45. H.C.C. 12, Street to Cole, 19 Dec. 1865.

46. B.M. Trustees, Standing Committee Minutes, pp. 10753–4; Sub-Committee Minutes, pp. 1367–8.

47. V.A.M., Lib., [Francis Fowke], Remarks . . ., 1865, ut supra: B.M. Trustees, Standing Committee Minutes, pp. 10786–7; Sub-Committee Minutes, pp. 1374–5.

48. B.M. Trustees, Standing Committee Minutes, p. 10857.

49. Ibid., Sub-Committee Minutes, p. 1375: P.R.O., Works 17/16/1, 2 Aug. 1865.

50. V.A.M., Lib. MSS., Miscellanies of Henry Cole, 1865–8, no. 33a.

51. 1851 Comm., W.A. xxi, 39.

52. B. 3 March 1866, p. 145.

53. H.C.D. 16 Dec. 1865.

54. P.R.O., Works 1/81, pp. 74, 102; Works 17/16/2, 14, 27 Feb. 1866. The influence of Fowke's design on Waterhouse's was discussed by Sir John Summerson in a lecture delivered at the museum in 1971, and he has kindly made the text of that lecture available to the Survey of London.

55. B.N. 12 June 1868, p. 401.

56. James Fergusson, 'The New Law Courts', ut supra, p. 253.

57. P.R.O., Works 17/16/2, 7 March 1866.

58. H.C.D. 15 Feb. 1866: R.I.B.A., Waterhouse Letter Books, vol. 11, 200.

59. 1851 Comm., W.A. xxi, 96.

60. P.R.O., Works 17/16/2, 27 Dec. 1867: B.M. Trustees, Original Letters, vol. XCIII, 5, 6 Feb. 1868.

61. P.R.O., Works 17/16/2, 4 March 1868.

62. A Guide to the Exhibition Galleries in the British Museum (Natural History), Cromwell Road, 1881, p. 8.

63. N.H.M., Waterhouse ground-and first-floor plans, 5 March 1868 (ground-floor plan reproduced by Rev. Richard Owen, op. cit., vol. 11, p. [51].

64. Ibid., Owen Correspondence, vol. XXVI, Waterhouse to Owen, 5 March 1868.

65. P.R.O., Works 17/16/2, 31 July 1868: R.I.B.A., Waterhouse officer drawings (section) and V13/6 (2, 3): B.N. 14 July 1871, pp. 24–5 (cf. 12 May 1871, p. 374).

66. H.C.D. 4 Jan. 1869.

67. B.M. Trustees, Sub-Committee Minutes, pp. 1473–5, 1482–3.

68. P.R.O., Works 17/16/2, 15 June, 31 July 1868: H.C.C. 12, Waterhouse to Cole, 16 June 1868.

69. H.C.D. 17 Jan. 1869: P.R.O., Works 17/16/2, 18 Feb., 10, 20 Dec. 1869, 4 March, 14 May 1870: P.P., 1868–9, x, First Report from Select Committee on Hungerford Bridge, 10 May 1869: B.M., Add. MSS. 38996, ff. 19, 182–3, 255, 268, 274, 331, 333–4: Hansard's Parliamentary Debates, Third Series, vol. CCII, 1361–2.

70. B.M., Add. MSS. 38996, ff. 333–4: P.R.O., Works 17/16/2, 14 May 1870.

71. P.R.O., Works 17/16/2, 4 March, 10 June, 29 Sept. 1870.

72. Plan in P.R.O., Works 17/16/2, with no. 137, 1 Aug. 1870.

73. V.A.M., Guard Books, nos. 2509, 2564, 2588, 2591, 2601.

74. B.M. Trustees, Standing Committee Minutes, pp. 12790–1: N.H.M., Owen Correspondence, vol. XVIII, Waterhouse to Owen, 14 Aug. 1873.

75. Richard Owen, On the Extent and Aims of a National Museum of Natural History, 1862, p. 104.

76. Arundell Esdaile, The British Museum Library, 1946, p. 176.

77. P.R.O., Works 17/16/2, 23 July 1870.

78. Ibid., 20, 29 Sept. 1870.

79. Ibid., 13 Jan. 1871.

80. Ibid., 9 Feb. 1871 (no. 165), 4 April 1871.

81. B.M., Add. MSS. 38995, ff. 400–4.

82. B.M. Trustees, Original Papers, vol. IX, 25 Jan. 1871: P.R.O., Works 17/16/2, 1 Feb. 1871: P. P., 1872, xxv, Royal Commission on Scientific Instruction, Minutes of Evidence, qus. 6535–6546.

83. B.M. Trustees, Standing Committee Minutes, p. 12059.

84. P.R.O., Works 17/16/3, 21 May, 2 June 1874: B.M. Trustees, Standing Committee Minutes, pp. 13859–60, 13885.

85. B. 22 June 1878, p. 635: The British Almanac for 1880. Companion, pp. 160–1.

86. B.M. Trustees, Original Papers, vol. IX, Gray to A. Waterhouse, 25 Jan. 1871 (enclosed in Gray to Winter Jones, 27 Jan. 1871), report by G. R. Waterhouse, 9 Feb. 1871.

87. P.R.O., Works 17/16/2, 20 Feb. 1871.

88. Ibid., 24–5, 27–8 Feb. 1871.

89. Journals of the House of Commons, vol. 126, Session 1871, p. 426.

90. P.R.O., Works 17/16/2, 2–9 May 1871: H.C.D. 22 Dec. 1871.

91. N.H.M., Board Room, portfolio K, nos. 2–14. For Sir John Summerson on Fowke's influence upon Waterhouse see reference 54.

92. H.C.C. 8, Bentinck to Cole, 17 May, 1 Aug. 1871, 13 Feb. 1872: H.C.D. 2 Aug. 1871: P.R.O., Works 17/16/2, 22 May 1871: B.N. 23 Feb. 1872, p. 164: Fifty Years of Public Work of Sir Henry Cole, K.C.B., 1884, vol. 11, p. 306.

93. Mangeot family papers, diary of F. R. Fowke for 1872, Feb. 15.

94. P.R.O., Works 17/16/3, 2, 4, 6, 15 July 1872.

95. Ibid., 16 Sept., 28 Nov., 5, 6, 13 Dec. 1872: B.M. Trustees, Standing Committee Minutes, pp. 12518–19, 12540.

96. P.R.O., Works 17/16/3, 8 Feb. 1873.

97. H.C.D. 8 Sept. 1873.

98. P.R.O., Works 17/18/4, 8, 16 March 1876.

99. B.M. Trustees, Original Papers, vol. LII, 1 Aug. 1876; Sub-Committee Minutes, pp. 1784–9.

100. V.A.M., D 1889–1908.

101. P.R.O., Works 17/18/4, 5 Jan. 1878.

102. C.I., Organizing Committee Minutes, 2 July 1888.

103. P.R.O., Works 17/18/4, 11 July 1876: The British Architect, 14 June 1878, p. 277.

104. B.M. Trustees, Standing Committee Minutes, pp. 12866–7: P.R.O., Works 17/16/3, 16 Dec. 1873.

105. P.R.O., Works 17/16/3, 6 Feb., 7, 16 March 1874: cf. The British Architect, 14 June 1878, pp. 279–80.

106. B.M. Trustees, Original Papers, vol. LII, 14, 22 July, 1 Aug. 1867; Sub-Committee Minutes, pp. 1777–83.

107. P.R.O., Works 17/16/2, 1 Aug. 1870 (plan no. 137), 4 April 1871; Works 17/18/4, 26 Jan. 1877: B.M. Trustees, Sub-Committee Minutes, pp. 1777–83: B.N. 25 Jan. 1878, pp. 76–7.

108. J. Osborne Smith, 'Museums', in B.N. 11 May 1883, pp. 622–3.

109. P.R.O., Works 17/17/1, 3, 16, 28 Aug., 1, 19 Sept. 1876.

110. Ibid., Works 17/16/3, 15 Jan. 1874.

111. Ibid., 27, 30 Nov. 1871, 5 Jan. 1872; Works 17/17/2, 22 Oct. 1881.

112. Ibid., Works 17/16/3, 27 Dec. 1871, 16 Sept. 1872.

113. Ibid., 16 Sept., 6 Dec. 1872.

114. Ibid., Works 17/17/1, 16 March 1876, 4, 9 Jan. 1877.

115. Ibid., 14 Jan., 16 March 1876.

116. The British Almanac for 1878. Companion, p. 120: B.N. 25 Jan. 1878, pp. 76–7.

117. P.R.O., Works 17/17/1, 25 July, 1, 8 Aug. 1879.

118. Ibid., Works 17/17/2, 22 Oct. 1881.

119. B.N. 1 Aug. 1879, p. 136.

120. B.M. Trustees, Original Papers, vol. XXVIII, 17 June, 3 July 1873.

121. P.R.O., Works 17/17/1, 20 July 1881.

122. Ibid., Works 17/16/3, 6 Dec. 1872.

123. B. 5 Feb. 1876, p. 120.

124. P.R.O., Works 17/17/1, 8 Aug. 1879.

125. Ibid., 20 July 1881: B.N. 19 Dec. 1879, pp. 729–30.

126. P.R.O., Works 17/17/1, 20 July 1881: A Guide . . ., 1881, ut supra, p. 8.

127. N.H.M., Owen Correspondence, vol. XXVI, Waterhouse to Owen, 12 Oct. 1874.

128. B.N. 11, 25 Feb. 1876, pp. 157, 210.

129. N.H.M., 'A. Waterhouse, Sketches of Terra-Cotta Decorations 1874–1878', 2 vols.

130. P.R.O., Works 17/17/1.

131. Ibid., 13 Feb. 1879, 5 Jan. 1881; Works 17/17/3, 25 Sept. 1882.

132. Ibid., Works 17/16/2, July-Aug. 1874; Works 17/17/1, 20 Dec. 1880; Works 17/17/3, 18 July, 25 Sept. 1882, 19 March 1883.

133. Ibid., Works 17/17/1, 20 July 1881; Works 17/17/2, 23 Nov. 1881.

134. Ibid., Works 17/17/2, 22 Oct., 5 Nov. 1881.

135. Ibid., 26 June, 6, 10 July 1882.

136. Ibid., 22 Oct. 1881; Works 17/17/3, 25 Sept. 1882.

137. Ibid., Works 17/17/2, 29 May 1882; Works 17/17/3, 25 Sept. 1882.

138. Ibid., T165/58/7, p. 23; Works 17/17/3, 22 July 1882, 19 March 1883.

139. B.M. Trustees, Standing Committee Minutes, p. 14090.

140. Ibid., e.g., pp. 14154–6, 14211–2, 14279, 14325–6, 14352–4: N.H.M., Board Room, drawings.

141. B.M. Trustees, Standing Committee Minutes, pp. 14790–1.

142. Rev. Richard Owen, The Life of Richard Owen, 1894, vol. 11, p. 241.

143. P.R.O., Works 17/17/1, 26 Dec. 1879.

144. A Guide . . ., 1881, ut supra, p. 10.

145. N.H.M., Board Room, cupboard, and red portfolio, no. 7 (drawings by Waterhouse 1878, Taylor 1881): E. Ingress Bell, 'The New Natural History Museum', in The Magazine of Art, vol. IV, 1881, pp. 358–62: P.R.O., Works 17/17/3, 22 July 1882: B. 12, 19 May 1883, pp. 633, 685: Second Report from Select Committee on the Museums of the Science and Art Department, 23 July 1897, qu. 7269.

146. P.R.O., T165/58/7, p. 23.

147. Ibid., Works 17/18/4, 14 May, 23 July, 23 Aug. 1878: The British Architect, 21 June 1878, pp. 290–1.

148. The British Architect, ut supra.

149. P.R.O., Works 17/16/3, 26, 28 Nov., 19 Dec. 1873: B. 5 Feb. 1876, p. 120: B.N. 11 May 1883, p. 623.

150. B. 26 Jan. 1878, p. 83: B.N. 4 March 1887, p. 315.

151. A Guide . . ., 1881, p. 7: A General Guide . . ., 1886, p. 11.

152. A General Guide . . ., 1886, p. 22: D.N.B. (sub Owen): C. J. Cornish, Sir William Henry Flower, 1904, pp. 132, 139: R. Lydekker, Sir William Flower, 1906, pp. 58–9, 60.

153. B.M., Add. MSS. 44485, ff. 32, 205, 217, 236.

154. Descriptions or illustrations in B.N. 25 Jan., 11, 25 Oct., 8, 22, 29 Nov., 13, 20 Dec. 1878, 14 Feb., 19 Dec. 1879: B. 26 Jan., 22 June 1878, 7 June 1879: The British Architect, 14, 21 June 1878, 9 May 1879: The British Almanac for 1879 and 1880. Companion.

155. The British Almanac for 1879. Companion, pp. 154–5.

156. E. Ingress Bell, 'The New Natural History Museum', in The Magazine of Art, vol. IV, 1881, pp. 358–62, 463–5.

157. T. 22 Aug. 1871.

158. H.C.D. 27 Nov., 2 Dec. 1880, 14 April 1881.

159. R. Lydekker, op. cit., p. 83.

160. C. J. Cornish, op. cit., p. 132: R. Lydekker, op. cit., pp. 67–9, 82–3: The Daily News, 6 Sept. 1879: B.N. 11 May 1883, p. 623.

161. P.R.O., Works 17/17/3, 6 Jan., 15 June, 29 July, Aug. 1881, Jan. 1882, March 1883.

162. Ibid., Works 17/18/1, Oct. 1882, Jan., July, Dec. 1883: N.H.M., Board Room, portfolio K, no. 29.

163. 1851 Comm., files 68, 70: P.P., 1912–13, XXII, Report of Departmental Committee on the Science Museum and the Geological Museum, Part II.

164. N.H.M., Board Room, views dated 10 Dec. 1913, 12 May 1914; portfolio J, nos. 2, 11.

165. Ibid., portfolio H.

166. Ibid., portfolio D: The Architect and Building News, 22 Jan. 1932, pp. 134–5.

167. P.P., 1928–9, VIII, Royal Commission on National Museums and Galleries, Interim Report, p. 36; Oral Evidence, qus. 516–17 (B.M. pressmark BS4/2).

168. N.H.M., Board Room, portfolio J.

169. Ibid., and red portfolio: The Contract Journal, 31 Dec. 1959, pp. 1716–18.

170. Museums Journal, vol. 62, Dec. 1962, pp. 167–173.

CHAPTER XIV (pp. 217–19)

Royal College of Organists

1. 1851 Comm., W.A. XIX, 117, xx, 104: RA Add. J/1, 9.

2. Fifty Years of Public Works of Sir Henry Cole, K.C.B., 1884, vol. 1, pp. 366–76: 1851 Comm., W.A. XXI, 51, 93: H.C.D. 1 March 1873: P.R.O., Ed 28/21, no. 76.

3. B. 18 July 1874, pp. 599–600.

4. H.C.D. 1, 22 March, 20, 29 April, 30 May 1873.

5. V.A.M., Lib. MSS., Miscellanies of Henry Cole, 1868–73 (18 June 1873).

6. 1851 Comm., Minutes, 8 Dec. 1873.

7. B.N. 29 Oct. 1875, p. 489.

8. 18th–20th Report of Science and Art Department (1870–2).

9. H.C.C. 3, Cole to Probyn, 2 Oct. 1875: H.C.D. 16 Aug. 1875.

10. N. Pevsner, Berkshire, 1966, p. 212.

11. H.C.D. 20 April 1877.

12. E.W.C. Sandes, The Military Engineer in India, vol. 11, 1935, pp. 271–3.

13. Information kindly supplied by Lt.-Col. F. T. Stear, Head Librarian, R.E.

14. H.C.D. March 1873-June 1874 passim.

15. Ibid., 3 Dec. 1873, 16 Jan., 10 March 1874.

16. Ibid., 4 July 1873: R.C.M., Minute Book of National Training School for Music, 18 Dec. 1873.

17. The Graphic, 22 Jan. 1876, p. 78.

18. R.C.M., Minute Book, ut supra, 1 April 1874.

19. H.C.D. 2 July, 3 Dec. 1873: 1851 Comm., Letter Book, April 1873-Dec. 1874 (Cole to Hunt, 11 July 1873).

20. B. and B.N., ut supra: Royal Albert Hall, Minute Book 2 (Council, 12 July 1873): H.C.D. 22 June 1876.

21. R.C.M., Minute Book, ut supra, memo. 31 March 1874.

22. Keith Spence, 'Ornate Setting for Organists', in Country Life, 20 Dec. 1973, p. 2107.

23. The Graphic, 22 Jan. 1876, p. 78.

24. H.C.D. 23 Feb. 1875.

25. B., ut supra: H.C.D. 16 Oct. 1873.

26. H.C.D. 23 June 1874.

27. B., 10 Jan., 18 July 1874, pp. 27–8, 599–600: H.C.D. 4 Dec. 1873.

28. Sixth Report of the Commissioners for the Exhibition of 1851, 29 July 1878, pp. 29, 102.

29. Ibid., p. 29.

30. Sir Sidney Lee, King Edward VII, vol. 1, 1925, pp. 192–4: H.C.D. 13 March 1882.

31. Seventh Report of the Commissioners for the Exhibition of 1851, 23 July 1889, pp. 22–4.

32. H.C. Colles, The Royal College of Music. A Jubilee Record 1883–1933, 1933, pp. 2–3: The R.C.M. Magazine, vol. 4, no. 1, p. 12.

33. Royal College of Organists, lease 22 Oct. 1903: programme of inauguration ceremony, 5 July 1904: information kindly supplied by Mr. K. B. Lyndon, Clerk to the College.

CHAPTER XV (pp. 220–7)

Imperial Institute

1. The British Architect, 1 July 1887, p. 4.

2. RA PP Vic. 1/22/4–5.

3. Ibid., 1/22/51.

4. RA F45/4: RA PP Vic. 1/22/12–59 passim.

5. RA PP Vic. 1/22/57.

6. T. 20 Sept. 1886.

7. Ibid., 28 Sept., 5 Nov. 1886, 13 Jan. 1887: RA PP Vic. 1/22/84.

8. T., 26 Oct., 24 Dec. 1886.

9. Ibid., 29 Oct. 1851.

10. Ibid., 20 Jan. 1887: Leonard Huxley, Life and Letters of Thomas Henry Huxley, 1903, vol. III, p. 8.

11. Leonard Huxley, op. cit., pp. 2–8: I.C., Huxley Papers, XIV, 76–8, XLII, 156; Playfair Papers, 349, 825.

12. Nature, vol. xxxv, 20 Jan. 1887, p. 265.

13. RA PP Vic. 1/22/27.

14. Imperial Institute. Report of Progress [to 26 Nov. 1892], 1892, p. 3.

15. T. 12 Jan. 1887.

16. RA PP Vic. 1/22/53.

17. Ibid., 1/22/125, p. 41.

18. I.C., Playfair Papers, 848: RA PP Vic. 1/22/49.

19. Seventh Report of Commissioners for the Exhibition of 1851, 23 July 1889, pp. 30, 32, 83–4: C.I., Organizing Committee, Minutes, 2 July 1888, 24 June 1889: Imperial Institute. Report of Progress [to 26 Nov. 1892], 1892, pp. 3–4, 13.

20. C.I., Organizing Committee, Minutes, 10 Nov. 1886 et seq.

21. T. 26 Nov. 1886.

22. RA PP Vic. 1/22/94.

23. T. 24 Dec. 1886.

24. RA PP Vic. 1/22/71.

25. T. 13 Jan. 1887.

26. RA PP Vic. 1/22/70.

27. C.I., Organizing Committee, Minutes, 17 Jan., 3, 19 Feb. 1887.

28. Recollections of Thomas Graham Jackson, ed. Basil H. Jackson, 1950, p. 210.

29. C.I., Organizing Committee, Minutes, 19 Feb. 1887: B.N. 25 Feb. 1887, p. 296: The British Architect, 1 July 1887, p. 4.

30. B.N. 25 Feb. 1887, pp. 295, 296.

31. C.I., Organizing Committee, Minutes, 19 Feb. 1887.

32. Ibid., 22 June 1887.

33. B.N. 24 June 1887, p. 977, 1 July 1887, pp. 3–7, 35: The British Architect, 1, 8 July 1887, pp. 1–6, 21: B. 2 July 1887, pp. 1–3.

34. B. 24 June 1887, p. 977, 25 June 1892, p. 495: The British Architect, 8 July 1887, p. 21: The British Almanac and Companion for 1893, p. 290; for 1894, p. 289.

35. B. 2 July 1887, pp. 1–3, 5 Jan. 1889, p. 10, 25 June 1892, p. 495: B.N. 1 July 1887, p. 35.

36. H. S. Goodhart-Rendel, English Architecture Since the Regency, 1953, p. 172.

37. The Imperial Institute, 1892 (B.M., pressmark 8154.g.25), p. 18.

38. RA PP Vic. 1/22/91.

39. C.I., Organizing Committee, Minutes, 6 Dec. 1887.

40. Sir Sidney Lee, King Edward VII, vol. 1, 1925, p. 616: I.C., Playfair Papers, 748: C.I., Organizing Committee, Minutes, 6 Dec. 1887.

41. RA PP Vic. 1/22/95.

42. C.I., Organizing Committee, Minutes, 5 May, 20, 27 July, 6 Dec. 1887.

43. B.N. 6 July 1888, p. 28.

44. Cyril Bibby, T.H. Huxley, 1959, p. 131.

45. Sir Frederick Abel, The Work of the Imperial Institute, 22 April 1887, passim.

46. Seventh Report of Commissioners for the Exhibition of 1851, 23 July 1889, pp. 75–83.

47. B.N. 28 Jan. 1887, p. 109.

48. B. 12 Nov. 1887, p. 662.

49. The National Review, Dec. 1886, p. 439.

50. C.I., Organizing Committee, Minutes, 2 July 1888.

51. R.I.B.A., Drawings Collection, W10/29 (1–17, 21) and P.R.O., Works 33/1310. Other Collcutt drawings in P.R.O., Works 33/1300–1309, 1311–18.

52. C.I., Organizing Committee, Minutes, 8 Aug. 1888.

53. B. 18 May 1889, p. 378.

54. C.I., Organizing Committee, Minutes, 6 May 1889, 25 Feb. 1890; box-file (photograph of document, 1956): P.R.O., Works 33/2104–2111.

55. C.I., Organizing Committee, Minutes, 17 Dec. 1890; Building Committee, Minutes, 26 Feb. 1892: Imperial Institute. Report of Progress [to 26 Nov. 1892], 1892, pp. 6, 12:1851 Comm., file 74, Dec. 1890, July 1892.

56. B. 18, 25 June 1892, pp. 480, 495, 497–8.

57. RA, Queen Victoria's Journal, 10, 18 May 1893.

58. B. 25 June 1892, pp. 495, 497–8, 14 Oct. 1893, p. 282: B.N. 12 May 1893, p. 655: R. Blomfield, 'Architectural Sculpture', in The Magazine of Art, 1895, p. 186: The Studio, vol. 6, Jan. 1896, p. 206: T. 22 Nov. 1919 (obit).

59. B. 27 May 1893, pp. 409–10.

60. The Imperial Institute, 1892 (B.M., pressmark 8154.g.25), pp. 33, 34: Imperial Institute. Report of Progress [to 26 Nov. 1892], 1892, p. 12.

61. C.I., Building Committee, Minutes, 25 July, 22 Aug., 5 Nov. 1894.

62. Ibid., 19 Nov. 1891, 26 Feb. 1892: The Imperial Institute, 1892 (B.M., pressmark 8154.g.25), p. 34.

63. C.I., Building Committee, Minutes, 18 Sept. 1891, 26 Feb. 1892.

64. Ibid., Organizing Committee, Minutes, 17 Dec. 1898: H. Broadhurst, Henry Broadhurst, M.P., The Story of His Life, 1901, pp. 154–5.

65. Imperial Institute. Report of Progress [to 26 Nov. 1892], 1892, p. 5.

66. C.I., box-file (photograph of document, 1956): Seventy-five Years On. 1872–1947. Being a Short History of the London Master Builders' Association, 1947, p. 10.

67. C.I., Building Committee, Minutes, 26 Feb. 1892: Seventy-five Years On, ut supra, p. 11.

68. C.I., Building Committee, Minutes, 18 April 1894.

69. Imperial Institute 1887–1956 [1956], p. 3.

70. Ibid., p. 4: C.I., Governing Body, Minutes, 5 June 1899.

71. Imperial Institute. Report of Progress [to 26 Nov. 1892], 1892, p. 13: C.I., Building Committee, Minutes, 12 July 1893; F. A. Abel, Memorandum, Dec. 1897, p. 2: Charles Langdon-Davies, The Facts of the Imperial Institute, 1898: Imperial Institute 1887–1956 [1956], p. 4.

72. H. S. Goodhart-Rendel, English Architecture Since the Regency, 1953, p. 174.

73. Mr. A. S. Gray, F.R.I.B.A., who was in Collcutt and Hamp's office from 1925 to 1930 has kindly communicated a tradition in the office at that time that the Prince had been displeased by Collcutt's refusal to reduce or redesign the tower.

74. C.I., Building Committee, Minutes, 8 March 1893.

75. Sir Sidney Lee, King Edward VII, vol. 1, 1925, p. 617: B. 27 May 1893, p. 401: RA PP Vic. 1/22/125.

76. C.I.F.A. Abel, Memorandum, Dec. 1897, p. 2; Governing Body, Minutes, 21 Dec. 1901: 1851 Comm., file 74, March, Dec. 1898: RA W62/52.

77. R. B. Haldane, An Autobiography, 1929, pp. 142–3.

78. C.I., Governing Body, Minutes, 5 June 1899: 1851 Comm., file 74, 5 Sept. 1899: Imperial Institute 1887–1956 [1956], p. 7.

79. C.I., Governing Body, Minutes, 21 Dec. 1901.

80. 2 Edw. VII, c.139, public.

81. Imperial Institute 1887–1956 [1956], pp. 5–6.

82. P.P., 1923, XII, part 1, Report of the Imperial Institute Committee of Enquiry, pp. 26, 39, 41–2.

83. Report of the Committee of Enquiry into the Imperial Institute, 1952, p. 19 (B.M., pressmark BS10/70/47): Imperial Institute 1887–1956 [1956], p. 6.

84. H. S. Goodhart-Rendel, 'Victorian Public Buildings', in Victorian Architecture, ed. P. Ferriday, 1963, p. 101.

85. P.R.O., T165/58/7, p. 28.

86. Report, 1952, ut supra, pp. 21, 24.

87. Fourteenth Report of the Royal Fine Arts Commission, 1955 and 1956, p. 9.

88. T. 22 June 1956.

89. 6 and 7 Eliz. II, c. 16, public.

CHAPTER XVI (pp. 228–30)

Royal College of Music

1. R.C.M., box-file' 1894 Building. Commissioners, etc.', 15, 24 March 1887.

2. Ibid., printed memorandum (n.d.): RA F28/ 173.

3. R.C.M., box-file '1894 Building. Commissioners, etc.', Feb. 1888 and printed memorandum (n.d.): box-file '1894 Building. Plans and Blomfield Correspondence', 2 April 1889, and plan.

4. 1851 Comm., file 20, 3 July 1888 (Ellis to Playfair).

5. Ibid., file 20, 23 July, 9 Aug. 1888: R.C.M., Building Committee Minute Book, 29 Nov. 1888.

6. R.C.M., Building Committee Minutes Book, 7 Dec. 1888.

7. Ibid., 29 Nov. 1888: Charles L. Graves, The Life and Letters of Sir George Grove, 1903, p. 340.

8. Seventh Report of the Commissioners for the Exhibition of 1851, 23 July 1889, p. 32.

9. 1851 Comm., file 20, copy lease.

10. Ibid., file 20, 25 Feb., 16 March 1889: R.C.M., box-file '1894 Building. Commissioners, etc.', 25 Feb. 1889.

11. R.C.M., Building Committee Minute Book, 4, 21, 29 March 1889.

12. Ibid., box-file, '1894 Building. Plans and Blomfield Correspondence', 3 Dec. 1898.

13. Ibid., Building Committee Minute Book, 15 May, 5 Nov. 1889.

14. Ibid., box-file '1894 Building. Plans and Blomfield Correspondence', 2, 7 April 1889.

15. Ibid., box-file '1894 Building. Plans and Blomfield Correspondence', 31 Jan. 1890, and printed plans; Building Committee Minute Book, 2 June 1890.

16. Ibid., box-file ut supra (ref. 15), 7 April 1889, 25 Jan. 1890.

17. Ibid., dimensions, 20 Dec. 1889: B. 30 April 1892, p. 334; 16 July 1892, p. 52.

18. B.N. 4 May 1894, p. 624.

19. I.L.N. 5 May 1894, p. 542.

20. R.C.M., Building Committee Minute Book, 25 July 1890: Queen Alexandra's House Chronicle, Sept. 1913, p. 7.

21. R.C.M., Building Committee Minute Book, 25 July 1890.

22. Ibid., box-file '1894 Building. Plans and Blomfield Correspondence', office copy of specification, July 1890; Building Committee Minute Book, 25 July, 4 Dec. 1890.

23. B.N. 4 May 1894, p. 624.

24. The R.C.M. Magazine, vol. LXI, no. 3, 1965, p. 83.

25. Information kindly supplied by Mr. Oliver Davies, Keeper of Portraits, Royal College of Music.

26. R.C.M., printed leaflet on opening ceremony, 2 May 1894; box-file '1894 Building. Plans and Blomfield Correspondence', 22 Feb. 1895.

27. Ibid., box-file ut supra (ref. 15), 19 Oct. 1891.

28. Ibid., Building Committee Minute Book, 9 June 1892.

29. Programme of . . . the State Opening, 1894 (B.M. pressmark 9930.g.33).

30. D.N.B., sub Samson Fox: To-Day, 12 May–25 Aug. 1894, 11 Jan. 1896: T. 1 April-11 May 1897.

31. R.C.M., Exec, and Finance Committee Minute Book 6, pp. 38–42.

32. Ibid., box-file '1894 Building. Plans and Blomfield Correspondence', 18 July 1893, Dec. 1898.

33. Ibid., box-file, 'Concert Hall 1901', report by Concert Room Sub-Committee, n.d.

34. Ibid., box-file, 'Concert Hall 1901' (extracts from Exec. Committee Minutes), contract, 18 Oct. 1899; printed programme of opening, 13 June 1901.

35. The R.C.M. Magazine, vol. LXI, no. 3, 1965, p. 85.

CHAPTER XVII (pp. 231–2)

Royal School of Needlework

1. Lady M. Alford, Needlework as Art, 1886, p. 396: T. 7 Jan. 1874. Unless otherwise indicated what follows is based on the 1851 Comm. file 19.

2. Elizabeth Aslin, The Aesthetic Movement, 1969, pp. 68, 77: B.N. 23 March 1877, pp. 285–6.

3. Mrs. J. Pingree, unpublished Notes on the Buildings of Imperial College.

4. B. 17 June 1893, p. 464, 12 Aug. 1893, p. 122.

5. T. 24 June 1899.

6. 1851 Comm., file 69 (1899–1903).

7. B. 2 May 1903, p. 460.

8. The Architectural Review, vol. XIII, 1903, pp. 189–93.

9. N. Pevsner, London (vol. 11), 1952, p. 257.

10. R.I.B.A. Journal, Jan. 1956, pp. 88–9: The Architectural Review, Oct. 1965, p. 263.

11. Tenth Report of the Commissioners for the Exhibition of 1851, 29 May 1951, p. 13.

CHAPTER XVIII (pp. 233–47)

Imperial College

1. See The Royal Charter of the Imperial College of Science and Technology, Jubilee 1907–1957, 1957: R. B. Haldane, Autobiography, 1929, pp. 91–2, 142–4: Dudley Sommer, Haldane of Cloan, 1960, pp. 128, 140, 143: Sir Almeric Fitzroy, Memoirs, [1925], vol. 1, pp. 87, 89, 92, 93, 108.

2. London County Council. Technical Education Board. Report of the Special Sub-Committee on the Application of Science to Industry, 15 July 1902.

3. T. 29 June 1903: L.C.C. Minutes, 30 June, 21 July 1903.

4. P.P., 1905, LXI, Departmental Committee on Royal College of Science. Preliminary Report; P.P., 1906, XXXI, Final Report.

5. Royal Charter, ut supra, p. 31.

6. Eighth Report of the Commissioners for the Exhibition of 1851, 13 March 1911, p. 20.

7. P.R.O., Ed 28/29, nos. 61–5. For the Royal School of Mines see Margaret Reeks, Register . . .and History of the Royal School of Mines, 1920.

8. Broadlands MSS., RC/H/52/1–2, memo. by Prince Consort, 2 May 1855: Archibald Geikie, Life of Sir Roderick Murchison, 1875, vol. 11, pp. 184–7, 190–2: Reeks, op. cit., p. 88.

9. H.C.D. 20 Sept. 1865.

10. P.P., 1872, XXV, Royal Commission on Scientific Instruction, evidence of Henry Cole.

11. Appended to South Kensington Museum (New Buildings), Copy of Correspondence (P. P., 1866, XL, 439).

12. T. 27 Sept. 1871.

13. H.C.D. 2, 7, 8, 24 July, 4 Aug., 21 Dec. 1866, 28, 31 Jan., 18 June 1867.

14. 15th Report of Science and Art Department (1868), p. xii.

15. I.C., Huxley Papers, XLII, 194.

16. H.C.D. 31 Jan., 10 Feb. 1869: V.A.M., Lib. MSS., 86.cc.26, 12 Feb. 1869: P.P., 1867–8, XV, Report from Select Committee on Scientific Instruction, 15 July 1868 (evidence of Cole, Donnelly, and Lord Robert Montagu, and App. 11).

17. H.C.C. 5, Cole to Lowe and reply, 12, 14 March 1869: B.M., Add. MSS. 44617, ff. 41–44: cf. Maurice Wright, Treasury Control of the Civil Service 1854–1874, 1969, p. 276.

18. V.A.M., Lib. MSS., Miscellanies of Henry Cole 1868–73, ff. 53, 55–7: B.M., Add. MSS. 38998, f. 312: P.R.O., Ed 28/29, nos. 81–3.

19. P.P., 1871, XXIV, First Report of Royal Commission on Scientific Instruction and the Advancement of Science, 19 March 1871, pp. vii–viii.

20. Sir J. S. Flett, The First Hundred Years of the Geological Survey, 1937, p. 80: 20th Report of Science and Art Department (1873), p. xi.

21. P.R.O., Ed 28/28, no. 89; Ed 28/29, nos. 54, 134, 195.

22. 21st, 28th, 29th Report of Science and Art Department (1874, 1881, 1882).

23. Centenary of the Imperial College . . . A Short History of the College 1845–1945, p. 13.

24. 29th Report of Science and Art Department (1882): Reeks, op. cit. (ref. 7), p. 129.

25. H.G. Wells, An Experiment in Autobiography, 1934, chapter v.

26. Centenary, ut supra, p. 14.

27. 19th Report of Science and Art Department (1872), p. xvii: P.P., 1872, xxv, Royal Commission on Scientific Instruction, qu. 5702.

28. P.P., 1897, XII, Second Report from Select Committee on Museums of Science and Art Department, 23 July 1897, qus. 214–16, 2755: P.P., 1898, XI, Second Report from Select Committee on Museums of Science and Art Department, 29 July 1898, qus. 3137–43.

29. Fifty Years of Public Works of Sir Henry Cole, K.C.B., 1884, vol. 1, p. 336: V.A.M., Guard Books, no. 9238 (plan 1871); Dept. of Prints, E. 2033–1921.

30. H.C.D. 11 May 1868.

31. 14th Report of Science and Art Department (1867), p. xiii.

32. B.N. 10 Feb. 1871, p. 119.

33. V.A.M., Decorations of the South Kensington Museum 1862 to 1874, Pt. 1, pp. 25–8; Lib., Box 194A, printed prospectus by James Gamble [1887].

34. Ibid., Lib. MSS., II RC.H.24 (Alan Cole to D. S. MacColl, 5 May 1912).

35. Ibid., printed prospectus ut supra: P.R.O., Works 17/8/1, 21 April 1884.

36. V.A.M., Lib. MSS., II RC.H.24 (notes by D.S. MacColl of conversation with Reuben Townroe c. 1907): Richard Lunn, 'Some Recollections . . .' in The R.C.A. Students' Magazine, vol. 1, 1912, no. III, p. 63, no. IV, p. 87.

37. V.A.M., E.4550–1909, also Guard Books, no. 9129.

38. P.R.O., Works 17/8/1, April 1884–Jan. 1885; Works 33/1663; Ed 84/67 (1876): The Art Journal, 1887, p. 200.

39. Richard Lunn, op. cit., no. IV, p. 87.

40. V.A.M., Decorations . . ., ut supra: 19th, 20th Report of Science and Art Department (1872, 1873): T. 22 Aug. 1871.

41. Richard Lunn, op. cit., no. IV, p. 87: Fifty Years of Public Works, ut supra.

42. H.C.D. 3 Dec. 1867.

43. V.A.M., Lib. MSS., 86.cc.26 (12 Feb. 1869): P.P., 1872, xxv, Royal Commission on Scientific Instruction, qus. 6067–70.

44. V.A.M., Lib. MSS., 86.cc.26 (12 Feb. 1869); Decorations . . ., ut supra: P.P., 1867–8, xv, Report from Select Committee on Scientific Instruction, 15 July 1868, qus. 907, 980.

45. 19th Report of Science and Art Department (1872), p. xvii.

46. T. 22 Aug. 1871: B. 2 Sept. 1871, pp. 687, 689: J.S.A., vol. xx, 19 July 1872, p. 721.

47. The Architect, 11 Sept. 1880, illus.: see also B.N. Feb.-March 1876.

48. R.I.B.A. Journal, 2 March 1893, p. 217: Technics, vol. 1, 1904, p. 119: Burlington Magazine, Nov. 1911, p. 117: Royal Commission on National Museums and Galleries, Oral Evidence, 1928, qus. 2809, 2962 (B.M., pressmark BS4/2).

49. Frank Foden, Philip Magnus, 1970, pp. 126–9: Earl of Selborne, Memorials, vol. 11, 1898, p. 449: J.S.A., vol. XXIV, 19 Nov. 1875, pp. 14–15: C. T. Millis, Technical Education, 1925, p. 54.

50. Livery Companies' Committee. Report on Technical Education, 1878.

51. Ibid.: C.G.L.I., Report to Governors for year ending 10 March 1880.

52. Sixth Report of the Commissioners for the Exhibition of 1851, 29 July 1878, pp. 33–4, 41, 43–4, 48.

53. 1851 Comm., file 71, 31 Oct. 1878: C.G.L.I., Proposals of Executive Committee, January 1879; Report to Governors . . . 10 March 1880.

54. 1851 Comm., file 71 ut supra: Sir Philip Magnus, Educational Aims and Efforts, 1880–1910, 1910, p. 98.

55. C.G.L.I., 'Minutes of Executive Committee 1877–1880', 4 Feb. 1879.

56. Ibid., Oct. 1879; Report to Governors . . .10 March 1880: 1851 Comm., file 71, 20 Feb., 10 March 1880; Minutes, 8 March 1880.

57. H.C.D. 14 April 1880.

58. 1851 Comm., file 71, 5 April, 3–18 May 1880.

59. C.G.L.I., Report to Governors . . .10 March 1880: Seventh Report of the Commissioners for the Exhibition of 1851, 23 July 1889, pp. 20, 51–3.

60. C.G.L.I., Sub-Committee 'A', Minutes, 3 Aug. 1880; Executive Committee Minutes, 6 Aug. 1880.

61. Stuart Allen Smith, 'Alfred Waterhouse', unpublished Ph.D. dissertation, University of London, 1970, vol. 1, p. 215.

62. H.C.C. 12, Cole to Waterhouse, 18 Aug. 1880.

63. C.G.L.I., Report by Council to Governors, 8 Nov. 1880.

64. Ibid., Sub-Committee 'A', Minutes, 29 Nov. 1880: The Central. Armstrong Memorial Number, June 1938, pp. 22–4 (letter, Robins to Bramwell, 1 Oct. 1880).

65. C.G.L.I., Sub-Committee 'A', Minutes, 25 Jan., 15 Feb. 1881; Letter Book 2, 7 March 1881; Report to the Governors, 14 March 1881.

66. Ibid., Report to the Governors, 14 March 1881.

67. Ibid., AFB 22, 4 Nov. 1898; Sub-Committee 'A', Minutes, 11 May 1881.

68. 1851 Comm., file 71, 31 May 1881; Minutes, 12 July 1881.

69. C.G.L.I., Sub-Committee 'A', Minutes, 11 May, 12 Oct. 1881.

70. T. 19, 20 July 1881: B. 23 July 1881, p. 105.

71. C.G.L.I., Letter Book 2, 8 April, 23 May, 1 June 1881 (to Water house): Sub-Committee 'A', Minutes, 11 May, 1 June 1881.

72. J. Vargas Eyre, Henry Edward Armstrong, 1958, pp. 73, 75, 83, 98: R.I.B.A. Transactions, 1st ser., vol. XXXIII, 1882–3, pp. 81–100: E. C. Robins, Technical School and College Building, 1887, pp. 2, 72–5: The Cental, ut supra (ref. 64).

73. C.G.L.I., Letter Book 2, ut supra; Letter Book 8, 16 June, 19 Sept. 1884 (to Waterhouse); Sub-Committee 'A', Minutes, 2 Dec. 1884: J. Vargas Eyre, op. cit., pp. 79–80, 82–3, 89–90.

74. C.G.L.I., Sub-Committee 'A', Minutes, 2 July, 4, 15 Oct. 1883.

75. R.I.B.A., Waterhouse office drawings (letters from Armstrong, Sept. 1884-May 1885): C.G.L.I., Letter Book 8, 25 Aug. 1884; Letter Book 9, Nov. 1884-March 1886.

76. C.G.L.I., Sub-Committee 'A', Minutes, 12 Oct., 15 Nov. 1881: R.I.B.A., Waterhouse office drawings, 10 Oct. 1881.

77. C.G.L.I., Sub-Committee 'A', Minutes, 15 Nov., 19 Dec. 1881.

78. Ibid., 13 Feb. 1882, 19 Feb. 1883.

79. Ibid., AFB 22, 10, 20 Nov. 1883.

80. A Short Notice of the City and Guilds of London Institute, 25 June 1884, pp. 35, 38, 40–1.

81. T. 26 June 1884.

82. C.G.L.I., AFB 22, 20 March 1883; Sub-Committee 'A', Minutes, 19 Feb., 20 March 1883.

83. H.C.C. 12, Cole to Waterhouse, 18 Aug. 1880.

84. B. 5 Jan. 1884, p. 39.

85. C.G.L.I., Sub-Committee, 'A', Minutes, 3 March 1884.

86. In R.I.B.A.

87. The British Almanac for 1881. Companion, p. 161; for 1884. Companion, p. 139.

88. B. 5 Jan. 1884, pp. 1–2.

89. The British Architect, 4 July 1884, pp. 2–3.

90. A Short Notice, ut supra, 25 June 1884, pp. 18–19.

91. C.G.L.I., Sub-Committee 'A', Minutes, 15 Oct. 1883 et seq.

92. Ibid., Executive Committee, Minutes, 141, 164 (30 Oct., 17 Dec. 1888).

93. Ibid., Sub-Committee 'A', Minutes, 2 Dec. 1884: Stuart Allen Smith, op. cit., vol. 11, p. 509.

94. C.G.L.I., Sub-Committee 'A', Minutes, 6 May 1885.

95. Ibid., 15 Oct. 1883.

96. Mrs. J. Pingree, unpublished Notes on the Buildings of Imperial College.

97. Seventh Report of the Commissioners for the Exhibition of 1851, 23 July 1889, p. 20. For descriptions of the institution see G. W. de Tunzelmann and C. A. M. Smith in Engineering in Nov.-Dec. 1888 and May-June 1912 respectively.

98. I.C., Huxley Papers, XIV, 48–55.

99. T. 20 Jan. 1887 (letter from Huxley).

100. C.A. M. Smith, in Engineering, 7 June 1912, p. 757.

101. P.R.O., Works 17/169, 20 Jan. 1927.

102. Eighth Report of the Commissioners for the Exhibition of 1851, 13 March 1911, pp. 6–7.

103. Mrs. Pingree, loc. cit.: P.P., 1906, XXI, Departmental Committee on Royal College of Science, Final Report, qu. 142.

104. P.R.O., Works 17/26/2, 12 May 1898: see Nature, Feb. 1891, March 1892, and The Magazine of Art, 1893, p. 147.

105. P.P., 1897, XII, Second Report from Select Committee on Museums of the Science and Art Department, 23 July 1897, qus. 2656–8, 7361; P.P., 1898, XI, Second Report from Select Committee on Museums of Science and Art Department, 29 July 1898, qus. 1085, 1099, 1102–12, 3137–43.

106. P.P., 1898, XI, Second Report, ut supra, qus. 1101, 3137–43: P.R.O., Works 17/26/2, 12 Aug. 1897, 12 May, Aug. 1898.

107. R.I.B.A., Drawings Collection, X10/5: P.R.O., Works 17/26/2, 3 Dec. 1898.

108. P.R.O., Works 17/26/2, 7, 29 Aug. 1898, 24 Feb. 1899.

109. Information and references for what follows kindly supplied by Mrs. J. Pingree, Archivist of Imperial College, and Dr. D. W. Dewhirst of the Institure of Astronomy, Cambridge. Photographs of drawings of 1891 illustrating schemes for new astrophysical facilities are in V.A.M., Guard Books, nos. 16117–127.

110. T. Mary Lockyer and Winifred L. Lockyer, Life and Work of Sir Norman Lockyer, 1928, pp. 72–3: F. J. M. Stratton, The History of the Cambridge Observatories (Annals of the Solar Physics Observatory, Cambridge, vol. 1), 1949, pp. 16–17: H.C.D. 20 March, 6 July 1876: T. 30 May 1911 (letter from Lockyer).

111. Stratton, op. et loc. cit.

112. Ibid.: photographs in possession of the Institute of Astronomy, Cambridge. The observations are illustrated in T.M. and W.L. Lockyer, op. cit., facing p. 201; Science and Art (periodical), vol. VIII (c. 1894), p. 99; A. J. Meadows, Science and Controversy, A Biography of Sir Norman Lockyer, 1972.

113. Stratton, op. et loc. cit.: Herbert Dingle, 'Physics and Astrophysics at the Imperial College' in Nature, 10 Nov. 1945, pp. 562–3.

114. I.C., photograph of plan of observatories, 1898, and Imperial College Calendar, Session 1913–1914, p. 61.

115. O.S., 5' map, sheet VI 99 (1914), VI 100 (1915); and Imperial College Calendar, Sessions 1914–1915, p. 64.

116. B.N. 4 May 1900, pp. 603–4.

117. P.P., 1906, XXI, Departmental Committee, ut supra (ref. 103), qu. 2682.

118. Architectural Association Notes, vol. XVII, March 1902, pp. 40–1; vol. XIX, March 1904, pp. 46–7: Technics, vol. 1, Feb. 1904, pp. 110–11, 113–22: C. A. M. Smith in Engineering, 23 Aug., 6 Sept. 1912, pp. 251–5, 310–13.

119. P.R.O., Works 33/2029–75.

120. B.N. 7 April 1899, p. 473, 4 May 1900, pp. 603–4: B. 20 May 1899, p. 486, 5 May 1900, p. 443: Architectural Association Notes, vol. XIX, March 1904, pp. 46–7: The Architectural Review, vol. XVII (1905), pp. 256–7: R.I.B.A. Journal, 3rd. ser., vol. XII (1905), p. 367.

121. P.R.O., Ministry of Works Class List, Works 17/8/9–11, 14–15; Works 17/9/2.

122. Ibid., T165/58/7, p. 27.

123. C. A. M. Smith in Engineering, 28 June 1912, p. 864.

124. Sir A. Fitzroy, Memoirs [1925], vol. 1, p. 92.

125. P.P., 1905, LXI, Departmental Committee on Royal College of Science. Preliminary Report, p. 8.

126. B.N. 9 July 1909, p. 43.

127. RA PP Ed. VII, D31956.

128. Mrs. J. Pingree, loc. cit.: B. 19 May 1911, pp. 613–14.

129. B. 19 May 1911, p. 614.

130. B.N. 28 April 1911, p. 584.

131. For plans and interior see B.N. 5 May 1911: B. 19 May 1911: C. A. M. Smith in Engineering, 28 June 1912, pp. 861–5.

132. Mrs. J. Pingree, loc. cit.: R.I.B.A., Drawings Collection, X 10/7(1, 2).

133. Annual Report of Imperial College, 1954–7: Mrs. J. Pingree, loc. cit.

134. Mrs. J. Pingree, loc. cit.: R.I.B.A., Drawings Collection, X 10/9(1, 2).

135. Mrs. J. Pingree, loc. cit.: 1851 Comm., file 71, Feb. 1929–March 1930: Ronald W. Clark, Tizard, 1965, p. 84.

136. Mrs. J. Pingree, loc. cit.: 1851 Comm., Letter Book 1912–14 (27 June 1913).

137. Ronald W. Clark, Tizard, 1965, pp. 83–6: I.C., file 1936–41: Ninth Report of Commissioners for the Exhibition of 1851, 4 April 1935, p. 23: Tenth Report, 29 May 1951, p. 11.

138. Mrs. J. Pingree, loc. cit.: Annual Report of Imperial College, 1952.

139. Imperial College 1953–1963. Report on a Decade of Expansion, and Annual Report of Imperial College, 1953, 1954, 1955–6.

140. Annual Report, 1963–4.

141. Ibid., 1954.

142. Ibid., 1956–7.

143. Ibid., 1954, 1955, 1955–6, 1956–7.

144. Ibid., 1955–6, 1956–7.

145. Ibid., 1957–8.

146. Ibid., 1955–6.

147. Information kindly supplied by Mrs. J. Pingree from a contemporary description.

148. Annual Reports, passim.

CHAPTER XIX (pp. 248–56)

Science Museum

1. Hansard's Parliamentary Debates, Third Series, vol. CXXIII, 1022: P.P., 1864, XII, Report from the Select Committee on the Patent Office, Library and Museum (hereafter R.S.C.P.O.), 19 July 1864, pp. iii–iv.

2. Theodore Martin, The Life of His Royal Highness The Prince Consort, vol. 11, 1876, pp. 569–73: [Sir David Brewster], 'Prince Albert's Industrial College', in North British Review, Aug. 1852, pp. 519–58: 1851 Comm., Letters, 190: I.C., Lyon Playfair Papers, 800.

3. 1851 Comm., W.A. XIX, 117: V.A.M., Guard Books, no. 2510.

4. R.S.C.P.O., ut supra, qu. 2308: Archibald Geikie, Life of Sir Roderick Murchison, 1875, vol. 11, p. 191.

5. E.g., Second and Third Reports of the Commissioners for the Exhibition of 1851, 1852, 1856.

6. R.S.C.P.O., ut supra, qus. 2320, 2357–8.

7. 12th Report of Science and Art Department (1865), p. xviii; 13th Report (1866), p. xvii; 19th Report (1872), p. xxii.

8. P.P., 1859, Sess. 2, XIV, Report of the Commissioners of Patents, pp. 2–5.

9. 12th Report of Science and Art Department (1865), pp. 278–80: P.P., 1872, XXV, Royal Commission on the Advancement of Science, Minutes of Evidence, qu. 9099.

10. V.A.M., Lib. MSS., Miscellanies of Henry Cole 1861–6, ff. 87–8.

11. P.R.O., Works 17/16/1, Jan. 1864.

12. R.S.C.P.O., ut supra, p. iv.

13. P.R.O., Works 17/16/2, 31 Jan., 14 Feb. 1867.

14. P.P., 1868–9, x, First Report from the Select Committee on Hungerford Bridge, 10 May 1869, qu. 2241–2.

15. P.P., 1874, XXII, Royal Commission on Scientific Instruction and the Advancement of Science, 4th Report, p. 11.

16. 1851 Comm., Minutes, 8 Dec. 1873, 12 June 1874.

17. P.P., 1874, XXII, Royal Commission, ut supra, 4th Report, 1874, pp. 11–14, 23.

18. P.R.O., Ed 79/23, June 1876: Précis of Correspondence relating, primarily, to the Buildings at South Kensington, in P.P., 1897, XII, Second Report from the Select Committee on the Museums of the Science and Art Department, App. no. 19, 16 Aug. 1876.

19. 1851 Comm., Minutes, 24 May, 11 Aug. 1876; file 46, Aug. 1876: Sixth Report of the Commissioners for the Exhibition of 1851, 29 July 1878, pp. 33–4, 41: P.R.O., Ed 79/23, 21 June 1876.

20. Précis of Correspondence, ut supra, 13 July, 16 Aug. 1876.

21. The Morning Post, 18 Sept. 1876: The Examiner, 13 Jan. 1877: P.R.O., Ed 79/23, c. Nov.-Dec. 1876 and 12 Jan. 1877: Précis of Correspondence, ut supra, 19, 21 Dec. 1876.

22. E.g., The Standard, 2 Jan. 1877: P.R.O., Ed 79/23, c. April 1877.

23. 1851 Comm., file 68, 16 July 1878; Minutes, 29 July 1878: Sixth Report of the Commissioners for the Exhibition of 1851, 29 July 1878, pp. 41, 43.

24. C.G.L.I., Proposals of Executive Committee, Jan. 1879 (Guildhall Lib. C.C.2.8(2)).

25. 1851 Comm., file 68, 5 March 1879: Précis of Correspondence, ut supra, 7 March 1879.

26. P.R.O., Ed 79/23, May, 3 Nov. 1881; Ed 84/56 (précis, 6 Nov. 1882).

27. Ibid., Ed 79/23, 28 Oct. 1881: Second Report from Select Committee on the Museums of the Science and Art Department, 29 July 1898, qu. 739.

28. 46 and 47 Vic., c.57, public.

29. Précis of Correspondence, ut supra, 11 Jan., 8 Feb. 1882: P.R.O., Ed 84/56, Nov. 1882-July 1883.

30. P.R.O., Ed 84/56, 12 June, 28 Nov. 1882, 8, 28 Feb. 1883.

31. Ibid., Ed 84/56, 18 June 1883, 24 Jan. 1884.

32. I.C., Huxley Papers, XIV, 48–55.

33. P.P., 1886, LI, Report of Interdepartmental Committee on the National Science Collections, 27 July 1885.

34. P.P., 1887, LXV, Memorandum by the Committee of Advice and Reference, 22 Nov. 1886.

35. Hansard's Parliamentary Debates, Third Series, vol. CCCXI, 1396–7.

36. 34th Report of Science and Art Department (1887), pp. xxv, xxxi; 36th Report (1889), p. xxx.

37. T. 29 July 1887.

38. Seventh Report of the Commissioners for the Exhibition of 1851, 23 July 1889, pp. 5, 48.

39. P.P., 1889, XXXIV, Report of the Committee appointed by the Treasury to enquire into the Science Collections at South Kensington, 23 July 1889, pp. 3–6, 10, qus. 621, 640.

40. 1851 Comm., file 68, 19 Dec. 1889–11 Feb. 1890.

41. Eighth Report of the Commissioners for the Exhibition of 1851, 13 March 1911, p. 7.

42. V.A.M., Guard Books, no. 16121.

43. P.P., 1898, XI, Second Report from Select Committee on the Museums of the Science and Art Department, 29 July 1898, p. xxvii.

44. Ibid., qus. 1049–50.

45. P.R.O., Works 17/26/2, 31 March 1898.

46. Ibid., Works 17/40.

47. 1851 Comm., file 68 (1900–7): P.R.O., Ed 23/523 (1907); Works 30/5028–79.

48. P.R.O., Works 17/151, 14 Oct. 1912.

49. 1851 Comm., file 68 (1907): P.R.O., Ed 23/523 (1907).

50. 1851 Comm., file 68, 16 Nov. 1933.

51. Ibid., 7 March 1908: P.R.O., Ed 23/523 (1909).

52. T. 14 July 1909.

53. P.R.O., Works 17/40, 22 July, 27 Sept. 1909.

54. Ibid., Ed 23/523, 18 June 1910.

55. Ibid., Works 17/40, 23 March 1910.

56. P.P., 1911, LX, Copy of Correspondence between the First Commissioner of Works and the Trustees of the British Museum . . . .

57. P.R.O., Ed 79/2, 25 Aug. 1910.

58. P.P., 1911, LX, Copy of Correspondence, ut supra: RA Geo. V O 77/8, 10–13, 15–18, 23: P.R.O., Works 17/40, Oct.-Dec. 1910, April-May 1911: 1851 Comm., file 68 (1911): T. April-May 1911.

59. P.R.O., Works 17/40, 28 June 1911.

60. Preliminary Report of the Departmental Committee on the Science Museum and the Geological Museum, 13 July 1910.

61. P.P., 1911, XVIII, Report of the Departmental Committee on the Science Museum and the Geological Museum, 22 March 1911.

62. P.P., 1912–13, XXII, Report of the Departmental Committee . . ., ut supra, Part 11, 19 April 1912.

63. P.R.O., Works 17/151, 7–13 Dec. 1911; Ed 23/521, 1, 3, 16 July 1912.

64. Ibid., Works 17/151, 4 Dec. 1911.

65. Ibid., Works 17/151, 14 Oct. 1912: B. 13 April 1928, p. 613.

66. 1851 Comm., file 68, 21 Dec. 1922.

67. P.R.O., Works 17/151, 29 Nov. 1912; Ed 23/521, 14 Feb., 11 March 1913.

68. Ibid., Works 33/2113–20: Science Museum photograph, SM 562: B.N. 29 Aug. 1913, p. 294.

69. Science Museum photograph, SM 489: 1851 Comm., file 68, Dec. 1922.

70. Science Museum photographs 1914–19: P.R.O., Works 17/151, 27 Nov. 1915: 1851 Comm., file 68, 7 June 1918: R.I.B.A. Journal, 3rd ser., vol. XXVI, p. 13, vol. XXVIII, p. 437.

71. 1851 Comm., file 68, 21 Dec. 1922.

72. P.R.O., Ed 23/521, Feb. 1921.

73. Ibid., Works 17/151, 12 Oct. 1921.

74. 1851 Comm., file 68, 17 Oct. 1927.

75. P.R.O., Works 17/151, 27 Feb. 1924.

76. 1851 Comm., file 68, 21 Dec. 1922, 5 Jan. 1923.

77. P.R.O., Works 17/152, 19 March, 22 May, 24 Nov. 1925.

78. N. Pevsner, London (vol. 11), 1952, p. 258.

79. P.R.O., Works 17/152, July 1925.

80. Ibid., 24 Nov., 1 Dec. 1925.

81. Ibid., Dec. 1925, Jan. 1926.

82. Ibid., 7 Dec. 1925: F. Greenaway, A Short History of the Science Museum, 1951, p. 17.

83. T. 21 March 1928.

84. The Architect's Journal, 18 April 1928, p. 547.

85. P.R.O., DSIR 9/20, 15 Feb. 1928.

86. Ibid., Ed 23/521, 27 April 1931: P.P., 1929–1930, XVI, Royal Commission on National Museums and Galleries, Final Report, Part II, pp. 48–9.

87. P.R.O., Ed 23/521, Jan. 1932, June 1933: 1851 Comm., file 68, 8 Jan., 13 March 1934.

88. I.C. archives, file 1936–41.

89. Information supplied by the Science Museum.

90. F. Greenaway, op. et. loc. cit.: The Contract Journal, 31 Dec. 1959, pp. 1716–18.

91. B. 8 Sept. 1911, p. 265.

CHAPTER XX (pp. 257–9)

Geological Museum

1. P.P., 1874, XXII, Fourth Report of the Royal Commission on Scientific Instruction, 1874, p. 11.

2. P.P., 1898, XI, First and Second Report from the Select Committee on the Museums of the Science and Art Department, 26 April, 29 July 1898.

3. Crown Estate Office, file 12789, 14 Nov. 1904, Jan. 1906.

4. Preliminary Report of Departmental Committee on the Science Museum and Geological Museum, 13 July 1910: P.P., 1911, XVIII, Report of same, Part I; P.P., 1912–13, XXII, Report of same, Part II: P.R.O., Ed 23/523 (14, 17 June 1911); Ed 79/2 (1, 5 July 1913); Works 17/151 (18 March, 4, 16 April 1912): J.S.A., vol. LXI, 2 May 1916, p. 606.

5. E.g., 1851 Comm., file 68, June 1911.

6. P.R.O., Ed 23/521 (16 July 1912); Works 17/151 (29 Nov. 1912): N.H.M., Boardroom, Portfolio, J, Nos. 10, 11, and Plan A ('10.12.13').

7. N.H.M., Boardroom, Portfolio J, No. 2 (May 1914), and Plan [B], 22 May 1914: Report of Royal Fine Art Commission, 5 July 1926, p. 4.

8. P.R.O., DSIR 9/3, 24 July, 18 Oct. 1923.

9. Ibid., 7 July 1924: Supplementary Estimate 1924–5, 16 July 1924: T. 29 July 1924.

10. P.R.O., DSIR 9/3, 14 Oct. 1926; Works 17/152, Dec. 1925: Geological Museum, GSM 2/487a, 1924–5 passim.

11. P.R.O., DSIR 9/3, 14 Oct., 3, 8 Nov. 1926.

12. Ibid., DSIR 9/3, 16 Dec. 1926, 27 Jan., 10 Feb., 12 March, 16 July 1927.

13. Ibid., 12 Nov., 22 Dec. 1927.

14. Ibid., 9/20, 4, 15, 17 Feb. 1928.

15. P.P., 1928–9, VIII, Royal Commission on National Museums and Galleries. Interim Report, p. 41.

16. P.R.O., DSIR 9/3, 4 March 1929.

17. Ibid., 21 Nov. 1929: Summary of Progress of the Geological Survey . . . for 1929, 1930, Part 1, p. 1.

18. Summary of Progress of the Geological Survey . . . for 1929, 1930, Part 1, p. 5.

19. Summary of Progress . . . for 1930, 1931, Part I, Plate 1, p. 1; for 1931, 1932, Part 1, p. 30: P.R.O., Ministry of Works class-list, 17/29/2; DSIR 9/21, 7 April 1931: B. 12 July 1935, p. 70.

20. P.R.O., DSIR 9/3, 17 March 1932.

21. Ibid., March-Oct. 1932.

22. Ibid., 10 June, 8 July 1932.

23. Summary of Progress . . .for 1932, 1933, Part 1, p. 5: P.R.O., DSIR 9/3, c. 21 March 1933.

24. Summary of Progress . . . for 1934, 1935, Part 1, p. 5.

25. Summary of Progress . . . for 1932, 1933, Part 1, p. 5; for 1935, 1936, Part 1, p. 48: P.R.O., DSIR 9/3, 8 March 1932: Sir J. S. Flett, The First Hundred Years of the Geological Survey, 1937, p. 192: The Museums Journal, vol. 35, pp. 118–19.

26. P.R.O., DSIR 9/3, Jan. 1930 et seq.

27. Summary of Progress . . . for 1935, 1936, Part 1, pp. 5–6: The Museums Journal, vol. 35, p. 114: T. 4 July 1935: B. 12 July 1935, p. 70.

28. Geological Museum, bill of quantities, Feb. 1931 (in plan-chest).

29. T. 28 March 1935.

CHAPTER XXI (pp. 260–1)

Royal College of Art

1. P.P., 1911, XVIII, Report of Departmental Committee [of Board of Education] on the Royal College of Art, App. III.

2. The R.C.A. Students' Magazine, vol. 1, June 1912, p. 159.

3. H.C.D. 30 Jan. 1853.

4. P.R.O., Ed 23/604.

5. 1851 Comm., file 102, 17 Jan. 1913.

6. P.R.O., Works 17/151.

7. Ibid., Ed 23/604. This file contains illustrations of Pite's plans.

8. Ibid., Ed 23/551.

9. P.P., 1929–30, xvi, Royal Commission on National Museums and Galleries, Final Report, Evidence, 1929.

10. P.R.O., Ed 23/551.

11. I.C., file 1937–41.

12. Tenth Report of the Commissioners for the Exhibition of 1851, 29 May 1951, pp. 11, 12.

13. Fourteenth and Sixteenth Report of Royal Fine Arts Commission, 1957, 1959.

14. Architect and Building News, 11 March 1959, pp. 307–8; B. 13 March 1959, p. 497: New Buildings for the Royal College of Art (pamphlet), 1959: Robin Darwin, introduction to Royal College of Art Open Week (pamphlet), June 1962: The Architectural Review, vol. 132, Oct. 1962, pp. 242–9.

15. Architectural Design, Nov. 1962, p. 510 et seq.

16. H. T. Cadbury-Brown, 'Royal College of Art. Notes on the new building', in Ark, no. 29, Summer 1961.

17. The Architectural Review, vol. 136, July 1964, pp. 24–8, 43–4.

CHAPTER XXII (pp. 262–324)

Domestic Buildings after 1851: the Italianate Tradition

1. Kensington News, 2 July 1870 (copy in RA H2/3244).

2. C. J. Richardson, The Smoke Nuisance and its Remedy, 1869, pp. 11, 14.

3. 17 and 18 Vic., c.25, private.

4. P.R.O., RG 10/53, f. 28v. Syon House MSS. K 11.

5. Hermione Hobhouse, Thomas Cubitt Master Builder, 1971, p. 196: P.O.D.

6. M.L.R. 1858/7/860: P.O.D.

7. I.L.N. 1 April 1854, p. 290: M.L.R. 1863/13/ 443.

8. Plan of Kensington Gore Estate in Fourth Report of Commissioners for the Exhibition of 1851, 3 May 1861: O.S. 1865–7, sheet VI.99 (unrevised copy in W.P.L.).

9. 17 and 18 Vic., c.25, Private: M.L.R. 1856/9/ 853.

10. C. J. Richardson, Picturesque Designs . . ., 1870, p. 103.

11. The Land and Building News, 1 Sept. 1855, pp. 1070–1.

12. 1851 Comm., W.A. x, 76.

13. K.P.L., 711.5 EXH (K 71/319).

14. Kensington News, 27 May 1893, p. 6 (Pownall's will).

15. Royal Academy, Exhibition Catalogue for 1855, no. 1206.

16. M.L.R. 1856/9/854.

17. The Land and Building News, 22 Nov. 1856, p. 850.

18. M.L.R. 1856/9/854; 1857/6/331–4: B.N. 17 April 1857, pp. 380, 383.

19. K.P.L., KQ 46, Queen's Gate: 1851 Comm., Letters, 257.

20. M.L.R. 1856/9/854–6: The Land and Building News, 22 Nov. 1856, p. 850.

21. The Land and Building News, 22 Nov. 1856, p. 850: B.N. 17 April 1857, p. 380.

22. B.N. 17 April 1857, pp. 380, 383.

23. M.L.R. 1858/4/38–9.

24. P.R.O., C16/524/R23 (Answer of Whatman, p. 4).

25. Guildhall Library, MS. 8733/17, pp. 143–4.

26. M.L.R. 1856/11/9–11; 1857/1/40–2; 1857/6/ 557–8; 1860/1/286; 1860/4/99–100.

27. P.R.O., C16/524/R23 (Answer, p. 51).

28. E.g. M.L.R. 1858/7/483–4; 1859/15/480; 1861/8/727.

29. M.L.R. 1860/2/459.

30. Ibid., 1859/11/295: K.P.L., MS. 2810 (schedule).

31. M.L.R. 1858/15/1306.

32. R.B.

33. P.O.D.

34. M.L.R. 1857/15/181–4.

35. B.N. 13 April 1860, p. 285.

36. I.L.N. 12 Nov. 1859, p. 464.

37. B.N. 30 Sept. 1859, p. 880.

38. M.L.R. 1859/7/331–42.

39. 1851 Comm., Letters, 347: M.L.R. 1860/1/ 481.

40. P.R.O., C16/524/R23 (Affidavit by Richardson, p. 3).

41. M.L.R. 1861/11/972–5.

42. Boase.

43. M.L.R. 1858/15/805–6; 1859/7/36; 1865/10/ 334–5.

44. P.R.O., MAF 11/10/107/1300.

45. 1851 Comm., Letters, 243; W.A. XIII, 33.

46. Ibid., Minutes, 21 Aug. 1857.

47. M.L.R. 1858/7/479–82; 1858/14/735.

48. K.P.L., Vestry Sewers Committee, 15, 29 June 1858, Works Committee, 5 July, 11 Oct. 1861, pp. 211, 287.

49. 1851 Comm., file 114 (23 March 1861).

50. B.R. 59547.

51. B.A. 31261.

52. M.L.R. 1859/2/207–12; 1859/7/208–10, 375–6; 1859/11/596–9; 1859/14/847; 1859/15/ 232; 1860/12/94; 1861/9/531–3; 1863/13/ 443.

53. 1851 Comm., Letters, 305.

54. K.P.L., Vestry Sewers Committee, 14 June 1859.

55. The Architect's, Engineer's and Building-Trades' Directory, 1868 (B.M. pressmark PP 2491 ibg).

56. E.g. M.L.R. 1859/7/211–13, 377–8; 1859/14/ 848; 1859/15/233.

57. M.L.R. 1860/8/457, 460.

58. Ibid., 1863/7/412–16.

59. Ibid., 1859/16/1274; 1860/11/535.

60. B.N. 5 Oct. 1860, p. 778: 1851 Comm., file 114, 23 March 1861.

61. M.L.R. 1860/13/27–8.

62. Ibid., 1861/5/165, 350, 458–9.

63. Ibid., 1863/4/166–71.

64. Ibid., 1863/22/800; 1864/8/972–3. For Gray see Survey of London, vol. XXXVI, 1970, p. 237.

65. B. 16 April, 22 Oct. 1864, pp. 272, 777–8; 13 May 1865, p. 331.

66. M.L.R. 1863/17/218; 1863/22/763; 1864/19/ 398; 1869/5/674; 1869/21/150: Sun Alliance and London Insurance Group, Minutes of the County Fire Office, 1 Jan. 1864.

67. Hermione Hobhouse, op. cit., p. 229: Cecil Aldin, Time I was Dead, 1934, p. 3.

68. B.N. 30 Sept. 1859, p. 879.

69. P.O.D.: R.B.: O.S. 1865–7, sheet VI.99 (unrevised copy in W.P.L.).

70. P.R.O., RG 10/699, ff. 116–17: Hermione Hobhouse, op. cit., p. 244.

71. K.P.L., MS. 64/1907, no. 48: P.O.D.

72. C. J. Richardson, Picturesque Designs . . ., 1870, pp. 126–7.

73. M.L.R. 1856/12/329.

74. B.N. 4 June 1858, p. 572: B. 9 May 1863, p. 339.

75. B. 9 May 1863, p. 339.

76. P.O.D.: Hermione Hobhouse, op. cit., p. 229.

77. B.N. 26 June 1857, pp. 665–6; 4 June 1858, p. 572.

78. M.L.R. 1857/1/301; 1858/8/551.

79. P.R.O., C16/377/S295.

80. Sun Alliance and London Insurance Group, Minutes of the County Fire Office, 3 April, 24 July 1857.

81. M.L.R. 1857/5/131–40; 1857/9/699–708.

82. B.N. 4 June 1858, p. 572.

83. R.B.: B.N. 5 Nov. 1858, p. 1096.

84. P.O.D.: P.R.O., census returns of 1861.

85. M.L.R. 1868/18/366.

86. P.R.O., C16/377/S295; B.N. 3 Oct. 1862, p. 264; B. 11 Feb. 1865, p. 99.

87. B. 11 Feb. 1865, p. 99.

88. M.L.R. 1857/15/402–12.

89. Ibid., 1861–5, leases Harrington to Aldin, passim.

90. Ibid., 1866–9: R.B.: P.O.D.: O.S. 1865–7, sheet VI.99 (unrevised copy in W.P.L.).

91. P.R.O., C16/524/R23 (Richardson's Affidavit, p. 8).

92. Ibid., Ed 28/13, nos. 128, 128a: H.L.R.O., Minutes of evidence of Select Committee of House of Lords on Notting Hill and Brompton Extension Bill of Metropolitan Railway, 23 June 1864 (evidence of H. B. Alexander).

93. A.E.P., letters between Pownall and Alexander, 21, 29 Jan., 10, 11 Feb. 1857.

94. Ibid., agreement of 31 Dec. 1857.

95. K.P.L., MS. 64/1907, no. 15: B.N. 5 Nov. 1858, p. 1096, 17 June, 30 Sept. 1859, pp. 554, 879.

96. A.E.P., agreement of 31 Dec. 1857.

97. P.R.O., C16/524/R23 (Bill, p. 2).

98. Ibid., C16/524/R23 (Richardson's Affidavit, p. 6).

99. R.I.B.A., Drawings Collection, V3/129.

100. B.N. 5 Nov. 1858, p. 1096, 30 Sept. 1859, p. 879.

101. M.L.R. 1859/1/133–8, 878–80.

102. P.R.O., census returns of 1861.

103. A. S. G. Butler, The Architecture of Sir Edwin Lutyens, 1950, vol. 1, p. 11: information supplied by Mr. Nicholas Taylor.

104. M.L.R. 1859/4/648; 1859/5/389; 1859/8/646; 1859/12/946–50; 1859/15/650; 1860/11/ 609.

105. P.O.D.: R.B.

106. P.R.O., C16/524/R23 (Whatman's Answer p. 26, Richardson's Affidavit p. 3).

107. M.L.R. 1859/1/141–2.

108. Ibid., 1858/13/945; 1861/1/238.

109. Guildhall Lib., MS. 8733/21, pp. 123–5.

110. This and what follows is based on P.R.O., C16/524/R23.

111. Ibid. (Whatman's Answer pp. 3, 12).

112. Ibid. (Answer p. 4, Affidavit pp. 3, 9, 13–14).

113. Ibid. (Bill p. 11, Answer p. 18).

114. M.L.R. 1860/4/298–300; 1860/9/204–6; 1861/ 1/239–41.

115. P.R.O., C16/524/R23 (Answer p. 24).

116. Ibid. (Answer p. 19).

117. Ibid. (Answer pp. 11–12).

118. Ibid. (Answer p. 26).

119. Ibid. (Bill p. 9).

120. Ibid. (Affidavit p. 7).

121. Ibid. (Answer p. 12).

122. Ibid. (Answer pp. 19, 26).

123. Ibid. (Answer p. 21).

124. Ibid. (Answer pp. 20, 44).

125. Ibid. (Bill p. 9, Affidavit p. 5).

126. Ibid. (Affidavit p. 5): B. 16 Feb. 1861, pp. 109–10.

127. The Athenaeum, 27 Oct. 1860, p. 557.

128. M.B.W. 275, 22 March 1861 (35); M.B.W. Minutes, 22 March 1861, p. 231.

129. P.R.O., C16/524/R23 (Bill pp. 7–8, Answer p. 40).

130. Ibid. (Answer p. 6).

131. 1851 Comm., file 116, 14 Jan., 1 Feb. 1862.

132. V.A.M., D.143–154–1907.

133. B. 19 April 1862, p. 286.

134. P.R.O., C16/524/R23 (Affidavit p. 10).

135. Ibid. (Answer p. 15).

136. M.L.R. 1865/12/67–9; 1865/16/717; 1873/5/ 223.

137. P.R.O., C16/524/R23 (Affidavit p. 11).

138. Ibid. (Answer p. 47, Affidavit p. 10).

139. Ibid. (Affidavit pp. 8, 11).

140. Ibid. (Bill pp. 10–11, Affidavit p. 9).

141. Ibid. (Answer pp. 22–3, Affidavit p. 8).

142. Ibid. (Affidavit p. 9).

143. Ibid. (Affidavit pp. 9–10).

144. Ibid. (Answer p. 51).

145. Ibid. (Answer pp. 26–7).

146. D.N.B.: T. 7 Feb., 11 June 1862.

147. P.R.O., C16/524/R23 (Bill p. 19, Answer p. 4).

148. Ibid. (Bill pp. 23–4, Affidavit pp. 18–19).

149. Royal Exchange Assurance, Committee of Treasury Minutes, 14 Aug. 1861, 24 June 1863, 24 April 1878.

150. Ibid., 4 May 1870, 30 June 1875.

151. M.L.R. 1867/24/776–81; 1870/8/985; 1871/ 19/954.

152. Ibid., 1868/13/770–3; 1868/14/350–78.

153. P.R.O., C16/524/R23 (Bill p. 24, Affidavit p. 19): C. J. Richardson, Picturesque Designs . . ., 1870, p. 113.

154. P.R.O., C16/524/R23 (Affidavit pp. 9, 10, 19).

155. Ibid. (Bill p. 24, Affidavit p. 19).

156. B. 21, 28 May, 4 June 1870, pp. 411, 430, 453.

157. P.R.O., C33/1167, f. 1588 verso.

158. Royal Exchange Assurance, Committee of Treasury Minutes, 15 April 1885, 20 Oct. 1886, 20 July 1887, 11 April, 13 June 1888.

159. P.R.O., C33/1181, f. 2301 verso.

160. Ibid., C16/524/R23 (Answer pp. 26, 31).

161. Ibid., C16/524/R23 (Answer pp. 26–7, Affidavit p. 8): The Architect, 27 Sept. 1901, p. 193: P.P.R., index 1873: Census 1861, 1871.

162. P.R.O. C16/524/R23 (Answer p. 17, Affidavit pp. 12–13).

163. R.I.B.A., Drawings Collection, V3/83–8.

164. A.E.P., original leases and M.L.R. 1860–66 sub Alexander.

165. M.L.R. 1861/10/22; 1862/16/334; 1862/2/ 608–10.

166. Ibid., 1865/5/188: see Guildhall Lib., MSS. 8733/21–4 sub Aldin.

167. M.L.R. 1862–70 sub Alexander: A.E.P., original leases and licence to National Provincial Bank of 31 Oct. 1882.

168. P.P.R., C. Aldin's will, 1871, and index to wills sub Aldin.

169. Cecil Aldin, Time I was Dead, 1934, p. 10.

170. A.E.P., agreement of 15 May 1872.

171. Ibid., original leases and M.L.R. 1872–4 sub Alexander.

172. Ibid., assignment of 27 Nov. 1863 to E. Charrington; assignment of 8 Oct. 1875 to C. A. Campbell.

173. Survey of London, vol. XXXVII, 1973, Frontispiece.

174. Boase: P.O.D.

175. D.S.R.: P.O.D.: Mrs. Russell Barrington, Life of Walter Bagehot, 1914, pp. 442, 451–2.

176. A.E.P., letter, Pownall to Alexander, 6 Feb. 1857.

177. Ibid., letter, Alexander to Pownall, 3 Dec. 1856.

178. Ibid., agreement of 13 March 1857.

179. B. 21 Dec. 1867, p. 929.

180. H.C.D. 24 July 1872.

181. P.P.R., index of wills, 1885, sub Freake.

182. G.L.R.O.(L), DL/T/90/8, 11, nos. 96, 92: Robson's Directory, 1835: W.P.L., ratebooks of St. George's, Hanover Square.

183. Grosvenor Estate Office, Board Minutes, vol. XI, p. 151.

184. D.S.R.

185. The Lady's Pictorial, 11 Oct. 1884.

186. P.R.O., HO 107/1469, f. 330.

187. F. H. McCalmont, The Parliamentary Poll Book, 7th ed., 1910, P. 54.

188. H.L.R.O., Minutes of evidence, ut supra (see 92, above), 23 June 1864, p. 112: P.P., 1887, XIII, Report from Select Committee on Town Holdings, qu. 2153; P. P., 1890–1, XVIII, Report, ut supra, qus. 1967–9.

189. P. R. O., census returns for 1871.

190. See also, e. g., I.L.N. 29 May 1880, pp. 520–3.

191. The Diary of Sir Edward Walter Hamilton 1880–1885, ed. D. W. R. Bahlman, 1972, vol. 1, pp. 128 and note, 249, 254.

192. The Surrey Comet, 11 Oct. 1884: information kindly supplied by Mrs. Eileen Stage.

193. B.N. 26 June 1857, p. 665: K.P.L., Vestry Sewers Committee, 16 June 1857: M.L.R. 1859/5/601–4 and original leases in A.E.P.

194. H.C.D. 29 March 1859: B.N. 26 June, 4 Sept. 1857, pp. 665, 931; 23 April 1858, p. 418.

195. B.N. 4 Sept. 1857, p. 931, 23 April 1858, p. 418.

196. M.L.R. 1859/7/382–6; 1859/13/760 and original leases in A.E.P.: R.B.

197. M.L.R. 1859/7/385–6: R.B.: P.O.D.

198. B. 1 June 1867, p. 400: P.O.D.

199. M.L.R. 1861/8/157–164 and original leases in A.E.P.

200. M.L.R. 1862/13/917.

201. G.L.R.O.(M), Deposited Plan 683 and schedule: P.O.D.

202. Photograph in the possession of Mrs. Cynthia Dutnall (Science Museum photograph SM 111/72).

203. 1851 Comm., W.A. xiv, 83.

204. M.L.R. 1861/8/155; 1861/17/984: P.O.D.

205. A.E.P., lease of 9 May 1859.

206. M.L.R. 1861/8/155–6: leases in A.E.P.

207. V.A.M., Lib., Photograph collection, X93 (Dilke album).

208. A.E.P., leases of Nos. 21–29.

209. H.C.D. 14 March 1861.

210. H.L.R.O., Minutes of evidence ut supra (see 92 above), pp. 10–11.

211. B. 3 May 1862, p. 318.

212. A.E.P., leases, Freake to R. D. Shafto, 1 Sept. 1864, J. S. Forbes, 24 March 1866, Sir H. M. Cairns, 8 March 1867, W. Crawford, 1 March 1870.

213. P.R.O., Ed 23/604, 24 June 1913.

214. A.E.P., leases, Freake to C. L. Norman, 30 March 1860; F. Squire to E. Crane, 16 Nov. 1865; C. Squire to J. Darley, 7 April 1887.

215. Sun Alliance and London Insurance Group, Minutes of the County Fire Office, 15 May, 3 July, 14 Aug., 9 Oct., 27 Nov. 1857, 15 Feb. 1861.

216. Barry Supple, The Royal Exchange Assurance, 1970, p. 323.

217. B.N. 16 Oct. 1868, p. 697.

218. K.P.L., K66/134: B.A. 78153.

219. V.A.M., Guard Books, no. 2607: Science Museum photograph SM 111/72.

220. S.M. 111/72: A.E.P., licence to J. Siltzer, 15 March 1872.

221. A.E.P., licence to Hon. W. P. M. C. Talbot, 21 Nov. 1876.

222. Royal Academy, Richard Norman Shaw Bequest.

223. A.E.P., licence to G. Jacobson, 1 June 1880, and correspondence.

224. M.L.R. 1860/5/138.

225. P.R.O., C16/454/S 102, Bill; census returns for 1871: V.A.M., Guard Books, no. 2428: photograph in possession of Mr. Fowke Mangeot: B. 20 Jan. 1883, p. 93.

226. P.P.R., index of wills, 1883, sub Spicer.

227. P.R.O., C16/454/S102, Bill, pp. 1–6.

228. 1851 Comm., Letters, 336, 368.

229. Ibid., file 102, 17 May 1859; Letters, 335.

230. M.L.R. 1860/12/199–202; 1860/15/273–5.

231. Ibid., 1861/9/103–5; 1862/5/103–8.

232. P.R.O., C16/454/S102, Bill, p. 6.

233. Stuart Allen Smith, 'Alfred Waterhouse', unpublished Ph.D. dissertation, University of London, 1970, vol. 1, p. 105: 1851 Comm., file 99, valuation, Nov. 1882.

234. R.I.B.A., Drawings Collection, V 17/1 (1–8).

235. K.P.L., Vestry Sewers Committee, 9 May 1859; Vestry Works Committee, 18 Jan. 1861: 1851 Comm., file 102, 17 May 1859, early 1862.

236. V.A.M., Guard Books, no. 2428.

237. H.C.D. 18, 21 Feb. 1860: printed précis of Minutes of Science and Art Department, 26 Jan. 1860.

238. 1851 Comm., Letters, 372, 388.

239. P.R.O., Ed 28/13, nos. 128, 128A; Ed 28/14, nos. 29, 72, 156; Ed 28/16, no. 76: printed précis, ut supra, 6 May 1863: 12th Report of Science and Art Department (1865), p. 171: M.L.R. 1865/5/937; 1865/5/662: 1851 Comm., file 102, report by Fladgate's, Oct. 1918.

240. 1851 Comm., file 106, 18 April 1867.

241. 13th Report of Science and Art Department (1866), p. 167: 14th Report (1867), p. 185.

242. 1851 Comm., file 102 (1936).

243. P.R.O., C16/454/S102, Bill, pp. 8, 12–16: M.L.R. 1867/7/734–40: 1851 Comm., file 102 (memo., 23 Nov. 1935).

244. M.L.R. 1867/7/734–40: P.O.D.

245. P.R.O., C16/454/S102 (Bill, p. 16).

246. Ibid., Plan B.

247. Ibid., (Affidavit by A. Williams, p. 7).

248. 1851 Comm., file 102 (2 Jan. 1913): A. S. G. Butler, The Architecture of Sir Edwin Lutyens, 1950, vol. III, pp. 35–6 and plate LXII: P.R.O., T 165/58/7, p.25.

249. 1851 Comm., Minutes, 19 Feb. 1859.

250. T. 30 June 1888 (Law Reports): P.R.O., HO 107/1474, f. 311: information kindly supplied by the late Major Quentin Douglas.

251. 1851 Comm., W.A. XIV, 85: P.O.D.

252. P.O.D.: P.R.O., RG9/28, f. 16v.

253. 1851 Comm., Letters, 347.

254. Ibid., Letters, 368, 371; W.A. XVI, 46–7.

255. Ibid., file 120 (memo. and plan, 4 March 1862): K.P.L., Vestry Sewers Committee, 13 Dec. 1859: P.R.O., Works 33/1248: O.S. 1865–7, sheet VI.99 (unrevised copy in W.P.L.).

256. M.L.R. 1868/15/401–2.

257. 1851 Comm., file 102 (sub-file, land at rear of 35 Cromwell Road).

258. Information kindly supplied by the late Major Quentin Douglas.

259. 1851 Comm., file 120, 4 March 1862: P.R.O., Works 33/1248.

260. M.L.R. 1863/5/899–900; 1863/20/309–10; 1864/2/215; 1864/19/894–6; 1865/6/249–51.

261. Ibid., 1867/3/389–91; 1868/15/401–2; 1869/ 4/256–9.

262. Ibid., 1869/21/1080–2; 1870/14/724–6.

263. O.S. 1895, sheet VI.99: B.A. 7569.

264. Science Museum photograph 111/72.

265. M.L.R. 1864/2/216–17; 1871/2/68.

266. Ibid., 1866/6/406–8.

267. Ibid., 1870/16/989; 1871/2/69; 1871/9/549–54; 1871/16/159–62; 1872/3/266–8; 1872/ 13/45.

268. K.P.L., Vestry Sewers Committee, 13 Dec. 1859; Vestry Works Committee, 1 July 1862, 12 Oct., 9 Nov. 1866: 1851 Comm., file 102, sub-file ut supra.

269. M.L.R. 1864/2/215: P.O.D.: R.B.

270. M.L.R. 1870/5/671.

271. P.R.O., RG10/69, f.5r.

272. M.L.R. 1874/26/627–31.

273. Ibid., 1874/26/632.

274. A.E.P., lease, Douglas to C. C. Hicks, 3 Sept. 1879.

275. Information kindly supplied by the late Major Quentin Douglas.

276. T. 30 June 1888 (Law Reports).

277. P.O.D.: MS. 'Memoirs' of Jessie Douglas kindly made available by the late Major Quentin Douglas.

278. T.E. Gregory, The Westminster Bank Through a Century, 1936, vol. I, p. 310.

279. The Bankers' Magazine, vol. XXX, 1870, p. 914.

280. M.L.R. 1866/1/803–4.

281. Ibid., 1865/17/782; 1865/19/343; 1865/22/ 698; 1867/20/213; 1867/25/641.

282. B. 7 Dec. 1895, p. 426.

283. P.R.O., HO107/1478, f. 216.

284. M.L.R. 1857/5/141–50; 1861/7/881; 1868/ 18/709–10.

285. H.C.D. 28 Jan. 1871.

286. Sun Alliance and London Insurance Group, Minutes of the County Fire Office, 16 March 1860.

287. M.L.R. 1860/11/535.

288. K.P.L., Vestry Sewers Committee, 29 June 1858; Vestry Works Committee, 5 July, 11 Oct. 1861.

289. The Bankers' Magazine, vol. XXV, 1865, p. 1140.

290. M.L.R. 1867/3/39.

291. Ibid., 1859/16/649: R.B.

292. Mangeot family papers, MS. of F. R. Fowke.

293. M.L.R. 1866/12/468–9; 1867/1/240–2; 1868/ 2/958–62; 1869/5/52; 1869/7/265: K.P.L., Vestry Works Committee, 22 June 1866: P.O.D.

294. V.A.M., D.143–154—1907.

295. K.P.L., Vestry Works Committee, 12 Sept. 1862: O.S. 1865–7 and revision of 1872, sheet VI.99: M.L.R. 1866/1/803.

296. B. 20 Jan. 1883, p. 93.

297. Ibid., 18 Nov. 1865, p. 824: K.P.L., Vestry Works Committee, 31 Aug., 14, 28 Sept. 1866.

298. M.L.R. 1874/20/61–2.

299. B.A. 81675.

300. M.L.R. 1871/4/955–7; 1871/5/340; 1871/22/ 937; 1872/10/719; 1872/12/767; 1872/18/ 833–6; 1873/11/75–6.

301. Guildhall Lib., MS. 8733/22, p. 109.

302. Ibid., MS. 8733/22, pp. 109, 112–13.

303. B.A. 48882.

304. M.L.R. 1867/2/948, 951.

305. Ibid., 1871/6/924–5.

306. Ibid., 1873/2/847–9.

307. Ibid., 1873/6/870–2; 1873/11/71–2; 1874/20/ 768–72; 1875/17/872–7; 1876/20/524–5; 1877/7/354–6.

308. Ibid., 1870/2/914–21.

309. Ibid., 1869/24/231; 1869/29/117, 177; 1870/ 3/613–17; 1870/5/221; 1870/8/9; 1870/19/ 95–6; 1870/23/251.

310. G.L.R.O.(L), E/MXS/37.

311. M.L.R. 1866/18/543–7; 1867/28/41–6; 1868/ 18/454–8; 1869/12/136–40.

312. Ibid., 1876/20/526–8.

313. D.S.R.: B. 19 Sept. 1891, p. 233: P.O.D.

314. M.L.R.: 1871/6/926–8.

315. G.L.R.O.(L), E/BHF/3, 6, 12.

316. A.E.P., conveyance of 8 Nov. 1861, H. Larchin to Freake.

317. Ibid., agreement of 31 Dec. 1870 with C. J. Freake: P.R.O., MAF 11/108, no. 3981: M.L.R. 1871/20/662.

318. A.E.P., building agreement of 31 Dec. 1870 with C. J. Freake: Endowed Charities (London), vol. III, 1900, PP. 637–8.

319. D.S.R.: A.E.P., building agreement, ut supra: Endowed Charities (London), us supra.

320. M.L.R. 1870/6/774.

321. Ibid., 1874/21/215.

322. Ibid., 1876/24/14.

323. H.L.R.O., Minutes of evidence ut supra (see 92 above), 23 June 1864, P. 99.

324. M.L.R. 1874/21/215.

325. Ibid., 1874/26/629.

326. Ibid., 1874/19/375.

327. Ibid., 1874/19/376.

328. Ibid., 1874/15/297–301: D.S.R.

329. M.L.R. 1874/14/851, 947–50; 1874/15/291–3.

330. D.S.R.: K.P.L., Vestry Works Committee, 12 Jan. 1887, pp. 278–9.

331. K.P.L., Harrington Road photographs of 1904: D.S.R.: M.L.R. 1874/26/629.

332. B.N. 6 Dec. 1889, p. 766: G.L.R.O.(L), Record Drawing 4063.

333. B.A. 6719.

334. G.L.R.O.(L), BRA/705/4.

335. D.S.R.: M.L.R. 1875/23/79–80: The Architect, 15 Aug. 1874, p. 85.

336. D.S.R.: P.O.D.

337. H.C.D. 19 April 1877.

338. P.O.D. 1882: J. L. Garvin, The Life of Joseph Chamberlain, vol. 1, 1932, p. 310.

339. H.C.D. 23 July 1873: 1851 Comm., Minutes, 8 Dec. 1873, 25 March 1874.

340. David Verey, 'An Architect of Great Assurance. Samuel Whitfield Daukes', in Country Life, 6 and 13 Dec. 1973, pp. 1914–16.

341. M.B.W., Minutes, 31 Oct. 1873, p. 388.

342. Plans kindly made available to the Survey by the Hon. Godfrey Samuel.

343. M.L.R. 1875/25/494: P.O.D.

344. M.L.R. 1879/1/76: P.O.D.

345. Plans in possession of the Hon. Godfrey Samuel: D.S.R.: B.R. 100929.

346. Paris Universal International Exhibition, 1878. Official Catalogue of the British Section, Part I, pp. xvii, xix, 74–5: The British Architect, 9 Aug. 1878, pp. 62–3: Stanley Jackson, The Sassoons, 1963, p. 61.

347. 1851 Comm., Minutes, 23 July 1875, 29 July 1878: plans in possession of the Hon. Godfrey Samuel.

348. B.A. 100929: P.O.D.

349. M.L.R. 1879/11/89: P.O.D.

350. M.L.R. 1875/25/151, 1876/13/529–30.

351. Information kindly supplied by the late Major Quentin Douglas: P.R.O., HO 107/1474, f.311.

352. M.L.R. 1877/10/84–6; 1878/15/648–50; 1879/ 2/762; 1879/18/779; 1880/12/966–7: M.B.W., Minutes, 26 Feb. 1875, p. 275.

353. T. 30 June 1888 (Law Reports).

354. The Architect, 3 June 1876, p. 358: K.P.L., postcard no. 428: B.N. 13 Oct. 1876, pp. 357–8.

355. For what follows see T. 29 Nov. 1887, 13, 21 Jan., 7, 18 Feb., 10, 21 March, 30 June 1888.

356. MS. 'Memoirs' of Jessie Douglas kindly made available by the late Major Quentin Douglas.

357. Information kindly supplied by the late Major Quentin Douglas: P.O.D.

358. Estates Gazette, 15 May 1878, p. 217.

359. B.N. 30 Sept. 1859, pp. 879–80.

360. P.R.O., C16/524/R23 (Answer, p. 4).

361. G.L.R.O.(L), BRA/705/4.

362. P.R.O., C16/377/S295.

363. I.L.N. 3 March 1866, p. 207.

364. V.A.M., D.143–154—1907.

365. 1851 Comm., file 106, April 1872: O.S. 1862–7, revised 1872, sheet VI. 100.

366. The information in this section is based on the following sources: census returns of 1871 in P.R.O.; D.N.B.; G.E.C.; P.O.D.; Boase; John Bateman, The Great Landowners of Great Britain and Ireland, 1971 ed.

367. H.L.R.O., Minutes of evidence ut supra (see 92 above), p. 38.

368. Round London, an album of photographs published by George Newnes, c. 1895.

369. The 'Mary Gloster'.

370. E.g. A.E.P., licence of Nov. 1906 for No. 41 Queen's Gate Gardens.

371. G.L.R.O.(L), E/BHF/13.

CHAPTER XXIII (pp. 325–48)

Buildings of the Domestic Revival and Later

1. Halsey Ricardo, 'Domus Domi: The House in Town', in The Magazine of Art, 1899, p. 460.

2. Sydney Perks, Residential Flats, 1905, pp. 121–2: B. 26 Jan. 1901, pp. 81–5.

3. 1851 Comm., file 114 (Feb.-Nov. 1898): D.S.R.

4. B.N. 15 Nov. 1901, p. 655: D.S.R.

5. J. J. Stevenson, 'On the Recent Re-Action of Taste in English Architecture', in B. 27 June 1874, p. 540.

6. J. J. Stevenson, House Architecture, 1880, vol. 1, pp. 91, 348.

7. M.L.R. 1871/6/752.

8. 1851 Comm., Minutes, 18 Feb. 1870.

9. Ibid., 30 May 1871, 27 July 1872, 17 June 1873: Royal Academy, Norman Shaw Bequest.

10. Drawings in possession of the Royal Geographical Society.

11. B.N. 15 May 1874, p. 539, 5 Feb. 1875, pp. 168–9: B. 16 May 1874, p. 409.

12. B.N. 25 June 1875, p. 716.

13. H. Muthesius, Das Englische Haus, vol. 1, 1908, pp. 120–2, vol. 11, 1910, pp. 142–3.

14. The Royal Geographical Society, Foundation, History and Work of the Society. . ., 1919.

15. Memorandum by the Council of the Royal Geographical Society on Project for Hall and Library, 1928: 1851 Comm., file 77 (1927).

16. Architects' Journal, 11 Feb. 1931, pp. 235–8.

17. Information kindly supplied by G. S. Dugdale, Librarian, Royal Geographical Society.

18. M.L.R. 1876/11/693.

19. 1851 Comm., file 62, 22 Sept. 1876.

20. William Young, Town and Country Mansions, 1879, p. 46 and plates 17 and 18: B.N. 1 Sept. 1876, p. 204.

21. M.L.R. 1876/11/694: T. 3 Feb. 1906: M. Girouard, 'The Architecture of John James Stevenson. Part 11', in The Connoisseur, Feb. 1974, p. III.

22. 1851 Comm., file 62, 22 Sept. 1876.

23. Ibid., file 75A, c. July 1877.

24. M.L.R. 1878/6/7.

25. B.N. 20 Sept. 1878, p. 290: P.O.D. 1879.

26. V.A.M., D.1786–1908 to D.1788–1908.

27. 1851 Comm., file 62.

28. Ibid., file 114, 21 May 1874: P.O.D.

29. 1851 Comm., file 114, 21 May 1874.

30. T. 4 March 1929: W. R. Lethaby, Philip Webb and His Work, 1935, p. 147.

31. R.I.B.A., Drawings Collection, V10/73–5.

32. B.N. 28 May, 4 June 1875, pp. 594, 628: B. 8 May 1875, p. 406.

33. R.I.B.A., Drawings Collection, V10/77–8.

34. M.L.R. 1877/21/643: 1851 Comm., Minutes, 12 June 1874, 29 July 1878.

35. Kate Terry Gielgud, An Autobiography, 1953, P. 33.

36. 1851 Comm., file 75A, 6 July 1877.

37. H. Muthesius, Die Englische Baukunst Der Gegenwart, 1900, pp. 108–9.

38. Information kindly supplied by Mr. Andrew Saint from material for a forthcoming biography of Shaw.

39. P.O.D.: archives of 1851 Comm. in possession of Daniel Smith, Briant and Done, plan 1851/95: B.A. 56284.

40. Royal Academy, Norman Shaw Bequest, plans, 24 Jan. 1883: 1851 Comm., file 114, 6 Nov. 1883; Minutes, 15 Dec. 1883.

41. Royal Academy, ut supra, Nov. 1883, May, Oct. 1884: information kindly supplied by Mr. Andrew Saint from material for a forthcoming biography of Shaw.

42. M.L.R. 1885/9/279: 1851 Comm., Minutes, 15 Dec. 1883.

43. 1851 Comm., Minutes, 12 March 1887.

44. Ibid., file 114, Dec. 1888.

45. M.L.R. 1886/25/577: 1851 Comm., Minutes, 15 Dec. 1883.

46. P.O.D.

47. Christopher Hussey, '180, Queen's-Gate, London', in Country Life, 30 Aug. 1956, pp. 424–7.

48. H. Muthesius, Die Englische Baukunst Der Gegenwart, 1900, pp. 57–8.

49. H. Muthesius, Das Englische Haus, vol. 1, 1908, pp. 126–7.

50. Royal Academy, F. A. White Bequest.

51. W. R. Lethaby, Philip Webb and His Work, 1935, p. 116.

52. 1851 Comm., file 114, 10 Feb. 1888.

53. E.g. Architecture, A Monthly Magazine, ed. J. D. Morgan, vol. 1,1896, p. 171: H. Muthesius, Die Englische Baukunst Der Gegenwart, 1900, pp. 85–6.

54. Royal Academy, F. A. White Bequest.

55. Ibid.: B. 4 Jan. 1902, pp. 9–10.

56. T. 25 Nov. 1933.

57. Royal Academy, F. A. White Bequest.

58. B. 4 Jan. 1902, p. 10.

59. Royal Academy, F. A. White Bequest (sale particulars).

60. Architecture, ut supra.

61. Mr. Andrew Saint has drawn attention to the drawings for Bolney House in the Norman Shaw Bequest in the Royal Academy.

62. The Architect, 2, 9 Jan. 1891.

63. Royal Academy, F. A. White Bequest (19 Sept. 1905): information kindly supplied by Mr. Andrew Saint from material for a forthcoming biography of Shaw.

64. B. 1 Jan. 1910.

65. H. Muthesius, Die Englische Baukunst Der Gegenwart, 1900, p. 85.

66. 1851 Comm., file 114, 12 Dec. 1892, 4 Jan. 1893.

67. Ibid., file 114.

68. Ibid., file 74, 27 Dec. 1889: P.O.D.: Royal Academy, Norman Shaw Bequest: information kindly supplied by Mr. Andrew Saint from material for a forthcoming biography of Shaw.

69. E.g. The British Architect, 18 Sept. 1891, p. 209: The Architect, 22 Jan. 1892, p. 60: The Magazine of Art, 1892, pp. 125–7.

70. H. Muthesius, Die Englische Baukunst Der Gegenwart, 1900, pp. 107–8.

71. W. K. West, 'Recent Works by Mr. W. Reynolds-Stephens', in The Studio, vol. xxx, 1904, pp. 292–302.

72. Lease in possession of Estonian Legation, 21 Nov. 1889: Mauritius Illustrated, ed. Allister MacMillan, 1914, p. 353.

73. D.S.R.: P.O.D.

74. The British Architect, 3 May 1889, p. 315: The Architect, 10 May 1889, p. 260, 26 June 1891 (illus.).

75. Conveyances in possession of Estonian Legation, 26 Nov. 1897, 22 Aug. 1919: T. 8 Jan. 1912: Mauritius Illustrated, ut supra, p. 350: P.O.D.

76. P.O.D.: Boase: 1851 Comm., file 114 (8 Nov. 1887): M.L.R. 1889/34/861: D.S.R.: Higgs and Hill Ltd., Profit and Loss Ledger 2, f. 151.

77. B. 27 June 1891, pp. 508–9: P.O.D.

78. P.O.D.: T. 14 April 1927: B. 27 June 1891, pp. 508–9: M.L.R. 1893/38/548: D.S.R.: Who Was Who 1916–1928, sub Walker.

79. D.S.R.

80. L.C.C. Minutes, 16 Jan. 1894, p. 26: P.O.D.

81. P.O.D.: M.L.R. 1894/1/894: Who Was Who 1897–1916.

82. B.A. 2492: B. 13 Feb., 4 June 1892, pp. 122, 432–3, 15 July 1893, p. 490: The British Almanac and Companion for 1893, pp. 291–2: K.P.L., cutting in Queen's Gate file: D.S.R.

83. 1851 Comm., file 100, 5 March 1875.

84. H.C.D. Aug.—Sept. 1874, 11 March, 25 May, 12, 14 July 1875.

85. 1851 Comm., file 100, 24 Dec. 1875; file 46, Aug. 1876.

86. Ibid., Minutes, 4 April 1876; file 100, 26 March 1879.

87. H.C.C. 12, 9 July 1875.

88. 1851 Comm., Minutes, 4 April 1876.

89. Ibid., file 100, 12 June, 3 July 1876.

90. Ibid., 17 Nov. 1876.

91. Royal Academy, Norman Shaw Bequest (drawings watermarked 1878): D.S.R.

92. 1851 Comm., file 100, 30 Oct., 15, 17 Nov. 1876, 2 July 1877; file 75A, 7 July 1877; Minutes, 20 July 1877: B.N. 9 March, 13 April 1877, pp. 240, 357.

93. 1851 Comm., Minutes, 20 July 1877.

94. Ibid., file 100, 8 Oct., 1, 2 Nov. 1877.

95. B.N. 4, 25 Jan. 1878, pp. 29, 83.

96. 1851 Comm., Minutes, 29 July 1878; file 100, 18 Nov. 1878, 26 March 1879.

97. Ibid., file 100, 28 March, 29 May 1879: M.L.R. 1883/12/454.

98. 1851 Comm., Minutes, 8 March 1880: Royal Academy, Norman Shaw Bequest.

99. B.N. 8 July 1881, p. 38: M.L.R. 1881/37/205–207.

100. B.N. 21 Oct. 1881, p. 526.

101. Perks, op. cit., pp. 49, 126–9: W. Shaw Sparrow, Flats, Urban Houses and Cottage Homes, 1907, pp. 26–7: H. Muthesius, Das Englische Haus, vol. 11, 1910, pp. 157–8.

102. Royal Academy, Norman Shaw Bequest.

103. Westminster Public Library, ratebooks of St. Margaret's parish: M.L.R. 1884/23/107; 1887/11/128: D.S.R.

104. Information about Shaw's receipts kindly supplied by Mr. Andrew Saint from material for a forthcoming biography of Shaw.

105. M.L.R. 1883/17/307; 1884/9/850; 1885/34/ 674; 1886/6/47; 1887/1/118; 1887/11/129–31.

106. H.C.D. 6 Sept. 1880.

107. 1851 Comm., file 21, 30 July-17 Aug. 1883.

108. Ibid., file 21, 1, 17 Aug. 1884: Seventh Report of the Commissioners for the Exhibition of 1851, 23 July 1889, pp. 17, 25–6.

109. 1851 Comm., file 21, 25 Dec. 1894: Seventh Report, ut supra, p. 32.

110. I.L.N. 19 March 1887, p. 310.

111. Herbert Cook, 'Historical Sketch' in Queen Alexandra House Chronicle, Sept. 1913, pp. 4–5: D.N.B. sub Clarke.

112. 1851 Comm., file 21, April 1885.

113. Cook, op. et loc. cit.

114. The Diary of Sir Edward Walter Hamilton 1880–1885, ed. D. W. R. Bahlman, 1972, vol. 11, p. 653.

115. R.C.M., file on Queen Alexandra House, 30 Dec. 1884.

116. Seventh Report of the Commissioners for the Exhibition of 1851, 23 July 1889, p. 26.

117. Queen Alexandra House, Annual Report for 1900.

118. B.N. 18 March 1887, p. 418.

119. Cook, op. et loc. cit.: I.L.N., ut supra.

120. 1851 Comm., file 100, printed précis c. March 1895: T. 28, 29 May 1895: M.L.R. (index sub Sarl) 1884–90.

121. 1851 Comm., file 100, printed précis c. March 1895.

122. T. 24 March 1893.

123. 1851 Comm., file 100, 21 Feb. 1893: T. 24 March 1893, 14 March 1895: for an account of Jabez Balfour's activities see Peter Ferriday, 'The Jabez Balfour Story: Building Finance in the 1880's and 1890's', in The Architectural Review, Vol. 144, Dec. 1968, pp. 427–30.

124. 1851 Comm., file 100, 18 Dec. 1889 and printed précis c. March 1895.

125. T. 14 March 1895.

126. 1851 Comm., file 75A, June 1890; file 100, 24 July 1894; Letter Book 1887–90, f. 629.

127. Ibid., file 100, July 1893, 30 Jan. 1895.

128. Ibid, file 100, 5 Sept., Oct. 1892: T. 14 March 1895.

129. 1851 Comm., file 100, 9 Feb. 1894.

130. T. 29 May 1895.

131. 1851 Comm., file 100, 21 March 1895.

132. Ibid., file 100, 24 July 1894.

133. Ibid., file 100, 23 May, 11 Nov. 1895.

134. Ibid., file 100, 1896–9 passim; file 75C, 2 April 1900: The Architect, 15 March 1901 (illus.).

135. 1851 Comm., file 100, 29 Oct. 1897.

136. Ibid., file 100, 4 July 1898.

137. Ibid., file 100, Feb. and Sept. 1899: Perks, op. cit., pp. 50, 129–31.

138. B.A. 71892: 1851 Comm., file 113: brochure of Institut: P.O.D.: The Daily Telegraph, 9 Feb. 1939: information from Lutyens's former secretary, Miss B. Webb, via Mr. Nicholas Taylor.

139. B.A. 78153.

CHAPTER XXIV (pp. 349–56)

Churches

1. C.C., file 3341.

2. Ibid.: The Architect & Contract Reporter, 9 March 1900, p. 162n.: M.B.W., Minutes, 28 April 1865, p. 519, no. 58: P.O.D.

3. C.C., file 33341: William Pepperell, The Church Index: A Book of Metropolitan Churches and Church Enterprise. Part I. Kensington, [1872], p. 22.

4. Basil F. L. Clarke, Parish Churches of London, 1966, p. 108.

5. Ibid., p. 106.

6. C.C., file 33341: Boase.

7. C.C., file 33341; CB 2895: M.L.R. 1870/6/774.

8. C.C., file 33341: Pepperell, op. cit., p. 67.

9. The Architect, 11 Nov. 1871, p. 244: B.N. 26 Aug. 1870, p. 161: V.A.M., D. 58–1908 to 62–1908.

10. Pepperell, op. cit., p. 67.

11. The Architect, loc. cit.

12. The Architect & Contract Reporter, loc. cit.

13. V.A.M., D.63–1908 to 67–1908: The Architect & Contract Reporter, loc. cit.

14. Paul Thompson, William Butterfield, 1971, p. 407: D.S.R.

15. C.C., file NB 23/399.

16. Charles L. Eastlake, A History of the Gothic Revival, 1872, p. 427.

17. Thompson, op. cit., p. 93.

18. T. F. Bumpus, London Churches Ancient & Modern, Second Series, Classical & Modern, [1908], p. 307.

19. St. Augustine's Church Chronicle, Sept. 1973, p. 3.

20. V.A.M., D.68–1908 to 70–1908: The Architect & Contract Reporter, 9 March 1900, p. 162.

21. C.C., file 33341: Thompson, op. cit., p. 502: K.P.L., postcard no. 309: The Architect, 5 Aug. 1887, pp. 73–4.

22. Clarke, op. cit., p. 110.

23. Thompson, op. cit., pp. 472, 473, 491, 497, 504.

24. Ibid., p. 472: The Architect & Contract Reporter, 9 March 1900, pp. 162–3.

25. Information kindly supplied by Mr. Laurence Lee.

26. Inscription on pulpit: K.P.L., postcard no. 309: The Architect, 20 April 1878, p. 234.

27. C.C., file 33082: archives of Holy Trinity, Prince Consort Road, New Church, Kensington Gore . . ., [c. Nov. 1901].

28. C.C., file 33082.

29. B.N. 3, 10 May 1901, pp. 583, 627.

30. Archives of Holy Trinity, vicar's letter (printed), Oct. 1907. The church with the 'south' aisles unbuilt is shown in photographs in The Architectural Review, vol. xviii, Sept. 1905, pp. 128, 138–41.

31. Archives of Holy Trinity, New Church, Kensington Gore . . ., [c. Nov. 1901].

32. C.C., file 23/398.

33. Archives of Holy Trinity, 13 Oct. 1909.

34. Archives of Holy Trinity.

35. B. 23 Jan. 1909, p. 79: archives of Holy Trinity, 16 June 1911.

36. Archives of Holy Trinity, 3 Dec. 1908, 29 Oct. 1909.

37. Ibid., 3 Nov. 1908, June 1911.

38. Ibid., 9 April 1907.

39. Ibid., Aug.-Sept. 1909: The Architectural Review, ut supra, p. 128.

40. Archives of Holy Trinity, Aug., 3 Sept. 1909.

41. Ibid., 17 July 1907.

42. Ibid., 5 July 1925.

43. Ibid., 16 June 1911: Lawrence Weaver, Memorials and Monuments, 1915, p. 170.

44. B. 5 May 1961, pp. 847–50.