Minister's Account of the Lordship of Leckwith. 1456.
(One long skin of parchment, written on one side; in good condition.)
Lent by R. W. Llewellyn, Esq., of Baglan.
Account of Patrick crispy, exercising the office of Reeve there,
from Michaelmas in the 33rd year of the reign of King Henry VI.
until the same feast in the 34th year of the aforesaid King, namely,
for one entire year.
Arrears. He answers for 11l. 3s. 2¼d. arrears of the last
Account there of the year last past, as appears at foot of the said
Sum 11l. 3s. 2¼d.
Rents of Assize. And for 70s. 7½d. received of rent of freeholders there by the year; whereof at the term of Christmas 23d.,
at the term of "hockeday" 23d., at the term of the Nativity of
Saint John Baptist 23d., and at Michaelmas 64s. 10½d., as appears
by a certain new Rental. And for 63s. of the rent and works of
13 customars and a half, by the year; whereof at the term of
Christmas 11s. 3d., at the term of "hockeday" 14s. ½d., at the
term of the Nativity of Saint John Baptist 16s. 10½d., and at
Michaelmas 20s. 10d., as appears by the said Rental, namely, for
each customar 4s. 8d. And for 4s. 8d. received of the rent and
works of John Watts for one acre of bondsman's land formerly of
William Davy, so unto him demised during the lord's estate, as
appears by roll of Court. And for 2d. received of the rent of
William Hogges for one cot so unto him demised by the year.
And for 11d. received of the rent of John Danyell for one acre
of land and half an acre of meadow, formerly of John Hogges, so
unto him demised by the year. And for 8d. received of the rent
late of William Smythe, for half an acre of meadow of bondsman's
land by Wynnyweye. And for 18d. received of John ap Robyn for
half an acre of meadow by Liquyth bridge, so lately demised unto
William Carriour and afterwards to Henry Hogges, and now demised
to the aforesaid John as above.
Sum 7l 18½d.
Issues of lands and tenements in the hands of the Lord. But for
issues of the tenure formerly of William Sturmy he answers nothing
here, because it is demised with other bond tenures. But he answers
for 20s. 4d. received of the farm of all the demesne lands and bondsmen's lands being in the Lord's hands, on the west side of the river
Elye, so demised unto John Mascolde, Joan his wife and Maurice
their son, for the term of their life and of the longest liver of them,
by record of the Exchequer of the 21st year preceding. And the
aforesaid farmers will build on the said demesne or bondsmen's lands
one house three couples at their own costs and charges, besides that
the Lord shall find them big timber for the building of the said house
when it shall be necessary, by the view and delivery of the Constable
of the Lord of Kardyff for the time being; and so the said house
well and fittingly built, repaired and maintained will demise; and
after the decease of each of them one heriot shall fall to the Lord,
as is contained in the said record, at the term of Saint Michael by
the year. And for 16s. 8d. received from a certain pasture of the
demesne land and bondsmen's lands by Bolecrofte, lately demised
unto Meureke ap Grono ap Ivor, so now demised unto Thomas
ap Grono ap Ivor, Margaret his wife and Grono ap Thomas their
son, for the term of their life, by record of the Exchequer of
the 23rd year preceding, at the usual terms. And for 2s. 4d.
received of 6 acres of land and meadow of the half tenure,
formerly of Walter Porter, late in part demised unto Ivor Webbe,
afterwards demised unto Lewis Carpenter and now demised unto
John Mascolde for the term of [blank] years, by record of the
Exchequer. And for 4s. 8d. received of the farm of one messuage
and 12 acres of the land and meadow of one bondsman's land late
of Walter Ithell, so demised unto John Willy for the term of his
life, by record of the Exchequer. And for 4s. 8d. received from
one croft and 12 acres of land and meadow late of John Jones, and
which lately were within the farm of the abovesaid Henry Hogges
and afterwards demised unto David ap Ieuan Vaughan, and now
demised unto Gruffith ap Hopkyn this year at the usual terms.
And for 1d. received from one small garden lying by the garden of
Walter Bille, so demised unto John Revell this year. And for
4s. 8d. received of the farm of one messuage and 12 acres of
bondsmen's land and of one acre of meadow called Harpe Acre,
late within the farm of John Mascolde, late demised unto John
Mascolde for the term of his life by roll of Court of the 19th year
preceding; now demised unto Thomas Clerke for the term of his
life by roll of Court of the 18th year preceding, for that the said
John Mascolde gave up the said messuage with the lands aforesaid.
Sum 53s. 5d.
Farms. And for 6l received of the farm of 147 acres 3 roods
of pasture of the demesne lands lying in Lyquith More, 7 acres of
pasture called Redcrofte, 2 acres of pasture lying in Oldefeld, 3
acres of pasture in Torcoteshokes and Danyell Hok, of one parcel
of pasture of land and meadow called Roggeshokes, with one parcel
of land lying by Roggereshokes, which John Mascold formerly held
and afterwards David ap Jacke Rudynge, and now demised unto
Thomas Gatheley to farm, and afterwards demised unto David
Mathewe, now occupied by my lady the Countess this year.
Sum 6l by farm.
Farm of the Fisheries. And for 9s. received of the farm of the
fishery of Middelwere and the fishery of the water of Middelwere
aforesaid as far as the Bishop's land, so demised unto Henry Mower
Sum 9s. by farm.
Issues of the Manor. For 5 acres and a half of bondsmen's
meadow, formerly of Roger Haywarde, he answers nothing here,
because it is demised with other bond lands. But he answers for
3s. 4d., received of 2 acres of meadow of the part of 32 acres three
roods of meadow in the meadow of Russham, so sold to divers
tenants there this year, an acre for 20d.; and not for more, because
29 acres 3 roods of the said meadow are mown to the use of the lord,
and one acre of the said meadow is delivered to the appraisor for his
fee by ancient custom. For the hay there sold he is nothing charged
here, because there was no sale within the time of the Account. For
receipts from honey and wild wax or swarms of bees he is nothing
charged here, because none was found within the time of the
Account, within that lordship this year. For receipts from the sale
of underwood there nothing this year, because no sale happened
within the time of the account. But he answers for 5s. 8d. received
from the second crop of the meadow of Russham in the year preceding, remaining unsold, so demised this year. For the second
crop of the same meadow of Russham of this year he is nothing
charged here, because it remains in the hands of the lord as yet
unsold; therefore the aforesaid Accountant will answer at the next
account [margin: "to be remembered in the next."] Nor for reeds
there sold this year nothing.
Sale of the Herbage of meadows. For the herbage of half an
acre of meadow formerly of Robert Wilcoke he is nothing charged
here, because (it is) to rent in the new Rental. Nor for one acre
of meadow in Westewhitnoke he is nothing charged here, because it
is rented to John Mascolde as appears in the new Rental. Nor for
one acre in Cowmede formerly of William Davy he answers nothing
here, because it was rented to William Vaure as appears in the said
new Rental, and now demised unto William Cowpre with his whole
tenure. But he answers for 25s. 7d. received of the herbage of 18
acres 1 rood of meadow lying in divers places in the salt marsh,
sold unto the divers persons underwritten at divers prices this year;
whereof from John Mascolde the elder for 2 and a half acres 16d.;
of Maurice Mascolde for 4 acres 4s. 6d.; of John Revell for 4 acres
5s. 8d.; of John Robyn for one acre and 3 roods 3s. 1d.; of Richard
Robyn for one acre and a half 2s. 6d.; of John Willy for half an
acre 10d.; of Thomas Clerke for half an acre 12d.; of the same
Thomas Clerke for 2 acres and a half 4s. 2d.; of William Smythe
for one acre and a half 2s. 6d.; and not for more, because 2 acres
are mown to the use of the lord; 3 acres lie in the hands of the
lord and no profit thence arose by the oath of the Accountant, and
were in part destroyed by a flood of the sea happening this year;
and one acre called the Harpe Acre is granted to Thomas Clerke
with his farm above. But he answers for 5s. received of 4 acres
1 rood in Corfham within the said salt marsh, sold unto Maurice
Mascolde this year, not contained in the preceding Account but
newly discovered by examination made upon the account. And
for 9s. received of the farm of the meadow called Smalemede, sold
to David Ryes this year. And for 2s. received of one parcel of
reeds in the salt marsh by the bridge, sold to Maurice Mascolde
Sum 41s. 7d.
Sale of the herbage of pasture. For 2 acres of demesne pasture
he answers nothing here, because sold above with the demesne land.
Nor for 3 acres of demesne pasture in Torcoteshok he is nothing
charged here, because (they are) to farm in the hands of my lady
the Countess with other demesne pastures as in the title of Issues
of the Manor. Nor for 4 acres of demesne pasture before Rogershok
nothing, because rented above unto John Mascold as appears in the
new Rental. Nor for 2 acres and a half of pasture in Russhamwey,
formerly of John Morys. Nor for 2 acres and a half of pasture there,
formerly of the said John, he answers nothing here; because (they
are) to rent in the hands of John Mascolde, as appears in the said
new Rental. Nor for one cot formerly of Walter Ithell, which was
wont to render 6d., he is nothing charged here, because (it is) to
farm in the hands of John Mascold. Nor for one cot formerly of
John Watts, which was wont to render by the year 2d., nothing,
for the cause aforesaid. Nor for one cot formerly of Robert Rogger,
which was wont to render by the year 2d., nothing, for the cause
Perquisites of Court. And for 23s. received of the perquisites of
2 Courts there holden this year, as appears by the Roll of the same.
Sum of the whole Rent with Arrears 31l 8¾d.
Tithe paid. Whereof he counts paid to the Rector of the church
there, for tithe of underwood above sold this year, nothing, because
no sale happened for the time of the Account.
Allowance and loss of Rent. But he accounts in allowance of
rent and works of the Reeve and Reaper there, by reason of
their offices, by the year, as was allowed in preceding Accounts,
4s. 8d. only; to wit, for the Reaper, to each of them 4s. 8d.
And in allowance of the rent of one acre of land of the tenure
formerly of William Davy, which Henry Hogges held; for that
the said acre is demised unto Gruffith ap Owen with his whole
tenure, as appears in the title of Rents of Assise, by the year
4d. And in loss of the rent of 2 acres and a half of meadow of
the tenure of the aforesaid William, now demised unto John Watt
with his whole tenure, as above in the title of farms, by the year
3s. And in loss of the rent of one parcel of pasture formerly of
Llewelyn Hope, for that it is doubly charged in the Rental, by the
year 8d. And in loss of the rent of one acre of meadow formerly of
William Davy, late rented to John Watt as appears by Roll of
Court; now demised unto Gruffith ap Owen with his whole tenure,
at the old rent, by the year 16d. And in allowance of the rent and
works of half a bond tenure formerly of Walter Porter, coming into
the hands of the lord after the death of the said Walter; whereof
he answers above in the title of Issues of bondsmen's lands, by
the year 2s. 4d. And in loss of the rent of demesne lands and
tenements lying in the hands of the lord for lack of tenants—
where the said lands and tenements lie is not known, nor is it
known where the said rent should be distrained for, except that
allowances above in that Account of Rent of Assise as well of
freemen as of bondmen and customars, above in divers titles
particularly charged (as appears by Inquisition of a certain Extent
thereof by 12 jurors before the demesne commissioners of my lady
Isabel, late Countess of Warwick) were made upon the Account
of the 32nd year preceding, examined and in the Treasury of
the Remembrancer of the Castle of Kardyff remaining, beyond
that which is above allowed 22s. 4½d. And in allowance of the
farm of John Mascolde for one bond tenure and 12 acres of bondsmen's land now in the hands of Thomas Clerke, as above in title
of issues of the demesne lands and bondsmen's lands, 2s. 8d.; for
that the said tenure and land were within his farm above, and
now unto the aforesaid Thomas Clerke demised for the term of his
life, by Roll of Court of the 18th year preceding; and so the
aforesaid 2s. 8d. are to be yearly allowed to the aforesaid John
Sum 37s. 4½d.
Expences of the Steward. And he accounts in expences of the
Steward here being, for the 2 Courts abovesaid there this year to
be holden, as appears by the Roll thereof; namely, for each Court
12d.—2s. And in a reward made to the Clerk writing the rolls
and extracts of the Court, together with parchment bought for the
same, namely, for each Court 6d.—12d.
Custody of the Meadows, with allowances. And in mowing of 12
acres and a half of the meadow of Russham, to the use of the Lord,
by the customary tenants, with strewing (and) turning of the grass
of the said meadow and making hay of it; for each acre 7d.—7s. 3½d.
And in mowing of 17 acres I rood of the meadow aforesaid, and
2 acres of meadow in the salt marsh, by piecework, to the use of
the said Lord, with other works in the making of the hay of the
same, taking for each acre 14d.—20s. 1½d. And paid unto Maurice
Mascolde, Thomas Clerke and others, with their wains and oxen
carrying 30 waggon-loads of hay from the meadow aforesaid as far
as the Castle; namely, for each carriage 6d.—15s. And paid unto
John Robyns and other labourers, for 10 days, working between
them and helping to house the said hay within the Castle; to each
of them 4d. a day—3s. 4d. And allowed unto the said Accountant
of arrears, as of moneys by him in the 3rd year preceding paid for
hay provided for the horses of John Nanfan, Constable of the Castle
of Kardyff; for that the grass of the Lord's meadow had in that
year been destroyed by a flood, as is witnessed upon the account,
Sum 65s. 9d.; whereof of arrears 20s.
Wages and Stipends. And in the wages of the said Patrick
Cryspy exercising the office of Reeve there, now accounting, and
exercising the office of Reeve of the Manor of Roothe, because
of his office by the year, taking 3d. a day, unto him granted;
to be taken year by year by his own hands, of the issues
and profits of his office, while the said Patrick should remain
in the said office, at the terms of Easter and Michaelmas by the
year equally, by Letters Patent of my Lady Isabel, late Countess
of Warwick, thereof unto the said Patrick directed and upon the
Account of the 31st year preceding alleged and enrolled, 4l. 11s.
For the stipend of the keeper of the beasts this year feeding in
divers parcels of demesne pasture, as well in the winter time as
in the summer, nothing is allowed here, because the said pasture
and demesne land are set to farm above.
Sum 4l 11s.
Payment of Moneys. And in moneys paid unto John Throkmorton, Constable of the Castle of Kardyff and the Receivor there,
of the charge of Henry Mower, farmer of the fishery of Middelwere
now accounting; as well of his arrears as of his new farm of this
year, 16s. 7d., by bill thereof; of arrears 7s. 7d., and of the new
Enrolled. And unto the said Receivor, of the charge of the
aforesaid Patrick Crispy, exercising the office of Reeve there, now
accounting, of part of his arrears of the year preceding, 10s. by
Sum 26s. 7d.
Sum of allowances and payments 11l 3s. 8½d.
And he owes 19l 17s. ¼d.
Out of which allowed unto the said Accountant 14d.; whereof 6d.
paid for repair of the "pinfold" at Lyquith and 8d. paid for a hedge
around the meadow in the salt marsh this year, by oath of the said
Accountant and by witness of the appraisor upon this Account.
And he owes 19l 15s. 10½d.
David Mathewe, late farmer of Lyquith More, 6l.
My Lady the Countess of Warwick, farmer of Liquith More,
now of her new farm of this year, 6l.
Patrick Crispy, exercising the office of Reeve there, now
accounting, with 65s. 7¼d. of arrears and with 4l 10s. 3d. of the
issues of this year, 7l 15s. 10¼d.
Value there this year, with 4l 10s. of the price of 30 waggon-loads
of hay of the issues of the meadows of this year, remaining of the
store within the Castle; price of a waggon-load 3s.—15l 9s. 3d.
Lyquith. Account there, ended at Michaelmas in the 34th year
of the reign of Henry VI. [1456.]