Bundle 22. No. 18. August 1703.
"Wee Doe present upon the Oath of Lawrence John & John
Thomas, Evan William of the p'ish of Pentirch for playing on the
Harp on the Lord's Day Com[m]only Called Sunday being the 25th of
July past in ye church yard of ye chappel of Llaniltern Contrarie to
her Ma'ties Lawes in that case made & provided.
"It'm Wee Doe present upon the oath of the said Lawrence
John & John Thomas, Rees John & John David of the p'ish of
Pentirch & Richard John of the p'ish of St. ffagans for playing tennis
on severall sundaies within these 3 monthes last past in the church
yard of the chappell of Lanilterne Contrarie to her Ma'ties proclamac'on & the Lawes of this Realme.
"It'm Wee Doe present the Causeway Leading from Whitehouse
bridge to Mr. ffox's house in the parish of St. Marye in Cardiffe to be
out of Repaire & that itt ought to be Repaired by the Inhabitants of
of the p'ish of St. Maries in Cardiffe Towne.
"It'm Wee Doe present the Causeway Leading from Leckwith
bridge to Canton in the p'ishe of Landaffe to be out of repaire & that
itt ought to be Repaired by the Inhabitants of the p'ishes of Leckwith
(Thirteen signatures of the Grand Jury for the County.)
[The first two of the above Presentments are specially interesting as illustrating the rise of Sabbatarianism in Wales.]
Jenkin David, of Llandaff, and others, were committed for
exposing to sale divers quantities of double sixpenny stamped
paper, against the form of the statute.
Morgan Samuel, of Llandaff, was committed for feloniously
breaking prison, vizt., the Brecon County Gaol, he having been
convicted of stealing a mare; and for having fled before sentence
of death could be executed upon him.
Bundle 22. No. 19. April 1703.
Edward James, of Leckwith, was presented for neglecting to
repair the enclosures of his lands called Berry, lying between the
Lord's Wood and West Common, in the parish of Leckwith.
Robert Thomas, of Cardiff, riding in Llanedern parish, met in a
narrow lane a waggon drawn by six oxen. His horse reared,
Thomas fell, and received from his horse a kick which killed
Bundle 22. No. 22. April 1705.
Stephen Jones, labourer, was sitting on the mill-pond wall, at
Cardiff, when he fell into the water and was drowned.
Bundle 22. No. 23. August 1705.
John Mathews of Llandaff, gentleman, and Howell Richard, of
Whitchurch, labourer, were presented for unlawfully fishing in the
river Taff, in the parishes of Whitchurch and Radyr, with nets and
certain engines called "piches" and "butts," and taking 100 trout,
100 salmon and 1000 seed of salmon, against the form of the
Bundle 22. No. 24 April 1706.
Ann Mathews, of Llandaff, in crossing a certain bridge of wood,
on the way from Cardiff to Llandaff, fell into the water and was
Bundle 22. No. 27. August 1707.
The Grand Jury for the County, on the evidence of the Vicar
of Llantrissent, present two men of that town for being common
drunkards and disturbers of the peace; and two others for tippling
on the Lord's Day.
Bundle 22. No. 31. April 1710.
Charges for perjury in connection with the Will of John Bawdre
deceased, at Cardiff.
Bundle 22. No. 33. August 1711.
Howell Williams, of Penarth, clerk, walked over a close at
Lavernock called the Croft, and was therefor assaulted by Richard
Hawkins, yeoman, the owner. They afterwards exchanged summons
for trespass and assault.
Bundle 22. No. 35. April 1712.
[Paper document, in English:—]
Glam' ss. To the Right Hon'ble her Ma't's Justices of the
The humble Representation of the Grand Jury of the said
County att the Great Sessions held at Cardiffe in and for the said
County of Glamorgan the 21 day of Aprill 1712.
Wee the Grand Jury aforesaid Doe humbly Represent to yr
Lordshipps That ever since yr Lo'pps were pleased att the Request
of the Right hon'ble the Lord Mansel Comptroller of her Ma't's
household to excuse the appearance of a Second Enquest to the
great Ease of this County It has been the Constant Vsage to the
Sheriffs of this County to Return Gentlemen of the best ability and
Creditt to Serve the Queen & their Countrey on the Grand Jury
and such fitt p'sons as the County affords for trying of Causes But
the same generally has been Rendred soe ineffectuall by a practice
vsed by some Officers of yr Lo'pps Court of receiving five shillings
for the excuse of each Gentleman Returned on the Grand Jury and
two shillings for the others that the duty and service due to our
gracious Queen and our Countrey is not discharged with as much
ease and Justice as we could wish.
Therefore we heartily Recomend and Submitt it to y'r Lo'pps
Consideration to give such Orders to y'r Officers for the future to
prevent the Irregularityes & abuses afores'd as y'r Lo'pps shall
(Signed by 14 Grand Jurors.)
Bundle 22. No. 35B. September 1712.
The Grand Jury present that the method and practice used for
passing of fines and Recoverys of Lands in this Court are grievous,
there being no certain Rule for the same but the Compounder or his
Deputy exacting such exorbitant Rates, as he or they think fit.
(Signed by 17 Jurymen.)
Package 23. No. 10. May 1714.
John Thomas, of St Georges, yeoman, was presented for drinking
the Pretender's health, at Cardiff on the 10th of March, and saying
at the same time these Welsh words: Yechid y Prince o Wales, (fn. 1)
"Health to the Prince of Wales." The Grand Jury found No True
Edward Morgan of Cardiff, gentleman, and David Morgan, of
Whitchurch, yeoman, were presented for forcibly entering Penylan
farm in the parish of Whitchurch and ejecting William Mathews
Thomas Evan, of Pentyrch, collier, was killed by a fall of coal
in a mine in the parish of Pentyrch. Coroner's Inquest returned
a verdict of Accidental Death.
Package 23. No. 6. August 1716.
True Bill against Mary the wife of James Jones, of St. Athans,
for attempting to poison her said husband with a pancake mixed
with ratsbane, and for therewith poisoning her father-in-law. No
True Bill against John Williams, of Flimston, for instigating the
[Paper document, in Latin:—]
Glamorgan to wit. The Jurors for our Lord the King upon
their oath present that George Lewis, formerly of the town of
Cowbridge [sic, sed lege Cardiff] in the county aforesaid, barber;
William Robotham, of the town and county aforesaid, barber;
Arthur Yeomans, formerly of the same town, glover; John Lewis,
formerly of the town and county aforesaid, yeoman; and Thomas
Meredith, formerly of the parish of Rath in the county aforesaid,
Cordwayner, on the tenth day of June in the second year of the
reign of our Lord George, by the grace of God of Great Britain,
France and Ireland King, Defender of the Faith and soforth, with
force and arms, riotously and unlawfully assembled themselves
together at the town of Cardiff in the county aforesaid (the tenth
day of June being the reputed birth day of the person who in the
lifetime of James the Second, formerly King of England, pretended
to be Prince of Wales and who, after the decease of the said late
King, took upon himself the stile and title of King of England by
the name of James the Third). And the aforesaid George Lewis,
William Robatham, Arthur Yeomans, John Lewis and Thomas
Meredith, then and there so unlawfully assembled and congregated,
riotously and seditiously, to shew their hatred and ill will towards
our said Lord George that now is King of Great Britain, &c., as
also their favour and good will towards the said person who in the
lifetime of James, &c. &c., and to incite sedition and insurrection
among the subjects of our said Lord the now King, then and there
bore, and each of them bore, branches of oak as a sign of their
hatred, ill will and disobedience towards our said Lord the now
King and his most clement Government, and their favour and good
will towards the said person who in the lifetime of James, &c. &c.;
in contempt of our said Lord the now King and of his laws, to the
evil ensample of others in like case offending, and against the peace
of our said Lord the now King, his Crown and dignity.
Lewis Thomas, of Pentirgh, an infant aged six years, was killed
by the upsetting of a dungcart in which he was riding and which was
drawn by four oxen, in the parish of Llanharran.
"Imp's Wee present Anthony ffabian Petty Con'ble of the
parish of St Andrews in the said County Yeoman for permitting
and Suffering Severall Idle and Disorderly Persons upon the Lords
Day called Sunday contrary to his Oath and particularly on Sunday
the nineteenth of August Last to play w'thin the said parish of St
Andrews and County aforesaid att a Certaine Game or Interlude
called Tennis contrary to his Ma'ties Proclamac'on against Prophaneesse and Immorality and the knowne Laws of this Kingdome.
"Item Wee present George Lewis, W'm Robotham, Arthur
Yeomans and John Lewis all of Cardiff in the said County and Thos
Meredith of Roath for wearing Oken Boughs att Cardiff w'thin the
said County on the Tenth Day of June last being the pretender's
reputed Birth Day Thereby distinguishing themselves from his
Ma'ties Loyall Subjects.
"Item Wee present Thos Wm of Cardiff in the sd County as a
disaffected p'son to his Ma'ty King George for that the s'd Thos Wm
at Cardiff aforesaid in the County aforesaid On the Eighteenth of
Augt Instant publickly declared [to one Thomas Evan] yt King James
would Come to Rule and order him and the rest of the Shitt Sacks
as he thought fitt We further present the said Thos Wm for
assaulting ye sd Thos Evan att the time and place aforesaid Contrary
to the Peace of or Souvraigne Lord the King his Crowne and
"Item Wee present yt George ffox of the Towne of Cardiff
aforesd in the County aforesaid for [sic] assaulting the body of
Daniell Lloyd on the Eighteenth Day of August aforesd att Cardiff
Lord the King his Crowne and Dignity.
"Item Wee present John Sweet the younger and George Lewis
Barber both of the Towne of Cardiff aforesaid in the said County and
Each of them at severall times vizt abt three Months since att the
house of John Smith and Likewise att the house of Lewis Jones both
of Cardiff aforesaid Ale Drapers publickly Drank [with one] of the
Company in a Glasse of Ale in these words God Send our King well
home from Lorraine and Lett the man have his mare again.
"Item Wee present Edward Purcell of the said Towne of
Cardiff in the said County Shoemaker, for Drinking Severall Disaffected healths agt his Ma'ty his Crowne and Government.
Ri. Jenkins [of Hensol esq:
Thos Thomas [of Llanbradach esq:
Thos Popkins [of Forest esq:
Rd Herbert [of Cilybebyll esq:
Edwd Evans [of Eglesbush esq:
P. Williams [of Duffryn:
George Howells [of Bovill esq:
. . . . . [of . . . . .
Edwd Deere [of Roos esq:
John Perkins [of St Nill gent:
Edwd Lewis [of Cilfach Fargoed gent:
Jas. Williams [of Cardiff gent;
Edmund Traherne [of Custylle gentIlltid Nicholls [of Llandaff gent:
(being all the Jurymen sworn).
The residences and descriptions are from the Jury Panel.]
Bundle 23. File 5. April 1717. Latin.
[Jury present that Richard Whitmore, otherwise Kavanagh, of
Swanzey,] being a seditious and malicious man and ill affected to the
Most Serene Lord George now King of Great Britain &c., and a
supporter of the person, who, in the lifetime of James the Second
formerly King of England, pretended to be and took upon himself
the stile and title of King of England by the name of James the
Third, and wickedly designing and intending to withdraw the
subjects of our said Lord the now King from their love and fidelity
towards our said Lord the now King and to excite their affection
and love towards the said person who, in the lifetime of James,
&c., &c., and to cause it to be believed that the said person who,
in the lifetime of James, &c., &c., was speedily to be raised to the
Crown, regal estate and dignity of King and to the Governance
and Rule of this realm, and, with wicked invention to scandalize
the administration of the Government of this realm under our said
Lord the now King, to cause it to be believed that James late
Earl of Darwentwater, for high treason then lately attainted and
put to death, was not rightly attainted and put to death; on the
twenty fourth day of February in the third year of the reign of our
said Lord the now King, at Swanzey aforesaid in the county aforesaid wickedly and seditiously said and uttered concerning the said
person who, in the lifetime of James, &c., &c., and the aforesaid
James late Earl of Darwentwater, these false, scandalous and malicious
words following, namely: James the third will be placed on the Throne
of England before may day next and Darwentwater's blood shall be
severely reveng'd; In contempt of our said Lord the now King and
of his laws, to the evil ensample of others in like case offending,
and against the peace of our said Lord the now King, his Crown and
dignity. And the Jury aforesaid by the oath aforesaid lastly present
that the aforesaid Richard Whitmore otherwise Kavanagh afterwards,
to wit, on the said twenty fourth day of February in the year abovesaid, at Swanzey aforesaid in the county aforesaid, to show the love
and affection of him the said Richard towards the said person who,
in the lifetime of James, &c., &c., to the health of the said person
wickedly, seditiously and audaciously drank and toasted; in contempt
of our said Lord the now King and of his laws, to the evil ensample,
Witnesses: Ralph Whitby, gent:
Thomas Popkyns, esq:
William Gwynne, esq:
Thomas Bowen, gent:
Sworn in Court.
Bundle 23. No. 28. August 1720.
No True Bill against John Griffith, of Cardiff, labourer, presented
for exercising the craft of "cordweyner" (without being qualified so to
do, on the 12th January, 7 Elizabeth.) I.e., before that date he need
not have been so qualified.
A similar Presentment of John Purcell, of Cardiff, labourer, was
William Thomas, of Whitchurch, was presented for keeping
"quandam communem popinam anglice a common tipling house,"
and for allowing unlawful games there.
"Wee present James Rees and Mathew William of the p'ish
of Eglwys-Ilan lab'rs and William Edwards, Thomas Morgan and
Alexander William of the p'sh of Whitchurch, lab'rs, for playing at
Bowls on the Lord's Day commonly called Sunday at Whitchurch."
Bundle 23. No. 27. April 1721.
"Wee present Evan Voss of the parish of Lantwit Major yeom'
for that he on the nineteenth day of September last at the dwelling
house of William Bath of Lantwit Major aforesaid Innholder in the
company of Morgan Lewis and others upon the said Morgan Lewis
drinking unto him King George his health The said Evan Voss drank
King James his health Whereupon the said Morgan Lewis asked him
what he meant by it, to which the said Evan Voss answered and
said God damn you what is that to you cannot I drink what health I
please. (Indicted accordingly.)
John Griffith of Cadoxton juxta Neath, gentleman, was presented
for that he at Cardiff tendered an Oath on the Holy Gospel of God
unto one Mary Thomas, of Llangevelach, he then and there having
no lawful authority so to do. (Indicted accordingly. True Bill
Bundle 23. No. 19. August 1722.
Thomas Maddocks, Registrar of the Consistory Court of Llandaff,
was presented for taking exorbitant fees for the examination of
Package 23. No. 14. April 1725.
Elizabeth Moses, of Coyty, aged two years, fell into a pan full of
ale and was drowned.
John Owen, of Leckwith, yeoman, riding across Eley Moor,
"where the sea was then flowing," was carried away by the tide
Package 23. No. 13. August 1725.
"Wee present the Highway Leading from Leckwith to Kayra
in this County from a Com[m]on called Govoa in the said parish of
Leckwith to the house of Herbert Rosser within the said parish of
Leckwith to be out of repair and ought to be repaired by the
Inhabitants of Leckwith aforesaid.
"Item Wee present the Causeway leading from Cardiff to
Leckwith Bridge, from the sd Leckwith Bridge to the stone Bridge
which divides the parishes of Landaff and Leckwith to be out of
repaire & ought to be repaired by the said Inh'itants of Leckwith."
Package 23. No. 12. April 1726.
"Wee present the highway leading from the village of Lower
Penarth to the Church of Sully to be out of repair and [also the
highway] called Hewl y Coston lying in the parish of Lavernock &
ought to be repaired by the inhabitants of Lavernock."
Bundle 23. No. 24. August 1726.
Inter Thoma' Herbert Ar'
Quer' Et Morgan' David
John Thomas of the parish of Penarth in the County of
Glamorgan yeoman maketh Oath that By vertue of a Warrt to
this Dept & others directed on his Ma'tyes Writt of Capias ad
Respondendu' out of this Hon'ble Court returneable the ffirst day
of this present Great Sessions agt the Def't abovenamed att the
Suite of the pl't He this Depon't did on Saturday the ffourth day
of June Last past Apprehend & take the said Def't who att ffirst
Submitted But the Def't insisting to goe to his own House and
this Depon't refuseing him least he should escape the Def't together
with Mary his Wife and Henry David and Thomas David of Cardiffe
in the sd County the Def'ts Sons ffell upon this Depon't and beate
him after a very Barbarous manner to the Great effusion of his Blood
and Turned him in the Kennell and Bruised him to that Degree that
he has not yett recovered By which means the Def't Escaped out of
this Dep'ts Custody against this Dep'ts Consent and went out of the
Jurisdicc'on of this Hono'ble Court (as this Dep't is informed) Soe
that this Dep't could not retake him.
Joh'is X Thomas.
Jur' apud Cardiffe in
Com' p'd' Septimo die Sept-
embris Anno D'ni 1726
Bundle 23. No. 35. April 1727.
Evan John, of Cilybebyll, mason, having been at Neath market,
went for the night to an inn called Ty'nyrheol, at Cadoxton juxta
Neath. At dead of night he was taken out of bed into another room,
where were a number of men and women. There they pretended to
try him for his life, as a thief, and so condemned him to be executed.
They actually hanged him for a short space of time, but then let him
down and made him sign a paper purporting "to release them for
such their outrageous doings." Sworn at Cardiff, 15 April 1727,
before Richard Carter.
Bundle 23. No. 16. August 1731.
Extensive Depositions, on paper, relative to the death of Morgan
Mathews, of Cardiff, fiddler, who died from a beating received at an
inn at Swansea, 18 October 1730, from Roger Landeg. His assailant
was committed on the charge of murder, and died a prisoner in
Also concerning an anonymous letter which threatened to burn
the village of St Nicholas unless a sum of Fifty Pounds was left on
the churchyard cross there by midnight on Christmas Eve.
William Evan, of Whitchurch, was drowned in wading through
the river Taff at Rhyd y twad, Whitchurch.
Bundle 23. No. 26. April 1732.
The Cursitor and Prothonotary of the Court of Great Sessions
was presented for receiving undue amounts for certain fees.
William Harry, of Cardiff, mariner, was indicted for stealing a
canvas purse and £17 2s. in money, from the ketch or boat of
Robert Priest, on the river Taff, in the parish of Saint Mary at
Bundle 23. No. 32. August 1732.
John George, of the Wedall in the parish of Saint John Baptist,
Cardiff, labourer, was killed on the Little Heath by a load of hay
falling from a wain upon him.
Bundle 23. No. 31. August 1733.
John Philips, Vice Chamberlain of Glamorganshire, was presented
for failing to attend the Court of Great Sessions to make the original
Writs, and for having exacted undue amounts for fees.
Thomas Harry, of Lisvane, was found guilty of feloniously and
"burglarly" breaking and entering the house of Edward Gronow
at Lanedarn in the night time and stealing therefrom one gown of
painted linen, one mince gown, one suit of head clothes, six knots
of "Riband," and other articles.
Thomas Harry, convicted of burglary at the last Great Sessions,
and sentenced to death, but recommended to mercy, has his sentence
commuted to one of transportation for seven years to some of His
Majesty's Colonies and Plantations in America, pursuant to the Act
of Parliament in that behalf.
Cardiff Town. Be it remembered that at the generall Quarter
Sessions of the Peace of our Sovereign Lord the King in and for the
said Town held at the Guildhall there on Tuesday the sixteenth day
of October in the seventh year of the Reign of our sovereign Lord
George the Second by the Grace of God King of Great Brittain
ffrance and Ireland Defender of the ffaith & so forth and in the
Year of our Lord One Thousand Seven Hundred & Thirty three
Before Thomas Stradling Esqr Constable of the Castle of Cardiff,
Lewellin Williams Esqr Steward, David Owen and Thomas Meredith
Esquires Bayliffs & Alexander Purcell Esqr eldest Alderman of the
said Town his Majesty's Justices of the Peace constituted & appointed
to hear and determine divers ffelonies Trespasses & other Offences
done & comitted in the said Town. It was then and there presented
by the Jurors for our Sovereign Lord the King in the manner and
fform hereafter mentioned (that is to say:) The Jurors for our
Sovereign Lord the King upon their Oaths do Present that Michaell
Richards of Cardiff aforesd Esquire on the first day of October in
the seventh year of the reign of our Sovereign Lord George the
Second by the Grace of God of Great Brittain ffrance & Ireland King
Defender of the ffaith & so forth by force and Arms & so forth at
the parish of St John Baptist in the sd Town in and upon George
Lewis Esqr in the peace of God & of our sd Sovereign Lord the
King then & there being made an Assault and him the said George
Lewis then and there did beat wound and evill entreat so that of his
Life He did despair & other Harms to him the said George Lewis
then and there did to the great damage of the said George Lewis
against the Peace of our said Sovereign Lord the King his Crown
[The Defendant is bound over to appear at the General Quarter
Memorandum that at the General Quarter Sessions at Cardiff on
22 September 8 G. 2, before the Honble Herbert Windsor, Constable
of the Castle of Cardiff, Lewellin Williams Esqe, Steward, and David
Owen and Thomas Meredith Esqrs, Bailiffs of Cardiff, the Jurors
present that Thomas Matthews of Cardiff, Gunmaker, on 15 January
1733, at the Parish of Saint John Baptist in the said Town, came
before Henry Lewellin Gent, a Commissioner Extraordinary of the
King's Bench, and then and there did make an Affidavit whereby he
the said Thomas Matthews did falsely swear that the said David
Owen and Thomas Meredith were, on the 1st day of October then
last past, admitted and sworn Bailiffs of the said Town by Thomas
Stradling Esqr, then Constable or Deputy Constable (fn. 2) of the Castle of
Cardiff, and that they had accordingly acted as Bailiffs of the said
Town ever since; whereas in truth and in fact the said David Owen
and Thomas Meredith were not admitted and sworn Bailiffs of the
said Town on the said first day of October, and so did commit
Prosecutor, James Owen Taylor.
Witness, Edward Herbert.
[The above Indictment was removed to the Great Sessions by
April Sessions, 1736.
Recognisances taken at Cardiff, 18 October 1735, before Michael
Richards, Esq., a County Justice. George Lewis, of Cardiff, periwigmaker, is bound over to answer to a charge of subornation of perjury,
in procuring William Phillips, of Cardiff, cordwainer, to give false
evidence against William Richards of Cardiff, gentleman.
John Price was indicted for feloniously assaulting a young girl
named Anne Plumly, in his garden at Cardiff. He had threatened
her that, if she cried out, "the spirits would come out of the Friars
and take her away." He also threatened her with a mysterious being
called "the Bully Dean."
The following names are on the Grand Jury:—
William Morgan of Coedygoras, Esq.
John Williams of the Park, Esq.
Thomas Lewis of Lanishen, Esq.
James Williams of Cardiff, Esq.
William Lambert of Cardiff, Gent.
George Watkins of Cardiff, Gent.
Thomas Williams of Lanishen, Gent.
"Cardiffe Town. The Examination and Confession of Morgan
Thomas David of the Parish of Roath in the County of Glamorgan
Labourer taken before Arthur Williams and William Lambert
Esquires Bayliffs and Justices of the Peace of the said Town the
third day of May 1737.
The said Examinant Confesseth and saith that he togeather with
Richard Green of Cardiff aforesaid Smith about three or four years
ago and severall times since entred into the House of Thomas
Herbert Esquire Deceased called the White ffriers in Cardiff aforesaid in the Night time and took away out of the Windows of the
said House Several Iron Barrs to the amount of about thirty in
number which weighed according to the best of this Examinants
Judgment one with another about four pound a peice And this
Examinant further saith that about a year ago he with the said
Green took away five or six more Iron Barrs out of the Windows
of the Said House and about a Week ago this Examinant by the
direction at the pressing instances of the said Green took away three
or four more Iron Barrs out of the Windows of the said House
And this Examinant was present when the said Green worked up
severall of the said Barrs and assisted him so to Do particularly for
nails for the Cart Wheels of Edward William of the King's Castle.
the mark of
Morgan × Thomas David
Taken at Cardiff aforesaid upon
the Oath of the abovenamed
Morgan Thomas David the day
and year above written before us
Confession of Morgan Thos. David felon' on ye Stat. 4 G. 2."
Richard Green, of Cardiff, blacksmith, was indicted for feloniously
stealing three iron bars, the goods of Elizabeth Herbert, widow,
affixed to her dwelling-house in the parish of Saint John Baptist in
the said town of Cardiff, He was found Guilty.