Commencing 29 September 1732.
[Quarto vol. bound in calf. Fair condition.]
The Hawk Revenue Sloop, Capt. Hawshaw, was appointed in
1732 to cruise between Milford and King Road.
The Cardiff Custom officials write to the Board in London under
date 5 February 1732, informing them that "the Smuglers do begin
in this Channel to appear already, and about a fortnight ago there
was one of them, of Aberthaw & Barry, but no Boat did Venter out
to her, the prosecution against Butler and Walters having so much
alarm'd them." They request the Board to station in the Channel a
small sloop, "built plain, without any painting or ornament, nor any
Colours to be put out." They apprehend that then the smugglers
"would be afraid of every sloop they saw, that came near to her
burthen, when she is so disguised."
1733. At this time many vessels entered the Port laden with
"hillingstones," i.e., healing-stones, or roofing-stones.
Letters to London from Cardiff were taken by the Monmouth
carrier, at this period.
1734. Writing to London, the Cardiff officials report concerning
smugglers that "At Aberthaw and Barry, when any boats goes out
to em from thence, the Owners of em have always a Spye on the
officer; and when they find him of one side of the River at Aberthaw,
they'll land what they have of the other; and by reason there's no
Boat in the Service, nor any boat on those accots to be had for love
or money, and the Officer obliged to go to a bridge about two Miles
round, they have time enough to secure the goods before he can get
there. Nay, there is instances that they have run'd goods in the day
time before the officers face in this Manner. At Barry tis the same
case; if they find the officer on the Iseland they'll land the other
Side of the Harbour. If the other Side of the Harbour, they'll land
on the Iseland, and the officers can't get over till the Tide is out, ww[hi]chch
may be five or six hours; and there is so much Cover on the Iseland,
and such conveniencys for hiding of goods the other side, that an
Officer has but a poor Chance to meet with em after they are landed.
At Ogmore River it is the same case, and so at Aberavon."
The authorities' opinion was that the sloop Severn stationed
at Portishead, should suffice to prevent smuggling in the Bristol
Channel; but to this the Cardiff officials humbly demur, and crave
the appointment of an effective Revenue cruiser.
1735. Account of a seizure of rum at Aberthaw. The officer
saw a small boat go out of the harbour to a ship going up Channel.
About noon the boat returned, and one Richard Forest came
on shore very drunk, with one Thomas Sweet to whom the boat
belonged. One George Robins stayed on board to keep the boat
off, so that the officer could not get on board. Sweet told the officer
that Robins had a mind to have a little fun with him, and that he had
a few bottles of rum on board. The officer borrowed a boat and
made for Robins, but the latter escaped in the direction of Barry.
After nightfall, by moonlight, the officers on shore saw Sweet and
Robins bring the boat into Aberthaw harbour, and a person come
ashore with a cask on his back. The excise officer gave chase on
horseback; and on the smugglers' being overtaken, one of their party,
Thomas John, took a stone and caved in the cask.
1737. The Cardiff officials write to London denying the report
that great quantities of tea and other goods are daily run on their
coast. Since the Act of Indemnity came in force the smugglers have
made no attempt within this district. As for soldiers, there are none
in these parts, neither have there been any quartered here time out
of mind. There is no occasion for them, for the country people are
not so desperate in these parts as to attempt anything by force.
The Pye snow, with tobacco from Virginia to Bristol, Charles
Adlam master, and the brig Priscilla, likewise with tobacco from
Virginia for Bristol, John Longland master, were wrecked at Nash
Point. The authorities had great difficulty to keep "the country"
from pillaging the wreckage. The merchant, a Mr Chamberlain,
went down there. The hogsheads were all damaged, but the
people had hoisted some of the cargo up the cliff with ropes. Mr
Chamberlain desires it may be thrown into the sea, in the interests
of the merchants and the Revenue. The mob were very insolent, not
only pilfering the damaged hogsheads in spite of the officers, but
even burning the hull to get at the old iron. Three or four hundred
people assembled there every night "from all parts of the Country
towards the Hills; p'ticularly from a place calld Bridgend, from
whence came a Gang of Ruffians the last day the Proclamation
The Cardiff officials write to London on behalf of Mr Thomas
Williams, "Deputy Custr at Newport (a Creek of this Port)."
They certify that the said Mr Williams "is very well vers'd in the
Coast Trade, w[hi]ch is the only Business they have in that Creek (all
Importation of goods from foreign Parts, or Exportac'on of goods to
fforeign Parts, being confined to the Key of Cardiff by virtue of a
Commission from the Court of Excheqr dated the 23d November 1685
and executed at Cardiff the 31th of December 1685.)" It appears
from this document of 1737 that foreign goods could not be imported
to or exported from any other place within the Port, except by
Special Licence of the Commissioners of Customs.
1738. Process has issued against certain men concerned in the
looting of the Pye snow; but the officials are of opinion that, unless
some extraordinary gratuity is promised to the Deputy Sheriff, they
will never be taken, "for he must run the Risque of his life, there
being no less then thirty or forty of the Mob that live together
in a little Town called Bridgend in this County, and Most of them
In a subsequent letter they say they learn that the soldiers from
Swansea will need to be paid about £20 a man, to take Edward
David and Lazarus George, the Bridgend looters, as "they are a very
desperate people." Also that they suspect the Deputy Sheriff is a
friend of these men, as he did not grant a warrant on the process of
the Crown prosecutor.
The officials submit that the office of Coal Meter should
continue to be discharged at Cardiff by a Customs Officer, as "the
Quantity of Coals &c; Dischard in this Port will not be worth any
Persons while to be appointed Meter unless he is an Officer; and
there is no Officer that resides at Cardiff besides the Collr and
Surveyr, the last being Meter."
Jany 2. Smuggling at Penarth. "Accot of a sml Seizure made
on Board of a Coasting Vessel that uses no other trade than to
carry Culme for Burning of Lime and Stones to the Sea Walls . . .
The Officers seeing light on Board the Vessel before day, some time
before high water, made em suspect they were taking in some goods
or other; for there was no other Vessel in the Harbour at that time.
And when they went on Board they found the two Casks of Brandy
Open and Unconcealed in the hold; and when they asked the Master
whose it was and how he came by it, he Answered the Man of the
house might inform them (meaning Edwards.) This Edwards has
lately Built a House by the Harbour, where there never was one
before, and has been an old offender . . . and we presume his living
in such a place (as he is a Man of some substance) is w[i]th a Design of
defrauding the King of his Customs. The King's Boat at Pennarth is
Moared on his ground (but never any Acknowledgemt paid) and he
has told the Surveyr that he will cut the Moarings & let her goe
adrift, and likewise threatens the officers or any body Else that will
offer to come Near the house in the Night time; and the Officers
have no other way . . . to go to the harbour without passing
Close by his house." The vessel's owner is Mr Edward Lewis.
1738 Feby 9. "William James, Extraordinary Boatman at
Pennarth, was obliged by the Justices of the Peace to serve the office
of a Constable; and by virtue of a Warrt was searching for some
Young Timber Trees &c. that had been Cut down and Carried
Away, found upon his search in one house about a gallon of Brandy
in Bottles, and in the Barn belonging to this house a Brandy Cas in a
Manner quite out not having above a Pint in it; and in another house
a Brandy Cas having about a gallon in it, w[hi]ch he brot here last
tuesday the 6th inst. but not in Due time the Quantity being so sml
as not to answer Condemnac'on of it self. . . . tis Undoubtedly
part of Edwards's Brandy and the Persons in whose Custody it was
found offered to take their oaths they found it on the Beach near
Pennarth head the Night the 18 gallons was Seized; and wee are
in hopes of having the whole Villany Discovered very soon, for the
Persons Concerned with Edwards have quarrel'd among themselves,
w[hi]ch I hope will be a Means to discover the whole ffact, and we
humbly beg your direc'ions herein. We are &c.
The full name of the above smuggler was Edward Edwards, of
1739 June 16. Report a design for carrying pit coal from
Cardiff to Bridgewater without paying duty, and ask for directions.
June 29. Desire directions as to whether the embargo necessitates their stopping passage boats that carry cattle, pigs &c. from
Sully to Uphill. The stoppage of these has already been of great
detriment to two fairs in this neighbourhood, by preventing the
English drovers from coming over, on which the sale of cattle in this
country entirely depends.
1740. Suggest sending letters in future by the Bristol carrier,
as the Monmouth carrier goes now so seldom.
About this time considerable correspondence took place on the
question whether Cardiff was below the Holms and therefore on
the open sea, or above the Holms and therefore in the river Severn.
1741. The Stradling family hold a Patent from the Crown
permitting them to carry live goods to any place in England that
borders on the Bristol Channel.
William Richards, Surveyor & Comptroller of Cardiff, having
applied for an extension of leave, Llewelyn Trahern, the Collector,
writes that he can well spare the said Richards, who is "a loose
1743. In reply to enquiries from headquarters the Collector
submits that the subordinate officials' "keeping a Couple of Cows to
make their own butter & Cheese & getting a Neighbour to sow an
Acre or two of Wheat for em some years in order to Enable em to
live on their own P'visions Prevents their being Absent from their
Duty in going to Markets to buy provision."
The Collector suggests that the seven Preventive Officers of the
Port should be provided with "a pair of Pistols, a hanger & a Short
Gunn of three foot."
We have reced two letters from mr Secry Wood Dated the 26°
Ult° One in regard to the Unnatural Rebellion And the Seditious &
Traiterous Designs Carrying on Against his Majestys Person &
Government The other in regard to the Remittance of the Kings
Money. As to the former had we reced no such Letter We do Assure
Your hons, that Nothing in us shd be wanting, to give You the
Earliest Accot of any Seditious or Traiterous Designs, Carryed on
Against his Maj tys Person & Government, And to Disclose and Make
known the Same to his Majty or any thing tending thereto, that shall
or may come to our knowledge.
The Deputy Lieutenants and Justices of the Peace for this
County (of Glamorgan) Met last tuesday by order of his Grace
the Duke of Bolton [lege Beaufort] (Our Lord Lieutenant) And Isued
out their Warrts to the Sevl Constables throughout the County,
requiring them that they shd make a Return of the Names & places
of abode, of all Papist Reputed Papists and non Jurors, on Tuesday
Next in order to proceed Against them as the Law Directs, But
thank God, we hant one Gentleman in this County of any ffigure
or ffortune that is a Papist or Nonjuror. And we are told that
there are but Very ffew of the Meaner Sort, And every thing in this
County is quiet and Easie as Yet, But what we have most reason
to be Afraid of here, is, the Landing of a fforeign fforce to the
Westward, The Countys of Pembroke Carmarthen and Glamorgan
having not one place of any Strength to resist their progress, besides
the Want of Arms. And in Case any should land Miserable must be
our Condition But hope our ffleets will either Deter or obstruct their
As to the latter We had Remitted all the Kings Money in our
hands before we reced the said Letter As we have been always
Carefull to Do at the end of every Quarter. We are &c.
Ll. T. Collr
J. M. Compr
4° Octr 1745.
[Vellum-bound folio in bad condition. Contains Autograph Orders
from 18 January 1749.]
[Vellum-bound folio Letter Book, commencing 26 December 1786,
and ending 26 December 1794. Good condition.]
1787. "It was thought absolutely necessary on the Death of
Charles Bassett, to put a Person at Aberthaw immediately; for if
that place had been left open, it would have been fill'd with
There is no more smuggling tobacco carried on by vessels here
now; "that Trade was totally put a stop to by our driving that
Notorious Smugler Knight from the Island of Barry. When his
armed Vessel was there, he was in such Force that it was impossible
to approach the Island."
Sloop Betsey, of Caerleon.
1788. The Collector sends to London a full account of two
expeditions against Arthur, the smuggler. He asks them to station
another cutter at Penarth; "but we are confident that Sixty Men of
light Infantry are likewise wanted. How can the People of Neath
and Swansey face Arthur without some such Assistance? And as
in all probability the Island of Barry will be again inhabited by
Smuglers, we shall not be able to approach the Place without
E. T., Collector & D. Comptr (Edmund Traherne).
"The Island of Barry, the Fortress of Knight the Notorious
Smugler."The people of the Island ill-treated Alexander Wilson
and Evan Thomas, the Deputy Comptroller & Surveyor. Their
chief assailant was William Doggett.
"We have forwarded to Your Honors by the Coach this Night,
which sets up at the Swan with Two Necks, Lad Lane, the Accounts
of this Port for Midsummer Quarter 1788."
"There are at this Port three private Wharfs for Shipping and
Landing Goods, chiefly Iron."
Good Hope, Cardiff, John Jenkins.
Providence, Cardiff, Thomas Miles.
The Collector sends an account of a seizure of wool, made by
Alexander Wilson, Surveyor, and Thomas Dayas, Officer of Excise.
The wool was not intended to be carried coastwise, but was intended
for a Fair at Caerphilly, up in the country about 10 miles from this
place, to be sold to the country women for making stockings. He
will endeavour to make the new Act of Parliament known to the
ignorant country people as soon as possible.
1789. Zephyr, Cardiff, James Moss.
Friends, Cardiff, William Evans.
1790. Venus, Cardiff, John Westley.
Evan Thomas, Deputy Comptroller till now.
Moderator, Cardiff, Thomas Miles.
Tredegar, Cardiff, John Smithers.
Prince of Wales, Cardiff, Thomas Johnson.
Minerva, Cardiff, Christopher Wilson.
William Jones, Deputy Comptroller, nominated only.
Richard and Betty, Cardiff, John Rowland.
No arrival from foreign ports during the Quarter ending 10 Octr
1791. Cardiff Castle, Cardiff, John Westley.
Blessing, Cardiff, James Francis.
The desperate "Ruffins" at Barry Island had a vessel on
purpose for smuggling, and the name "John, of Combe," was painted
on her stern. The Newport officer tried to board her, but his life
1793. Caerleon (sloop), Cardiff, Robert Gething.
Lady Cardiff, Cardiff, Charles Jones.
1794. Heart of Oak (sloop), Cardiff.
[Vellum-covered folio Letter Book, commencing 6 January 1767
and ending 18 April 1778. Fair condition.]
(N.B.—There is a continuous series of Letter Books, Account
Books and Order Books.)
1767. "The Writing Desk in our Customho which has stood
there Time out of Mind is now become so very unfirm and so Intirely
Worm Eaten! that for some Months past it has not been us'd, the
officers being in fear least it shd fall on their Legs. Your Honors
know that Business can not be carry'd on without having the
Conveniences that shd attend it, an we humbly beg an Order for
erecting a new one which in a strong Plain & convenient way has
been offer'd us for four guineas by a workman of fair & honestt
Character. Recommending this to your honors Consideration we
remain in hopes of receiving a favorable answer Your honrs faithful
& Obedt Servts
EdwdJones D. Comptr"
Certain accounts were forwarded from Cardiff to London.
They were sent "to Bristol, to be forwarded from thence by
Wiltshire's waggon w[hi]ch sets up at the White Swan on Holborn
Bridge." Such was the usual mode of forwarding at this time.
1769 Feby. The French snow La Concorde, of Calais, Dominique
Berthe master, 140 tons burden, overset suddenly off Aberthaw.
The crew got ashore in their small boat, but the vessel drifted down
to the rocks westward of Saint Donat's Castle, and there stranded.
"The Country People as soon as ever the Tide left her according to
the savage Inhuman and Detestable Custom of the Country fell upon
her and before I cd get together the officers belonging to the Port and
arrive at the Place, it being almost Twenty Miles Distant, at least
two thousand People with Hatchets were at work on her cutting and
destroying everything they met with and carrying off the Brandy
and wine in small casks a great Part of w[hi]ch they spilt in the general
hurry and confusion which must ever attend a scene of such Rapacity
and Devastation. I exerted myself as much as possible at the hazard
of my Life and the officers that attended me indeavoring to Prevent
them but to no purpose. The Justices that attended were equally
unsuccessful. The Country People by taking lights on Board to
work in the night set her on Fire by ww[hi]chch she was intirely destroy'd."
The County Justices met at Cowbridge and issued Warrants
against four persons. One of these was taken, but the Constables
suffered him to escape. A threatening letter was sent to the Cardiff
Collector about his proceedings in this affair. The Collector asks to
be allowed to purchase two brace of pistols and sidearms.
Having been desir'd to Report at what Creeks or places (except
the legal quays) within the Limits of this Port Goods are permitted
to be Landed or Shipped to or from Foreign parts or Coastwise And
by what Orders of the Board such Indulgences are Granted:—This
is to Inform Your Honours that according to the Information I have
Receiv'd from the oldest Officer in the Port, Goods have been
permitted to be Landed at Rumney Bridge, at the Bank and Old
Quay below Cardiff, at Leckwith Bridge on the River Ely, and at
Sully, but never without an Officer being Present, this have been the
Old Established Custom and its Absolutely Necessary that the
Indulgence should be Granted, but I cannot find any particular
Order for the Granting the Indulgencies above mentioned.
We are with the Utmost Respect
Your Honours most Obedt humble Servts
the 26th July 1771.
1773 Aug[us]t Account of a seizure of china ware at Hay, near
Brecon. They are to be sold at the Cardiff Customhouse, and "most
of the Gentlemen and Ladies in this Country are dispos'd to buy
them. We had a tedious Journey over the Welsh Mountains, and
were Six days out on this Expedition."
In Consequence of your Order of the 10th Inst. we beg leave to
Inform your Honours that no Coal can be ever raised within this
Port in Order to be ship'd for Exportation or to be carried Coastwise,
its distance from the Water rendering it too expencive for any such
Sale. We therefore apprehend it's unnessesary to name any Officer
of the Customs, or other Persons for any Appointment in that
Commission to be issued out of the Court of Exchequer for executing
the Powers given by the Act for admeasuring Waggons and other
Carriages used in loading Coals on Board Ships, at the Several Ports
in this Kingdom in the same manner as at the Ports of New Castle
and Sunderland. We waited to see some Gentlemen who have the
Coal Mines in this country in Order to be informd in regard to the
state of them, and we now find that they have not the least Idea of
anything here but for the internal use of the Country.
We are &c.
14th Oct[obe]r 1775.
[Letter Book, bound in vellum, in fair condition. 26 October 1746
to 20 December 1766.]
1748. The Collector and Comptroller send to London a Copy
Information "made by one Thomas Jones but the sd Jones was in
Drink when he made it & we have not been able to get him to us
when Sober to goe before a Magistrate & the Magistrate refused to
give him his Oath when Drunk." The Information states that some
Irish soap was landed "at a place called the Gall Gate being bro[ugh]t up
as this Deponent believes out of a Tile Boat at Pennarth." The vessel
was laden with "Hillingstones" and empty Cyder hogsheads. "The
Information was made on a quarrel that hap'nd betwixt the Sd Jones
& Hugh Lewis, however in time of Peace we have had several
instances of those Tile Boats bringing over Tea & Brandy &c; from
The original Information before the Collector is pinned into the
book, and bears date 21 Nov. 1748.
1750. Mr Richard Priest was captain of one of the market boats
running to Bristol.
John Phillips, aged 75, of Penarth, is an object of charity, for his
pension has been in arrears three years last Christmas. He has
borrowed money on the credit of it, and, if the Collector had not
accepted of orders for the payment thereof, Phillips "would have
been Clap'd in Jail long since."
1752. The Officers report that "of late Years there are so
Many little Shops set up in the Country for Selling Tobacco &c
within a sml Distance of this Town & Newport & Aberthaw that
they cant be less in Number (as we conceive) than four score or
a hundred, and Chiefly by Ignorant Illiterate people that Dont
understand one word of English who Seldom come for their own
goods but Send by a Carrier more Ignorant than themselves and
how Such people can take the Oath required on the back of the
Certificate . . . is humbly Submitted for your Consideration."
The Indian Prince, of Bristol, John Watkins commander,
homeward bound from Guinea, laden with rum, sugar, cotton, ebony
and about a ton of "Elephant's Teeth," was stranded a league to the
westward of Aberthaw, and was promptly pillaged by the country
1766 March 5. Llewelyn Traherne died. Edmund Traherne
(his son) succeeded him as Collector.
1782 July 12. The Collector reports to London and mentions
that "In regard to Bonds likewise as are given on the Exportation of
Coals, we have no Coals Exported from this Port, nor ever shall, as
it would be too expensive to bring it down here from the internal
part of the Country."
August 17. "We have seized and brought into this Port,
a small Vessel of about 18 Tons, a Smuggler, very well Built
and will do Exceedingly well for a Customhouse Boat at Pennarth.
She has sustained some Damage by striking on the Rocks at Bracksea
Point near Aberthaw where she was left by the Smugglers at the
appearance of the Officers at Aberthaw. A Horse was likewise taken
loaded with Brandy."
In answer to enquiries from headquarters, the Collector reports
that "The Teloscope was bought without any order, but is thought
very necessary, as we can see every Vessel that goes to the Flat
Holmes an Island where Smugglers at present run a great deal of
Goods, and cannot just now be prevented by us as our Boat is too
Old to go into any Sea."
1783. Eighteenpence a day is stated to be "the common hire
of the Men that Work about the Keys and that are Used to the
1784 April 3. Report of a seizure of wine on Barry Island.
"Tho[ma]s Knight a Noted Smuggler who resides a great Part of his
Time on the said Island," told Thomas Hopkins, Waiter and Searcher
at Barry and Sully, that the wine should remain there; "which Wine
on entering the House a Second Time was all removed from thence.
. . . . . The said Knight carries on a very Considerable Trade
in the Smuggling Way, and is so strongly supported, that there are
but particular Times that I can venture to send my Officers to the
said Island, he has sometimes I am informed 60 or 70 Men with him
from on Board a large Cutter on the Smuggling Trade, which we
suppose Knight to be the Proprietor of."
April 17. Great activity among Smugglers. "A large Cutter
is now off the Island of Barry of 24 Guns and 35 Men running Goods
on the said Island."
Novber 18. Correspondence re seizure of tobacco. "it's with
great Truth we assure you that the People here are in such Dread
of Knight and his Gang, that we found a difficulty in finding People
to Work for us."
1785. "Herewith we return you Griffins Petition relative to
his Boat seized at Knights Island of Barry . . . . . and beg
leave to remark beside, that we can't conceive any body has any
Business there, who is not connected with Knight in Smugling."
Mr Evan Thomas shall be sworn into the office of Deputy
Comptroller (in the room of E. Jones deceased) "as soon as we
find a Sentence of Excommunication, which now Stands against
him, is taken off."
March 29. "Hond Sirs—We have enquired for what Cause
Evan Thomas (who was to have been Admitted to the office of
Deputy Comptroller at this Port) is under a Sentence of Excommunication, and find it was for Defamation and excessive Abuse a
like behaviour which in his Liquor he is daily guilty of. He is the
most improper man for Business that ever was thought of; nor is he
likely to get rid of the Sentence of Excommunication now standing
out against him, he has no Money to pay the Expence of the Court,
nor does he care the least about it."
Evan Thomas was appointed soon afterwards.
Knight, the smuggler, is now at Lundy Island, having been
driven from Barry. The protection of his armed brig having been
removed, smuggling has greatly diminished here.
Evan Thomas eventually got into trouble, a ship's master
charging him with dishonesty.
1795. Sloop Five Brothers, of Caerleon.
On board the Cardiff Castle, one of the market vessels running
to Bristol, the officers seized (with other articles) "a box containing
2680 plain round copper pieces, about the size of halfpence . . .
and as this part of the country abounds with copper pieces passing
current as halfpence, tho' intrinsecally not worth a farthing, it is clear
that the pieces above mentioned were designed for the like purpose,
and that they were purchased considerably under the value for which
they were intended to pass."
1797. Report that "owing to the shallowness of the water at
this port at Spring Tides, and the consequent inconvenience to the
Trade by reason thereof, no Holidays (except the Sabbath) have been
strictly observed at this Port."
Henry Hollier, Collector, vice Edmund Traherne deceased.
1798. Large seizure of brandy and port wine on Barry Island.
1799. Edward Morgan was appointed Collector.
1800. Mr Brewer, the Searcher at Newport, denies the charge
that he practises as a surgeon and midwife. He has resigned such
practice to his son.
William and Jane, Cardiff, John Llewelyn.
[Quarto volumes, bound in vellum; fair condition.]
Order Book, 18 July 1734 to 9 November 1749.
The Commrs having rece'd informac'on that one Richard Robinson
a Notorious Smugler who lives at Guernsey carries on a considerable
Clandestine trade by Exporting from that place Tea Brandy Rum
Tobacco & other prohibited goods & running the same on Your
Coast—That he imploys two Vessels in carrying on the sd Illegal
Trade one being a Pink of about 70 or 80 Tons whereof the sd
Robinson is Master & sometimes one Canivet that goes along w[i]th
him. This Pink has three Masts & is painted by the stern w[i]th blue
& white fflowers in it having a head afore w[hi]ch is ready to Sail the
next ffair Winds and has aboard 1000 w[i]th of Tea besides great
Quantitys of Wine bottled & Brandy. The other Vessel is a Sloop
of about 40 Tons, whereof one Pasco or his Son pass for Masters
going both of them together. She is painted of Red by the Stern
and hath a Mermaid before & is Sailed for Your Coast on the
Smugling. The Commrs direct you to give it in strict charge to
all the officers of Your Port carefully to look out for the said Vessels
to prevent them Runing their Cargoe reporting to the Board Yr
Proceedings w[hi]ch is what I have in Command to Signify to you &
Chas Carkese sec:
10° Septbr 1734.
The Cardiff officials are reprimanded for having expended 6s. 2d.
"for Treating the Justices at the condemnation of Rum," the sale of
which amounted only to 17s. 6d.
Being inform'd that goods are run on a Sm1 Iseland called the
fflat holmes within Bristol Channel And it Appearing that the King's
Boat station'd at Ely Ouze within your Port is near the said Holmes
You are to order the officers belonging to the said Boat frequently to
Vissit this Iseland to prevent any frauds being committed there. We
Custom h° London
5° April 1735
Whitehall, April 12° 1735.
Gentlemen—I send you herew w[i]th a Description of Henry Rogers
of Crowan in ye County of Cornwall who In the Defiance of the laws
opposd in a Forceable Manner the Undersherif of the Sd County in ye
Due Execution of his office & who together with his Accomplices has
Committed sev1 Murders and other most Notorious Violances and
Outrages & is since fled from Justice. . . .
He is about 40 Years of Age a large Bond Man about 6 foot
High inclinable to be fat. Has a Sallow Complection Stoops in his
Shoulders and has an Awkward Clownish Gate and way of Talking
with a Remarkable Grin. He wore when he went away a peruke
But his Hair was prety long under it.
There is a Reward of £200 is promisd for Apprehending him.
Gentlemen—Having Rece'd Information that a Vessel is Dayly
expected at the Flat Holmes who is to Come to an Anchor there at
Night and send Her Goods Ashore by her Boat in order to be
Conceald till opportunity offers to Carry them to other places We
Direct You to Communicate this Information to the Officers at yr
Port Barry and Sully and Direct them to use their utmost Endeavours
to Prevent these frauds Reporting to us the Success. We are yr
5 June 1735.
The Bridge over Rumney River being only one Mile from
Cardiff and the Collr being Allowd ten pounds pr Annum to Ride
the Coast We shall Esteem it Part of the Collrs Duty to Gaurd that
River by Land the Surveyor and his Boatmen being to Gaurd it by
Observing that Mr William Richards the Surveyor of your Port
at the Salary of Thirty pounds pr Annum acts also as Deputy to the
Compr there which is Inconsistent We have wrote to the Patent
Comptroller to Appoint another Deputy in the Room of the said
Richards who is to Forbear Acting in that Capacity for the future
But he is with the Assistance of the Boat and Boatmen under his
Direction to take particular Care in Gaurding Rumney River by
Water and Attend his proper Duty as Surveyr at his Present Salary
of Thirty lb. pr Annum w[hi]ch We think a Sufficient Allowance to
Encourage him to Do his Duty And Mr Jans being of oppinion that
it will be for the Service for the said Richards to Attend at Pennarth
at the Mouth of Your River when there are no Vessels Lading or
Discharging at Cardiff You are to order him to Attend at Pennarth
for the Gaurd of that Place and Rumney River.
[Mr Jans having reported that the coast thereabouts is not well
guarded, and that most of the coasting vessels discharge at Carlyon,
the Deputy Customer of Newport is to have such vessels well
rummaged on their arrival.]
20 Jan y1737.
Gentlemen,—We Rece'd yr Letter of the 24° Ulto Relating to
Ed: David & Lazarus George Two Desperate Fellows of the Town
of Bridgend who were Convicted at the Last Assises for Being
Concernd in the Riot & Plundering the Ship Pye Snow stranded
upon yr Coast And you Acquainting us that Mr Leyshon the Attorney
Concernd for the Crown will Endeavour with the Assistance of the
Soilders Quarterd at Swansey to Apprehend ye sd offenders Before
the Next Sessions But that it will be Necessary to Offer a Reward
of 20 lb. a Man for taking of them to be Distributed Among the
Soilders & Others who shall best Diserve it We Aggre to what is
Proposd & Direct You to offer a Reward Accordingly Reporting to
us yr Proceedings. We are yr Loving Friends.
3d June 1738.
Tobias Johnson is sworn in as Comptroller of the Port of
Cardiff, 28 June 1742. Before Llewellin Traherne, Collector, and
William Richards, Searcher.