Further charters and patents
1205-1576

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Institute of Historical Research

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Author

John Hobson Matthews (editor)

Year published

1901

Pages

5-26

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'Further charters and patents: 1205-1576', Cardiff Records: volume 3 (1901), pp. 5-26. URL: http://british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=48144 Date accessed: 17 April 2014. Add to my bookshelf


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Rot. Chart. 6 Joh. 1205.

[Very faint and decayed. (fn. 1) ]

Joh's d'i gr'a Rex &c Sciatis nos concessisse et hac presenti carta nostra confirmasse deo & eccl'ie s'c'e marie de Morgan & monachis ibid' d'o s'uientib's om'es subscriptas concessiones [eis] racionabil'r f'c'as [ss] ex dono R. Com' Gloc' & Will'i fil' ei's terras int' Auen[e] & kenefeg cu' p'tin' & j Burgag' i' Kenefeg & j Burgag' i' Kaerdif & j Burgag' i' Nouo burg' & j Burgag' i' Bristoll' ex dono eor'd'm. Ex dono Hug' de Hereford C acr'. Ex dono Rether[e]ch & h'edu' ei's Cent' acr'. Ex dono Gilb' G'aund (fn. 2) & he'du' ei's Lacr'. Ex dono Will'i Gille & he'du' ei's xl acr.' Ex dono Wurini (fn. 3) fil' Kadigan xx acr'. Ex dono Burgensiu' & lib'or' ho'i'u' de Kenefeg q'cq'd h'n't i' villa de Kenefeg u'l (fn. 4) ext'a. Ex dono Morgan fil' Oeni (fn. 5) [in] Hauodhaloch (fn. 6) quicq'd oculet'r (fn. 7) int' Kenefeg & Baytham. Ex dono Will'i Scurlagge & he'du' ei's feod' de Langwy. Ex dono Nicol' simur (fn. 8) & concesione dauid Scurlagg[e] totu' feod' illud de Langwy. Ex dono Thom' Lagthles (fn. 9) C acras. Ex dono Morgani fil' Cradoci & ho'i'u' ei's q'cq'd h'n't i' t'ritorio noui castelli. Ex dono Henr' de Hunfrauill' apud Landinati' (fn. 10) C & lx acr'. Ex dono Joh'is de (fn. 11) Boneuill' 1 acr'. Ex dono Templarior xl acr.' Ex dono Morgan fil' Cradoci Puntlimor. (fn. 12)

Ex dono Hug' de Langkaruan & he'du' ei's xxxiij acr.' Ex dono Urbani fac' d'no (fn. 13) de Pondewelin (fn. 14) C (fn. 15) acr'. Ex dono Burgensiu' siue lib'or' ho'i'u' de Kaerdif (fn. 16) q'cq'd h'n't i' villa de Kaerdif (fn. 16) u'l ext'a. Ex dono Morgani fil' Cradoc' quicq'd h'n't (fn. 17) in marisco de Auen & Less'ranny (fn. 18) & co'i'em past'ram i' montanis int' Taf & Neth. Ex dono Gistelard' & he'du' ei's t'ra' q'am id' Gistelard tenuit de Kenefeg H'nda & tenenda in p'petuu' sic' Carte donator' q' in' h'n't racionabil'r test'r Concessim's eciam & confirmauimus (fn. 19) [eis] om'es alias donac'o'es uendic'o'es & invadiac'o'es eis r'onabil'r f'c'as & (fn. 20) faciendas sic' Carte donator' uenditor' & invadiator' q'as in' h'nt u'l habit'i sunt testant'r u'l testabunt'r. Q. v. &c (fn. 21) q'd p'd'c'i monachi h'ant & tenea't om'ia p'd'c'a b'n' & i' pace. lib'e & quiete. Integre plenar' & honorifice. In bosco and plano In viis & Semitis In aquis & molendinis In uiuariis & stagnis. In Moris & marisc'. In turbariis & piscariis. In p'atis & pascuis & pastur's & i' omnib's aliis Locis & reb's cu' omnib's Lib'tatib's & lib'is consuetud'ib's suis sic' p'd'c'm est. T. D'no H. Cant' Archiep'o. D'no E. Elyen' Ep'o. G. fil' petr' &c. Salv' (fn. 22) de Q'ncõ (fn. 23) Symone (fn. 24) de Pateshill. Pet'o de Stok. Begin (fn. 25) de Cornhill. fulcon' de Kantilup. (fn. 26) Dat' p' manu' I. de Well' ap' Westm' xv die Maij Anno [regni] &c; vj.

[Translation.]

John, by the Grace of God, &c. Know ye that We have granted and by this Our present charter have confirmed unto God and the church of Saint Mary of Morgan and to the monks serving God there all the underwritten grants to them reasonably made, to wit: By the gift of Robert, Earl of Gloucester, and William his son, the lands between Auen and Kenefeg, with the appurtenances, and 1 burgage in Kenefeg, and one burgage in Kaerdif, and one burgage in the New Burgh, and one burgage in Bristoll, of their gift. By the gift of Hugh of Hereford 100 acres. By the gift of Retherch and his heirs 100 acres. By the gift of Gilbert Graund and his heirs 50 acres. By the gift of William Gille and his heirs 40 acres. By the gift of Wurin, son of Kadigan, 20 acres. By the gift of the burgesses and free men of Kenefeg whatsoever they have in the vill of Kenefeg or outside. By the gift of Morgan, son of Oen of Hauodhaloch whatever is espied between Kenefeg and Baytham. By the gift of William Scurlagge and his heirs the fee of Langwy. By the gift of Nicolas Simur and the grant of David Scurlagg all that fee of Langwy. By the gift of Thomas Lagthles 100 acres. By the gift of Morgan, son of Cradoc, and his men, whatsoever they have in the territory of the New Castle. By the gift of Henry de Hunfravill at Landinati 160 acres. By the gift of John de Bonevill 50 acres. By the gift of the Templars 40 acres. By the gift of Morgan, son of Cradoc Puntlimor. By the gift of Hugh de Langkarvan and his heirs 33 acres. By the gift of Urban, made to the lord of Pondewelin, 100 acres. By the gift of the burgesses or free men of Kaerdif whatsoever they have in the vill of Kaerdif or outside. By the gift of Morgan, son of Cradoc, whatsoever they have in the marsh of Aven and Less'ranny, and the common pasture in the mountains between the Taf and Neth. By the gift of Gistelard and his heirs the land which the said Gistelard held of Kenefeg. To have and to hold for ever as the charters of the donors which they have thereof reasonably testify. We have granted also and confirmed all the other grants, sales and pledges to them reasonably made and to be made, as the charters of the donors, vendors and pledgors which they have or shall have thereof testify or shall testify. Wherefore We will &c that the aforesaid monks shall have and hold all the aforesaid things well and in peace, freely and quietly, entirely, fully and honourably, in wood and plain, in roads and paths, in waters and mills, in vivaries and ponds, in moors and marshes, in turbaries and fisheries, in meadows and meads and pastures, and in all other places and things, with all their liberties and and free customs, as is aforesaid. Witness the lord H., Archbishop of Canterbury; the lord E., Bishop of Ely; G. fitz Peter, &c; Salv. de Quency; Simon de Pateshill; Peter de Stok; Begin de Cornhill; Fulk de Kantilup. Given by the hand of John de Wells, at Westminster, the 15th day of May in the 6th year, &c.

Charter Rolls. 7 John. 1206.

John, by the grace of God, &c. Know ye that We have granted and by this Our charter have confirmed unto the lord Henry, Bishop of Llandaff, and to his successors, that they shall have one fair at Llandaff every year, to last 4 days, to wit, on the morrow of Pentecost and the three days following. And that they shall have there one market in every week, on the Sunday. So, nevertheless, that the aforesaid fair and the aforesaid market be not to the harm of neighbouring fairs and neighbouring markets. And moreover, that the aforesaid bishop and his successors shall have and hold the aforesaid fair and the aforesaid market in the aforesaid place, well and in peace and entirely, in all places and things, with all the liberties and free customs to such fair and market pertaining, as is aforesaid. Witness William, Earl Marshal; the Count Albric; the Count David; Peter de Stok; Robert de Roppell; G. de Lucy; Fulk de Cantilupe. Given by the hand of Henry de Wells, Archdeacon of Wells, at Bristol on the 9th day of September in the 7th year, &c.

Charter Rolls. 18 Ed. I. 1290. Latin.

The King unto the Archbishops &c greeting. Know ye that whereas We exacted and vindicated against Our beloved and faithful Gilbert de Clare, Earl of Gloucester and Hertford, the advowson and custody of the bishopric of Llandaff, with the appurtenances, together with the collations of prebends and of the dignities thereof, in the time of the vacancy of that bishopric; and the said Earl, not willing to plead with Us thereupon, hath rendered unto Us, as Our right, that which to him belongs of the advowson and custody of the bishopric aforesaid, together with the collations of prebends and of the dignities thereof, in the time of the vacancy of that bishopric, as in the writing of the said Earl unto Us thereof made is more fully contained: We, willing to do a special favour in this behalf unto the said Earl and to our very dear daughter Joan, his wife, have given and granted for Us and Our heirs, unto the said Earl and Joan, the advowson and custody of the bishopric aforesaid, with the appurtenances. To have and to hold of Us and Our heirs unto the said Earl and Joan, with the collations of prebends and of the dignities of that bishopric, at every time of vacancy of the same, for the whole life of either of them the said Earl and Joan. So that, after the decease of them the said Earl and John, the advowson and custody of the bishopric aforesaid, together with the collations of prebends and of the dignities thereof, in times of vacancy of that bishopric, shall entirely revert unto Us or Our heirs, quit of the heirs of them the said Earl and Joan for ever. Wherefore We will and firmly enjoin for Us and Our heirs, that the aforesaid Earl and Joan shall have and hold of Us and Our heirs the advowson and custody of the bishopric aforesaid, with the appurtenances, together with the collations of prebends and of the dignities of that bishopric, at every time of vacancy thereof, for the whole life of either of them the said Earl and Joan. So that after the decease of them the said Earl and Joan the advowson and custody of the bishopric aforesaid, together with the collations of prebends and of the dignities thereof, in times of vacancy of that bishopric, shall entirely revert unto Us or Our heirs, quit of the heirs of them the said Earl and Joan for ever as is aforesaid. These being witnesses: The venerable father R., Bishop of Bath and Wells; William de Valence, Our uncle; Henry de Lacy, Earl of Lincoln; John de Warenne, Earl of Surrey; Robert Tibotot; Reginald de Grey; Walter de Beauchamp; Peter de Chaumpuent; Richard de Bois, and others. Given by Our hand at Kingisclipton on the second day of November.

Patent Rolls. 18 Ed. I. 1290. m. 7.

(Printed Calendar).

Sept. 18. Rufford.

Grant to Walter de Langeton, King's Clerk, of the Treasurership of the church of Landaff, void by the death of Master Maurice, and in the King's gift by reason of the voidance of the see.

Mandate to the Chapter to assign to him his stall in the choir and his place in the chapter.

Ib. m. 2. (Printed Calendar).

Nov. 3. Clipstone.

Grant to Gilbert de Clare, Earl of Gloucester and Hertford, of the custody, for life, of the temporalities and the collation to dignities and prebends, during the voidance of the see of Landaff, the said Earl having admitted the same to be the King's right, after full deliberation upon the following facts brought forward on the King's side:—That Henry III., on the voidance of the said see by the death of Elias, sometime Bishop, appointed Walerand the Teuton, knight, to the custody of the temporalities, who, at the end of his administration, accounted at the Exchequer; and during the said voidance conferred one void prebend upon Master William de Burgo, treasurer of his wardrobe, and another upon Albred de Fescampo, then sub-treasurer thereof, and the archdeaconry of Landaff upon Thomas, then chaplain of Eleanor, the King's mother; also that the Bishops of Landaff have always held their barony, lands and possessions of the Kings of England and held nothing of the said Earl or his progenitors; that the Canons have always sought the King's, not the Earl's, licence to elect in time of voidance; and that it appears that when the said Gilbert, on the present voidance, at the death of William de Brewes, late Bishop of Landaff, enjoyed the premises, he was usurping the King's right, to the derogation of the Crown.

Patent Rolls. 19 Ed. I. 1291

m. 1. (Printed Calendar).

Nov. 2. Hereford.

Grant to Gilbert de Clare, Earl of Gloucester and Hertford, and to Joan his wife, the King's daughter, for their lives, of the advowson and custody of the bishoprics of Landaff during voidance, with the collations to prebends and dignities, as freely as the said Earl or his ancestors held the same before the King recently challenged the Earl's right thereto and the Earl surrendered them.

Patent Rolls. 23 Ed. I. 1295.

m. 11. (Printed Calendar).

Aug. 15. Westminster.

Inspeximus of (1) Charter by Gilbert de Clare, Earl of Gloucester and Hertford, to the Abbot and Convent of Saint Augustine, Bristol, granting to them in frank almoin the advowson or patronage of the church of Mershfeud in the diocese of Llandaff, in exchange for the advowson of the church of Grantisdon in the diocese of Lincoln. Witnesses:—Sirs John Wake, Roger de Moubray, William de Ros, John Luvel, John Engayne; William de Mortuo Mari, Henry de Rale, John de Umframvill, Reymund de Sullie, Robert le Veel, John de Creppinges, Sheriff of Glamorgan, knights; Nicholas, Abbot of Keynesham; Simon, Prior of Kerdif; Thomas de Pyuelesdon, clerk, and others.

(2) Letters Patent of the said Earl to the same, dated at Kerdif, Ascension day 1295, quit-claiming to them, for the good of his soul and the souls of his ancestors, all his right to the advowson of the churches of Saint Melan's, Remeny, and the chapel of Petresmor, in the diocese of Llandaff, concerning which there had been controversy between them. Notification that Joan, Countess of Gloucester and Hertford, the King's daughter, wife of the said Earl, being in the King's presence, said that she consented to all that her husband had done for the said Abbot and Convent in all the aforesaid matters.

Patent Rolls. 25 Ed. I. 1297.

Part 2. m. 12. Latin.

July 14. Westminster.

For making the Welshmen come to Winchelsea to embark with the King.

The King unto his beloved and faithful Walter Hakelutel and Morgan ap Meredyth greeting. Know ye that We have assigned you to choose nine hundred Welshmen of the best, most able and powerful of the land of Morganou, to proceed and embark in Our retinue, with Our body, to parts beyond the sea. So that those Welshmen thus chosen may be at Landaff on the feast of Saint Peter's Chains, to receive their wages there, and thence to accompany Us to the port of Winchelse, where they shall be at the latest in the octave of the feast aforesaid, ready and prepared to embark with Us to the parts aforesaid, as fittingly and honorably as they can. Wherefore We command you that, to execute these things, you apply such means and labour, that We may deservedly have to commend your diligence therein, and as is enjoined upon you by Our word of mouth. In witness, &c. Witness the King, as above.

Patent Rolls. 25 Ed. I. 1297.

Part 2. m. 13. Latin.

For Walter Hakelute.

The King unto all to whom &c greeting. Know ye that We have committed unto Our beloved and faithful Walter Hakelute the Castle of Neeth to be kept so long as it shall please Us; to receive by the year for that custody, by the hands of William de Caversham, Treasurer of Keyrdyf, forty and two pounds so long as he shall be Our keeper of the same. Provided that the aforesaid William be charged with the issues arising from the castle aforesaid and shall answer unto Us therefor. In witness &c. Witness the King at Westminster, the 14th day of July.

For Richard Talebot.

The King unto all to whom &c greeting. Know ye that We have committed unto Our beloved and faithful Richard Talebot the Castle and Vill of Kerdyf to be kept so long as it shall please Us; to receive by the year for that custody, by the hands of William de Caversham, Treasurer of Kerdyf, sixty pounds so long as he shall be Our keeper of the same. Provided that the aforesaid William be charged with the issues arising from the castle and vill aforesaid and shall answer unto Us therefor. In witness &c. Witness as above.

And Henry de Pembrigg is commanded to deliver, without delay, the aforesaid castle and vill, together with the armaments, victuals and all other goods being in the same castle, which are in his custody, unto the aforesaid Richard, by a writing between him and the aforesaid Richard thereof to be made; to be kept in form aforesaid. In witness &c. Witness as above.

Patent Rolls. 35 Ed. I. 1307.

m. 4. Latin.

June 24. Carlisle.

The King unto his beloved subject, Master Henry de Lancarvan, greeting. Whereas We lately committed unto you the custody of the Castle of Kaerdyf, as also the office of Chancellor in the parts of Glamorgan, and of Receivor of all the issues of lands and tenements there; which castle, lands and tenements, by the death of Joan who was the wife of Gilbert de Clare, formerly Earl of Gloucester and Hertford, Our daughter, deceased, and by reason of the minor age of Gilbert, son and heir of them the said Earl and Joan, are in Our hands; to hold so long as it should please Us; and now, for that Our beloved and faithful Ralph de Monthermer, Earl of Gloucester, hath demised according to Our will the Earldom of Athol, with the lands and tenements to the said earldom belonging, in Scotland, which he had to him and his heirs by Our gift: For a certain cause We have charged Ourselves with the payment to the said Ralph of five thousand marks; and towards the payment of the said five thousand marks have granted unto him the custody which to Us belongs of all the lands in Wales and in the March of Wales outside the County, which, by the death of the aforesaid Joan and by reason of the minor age of the aforesaid Gilbert, are in Our hands: To have until the lawful age of the said Gilbert, as in Our letters patent unto the aforesaid Ralph thereof made is more fully contained. We command you that without delay you deliver unto the said Ralph, or to his certain attorney, the castle aforesaid together with the armaments, victuals and all Our other things being within the castle, by indenture between you and him thereof to be made; to be kept in form aforesaid; you in nowise further interfering in Our name in the said offices of Chancellor and Receivor. In witness &c. Witness the King as above. By Writ of Privy Seal.

In like manner it is a mandate unto the underwritten, for the delivery of the custody of the castles and bailies underwritten unto the aforesaid Ralph, to wit:—

To William, son of Richard le fflemmyng, for the custody of the Castle of Kaerfili.

* * * *

To Robert le Seer, (fn. 27) for the custody of the Castle of Lantrissan.

* * * *

Patent Rolls. 9 Ed. II. 1315.

Part 1. m. 15. Latin.

For the King, concerning Bailiffs to be amoved.

The King to his wellbeloved and faithful Payn de Turbeuill (fn. 28) greeting. Whereas We have committed unto you the custody of the castles and of all the lands and tenements in Glomorgan and Morgannou in Wales which were of Gilbert de Clare late Earl of Gloucester and Hertford, deceased, who of Us held in chief, and which by occasion of his death are in Our hands; to have so long as it shall please Us, as in Our letters patent unto you thereof made is more fully contained: We, trusting in your faithfulness and industry, have given unto you power of amoving bailiffs and other ministers within Our bailey, and of constituting others in their place; for whom you shall answer at your peril, and as you shall see to be best to be done for Our interests. In witness &c. Witness the King at Clipston, the first day of December.

For the King, concerning the safe keeping of castles in Glamorgan.

The King unto the same, greeting. Whereas We have committed &c (as above to "is more fully contained"): We will and command you that, making sojourn in the Castle of Kaerdif, which was of the aforesaid Earl, you yourself shall do all and singular the things which shall be necessary for the safe and secure keeping of the same castle and of those parts, as also the office of Sheriff in the same parts; receiving by the year such fee as the Custodian or Steward of the said castle, and the Sheriff in the time of the said Earl, were yearly accustomed to receive there. In witness &c. Witness the King as above. By the King himself and the Council.

And it is a mandate unto the said Payn that he cause all the castles aforesaid to be kept by the good advice of the King's faithful in the parts aforesaid, and the deadstock, and that he provide for the men as they shall have need and he shall see best to be done according to their condition. And this let him in nowise omit. And let the custodians whom he shall have placed in accordance with the premisses, when the King shall know them, make allowance to him in his account at the King's Exchequer. Witness as above.

Patent Rolls. 9 Ed. II. 1316.

Part 1. m. 9. Latin.

For the King, concerning the captain of the men-at-arms fitted out against the Welsh.

The King unto his Sheriffs and all his Bailiffs, ministers and faithful, as well within the liberties as without, to whom &c greeting. Know ye that, whereas We are given to understand that Lewelin ap Rees, a Welshman of the land of Morganno in Wales, which was of Gilbert de Clare, formerly Earl of Gloucester and Hertford, deceased, who of us held in chief, and which by the death of the said Earl is in Our hands, perpetrates and desists not from perpetrating many murders, depredations, burnings and other injuries and felonies by himself and his accomplices in the said land, from day to day, in contempt of Us and to Our no little cost, and to the manifest terror of the people of those parts, and against Our peace; and We for that cause are sending to those parts some men-at-arms to repress the malice and boldness of the said Lewelin and his accomplices in this behalf: We, fully trusting in the faithfulness and prudence of of Our wellbeloved and faithful Hugh de Audele, Our cousin, and William de Montague, have constituted them the said Hugh and William jointly and severally captains and captain of the men-at-arms aforesaid. And therefore We command you, firmly enjoining by the faith whereby you are bound to Us, that you be helping, assisting and aiding to them the said Hugh and William, or either of them, in the premisses and all things touching the premisses, as often as and whenever you shall be required by the same Hugh and William, or either of them, on Our behalf upon this matter. And this in nowise omit, as you love Us and Our honour and the safety of the parts aforesaid. In witness &c. Witness the King at Lincoln, the 6th day of February. By the King himself. [Parliamentary Writs.]

Patent Rolls. 10 Ed. II. 1316.

Part 1. m. 21. Latin.

Concerning the power granted of receiving Welshmen to the peace.

The King unto all to whom &c greeting. Confiding in the faithfulness and tried prudence of Our wellbeloved and faithful John Giffard de Brymmesfeld, Custodian of the lands of Glomorgan and Morgannou, which were of Gilbert de Clare, formerly Earl of Gloucester and Hertford, deceased, who of Us held in chief, and which by the death of the same are in Our hands, and of John Giffard de Weston, lieutenant of the aforesaid John Giffard de Brymmesfeld in the lands aforesaid, and of Robert de Grendon, Our Sheriff there, We have granted unto the aforesaid John, John and Robert, or two of them, by the tenour of these presents, the power of receiving to Our peace and good will certain men of the parts aforesaid, who adhered to Lewelin Brenne there against Us and are still against Us; to endure so long as it shall please Us. In witness &c. Witness the King at York, the 18th day of September. By the King himself.

For the King, concerning mills and lands to be demised to farm.

The King unto his beloved and faithful John Giffard de Brymmesfeld, Custodian of the lands of Glomorgan & Morgannou, greeting. Because, as we have been given to understand, the mills of the aforesaid lands, lately in disturbance caused by Lewelin Brenne and his accomplices there, have in part been laid waste, to Our heavy loss: We command you that you demise the mills aforesaid for the farm which shall be to Our greatest advantage that you can procure; and that out of the farm thereof you cause those mills to be repaired and amended with the repairs and amendment which they shall be judged to urgently need by the view and testimony of good and loyal men of those parts. And We will cause you to have due allowance thereof at Our Exchequer, in your account. Witness &c, as above. By the King himself.

The King unto his beloved and faithful John Giffard de Brymmesfeld, Custodian of the lands of Glomorgan and Morgannou, greeting. We command you that you demise, to farm or otherwise, all the demesne lands in the lands aforesaid being in Our custody; so that out of the issues thence arising they may answer unto Us as may be to Our greatest advantage. And this in nowise omit. Witness as above. By the King himself.

For John Odyn.

The King unto his beloved and faithful John Giffard de Brymmesfeld, Custodian of the lands of Glomorgan and Morgannou, which were of Gilbert de Clare, formerly Earl of Goucester and Hertford, deceased, who of Us held in chief, they being in Our hands, or his lieutenant, and to Robert de Grendon, Our Sheriff there, greeting. On behalf of John Odyn, Our burgess of Kerdif, captured and in Our gaol of Kerdif detained for that he was tried for causing corn, wine and divers other victuals to be carried to Lewelin Bren, the Welshman, and his accomplices, who lately were against Us in the parts of Wales; and who has besought Us to show justice unto him, as he is ready in all things to abide by that which We may wish him to do: We, willing that that should be done unto the aforesaid John which shall be just in this behalf, command you that you proceed to the deliverance of the aforesaid John from the prison aforesaid, upon such trial or accusation, as shall be right to be done in the matter and according to the law and custom of those parts. Witness as above.

Patent Rolls. 1 Ed. III. 1327.

Part 1. m. 36. Latin.

For Walter Cote and others.

The King unto all to whom &c. Know ye that whereas the Lady Isabel, Queen of England, Our most dear mother, and We Ourselves before We took up the reins of government of Our kingdom, granted of Our gift unto Our beloved Walter Cote, Thomas Balchier, Thomas de Chiselbergh and John le Longe, mariners of Bristol, for their gratuitous service, the ship which was of Hugh le Despenser the younger, Our late enemy and rebel, in which he the said Hugh put in to Kerdif, with all the gear of the same, as in Our letters patent unto them thereof made is more fully contained: We, accepting the gift aforesaid, will and grant that they the said Walter, Thomas, Thomas and John shall have the aforesaid ship with the gear thereof, according to the tenour of the letters aforesaid. In witness &c. Witness the King at Westminster on the 7th day of February.

Patent Rolls. 1 Ed. III.

Part 2. m. 24.

1327 May 1. Nottingham.

That the staple of merchants of wools, hides and wool-fells &c shall be held at Shrewsbury, Carmarthen and Cardiff for Wales (&c), and at no other places.

Patent Rolls. 6 Ed. III.

Part 3. m. 15. French.

1332 Sept. 16. Westminster.

Mandate to the Mayor and Sheriffs of London to publish the ordinance which prohibited the export of wools &c. (inter alia) elsewhere in Wales than at Shrewsbury, Kaermerdyn and Kaerdyf. By King and Council.

Memorandum. Afterwards, in the next Parliament, holden at York, it was ordained that Staples be held in the King's cities and towns only; and for this reason Gilbert Talbot, Justice of South Wales, or his deputy, was commanded to cause proclamation to be made that the staples for Wales are at Shrewsbury and Kaermerdyn, and not in the said town of Kaerdyf, which is not one of the King's towns.

French Rolls. Rot. Franc. 22 Hen. VI.

1443. m. 14. No. 386. Latin.

Unto Henry Myghaell, otherwise called Henry Moyghel, burgess of the vill of Cardif in Wales, who abideth in the King's service, in the retinue of the King's wellbeloved esquire, William Pyrton, Lieutenant of the King's Castle of Guysnes, in the parts of Picardy, for the safeguard of the said Castle, these the King's letters of protection with a clause We have willed to endure for one year. By &c. Witness the King at Westminster the first day of February.

By Bill of Privy Seal and of the date &c.

French Rolls. 39 Hen. VI.

1460. m. 7. Latin.

Licence to Ship.

The King unto all to whom &c., greeting. Know ye that by the humble supplication of Our wellbeloved John Derell, of Cardyff in Wales, merchant, We have been apprised how he, being lately taken prisoner on the sea by Our Breton enemies, is detained in their hands until his son shall find a pledge for him the said John; and that his said son is held to bail in dire straits in prison there, for the payment of a thousand crowns yet to be paid for the ransom of the said John, besides all that has in that behalf been paid and satisfied. We, of Our special favour, in relief of the said John and for the deliverance of his aforesaid son, have granted and have given licence unto the said John that he at his will may ship ten sarplars of wool of Welsh growth, and all other goods and merchandises, not belonging to the staple of Cales, in one ship or divers ships, once or divers times, in Our ports of Weymouth, Pole or Wareham, at his pleasure; and them so shipped, to any foreign parts may tend and carry and cause to be tended and carried, lawfully and with impunity, without hindrance, impeachment, trouble or molestation of Us or of Our officers or ministers whomsoever. Provided always that he faithfully answer unto Us for the customs, taxes and other moneys unto Us for the goods and merchandises aforesaid owing, as is just. In witness &c. Witness the King at Westminster, the 30th day of January.

By Writ of Privy Seal and of the date aforesaid, &c.

French Rolls. 39 Hen. VI. 1461.

m. 4. Latin.

Safe Conduct.

The King, by the humble supplication of his wellbeloved John Derell, of Cardiff in Wales, merchant, having been apprised how he, being lately taken prisoner on the sea by the King's Breton enemies, is detained in their hands until his son shall find a pledge for him the said John; and that his said son is held to bail in dire straits in prison there, for the payment of a thousand crowns yet to be paid for the ransom of the said John, besides all that has in that behalf been paid and satisfied: Of his especial favour, by his letters patent to endure for one year, in relief of him the said John and for the deliverance of his aforesaid son, hath taken into the King's safe and secure conduct and into his especial protection, guardianship and defence, Geoffrey le Cren, William le Breton, James Tourbault, William le Bourcier and Bartholomew Oreall, merchants of Brittany, and their factors and attorneys, with two servants or less in their company, in the King's realm of England and other his dominions, jurisdictions and territories whatsoever, with a certain ship called the Andrewe, of Seint Malowes in Brittany, of the burden of fifty dolia or under, whereof is master John Curteys, with whatsoever goods and merchandises laden, and sixteen mariners and one paget, or less, for the government of the said ship; as also their lawful effects and tackle whatsoever, jointly or severally, as well by land as by sea and fresh waters, on horse or on foot, so often as he shall please during the King's present safe conduct, in coming thither by night and day, tarrying, anchoring and conversing, and discharging the aforesaid ship of the goods and merchandises aforesaid, and in selling them; and in buying other goods and merchandises whatsoever, not belonging to the King's Staple of Cales, and in relading therewith the aforesaid ship; and with the same ship so reladen, together with the master, mariners and paget aforesaid and their effects and tackle aforesaid, passing over into foreign parts and returning and coming back again into the aforesaid kingdom, dominions, jurisdictions and territories of the King with the aforesaid ship, there tarrying, anchoring, conversing, discharging and trading, and to the aforesaid parts freely and without any hindrance returning; and any marque, countermarque or reprisals granted or to be granted notwithstanding. Provided always that the King be faithfully answered for the customs, subsidies and other moneys unto him for the goods and merchandises aforesaid owing, as is just. And that the aforesaid merchants and the persons accompanying them shall well and honestly behave and demean themselves towards the King and his people; and that they nor any one of them shall not attempt nor cause to be attempted anything that may bring contempt or prejudice to the King, or loss or harm to his aforesaid people. And that they nor any of them shall in nowise enter any of the King's castles, fortresses or private towns, except they first show these the King's present letters of safe conduct unto the captains, mayors or governors of the same. Provided also that if it shall happen any of the aforesaid merchants, or the persons accompanying them, to infringe this the King's present safe conduct, yet the King willeth not that any loss or prejudice be caused unto anyone not infringing his said safe conduct, but unto him or them so infringing. Witness the King at Westminster, the 30th day of January.

By writ of privy seal and of the date aforesaid, by authority of Parliament.

Patent Rolls. 11 Ed. IV. 1471.

Part 1. m. 19D. Latin.

The King unto his beloved in Christ Master Richard Martyn, clerk; Master Lewis Byford, clerk, and Master William Johns, Canons of the Cathedral Church of Landaf, greeting. Know ye that We, for that John, Bishop of Llandaff, against Our royal majesty and his debt of fealty and allegiance unto Us forfeit, as appears probably and manifestly enough before Us and Our Council, willing that the temporalities of his bishopric should by occasion of the forfeiture thereof be taken and seised into Our hands, as is just, and fully trusting in your faithfulness and proved discreetness, have assigned you jointly and severally for Us and in Our name to take and seise, or cause to be taken and seised, all and singular the temporalities of the aforesaid bishopric, and to collect and receive the issues and profits thereof by you or your deputies, and to apply and expend them about the fabric of the same and the reparation of the manors pertaining to the bishopric aforesaid, as according to your wholsome discretions you shall see best to be done. And therefore We command you that you attend diligently to the premisses and do and execute them in form aforesaid. And We give firmly in command, by the tenour of these presents, unto all and singular Our sheriffs, mayors, bailiffs, stewards, constables and other officers, ministers, lieges and subjects whatsoever, as well within the liberties as without, that they be aiding, assisting and obedient unto you and each of you in all things diligently, in the execution of the premisses. In witness &c. Witness the King at Westminster, on the 27th day of July. By the King Himself and of the date &c.

Rot. Pat. 12 Hen. VII.

1497. 2.

pro Burgensibus et aliis hominibus & tenentibus de kerdyf vsk &c de confirmacione.

Rex omnibus ad quos &c salutem. Inspeximus literas patentes domini Edwardi nuper Regis Anglie quarti de confirmacione factas in hec verba [Hic sequitur prout in carta originali.] (fn. 29) Nos autem cartas literas & confirmaciones predictas ac omnia et singula in eisdem contenta rata habentes & grata ea pro nobis et heredibus nostris quantum in nobis est acceptamus & approbamus ac dilectis nobis nunc Burgensibus & aliis hominibus et tenentibus de predictis villis de kerdyf vsk kaerlion Neuport Coubrugge Neeth et kenefeg et eorum successoribus tenore presencium ratificamus et confirmamus sicut carte litere & confirmaciones predicte racionabiliter testantur In cuius &c Teste Rege apud Westmonasterium xix die ffebruarij— pro quadraginta solidis solutis in hanaperio.

[Translation.]

For the Burgesses and other men and tenants of Cardiff, Usk &c., (by way) of confirmation.

The King unto all to whom &c. greeting. We have inspected the letters patent of the lord Edward the Fourth, late King of England, of confirmation, made in these words: [Here follows as in the original charter.] (fn. 30) Now We, allowing and admitting of the charters, letters and confirmations aforesaid, and all and singular in them contained, do accept and approve them for Us and Our heirs, as much as in Us lies; and by the tenour of these presents do ratify and confirm (them) unto Our beloved (subjects) the now Burgesses and other men and tenants of the aforesaid vills of Cardiff, Usk, Caerleon, Newport, Cowbridge, Neath and Kenfig, and their successors, as the charters, letters and confirmations aforesaid reasonably testify. In witness &c. Witness the King, at Westminster, on the 19th day of February.

For forty shillings paid in the Hamper.

Patent Rolls. 18 Hen. VII. 1503.

The King demises for 15 years unto Sir Charles Somerset, knight, the lordship, castle and manor of Cardyffe, in Glomorgan; the lordship of Morganok, in South Wales; the lands called Malyfants, &c.

Patent Rolls. 33 Hen. VIII.

1542. Part 7.

The King grants unto the Dean and Chapter of Gloucester the rectories or churches of Lantwytt, Lamblethyan, Lantrissam, Penmarke and Cardyffe, and the appurtenances, and the chapel of Saint Donat, in the county of Glamorgan and Morgan, parcel of the late possessions of the Abbey of Tewksbury now dissolved, and the advowsons of the vicarages of the same.

Patent Rolls. 34 Hen. VIII.

1543. Part 10.

The King grants unto the Dean and Chapter of Bristol the manor of Pennarth, with the appurtenances, parcel of the collegiate church of Saint Augustine in the city of Bristol, and the tithes of corn, rye, beans and oats in the demesne lands of the said manor.

Patent Rolls. 35 Hen. VIII.

1544. Part 10.

The King grants unto Edward Ferrers, Lord Clynton, on 10 May, for 876l 14s. 2d., the manor of Landough Est, with the appurtenances, parcel of the late possessions of the Abbey of Tewksbury, now dissolved; and Landough and Leckwythe, and the advowsons of vicarages, with the appurtenances.

Patent Rolls. 17 Eliz.

1575. Part 13.

Glam. Cardiffe. Grant of a messuage or tenement, with a garden and stable and other appurtenances there, called Roger Williams' house, in the tenure of Thomas Lewis; and other premises there in several tenures.

The Mydle Pynom there, a ruinous messuage, with the appurtenances, in the parish of Saint Mary, in the tenure of William Pill.

Patent Rolls. 18 Eliz.

1576. Part 8.

Glam. The Queen grants unto John Fleming a ruinous cottage in Workenstreete in Cardiffe, with a cottage and other appurtenances there; and other premises in several places there.

Footnotes

1 This text is copied from the ancient counterpart at the Record Office. It has been collated with the expanded version given in Clark's Cartae from the printed Rol. Chart., and the variations duly noted. Words and terminal letters which occur in the Cartae version, but were not found in the counterpart, are here printed within square brackets.
2 Cartae has "Gramus."
3 Cartae has "Warini."
4 Cartae has "et."
5 I had copied "Deui," but the Cartae has "Oeni" as above, which is probably correct.
6 Cartae has "Hauedhaloch," which is probably incorrect.
7 Cartae has "continetur," but I am sure of my reading.
8 Cartae has "Puinz."
9 I had copied "Lagthbel," which was probably incorrect. The Cartae copies as above.
10 Cartae has "Landinatum."
11 Cartae omits "de."
12 I had copied "Simtlimo," but the Cartae version as above is more likely to be correct.
13 Instead of "fac' d'no," Carlae has "sacerdotis."
14 I had copied "Cendrwelin," but the Cartae version as above is more likely to be correct.
15 Cartae has "xij."
16 Cartae has "Kairdif," incorrectly.
17 Cartae has "habet," but I do not think it is correct. Mr. Clark takes the verb to be governed by the name of the grantor as its noun in each case; but its noun is the name of the grantees, in the plural.
18 Cartae has "Rossavun."
19 Cartae has "confirmamus eis," incorrectly.
20 Cartae has "vel."
21 Cartae has "volo" (for "volumus"), and omits the rest down to the attestations.
22 Cartae has "Sahero," which is very likely to be correct.
23 Cartae renders this " Quency," which is doubtless correct.
24 I had copied "Laur'," but was dubious. The Cartae has "Symone," as above, which is probably correct.
25 Cartae has "Reginald'," which may be correct.
26 I had copied "Kantiro," but the Cartae has "Kantilup," as above, and is correct.
27 Lege Soer.
28 Lege Turberuill.
29 Vide ante, tom. I., p. 43.
30 See Vol. I., p. 44.