William Jones of Cardiff, gentleman.
dat. 28 June 1719.
prob. 8 August 1719.
£50 to the Vicar of St. John's, cousin Alexander Pursell, goldsmith, and nephew Cradock Nowell, all of Cardiff, for "erecting a
decent Altar Peece in the Chancell of the Church of St John's."
"Item I give devise & bequeath unto the Viccar of St John's in
Cardiffe aforesaid my said Couzen Alexander Pursell and my said
Nephew Cradock Nowell the sum of ffifty Pounds upon Trust
nevertheless and to the intent that ye Viccar of St John's aforesd for
the time being the sd Alexander Pursell and my said Nephew
Cradock Nowell and the Survivr of them and his heirs shall yearly
at the ffeast of the nativity of our blessed Lord distribute the Interest
of the sd ffifty Pounds to and amongst Such poor Householders of
the Parish of St John's in Cardiffe as they in their discretion shall
think for ever And whereas I have lately Purchased of mrs Ann
Nowell of the Town of Cardiffe aforesd widdow & my Sd Nephew
Cradock Nowell her Son the Inheritance or ffee simple of a certain
Close or Parcell of Lands being by estimac'on Seaven Acres (more or
less) scituate in Crockertown near the Town of Cardiffe aforesd Now
I Doe hereby charge the sd Lands with the payment of the said ffifty
pounds hereby devised to the use of the Poor Housholders of the
P'ish of St John's aforesd."
Joseph East, of Cardiff, cordwainer.
1719 October 24.
To cousin Alexander Purcell junior, Alderman, little tenement
and garden in Worton Street, formerly Ann Belman's, for remainder
of lease from the Town of Cardiff. "Item I give to the nonjurors
or Mr Sage of Bristoll for them the rent due to me at my decease
and the residue of my personall Estate not before devised."
Alexander Purcell, executor.
John Rees, of Ely.
1719 March 24.
Leasehold lands in the hamlet of Eley in the parish of Llandaff,
called Tair Erw Heol-y-Coed, Erw'r Pond, Tair Erw Mawr and
Erw'r Pentre Kae-gwynne.
Jane Lewis, of Cardiff, widow.
1720 April 6.
To son Edward Lewis 4a. of land near the Mooregate in the
parish of St. Mary's in Cardiff, held by lease under Mr. Morgan
Silver tankard to son William.
£10 to son Gabriel.
To son William garden near Knocker's Hole in the parish of
St. Mary's, in fee simple.
John Williams of Llanedern, gentleman.
1720 October 20.
Calico gown and petticoat lined with silk, together with a black
silk hood and scarf, to sister-in-law Elizabeth Leyson.
Thomas Roberts of Llandaff, gentleman.
1722 May 11.
Freeholds in Llandaff and Llantrisant to son Thomas after death
2½a. freehold on the Saltsmead.
Freehold estate called Pensisley to nephew Thomas Morgan.
Mary Williams, of Llandaff, spinster.
1722 October 29.
To niece Mary, wife of Mr. Humphrey Mathews now of
Llandaff, gentleman, her share of the Prebend or Canonry of the
Presentorship of the Cathedral Church of Llandaff, and a messuage
called Place Mawr with 8a. land, and 14a. called the Bronny, all
belonging to the said Prebend or Canonry and situate in the parish
Edward Henry, of Llandoch.
1723 September 22.
To William William "one great loom and warp loom and one
old loom & half other my implements excepting the little loom
belonging a weaver."
20s. to Mary William, of Michaelstone-le-pitt.
Thomas Herbert of Eglwysilan, gentleman.
1723 November 1.
To Thomas Morgan Lewis, "ye fidler," the little yellow mare.
Lands in Lavernock called Citton farm to nephew Philip Herbert in
fee simple. Lease of Soudra tenement under Lord Brooks for lives.
George Stephens of Cardiff, gentleman.
1724 March 28.
Dwellinghouse called the White Horse, in Cardiff, to daughter
Nicholas Morgan, of Whitchurch, labourer.
[No date.] Proved 15 June 1724.
To son Edward "one witch and Iron Kettle Item I give my sd
son Edward one parte of the house being called the Kitchin lying
towards the East and to the sd Edward att May and the use of the
upper room next to the sd Kitchin to Edward in the winter time and
to one as well as other in the summer time and the new Croft which
was lastly taken in lying towards the south to my sd son Edward
Item I give him one sourell horsed called Robin I give him one
horse Colt two year old Item I Leave on my son Edward to pay his
sister fifteen shillings in four years time Item I give to my Daughter
Anne Morgan one little Crock one pewter platter one pewtr beaker
Item I give my sd Daughter one horse called bund."
Mathew Philip, of Fairwater, yeoman.
1724 August 14.
Lease of tenement called the Maindy, under Thomas Lewis of
Soberton in the county of Southampton, esq.
Mary Read, of Cardiff, spinster.
1724 October 8.
Devises to her mistress, Margaret Mathew of Cardiff, spinster,
in fee simple, her freeholds in Llantrisant.
Thomas Lewis, of Whitchurch.
[No date.] Proved 4 February 1724.
"Item I give and bequeath five pounds to be set out at Interest
to the use of the poor of the p'ish of Whitechurch (that have no relief
weekly from the parish) for ever and the sd Interest to be distributed
yearly after the discretion of the Churchwardens and overseers of the
poor of the sd parish." (fn. 1)
Alexander Pursell, of Cardiff, cordwainer.
1726 July 12.
Describes himself as of great age.
£100 to son John.
House near the Stone Bridge, occupied by Jane Brewer, widow,
to son Emmanuel.
Residue to son Alexander.
Grandson Alexander mentioned.
Mary Thomas, of Cardiff, widow.
1726/7 January 30.
Copyholds in the Manor of Talyvan, in the parish of Welsh
Stone ring having motto Memento mori.
"Two peices of Gold Com[m]only called peices of Ex's."
Little brass crock and brass fire pan.
Richard Christopher, of Llanedern, yeoman.
1727 April 8.
To be buried in the parish church, amongst his friends and
relations. To son David "one yoke of my lesser oxen & a red
Cow." House and 5a. of land, "being a Chapter Lease" in the
parish of Llanedern.
Catherine Williams, of Llanishen.
1727 September 20.
"Item I do bequeath and bestow unto John my Son a Horse and
a mare which is on the Heath and 2 yearly Colts allso a Heifer and
Calf allso three Grey Sheep & Pigg and two Geese & a Gander
3 hens & a Cock one feather Bed & 2 Ruggs and new Blanketts and
all belonging to him [i.e., to the bed] and great Table & a Square
Table and two Coffers & Bench a Chaire & two Stools allso Kettle
one Voyder & Middell a pewter quart two plates four Spoons Saltsellar & pewter Bottle a Brass Crock & Skillett and Tinn Coffin &
Brass Scim[m]er 3 picks 3 wedges & all Planks Board 2 little Coffers
Prenfoll Branger great Trunk one skillett allso Wenllian my
Daughter one Drake and Duck one Cow & Broke Horse & 2 Sheep
& a Pigg 2 Geese 3 Hens 2 Ducks one Chest & Coffer & Round
Table and Dresser and Bench and Tressell 2 Stools 3 pewter
platters Quart & Copper Tankett 3 pewter Dishes 2 Beds & one
Cloaths two Straw Coffers and the wool belonging unless half
Poise one white Lin[n]en Bed a Crock Bakestone Ounger & Spittell
dripping pan & Hayry Trunk the Turn & all belonging & Pad
allso Elizabeth my Daughter I do bestow the Red Horse & 3 Yearly
Colts to my Grandson & my wearing Cloaths to my Daughter
Elizabeth and all Dreaks belonging to every one allso I give five
Shillings money And for all the wooden Vessells they are to be
sold equally for the Rent three pounds three shillings Rent."
Hannah Archer, of Cardiff, widow.
1728 January 27.
Leaves most of her money to the family of Jonathan Greenfield,
of Cardiff. £10 to the poor prisoners in the County Gaol.
Miles Meredith, of Llanishen, yeoman.
1728 March 26.
Lease of Court Bâch. House in Crockerton.
Freeholds in Llanishen and Llanedern.
Eldest son William.
William Hodges, of Cardiff, mariner.
1728 April 2.
House lately purchased of Oliver St. John, esq., situate near the
North Gate, between the house of Blanch Robotham widow north,
and the house of Lewis Jenkin, blacksmith, south.
Joan Thomas, of Llandaff, spinster.
1728 April 3.
To be buried in her mother's grave in Llandaff churchyard.
Her executor to bestow half a barrel of ale at her funeral.
1s. to David William, of the parish of Begganton in the county
Edward Samuell, of Rumney, yeoman.
1728 April 29.
"Whereas att a Court Baron held in & for ye Mannor of
Rumney in the said County of Monmouth on the 11th day of Decr
1717 before Wm Richards gent Steward there I have Surrendered
into the hands of the Lady of the sd Mannor by her sd Steward
according to the Custom of the sd Mannor one Messuage one Cowhouse one Barne & one Stable with the appurts & 22½ acres of
Land Customary fineable (be the same more or less) lyeing & being
within ye Com[m]ott of Newton & Mannor aforesaid Unto & to the Use
& behoof of George Evan & his heires Customary for ever acc'd'g to
the Custom of the said Mannor of Rumney. . . . . ."
In 1721 a similar surrender of 6¼a. to the Lord.
"Whereas allso att a Court Baron held in & for ye Mannor of
Peterstone in ye said County of Monmouth on 2 Decr 1717 before
Charles Philips gent Steward there I have Surrendered into ye hands
of ye Lord of ye sd Mannor by his Steward acc'd'g to ye Custom of ye
sd Mannor 2 p'cels of Land Customary fineable containing by
estimac'on 10½a. (more or less) lyeing & being in the Parish of
Rumney in ye Mannor of Peterstone aforesd . . . . . . as
by ye sd several Surrenders & Declarations of ye uses thereof
entered in ye severall Court Rolls of the sd Mannor of Rumney &
Peterstone. . . . . ."
Pentwyn in St Mellon's to niece Martha Philip.
2 closes called Tilly ycha & Tilly Isha, containing about 6a., in
4a. freehold in Marshfield called "Y'r Hoil six acres."
Jane Thomas, of Pentyrch, spinster.
1728 May 6.
To servant Jennett Thomas "one feather bed & Gobennidd, two
Blanketts & one Rugg where I doe lye, one Mantue, two Petticoats
one of them Bedquilt, one Blew Apron & one Suite of Caps & my
To nephew Lewis Thomas one coffer with a drawer in it.
6 damask table handkerchieves; a riding cushion "& two
Heling; & one feather Bed & one Gobennidd."
Edmund Rees, of Radyr, yeoman.
1728 August 19.
Freehold in Radir, Whitchurch, Llandaff and Eglwysilan.
Eldest son William Rees. Younger son John.
Land called Tir-y-fordd Laes in Radir.
Parcel of land in Radyr called Park or the Lodge.
Thomas Lewis, of Croft y Gunny in the parish of St. Fagan's.
Frances Thomas, of Cardiff, widow.
1729 March 28.
Lands in the parish of Bedwas, and leaseholds in Llanedern.
Legacies:—Spruce chest; dressing box, with the receipts and
work therein; bedstead with canopy, in the closet within my bedchamber; the iron back and the plate belonging to it, in the parlour
at Bedwas; silver can or cup marked F. T.; feather bed in the Red
Chamber at Bedwas; silver caudle cup marked W. T.; my little
spruce chest; late husband's cane with the silver head; two little
brass candlesticks, and snuffers and snuff box.
Reynold Thomas, of Llandoch, yeoman.
1729/30 January 8.
Legacies to Henry, Trevor, Lettice &c., children of Oliver
Jones, late of Cardiff, gardener.
A Welsh bushel of wheat to "David John alias David da Dduw u chwy." (fn. 2)
George Mathews, of Llanfihangel-Llantarnam in the
county of Monmouth, yeoman.
1729/30 February 23.
"Whereas att a Court Baron held in & for ye Mannor of
Rumney in ye County of Monmouth on ye one & twentieth day of
October & in ye year of our Lord 1715 before William Richards
gent Steward there I have Surrendered into the hands of the Lord
of the sd Mannor by the said Steward according to ye Custom of
the said Mannor two Messuages two Barns & one & twenty acres
of Customary Lands fineable (be the same more or less) with ye
app'tenances whereof sixteen acres of the said Land scituateth
within ye Com[m]ott of Rumney & the other five being ye Residue of
ye said premisses lyeth & scituateth in the Com[m]ott of Newton within
ye aforesaid Mannor. . . . . ."
Customaryhold to nephew George Collins, of Llandaff, yeoman,
"being the youngest to son Thomas Collins senior."
To Thomas Collins, brother to the said George, "one Welsh
Bible & one Common Prayer both in folio."
A yeoman at Cottrell in 1729 bequeaths "a Leather Breeches
and a pair of Socks com[m]only called Sacasses." (fn. 3)
Mary Rees, of Llandaff.
1730 June 19.
House, orchard and 4a. of land called Kimdda bach, to Morgan
son of Lewis Rees.
David John, of Whitchurch.
1730 December 11.
All to wife Sarah and daughter Anne jointly, "in Case my said
Wife do not marry a second Venter."
William Lewis, of Whitchurch, witness and executor.
John Thomas, of Penarth.
1730/1 January 31.
Edward William's Lease called Tir bach, to son William
"The Kemmin and the higher house and Land late of Robert
Clayton and the great Barne belonging to the Kem[m]in" to daughter
Elizabeth King, of Whitchurch.
1730 February 8.
"Item two peices of Cotton to Elizabeth Jenkin and my Bodice
& stumminger and my red Cow to Elizabeth Jenkin."
Edward Gamage, of Roath.
1730/1 February 12.
Cows called Cefnwen, Rossi, Pengron, Ceiros, Twbi, Tali,
William John, of Whitchurch.
1731 December 16.
Lease under Thomas Morgan of Ruperra, esq., of land called
Tyr y Saith Erw.
William Richards of Cardiff, esq.
1731 February 25.
About a dozen houses in Cardiff. Freeholds and customaryholds in Glamorgan and Monmouthshire.
2 houses in Pottage Street late in the tenure of Henry William,
Children: William, Elizabeth, Jane.
Nephews Michael Richards and William Richards, and niece
William Holly, of Llandaff.
1731/2 March 13.
4a. of land by Ely Pool purchased of Thomas Lewis of Soberton,
Elias Evan, of Llandaff, yeoman.
1732 March 31.
To eldest son Richard leasehold tenement in Llandaff called
I purchased from Thomas Lewis, esq., the reversion of a lease
on a tenement of land called Kaerbont in Llandaff, containing 16a.
Richard, is to pay £80 to his brother James, towards his
(James') education at Oxford.
Margaret Morgan, of Cardiff.
1732 August 15.
"my body to be buried in christal Burial in the Parish Church
of Saint Johns in Cardiffe by my Executrix herein after named Item
I leave ffourty pound ffor my ffuneral a good black cloath ffor the
reading Pew ffor I will not have a Sermon a good Hattbond and
Gloves to the gentleman that buries me Hattbond gloves to the
Bailiffe of the Town and Gloves to the Serjants Gloves to the
Clerk and Sexton."
To cousin Wenllian Rice a silver porringer.
Harry Thomas, of Whitchurch, yeoman.
1733 May 5.
Lease called the Little Pant in Whitchurch parish.
"But if my wife Anne Thomas happen to marry there is nothing
to her but one Bed and its appurtenances."
Jonathan Greenfield, of Cardiff, mariner.
1733 May 23.
"I fforbid any gloves nor Mourning to be gave to any body at
or after my ffunerall only ten pounds to defray all my ffunerall
Expences and it is my desire to be buried in St Johns Church in
Cardiff or else in the Churchyard in the tome of my Sister in law
Anne Archer by the south porch."
Son John "shall not have power to carry any of my effects not
out of my now dwelling house."
William Morrice, of Llandoch.
1734 April 30.
To son Thomas a cow called Ceyros Vach.
To daughter Jane a cow called Seran.
Blanch Robotham, of Cardiff, widow.
1734 May 22.
£5 to the poor of St John's, Cardiff, and St Michael's, Bristol.
Messuage and court which I hold by lease of the Corporation
of Cardiff, situate near the North Gate there.
£5 to the repair of the meeting house in Cardiffe.
Evan Deer, of Cardiff, ironmonger.
1735 March 26.
Lands in Llanmaes, Roath and Cardiff purchased of Lord
Windsor, Thomas Lewis of Soberton, esq., and Buckley Mackworth,
Stable and garden in St John's, purchased of Mr. Mackworth for
99 years, the east side adjoining the Town Wall.
Storehouse in St John's, now in possession of the Churchwardens of Cardiff, Alexander Purcell, esq., and George Watkins,
Lewis Lewis, of Whitchurch.
1735 November 29.
Freeholds in Whitchurch and Llanedern to son Edward Lewis.
House in Whitchurch adjoining to the Common.
Lease of lands called fforest Isha.
To son Edward 2 oxen, 2 cows, 1 wain and plough; also lease
To son Thomas Lewis lease called Kelly, and leases of the
Derry and Cwm Novith.
Sarah Thomas, of Pentyrch, spinster.
Bequeaths 2 suits of head-clothes.
Margaret Harry, of Lisvane.
1737–8 January 10.
"Chest or coffer that stands under the cupboard in the room
called y parth uchaf."
Prerogative Court of Canterbury.
Extracted from the Principal Registry of the Probate, Divorce and
Admiralty Division of the High Court of Justice.
Thomas Mathews of Llandaff, Admiral.
[1749 January 6].
I Thomas Mathews of the parish of Saint George Bloomsbury in
the county of Middlesex esquire do make this my last Will and
Testament in manner following that is to say I give and devise All
and every my castles manors or lordships freehold messuages lands
tenements advowsons and hereditaments whatsoever situate lying and
being in the counties of Middlesex Glamorgan Monmouth and elsewhere whereof or wherein I or any person or persons in trust for me
am is or are seised of any estate of freehold or inheritance in possession reversion remainder or expectancy with their and every of their
rights royalties members and appurtenances unto and to the use of
my wife Millicent Mathews my sister in law Hester Fuller Mr. John
Baynard junior of the Navy Office London gentleman my cousin
Charles Jones of Llandaff in the county of Glamorgan gentleman
and my late secretary Mr. John Scot and their heirs Upon Trust that
they and the survivors and survivor of them and the heirs of such
survivor shall and do as soon after my decease as they conveniently
can by such conveyances and assurances in the law as Counsel shall
advise and think proper settle convey and assure the said castles
manors lordships freehold messuages lands advowsons and hereditaments so devised to them as aforesaid to the several uses upon the
trusts and to and for the several ends intents and purposes and
subject to the provisoes declarations and agreements hereinafter
mentioned expressed and declared of and concerning the same that
is to say As to for and concerning my said castles manors lordships
messuages lands tenements advowsons and hereditaments in the
counties of Glamorgan and Monmouth with their and every of their
rights royalties members and appurtenances to the use intent and
purpose that my said wife Millicent Mathews and her assigns may
thereout have receive and take for her life one annuity or yearly rent
of three hundred pounds of lawful money of Great Britain free from
all deductions whatsoever to be payable at or on the Feast of Saint
John the Baptist and the Birth of our Lord Christ in every year by
even and equal portions the first payment thereof to begin and be
made at or on such of the said feasts as shall first and next happen
after my decease with powers of entry and distress and such other
provisions as are usually inserted in cases of the like nature And
subject thereout to the use of two or more trustees of the said
intended settlement to be named their executors administrators and
assigns for a term of five hundred years without impeachment of
waste upon the trusts hereinafter mentioned concerning the same
And after the end or other sooner determination of the said term of
five hundred years and subject thereto to the use of my grandson
Thomas Mathews and his assigns for his life without impeachment of
waste And after the determination of that estate by forfeiture or
otherwise to the use of two or more other trustees in the said settlement to be named and their heirs during the life of my said grandson
in trust by the usual ways and means in that behalf to preserve the
contingent remainders And after the decease of my said grandson
Thomas Mathews to the use of the first and every other son of his
body lawfully to be begotten successively in tail male And in default
of such issue to the use of the second third and all and every other the
son and sons of my son Major Thomas Mathews lawfully to be begotten
successively in tail male And for default of such issue to the use of
two other trustees in the same settlement to be named their executors
administrators and assigns for a term of ninety and nine years if my
said son Major Thomas Mathews shall so long live In Trust out of the
rents and profits of the same premises or some part thereof to raise
and pay to each and every the daughter and daughters of my said son
the annuity or yearly sum of one hundred pounds of lawful money of
Great Britain free from all deductions whatsoever during so many
years of the said term as he my said son shall happen to live to be
payable by half yearly payments at or on the Feast of Saint John the
Baptist and Saint Michael the Archangel in every year by even and
equal portions the first payment thereof to begin and to be made at
or on such of the said feasts as shall first or next happen after the
commencement of the said term of ninety and nine years And from
and immediately after the expiration or other sooner determination of
the said term of ninety and nine years and subject thereto to the use
of my said son Major Thomas Mathews and his assigns for his life
without impeachment of waste And after the determination of that
estate by forfeiture or otherwise to the use of two trustees and their
heirs during the life of my said son Major Mathews in trust to
preserve the contingent remainders thereinafter directed to be limited
And after the decease of my said son Major Mathews to the use of all
and every the daughter and daughters of his body lawfully to be
begotten equally to be divided between them as tenants in common
in tail general with cross remainders over in case of the death of any
of the said daughters without issue to the use of all and every other
such daughter or daughters to take in like manner as tenants in
common and the heirs of the body and bodies of such other daughter
or daughters And if all such daughters but one shall die without
issue or there shall be but one such daughter then to the use of such
only daughter and the heirs of her body And in default of such
issue to the use of all and every the daughter and daughters of the
body of my said grandson Thomas Mathews for such estates and
interests and in the same manner as I have hereinbefore directed
concerning the daughters of my son Thomas Mathews And in
default of such issue to my own right heirs And as to my
messuages lands tenements and hereditaments in the county of
Middlesex hereinbefore devised with their appurtenances to the
use of my said wife Millicent Mathews and her assigns for her life
And after her decease to the use of such person and persons and
for such estates and interests and subject to such and the same
powers provisoes and limitations as I have hereinbefore directed
touching and concerning my castles manors lands tenements advowsons and hereditaments in the counties of Glamorgan and
Monmouth or such and so many of them as shall then be existing
or capable of taking effect And my will is that in the settlement
so to be made as aforesaid the trust of the term of five hundred
years hereinbefore directed to be limited shall be declared to be as
to the lands in the counties of Glamorgan and Monmouth in the first
place for the better and more effectual securing the payment of the
said annuity or yearly sum of three hundred pounds to my wife
Millicent Mathews at the times hereinbefore mentioned for payment
thereof in such manner as is usual in cases of the like nature And
subject thereto Then as to those manors lands advowsons and
hereditaments as well as the messuages and lands in the county
of Middlesex upon trust that the trustees of the said term of five
hundred years shall and do during so many years of the said term
as my said son Major Thomas Mathews and my grandson Thomas
Mathews or any issue male of his body or any other issue male of
my own body shall jointly live by and out of the rents issues and
profits of the premises in the said term to be compromised or by sale
or mortgage of the same premises or any part thereof or by such
other ways and means as the said trustees or the survivor of them
or the executors or administrators of such survivor shall think proper
raise and pay unto my said son Thomas Mathews or his assigns one
annuity or yearly sum of seven hundred pounds of lawful money of
Great Britain free from all deductions whatsoever at or on the four
feasts or days of payment in the year that is to say Lady Day
Midsummer Michaelmas and Christmas in every year by even and
equal portions the first payment thereof to begin and be made at
or on such of the said feasts as shall first and next happen after
my decease Provided nevertheless and my will is and I do hereby
declare that the said annuity or yearly sum of seven hundred pounds
so directed to be raised and paid to my son Thomas Mathews and
his assigns as aforesaid is upon this express condition that he my
said son Thomas Mathews shall within twelve months next after
my decease by such good and sufficient conveyances and assurances
in the law as Counsel shall advise convey settle and assure all and
every the manors lands tenements and hereditaments mentioned
and comprised in the settlement made after my marriage with my
late wife Henrietta bearing date the ninth day of January one
thousand seven hundred and six In the first place for better
securing unto my sister in law Elizabeth Burgess one annuity or
yearly sum of one hundred pounds during her life which I have
granted and made payable to her out of the same lands and
hereditaments or any part thereof and subject thereto to the use
of my said son Thomas Mathews and his assigns for his life
without impeachment of waste And after the determination of that
estate to the use of two or more trustees in the said settlement to
be named and their heirs during the life of my said son Thomas
Mathews in trust to preserve the contingent remainders And after
his decease to such and the same uses upon such and the same
trusts and to and for such and the same ends intents and purposes
and subject to such and the same powers provisoes and declarations
as are hereinbefore directed to be limited of and concerning my
manors lands and hereditaments in the counties of Glamorgan and
Monmouth or so many of them as shall be then existing or capable
of taking effect And also shall and do ratify and confirm this my
Will and every clause matter and thing therein contained by such
ways and means and in such manner as by Counsel learned in the
law shall be advised and thought proper But in case my said son
Thomas Mathews shall neglect or refuse to make and execute such
conveyance settlement or assurance as is herein last before directed
and to ratify and confirm this my Will in manner before mentioned
within the time hereinbefore limited and appointed for that purpose
Then my will and mind is that the said annuity or yearly sum of
seven hundred pounds directed to be raised under the trusts of the
said term of five hundred years and paid to my said son as aforesaid
shall not nor shall any part thereof be raised and paid but shall
cease to become payable And my will further is that in the several
settlements so to be made as aforesaid there shall be inserted and
contained proper provisoes for my said grandson Thomas Mathews
and my son Thomas Mathews when they shall respectively be in
the actual possession of the manors lands and hereditaments hereinbefore directed to be limited to them for their respective lives as
aforesaid by any deed or writing under their respective hands and
seals to be executed in the presence of two or more credible
witnesses To grant convey assign limit or appoint the said manors
lands and hereditaments whereof they shall be so in possession as
aforesaid or any annual sum or yearly rent to be issuing out of and
charged upon all or part of the same premises with powers of entry
and distress and a term of years and other usual provisions for the
effectual securing the same rent charge subject nevertheless to the
several terms of ninety and nine years and five hundred years before
mentioned and the trusts to be declared thereof respectively unto
upon or to the use of any woman or women that they shall
respectively marry to hold and take effect from and after the several
deceases of them my said grandson Thomas Mathews and my son
Thomas Mathews for and during the life or lives of such woman or
women for or in lieu name or stead of her or their jointure or
jointures and in bar of her and their dower and dowers so as my
said grandson Thomas Mathews and my son Thomas Mathews shall
severally actually receive as a portion or fortune with each such
woman as they shall respectively marry the sum of one thousand
pounds or the value thereof for every one hundred pounds a year
in lands and hereditaments or for each eighty pounds a year rent
charge so to be granted assigned limited or appointed for or in
jointure as aforesaid and so as the portion or fortune so to be
received as aforesaid shall be settled as a provision for the younger
children of such respective marriages as aforesaid in such manner
as such respective intended wives shall think proper and also such
powers for my said grandson Thomas Mathews and my son Thomas
Mathews when and as they shall respectively be in the actual
possession of the said manors lands and hereditaments or any part
thereof in manner aforesaid to make any lease or leases of the same
premises or any part thereof for any term or number of years not
exceeding twenty one years to take effect in possession or for three
lives or ninety and nine years determinable on the death of three
persons in such leases to be named as my said trustrees or the
survivors or survivor of them shall think proper or as are usually
inserted in settlements of the like nature and also such other clauses
provisoes limitations declarations and agreements as at the times
of making such respective settlements shall with the approbation
and consent of my said trustees or the survivors or survivor of
them to be signified by their his or her executing the said settlements respectively be agreed upon and therein inserted And I give
and bequeath unto my granddaughter Jane Mathews one exchequer
annuity of one hundred pounds per annum which I value at one
thousand four hundred pounds And also the sum of two thousand
six hundred pounds of lawful money of Great Britain making together
four thousand pounds And unto my granddaughter Ann Mathews
one other exchequer annuity of one hundred pounds per annum
which I also value at one thousand four hundred pounds And likewise the sum of two thousand six hundred pounds of like lawful
money making together four thousand pounds And unto my granddaughters Henrietta Mathews and Millicent Mathews four thousand
pounds apiece of like lawful money the said several annuities and
legacies to be respectively assigned and paid to my said granddaughters at their several and respective ages of twenty five years
or day of marriage which shall first happen but in case all or any of
my said granddaughters shall happen to die before any of their said
legacies shall become payable then my will is that the legacy or
legacie of her or them so dying shall sink into the residuum of my
personal estate for the benefit of such person or persons as shall be
entitled to the same by virute of this my Will And my further will
is that my executors their executors and administrators shall pay
unto my said granddaughter Jane the yearly sum of one hundred
pounds until her said legacy shall be payable And unto my two
granddaughters Henrietta and Millicent the yearly sum of fifty
pounds apiece until they shall severally attain the age of eight
years and from that time the yearly sum of eighty pounds apiece
until they shall severally attain the age of sixteen years and afterward the yearly sum of one hundred pounds until their respective
legacies shall become payable the said several yearly sums to be
paid for the maintenance and education of my said granddaughters
over and above any other provisions hereinbefore made for them at
or on the feasts of Saint Michael the Archangel and the Birth of our
Lord Christ every year by even and equal portions the first payment
thereof to begin and be made at or on such of the said feasts or days
of payment as shall first and next happen after my decease And I
do desire and direct that there be paid and allowed for the maintenance and education of my grandson Thomas Mathews and out of
the rents and profits of the premises so directed to be limited to him
for his life as aforesaid the yearly sum of one hundred and twenty
pounds until he shall attain his age of sixteen years and afterwards
the yearly sum of four hundred pounds until he shall attain the age
of twenty one years And that the rest of the rents and profits of the
same premises shall during his minority be received and placed out
on security for his benefit from time to time until he attains his age
of twenty one years or dies which shall first happen I give and
bequeath unto my son Thomas Mathews my diamond ring I wear
which was left me by my grandfather Sir Thomas Armstrong who
requested that it might never go out of our family but to be kept in
memory of the donor King William the Third of ever glorious
memory And I give and bequeath to my good sister in law Mistress
Hester Fuller one thousand pounds as a token of gratitude for her
constant love and friendship for me and mine To Mr. John Baynard
junior of the Navy Office the sum of one hundred pounds as a token
of my friendship for him And twenty pounds for mourning To
Mr. John Scott my late secretary the sum of one hundred pounds
as a token of his constant zeal and fidelity and twenty pounds for
mourning To my cousin Andrew Robinson esquire the sum of
twenty five pounds for mourning To my cousin Charles Jones of
Llandaff fifty pounds for mourning To William Young esquire late
secretary to my deceased friend and patron Lord Berkeley the sum
of fifty pounds for mourning To my sister in law Mrs. Elizabeth
Burgess the sum of twenty five pounds for mourning To Mr. Henry
Toms my surgeon fifty pounds for his extraordinary care of me
during my illness And I give unto my dearly beloved wife Millicent
all my household goods and implements of household furniture linen
plate and jewels of what nature or kind soever (except the diamond
ring hereinbefore mentioned bequeathed to my son) and also all my
wines and liquors and provisions of housekeeping to and for her own
use and also the sum of one thousand pounds for mourning And I
also give and bequeath all that my leasehold house wherein I now
reside situate in or near Hart Street Bloomsbury aforesaid with the
stables outhouses and appurtenances to the same belonging or therewith used or enjoyed unto my said wife Millicent Mathews and her
assigns during so many years of the terms I have therein as she shall
live And after her decease I direct that the same shall fall into the
residue of my personal estate to be disposed of in the manner hereinafter mentioned And I give and bequeath all my ready money
securities for money stocks in the publick funds goods chattels and
personal estate whatsoever not hereinbefore otherwise specifically
given and bequeathed unto the said Millicent Mathews, Hester
Fuller, John Baynard, Charles Jones and John Scott their executors
administrators and assigns Upon Trust in the first place to pay my
funeral expenses and all the just debts I shall owe at the time of
my decease and afterwards the several legacies in and by this my
Will given and bequeathed and such other legacies as I shall by any
Codicil or writing under my hand hereafter give and bequeath And
subject thereto upon trust to place out the residue and surplus of my
said personal estate which shall remain after and not be applied for
the purposes aforesaid in one or more purchase or purchases of
manors messuages lands tenements and hereditaments in fee simple
in possession free from encumbrances and also shall and do immediately after such purchase or purchases shall be made settle convey
and assure the manors messuages lands tenements and hereditaments
so to be purchased as aforesaid in the first place for securing unto
the said Elizabeth Burgess the annuity or yearly sum of one hundred
pounds granted and made payable by me to her for her life as
aforesaid in case the same shall not be secured and made payable
by my son Thomas Mathews in manner hereinbefore directed and
subject thereto for and upon and subject to such and the same uses
trusts powers provisoes limitations and agreements as I have hereinbefore directed to be limited of and concerning my castles manors
lands and hereditaments in the counties of Glamorgan and Monmouth
hereinbefore devised or such and so many of them as shall be then
existing undetermined or capable of taking effect And my will is
and I do hereby declare that the said Millicent Mathews, Hester
Fuller, John Baynard, Charles Jones and John Scott and the survivors
and survivor of them and the executors and administrators of such
survivor shall and may in the meantime and until such purchase
and purchases shall be made by and with the consent and approbation of my said wife Millicent Mathews and sister in law Hester
Fuller or the survivor of them lend and place out the residue and
surplus of my said personal estate upon any real and Parliamentary
securities or publick funds subject to the trusts aforesaid and from
time to call in and receive such moneys so lent and placed out on
securities as aforesaid or any part thereof as often as they shall
think fit and again to lend out the same with such approbation as
aforesaid and subject to the same trusts and in the meantime and
until the said residue of my personal estate shall be laid out in the
purchase of manors lands and hereditaments as aforesaid all the
interest proceeds and dividends of the said funds and securities
shall be from time to time paid to and received by such person and
persons as and to whom the rents and profits of the premises so to
be purchased (if purchased) would for the time being belong or
appertain by virtue of the uses and limitations before mentioned
And my will further is and I do hereby declare that my several
trustees and executors hereinbefore and hereafter named for the
purposes hereinbefore mentioned shall not nor shall any of them
or the heirs executors or administrators of any of them be answerable or accountable for any money to be received by virtue of or
under the trusts hereby in them reposed or any otherwise than
each person for such sum and sums of money as he or she shall
respectively actually receive And that no one of them shall be
answerable or accountable for the acts receipts neglects or defaults
of the other of them And also that they my said trustees and
executors their respective executors and administrators shall and
may by and out of the estates hereby vested in them for the
purposes aforesaid retain to and reimburse themselves all such
costs charges damages and expenses as they respectively shall or
may sustain expend or be put into in and about the execution of
the trusts hereby in them respectively reposed And I do hereby
make constitute and appoint the said Millicent Mathews, Hester
Fuller, John Baynard, Charles Jones and John Scott executors of
this my Will hereby revoking all former wills by me made In
Witness whereof I the said Thomas Mathews have hereunto set
my hand and seal this sixth day of January in the year of our
Lord one thousand seven hundred and forty nine
The writing above contained was signed and sealed by the said
Testator Thomas Mathews and by him published and declared as
and for his last Will and Testament in the presence of us who have
subscribed our names as Witnesses thereto in the presence and at
the request of the said Testator and also in the presence of each
Jacb Davison, Bartlett's Buildings.
Jno Jenkins, Clerk to Mr. Davison.
Miles Bevis, of Pentyrch.
1763 July 5.
To wife and 3 sons leasehold lands in the parish of Pentyrch,
known by the name of Gockid. (Cottage and garden.)
Thomas David, of Pen-y-groes, Lanedarn.
1765 October 4.
Real estate to eldest son Thomas, charged with legacies to son
David and daughter Jane.
Alexander Purcel, of Cardiff, goldsmith.
1768 April 20.
To wife Elizabeth real estate, on trust, after her decease, for
sisters Elizabeth Purcel and Jane Blatchly equally, subject to legacy
of £8 per annum to Elizabeth daughter of nephew Alexander
Wilson, of Cardiff, watchmaker, till 21.
Silver half-pint mug and silver porringer to grandniece Elizabeth,
to be kept in custody of my executrices until she attains the age of
Wearing apparel and trade implements to nephews said
Alexander Wilson and Richard Wilson, jeweller.
Messuage in High Street, Cardiff, held under me by Edward
Whiteing, tailor, to nephew Alexander; and after his death to his
son Alexander and his daughter Mary.
Messuage in High Street, occupied under me by Michael
Brewer, mercer, to Elizabeth daughter of Alexander Wilson, for
life; remainder to Ann, daughter of Richard Wilson.
To nephew Alexander all my lands opposite to the King's Castle
in the parish of Llandaff, now held from and under me by William
To nephew Thomas Wilson all that messuage or tenement with
the stable adjoining, near the Castle, wherein I now dwell, to him and
his heirs for ever.
To my nephew Richard Wilson all that messuage or tenement
in Duke Street commonly called Shoemaker's Street, wherein Isaac
Rosser, glazier, now liveth. Also messuage in Duke Street, known
by the name of the Old Green Dragon, held under me by lease by
Henry Lewis, mercer.
To nephew William Wilson all that messuage, situated in
Worton Street commonly called Houle Cawle, wherein William
Griffiths, gentleman, now liveth; as likewise a messuage or tenement
in the same street wherein David Purcel now liveth.
To nephew Richard Wilson a barn and garden in Crockertown
for life, with remainder to his daughter Sarah in fee simple.
William Turberville of Wattrell in the parish of
1768 September 13.
Freehold estate in Pentyrch to wife Catherine for life; also
messuage called Wattrell, situate in the parish of Radyr; together
with the court and garden adjoining to the house, and the stable
under the storehouse (with the use of courtyard and draw-well).
Also orchard and 15a. of land called the Five Acres next the
House, the Middle Five Acres and the Further Five Acres, all in
the parish of Llandaff and held by lease from the Earl of Plymouth.
Also to my wife "the Silver Tankard that Mr Powell gave us
upon that occasion" (our marriage).
To wife three of my best cows and two of my best horses or
mares, with the tackle in husbandry belonging to such horses or
mares, and a part of the hay and straw in my barn, rickyard or elsewhere, in proportion to the number of cattle hereby given to her.
To nephew Henry Llewelyn freehold called Bull-croft, in the
parish of Leckwith, in fee simple.
To natural son Edward Turberville all my wearing apparel
(except my best suit of clothes and six of my best shirts and six
Residue to brother Edward.
Michael Richards of Cardiff.
1771 January 19.
£40 a year charged on estate at Pendoylon, to youngest son
Son George, £10.
Son Charles £10.
"To my Dear Mrs Richards I give the House Garden and
Appurtenances wherein we now Dwell if she should like remaining
in Cardiff (where I have transported her so I beg her forgiveness)"
for life, with remainder and all residue to eldest son John.
Edward William, of Roath, yeoman.
1772 August 9.
Cottage wherein I now live, with garden and about ¼a. of land
on the Little Heath in the parish of Roath, having lands of Robert
Jones, esq., on the north-west, brook called Nant Llyky on the northeast, and the said Heath facing the village of Roath on the south-east,
to nephew Miles John.
Catherine Evans, of St. John's, Cardiff.
1774 May 15.
To Ann, daughter of Rowland James, of Splot, 10 guineas;
also 2 silver table spoons, six silver tea spoons, tongs, cream boat
and punch ladle; as also two silk gowns; I dozen of china tea
dishes, saucers and "bazon."
To Edward, son of the said Rowland James, my silver watch;
one pair of silver shoe-buckles and a pair of silver knee-buckles.
To brother-in-law William Evans "my Buroe and Large Looking Glass and a Square Mahogany Table and my best blue and Cotten
Bed with its appurtenances thereunto belonging."
To Mrs. Ann James, of Splot, and Mr. Cicel Jame, of Pant Mawr
in the parish of Whitchurch, "two Guineas a Piece to buy a Morning
To Ann, wife of William Rodger, of the parish of Roath,
2 guineas and all my old wearing apparel.
Thomas William, of Blew House, Llanishen, yeoman.
1774 June 2.
To daughter Catherine Harry £10 and one dust bed, one
bolster, two blankets and one rug.
To daughter Elizabeth my best bed and bedstead with all its
clothes thereunto belonging. Also the little square table which is
now in the hall.
To wife Ann the bed and bedstead where I now lie, with all its
clothes thereunto belonging, £10 and remainder of effects during
Reversion thereof to son John and daughter Elizabeth.
Jennet Rees, of Whitchurch, spinster.
1774 June 23.
To nephew William Morgan, son of Edward Morgan, of Lisvane,
my share of freehold estate in the parish of St. Mellon's, called Six
Acres Y Pwell Coch, for ever. Also £40. Also one bedstead, one
feather bed, one bolster and its clothes, two brass pans, one round
table, two large pewter dishes, six small pewter plates, and four
Friswith Morgan, of the parish of Radir, widow.
1774 June 30.
To niece Elizabeth David, daughter of late brother Philip
Williams, a heifer and calf.
Abraham Joseph, of Lisvane, yeoman.
1775 March 2.
To son Thomas that lease called or known by the name of
Thomas Lewis of Llanishen, esq.
1775 March 10.
Whole estate to son Wyndham, charged with £1,000 each to
daughters Elizabeth and Blanch Lewis, above the legacies left them
by their late grandfather Thomas Popkins, esq. £20 to mother-inlaw Mrs. Joan Thomas, every year during her life, for pocket money;
she to be maintained by my said son.
"Subject also and I do hereby Charge my said real Estate with
the payment of the sum of Four Pounds yearly forever for and
towards the Support and Maintenance of such person or persons
as shall from time to time inhabit and Dwell in the Alms houses
in the said Parish of Llanishen."
Annuity of 40s. to servant maid Margaret Rees.
James James, of Pantmawr, Whitchurch.
1775 April 27.
All to wife Cecil, executrix.
Richard Priest, of Cardiff, mariner.
1775 November 17.
To wife Ann furniture and shares of sloops, skiffs and boats.
And freehold messuage at Crockertown.
To Nicholas Priest, son, the house I now dwell in. "Allso the
house that Mr. Thomas French now dwell in."
Cecil Evans, of Cardiff, widow.
1775 December 7.
Freehold dwellinghouse called the White Lyon Inn, situate at
Cardiff and now in the occupation of Edward Thomas, innkeeper, to
nephew John Roberts, son of niece Elizabeth Roberts, late of Cardiff,
To my servant Joan Richards all my old clothes.
Wearing apparel to nieces Jennett, wife of Evan John, and Ann,
wife of Aquilla Jones.
William Hugh, of Rumney, yeoman.
1775 December 16.
To wife Ann the house in which I now live, with the lands
thereto belonging, as devised to me by my uncle William Robert;
together with the three acres of customary lands commonly called
Tair Erw'r Wall, situate in the parish of Rumney, which descended
to me as customary heir on the death of my brother Gibbon Hugh,
for widowhood, with remainder to son John.
Felix Fox, of Llystalybont in the parish of Llandaff, yeoman.
1776 September 2.
To Thomas Evans, of Maindy in the parish of St. John, all estate
Annuity of £5 to Rachel Thomas my now servant woman; and
the said Rachel Thomas to have free liberty of living in my present
Thomas David, of Lanedarn, yeoman.
1776 October 3.
Customary lands in the parish of Peterston in the manor of
Rompney and county of Monmouth.
Anthony Mathew of the parish of Leckwith, gentleman.
1777 January 2.
Freeholds to nephew Anthony, son of my late brother Thomas
Mathew. In default of his leaving male issue, then to nephew
Blethon, son of my brother William Mathew. In default of his
leaving male issue, then to nephew Theobilus, son of my brother
"I give and bequeath all and singular my moiety share and
interest of and in all & singular the Messuages Lands Tenements
& Hereditaments which I hold jointly with my said Brother William
Mathew by Lease from and under Francis Mathew of Thomas
Town in the Kingdom of Ireland Esqre and commonly called and
known by the name of the Lordship of Llandaff unto my said
Brother John Mathew and my nephew Anthony Mathew share &
share alike untill my said nephew Theobilus shall attain his age
of twenty one years And from and after such his attainment to
his said age of Twenty one years I give and bequeath the same
unto my said nephews Anthony and Theobilus their ex's ad's &
as's share & share alike (to the exclusion of my brother John) for
the then residue & rem'r of my term & interest therein."
To sister Elizabeth Mathew £100; best mahogany table; best
bed, bedstead and bed-clothes, and a pair of my best sheets.
William James, of Whitchurch, shopkeeper.
1777 January 10.
"I give and bequeath to my Daughter Elizabeth James the
House and the Shop wherein I now dwell garden and orchard that
belongs to it at Present and the Two Cowhouse next to the Orchard
Item I give and bequeath to my son Christopher James from the said
cow-house to the Road side all that Row Houses and Garden and
Croft and Liberty through the Court Also I give and bequeath to
my said son Christopher James my Father Laws house by Rubina
the Coffins and the Coffin Boards and Trimmins and also the said
Christopher James is to Pay the Chief Rent for the said Premises
wherein now I Dwelleth Item I give and bequeath to my daughter
Ann James Twenty five Pound and half of the Sheep Also I give and
bequeath to my daughter Jane James twenty five Pound and half of
the sheep and the House of the late William Harry Phillip And the
said Christopher James is the Owner of the Clock and Clock Case."
John Morgan, of Pengam, Roath, bachelor.
1777 October 28.
4a. freehold land in the parish of St. Mary.
5a. freehold land on Splot Moor in the parish of Roath.
These were devised to Testator by his father.
John Roberts, late of Cardiff but now of Bristol,
1778 August 19.
Desires to be buried in the grave of his late mother in the
parish of St. John the Baptist in Cardiff.
To Thomas Lewis of the parish of St. Nicholas, Bristol, all
that my inn, stables &c., called the White Lion, in occupation of
widow Lewis, he paying off the mortgage to John Morgan, of the
city of Llandaff, surgeon.