CHAPTER V. Documentary Addenda.
By the kindness of Mr. George E.
Robinson, I am enabled to print
an additional document from the
Particulars of Augmentation
Grants, of the reign of Edward VI.
It contains some interesting references to the parish churches of
Saint Mary and Saint John in the
town of Cardiff, their ministers and services in Catholic times.
Our next document is a Deed Poll by Thomas Jenkins, assigning
to Christopher Hengod the Lease of a bakehouse, yard and garden in
Saint John Street (now Church Street), Cardiff. These were the
premises afterwards given by Alderman James Gale to the Town of
Cardiff, for an almshouse. Full particulars will be found ante,
Vol. IV., pp. 102, 139, 141. The witnesses to this deed are noteworthy persons who appear elsewhere in our Records, Gabriel Lewis
being a cadet of the family of Lewis of Llanishen, and Edward
Jordan the Collector of the Port.
The third and fourth documents are by way of addenda to our
Records of the Custom House. The Port Surveyor in 1750 begs the
Collector and Comptroller to represent to the Revenue Commissioners
the advisability of purchasing a certain public house at Penarth, near
the place where the King's boat was moored. It does not seem that
this request was complied with, as the house retained its licence until
it was pulled down, about the year 1880. It was known as the
Penarth Head Inn, and was a picturesque old house on the beach, at
the corner where the road comes down hill towards the pier. This
was the house which was reported to be used by smugglers in 1738.
(Vol. II., p. 385.)
Messrs. Jenkin and Rosser, glaziers, who flourished at Cardiff in
1763, were no more believers in free trade than their contemporaries.
Edward Jones was a member of the same craft as themselves, but had
secured the responsible post of Comptroller in the Customs. To the
indignation of Jenkin and Rosser, he nevertheless continued to glaze
people's windows. This intolerable wrong was the subject of the
burning appeal addressed to the Board of Customs by the outraged
In the age, which now seems so remote, when steam transit was
not, and a journey from one county to the next was often an achievement to be boasted of, markets and fairs possessed an economic
importance which is no longer theirs in this progressive era. The
annual fair was then an event of the greatest importance to the town,
bringing in strangers from distant places, with strange goods of all
descriptions. During the duration of this mart, the ordinary life of
the town was exchanged for days of turmoil and excitement. Disputes
would arise between buyer and seller, and outlandish knaves would
pick pockets and pass bad money. All these unwonted difficulties
called for prompt redress on the part of judicial authority; and it was
found in the Court of Piepowder (Cour de Pie-poudre), wherein
justice might be done while the boots of the parties were yet white
with the dust of the highway. The Court was holden before the two
Bailiffs, and suitors were summoned by the triple cry of Oyez!
Ancient as was the Court of Piepowder, its records are rare and of
late date, probably because they were kept on detached sheets of
paper instead of in a book. The Piepowder papers belonging to the
Cardiff Corporation are merely records of the holding of the Court,
with the names of the officials and the Burgesses for the year. I
have selected the record for 1824.
The petition, dated in 1852, of the inhabitants of Baker's Square,
seemed worthy of inclusion on account of its vivid presentment of the
state of things which then existed in an ancient thoroughfare which
has lately been effaced from the map of Cardiff through the erection of
Messrs. Morgan's huge premises and the Morgan Arcade. It is
addressed to the Surveyor of the Local Board of Health, whose
functions were long ago merged in those of the Borough Council.
I. R. O. Particulars of Augmentation Grants.
Ed. VI. Breton and Nicholas Extracts.
Burgage in High Street, in the hands of John
David Roberts and others, given with other
premises, in feoffment, "to the entent to fynde
two priests for the Chantry in the Quiere of Or
Lady, commonly called St. Marie's Church."
Burgage in Warton Street, in the hands of William Yeoman, in
St. John's Parish.
"Sarteyn acres of Arable lands and pasteur lying at ye Splott, ye
nombre said to be unknown now in the hands of Wm Baudrippe at the
yerely rent of xxs, late pertayning to the Church of St Mary.
Among the lands and tenements pertaining to St. John's.
"In ye hands of Sondrie pore folks tenants at wyll, on burgage
lying in Workin Street, valued at nihil."
One house in the High Street late in the hands of the Canons.
Pensioners in St. John's Church.
Sir Richard Okes, clerk.
Sir David Morgan, clerk, died 26 April 7, Ed. VI.
Hugh Lambe, organ player.
"Morer we do prsent that in the seide Church of Seint Johns was
accustomably used in tyme owte of all memorie vntill the taking away
of the lands foresaide by force of the Statute made in A?o primo
Edwrdi Sexti these services following: The Curat att the High Altar
upon the Vicarie of Saint Maries in the seid town dischargg a priest
daily celebrating att Our Lady Altar. A prist daylie celebrating at
Sainte Katherines Alter. A Prist dayly Celebrating att Trinity Alter.
A prist dayly celebrating att Saint James' Alter. The Sondays and
holy days allway sruice by note and a Masse of or Lady wykely at the
alter of our Lady foreseide by note, Mondays, Wensdays & Frydays.
The Chardges off the Ministers attending abowt the seid Srvice over
and above the rents off the foresaide lands there prtaining to the seid
church was borne yerely by contribucion emonste the prshnrs of seid
Go all trew Christian people to whome this my
present deede of Assignation shall come I Thomas
Iinckin of Cardyffe in the Countie of Glamorga?
yeoman doe send greeting in our lord god
eu'lastinge Knowe yee that I the said Thomas Iinckin haue and doe
by theise presents for and in Considerac'on of the some of xxvli. of
lawfull money of England to mee paide vppon the last daie of Maye
being the daie of the date hereof By Christopher hengod of the Towne
of Cardiffe Aforesaide Cordyner according to the true meaneinge of an
order taken before the lord president and other the kings Mats
Councell in the marches of Wales at Ludlowe the viijth daie of Aprill
last past before the date hereof deliur vpp to the said Christopher
hengod one lease and assignmt and all other bands and writings w[hi]ch
I haue touching or Concerninge one Messuage or tenemt conteyning
Abakhowse w[i]th A curtelage and a garden lyeing in St Jones streete
in the Towne of Cardyff in the Countie of Glamorgan afforesaide and
mencioned in the said Order And also doe by theise p'nts assigne and
graunte ouer to the said Christopher his executors and administrators
the said lease and premisses and all my right title interest and estate
therein According to the true meaneing of the said Order Sealed w[i]th
my Seale Dated the last daie of Maye in the yeares of the Raigne of
our Soueraigne lord James by ye grace of god of England Scotland
ffraunce and Ireland King Defender of the ffaieth &c. (vizt) of his
Raigne of England ffraunce and Ireland the sixt and of Scotland the
one and ffortithe 1608.
Sealed and deliu'ed in the presents of:
signu[m] Tho: X Jinckin (L.S.)
To ye Collr & Compr
(fn. 1) of the port of Cardiff.
Please to represent the foll' proposal to ye Hon'ble
Commrs as we know if it takes place must be of great Service to ye
revenue & you will oblige
yr Humble Serts
Will Richards Surveyr
Rowd Vaughan Will Mathew, Boatmen
1st You both very well know that Rowd Vaughan & Willm
Mathews boatmen live at above a Mile distant from each other there
being not a ° (fn. 2) between them
2d That Rowland Vaughan lives at about a Mile distant from
where the Ks (fn. 3) Boat is moord w[hi]ch is called Ely river adjoining Pennarth
3d That Willm Mathews does the same
4th That there is one house within 200 yds of the place where ye
Ks Boat is moord w[hi]ch house is in the p'sh of Pennarth & have been
formerly an Aleh° but at May next Will become Vacant w[hi]ch house
rents for 3£ p'r Ann'
5th If their Ho?ors will be pleased to rent it for the use of the
revenue it will be of great Service & also of Service to the Surveyr
& his officers for the foll' reasons
1st It will prevent a Smugler from Liveing there
2d It will keep the masts & sayls dry that belong to the Boat
3d It will be of great Service to the poor officers to keep ym from
the Inclemancy of the weather who when it rains or Blows have no
shelter to go to for an Ill natured Lanlord can deny them admittance
if he please w[hi]ch have been ye case before now.
Will Richards Surveyr
Rowd Vaughan Will Mathew, Boatmen
Cardiff March 9°
Cardiffe 30th august 1763.
May it Please your Honours,
Wee John Jenkin & Isaac Rosser of the Town of Cardiffe
in the County of Glamorgan Glaziers Humble Petitioners to your
Honours in behalf of our Selves & families Depending on your Honrs
Clemency in hopes of having our wrongs Redress'd which have been
Infring'd by one Edwd Jones, by Trade a Glazier but now in the
office of a Comptr in his Majesty's Customs in the Port of Cardiffe,
from which he reaps a sufficient Compentency for himself & Families,
yet notwithstanding this he Carrys on his Trade as usual to the great
Detriment of us unless assisted by your honours who haveing to
Sustain us but our Trade; Wee therefore humbly Submitt our Selves
Relying on your Honours assistance in hopes of having a Stop put to
his proceedings: wee rest as in duty bound
your Honours Humble Petitioners
and most Devoted Servants
John Jenkin & Isaac Rosser, Glaziers
The Collector & Comptr to
Report returning this paper
By order of the Commrs
The following droll certificate was found among the Corporation
December the 24 day 1786
This to Sertyfie that Mary Morris Singel Woman Hath behave onest
and faith fully the tim that She Have been With me and I diden hear
no ill in anyway in our hamlet
At a Court of Pie Powder
held this Twenty
ninth day of June in
the Fifth year of the
Reign of our Sovereign Lord
George the Fourth by the Grace
of God of the United Kingdom of Great
Britain and Ireland and in the Year of
our Lord One Thousand eight Hundred
and Twenty four Before William Prichard
and John Bird Esquires Bailiffs of the
Oyes. Oyes. Oyes
All manner of Persons that have any
thing to do or any Complaint to make at
his Majesty's Court of Pie Powder to be
held during the Continuance of this fair
let them draw near and they shall be
Oyes. Oyes. Oyes
All Bailiffs Coroners Justices of the Peace
Aldermen Capital Burgesses, Serjeants at
Mace and Constables Answer to Your
names and Save Your fines
Constable of the Castle
Lord James Stuart
William Nicholl Esquire
William Prichard and John Bird
Powell Edwards Clerk Seur. Alderman Thomas Morgan
Edward Thomas Thomas Charles
Thomas Morgan Geut John Thackwell
Henry Williams Edward Priest Richards
John Wood John Bradley
Nathaniel French Nicholl Wood
Thomas Morgan Joseph Wheeler
Samuel Dimond Thomas Bourue
William Morgan John Homfray
Serjeants at Mace
T. S. Todd the Younger
Edward Bird and William Ray.
John Lougher William Reed John Lewis
Thomas Jenkins William Lewis William Edwards
John Llewellyn William Lloyd William White
High Street Ward
Evan Williams John Hussey John Griffiths
John Richards Esquire
William Jones Yeoman
Thomas David Smith
John George. Jacob Thomas
William Evans Cordwainer
William Vaughan Gent
Thomas Stephen Todd the Elder
John Davies Bird
Edward Windsor Richards
John David Smith
William Jenkins Scrivener
Nathaniel French Jr.
William John Vine
William Williams Lanmaes
Robert Richard Roberts
William Morgan Shoemaker
William Thomas Mason
Revd. Thomas Davies Junr.
William Tell Wheeler
Wyndham Lewis Greenmeadow
Revd. William Price Lewis
John John Lavernock
Thomas Thomas Atty.
Edward Bird Junr.
Richard John Lavernock
Evan Evans Lavernock
Charles Vachell Senr.
Thomas Morgan Carptr.
Henry Morgan Farmer
William Richards Esquire
Josiah John Guest
William Lodwick Owen
William Bird Junr.
Charles Vachell the Younger
William Lewis Mercer
Thomas Evans Carpr.
William Wood the Elder
William Thomas Painter
Samuel Partridge the Elder
Thomas Rees Senr.
Henry Lewis Esqre.
Charles Crofts Williams
John Mathews Richards
Cardiff June 23rd 1852
To Mr Benjamin Phillips
Surveyor of the Town of Cardiff
We the undersigned Owners and Occupiers of Houses in Bakers
Square in the Town of Cardiff beg most respectfully to state the
disadvantage we are under for want of a Public Lamp. We are
paying for Light, and have none, and are often annoyed by persons of
the lowest Class meeting about the Square after dark in consequence.
Their Actions and Language is most disgraceful and which we believe
would not be the case if a Lamp was placed in the Square, which
would expose the Parties, and thereby do away with the Nuisance
complained of. Trusting you will be pleased to lay our grievance
before Your Honorable Board for their consideration, who will we
hope be pleased to make an Order, for the remedy solicited.
We are Sir
Your obedient Servants
R. Beynon Agent for Mrs. Winstone