Extracts from Town Book, 1761-77
1760 October 13. John Campbell, of Bristol, merchant; fee 3s. 4d.
1761 March 25. Arthur Price, tallow chandler.James Waters, baker.
Edward Jones, customhouse officer.
Alexander Willson, watchmaker.
26th. Abraham Williams, gentleman.
William Rees, mariner.
August 3. Hector M'c Neal, of Bristol, merchant.
William James, of Cardiff, merchant.
1762 April 21. Lancellott Cowper, of Bristol, merchant; fee 3s. 4d.
Septr. 29. Jenkin Williams, of Cardiff, gentleman.
Thomas Evan, of Leckwith, yeoman.
William Glascott, of Cardiff, currier; 3s. 4d.
The Port of Cardiff. The Water Bailiffs are to exact the proper tolls, and
these are to be applied in the repair of the Quay. The Port Tariff. The
Common Seal is not to be affixed without consent of the Council. Town Property.
No Freemen shall be admitted except by the two Bailiffs in open Court.
Cardiff Town To Wit. At a Court of Common Councell held for
the Town of Cardiff aforesaid in the Councel Chamber of the said
Town the 22nd day of December in the Year of our Lord 1762 to
Consider of divers and Sundry matters of and concerning the said
Town and for the Well Government We the Bailiffs and the Several
Aldermen and Capital Burgesses duly Summoned and Assembled in
Councell as aforesaid being the major Part of the said Common
Councell Do hereby unanimously Agree that Whereas there is a
Vacancy of four Capital Burgesses in the Corporation of the said
Town and it being expedient and necessary to fill up Such Vacancies
for the better governing of the said Town We do elect Choose and
nominate Abraham Williams Esqr Richard Jenkins Mercer Phillip
Lewis Gentleman and Jenkin Williams to be four Capital Burgesses
and Assistants of the Corporation of the said Town of Cardiff.
Whereas the Town of Cardiff hath been time immemorial an
Antient Port Town having had a proper Antient Quay for the Loading
and unloading of Boats & Vessells trading to the said Town in
Considerac'on whereof divers Antient ffees & Dues have from time
to time been immemorialy paid as Kaiage and rece'd by the Water
Bailiff for the time being to the use of the Bailiffs Aldermen &
Burgesses of the said Town that is to Say the sum of one shilling for
every Boat or Vessell belonging to any Burgess or ffreeman of the
said Town loading or unloading at the said Quay the sum of two
shillings and Six Pence from every boat or Vessell belonging to any
fforeigner not being free of the said Town if under the burthen of
Sixty Tons, and five shillings if above Sixty Ton and the sum of
three shillings and four pence for every MillStone landed on the said
Quay and other Antient and customary ffees. And Whereas the
Quay has for Some years been permitted to be very ruinous and in
decay by reason whereof the Antient dues and ffees have been
neglected to be raised And Whereas great part of the said Quay
hath been lately rebuilt and convenient landing places made for boats
or Vessells to load and unload at the said Quay and the whole being
intended shortly to be repaired compleatly It is therefore hereby
unanimously ordered & ordained by the Common Councell of the said
Town in Councell Assembled that the Bailiffs of the said Town for the
time being do nominate proper persons to be Water Bailiffs (fn. 1) as well to
Collect the several dues and Duties arising from the said Kayage
according to the Antient Customs of the said Town as also to
preserve the said Quay and Navigation of the said River according to
the laws and statutes made for the preservation of Navigable Rivers
and for the due and more proper preventing all manner of Nusances
on the said Quay by laying and leaving any heavy goods or Merchandizes on the same to the prejudice and hinderance of any other persons
in their loading or unloading their boats or Vessells It is hereby
further Ordered and Ordained by the said Common Councel in
Councel Assembled that no Pig Iron Cast Iron Wrought Iron Millstones or other Stones or Alabaster or any other goods or merchandizes whatsoever shall be permitted to be or remain on the said Quay
for the Space of twenty four hours, under the Pain and penalty of
one shilling or for the space of Six days under the pain and penalty
of Six shillings and eight pence which said pains and penalties we do
hereby ordain and order to be raised and levied by distress and Sale
of the offenders Goods and Chattels or by Seizure and Sale of the
goods and Merchandize or part of the same so continueing as a
Nusuance on the said Quay as shall amount to ye said sum of 6s. and
8d. and costs of such distress by Warrant under the hands and Seals of
the Bailiffs of the said Town for the time being Oath being first duly
made of such nusuance and offence and that this By Law and ordinance
may have its due effect it is ordered & directed that the Town Clerk
do Cause fair Coppys of this ordinance and by Law to be affixed and
sett up at the said Quay as also at the most Publick Places in this
Town that due notice may be taken hereof.
Whereas it has been usual and Customary of late years for the
Bailiffs of this Town to order the Common Seal of this Town to be
affixed to Such Leases as they have approved off without first
previously consulting the Common Councel of this Town by which
means great prejudizes have arose to the revenue and Estate of the
said Town it is hereby unanimously ordered and ordained by the
Common Councell of the said Town in Councel assembled that from
henceforth no Lease or Leases be granted hereafter by the Bailiffs
Aldermen and Burgesses of this Town nor the Common Seal of this
Town affixed thereto without the Consent and approbation of the
Common Councel of this Town in Councel Assembled or the Major
Part of them present at two Several Councel days that is to Say one
Councel day for the makeing proper proposals for Such intended
Leases or grants & the next Councel day for Confirming and giving
their approbation to the granting thereof that every Member of the said
Councel may be duly apprised thereof hereby confirming and giving
our Assent and Consent to all such former Leases and grants as have
been heretofore granted by the Bailiffs Aldermen and Burgesses of
the said Town and to which the Common Seal of the said Town have
been already affixed.
Whereas the Bailiffs Aldermen and Burgesses of this Town have
by Indenture bearing date the 10th day of October 1750 granted unto
Abraham Williams Gentleman a certain Parcell of Waste and uninclosed Land adjoyning to the highway leading from the said Town
of Cardiff to the Black Weares (fn. 2) and Whereas the said Abraham
Williams hath Caused a Wall to be built upon part of the said
premisses for which Michl Richards Esqr hath thought proper to
Indict the said Abraham Williams and his Workmen in the Great
Sessions for the County of Glamorgan We the Common Councel of
the said Town in Councel Assembled do for the protecting of the
rights and property of the said Town and their tenants order and
agree that the said Abraham Williams and his Workmen be
indempnified out of the revenue of the said Town for all Costs
and damages they may suffer by reason of the said Indictment.
Whereas it hath been usual and Customary for one of the
Bailiffs of the said Town to swear such persons ffreemen or
Burgesses of the said Town at Such times or places as he thought
proper (fn. 3) and Whereas the original intention of all Guilds or Communitys were that the Burgesses or ffreemen shod be admitted
and Sworn into the said Guild in an open and publick manner It
is therefore hereby unanimously ordered & ordained by the Common
Councel in Councel Assembled that from hence forth no person
or persons shall be admitted or Sworn a Burgess or ffreemen of
the said Town but such as shall be approved of by the two Bailiffs
of the said Town and by them Sworn as such in the Town Hall
of the said Town at Some Publick Court of Record of the said
Town held for the said Town hereby ordaining that this Ordinance
shall no ways impeach the right or Validity of any Burgess or
ffreeman already sworn as such but hereby fully confirming the
Cardiff Town To Wit. At the Guildhall in this Town on
Thursday the twenty third of December in the Year of our Lord
One thousand Seven hundred and Sixty two Abraham Williams
of the said Town of Cardiff Esqr was Sworn An Assistant or Capital
Burgess of the said Town of Cardiff before Henry Yeomans and
Thomas Edwards Esqrs then Bailiffs of the said Town of Cardiff.
1762 Decr. 30. Jenkin Williams, gentleman, and Thomas Lewis, feltmaker,
both of Cardiff, received the freedom. The latter paid a fee of 3s. 4d.
Cardiff Town To Wit. ffriday the 31st of December 1763
Phillip Stephens Esqr and Arthur Williams Esqr were both Sworn
(in the Castle of Cardiff) into the Office of Bailiffs of the said Town
of Cardiff by Herbert Mackworth Esqr Deputy Constable of the
Castle of Cardiff.
The Same day and the same place Thomas Price Taylor and
William James Master of the Workhouse were Sworn into the Office
of Serjeants at Mace of the said Town by Herbert Mackworth Esqr
Deputy Constable of the Castle of Cardiff.
Cardiff Town To Wit. Thursday the 6th of January 1763 the
underm'ned persons were Sworn into the Office of Constables of this
Town before Phillip Stephens and Arthur Williams Esqrs then Bailiffs
of the said Town that is to Say
for the East Ward.
||Shadrach Williams Malster &
Thomas Stibbs shoemaker.
for High Street Ward.
||William James Victualler &
Morgan Jenkins Shoemaker.
for West Ward.
||Phillip James Victualler &
William Evans Shoemaker.
for South Ward.
||William Morgan Labourer &
William Purcell Shoemaker.
Cardiff Town To Wit. Thursday the Seventeenth of January in
the year of Lord 1765 at the Guildhall in the said Town Charles
Seaton of Bristol Merchant was Sworn and admitted a Burgess or
ffreeman of the said Town by and before Arthur Williams Esqr one of
the Bailiffs of the said Town.
Cardiff Town To Wit ffriday the 22nd of ffebruary 1765 Henry
Yeomans and Arthur Tanner Esquires were both Sworn (in the
Castle of Cardiff) into the Office of Bailiffs of the said Town of
Cardiff by Herbert Mackworth Esquire Deputy Constable of the
Castle of Cardiff
The Same day and the Same place ffrancis Davies Chapman
and William Glascott Currier were sworn into the office of Serjeants
at Mace of the said Town of Cardiff by Herbert Mackworth Esquire
Deputy Constable of the Castle of Cardiff.
1765 March 7 Thursday. Constables Sworn:—
||Samuel Williams, victualler
Robert Jones, shopkeeper.
High Street Ward.
||William George, fisherman
Edward Thomas, tiler.
||John David, victualler
William Scandrett, butcher.
||John Jenkins, glazier
James Howell, cooper.
Further admissions of Burgesses:—
1765 March 21 James Strahan, of Bristol, merchant.
Octr. 2. William Durbrow, of Cefn Mably, gentleman.
John David, of the parish of Saint Mellon's in the county of Monmouth,
Swearing the Common Attorneys.
Same date. William James and Henry Williams, tallow chandler, sworn as
Common Attorneys by the Bailiffs.
The following admissions of Burgesses are couched in a new form, in consequence
of the Order of 22 December 1762, q. v. ante.
Cardiff Town To Witt Thursday the 6th day of March 1766 in
open Court at the Court of our Sovereign Lord the King held for the
said Town John Williams of Coedygoras in the County of Glamorgan
Gentleman was admitted and sworn a Burgess or ffreeman of the
said Town by Henry Yeomans Esqr Senior Bailiff of the said Town,
and paid for his admission the sum of twenty shillings.
Further admissions to the freedom:—
1766 May 1. Thomas Jones, of Cardiff, gentleman; fee 12s. 11d.
May 15. Shadrach Williams, of Cardiff, maltster; fee 12s. 11d.
June 26. Thomas Stephens, of Cardiff, shopkeeper; fee 12s. 11d. All the lastnamed were admitted by Henry Yeomans, the Senior Bailiff. The last three
admissions are recorded in a new handwriting, as is also the following matter:—
Cardiff Town to witt. At a Court of Com[m]on Council held for
the Town of Cardiff aforesaid in the Council Chamber of the said
Town the Twenty Sixth day of June One Thousand Seven Hundred
and Sixty Six to Consider of divers and Sundry Matters of and
Concerning the said Town and for the well Government thereof We
the Bayliff and the Several Aldermen and Capital Burgesses duly
summoned and Assembled in Council as aforesaid being the Major
Part of the said Com[m]on Council do hereby Unanimously Agree in
Manner following (That is to Say)
Whereas there is a Vacancy of Two Capital Burgesses in the
Corporation of the said Town and it being Expedient and Necessary
to fill up such Vacancys for the better Governing of the said Town
We do Elect and Nominate Thomas Stephens and William James to
be two Capital Burgesses and Assistants of the Corporation of the
said Town of Cardiff.
Whereas a certain Lease bearing Date the Second Day of
October One Thousand Seven Hundred and Sixty five was Granted
by the Bayliffs Aldermen and Burgesses of the Said Town to Samuel
Williams of a Parcel of Wast Ground adjoining to the Fryars Green (fn. 4)
for Twenty One Years at the Rent of Ten Shillings We the said
Bayliff Aldermen and Burgesses in Council Assembled Do hereby
unanimously Agree Approve of and Consent to the Same.
Whereas Thomas Williams of Cardiff Millwright hath Applyed to
the Bayliffs Aldermen and Burgesses for a Lease on a certain Wast
or parcel of Land adjoining to the Tan River (fn. 5) Extending in length
One hundred and Thirty six Feet and Six Inches (that is to Say) from
Mr John Priest's Brewhouse on the North to Mr Richard Priest
Storehouse on the South to the Park on the West and to the Lands
of Sr Edmund Thomas BarBar[one]tand William Richards Esquire on the
East for the Term of Forty Years at the Rent of One Pound, Eleven
Shillings and six pence, We the Bayliff Aldermen and Capital
Burgesses in Councel Assembled Do hereby unanimously Agree to
approve of and Consent to the Same. The said Thomas Williams
Causing no Prejudice to the Mill or Forges Erected on the Said Tan
River or Stoping any Antient Way.
1766 June 26. Alexander Purcel, goldsmith, and Francis Minnit, gardener,
are appointed Aldermen.
Richard Priest junior, of Cardiff, mariner; fee 12s. 11d.
Nicholas Priest, of Cardiff, mariner; 12s. 11d.
Cardiff Town to witt Tuesday the 12th day of August 1766.
Herbert Mackworth of Knoll in the County of Glamorgan Esquire
having produced an Instrument under the Hand and Seal of the
Right Hon'ble Alice Lady Viscountess Dowager Windsor bearing
Date the [blank] day of [blank] Appointing the said Herbert Mackworth
Esquire Constable of the Castle of Cardiff during her Ladyships Will
and Pleasure only And he was accordingly Sworn in Constable of
the Castle of Cardiff aforesaid Before Me
Swearing the new Town Clerk.
Cardiff Town to witt Tuesday the 12th day of August 1766.
Thos Thomas of the Town of Cardiff in the County Glamorgan
Gentleman having produced an Instrument under the Hand and
Seal of the Right Honble Lady Viscountess Dowager Windsor
bearing Date the 8th Day of May 1766 Appointing the said Thos
Thomas Gent. Town Clerk of the said Town of Cardiff for and
during such Time as he shall behave himself well in the said
Office And he was Accordingly sworn in Town Clerk of the Town
of Cardiff aforesd Before Me
Cardiff Town to witt. Tuesday the 12th day of August 1766.
Mr Alexander Purcell and Mr Francis Minnitt Assistants Were
Sworn Aldermen of the said Town Before Herbert Mackworth
Esquire Constable of the said Castle of Cardiff According to the
Antient Customs of the said Town.
1766 August 21. William Richards, of Cardiff, esquire; fee 12s. 11d.
Octr. 30. William Richards, of Cardiff, gentleman; 12s. 11d.
Novr. 13. Henry Toye Bridgeman, of Cardiff, esquire; 12s. 11d.
Bartholemew Greenwood, of Cardiff, gentleman; 12s. 11d.
Edward Morgan, of Rumney in the county of Monmouth, gentleman; 12s. 11d.
1767 Jany. 22. John Evans of Cadoxton-juxta-Barry, in the county of Glamorgan.
yeoman; 12s. 11d.
1767 Jany. 23. Thomas Edwards and Alexander Purcel were sworn Bailiffs,
by the Constable at the Castle; and Shadrack Williams, maltster, and Thomas
Waters, tallow chandler, were on the same occasion sworn Serjeants at Mace.
26th. Constables sworn by the Bailiffs:—
||Thomas Richard and Thomas Watkin.
High Street Ward.
||Isaac Rosser and James Barrel.
||Joseph Jones and John Stibbs.
||Evan Evans and James James.
1767 Feby. 19. Thursday. Burgesses admitted:—
William Richards Powell, of Cardiff, esquires.
Revd. George Richards, of Cardiff, clerk.
March 19. Thomas Stephens, of Cardiff, shopkeeper. (These each paid
Same day: Richard Jenkins, esquire, Thomas Stephens, shopkeeper, and
William James, Master of the Workhouse, all of Cardiff, were sworn Assistants or
April 16. Burgesses admitted:—
Revd. Wyndham Lewis, of Cefn Carnau, clerk.
Henry Toye Bridgeman, of Cardiff, esquire. (His admission had been
previously recorded under date 13 Novr. 1766).
Shadrack Williams, of Cardiff, "Malster."
Samuel Williams, of Cardiff, innkeeper.
Joseph Jones, of Cardiff, nailer.
Isaac Rosser, of Cardiff, glazier.
James Barrel, of Cardiff, baker.
John Ovens, of Cardift, tanner.
Samuel Sabine, of Cardiff, gentleman.
Richard David, of Roath, yeoman.
William Morgan, "of the same," yeoman.
David Lewis, of Whitchurch, mason.
Richard Mollineux, of Llandaff, carpenter.
Thomas Cradock, of Llandaff, thatcher.
Francis Evans, of Llantwit Vaerdre. yeoman.
Morgan Thomas, of the same, yeoman.
Edward Evans, of the same, gentleman.
Thomas Jenkius, of the same, yeoman.
John William, of the same, yeoman.
Thomas William, of the same, yeoman.
Rowland Joseph, of the same, yeoman.
Rees Morgan, of the same, yeoman.
Thomas Edmund, of the same, yeoman.
Edmund Thomas, of the same, yeoman.
Thomas Hopkin, of Llantrisant, yeoman.
Rowland Thomas, of Llantrisant, yeoman.
Walter David, of Gelligaer, yeoman.
Edward Morgan, of Rumney, gentleman.
John Hopkins, of Lavernock, gentleman.
Nicholas Hopkins, of Lavernock, yeoman.
David Hopkins, of Lavernock, yeoman.
Abraham Webb, of Sully, yeoman.
Morgan William, of Pentyrch, yeoman.
Humphrey Denbury, of Llantwit Major, yeoman.
Thomas George, of Lavernock, yeoman.
Thomas Bassett, of Lavernock, yeoman.
John Bassett, of Lavernock, yeoman.
Richard Bassett, of the same, yeoman.
Thomas John, of the same, yeoman.
John John, of the same, yeoman.
Christopher John, of the same, yeoman.
Joshua Williams, of Eglwysilan, yeoman.
William Jenkin, of the same, yeoman.
William Morgan, of the same, yeoman.
Thomas Thomas, of the same, yeoman.
John James, of Rudry, yeoman.
Next follow Minutes of Council dated 4 June 1767, written in the peculiar
indistinct hand of John Richards.
The first provides that Publick Notice be sett up of such Lands &
tenements as are fallen into the town.
The next follows former resolutions in providing for the recovery of arrears of
rent. Then come these:—
Public buildings to be repaired. Capt. Price's Charity.
Whereas the Quay Guildhall Markett House and the Road leading from the West Gate to the Bull ring in the town of Cardiff is out
of repair We do hereby unanimously consent and agree that the Bayliffs
for the time being do employ proper persons to repair & amend the
same and that a proper person be appointed Water Bayliff by the
said Bayliffs as soon as the said Quay shall be properly repaired and
amended, pursuant to a former Order made in respect thereto.
Whereas Captn Price did heretofore give & devise to Sundry
persons as trustees for Apprenticing of poor persons the sum of
100li ww[hi]ch was heretofore deposited in the hands of Wm Richards Esqr
And Whereas six years Interest remains due on the said 100li from
Wm Richards Esqr his Grandson We do hereby unanimously Consent
& agree that Edward Evan aged 14 years John Hamond aged 12
years Ann Prichard aged 10 years Ann William aged 10 years &
Jane Hamond aged 10 years be pursuant to the directions of the
Act of parliament made in the Seventh Year of King James the
first placed out apprentices with the said money in such manner and
to such persons as the Bayliffs for the time being shall approve of.
Burgesses admitted 6 August 1767:—
Powell Edwards, of Cardiff, gentleman.
John Thomas junior, of Cardiff, gentleman.
William Eadoe, of Cardiff, gentleman.
Henry Lewis, of Cardiff, mariner.
Sept. 3. William Hart, of Cardiff, gentleman.
1768 January 15. Henry Yeomans and Arthur Williams, esquires, were sworn
Bailiffs, and John Bird, shoemaker, and Samuel Williams, victualler, were sworn
Serjeants at Mace, in the same form as previously.
21st. Constables sworn:—
||William Kemp and John Brewer.
High Street Ward.
||Thomas Cotton and Hugh Whiting.
||Charles Gedrich and Edward Stone
||John Purcel and William Jones.
March 3. John Williams of Coed-y-gores, gentleman, was sworn a Burgess.
April 14. John Rowand, of Bristol, linen draper, and
Septr. 29. William Thomas, of Cardiff, labourer, the like.
1769 January 12. Thomas Edwards and Alexander Purcell, esquires, were sworn
Bailiffs; and Alexander Willson, watchmaker, and Isaac Rosser, glazier, were sworn
Serjeants at Mace, by the Constable at the Castle.
Constables sworn on the 14th:—
||Thomas Lewis and Lewis Leyson.
High Street Ward.
||James Stuart and Lionel Stibbs.
||Aquilla Jones and Edward Gedrick.
||John Hussey and Abraham Lewis.
1769 Jany. 19. Emanuel White, of Cardiff, hatmaker.
William Evans, of Cardiff, cordwainer.
Miles Thomas, of Cardiff, labourer.
William Attwood, of Cardiff, tallow chandler.
John Hussey, of Cardiff, cordwainer.
Augt. 16. George Ewbank, of Bristol, haberdasher.
31. William Price of Watford in the county of Glamorgan, gentleman.
Novr. 9. Lewis Edward, of the parish of Michaelston super-Eley, yeoman.
23. William Lewis, of Bristol, gentleman.
1770 Augt. 2. Thomas Thomas, gentleman, Town Clerk of Cardiff.
1770 December 6. Minutes of Council, in the handwriting of John Richards:—
Town Property. Charities.
It is agreed by the unanimous Consent of the Bayliffs Aldermen
and Capital Burgesses of this Town that the House at the Blunch
Gate late fallen in be repaired under the directions of the Bayliffs of
the said town for the time being and converted into proper Store
houses and that proposals be rece'd by them from such persons as are
willing to rent the same and reported by them to the Common
Council and that the Town Clk do call on Mr Wms for such repairs as
are now wanting and for such arrears as are now due on the same.
Mr Henry Lewis proposes to renew his Lease at the dobbin pitts
& to give twenty shillings a year for the same for three lives.
Mr Minnit proposes to renew his Lease of the town ditch paying
twenty shillings a year for three lives.
Mr Howell proposes to renew his Lease of Fishers Bridge for
three lives at two shilling.
It is agreed that proper Means be taken to Inforce the due
Execution of the trust created by the will of Mrs Jane Herbert and
the decree made in pursuance thereof as the Bayliffs for the time
being shall think adviseable.
It is agreed that Capt. Prices money be applyed by the Bayliffs
of the town for the time being in Apprenticing the Children in the
Workhouse or such as they think properest there.
It is unanimously agreed to nominate and appoint Bartholomew
Greenwood of Cardiff Esq. Henry Lewis of the same Mercer the
Revd Powell Edwards of the Same Clk and Thos Thomas Town Clk
of the Said Town assistants and Capital Burgesses of said town in
the Room of several Capital Burgesses either deceased or nominated
Aldermen of said Town.
The abovenamed persons were accordingly sworn Capital Burgesses by the
Bailiffs on the same day, together with Robert Priest, of Bristol, apothecary.