Town Book IV.
The following is a copy (fn. 1) of the first entry:—
|At a Meeting of the Commissioners under an Act
made in the reign of his present Majesty King
George the third Intituled an Act for the better Paving &c the
Town of Cardiff &c., held at the Cardiff Arms Inn in the said Town
on Monday the 13th day of March 1815 pursuant to an adjournment
from Monday the 27th day of February last.
As no Commissioners appeared at the above Meeting it is
therefore adjourned to Monday the 27th Instant at the Cardiff Arms
Inn in the said Town at 12 o'clock in the forenoon.
By Wm Stibbs,
Clerk to the said Commissioners."
On their twenty-first Meeting-day six Commissioners attended.
They ordered a Rate of one shilling in the pound, appointing Mr.
John Wood, senior, Treasurer.
After thirteen more Meetings had been vainly called, the Commissioners met 24 December 1816 and ordered Womanby Street
and Duke Street to be repaired by poor parishioners.
The next Meeting, held 27 March 1817, learning that "the best
materials for making kirb stones is to be had on the Marquess
of Butes Estate at Lavernock," ordered that his Lordship should be
approached on the subject.
The Commissioners transacted some business at a Meeting held
24 December 1817, when they signed, sealed and delivered certain
Orders. Thenceforth they met with tolerable regularity, the subsequent Meetings being held at the Guildhall (which now began to be
called the Town Hall) instead of at the Cardiff Arms.
9 February 1818. The following old Commissioners went
Sir Charles Kemeys Tynte.
William Llewellin, clerk.
Philip Lewis (of Lanrumney).
Sir Herbert Mackworth.
The following new ones were elected in their stead:—
William Ray, esq.
William Lewis, draper.
ohn Langley, esq.
John Hill, esq.
Charles Vachell senr.
Richard Reece, esq.
Josiah John Guest.
The Commissioners signing this day's Orders were:—
P. T. Walker.
24 December 1818. The Bankers, Messrs. Savery, Towgood
& Co., were appointed Treasurers under the Act of Parliament.
Ordered, that courses of stones be laid down from the Tennis
Court to the church, from the Corner House to Mr. Thomas Evans',
from the corner of High Street to Mr. Rugg's from the Glove and
Shears to the Red Lion, and in other places.
1 March 1819. "Ordered that the Surveyor set up lamps,
posts and irons in this Town and the Liberties thereof and in such
parts thereof as he in his discretion shall judge proper."
6 December 1819. Ordered, that 24 new lamps be provided,
and lighted with oil as soon as possible; and that the old lamps be
lighted as soon as they can be got ready.
1819 Decr 13. In consequence of some lamps having been
wantonly broken, it is therefore Ordered that David Evans, William
Evans, John Mathews, John Ballard and Evan Llewellin be appointed
officers to protect and guard the lamps in the said Town, at the sum
of 12s. each per week, during their good conduct; and that they go
round the said Town for that purpose every half hour from 10 o'clock
at night to 6 o'clock in the morning, from this day to 25th March next,
and report the same every half hour at the Watch House, to be
inserted in a book kept for that purpose; such persons to be sworn
Constables, so as to be able the more effectually to guard the lamps
and to secure any person or persons who may be detected in breaking
1819 Decr 17. It appearing that an extra quantity of oil is
used in lighting the lamps at the Cardiff Arms and Angel inns,
it is Ordered that the landlords of the above inns shall bear the
expense of such extra quantity of oil.
The Box placed in Saint Mary Street, for the shelter of one of
the officers appointed to protect the lamps, having been destroyed,
it is Ordered that Mr. E. P. Richards be directed to prosecute the
offender or offenders, if upon a legal opinion being taken it shall
appear that an Action or Indictment will lie for the same.
1820 Feby 7. Mr. Thomas Watkins appointed Clerk to the
Streets Commissioners, vice William Stibbs resigned.
1820 April 4. Mr. John Bradley paid £5 per annum for the
privilege of having the sweepings of the streets, and was responsible
for their being properly swept, particularly on every Saturday
evening. It is complained that for some time past the streets have
been very much neglected.
1820 May 1. Ordered, that the pavement be continued along
Camp Street, otherwise called Camp Lane (Running Camp.)
1820 Septr 4. Ordered, that Mr. Gower's bill be paid, viz.,
£2. 14. 11 for candles for the men who guarded the lamps.
(There were now 48 public lamps in the town.)
1821 April 4. Mr. Broadmeadow attended and submitted a
proposal for lighting the town with gas. It was accepted, and
arrangements were made for the erection of a gasometer (fn. 2) on the
garden occupied by Evan Lewis, Parish Clerk, and on the Town
Wall between that garden and the Glamorganshire Canal. (The
old lamps were subsequently ordered to be taken down and taken
1821. June 4. Ordered, that the Clerk do give Notice to John
Thomas, of Cowbridge, carrier, that he shall not in future feed his
horses in the streets of this Town.
1821 July 23. The following application having been received
from Mr. N. French, viz.:—
"Gentlemen,—Have you any objection at my having a Bow
Window in my House in Angel Street the same size as Mr Ben.
Davies. Cardiff. 23 [July] 1821.
N. French senr."
It was ordered that such window be not permitted to be
erected. And Notice was given to Mr. French that if he did put
up the window, he would be indicted for the same at the next
Quarter Sessions. This Notice has been given him in consequence of his having declared to the Meeting that he would erect
the same notwithstanding leave was refused him.
1821 Augt 30. Ordered, that Notice be served on Mr. N.
French senr. to remove the projection or encroachment from his
house in Angel Street, and that the underwritten be the form of
"To Mr Nathaniel French the elder, Mercer. We the undersigned Commissioners under an Act of Parliament made and passed
in the fourteenth year of the reign of his late Majesty King George
the third, entitled 'An Act for the better paving cleansing and
lighting the Streets Lanes and public passages in the Town of
Cardiff and Liberties thereof, in the County of Glamorgan, and for
removing and preventing Nuisances and annoyances therein,' do
hereby give you Notice to remove or cause to be removed a certain
bay or bow window, projection, or Incroachment now erected and
projecting over the pavement from the house or shop in the said
Town of Cardiff now in your possession and situate in a certain
Street called Angel Street, contrary to the provisions of the said
Act. And we hereby further give you Notice, that unless you
remove or cause to be removed such bay or bow window, projection
or encroachment within ten days from the date hereof, then and in
such Case we the said Commissioners will cause the same to be done
at your Costs and charges as by the said Act we are empowered to
do. Dated the thirtieth day of August in the year one thousand eight
hundred and twenty one.
Signed by 5 or more Commissioners.
E. P. Richards
Thomas Watkins Clerk.
This Notice does not appear to have been served; for, at a
Meeting held 29 November 1821, "Mr Nathaniel French having
persisted in erecting a Bay window in his House in Angel Street,
notwithstanding a friendly Notice had been given him to desist from
doing so, it was Ordered" that a Notice, in precisely the same terms
as the former one, should be served upon him by the Clerk.
"1822 Jany 3. It appearing upon re-consideration that it would
be more eligible to indict Mr Nathan French for erecting the Bay
window in his House in Angel Street, than to run the risk of any
turbulent proceedings which may take place in opposition to the
order of the Commissioners, It is ordered that Mr Richards be
directed to indict Mr French for erecting the said Window at the
next Great Sessions to be held for the County of Glamorgan, and
to remove the Indictment by Certiorari into the Court of King's
"1822 April 25. An Order having been made on the 3rd day of
January last, that Mr Nathan French should be indicted at the then
next Great Sessions, for having erected a Bay window in his house in
Angel Street, and the said Order not having been carried into effect:
It is now unanimously Ordered that the said Order be enforced at the
next Great Sessions for the County of Glamorgan, and that Mr
Richards be requested to attend to this Order.
"1822 Augt 29. Mr. Richards having requested the Commissioners to allow some other Attorney to prosecute the Indictment
against Mr French: Ordered, That Mr Matthews be employed on this
1822 Septr 26. Mr Matthews is to prosecute the Indictment
against Mr French, "for his Nuisance of a Bay Window," at the next
Quarter Sessions, and to remove the same by Certiorari into the
"Ordered that the Clerk do prevent Persons with Baskets &c
from reposing the same or their Contents, to sale upon the Pavement,
& from sitting upon the same."
All persons whose water troughs are out of repair, are to repair
1822 Octr 3. "Ordered that the Indictment against Mr French
for a nuisance be not proceeded in at the next Quarter Sessions, which
will be holden at Swansea, it appearing that a considerable expence
would arise in taking Witnesses there & no good would result from
proceeding at such Sessions."
1824 March 11. The Bailiffs are to be requested to move the
Cattle Markets and Fairs held in Crockherbtown to "St Mary Parish.'
1828. The streets were macadamised.
1828 Novr 6. "Ordered that the Contractor for supplying the
Town with Gas be excused from lighting the Town on Thursday the
20th day of Novr instant, in order that he may supply Mr Green with
Gas for the purpose of inflating his Ballon." (This was Charles
Green, the celebrated aeronaut, immortalised in Barham's humorous
skit, "The Monstre Balloon.")
1829 April 27. Charles Kemeys Kemeys Tynte, esq., having
given a portion of the Tennis Court (fn. 3) to the Commissioners for the
purpose of widening the street near the Vicarage House: Ordered,
that £20 be paid for compensation to the tenant, Mr. Powell. (Mr.
Kemeys Tynte's letter, with his armorial seal in black wax, is stuck
into the book.) It was also ordered that a new wall be built, further
back, for the Tennis Court.
At various times the Commissioners have made Orders relative
to the cleansing of the streets, sewers and gutters, particularly in and
about Running Camp.
1831 Novr 21. Ordered, that the drains be opened and cleansed
at the corner of Broth Lane, Baker's Row, on the Tunnel, Broad
Street and Homanby Street.
The Commissioners' flagging zeal in sanitary matters has
evidently been aroused by a letter received from the Committee
appointed to inspect the state of the Town, containing the following
Resolution:—"It was resolved to present a remonstrance to the
Commissioners of Streets on the very neglected and dirty state of
the Town generally."
Ordered, that a copy of the same be sent to Mr. Bradley with the
urgent desire of this Meeting that he will attend to his duty as to
cleansing the Streets.
Ordered, that Informations be laid for such nuisances as have
been observed to exist by the Committee, if the same are not this
Ordered, that Mr. Watkins be directed to remove the manure or
rubbish laying [sic] near the river in Saint Mary Street.
These Orders were renewed the following August.
1833 Septr 4. The public houses in Church Street are ordered
to remove their projecting signs.
1835 Octr 26. The Commissioners resolve to take the cleansing
of the streets into their own hands, and for that purpose to employ
able-bodied paupers, with barrows or carts, and besoms.
1836 June 10. The streets are to be swept every Tuesday
and Saturday. A water-cart is to be provided. Persons throwing
refuse into the streets are to be prosecuted.
1837 May 8. This day was held the last Meeting recorded
in this Book, and the last which met under the old Act of Parliament,
"for the better paving, lighting and cleansing of the Town of