1453 Edmund Tudor of Hadham, uterine brother of Henry VI, was
created earl of Richmond on 6 March, 1453, when he appears to have
received a grant of lands within the lordship of Kendale. He died
3 November, 1456, leaving issue by Margaret his wife (born 31 May,
1443), daughter and heir of John Beaufort, duke of Somerset, an
only son and heir, Henry, born 26 July, 1456; G.E.C., The Complete
Peerage, s.t. Richmond.
1456–57 Confirmation to the king's esquire, Henry de Belyngeham, of
letters patent of Edmund, earl of Richemond, deceased, appointing
him for life as surveyor of his castles, manors, lordships, lands,
officers and tenants in cos. Westmorland and Lancaster, taking
£10 yearly in his lands, mills, rents and services in Appulthwayte,
co. Westmorland; grant also of the office of receiver of the lordship
of Kendale during the king's pleasure; Cal. Pat. R., 1456, pp. 335,
1458 William Garnet, son of Robert Garnet, demised to the said Robert,
his father, for life, all his lands and tenements in Kyrkeby Kendayle,
Bradley, Cruke, Stavelay Godmund and Ristun, to hold for 6d. at
"Qwitsonday" and 6d. "at Martynmes and yt be askyd." Dated
12 October, 37 Henry VI (1458); D. at Levens.
1459 Account of the tithe meal silver in the parish of Kirkby in Kendale: (fn. 1) tithe of the castle demesnes there, 13s. 4d.; Gallowbergh,
3s. 4d.; Myntfeld, 10s.; Kirkfeld, 15s.; tithe of Nicholas Redmayn
at 2 bushels, 18d.; of Roger Gilpyn at 1 bushel. 9d.; tithe of the
tillages of Thomas Docwraa, 2s.; of William. . . . . 4s. 8d.; tithe
of the tillages of Barrahall at 2 bushels, 18d.; the tenement of
Thomas Bethome at 1½ bushel, 13d.; tithe of the tillage of Thomas
Chambre at 3 bushels, 2s. 3d.; Roll at Levens.
Assignment for life to Margaret, countess of Richmond, wife of
Henry Stafford, son of Humphrey, duke of Buckingham, late the
wife of Edmund, earl of Richmond, and daughter and heir of John,
late duke of Somerset, of two parts of the lordships and manors of
Kendale and Nether Wiresdale, in the cos. of York, Lancaster and
Westmorland, besides other lands (specified), with the issues thereof
from the death of her late husband; (fn. 2)
Cal. Pat. R., 1457, p. 504.
This grant was first made in 1457; ib., 368.
1460 Grant for life to Richard Tunstall, knight, king's chamberlain,
of the office of steward of the lordship of Kendall, which office is in
the king's hands by the rebellion of Richard Nevill, earl of Salisbury,
taking such wages, &c. as the earl had by the grant of the late duke
of Bedford; ib., 1460, p. 544.
1461 Confirmation by Edward IV to Richard Wydewyll, lord Ryvers,
and Jaquetta, duchess of Bedford, his wife, for the life of the latter,
of the dower assigned to her on the death of John, late duke of Bedford, her husband, namely inter alia the third part of certain profits
in Thornton, Kneton and Middulton, co. York, the advowson of
the church of Gresmere and divers lands and possessions with a third
part of certain profits in Helsyngton, (fn. 3) Forsthwayte, Gresmere,
Loghrygge, Langden, Hamelset, Troutebek, Appulthwayte Troutebek,
bek, Milbek, Crossethwaite, Hoton, Casturton, Strikelond Ketull,
Kirkeby Kendale, Littehous, Farlton, Berburn, Kir[k]slak, Hotonrofe, Strikelande, Moyserth, Bolteston, Berdesaland, Annotheth,
Thornes, Bredeholm, Calerigge, Whittewell, Hiltonland, Warcopland,
Strikeland Ketill, Grossewhayte, Sleddale, Wetherslake, Aldesteynton, Steynton, Likebarugh, Forsterfeld, Wynster, Ryggmayden,
Bannandesdale, Kneton (sic), Tenleshed, Middulton, and elsewhere
in co. Westmorland; ib., 1461, p. 169.
1464–65 Thomas Parre, knight, was seised of the castle and manor of Kirkby
in Kendall, and of messuages, lands, tenements, rents and services
in Stirkland Kettle, held of the king in chief by knight's service,
worth 100 marks yearly. He died 1 Edward IV (1461–2). William
Parr, knight, his son, is his next heir; Chan. Inq. p.m., 4 Edw. IV,
1468 Licence for Robert Ingilton (fn. 4) to grant the castle, lordship or manor
of Mynteshede alias Kendale, (fn. 5) 3000 a. arable, 100 a. meadow, 600 a.
pasture, £8 yearly of rent, and a water-mill in Kendale, a moiety of
a water-mill in Patton, and a moiety of a water-mill in Strikland Ketill,
held in chief, to Richard earl of Warwick, William Parre, knight,
and Joan his wife, Henry Sotehill, Thomas Middelton, esquire,
Thomas Parr, esquire, and William Feynt and the heirs of the bodies
of the said William Parre and Joan, with remainders to the heirs of
the body of the said William and to the right heirs of Thomas Parre,
knight, his father, to hold by the services of as many knights' fees
and as many other rents and services as they were held before 4
March, 1 Edward IV (1461); (fn. 6)
Cal. Pat. R., 1468, p. 106.
1469 Licence for Robert Ingelton to grant the same premises to George
duke of Clarence, the first three persons named above, Richard
Tunstall, knight, Richard Redmayne, knight, Henry Sotehill, John
Katrike, Robert Wyclyff, Miles Metcalf, James Danby and William
Faynte, &c. as above; ib., 177.
1472 Confirmation of a demise made by Henry Stafford, knight, son of
Humphrey, late duke of Buckingham, and Margaret, countess of
Richmond, his wife, late the wife of Edmund, earl of Richmond,
to William Parre, knight, John Parre, knight, John Pylkyngton,
knight, Christopher Moresby, knight, Thomas Strikland, knight,
William Harington, esquire, and Thomas Metkalf, esquire, of their
two parts of the lordships or townships of Gresmere, Loghrigge,
Longdon, Casterton, Hamelsett and Troutebek with their members,
the hamlets of Appulthwaite and Undermylnebek and all lands in
them, the water of Kent, the manors, lordships or townships of
Helsinton, Crosthwayt, Hoton, Frostwayt, Striklande Ketell, Whitington, Warton, Karneford, Assheton, Moreholme, Thorneton,
Kneton and Middleton with their members, all lands in Scotford,
the borough of Kyrkeby in Kendale, the bailiwick of the same
borough, the office of serjeanty and bailiwick of Londesdale, the
close or park of Calgarth, the herbage and pannage of the same,
the fishery of or in the water of Wynandremere, the herbage of Le
Dalehed, the toll, fair, and market with "Lez Wyndeles" and "lepes
de le Weyle," "lez bothes," "shopes," "shamelles," bakery, "lez
Bankes with "court housez" of the town of Kirkeby in Kendale,
the borough and "Lethouse" in Kirkeby in Kendale with their
farms and profits, the free farm of free tenants in Kendale, the
orchard and park of Moreholme, the corn-mill of Appultwayte, the
manor or lordship of Nether Wyresdale, with all advowsons, meadows,
feedings, pastures, mills, stews, stanks, waters, fisheries, chaces,
warrens, moors and forests, sometime parcel of the lordship of Kendale, and all their part with all lands, rents, services, knights' fees,
&c. late parcel of the said lordship of Kendale, to hold from Whitsuntide last past for the life of the countess at a rent of £190 yearly.
The said Henry and the countess have appointed William Flemyng
esquire, Thomas Byggynges, clerk, John Dawney and Oliver Thorneburgh their attorneys to deliver seisin. Demise dated 20 July, 11
Edward IV (1471); ib., 1472, p. 334.
1472 Inquest taken at Kyrkeby Kendale 25 October, 12 Edward IV
(1472), before Thomas Laburne, knight, escheator, by the oath of
the jurors, who say that: Jaquetta, late duchess of Bedford, and
formerly wife of Richard, earl Ryvers, held for the term of her life,
of the king in chief, on the day she died, by reason of the king's grant
by letters patent to the said duchess and Richard, dated 10 December,
1 Edward IV (1461) of a 3rd part of the lordship or township of
Gressemer, a third part of the lordship or township of Langden, a
third part of the lordship or township of Loghrig, a third part of
the lordship or township of Hamelsed ("Hamihed"), a third part
of the lordship or township of Troutebek with all their members,
a third part of the lordship or hamlets of Apletwhait and Under
Mylnebecke and of all lands and tenements in the same hamlets, of
the water of Kente, of the manors, lordships or townships of Crossetwhait, Helsyngton, Forstwhait, Hoton, Casterton, Stirkland Ketle,
the borough of Kirkby in Kendall, the bailiwick of the same borough,
of the office of serjeanty and bailiwick of Londsdall, of the close or
park of Calfegarth, of the herbage and pannage of the same, of the
fishery of or in the water of Wynandermer, of the herbage of Daleheade, of the toll of fair and market, with "les wyndles, lepes, lez
bothes, shoppes, shamelles," bakehouse with the courthouse of the
vill of Kirkby in Kendall, Burgh and "le Lithouse" (fn. 7) in Kirkby in
Kendall, with their farms and the profits of the corn mill at Apyltwhait, and the services and free farms of the tenants in the county
of Westmorland, with the advowson or nomination of the church or
chapel of Gressemer, with all the advowsons, meadows, pastures,
feedings, mills, fishponds (vivaria), pools, waters, fisheries, chaces,
warrens, moors and forests belonging to any of them, which were
formerly parcel of the lordship of Kendall, with reversion to William
Parre, knight, and his issue male, by grant of the king by letters
patent dated 7 March, 12 Edward IV (1472), by which letters
patent the king granted that all the above third part and the manors,
lands and tenements which after the death of Jaquetta, duchess of
Bedford, ought to revert to him and his heirs, should remain to the
said William Parr for ever, to have and to hold, to him and his issue
male, of the king and his heirs by the services therefor anciently
due and accustomed and for want of heirs male of the same William,
all the manors, lordships, lands and tenements shall remain to John
Par, knight, his brother, for ever. The values of the premises are
|Third part of Gressmere and advowson worth yearly clear
||Hamelsed and Troutbek
||Appilthuayt and Under Milnebek
||water of Kent
||Helsyngton, Crossthuayt, Hoton, Forsthauyt, Styrklandketill
||fishery of Wynaundremer
||herbage of Dalehed
||Borough of Kirkeby in Kendale
||Bailiwick of said Borough
||Office of Serjeanty and bailiwick of Lonesdale
||corn mill of Appilthuayt
||services and free farm of tenants
All the premises are held of the king in chief by the service of a
third part of a moiety of a knight's fee. Anthony, earl Ryvers, her
son, aged 30 years, is her next heir; Chan. Inq. p.m., 12 Edw. IV,
n. 49; Excheq. Inq. p.m., ser. i, file 225, n. 2.
1474 Grant by Robert Porter of Cragfergus, son and heir of John Porter,
late of Kendal, to Sir William Parre, knight, of a tenement called
"Le Comyn Bakhous" and "Comyn Kill" in Kirkland in Kirkby
Kendall. Witnesses: . . . . Walleys, late mayor of Cragfergus,
John Bekk, late mayor of Cragfergus, John Byrde, late bailiff of
Cragfergus. Dated 1 June, 14 Edward IV (1474). And because
the grantor's seal was unknown to many, at his special request,
James Dokeray, esquire, (fn. 8) constable of the King's castle of Cragfergus,
appended his seal (now destroyed); D. at Levens.
1475 Licence for Thomas Burgh, knight, (fn. 9) who is going to cross the sea
with the king on his voyage and service, to grant a moiety of the
barony of Midforde and many estates in Northumberland, all his
lands and tenements in Kyrkby Kendall, co. Westmorland, and
many other lands (duly specified) to 17 feoffees (named); Cal. Pat.
R., 1475, p. 523.
Licence for William Parre, knight, who is going to cross the sea
with the king on his voyage and service to grant the castle of Kendale, the manor of Grenerigge, the manor of Grenehede, the manor
of Strikland Ketill and the hamlets of Hutton, Hay and Scalthwayterig, co. Westmorland, the manor of Laghogh, co. Lancaster,
the vill of Cargoo, co. Cumberland, a third part of the township of
Gresmer, the lordship or manor of Loghrig, the lordship or township
of Longden, the lordship or township of Casterton, the lordships or
townships of Ambleset and Troutbek, the hamlets of Appulthwayte
and Under Milnebek, and the water of Kent, co. Westmorland; a
third part of the manors, lordships or townships of Helsynton,
Crosthwayte, Hutton, Frosthwayte, and Whittyngton, co. Westmorland (sic); a third part of the manors of Warton, Carneford,
Assheton, and Moreholme, co. Lancaster, a third part of the manors
of Thorneton, Kneton and Middilton with their members, co. York;
a third part of all his lands and tenements in Scotford, co. Lancaster;
a third part of the borough of Kirkeby in Kendale, the baliwick of
the same borough, the office of serjeanty and the bailiwick of Londesdale, co. Westmorland; a third part of the close or park of Calgarth,
the herbage and pannage of the same, the fishery of or in the water
of Wynandremere, the herbage of Le Dale Hede, the toll, fair and
market with "les wyndels" and "lepes" of "le weele," "lez bothes,"
"shoppes," "shamles," bakehouses, "lez Banks" with "courte
houses" of the town of Kirkeby in Kendall, the Burgh and Lethous
in Kirkeby in Kendall with their farms, profits, and appurtenances,
co. Westmorland; a third part of the free farm of the free tenants
in Kendall, the orchard and park of Moreholme and the mill of
Appulthwayte, co. Westmorland; a third part of the manor or lordship of Nether Wyresdale, co. Lancaster; the manor of Burnolleshede, the hamlets of Creke (Crook), Lamberyg, Whitwell and Selshede
and the manor of Casterton, co. Westmorland; and the castles,
manors and lordships of Pendragon, Burgh, Appulby, Burgham,
Mallerstange and Whynfell, the manor and lordship of Kirkeby
Stephen, and the vill of Wynton, co. Westmorland; held in chief,
to the king's kinsman, George, archbishop of York, John Conyers,
knight, John Whelpedale, clerk, and Richard Glebra, chaplain, and
their heirs, in accordance with the act in the Parliament at Westminster, 6 October, 12 Edward IV; ib., 1475, p. 531.
1478 General pardon to Richard Robynson, late of Kendall, co. Westmorland, "yoman," of all offences committed by him before 16
July same year; ib., 1478, p. 121.
1484 Grant for life to William Duket of the free chapel of St. Leonard
by the town of Kirkby Kendall, void by the resignation of Sir Thomas
Fell, chaplain, and in the king's gift by reason of the minority of
Thomas Parre, son and heir of William Parre, knight, deceased;
ib., 1484, p. 409.
Grant to all inhabitants within the lordship or barony of Kendall,
co. Westmorland, that they shall be quit of toll, pavage, pontage,
carriage, murage, cheminage, picage, passage, lastage, stallage,
tallage and tarrage throughout the realm of England and the king's
power; ib., 500.
1486 Grant for life to the king's knight, Richard Tunstall, of the office
of steward of the lordship of Kendall and lands pertaining to the
same in cos. Westmorland, York and Lancaster; ib., 1 Henry VII,
1486, p. 95.
1487 Grant for life to the king's mother, Margaret, countess of Richmond, of inter alia a third part of the lordships and manors of Kendale and Weresdale; ib., 1487, p. 155.
Grant for life to the king's servant, Peter Fillowe, groom of the
king's privy spicery, of that part of the toll pertaining to the king
in the town of Kendale, co. Westmorland, which is now void and in
the king's gift, with the rights, profits, &c. thereof; ib., 175.
1490 Pardon to William Pykryng of Kyrkby in Kendale, "gentilman,"
of his outlawry in the hustings of London for not appearing before
the justices of the Bench to answer Richard Gylpyn, touching a
debt of £40, he having surrendered to the Flete; ib., 1490, p. 328.
1493 Similar pardon to Hugh Warde of Boston, co. Lincoln, "marchaunt," alias of Kyrkeby Kendale, of his outlawry in the county
of the city of Coventry for not appearing before the justices of the
Bench to satisfy Nicholas Brown, merchant of the staple of Calais,
of a debt of £14 13s. 4d. and 4 marks damages, he having surrendered
to the Flete and satisfied Nicholas, &c.; ib., 430.
1492 Grant by Henry Wilson of Kirkland in Kendale to John Mannyng,
chaplain, and John Wilson of a burgage and one little pightell of
land with a garden adjoining in the town of Kirkeby in Kendale
in the street called Strawmondgate, lying between the burgage late
of Thomas Tunstale on the north side and the burgage of John
Dokwra on the south and abutting on the king's way towards the
east and as far as the burgage of John Burgh on the west. William
Standish, the grantor's bailiff, was appointed attorney to deliver
seisin. Dated 29 May, 7 Henry VII (1492); D. at Levens.
1502 In Easter term, 17 Henry VII, John Wasshyngton and Elizabeth
his wife impleaded Thomas Sherman of forcibly entering a close of
land at Kyrkeby in Kendale; De Banco R., as above, m. 93.
1504 Grant by Thomas Tunstale of Dokare to Thomas Parre, esquire
of the king's body, of his burgage or tenement, rent and service in
Stramongate in Kirkeby Kendale, lying between the burgage of
Robert Dawney, gentleman, on the east, and that of Robert Lorde
on the west; and two tenements or burgages with the appurtenances
in Fynkelstrete in Kirkeby aforesaid, lying between the burgage of
William Briggs on the east and that of Richard Sleddale on the west.
Sir Walter Strikeland, knight, and William Lambert, gentleman,
were appointed attorneys to deliver seisin. Dated 4 June, 19 Henry
VII (1504); D. at Levens.
1509 Appointment of Sir Thomas Parre, knight, to be steward of the
king's lands in Kendall; Letters and Papers, Hen. VIII, i, 39.
Appointment of Thomas Hobson to be auditor of inter alia the
barony of Kendall and all possessions, &c. now in the king's hands
by reason of the death of the king's grandmother; with the appointment of all officers; ib., 52.
c. 1510 Rental of the priory of Conyngesheved. Kendall: John Colynson
renders yearly, 6s. 8d.; Henry Beke . . . . ; Duchy of Lanc.,
Rentals, bundle 4, n. 4.
1511 Grant to Sir Thomas Parre, knight of the body, and his heirs, of
free warren in the manor of Kendale; Letters and Papers, i, 240.
1512 Inquest taken at Kyrkby in Kendall, 16 August, 4 Henry VIII
(1512), before John Flemyng, eschaetor, by the oath of William
Thornbrugh, &c. who say that: king Henry VI was seised of a
moiety of the barony, manor or lordship of Kendall and of the
manor or lordships of Gresmer, Langden and Lowghryge; and the
lordships of Amylsette, Trowtbek, Appulwhait, Under Milnbek,
Crostwhait, Hotton, Striklandkettill, Helsyngton, Frostwhaitt,
borough of Kyrkby in Kendall, bailiwick of the said borough, office
of serjeanty and bailiwick of Lonysdayll, herbage of "Le Dalehed"
and of a park called Calgarth, the lordships or manors of Casterton
and Moreholme, the water of Kent; a moiety of the tolls, the fair
and market (de medietate tolneti, feria et mercato) in Kendall; the
fishery of the water of Wynandermyrre and "de lez Wyndels et lepes
de le Wegle, lez bothes, shoppes, shamells, pistrina (bakehouse), lez
Bankes et Crosbankes et de le Courthouse et Lethowse" of the town
of Kyrkby in Kendall with their issues, fairs and profits, and also
of the free farm and free rent and service of the free tenants in
Kendall, as parcel of his barony, manor or lordship of Kendall, in
his demesne as of fee. So seised, he, at the Parliament at Redyng,
6 March, 31 Henry VI (1453), by advise and consent of the lords
spiritual and temporal and of the commons of his kingdom in the
said parliament and by authority of said parliament, granted to
Edmund, then earl of Richmond, the manor, lands and tenements
aforesaid by the name of the lordship and manor of Kendall amongst
other things and of all other the lands, tenements, rents, services
and reversions which by and after the death of his uncle, John, late
duke of Bedford, descended to him in the said county, together with
knights' fees, wards, marriages, reliefs, escheats, advowsons or nominations of abbeys, priories, hospitals, churches, chappels, chantries
and all other benefices of what church soever, warrens, fisheries,
commons, court of view of frankpledge, franchises, liberties, fines,
amercements, goods and chattels of felons and fugitives or persons
outlawed with all other profits, &c., as the said late duke of Bedford
had, to hold to the said Edmund earl of Richmond and the heirs
of his body lawfully begotten, to hold of the late king and his heirs
by fealty only, &c., as by a transcript of the Act shown to the jurors
appears. By virtue whereof Edmund the earl entered and was
seised. Afterwards king Henry VI died (A. D. 1471), and Edmund
earl of Richmond died (A. D. 1456), after whose death the lands, &c.
descended to king Henry VII, as son and heir of the aforesaid Edmund,
and he entered upon the premises and was seised thereof. So seised
he, by letters patent dated at Westminster 22 March 2 Henry VII
(1487), amongst other things granted the premises to Margaret,
late countess of Richmond, by the name of Margaret his most dear
mother, to hold for her life, and the countess entered upon the premises and was thereof seised in her demesne as of free tenement.
Afterwards king Henry VII died (A. D. 1509), after whose death the
moiety of the said barony and of the manors, &c., as parcel of the
said barony, lordship or manor of Kendall, descended to the present
king (Henry VIII); as son and heir of king Henry VII. Afterwards
the countess of Richmond died, namely 14 July, 1 Henry VIII
(1509), after whose death the king became seised thereof, and still
is, in his demesne as of fee tail by form of the gift; Excheq. Inq.
p.m., ser. ii, file 118, n. 3.
1513 Grant to Sir Thomas Parre, knight of the body, for 40 years, at
the yearly rent of £340, of the lordships of Amelsett, Troutbek,
Apulwhait, Under Milnebek, Frostwhait, Langdon, Loughrig, Crostwhaite, Strikland Ketyll, and Helsyngton, the herbage of "Le
Dalehed," the fishery of Wynandermere and a messuage with a park
called Calgarth, co. Westmorland; the lordships of Thornton,
Kneton and Medilton, co. York, Whetyngton, Nether Wyresdale,
Scotford and Watford, co. Lancaster, all the king's possessions in
Casterton and Moreholme, co. Westmorland (sic), and in Carneford
and Assheton, co. Lancaster, the king's portion of the lordships of
Gresmere and Hoton and the lordship of Kendall, the water of
Kent, the borough of Kyrkby in Kendall, the bailiwick of Loinesdale, the tolls, fairs and markets in Kendall. Dated 1 March,
1513; Letters and Papers, i, 495.
1514 Brian Tunstall of Thurland, co. Lancaster, held at his death (in
1513) land in Warton and Yealand, held of the barony of Kendall.
Grant to Cuthbert Tunstall, clerk, of wardship of Marmaduke son
and heir of the said Brian and custody in reversion of the land which
Isabel widow of the said Brian holds as dower; ib., 851.
1515 Pardon of outlawry for Hugh Warde of Kyrkeby Kendall for
debt; ib., ii, 111.
1516 Will of Thomas Strickland of Siersard in Kendall, parson of Lowther. "My body to be buried in Kendall Kirke in Saynte Kateryne's quere in the same Kirke, at the left hand of the aulter in the
same quere." Executors: Sir Thomas Par, "my nevewe Water
Strikland and my brother Gervase Strikland." "Item, I will that
my maister Sir Thomas Par have the best hors that I have fro the
Kirke served first." "Item, I will that ilkon of my hynes be rewarded over theire hire xxd. Item, I will that Thomas Lamberte
have my grey trotting mere and her fole. Item, I will that John
Loncastre have my grey horse which was Bagley's. Item, I will
that Sir Miles, my preste, syng for me oone yere at Saynt Kateryne's
aulter in Kendall Kirke and he to have vii mark therfore." "Item, I
will gif to Kendall Kirke xxs." "In . . . . recorde herof Sir Robert
Tideman and Sir Nicholas Cartar, Thomas Lamberte and other mo.
Yeven in the Natyvytie of Saynte John Baptiste in the yere of our
Lorde God Jhesu Crist m.d.xvi." Proved 10 August; Test. Ebor.
(Surtees Soc.), v, 76.
1517 Notification to Cuthbert Tunstal, Master of the Rolls, to cancel
a recognizance of £40 made by (among others) Sir Roger Belyngeham of Burnelsede in Kendall; Letters and Papers, ii, 1202.
1517 Grant by Edward Bethom of Underbarra to Robert Tydeman and
Edward Collynson, chaplains, of all his lands and tenements in Kirkby
Kendale or elsewhere in co. Westmorland. Dated 6 February, 8
Henry VIII (1517); D. at Levens.
1518 Inquest taken at Kendall, 26 October, 10 Henry VIII (1518),
before Launcelot Saukeld, escheator. The jurors say that Thomas
Parr long before his death was seised of the manors of Kendall,
Greynhed and Scalthwhaitrige and a moiety of the manor of
Gresmere and 100 messuages, 5000 a. land, 1000 a. meadow, 2000 a.
pasture, £14 of rent in Hutton, Hay, Gythwhaithrigge, Strikland,
Hugill, Greynrige, Ullathornes, Ruston and Kyrkby in Kendall;
so seised Richard, bishop of Winchester, Charles, earl of Worcester,
knight, Thomas Lovell, knight, and Henry Wyat, knight, with Giles
Dawbeney, knight, and Edmund Dudley, esq., now deceased, in
Michaelmas term, 23 Henry VII (1507), at Westminster, before the
justices of the Common Bench, recovered the said premises against
the said Thomas Parr by the king's writ of "entry sur disseisin,"
and are still seised of the premises. The recovery was had to the
use of the said Thomas Parr and his heirs for ever and to perform
his last will. (fn. 10) And he by his writing, dated 7 November, 9 Henry
VIII (1517), made his will as follows: I will that my recoverers and
feoffees shall stand seised of all such manors, lands, &c. as I have
within the realm of England, which late were of my father Sir William
Parr, knight, and descended to me as his heir, shall stand so seised
after my death to the use of Mawde my wife for her life, in full satisfaction of her dower of all my other manors, lands, &c. which I or
any other to my use have within the realm of England. If my wife
re-marry, or if she do recover or have her dower of any other of my
manors, lands, &c. than here appointed, by writ of dower or otherwise, then her interest in all the manors, lands, &c. which were my
late father's shall cease, except such lands, &c. as were my late
father's, in Greynhed, Hay, Striklond Rogers, Greynrigge and in the
borough town of Kendall, which I suppose to be of yearly value of
100 marks, which I will she have only for term of her life; to my
servant Rouland Thornebrugh, after the death of his father, for
term of his life the "Maister Forstership" of the old Park of Kendall
with like fee as his father now has; to my cousin Rychard Duket
the younger the same "ferme" he now has called "Garnet Howse"
for term of his life, paying the old rent without fine or gressom; to
my servant Cristofer Godmonde for term of his life the "ferme"
called "Gylthwhaithrigge" at old rent without fine or gressom; to
my cousin Garvis Strikland the same office he now has with like fee
for term of his life.
The said manors, lands, tenements, &c. once were of Sir William
Parr, knight, and descended to the said Thomas Parr, as son
and heir; Matilda his wife is still alive. William Thornebrugh,
father of the aforesaid Rouland, was Master Forester of the park of
Kendall and had yearly for his fee 56s. William and Roland Thornebrugh are still alive. Gervase Strikland had, on the day of Thomas
Parr's death, the office of Steward of Kendall and received yearly
for his fee £13 6s. 8d. and he is still alive. The manors of Gylthwhaithrigge and Mattkynlaith are held of James Leyburn by
service of socage and are worth yearly clear 20s. The manor of
Greynhed is held of Walter Strikland of his manor of Syrsergh by
service of socage, worth yearly clear 40s. John Hutham, knight, was
seised in his demesne as of fee of 20 messuages, 20 tofts, 10 bovates
of land, 200 a. land, 100 a. meadow, 1000 a. pasture, 100 a. wood,
£4 of rent in Gresmer and Langden and so seised he, by indentures
made between him the said John Huthom, knight, and John Huthom,
his son and heir apparent, of the one part and the said Thomas Parr,
then esquire, of the other part, for £181 13s. 4d. paid to him by the
said Thomas Parr, sold all the said premises in Gresmer and Langden
to him, to hold to him and his heirs for ever; by virtue whereof the
said Sir John Huthom, knight, was seised thereof in his demesne as
of fee to the use of the said Thomas Parre and his heirs for ever.
Sir John Huthom, knight, died, after whose death the premises
descended to John Huthom, his son and heir apparent, who entered
and was seised of the premises to the use of the said Thomas Parre
and his heirs. John Boste of Penrith, co. Cumb., gentleman, and
Margaret his wife, Elizabeth Duket, Mabel Duket, younger, Margaret
Phelipson, William Phelipson and Mabel Duket, elder, were seised
of the manor of Gythwaithrigge in Skelmesergh and 20 messuages,
100 a. land, 60 a. meadow, 200 a. pasture, 20 a. wood, 40s. rent in
Sleddayle, Respeton, Langden, Staveley and Hugill and so seised by
indentures made between them of the one part and the said Sir
Thomas Parr, knight, of the other part, for a certain sum paid to
them, sold all the said manors, lands, &c. in Gylthwhaithtrigge,
Skelmesergh, Sleddaill, Respetton, Langden, Staueley and Hugill to
him, to hold to him and his heirs. Accordingly John Buste and the
others were seised thereof to the use of the said Thomas Parr and his
heirs. The parties in both sets of indentures so being seised, the
said Thomas Parr, by his said will, amongst other things declared
as follows: my executors to take the profits of my manors, lands,
&c. which I late purchased and also of such manors, lands, &c. as
late were in variance between Lord Scrope and me, to the yearly
value of £30, and they also shall have such lands and tenements as
I have in lease of the abbot of Saynt Mary Abbey without the city
of York until the time that they have received £800, which sum I
will to be equally divided between my daughters "Kateryn and
Anne" towards their marriage; if any of them die before they be
married she who survives to have the whole £800. "I will that yf
my said two doughters or any of them be myn heyres or my sonnes
heyres afore they be married that then they nor none of them shall
have no parte of the said DCCCli. but I will that it shalbe bestowed
uppon copes, vestmentes, chalices and other ornamentes necessary
and conuenyent for the house and church of Garues, (fn. 11) wher I am
founder, as it shalbe thought best by myn executours and the abbot
of the said house of Gerues for the tyme being." To my servant
John Warman during his life 26s. 8d. out of my purchased lands.
To Edward Mountague during his life 66s. 8d. out of my purchased
lands. To James Ruxbye, my auditor, during his life the same fee
he now has. My recoverers and feoffees and others who now stand
seised of such manors, lands, &c. whereof I have made my will to
be so seised for the performance of my will.
John Warman and Edward Mountygewe still survive; James
Ruxby received from Sir Thomas a fee of £6 and still survives;
the manor of Kendall and the said [tenements] with the
appurtenances and the moiety of the manor of Gresmer and
all the said messuages; lands, &c. in Hutton, Hay, Strikland,
Hugill, Graynrigge, Ullerthornyes and Kyrkby in Kendall are
worth yearly clear 100 marks and are held of the king by
knight service, to wit: by the 4th part of a knight's fee; the
messuages, lands, &c. in Gresmer and Langdon are worth yearly
clear 40s. and are held of the king, service unknown. The manors
in Sl[e]dall, Respeton, Langden, Staueley and Hugill are worth
yearly clear 30s. and are held of the king, service unknown. Thomas
Parr died 12 [Nov]ember last (1517) and William Parr, esquire, is
his son and next heir, aged 5 years; Excheq. Inq. p.m., ser. ii,
file 121, n. 7.
1520 Feoffment by Brian Warener of Helsington to Thomas Stoynbank
and William Johnson, chaplains, of a burgage in Kirkby in Kendall,
now in the tenure of James Tomson, of the yearly value of 40s., and
two burgages there, of the yearly value of 20s., now in the tenure
of John Willayn, and a yearly rent of 6s. 8d. arising from a burgage
now in the tenure of William Warener; to the use of the said Brian
and Sibyl his wife in survivorship. Robert Sadlere and Richard
Collynson attorneys to deliver seisin. Witnesses: Nicholas Sadlere,
Henry Wilson and Henry Haulbrede, chaplains; James Nuthude (?),
James Thomson. Dated 29 June, 12 Henry VIII (1520); D. at
1523 The earl of Surrey in a letter to Cardinal Wolsey relates that he
sent Lord Dacre to the stronghold of Fernherst (near Jedborough),
which belonged to his mortal enemy, accompanied by Sir Arthur
Darcy, Sir Marmaduke Constable, 700 men and some ordnance.
"Fernherst stood marvellously strong within a great wood," which
the two knights entered with 300 Kendal men and Wolsey's servant,
Strickland. In the wood they were sorely handled by hardy men
that would not budge a foot. The "other" two knights were compelled to call for more of their men, yet could not bring their ordnance
to the fortress till Dacre and some of his horsemen dismounted.
After a long skirmish they at last got it out, gained possession of
the house and threw it down; Letters and Papers, iii, 1399.
1525 June 18. The King created his illegitimate son, Henry Fitzroy,
duke of Richmond and Somerset (d. 1536), and in support of his
titles granted him inter alia (the lordship of) Kendall (and bailiwick
of) Londesdaill, (the lordship of) Wyresdaill, (the manors of) Warton
and Kyrby in Kendall; ib., 673 note.
1525Among those who were placed on the commission of the peace
for Westmorland were: Sir William Parre, Sir Robert Belyngeham,
Sir Walter Strikelonde, Geoffrey Middelton, James Layborne, John
Lambart, elder, and Richard Duket; ib., 722.
1526 Memorandum. The iijd day of Novembre, the xviij, yere of Kynge
Henry the Eight, within the howse of Sancte John's Clerkenwell,
in the Buttery of the same, my lord Sr Thomas Docwra, Priour ther,
beyng the same tyme present, John Docwra, son and heir of Thomas
Docwra of Kyrkeby Kendall in the countie of Westmerland, gentilman, beyng of the age of xviij yeres and more, and Margaret Turpyn,
second doughter and heir of Edward Turpyn, late departed, of the
countie of Leyceytour, gentilwoman, being of the full age of xiii
years di. and more, of ther mere free will and mynde, withoute fere,
drede or compulsion of any man, the said John toke unto his wiff
the foreseid Margaret, and the seid Margaret toke unto hire husband
the forseid John, and therunto either to other plighte and gave ther
feythe and trewthe, desiryng and requyrynge witnesse for the same:
Dame Elizabeth Chomley, Rowland Brugh, Thomas Chicheley, John
Docwra, Thomas Darke and Willyam Bardesey with dyverse other
at that tyme beyng present; Landsd. MS. 200, f. 1 (fly leaf); The
Genealogist, N.S., xv, 192.
Lord Dacre writing to Lord Scrope, who had asked for his opinion
on the articles of the marriage between his son and Lady Parr's
daughter (Katharine), does not think he could marry him to so good
a stock as Lady Parr's, considering her wisdom and the wise stocks
of the Grenes whence she is come and of the Parrs of Kendal; for
all wise men, when they marry their children, look to the wisdom
of the blood they marry with. There is only one child between
Lady Parr's daughter and 800 marks of land. He mentions this
because of the possibility that fell to himself by marriage. Thinks
it well that his son should live with Lady Parr for the next three
years, he finding him clothing and a servant. He would learn there
as well as in any other place "as well norture as French and other
language"; Letters and Papers, iii, 1512. (fn. 12)
In a letter dated Kendal, 6 August, Sir William Parre writes to
Lord Dacre asking him to write to the judges at the assizes in Appulby
on behalf of John Warrener of Kendal, a poor man, whose farmhold
being claimed by his brother, Dacre assisted him two years ago.
His brother intends to make suit for it again with the assistance of
Sir Roger Bellingham; ib., 1342.
1529 At Wolsey's request Sir William Parre writes that he sends Wolsey
a presentation to the parsonage of Thornton, void by the death of
Dr. Stillington and in his gift by grant of the barony of Kendall to
his brother, Sir Thomas Parr, and now in his hands during the minority of his nephew; ib., iv, 2627.
1530 Licence to Sir Henry Wyat (fn. 13) to enfeoff Henry, earl of Essex,
Thomas Vaus, lord Harrodon, Sir William Fitzwilliam, younger,
Sir William Parre, Thomas, lord Brough, Sir Edward Darell, Edward
Brough, Thomas Pykeryng, Thomas Butler, James Rokesby, Christopher Goodman and Alan Sheppard, clerk, of the manor of Cargo,
co. Cumberland, and the manor of Kendall, the moiety of the manor
of Gresmere and certain messuages and lands therein, and £14 of
rent in Hutton, Haye, Gilthwaytrigge, Strikland, Hugyll, Greynrigge, Ullathornes, Ruston and Kyrkby in Kendall, to hold to the
said earl and his fellow feoffees and their heirs for ever; ib., 2810.
Inspeximus and confirmation for Matilda Parre, widow, and
William Parre of letters patent of 12 February, 4 Henry VI, inspecting
and exemplifying Placita de quo waranto
(fn. 14) concerning free warren
and other liberties claimed by Ingram de Gynes and Christiana,
his wife, in Kendale; and letters patent of 12 February, 15 Henry
VII, inspecting and confirming a charter of 28 August, 3 Edward II,
granting to Marmaduke de Twenge and William de Roos of Kendale
a market and fair at Kyrkeby in Kendale; ib., 3052.
Privy Purse Expenses of Henry VIII: May 7th. Reward to a
servant of lady Parre's for bringing a coat cloth of Kendal for the
King, 4s. 8d.; June 11th. A coat of Kendal and doublet for Patche
[the King's fool], 15s. 4d.; ib., 749–50.