1532 William Parre, the younger, writes to Sir Thomas Cromwell from
Horton, 20 April: Robert Tarne, a very insolent person, did not
only openly and secretly enter my park at Kendal on various occasions, but killed and stole my game and spoke many malicious words
to William Redman, my keeper there, who advised him to desist
from his unlawful pastime and keep a sober tongue. On which
Tarne and he made a fray and the former chanced to be hurt. He
purposes not only to trouble Redman, but to sue my cousin, Sir
James Laborne, (fn. 1) for abetting him, who had nothing to do with it.
He is maintained in this by my lord of Cumberland and Sir Thomas
Clifford, for the malice they bear my cousin Laborne, "for my lord
of Richmond's and my poor causes." Whereas it has been the
ancient custom in the barony of Kendal to administer justice in all
strife, as my grandfather, father and uncle, Sir William Parre,
always did: now it is that sundry wealthy and malicious persons,
for the ill will they bear my lord of Richmond and me, infringe the
said custom and send up poor people to London who cannot afford
it. I . . . . write to you for remedy, hoping, whenever such
malicious persons repair to London, they may be remitted to my
cousin Laborne, who is deputy steward there (i.e. in Kendal);
ib., v, 445.
Sir James Layburn writes from Kendal on Friday after St. Mark's
Day (26 April) to James Layburn, deputy steward of Kendal: The
"shiroff turn" was kept in Kendal on St. Mark's Day by Sir John
Lowther, under-sheriff to my lord of Cumberland and Westmorland,
Sir Roger Bellingham and John Hutton, clerk to the under-sheriff,
and others of their retinue. I went with Christopher Godmond
and seven others and charged them, in the name of the King and
my lord of Richmond, to keep no "sheroff turn" in the liberties of
the latter. On being asked for my authority I said that my lord of
Richmond's authority was openly proclaimed in Kendal market
under the King's broad seal. They said they had not heard of it.
I told them that Sir Thomas Clyfford stood by when my lord of
Norfolk commanded the deputy steward not to allow my lord of
Cumberland, or any one for him, to meddle within the said liberty.
I charged the constable to make no answer and departed, when they
pannelled an inquest of constables, tenants of Sir Roger Bellingham,
Mr. Strikeland, Sir Richard Weston, Geffrey Midilton and Mr. Redemayn, but I do not know what they did; ib., v, 453.
Sir Arthur Darcy writes to the right worshipful Mr. Thomas
Cromwell that he is sorry the King's gift of the advowson of Kendale
should now be withdrawn from him, for he had promised to give it
to one of his Grace's chaplains. He complains of his straightened
means; that the advowson given to a friend would have relieved
him. Begs Cromwell to advance the King's gift to him and, if he
refuse any journey in the wars, let the King take the "vowson"
and all his offices. Waits till Saturday for the setting forth of his
ordnance given him by the King to the Borders, and for money.
His day at the Borders shall not be broken, according to the King's
letters; ib., 560.
Among Cromwell's obligations and bills this year was: a bill of
Sir Arthur Darcy acknowledging receipt from the King, by the
hands of my master, of the advowson of the vicarage of Kirkby
Kendal; ib., 556.
1532 Inquest taken at Shapp, 28 October, 24 Henry VIII (1532) before
John Skelton, esquire, escheator, after the death of Matilda Parre,
widow. The jurors say that Thomas Parre, knight, late husband of the said Matilda, long before his death was seised of
the manors of Kendall, Grenehede and Skaltwhaytryg and a
moiety of the manor of Gressemer and  messuages, 500 a.
land, 1000 a. meadow, 2000 a. pasture, £14 rent in Hutton, Hay,
Skalthwaitrig, Strykland Roger, Hellgyll, Greneryg, Ullathornes,
Ryston and Kyrkby in Kendall; so seised Richard, bishop of
Winchester, Charles, earl of Worsester, knight, Thomas Lovell,
knight, Giles Dawbeney of Dawbeney, knight, Henry Wyatt,
knight, and Edmund Dudley, esquire, in Michaelmas term, 23
Henry VII (1507), at Westminster, recovered the said premises
against the said Thomas Parre by writ of "entry sur disseisin," and
they entered upon the premises. So seised they all died, but Henry
Wyatt, who survived them and was solely seised, and so seised, the
king's licence having been obtained, he enfeoffed Henry, earl of Essex,
Thomas Vaux, lord Haroden, William Fytzwilliam, younger, knight,
William Parre, knight, Thomas Borough, knight, lord Borough,
Edward Darrell, knight, Edward Borough, esquire, Thomas Pykeryng, Thomas Butler, James Rokeby, Christopher Godmond and
Alan Shipard, clerk, of the premises, who are now seised. The
recovery was to the use of the said Sir Thomas Parre, knight, and
his heirs and to perform his last will. Further the said Thomas
Parre by his writing, dated 7 November, 9 Henry VIII (1517),
declared his will, by which, amongst other things, he willed that his
recoverers and feoffees, their heirs and assigns should be seised of
all such manors, lands and tenements, &c., as descended to him as
son and heir of the late Sir William Parr, knight, to the use of Maude
his wife for her life, in full satisfaction of her dower. Should she
marry again or should she recover and have her dower of any other
of his manors, lands, &c. than of those appointed, by writ of dower
or otherwise, thenceforth her interest in all the manors, lands which
descended to him from his father shall cease, except the manors,
lands, &c. which were his late father's, in Grenehed, Hay, Strykland
Roger, Grendrig and in the "Borow towne of Kendall" of the clear
yearly value of 100 marks, which she may have only for term of her
life. His executors are to take the profits of the manors, lands, &c.
which he lately purchased and also of such manors, lands, &c. as
late were in variance between him and lord Scrope, to the yearly
value of £30 until his executors have received £800, which sum of
£800 is to be equally divided between my [daughters Kateryn and
Anne] for their marriages (see above). Matilda (or Maude) from the
time of the death of her husband Thomas Parr until the day of her
death did not re-marry nor did she have or recover dower from other
manors, lands, &c. which were of the said Thomas Parr than those
appointed in his will. The sum of £800 is not received from the
issues of the aforesaid manors, lands, &c. but there now remains to
be received £500 in performance of the will. Thomas Parr died
12 November, 9 Henry VIII (1517) and Matilda survived him and
afterwards she died on 1 December last (1531) and William Parr,
esquire, is her son and next heir and was on 14 August last (1532)
aged 19 years. The manor of Kendall and the moiety of the manor
of Gressemer and all the tenements in Hutton, Haye, Strikland Roger,
Hewgyll, Greneryg, Ullathorne and Kirkby in Kendall are held of
the king in chief by knight service, namely the 4th part of a knight's
fee; the manor of Grenehede is held of the heir of Walter Strikland,
knight, as of his manor of Sysergh by socage. The lands and tenements in Grenehede, Hay, Strykland Roger, Greneryg and in the
town of Kyrkby in Kendall and "le Borowtowne of Kendall" are
worth yearly clear 100 marks, and the residue of the said manors,
lands, and tenements specified in the recovery are worth yearly clear
100 marks; Excheq. Inq. p.m., ser. ii, file 131, n. 1.
1533 Catalogue of Thomas Cromwell's papers, &c.: Articles of the
misdemeanor of the earl of Cumberland to the liberties of Kendal
to the great damage of the duke of Richmond; Letters and Papers,
Hen. VIII, vi, 139.
In a letter dated Connyswik, 1 April, James Layburn writes to
Cromwell: Whereas the King sent letters to my lord of Cumberland
commanding him not to intermeddle in my lord of Richmond's
liberties in Kendal: the earl's officers still molest the tenants, as
will be seen by the bill enclosed. These offences were done from
the time of the King's letters to the time when my lord of Norfolk
commanded me not to allow the said earl or his officers to intermeddle; ib., 144.
Articles concerning the infringement by the earl of Cumberland
of the liberties used in the lordship and barony of Kendal, Westmorland, to the injury of the duke of Richmond and the disturbance of
the tenants. Under colour of being sheriff of Westmoreland the
earl has lately held the sheriff's turn within the lordship of Kendall
and distrained certain tenants for fines, though he has no authority
even to hold the turn. He has had the tenants fined at the court of
the said county for not doing suit to the same, though they ought
to do no such suit there. His officers execute writs there, which
power is granted to the duke of Richmond by Parliament. Debts
under 40s. and such matters have always been tried in the lordship
before the Steward, but the earl causes his servants to distrain the
tenants for such plaints to the Sheriff's Court. They punish offences
committed at fairs and markets, which they have no right to do.
He has wrongfully indicated the Steward for punishing tenants who
have offended against the customs, as has been done for time out of
mind. His officers take away all felons' goods, waifs and estrays.
He has infringed the liberties in many other ways; and though the
King lately wrote to him to reform the premises, he and his officers
have done worse than before; ib., 661.
1534 In a letter of James Layburn to Mr. Thomas Cromwell, dated at
Asheton (near Lancaster?), 3 April, he writes inter alia: This day
I am informed that Robert Tarne had his arm broken and his ear
smitten off by William Redman, keeper to master William Parr,
in the park, in the said Redman's office, and has complained to
the King. Evil will is surmised against me by the means of such
men. I was in London when this deed was done and I never saw
Redman, as I was displeased with him, for he was formerly my
servant and I put hin to service with my lord Parr that is dead
four years ago, from whom he received £4 a year; Letters and
Papers, Hen. VIII, vii, 181.
By indentures dated 4 December, 26 Henry VIII (1534), Robert
Briggis, late of Kendall, clothier, conveys to Elizabeth Bellengeham
of Garethorne, and Marrion Bellengeham of Helsington, widows, for
£120, the messuages, shops, stables, gardens, lands and tenements
in Kendall and Litill Stikland, which he late purchased of George
Tunstall, son and heir of Sir Edward Tunstall of Laverokbrige,
deceased. Signature of "Robart Brygg." Witnesses: Nicholas
Tunstall, Alan Wilson, Alexander Wilson, Nicholas Adson, Thomas
Tomson; d. at Levens.
1535 John Redman was farmer from Witham, abbot of St. Mary's,
York, of some part of the tithes of Kendal; Letters and Papers,
Hen. VIII, ix, 205.
1536 Asheton, October 8. Sir James Layburn to Cromwell. I have
sent you by my servant, William Sleddall, £50 due to the King,
Michaelmas last. I am so crased that I could not bring it myself.
Whereas at your request my lord Admiral promised you that I
should be farmer of a benefice belonging to the monastery of Cartmell
or Conyshyd, pray show my nephew, Thomas Cayrus, your further
pleasure in the same; Letters and Papers, Hen. VIII, xi, 245.
The relict of Christoper Foxe renders for a burgage in the vill of
Kyrkby in Kendall 7s.
William Beke for a tenement there 8s.
The relict of Henry Beke for a tenement there 8s. Rental of
the possessions of the late priory of Conyshed; Duchy of Lanc.,
Rentals, bundle 5, n. 11.
Sir Thomas Wharton writes to Cromwell: Sir James Layborn
has been very diligent in the King's service upon the West Marches.
He dwells in the country of Kendal, the inhabitants whereof be
very troublous &c.; Letters and Papers, Henry VIII, xi, 260.
One of three proclamations, relative to the "Pilgrimage of Grace',
which have been preserved, runs as follows: "All commons stick
ye together, rise with no great man to (i.e. till) ye know his intent.
Keep your harness in your own hands and ye shall obtain your
purpose in all this North land. Claim ye old customs and tenant
right to take your farms by a God's penny, all gressumes and heghtnynges (fn. 2) to be laid down, then may we serve our sovereign lord,
King Henry the VIIIth. God save his noble Grace. We shall
serve our land lords in every righteous cause with horse and harness
as custom will demand. Gentle commons, have this in your mind,
every man take his lands lord and ye have need, as we did in Kendalland, then shall ye speed. Make your writing, command them to
seal to grant you your petitions at your desire. Lords spiritual
and temporal, have it in your mind, the world as it wareth, and to
your tenants be ye kind, then may ye go on pilgrimage nothing
you withstand, and commons to you be true through all Cristen
land, to maintain the faith of Holy church, as ye have take on hand.
Adieu, gentle commons, thus I make an end, maker of this letter,
pray Jesus be his speed, and he shall be your captain when that ye
have need"; (fn. 3)
ib., 356; xii, pt. i, 72.
Doncaster, October 28. The earls of Shrewsbury, Rutland and
Huntingdon to Lord Darcy. According to your desire we have
written to my lord of Derby (as below) not doubting but that you
will stay the commons of Kendall about my lord of Derby, according
to the order taken at our last meeting; ib., xi, 358.
Same place and date. The same to the earl of Derby. As my
lord of Norfolk and we here have stayed the commons of Yorkshire
and every man is "sparpled" and returned home . . . . and as we
hear from lord Darcy that you, with your retinue, are to be on
Monday next at Whalley Abbey: we charge you in the King's
name to "sparple" (fn. 4) your company without molesting the said
October 29. Lord Darcy to the 3 earls above-named. The
Captain and we have already sent in post to all the commons of
Cumberland, Westmoreland, Kendal, the side of Lancashire and
Craven and all others of the North, to leave besieging of houses
and disperse homewards, according to the order and promise made
at our last meeting at Doncaster; ib. 362.
October 31. Darcy to Shrewsbury. Has had more business to
do with the help of his cousins and friends and special letters by
Mr. Aske, grand captain, and sent to the commons of the wild
countries of Cumberland, Westmoreland, Kendal, Furness, Dent,
Sedber and Craven, all of the rear ward amounting to at least
20,000 men, and calling themselves 30,000, to order them to disperse,
than they have had with "the vaward and body of the whole
battles"; ib. 368.
Lathom, November 1. Edward earl of Derby to Henry VIII.
He gives an account of his movements and those of the commons.
Another insurrection lately made in Westmoreland, Cumberland
and Lancashire, north of the town of Lancaster, which is now
sparpled, intended to have come through Lancashire but for the
fear of Derby and his company at Preston. The circumstances
whereof, the feigned letters set on church doors &c were too tedious
to write to the King. Touching the insurrection beyond Lancaster
which some numbered to 5000 or 6000, but it is thought were under
3000, the earl sent his servants to advise them, in the King's name,
to depart home. One Atkynson their captain answered they had
a pilgrimage to do for the common wealth, which they would accomplish, or die (further report of Atkynson's answers). Sir Robert
Bellyncham and others, who were taken by the commons, have
escaped to the Earl. Lord Montegle and Sir Marmaduke Tunstall
have fled from their houses between Lancaster and Westmoreland,
to the Earl at Preston; ib., 380.
Windsor, November 2. Proclamation of a general pardon to
the commons dwelling north of Doncaster, who have lately committed open rebellion, tending to the ruin of the country and
advancement of our ancient enemies the Scots . . . . . but as their
offences proceeded from ignorance, his Highness has caused certain
books to be sent them, by which they may see and acknowledge
their errors. Any of them shall have by suit in Chancery the
King's pardon under his great seal free of charge for all offences
committed before November 1 last. Provided always that they
apprehend and deliver to the King: Robert Aske and 5 others
(named) and 4 others to be named hereafter of (among other districts) Kendal, who as ringleaders are excepted from this pardon
&c.; ib., 382.
Latham, November 17. The earl of Derby to the gentlemen of
Furness. As it is thought that the commons of the barony of
Kendall intend to come unto Furness and Cartmell and there take
men sworn to them according to their unlawful appetite, and levy
money, corn and victuals, he has written to William Fitton, his
deputy at Furness desiring him in such case to assemble his strength
and call all Derby's servants and tenants . . . to withstand the
enterprise &c.; ib., 439.
York, November 22. Letter, signed Robert Aske, captain,
addressed to Darcy. "This Council" require Darcy to write to
the lord Steward to send in post to the earl of Derby to make no
commotion in Lancashire. There is such mustering there that the
commons adjoining cannot be kept in order for dread of being
overrun. Darcy is to require answer from the lord Steward therein,
or it will "empeche" the meeting at Donkaster; ib., 454.
Same date and place. Copy of an order taken at York by the
Captain, barons and commonalty, 22 November, and signed by
Aske. Ordering that if Lancashire musters, then Craven, Kendall,
Dent, Sedber, Lonsdale and Fornes shall likewise muster, and send
word to the Captain of the "demeanour" of Lancashire; ib.
"The order taken at York." A meeting to be betwixt the duke
of Norfolk and the baronage and commonalty of the parts north
of Doncaster at a place to be appointed at Pontefract. Letters to
be made to these persons to be at Pontefract on Saturday before
St. Nicholas even; Kendale and Lonsdale: Richard Doket, William
Knyvett, Sir Robert Belingham, Walter Strikland and 6 commoners; ib., 464.
November 27. Henry VIII to the Earl of Derby. Perceives
the readiness of lord Monteagle for the repression of the rebels. . . . .
By the traitor Aske's letter to John Atkynson, captain of the
commons of Kendal, inserted in Derby's, it appears Aske is trying
both to keep Yorkshire in rebellion and also to stir the commons
of Lancashire and Cheshire. Derby is to put his force in readiness
to meet at an hour's warning. . . . . . . To discover the inclination
of the people, he is to lay secret espial throughout all parts &c.;
Lincoln, November 30. Suffolk to Henry VIII. This day arrived
a servant of Sir William Mussegravis with a letter of credence, and
Suffolk having debated with Sir William Parr, who knows that
country, sends him to the King to be examined before some man
who knows those parts. Thinks the King should write to the earl
of Cumberland, lord Clifford and lord Dacre of the North to unite,
"all displeasures set apart," for the stay of Cumberland and Westmoreland to Stayneburghe; which so stayed, Kendal, Sedbarre
and Londesdale shall not dare stir &c.; ib., 486.
Horneby Castle, December 3. Lord Monteagle to Henry VIII.
Received his letters, dated Windsor, 9 November, ordering him to
have his servants, tenants and friends, who have not consented to
this rebellion, ready to serve with the earl of Derby when the earl
of Shrewsbury should assign and also to have seditious persons
punished. Has apprehended a vicar who was said to have spoken
against the King's acts and in favour of the insurrection and bound
him in to £200 to appear before the Council. Has furnished himself
with the friends, servants and tenants, whom he can trust. Some
are sworn to the rebels and he has commanded them not to come
to his house or company. They say that if they had not sworn,
their houses and goods would have been spoiled, and that they are
as ready to serve the King as any others, notwithstanding their
oaths. The rebels are about Kendal, as cruelly minded as ever,
and have disturbed his bailiffs for paying him rent, threatening to
hang me, and saying that he should never have any rent there
unless he assented to them, which he will never do. . . . .; ib., 499.
Among the 24 demands to be placed before the lords of the King's
Council at their coming to Pontefract, the ninth was as follows:
That the lands in Westmoreland, Cumberland, Kendall, Dent,
Sedber, Fornes and the abbey lands in Mashamshire, Kyrkbyshire,
Notherdale, may be by tenant right, and the lord to have, at every
change [of lord or tenant], two years' rent for "gressom," (fn. 5) according
to the grant now made by the lords to the commons there. This
to be done by Act of Parliament; ib., 507.
Draft letter that was devised to have been sent from the King
to the lord Admiral Fitzwilliam and Master Russell. Has perused
the letters written by them and others of the Council at Doncaster
on Wednesday night (6 December). Wonders at their writing in
such desperate sort as though it were neither possible to achieve . . . .
the reservation of some persons to be punished for the example of
others, nor to appease the commons unless the King consented to
the standing of the abbeys in those parts which are to be suppressed
by Act of Parliament. As to the inclination of the commons,
everybody says they are rather repentant for what they have done
than disposed to make any new commotion. A gentleman recently
from Scotland said plainly he saw no great stirring in all his passage,
though he travelled by the usual roads, but gathered that the
people were weary of their folly and would be glad of a pardon.
Mr. Frankleyn declares that the commons at his coming were
quietly in their houses and no man abroad but those who belong
to the gentlemen. . . . . There have also been divers men of Kendal
here, who agree about the repentance of the people and you alone
write unto us all extremities, without reference to those remedies
which you have or may attain, as though we should be drawn to
agree to things against our honor etc., etc ib., 517.
Lathom, December 5. Edward earl of Derby to Henry VIII.
Reports on muster. As to the inclinations of the people, trusts
the gentlemen are true, but doubts the commonalty. Touching
Sir John Townley and Sir James Layburn, hears they are much
with the commons, and are, some say, sworn to them. Many say
Sir James was sworn more than a month ago; ib., 511.
Templehirst, December 18. Darcy to Shrewsbury. The people
here pay their rents, and the stir, caused by example of those of
the "high and wild countries," who cast open parks and closes
and made spoils, is appeased. Until Norfolk's coming, Northumberland, the Bishopric, Cumberland, Kendal, and all other dales
will be at no sure stay; ib., 538.
The proclamation of the King's pardon was made by Thomas
Hawbley, Clarensys King of Arms, at Kendal the 18th (or 19th)
of December, before the bailiff of the town and 4 lords of Cumberland; ib., 552.
1537 The house of Lepers of St. Leonard by Kyrkby in Kendall.
Dom. William Harryngton, Keeper or master there.
|Firstly, a tenement in the tenure of Anthony Tunstall
|Item, in the ten. of Edward Lord
|" ye wiffe of John Knype holdeth of the almesmen 1½ rode of land and renders yearly
|Item in the tenure of William Cryke
|" Thomas Sleddall
|" Nycolas Dodyng
|" John Harryson
|" Arthur Bek
|" William Sprot
|" Georgh Stewynson
|" on Walk Mylne by yer
|" half of on corn Mylne in dekay thys 34 yeres.
|" in the tenure of Christofer Knype and hys felowys
|" relict of William Warren
|" Sand' Walker
|" Alayn Wylson
|" Willm. Schepart
|" John Chamer
|" Robert Brown
|" Robert Grandevell (in mea manu)
|" Willm. Staynbank
|" Nycolt Fycher
|" Robert Fycher
|" Willm. Lok
|" relict of Bryan Warrener
|" Herre Nycolsen
|" Robert Walkar
|" Willm. Mar (in mea manu)
|" in my occupacion 15 acars of land herabyl and wayst
|" on chappell on howys yt I dwell in wt it appertenens.
16 day of March, 28 Henry VIII (1537).
Of which he prays allowance for support of the said house and
chapel of one chaplain and 3 lepers if they are in the district (patria)
and of alms. £5. [Return apparently made by Dom. William
Harryngton, master of the hospital]; Duchy of Lanc., Rentals,
bundle 5, n. 8.
Edmund Parker to lord Darcy [much mutilated]. My lord, in
Kendal schurge (church) of new y[ear's] even the bailey of Kendal,
one Wilson, would have read the Kyng's [pardon] in the schurghe,
which the comente (commons) was sore aggrieved with him [and
took him to] the schurghe door and said that he should die without
they ha[d the beads bid?] after the old fashion; and had not one
parson Labron been, the bailey [had] been slain; and feared him
so sore that he was fain to leave [the said] pardon in the revestry
behind him or else he had be[en] . . . .; ib., xii, 10.
Rochester, January 11. George Lord Cobham and Sir Christopher
Hales to Cromwell. Report that a Kendal man, whose name is
George Harryson, aged 42, servant to Robert Bynlesse of Kendal,
had reported to others that the earl of Cumberland had taken a
castle against the King and had refused to come to his Highness
when summoned &c. Harryson denied having so spoken; ib., xi,
pt. ii, 30.
York, February 7. Norfolk to Henry VIII. Describes present
state of the North. Your rents and others' cannot yet be levied,
but I trust soon shall be. Mr. Par, amongst others, can get none
in many places, and I dare not yet send him to Kendal, Dent or
Sedbare; ib., 159.
Asheton, February 9. Sir James Layburn to Cromwell. I have
endeavoured this besse [busy] time all I can to stay the commons
within the barony of Kendal and thereabouts. Sundry persons of
no substance and the parish priest of Kendal Church, Sir Walter
Browne, on Sunday, 4 February, did bid the beads in the church
and prayed for the bishop of Rome as Pope, against the will of the
24 appointed for the weal of the church. About a month before,
the said misruled persons, about 300 in number, did cry all at once
and bade cast the other parish priest, Sir Robert Appylgarthe, and
the 24 into the water, for refusing to name the bishop of Rome to
be Pope. Thomas Hawcrofte has been here and will show the
King and you of my demeanour. I would have been with the
King and your lordship afore this, but have been "vyssyde" with
sickness this quarter of a year or more; but for the King's comfortable letters and yours, I know well my time would have been short;
March 11. The earls of Sussex and Derby to the duke of
Norfolk. Report the execution of the abbot of Whalley, &c.
certain canons of Cartmell and 10 lay persons dwelling thereabouts,
who were the principal offenders since the pardon. Also one
Barret . . . . shall be hanged in chains at Manchester and one Stanes,
of Bethom, in Westmoreland. The offenders at Cartmell are Sir
James Escrigge, Sir John Riddley and the late subprior there, who
have fled. We think they are about Kendale in Westmoreland.
Stanes' confession shows who gave money for him and Miles Hutton (fn. 6)
to go to Richmond. We have laid the best watch we can for
Atkinson, the principal captain of those parts. His accomplices
were Walter Rawlinson, late of Mylnethorpe, bailiff to the lord
Latimer; William Collynson, bailiff of Kendal; Christopher Sadler;
John Heblewhaite of Sedbarr; Richard Cowper; Brian William,
bailiff of Dente; — Robinson "a horse-marshall and werith the
abbot of Fornes lyvery dwelling in Sedbarr and the vicar of Clapham,
who was called steward of the commons." Have taken the submission of the offenders &c. Men could not be more sorrowful for
their offences or more glad of this our coming. As long as the
world standeth this will be a dreadful example. Enclose the saying
of Sir James Layborne, although he comes himself. Reference to
the Tempests (of Broughton); ib., 283.
March 17. Depositions sworn and examined by Andrew Barton
and Alexander Standishe (examining justices), 17 March, 28 Henry
VIII, namely of Nicholas Leyghton of Bethome; Perys Harcher,
John Barton and Roger Dycunsson of Betham; Thomas Hutton
of Halle in Betham parish, William Hawdewyn of Wassit nyh
Betham, John Huddiston of Haile near Betham, Anthony Leyghton
of Leyghton Becke, par. Betham, Miles Hutton and Thomas Moyses
of Wasset and Leonard Haddon of Hayle. That on Sunday after
Candlemas a letter came from William Colyn, bailiff of Kendal, to
John Stanes, who delivered it in Betham church to William Lancaster
to read and advise upon. He said the effect was that two of every
parish should be at Richmond at the Grey Friars, on the morrow
(to meet the duke of Norfolk about tithes). . . . . They gathered
money (fn. 7) and sent Miles Hutton of Wasset and John Stanes. Another
letter also came to Stanes on Shrove Tuesday [from Colyns: This
12 February "at morn was un belapped on every side with our
enemies the captain of Carlisle and gentlemen of our country of
Westmoreland and hath destroyed and slain many our brethren
and neighbours." Wherefore we desire your aid, according to
your oaths, and this Tuesday we command you every one to be at
Kendal before 8 o'clock or we are likely to be destroyed]. (fn. 8) Edmund
Lawrence called the parishioners of Warton together on Sunday
after Candlemas to consult upon the letter saying he would stick
to the oath he was sworn to. Saying of Anthony Layton: Richard
Redman showed him that divers of the parish of Heysam (? Heversham) came to his house on 14 January, to swear him to the custom
of Kendall and he refused; also that on the 15th, John Stanes
with some 200 persons took Redman, while hunting in Sisar park,
and caused him to swear. Saying of Sir James Layborn: A letter
came from Westmoreland which was delivered to William Colyn,
bailiff of Kendal, who showed it on Saturday after [Candlemas]
day last in the Tolbothe in Kendal, and sent for persons of sundry
lordships to hear and take copies of it. Whereupon money was
collected to send deputies to Richmond and John Savell, Leonard
Hugyn and John Nelson of Patone were sent and the parishioners
of Heversam in Kendal withheld their tithes from the farmers who
had leased them from the abbot of St. Mary's. Was informed that
after the pardon granted at Doncaster, some 300 persons in the
parish church of Kendal threatened to cast the curate, Sir Robert
Apelgarthe, in the water unless he would proclaim the Pope to be
head of the Church. This was against the wills of the ancient men
of Kendal who, though called 24, are near 60 in number. These
were all threatened by the lewd persons, of whom the busiest were
Thomas Dokrey, Robert Taylor, Piers Warren, William Harrison
and John Barker. Nevertheless the curate refused to do it; ib.,
Newburgh, April 4. Norfolk to Cromwell. Learnt this morning
that Richard Ducate (fn. 9) and Mr. Parr's kinsman and deputy in
Kendall (fn. 10) a man of £100 land, have taken John Atkynson. I have
sent for him to meet me at Newcastle to examine him. This
Atkynson was chief captain of Kendall and was betrayed by his
own sister's son. In these parts men are desirous to deserve thanks
and detect ill people; ib., 364.
Whalley, April 8. Robert earl of Sussex to Cromwell. Received
this morning Cromwell's letter mentioning the apprehension of
Colyns, and desiring us to report what we know against him. Sends
depositions accordingly. Wrote to Norfolk on 18 March for the
taking both of Colyns and Atkinson and others who had fled these
parts; as we informed the King in our letters from Preston of the
21st., in which we enclosed copies of the letter to Norfolk, and that
which came from Colyns to Bethom, as appears by Stanes confession, which was read by Lancaster. Transmits also a like letter
sent by Colyns to the town of Melling, in case the said letter that
came to Bethom be out of the way; a letter of the same Colyns,
by likelihood of his own [hand] without date, that was found in
Conishede, dated before Christmas; and a letter directed to the
same Colyns and other from them of Conishede, "which be the
speciallist things that we can find here to make against him" &c.;
Aske's reply to the interrogatory at his examination: if he
grudged at any of the King's Acts and why, is of interest: The
said Aske says: That he grudged against the statute of suppressions,
and so did all the country, because the abbeys in the North gave
great alms to the poor men and laudably served God; in which
parts of late days they had small comfort by ghostly teaching.
And by the said suppression the service of God is much minished,
great number of masses unsaid and consecration of the sacrament
not now used in these parts, to the decrease of the Faith and spiritual
comfort to man's soul, the temple of God ruffed and pulled down,
the ornaments and relics of the church irreverently used, tombs of
honourable and noble men pulled down and sold, no hospitality
now kept in these parts but the farmers for the most part "lets
and taverns out the farms of the same houses to other farmers for
lucre" and the profitts of the abbeys yearly go out of the country
to the King; so that soon there will be little money left by reason
of tenths and first fruits, the King's absence and the want of his
laws and the absence of traffic. Also several of these abbeys were
in the mountains and desert places, where the people be rude of
conditions and not well taught the law of God, and when the abbeys
stood the people not only had worldly refreshing in their bodies,
but spiritual refuge, both by ghostly living of them and by spiritual
information and preaching, and many of their tenants were then
fre'd servants, who now want refreshing both by meat, clothes and
wages, and know not where to have any living "but also strangers
and baggers of corn as betwixt Yorkshire, Lancashire, Kendal,
Westmoreland and the Bishopric was in their carriage of corn and
merchandise greatly succoured both horse and man by the said
abbeys; for none was in those parts denied neither horse-meat
nor man's meat, so that the people was greatly refreshed by the
said abbeys where now they have no such succour." Thus the
suppression was greatly to the decay of the commonwealth and all
those parts greatly grudged against it and still do, their duty of
allegiance always saved. "Also the abbeys was one of the beauties
of this realm to all men and strangers passing through the same;
also all gentlemen much succoured in their needs with money,
their younger sons there succoured and in nunneries their daughters
brought up in virtue, and also their evidences and money left to
the use of infants in abbeys' hands, always sure there, and such
abbeys as were near the danger of sea banks, great maintainers of
sea walls and dykes, maintainers and builders of bridges and highways and such other things for the common wealth"; ib., 405.
Tower of London, April 12. Examination of William Colyns,
bailiff of Kendal. He says that George Willen and William Garnet
of Dent, some 10 days before any insurrection in Kendal, came to
Kendal town and showed Sir James Laborne that the commons of
Westmoreland, Cumberland and Richmondshire who were up had
warned Dent and Sedbery to come in to them or they would come
and spoil the countries of Dent, Sedbery and Kendal. They
desired advice of Mr. Layborne, as steward there under Mr. Parre,
to withstand the said rebels. He told them to be still and meddle
not, as they afterwards said to examinat, who also advised them
not to meddle and said, "If we may enjoy our old ancient customs
here we have no cause to rise." The said two persons before leaving
Kendal that night, Saturday (21 Oct.) talked of the insurrection
with divers light persons of the town, who next morning at daybreak
assembled divers of the North Street of Kendal and roused men
from their beds and sware them, in a croft by, to be true to God,
the King, and their ancient laudable customs. The ringleaders
were Tom Dockwray and Brian Jopson, as examinat afterwards
heard. The persons so conjurate decided to fetch in the honest
men of the town, and fetched examinat from his dinner to a place
called Tarney Banks, where the whole town was assembled without
harness, and there examinat and the rest of the town were sworn.
They all went thence to Mr. Layborne's and desired him to help
them against their enemies, to be good to them concerning their
laudable customs and to take their oath. He refused to swear
them, but left his seal with his friends there, who promised for him
that he would do as other gentlemen did; and the same night
Nicholas Layborne, in his brother's name and Mr. Strikelande
sealed to a book that was read concerning their customs. On
Friday following (27 Oct.) six of the town went to Mr. Layborne's
house, namely Adam Warenner, George Rowlandson, John Harryson, Robert Sledale, Christopher Sadler and this examinat, to have
desired his help and favour, but he was not at home. Both before
the insurrection and after, examinat and others petitioned Mr.
Layborne to be good to them for their ancient customs, saying
there was no reason that where his father took 4 marks for an
"ingressum" he should take £40, "seeing they were bound there
to the marches without wages upon the warden's proclamation,
beacon or letter." They asked him to use his lands as the King
and Mr. Parre did theirs, else Mr. Robert Belingiam and other
freeholders would do the like. On Saturday (28 Oct.) after Dent
and Sedbar were up, as Richard Walker showed at Kendal; whereupon they of Kendal, by the advice of Richard Tucket (Duckett)
and Mr. Knevet, wrote to them of Dent not to meddle with the
barony of Kendal "for they had nought to do with them." They
replied that they of Kendal town should meet them the Monday
after by 10 o'clock at Ennesmore (Endmoor), or else they would
spoil them with 10,000 men. Then the townsmen sent to Mr.
Layborne's brother Nicholas, who advised examinat to raise the
town for defence, "but he afterwards himself sticked not by it,"
and to Richard Ducket and Mr. Strikelande for help; who came
to the town's end, but did not join the townsmen. On the Monday
(30 Oct.) the townsmen, to the number of 500, at Ennesmore met
with Dent's 10,000 men, who asked whether they were sworn, and
they said yes. They said their gentlemen would not come with
them, whereupon they of Dent said, "If ye can not rule them we
shall rule them." The vicar of Clappam, James Cowper, John
Middleton, John Heybyllthwayt of Sedbar, William Garnet and
George Willen of Dent, and James Buskell of Myddelton, being
the ringleaders, took counsel with the Captain Atkynson, and then
the vicar, in the name of Captain Poverty, made proclamation for
all to meet next day at Kendal by 8 a.m. to know the lord Poverty's
pleasure. "The vicar was the common swearer and counsellor in
all that business, and persuaded the people that they should go to
heaven if they died in that quarrel."
On the morrow, Tuesday, they came to Kendal town and from
thence had gone half way towards Mr. Layborne's house [at Cunswick], when on his friend's promise that he would come in on the
morrow by 5 o'clock, and by reason of the foul weather, they turned
back. On Wednesday (1 Nov.) they went thither again and spoiled
the house indeed, but on his friend's promise that he should come
in they went not to extremity then. On Thursday they were
appointed to spoil both his manors [Cunswick and Skelsmergh],
but his brother Parson Layborne gave them of Dent and Sedbury
£20 to respite him till Friday following; at which time he and all
the other gentlemen came in to the rebels and were sworn at Tolbothe
in Kendal. And so on Saturday (4 Nov.) they went to Lancaster,
mustering by the way at Kelet More. Of gentlemen, the most
notable there were Sir James Layborne, Parson Layborne, William
Lancaster, Richard Ducket and Walter Strikelande; Sir Robert
Belingiam came as far as Kelet More and then returned home as
his leg was sore, as he said. Atkynson was captain, chosen by
Dent and Sedbar.
At Lancaster they sware the mayor and town and heard that
Sir Stephen Hamurton and Nicholas Tempest beside Sawley had
sworn the country about them. Young Strikeland, saying that
Sir Stephen had written to him to come to him, examinat and his
friends advised him not to do so, but to return home. They therefore
made proclamation for all to meet on Bouton more the Tuesday
after and dispersed. Within three days came a letter from Robert
Aske showing them of the first order taken at Doncaster and requiring
them to "send of every parishen one gentleman and two yeomen,
of the tallest and wisest men, well horsed and harnessed, to Pomtret,
that of them might be taken out a certain [number] to meet with
the duke of Norfolk at the next meeting at Doncaster." Kendal
town sent examinat and one Brown and the barony Mr. Ducket,
Edward Manser and Mr. Strikelande, Anthony Langhorne, John
Eyrey and Harry Bateman; and the morrow after Lady Day
before Christmas they received the King's pardon at Pomfret, which
they have to show in Kendal town under the King's broad seal at
examinat's house, brought 14 days after our Lady Day (fn. 11) by
Clarencieux the herald, who made proclamation of it the said 14th
day in Kendal. And because certain farmers of priories showed
him how divers brethren took their corn from them, "and therefore
like to have been murder between them about the same," the herald
openly commanded, in the King's name, that no man should be
disturbed in the possession of lands and tithes, but all to continue
as at the last meeting at Doncaster till the duke of Norfolk came
again to the country, which should be about 20 days after Christmas.
As the herald was leaving, came two brethren of the late priory
of Carpmell and desired the herald to write that order for them;
but as he could not tarry he begged examinat, his host, to write
them a word or two of the effect of the order. And thereupon
examinat wrote them the order to this effect—"Neighbours of
Carpmell, so it is that the King's herald hath made proclamation
here that every man, pain of high treason, should suffer every
thing, as farms, tithes and such other, to be in like stay and order
concerning possessions as they were in time of the last meeting
at Doncaster, except ye will of your charity help the brethren
there somewhat toward their board, till my lord of Norfolk come
again and take further order therein." This was written partly
in presence of the said herald, Mr. Ducket, and others, and afterwards delivered by examinat to one of the said brethren. Four
of the brethren of Carpmell and eight yeomen were executed (fn. 12) for
withstanding the King's farmer, Mr. Holcrofte, and stirring a new
commotion eight weeks after the premises, without the knowledge
of examinat or any other of Kendal. When he was at York on
Saturday before Our Lady Day before Christmas (2 Dec.) he asked
Dr Dakyns if he would command him any service to the North.
He said "Yes, he would write to the abbot of Furness for money."
Examinat answered, "Seeing ye were at Pomefrete and know what
order was taken there, I pray you write also to the priors of Conyshedd and Carpmell, seeing ye be their visitor, and give them your
counsel what is best for them to do." So on the morrow examinat,
at his host's house, received Dakyn's letters to the priors of Conyshed
and Carpmell, (fn. 13) sealed, which he forwarded, on coming home to
Kendal, by a market man. It was eight weeks after the delivery
of these letters ere they of Carpmell and Conyshed made commotion
and stayed the farmers from taking their corn. One Atkynson, a
captain of the rebels in those parts, and Gilpyn his petty captain
came, twice between the meetings at Doncaster (fn. 14) and once since
the pardon was proclaimed, to stir Kendal, and the last time cried
"Commons," but the townsmen drave them out and hurt some of
them, the steward and lieutenant being absent in another shire.
On Sunday after Christmas day last (31 Dec.) certain lewd persons
of Kendal town, who were the most busy in the first insurrection,
stirred up suddenly at beads bidding and would have had the
priest bid the beads the old way and pray for the Pope. Then
examinat fetched the King's pardon from his house and he and
one Bricket (Pricket), the King's servant, charged them, as they
would enjoy that pardon, to be still, and showed them the pardon.
And they cried "Down, carle, thou art false to the commons";
and William Harryson said he cared for no pardons. At last
Parson Layborne rose and persuaded them to let the beads be bid
as the priest would until the duke of Norfolk's coming. The
principals of that business were Thom Armestronge, Thom Dockraye,
Oliver Ydell, Peter Warenner, James Taillor, younger, shoemaker,
and William Harryson. Examinat the same night sent to one
Ducket, a justice of peace, and to Mr. Layborne, the steward, to
come and punish the said captains. Ducket came and did his
best with words, but the steward was out of the country. On that
day month following (4 Feb.), (fn. 15) Sir Walter Browne, second curate
there, upon a tumult by divers lewd persons, said "Commons I
will bid the beads as ye will have me"; and so did and prayed
for the Pope and cardinals. One John Nycholson of Kendal parish,
woolman, brought a little bill, without signature, directed to the
parishioners of Kendal, that two of them should be at Richmond
for a council to be had there the next Monday (fn. 16) (5 February), which
bill he delivered to a maid of examinant and bade her deliver it
to examinant. This she did, and thereupon examinant went to
Nicholas Layborne, the steward's deputy, and asked what punishment he deserved who should spread abroad such letters. Layborne
sent for Nycholson and asked where he had the letter. He said it was
sent him from the captain of Westmoreland, Nicholas Musgrave,
with commandment to deliver it to a constable or bailey of Kendal.
"And Nicholas Layborne said he was worthy to sit by the heels
theretor in the dungeon, and cast him the bill again and bade him
deliver it again where he had it."
After this, examinant and 5 others of Kendal, having been with
my lord of Norfolk and the council at York and being licensed to
go home to put the country in stay, returned home and found all
the country stirring by reason of letters (dated 12 Feb.) sent abroad
by Atkynson, Leche, Musgrave and Staveley, captains of Westmoreland, to this effect, "that they should come and take their
neighbours of Westmoreland's part." (fn. 17) Sir Michael Nutthed was
one of those who carried the letters. Examinant and his neighbours
who came from York stayed the country from going forward; ib.,
April 17, 28 Henry VIII. Deposition of John Ayrey of Patton.
Collyngs, bailey of Kendale, on 3 February last, moved him "on
the court loft of Kendall town," to go to Richmond and learn
what the commons would conclude upon; and showed two bills,
one from D[ent], the other from Richmond or Westmoreland.
Collins made out bills to Bethum and Wynondermere and other
parts; and, when he could not get deponent to go, moved Roland
Browne, Adam Wilson, and others. Collyngs was the principal
doer in all the insurrection and harboured and lodged "the said
Atkynson" and them of Dent and Sedber. Deposed on oath
before Sir James Layborne, Nicholas Thornbrough, Christopher
Johnson and others, the day and year above written. Signed:
"By me Jhon Ayray of Patton"; ib., 435.
April 18. Saying of Nicholas Layburne to Sir James Layburn,
18 April &c. Came into the Court loft in Kendal town on Saturday
after the Purification of Our Lady last and found William Collynge,
bailey of the town, with letters from the commons of Westmoreland
and Dent to move divers of the barony of Kendal to be at Richmond
on Monday next. Deponent refused to look at the letters. Collynge said he was sworn to the commons and would be true to
them and sent Robert Tailor into the market to summon divers
persons to hear the said letters. Signed: "Nycoles Layburn."
Deposition of James Brathwat of Wynondermere to Sir James
Layburn, 18 April &c. On Saturday after the Purification of Our
Lady last, William Collynge, bailey of Kendall, sent Robert Taylor
for him from the market and delivered him a letter to the
"parishynge" of Wynondermer, being the King's tenants, desiring
two or four of them to be at Richmond on the Monday after to
consult with the captains and commons of Yorkshire, Richmondshire, Mashomeshire, the Bishopric of Durham, Westmoreland and
Cumberland "for common wealth." The bailey and others of
Wynondermer tore up the letter and cast it from them. "Records
hereof": Milles Dicson, Christopher Johnson and others.
Sayings of Christopher Eskrigge and Robert Sleddal before
Sir James Layburne, April 18th. They saw William Collynge, (fn. 18)
bailey of Kendal, make a letter to the canons of Carpmell to re-enter
their house. Sleddall says that Collynge made other two bills, to
Conyshed and Furness, at the same time, namely between the
meeting at Doncaster and the proclamation at Kendal. Collynge,
through Sir James Eskrigge, canon of Cartmell, got the bill back
since Midlent last. Signed: "Robert Sledall"; ib., 437–8.
Officers for the West Marches: Sir James Layburn, Sir Jeffrey
Myddelton, Sir Robert Bellingham, Richard Dokett, gent., and
Walter Strykland, receiving £10 each; ib., 107.
London, December 2. Thomas Legh, LL.D. to Cromwell. As at
this time I cannot repair to your lordship myself, please extend
your goodness to my kinsman and godfather, Sir James Laborne:
that, whereas Sir John Lamplowe and others spoke with you this
afternoon (who, I suppose have your favour), he too may have
expedition in his business and speak to you himself and he be tried
by my lord of Durham and others of the country of his demeanour
(if so charged). Please be good to him, for otherwise he is as a
man desperate. It is no small grief to him to lose his service and
the charges he has been at in it through the malice of those who
love him not; ib., 413.
1538 July 9. Deposition before James Layburn, Knight, of Alexander
Stotson, late of Cartmell, minstrel, taken 9 July, 30 Henry VIII:
That Isaac Dikson of Wyndandermere smote him on the head
with the pommel of a dagger and dashed a cup of ale in his face
for refusing to sing a song which he had sung at one Fayrbank's
house in Crostwat, Westmoreland, in the time of the rebellion.
The song is called "Crummok." In another paragraph a song
called "Crumwell" is mentioned, but it is apparently the same.
Dikson also hurt William Willan, the host, in the thigh; ib., xiii,
pt. i, 501.
Conyswik, July 13. Sir James Layburn to Cromwell. I enclose
certain articles, to know your pleasure therein. I have Isaac
Dikson in the Toolbuthe at Kendal, and have charged the bailey's
deputies of the same with his custody, before Richard Ducket,
justice of the peace. Some of the witnesses in the above did
"stagger" and deny their words and so delayed me. There is
much important business in this country, as I have showed my
lord President and other of the Council of the North. As for your
licence to me to come to London for my health, I will do so when
the country is at a better stay and attend your lordship. Concerning
the minstrel "which is a ryver abroad from place to place," I keep
him in my house till I know your pleasure. Have sent a copy of
the enclosed articles to the King's Council established in the North
parts. Endorsed: "Sir James Labrone's letter to know your
pleasure touching Isaac Dykson, being in prison for desiring a
minstrel to sing a song against your Lordship"; ib., 508.
1539 "The naymes of all the gentelmen within the schyer of Westmerland": Sir Geffra Mydelton, knt. (p.), (fn. 19) James Laborn, knt.
(p.), Whatter Strekeland, squyer (p.), Edwhard Mydylton, gent.,
James Wharde, gent., John Pryston, squyer (p.), Nicholas Thornborow, esq., Anthony Flemyng, esq., Robert Phylipson, gent.,
William Carus, gent., Watter Chamer, gent., Henry Shaw, gent.,
Robert Hylton, gent., William Helton, gent., Robert Pullen, gent..
John Wharcope, esq. (p.), James Pekeryng, esq., Lancelot Wharcope,
gent. (sick), Roland Blande, gent., Richard Sawlkeld of Schap,
gent., Richard Rige, gent., Thomas Jacson, bailiff for Lady Curwen,
Richard Saulkeld of Stanegarthe, gent., Thomas Dudley, esq. (sick),
Thomas Wyber, gent., Thomas Saulkeld, gent., Robert Clyborne,
esq. (sick), Gilbert Wharton, esq. (p.), Thomas Warcope, esq.,
Ambrose Machell, gent., Thomas Banbrig, gent., Thomas Byrkbycke
(absent), Thomas Clifford, "bastert" (p.), Edward Manser, esq.,
George Manser, gent., William Sandes for Master Pykkeryng's
lands, Robert Belyngam, knt. (p.), Richard Dukket, esq. (p.), John
Dawney, gent., William Gylpyng, esq., Antony Duket, gent.,
Henry Feld, gent., Richard Redmayn, esq., John Spenser, gent.,
Thomas Blenkensop, esq. (absent), John Hilton, esq., Henry Barton,
gent., Robert Warcope, gent. (absent), John Twayttes of Gils, gent.,
Lancelot Wherton, gent., Edmund Bradlay, gent., Richard Saulkeld
of Graynge, Nicholas Lancaster, gent., Thomas Sawlkeld, esq.,
Lancelot Lancaster, esq. (p.), Thomas Sandforthe, esq. (p.), Christopher Brugham, gent., Thomas Cliburne, esq., Christopher Cracanthrop, esq. (p.), Hew Machell, esq. (p.), Thomas Ros, esq. (absent),
John Smythe, gent., Lancelot Lowther; Letters and Papers,
Henry VIII, xiv, pt. i, 320.
1539 March 15. Cromwell's accounts. Mr. Leybourne's servants, for
bringing up red deer, 20s.; ib., pt. ii, 334.
William Colyns to Cromwell. Doubts not Cromwell is privy to
such articles as he sent to the King against the Church of Rome.
Trusts the King will put him to trial or set him at liberty. The
raging of his tongue against the Church was for lack of discretion
&c. Begs Cromwell's intercession to be released from the Marshalsea. Signed: "William Colyns legislator"; ib., pt. i, 250.
1541 The King demised to Sir Thomas Seymour, knight, all the tithes
of 40½ a. of the glebe land of Kirkfeild and the tithes of the sheaves
of Barrofeild and the tithes of sheaves of Helsyngton Lathes, and
all the residue of the tithes of sheaves of the rectory of Kirkbye
in Kendall, late in the hands and occupation of the parishioners
there, according to the custom of the country, to hold at will and
not otherwise, rendering £81 5s. 5½d. yearly. Dated 10 December,
32 Henry VIII; d. at Levens.
1542 There was a muster of able men for war against the Scots this
year; L. and P., xvii, passim. In connexion therewith there were
present at Carlisle on 24 November among others: Sir James
Layburne, Walter Strikland, Anthony Duket, John Prestone; ib.,
616. At Burnswarke Hill on 25 November, these and other Cumberland and Westmoreland leaders "served the King better than
he (Sir Thomas Wharton) can write"; ib., 619.
1543 March 3. Grant to William Thomson of Kyrkeby in Kendall
of the mansion called Abbot Hall and the Abbot Garth adjoining
the church of Kyrkeby in Kendall with certain lands and tithes
there and in Kendal town, parcel of the possessions of the late
dissolved monastery of St. Mary's, York; Letters and Papers,
Hen. VIII, xviii, pt. i, 557.
July 6. Lord Suffolk and Cuthbert Tunstall, bishop of Durham,
to Sir William Parr. Their letter touching the complaint of Sir
James Layburne and others about the division of booty taken at
the engagement of Solome Mosse; ib., pt. i, 463.
1544 Release by John Jopson, son of Thomas Jopson, of Kyrkbye in
Kendall, sherman, for the sum of £4 13s. 4d., to the use of himself
and the other children of the said Thomas Jopson, to Robert
Brawhaite, son of Roger Brawhite of Kyrkbye aforesaid, mercer,
of a burgage in Kyrkbye aforesaid, late in the "fermynge" and
occupation of one Marion Jopson, deceased. Dated on the feast
of the Holy Trinity, 36 Henry VIII (1544). Signatures: "per
me Thomas Collynges, per me Sir Allen Schepard"; d. at Levens.
1546 Survey of the Chantries. Lands pertaining to the chantry of
Saint Christopher in the parish church of Kyrkby Kendall. Sir
John Garnet, incumbent.
|A burgage in the Market Place of Kyrkby Kendall in the tenure of Thomas Bullok, George Braykene and Elizabeth Moserghe, widow, paying at Martinmas and Whitsunday
|A burgage in Stricklandgate in occ. of Robert Braithwhaite
|A burgage in Heighegate in ten. of Anne Colyne, widow
|A burgage in Highgate exchanged with a tenement in Whinfell, now in the ten. of Henry Byrse
|Certain arable land in Lancashire called The Stubbe in the par. of Halton, in the ten. of Mr. Curwene
|Total 67s. 8d. Less in suits, fines and free rents to the King 17d.
The same, in Striklandgate to the Lord Chamberlain 20d.; the
same, paid out of the burgages in Heighgate to Ld Essex,
Lands pertaining to a service of St. William, Kirkby Kendall
church. Sir Edward Strykland, incumbent.
[Tenements in Lancaster, Bare and Middleton]. Total 94s.
less 5s. 2d. reprises.
Service of Saint Anthony in the parish church of Kyrkby Kendall.
Sir Robert Byrse, incumbent.
[Tenements in Stainton in Furness, Kirkby in Furness, Dalton
in Furness and Ulverston, co. Lanc. 56s. 2d.]
|A burgage in Kyrklonde in Kendall in the ten of William Noble
|A tenement with land and meadow in Longscleddall
|Total 78s. 10d. less 9s. 4d. reprises.
The guild of the Trinity in Kendall church. Sir Robert Wilson,
|A burgage with a garth in Kyrklonde in the ten of Richard Wilson
|A chamber there [of] Copy hold land in the ten. of Parson Layborne
|A burgage there in the ten. of the wife of Robert Gelderd
|A burgage in the ten. of the wife of Thomas Couper
|A burgage in the ten. of William Walker
|A burgage in Straymongate in the ten. of Miles Chaumber with a garth
|Total 48s., less free rent, suits and services to the King 6s.
Service of the foundation of Thomas Ros, Knight, in the church
of Kendall. Sir Alene Shepherd, incumbent.
|A burgage with a garth in Kendall town in the ten. of Robert Bek
|A burgage there in the ten. of Steven Sadler
|A burgage there in the ten. of Nicholas Carehus
|A burgage there in the ten. of William Pepper
|A burgage there in the ten. of John Andrew
|A burgage there in the ten. of Robert Browne with 6 a. arable land
|Three acres of land in Mynsertefeld besides Kendall in the ten. of Nicoles Tunstall
|Two acres of land there in the ten. of John Willson
|An acre of land there in the ten. of Robert Carehous
|Two and a half acres of land there in the ten. of Myles Gennynge
|A burgage with a garth in Kyrklonde in Kendall, copyhold land, in the ten. of Alyne Sheperde, incumbent, of the yearly value to let to rent
|Total £7 14s. 10d. less to the King for fee farm for the copy hold
17d.; suits and fines to the Courts Baron, 18d.; free rent
to the King and the Earl of Essex 16d.
Chantry of "Tholde Warke" called St. Mary in the parish church
of Kendall. Adam Sheperde, incumbent.
|His wages from the suppressed lands in Yorkshire
Service of the chapel of the Inges [in Hugill], in the parish of
Kendall, Sir James Inman, incumbent.
Tenements in Conyngsborgh and Mexburgh, co.
|York, by estimation 100 a. of land &c.
[Transactions C. and W. A. and A. Soc., N.S. viii, 128 ff.]
1547 Letters patent of Henry VIII demising to Sir Thomas Parr, knt.
for a term of 40 years at the yearly rent of £340 the lordships,
manors, vills and hamlets of Hamelsett, Troutbek, Apulwhat, Under
Milnebek, Frostwhate, Langden, Langbrig, Crostwhate, Strikland
Ketyll, Helsyngton, the herbage of Le Dalehed, the fishery of
Wynandermer and a messuage with a park called Calgarth, in co.
Westmorland; the lordships, vills and hamlets of Thornton, Kneton
and Medilton, co. York, Whityngton, Nether Wyresdale, Scotford
and Whatford, co. Lancaster; the king's lordships, manors, lands
and tenements in Casterton and Mereholme, co. Westmorland,
Carneford and Assheton, co. Lancaster; also his part of the lordship,
manors, vills and hamlets of Gresmere and Hoton, co. Westmorland,
his part of the manor of Kendall, the water of Kent, the borough of
Kirkeby in Kendall, the bailiwick of the said borough, the office of
serjeant and bailiff of Lonesdale, the tolls of fairs and markets in
Kendall and of "lez Wyndeles & lepes de la Wegle, lez bothes,
shopes, shamellys, pistrina, lez bankes & Crossebankis" and all his
part of "Lez Courtehowses & Letehowses" of the vill of Kyrkeby
in Kendall with their issues, farms and profits; also the free farms,
rents and services of all the free tenants in Kendall aforesaid. Dated
11 January, 38 Henry VIII (1547); contemp. copy at Levens.
John Dawney, gent., passed by fine to John Myddylton a messuage
and tenements in Kyrkby in Kendale; Feet of Fines, Mich. term,
1 Edw. VI.
1548 By letters patent of 2 . . . . . ember, 2nd year (1548) Edward VI.
granted to William Warde, gent., and Richard Venables, esq., among
other property, certain messuages and 4 gardens in the town of
Kirkby Kendal with the appurtenances, late in the tenure of Thomas
Birkett, George Braken, Elizabeth Brathwaite, Henry Gerse, Robert
Becke, Stephen Sadler, Nicholas Cayrus, John Andrewe, Robert
Browne and Miles Chambre, which late belonged to the chantries
there; Reg. of D. at Levens.
1548–9 Articles concernyng the hospitall of Seynt Leonardes, purchased
of the Kinges his Maties father by one Alane Bellingham and Alane
Wilson under the great seale of England:—
Fyrste: the late priorie of Conyshed had the advouson of the said
hospitall graunted by one Willm. Lancastre and by these wordes in
the dede: "Advocationem hospitalis Sancti Leonardi habendam et
tenendam dictam advocationem unacum omnibus terris et tenementis
eidem pertinentibus," or syche lyke in effecte, as appereth by diverse
copies of the same dede, whereof one remaineth in the custodie of
Mr. Attorney of the Duchye an an other hathe the late Mr. therof
(and the fermer thereof) with other copies of the grauntes and gyftes
of all the landes of the sayd hospitall graunted to the said hospitall
(made) long affore yt the advowson of the said hospitall was graunted
to the said priorie.
Item, the said priorie of Conyshed was suppressed in anno xxvij
Henrici Octavi, by the statute then made, and after annexed to the
Duchye by bill assigned and the King ever sence annswered of the
profyttes thereof. The said hospitall not being then suppressed
nor meddled wt all, but contynewed an hospitall still as yt hathe
doen before tyme of mynde, the Mr therof recevyng the profyttes
untill the sevyn and thyrtie yere of the saide late King Henrie the
Item, the said Mr paied alwaies the tenthes as well afore the said
priorie suppressed as ever sence to the said xxxvii yere in the "Courtes
of theschek" and fyrst frutes and tenthes, as of a severall and distincte
hospitall, nothing puteynyng to the said late priorie, as apperith
by the same recordes in the said Court of Tenthes, by whiche recorde
the said hospitall apperith evedentlie to be a severall benefice and
never parcell of the possessions of the said late priorie and so no
parcell of the possessions of the duchie.
Item, in the said xxxviiti yere of king Henrie ye VIIIth in the
parlament tyme when the bill of Chauntries was moved one Robert
Garnet having the interest of the Mr of the said hospitall and by
his assent purchased a lees of the said hospitall under the Duchye
seale for xxiti yeres.
Item, in the xxxviiiti yere of the same king one Alane Bellyngham
and Alane Wilson, perceyving the Kinges Maties to be then lawfully
seased of the said hospitall by the Acte of Channtries purchased of
the king the said hospitall under the great seale of England aftr ye
yerly rate of vii.li. xvi.s. and theyr booke of pochas was so dated
to ye greate seale by the Councell appointed by the kynge for the
draught of ye sayd patentle.
Item, nowe the said Garnet by vertue of the said lease dothe not
only put out all the tennantes of the said hospitall whiche helde by
tennant right to the numbre of xx persons or above, but also doth
witholde the same and all the profyttes therof from the said purchasors, so that the said purchasors can not have any parcell of
that they have purchased of the king under his great seale and paied
for more than ij yeres sence.
Item, now the said purchasors prayeth yt they maye have theyr
patent alowed in ye cort of ye duchye and the same hospitall to be
dismyssed and discharged out of ye sayd cort and also whereas the
afforsayd Mr Gage (sic) did compell the sayd Alan Bellyngham by
feare of imprisonment in the Flete to seale an obligation of an C. li.
in the same cort that he the sayd Alan shulde suffer the sayd fermer
quietly to enjoy his terme, so that ye sayd purchasors can not enjoy
yeyr purchas y'for the sayd Alan Bellyngham prayeth yt the sayd
obligation may be cancelled; Orig. at Levens.
1549 Letter of attorney of William Warde and Richard Venables, who
had purchased of King Edward VI all the lands belonging to any
"Chauntrie, Stipendarie or other lyke intent, use or purpose in
Kyrkrby Kendall," appointing Christopher Cooke to surrender, take
copies, make "fynes" &c. in any court there for the assurance
and sure making of all the said lands and tenements to Alan Bellingham, esq., to whom they had sold the same. Dated 14 April,
3 Edward VI (1549); Orig. at Levens.
1550 John Dawney passed by fine to James Cowper a tenement in
Kyrkby Kendall; Feet of Fines, Easter term, 4 Edw. VI.
Grant by John Dawneye, son and heir of the late Robert Dawneye
of Strikland, gent., to John Warryner of Helsington, gent., for
£7 13s. 4d. of a burgage or tenement in "Le Merketstede" in the
town of Kyrkby Kendall, lying between the tenement of the said
John Warryner on the East side and that late of Thomas Wilson
on the West. William Benson and Charles Eskrigge were appointed
attorneys to deliver seisin. Dated 31 July, 4 Edward VI (1550).
Witnesses: Mr. Alan Bellingham, Brian Jopson, Uter Gylpyn,
Christopher Cooke. Seisin delivered 5 August in the same year in
the presence of Adam Escrygge, Richard Collingson, Peter Bindlos,
Miles Dockwraye, Thomas Lord, James Seall ((?); D. at Levens.
1555 Release by Edward, lord Clinton and Saye to Allan Bellingham
of Helsington of lands and tenements lying in Cloorthropp, a messuage . . . . . in the tenure of John Bowskell and a messuage or
tenement called Le Ankres next (juxta) Kendall, which king Edward
VI by his letters patent dated 4 May, 7 Edward VI (1553) granted
to the said lord Clinton and Saye. Dated 6 November, 2–3 Philip
and Mary (1555); D. at Levens.
1556 Grant by Bartholomew Wilson of Helsington, esquire, to Alan
Bellingham of Helsington, esquire, for 40 marks, of a messuage,
land and tenement in "Le Hyegayte" in Kyrkby Kendall, now or
late in the occupation of Arthur Chamber; and a messuage, land
and tenement in Kirkby Kendall, now or late in the occupation of
Miles Chamber. Thomas Batyman and Peter Wilson, attorneys to
deliver seisin. Dated 11 April, 2-3 Philip and Mary (1556). Signature: "per me Bartelmeu Wyllson." Seisin delivered in the
presence of Edward Becke and John Teysdall; D. at Levens.
 Rental of the tithe corn or tithe meal silver belonging to the
parsonage of Kendall due at Easter, 1556. (fn. 20)
|Xtofer Collyng for Barrey Fyld
|The heir of Robert Chamber
|Myles Garnett, Cokkes Close
|Relict of Mathew Ducket
|Crystofer Philipson for Bankes
|Anthony Garnet for Spittle
|John Brygges for Bankes
|Thomas Carus, gent.
|Sum 41s. 6½d.
|Mr Lancaster for Ladyford
|William Storer cum Docker de
|Anthony Ducket, sqwyer
|The heyres of Sir William Thornbrugh
|Helsington Laithes and the Grait
|Backston Holme in Stikland Randall
|Rothwayt in Underbarrey
|Walter Strikland, sqwyer, for Whinfell and Natland
|Mr. Maichell for Burnelsyd and his parte of Strikland Roger
|The hamlet of Strikland Kettle
|The lady Bellingham for Whitwell
|Mr. Laiburne for Skellymser
||8½d. (fn. 21)
The laite lorde Marquies of Northampton.
|Hutton and Haye
|Sum total of the premises including those hamlets in the footnote,£475s.0½d.
The Rentall of the Churche Feild.
|Relict of Edward Dockerey
|Relict of Adam Warrenere
|Relict of Thomas Wilson of Stramagat 3 acres, now by Henry Wilson son of the said Thomas
|Christ. Mylne and his stepe mother
|William Wilson and his mother
|Cristofer Collyn and Will. Dickeson
||1s. (fn. 22)
1556 Rental of the tieth calves within the parishe of Kendall, 1556.
|Whitwell and Selsyd
|Skellymsser and Patton
|Docker and Skaltwhatrige
|New Hutton and Hay
|Sum £312s.1d.; the half thereof 36s.0½d.
Rental of the tieth hay in the parishe of Kendall, 1556.
The holl sum of the tieth hay £2 13s. 5d. The half thereof
26s. 8½d. Sum total of the moitye of tieth calves and the tieth
hay this yere as apperith in the vicare's boikes of his Easter
Reckenynges £3 2s. 9d.
1558 The relict of Edward Dockra took 5 acres of land in Le Kirkfeld,
[late] in the proper tenure of the said Edward, for her widowhood, rendering yearly 10s. And for entry, to the lord, £3 6s. 8d.
Received from the same for her rent for a yere and a half which
I delivered to Thomas Batman 15s.
1560 By letters patent dated 3 February, 2nd year, (1560) queen
Elizabeth granted to Richard Baker, esq., and Richard Sackevile,
knt., inter alia all those messuages, burgages, lands and tenements
in the town of Kirkeby Kendall otherwise in Kirkland in Kendall,
late in the occupation of Mary Bellingham, Henry Wilson, the heir
of Robert Philipson, Walter Strickland, Anthony Duckett, Walter
Chamber, Richard Edmondson, Gilbert Wilson, Miles Garnet,
William Shepperd, Alan Bellingham, Mary Warriner, Anne Warriner,
Robert Becke, James Williamson, the Lord Parr, the relict of Edward
Dockerey, Adam Badwenson, Richard Readman, the heirs of Thomas
Preston, Brian Edmondson, John Wilson, William Dixon, John
Martindale, Arthur Bethome and Stephen Wilson, which were
formerly parcel of the possessions of the late monastery of St. Mary
by the walls of the city of York, now dissolved, to hold the same
of the manor of Est Greenwich in co. Kent, by fealty only in free
These letters patent were exemplified on 7 June, 19 Elizabeth
(1577) at the request of Allan Bellingham, esq., who had then
recently purchased the same; Reg. of D. at Levens.