1154–1189 William de Lancastre II gave to Gervase de Anecurt £12 10s. of
land in Welpsatt and Qwynfell by bounds (described). Deed at Sizergh.
c1200 Rayner de Stiveton gave to the canons of St. Mary, Bolton, the
service of Henry de Redeman due to the donor for the land which
Henry held of him in Whynfell, namely ½ mark yearly. Witnesses:
Sir Matthew de Bigestrop, Robert de Mohant, Reginald de Werbelton,
then constable of the castle of York, Jordan de Rufford, Ralph de
Kent, clerk, Hugh de Cauton (recte Colton), William de Malghom,
Rayner de Otterburn, Hugh de Otterburn, Symon de Kirkeby, clerk,
John de Eboraco, clerk; Dodsworth's MS. 149, f. 138.
1220–1220 Adam, son of Orm de Wraton and Sampson de Quinnefel gave
land in Quinnefel to the canons of Cockersand, Chartul. 1020, 1022.
1247 William, son of Henry, was summoned to answer the abbot of
Cokersand of a plea that he should acquit the abbot of the service
which Ralph de Ayencurt demands from him for his free tenement
which he holds of the said William in Quinefell, of which the said
William, as mesne, ought to acquit him, namely in respect of 30a.
land in that vill which he holds in free alms by the gift of Adam, son of
Orm, uncle of the said William, whose heir he is, and for which, by
reason of William's default, Ralph de Ayencurt distrains him to do
suit to his court of Strikeland from three weeks to three weeks; and
the abbot claims 40s. damages. William denies that he ought to
acquit the abbot, that Adam his ancestor died in seisin of that land;
that he brought an assize of mort d'ancestor against the abbot after
Adam's death; and the prays for a jury. Adjourned; Assize R.
454, n. 12.
1250–68 Nicholas, son of Thomas de Quinnefel confirms to the canons of
Cockersand land which Sampson de Quinefel, his grandfather, gave
them in Quinefel; Chartul., 1023.
1255–72 Peter de Brus released to William de Stirkelaunde and Elizabeth
his wife their lands of Welpeseyt from puture of his land serjeants at
horse and foot and of witnesman; D. at Sizergh.
1283 Matthew de Redeman held of William de Lyndeseye a moiety of
Quinfel, rendering 8s. 2d. yearly; Cal. Inq. ii, 269.
1295 Walter de Stirkeland, knt., quit-claims to the abbot and convent of
St. Mary's, York, his right in land, tenements and rent of free tenants
which they have of his ancestors' gift in the hamlet of Qwynfell in the
vill of Stirkeland Ketel and in the hamlet of Staynton in the vill of
Heversham. Witnesses: Sirs Nicholas de Laybourne, Thomas de
Pykering, Robert de Askeby, knights; Henry de Wardecoppe,
Robert de Wessington, Patrick de Culwen, Thomas de Alneto, John
Collan, Richard de Dyrlay; Orig. at Levens.
1332 Qwynfel. Subsidy of a fifteenth.
|John de Dupslacke
|William de le Terne
|Nicholas son of Roger
| Richard de Bramthwayte
|Cristian wife of Adam
|William her son
|William son of Adam
|Adam son of Adam
|Nicholas son of the widow
|Roland de Thornesburge
|Nicholas son of Beatrice
|Sum of goods £30, whereof the fifteenth 40s.; excheq., Lay Sub.,
Westmld., 195, 1A.
1333 By deed dated at Sirithherd on Sunday next after Easter, 7 Edward
III, Walter de Stirkeland granted to John de Stirkeland, his son, his
lands and tenements in Quinfel in Kendale in the vill of Stirkeland
Ketel with the homage and service of his free tenants there, namely
beginning at Arnestane, descending to Boroudalebek, descending the
same to Withskargill, ascending the same to the summit of the hill
and thence descending to Grariggebek, descending the same to
Quinfellebek, ascending the same to Arnestane; also all his lands and
tenements in Grayrigg and Lamberigg; to hold to John and the heirs
of his body by the service of the 4th part of one knight's fee and by
rendering yearly to the grantor for life £10 and after the grantor's
death 1d. yearly to his right heirs; with remainder in default of
issue of the said John to Thomas, brother of John, &c., to Ralph,
brother of John, &c.; D. at Sizergh.
1335 Gilbert de Lancaster demises to his son, Robert de Lancastre, for
life, his lands and tenements in Whynfell in Kendale, with reversion
to Christopher the grantor's son; Trans., C. & W. A. Soc., N.S.X, 460.
1341 Walter de Stirkeland, knt., held land in Whynfel of William de
Twenge by knight's service; Cal. Inq. VIII, 202.
1355 Roger son of Gilbert de Lancaster, lately deceased, held at his
death 3 tofts and 1 carucate of land in Whynfell of Matthew de
Redmane for one sparrow-hawk yearly, worth 20s. yearly; Inq. p.m.,
30 Edw. III (1), n. 36.
1356 Roger son of Gilbert de Lancaster held at his death 3 tofts and
1 carucate in Whynfell of Matthew de Redmane by homage and the
service of a sparrow-hawk yearly; Inq. p.m., 30 Edw. III (I), n. 36.
1360 William de Thornburgh held at his death an eighth part of the
hamlet of Selsete and a moiety of the hamlet of Whinfell of
Matthew de Redman by knight's service and 16s. 8d. yearly,
worth 100s. yearly. He died in 23 Edward III (1359). Roland de
Thornburgh, his son, aged 35 years is his next heir. Inq. p.m., 34
Edw. III (1), n. 51.
John, son of Roland de Patton held at his death a shieling in
Whinfell, of the abbot of Jorevall by the service of 4s. yearly. Inq.
post mort. 34 Edw. III.
Adam Williamson of Quynfell impleaded Thomas Wilkynson
Addyson of Quynfell for killing 40 lambs of the said Adam at Quynfell,
price 40s.; De Banco R., Hil., 401, n. 92.
1366 Thomas de Styrkeland, knt., enfeoffed Thomas de Seynusbury,
vicar of the church of Kyrkeby in Kendale, Walter de Welle, parson of
the church of Louthir and William de Wechyngton (sic) of his lands
and tenements in Quynfell, Grayrig and Lambrige and by deed dated
at Quynfell on Thursday next after Easter, 40 Edward III (1366)
the feoffees granted the premises to Sir Thomas for life with remainder
to Peter and Thomas, sons of Sir Thomas, for their lives, remainder to
John, brother of Peter and Thomas, for life, remainder to Sir Thomas,
in tail. Witnesses: Ralph de Bethum and James de Pikeryng,
knights; Matthew de Redmane, Richard de Preston, Roger de Levens
Three seals, 1 broken, 2 arms of Strickland, 3 circular, non-heraldic;
Orig. at Sizergh.
1375 Matthew de Redmane held of Joan de Coupeland the moiety of the
vill of Quynfel (6s. 8d.) and tenements in Selsate (18d.) for 8s. 2d.
rent; Inq. p.m., 49 Edw. III (1), n. 29.
1383 Christopher de Lancastre grants his lands and tenements in Whynfell, Fatherbank and Sleddale in Kendale to feoffees to the use of his
son, John de Lancastre, the younger, with remainder, in default of
issue of John, to Thomas, brother of John; Trans. C. and W. A. Soc.,
N.S. X, 468.
1402 Pardon to William de Hayray, son of John de Hayray of Quynfell
for the death of John Stodhird on Saturday before Holy Trinity
1 Henry IV, in Kirkeby in Kendale; Cal. Pat. R. 1402, p. 40.
1411 Richard de Redman held of Philippa, duchess of Ireland, a moiety
of the hamlet of Whynfell and divers tenements in [Selsate] . . . . for
8s. 2d. rent; Chan. Inq. p.m., 13 Hen. IV, n. 44.
1427 Thomas de Stirkeland, knt., enfeoffed Richard de Broghton and
Thomas de Broghton, chaplains, of his messuages and lands in Whinfell,
except the homage and service of his free tenents there and the whole
of his fishery, and lands at Thorp, par. Barton, co. Westmorland;
and they in turn enfeoffed Sir Thomas of the same premises for life,
with remainder to Robert de Stirkeland, son of Sir Thomas for life,
remainder to the heirs male of the body of Thomas de Stirkeland,
knt., great-grandfather of the said Robert; D. at Sizergh.
1428 Release by William Grene to Adam Banys of Hegholme of lands &c.
in Whynfell which he had by the gift and feoffment of the said William
on the preceeding day. Dated 18 June, 6 Henry VI; Orig. at Sizergh.
1431 Robert Copson and Robert Fo . . . paid farm of the tithes of one
part of Whynfell and Thomas de Strykeland, chivaler, paid 14s. 8d.
for the other part; Roll at Levens Hall.
1459 Rowland de Thorneburgh paid 15s. for farm of the tithes of Whynfell; ib.
1466 Gylbert Loncastre, esq., grants to William Syll and Roger Sill his
son a tenement in Whynfell in Kendale called Colynflat, late in the
tenure of Robert Copson, with common of pasture within the lordship
of Whynfell. Dated at Erysdon, 10 November, 6 Edward IV; Orig.
1481 Thomas Strikeland, knt., and dame Agnes his wife take inter alia in
an exchange of lands with Gilbert Lancaster, esq., and Elizabeth his
wife, a tenement in Quynfell late in the tenure of Rowland Helm,
called Depeslak, a tenement there called Colynflat, a tenement there
late in the tenure of Thomas Nicolson of the Hill, also the "ferm
hald" (fn. 1) late in the tenure of John of Birkhed in Sleddale; D. at
1482 William Cyll (later Sill) of Natland releases to Roger Cyll his son
his right in a tenement in Whinfell in Kendale called Colynflate,
which the said William and Roger had by the gift and feoffment of
Gilbert Lancastre, esq. Witnesses: James Byndlos, Richard Dodding, Robert Cyll; D. at Sizergh.
1494 William, abbot of St. Mary's, York, and the convent, parsons of the
parish church of Kirkeby in Kentdall, let to farm to Thomas Strikeland, knt., for 9 years the tithe corns of Nateland for 51s. yearly,
and one part of the tithe corns of Whynfell for 22s. yearly, and
tithe corns of Collynflat, in the holding of Thomas Helm of Whynfell,
for 8d. yearly at Easter; D. at Sizergh.
1497 Variance between Geoffrey Redeman and Elizabeth his wife, late
the wife of John Grene of Gressyngham, and William Banes son of
Adam Banis concerning the possession of lands in Whynfell in
Kendall, which Adam lately purchased in fee of the said William
Grene, was settled by Sir Edward Stanley, who awarded that, as
Adam Banes had long occupied the lands in peace, William Banes
should continue in possession and that William Banes shall pay the
said Geoffrey or his wife 6 marks towards such costs as he had incurred
in the suit for those lands. Dated 2 January, 12 Henry VII; Orig. at
1520 Richard Dukkett of Grayrege, esq., and Edmund Gilpyn of Kentmare, gent., are bound to Walter Strikeland of Sizergh, esq., in £100
to fulfill the award of Sir John Lauther, knt., and James Leyburn, esq.
arbitrators between the parties touching the right and title of certain
pasture and common of the lordships of Whynfell and Grayrige
depending in traverse between Richard Dukkett and Walter Strikland; D. at Sizergh.
1526 Award indented, made by John Louther, knt., Gerves Strykeland,
Thomas Seyton and Thomas Bellyngham, esquires, arbitrators
between Walter Strykeland of Sythsergh, knt., and Rolland Thornborough of Hampysfell, co. Lane., esq. (1) and Richard Dukket of
Grayrige, esq. (2), in a dispute concerning pasture ground which Walter
and Rolland claimed to be parcel of their lordship of Whynfell and
their inheritance and Richard claimed the same to belong to the
lordship of Grayrige and his inheritance. They award that all the
pasture ground marked by them up to the cross called Alen Cross
shall be divided before the feast of St. Michael next into three parts
by Miles Dikson, Kandour Gilpyn, Richard Washington and Alexander Wylson, two parts whereof shall remain to Walter and Rolland
and their heirs, as parcel of Whynfell, and the third part to Richard
Dukket and his heirs as parcel of Grayrige; also all such ground as
from the cross as the way goes to Almgill under the way to Borough
watter to be divided into two parts, one to Walter and Rolland and
one part of the other part to Richard and two parts of that
other part to Walter and Rolland. Moreover all the ground from
Almgill down the water of Borough to the Withgarthes and up
Wythscargyll and down gill of the backside of Withscrathe to Thrusegill Granez and so up as it is meared to Alan Crokes Gayith shall be
divided into three parts, two parts whereof shall remain to Walter and
Rolland and the third part to Richard. The said Richard shall bear
the cost of two parts of all fences which shall be made between the
lordships of Whynfell and Grayrige and Walter and Rolland shall
bear the third part and to begin their third part at Borough watter
and so up to Heigh of the Hill. Dated 2 September, 18 Henry VIII
(1526); Orig. at Sizergh.
1537 Lady Katherine Strykland, mother of Walter Strykland, held lands
and tenements in Whynfelde (sic), worth yearly £14, for her jointure;
1539 Lease of the tithes of Natland and Whynfell for 66s. yearly, from
William, abbot of St. Mary's York, &c. to William Knevett, esq., and
Lady Katheryn Strykland his wife. Orig. at Sizergh.
c1540 "The booke off Walter Strykelande, esquyer," &c., "his tenandes
and inhabitantes" within Whynfell (each had a"horse, harnes and a
bow"): James Nycalson, Edward Necalson, Rychard Helme, Thomas
Symson, Henry Helme, Bryan Chawe, Rychard Chawe, Jervys
Dykson, Roulland Symson, Rychard Newby, Rychard Chaw.
Bylmen, with horse, harnes and a byll: Jhon Nycalson, Robert
Nycalson, Robert Nycalson, younger, John Thomson, Henry Hellm,
Thomas Braken, Thomas Dyconson, Robert Dyconson.
Yong men without horse and harnes, each had "a bow": Robert
Chaw, Richard Symson, Thomas Denyson, Thomas Hellme, Jhon
Diconson, Olyver Waryner.
Bylles, each had "a byll": Water Nycalson (cancelled), Alexander
Nycalson, Christopher Hellm, Wylliam Hewetson, Rowlland Fournes,
Robert Graynes, Rychard Braken, Wylliam Helme, Roulland
Hellme; Roll at Sizergh.
1551 Award of Edward Dockwray, Robert Sleddall, Anthony Langhorne, Thomas Atkynson, Leonard Maichell, James Nycolson,
Lancelot Dennyson and Henry Helme, tenants and "faverers" of
both Sir William Thornebrughe, knt., and Walter Striklaund of
Siserthe, esquire, in a controversy between the said Walter and the
late wife of Gervice Dickson, his tenant (1) and Robert Helme of the
Hollyngwell in Whynfell, husbandman, tenant to Sir William Thornebrughe (2) and between the said Walter, Edward Nycolson and the
late wife of Edmund Helme, his tenants (1) and Edward Willison in
Whynfell, tenant to Sir William (2) concerning lands of the said
Walter occupied by Robert Helme and Edward Willison in Whynfell,
pretending title and right to the same. Robert Helme had occupied
2 dales of ground lying in the Raynes by long sufference without
paying any rent; he is ordered to pay the late Gervice Dickson's wife
2s. 8d. at Martinmas and thereafter to pretend no claim to the 2 dales
which shall be annexed to her tenement. For the land lying in
Crowyke Bank, parcel of Edward Nycolson's tenement and occupied
by Edward Willison, the said Willison shall pay Nycolson 12d. at
Martinmas and 10s. for prior profits; the ground to be annexed to
Nycolson's tenement; D. at Sizergh.
1551 Robert Helme of Hollynewell, husbandman, Edmund Helme his
son and Ralland Helme of Mowrebank, husbandman, were bound to
Walter Strykland, esq., in £40, to observe the above award; ib.
1552 Alan Wilson of Kirkby in Kendale, goldsmith, releases to Allan
Bellingham, esq., his right in lands in Whinfell, late parcel of the
possessions of the dissolved abbey of Cockersand; Reg. of D. at
On 20 August, 6 Edward VI (1552) Alan Wilson of Kirkby in
Kendale, goldsmith, in consideration of the sum of £46 13s. 4d.
released to Allan Bellingham, esq., his right and interest in all those
messuages, lands and tenements in Preston, Sigeswicke, Mansergh and
Whinfell which were then or late in the occupation of Giles Backhouse,
William Bateman, John Cowper, Christopher Mansergh, the wife of
John Stockdall, Roland Helme and Joan late the wife of Gervase
Dickson, of the clear yearly rent of 40s., which premises were late
parcel of the possessions of the late abbey of Cockersand; Reg. of
Deeds at Levens Hall.
1561 By his deed bearing date on the 18 June, 3 Elizabeth, Matthew
Redman of Harewood, co. York, esq., in consideration of £15, granted
to Alan Bellingham of Helsington, esq., those messuages, lands
tenements and rents, lying in the town and lordships of Kirkby in
Kendale and Whinfell in Kendale which were formerly the inheritance
of Edward Redman, his grandfather; Reg. of Deeds at Levens Hall.
Matthew Redman of Harewood, co. York, sells to Allan Bellingham of Helsington, esq., messuages and tenements in Whinfell in
Kendale formerly the inheritance of Edward Redman, his grandfather; Reg. of D. at Levens.
1567 Walter Strickland of Siserghe, esq., grants to Anthony Duckett of
Grayerigg, esq., messuages and tenements in Grayerigg, in exchange
for Duckett's messuages and tenements in Whinfell. See Grayrigg,
1568 Walter Strickland, esq., held at his death, of the queen by knight's
service [the moiety of] the manor of Whinfell; Nicolson and Burn,
1569 After the death of Walter Strickland the Court of Wards granted
to Alice his relict inter alia the manor of Whinfell. See Natland,
1585 At the succession of Thomas Strickland to his inheritance the
manor of Whinfell, held of the queen by knight's service, was of the
clear yearly value of £14; Orig. at Sizergh.
1588 Agnes Bagley of Sigeswyck, widow, John Docker of Sigeswyck,
tailor, and Alice his wife and heir of John Bagley, deceased, convey to
Thomas Stryckland of Sysergh, esq., a messuage and tenement in
Whynfell, now or late in the occupation of William Helme, Jervase
Strickland and Alan Chambers, gentlemen, and William Pryckett,
yeoman, attorneys to deliver seisin. Dated 23 March, 30 Elizabeth,
1588; D. at Sizergh.
emph type="b">1594 Award in a dispute between Richard Nycholson and Allyce Nycholson, widow, touching a messuage in Whinfell. William Nycholson
the elder, brother of the said Richard, and Alice shall release all
claims to the messuage; Richard Nycholson shall compound with
Thomas Strickland, now chief lord, for a reasonable price for his
admittance, and shall pay the said William £50 in satisfaction of
William's debt to Edward Nycholson; D. at Sizergh.
1627 William de Thorneburgh, esq., held at his death, of the heirs of
Richard Redman in socage a moiety of the manor of Whinfell and
divers lands and tenements in Whinfell, Selsyde and Patton of the
clear yearly value of £6 4s. 4d.; Nicolson and Burn, i, 115.
Richard Duckett, esq., held at his death three messuages and
tenements in Whinfell in socage of the clear yearly value of 41s., ib.
1669 Hearth Tax Roll; Lay Subsidy R. 195, n. 73.
||1 wald up
1670 Sir Thomas Strickland of Thornton Briggs, co. York, knt., and
Walter Strickland of Ripon, esq., conveyed to Robert Stephenson
and three others, trustees for the inhabitants and land-owners, a
parcel of the manor of Whinfell by the general name of all that
manor, seigniory, township or lordship of Whinfell with its rights,
members and appurtenances; and the said trustees conveyed to the
several landowners, in such manner that the mines and quarries upon
the wastes, the waifs ande strays, (fn. 2) and the fishing in the ponds or tarns
on the wastes or commons remained in the trustees for the use of the
tenants at large; Nicolson and Burn, i, 115.
1723 By an indenture quadripartite made between Jane Thornburgh of
Kendal, widow of Roland Thornburgh of Methop, esq. (1); John
Trafford of Croston, co. Lane., esq., and Elizabeth his wife, sister and
heir of Thomas Thornburgh, esq., deceased, son and heir of the said
Roland (2); Thomas Townley of Royle, co. Lane., esq., and John
Knipe of Flodder in Lyth, gent. (3); and Henry Wilkinson and seven
others in trust for the tenants and landowners of Whinfell (4); whereby
the parties to the first, second and third part, for the sum of £1040
3s. 4d. conveyed to the said trustees the manors or reputed manors,
lordships or seigniories of Whinfell, Selside, Skelsmergh and Patton,
with royalties, deodands, (fn. 3) ponds, waifs and estrays, paying yearly to
the king 9s. 1½d. and 1s. yearly to the lord viscount Lonsdale; and the
trustees conveyed severally to the tenants; the fishery in Whinfell
tarn to remain among the tenants undivided; Nicolson and Burn, i,