Undermilbeck, Applethwaite and Winster

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Institute of Historical Research

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William Farrer & John F. Curwen (editors)

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1924

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58-89

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'Undermilbeck, Applethwaite and Winster', Records relating to the Barony of Kendale: volume 2 (1924), pp. 58-89. URL: http://british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=49309 Date accessed: 21 October 2014.


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Undermilbeck, Applethwaite and Winster.

1203 Richard de Maresco is attorney for Gilbert Fitz Reinfrey and Helewise his wife in a plea against the abbot of York touching the last presentation to the chapel of Winandemere and Geresmere; the chapels are in the hands of the archbishop until the advowson be deraigned; Curia Regis R. 26, m. 4.

1220–46 William de Lancaster III gives to Philip his cook the land of Lintheved (now Lindeth) to hold freely so that his own house shall be quit of multure and of the pannage of his own swine, but his men shall give multure and pannage, and he and his men shall have common of pasture for their beasts between Winandermere and Crook and to Mulnebec (Millbeck) and to the bounds of Licheberg (Lickbarrow) which was William Brigthwall's, saving to the grantor and his heirs all and every his right of hunting (venison) and wild animals and the fish of his water, rendering yearly one pound of pepper at the feast of St Michael for all service, except forinsec. By a later deed William added Gresthwaite to the gift with quittance of multure, pannage and puture and of witnessman of the grantor's land serjeants and foresters, and that they might take as much in the wood for burning, enclosing and building, as they had need of without view of the foresters. Chartul. Cockersand, pp. 1050–1052.

1246 William de Lancastre grants to the monks of Furness inter alia a boat on Winendremer for the carriage of timber and a boat suitable for fishing there with 20 nets; Coucher of Furness, pt. i, 349.

1246–60 Philip the cook gives to the canons of Cockersand, his land of Lintheved and Gresthwait, given to him by William de Lancastre, to hold for 2d. rent to the successors of the said William; Chartul. of Cockersand, 1049.

1256 Perambulation of the boundary between the land of Peter de Brus in Hogayl, Foulbarg and Fayrhayt (Fairbank in the vill of Strikeland Ketel) and the land of Walter de Lyndesey in Applethwayt and Micheleselet (now Misslett), See vol. i, p. 317.

1262 Walter son of William de Lindesey confirms to the canons all the lands etc. of his fee in the county of Westmorland and in Kendal, as far as the water of Kere, to hold in free alms, except Lindheved (now Lindeth), which they have by the gift of Philip the cook, and for which they will render ½d. yearly; Chartul. of Cockersand, 1052.

1272 Walter de Lyndesay held at his death the hamlet of Appeltwayt with appurtenances, worth £23 9s. 5½d. yearly, of which £20 17s. 2d. are rendered at the terms of Whitsuntide and Martinmas and the residue at Easter and Michaelmas; also a lake called Wynandremere in which there is an island whereon he had a dwelling house worth with the fishery 40s.; also a moiety of the vill of Kirkeby in Kendale with a moiety of the mills of Kirkeby in Kendale, Rispeton and Appletwayt and the fisheries of the water of Kent appurtaining thereto, worth £27 18s. 6d.; out of which 10 marks ought to be paid yearly to the brethren of the hermitage of St. Mary's Isle of Wynandremere for ever, according to the said Walter's charter, and 50s. yearly to Patrick-of-Man, for his support, by the gift of William de Lancastre, etc., etc. Lanc. Inq., pt. i, 236.

1274 Robert de Ros of Werk held at his death inter alia a moiety of the mill of Appeltweht and Roger's Holme in Wynendemere. Cal. Inq., ii, 49.

1282 Henry de Whiteby is presented to the chapel of Wynandermer, void and in the King's gift by reason of the lands late of William de Lindeseye being in his hands. Cal. Pat. Rolls, 1282, p. 51.

1283 William de Lyndeseye held at his death the manor of Winandirmer; the manor [house] within the precincts is not extended, because it costs more to keep than it renders; a chapel there is extended yearly at 66s. 8d., whereof the advowson belonged to Sir William de Lindesey. Christiana mother of William de Lindesey was dowered of all the lands and tenements in Trutebek, Appilthwayt and Wynandirmer, but afterwards she demised her dower therein to the said William to the end of her life.

He also held at his death in Appilthwayt 54 farmers who hold 510 a. land and render yearly £17 6s. at divers rates; there are 124½ a. of waste land which render nothing; 3 free tenants there ought to render 2s. 1½d.; the brew-house of Appilthwayt is worth 4s. yearly; the fishery is worth 20s. yearly; the herbage is worth 6s. 8d. yearly; the pannage is worth 6s. 8d. yearly; Lancs. Inq., i, 254; Cal. Inq., ii, 269.

1291–92 Taxation of Pope Nicholas: church of Wynandermer, £10; pension of the abbot of St. Mary, York, in the same, 33s. 4d.; Taxatio Eccles., 308–9; cf. Cal. of Papal Regist. v, 4.

1297 Confirmation of a charter of Margaret de Ros granting in fee simple to Marmaduke de Twenge, inter alia the island of Rogerholum and the fishery of Wyandermer. See vol. i, p. 137.

1302 By inquest taken at Appelby on Thursday after the Epiphany, 30 Edward I (10 January, 1302) it was found by the jurors upon oath that it would not be to the injury of the King or others if the King granted licence to the abbey of St. Mary, York, to appropriate the church of Kirkeby in Kendale with its chapels and appurt. The chapels of the said church, namely the chapels of Gresmer and Winandermer are of the patronage of Sir Ingram de Gynes and Christiana his wife by reason of the inheritance of the said Christiana, and they hold of the king in chief . . . . . . . and the chapel of Gresmer is worth £20 yearly; Inq. ad quod damnum, file 38, n. 6.

1302 Licence for the abbot and convent of St. Mary's, York, towards the relief of their impoverished condition, to appropriate the church of Kirkeby in Kendale, on condition that they appropriate none of its chapels. Cal. Pat. Rolls, 1302, p. 20.

1318 New taxation of the church of Wynandermer £2 13s. 4d. Taxatio Eccles., 328–9. See footnote under Grasmere, p. 2.

1323 Marmaduke de Twenge held at his death inter alia an island in Wynanderemere called Rogerholm. Cal. Inq., vi, 239.

1324 Ingram de Gynes held at his death a fishery in the lake of Wynandremere, worth 40s. yearly, also a manor in the lake on an isle called Le Holme which manor is the chief messuage of the moiety of the barony, worth nothing yearly because it is in great need of repair.

He also held at his death a hamlet called Appelthwait where 56 tenants at will hold each a messuage and a plat of land and render in all £12 9s. at Martinmas and Whitsuntide; a water-mill there which ought to be worth £6 6s. 8d., but now only 60s. yearly; a fulling-mill worth 10s. yearly; a brewery (bracina) there renders 5s.; 4 free tenants there render 2s. 8½d. and 1 1b. cummin; in the said hamlet there were 24 tenements and little cottages which ought to render yearly 54s. 2d. and now render nothing because they are in the hands of the lord for default of tenants. Inq. p.m., 17 Edward II, n. 60.

1332 Windermere. Subsidy of a fifteenth. Lay Subsidy Roll, Westmorland, 195, 1A.

Margaret de Askeby in goods £1 10 0
William Wrangesonne " £2 0 0
John son of Eli " 12 0
William son of Richard " 15 0
William son of Peter in goods £1 10 0
Walter Scotte " 12 6
Thomas son of Malle " 1 0 0
Thomas son of Nike " 1 15 0
Adam de Quynfelle " 17 6
John son of Richard " 17 6

1332 Applethwaite. Subsidy of a fifteenth. Lay Subsidy Roll, 195, 1A.

Roger son of Thomas in goods £2 5 0
John de Qwynnefel " 2 5 0
Parvus Thomas " 2 12 6
Adam son of William " 2 5 0
Henry son of Adam " 2 5 0
Richard son of Adam " 15 0
John Makereth " 15 0
Thomas son of Adam " 2 5 0
William son of Adam " 3 0 0
Alan son of Grili " 15 0
Richard the miller " 1 4 0

1334 Christiana de Gynes held at her death a manor in the lake of Wynandermere in an island called "Le Holme," which manor is the capital messuage of her moiety of the barony of Kendale, the houses there are much in need of repair; She also held the hamlet of Apilthwait, 56 tenants at will, each holding a messuage and plat of land, and they render £12 9s. at Martinmas and Whitsuntide; a water-mill worth 60s. yearly; a fulling-mill worth 10s. yearly; a brew-house (bracina) renders 5s., a fishery in the lake of Wenandermere is worth 40s. yearly; Inq. p.m., 8 Edward III, 1st nos., n. 74.

Whereas divers lands late of Christiana de Gynes, tenant in chief, had passed into the King's hands on her death, whilst they were in the King's hands, William de Coucy by deed granted to William de Coucy his son, certain manors including the manor of Wynandremere and the advowsons of the chapels of Wynandremere, Marieholme and Gressemere, without having done homage for the same, the King has pardoned those trespasses and ratifies the grant to William de Coucy, the younger, having taken his homage. Cal. Pat. Rolls, 1334, p. 560; 1340, p. 69.

Grant for life to William de Baumburgh, King's clerk, of the hospital of St. Mary, Seyntemarieholm in Wynandermere, in the king's gift by reason of the land's late of Christiana de Gynes, tenant in chief, being in his hands by her death; Cal. Pat. R., 1334, p. 524.

1340 Pardon for his good service in going beyond the seas in the king's service to Roger, groom of Ranulph le Pescheour (fisher) of Wynandermere for the death of Adam le Fitz Randolf; Cal. Pat. R., 1340, p. 438.

William de Twenge held at his death a parcel of land called Rogerholme which renders 6s. 8d. yearly; Inq. p.m., 14 Edward III, 1st nos., n. 31.

1343 William de Coucy died on Wednesday after the Purification, 16 Edward III (6 February, 1342) seised of the advowsons of the chapels of Wynandremere, Gressemere and Seyntemarieholm, belonging to a moiety of the manor of Kyrkeby in Kendale. Ingleram de Coucy, his brother aged 26, is his next heir. Cal. Inq., viii, 306-7; Lancas. Inq., pt. II, 56.

1344 Inquest taken at Kirkby in Kendale on Saturday after Easter, 18 Edward III (1344) by the oath of Alexander Downay, Robert de Strickland, Peter Magotson, John de Tunstall, Roger de Kendale, John de Shepesheved, Adam de Staynford, William de Pottergh, John de Syggeswyk, Thomas de Derlay, Thomas Godmund and John de la Chaumbre, who say that the brethren, chaplains of the chantry of Marieholm in the island of Wynandremere and their predecessors from time out of mind have always been seised as of right of a yearly rent of 10 marks, issuing out of a water-mill at Apilthwayt in the vill of Stirkland Ketell, for their support, by the gift of Walter de Lyndesay, sometime lord of a moiety of the lordship of Kendale. Immediately after the death of William de Coucy, deceased, the said mill among other lands and tenements of the said William, who held in chief of the king, was taken into the king's hands and afterwards, by writ, was delivered to Robert Parvyng, and after his death to William L'Engleys; now with other lands and tenements of the said William de Coucy it is delivered to the countess of Pembrok for 3 years; Chan. Inq. p.m., 18 Edward III, 1st nos., n. 54; Cal. of Miscel. Inq., ii, n. 1878.

Order to Mary, countess of Pembroke, farmer of the lands late of William de Coucy, to pay the chaplains of the chantry of Marieholm in the island of Wynandermer a rent of 10 marks yearly, as their appointed alms, in accordance with the finding of the above inquest; Cal. Close R. 1344, p. 332.

1347 Grant to John de Coupland in reward for taking prisoner David de Bruys at the battle at Durham, in part satisfaction of £500 a year, of a moiety of the manor of Kirkeby in Kendale with its members to the value of £231 8s. 9¼d., saving to the king the several park and wood upon Le Bradewode, a wood in the island of Wynandermere, a moiety of the wood called Richemerfeld, certain woods in Crosthwaite, and the knight's fees and advowsons of those manors, etc. Cal. Close R. 1347, pp. 332, 452; 1350, p. 179; Cal. Pat. R. 1347, p. 370.

1354 Renewal of the said grant; Cal. Close R. 1354, p. 18.

1355 John de Coupland surrenders the said grant and the king regrants the same to him and Joan his wife in survivorship together with the woods etc. reserved in the former gift, namely the park and several wood on Le Bradewod, the wood in the island of Wynandermere, the moiety of the wood called Rithemerfeld, the woods in Crosthwait called Brendewode and Aynerholm, and the knight's fees and advowsons of churches; Cal. Pat. R. 1355, pp. 222, 238.

1360 Pardon to Thomas son of John Fisshere of the parish of Wynandermere for good service done in the war of France in the company of John, earl of Richmond, for the death of John de Heselslak; Cal. Pat. R. 1360, p. 400.

At the request of Richard Beaulieu the king has granted to Ralph Walays the custody of two messuages and one bovate in Likbergh, which belonged to Swane de Derlay, deceased, to hold until the full age of the heir, rendering to the king, 16s. yearly and other services. Abbrev. R. Original, ii, 258. The tenements had been committed to the custody of Richard de Beaulieu in 1359 at the same rent; ib., 254b.

1370 Thomas son and heir of Swane de Derley died seised of a messuage and 40 a. of land and waste called Lykberghe (fn. 1) in Kendale in the vill of Stirkland Kettle, held of Joan de Coupeland by homage and suit at the three weeks' court of Kirkby in Kendale and 8d. yearly; Roger his uncle, aged 40 years, is his next heir; Rawlinson's MS. B. 438, f. 51; Inq. p.m., 44 Edward III, 1st nos., n. 61.

1371 Swan de Derlay held at his death a messuage and 40 a. land and waste called Likebergh in Kendale in the vill of Stirkeland Ketle of the fees late of William de Coucy, knt., by suit of court at Kirkeby in Kendale every three weeks and 8d. rent; Thomas son and heir of the said Swan died in his minority in the king's wardship; Roger son of Thomas de Derlay, brother of the said Swan and uncle of the said Thomas son of Swan is next heir and of full age; Cal. Close R. 1371, p. 253.

1374 It was found by inquest that Swane de Derlay held two messuages and a carucate of land in Likebergh, in the vill of Stirkeland Kettell in Kendale, of the fee late of William de Coucy etc., by homage (etc. as above). He died 28 Edward III and Thomas his son and heir died in the king's custody and within age in 43 Edward III. Roger de Derlay, uncle and heir of Thomas and brother of Swane, is next heir; Inq. p.m., 48 Edward III, 1st nos., n. 20.

1375 Inquest taken at Kirkeby in Kendale on Saturday next after the feast of Corpus Christi, 49 Edward III (23 June, 1375), before John Sayvill, escheator in the county of Westmorland, by the oath of Thomas de Redmane, Roger de Levens, Roland de Thornburgh, John del Chaumber of Kendale, Robert de Docwra, Richard Cayrous, William Daunay, Richard Walker, William de Gilpyn, Roger de Stirkeland, Henry de Gnype and John de Stirkeland, who say that Joan late the wife of John de Coupeland, deceased, held for the term of her life by the king's grant the manor of Wynandermer with its members, namely the hamlets of Langeden, Loghrygge, Grismer, Hamelsate, Troutebek, Appilthwayt, Crosthwayt, Stirkeland Ketell and Hoton, the manor of Casterton and the moiety of the manor of Kyrkeby in Kendale; with the reversion thereof after her death to Ingleram de Coucy, earl of Bedford, and Isabella his wife, daughter of the said king, and the heirs of their bodies; the said manors and moiety are held of the king in chief by the service of the moiety of the fee of one barony and suit at the king's county (court) at Appelby; the manor of Wynandermer with its members is worth yearly in all issues, beyond reprises, £154; the manor of Casterton, £6; and the moiety of the manor of Kyrkeby, £9.

Extent of the knight's fees, taken as above, and held of the said Joan as of her manor of Kyrkeby in Kendale: The said Joan died seised for the term of her life of the advowson of the chapel of Gressemere, which is taxed at £10; of the advowson of the chapel of Wynandermere at 100s; of the chapel of Seynt Maris Holm within the lake of Wynandermere, worth nothing, because the land on which the chapel stood was seised into the king's hand and lies within the park "del Calgarth"; and of the chapel near Casterton called "Colyn-Klachapel" with the adjoining land, worth one mark yearly; with the reversion thereof to Ingleram de Coucy, earl of Bedford, and Isabel his wife and their issue; Inq. p.m., 49 Edward III, 1st nos., n. 29 (Rawlinson's MS).

Adam Thurstanson held a tenement in Licbergh (Lickbarrow) and in 1390 William Thrustane held of the countess Philippa the same by homage and fealty rendering yearly 18d. Ib.

1377 Request to the abbot of St. Mary's, York, to present John de Neuthorp, chaplain, to the chapel of Wynandermer, void by the resignation of Thomas Pluket, and in the king's nomination by reason of the lands of Ingleram de Coucy, earl of Bedford, being in his hands; Cal. Pat. Rolls, 1377, p. 36.

1379 Pardon to Robert de Stirkland of his trespass in acquiring for life, at the yearly rent of 21s., and entering upon without licence a tenement called Rarewyk with closes in Appelthwayt in the lordship of Wynandermere, held in chief, by grant from lngelram de Coucy, earl of Bedford and Soissons, for whose adherence to the French etc., the premises were taken into the king's hands, and restitution of the same to Robert for life; Cal. Pat. R. 1379, p. 334.

1388 Nomination to the abbot of St. Mary's, York, of John de Ebchestre, chaplain, for presentation to the church of Wynandremer, void by the resignation of John de Neuthorpe, alias John Stedeman of Pontefract, in the king's nomination by reason of the lands of Robert, duke of Ireland, being in the king's hands by judgment rendered in Parliament; February 15, ib. 1388, p. 401.

Similar nomination to the abbot of Richard Pittes for presentation to the same church; February 22; ib. 406.

1390 Margaret late the wife of Roger de Levens held of Thomas de Roos, chivaler, three tenements and 40 a. land in the hamlet of Lykbergh for 23s. rent at Easter and Michaelmas, worth 4s. yearly clear; Inq. p.m., 14 Richard II, n. 41.

1390–94 Rental of the lands of Philippa, late the wife of Robert de Vere, earl of Oxford, and John de Hothome, within the lordship of Kendale. (fn. 2)

Undermylnebek. s. d.
"Herre" de Clergh, holds a tenement of 2 houses, 8 a. land, 1 intake and renders yearly 6 10
John Tomson Rowlandson holds an intake, etc. 2
Nycoll de Tawterne holds an intake, etc. 4
John Tomson and John Addeson hold an intake, etc. 1 0
Roger de Waskyn (?) holds an Intake, etc. 4
William Frereson holds a mess. of 2 ho., 6 a. land 4 1
Alice (Alac') Addedoghter " 2 " 3 a. " 1 3
William Hyrde " 2 " 8 a. " 4 7
John Docker " 2 " 8 a. " 4 3
Adam Souter & William his son 3 " 12 a. " 8 4
William de Hudhowe " 3 " 3 a. " 3 7
Robert Mylner holds a close containing " 2 a. " 1 0
The same Robert holds an intacke 1 0
John Braye holds a close containing 1a." 6
William Rowlandson holds a close containing 4 a. " 4 0
John & Richard Matson holds a mess. 2 ho., 6 a. land 5 0
Richard Lorde " 2 " 6 a. " 3 9
William Dauson " 3 " 8 a. " 4 3
Nycoll Geldhird " 2 " 2 a. " 1 4
John Belman" 2 " " 6 a. " 4 11
Relict of Richard Tomson " 2 " 2 a. " 9
Thomas Tayllour " 2 " 3 a. "with the moiety of a close and renders 2
Robert Addeson " 2 " 2 a. "with the moiety of the said close etc. 1
John Makereth" 2 " 6 a. " 4 9
Jak Jhonson " 1 " 2 a. " 2 8
John Alaneson holds a cottage and 1 a. of waste " 1 0
John Bell and William Milner hold a mess. of 2 ho., 3 a. " 2 0
Robert Furner (?) " 2 " 3 a. " 2 0
Roger Canea (?) " 1 " 2 a. " 1 10
Agnes (?) de Holme " 1 " 6
Agnes de Sande " 1 " 1 a. " 1 0
Thomas Lyster, chaplain " 1 " 1 0
Alec Yeland & Agnes Merchall 1 " 1 0
John Chalener " with adj. curtilage 1 0
Alice Robyndether and Mabyll her sister of 1 ho., 9
Margaret relict of John Addeson and Margaret de Ketoharge (?) " 1 " 6 a. land 3 6
Elesete de Agra " 1 " &pasture 1 0
Herrye Alkynson " 2 " 4 a. land 4 3
William Paterdall holds a tenement and 8 a. of land which was appropriated to the chapel of Seinte Maryeholm, (fn. 3) and confirmed and ratified by the lord's ancestors, and renders. 5 0
Margaret relict of John Jacson holds a mess. of 1 house, 1 a. land and renders 1 0
Robert Tomson holds a toft, 3 a. land and renders 1 3
The same Robert holds a fulling mill 15 0
William Qwytterell holds a fulling-mill and a close of 1 a. and renders 6 0
John Makereth and John Alenson hold Barnysperke and render 22 0
John Addeson holds an intacke and renders 1
John Philipson holds an intacke and renders 2

and he also holds (tenet) a close called Bulnysperke (fn. 4) which used (solebant) to render yearly 5s., now it is appointed (ordinatur) for the . . . . horses of the seneschal (pro c'uic' equis Senescall') at 2 courts in the year.

Sum £7 10s. 9d.

1390–4 Rental of the lands of Philippa, as above.

Appelqwate. s. d.
John Lowther holds a mess. with appurt. and renders yearly 4 0
Thomas Browne and John Robynson hold a mess. " 3 6
Thomas Browne holds part of Huerfete 5 0
John de Oxenffell holds a parcel of Huerfete 10 0
John Addeson Wylliamson " " 5 0
Thomas Robynson " " 5 0
Robert de Kirkehead " " 5 0
Robert Dauson " " 2 6
John Sandes " " 2 6
Thomas Grenerige " 5 0
All those (omnes) of Huerfete hold a close there 6
John Robynson Dogeson holds a mess. with appt. 2 6
Sibyl (Sebell) relict of William Robynson " " 4 8
Robert Dogeson " " 12 0
Adam Tomson " " 10 4
Jacke Ketson holds a close containing 2 a. land 1 6
The same Jacke for a mess. of 1 ho., 10 a. land 4
Robert Tomson Alaneson holds the pasture called Les Dubbes and renders yearly 4 0
Jacke Dicson holds a mess. and 10 a. land 4
Richard Idle " of 1 ho., 8 a. land 7 0
John Idle " 3 " 8 a. " 5 0
The same John and . . . Idle a toft 6 a. " 5 4
John Dodehon a mess. of 2 " 6 a. " 5 0
Robert Taileyor " 1 6 a. " 3 3
William Seperige and John his son " 6 " 4 a. " 3 1
Robert Swerd Alice de Marche " 1 " 3 a. " 2 0
Thomas Robynson Swerd 2 " 8a. " 4 0
John de Lokare " 1 " 1 a. " 3 0
William Locke " 1 " 1 a. " 1 0
Robert Swerd a toft 6 a. " 3 4
The same Robert a mess. of 2 " 6 a. " 4 0
John Swerd holds an intake of 6 a. " ro. 4 3 4
William Fescher holds a mess. of 4 ho. 16 a. land 12 4
Robert Wylkynson " 4 " 16 a. " 12
Robert Tomson Alanson " 3 " 12 a. " 10 5
John Hobson and Richard Hobson " 3 " 16a. " 16 10
The same John holds a close called Skotsfold containing 12 a. and renders yearly 4 0
Thomas Makereth Robert Makereth Robert Jacson a mess. of 4 ho. 30 a. land 19 7
Roger Wylkynson " 2 " 12 a. " 14 10
Herre Jhonson holds a toft 10 a. " 7 0
The same Henry a mess. of 3 " 12 a. " 8 10
John Jhoneson " 2 " 12 a. " 8 4
Robert Haleson Johnson " 2 " 10 a. " 8 6
Richard Tayleyor " 1 " 7 a. " 7 0
Thomas Jhonson Tomson 3 " 10 a. " 7 0
John Tomson " 2 " 12 a. " 8 0
John Addeson " 2 " 10 a. " 7 0
The same John a toft 10 a. " 7 0
Richard Jhonson Addeson a mess. 2 " 12 a. " 8 0
Thomas son of Richard Tayleyor " 3 " 16 a. " 10 6
Siboth relict of Robert Dason a mess. 1 ho., _ a. land 2 0
Richard Tayleyor " 2 " 12 a. " 9 2
Robert de Strecland (fn. 5) " 5 " 30 a. " £1 1 0
William Jacson " 2 " 2 a. " 1 8
The same William " 2 " 2 a. " 2 0
The same William " 2 " 3 a. " 3 0
Robert de Marche " 1 1 2
John Cowke, younger, and Alice Cooke " 1 " 2 a. " 3 0
John Cowke, elder " 2 " 2 a. " 1 9
Robert Hodgeson an intake called Brackenberghe 9
John Robynson holds a cottage which Alice de Barwycke held 6
John Tomson and his fellows hold Le Blackemos 6
John Robynson holds a mess. and 3 a. which John de Barwycke held 3 0
John Philipson, Richard Tayleyor, John Addeson and Roger Byrketh hold Le Calvegartrige (Calgarth) 13 4
Whereof paid out to Richard Clyfford, (fn. 6) chaplain of the Chapel of St. Maryholme (fn. 7) 2 marks yearly.
All the tenants of Appylqwate hold "Le Gresmale" there and render yearly 7 0
William de Grenerige and Thomas Robynson hold a fulling-mill at Troklbrige and render yearly 3 4
Robert Swerd and John Coke hold a fulling-mill, etc. 15 0
William Jacson and John Robynson hold a fulling-mill etc. 15 0
Edmund de Redemane holds the fishery of Wyndermere and renders yearly £2 6 8
John Philipson, John Addeson, Robert de Byrketh and Roger de Byrketh hold the water-corn-mill etc. £3 0 0
Sum £33 os. 11½d.

1395 Pardon to John Vaux of Hemelyngfeld alias John Burn of Willyngham for killing Richard Tayllour of the parish of Wynnandermere there on Monday after St. Thomas the Martyr, 17th year (5 January, 1394) and for breaking into the church of Ravenfeld within Gildable on Sunday before St. Wilfred the Archbishop, 18th year, and carrying off a chalice worth 2 marks; Cal. Pat. Rolls, 1395, p. 616.

1399 Presentation to the bishop of Salisbury, for admission to the church of Stourton, of John Bonne, rector of the chapel of Wynandermere, in an exchange with John Barwell; ib. 1399, p. 468. John Barwell was duly ratified in his estate as parson of the chapel, with cure, of Wynandermere; Cal. Pat. Rolls, 1399, p. 528; 1401, p. 373.

1411 At the death of Philippa, duchess of Ireland, it was found that William de Derley held of her certain tenements called Lykbergh in the vill of Stirkland Ketel by homage and fealty for 8d. rent at Easter and Michaelmas, worth . . . . yearly. Chan. Inq. p.m., 13 Henry IV, n. 44.

1438 Grant to William Thornburgh, king's esquire, for life, of the king's "holme" or island in his water called Wynandermere with the plat and land in the said island, rendering nothing therefore, provided that he see to repairs and that the clear value is not more than 4s. a year, which he has represented it to be; Cal. Pat. R., 1438, p. 124.

1439 Confirmation to William de Biggynges, clerk, of letters patent of John, late duke of Bedford, dated at London, 12 December, 13 Hen. IV, (1411) granting for life the chantry or free chapel of St. Marieholme in the water of Wynanndermere with lands, rents, fisheries, common of pasture etc., and 10 marks of rent from the lordship of Kendale, payable at Whitsuntide and Martinmas, in lieu of a grant thereof in like terms by Philippa, late duchess of Ireland, surrendered; ib., 345.

1439 Account of Walter Stirkeland, esq., accountant to the king, from 17th to 18th year of Henry VI. The issues of Roger Brokebank and Robert Sewhird, reeves, of two parts of the lordship of Subtus Mylnbek was £5 0s. 8d. In the following year the sum was £5 8s.

The issues of Richard Byrkeheved and John Bateman, reeves, of two parts of the lordship of Appylthwayt was £20 9s. 8d. In the following year the sum was £19 6s. 10½d.

1442 John Philipson and Robert Brathwayt have taken the fishery of the water of Wynandermer, to hold from 20 February next (1441–2), for one year next following, rendering to the king for two parts of the said fishery 26s. 8d., and to the duchess of Bedford for one-third part of the said fishery 13s. 4d. Court of Wynandremer roll, 4 October, 1441. Pub. Record Office.

Inquisition of Appulthwayt taken by the oath of 12 jurors who say that the house of John Robynson Thomson called le Milnehouse is out of repair, likewise the tha ching of the mill of the tenants of Troutbek. Also that John Robynson Thomson had one stallion on the pasture against penalty. They also present John Bateman for obstructing the road leading beyond Whitesidebek by "le Dupes" with a ditch. William Bell has two houses out of repair. Simon de Bergh, Thomas Bateman, Thomas Rowlandson and John Furbour each held one intake in his tenement unrented. ib.

1442 The king grants to Walter Strikland, esq., the office of keeper of the park of Calgarth from 18 May, 1437, for life at 6d. per diem, as Robert Pylton, late keeper, received the same fee; and whereas the same Walter has resigned the grant made to him on 5 April, 1438, of the office of receiver of the lordship of Kendale, with the fee of £10 yearly and wages of 2s. per diem, grant in lieu thereof of the said office of keeper with the pannage and herbage of the park for life from Michaelmas last past and the fishery of the water of Wynandremere and all the lands and tenements in the hamlets of Appilthwayt and Under Milnbek and on the south side of the water called Miln bek, in the parish of Wynandremere, for life, in full recompense of the wages of 6d. per diem and of the fee of £10 per annum, to hold by rendering yearly 5 marks only at Easter and Michaelmas by equal portions. Eltham, 16 October, 1442; Orig. at Sizergh.

1443 Grant to the king's kinsman, John, duke of Somerset and Kendale, of inter alia, 5 marks yearly paid by Walter Strikeland for the herbage and pannage of the park of Calgarth, and the fishery of Wynandremere and the lands in the hamlets of Appilthwayte and Undermylnbek and on the south side of the water called Milnbeck in the parish of Wynandremere. See vol. i, p. 45.

1445 Pardon to John Robynson Jonson Addison of Milnebekstok, "yeoman," of his outlawry in the county of Westmorland for not appearing before the justices of the Bench when impleaded with Robert Johnson Addison of Apylthwayt to answer Katherine Berkehed touching a trespass; Cal. Pat Rolls, 1445, p. 308.

1446 Grant to the king's esquire, Thomas Danyel, his heirs and assigns, of a yearly rent of £6 10s. paid by Reynold Byggynges for the farm of two parts of all the lands in the lordship, manor or hamlet of Under Milnbek and of two parts of the herbage of the close called Calgarth, parcel of the lordship of Kendale, committed to the said Reynold for a term of 7 years, to have during the said term, and of the king's fishery of the water of Wynandremere and all the king's lands in Appylthwayt, in the parish of Wynandremere, with the nomination to the church of Wynandremere and the chapel of St. Mary within the water of Wynandremere. Grant also to him, as above, after the said term, of the remainder of the said two parts and of the third part, which Jacquetta, duchess of Bedford, holds in dower for life, at a rent of 5 marks a year; in lieu of a grant by letters patent dated 4 May last surrendered; ib., 453.

1446 Confirmation by Thomas Danyell, esq. to Thomas Stirkland, knt., and Walter his son of the stewardship of his lands in Kendale, to hold so long as they bear themselves well in that office; and to Walter the keeping and oversight of the park of Calgarthe with the water called Wynandremere with the "holmys" within that water, with the emoluments, for his life if he "do his true part in the said office." Windsor, 4 November, 25 Henry VI, Orig. at Sizergh.

145 Nomination to the abbot of St. Mary's, York, of Thomas Biggynges, chaplain, as parson of the church of Wynandermer, void by the resignation of William Biggynges; Cal. Pat. Rolls, 1451, p. 424.

1453 Grant to the king's servant, John Bowden, one of the clerks of the signet, of "the Chapell of Saint Marie Holme" within the water of Wynandermer, void by the death of William Bigginges; ib. 1453, p. 39.

1454 Rental of Edmund, earl of Richmond, within the lordship of Kendale, from 6 March, 31 Henry VI, to Michaelmas, 33 Henry VI, to wit for 1½ year and 26 days. Min. Accts., Bundle 644, n. 10444.

John Belle and William Johnson Robynson, joint reeves, answer for two-thirds of the rents and farms of the tenants at Under Milnebecke, £5 3s. 11d. per annum; also for farm of two parts of one messuage in the occupation of Robert Dykenson lately belonging to the chapel of Sayntmaryholme, 8s.; and for the farm of two parts of a close called Bulnes parke in the occupation of the rector of the church, 6s. 8d. Sum £5 18s. 7d. or for the 1½ year £8 17s. 10½d.

John Idyll and William Dykenson, joint reeves, answer for twothirds of the rents at Appulthwait, £14 8s. 3½d. per annum; also for the farm of two parts of the fishery of the water of Wynandremer £2 10s.; farm of two parts of a water corn mill £1 11s. 1¾d.; and farm of two parts of the herbage within Wyndandremerholm, 5s. 4d. Sum £18 14s. 9¼d. or for the 1½ year £28 2s. 1¾d. Of any profit forthcoming from the passage of the water of Wynandremer, which is worth 10s. per annum, they do not answer because Henry Belyngham, farmer of the fishery of the said water, claims to have the said passage.

The farm of two parts of herbage of a close called Calfgarthe, in the occupation of Walter Strickland and Robert Pilton, is £3 6s. 8d. per annum, or for the 1½ year £5.

1461 Grant and confirmation to Richard Wydewyll, Lord Ryvers, and Jaquetta, duchess of Bedford, his wife, for the life of the latter, of the dower assigned to her on the death of John, late duke of Bedford, her husband, to wit (inter alia) the advowson of the church in Gresmere and divers lands and possessions with a third part of certain profits in Helsyngton, Forsthwayte, Gresmere, Loghrygge, Langden, Hamelset, Troutebek, Appulthwayte Troutebek, Milbek, Crossethwaite, Hoton, Casterton, Strikeland Ketull, Kirkeby Kendale, Littehous, Farlton, Berburn, Kirslak, Hotonrofe, Strikelande [Roger], Moyserth, Bolteston, Berdesaland, Annotheth, Thornes, Bredeholm, Calerigge, Whittewell, Hiltonland, Warcopland, Strikeland Ketill, Grossewhayte, Sleddale, Witherslake, Aldesteynton, Steynton, Likebarugh, Forsterfeld, Wynster, Ryggmayden, Bannandesdale, Kneton (sic), Tenleshed, Middulton and elsewhere in co. Westmoreland; Cal. Pat. Rolls, 1461, p. 169.

1472 Confirmation of a demise made by Henry Stafford, knight, son of Humphrey, late duke of Buckingham, and Margaret, countess of Richmond, his wife, late the wife of Edmund, earl of Richmond, to William Parre, knight, John Parre, knight, John Pylkyngton, knight, Christopher Moresby, knight, Thomas Strikland, knight, William Harington, esquire, and Thomas Metkalf, esquire, of their two parts of the lordships or townships of Gresmere, Loghrigge, Longdon, Casterton, Hamelsett and Troutebek with their members, the hamlets of Appulthwaite and Undermylnebek and all lands in them; the close or park of Calgarth, the herbage and pannage of the same, the fishery of or in the water of Wynandremere, etc. etc. The said Henry and the countess have appointed William Flemyng esquire, Thomas Byggynges, clerk, John Dawney and Oliver Thorneburgh their attorneys to deliver seisin. Demise dated 20 July, 11 Edw. IV (1471); ib., 1472, p. 334.

1474 Pardon of outlawry of Thomas Byggynges, late of "Wyndandymer," clerk, for not appearing to answer Robert Burgh, late of Westhouses, touching a debt of £20; Cal. Pat. Rolls, 1474, p. 383.

1475 Licence for Wiliam Parre, knt., who is going to cross the sea with the king on his voyage and service, to grant inter alia a third part of the township of Gresmer, the lordship or manor of Loghrig, the lordship or township of Longden, the lordships or townships of Ambleset and Troutbek, the hamlets of Appulthwayte and Under Milnebek; a third part of the close or park of Calgarth, the herbage and pannage of the same, the fishery of or in the water of Wynandremere, etc. etc., to the king's kinsman, George, archbishop of York and others in accordance with the act in the Parliament at Westminster, 6 October, 12 Edward IV; ib., 1475, p. 531.

1485 Thomas Biggynge, parson of Wynandermere, William Huddilston, parson of Whityngton, Richard Newton and John Ambrose, were arbitrators appointed to make an award between Anne, late the wife of John Flemyng, esq., and John Flemyng son and heir apparent of the said John Flemyng, touching lands of which the said Anne had been jointly seised with her said husband and her dower. Dated 17 January, 2 Richard III (1485); D. at Rydal Hall.

1509 Appointment of George Saundis to be bow-bearer or ranger of the forest called "Le Olde Parc" within the lordship of Wenanndermer, parcel of the lordship of Kendall, in consideration of his services to the king's grandmother; Letters and Papers, Henry VIII, i, 44.

1510–11 Grant to William Mountfort of the free chapel of St. Mary-holme in Wynnerdermer in the barony of Kendall, with two tenements and 10 marks a year for a chaplain's stipend, out of the issues of the said barony or the lordship of Wynundermere, in the king's gift by the death of Margaret, countess of Richmond, first granted 8 March, 1510. Dated 24 March, 1511; ib., 181, 227, 231.

1510–11 Grant to James Worsley of the next presentation to the rectory of Wynundermere; ib., 141.

1527 Henry VIII desires the abbot (of St. Mary's, York), to present Adam Cayrus to the parish church of Wynandermer, on the nomination of Sir William Parr, who holds the lordship during the nonage of William, son of the late Sir Thomas Parr, to whom it was demised by letters patent of 1 March, 4 Henry VIII; Letters and Papers, Dom., Henry VIII, iv, pt. 3, 3129.

1532 Presentation to the abbot of St. Mary's, York, of William Cleyton, Th.D., the king's chaplain, to the parish church of Wynniandermere, vice Thomas Worsley, deceased; 12 June; ib. v, 508.

1532 Presentation of Adam Carus, clerk to the same, vice William Cleyton, doctor of decrees, deceased; 1 December; ib., 700.

1534 Memorandum of the confession of John Broughton, monk of. . . . touching certain prophecies, among others of William Dicson of Wynndyndirmire and William Rawlinson of Colton; Letters and Papers, Dom., Henry VIII, vii, 642.

1535 On the question whether the rectories of Grasmere and Windermere should pay some acknowledgement to the vicarage of Kendal, Mr. Caley (fn. 8) was asked, in 1831, on behalf of the rectors, whether these payments were supportable or not by legal means. After reciting the Inquisition of 30 Edward I, (fn. 9) whereby it was found that Kendal church was in the patronage of the Abbot and Convent of St. Mary's, but that its chapels were in the patronage of Sir Ingram de Gynes, Mr. Caley says that, though the creation and endowment of a vicarage (Kendal) has neither been found nor the date ascertained, there is little doubt to be entertained but that what appears in the General Eccles. Survey made 26 Henry VIII upon this subject, is in conformity with the original endowment. Upon an inspection of this roll under the article "Kendall Vicaria" among other things belonging to the said Vicarage, mention is made of a Pension from the church of Wyndeandermer of 13s. 4d. and a Pension from the church of Grysmer of a like sum of 13s. 4d. These seem to be the only acknowledgments due and payable as to Grasmere and Windermere both of which though originally chapels to Kirkby in Kendale were at the time of the Survey (26 Henry VIII) Ecclesiastical rectories and are so returned in that Survey.

1547 Letters patent of Henry VIII demising to Sir Thomas Parr, knt., for a term of 40 years the lordships, manors, vills and hamlets of Hamelsett, Troutbek, Apulwhat, Under Milnebek, Langden, the fishery of Wynandremere and a messuage with a park called Calgarth, etc. etc. Dated 11 January, 38 Henry VIII. See vol. i, p. 87.

1553 The will of Christ. Robertts, yeoman of 'ye Milnbecke Stocke in the p'ishinge of wynndrmyer,' dated 27 August, 1553, includes the following:—"Item I will yt Alicia my wyeffe haue vse and occupie my tenement . . . . dewringe hir wedoweheade accordinge to ye Custome of ye Contrie and after hir wedowheade I will yt Thorns Robertts my Sone haue my hoille title and tenndrighte . . . . and he to paye vnto Elezabeithe his suster iiili vjs viiid . . . . Item I will yt Willm Robertts my Sone haue my tenement or farmholde lyeinge and beinge in ye Storthes . . . . and he to paye vnto Elezabeithe his suster iiili vjs viiid . . . . . And also it is agreid ye said Christ. Robertts and Sir John Dixson Curatt betwixt my ij sones, Thoms and Willm vppon the one p'tie And Christ. Robertts my brother sone, vppon ye other p'tie," that if either dies without male issue the properties of such shall be left to the heirs of the others, "also wee arr all agreid that the saide farmholds shall nott goo furthe of the Robertts name, this Recordithe Bryan Brathwaitte, Thomas Robertts, jurat, Mills Robynson, jurat, and sir John Dixson, jurat, wth other. And I Desire Maister p'sone Carus, (fn. 11) Willm Shawe, Bryan Brathwaite wth my ij sones Thoms and Willam to be the supvisors of this my testament and last will. MS. penes W. Farrer.

1557 By indentures of bargain and sale dated 18 March, 3 and 4 Philip and Mary (1557) Stephen Garnett of Crosthwaite, gent., conveyed to Alan Bellingham of Helsington, esq., all that his demesne or manor of Lickbarrowe, in co. Westmorland. Adam Carus, clerk, rector of Wynandermer, and Uter Gilping, clerk, were appointed attornies to deliver seisin; and on 20 April following seisin was delivered; Orig. at Levens Hall.

1558 15 September. For the matter in traves betwix Willm. Common of the one partie and the lait wyef of John Bateman of the other partie for and concerning twoe parcels of meadowe ground called Croukes. Both the said partis ar agreed to abyde the order of the right worshippful Mr. Thomas Fallowfeild, steward of Kendall, David Flemyng of Ridall, gent, Miles Dickson and George Browne. Upon the hearing of the matter it is ordred and agreet by the said arbitrers that the wief and hir children shall occupye and enjoye for ever after the custome of the countrie the ground next adjoyning the Crosse Howse, paying yerlie a penye rent to the lord. And that the said Willm. Common and his asssigns to have and occupie the other parcell next adjoyning to the fermold lait of Myles Bateman . . . . . withowt any forther trowble of any of the partis or any other by their tytle or procurement upon payne to forfate to the lorde fortie shillynges.

1560 Court of Henry earl of Cumberland, farmer at Wynnandermyer of Queen Elizabeth, etc., held on 6 June, 2 Elizabeth, before Thomas Fallowfeild, esq., seneschal, David Flemyng and others.

Wynnandermyer.

Attachments by Miles Dickeson, bailiff there.

*Christ. Langmyer
*Miles Watter
*Peter Watter
*The w. of Roberte Dennyson
*Will. Archer
The w. of Will. Comune
Robert Comune
The w. of Thomas Byrkhead
Peter Yedell
The w. of Will. Rawe
*Christ. Batman
The w. of Robert Longmere
Will. Richardson
William Atkinson
Miles Byrkhead
Thomas Rallanson
Will. Longmyer
George Longmyer
Henry Hodgkinson
Will. Longmere
George Longmyere
The w. of Will. Hodgkinson
Miles Dicksone
Robert Idlle
Will. Richardson
Roger Ydell
John Ydell
Robert Rawe
Rober Byrkhead
The w. of Rog. Byrkhead
Richard Ydlle
Thomas Byrkhead
The same Thomas
Richard Rawes
Robert Rawes
John Batman
Nicholas Elleroe
John Richardson
George Dickson
The w. of Stephen Batman
Will. Comon
Robert Elleroe.
John Batman
Will. Dickson
John Wilson
Will. Wilson
George Robertus
Will. Collinson
Robert Collinson
The w. of Roberte Collinson
Will. Harryson
Rich. Haryson
John Harrison
George Harrison
Will. Dickson
Miles Dromilmier
Will. Dromilmier
Thomas Dromilmyer
The w. of Jenkin Dromilmier
Will. Dickson
James Dickson
Jenkin Dickson
The w. of Miles Dickson
Will. Elleroe
The w. of Miles Elleroe
Lawrence Batman
Renald Batman
Lawrence Batman
Thomas Likbaroe
The w. of James Likbarye
Michell Elleroe
Robert Philipson
Will. Philipson
Subtus Milnebeck.
*Christ. Robertes
*The w. of Nich. Robertes
*Ralland Dickeson
*The w. of Thos. Dickeson
*Anthony Dickeson
*Christ. Phelipson, gent.
*Will. Dickeson for the same, for 2 tenements
*Thomas Robynson
*Will. Halled
Robert Belman
Nich. Brockbanke
Robert Tompson
Miles Sedorhird (sic)
Math. Belman
Christ. Bellman
John Robinson
Robert Sewhird
Will. Sewhird
Robert Sewhird
*Ralland Dickeson
Miles Fyssher
Miles Robinson
Allan Batman
Thomas Robinson
Will. Calgarth
Anthony Dromilmyere
Miles Dickeson
The w. of James Sleatere
The w. of Hugh Dromilmyer
John Belle
Thomas Birkhead
The w. of Roger Bratwhate
Will. Bratwhate
John Dickson
James Bratwhat
John Calgarth
Will. Gurnell
Oliver Ydlle
Nich. Birkhead
George Milner
Miles Dickson
James Bratwhate
The w. of Brian Walles
Miles Milner
Christ. Robertes
John Mitchell
Mathew * *
James Bratwhate
The w. of Brian Wallas
The w. of Will. Mitchell
Robert Robinson
The w. of Stephen Robinson
The w. of Geoffrey Grene
John Grene
Will. Robinson
John Robinson
Robert Jenkenson
John Jenkinson
Richard Phillipson
Robert Tompson
The w. of Robert Philipson
The w. of Will. Grene
Will. Sewhird
Robert Sewhird
John Sewhird
The w. of Rall. Sewhird
John Sewhird
The w. of Peter Sewhird
Christ. Philipson
Robert Syll (Philipson cancelled)
Henry Syll
Thomas Robertes
The w. of Will. Rallandson
Brian Philipson
George Rallandson
Ewan Jopson
Math. Dickson
James Matson
Will. Dickson
Ewan Birkhead
Robert Mitchell
Thomas Mitchell
Peter Mitchell
Robert Tompson
The w. of Robert Walles
Rich. Wallus
Will. Wallus
The w. of Will. Walles
George Dromilmyer
The w. of John Dromilmyre
Nich. Dickson
Thomas Dickson
Rall. Atkinson
Brian Atkinson
Peter Startwhait
John Carlille
John Mitchell
Miles Wilson
James Wilson
Hugh Collinson
The w. of Brian Clarke
The w. of Thos. Batman
Stephen Mitchell
Nich. Layburne
Christ. Phillipson
Robert Grene
Will. Belman
John Mitchell

[The names to which an asterisk is prefixed were amerced 4d. each for green hew. W. stands for 'wife'].

1560 At the subsequent inquest taken at Under Milnbek, it was presented that:—

John Fissher, John Dickeson, Stephen Rawson, Miles Wallas, Robert Jenkynson, Roger Philipson, Michael Sewhird, William Sewhird, Math. Dikson, Brian Philipson, George Rallandson and the wife of Roger Knype each kept one fire within the lordship by the space of two years, against pain 2s. each.

John Henrison, Miles Robynson, the wife of Stephen Robynson, Ralland Bateman and Richard Sill each kept one fire by the space of one year, against pain 1s.

Edmund Sewhird and Edward Walker made " j hubbishoo" between themselves, against pain 6s. 8d.; James Matson and Robert Dromylmyer for the same, 6s. 8d.; also Robert Robynson and Miles Wallas for the same, 6s. 8d.

Miles Wallas and Robert Sewhird cut down a tymber tree, against pain, 3s. 4d.; Miles Mitchell cut down a thorn, called "a byrrythorne," against pain, 6d.; Richard Sill two thorns in like manner, 12d.; George Sill, Robert Sill, Richard Willan, Robert Willan and Brian Philipson for the same, 6d. each.

George Dromylmyer has a defect in his fence at Stall (or Scall) close, against pain 2d.; also for the same Brian Philipson in two places 4d.; John Herreson has a gap in his fence, against pain, 4d.

Edmund Sill spoke illicit words against William Matson, against pain, 3s. 4d.

1560 At the inquest taken at Appultwhatt it was presented that:—

Thomas Atkynson, Roger Idill, the wife of William Rawson, Robert Birkhead, William Rawson, Henry Birkhead, Anthony Ellerowe, George Robertes, Thomas Collynson, Peter Collynson, John Henrison, the wife of Robert Common, John Ellerowe and William Common each kept one fire within the lordship by the space of 2 years, against pain, 2s. each.

John Bateman, Peter Ellerowe, Richard Henrison and Miles Wilson each kept one fire within the lordship by the space of one year, against pain 1s. each.

William Langmyre broke one arrest made by the bailiff. George Henrison for illicit words against Richard Henrison forfeits to the lord, 3s. 4d.

The tenants of Mr. Stapilton (lord of Kentmere) have encroached 300 acres of land of this lordship and render nothing to the lord.

1574 An estreat of the Courts Baron. Roll at Lowther; Excheq. Special Commissions, Westmorland, n. 3130, m. 7d.

Undermylnbeck.

The jurors make no entry of any "free tenants" in the lands called "lez Richmond Laundes."

Tenants by "lez tenantright" as follows:—

Renders yearly.
s. d.
Christopher Robertes holds a tenement and 9 acres
arable, meadow and pasture with appurtenances 7 0
Heirs of Christopher Robertes " 9 " 7 0
Heirs of John Dickson " 10 " 4 6
Miles Philipson " [blank] 1 3
John alias Jenkyn Dickson " 1 acre" 1 3
The same " [blank] 1 0
Miles Robinson " " 1 3
Heirs of William H " " 1 3
Ralland Dickson " " 1 3
Relict of James Fissher " 5 acres 1 3
Miles Robinson " [blank] 1 3
Alan Bateman " " 1 3
Relict of William Cowpertwhet " " 1 3
Relict of John Lockey " " 1 3
Relict of Anthony Dromylmyer " " 1 3
Relict of George Mylner " 1½ acres 1 6
Robert Byrkhed " [blank] 1 3
Richard Ydle " " 1 3
William Gurnell " " 1 3
William Dickson " " 1 3
Robert Byrkhed " " 1 4
James Cleator " " 1 3
George Robinson " " 1 3
John Bell " " 1 3
Gawen Byrkhed " " 1 3
William Dickson " 1 " 1 4
Roger Bratwhet " ½ " 1 3
Heirs of James Bratwhet " 1 " 2 3
Myles Dyckson " 5 " 3 8
Adam Bratwhet 2 tenements " 14 " 7 8
Robert Gurnell 1 " " 12 " 2 8
Robert Jakson 2 " " 4 " 3 3
Miles Mylner 1 " " 7 " 6 7
William Robertes " 7 " 6 8
Brian Bratwhet tenement 10 acres 5 8
John Robinson " 1½ " 1 3
Relict of William Mytchell " 6 " 4
George Robinson " 6 " 4 0
William Robinson " 7 " 2 8
Robert Grene " 3 " 1 9
William Robinson " 3 " 1 6
John Robinson " 4 " 4 4
Michael Powe " 3 " 1 6
Robert Jenkynson " [blank]" 1 3
Relict of Roger Philipson " 5 acres 2 3
John Philipson " 2 " 1 9
Stephen Belman " 1 " 1 3
Adam Belman " 5 " 2
Relict of Alan Belman " 5 " 2
George Dickson " 14 " 5 4
John Robinson, tanner " 9 " 4 8
Brian Philipson " 10 " 5 7
Christopher Belman 2 " 11 " 4 11
Robert Seward 1 " 3 " 1 4
John Robinson " ½ " 1 3
Relict of Michael Jakson " [blank] 1 3
Edmund Sewhird " 1½ acres 1 3
Leonard Sewhird " 1 " 1 3
Richard Sill " 3 " 1 3
Robert Sill " 3 " 1 3
Robert Rollandson " 3 " 4 9
Relict of William Shawe 2 " 12 " 8 8
Relict of Brian Jopson 1 " 8 " 1 10
Lancelot Brokbank " ½ " 1 3
John Dickson " 11 " 4 4
George Dickson " 11 " 4 4
James Matson " 8 " 3 0
William Matson " 9 " 3 0
Relict of Peter Mytchell " 1 " 1 2
Relict of Robert Willson " 10 " 7 0
Relict of Miles Mytchell " [blank] 2 6
Thomas Mytchell " 6 acres 2
Stephen Mytchell " 6 " 2
Ralland Bateman " 8 " 3 2
John Mytchell " 5 " 6 5
Richard Nicolson " ½ " 1 3
Miles Willson tenement [blank] 3 4
Thomas Mytchell " 2 acres 1 3
Robert Cartell "4 " 1 4
James Willson " 5 " 3 10
William Starntwhet " 3 " 1 4
Miles Philipson, gent. " 8 " 1 4
The same " [blank] 6
Brian Robinson " " 1 3
Anthony Knype " 1 acre 5
Relict of Roger Duckett " [blank] 1 0
John Harryson " " 3
Richard Starntwhet " " 2
The tenement called Dromylmyers with appurtenances 6
Relict of William Gurnell " [blank] 8
Relict of John Lockeye " " ½
Thomas Robertes " " 1
Robert Robertes " " 1

Cottagers by "lez tenantright," as follows:—

Relict of Anthony Dickson holds a garden 2
William Dickson " 2
Anthony Dickson " 4
Relict of John Dickson " 2
John Grene and George Rakestrey " 3
Nicholas Thompson " 4
Relict of Robert Thompson " 2
Christopher Bratwhete "
Nicholas Sewert" 1 1
Nicholas Sewert " 1 1
Relict of John Sewert " 4
Relict of John Sewert " 2
Gawen Byrkhed " 8
Brian Philipson " 4
James Layburne, esq., pays yearly for his lands within Wynsterwheit to the queen, the lady of this manor, but as to the quantity or service of his land the tenants (sic) are as yet ignorant £2 6 5
Adam Carus, clerk, rector of the parish church of Wyndermyer holds a tenement with 8 acres of land 6 9
Sum total of the rent in Undermylnbeck £14 3 10½

The jurors say that Alan Bellingham, esq., has encroached and entered, by his tenants in the hamlet of Crooke, upon the Queen's common in Wyndermyer and Undermylnbeck.

1574 An estreat of the Court Baron. Roll at Lowther; Excheq. Special Commission, Westmorland, n. 3130, m. 8d.

Appelwheit.

The jurors testify that there are no "free tenants" in the lands called "lez Richmond Laundes."

Tenants by "lez tenantright," as follows:— Renders yearly.
s. d.
William Birkhead holds a tenement and 18 acres
Miles Birkhed " 10 "
Baldwin . . . . . "
Thomas Mytchell " 8 "
John Langemyer "
William Langemyer " 10"
Henry Langemyer " 5 "
Thomas Atkynson "
William . . . . le "
Peter. . . . . le " 7 " 4
Robert and William Rawes " 3"
George Rawes " 3 " 3 4
Edward Birkhed " 1 "
Henry Birkhed " 2 "
Robert Birkhed " 1½ " 10
Christopher Byrkhed " ¾ " 6
Edward Byrkhed " ¾"
William Birkhed " 1" 6
Hugh Birkhed " 5 " 2 3
George . . . .e " 4 " 2 4
Hugh Bateman " 4 " 3 0
Richard Bateman " 4 " 3 0
John Rawes " 2 " 1 6
Richard Rawes 2 " 3 " 2 6
John Bateman 1 " 4 " 2 6
Adam Bateman " 7 " 6 10
Anthony Ellerowe " 7 " 6 10
John Richardson " 12 " 8 0
George Dickson " 10 " 6
Relict of Miles Bateman " 7 " 6 6
Peter Willson " 8 " 8 0
Richard Common 2 " 8 " 7
John Common 2 " 6 " 5 0
Robert Common 1 " 6 " 5 2
John Harryson " 8 " 6 9
George Harryson tenement and 10 acres 6 9
James Harryson "1 " 1 8
Richard Harryson " 10 " 7 1
George Harryson " 10 " 7 1
Robert Collynson " 10 " 6 6
Thomas Collynson " 6 " 2
George Collynson " 4 " 1 8
Peter Collynson " 8 " 4
George Robertes " 12 " 4
Thomas Robertes " 4
Robert and Thomas Bratwhet (fn. 12) " 11 " 11 11
Miles Robinson " 8 " 3
William Robinson " 4 " 1 6
Robert Robinson " 3 " 1 6
Heirs of John Robinson " 3 " 3 0
Relict of William Dickson " 7 " 8 2
William Dickson " 10 " 10 0
Miles Sawrey " 10 " 10 0
The same " 14 "
Jenkyn Dickson " 8 " £2 12 0
The same holds Dubbs close ¾ " 4 0
John Dickson holds a tenement and 3 " 2 0
John Ellerowe " 6 " 4
William Ellerowe " 6 " 4
James Lickbarrowe " 4 " 3 0
John Ellerowe, elder " 7 " 2 8
John Dickson " 8 " 6 9
The same for a mill there 2 0
Robert Dickson " 3 " 1 8
John Philipson " 20 " £1 1 0
Miles Philipson " 3 " 5 0
Henry Birkhed pays to the queen for 2 mills 6 8
William Richardson " for a fulling mill 3 4
Item, the tenants for "lez moulter " of grain £2 6
Item, they likewise pay yearly for 2 fulling mills £1 10 0
Item, they likewise pay for "lez gresse melesylver (fn. 14) " 11 6
Sum total of the rent in Appelwheit £24 15

Note "that in what year or at what tyme as this somme of [blank] aforesayd will not reache and make upp the somme off the yearly Rennt in Appelwhet to xxxiiii li. xvs. iiiid. ob., that then it is to be made and fulfilled upp with money for the want theroff to be had and raysed with the catallis and shepe off Wemensir mate dwellinge within the Lordshippe and off Forreyners to be casten and tryed by sworn men" according to old custom.

Item, the fishery and "lez Fyrryinge" of the water of Wyndermyer pay yearly to the queen "terminum sine gresse aliqua (fn. 15) " £6.

Item, the jurors say that Master Stapulton and his tenants in Kentmyer have incroached of the Queen's common pasture of Apeltwhet to the quantity of 200 acres of land.

Item, they also say that Alan Bellingham, esq., has incroached and intruded upon the queen's possession there, in that he has caused to be made a boat for fishing in the water called Wynndermer Watter without any title and without this that he or any others his ancestors have fished there before time.

1583 Inquest taken at Kirkbie in Kendall 4 January, 25 Elizabeth (1582–3) before Robert Byndlos, esq. and Thomas Brathwhat, esquire deputy feodary of co. Westmorland, George Gilpin, esq. and Thomas Strickland, gent., by the oath of Anthony Knype, Thos Bethome, Ralph Wasshington, Thos Brigges, Alan Willsonn, Brian Edmundsonn, Oswald Bethome, Thos Stricklaund, gentlemen, Giles Cleator, Christopher Sprote, yeomen, Henry Feild, Richard Tunstall and Brian Garnett, gentlemen, who say that:

Rolland Phillipson long before his death was seised of the capital messuage called "Calgarthe" and divers lands and tenements adjoining and belonging thereto in the parish of Wynundermer; and one messuage in same parish late in tenure of Anthony Dickson; and seven messuages in Wynster in said parish in several tenures of divers tenants; and one capital messuage called "Hollinghaull" and divers lands and tenements adjoining and belonging thereto in Staveley in parish of Kendall; and one parcel of land and wood called "Outwoode" lately parcel of a tenement called "le Eshees" in Staveley; and six messuages in Underbarrowe in parish of Kendall in several tenures of divers tenants; and 13 messuages in Stricklandketle in parish of Kendall in several tenures of divers tenants; and seven messuages in Bradleyfeild in parish of Kendall in several tenures of divers tenants; and one messuage or burgage now in tenure of James Willson; and one shop now in tenure of Miles Chester in Kirkby in Kendall.

So seised Rolland Phillipson by his will bequeathed to Christopher Phillipson his son the capital messuage called "Calgarth" and lands etc., thereto belonging and all other his lands tenements etc., in Wynundermer, Wynster, Underbarrowe, Stricklandketle and Bradleyfeild. To have and to hold to Christopher and heirs male of his body lawfully begotten or to be begotten, with remainder in default of such to Robert Phillipson son of said Rolland and heirs male etc., with divers other remainders.

And Rolland being seised of the messuage called "le Hollinghaull" and premises thereto adjoining etc., and of the parcel of land and wood called "le Outwood" by the same will granted them to aforesaid Robert Phillipson his said 2nd son. To have and to hold to said Robert and heirs male of his body lawfully begotten and to be begotten, rendering therefor yearly to Christopher Phillipson and his heirs male etc. 20s., with remainder in default of such heir of Robert to Rolland Phillipson 3rd son of testator and his heirs male etc. etc.

The capital messuage called "Calgarth" and lands etc., thereto belonging etc. are held of the queen as of her manor of Estgrenewich in co. Kent by fealty only in free socage and not in chief for all services etc. and are worth yearly clear £5. The messuage in Wynundermer in tenure of Anthony Dickson is held of the queen as of her manor of Estgrenewitche by fealty only in free socage and not in chief for all services etc. and is worth yearly clear 8s. The premises in Wynster are held of the queen as of her castle of Kendall by fealty and a yearly rent of one pound of cumin in free socage for all services etc. and are worth yearly clear 40s. The capital messuage called "Hollinghaull" and lands etc. thereto belonging etc. are held of the queen as of her Castle of Kendall by fealty and a yearly rent of 12d. in free socage for all services etc. and are worth yearly clear 40s. The parcel of land and wood called "le Outwoode" late parcel of the tenement called "le Eshees" is held of the queen as of her castle of of Kendall by fealty and a free rent of 1d. yearly in free socage for all services etc. and is worth yearly clear 3s. The premises in Underbarrowe are held of the queen as of her Castle of Kendall by fealty and a free rent of 4d. yearly in free socage for all services etc., are worth yearly clear 46s. 8d. The premises in Strickland Ketle are held of the queen as of her castle of Kendall by fealty and a free rent of 8d. yearly in free socage for all services etc. and are worth yearly clear 40s. The premises in Bradleyfeild are held of the queen as of her castle of Kendall by fealty and a free rent of 6d. yearly in free socage for all services etc. and are worth yearly clear 26s. 5d. The messuage or burgage and the shop in Kirkby in Kendall are held of the queen as of her castle of Kendall by fealty only in free socage for all services etc and are worth yearly 20s.

Rolland Phillipson died 8 September last (1582) and Christopher Phillipson is his son and heir, aged at the time of his father's death 15 years and 15 days and not more. Chanc. Inq. p.m., ser. ii, vol. 201, n. 99.

1591 In a suit in the court of Exchequer in Michaelmas term, 33 Elizabeth (1591) between Elizabeth (?) Heard and others, occupiers of Richmond Lands versus John Lindeth, a modus was established of eleven pence for every tenement of 5 "cattels," or 6s. 8d. rent for the tithes of corn, grain and hay, and of nine pence for every tithe lamb in Troutbeck and Ambleside; John Caley's MS., penes W. Farrer.

1597 Chancery suit between Thomas Williamson and Bryan Phillipson as to claim by descent of divers lands in the manor and lordship of Windermere sometime the estate of George Williamson, plaintiff's grandfather, and held by the custom of tenantright; John Caley's MS. penes, W. Farrer.

1624 Inquest taken at Kirkbie Kendall, 23 September, 4 Charles I (1628), William Garnett of Crosthwaite, tanner, on the day that he died (December 22, 1624), was seised in his demesne as of fee tail of four messuages or tenements, 10 acres of land, 4 acres meadow, 6 acres pasture, called "Lickbarghe" in the parish of Windermer, held of K. Charles as of his manor of Kendal called "le Richmonde Fee" by knight service and are worth yearly clear 3s. 4d.

1662–64 Schedule of defaulters to Hearth Tax. Lay Subsidy Roll 259, 64 n. 13. (fn. 16)

Robert Wallas was presented for one hearth and Ann Dixon, widow, for another hearth, and they are not willing to pay the same, neither hath any goods to distreane upon. Thomas Elleray, constable.

1669 Hearth Tax Roll, Lay Subsidy, 195, n. 73, m. 13d.

Undermilbecke.

Robt Birkett 1
John Braithwte 1
Antho: Marshall 1
Tho: Birkett 1
Mr Wilson 7
Tho: Braithwte elder 1
Tho: Braithwte Junior 2
The same 2 wald up
Willm Grene 1
Willm Dixon 1
Myles Girnell 2
Willm Bellman 1
John Garnett 1
Antho: Garnett 1
Tho: Robinson 1
John Phillipson 1
Tho: Ellerey 2
James Dixon 1
James Garnett 1
Willm Girnell 1
Willm Atkinson 1
John Girnell 2
Rich: Dixon 1
Miles Dixon 1
Bryam Atkinson 2
John Braithwte 1
Tho: Birkett 1
Antho: Birkett 1
Henry Batemond 1
Robt Thompson 2
Willm Collinson 1

These persons following aredischarged by Certificates.

Unpaid
Chr. Roberts 1
Tho: Dixon 1
Henry Askew 1
Tho: Ellerey 1
Isaac Parke 1
Chr: Parke 1
Henry Fisher 1
George Robinson 2
Tho: Butcher 1
Richard Dixon 2
Nich: Bell 1
Margt Girnell 1
Nich: Girnell 1
Widd: Jackson 1
Widd: Sheapherd 1
Tho: Willson (? Willan) 1
Bridgt Ellaray 1
Julian Kelsicke 1
Tho: Salkeld 1
Tho: Batemond 1
James Strickland 1
James Warriner 1

Aplethwaite.

Robt Phillipson, esqre 8
Tho: Atkinson 2
James Langmyre 1
Tho: Atkinson 1
Chr: Atkinson 1
George Langmyre 2
Chr: Wilson 1
John Langcaster 1
Willm Duckett 1
Willm Idle 1
Thomas Dixon 4
Chr: Birkett 2
John Birkett 1
Lawrence Swan (? Swaine) 1
John Phillipson 2
James Dixon 2
John Dobson 1
Willm Willmson 1
Willm Langmyre 1
Chr: Hodghson 1
Miles Story 1
Thomas Willmson 1
Peter Collyson 2
James Barwicke 1
Stephen Roberts 1
Richard Braithwte 2
George Wilson 1
John Wilson 1
Robt Phillipson 2
Willm Browne 1
George Elleray 2
Willm Phillipson 1
Tho: Hoggart 1
George Dixon 1
Willm Robinson 1
Chr: Phillipson 1
Tho: Robinson 1
Tho: Elleray 1
Willm Robinson 1

These persons following aredischarged by Certificates.

Unpaid.
Robt Atkinson 1
Thomas Baitmond 1
Robt Warriner 1
Widd: Baitmond 1
Geo: Elleray 1
Geo: Parke 1
Edward Gilpin 1

1831 Joseph Crosthwaite of Bowness, parish of Windermere, deposes on oath that he has been Parish Clerk there for upwards of 39 years and has received as the agent for the Rectors of the said parish all the Easter dues, tithes and moduses in lieu of tithes . . . payable to the rectors; that besides the small payments called Easter Dues the only tithe payable in the parish are of Lambs Wool, Pigs and Geese; that no tithes whatever of Hay, Corn, Wood, Peas, Beans and other articles grown on the said parish have ever been received; that there is payable yearly at Easter for and in respect of each estate to the rector for the time being a small sum of money which is commonly called the modus for field tithes, which this deponent hath regularly received as agent for such rectors . . . . and has heard very many old persons, some of them upwards of 80 years old, now dead, mention the same; that this deponent hath seen books purporting . . . to be accounts of the receipts of the same modus 200 years ago; that this deponent has for upwards of 50 years well known the several messuages or estates known by the several names of Low and High Galernel How, or as lately called "St. Catherine's," Knotts, Brow Head and Crosses, all situate in the township of Applethwaite in the said parish and now belonging to Miss Anne Agnes Parker [agreed to be purchased by Lord Bradford]; that there is payable as such modus for Low and High Galernel How, or St. Catherine's, the yearly sum of 1s. 9d., for Knotts 6½d., for Brow Head 6d. and for Crosses 3d., which sums this deponent has received for the rector ever since his appointment as parish clerk aforesaid; that it has been the practice when any estate in the parish has been sold in parcels to apportion the modus for such estate according to the purchase money; John Caley's MS., penes W. Farrer.

Footnotes

1 Lickbarrow in Windermere parish.
2 This Levens Hall MS. is a copy made early in the 16th century by an inexpert clerk, who has frequently misread the original and has modernized, according to his fancy, many of the place and personal names recorded in the original MS. In spite of these defects the rental is an extremely valuable one and its contents are well worthy of being placed on permanent record. It relates to half the barony of Kendal, namely, that which was later known as the Richmond Fee.
3 The herbage of a close called Monkbergh, which belongs to the chantry of St. Mary's Holme, then vacant, worth 16d. per ann., was claimed by John de Coupeland, as part of the lands of Kendale which he held by the demise of the king, for the term ending 21 May, 29th year (1354). The farm of a close called Frerefeld with the fishery in the water of Wynandermere, which belongs to the said chantry, for 3½ years from 25 October, 25th year (1351) to 21 May, 29th year (1354) amounted to 23s. 4d., namely ½ mark yearly; Ministers' Accts., bundle 1118, n. 5.
4 Reference to the rental of 1454 will show that this part of the rental relates to Undermillbeck. Bulnyspark, later Bulnespark, discloses the early form of the name Bowness. In 1391 at the supplication of the king's kinswoman, the duchess of Ireland, the king pardoned William de Bulnes, the elder, of Langden, for the death of William Garran, killed on Saturday before the Epiphany, 13 Richard II, at a place called "Le Belletbank" in Stirkland Ketill; Cal. Pat. R. 1391, p. 13.
5 Pardon to Robert de Stirkland of his trespass in acquiring for life at 21s. yearly rent and entering a tenement called Rarewyk with closes etc. in Applethwayt in the lordship of Wynandermere, held in chief, by grant from Ingelram de Coucy, earl of Bedford and Soissons, for whose adherence to the French, as well as on account of the said trespass, the premises were taken into the king's hands; and restitution to Robert for life; March 14, 1379; Cal. Pat. R., 1379, p. 334.
6 Richard de Clifford, keeper of the Great Wardrobe, was a great pluralist. He was presented to Warton in Kendale in May, 1387 and again in July, 1389; Cal. Pat. R. 1387, p. 302; 1389, pp. 84, 90.
7 By inquest taken at Kirkby in Kendale on Saturday after Easter, 18 Edward III (1344), it was found that the brethren of the chapel of the chantry of Marieholm in the island of Wynandremere and their predecessors from time out of mind have always been seised of a yearly rent of 10 marks from a water-mill at Apilthwayt in Stirkland Ketell, being alms appointed for their maintenance by Walter de Lyndesay, sometime lord of a moiety of the lordship of Kendale. Immediately after the death of William de Coucy the mill with other tenements which he held of the king in chief was taken into the king's hand and afterwards by the king's writ delivered to Robert Parvyng to keep, and after his death to William L'Engleys and now it has been delivered to the countess of Pembroke for the term of three years. The countess is to show cause why she should not pay the said rent; Miscel. Inquis., ii, 468.
8 From a MS. Feudal Hist. of Westmorland, by John Caley, Keeper of Records in the Augmentation Office and Secretary to the Record Commission. Penes. W. Farrer.
9 See page 2.
10 Of Troutbeck. The title 'Sir' was simply a mark of courtesy and had no other significance.
11 "Adam Carus persone of Wynondermer" was rector until 1586. He was the son of William Carus of Asthwaite Hall, near Staveley, and his wife Isabel, daughter of Thomas Laybourne of Cunswick.
12 The Lowther Roll makes this item 11s. 11 d., but the Excheq. Special Commission reads "ixs. xjd."
13 Multure, the fee given to the proprietor of a mill in return for the grinding of corn.
14 The tax formerly paid in meal but later in silver.
15 Without any tax or gressom.
16 See footnote on p. 38.