William de Lancaster II gave Levens to his seneschal, Norman de
Hieland, otherwise de Redman, shortly before his death in 1184.
Henry de Redman, son of Norman, succeeded his father before 1188,
in which year he made an agreement with the English owner of the
vill, Ketel son of Uchtred, whereby Ketel gave to Henry half the
demesne land of the vill and in return Henry granted that Ketel
should hold the other moiety of Henry by the same service that Henry
was required to pay the chief lord for the whole vill, namely 8s. yearly.
Ketel was the ancestor of a long line of owners of Nether Levens, who
bore the name of the township. There were at this time three other
freeholds in Levens, namely Sizergh, Forsthwaite and Ninezergh,
which will be again noticed below.
[Descent of the lords of the manor of Levens]
The manor descended in the posterity of Norman de Redman to
the 12th generation after him, and was sold by Matthew Redman,
esq., a childless man, in 1562 to Alan Bellingham, esq., then of
Helsington, whose descendant, another Alan, sold it in or before 1689
to Colonel James Grahme, Privy Purse to James II and younger
brother of Sir Richard Grahme or Graham of Netherby. Dorothy,
daughter and heir of Sir James, carried the manor in marriage to
Henry Howard, earl of Berkshire, and by steps, which need not be
repeated, it descended to the present owner.
No continuous descent of the mesne manor of Nether Levens can
be given. Ketel son of Uchtred had sons, William and Thomas,
the latter being father to another Thomas, living 1250. Roger,
son of Thomas de Levenes occurs in 1276 and appears to have survived until early in the reign of Edward II. Thomas occurs in 1332
and his sons, Thomas, John and Roger are named in 1336, and his
relict Sybil in 1352. She and her son Roger were apparently the
then owners of Nether Levens. Roger also owned 'Hyning.' He
or another Roger is named in 1380. For nearly a century and a
half the history of the estate is a blank. In 1523 Thomas Preston,
esq., owned and apparently occupied the manor and hall of Nether
Levens. It appears to have descended in his posterity until about
the year 1694, when William, viscount Montgomery, son of the
Marquis of Powis, joined with his wife Mary, daughter and co-heir of
Sir Thomas Preston, in conveying the estate to Edward Wilson of
Dallam Tower, esq., in whose posterity the property has since
Ninezergh, lying across the river Kent from Low Levens, was held
in the early part of the 13th century by Orm de Niandeshergh,
probably father of Thomas, who had issue John, living 1255, the
father of Thomas, living 1282 and 1303. Next occur Thomas de
Niandesergh in 1332, Mary his wife and John, their son, living 1350
and 1357. In 1414, we have mention of John de Niandesergh, esq.,
and Margaret his wife; in 1449 William occurs, and in 1504 William
Nyandzer, gent., seals a conveyance of his capital messuage of
Nyanzer to Sir Walter Strickland, knt., and others with a seal bearing
a fess between three rooks, and for crest a Catherine wheel. He was
probably the last of his line for the estate was in the possession of
Thomas Strickland of Nyandsergh in the year 1592. No later information has been acquired in relation to this estate beyond the fact
that it belonged in the latter part of the 17th century to Sir Thomas
Preston of Manor-in-Furness.
Thomas de Forsquayt occurs in 1255. Robert de Guynes forfeited
the messuage and tenement of Forsthwaite in or before 1344, when it
was held of Matthew de Redman by the service of 6s. yearly. Later
it was treated as parcel of the demesne lands of the Richmond Fee and
was occasionally demised to servants of the crown for short periods.
William de Lancaster II gave to Norman de Hieland, Lefnes for 8s.
rent, saving the fishery and water of Kent unto Sandpol, and saving
hawks, hart and hind, wild boar and sow. Witnesses; Helewise the
grantor's wife, Simon de Turs, Anselm, Huctred son of Osolf, Roger
son of Adam, Robert Mustel, Richard son of Alard, Jordan, Gilbert
the grantor's brother, Gilbert de Croft, John the clerk; Orig. at Levens.
Henry son of Norman de Redeman owes 1 m. that the fine made
between him and Ketel son of Uchtred respecting the land of Levenes
may be recorded in the King's court of the gift of that land which
Ketel made to Henry and his heirs, the moiety of which Henry shall
hold in his demesne and Ketel shall hold the other moiety of Henry by
the same service which Henry does therefor to the chief lord; Lancs.
Pipe R., 69.
Gernac, (fn. 2) master of the Hospitallers, grants to Henry, son of Norman
the sewer (de Redman) 4 a. of land in Levenes which the Hospitallers
had by the gift of Norman the sewer, Henry's father, to hold for 12d.
rent; Reg. of deeds at Levens, f. 95b.
Gilbert son of Roger Fitz-Reinfrid confirms to Henry son of Norman
de Redeman Levenes by its right bounds, namely as Sandpull descends
into Kent, ascending Sandpull to the division of Crosthwait and of
Whitberg where [the water ?] descends into Sandpull and so across
the moss to the bounds of Levenes and Helsington, and on the other
side by the right bounds with his neighbours, to hold in fee and inheritance with mills, pools and waters, except the grantor's water of
Kent and fishery, rendering 16s. of farm and 5s. 4d. of cornage for all
services. Witnesses: Richard son of Roger, Alan (sic) the dean,
Gilbert de Lancastre, Ralph de Arundel, William de Arundel, Ralph
de Bethome, Roger de Bethome, Roger de Burton, Matthew Gernet,
William de Kellet, Hugh de Poplington, Henry de Insula, Orm de
Irebi, Thomas de Corenthom (sic), Roger de Yelland, Geoffrey de
Mamecastre, Adam Gernet, Adam de Manserg, Richard de Berburn,
Gilbert his brother; Reg. of D. at Levens, f. 95.
Richard I grants to Gilbert son of Roger Fitz-Reinfrid inter alia
one carucate of land in Levenes with the fishery of the same vill;
Farrer, Lancs. Pipe R., 400.
Grant by Horm de Niendesherche to Gervase de Aencurt and his
heirs of 3 a. land in Scotwra nearest to Siritisherche, to hold in fee for
two spurs or 2d. at Christmas. Witnesses: Henry de Redeman,
Adam Gernet, Ketel brother of Horm, Matthew le Bretun, Reginald
de Siritherthe, William the chaplain, who made this charter; Dodsworth's MS., 149, f. 134d.
Grant by Ketel de Levenes to Gervase de Aencurt of 16 a. land (fn. 3)
which lie next to his demesne of Siheriderhe towards Kent, to hold for
1 lb. of pepper at Christmas. Witnesses: Henry the Seneschal,
Gilbert de Lancastre, Nicholas the clerk, Roger son of Adam, William
son of Geoffrey, Henry Daunay; Dodsworth's MS. 149, f. 135 d.
Ketel son of Uchtred is amerced ½ mark for a default. Pipe Rolls,
3 Richard I, Yorks.
Henry de Redeman, tenant, releases to Gilbert son of Roger FitzReinfred and Aylewise his wife, his claim in Witeberge (now Whitbarrow) for their confirmation of Selesat etc. and grant of common of
pasture of the moss between Witeberge and Levenes, for 5s. rent;
Feet of F. (Pipe R. Soc., XVII) 141.
Gilbert son of Roger Fitz-Reinfrid confirms to Henry de Redeman,
Levenes and Selesete, to hold for the 10th part of a fee. Witnesses:
Gervase de Aynecurt, Richard de Marisco, Lambert de Busseto,
Gilbert de Lancastre, William de Windesore, Adam de Hyeland, Roger
de Burton, Adam Gernet, Ralph de Ayncurt, Henry . . . . ., Gamel
the forester, William son of Ketel; Reg. of Deeds at Levens, fol. 95.
Henry de Redeman and Ketel de Levenes were respectively amerced
40s. and ½ mark for withdrawing from a plea; Pipe R. 9 Richard I,
p. 180; Lancs. Pipe Roll, 99.
Henry son of Norman de Redeman confirms to Ketel son of Uthrid
the moiety of Levenes, (fn. 4) except 30 a., namely 15 a. in Crosthwaite and
15 a. in Levenes; "for I grant to Ketel the said moiety as to the
elder of our inheritance." (fn. 5) The grantor is to have his pigs of Yealand
quit of Ketel of pannage in the wood of Levenes; Ketel to have his
own pigs from the house (sic) of Uthrid de Kirkabi likewise quit; to
hold by rendering 32d. cornage rent and 8s. of farm. Witnesses:
Adam dean of Lancaster, Benedict Gernet, (fn. 6) Matthew Gernet, Adam
Gernet, (fn. 7) Roger parson of Heversham, William de Kellet; Reg. of D.
at Levens, f. 95b.
Confirmation to the canons of Cartmel of the gift of Henry de
Redeman, with the consent of the prioress and convent of Fayerwall,
of half Selredale (now Silverdale) and also the fishery in his part of the
lake of Havereswater (now Hawes Water) a saltery and iron ore, if
any be found; R. Chart. 8b.
Gilbert son of Roger Fitz-Renfrid grants to Henry de Redeman, his
seneschal, Levens, by its right bounds, viz., as Le Whitekeld
(the stream at Whitbarrow Lodge) descends into Sampull and
so descending from Sampull into Kent, with the grantor's
fishery of Sampull, and so descending Kent into Le Redesnabdubb,
and from thence to the moss and so over the moss to Creskeld and thence to Walthendubb, and thence to "Godfreyhalfeacre" and so following the right bounds between Levenes and
Hevershamheved to the bounds of Henkastre and Sigiswicke and
Helsington; saving the grantor's fishery of Kent, hart and hind,
wild boar and sow; to hold for the 10th part of a knight's fee.
Witnesses: Patrick [de Culwen] son of Thomas, Thomas de Bethum,
Roger de Lancastre, Richard de Copeland, Robert de Kerneford,
Ingram de Staynton, Alexander de Kirkeby Ireleth, Alan de
Penington, Benedict Gernet, Gilbert the clerk; Reg. of D. at Levens,
ii, f. 95.
Ralph de Eincurt grants to Gilbert de Hasmunderlau 5 a. in Lefnes
which the grantor had from Roger de Loncastre of the fee of Orm de
Niandsherg, to hold for 12d. yearly. Witnesses: Nicholas parson of
Kirkebie, Benedict writer of the charter, Robert de Eincurt, Matthew
de Sithrith[ergh], Philip de Likeberh, Thomas de Linaker; Orig. at
Sizergh Dodsworth's MS., 149, f. 135.
Henry de Redman, taken at Rochester castle, is committed to
Robert de Curtenay. R. Litt. Claus., i, 241b.; R. Chart., 216.
Benedict son of Henry de Redeman, a hostage for Gilbert FitzReynfred. Litt. Claus. R. 221b.
The same Henry returns to allegiance. ib. 376.
At the prayer of William de Lancaster, for whom Norman son of
Henry de Redeman was a hostage in the time of the barons' war,
Philip Mark is directed to release the same Norman from captivity at
Nottingham, he having been seized and incarcerated there whilst
returning home after redemption from being hostage; R. Litt. Claus.,
Gilbert de Asmunderlawe sells and quit-claims to Roger Abot his
right in land which he holds of Ralph de Aencurt in the vill of Levenes,
namely of the fee of Orm de Niandeshergh, to wit 5 a. land; to hold
hereditarily as is contained in the charter which the grantor has from
the said Ralph de Aincurt, rendering to the said Ralph 12d. yearly.
Witnesses: Sir John de Kirkeby, then official of Richmund, Sir
Michael de Furnes, Sir Richard de Coupland, Sir Alan de Penington,
Thomas de Levenes, Robert de Brigstere, John de Derham; Dodsworth's MS., 149, f. 135.
Ralph de Aencurt gives to Roger Abot and his heirs 5 a. land which
he had from Roger de Lancastre in the vill of Levenes, namely of the
fee of Orm de Niendeshergh, to hold by rendering 12d. yearly.
Witnesses: Sir John de Kirkeby then official of Richmond, Sir
Philip de Burgh, Sir Richard de Preston, Thomas de Levenes, Robert
[de] Brigestre, John de Derham, Nicholas son of Robert de Kirkeby;
Dodsworth's MS., 149, f. 135.
Matthew de Redemane holds the twentieth part of a knight's fee of
the barony of Kendale. Book of Fees, 552.
Matthew de Redeman had impleaded William de Lancaster
because he had not kept the terms of a fine made at York between
Gilbert son of Roger Fitz-Reinfrid and Helewise his wife, mother of
the said William and Henry de Redeman, father of Matthew, tenant,
touching the land of Traneterne and Sleddale Brunnolf, ½ bovate in
Helsington, 1 carucate of land called Levenes, the land of Whitebergh
and Crostweit. William grants that Matthew shall hold Levenes
outside the forest quit of forestry and foresters by its bounds (described), with 60 pigs in William's wood of Threlegrop at mast time;
Matthew to have no common in Helsington, nor William in Levenes,
but Matthew shall have common of pasture of Sandpol as far as the
hard land of Whiteberg and he and his men of Selsat and Quenefel
shall be quit of puture of the foresters, saving to William his "salvaigne" of his forest. For this Matthew granted that his men of
Lupton shall feed the foresters; William to have the fishery of the
water of Kent; Matthew to hold Levenes and Selsat for the 12th part
of a fee; Feet of F., file 4, n. 1.
Roger de Abot quit-claims to Ralph son of Ralph de Aynecurt for
three marks the land which the grantor held of the said Ralph in the
vill of Levenes, namely 5 a. land of the fee of Thomas de Niandeshergh. Witnesses: Sir Richard de Coupland, Sir R[ichard] de
Preston, Sir Walter de Stirkeland, Gervase de Ayncurt, Thomas de
Levenes, Thomas his son; Dodsworth's MS. 149, f. 135d.
Thomas de Levenes grants to Ralph de Ayncurt (fn. 9) 17 a. land in the
territory of Levenes by the rod of 20 feet (fn. 10) , namely 14½ a. of the land
late of William Kiteman and of the land next the same land towards
the south, formerly of Adam de Levenes, and 2½ a. by the house of
Matilda, which land was formerly the said Adam de Levenes'; also
the land which Ketel, the grantor's father, formerly gave to Gervase
de Ayncurt, grandfather of the said Ralph in Levenes (fn. 11) ; to hold in
fee and inheritance with common of pasture etc., of the vill of Levenes,
by rendering 1lb. of pepper at Christmas. Witnesses: Sir Richard
de Preston, then seneschal of Kendale, Sir Robert de Askeby, Sir
Richard de Coupland, Rouland de Revegile, Henry de Haverigtun,
Gilbert son of Matthew, Henry de Witeby, Richard de Hecham, Ellis
son of Elvef, Thomas de Godemund; Orig. at Sizergh.
Matthew de Redeman appears against William de Lancastre in a
plea that he should keep the fine made in the King's Court at Lancaster between the said Matthew, plaintiff, and the said William,
deforciant, touching the manors of Levenes, Skelesholt, [Selesete]
Quinefel and Lupton. William was attached by Ralph de Ayncurt
and Richard de Heyham; Matthew puts in his place Thomas son
of Gilbert or Gilbert son of Richard. As the fine is of recent date
they are to appear in Trinity term; Cur. Regis R. 128, m. 2d.
Grant by Thomas de Levenes to Ralph de Ayncurt of 15 a. land
in the territory of Levenes by the rod of 20 feet, namely 12½ a. of the
land late of William Kitteman and of the land [next the same land]
towards the south which was formerly of Adam de Levenes, and 2½ a.
next the house [of Matilda which formerly] was of the said Adam de
Levenes; and further grant of the homage and service of Roger . . . .
and confirmation of the land which Ketel [etc., as in the last charter
with the same witnesses] and Robert the reeve. Seal of white wax
bearing a fleur de lis. Legend: sigil, T . . . . . Levenis; Orig. at
Thomas de Levenes, a juror; Lancs. Inq. (Rec. Soc.), pt. i, 166.
Robert de Kendale grants to Ralph de Eyncurt 3½ a. in the
vill of Lefnis, which Henry de Redeman gave to Matthew, the
grantor's father, with Matilda, the grantor's mother, in free marriage,
in Roberd-ridding, to hold of Matthew de Redeman, as freely as
Henry father of the said Matthew de Redeman, gave it to Matthew
the grantor's father and Matilda the grantor's mother. Witnesses:
Ralph de Notingham, sheriff of Westmerland, Sir Patrick [de
Culwen] son of Thomas, Roland de Revegile, Thomas de Levenes,
Thomas de Houis, Adam de Hennecastre, Gilbert de Wyteby; Orig.
Thomas de Levenes, John de Nissandesergh and Thomas de
Forsqwayt, jurors; Lancs. Inq., pt. i, 195.
John de Nyandeshereghes owes 60 marks of a fine for a trespass, by
the surety of Gilbert de Berebrun [of Thrimby] and John son of Adam
de Michelton; Parker, Pipe Rolls of Westmorland, 207.
January 20, Henry de Redeman summons Peter de Brus and
Walter de Lindesi to restore to him the stewardship of the lands that
were William de Lancaster's in the county of Westmorland, which
belongs to Henry by charter of the said William, kinsman of defendants, whose heirs they are. Defendants come not; attached for the
morrow of Ascension etc. Cur. Reg. Roll, 107, Hilary, 43 Henry III,
m. 2d.; 169, m. 54d.; Bain, Cal. of Scot. Docs., n. 2146.
Grant to Henry de Redeman of free warren in his demesne lands in
Levenes, Yelaunde and Trenterne; Cal. of Chart. R., ii, 74.
Thomas, son of Adam de Levenes arraigns an assize of novel
disseisin against Roger son of Thomas de Levenes touching a toft and
land in Levenes; the same Roger arraigns an assize of n.d. against
Henry de Redeman and others touching a tenement and common of
pasture in Levenes; Dep. Keeper's Rep., 45, app. 228.
Hugh son of Gerard de Levenes arraigns an assize of mont d' ancestor
against John Gernet touching a toft and land in Levenes in Kendale;
ib. 49, app. 105.
Thomas de Niendesergh demands against Matthew de Redeman
2 a. meadow and 8 a. pasture in Lefnes; and against Margaret de
Redeman 1 a. meadow in the same place, of which Thomas de
Niendeshergh, grandfather of the said Thomas, whose heir he is, was
seised. Margaret calls to warranty the said Matthew, who calls to
warranty Roger de Lefnes; De Banco R. Trin. 10 Edward I, m. 31.
Matthew de Redeman held Levenes and Selsate of William de
Lindeseye. Lancs. Inq., pt. i, 256.
Protection for Matthew de Redeman going with Robert de Clyfford
in the defence of the march of Scotland; Cal. Pat. Rolls., 1299, p. 425.
Thomas de Nyandesergh, a juror; Lancs. Inq., pt. i, 311.
Benedict del Howes grants to Walter son of Sir William de Stirkland the messuage and land in the hamlet (sic) of Levenes which he
had by the feoffment of the said Sir William. Witnesses: Sir
Matthew de Redeman, Adam son of John Gernet, Thomas de
Nyandeshergh, Roger de Levenes, Benedict Gernet, Robert de
Syggeswyk, Henry de Syggeswyk; Orig. at Sizergh.
Settlement of a suit between Sir Walter de Stirkeland, plaintiff,
and Sir Matthew de Redmane, defendant, touching his common
pasture and reasonable estovers in Levenys, made on Monday in the
feast of the Conception of the B. V. M., 1315, as follows: Sir Matthew
granted to Sir Walter, his heirs and tenants of Syresherth, Helsington,
Brigster and Levenys as his right and inheritance common of pasture
everywhere in Levenys, both in the place called the Park, Kentbankes,
Laytheolff, and elsewhere at all times of the year outside the old
hedges justly raised, and within the hedges after the corn and hay
has been carried away; that if any corn remain or be left maliciously,
or the lands be sown with winter seed to impede or prejudice Sir
Walter or his heirs, it shall be lawful for them to enter with all beasts
and consume and pasture the said corn or hay; that if any enclosure
be raised to obstruct the said common, it shall be thrown down and
if any beasts or animals of Sir Walter etc. enter any place within the
townfield of Levenys upon the corn or hay, for default of enclosure,
they shall not be impounded, but driven away without injury; Sir
Matthew further granted to the same all manner of estovers as Sir
Walter's right and inheritance everywhere in Levenys, both in the
places named above and elsewhere, in woods to be cut, felled and
carried away for burning, building, fencing and other necessaries
without gainsay of Sir Matthew or his heirs, and for digging turves,
and mowing herbage and rushes in Redker, and to take in heaths and
mosses at his or their will, with free entry and free passage at all
times of the year everywhere within the townfields of Levenys,
without damage caused to the corn or hay, for taking and carrying
away their estovers. Witnesses: Sir Nicholas de Leyburn, Thomas de
Pykering, William de Wyndesouer and Thomas de Bethum, knights;
Roger de Kernetby, vicar of the church of Kyrkeby in Kendale, Roger
de Brunolfheved, John de Wesigton, Thomas de Aunay ("de Alneto")
Alan the clerk. Circular seal of green wax bearing on a heater-shaped
shield 3 cushions. Legend: S. Mathei de redman; Orig. at Sizergh.
Matthew de Redmane, one of the late collectors of the tenth and
sixth, is in arrears of his account for wages of William de Redmane,
King's yeoman, deceased, brother of Adam de Redemane, King's
yeoman; Cal. Close R., 1318, p. 42.
A coroner to be elected for co. Lancaster in place of Matthew de
Redman, deceased; Cal. Close R., 1319; p. 51.
Levenes. Subsidy of a fifteenth.
|Matthew de Redeman
|Thomas de Levenes
|William de Bigland
|William de le Mire
|Thomas de Niandesherge
|Sum of goods £13 1s. 3d., whereof to the king 17s. 5d.; Excheq.
Lay Sub., 195 A.
Thomas de Levenes, John de Levens, Robert de Capplesheved were
indicted of trespass in hunting in William de Coucy's park at "Hoton
in the Haye"; Cal. Pat. R. 1335, pp. 146, 217, 291, 297.
Thomas son of Thomas de Levenes, John son of Thomas de Levenes,
Roger de Levenes, Ralph de Levenes and many others were indicted
of entering William de Coucy's free chase, and breaking his park of
Troutebek, hunting there, carrying away deer and killing two mares
of his worth £20. Cal. Pat. R., 1336, p. 294.
Commission for trial of Thomas de Roos, Robert de Roos, John de
Patton, William de Lancastre, Roger de Lancastre, Thomas de
Levenes, Robert Chapelesheved, William de Dockere, John le Coke
and others for trespass against Michael de Presten at Werk-on-Tweed;
Cal. Pat. R., 1343, p. 74.
William de Coucy, knt., Robert de Twenge and Thomas de Ros
impleaded Thomas de Levenes and John, Ralph and Henry, his
brothers, for fishing in their several fishery at Heversham and taking
fish to the value of £10. De Banco R. 333, Hilary, 17 Edward III,
By inquest taken at Kirkeby in Kendale on Saturday, the morrow
of St. Barnabas, 18 Edward III, it was found that Robert de Gynes,
an adherent of the king's enemies in France, had a messuage and 40
acres of land called Forsthwaythalle in Levenes, held of Matthew de
Redmane by homage and fealty and the yearly service of 6s., being of
the yearly value of 20s. beyond the rent; and that Edmund de
Tateham and Joan his wife have occupied the tenements since such
adhesion; Cal. Miscel. Inquis., ii, 471.
Thomas Ward of Kendale held at his death a messuage and 8 a.
land in Brigster in Levenes of Matthew de Redeman by homage and
fealty and service of 2s. 6d. yearly. Adam his son, is his next heir;
Cal. Inq., viii, 364; Cal. Close R., 1345, p. 497.
Grant to Aymer Darcy, king's yeoman, of the forfeited lands in
England of Robert de Gynes, clerk, during pleasure and the reversion
of certain of Robert's lands which Mary de St. Paul, countess of
Pembroke, holds for an unexpired term; and grant for life of certain
manors in co. Lancaster and a messuage and 40 a. land in Levenes,
called Forsthwaithalle and 5 marks yearly of land and rent in Casterton, late of the said Robert; Cal. Pat. R., 1344, pp. 355, 359.
Lawrence de Asmunderlawe held at his death of Matthew de
Redeman of Kendale a messuage, garden, mill, 40 a land, 3 a. meadow
and 16s. rent by knight's service and 3s. 2½d. rent. William son of
the said Lawrence, aged 17, is his heir. Cal. Close Rolls, 1345, p. 498.
John de Nyandsergh grants to Matthew de Redeman, knt., his
lands and tenements of Nyandesergh. Given at Nyandesergh on
Sunday after All Saints, 24 Edward III; Reg. at Levens, f. 67b.
Matthew de Redemane held the manor of Levens of William de
Coucy, and now of the king, by the service of a 10th part of a knight's
fee; Cal. Inq., ix, 457.
Grant by Sybill, formerly the wife of Thomas de Levenes, and Roger
son of the said Thomas, to Thomas de Stirkeland, knt., and his heirs,
of 1 rood of land and waste in the vill of Levenes lying in Le Stabilstedes between the syke of the Wytekeldes and the syke of the
Milkyngestedes, as they descend into Redekar, with licence to build
and have a hearth within the same rood of land. Witnesses: Thomas
de Ros, Ralph de Beethum, Matthew de Redemane and Roger de
Leyburne, knights; John de Patton. Dated at Levenes on Easter
Tuesday, 26 Edward III; Orig. at Sizergh.
Grant from the same Sybil and Roger to the same Thomas of the
moiety of 30 a. of waste in the vill of Levenes lying in Le Mossebank,
by these bounds; beginning at the side of Medilhaweslak next to
Levenes and so evenly descending westward unto Levenes Mosse and
following within the same by a width of 40 feet to the well called
Le Keldeheved and so following a certain stream to the syke which
runs from the place called Briggesterewells and along that syke to the
way which extends from Levenes to Crossethwayt and so following
that way towards Levenes to the head of Medilhaweslak. Witnesses
[as above] and Raweland de Thorneburgh, Walter de Shepesheved.
Same date. Two defaced seals; Orig. at Sizergh.
Indenture of quit-claim made between the same Mons. Thomas and
the same Sybil and Roger de Levenes of his right of common in 20 a.
land called Les Ryddynges and in 28 a. of waste adjoining thereto,
which are parcel of a place called Wynstremyre in the vill of Levenes
with liberty to the same Sybil and Roger to inclose and hold the
same in severalty, so that if the beasts of Mons. Thomas, his heirs
or tenants of Levenes enter the same through Wynstrewele and
Plumtrebek they shall be driven away without injury; but if
they enter the same over the water of Kent they shall be impounded until redress be made. For this Sybil and Roger quitclaim to Mons. Thomas their right in the services of Mons. Thomas
for the lands and tenements which he holds of them in the vill of
Levenes and in the rents and issues of the same, saving always
one broad arrow ("une sete") to be paid to them at Martinmas; and
further quit-claim of their common in 3 a. land in the field called
Bysshopefeld, which Mons. Thomas had by the feoffment of Mons.
Matthew de Redemane, and in a moiety of 30 a. of waste in the place
called Le Mossebank in the vill of Levenes, with provision that if their
beasts by default of inclosure enter the 30 a. and 3 a. of land and waste
from Medilhoweslak as the fence passes ("sicome le clos pas") in
Le Musse and through Le Musse to the brook ("le rive") of Briggesterewelles and ascending by the same brook to the highway from
Levenes to Crossethwayt, they shall be driven back without being
impounded, but if they enter over the said highway they shall be
impounded until redress be made. Mons. Thomas also grants that
Sybil and Roger and his heirs shall hold the old Henyng in peace.
Witnesses: Mons. Thomas de Ros, Mons. Rauf de Beethum, Mons.
Matthew de Redemane, John de Patton and Walter de Shepesheved.
Written at Levenes on Sunday in the close of Easter, 26 Edward III;
Orig. at Sizergh.
Matthew de Redmane quit-claims to Thomas de Stirkeland,
chivaler, his right in a tenement in Brigstere in the vill of Levenes
which Ralph Lurifax sometime held, reserving a rose of yearly
service, and that Thomas and his heirs may inclose and hold inclosed
the said tenement and other lands and wastes which Thomas has of
his feoffment (fn. 12) in Levenes. Witnesses: Thomas de Ross, Ralph de
Bethum and Roger de Leybourn, knights; John de Patton, Richard
de Preston, Walter de Shepesheved. Dated at Levens on the Sunday
in which "Quasi modo geniti" is sung [Sunday after Easter],
26 Edward III; Orig. at Sizergh.
"By deed of the same date and similarly attested, Matthew de
Redemane, chivaler granted to Thomas de Stirkelond, chivaler, 3 a.
land in the field called Bysshehopefeld and the moiety of 30 a. of
waste in the place called Mossebank in the vill of Levenes by bounds
[as above]; Orig. at Sizergh.
Thomas de Stirkeland, knt., son and heir of Sir Walter de Sterkeland, knt., releases to Sir Matthew de Redmane, knt., his right of
common in all the lands of Sir Matthew between the water of Kent
and Heversham and in the place called William Wrong, and in a
messuage and 3 a. land on this side (citra) of the water of Kente,
which messuage etc. lies between Dockpull and Birkpull; provided
that if the beasts of Thomas or his tenants of Levenes by escape come
over the water of Kente into the place aforesaid by default of enclosure
they shall be driven away without let, and if his beasts or the beasts
of his tenants of Sigiswyk and Hencastre enter within the said bounds
they shall be impounded at the will of Sir Matthew or his heirs, as in
times past. Dated at Levenes on Saturday in the feast of St. Wilfrid
the Archbishop, 27 Edward III; Orig. at Sizergh.
John de Niandeser demanded against Matthew de Redemane and
John his brother a messuage, 40 a. land and 10 a. meadow in Levenes,
which Matthew de Redmane, knt., gave to Thomas de Niandeser for
the life of the said Thomas, so that after the death of Thomas the
tenement ought to remain to John son of the said Thomas and Mary
de Redmane and to the said John de Niandeser and his heirs. A
jury to be summoned; De Banco R. 389, Hil., 31 Edward III, m. 218d.
Matthew de Redmane, knt., impleads Thomas de Yeland that he
render an account of the time he was his bailiff in Levenes; ib. m. 184d.
Alan de Sleddale, clerk, impleaded John Graynesone of Kendale
for breaking a chest of Alan's at Levenes and taking goods to the
value of 100s.; ib., m. 32d.
Matthew de Redmane, knt., impleaded John de Capplesheved and
Henry de Levenes that they boke his house at Levenes and took
timber to the value of 40s. and assaulted Richard Paton, his servant
there; ib. 398, Easter, 33 Edward III, m. 130.
Order for the election of a coroner in place of Thomas de Redmane,
who is insufficiently qualified; Cal. Close R., 1365, p. 130.
Thomas de Yeland and Elen his wife have shewn to the king that
whereas they recovered their seisin against Matthew de Redeman and
Lucy his wife and others of 3 messuages, 80 a. land, 20 a. meadow,
12 a. wood and 8 a. moor in Levens by recognition of assize of novel
disseisin (the said Matthew and the others have redisseised them);
Abbrev. R. Original, ii, 310b.
Roger de Levenes impleaded William del Chambre of Heversham,
Adam Lange and John de Blakleghe for taking with force and arms
the goods of the said Roger at Levenes to the value of £20 and
carrying them away; De Banco R. 478, Easter 3 Richard II, m. 451.
Quit-claim by Emma late wife of William de Layland of Wigan,
otherwise called Emma daughter of Benedict Gernet of Henkastre,
to Thomas de Yeland and Ellen his wife, and their heirs, with
warranty, in her widowhood, of the lands, rents and services in
Levens which were of Richard de Nyandesergh. Witnesses:
Walter de Stirkeland, Roger de Levens, John del Chambre, Richard
Walker, Richard Cayrous, William de Thornburgh. Dated at
Nyandesergh, 20 April, 6 Richard II. Cal. Close R., 1381–85,
James de Pickeringe, chivaler, held of Thomas de Ros, chivaler,
inter alia 2 tenements in the vills of Helsington and Levens for 1d.
rent at Easter and Michaelmas, worth besides the rent 20s. yearly;
Chan. Inq. p.m., 14 Richard II, n. 41.
anuary 26. Licence for Richard Redemayn to enclose 3000 acres
of his lands, woods and pastures in Levyns, make a park thereof and
hold them as a park in fee simple; Cal. Pat. R., 1393, p. 211.
Richard Redman, knight, going to Ireland in the king's service
nominates inter alios William de Thornburgh, as his attorney;
April 10, 1399; Cal. Pat. R., 1399, p. 519.
By fine levied between John de Ingelby and William Asthorp,
parson of the church of Dyghton, plaintiffs, and Richard Redmayn,
chivaler, and Elizabeth his wife, deforciants, the moiety of the manor
of Harewode, co. York, was granted to Richard and Elizabeth in
survivorship with remainder to Matthew their son in tail male, in
default to Richard brother of Matthew in tail male, in default to the
male issue of Richard and Elizabeth, in default to Brian Stapulton son
of the said Elizabeth, and his heirs male, remainder to the right heirs
of the said Elizabeth. (The said Matthew had issue Richard, who had
issue William Redmayn, esq., and Edward Redmayn, as found by
inquest taken 22 Edward IV, 1482); Chan. Inq. p.m., 22 Edward IV,
n. 49. See also ib. 16 Edward IV, n. 20.
Thomas de Pickeringe held of William de Parr, chivaler [etc. as in
1390]; Chan. Inq. p.m., 6 Henry IV, n. 37.
James de Pickeringe held of John de Parr, 2 tenements in the vills of
Helsington and Levens for 1d. rent etc.; ib., 9 Henry IV, n. 38.
Richard de Redeman, chivaler, held of Philippa, late the wife of
Robert de Veer, late duke of Ireland, the manors of Levens and
Lupton by homage and fealty and the service of 26s. 8d. at Easter and
Michaelmas; Chan. Inq. p.m., 13 Henry IV, n. 44.
Grant to the king's knight, Roger de Trumpyngton, of the lands
late of John Niandesergh of Niandesergh, "squyer," with pastures,
mills, fisheries etc., in the king's hands by reason of his forfeiture
for killing John Tybbay, clerk, to hold during the said John's life,
so that 100 marks be levied therefrom yearly for the maintenance of John's wife Margaret; and grant to the same of the same
premises for life, for the said John's forfeiture for killing William
Gerard of Burton-in-Kendal, yeoman, with like provision; Cal. Pat.
R. 1414, pp. 219, 251.
Inquest taken at Harrewod, 10 September, 5 Henry VI 
before Guy Rouclyf, escheator, by the oath etc., who say that
Richard Redman, knt., died seised of the moiety of the manor of
Harrewood of the gift of John Ingleby and William Asthorp, to hold
to him and Elizabeth his wife for their lives; after their decease the
same to remain to Matthew their son and his heirs male; for default,
to Richard brother of the said Matthew and his heirs male; for
default, the same to remain to the heirs male of the said Richard and
Elizabeth, for default, to Brian Stapulton and his heirs; for default,
to the right heirs of the said Elizabeth for ever, as by a fine thereof
levied more fully appears.
The said Richard survived the said Elizabeth and died on Wednesday in the week of Pentecost last past, Richard Redman son of
Matthew is his kinsman and next heir, to wit, son of the said Matthew
son of the said Richard Redman, knt., and was aged 9 years in the
feast of St. Martin in Winter last past. Chan. Inq. p.m., 5 Henry VI,
William lord of Haryngton, Richard Musgrave, Thomas Strikland,
Edward of Bethum, knights; Walter Strikland, William Lancastre,
esquries; John Scudale, rector of the church of Bethum, John
Wodhous, vicar of the church of Urswyk in Fourneys, William Cause
and Thomas Hudson of Bethleghton, appoint Roger Bethum, esq.,
their attorney to receive seisin of the manor of Nyandser in the vills
of Levens and Eversam, according to the charter made to them by
William Nyandser. Dated 2 May, 27 Henry VI; Orig. at Sizergh.
Richard Redmane of Levenes, esq., grants to William Redmane, his
son, and Margaret, daughter of Water Stirkeland, esq., wife of the said
William, his lands, tenements, rents etc. in the hamlets of Forsethwayt, Brigstere, Berethwayt, Lesegill, Mabenhowe, Niandsergh,
Bisshopfeld, and Lathehole, in the vill of Levens, and all his demesne
lands lying on the west side of the water of Kent outside the park and
new close there, and 7 a. of his demesne land on the east side of the
said water in the vill of Levens, now in the tenure of Richard Mone at
farm, and a yearly rent of 2s. 8d. to be received from the grantor's
turbary called Levens Mosse, except the rents and services of the free
tenants in the said hamlets and vill; to hold to them and the heirs
male of the body of the said William, with reversion to the grantor
etc. Dated 3 October, 37 Henry VI; Orig. D. at Levens.
Pardon of outlawry for Richard Redeman, late of Levens, esq., for
not appearing to answer Roger Dawson, citizen and tailor of the city
of London, touching a debt of £55; Cal. Pat. R. 1465, p. 412.
William Redmayn died on the eve of the Exaltation of the Holy
Cross, 22 Edward IV (13 September, 1482); Edward Redmayn, his
brother, aged 27, was his next heir. The said William held no land or
tenement of the king in demesne at his death, but Thomas Joy,
chaplain, was seised of the manor of Levens and gave the same to
Richard Redmayn, knt., and his heirs male. Richard had issue
Matthew, who had issue Richard and died in the life time of the said
Richard his father. After the death of Richard the father (22 May,
1426 (fn. 13) ), the manor descended to Richard son of Matthew as his kinsman and heir male. The said Richard son of Matthew had issue
William Redmayn and Edward Redmayn, and being seised of the said
manor gave 20 messuages, 300 a. land and 12 a. meadow, parcel
thereof, to the said William and Margaret his wife and their issue
male, the said William being then 12 years old. After Richard's
death (on 21 March, 16 Edward IV, 1476 (fn. 14) ) the manor, except as above,
descended to his son William (then aged 30 or more) who died seised
of all the premises, which then descended to Edward Redmayn, as
brother and heir, because William died without heirs of his body.
The manor is held of William Parre as of his barony of Kendale and
is worth, beyond the said messuages, 5 marks; the messuages etc. are
worth 20 marks clear; Chan. Inq. p.m., 22 Edward IV, n. 49;
16 Edward IV, n. 20.
William Redmane, knt., held at his death the manor of Levens of
William Parr, as of the barony of Kendall by service unknown, and
20 messuages, 400 a. land, 400 a. pasture and 80 a. meadow in Lupton
of the said William Parr (as above), by service unknown. Edward
Redmane, his brother, aged 27, is his next heir; Chan. Inq. p.m.,
22 Edward IV, n. 49.
Writ of Edward [IV] to the escheator in co. Westmorland reciting
that it was found by inquest that William Redmayn, deceased, held
no lands of the king in chief in co. Westmorland at his death, but that
one Thomas Joy, chaplain, was sometime seised of the manor of
Levens and gave the same to one Richard Redemayn, knight, and the
heirs male of his body, whereby the said Richard was seised thereof
and had issue Matthew, who had issue Richard and died in the lifetime of Richard the father, after whose death the manor descended to
the said Richard son of Matthew as next of kin and heir male of the
body of Richard the father, whereupon Richard son of Matthew
entered into the manor and was seised as of fee tail and had issue the
aforesaid William Redemayn and one Edward Redemayn, and so
seised gave 20 messuages, 300 a. land, and 12 a. meadow, parcel of the
manor, to the said William and Margaret his wife in tail male, the said
William, being then within age of 20 years, to wit 12 years, by
virtue of which gift William was seised of the premises in fee tail and
Margaret as of free tenement; afterwards Richard son of Matthew
died seised of the manor except the said premises, that the manor,
except as above, descended to the said William as son and heir, who
died without heir of his body, when the manor descended to Edward
as brother and heir; and that one Thomas Thwaytes was seised of 20
messuages, 400 a. land, 400 a. pasture and 80 a. meadow in Lupton
and gave the same to the said Richard son of Matthew and to Ellen
his wife and the heirs of their bodies with remainder to Richard's
right heirs, by virtue whereof Richard and Ellen were seised and had
issue the said William and Edward, and died so seised; that the
premises descended to William, as son and heir, who entered and was
seised and so died, when the same descended to the said Edward, as
brother and heir; that the manor of Levens and messuages etc. in
Lupton are not held of the king etc., and because the king has taken
Edward's fealty for the moiety of the manor of Harewode, co. York,
etc., order to deliver the manor of Levens and messuages etc. in
Lupton to the said Edward, saving the right of dower of Margaret,
late the wife of the said William, to be assigned out of the said manor,
except as above excepted. Westminster, 4 August, 22nd year.
General pardon to Edward Redmayn of Harwode, co. York, esq.,
alias of Levens, co. Westmorland; Cal. Pat. R. 1485, p. 21.
Thomas Strykland, knt., died 1 September, 12 Henry VII (1496),
seised of 7 messuages, 200 a. land, 200 a. wood in Levyns, worth 5
marks, held of Edward Redmayn, esq., as of his manor of Levyns,
service unknown; Cal. Inq., Henry VII, pt. ii, 270.
Grant by William Nyandzer, gent., to Sir Walter Strikland, knt.,
Thomas Strikland, clerk, Gervase Strikland, esq., William Lambert,
gent., and William Storer, clerk, of his capital messuage of Nyandzer,
and a messuage in Leasgyll. Witnesses: William Jacson, Ralland
Gayrlyk, clerk. Dated 1 October, 20 Henry VII. Circular seal of
red wax bearing on a shield hung by the corner a fess between 3 rooks,
supporters, 2 crocodiles. Crest: a Catherine wheel on a helmet.
Legend: . . . . . . Niandser; Orig. at Sizergh.
Inquest taken at Kyrkby in Kendale, 14 January, 2 Henry VIII
(1511). The jurors say that:—
Edward Redmayn was seised of 20 messuages, 300 a. land, 40 a.
meadow, 100 a. wood, 500 a. pasture, 2000 a. heath, 40s. rent in
Leyvens; and 40 messuages, 1000 a. land, 100 a. meadow, 3000 a.
heath in Lupton; 2 messuages, 80 a. land, 40 a. meadow in Hutton;
1 messuage, 40 a. land, 10 a. meadow in Hencastre; and 1 messuage,
10 a. land, 1½ a. meadow in Heversham. So seised he enfeoffed
thereof John Huddelston, knight, William Huddelston, Henry
Huddelston, Thomas Curwen, William Thwaites, Walter Redmayn,
clerk, Thomas Dikes, chaplain, Alexander Dikes and John Thwaites
in fee to use of said Edward and Elizabeth Ligh, then widow, for term
of their lives and longest liver to fulfil his will; as appears by said
Edward's deed dated 11 March, 1 Henry VII (1485–6), shewn to the
Jurors, by virtue whereof feoffees became seised in demesne as of fee
to said use. Afterwards all feoffees died but John Hudelston and
John Thwaites, who survived and alone held the premises to said use.
And Edward declared in his will that said surviving feoffees should
stand enfeoffed of the premises to use of said Elizabeth for her life and
that she should receive all the issues for life. And Edward's will was
proved before the Ordinary of the Diocese of York.
And they say that Joan Redmayn, daughter of Henry Redmayn
son of the aforesaid Edward Redmayn, is his heir aged 1 year and
upwards. And the said Edward died 27 September last (1510).
And the Jury say that John Hoddilston and John Thwaites stood
enfeoffed, after Edward's will, to the use of his right heirs.
All the messuages, lands and 40s. rent in Levyens, Lupton, Hutton
and Selshed are held of the king, not in chief, but as of one of the lords
of the barony of Kendale, by the 10th part of a knight's fee, to wit,
Leyvens by rent of 20d. yearly, and Lupton in Leyvens by rent of
26s. 8d. yearly, and Selshed by rent of 8s. 4d. yearly. And the
messuage, lands in Hencastre are held of the lord of the manor of
Bethome. And the messuage and land in Heversham are held of the
Prior of St. John of Jerusalem in England. Excheq. Inq. p.m., ser.
ii, file 116, n. 3.
Inquest taken at Kirkby Langsdall, 25 November, 15 Henry VIII
(1523) before Cuthbert Musgrave, esquire, king's escheator, by the
oath etc. who say that: Thomas Preston, esquire, long before his
death was seised of the manor of Netherleuyns, and 3 tenements in
Towtorn, 1 tenement in Hersseham in tenure of Thomas Lokkay in
co. Westmd; divers lands and tenements in Wynterwhayttes and
Walton with the appurtce in Cartmell in co. Lanc. So seised, by his
charter 20 Aug. 4 Henry VIII (1512), shewn to the Jurors, he granted the
manor, and all the lands and tenements in Towtorn and Hersseham,
co. Westmorland and Wynterwhayttes and Walton in Cartmell, co.
Lanc. to Roland Thorneburgh, esq., Nicholas Thorneburgh, gentleman, William Jakson, chaplain and John Walter, yeoman, to them and
their heirs for ever to use of said Thomas Preston and Anne his wife
and the longest liver and after their deaths to fulfil his last will.
By virtue of which feoffment the feoffees were and are still seised
of the premises in fee to the said use.
Manor of Netherleuyns is held of heirs of Edward Redmayn by
fealty and rent of 10s. 6d., payable at Pentecost and St. Martin in
winter, worth yearly besides reprises £10. Lands and tenements in
Towtorn held of heirs of Thos. Parre, knight, by fealty and rent of 8s.,
payable as above, worth yearly besides reprises £2. Tenement in
Hersseham held of lord de Latymer by rent of 2s. yearly, worth yearly
besides reprises £1.
Long before his death the said Thomas Preston, esq., was seised of
the manor of Prestonpatrike and the manor of Holme in Kendall
and divers tenements in the vill (villa) of Kirkeby in Kendall, co.
Westmorland, and divers lands and tenements in Lyndall, co. Lanc.
So seised he by his charter 23 August, 4 Henry VIII (1512), shewn to
Jurors, granted all said premises and also all the other lands and
tenements, rents and services in cos. Westmorland and Lanc.,
except the manor of Netherleuyns, 3 tenements in Towtorn and 1
tenements in Hersseham and also all the said lands and tenements in
Wynterwhaytes and Walton, which manor and other excepted
premises he gave to Roland Thorneburgh and the others abovesaid
to the use abovesaid, to Brian Tunstall, Richard Redmayn, Roland
Thorneburgh, William Redmayne, esquires, Roger Thomson, chaplain, John Walter and Randal Preston, to them and their heirs for
ever on condition that they should permit him to occupy and in their
names make leases of all the premises, to convert them to his own use
and have them at his pleasure, and after his death he wished the
premises to be disposed of according to his last will. By virtue of
which feoffment the said Brian and others were and still are seised in
fee to the said use.
Manor of Prestonpatrike held of the heir of Thomas Curwen, knight,
deceased, by fealty and a rent of 43s. 4d. payable at Pentecost and
St. Martin in winter, worth yearly besides reprises £26. Manor of
Holme held of said heir by fealty and rent of 21s. 8d., payable at said
feasts, worth yearly besides reprises £6 13s. 4d. Lands and tenements
in Kyrkeby in Kendall held of the barony of Kendall according to the
custom of burgage in the town (villa) aforesaid and are worth yearly,
besides reprises 26s.
Thomas Preston died, on 6 November, 15 Henry VIII (1523) and
John Preston is his son and heir, aged 12 years and upwards. Excheq.
Inq. p.m., ser. ii, file 126, n. 3.
Marmaduke Gascoygne, esq., and Joan his wife passed by fine to
Richard Redman, esq., the manor of Levens and tenements in Levens,
Selsyde, Lupton, Hutton Roff, Gyrslake and Kirkby in Kendall, and
the advowson of a chantry in Lupton, Feet of Fines, Hil. term,
24 Henry VIII.
Inquest taken at Applebye, 4 August, 36 Henry VIII (1544), before
Henry Tolson, gentleman, escheator, by the oath etc., who say that:
Richard Redmayn, esquire, was seised in his demesne as of fee of the
manor of Lewyns and 40 messuages, 1000 a. land, 50 a. meadow, 200
a. pasture, 100 a. wood, 40s. rent, 50 a. moor, 80 a. bog or turf, 40 a.
heath or furze with the vill of Lewyns and within the vills of Mabynhall, Hyndcastell, Byrthwaith, Synderbarowe, Brygster, Fostwaytes, Lesgill, Selsyde and Kyrkby in Kendall. So seised he,
in performance of agreements contained in Indentures between
himself of the one part and Richard Layton, clerk, now decd, of the
other part, concerning a marriage had between him and Dorothy,
daughter of William Layton, esquire, granted the manor of Lewyns
and all said messuages, lands etc. to said Richard Layton, clerk,
Brian Layton, then esquire, now knight, and John Tunstall, chaplain.
To have and to hold to them their heirs and assigns to use of said
Dorothy, late wife of said Richard Redmayn, for her life as appears by
a charter dated 26 January, 30 Henry VIII (1538–9), shown to the
jurors, as follows: To all etc., Richard Redmayn of Harwood Castell
co. York, esquire, greeting. Know that I in performance of certain
Indentures made between said Richard Redmayn of the one part and
Richard Layton, clerk of the other part dated 23 January, 30 Hen, VIII
(1538–9), have granted to Richard Layton, clerk, Brian Layton, esq.,
and John Tunstall my manor called Lewyns in parish of Hersham and
all my lands, tenements etc. in Lewyns, Mabynhall, Hyndcastell,
Byrthwait, Senderbarow, Brigster, Fosthwaites and Selsid. To have
and to hold to them their heirs and assigns to use of Dorothy Redmayn, wife of said Richard Redmayn for her life, to hold of chief lords
of that fee by services therefor due. And I and my heirs will
warrant the premises to said Richard Layton and others to said use
against all people (gentes). Dated 26 January, 30 Henry VIII (1538–9).
The feoffees entered the premises and were seised thereof in their
demesne as of fee to use of said Dorothy, who still lives and is seised
thereof in her demesne as of free tenement for her life according to
the form of the statute etc.. [Here follow the findings relating to
Lupton and Hutton Roof].
The manor and premises in Lewyns, Mabynhall, Hyndcastell,
Byrthwayt, . . . . . . .[Hencas]ter, Lesgill, Fostwaytes and Kyrkby
Kendall are worth yearly clear £42 11s. 2d. All the messuages, lands,
etc. in Selsid are worth yearly clear £11 12s. 4d. All the messuages,
lands, etc. in Lupton are worth yearly clear £7 7s. 10d. All are held
of the king by one tenth part of a knight's fee by a rent of 32s. 2½d.
yearly. All the messuages, lands, mill and other premises in Hutton
Ruff are worth yearly clear £6 7s. 8d. and are held of the king in socage
by fealty and a rent of 3s. 4d.
Richard Redmayn, esquire, died 29 January last (1543–4) and
Matthew Redmayn is his son and next heir and was aged on the day
of his father's death 17 years and upwards. Excheq. Inq. p.m.,
ser. ii, file 137, n. 3.
Inquest taken at Shappe, 1 September, 1 Edward VI (1547), before
Lancelot Lancaster, esquire, the king's escheator, by the oath of 13
jurors (named), who say that James Bellingham was seised of 3
messuages and divers lands in Little Strikland in tenure of 3 tenants
named. And 1 messuage or cottage and divers lands in Orton, in
tenure of Wm. Warde. And 6 messuages and divers lands called
"Crosbank" now in the several tenures or occupns of Michael
Fayrrer, James Smithson, William Fayrrer, Elesabeth late the wife
of Richard Fayrrer, William Sill and Gilbert Bell. And the Grange
or Manor of Garthorne in his demesne as of fee. So seised he, on
23 January, 36 Henry VIII (1544–5), granted and to farm let the said
Grange of Garthorne to Alan Bellingham, his elder brother (fratri suo
majori) and his assigns for term of 80 years and on 23 April, 1 Edw. VI
(1547) he made his will leaving Garthorne Grange, of which he had
made a lease to his brother Alan Bellingham, to the child of his wife
who is now pregnant if the same should be a son when such son shall
be of age of 21 years, etc. He made his brother Alan Bellingham, and
his (own) wife, Agnes Bellingham and the unborn child should it be a
son, his executors.
James Bellingham died 29 April, 1 Edward VI (1547) and Thomas
Bellingham is his son and nearest heir and he is aged 17 weeks and
3 days now. Chanc. Inq. p.m., ser. ii, vol. 85, n. 80.
In Trinity term, 4 Elizabeth (1562) Matthew Redman, esq., passed
by fine to Allan Bellingham, esq., the manor of Levens, 40 messuages,
300 a. land, 100 a. meadow, 500 a. pasture, 100 a. wood, 500 a. moss
and turbary and 40s. of rent in Levens, Henkaster, Over Levens,
Heversham, Mabinhall, Birthwaite, Syndebarrow, Brigsteare, Forsethwayte and Kendall; Reg. of D. at Levens, f. 96 d.
Inquest taken at Kirkbye in Kendall, 3rd April, 19 Elizabeth (1577)
before Christopher Preston, esquire, George Myddleton, esquire,
Thomas Cansfeild, gentleman and Thomas Brathwate, esquire, the
queen's commissioners, by the oath etc., who say that:
John Preston long before his death was seised of the manor of
Preston Patricke, otherwise Preston; and the manor of Nether
Levens; and 6 messuages in Towtorne and certain lands, meadow,
pastures and other profits to the said messuages of old severally
adjoining and belonging; and a moiety of the manor of Holme; and
4 burgages or messuages in the town or Borough of Kyrkbye Kendall
in his demesne as of fee. So seised he, by his charter tripartite dated
20 January, 6 Elizabeth (1563–4), shewn to the jurors, enfeoffed
Thomas Carus, junior, Nicholas Banester, gentleman, Thomas Parke
and Walter Preston, yeomen, of the manors of Preston Patricke and
Nether Levens and the 4 burgages in Kyrkeby Kendall and the
messuages and lands etc. in Towtorne and the moiety of the manor of
Holme, among other things. To have and to hold the manor of
Nether Leuens and the messuages and lands etc. in Towtorne and the
burgages in Kyrkbye Kendall to the feoffees and their heirs to the use
of the said John Preston and Dorothy his wife for their lives and the
longest liver in name of Dorothy's jointure and after their deaths to
use of the heirs male of the body of the said John Preston, lawfully
begotten, and in default of such to Christopher Preston, younger
brother of said John and heirs male etc., and in default of such to
right heirs of said John for ever. And to have and hold the manor of
Preston Patrick and the moiety of the manor of Holme to the feoffees
and their heirs for ever to use of said John Preston and heirs male etc.,
and in default of such to use of said Christopher Preston and heirs
male etc., and in default of such to right heirs of said John Preston for
ever. By virtue of which feofment and by force of the Statute of
uses of 27 Henry VIII, John and Dorothy were jointly seised of the
premises in Nether Levens, Towtorne and Kyrkbye Kendall; and the
said John was solely seised of the premises in Preston Patrike and
So jointly seised, as bove, John Preston died and Dorothy survived and remained solely seised of those premises, and still lives.
They further say that the said John Preston was also seised, at the
time of his death, of the other moiety of the manor of Holme and 5
messuages in Preston Richard, Hutton Rowff, Newbiggen, Farleton,
Hayle and Hauerbrack and 1 messuage in Heversham in his demesne
as of fee, and he was also seised at the time of his death of 10 burgages
or messuages, 16 shops, 6 cellars, 10 gardens, 4 acres of land, 8 acres
of meadow in the town or Borough of Kirkebye Kendall and Whynfell in his demesne as of fee tail to himself and heirs male of his body,
lawfully begotten, with remainder to his right heirs for ever. And
he was also seised at time of his death of 1 messuage or tenement in
Woodhouse in Heversham and 15 acres of land, ½ rood of meadow
and pasture there to said messuage belonging in his demesne as of fee
tail, to himself and heirs of his body lawfully begotten, the reversion
of a moiety thereof expectant to a certain Richard Bowskall, gentleman, and his heirs for ever.
The manor of Preston Patricke held of Henry Curwen, knight, as of
his manor of Thornethat by fealty and free rent of 45s. yearly, payable
equally at Pentecost and Martinmas for all services, worth yearly
clear 40 marks; manor of Holme held of said Henry Curwen, knight,
as of his manor of Thornethat by fealty and free rent of 43s. 4d.
yearly, payable as above, worth yearly clear 20 marks; manor of
Netherlevens held of the lord of the manor of Overlevens as of that
manor by fealty and free rent of 10s. 6d. yearly payable as above,
which same manor is worth yearly clear £13 13s. 4d.; premises in
Towtorne held of the queen as of her Castle of Kendall in socage
namely by fealty and free rent of 8s. yearly payable as above, worth
yearly clear £3 5s. 4d.; premises in Preston Richard, Hutton Rowff,
Newbiggen, Farleton, Hayle and Hauerbrack held in free socage by
fealty only, of whom not known, worth yearly 28s. clear; the burgages
in Kyrkeby Kendall, which he and his wife jointly held, held of the
Barons of Kendall as of the manor or Barony of Kendall in free
socage, worth yearly clear £4 4s. 4d.; messuages or burgages and
other premises in Kirkebye Kendall and Whinfell, of which he was
solely seised, held of queen as of her Castle of Kendall and of the said
Barons as of their said manor or Barony of Kendall in free socage,
worth yearly clear £4 15s. 10d.; premises in Woodhouses held of
Richard Bowscall by fealty and free rent of 4d. yearly at Michaelmas,
worth yearly clear 10s. 3d.; premises in Heuarsham held of Lord
Latimer as of his manor of Mylnethorp by fealty and free rent of 2s.,
worth yearly clear 20s.
John Preston died 24 January, 19 Elizabeth (1576–7) and Thomas
Preston, esquire is his son and heir, aged at time of his father's death,
36 years and upwards. Court of Wards Inq. p.m., vol. 18, n. 115.
The boundary of Levens: The Circuittes, Metes and Bounders of
the mannor of Levenes beginneth on the South-west syde of the same
mannor at a place there called Todehole, and from thence goethe
directlye westwarde to the Headewell, from the Headwell directlie to
the southsyde of Dumbalde half acre, from thence directlye westwarde
to Jurdane stone, and from Jurdane stone directlye to the thre
wellez in the Common Myer, and from thence westwarde to the
e[ ] and from thence passinge over the watter of Kent at
Lyllye Dubbz, and from Lyllye Dubbz westward and somethinge
towardes the Northe to the Whitewell, from the Whitewell northwarde up round [ ] southsyde of Whitbarrowe bie the
boundes of [Witherslack], and so ascending to the topp of Whitbarrowe as the watter deales towardes Cartmell [ ]
Beckermadierke and from thence pass[ing by the bounds] of Cartmell.
And on the other parte [ ] of Whitbarrowe unto the well
[ ] Maries, and from thence to the [ ]
the brodeake to the Blackroo [ ] thence eastwarde to
Touetarne [ ] to the White Kelde goes into S
[ ] as the boundrie of [ ] and
so desc[ending] and from S [ ]
on the e[ ] of H [ ]
where [ ]; Book of Surveys at Levens,
Award made by Nicholas Curwen and Thomas Brathwat, esquires,
and Thomas Curwen, gent., between Thomas Preston of Nether
Levens, esq., and James Bellingham of Overleavens, esq., touching
the right, title etc., in the wastes, commons and mosses in Overleavens:
First both parties, their heirs and tenants, shall hold and enjoy in
common the said wastes etc., now remaining unimproved and to take
common of pasture, turf grass, turbary, peats and other profits, that
each party shall have the moiety of all rents, fines and profits coming
from all encroachments, purprestures and improvements, and of the
amercements and forfeitures due by reason of any pain, trespass or
other misdemeanour enquirable and presentable at a Court Baron.
"Also we award that a jury of the Court of the said James Bellingham of Overleavens and a jury of the Court of the said Thomas
Preston of Netherleavens shall yearly make inquiry and presentment
of and upon all manner of incroachments, purprestures and improvements." Dated 18 April, 31 Elizabeth; Orig. at Levens.
Conveyance by Robert Jackson of Sigswick, husbandman, to Sir
Thomas Strickland of Sysargh, knt., of a peat-cote at Sinderbarrowgh
with peat moss, turbary, spreading and lying for peats, now or late
occupied with a messuage called Lanckrigg House or Lauckriggmilne house by Robert, or Thomas Jackson his father, or William
Jackson his grandfather, and lying in Synderbarrough mosses,
Sampoll mosses or the mosses beyond the Pull, par. Heversham, of the
lands of Sir James Bellingham, knt., and John Preston, esq., yearly
rent 21d. Dated 2 March, 5 James, 1607[-8]; Orig. at Sizergh.
Rents of assize of the Manor of Levens now belonging to Henry
Bellingham, knt., and baronet.
Robert Strickland, knt., holds divers lands and tenements in
Forsthwaite and Briggsteare by homage and knight's service and the
yearly rent of a mais-hawk and 2 catapults.
John Preston, esq., holds Nether Levens by knight's service and
renders yearly 10s. 6d. namely 8s. of free farm and 2s. 6d. of cornage.
Christopher Lancaster, esq., now Christopher Lowther, knt. and
baronet, who married the daughter and heir of the said Christopher
Lancaster, holds the moiety of the manor of Sockbridge by knight's
service and renders yearly a pair of spurs.
Edward Rolandson holds a messuage and tenement in Brigsteare,
late purchased of Thomas Strickland, knt., deceased, by knight's
service and renders yearly [9d.].
Arthur Brigges holds another messuage and tenement there, lately
purchased of the said Thomas Strickland, knt., by knight's service
and renders yearly . . .
Thomas Chamber, now Matthew Wilson, holds [land in Brigsteer
for 9d. rent], Reg. of Deeds at Levens, fol. 96. May day rent of
Levens, £7 15s. 5d.
Martinmas rent within the collection of Thomas Benson due to Sir
Henrie Bellingham, viz., customary and free rent £7 14s. 6d. with
moss rent £3 5s. 9d.; Rental at Levens.
Martinmas rente, 1642
|The heires of Haycocke
|Mar Rowland Lucas
|Rich: Lancaster wife
|Thomas Willson wife
|John Nealson wife
|Henery Willson wife
|George Holme wife
|Rowland Willson wife
|Mar Edward Willson
|George (?) Kitching
|Will: Birsbye wife
|Miles Brockbancke wife
|Will: Parke wife
|James Parke wife
|Michaell Hadwen wife
|Mar Will: Guy
|George Becke wife
|Thomas Moore wife
|Thomas Williamson wife
Schedule of defaulters to Hearth Tax. Lay Subsidy Roll 259,
n. 13. (fn. 15)
Roger Sill, Michael Grouby, Widow Middleton, Robert Atkinson,
and Robert Saul for one hearth each, 5s.
Hearth Tax Roll, Lay Subsidy 195, n. 73, m. 24d.
|Allan Bellingham esq.
|Discharged by Certificates.
Acknowledgment by Thomas Preston of Mannor in Furness, bart.,
that the manor or lordship of Netherlevens is holden of the lord of the
manor of Overlevens by fealty and the yearly rent of 10s. 6d., as
appears by the inquest after the death of Thomas Preston, esq.,
great-grandfather of the said Sir Thomas and lord of the said manor
of Netherlevens, taken 21 October, 2 James , "which rent and
service is supposed to be extinguished by reason of some estates of the
said manor and premises of late made between Sir John Preston, bart.,
my late brother, deceased, then lord of the said manor of Nether
Levens, and Allan Bellingham, esq., then and now lord of the said
manor of Overlevens." Dated 1 May, 1671; Orig. at Levens.
Agreement made 2 May, 28 Charles II, 1676, by James Bellingham
of Over Levens, esq., on behalf of himself and Sir Thomas Preston of
Manor in Furness, bart, with Roger Greshon, Robert Dickinson,
Richard Robinson, Richard Robinson, William Chamber, Nicholas
Fisher, Miles Baxter, John Hinde, John Hinde, George Wilkinson,
John Moorer, James Wilkinson, Robert Walfor, Thomas Shippard,
Robert Lorimer, John Hind, Jane Walker, Thomas Torner, Christopher Redman, Thomas Collinson, Hellen Shappard, Anthony
Jackson, William Manserghe, James Taylor, junior, Lancelott Forth,
Elizebeth Chamber, Thomas Chamber, Peter Crober, George Wharton,
Mathew Wilson, James Jackson, John Dickinson, Elinor Fisher,
George Sedgwicke and John Jefferson concerning the occupation of
mosses in Sinderbarrow and Brigsteare, to be held of the said lords
under certain yearly rents by the respective tenants and their heirs
with provisions for each tenant to make his "gateshare" of the Causey
and dress the main runner called "the Poole" and keep in repair the
bridges made over any of the runners; with further provision for the
impanneling of a moss jury who shall supervise the said mosses and
licence to the tenants "to delve turffe or peates to sell, provided they
do not delve their mosses more than once over in one yeare"; Orig.
Agreement made 26 August, 1763, between the Right Hon. Henry
Howard, earl of Suffolk and Berkshire, Edward Wilson of Dallam
Tower, esq., Richard Backhouse of Hincaster, gent., Allan Wilson of
Kendal, gent., Matthew Wilson of Helsington, gent., Thomas Wilson
of Helsington, gent., Christopher Cowperthwaite of Sizerghfelside,
gent., and Thomas Jefferson of Brigsteare, gent., of the one part, and
Richard Harrison, gent., John Suart, yeoman, Robert Bindloss,
yeoman, Christopher Stephenson, smith, Richard Wilson, Thomas (?)
Simpson, Richard . . . . . g*,. . . . Lambert*, Anthony
Pricket*, Jeoffrey Kirkby,*, Robert Wilkinson, Thomas Swainson*, John Turner, John Croudson, Joseph Simpson*, James
Walker, Thomas Preston, John Moor, John Mackereth and John
Parker, of the other part; reciting that all the parties are severally
owners of messuages and tenements lying in and parcel of the manor
or lordship of Levens, to which belong certain wastes or commons
called Brigstear Common, Sinderbarrow otherwise Beathwaite
Green Common, Slaughters Common and Leasgill Common, whereon
by ancient custom no sheep have been depastured, which custom has
of late been infringed. Hereafter no sheep are to graze upon the said
wastes under pain of 4s. and any which escape or estray thereon from
the High Commons within the said manor shall be moderately driven
back. Each of the said parties shall only put on the said commons so
many large commonable cattle, as horses, mares, geldings, cows, oxen,
heifers, steers and calves to depasture as by law they may or ought
in right of their respective tenements [with other provisions]; MS. at