Nothing is known of the family of Beetham before Ralph de
Beethom, who lived in the reign of Richard 1 and John. In the time
of Edward II the arms of Sir Thomas de Bethom ("Bezom") were
described as "Mascle dargent e de sable. "In 1405 the seal of Sir
John de Bethom bore (argent) a chief indented (azure), over all a
bendlet (gules). These arms are also assigned in an old Lancashire
roll of arms in the writer's possession to Sir Roger de Bethum (1472–79).
This coat appears to be that of the family of Burton with a bendlet charged upon it as a mark of Cadency. The earlier coat is similar
to that borne by Fitzwilliam with a change of tincture, namely gules
for sable. It is noteworthy that Ralph de Bethum, the first, attests
no charters of an earlier date than circa 1195. This seems to suggest
that he had acquired the manor of Beetham by marriage with his
wife Ingerith, or by feoffment not much earlier than the reign of
Richard I. Was he a stranger to the Kendale district and had he been
enfeoffed by Ranulf de Glanvill, whose connexion with certain lands
in Kendale receives some notice in the introductory remarks on the
parish of Burton in Kendale?
It is just possible that prior to the reign of Richard I, the manor
was in the possession of the parson of Beetham by inheritance, and
that the heiress of this last of a line of hereditary parsons carried it
in marriage to Ralph de Bethum. In 1175 one Adam de Kendale
had licence to make an agreement with Roger de Haverbreck.
Adam was probably a local landowner of some importance and he
might be the individual for whom we seek.
The manor of Beetham was owned by nine generations of the
Bethoms and in the tenth generation was carried in marriage by Agnes,
daughter and heir of Sir Roger de Bethom, to Robert Middleton, son
and heir of Geoffrey (youngest son of John Middleton of Middleton in
Lonsdale), by his wife, Alison, daughter and coheir of James Croft
of Dalton and Leighton. Arising out of a settlement of the Beetham
estates made in the reign of Edward IV, the attainder of Richard
de Bethom after the battle of Bosworth, and the grant of part of his
estates to the earl of Derby, there was a dispute touching the manor
of Beetham between Thomas Middleton, son and heir of Robert, and
the earl which was not arranged until 1506 (fn. 1) . From that time the
manor remained in the possession of Thomas Middleton until his
death on 12 June, 1517. From Whitsuntide, 1525 for one whole
year until the following Whitsuntide the manor was in the hands of the
crown, as shewn by the accounts of Richard Orrell, the crown
receiver. A letter from Edward Stanley, lord Monteagle to Dr. Vesey,
dean of the king's chapel, dated 25 January, 1519, may bear upon
this matter. The writer states that "the king wrote to Sir Roger
Bellingham and me that we should call before us Jeofrey Mydylton
and Davy Best, the bearer, to settle the matters mentioned in a bill
of complaint inclosed in the king's letter . . . . As Jeofrey would
not abide our order, we have bound him in £100 to appear before you
and the Council on the day after the Purification of Our Lady."
Manchester. (fn. 2) The sequence is undiscovered, but in 1574 the earl of
Derby held his lands in Bethome for 53s. 4d. free rent of the queen.
From that time, save for a temporary forfeiture in the time of the
Civil War, the manor continued in the posterity of the earl of Derby.
It was advertised for sale in December, 1813, (fn. 3) and was subsequently
purchased by Daniel Wilson of Dallam Tower, esq., and was conveyed
to him in the year 1815.
The mesne manor of Cappleside was not known by name until the
time of Henry VIII. It does not appear to have been the same subinfeudation in the manor of Beetham as that described in 1255 among
the free tenants of the manor, namely: Henry de Bethum holds Midhopp, the fishery of Esbricpolle and Crakintorp with two mills for the
yearly service of 2s. The descent of that free tenement is described
under Meathop and Ulpha. The earliest reference to the manor of
Cappleside occurs in 1523, when Edward Middleton of that place died
possessed of the manor of "Capilsyd," which he held as of the manor
of Beetham for 12d. yearly rent. It passed by descent to his son
Oliver, aged 10 at that date. It was probably acquired by Richard
Bouskel before the reign of Elizabeth, whose second son, Robert, died
in 1610, possessed of the manor, his heir being his son Thomas, then
aged 13. On the Cappleside pew in Beetham church are or used to
be his initials with those of his wife Magdalen and the date 1624. He
died in possession of the manor early in 1630, his widow, who was
then residing at Cappleside, surviving him. Robert his son and heir
was aged eight years. In 1648 Nicholas Orbell of Cappleside paid a
fine for his estate at four years purchase, namely £68. He had been
drawn in the summer of 1648 to take upon him the command of a foot
company as captain under Sir Henry Bellingham, a colonel in General
Langdale's army, but he deserted before the surrender of Appleby. (fn. 4)
Some years later the manor apears to have been acquired by Sir
Thomas Preston of the Manor, by whom it was doubtless settled upon
his daughter Anne upon her marriage in or before 1685 to Hugh,
baron Clifford of Chudleigh, whose grandson sold to the customary
tenants of the manor the freehold and royalties of their respective
tenements in Farleton, Cappleside and High Meathop. Holme
Island, which was parcel of the manor, was similarly sold in 1782 for
the sum of £729 to Mr. Thomas Sill.
1090–97 Ivo Talebois gave to the abbey of St. Mary, York, the church of
Bethum and its land called Haverberc. Cal. Chart. Rolls, 111, 115;
(supra vol. i, p. 377).
1120–30 Ketel son of Eltred renewed the above gift. See Heversham
1184–90 Ralph de Bethum gave to the canons of Cockersand a saltern
(salina) at Flokesti in Bethum, or wherever they chose, except at
Harnolveshevet; Chartul of Cockersand (Chetham Soc.), 1012.
1189 Grant by Richard I to Gilbert son of Roger Fitz-Reinfrid of one
carucate of land in Levens with the fishery, three carucates in Farleton
and Beetham, four carucates in Preston Patrick and Holme, two
carucates in Burton, one carucate in Hincaster, one carucate in Preston
Richard, three carucates in Lupton and one fishery belonging to the
same lands, to hold by the service of one knight; Red Bk. of the
Exchequer(Rolls Ser.), 444; Farrer, Lancs. Pipe Rolls, p. 400.
1190–99 Orm son of Thore, with the consent of Ralph, his son and heir,
grants to the monks of Furness land and meadow (called) Rigrinmelsuthen (or Rygrumelsuthen), lying from the bounds of Holme to
Ullrefurthebec, and as Ullrefurthebec falls into Betha and by Betha
to Fulsyk; Coucher of Furness (Chetham Soc.), ii, 147.
Ralph son of Orm son of Thore attests a charter of Thomas son of
Gospatric [de Wyrkington] granting land in Allithwaite (in Cartmel)
to the monks of Furness; ib., 89.
1190–1215 An agreement made between the church of Bethum and A[dam],
parson of the same church, and R[alph] de Bethum and his heirs,
namely that A[dam] has granted to R[alph] and his heirs the chapel
of Arnolveshevet, so that R[alph] shall find a suitable chaplain to
minister therein and shall procure the necessaries for him at his own
expense; R[alph] and his heirs shall pay tithes in everything to the
mother church, chiefly from mills and salterns, from which, if they
shall let them to farm, they shall pay in money a tenth penny to the
mother church. For this the same R[alph] and his heirs, and his wife
and household shall visit the mother church with parochial right at
the six yearly feasts, namely Christmas, the Purification, the Adoration of the Cross, Easter, Whitsunday and the Assumption of St.
Mary. R[alph] has granted in free alms to the same church and
parson 16 continuous acres of land in Ulphangrig and a competent
area for founding a barn (or granary) in Arnolveshevet, in which the
tithes of corn may be placed. And in order that this agreement may
be strictly observed R[alph], his wife, and their heirs have sworn
upon the holy Evangelists that they will faithfully keep it. Witnesses:
Gilbert de Lancastre, Thomas son of Gospatric, Henry de Redeman,
Gervase de Danecurt (sic), R[oger] de Haversham, Adam Gernet;
Dodsworth's MS. 149, f. 148.
1190–1215 Ralph de Bethum grants to the monks of Furness, for the health of
the soul of Ingrit his wife, a saltcote with two pans (patella) in the
vill of Bethum in Ellerschawe below Flukesti with turves for the
same pans, and sand, and material of his wood to construct the saltcote; also common of the vill for six oxen, four cows, two horses,
like his free tenants have, except in Arnoslfesheved. Witnesses:
Henry de Redmane, Alan de Penington; Coucher of Furness
(Chetham Soc.), ii, 91.
1200–15 Gilbert Fitz-Reinfred and Helewise his wife confirmed to the monks
of St. Mary's, York, inter alia the churches of Biethum, Eversheim and
Kirkeby in Kendale with their chapels. Among the witnesses were
Richard de Marisco (chancellor of king John), Adam, parson of
Biethum, Roger parson of Heversheim, Nicholas parson of Kendale,
John parson of [Kirkeby in] Lonesdale; Brit. Mus., Add. Chart.,
1202 Ralph de Bethum is amerced 15 marks by the justices for a false
claim; Pipe R., Cumb. and Westm., 191.
1206 Thomas de Beethum and Amera his wife proffer 40 marks for having
her reasonable part of the land which was Richard son of Roger's;
Lancs. Pipe R., 203.
Thomas de Bethum holds two carucates in Bootle (Botlega) co.
Lancaster, for 8s. 8d.; Red Bk. of the Exchequer, 572.
1207 Plea in the king's court at Westminster between the prior of
Cartmell and Ralph de Bethum because Ralph obstructed the prior in
the enjoyment of his fishery in Caint. Curia Regis Roll, 44, m. 2;
45, m. 2d. and m. 7d.; Abbrev. Placit, 57b.
1207 Michaelmas term. The prior of Kermel complains that Ralph de
Bethum does not permit him to have common of fishing in the water
of Kaen as he was wont to have and ought to have by the charter of
Henry, the king's father, who gave the land of Kermel to William
Marshal, who gave that land to the canons of Kermel with the said
common. Ralph comes and says that the canons ought not to have
common in that water. The prior prays for a jury to be made
whether King Henry was seised of common of that fishery when he
gave that land to William Marshal, and if the canons were afterwards
seised of that common. The jury to come on the octaves of Martinmas; Curia Regis Roll, 45, m. 2d. The jury was to be summoned
from cos. Westmeriland and Lancastre; ib. m. 7d.
1208 Fine made between William prior of Cartmell, plaintiff, and Ralph
de Buethum, deforciant, respecting common fishing in the water of
Kent. Ralph acknowledged the common of fishing of the water of
Kent to be the right of the prior and church of St. Michael of Cartmell
upon this wise: that when the water of Kent lies between Ralph's
land of Swinesnese (fn. 5) and Hevesholme (or Henesholme) (fn. 6) the fishing
from opposite Swinesnese, by the head below Hevesholme, when the
water lies upon the sand so that men can pass between land and
water on either side, shall be common throughout and for all, both to
the prior and his successors and to Ralph and his heirs, down to the
sea. When however the water of Kent shall lie close to Ralph's land
of Arnulvesheved or Hevesholme on either (quacumque) side of
Hevesholme or to the crags thereof and there shall be pools
(wellæ) there lying close to the land and to the crags, these
pools shall be solely, freely and quietly to Ralph and his heirs,
and all the remainder of the water shall be common, from the said
Swinesnese by the head below Hevesholme down to the sea. And
when the water of Kent shall lie between the land of Cartmell and
Hevesholme the fishery shall be common from opposite Breidegate, (fn. 7)
by the head below Hevesholme, both to Ralph and his heirs and to
the prior and his successors, unless the water shall lie hard (firmiter)
to the land of Cartmell and there shall be pools there; then in that
case those pools shall be solely, freely and quietly to the prior and his
successors. For this acknowledgment the prior gave Ralph five
marks; Lancs. Feet of Fines (Rec. Soc.) xxxix, 39. Fine endorsed
1208–9 Roger abbot of Cockersand and the convent are bound to find two
canonical priests to celebrate divine service in the church of St. Mary,
Cockersand, for the souls of Ralph de Bethum and Ingrith his wife,
and two beds in the farmery of the poor with clothes always prepared.
Witnesses: Thomas de Bethum, Ralph and Robert his sons, Roger de
Bethum, Henry and John his sons, Robert de Bethum and others
(named); Chartul. of Cockersand, 1013.
1210 Ralph de Betum is amerced 60 marks by the justices for a trespass,
but is pardoned 20 marks of the debt; Pipe R., Cumb. and Westm.,
1212 Thomas de Bethum held lands in co. Lancaster in marriage with
the daughter (and coheir) of Richard son of Roger, thegn of Woodplumpton; Bk. of Fees, 210; Lancs. Inq. xlviii, 22. In 1243 Thomas
de Bethum held the same lands, ib. 149.
1216 The son or daughter and heir of Thomas de Bethum was to be
delivered to the king as hostage by Gilbert Fitz-Reinfrid for his
fidelity; R. de Finibus (Rec. Com.), 571.
1226 Quindene of Easter. Thomas de Bethum was summoned to
answer Adam de Yeland and Matthew de Redman by what right he
claims common of pasture in their land in Yeland, seeing that they
have no common [in his land] nor do service to him. Thomas says
that he claims no common in the manor of Yelande with them unless
they wish to have common with him, unless by chance they wish to
draw to themselves the wood and lands of the manor of Bethum,
wherefore of this he does not wish in this writ to reply. Thomas
goes sine die, Cur. Reg. R., 95, m. 2d.
1228 Thomas de Bethum was appointed one of the perambulators of the
forest of co. Lancaster; Close R. 1228, p. 100; Cal. Pat. R., 1340, p.
1246 Alice wife of Robert de Coygners appoints an attorney against
Thomas de Bethum in a plea; Lancs. Assize R. (Rec. Soc.), xlviii, 41,
1249 Thomas de Bethum held at his death divers lands in co. Lancaster.
Ralph de Bethum, his son, was his next heir; Lancs. Inq. (Rec. Soc.),
XLVIII, 170; Excerpt. e R. Fin., ii, 53.
1249–55 Sir Ralph, son of Thomas de Bethum, for the health of the soul of
Felicia his wife, gave to the canons of Cockersand 3s. yearly from his
chamber at Michaelmas; Chartul of Cockersand (Chetham Soc.),
1251 Pardon for John de He[sel]slac of outlawry for the death of Roger
de Heverseym, killed by misadventure; Cal. Pat. R., 1251, p. 97.
The sheriff of Westmorland was directed to permit John de Heslac
(sic) to stand in peace in his bailiwick; he had made fine by John
de Bethum by 20 marks for having the king's peace and had found
sureties for payment, namely, Ralph de Bethum, John de
Bigginges, John de Hencastre and Adam de Helling. Close R., 454.
1255 Ralph de Bethum died on Sunday before St. Gregory, 1254, seised
of lands in co. Lancaster, and in Bethum in demesne 89 a. land, worth
29s. 8d.; 7 a. meadow, worth 3d. 6d., 11¾ bovates with service worth
33s. 10¾d.; the cottars and small tenants render 6s. 2d.; the hall of
Beethum and the houses within the court are worth 5s. yearly, the
garden 10s., the demesne pastures 28s.; two mills yield 42s.; the
demesne fishery 20s.; the eel fishery 12d.; in Quasheved 3¾ bovates
and 1 a. yield 22s. 8½d.; in Arnholvisheved there were 33 a. in
demesne, worth 11s,. honey of the wood of Arnolheved and Bethum
2s. Free tenants: Henry de Bethum holds Midhopp, the fishery of
Esbricpolle and Crakintorp with two mills for 2s.; Eleanor daughter
of Thomas holds Farleton for 2 marks; Joan her sister holds Hesleslac
for 1d.; Robert de Flucstey holds ½ bovate and 7 a. for 10d.; Nicholas
de Bethume holds 70 a. land for 6d. and I lb of cummin or 1d.; sum
30s. 1d. Sum total of the manor £15 8s. 6d. The manor renders
Walter de Lindesay 48s. 8d. The heir is aged 7½ years, her marriage
is worth £30 in cos. Lancaster and Westmorland; she is unmarried
and is sick of the worm disease which gnaws her; Lancs. Inq. (Rec.
Soc.), xlviii, 193–9.
1256 Grant to J. prior of Newburgh of the wardship of the land and heirs
of Ralph de Bethum and their marriage. Cal. Pat. Roll, 1256, p. 470.
1257 Robert de Bethum, brother of Ralph de Bethum, is of full age and
heir of the said Ralph, and has livery of his lands. Lancs. Inq., pt. i,
195–9; Excerpt. e R. Fin., ii, 251.
Henry de Bethum (fn. 8) is amerced one mark for an unjust detention
and Ralph de Bethum ½ mark for wrongful obstruction; Parker,
Pipe R. of Westm., 207.
1263 Robert de Bethum, a visor in a recognition; Bain, Cal. of Scot.
Docs., n. 2333.
1265 Letters of protection for Ralph de Bethum; Cal. Pat. R., 1265, p.
1266 The lands of John de Hale in Hale, co. Cumberland, granted to
Ralph de Bethum, Cal. Pat. Rolls, 1266, p. 665.
1272 Sir Randolph de Bethum attests a demise of Sir Alan de Coupland
to William de Morthing of land in Midilfors, near Botil, co. Cumb.;
Cat. of Anct. Deeds, iv, A. 8606.
1282 Robert de Bethum held Bethum of William de Lyndeseye for 48s.
8d. (cornage) rent; Cal. Inq. ii, 270.
1284 The justices at Lancaster grant that Roger de Slene may pursue for
Hilaria daughter of Roger de Burton against Thomas son of Robert
de Bethum and others; Lancs. Assize R. (Rec. Soc.) xlix, 182, 184,
?1284–1307 William de Kendale, son of John, parson of Bethum, releases to the
canons of St. Agatha's at Easby all his right in certain lands in the
valley of Garsdale, for the endowment of the chapel of Garsdale.
Egerton MS.; Whitaker, Hist. Richmondshire, ii, 480.
1290 Grant by John de Mithop to Isolda, late the wife of William de
Croft, of a messuage, 1 a. land and a fulling-mill in Crakangthorp in
the vill of Bethom on the water of Betha for a term of 21 years.
Witnesses: Thomas Travers, Nigel de Cayrous. Dated 18 Edward I;
Dodsworth's MS., 149, f. 146.
1291 By the "antiq. taxatio" of Pope Nicholas IV, the church was
taxed at £30, and the pension of the abbot of St. Mary's at £2.
1292 In an assize touching lands in Warton, near Preston, co. Lanc.,
Thomas son of Robert de Bethum was said to be under age; Assize R.,
Lancs., 20 Edward I.
1295 Thomas de Bethum complained against Robert de Leyburn and
Iseult his wife of a plea of waste made of houses, woods and gardens
which they had in their custody of the inheritance of the said Thomas
in Bethum; De Banco R.110, Mich 23–4 Edward I, m. 74d., 111, m.
108d.; 113, m. 42.
1297 The heir of Beethom held lands in Kelgrimeshargh and Brynyng,
co. Lancaster, of Edmund the king's brother; Cal Inq. iii, 292.
1298 Robert de Leyburn and Iseult his wife complained against Thomas
de Bethum, Robert de Tybay, Robert le Carpenter and others of a
plea that whereas the custody of the land and heir of Robert de
Bethum belongs to them because the same Robert held his lands of
them by knight's service and the said Robert and Iseult were in
peaceful seisin of the said custody until the said Thomas and Robert
etc. violently ejected them from the same; De Banco R. 122, Hil.
26 Edward I, m. 115.
1302 Thomas de Bethum was a knight of the shire for co. Westmorland;
1302 Robert de Askeby and Thomas de Bethum commissioners for some
unrecorded purpose (possibly collectors of the aid) in Westmorland;
Cal. Close Rolls, 1302, p. 611.
1303 Release by Richard son of Adam de Hoghton to Thomas son of
Robert de Bethom and his heirs of all right in the lands of the said
Thomas in the vill of Bothill in West Derby, Witness: Thomas
Travers, sheriff of Lancaster. Dated 31 Edward I; Dodsworth's MS.
149, f. 142b.
1307 The abbot of Cockersand accounts for £6 received from the church
of Bethum for the tenth collected for the Holy Land; Cal. Close R.,
1307, f. 506.
1307–27 Sir Robert de Bethum, knt., had issue by Matilda his wife Thomas
de Bethum, who married Petronilla daughter of Sir Roger de Burton,
knt., son of Sir Roger de Burton. Petronilla's heir, in 3 Richard II,
succeeded to one moiety of the Burton estates as coheir of Anthony
de Burton of Burton in Kendal; of. Hutton, The Beetham Repository,
155; Harl. MS. 2117, f. 320. See Burton in Kendale.
1310 Grant to Thomas de Bethum, for good service rendered in Scotland,
of free warren in his demesne lands in Bethum, a weekly market on
Wednesday at the said manor and a yearly fair on the eve, the feast
and the morrow of the Nativity of St. John the Baptist; Cal. of
Chart. R., iii, 167.
1311 Sir Thomas de Bethom held lands in Warton, Bretherton, Newsham
and Kirkby, co. Lancaster, of Henry de Lacy, earl of Lincoln; Cal.
Inq. v, 163.
1312 Thomas de Bethum was knight of the shire for co. Westmorland.
1318 Pardon for Ralph de Bethum, an adherent of Thomas earl of
Lancaster; Cal. Pat. R., 1318, p. 229.
Arms of Bethum: Or, a chief indented azure, over all a bendlet
gules. The Beetham Repository 154.
1318 By the "Nova Taxatio" of Clement v the church was taxed at £10.
See the footnote under Grasmere, p. 2.
1322 Ralph de Bethum held lands in co. Lancster; Lancs. Inq. (Rec.
Soc.), liv, 79–81.
1324 John de Lortye imprisoned for injury committed upon Thomas de
Bethum and Adam de Berburn; Cal. Close R. 1324, pp. 202, 230.
1332 Ralph de Bethum appointed one of the three keepers of the peace
in co. Westmorland; and a commissioner to levy the fifteenth;
Cal. Pat. R. 1332, pp. 349, 358.
1332 Grant by Iseult de Croft to John de Croft, her son, for his life of the
land and fulling-mill in Bethom (granted to her in 1290) with the
fishery in the water of Betha. Dated 8 Edward III; Dodsworth's
MS. 149, f. 146.
1332 Bethum. Subsidy of a fifteenth.
|John de Lonisdale
|Robert son of Alot
|Adam son of Letisse
|William son of John
|John son of Thomas
|Thomas de A
|Alan de Le How
|Walter de Le Pulle
|Geffray de Setel"
|William de Schappe
|Michael de Le Cnotte
Sum £18 15s., whereof to the king 25s.
1334 Raufe de Bethum and Alice his wife appoint Thomas de Astenthwaite their attorney to receive seisin of all the land of Stodfald
which belonged to John son of Alayn de Horton. Given at Bethum,
8 Edard III. Seal of Ralph de Bethum; Dodsworth's MS. 149, f.
1334 "Raufe de Bethum et Alice sa femme le uityme Edward III";
Dodsworth's MS. 149, f. 144b.
1334 Grant to Ralph de Bethum of free warren in his demesne lands in
Beethum; Cal. of Chart. R. iv, 321.
1335 William de Brampton, parson of the church of Bethum; Cal. Pat.
R. 1335, p. 216.
Ralph de Bethum has exemption from serving on juries or as the
king's minister; ib., 178.
Roger de Brunnolfesheved, Alexander de Wyndesore and Ralph de
Bethum, keepers of the peace, co. Westmorland, ib. 209.
1336 Various persons (named) of Caplesheved were indicted of hunting
at Troutbeck; ib. 290, 294.
1338 Annora, late the wife of John de Lancastre (of Rydal), held at her
death a messuage and land in Bethum (with the manor of Witherslack) by the grant of John de Cauncefeld, with remainder to Roger de
Lancaster, who died 10 years ago, and to Michael, son of Robert de
Haveryngton, who died nine years ago, and his heirs. John de Haveryngton, knt., aged 41, brother of the said Michael, is his next heir, to
whom belongs the reversion of the said messuage; Cal. Inq. viii, 106.
1338 Annora late the wife of John de Lancastre held at her death a
messuage 2 a. land, 4 a. meadow, 150 a. pasture and 10 a. wood in
Bethum. See Witherslack; Cal. Inq. viii, 106; Cal. Close R. 1338,
1340 Thomas de Bethum (fn. 9) is admitted one of the guardians of William
de Coucy, a minor going beyond seas in the king's service; Cal. Pat.
R. 1340, p. 531.
Ralph de Bethum on the commission of the peace in co. Westmorland; Cal. Pat. R. 1345, p. 30.
1342 William de Coucy and William Fowler were summoned to answer
to John de Haveryngton, younger, knt., of a plea wherefor they took
the said John's cattle, namely six oxen and four cows, and unjustly
detained them in Bethum, in a place called Kirkebrek. William de
Coucy says that one Ralph de Bethum holds of him the manor of
Bethum by homage and fealty and by certain services which are in
arrears. The said John says that he and Katherine his wife in the
right of the said Katherine hold 24 messuages, a mill etc. in the said
manor of Bethum. (fn. 10) William says that Thomas de Bethum greatgreat-grandfather (triavus, sic) of the said Ralph was seised of the
manor of Bethum, which he held of Walter de Lyndeseye, and the
said Thomas granted the tenement which John and Katherine hold to
Hawise his daughter, from whom the right descended to Thomas son
and heir of Hawise and from the said Thomas to Adam Banastre,
father of the said Katherine; De Banco R., 329, Hil. 16 Edward III,
Precipimus of King Edward III to the sheriff of Westmorland to
cause 12 men to come before the justices at Westminster, at three
weeks after Easter, to determine on their oath whether Thomas de
Bethum, great-great-grandfather (triavus) of Ralph de Bethum,
whose heir he is, holding the manor of Bethum, gave to Hawise his
daughter, in the time of King Henry, the king's great-grandfather,
11 messuages and six carucates of land, a mill etc. in Bethum, to hold
to her and her heirs of the said Thomas by cornage, which said
tenements William de Coucy and John de Haverington, knight, the
younger, claim. Given at Westminster, 18 Edward III [marginal]
note: "The suyte was betwixt William de Coucy and John de
Haverington, junior, knight"; Dodsworth's MS. 149, f. 144.
1348 Ralph de Bethum, chivaler, and Richard son of Henry de Caplesheved, Ralph's sergeant, complain that whereas they took at the
battle of Durham a prisoner of Scotland called John Styward of
Nidisdale and would have brought him to London in accordance with
the king's proclamation, Thomas de Roos of Kendale, Robert his
brother, Robert Dykemansone of Caplesheved, Adam de la Chaumbre,
John Coke, Robert de Syggeswyk, Patrick "Johanes servant de
Whassyngton" and others took the prisoner out of their custody at
Haverbrek in Kendale and brought him to Scotland for a ransom of
£500; Cal. Pat. R., 1348, pp. 60, 312; Cal. Close R., 1349, p. 62.
1349 John de Doresflet held at his death a messuage and 24 a. land at
Aykbank in Bethum, to him and the heirs of his body with reversion
to the right heirs of Roger de Croft, whose heir is John de Croft, of Ralph de Bethum by fealty and the service of a root of ginger yearly.
He died without heir of his body on Thursday in the first week of
Lent, 1349 (or Thursday after the Purification); Cal. Inq., ix, 298.
1350 Ralph de Bethum, William de Wessyngton of Kendale and Thomas
de Bethum, commissioners to take an inquest post mortem; Cal. Pat.
Rolls, p. 522.
1354 John de Bethume and others indicted of riot at Tebay and other
places. Cal. Pat. Rolls., 1354, p. 161.
1358 Ralph de Bethum, chivaler, has the custody of his manor of
Bethum; Abbrev. R. Original, ii, 249.
1359Ralph de Bethum, knt., complained against Ralph del Knot for
cutting down and carrying away his trees at Bethum to the value of
100s.; De Banco R. 398, Easter, 33 Edw. III, m. 12d.
1360 It is certified by inquest that the manor of Bethum was held by
knight's service of Christiana de Gynes and of her ancestors, lords of
the moiety of the manor of Kirkeby in Kendale time out of mind and
at the time of the death of Thomas, father of Ralph, of the same
Christiana then living, that Ralph entered after his father's death and
did homage and other services due to Christiana in her life time and
not after her death when the said moiety was in the king's hand, and
that the said manor is now held of John de Coupland and Joan his
wife, as of the said moiety to them granted for their lives. An earlier
inquest had falsely found that King Henry III had given in fee to the
ancestor of Ralph de Bethum three carucates of land in Bethum with
a fishery in the water of Kent there, called the manor or Bethum.
The escheator is ordered to remove the king's hand (fn. 11) and not to
intermeddle with the manor which is Ralph de Bethum's; Cal. Close
R., 1360, p. 78.
1360 Order for the restoration to Ralph de Bethum, knt., of the manor of
Bethum, delivering the issues to Thomas (sic). The escheator had
seized the manor, alleging that he found by inquest that Henry III gave
in fee to Ralph's ancestor three carucates of land in Bethum with a
fishery in the water of Kent, called the manor of Bethum; that
Ralph entered the same after the death of Thomas his father without
Ralph de Bethome holds the manor of Bethome of John de Coupeland and Joan his wife by knight's service as of a moiety of the manor
of Kirkeby in Kendale, worth £20; Chan. Inq. p.m., 34 Edward III,
2nd nos., n. 22; Rawlinson MS. B., 438.
Ralph de Bethum, chivaler, Roland de Thornburgh and two others
are appointed collectors of the fifteenth in co. Westmorland; Cal.
Pat. R., 1360, p. 348.
Pardon for John Robynesson de Outhelande, who was in the
company of William, earl of Northampton, for the death of Thomas
Pierresson de Whassheed; Cal. Pat. R., 1360, p. 389.
1361 Order for delivery to John, earl of Richmond, and Blanche his wife,
one of the daughters and heirs of Henry, duke of Lancaster, inter
alia the 4th part of a knight's fee in Kelgrymeshargh and Brynyng
held by Ralph de Bethum, the 4th part of a knight's fee in the same
places held by Thomas de Bethum; Cal. Close R., 1361, p. 202.
1362 Letters of protection for John de Bethum going to Ireland on the
king's service in the company of William de Wyndesore, chivaler;
Cal. Pat. R., 1362, p. 219.
1366 Grant by Ralph de Bethom, knt., to Robert de Bethom, his brother,
parson of the church of Winandermere, of all his moveable goods;
Dodsworth's MS., 149, f. 142b.
1366 Ralph de Bethom, one of the commissioners to try certain trespassers against the abbot of Shapp by hunting in his park at Shapp;
Cal. Pat. R., 1366, p. 357.
1375 John son of William Forster of Bethame, one of a great number of
persons who were indicted of the death of Alan Proctour, killed at
Dent; ib. 1375, p. 135; 1377, p. 88.
Ralph de Bethome, chivaler, held of Joan, late the wife of John de
Coupelande, deceased, the manor of Bethome by homage and fealty
and the service of 32s. yearly, as of her manor of Kirkeby in Kendale;
Chan. Inq. p.m., 49 Edward III, 1st nos., n. 29.
Sir Ralph de Bethum is said to have had issue by Alice his wife a
son, Robert de Bethum, who was father of John de Bethum; The
Beetham Repository, 155.
1379 John de Bethum, one of the commissioners of array in co. Westmorland. Cal. Pat. Rolls, 1379, p. 359.
1379–99 John de Bethum is said to have married Margaret, sister of Sir
William Tunstall, knt., by whom he had issue. The Beetham Repository, 155.
1380 James de Pykeryng, knt., complained against John de Bethum and
Henry de Bethum in a plea wherefore with force and arms they took
and carried away three goshawks belonging to the said James at
Bethum of the value of £10; De Banco R., 477, Hil. 3 Richard II,
m. 160d.; 478, m. 249.
1380 Grant by John son and heir of Ralph Knott of Bethom to John de
Bethom, lord of Bethom, of all the lands and tenements in Bethum
which formerly belonged to the said Ralph. Dated 3 Richard II;
Dodsworth's MS. 149, f. 144.
1386 Grant by Hugh de Calviley, governor of the Isles of Gernesey,
Jeresey, Serk and Aurney, to his esquire, Thomas de Bethom, for life
of the office of bailiff of Jeresey and a yearly rent of £63 10s. there;
Cal. Pat. R., 1391, p. 476.
1389 John de Bethom one of the Keepers of the peace in co. Westmorland; Cal Pat. R., 1389, p. 137.
c 1390 John de Wasshington, elder, and John his son have remitted to
Richard de Bethum all manner of actions. Seal of John de Wasshington. No date; Dodsworth's MS. 149, f. 145.
1390–94 Richard de Ros held the manor of Weterslake by fealty and
rendered yearly 1d.
1395 William, Hugh, Robert, Thomas and John de Bethom are to
answer the complaint of the abbot of Shap ("Hepp"); Cal. Pat. R.
1395, pp. 654, 731; 1397, p. 158; 1398, p. 503.
1403 John de Bothome, chivaler, and Christiana his wife obtain a writ
out of the Chancery of the Duchy of Lancaster; Lancs. Fines
(Rec. Soc.), pt iii, 67.
1405 John de Bethome, chivaler, was one of the knights of the shire.
Parliamentary Return, 1, 270.
Agreement made between Mons. Walter de Stirkeland, chivaler
and Mons. John de Bethom, chivaler, that Thomas son and heir of
Mons. Walter shall take to wife Mabel, daughter of Mons. John, and
that Mons. Walter shall enfeoff Thomas and Mabel and their issue
male of £20 worth of land and that all Mons. Walter's lands shall
descend to Thomas and his heirs male, except lands in Quynfell
remaining to Mons. Walter for life by the death of John de Stirkeland
and others and whereof Mons. Walter will enfeoff at will one of his
younger children for life. For which marriage Mons. John shall pay
to Mons. Walter £93 6s. 8d., namely one fifth on the day of the feoffment of the jointure of £20 of land and the remainder by four payments at Martinmas and Whitsuntide following; if Mabel die without
issue male the payments to cease. It is agreed that the espousals
between Thomas and Mabel shall be solemnized within three weeks of
this writing, both parties being bound to Mons. Thomas de Tunstall,
chivaler, for due performances. Given at Sireszergh on Tuesday
before Candlemas, 6 Henry IV (1405). Round seal of red wax bearing a chief (indented?) and over all a bendlet; Crest: on a wreath
over a helmet closed a vulture's head erased (for Bethome); Orig.
Bond of William Marshall and Joan his wife to Thomas son of John
de Bethom, knt., in £50 to observe the conditions contained in certain
indentures made between them. Dated 7 Henry IV; Dodworth's
MS. 149, f. 144.
Grant by Thomas son of John de Bethom, knt., to William Marshall and Joan his wife of a yearly rent of 40s. in survivorship from the
lands of Eshlake (Hazleslack?) in Kendale. Dated 7 Henry IV; ib.
1406 Acknowledgment by Walter de Stirkland, knt., that he has received
from John de Bethom, knt., and Richard Bethom the sum of £37 6s.
8d.; Dodsworth's MS. 149, f. 142b.
1406 Robert de Appelton, rector of Stretton in le Clay, having licence
to hold two benefices, resigned Huggate, Yorks., and obtained
Stretton in le Clay and Beetham, their value not exceeding 160
marks. Papal Reg. vi, 117, 135, 206.
1407 John de Bethum, knight of the shire for co. Westmorland.
Thomas de Bethome, son and heir of John de Bethome, knt. See
Burton; Chan. Inq. p.m., 9 Henry IV, n. 38.
Pardon to William, Thomas, Hugh and Robert de Bethom, all of co.
Westmorland, for all felonies and trespasses committed by them;
Cal. Pat. R., 1407, p. 316.
1411 John de Bethome, chivaler, held the manor of Bethome of Philippa,
late the wife of Robert de Veer, late duke of Ireland, by homage and
fealty and the services of 32s. at Easter and Michaelmas, and the
manor of Farleton in Kendale similarly for 26s. 8d. rent; Chan. Inq.
p.m., 13 Henry IV, n. 44.
1415 John Bethom, chivaler, and Thomas Bethom with others are
commissioners of array in co. Westmorland. Cal. Pat. Rolls, 1415,
Thomas de Bethum, son and heir of Sir John de Bethum, knt.,
obtains a writ. Lancs. Fines (Rec. Soc.), pt iii, 85.
1418 Thomas de Bethum a commissioner of array in co. Westmorland.
Cal. Pat. Rolls, 1418, p. 196.
1419 Pardon of outlawry for Thomas de Bethom, son and heir of John
de Bethom, knt., of Bethom, esq., for not appearing to answer
Master Robert de Appilton, parson of the parish church of Bethom,
touching a debt of 50 marks and £40; Cal. Pat. R., 1419, pp. 167, 221.
1425 Similar pardon to Thomas de Bethom to that rendered above, but
now to the executors of Master Robert de Apilton. Cal. Pat. Rolls,
1425, p. 248.
Thomas de Bethom, knight of the shire for co. Westmorland.
1428 Archbishop Kempe made a visitation to the church on Sep. 9, 1428,
and again on Sep. 19, 1442. Surtees Soc. vol. 127, pp. 207, 278.
1430 Master Robert Rayenhill (Rainhill), advocate of the court of
York, bequeaths to the library of York Minster a book of the compilation of Dr. Nicholas de Lira upon the New Testament, which the
testator purchased of the executors of Master William Dorem, formerly rector of the church of Bethom; Test. Ebor. (Surtees
Soc.) iii, 90.
1431 Articles for the marriage before Lammas next (9 Henry VI), of
William Thirkeld, eldest son of Sir William Thirkeld, knt., to Anne
daughter of Thomas Bethom of Bethom; Dodworth's MS. 149, f.
142b. Jane another daughter married John son of Hugh son of Sir
John Lamplough. Beetham Repository, 156.
1432 Thomas de Bethome, an arbitrator with Thomas de Stirkeland and
Robert de Layburn, knights, and Nicholas Layburn, between Thomas
de Midelton and Reginald his brother on the one side and Thomas de
Redmane, Margaret his wife, daughter of Ralph de Skyrogh and
William de Redmane on the other; Cal. of Anct. Deeds, v, a. 11392.
1434 Thomas de Bethome to make oath to the king's commissioners that
he will not maintain breakers of the peace. Cal. Pat. Rolls, 1434, 379.
1435 Indult to Thomas de Bethum, lord of Beetham, donsel, (fn. 12)
nobleman, and Margaret his wife, noblewoman, for a portable altar. Papal
Reg. viii. 570.
John Marchal rector of Heversham, dispensation for five years to
hold another living and a canonry. Ibid. 522
c1440 Hugh Pakenham, prebendary of Langtoft, was rector of Beetham.
Test. Ebor., iii, 230 n.
1441 Surrender by Thomas de Bethome, and Mary his wife, late the wife
of William de Stapilton, of the closes of Stonfeld, Barrokfell, with
Brumgill in Inglewood forest, co. Cumb., which the said Mary holds
for her life by grant of Henry V, regrant to her and Roger (de Bethom)
son of her said husband, in survivorship, for £8 6s. 8d. yearly; Cal.
Pat. Rolls, 1441, p. 494; 1443, p. 191; 1459, p. 595;
Thomas Bethom, a commissioner; ib., 476.
1443 Thomas Bethom, justice of the peace in co. Westmorland. Ib. 480.
Award made by Thomas, lord Clyfford and of Westmerland, between
Thomas Harrington, "squyer," and Thomas Bethom, "squyer";
Dodsworth's MS. 149, f. 142b.
1444 Edward Bethum, a commissioner. Cal. Pat. Rolls, 1444, p. 290.
Also a knight of the shire for co. Westmorland in 1445 and 1449.
1446 Grant by Thomas Gate and Robert Preston, chaplains, to Edward
Bethum, knt., and Joan his wife, daughter of William de Fauconberge,
their manors of Bethum and Hes[els]lake and all their lands and
tenements in Bethum, Hes[els]lake, Burton, Farlton, Hale, Whassed,
Byleghton, Arnaleshed, Storthe, Hencastre, Hoton, and Lupton, co.
Westmorland, which they had of the gift and feoffment of the said
Edward. Witnesses: Thomas de Parre and Thomas de Strikland,
knights, Robert de Bellingham, Nicholas de Layburn. Given on
the morrow of St. Lawrence, 24 Henry VI (11 August, 1446); Dodsworth MS. 149, f. 144.
1446 John Sendale, rector of Beetham, studying letters at an university has respite for seven years (provided he be ordained sub-deacon
within six months) from promotion to any other holy orders;
Papal Reg. ix, also licence to demise the fruits of his benefices
whilst studying; ibid. 512.
1447 January 27. Master John Lathum was instituted to the rectory
of Bethom (resigned February, 1447) on the presentation of the abbot
and convent of St. Mary's, York; Test. Ebor. iii, 173 n.
1448 Thomas Bethom, esq., and Roger Bethom, esq., and others
feoffees of William, lord Haryngton. Cal. Pat. Rolls, 1448, p. 211.
1449 John Sendale, rector of the church of Beetham, and others appoint
Roger Bethum, esq., their attorney to receive seisin of the manor of
Nyandser. See Levens, p. 127.
1449 Roger Bethum, esq., is party to a fine against William Haryngton
of Gleaston, knt., and Thomas Nicholls, parson of the church at
Aldyngham, deforciants, of the castle of Gleaston; Lancs. Fines, Rec.
Soc., pt iii, 117.
1451 Rental of Cockersand Abbey. In Bethum, John Burgh holds a
tenement and renders yearly 4s. Chartul. Cockersand, p. 1298.
1459 Roger Bethum, esq., one of the executors of the will of William,
late lord Haryngton. Lancs. Fines, Rec. Soc., pt iii, 130.
1459 Protection for one year for Roger Bethom, esq., staying with
Richard Nevyll, earl of Warwick, captain of Calais, in the safe keeping
and victualling therof.
Licence for the grant in mortmain of the advowson of the church of
Bethome to 2 chaplains of the chantry in the parish church of Eccles,
co. Lancaster, founded by William Bothe, archbishop of York, and
1460 Henry VI, on the 1st December, 1460, granted a licence to William
Bothe, archbishop of York, Nicholas Byron, Robert Clyfton, Richard
Bothe and Seth Worsley, esqs., to enable them to found a chantry in
the church of B. Mary of Eccles for two chaplains, there to celebrate
for the good estate of the said founders, whilst living, and also for
their souls after death, and to allow them and their successors to take
lands, tenements, rents, services and other possessions from any one
by the name of "the Chaplains of the chantry of Jesus and B. Mary
the Virgin" in the parish church of Eccles. The founders give to
three or more of their body the Rectory of Bethom and its advowson
in the county of Westmorland, to hold to the said Chaplains and their
successors for ever; to celebrate daily in the said chapel and to say
mass before the arrival of the parishioners; to pray for K. Henry VI
and for the said Archbishop and his cofounders and for all the faithful;
the chaplains always to be "capaces et habiles," and each of them
to receive seven marks per annum, etc. Reg. Bothe, York, p. 245, as
quoted in Chetham Soc. O.S. lix, pp. 131–135.
The church of Beethame was appropriated to ye Chantray of St.
Mary in ye Church of Eccles reserving a convenient portion (£13 per
annum) for a vicar, (£3 to the appropriator, 3s. 4d. to the Dean and
chapter and 13s. 4d. to the archdeacon of Richmond). Reg. R. Torre,
1461 Rental of Cockersand abbey. Richard Mylner holds [as in 1451]
4s.; Chartul of Cockersand, 1298.
Commission to Thomas Parr, Edward Bethom, knights, and five
others to arrest Gamaliel Penyngton and others; Cal. Pat. R. 1461,
1462 Edward Bethom, knt., Roger Bethom, Richard Bethom and four
others, feoffees of the manor of Aldyngham; ib. 1474, p. 456; Rolls
of Parliament, vi, 106b.
1462–83 Edward Bethum, knt., son and heir of Thomas Bethum, esq.,
settled his Lancashire estates upon himself and issue, remainder
successively to his brothers, Roger, William and Richard, to his
cousin John, son of Robert Bethum, brother of the said Thomas, and
to James, bastard son of the said Thomas, and their respective heirs
successively; Lancs. Inq. (Chetham Soc.), xcix, 102.
1467 William Bethom, one of the commissioners to enquire as to the
lands of Ranulph Dacre, knt.; Cal. Pat. Rolls, 1467, p. 29.
1469 Edward Bethom and John Penyngton, knights, John Boteler and
Richard Eglesfeld, "squyers," arbitrators between Rowland Kirkby
and Thomas Broghton, knt.; Cal. of Anct. Deeds, iv, a. 8794.
1471 Edward Bethome, knt., a justice of the peace of co. Westmorland.
1472 Edward Bethom, knt., died 22 February, 1472. He and Joan his
wife, daughter of William, lord Fauconberge, by feoffment to them
made, were seised of, and held of William Par, knt., the manors of
Bethom and Heslak and of divers messuages, lands and tenements in
Bethom, Heslak, Burton, Farlton, Hale, Whassed, Bylegton, Arneshed, Storthes, Hencastre, Hoton and Lupton; also of the homage and
service of James Haryngton, knt., who held of them the hamlet of
Farleton, as parcel of the said manor of Bethom by homage and the
yearly rent of 26s. 8d. The said manors and tenements, worth
yearly clear £40, were held of William Par by knight's service, suit
of court and 32s. yearly. Agnes, daughter of Roger Bethom, wife of
Robert Midelton, was his next heir, aged 22 years; Chan. Inq. p.m.,
12 Edward IV, n. 20.
1479 Cognizance taken at Bethum by the king's commissioners from
Richard Musgrave, esq., kinsman and heir of Richard Musgrave, knt.,
to wit son of Thomas Musgrave, son of the said Richard Musgrave, knt.
on 16 August, 19 Edward IV (1479), who declares that he demised by
charter to William Bethum, brother of Roger Bethum, son of Thomas
Bethum, esq., deceased, the manor of Bethum and the moiety of the
manor of Burton in Kendale and all other the manors, lands etc., in
co. Westmorland, late of the said Thomas Bethum, with knight's
fees, advowsons, courts, franchises, etc., to hold to William and his
heirs male for ever, in default to remain to Richard Bethum, brother
of the said William and his heirs male, in default to remain to John
Bethum, son of Robert Bethum and his heirs male, in default to remain to James Bethum, bastard son of the said Thomas and his heirs
male. Thomas Colyn and Thomas Johnson, yeomen, were appointed
attornies to deliver seisin; Chan. Inq. p.m., 19 Edward IV, n. 87.
1484 Pardon to Robert Middelton late of Bolton, co. Lancaster, gent.,
for not appearing to answer Richard Bethom, gent., touching a trespass; Cal. Pat. R., 1484, p. 467.
Robert de Middelton, knt., and Anne his wife, daughter and heir of
Roger de Bethom, by the hereditary right of the same Anne, present
Thomas Wilson, clerk, to the church of Whittington, within the archdeaconry of Richmond. Given in the manor of Bethom, 8 April,
1484; Dodsworth's MS., 149, f. 146b.
1501 Rental of Cockersand abbey; Gylbert Dyconson holds [as in 1451]
4s; Chartul. of Cockersand, 1299.
1502 Commission to certain justices to inquire who, with Thomas
Middelton, esq., Thomas Lambert, George Storee and Robert Rogers,
entered the manor of Bethom and other possessions of George
Stanley, knt., lord le Straunge, at Bethom and Arneshed, contrary to
the statutes 15 Richard II and 8 Henry VI; Cal. of Pat. R., 1494-1509,
1506 Agreement touching the possession of the manors and lands,
formerly Sir Edward Bethom's, in cos. Lancaster and Westmorland,
made between Thomas, earl of Derby and Thomas Middleton; Cal.,
of Anct. Deeds, iii, D. 477.
1517 Inquest taken at Heppe, 9 July, 9 Henry VIII (1517) before Thomas
Sawkeld, esquire, escheator, by the oath etc., who say that: Thomas
Middelton, on the day he died, was seised of the manor of Bethome,
held of the king in chief by knight's service, rendering therefor yearly
to the king four marks at free farm. There are in said manor: a
capital messuage worth yearly clear 3s. 4d; an orchard containing one
acre, worth yearly 6s. 8d., besides the sustentation of its enclosure;
two separate enclosures called Thorrige parkkes, each containing 40
acres, of which each acre is worth yearly 20d.; another close called
Nichols parke, containing 14 acres, each acre worth yearly 18d.;
another close called Ulstaynrege, containing 20 acres, each acre
worth yearly 20d.; one close called Langegrefe or Newe parke, containing 14 acres of wood, worth nothing because not wood for cutting
down, and 14 acres of pasture, each acre worth 12d. and not more
besides the sustentation of the deer there; five roods of meadow,
worth yearly 2s. called Pekell; 15 acres of meadow called Hayrholmes
each acre worth yearly 2s.; 60 acres of arable, each acre worth yearly
2s. 4d.; six messuages called Storth, each worth 8d.; at Storth there
are 10 acres of land, each worth yearly 18d.; 20 acres of common,
each worth yearly 2d.; 30 acres of moor, each worth yearly ¼d.
There is a tower at Arnsid called Arnsid Toure, worth nothing
yearly, and it is parcel of the manor of Bethome; at Arnsid there
are 20 acres of demesne land, each worth 12d.; and 12 acres of
meadow there, each worth yearly 18d.; a close called Storth,
containing six acres of pasture, worth yearly 6s. 8d.; at Arnsid there
are 200 acres of wood, worth nothing yearly because not wood for
cutting down; at Arnsid there are 100 acres of moor, worth in all
things 8d. yearly; and there are in the manor of Bethome in divers
places in co. Westmorland 16 tenements with lands, meadows and
commons adjoining, each tenement worth yearly 10s.; in the manor
of Bethome is a water mill for corn, worth yearly clear £4 6s. 8d.; and
another water corn mill worth yearly clear £4; and the onset (fundum)
of a fulling mill, worth nothing yearly because it lies totally waste;
and there are there at Wyndyettes and Seylforth two several tenements in the tenure of divers tenants, each tenement with lands,
meadows and commons adjoining worth yearly 13s. 4d., and they are
parcel of the manor of Bethome; at Quassyd there are 14 tenements
with lands, meadows and commons belonging to them in the tenure
of divers tenents and they are parcel of the manor of Bethome, each
tenement worth yearly 10s. clear; and in the same manor are 22
tenements in the tenure of divers tenants with lands, meadows, commons and pastures in Hayle, parcel of the aforesaid manor, each
tenement worth yearly 8s., all of which are parcel of the manor of
Bethome and they are held of the king in chief by the service aforesaid.
Also they say that Edward Stanley, lord Montegyll, holds all his
lands and tenements in Farlton in the said county of the said Thomas
Meddelton, as of his manor of Bethome by service of rendering 24s. of
free farm. Also Christopher Pykeryng, knight, holds divers lands
and tenements and wood in Methope of the said Thos. Middelton, as
of his aforesaid manor, by service of rendering 2s. of free farm. Also
lady Elizabeth Legh holds one tenement in Gresslake in the said
county of the said Thos. Medelton as of his said manor of Bethome, by
service of rendering 12d. at free farm. Also Sir (dominus) Robert
Redmayn, chaplain, holds Manserhaule in the said co. of the said
Thomas, by service of rendering 12d. of free farm. Also John
Lamploo, esquire, holds divers lands and tenements in Preston
[Patrick] in the said co., service not known. Also Edward Meddleton
holds freely divers lands and tenements in Crakenthorp in Kendale of
the said Thomas, as of his said manor by service of rendering 12d. for
Also Thomas Medelton died seised in his demesne as of fee of 13
messuages, 100 acres of land, 30 acres meadow, 200 acres pasture and
moor in Burton, in the said co., altogether worth £10 yearly, held of
Sir Thomas Parre, knight, as of his Castle of Kendall, by knight
service. He also died seised of six messuages, 60 acres arable land, 20
acres pasture in Hencastre in the said co., altogether worth four marks
yearly, held of Walter St[r]ickland as of his manor of Sysegh, service
The said Thomas Middelton died 12 June, 9 Henry VIII (1517) and
Geoffrey Medelton is his son and nearest heir, aged 18 years and
upwards. Excheq. Inq. p.m., ser. ii, file 120, n. 2.
1519 Inquest taken at Kyrkeby in Kendall, 23 November, 11 Henry VIII
(1519) before James Leyburn, esquire, escheator, by the oath of Ewin
Gylpyn, esq., Christopher Godmond, Edward Garnett, Alan Wylson,
Brian Manser, Brian Warrenor, Thos. Wylson, Henry Feld, Thos.
Strikland, Nicholas Tunstal, Richard Tunstal and Edward Bethome,
gentlemen, who say that:
Thomas Midilton was seised on the day he died of the manor of
Bethom which is held of the king in chief by knight service rendering
therefor yearly to the king four marks at free farm. There is in the
manor a capital messuage worth yearly 3s. 8d. clear; one orchard
containing one acre, worth yearly 6s. 8d. besides keeping up its
enclosure (ultra sustent. clausure ejusdem); and two separate enclosures called "Thorrege Parkkys" each containing 40 acres, each
acre worth 20d. yearly; and another enclosure called "Nicolls
Parke" containing 14 acres, each worth 18d. yearly; and one other
enclosure called "Ul [stayn] rege" containing 20 acres, each acre
worth yearly 20d.; and one close called "Langgrefe otherwise
Newparke" containing 14 acres of wood, worth nothing yearly
because not fit for cutting and the said close contains 14 acres
of pasture each worth yearly 12d. and not more beyond the
keeping of the deer (ferarum) there; and five roods of meadow
called "Pokell" worth yearly 2s.; and 60 acres of demesne
land of arable, each worth yearly 2s. 4d.; and six messuages called
"Storth" each worth yearly 8d.; and there are at "Storth" 10 acres
of land each worth yearly 18d; and 20 acres common (commune)
each worth 2d.; and 20 acres of moor each worth yearly one
farthing; and a tower called "Arnesid tower" worth nothing
beyond its maintenance and there are at "Arnesid" 20 acres of
demesne land each worth yearly 12d.; and there are at "Arnesid"
12 acres of meadow each worth 18d. yearly; and one close called
"Storth" containing six acres of pasture which is worth yearly
6s. 8d.; and there are at "Arnesid" 200 acres of wood worth nothing
yearly because unfit for cutting; and there are at "Arnesid" 100
acres of moor worth yearly 8d. in all things; and there are in the
manor of Bethome in divers places in co. Westmorland 60 tenements (fn. 13)
with the lands, meadows and commons to the said tenements adjoining
each of which tenements is worth yearly 10s.; and in the said manor
there is one water corn mill worth yearly £4 6s. 8d. clear; and one
other water corn mill worth yearly £4 clear; and a certain onset
(fundum) of a fulling mill worth nothing yearly because it lies totally
waste; and there are there at "Wyndzettes and Seylforth" two
separate tenements in the tenure of divers tenants with the lands,
meadows and commons to the said tenements adjoining, worth yearly
13s. 4d. and they are parcel of the said manor of Bethome; and there
are at "Quassed" 14 tenements with the lands, meadows and commons to the said tenements belonging in the tenure of divers tenants
and they are parcel of said manor of Bethome, and each of the said
tenements is worth yearly 10s. clear; and there are in said manor
22 tenements in the tenure of divers tenants with the lands, meadows,
commons and pastures in Hayle each of which tenements is worth
yearly 8s. all of which are held of the king in chief by the service
aforesaid. And the jurors say that Edward Stanley, knight, lord
Mountegyll holds all his lands and tenements in Farlton in the aforesaid county of the said Thomas Middilton as of his manor of Bethome
by rent and service of 24s. of free farm (de libera firma). And the
heir of Christopher Pekyrynge holds divers lands, tenements and
wood in Methope of the said Thomas Middilton as of his manor of
Bethome by service of rendering 2s. of free farm. And Lady Elizabeth Legh holds one tenement in Gresslake in said county of the said
Thos. Meddelton as of his manor of Bethome by service of rendering
12d. at free farm (ad liberam firmam). And Robert Redmayn,
chaplain, holds Manserh, in said county of the said Thomas
as of his said manor by service of rendering 12d. of free farm. Also
John Lamplugh, esquire, holds divers lands and tenements in Preston
in said county and they are held of the manor of Bethome but by what
service they know not. And Edward Middilton holds freely divers
lands and tenements in Crakenthorpe in Kendall in said county of
said Thos. Middilton as of his said manor by service of rendering 12d.
for all services.
Thomas Middelton died seised in his demesne as of fee of 13
messuages, 7 acres (fn. 13) of land, 30 acres meadow, 200 acres pasture and
moor in Burton in said county, and they are worth yearly £9; and
held of William Parr, son and heir of Thomas Parr, knight, as of
his castle of Kendall by knight service. And Thomas Middilton
died seised in his demesne as of fee of 6 messuages, 60 acres of arable
land, 20 acres of pasture in Hencaster, and they are worth yearly
4 marks, and are held of Walter Strickland, esquire, as of his manor
of Sysergh by what service they know not.
And the said Thomas Middleton died 12 June, 9 Henry VIII (1517)
and at that time Geoffrey Meddelton was his son and nearest heir.
And the said Geoffrey died 12 December, 9 Henry VIII (1517) being
a ward of the king by reason of his minority. And Gervase Medilton
is brother and heir of the said Geoffrey, next son and heir of the
aforesaid Thomas. And Gervase Middilton is aged 16 years and
upwards. Chanc. Inq. p.m., ser ii, vol. 34, n. 57.
1523 Edward Middleton, esq., before his death was seised inter alia of the
manor of Capilsyd (fn. 14) and divers lands and tenements in Crakynthorpe
and granted the same to trustees to the use of himself for life and
after his death to the use of his right heirs. The manor and tene
ments are held of the manor of Bethome by fealty and 12d. rent at
Martinmas, worth yearly clear eight marks. Oliver Middelton is son
and heir of the said Edward, aged 10 years; Exch. Inq. p.m., ser. ii,
file 126, n. 2.
1526 In the will of John Bothe of Barton upon Irwell mention is made of
Sir James Bruch, clerk, vicar of Bethom as one of his executors.
Chetham Soc. o.s. xxxiii, p. 16.
1537 Gylbert Deconson [as in 1501] 4s.; Chartul. of Cockersand, 1299.
1537 Pilgrimage of Grace. See Kirkby Kendal. A letter from William
Collyns of Kendal to John Stanes read in Betham church by William
Lancaster touching the levy of two men from every parish to be sent
to the friars at Richmond on a certain day. Stanes and others
gathered 7s. from the parishioners of Betham towards the charge of
the two men, who were sent accordingly; Letters and Papers, Hen. VIII
1537, pp. 381, 435, 501.
1537 The sayings of Nicholas Leighton of Bethum deposed before Sir
James Layburn; ib., p. 504.
1537 Warrant to Thomas Welles for a lease of the parsonage of Betham,
vice William Lancaster of Depdale, Westmorland, executed for
treason; ib. p. 514.
1557 Thomas Bradley, esq., presented the vicar to Beetham church by
virtue of a grant to him and his heirs. After the dissolution of St.
Mary's, York, the crown leased out the Rectory at £25 per annum for
21 years to 21 years. Nicolson and Burn, 1, 218.
1607 February 19, the Rectory was granted to Sir Francis Ducket by K.
James I, the said £25 per annum to be paid to the Crown. Cal. St.
Papers, 1603-10, p. 349.
1610 Inquest taken at Shappe, 12 September, 8 James I (1610) before
Christopher Wood, escheator, by the oath etc., who say that:
Robert Buskell, gentleman, on the day he died was seised of the
manor of Caplesyd and divers lands and tenements in Crakinthorpe
to the said manor belonging, which manor and said lands and tenements are held of the manor of Bethome in free socage by fealty and a
free rent of 12d. payable yearly to the same manor at feast of St.
Martin in winter for all service and demand, and are worth yearly
clear eight marks.
Robert Buskell died 10 April last (1610) and Thomas Buskell is his
son and next heir and is aged 13 years and upwards now. Court of
Wards Inq. p.m., vol. 44, n. 80.
1630 Inquest taken at Kirbiekendall, 4th May, 6 Charles I (1630) before
John Cowper, esquire, escheator, by the oath etc. who say that:
Thomas Buskell on the day of his death was seised of the manor of
Cappleside and of divers lands, tenements and hereditaments in
Cappleside and in Crakenthorpe and Bethome to the said manor
belonging; and of 14 acres of land meadow and pasture called
"Beeland" in Millnethorpe within the parish of Heversham, lately
purchased from Thomas Chalenor, knight.
The manor of Cappleside and the lands, tenements and hereditaments in Crakenthorpe and Beethome are held of William, earl of
Derby, as of his manor of Bethome in free socage by fealty and a free
rent of 12d yearly to be paid to the said manor of Beethome at the
feast of St. Martin in winter for all services and demands and are
worth yearly clear four marks. And the 14 acres called "Beeland"
in Heversham are held of the king as of his manor of Sherehutton (fn. 15) in
free and common socage by fealty only and not in chief, as by letters
patent under the Great Seal of England, dated at Westminster, 16
June, 7 Edward VI (1553), shown to jurors, more fully appears, and
are worth yearly clear 7s.
Thomas Buskell died 5 March last (1629–30) at Cappleside and
Robert Buskell is his son and nearest heir and he is aged eight years
two months and 20 days now. And Magdalene late the wife of the
said Thomas Buskell deceased, lives in pure widowhood at Cappleside.
Court of Wards Inq. p.m., vol. 79, n. 42.
1652 Discharge from sequestration of the following estates purchased from
the Treason Trustees: Beetham Hall purchased by William Claxton;
Beetham manor bought for Capt. Blunt Sadler; Arneshed Tower,
lands and mills bought by James Wainright. Two fines due to the
Commonwealth by custom upon the deaths of William, late earl of
Derby, and James, late earl of Derby, from the tenants of the manor
of Beetham (fine of 9 years' rent); Cal. of Com. for Compounding,
i, 727, 734; ii, 1116-7.
1655 The surviving Parliamentary Trustees, under an act entitled "An
Act for the sale of the several lands and estates forfeited to the Commonwealth for treason," convey to James Wainright of the City of
London, haberdasher, for £861 4s. 2d., and by two writings under their
hands and seals bearing dates the 30 January, 1652, and the 20th
July, 1655, sold and conveyed to the said James Wainright all the
demesne lands in Arneshed with the appurtenances situate within the
manor of Beetham, namely the capital messuage or mansion-house
commonly called Arneshed Tower and divers lands (named) and also
"all that fishing on Kent Sands and the river Kent called the Fence
and the Eye, which fishing begins at a place called the Yewrake on the
north-west side of Arneshed Park and so north-west across the sand to
the slade in the Holme and so to the Redwell in Blawith or Blawith or Blathe on
thither side of the sands and from thence up the sands eastward to
Staveley Stone, being in length about two miles and a half, now or
late in the occupation of Hillary Bradley and Thomas Laborne";
Case of Wilson v. Brogden, pp. 124–6.
1671 Hearth Tax Roll, Lay Subsidy 195, n. 73, m. 25.
Beathom and Arnesyde.
|Mr. Tho: Simpson
|Mr Willm. Bradley
|These persons following are discharged by Certificates.|
1768 Hugh lord Clifford conveys to Daniel Wilson, esq., "all that the
said manor or lordship or reputed manor or lordship of Capleside,
otherwise Capulside . . . . and all that the site of the capital messuage
or mansion house, commonly called Capleside Hall, and also all these
the demesne lands or grounds of Capleside . . . . and also three
parcels of land lying and being in Milnthorpe . . . save and except
out of these presents," the tenements in Capleside which had been enfranchised by the deed of 1762 and also excepting out of this deed all
and singular the messuages, lands, tenements, fishings, franchises and
hereditaments which by the deed of 1762 had been conveyed to John
Barrow and John Smith and also excepting etc. See Meathop. Case
of Wilson v. Brogden, pp. 38, 146.
1815 The Right Honourable Smith Stanley, earl of Derby, in the county
of Derby and lord Stanley, conveys to Daniel Wilson, esq., "all that
the manor of Beetham-cum-Arnside . . . . the capital messuage and
tenement called Beetham Hall with the demesne and the watermills . . . . also the fishery of Arnside, with all buildings and the
chief rents, free rents, salt-cotes and other payments situate and being
in Ulpha etc."; Case of Wilson v. Brodgen, p. 39.