Kirkby Lonsdale

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Institute of Historical Research

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William Farrer & John F. Curwen (editors)

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1924

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305-325

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'Kirkby Lonsdale', Records relating to the Barony of Kendale: volume 2 (1924), pp. 305-325. URL: http://british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=49324 Date accessed: 28 November 2014.


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KIRKBY LONSDALE

The descent of the manors in the parish of Kirkby Lonsdale deserves a brief notice. With the exception of the rectory manor of Kirkby Lonsdale all other manors in the parish were held of the barony of Kendale. In Kirkby Lonsdale the rectory-manor probably comprised half or three-fourths of the vill and prior to the Reformation was held immediately of the Crowm by the abbot and monks of St. Mary's, York. Their tenants were the successive heads of the local family, Ketel de Kirkeby Lonesdale, living towards the end of the twelfth century, his son Adam and lastly, in the reign of John and early in that of Henry III, the last of the line of hereditary parsons, (by the enforcement of the Canon Law against married clerks) namely John de Kirkby, whose daughter Alice, carried her territorial inheritance in marriage to Richard son and heir of Alan de Coupland.

In 1283 Alan son of the said Richard held a fourth part of Kirkby Lonsdale of William de Lindeseye for 12d. rent. About the feast of the Purification, 17 Edward I (1289), Alan son of Richard de Coupland gave lands in Docker, Whittington and Hutton (?) to William son of John Le Gentle in marriage with his daughter, Philippa. (fn. 1) There is no reference in this deed to lands in Kirkby Lonsdale. How long this family held the manor is not known. Possibly the rectory-manor was resigned to the abbey of St. Mary, York, when the church of Kirkby Lonsdale was appropriated to the monastery in 1240.

When the portion of the manor which was held of the barony of Kendale again comes into view, namely in 1411, it was held by Thomas Tunstall, knt., of Philippa, duchess of Ireland. This was probably the estate known as Deansbigging, which was held in 1523 by Edward Middleton, esq., as of the castle of Thurland. It passed on the death of Christopher Middleton, gent., in 1603 to his son John.

At the dissolution of the monasteries the chief manor of Kirkby Lonsdale passed to the Crown and was granted by Philip and Mary, in 1558, to Thomas Carus, justice of the queen's bench temp. of queen Elizabeth, who died 9 Sept., 1575, leaving an only daughter Elizabeth, who afterwards married Sir Nicholas Curwen of Workington, as his second wife. In 1587 Christopher Carus of Halton, brother of Thomas, deceased, and Katherine his wife, Nicholas Curwen and Elizabeth his wife by fine conveyed the manor to William Thornburgh, esq., and Thomas Curwen, gent. Subsequently the manor was sold to George Preston of Holker, esq., who died 5 April, 1640, possessed of the manor and of "Over Biggings Hall" with the demesne lands. Thomas Preston his son, then aged 36. suffered severely for his part in the Civil War and died in 1678. He or his son Thomas sold the manor of Kirkby Lonsdale to Sir John Lowther of Lowther, bart.

1090–1097 Ivo Talebois gave to St. Mary's, York, the church of KircabiLauenesdale with its land; Cal. of Chart. R. iii, 115.

1120–30 Ketel son of Eltred renewed the gift. See Heversham, p. 142.

1176 Account of the chatels of those who fled from justice or perished by judgment of water; Peter [? Ketel] de Cherkebilonesdale 12d.; Pipe R. 22 Henry II, p. 121.

1180–99 Adam de Kirkebi Lonesdale attested with other clergy a charter of Benedict de Penington to the Hospital of St. Mary of Conishead, of the Church of Muncaster and chapel of St. Aldeburg; Farrer, Lancs. Pipe R., 361.

1184–1200 Ketel the clerk [of K. Lonsdale] gave to the canons of Cockersand his half part of Ruhcroft by the spring of Lindale to another brook which falls into Lupton brook and by the bounds of Lupton to those of Hoton and by the bounds of Hoton to the said spring, with common rights in Kirkebylonnesdale; Chartul. of Cockersand (Chetham Soc.), 911.

By another charter Ketel gave, with the consent of Adam his heir, the moiety of Rudcroft with common rights etc. of his fee in the vill of Kirkebilonnesdale; ib., 912.

As Ketel de Kirkebi Lonesdale he gave to the hospital of Cockersand 4 a. land below the road near Penningstein Howe, with common rights of the vill, for the health of the soul of Heixstilda his wife. Witnesses (named, including Adam the priest, John the parson, Thomas the parson, 4 clerks, a chaplain and a deacon). Large seal of white paste bearing two towers? Legend: sigillum ketelli clerici de kirkby; ib.

Adam son of Ketel confirmed his father's gift in alms; and by another charter gave to the brethren of Chokersond 9 a. land in Kirkebi on the south side from Penigstain-hou of the highway leading to Witintun, as far as the bounds of Witintun. Witnesses: John the parson, William de Midiltun, Thomas the clerk Richard de Berebrun, Gilbert his brother, Richard de Burrow, Robert de Hoton Roof; ib. 913–4.

1190–1216 William de Heslewelle gave to the brethren of Cockersand 4 a. land in Kirkeby Lonnesdale on the western side of Ruhcroft outermost of his land towards Teueleshevit, with pasture for 10 beasts and 2 horses, saving the suit of his mill of the grain growing on that land; Chartul. Cockersand (Chetham Soc)., 915.

1208 Richard de Preston and Erneburg his wife acknowledged that 40 a. in Kirkeby Lonesdale and 10 a. in Whitinton (co. Lanc.) were the right of Gilbert son of Gilbert, tenant; for this Gilbert gave them and the heirs of Erneburg the land in Whitington; Feet of F., file 1, n. 30.

Roger de Carrus acknowledges that 8 bovates in Kirkebi Lonesdal and 4 bovates in Dilacre are the right of William de Heselwell, who gave thereof to Roger 3 bovates of the land in Dilacre held by William de Cairus; ib., n. 33.

1210–12 John the parson of Kirkebilonesdale attests the grant by Aliz de Rumeli, daughter of William son of Dunekan to the monks of Furness of Borrowdale in Cumberland; Bain, Cal. of Docs. Scot., i, 97.

1227 Grant to John de Kirkeby, parson of the church of Kirkebi in Lonnesdale and his successors of a yearly fair on the land of that church on the eve, the feast and the morrow of the Nativity of St. Mary (Sept. 7-9) and a weekly market there on Thursday; Cal. of Chart. R. i, 60.

1227 John parson of Kirkebi Lonnesdale recovers his right in a small tenement in Kirkebi Lonnesdale; Feet of F., file 3, n. 8.

1227 Adam de Killington acknowledges that 40 a. in Kirkebi Lonnesdale are the right of John de Haselwell, tenant, who gave him 30 a. of the land in a field called Scelmarethweit (mort d'ancestor); Feet of F., file 3, n. 10.

Gilbert son of Robert releases to Richard de Coupland, tenant, 2 b. in Kirkeby Lonnesdale, for which Richard gave him 11½ a. there (described); ib., n. 11.

1228 R[ ] abbot and the convent of Furness ratify the ordination by archbishop Walter (Gray) of the churches of Dalton, Urswick, Millom and Kirkby Ireleth with their chapels and grant to the archbishop the mediety of the church of Millom and the church of Kirkeby [Ireleth] with its chapels. Dated in May, 1228. Witnesses: Nicholas de Kirkeby, then dean of Lonesdale, Thomas parson of Eversam, Benedict Gernet, rector of the church of Halton, Robert de Clacton, (fn. 2) William Bovill, (fn. 3) Nicholas son of Robert, rector of the church of Kirkeby in Kendale; Reg. of Archbp. Gray (Surtees Soc.), 161n.

1229 John de Kirkeby demands against Richard de Copeland land in Kirkeby Lonesdale which the said Richard held temp Richard I; Curia Regis R. 104, m. 13.

1230 In an assize between John de Kirkeby, plaintiff, and Richard de Copland, 8 knights and others are to be summoned from the vicinage of Kirkeby Lonesdale, not being of the fee of William de Lancastre nor of affinity to the parties, to recognize how much land the said Richard holds in the said vill, of which the church of Kirkeby was seised in the time of Richard I or after as of free alms of the said church, and how much John de Kirkeby holds which belongs to the fee of the said William de Lancastre, of which the ancestors of the said William were seised as of their lay fee in the time of King Richard or after. Richard puts in his place Adam le Chapelein; Cur. Regis R. 104, m. 13.

1235 The moiety of the vill of Kirkeby Lonesdall of the fee of the church owes ½m. for a default; Parker; Pipe R. of Westm., 200.

1240 Licence from Gregory ix to the abbot and convent of St. Mary's, York, to convert to their own use the church of Kirkebi in Lonesdale, putting in a chaplain to serve it; Cal. of Papal Reg., i, 190, 221.

1240–50 Robert son of Robert Scatergod of Kyrckeby Lonesdale released to the canons of Cockersand all the land which he held of them in Kyrkeby Lonesdale, namely the 4 a. described above, for 18s. Witnesses: John de Biginges, Henry de Quiteby, Matthew de Casterton, William de Frenes, Adam de Hoton, William Banes, William Sturnel, Robert son of Alan de Lupton, Michael de Manesaghe, Stephen and Richard his sons, Thomas le Waleys and Adam his brother; Chartul. of Cockersand (Chetham Soc.), 915.

1249– Alice daughter of John de Kyrkeby (fn. 4) grants at the porch of the church where Richard son and heir of Alan Copland married her that she was dowered of 100s. worth of land and rent in Wytinton of the land of the same Sir Alan de Copland, and if by chance Richard her husband shall predecease her in the life time of Alan his father, so that she cannot claim any land or tenement of the same Alan in the name of dower, if Alan survives Richard his son, but if Richard her husband survives his said father this writing shall not injure her so that she may according to the custom of the realm of England demand and obtain dower in the lands of Richard her husband.

Witnesses: William de Furnesio, Michael his son, Sir Richard de Brocton, Michael de Harrington, Ralph de Bethum, knights; Thomas rector of Aldingham. Fragment of seal; Hist. MSS. Com., Rep. xii, App. vii, 5.

1276 Elena daughter of John de Biggingges brought an assize of novel disseisin against John de Bigginges touching a tenement in Kirkeby in Lonesdale; Dep. Keeper's Rep. 45, App. 220.

1279 Adam son of John de Bygynges brought an assize of mort d'ancestor against Gilbert de Whyteby touching a messuage and land in Kirkeby in Lonnesdale; ib. 48, App. 104.

1283 Alan de Coupeland held a 4th part of Kirkeby Lonesdale of William de Lindeseye for 12d. rent; it is worth 100s; Lancs. Inq., pt. i, 256.

1288 Robert de Kyrkeby of cos. York and Westmorland, acknowledges a debt; Cal. Close R., 1288, p. 540.

1291 Some time subsequently to Ivo de Tailbois' gift to St. Mary's, but when is not exactly known, the church of Kirkby Lonsdale, which until then had been an Ecclesiastical Rectory, was made appropriate to the said Abbey and a Vicarage was created and endowed. The Vicarial endowment, Mr. Caley says (fn. 5) , cannot anywhere now be found, yet the Vicarage must have been of ancient origin because it is recognised in the Ecclesiastical Taxation of Pope Nicholas IV (1291) and is there taxed or valued yearly at £16, while the Rectory of the church is valued at £86 13s. 4d. But the Vicarial profits seem either to have been overrated or greatly decreased by the Scottish devastations (fn. 6) for in the new taxation of Clement V (1318) they are only valued at £3 6s. 8d. Between this time and the 26 Henry VIII, when the General Eccles. Survey was made by Parliamentary authority, but little intervenes either as to the Rectory, which continued to belong to St. Mary's, or the Vicarage. The latter was according to this Survey of the annual value of £20 15s. 2d. arising from a mansion with glebe land per ann. £1 6s. 8d., tithes of Hay etc. What the appropriate Rectory consisted of, best appears from a Record in the Augmentation Office, entitled the "Minister's or Crown Receiver's Account of the suppressed Monastery of St. Mary's, York," 32 Henry VIII, where John Redeman, the Crown's collector, answers for £53 6s. 8d. for the ferm of the Rectory there with the Tithes of Sheaf Corn of the whole Parish there, so demised to Sir Galfrid Middleton, knt. by indenture under the Common Seal of the late monastery for the term of —years, payable at the Feasts of the Purification of the Blessed Virgin Mary and St. Peter in Chains equally. Hence it should seem that all tithes except those of corn appertained to the Vicar, except the tithe of wood which perhaps has never been taken by either party.

1294 March 22. Archbishop John le Romeyn visited Kirkby Lonesdale; Reg. of Archbp. Romeyn (Surtees Soc.), ii, 201.

1302 Robert son of Eve and Matilda his wife recover by replevin their land in Kirkeby in Lonnesdale, lately seized for their default against Roger son of Alice daughter of William; Cal. Close R., 1302, p. 577.

1318 By the "nova taxatio" of Clement v the church was taxed at £13 6s. 8d. and the Vicarage at £3 6s. 8d. See above under date 1291.

1332 Kirkeby Lonisdale. Subsidy of a fifteenth.

Ralph de Le How in goods 60s.
William son of Ralph " 30s.
William son of John " 60s.
Robert de Lamberton " 50s.
Thomas Mone " 20s.
Roger Granger " 50s.
Thomas Nele " 20s.
Michael de Le How " 60s.
Thomas Carman " 40s.
John Felah " 40s.
Adam de Bigginges " 20s.
Robert de Romondby " 50s.
William son of Chudbert " 40s.
Adam son of Nicholas " 30s.
Thomas Froste " 20s.
Sum £30, whereof to the king 40s.

1335 Inspeximus of a charter dated at Chertsey, 20 Sept., II Henry III, in favour of John de Kirkeby, parson of Kyrkeby in Lonnesdale, and confirmation of the same to the Abbot of St. Mary's, York, now parson of that church, who holds it with the convent of that place to their own use; Cal. of. Chart. R. iv, 342.

1355 John de Gillyng held of William de Coucy, deceased, lands in Kirkeby in Lonesdale by cornage, wardship and relief and still holds them; Cal. Inq. ix, 457.

1358 William de Berdesay has the custody of certain lands and tenements late of Thomas Sele, deceased, in Kirkeby in Lonesdale; Abbrev. R. Original., ii, 249b.

1365 Grant to Richard de Wisebeche, vicar of the church of Kirkeby in Lonesdale and Thomas Banes (fn. 7) of pontage for six years in aid of the repair of the bridge of Kirkeby in Lonesdale on things for sale passing by or under that bridge between the priory of Horneby and Gratrehals; Cal. Pat. R., 1365, p. 129.

1366 Pardon of outlawry for Roger de Slaytburn, clerk, for not answering Richard de Wysbech, vicar of the church of Kirkeby in Lonnesdale touching a plea of debt of 100s.; Cal. Pat. R. 1366, p. 330.

1370 Kirkeby: of . . . . .[and] Thomas . . . .[for their tithe], two windles, 2s. 8d.; Roger . . . ., seven windles, 9s. 4d.; John son of . . . . 1½ windles, 2s.; Adam de Cam. .land (?), 3 windles, 4s.; Roll at Levens (imperfect).

1375 William de Bourdale held of Joan late the wife of John de Coupeland divers tenements below (sub) the vill of Kyrkby [viz. in Hutton Roof] by homage and fealty and the yearly service of 16d.; Chan. Inq. p.m., 49 Edward III, 1st. nos., n. 29.

1375 Commission for the arrest and delivery to the Marshalsea prison of William de Redman of Fayrthwayt, Robert son of William de Doufbiging of Bentham, William son of John Forster of Aldwenyngton, Christopher son of Edmund Forster of Bentham, Edward son of William de Redmane of Fayrthwayt [others of Bentham named], Henry Kittokson de Redman" of Kirkeby in Lonesdale and Matilda his wife, Richard son of Thomas de Laghfot, John Rast of Kendale, Agnes late the wife of John Hunter of Wytigton and John son of William Forster of Bethame (sic), who are indicted of the death of Alan Proctour, killed at Dent, as the king has been informed. . . . that the said malefactors, banded together with others, are vagabonds in divers parts of the realm, threatening to kill their indictors and the said friends and to burn their houses; Cal. Pat. R. 1375, p. 135; 1377, p. 88.

1381 Pardon for William Taillour of Kirkeby in Lonesdale and John del Fell of Middleton in Lonesdale for the death of Richard Cayrous of Dent killed before 1 December, 4 Richard II; Cal. Pat. R. 1381, p. 91.

1384 Pardon for Thomas Smyth of Kirkeby in Lonesdale for the death of Roger Waryner; Cal. Pat. R. 1384, p. 487.

1392 Inquest taken at Kirkeby in Lonesdale on Monday after the Exaltation of the Holy Cross, 16 Richard II (15 September, 1392), by the oath of Hugh de Salkeld, Adam Bacon, John Adkynson, Hugh (or Henr.?) Watson, William Ferour, John de Bradeley, Robert Ward, Henry de Ullathorn, William de Lafet, William de C. . . .aw, John Bone and Robert Thomlynson, who say that it is not to the injury of the king or others if the king grant licence to Nicholas de Stengreve, vicar of Kirkeby in Lonesdale, Thomas de Brunby, vicar of St. Lawrence, Appleby, William Gascoigne, chaplain, and John Thornour, chaplain, to alienate in mortmain to the abbot and convent of St. Mary's, York, six messuages, 76 a. and one rood land, 14 a. meadow and 3½ a. wood in Kirkeby in Lonesdale, Whelprige, Berburne and Casterton. Of these premises three messauges, 17 a. one rood land in Kirkeby in Lonesdale are held of the said abbot and convent, who hold of the king in chief by knight's service and 3s. 6d. rent and are worth 6s. 8d.; three messuages, 40 a. land, 10 a. meadow, 1½ a. wood and waste at Whelprigge in the vill of Berburne are held of Ralph Lascelles by knight's service, by fealty and 7d. yearly rent and are worth 20s. yearly; and Ralph holds them of Lady Phillippa, duchess of Ireland, as of the inheritance of the Lord of Coucy, and she holds of the king in chief; 19 a. land, 4 a. meadow, 2 a. wood and waste in the vill of Casterton are held of Lady Philippa, duchess of Ireland, by knights' service and by fealty and 18d. rent, and are worth 6s. 8d.; Chan. Inq. p.m., 16 Richard II, n. 114.

1392 Licence to the abbot and convent of St. Mary's, York, for the alienation to them in mortmain by Nicholas de Stayngreve, vicar of Kirkeby in Lonesdale and others of inter alia 3½ messuages, 4 tofts, 114½ a. 1 rood of land, 9 a. meadow, 6 a. pasture, 6 a. turbary and 6 a. wood in Kirkeby in Lonesdale, Kirkeby Becoke, Gosford, Bolton and Distington; Cal. Pat. R. 1392, p. 176.

1400 Grant by Robert Banes of Melling and Robert Holme to Thomas, son of Thomas Tunstall, knt., of the lands and tenements in Kirkby Lonesdale with the fourth part of the lordship of the said vill, which they had by the gift of the said Thomas Tunstall, knt. Given at Kirkby Lonesdale on Thursday on the feast of St. Mary Magdalene, I Henry IV (22 July, 1400); Dodsworth's MS. 62, f. I.

1403 Ratification of the estate of Nicholas Stayngrave, as vicar of the church of Kirkeby in Lonesdale; Cal. Pat. R. 1403, p. 305.

1411 Thomas Tunstall, chivaler, held of Philippa, late the wife of Robert de Veer, late duke of Ireland, certain lands and tenements in Kirkeby in Lonesdale [and] . . . . yland by homage and fealty and for 12d. rent, worth 50s.; Chan. Inq. p.m., 13 Henry IV, n. 44.

1417 Grant by Thomas de Baglay of Eseby, near Richmond, to John de Preston of Byggyng, now of the county of Appilby and Richard his son of land in Claghton, co. Lanc, which descended to the grantor after the death of William de Baglay his father. Witnesses. Richmond, Michaelmas, 5 Henry v (1417); Orig. at Sizergh.

1428 John Kempe, cardinal-priest of Santa Balbina and lord Archbishop of York, made a visitation to the church on Sep. 7, 1428, and again on Sep. 18, 1442. Surtees Socy. vol. 127, pp. 207, 278.

1451 Richard Preston holds of Cockersand Abbey 5 a. land in Bygynges at will and ½ a. land for 12d. rent; Chartul. of Cockersand, 1294.

1461 Rental of Cockersand Abbey (as in 1451).

1470 Edmund Chaderton, rector of Broughton, exchanged the rectory for the vicarage of Kirkby Lonsdale; Test. Ebor. (Surtees Soc.), IV, 67n.

1470 John Patrik, son and heir of Richard Patrik, late of Tevelneshed, (fn. 8) parish of Kyrkby Lonysdall, deceased, appoints Christopher Partrik of Byggyng in the said parish and Richard Johnson of the same, his attorneys to surrender into the lord's hands in the court of the abbot and convent of St. Mary near York, to be held at Kyrkby Lonysdall, a tenement and land at Teuelished within the lordship of Kyrkby, to the use of Reginald Pryston of Byggyng, his heirs etc., to hold of the abbot and convent. Dated 2 May, 10 Edward IV (1470); Orig. at Sizergh.

1501 Leonard Preston holds of Cockersand Abbey 5½ a. land in Byggyngg called Lamyscrofte for 12d. rent; Chartul. of Cockersand, 1295.

1519 Anthony Middleton of the City of York, "marchaund" states in his will: "I bequeath on trentall (fn. 9) of messes to be downe at Kirkby Londesdaill for my soull my father saull and all Cristen saulles, x.s"; Proved 20 June, 1520; Reg. Test. Ebor., v, 102.

1530 Papal dispensation for William Gresham to hold the vicarage of Kirkby Lonsdale in commendam; (fn. 10) Brit. Mus., Stowe, 598.

1537 Thomas Preston holds of Cockersand Abbey 5½ a. land in Byggynges called Lamyscroft for 12d. rent; Chartul. of Cockersand, 1295.

1571 Inquest taken at Kirkbylonesdall 22 September, 13 Elizabeth (1571), before John Myddleton, esquire, and Reg[inald Warcopp, gentleman, Feodary of the county of Westmoreland] . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Thoms Strickland, esq., Walter Chamber, Richard Bowskill, Thos Warde, George Mansearth, junior, Richd Myddleton of Langthwate, Edward Baynbrige, Thurstan May, Robt Lawrence, Edw . . . . . . William Baynes and John Baynes, gentlemen, who say that:

The late king and queen, Philip and Mary, were seised in their demesne as of fee in right of their crown of England in right of the said late queen in her demesne as of fee of the manor of Kyrkbylo[nsdall] and so seised they by letters patent dated at Westminster 2 July, 4-5 Philip and Mary (1558) . . . . . .granted to the said Thomas Carus and Katherine his wife the manor aforesaid with all its rights and members and Courts Views of frankpledge markets fairs etc., to have and to hold to Thomas and Katherine and the heirs of Thomas for ever as more fully appears in the letters patent shewn to Jurors. By virtue whereof Thomas and Katherine were seised, he of fee and she of free tenement. They further say that Thomas Carus was seised in his demesne as of fee of the whole of the late chantry of St. Leonard called "the Spittle" in Kirkbylonesdaill . . . . . .lands etc. thereto belonging; and of the manor of Hutton rooffe otherwise Hutton ruffe with all its rights and members; and of . . . . . . .in the said county and in co. Lancaster and of all the lands etc. to the said capital messuage belonging or let therewith in Hutton roofe and . . . . . . . . . . . acres of land in Greslacke, and of 5 messuages in Hutton rooffe commonly called Windyates, and of all the lands etc. to the said messuages belonging in Hutton . . . . . . . . . . moiety of 1 acre of land called "Simpkin manner," situated in Windyates; and of 1 close of land and meadow called "Lambeclose" lying in Over biggins . . . . . . . . . "Lambeflatte" lying in Over biggins.

And the said Thomas Carus so being seised, by his charter dated 12 February . . . . Elizabeth, shewn to Jurors, . . . . . . . . . . [Christopher Carus], gentleman his second son an annuity of £20 issuing from all his lands and tenements. To have and receive . . . . . . . . . . By virtue whereof the said Christopher was seised of same for term of his life and still is living.

Thomas Carus made his will and by it bequeathed to Gressillia one of his daughters £200 to be levied and received from . . . . . . . . . . Thornebrough £10 and to Katherine Ellis £10. To be levied and received from his lands tenements and hereditaments aforesaid. And also by his will . . . . . . . . manors, messuages, lands etc. to Thomas Carus his son and heir apparent and heirs male of his body lawfully begotten and in default of such . . . . . . . .

He, so being seised, died and Katherine his wife survived him and solely held the manor of Kirkbylonesdaill.

After his father's death Thomas Carus, junior, by virtue of the legacy in his father's will was seised of two parts of all and singular the tenements aforesaid . . . . . . . . . . . with remainder to himself and his heirs male of his body, with remainder to the aforesaid Christopher Carus and heirs male of his body, with remainder to the right heirs of the aforesaid Thomas . . . . . . . .

The manor of Kirkbylonesdaill is held of the queen in chief by service of one 40th part of a knight's fee for all services and is worth yearly clear £xv . . s. . . [the Chantry] called "the Spittle" and all the lands etc. to the said chantry belonging are held of the queen in chief by service of one 40th part of a knight's fee and is worth yearly clear £4 13s. 4d. . . . . . . . . . . and all the lands and tenements to the said messuage belonging are held they know not of whom, nor by what service and are worth yearly clear £3 1s. 10d. and the said 10 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . they know not and they are worth yearly clear 10s. And the manor of Hutton roofe or Hutton ruffe is held of . . . . . . . . . . they know not and is worth yearly clear £20 10s. 8½d. The 5 messuages called Wyndyates and lands belonging thereto . . . . . . . they know not and they are worth yearly clear 18s. The 2 closes called Lambeflatte and Lambeclose are held of whom they know not nor by what service . . . . . . . . .

Thomas Carus, senior, had no more manors, lands etc. in the county on the day he died, namely on 5 July, 13 Elizabeth (1571) and Thomas Carus, junior, is his son and . . . . . . . . . 26 years and upwards now. Note. The right edge of the Inquisition is gone so no line is complete. Chanc. Inq. p.m., ser. ii, vol. 159, n. 79.

1576 Inquest taken at Kyrkbye in Kendall . . . . January, 18 Elizabeth (1575–6), before Thomas Preston and Edwd Middleton, esquires, and Thomas Brathwaite, gentleman, deputy feodary, by the oath etc., who say that:

Long before the death of Thomas Carus, esquire, the king and queen, Philip and Mary, were seised in their demesne as of fee in right of the queen's crown of the manor of Kirkeby Lonsdall with its rights and members all in co. Westmorland and so seised they by their letters patent dated at Westminster 2 July, 4 and 5 Philip and Mary (1558) granted to Thomas Carus late one of the present queen's Justices assigned to hold pleas before her, father of the Thomas Carus of this Inqn and Katherine late the wife of Thomas Carus, senior, the said manor. To have and to hold to Thomas, senior, and Katherine and the heirs of Thomas for ever as appears in the letters patent shown to the jurors, by virtue whereof Thomas, senior, and Katherine were thereof seised, to wit: Thomas in his demesne as of fee and Katherine in her demesne as of free tenement. Thomas Carus, senior, was further seised in his demesne as of fee of the whole of the late chantry of St. Leonard called "le Spittell" in Kyrkebye Lonsdell and all the messuages, lands etc. thereto belonging; and of the manor of Hutton Rooff, otherwise Hutton Ruff with all its rights and members in co. Westmd; and of one capital messuage called "Greislacke" in co. Westmorland and co. Lancaster and all the lands etc. to the same belonging lying in Hutton Roof and Kirkbie Lonsdell; and of 10 acres of land in Graslacke in co. Westmd; and of 5 messuages in Hutton Rooff commonly called "Wyndyeates" and all the lands and tenements to the said messuage belonging in Hutton Rooff; and of one messuage and a moiety of one acre of land called "Sympkin manor" situate in Windyeates in co. Westmd; and one close of land and meadow called "Lambeclose" lying in Overbygens in co. Westmd and one close of land or pasture called "Lambesflate" lying in Overbigens in co. Westmd. So seised he by his deed dated 12 Feb., 11 Elizabeth (1568–9), shewn to jurors, granted to Christopher Carus his second son an annuity of £20 out of all his aforesaid lands and tenements. To have and receive for term of his life, who thereupon became seised of the said annuity for his life and the said Christopher Carus still lives.

They say further that the said Thomas Carus, senior, so being seised of all the aforesaid premises made his will and by it bequeathed all the said manors, messuages, lands etc. to Thomas Carus of this Inqn and the heirs male of his body, lawfully begotten, with remainder in default of such to Christopher Carus his second son and heirs male etc., with remainder in default of such to his own right heirs for ever. So seised of all the above Thomas Carus, senior, died and Katherine his wife survived him and solely held the manor of Kirkbie Lonsdell and still lives.

After the death of Thomas, senior, Thomas Carus, junior (of this Inqn) by virtue of the will became seised of two parts of all the tenements specified in the will, in three parts to be divided, in possession reversion and remainder to him and his heirs male etc. with remainder etc. to Christopher and heirs male etc with remainder etc to Thos, junior's (? senior's) right heirs for ever; and a third part of the said tenements, being the residue, descended to Thomas, junior, as son and heir of the said Thomas, senior. So seised he assigned in dower to the said Katherine his mother the chantry of St. Leonard called "le Spittell" of the annual rent of £3 10s. 4d. And divers lands and tenements in Kirkebie le Spittell in Wyndyeates in Greislack and Hutton Roof of the annual rent of £5 3s. 4d.

Thomas Carus, junior, long before his death was seised of 12 messuages, 80 acres of land, 30 acres of meadow, 40 acres of pasture, to the said messuage adjoining in Perells Yeate, Telueside, Kestwhait, and Kirkbie Lonsdell in co. Westmd; and one messuage certain lands and tenements thereto adjoining in Hutton Rooff now or late in the tenure of John Wylson.

So seised of the aforesaid several estates in all the above manors, messuages, lands and tenements the said Thomas Carus died without heir male of his body begotten.

The manor of Kirkbie Lonsdell is held of the queen in chief by service of one 40th part of a knight's fee and is worth yearly clear £17 2s. 8½d. The chantry of St. Leonard called le Spyttell and all the lands and tenements thereto belonging are held of the queen in chief by service of one 40th part of a knight's fee and is worth yearly clear £4 13s. 4d. The capital messuage called "Greislack" and all thereto belonging are held of whom and by what service they know not and are worth yearly clear £3 1s. 10d. The 10 acres in Greislacke are held of whom and by what service they know not and are worth yearly clear 10s. The manor of Hutton Ruff is held of whom and by what service they know not and is worth yearly clear £20 10s. 8½d. The five messuages called Windyattes and lands thereto belonging, tenure and service not known, worth yearly clear 18s. The tenement and half acre called Simpkin Manor, tenure and service not known, worth yearly clear 5s. The two closes called Lambesflatt and Lambeclose, tenure and service not known, worth yearly clear 6s. 8d. The 12 messuages and lands etc. adjoining in Perells Yate, Telueside, Kestwhat and Kirkbie Lonsdell, tenure and service not known, worth yearly clear £3 9s. The premises in tenure of John Wylson, tenure and service not known, worth yearly clear 8s.

Thomas Carus held nothing more in co. Westmorland on day he died, namely: 9th September, 17 Elizabeth (1575) and Elizabeth Carus is his only daughter and heir and on the day of his death she was aged 13 years, 7 months and no more. And the aforesaid Christopher still lives. And Thomas Carus long before his death and at the time, had a wife Anne Carus who survived him and still lives. Court of Wards Inq. p.m., vol. 16, n. 29.

1587 Elizabeth, by the grace of God, queen etc. to Edward Standyshe, esq., Thomas Lathome, esq., Nicholas Rigbye, gent., Alexander Rigbye. gent., deputy escheator in co. Lanc., and Edward Rigbie, gent., our feodary in co. Lanc., greeting. Know that we have assigned you 5 etc. our commrs to enquire what lands etc. Francis Tunstall, esq., deceased held of us etc., on the day he died etc. Dated at Lancaster 28 June, 29 Elizabeth (1587).

Note. It is impossible to examine this Inquisn. It has been much discoloured by fluid the whole width of the document at the top, for many lines, and the same at the end of the document for many lines. In the middle, the following words can be seen fairly clearly "and of one fourth part of the manor of Kirkbie in Lonsdale in co. Westmoreland."

c 1604 Lady Elizabeth the relict of Sir Nicholas Curwen gave the site for a free Grammar School at Kirkby Lonsdale, founded in 1591, and also certain parcels of land near the "Biggins." Cal. State Papers, 161118, p. 268.

1605 Inquest taken at Kirkby Kendall 16 November, 3 James I (1605), before Thomas Lamplughe, esquire, escheator in co. Westmorland, by virtue of his office, by the oath etc. who say that: Christopher Middleton on the day of his death was seised in his demesne as of fee of the manor of Denisbyginge and divers lands, arable, meadow and pasture thereto belonging. The said manor and lands are held of the castle of Thurlande in socage by fealty and a rent of 2d. yearly for all services and are worth yearly clear 26s. 8d.

Christopher Middleton died 13 May, 1 James I (1603), and John Middleton is his son and heir and he is aged 13 years and upwards now. Court of Wards Inq. p.m., vol. 29, fo. 140.

1610 Inquest taken at Orton 24 September, 8 James I (1610), before Christopher Woodd, esquire, escheator in co. Westmorland, by the oath of Thomas Wharton, esq., Randall Washington, George Loughe, Robert Backhus, Christopher Crakanthorpe, gentlemen, Edward Harreson, Richard Nevison, Leonard Birkbeck, Thomas Gibson, Robert Holme, John Harreson and James Ward, yeomen, who say that: William Dixson, yeoman, on the day he died was seised of one messuage and tenement in Kirkby Lonsdall lately purchased by him, and seven acres of land in "le North Riddinges" to the said messuage belonging; and of one messuage or tenement in Kestwhait and four acres of land thereto belonging which is held of lady Elizabeth Curwene, widow, as of her manor of Kirkby lonsdall in free socage by fealty and suit of Court of that manor. But of whom the messuage in Kirkby lonsdall and seven acres in le Northe Riddinges are held and by what services they know not. The premises in Kesthwaite are worth yearly clear 6s. 8d.

William Dixson died 24 November, 7 James I (1609) and Richard Dixson is his son and nearest heir and he is aged 16 years now. Chanc. Inq. p.m., ser. ii, vol. 675, n. 119.

1611 Inquest taken at Kirkby Kendall, 30 August, 9 James I (1611), before John Lowther, esquire, escheator, in co. Westmorland, by writ of "diem clausit," by the oath etc. who say that: Lady Elizabeth Curwen long before her death was seised in her demesne as of fee of the manor of Kirkby Lonesdale and 30 messuages, 7 tofts, 2 mills, 1 dovecot, 30 gardens, 300 a. land, 50 a. meadow, 300 a. pasture, 10 a. wood, 1500 a. furze and heath, 10s. rent in Kirkbie Lonesdale, Biggins, Girslacke and Kestthwaite. So seised she by her writing dated 16 March, 8 James I (1610-11) enfeoffed of the premises Henry Widdrington of Widdrington Castle, co. Northumberland, knight, and lady Mary his wife, to have and to hold to them their heirs and assigns for ever, to the use of the said lady Elizabeth Curwen and her assigns for her life without impeachment of waste, with remainder after her death to said Henry Widdrington and Lady Mary his wife and heirs of their bodies lawfully begotten and to be begotten and in default of such to right heirs of said Henry and Mary for ever.

The manor of Kirkby Lonesdale and other the premises in Kirkby Lonesdale, Biggins and Kesthwaite are held of the king by knight service namely: one 40th part of one knight's fee and are worth yearly clear £17 13s. 4d. The messuage and other premises in Girslacke are held of the king as of his manor of Kendall by what service they know not and are worth yearly clear 10s.

Lady Elizabeth Curwen died 30 April last (1611) and lady Mary Widdrington and Jane Lambton, wife of William Lambton, esquire, are her daughters and nearest coheirs. Lady Mary is aged 23 years and upwards and Jane Lambton is aged 21 years and upwards. (fn. 11) Court of Wards Inq. p.m., vol. 35, n. 56.

1612 John Hudsone, of Kyrbye Lonsdall, in co. Westmorland, gent., chapman, and Edward Bainbridge, of Kyrbye Lonsdall, yeoman, saith that when the lady Elizabeth Curwen, late of Kyrbie Lonsdall, decd, was seised in her demesne as of fee, of and in divers and sundry messuages, farmes, lands, tenements, rents, reversions, services lying and being in the manor and lordship of Kyrbye Lonsdall, and by her indenture of bargaine and sale did assure unto yor Orators a parcel of waste and common ground called "Thirnbye" belonging to the said lordship. But soe it is, one Robert Burrowe being a man of great allyance and friends within co. Lanc., and having great interest with the steward of the said manor, and having married the daughter of Myles Mann, who is brother to the steward, and now endeavours to dispossess yor Orators. Duchy of Lancas. Pleadings Michs, 10 James I, 26 November, 1612.

1612 Inquest taken at Kirkbie Lonsdale 6 April, 10 James I (1612), before Roger Otwaye, gentleman, escheator, in co. Westmorland, by the oath etc. who say that: Edward Lightburne was seised of one messuage or tenement in Bigginns and 16 acres of land, arable, meadow and pasture thereto belonging in Biggins of the yearly rent of 10s. 10d. by grant of Francis Cowper of Sedberghe by his writng dated 12 April, 24 Elizabeth (1582). So seised he died. The messuage and other the premises are held of the manor of Kirbye Lonsdale in free socage and are worth yearly clear 20s.

Edward Lightburne died 9 May, 42 Elizabeth (1600), and Robert Lighteburne is his son and heir and he is aged 16 years 11 months, 14 days now. Court of Wards Inq. p.m., vol. 51, n. 59.

1612 Inquest taken at Kendall, 20 April, 10 James I (1612), before Roger Otwaye, gentleman, escheator in co. Westmorland, by the oath etc. who say that: William Lightburne was seised of one messuage or tenement in Kirkbie Lonsdale and 15 acres of land arable meadow and pasture thereto belonging in Bigginns within the parish of Kirkbie Lonsdale, and he so died seised.

The premises are held of the king in chief by one 100th part of one knight's fee and are worth yearly clear 20s.

William Lightburne died 3 April, 1602 and Samuel Lightburne is his son and heir and he is aged now 10 years, 27 days (born 25 March, 1602). Court of Wards Inq. p.m., vol. 54, n. 87.

1618 Inquest taken at Kirkbikendall, 2 October, 16 James I (1618), before Roger Otway, esquire, escheator in co. Westmorland, by the oath of William Benson, James Strickland, Edward Willson, Allan Stephenson, John Ewan, Robert Harrlinge, William Bowerdall, Anthony Gilpin, Peter Birkhead, Thomas Gilpin, Peter Mawson, "Gollphridi" Barrett, Adam Coocke, Thomas Atkinson and Edward Bland, who say that: William Lightburne was seised on the day he died of one messuage and tenement at Overbiggins and 15 acres of land thereto belonging and so died seised on 3 April, 44 Elizabeth (1602).

Premises once were of — Knevett, knight, who held them of Queen Elizabeth as of her castle of Kendall called "le Marques Fee" in free socage and a rent of 2s. and William Lightburne held of them of said queen as of her castle of Kendall called "le Marques Fee" in free socage. The premises are now held of Charles Prince of Wales as of his said Castle of Kendall in free socage and a rent of 2s. And they are worth yearly clear 20s.

Samuel Lightburne is son and heir of said William and he is aged 16 years now. Chanc. Inq. p.m., ser. ii, vol. 413, n. 98.

1621 Inquest taken at Kirkbylonesdale, 22 October, 19 James I (1621), before Joseph Boothe, gentleman, escheator, in co. Westmorland, by the oath etc. who say that: Roland Smythe long before his death was seised of one messuage and tenement and 12 acres of land, meadow and pasture thereto belonging at "Pealsyeate" within the lordship of Kirkby Lonesdale. So seised he made his will, dated 9 November, 1617, shewn to the Jurors and bequeathed the premises as follows: I give my whole messuage and tenement at Pelsyeat and all other my lands and hereditaments within the lordship of Kirkbylonesdale to Richard Thistlethwaite of Dent and to John Bland of Manserghe my brethren in law and their heirs and assigns for ever, upon condition that they shall sell so much as will pay my debts and my bequests. If my goods etc. will not suffice I trust they will be favorable to my son Edmond Smythe and permit him to have the occupation of all my lands that shall remain unsold during his life. If my son shall have issue my request is that said brothers in law and their heirs shall assure such of my messuage and lands as are unsold to the said issue of my son Edmond be it son or daughter to enter and have the same after the death of my said son and further if said Edmond shall die without such lawful issue of his body living at his death, then to assure said premises to the children of my three daughters Elizabeth, Agnes and Isabell equally. The above premises are held of Henry Widdrington, knight, in free socage and are worth yearly clear 10s.

Roland Smythe died 1 March, 15 James I (1616–17) and the said Edmond Smythe is his son and nearest heir and is aged 30 years and upwards now.

Note. It is clear that either the year of the will or the year of the death is wrong. Court of Wards Inq. p.m., vol. 63, n. 98.

1640 Inquest taken at Kirkbylonsdale, 8 September, 16 Charles I (1640), before Ralph Ashton, esquire, Robert Curwen, the king's feodary for co. Westmorland, and Robert Rawlinson, the king's commissioners, by the oath etc. who say that: George Preston on the day of his death was seised of the manor of Kirkbylonsdale, and of one capital messuage and tenement called "over biggins hall" with the demense lands thereto belonging and with it usually occupied and enjoyed late in the tenure of the said George Preston in Biggins; and of 90 messugaes and tenements with divers lands, meadows, feedings and pastures to them belonging in the several tenures of customary tenants thereof in the town of Kirkbylonsdale, Hegholme, Keisthwaite, Mansergh, Middleton, Biggins, Underley and Telisett, now or late parcel of the manor aforesaid or thereto belonging; and of one capital messuage and tenement called "Girslacke" and of 50 acres of land, 10 acres of meadow, 60 acres of pasture, 40 acres of moss, furze and heath to said capital messuage adjoining or belonging at Girslackle aforesaid; and of the manor of Preston Richard with the appurtenances in Preston Richard in the parish of Heversham.

They further say that George Preston so being seised of the manor or demesne of Preston Richard and other the premises there and in Heversham [in co. Westmorland] and of the said messuages lands, tenements and other the premises called "Roall" in co. Lanc. by his deed dated 29 September, 21 James I (1623) agreed and granted with Henry Curwen, knight, Gawin Brathwaite, esquire, that for the affection he bore to George Preston, one of his youngest sons and for his advancement, that he George Preston, the father, and his heirs and every other person and their heirs which now or hereafter shall be seised of the manor or lordship of Preston Richard and appurtenances in co. Westmorland and of all the lands, tenements etc. called by the name of "Roall" in Catterall, co. Lanc., shall be so seised to the use of the said George Preston, the father for his life, and after his decease to the use of the said George Preston, the son and the heirs of his body, and for default of such to the use of George Preston the father and to his heirs for ever. Upon condition that if George Preston the father shall during his life tender or pay to Sir Henry Curwen and Gawen Brathwaite or either of them or their heirs 12d. of intent to revoke this Indenture from thenceforth the said uses shall cease. In witness whereof George Preston put his seal and subscribed his name. This deed was shown to Jurors.

And they say that the said George Preston, younger, son of the said George Preston the father is still alive at Sisaghe in co. Westmorland.

Further they say that the manor of Kirkbylonsdale with the appurtenances and the capital messuage called "over Biggins Hall" with the demesne lands thereto belonging and the said 90 messuages with lands etc., etc. in the several towns of Kirkbylonsdale, Hegholme, Keistwicke, Mansergh, Middleton, Biggins, Underley and Telisett are held of the king in chief by knight service namely: by the 40th part of one knight's fee and are worth yearly clear £3. And the messuage, lands and tenements at Girslacke in co. Westmorld are held of the king as of his manor of Kirkbykendall called "le Richmond fee" but by what services they know not and they are worth yearly clear 30s. And the manor of Preston Richard with the appurtenances is held of the king as of his manor of Kendall called "le Marques fee" by knight service and is worth yearly clear £3.

And they further say that the said George Preston so seised of all the said manors, lands etc. in cos. Westmorland and Lancaster died on 5th April last (1640) and Thomas Preston is his son and next heir he was aged at the time of his father's death 36 years and upwards. Court of Wards Inq. p.m., vol. 94, n. 207.

1640 Henry Wilson, gent., held at his death (in 1639) a capital messuage in Underley and Keistwicke with houses and lands there in his own occupation, besides a messuage in Kirkby Lonsdale and three messuages in Casterton, all held of the king as of the Richmond fee. By his will made in 1638 he bequeathed the premises to his nephew, Thomas Wilson of Underhelme and to Henry, son and heir apparent of Thomas, his nephew, and his heirs male, with remainder successively to Thomas and William, brothers of the said Henry. See vol. i, p. 249; Court of Wards, Inq. p.m., vol. 94, n. 188.

1662 Schedule of defaulters to Hearth Tax. Lay Subsidy Roll, 259, n. 13. The names of them that hath unpayed in ther hearth moneyes due in the yeare ending at Michaelmas, 1662.

Bryan Atkinson 1s.
Elline Fellden 1s.
Alexander Fox [? Fell] for four 4s.
George Garnet, gone 2s.
John Moore 1s.
James Moore 1s.
Lenerd Johnson for four 4s.
Rowland Atkinson, gone 1s.
Mr Edm. Tatham, gone 4s.
Hanabell Clapham for four 4s.
Will. Hodgshon, dead 8s.
John Edmondson 1s.
Edward Huatson 2s.
Will. Grene for four 4s.
James Midelton 2s.
James Barker 2s.
Margarett Partrige 2s.
Will. Ustinson 1s.
Isabell Richardson 1s.
Robertt Beleff [Bellett] 2s.
Rowaland Smith 1s.
Tho. Betham 2s.
Tho. Sternebanck, gone 2s.
Francis Cagger [Jagger] 2s.
Tho. Vayne 1s.
Richard Atkinson 2s.
John Borow 1s.
Rich. Ustinson 2s.
Chris. Caltbecke for four 4s.

John Townson, constabell for the yeare, 1662.

1669–71 Hearth Tax Roll. Lay Subsidy, 195, n. 73, m. 7.

Mr Lambe 4
Mr Miles Hodghson 7
John Knight 1
Widd: Askew 2
Mr Edward Burrow 3
James Moore 2
Richard Turner 1
Leonard Johnson 2
Tho: Johnson 1
Richard Whitehead 1
Leonard Walter 1
Robt Moore 1
Richard Preston 2
Henry Garnett 2
Nicho: Atkinson 1
Richard Branthwte 3
Barbary Dawson 2
Mr John Colthurst 2
Chr: Thompson 2
John Harling 1
Mr Gaithwte 4
Franc: Pykthall 1
Rowland Smith 1
Tho: Seruant 1
Mr Lapidge 3
Schoolehouse 2
Willm. Hardy 3
Henry Washton 4
Thomas Smidyes 2
Executors to widd: Hodghson 2
John Russell 1
Thomas Smidyes 7
James Midlton 1
Widd: Townson 1
Widd: Newton 2
Mrs Wilson 3
Edmond Holme 1
Mr Hoyles 3
John Jackson 1
Widd: Waithman 2
Hanyball Clapham 2
Tho: Anderson 2
John Wilkinson 1
Margt Patricke 2
George Sill 1
Rich: Bayliffe 3
Widd: Fell 1
Willm. Ustinson 2
Tho: Hewetson 1
Edward Wilson 1
Mr Ward 2
Edw: Lightburne 2
The same 1 wald up
William Smith 1
Isabell Richardson 1
Tho: Patricke 1
Tho: Beathom 1
John Taylor 1
Robt Bayliffe 1
John Bland 1
Robt Hardye 2
Mr Tho: Bouth 5
Mr Aplegarth 2
Mr Henry Wilson 8
John Hutton 1
Mr Elstob 6
Widdw Moone 1
John Laycocke 1
John Richardson 1
Widd: Moore 2
John Fisher 2
Rich: Dixon 1
Tho: Harleing 1
Richard Atkinson 1
Willm. Johnson 3
John Bayliffe 2
Tho: Patricke 2
Willm. Baines 1
Willm. Luckas 1
Robt Burrow 2
John Leathfield 1
Anthur Burrow 2
Tho: Willan 2
Mr. Willm. Aplegarth 7
These persons following are discharged by certificates.
Barbary Dawson 1
Widd: (?) Smith 1
James Simkin 1
Arthur Crosfield 1
Widd: Woodhouse 2
Rich: Benson 1
Widd: Atkinson 1
Henry Bracken 1
Rowland Barrow 1
Willm. Walker 1
Richard Bradgate 1
Widd: Harryson 1
Widd: Emmerson 1
Edmond Bland 1
John Hayton 1
Myles Leathfield 1
John Leathfield 1

Footnotes

1 Reg. of Deeds at Levens, f. 121b.
2 Parson of Claughton in Lonsdale.
3 Vicar of Urswick.
4 This indicates how a moiety of Kirkby Lonsdale came to the family of Coupland.
5 From a MS. Feudal History of Westmorland, by John Caley, Keeper of Records in the Augmentati6n Office and Secretary to the Record Commission. Dated about 1830. Penes W. Farrer.
6 See the footnote under Grasmere, p. 2.
7 Of Tevelesheved. Cal. Pat. R., 1366, p. 358. See vol. i., p. 26.
8 See under Hutton Roof.
9 Fr. Trentale, Ital. Trenta. An Office for the dead that continued 30 days, or consisting of 30 masses.
10 A dispensation to some sufficient clerk to temporarily hold a living that is void until it may be provided with a pastor.
11 Lady Elizabeth was the only daughter and heiress of Thomas Carus who died in 1575. She married Sir Nicholas Curwen of Workington, as his second wife, and by him had issue three daughters. The eldest, Anne, was born in 1585 and died in 1606; there is a monument to her memory in Lincoln Cathedral. The other two daughters married as above stated.


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