Casterton

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Institute of Historical Research

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William Farrer & John F. Curwen (editors)

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1924

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326-340

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'Casterton', Records relating to the Barony of Kendale: volume 2 (1924), pp. 326-340. URL: http://british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=49325 Date accessed: 23 September 2014.


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CASTERTON.

Our knowledge of the tenure of the manor of Casterton, prior to the middle of the thirteenth century, is somewhat conjectural; but it is fairly certain that the lords of Manfield, Yorks., and of Waitby and Warcop in Westmorland, were lords in the twelfth century. The annexed pedigree shows that this line can be traced back to the end of the eleventh century. The family of Kabergh of Kaber, Westmorland, and Hippeswell, Yorks., may have been a cadet of the "de Manfield" family. In 1202, Robert son of Robert de Kabergh being recently dead, his son Hugh gave to Eleanor, his father's relict, a moiety of the vill of Hippeswell in dower in exchange for her release of claim to dower in Kaber, Casterton and Warcop. Twenty years later Nicholas de Buelles and Matilda his wife, one of the daughters and eventually co-heirs of Torphin son of Robert de Manfield, granted for themselves and Matilda's heirs to Alice daughter of Gilbert, the tenant, a moiety of the manor of Casterton for 30 marks and a palfrey. This Alice, daughter of Gilbert, was undoubtedly the daughter of Gilbert Fitz-Reinfrid and sister of William de Lancaster III. Before the year 1235 she married William de Lindesay and in that year he and Alice his wife called William de Lancaster to warrant to them concerning the third part of the mill in Casterton against Hugh de Kaberge, and concerning 12 bovates, that is one moiety of the vill, in Kastreton against John Gernet. In the result Hugh and John respectively released their rights to William de Lancaster, who would then assure the premises to William de Lindesay and Alice his wife. Twelve years later, namely in 1247, Robert de Kaberg granted a third part of the vill of Casterton to William de Lindeseye. By these transactions Lindeseye probably became possessed of the whole manor.

William de Lindeseye had issue by his wife, Alice de Lancaster, a son Walter, aged 16 in 1246-7, who married Christiana and died 2 November, 1271, leaving issue a son William, aged 21 at Midsummer, 1271. This William had been contracted in marriage to Ada daughter of John de Baliol at Whitsuntide, 1266. He died about October, 1282, leaving an only daughter Christiana, aged 16 at the Annunciation of St. Mary (25 March), 1283. She married before 28 May, 1283, Ingram de Gynes, lord of Coucy. (fn. 1)


[Descent of the manor of Casterton]

An interesting and important fact is disclosed in the Westmorland inquest taken after the death of Walter de Lindesay in 1272, namely that whereas he held the moiety of the barony of Kendale of the king in chief by knight's service, to wit by the service of one-half and onequarter of a knight's fee, he held the moiety of his lands and tenements of Casterton of Sir Peter de Brus, by the yearly service of three pence. (fn. 3) This inquest shows that whilst he held the entire manor of Casterton, he held one moiety by a different line of inheritance to the other, and not immediately of the Crown, as in the case of the other moiety.

The subsequent descent of the superior manor descended like the other members of the Coucy fee, later known as the Richmond fee, and presumably is now vested in the Earl of Lonsdale. A fourth part of the vill came into the possession of the family of Brunolvesheved, lords of Burneside, apparently towards the end of the reign of Henry III, and passed by marriage soon after 1344 to the Bellinghams, and again by marriage to Richard Assheton of Middleton, co. Lanc., whose daughter and co-heir carried it in marriage, about 1560, to William Davenport of Bromhall, co. Chester. In 1638 his grandson William Davenport and Margaret his wife conveyed Casterton Hall with messuages, lands and rents in Casterton, Barbon, Lambrigg and Kirkby Kendal to Sir James Bellingham of Levens, knt., and Sir Henry Bellingham, knt. and bart., his son and heir apparent. The later descent of this freehold has not been elaborated.

Attention may be called to the reference in 1356 to the chapel of St. Columba, the Irish Monk who founded the monastery of Iona in 563–4. Later references show that the chapel was known locally by the Irish form of the name, "St. Columkille," corrupted into "Colynkla" and "Colmekilne." Later it was known as St. Cooms. The site was at Chapel House in Casterton, 600 yards due east of Kirkby Lonsdale Bridge. Confirmatory of the early connexion of the lords of Warcop with Casterton is the fact that the church at Warcop was also dedicated to St. Columba.

1202 Eleanor, relict of Robert son of Robert (de Hipleswell), releases to Hugh son of Robert de Kaberge, tenant, dower in her late husband's tenement in Kaberge, Casterton and Warthecop. For this Hugh gave her the moiety of the vill of Hypleswell (co. York); Feet of F., file 1, n. 6. See Curia Regis R, 31, m. 5d.; 32, m. 13d.

1222 Nicholas de Buell and Matilda his wife granted for themselves and Matilda's heirs to Alice daughter of Gilbert, (fn. 4) tenant, by Adam de Hoton her attorney, a moiety of the manor of Castreton for 30m. and a palfrey; Feet of F., file 3, n. 1.

1235 Hugh de Kaberge, by Robert de Kaberg his attorney, released to William de Lancaster, whom William de Lindesay and Alice his wife had called to warranty, the 3rd part of a mill in Casterton; Feet of F., file 3, n. 23.

1235 John Gernet releases to William de Lancaster, whom William de Lindesey and Alice his wife called to warranty, 12 bovates in Kastreton (mort d' ancestor); ib., n. 29.

1247 Robert de Kaberg granted to William de Lindeseye the 3rd part of the vill of Casterton; for this William released to Robert his claim to feudal services for the said land; Feet of Fines, file 4, n. 19.

1254 William de Valence delivered inter alia the manor of Casterton to Walter de Lindesye in lease for 12 years towards the debts of William de Lancaster; Bain, Cal. of Docs. Scot., i. 373.

1256 Alan de Kaberg demanded against Guy de Smeredale six bovates of land and 5s. of rent in Wardecop and says that Hugh his father was seised thereof, from whom the right descended to Robert as son and heir, and so to the said Alan, as brother and heir. Guy calls to war ranty Michael de Kaberg, who warrants and acknowledges that Hugh, father of Alan was seised of the land, but he enfeoffed one Thomas de Caberg, father of the said Michael of the said land and rent, and he prays for a grand assize. Robert de Askeby, John de Mora, Gilbert de Lancastre and John de Morevill, four knights to elect twelve, came and chose Robert de Quunriers, Thomas de Helebeck, Richard de Soleby, Robert de Yannewyth, Patrick son of Thomas, Alexander Bacon, Robert de Stirkelaunde, Thomas de Lother, Gilbert de Lancastre, Robert de Askeby, John de la More, Henry de Laval, Richard de Lathun, Guy de Bovill and Gilbert de Auteclo; Assize R. 979, m. 8d.

1260 Robert son of James de Berburn granted to Gilbert de Wyteby and Christiana his wife the lands and tenements which he had in Lowther, in exchange for land which Gilbert de Wyteby granted to him in Kastreton. Trans. C. & W. A. & A. Soc., N.S. xvi, 115.

1272 Walter de Lindesay held at his death Casterton in Lonesdale with six bovates worth yearly 27s 2d., and 35 a. of demesne land, worth 11s. 8d., cottars rendering 15s. 2d., herbage 6s. 6d., rent of free tenants 22s. 2d.; a moiety of these tenements he held of Peter de Brus by the yearly service of 12d. He also held a certain [mill?] in Milntorp belonging to Casterton, worth 75s. yearly, and 4s. for the rent of a mill-pool upon Lone, belonging to Casterton; Lancs. Inq., pt. i, 237–8.

1285 Roger son of Thomas de la Wodhalle, in consideration of £120 from William son of Walter de Lyndeseye, releases to Ingram de Gynes and Christiana his wife, daughter and heiress of the same William, his right in the manor of Wytinton, co Lanc., and in the mill af Castreton; Cal. Close R., 1285, p. 359.

1303 Pardon for Richard son of Nicholas de Mourthwayt, for good service in Scotland, for the death of John Gernet of Casterton; Cal. Pat. R. 1303, p. 173.

1324 Ingram de Gynes held at his death the hamlet of Casterton with 14 free tenants, who ought to render 20s. 3d., but now render only 6s. 8d. by reason of the destruction of the Scots; 16 tenants at will, who ought to render 46s. 3½d., and now only 26s. 8d.; Inq. p.m., 17 Edward II, n. 60.

1332 Subsidy of a fifteenth. Exch. Lay Subsidy Roll, 195A.

William son of John in goods 50s.
John son of Richard " 45s.
Roger son of Denny " 45s.
William Curtays " 50s.
Gilbert son of Martin " 60s.
Gilbert son of Denny " 40s.
John de Porta " 60s.
Richard son of Robert " 20s.
Sum £20 10s., whereof to the king 2[7s. 4d].

1334 Christiana de Gynes held at her death the manor of Casterton by fine levied in the court of Edward II, namely that John son of John de Cauncefelde granted to Ingram de Gynes, late husband of Christiana, and to Christiana the said manor to hold for their lives, remainder to Robert de Gynes for life, remainder to Baldwin de Gynes, brother of Robert in tail; Baldwin died without issue and Robert survives; in the said manor there is a waste place called Le Hallecroft worth in herbage 3d., seven free tenants render 19s. 9d. at Whitsuntide and Martinmas, seven tenants at will hold seven bovates and render 56s., five cottars render 11s. 6d., a water corn-mill is worth £3 6s. 8d.; the manor is held of the king in chief, as parcel of the moiety of the barony of Kendale; Robert de Gynes is aged 50 years; Inq. p.m., 8 Edward III, 1st nos., n. 74.

1334 Jurors on the said inquest: Alan de Haybergh, John de Croft, Adam del Bigingges, William de Haybergh, William de Laughfet, Thomas de Ickornssahe, Lawrence del Holme, Robert de Romandeby, Thomas Mostel, Thomas Stornel, Henry de Baynbrig, William le Serjaunt of Midelton; ib.

Pardon for Ingelram de Gynes and Christiana his wife, now deceased, for acquiring from John son of John de Cauncefelde the manor of Casterton, held in chief, to hold for their lives with remainders to Robert their son for life, to Baldwin his brother in tail male etc.; and grant that Robert shall have the manor for his life; Cal. Pat. R. 1334, p. 554.

1344 Grant to Aymer Darcy, king's yeoman, of the forfeited lands in England of Robert de Gynes, clerk, during pleasure and the reversion of certain of Robert's lands which Mary de St. Paul, countess of Pembroke, holds for an unexpired term; and grant for life of certain manors in co. Lancaster and a messuage with 40 a. land in Levenes, called Forsthwaithalle and five marks yearly of land and rent in Casterton, late of the said Robert. Cal. Pat. Rolls, 1344, pp. 355, 359.

1348 Gilbert de Brounolvesheved held at his death of the king in chief, as of the lands late of William de Coucy, an 8th part of the vill of Castreton with the reversion of another 8th part which Elen late the wife of Roger de Brounolvesheved holds in dower, by cornage which carries wardship and marriage according to the custom of that country and by the service of 7s. 8d. at Easter and Michaelmas. they are worth 40s. yearly clear; Chan. Inq. p.m., 22 Edward III,— nos., n—; Cal. Close Rolls. 1349, p. 124; See also vol. i, p. 267.

1355 The third part of the manor of Castreton with other lands was held of William de Coucy by Gilbert de Bronolvesheved, deceased, by cornage, wardship and relief, and now by John de Coupeland of the demise of John de Grey of Ruthyn, who had them of the king's gift, to whom the custody of the same belonged by reason of the minority of Margaret, daughter and heir of the said Gilbert; Cal. Inq., ix, 457.

1356 Grant to John de Clapham of the Chapel of St. Columba by Kirkeby in Lonesdale; Cal. Pat. R. 1356, p. 323.

1370 Of John son of Gilbert and others for tithe of Casterton, five sieves, 53s. 4d.; Roll at Levens.

1375 Joan late the wife of John de Coupeland held before her death by the king's grant for life inter alia the manor of Casterton, worth beyond reprises £6, with reversion thereof to Ingelram de Coucy, earl of Bedford, and Isabel his wife, daughter of the said king and their issue; and of the advowson of the chapel by Casterton, called Colynklachapele with the land adjoining worth one mark yearly; Chan. Inq. p.m., 49 Edward III, 1st nos., n. 29.

1390–94 Robert de Bellingham holds the manor of Casterton (of Robert de Vere, duke of Ireland ?) and used to render yearly £6, but now renders 100s.; Rental at Levens.

1392 Inquest taken at Kirkeby in Lonesdale on Monday after the Exaltation of the Holy Cross, 16 Richard II (15 September, 1392) by the oath of Hugh de Salkeld and others, who say that it is not to the injury of the king or others if the king grant licence to Nicholas de Stengreve, vicar of Kirkeby in Lonsdale and others to alienate in mortmain to the abbot and convent of St. Mary's, York, certain lands including 19 a. land, 4 a. meadow, 2 a. wood and waste in the vill of Casterton held of the Lady Phillippa by knight's service and by fealty and 18d. rent and worth 6s. 8d. Chan. Inq. p.m., 16 Richard II, n. 114. See also Kirkby Lonsdale, p. 312.

1411 Philippa late the wife of Robert de Veer, late duke of Ireland, held at her death the advowson of the chapel by Casterton, called Colmekilnechappell with certain lands adjoining to it worth 13s. 4d.; Chan. Inq. p.m., 13 Henry IV, n. 44.

1444 John, duke of Somerset, held at his death on 27 May, 1444, as of fee tail to him and his issue male, two parts of the lordship or township of Casterton, worth 63s 10d. yearly, granted to him by the king, with reversion to the now king because the duke died without issue male. Margaret his daughter and heir is aged 2 years; Chan. Inq. p.m. 23 Henry VI, n. 19.

1454 Rental of Casterton from 6 March, 31 Henry VI to Michaelmas, 33 Henry VI, namely for 1½ years and 26 days: Robert Gernet, reeve there, accounts for £4 2s. 9d. of two parts of the rents and farms there (at £4 2s. 9d. per annum for the whole), and of 21s. 1½d. for two parts of the free rents there (at 21s. 1½d. per annum for the whole); and nothing for the farm of the fulling-mill there, formerly let for 6s. 8d. per annum, because it is in the lord's hand, unoccupied; of gressoms nil, and of perquisites of courts nil, because no courts were held; Ministers' Accts., bundle 644, n. 10444.

1524 Inquest taken at Kyrkeby in Kendall 20 June, 16 Henry VIII (1524), before Richard Ducket, esquire, the king's escheator, by the oath of Thos Bellingeham, Adam Bauys, John Lurrell, Wm Carne, Robt Philipson, Christopher Godmond, Edward Bethom, Thos Wylson, Alan Wylson, Robert Docwra, Brian Edmundson, Henry Thornton, Edwd Lord, Nicholas Tunstall and James Strikelond, who say that:

Edward Gybson, gentilman, on the day he died was seised of one messuage, 16 acres of land, six acres of meadow, 20 acres of pasture in Casterton now in occupation of Richard Doghson, which messuage is held of the king by reason of his barony of Kendall, by knight service and he renders yearly to the king, 8d. The messuage is worth yearly clear 16s.

Edward Gybson died 14 October, 13 Henry VIII (1521) and Thomas Gybson is brother and nearest heir of the said Edward and was aged at time of taking this Inquisition 18 years and upwards. Chan. Inq. p.m., ser. ii, vol. 41, n. 4.

1546 Giles Curwen and Thomas his son and heir apparent passed by fine to Richard Assheton, esq., tenements in Casterton and Barborne. Feet of Fines, Easter Term. 38 Henry VIII.

1560 Court of Henry, earl of Cumberland, farmer of the queen, held at Casterton on 28 June, 2 Elizabeth (1560), before Thomas Fallowfeild, esq., steward, and others for the three years last past. Court Roll at Lowther, Kendal Barony, n. 3.

Free tenants: The heir of Robert Bellingham, knt. (i.e. Katherine, relict of Richard Assheton of Middleton, co. Lancashire) owes suit to this court. John Middellton, esq., for the same, appeared; Oliver Middillton, gent., appeared; the heir of Francis Tunstelle is within age; Thomas Willson, appeared; George Hornebe, appeared; Richard Middillton, appeared; Will. Garnet, appeared.

Attachments by George Mansergh, bailiff there.

*Giles Rygge
*Will. Rygge
Edmund Garnet
Roger Garnet
Rich. Midleton
Thomas Wilson, Witton
John Dodgson
The wife of Giles Bouscall
Rich. Dodgson
Will. Dodgson
Thomas Lecke
Rich. Garnete
Thomas Baynes
Thomas Garnet
Christ. Jackson
Oliver Dodgson
Edmund Dodgson
Roberte Dawney
Thomas Holme
The w. of Edmund Witton
James Dickenson
The w. of Oliver Gibbenson
Will. Robbinson
The w. of Will. Uscinson
John Holme
Lawrence Garnet
Oliver Collneson
Will. Bouskall
John [altered to] Christ. Witton
Robert Haygarthe
Charohe Peirson
Henry Peirson
Will Pearson
Giles Baylye
Leonard Baylye
Ralland Bindles
Thomas[altered to] Giles Seyethe
Robert Middillton
Giles Moore
John Jacksone
Roger Jacksone
Miles Uscenson
Henry Jackson
Robert Hine
Edmund Harlin
Richard Usconsin
James Hardye
Robert Harlin
Georgye Gibsonn

Inquest taken there upon the oath of Richard Middelton, John Dodgeson, Christ. Jackeson, Will. Rigg, Will. Dodgson, Thomas Leake, Rich. Garnett, Thomas Baynes, Thomas Garnett, Edmund Garnett, Giles Rigg, Roger Garnett, Edmund Dodgeson and Giles Mowre, jurors, who present that:

Henry Jackeson cut down two trees within the lordship against pain 6s. 8d.; Rich. Loynysdall for the like 6s. 8d.

George Manser, bailiff, demised grasses (gramina) within Le Fell Close against pain 40d.; Will Peirson for the like to tenants of Barbron against pain 12d.; Oliver Tomson for the like to tenants of Kirkby Loynisdall against pain 12d.; George Gibson and Lawrence Garnet for the like there 12d.

Edmund Harlyng for breaking the fences at Bratteslakes against pain 6d.

John Hardy of Barburn for cutting Le Waitlyng in Legillhead against pain 6d.

Ralland Byndelesse broke his neighbour's fences against pain 6d.

Ralland Gibson of Kirkeby in Loynisdall cut down and took Le Garthyn and carried it outside the lordship against pain 12d.

Thomas Holme keeps unringed pigs within the lordship against pain 6d. The said Thomas Holme broke the ordinance of 12 jurors of this lordship against pain 10s.

The heirs of Robert Bellengham, knt., ought to pay yearly of free rent 8s. and more to the queen and Henry earl of Cumberland, the farmer there.

Robert Baily, attorney of Mathew Baily, chaplain, complains against the relict of Giles Busskall in a plea of debt 33s. 4d. caus' pleg' for one horse.

Christ. Fyrbank and Isabell his daughter v. James Hardy in a plea of debt, 12d. for the wages of the said Issabell. . .

Joseph Foxcroft of Tunstall v. Christ. Jackeson in a plea of debt, 29s. 4d. for a mare. Pledges of prosecuting: Giles Baily and Oliver Dodgeson.

Richard Garnet v. the relict of Giles Buskall, executrix of the will of her husband, in a plea of debt, 25s. de mut'. For arbitration.

Sum of this court 43s. 11d. Whence in expenses 12s. 4d.

[Those to whose names an asterisk is prefixed were amerced 3d. each for "green hew."].

c1560 Katherine, eldest daughter and coheir of Robert de Belingham, knt., married Richard Assheton of Middleton, co. Lanc., by whom she had with other issue Elizabeth, who married William Davenport, of Bromhall, co. Chester, esq., and had for her pourparty lands in Poulton, co. Lanc., worth 3s. 6d. a year; in Casterton, £18 4s. 2d. a year; in Kirkby Kendall, 33s. 10d. a year; Dodsworth's MS. 149, f. 103d.

1574 An estreat of the Court Baron. Excheq. Spec. Commission, Westd. n. 3130, m. 10. The jurors testify that in the lands called "lez Richmond Laundes" the following hold freely and pay to the queen as of the barony of Kendale:—

Renders yearly.
s. d.
[William] Davenport, (fn. 5) esq. free rent for lands [blank]
John Midelton, esq. " [27s.] 2d.
Edward. . . . . . . . .clyff, " [blank]
Thomas . . . . . .d " 1 10
William . . . . . . " [blank]
. . . . . . . . . . . " 1 4
Customary tenants as follows:—
William Holme holds 2½ acres of land 2 9
John Holme 6 " 1 9
John Edmondson holds a tenement with 5 acres 6
Relict of Giles Ridge " 8 " 7 9
Relict of Edward Wetton " 2 " 2
Walter Gibbonson " 1½ " 1 9
William Philipson " 1½ " 1 9
Richard Midleton " 30 " £1 1 4
William Brigge " 14 " 6 10½
John Newton " ¾ " 11½
John Holme " 1½ " 1 9
Edmund Garnett " 17 " 15 0
John Dancy (Dawney) " ¾ " 10½
Edmund Dodgson " ¾ " 10½
Roger Garnett " 10 " 9 9
Thomas Witton " 10 " 8 10
John Dodgson " 12 " 13 8
Richard Appelgarth " 12 " 12 0
Richard Dodgson " 6 " 6 0
William Dodgson " 7 " 6 11
Thomas Leake " 5 " 5 0
Christopher Witton " 1¾ " 2 2
William Poustellthuett " 4 " 5 0
George Gibbson " 1½ " 2 6
John Hardye " 1½ " 1 9
John Jackson " 1½ " 1 9
Robert Garnett " ¾ " 10½
Relict of Edmund Harlynge " 1 " 8
John Dodgson " 1½ " 1 9
John Tymed (sic) " 1½ " 1 9
Richard Garnett " 1¾ " 3 2
Richard [Us]censon " 1½ " 1 9
Alexander Houghton, esq. " 6 " 2
[William] Damport, esq. " 2 " 2
Relict of Roger Jackson " 1½ " 1 9
John Jackson " 1½ " 1 9
Giles Moore " 1½ " 1 9
Thomas Garnett holds a tenement with" 1½ " 1 9
Robert Mydleton " 1½ " 1 9
Giles Bayliff " 7¼ " 6
Relict of Reginald Byndles " 1½ " 1 9
Francis [S]tyte " 2 " 2 3
Thomas Banes " 8 " 12 9
Richard Garnett " 2 " 4 3
William Pearson " 3 " 4 2
Henry Pearson " 1½ " 1 9
Geoffrey Haygarthe " 4 " 4 4
George Haygarthe " 4 " 4 4
Thomas Dyckson " 1½ " 2
William Mansor, gent., for the mill with appurt. £1 0 0
The same " 6 acres 7 0
Thomas Carus for Kyrkby Mylne with appurt. 6 8
Robert Collinson holds a tenement with 1½ acres 1 9
Sum total of the rent there with 5s. 9d. for free rent £12 12s. 7½d.

1611 Inquest taken at Kirkbie Kendall 30 August, 9 James I (1611), before John Lowther, esquire, escheator, by the oath etc., who say that:

Gilbert Nicholson, gentleman, died seised of three messuages, three gardens, 10 acres of land, two acres of meadow, three acres of pasture within the manor of Barbon and Casterton on 29 October, 3 James I (1605). The premises are held of the king as of his manor of Casterton by fealty and suit of Court of that manor in free socage and are worth yearly clear 6s. 8d.

And Humphrey Nicholson is grandson and next heir of the said Gilbert, that is to say: son and heir of Francis Nicholson, deceased, son and heir of the said Gilbert. Moreover they say that John Holden and Elizabeth his wife have received and had all the issues and profits from the time of Gilbert's death until now but by what title they know not. Court of Wards Inq. p.m., vol. 35, n. 36.

1615 Inquest taken at Kendall 5 April, 13 James I (1615) before Roger Otwaye, esquire, escheator, by the oath etc. who say and present that:

Margaret Davenport was seised in her demesne as of fee of one capital messuage and tenement in Casterton, and 40 messuages, 200 acres of land, 100 acres of meadow, 200 acres of pasture, 300 acres of furze and heath and 100 acres of turf in Casterton; also of one messuage, 14 acres of pasture, and 3 acres of meadow in Kirkby Lonsdale; also of five messuages or burgages, five gardens, five orchards in Kirkby Kendall; and one messuage, 20 acres of land, 5 acres of meadow, 10 acres of pasture in Barbon.

The premises in Casterton are held of the king as of his manor of Casterton in free socage namely by fealty and ½d. of silver payable within (infra) the Birth of our Lord yearly for all services and are worth yearly clear £18 4s. 2d. The premises in Kyrbylonsdale are held of Henry Widrington as of his manor of Kyrbylonsdale in free socage namely by fealty and a rent of one root of ginger for all services yearly to be paid and are worth yearly clear 5s. Three of the messuages in Kendall are held of James Bellingham, knight, in free burgage namely by fealty and a rent of 7d. yearly for all services; and the two other burgages are held of the king in free burgage namely by fealty and a free rent of 4d. and are worth yearly clear 30s. The messuage and tenement in Barbon is held of Richard Shuttleworth, esquire, as of his manor of Barbon in free socage namely by fealty and a rent of one clove gillyflower for all services and are worth yearly clear 10s.

Margaret Davenport died 25 November, 1609 and William Davenport, knight, is her son and nearest heir and he is aged now 40 years and upwards. Court of Wards Inq. p.m., vol. 53, n. 19.

1628 Inquest taken at Kirkbie Kendall, 21 October, 4 Charles I (1628), before Henry Cowper, esquire, escheator, by the oath etc., who say that: Thomas Stieth, yeoman, on the day of his death was seised of one messuage, and tenement in Casterton and of 10 acres of arable land and meadow there, with the said messuage usually occupied. So seised he died on 6th March last (1627–8). The premises are held of the king in free socage and are worth yearly clear 10s.

Francis Stieth is son and heir of the said Thomas and is aged 8 years, 2 months, 3 weeks now. And Elizabeth, mother of the said Francis has received all the issues and profits of the premises from the time of the death of Thomas Stieth until now, but by what title, why or in what manner they know not. Court of Wards Inq. p.m., vol. 85, n. 82.

1634 Inquest taken at Kirkbykendall 1 April, 10 Charles I (1634) before Henry Bellingham, knight and baronet, and Robert Curwen esquire, the king's feodary for co. Westmorland, by the oath etc., who say and present that:

George Stockdale, gentleman, on the day he died was seised of three messuages, 20 acres of meadow, 40 acres of pasture, 70 acres of moor and heath, and 50 acres of turf in Casterton.

George Stockdale by his writing dated 18 March, 1631 (1631–2) granted and let to Robert Burrow and Miles Man and Edward Man and their assigns for the payment of his debts all the said messuages, lands and tenements and a water-mill in Casterton for a term of four years. The messuages and lands in Casterton are held of the king as of his manor of Casterton in free socage namely: by fealty and part of one halfpenny within the birth of our Lord for all services and demands, and are worth yearly clear £9 14s. 6d.

George Stockdale died 28 April, 8 Charles I (1632), and Rebecca Stockdale is his daughter and only nearest heir, and she is aged 15 years and upwards now. Court of Wards Inq. p.m., vol. 85, n. 80.

1635 Inquest taken at Kirkby Kendall 10th November, 11 Charles I (1635), before Henry Cowper, gentleman, escheator, by the oath etc., who say that:

Giles Bayliffe, yeoman, on the day of his death was seised of one messuage or tenement called "Casterton Fell Yate" in Casterton and eight acres of land, 8 acres of meadow, eight acres of pasture in Casterton belonging to the messuage and usually occupied therewith. So seised Giles Bayliff died 15 September last (1635). The premises are held of the king as of his manor of Kendall called "le Richmond Fee" in free socage and are worth yearly clear 15s. Edward Bayliffe is son and next heir of the said Giles, and is aged 23 years 7 months now. Court of Wards Inq. p.m., vol. 87, n. 61.

1637 Inquest taken at Kirkeby Kendall, 5th April, 13 Charles I (1637), before Christopher Phillipson, esquire, Robert Curwen, gentleman, feodaries of the county of Westmorland and Henry Pearson the escheator, by the oath etc., who say that: George Stockdall, gentleman, long before his death was seised of 3 messuages and 30 acres of land, 10 acres of meadow, eight acres of pasture in Costerton thereto belonging, lately purchased from William Davenport, knight; and also of one water grain mill in Costerton.

So seised he by his writing dated 18 March, 1631 (1631–2) granted and leased all the said premises to Robert Burrow, Miles Man and Edward Man and their assigns for the payment of his debts for a term of 4 years. Lease shown to jurors. So seised George Stockdall died on 28 April, 8 Charles I (1632) at Costerton.

All the said premises, except the mill, are held of the king as of his manor of Kirkeby Kendall now called "le Richmond Fee" by the service of one 200th part of a knight's fee and suit of Court of the said manor and are worth yearly clear 40s. And the mill is held of the king as of his manor of Eastgreenewich in co. Kent in free socage and by a yearly rent of 20s. and is worth yearly clear 10s.

And they say that Rebecca Stockdall is daughter and sole heir of the said George Stockdall and she was aged at the time of her father's death, 13 years, 2 months and no more. And Robert Burrow, Miles Man and Edward Man, and their assigns and . . . . . . Stockdall lately wife of said George, now deceased, received the issues of the premises by the space of four years following George Stockdall's death. And Robert Lowther and the said Rebecca now his wife afterwards received the profits and have [so received them] until now as in Rebecca's right as George Stockdall's only daughter and heir. Court of Wards Inq. p.m., vol. 89, n, 289.

1638 Feoffment by William Davenporte of Le Mylesend, co. Chester, esq., in performance of certain indentures of even date, to Sir James Bellingham of Overlevens, knt., and Sir Henry Bellingham, knt, and bart., son and heir apparent of the said Sir James, of the capital messuage and mansion house called Casterton Hall in Casterton with the buildings, lands etc.; a messuage (?) in a place called Hellatskale, now or late in the occupation of Edmund Garnet; a messuage and tenement etc. in Casterton late purchased by William Davenporte of one John Atkinson, who purchased of Henry Garnett and Richard Garnett his son; a yearly rent of 6s. 6½d. issuing out of land called Lambrigge Parke, now or late in the occupation of Sir Francis Duckett, knt.; and all other messuages and lands of the said William Davenporte in Casterton, . . . Kirkby Lonsdale, Barbon, Docker . . . . . . . . of or by Christopher Potter, Doctor Thomas Jackson, Allan Warriner, Edward Thompson and John Jackson of or in Kirkby Kendall; John North, John Brabyn and Richard North of Docker; Simon Dawney, George Sidgewicke, Leonard Ewan and Thomas Slater of Whittington, Edward Tatham, . . . . Godsay and . . . . Godsay of Newton; John Baynes of Sellett; and Katherine Fisher of Forton, or any other person of whom the said William Davenporte has any estate in possession, reversion or remainder in the said premises; to hold etc. Dated 6 February, 13 Charles I, 1637[–8] Seisin delivered in the presence of Christopher Warren, James Rigge. John Storey, William Mo . . .; Reg. of D. at Levens (injured by fire).

1638 William Davenporte of the Myles, co. Chester, esq., in accordance, with certain articles of agreement mentioned in a pair of indentures dated 6 February, 13 Charles I, 1637[–8], made between him and James Bellingham of Overlevens, knt., and Henry Bellingham, knt., and baronet, son and heir apparent of the said James, sold and conveyed to the said James and Henry the capital messuage commonly called Casterton Hall; Reg. of D. at Levens.

1638 In Trinity term William Davenport, esq., and Margaret his wife passed by fine to James Bellingham, knt., and Henry Bellingham, knt. and bart., 11 messuages, 11 gardens, 11 orchards, 64 a. land, 20 a. meadow, 64 a. pasture, 50 a. of heath and gorse, 50 a. moor, 50 a. turbary, 40s. yearly rent and common of pasture for all animals in Casterton, Lambrigg, Kirkby Kendall and Barburne, for £200 sterling; Reg. of D. at Levens.

1662 Schedule of defaulters to Hearth Tax. Lay Subsidy Roll, 259, n. 13.

Casterton. These are the names of the persons unpayd in 1662: John Bell one, and Giles Bayliffe one; behind for a whole yeare. Thomas Moore one, Widow Witton one, and Thomas Penninton one; behind for the haulfe yeare. Certified by me Robert Garnet, constable.

1669–71 Hearth Tax Roll, Lay Subsidy, 195, n. 73, m. 29.

Casterton.

Tho: Fawcett 1
John Foxcroft 2
Geo: Woodhouse 1
Bryam Manzer 3
Robt Denton 1
Rebecca Witton 2
Tho: Parker 3
Willm. Garnett 1
Willm. Hinde 2
Robt Garnett 1
Edmond Witton 1
John Moore 1
Willm. Dodghson 1
Joseph Moore 1
Chr: Witton 2
Richard Garner 1
Chr: Harling 1
Willm. Hardy 1
Chr: Jackson 2
Edmond Harling 1
Edw: Harling 1
Widd: Bayliffe 2
Henry Johnson 2 new built
Widd: Jackson 1
Edward Bland 1
Willm. Midlton 1
Edmond Dodghson 1
John Smith 1
Franc: Styth 2
Tho: Fawcett 1
Widd: Garnett 1
John Garnett 1
Tho: Hinde 1
Tho: Wilton 1

Footnotes

1 Cal. of Fine R., i, 185. (Record Soc)., i, 237.
2 By another wife, Torphin had a son, Conan de Manfield, father of Henry Fitz-Conan.
3 Cal. Inq., i, 284,. Lancs. Inq.
4 Presumably this is Alice sister of William de Lancaster III.
5 William Davenport of Bramhall, co. Chester, married Margaret, daughter of Richard Assheton of Middleton, co., Lanc., and coheir of her mother, Katherine, daughter and coheir of Sir Robert Bellingham, Knt. Katherine married secondly Sir William Radcliffe, Knt.


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