Middleton was held of the barony of Kendal, partly of the Concy,
later of the Richmond Fee, partly of the Ros, and later the Marquis
Fee. The respective rents were 4s. 4d. and 26s. 8d., sometimes stated
as 4s. and 27s. respectively. The descent of the Concy fee is fairly
clear for a period of two centuries, after which it is lost in a number
of free-holds. Adam son of Alan de Milneburn died before 1202,
leaving by Eva his wife a son, Alan, from whom descended Gilbert de
Milneburn, who held lands in Middleton in 1283 of William de Lindeseye for 4s. 4d. rent. Seventy years later Thomas son of Adam
son of Mariota held the same estate, namely 3 bovates, jointly with
John de Hoseham, as of the lands late of William de Concy. The
same Thomas held it in 1370 and 1375. It was held jointly by
William son of Thomas de Whitington and Thomas Ward of Rigmaden in 1390-5, and by the same William, and Alice relict of Thomas
Ward in 1411. From that date no tenements in Middleton can be
traced as held of the Richmond Fee.
The origin of the local family of Middleton is obscure, nor is it
possible to ascertain with certainty which of the various families
bearing the local name held the estate which was afterwards known
as the manor of Middleton. William son of Ketel de Middleton and
Juliana his wife occur 1180–1200; Adam son of William son of William
de Midelton occurs in 1239 William son of Alexander de Midelton
about 1280-90. John son of Gilbert de Midelton held of William
de Ros in 1310 a messuage and a third part of a carucate of land
(probably a third part of the vill) for 14s. cornage and 9d. for puture
of the lord's serjeants. He was living in 1332, when he, William de
Midelton, Thomas by Lune, and Thomas Mustel were the largest
contributors to the subsidy of a fifteenth of movable goods which was
collected in that year. Adam son of William de Midelton occurs in
1346 and 1356. Gilbert de Brunolvesheved held at his death in 1346
a moiety of the vill of Middleton, but he probably held this estate for
life only, as his daughter and heir did not own it in 1351.
In 1346 a commission was issued on the complaint of the abbot of
Furness that, contrary to the statute of Northampton, (fn. 1) Alexander de
Midelton, Euphemia his wife, John de Twyselton, Hugh de Thorneton
and 22 others (named) came armed to Ingelton and by force broke
his close and dykes there etc.; Cal. Pat. R. 1346, p. 233. Alexander
de Midelton was one of those who trespassed in William de Coucy's
park at Troutbeck in 1336; ib. 1336, pp. 290, 294.
Thomas son of Alexander de Midelton held an estate here in 1359,
which had been impoverished by his guardian, John de Ullathornes,
the elder. Henry de Ullathornes, the elder, held the manor of
Middleton in the years 1390, 1404 and 1407, of the Parrs (Marquis
Fee) by the yearly service of 27s. This service indicates that he was
in possession of fully two-thirds of the vill. The nature of the
Ullathornes' ownership is not clear. They may have alienated their
interest to the Middletons, or, as seems more likely, their ownership
may have been due to a lease from the Middletons.
The following details illustrate the descent of the family of Middleton who came into prominence as the chief landowners in Middleton
in the fifteenth century. In 1378 a commission was issued on the
complaint by Richard Cayrus of Dent to try Thomas de Midelton
of Lonnesdale and Thomas his son, William de Hayber, William de
Stokdale and Adam del Bowre of Dent for assaulting and maiming
the said Richard at Dent; Cal. Pat. R. 1378, p. 305. In 1397 and
1398 three several commissions were issued to Ralph earl of Westmorland, Thomas de Tunstall, James de Pykeryng and Alan de
Penyngton, knights, Richard Roos, Richard de Croft, Richard, Oliver
and William de Hodeliston (and others), to arrest and bring before
the king, John son of Thomas de Middelton, and Richard brother of
the said John, William Ridere, Adam Toke, William de Thornton
John de Bland, William de Bland and Roger de Bland, charged with
unlawful assemblies in the counties of York and Westmorland and
lying in wait to kill John Preston and his friends; Cal. Pat. R. 1397,
p. 310; 1398, pp. 434, 503. In the year 1430 a commission was
issued to several knights and to John Langton and Nicholas Layborn
to arrest John Middelton and Thomas, Reginald and Geoffrey, (fn. 2) his
sons and to bring them before the king in Chancery; ib. 1429 p. 41.
In the same year it was found by inquest taken at Preston co. Lanc.
that John de Middelton of co. Westmorland, esquire, recovered by
an assize of novel disseisin against Ralph de Langeton, knt. and
others at the sessions held at Lancaster on Friday before St. Lawrence,
7 Henry VI (1428) a messuage 40 a. land 12 a. meadow and 100 a.
pasture in Little Harewode co. Lanc. and damages of eight marks
and was seised thereof when he was outlawed, being of divers felons,
at London; Lancs. Inq. (Chetham Soc. xcix) 27. In 1434 John
Midelton of Lonesdale, Esq., was one of many in co. York who made
oath not to maintain breakers of the peace; Cal. Pat. R. 1434, p. 378.
Thomas Midelton was the chief contributer of tithes in Middleton
in 1431 and again, another of the same name in 1459. In May and
November, 1461 Thomas Middelton was on the commission of the
peace for Westmorland, ib. 1461, pp. 66, 575; Thomas Middelton
(probably son of the last named) in 1475 and 1476, ib. 1467–77,
p. 635; and again in 1480 and 1481, ib. 1476-85, pp. 214, 577. By
deed dated 18 October, 17 Edward IV (1477), Richard Musgrave,
esq., enfeoffed Richard, late duke of Gloucester, Thomas Middelton (fn. 3)
of Lonysdale, esq., Joan Musgrave, widow, his mother, William
Musgrave, esq., and Richard Middelton, esq., (deceased before
October, 1515), and John Musgrave, then esq., now (1515) knight, of
his castle and manor of Hertlay and other lands; Cal. Inq. Henry, VII,
The subsequent descent of the family is described by Nicolson and
Burn (vol.i, 254–5).
1150–70 William de Lancastre with the consent of William his son and heir
confirms to Gospatric son of Orm his land of Caupland viz: the vill
of Wirkington and the vill of Lamplogh which latter the grantor
gave him in exchange for the vill of Medilton in Lonesdale etc.
Witness: Ketel son of Ulf; Reg. of St. Bees, 539. Copy of the
orig. deed at Workington Hall. See also Trans., o.s. v. p. 312.
1180–1206 William son of Ketel de Midelton, with the consent of his wife,
Juliana, and his heirs grants to the brethren and sisters of the
Hospital of St. Peter, York, six acres land in the fields of Midelton,
namely 4½a. between Sate-arngrim and Blabec by the bank of Lon,
1½a. above Holmside-ric, to hold in alms with liberty to grind where
they will. Witnesses: Adam parson of Burton, Adam de Manserge,
William de Killington, John son of Adam de Kirkbye, Adam son of
Ketel, Adam son of Orm, Gilbert son of Archil, Bernard son of Orm,
Peter the smith; Bodleian Lib., Rawlinson's MS. B. 455, f. 87.
1190–99 Adam son of Alan de Milneburne gave to the Canons of Coningesheved three acres, one rood land in Midelton; Mon. Anglic, VI,
Gilbert son of Arkil de Midelton gave to the canons of Coningesheved seven acres in Midelton with the exit from Brunnels croft and
pasture belonging to half bovate. ib.
1200–46 Grant by Richard de Barbon with the consent of his wife and heirs
to the canons of Cockersand of an acre of land in Middleton in
Lonsdale, with pasture for 100 sheep and their offspring, with
provision for an equivalent gift within the bounds of Barbon if he
should not be able to warrant this gift. Chartul. Cockersand, 927.
1202 Augustin de Middelton proffers three marks that he may be put
to sureties; Pipe R. Cumb. and Westm., 190.
Eva relict of Adam releases to Alan son of Adam, tenant, her
dower in the said Adam's late tenement in Middleton and Milnebrun.
Feet of Fines, file 1, n. 4.
1239 Ivo de Kendal releases to Adam son of William de Midelton, tenant,
and Matthew de Laesich and Emma his wife, tenants, one bovate in
Midelton; Feet of F., file 3, n. 33.
1280 Adam del Eskes brought an assize of novel disseisin against Ralph
de Berburn and Walter le Mowner touching a tenement in Middleton;
Dep. Keepers' Rep. 49, app. 119.
1280–90 Grant by William son of Gilbert de Lahfyte in Mydelton to Ralph
son of Gilbert de Berebrun of the donor's lands in Eskeholm and
Eskeholmbanc, to hold in fee with liberties etc., of the vill of Midelton.
The grantor and his heirs will find a mill for Ralph and his heirs to
grind their grain growing on the said land without multure, by
rendering yearly to the grantor one root of ginger ("Cyncybery")
at Christmas. Witnesses: Gilbert de Quiteby, Gilbert de Berebrun,
William son of Alexander de Mydelton, John son of Adam of the
same, Roger son of Adam, Adam de Layrwatholm. Endorsed:
"Mydilton"; XII(?); E; orig. in possession of Dr. Farrer's executors.
1283 Gilbert de Milneburn held land in Middilton of William de Lindeseye
for 4s. 4d. rent; it is worth half mark; Lancs. Inq., pt. i, 256.
1290–1300 Grant by Henry son of Alan son of Bernard de Medilton to Alan
son of John de le Norhend of his land lying between that of John son
of Roger de Medilton and that which is called..... de Hulhaicthorns under Helm, half bovate of meadow in Birkerig-sice and
half bovate of meadow at the upper head of Birkerig; the said
Alan shall grind the grain growing on this land at the mill of Medilton
without multure; the residue of the grantor's land will acquit this
land of all secular services; to hold by rendering a rose at Midsummer. Witnesses: Henry de Haiberg, Gilbert son of William,
John son of Roger de Medilton, Alan son of Alan, Adam de Hesaim,
Adam the clerk. Endorsed: VIII. c. Seal in canvas; orig. in
possession of Dr. Farrer's executors.
1296 Christiana late the wife of Adam de Larwatholm demands against
William de Berwyk the third part of one messuage etc., in Meddelton
in Lonesdale; and against Henry Haybergh the third part of one
messuage in the same place; and against others (named) the third
part of divers lands in the same place; and against Christiana
daughter of Matthew de Laghfet and Mary sister of Christiana the
third part of four acres land in the same place. She recovers her
seisin by default of William and the others, who are in mercy; De
Banco R., Trin., 114, m. 84d; 115, m. 96d.
1296 The same Christiana demands against Gilbert de Bronolfesheved
the third part of one messuage etc., in Middelton in Lonesdale as
her dower. Gilbert calls to warranty William son of John de Burgh.
The same Christiana demands against William de Wenyngton the
third part of one messuage in Middelton in Lonesdale; and against
Adam de Burton and Sigrid his wife the third part of six acres land
and one acre meadow in the same place and the third part of the
16th part of a mill there, as dower; De Banco R., Easter, 118, m m.
74d. 59d. She recovered seisin against William, Adam and Sigrid
by default; ib. 119, m. 90.
1297 Gilbert de Brunolvesheved and Christiana his wife demand against
William de Wenyngton three messuages, 22 a. land and four acres
meadow in Casterton and Midelton; De Banco R., Mich., 121,
1298 Gilbert de Brunolvesheved demands against William son of
John de Burgh the third part of one messuage, 16 a. land and three
acres meadow in Middelton in Lonesdale, co. Westmorland, which
Christiana late the wife of Adam de Layrwatholm claims in dower;
De Banco R., Hilary., 122, m. 170.
William Kentessone and Emma his wife demand against William
de Laghefit of Lunnesdale that he render to them the third part of
one messuage and 3½a. land in Mililton (sic) in Lunnsdale as dower of
Emma; ib., Trinity, 124, m. 79d.
1300 Grant by John son of Adam de Gille of Middelton to Adam son of
William de Layfite of four acres of land in Middelton in exchange
for a parcel of land which the same Adam gave him there lying in
Langest. . . banke with meadow and waste. The said four acres
lay in three places: upon Sourounrerig, upon Bounecroft, upon
Thornhou, upon Gridilbut at Horsebusk, nigh Christian's acre,
half acre abutting upon Milnemirekelde, on the north (?) side of
Milnemire, abutting to the thorns of Mereslek, upon Milnebernes,
abutting at one end on "altam" at the other on Sulton mire, one and
a half roods lying between the ways; to hold of William de Layfite in
exchange, rendering yearly to the Lady de Ros for Bounecroft a
silver halfpenny at Christmas. And the grantor warrants the
premises under pain of 40s. sterling to be levied to the use of the
sheriff of Westmerie. Given at Middelton on Sunday after St.
Matthew the Apostle, A.D. 1300. Witnesses; Gervase de Quiteby,
Henry de Hayberge, William son of John de Middelton, Adam
de Layfite, Gilbert son of William, Gilbert de Bereburne, Thomas
de Holme; Endorsed: "Nota, Socage to Kirkby Castell"; IV,
28 E. 1, and marked "AA". Orig. in possession of D1. Farrer's
1301 William son of Margaret de Ros obtained part of Midelton by his
mother's gift; Lancs., Inq. (Record Soc.), pt. i, 215.
1310 John son of Gilbert de Middelton holds of William de Ros a
messuage and one third carucate in Middelton for 14s. cornage and
9d. puture; Cal. Inq., v, 118.
1310–20 Grant by William son of William de Middelton to Adam his son
of a messuage with lands and waste which the donor had by the gift
of Robert de Sedbergh, and the messuage with the whole tenure of
land etc., which William Liolfsone formerly held of the donor at
farm in the vill and field of Middelton; to hold in tail for two silver
pennies at Christmas yearly, with reversion in default of issue to the
donor. Witnesses: William de Hoton, Adam de Bigginges, Gilbert
de Berbrun, William de Laghfit, William de Haybergh, Alan de
Haybergh, John son of Thomas. Endorsed: "Donum Willelmi
de Medylton"; xi; D; (fn. 4) orig. in possession of Dr. Farrer's
1310–20 Grant by Adam del Gille of Middelton to Roger de Brunoleshefd
of the grantor's capital messuage and tenement, meadow, waste,
wood and pasture in the vill of Middelton, to hold of the chief lords
etc. Witnesses: William de Hoton, Gilbert de Berburne, William
de Maneshergh, William de Layfite, William de Haybergh, William
de Middelton, John son of Thomas, Roger de Kendale. Endorsed:
xvi; H; orig. in ib.
1332 Midelton. Subsidy of a fifteenth.
|Alan de le Holm
|Adam de le Yete
|Nigel the carpenter
|John son of Gilbert
|William de Midelton
|Thomas Bylon (by Lune)
|William son of Walter
|William son of Thomas
|William de Hayberge
|John son of Thomas
|John de Hesham
|Adam de Lahfite
|John de le Wra
|Adam son of William
|John de le Gyle
|William son of Thomas
|Sum £37 10s., whereof to the king 50s; Exch. Lay. Sub., 195 A.
1339 John de Mansergh, clerk, complained against John son of William
de Mansergh, Adam de Laghfet of Middelton, William Treuerman of
Middelton and others for felling and carrying away his trees at
Mansergh to the value of 60s.; De Banco Roll, Trin. 319, m.363d.
1340 The sheriff was commanded to distrain Roger de Brounolfesheved,
Alan de Holm and Nicholas de Kirkeby by all their lands, and to have
their bodies, to recognize by what service the said Roger holds his
tenements of Gilbert de Lancastre, in Stirkeland Ketel, Berbourne,
Middelton and Neuby etc. See Strickland Roger, vol. i, p. 267.
William de Lone demands against Henry de Haybergh one
messuage and four acres land in Middelton which Gamel son of
Edmund gave to Adam de Lone in free marriage with Christiana
daughter of the same Gamel. He gives this pedigree; De Banco
R., Trin., 323, m. 70d.
[Pedigree of William de Lone]
1344 Thomas Ward of Kendal held at his death a messuage and six acres
in Midelton in Lonesdale of Gilbert de Brounolfesheved for 10d.
yearly; Cal. Inq. VIII, 364.
1346 Grant by Christiana relict of William de Layrwatholm to Adam
son of William de Middelton of one bovate of her meadow in le
Langmire, and her meadow lying between le Apelgarth and Berburnebek in the vill of Middeltonn, to hold of the chief lords etc. Witnesses;
Sir Robert de Pikering, knight, Alexander de Middelton, Henry de
Ullaythornes, William de Haybergh, Thomas..... Given at
Middelton on the feast of St. Katherine the Virgin, a.d. 1346.
Endorsed: "Langmire et pratum inter Apelgarth et Berburnbeck."
20 E. 3; H.H; orig. in possession of Dr. Farrer's executors.
1348 Gilbert de Brounolvesheved held at his death a moiety of the vill
of Midleton of Thomas de Ros by fealty, worth 60s. yearly; Chan.
Inq. p.m., 22 Edward III. See Strickland Roger, vol. i, p. 267; Cal.
Close R. 1349, p. 124.
1351 John de Hoseham and Thomas son of Adam son of Mariota held of
William de Coucy, deceased, a messuage and three bovates in
Middelton by cornage of 4s. 4d., wardship and relief and they still
hold them of the king; Cal. Inq., ix, 458.
1355 William de Laghfete impleaded Alan de Haybergh for breaking his
close at Midelton and carrying away his goods to the value of 100s;
De Banco R., Easter, 381, m. 29.
1357 Hugh Ward of Kendale demands against Robert de Radeclif and
Christiana his wife three messuages, 64 a. land and 24 a. meadow in
Midelton, Kirkeby in Kendale and Strickland Ketill, which Roger
de Kernetby, clerk, gave to Thomas son of Thomas Ward of Kendal
and his issue etc. See Strickland Kettle, vol. i, p. 283; De Banco
R., Easter, 390, m. 156 d.
Henry de Ullaythorne impleaded William de Laghfet, John Rider
and Thomas his son that, whereas the same Henry at Midelton took
a beast and impounded it, the defendants broke into that park and
took away the said beast; ib., Trin., 391, m. 162 d.
1358 William de Holme, bailiff of the king of his hundred of Kendale and
Lonesdale impleaded Alan de Haybregh, William Jakson of Kirkeby
in Lonesdale, John de Thornhow, William son of John Emson and
William son of William de Manser[gh] that, whereas the same
William took certain goods at Midelton for issues and amercements
due to the king, the same Alan and the others forcibly carried away
the same goods and assaulted and beat the said William; De Banco
R., Trin., 395, m. 233d.; 397, m. 208 d.
1359 The sheriff was commanded to summon John de Ullethornes, the
elder, of a plea that he answer to Thomas son of Alexander de
Middelton of a plea of waste, sale and destruction of lands, houses,
woods and gardens which he had in his custody of the inheritance of
the same Thomas in Middelton; De Banco R., Easter, 398, m. 77.
1359 The sheriff was commanded, if Robert de Martyndale and Alice (fn. 5)
his wife should make him security of their claims, to summon John
de Rydale to show cause why, in as much as the same Robert, Alice
and John hold together and undividedly one messuage, 100 a. land
and 20a. meadow in Midilton of the inheritance of Thomas Mustel,
grandfather of the said Alice and John, whose heirs they are, the
same John would not allow a partition to be made between them;
De Banco R., Easter, 398, m. 240 d.
1361 Thomas son of Alexander de Middelton appears against John de
Stenton (see above) in a plea of waste made; De Banco R., Hil.,
405, m. 156 d.
1370 William de Midelton for his tithe of Midelton, six windles, (fn. 6) 8s.;
Thomas son of Adam Mariotson for his tithe, seven windles, 9s. 4d;
John son of Gilbert son of Richard, six windles, 8s; John de Haybergh,
five windles, 7s. 8d; Albrecins de Coton, five windles, 7s. 8d; Thomas
Annysone, one sieve, 10s. 8d; Alan de Haybergh, six windles, 8s;
William Watsone, two windles, 2s. 8d; Roll at Levens.
Mydelton: John del Northend, six windles, 8s; Thomas Tolle(?),
four windles, 5s. 4d; Adam del Holme, one sieve, 10s. 8d; John son
of "Atte yate," one sieve, 10s. 8d; Hugh son of William and his fellow
for tithe of his plough, nine windles, 12s; Thomas del More, four
windles, 5s. 4d; John Rider, one sieve and a quarter IIs; Adam de
Laufet, six windles, 8s; Thomas son of Alan for tithe of Le Holme,
three windles, 4s; Adam de Laufet, elder, 10 windles, 13s. 4d; Adam
del Northend, one sieve, 10s. 8d; William de Lambirton, and his
fellows, six windles, 8s; Thomas Denes, four windles, 5s. 4d; John
Page and William del Filt and their fellows, 10 windles, 13s. 4d;....
de Wisteley, five windles, 6s. 8d;.......lane (?), three windles,
4s; .......[and] Robert son of Michael, six windles, 8s;
......dby, four windles, 5s. 4d;........., 10 windles,
13s. 4d; Roll at Levens.
1375 Thomas Adamson held of Joan late the wife of John de Coupeland
divers tenements in Middleton by homage and fealty and the service
of 4s. 4d. yearly; Chan. Inq. p. m., 49 Edward III, 1st. nos., n. 29.
1381 Pardon for John Todde and John Whitehode, both of Sedbergh in
Lonesdale, and Richard Wylkynson of Blande for the death of John
de Stokedale of Middleton in Lonesdale, killed in the year 2 Ric. II;
Cal. Pat. R. 1381, p. 26.
1386 Grant by Henry son of William de Hayber of Midelton in Lonesdale
to Thomas de Kyrkeby of all his lands in co. Westmorland. Witnesses: Henry de Ullathornes, William Peyton, William Rider, John
Manser. Dated at Kirkeby in Lonesdale, on Ascension Day,
9 Richard II (31 May, 1386); orig. at Sizergh.
1390–95 Henry de Ullaythornes, elder, held of Thomas de Ros, chivaler,
the manor of Midleton for 27s. rent at Easter and Michaelmas, worth
20s.; Henry de Ullaythornes, younger, similarly held a tenement and
six acres land in the vill of Midelton for 1d. rent, worth 6s; John
Cade similarly held a tenement and six acres land in Midleton for
10d. rent, worth 40s; Chan. Inq. p. m., 14 Ric. II, n. 41.
1390–95 Thomas Warde and William son of Thomas Whittyngton (sic)
held lands and tenements in Myddylton for 4s. 4d. (Richmond fee);
Roll at Levens.
1404 At the death of William de Parr, chivaler, the same Henry de
Ullaythornes the elder and the younger and Adam (sic) Cade
held the tenements recorded in 1390; Chan. Inq. p. m., 6 Henry IV,
1407 At the death of John Parr the same persons as those recorded in
1390 held the tenements in Midleton; ib. 9 Henry IV, n. 38.
1411 William de Whittington and Alice late the wife of Thomas Warde
held of Philippa, late the wife of Robert de Veer, late Duke of Ireland
divers tenements in Midleton which sometime belonged to Thomas
Adamson, by homage and fealty and the service of 4s., worth beyond
the rent 6s. 8d; Chan. Inq. p. m., 13 Hen. IV, n. 44.
1431 Thomas Midleton paid for farm of the tithes of Midelton £2 per
annum; Roll at Levens.
1459 The same Thomas Middelton paid £2 as above; ib.
1523 Inquest taken at Kyrkby Landisdall 25 Novr, 15 Henry VIII (1523)
before Cuthbert Musgrave esquire Escheator, by the oath of Walter
Strickland, knight, etc., who say that: Edward Middelton esquire
long before his death was seised of the manor of Capilsyd and divers
lands and tenements in Crakynthorpe, and the manor of Denysbyggyng and two tenements in Casterton, one tenement in Hegholme,
two tenements in Middelton, one tenenemt in Holme in Kendall, and
one tenement in Preston Patryk, and also two tenements in Burton
in Lonysdall in co. York, and also two tenements in Burugh, two
tenements in Cottgren and one tenement in Yeland Storthes in co.
Lancaster. So seised he by his charter, granted the manors of
Capylsid and Denysbyggyng and all the other premises in Westmorland, Yorks and Lancaster to Gervase Strickland, Thomas Preston,
Roland Thornburgh, Richard Curwen, esquires, Roland Preston
gentleman, Christopher Johnson yeoman, Edmund Middelton and
Rouland Garlyke chaplains. To have and to hold to them and their
heirs for ever to use of said Edward Middelton for his life and after
his death to use of his right heirs for ever. By virtue of which
feoffment the feoffees became seised in fee to the use aforesaid.
The manor of Capilsid and lands and tenements in Crakynthorpe
are held of the manor of Bethome by fealty and 12d. rent for all
services, payable yearly at St. Martin in winter, worth yearly besides
reprises eight marks. The manor of Denysbyggyng is held of the
Castle of Thurland by fealty and a rent of 2d. yearly for all services,
worth yearly besides reprises 26s. 8d. The tenements in Casterton
are held of Roger Bellyngham knight by rent of 1d. yearly for all
services and are worth yearly 18s. The tenement in Hegholme is
held of Prior of St. John the Baptist of Jerusalem in England by
fealty and rent of 1d. yearly for all services and is worth yearly 4s.
The tenements in Middelton are held of Geoffrey Middelton by
fealty and a rent of 2 ½d. yearly for all services and are worth yearly
besides reprises 12s. The tenements in Holme and Preston Patrik
are held of the heirs of Thomas Preston esquire deceased, by what
services the jury are ignorant and are worth yearly besides reprises
16s. 8d. The tenements in Burton in Lonysdall co. York held of
heirs of Earl of Derby by fealty and rent of 5d yearly, worth yearly
8s. The tenements in Burugh co. Lanc. held of the Castle of Thurland
by fealty and rent of 2½d. yearly, worth yearly 19s. 4d. The tenements in Cotgren and Yelandstorthes in said county held of Joan
late the wife of Thomas Myddelton esquire deceased, service not
known, worth yearly 40s.
Edward Middelton died on 24th Septr, 15 Henry VIII (1523). And
Oliver Middelton is his son and heir aged 10 years and upwards.
Exchq. Inq. p. mort., ser.ii, file 126, n. 2.
1574 John Mydleton held certain lands in Mydleton as of the castle of
Kendall and rendered a free rent of £1. 6s. 8d. Rental and survey
of lands late of the Marchioness of Northampton, 7 September, 16th
1581 Inquest taken at the Borough of Kyrkbie in Kendall 27 Sepr.,
23 Elizabeth 1581 before George Sowlkeld esq., Edward Lancastre
esq., Thos Brathwaite esq., deputy feodary of co. Westmorld, by
the oath of Lancelote Pickeringe, esq., Richard Dudleye esq., Richd
Duckette esq., Ralland Phillipson, Robert Sowkelt, Richard Bouskell
Randall Wasshington, Randall Batman, Milo Foxe, Thos Ward,
Brian Edmundson, Richard Tunstall, William Bethome, Thos
Bethom, and Tristian Man, gentlemen, who say that: John Middletoun at the time of his death was seised in his demesne as of fee tail
namely to him and heirs male of his body by virtue of a conveyance
made by Geoffrey Myddletoun his father of the manor of Middletoun
in Middletoun and 80 messuages there; and 80 messuages in Kyrkby
Lonesdall; and 16 messuages in Hutton Rouf; and eight messuages
in Lupton; and 16 messuages in Castertoun; and eight messuages
in Barbone; and 10 messuages in Manserghe.
And the said John Middletoun at the time of his death by virtue
of a conveyance by said Geoffrey was seised in his demesne as of fee
tail namely to him and the heirs of his body and of the body of
Anne wife of the said John Myddletoun then deceased of 30
messuages in Kyrkbie Lounesdall before purchased from John
Readmayne; and by the last recited conveyance the said John
Myddeltoun was seised in his demesne as of fee tail namely to him
and the heirs male of his body and of the body of the said Anne his
wife of 12 messuages in Sedbraghe and of 12 messuages in Dente in
The said John Myddletoun at time of his death was seised in his
demesne as of fee of 9 messuages in Myddletoun purchased by him
from Thomas Ward gentleman; and one messuage in Kyrkbie
Lounesdall purchased by him from Thos Newtoun gent.
The manor of Myddletoun held of Queen as of her castle of Kendall
late parcel of the possessions of William late Marquis of Northampton
late of high treason attainted in free socage namely by fealty and
a rent of 6s. 8d. yearly for all services suits exactions and demands.
The said manor and other the premises in Myddletoun are worth
yearly clear £40. The messuages and other the premises in Kyrkbie
Lonesdall and Hutton Rouff are held of Christiopher Cayrus esq., as
of his manor of Kyrkbie Lonesdall in free socage namely by fealty
only for all services etc., and are worth yearly clear £6. The
messuages in Lupton are held of William Gascoigne esq., as of his
manor of Luptoun in free socage namely by fealty only for all services
etc., and are worth yearly clear 6s. 8d. The messuages in Castertoun
are held of the Queen as of her manor of Castertoun in free socage
namely by fealty only for all services etc., and are worth yearly clear
6s. 8d. The messuages etc., in Barbonn are held of Lady Anne
Knevett widow as of her manor of Barbonn in free socage namely by
fealty only for all services etc., and are worth yearly clear 6s. 8d.
The messuages etc., in Manserghe are held of Marmaduke Readman
esquire as of his manor of Manserghe in socage namely by fealty only
for all services etc., and are worth yearly clear 5s. The messuages in
Dente and Sedbreighe are held of the Queen as of her manor of
Sedbreghe in co. York in free socage namely by fealty and suit of
Court at the said manor once a year for all services etc., and are
worth yearly clear £7.
John Myddletonn died 8 Feb. last (1580–1) and Edward Myddletonn
esquire is his son and heir and he is heir and heir male begotten of
the bodies of John Myddletonn and Ann his wife and was aged 37
years and upwards at the time of his father's death. Chan. Inq.
p. mort., ser.ii, vol. 192, n. 34.
1593 John Midleton paid yearly £1 6s. 8d. for Middleton Hall (Marquis
Fee); Survey at Levens.
1604 Inquest taken at Kirbye Kendall 1 Septr, 2 James I (1604) before
Henry Sandes Escheator in co. Westmorland, by the oath etc.,
who say that: Christopher Bainbrigg esquire (in recte, clerk.) was
seised on the day he died in his demesne as of fee of two messuages
or tenements called Hayberland and Wardland and divers acres of
arable land meadow and pasture thereto belonging in Midelton, and
of two other messuages or tenements in Midelton and divers acres
of arable meadow and pasture thereto belonging, and a close there
called "le Hall terne," otherwise "le Terne closse," containing five
acres, and of two messuages or tenements in Manserghe and divers
acres of arable meadow and pasture thereto belonging, and certain
other lands tenements and hereditaments in Manserghe called
"Haslerig" containing 30 acres.
Heyberland and Wardland held of John Middleton esq., as of his
manor of Middleton in free socage by fealty and suit of court of the
said manor and by payment of ½d. and "one le broad arowe head" at
Nativity of our Lord yearly and are worth yearly, clear 20s. The two
other messuages in Middelton are held of the king as of his manor of
Kirkby Kendal called "le Marques Fee" by fealty in free socage
and are worth yearly clear 20s. The three messuages etc. in Manserghe are held of Henry Brabyn gentleman as of his namor of
Manserghe by [fealty and suite] at the Court of the said manor and
by payment of a certain portion (parcel) of Franckincense and are
worth yearly clear 26s. 8d.
Christopher Bainbrigg died 29 May last (1604) and [Edward]
Bainbrigg is his son and nearest heir aged now  years six months.
Court of Wards Inq. p. mort., vol. 28, n. 2.
1610 Inquest taken at Kirkby Kendall 13 April, 8 James I (1610) before
Christopher Wood esquire Escheator, by the oath etc., who say that:
James Moore on the day of his death was seised in his demesne as of
fee of two messuages and tenements in Middleton in a place there
called "Bendsbancke" in Middleton and divers acres of land, arable
meadow and pasture to them belonging. The said premises are held
of the king as of his manor of Kirkby Kendall called "le Marquess
Fee" by fealty and a rent of 6d. yearly in free socage and are worth
yearly clear 24s.
James Moore died 29 Oct. last (1609) and Roger Moore is his son and
heir and he is aged 26 years and upwards now. Court of wards Inq.
p. mort. vol. 34, n. 64.
1611 Inquest taken at Kirkbie Kendall 27 Septr, 9 James I (1611).
before John Lowther esquire Escheator as to whether two messuages
and tenements in Middleton called "Heyberland and Wardland"
with divers acres of land meadow and pasture in Middleton thereto
belonging and two other messuages and tenements in Midleton with
divers etc., etc. (as above), and also one close in Midleton called
"le Hall terne otherwise le terne close" containing five acres of land
and also two other messuages and tenements in Mansergh with
divers etc., etc., (as above), and certain other lands and tenements
in Mansergh called "Haselrigge" containing 30 acres of land, are
held, or any parcel thereof, of the king in chief by knight service or
otherwise by knight service or not, by the oath etc., who say that:
the messuages and tenements were held as given in the 1604 Inquisition. Court of Wards Inq. p. mort., vol. 36, n. 198.
1613 Inquest taken at Kirbye Kendall 20 Sepr, II James I (1613) before
Roger Otwaye, esq., Escheator, by the oath of Thomas Wilson,
William Benson, James Buskell, Miles Eskrigg, Peter Mawson, John
Chambers, Ambrose Etherington, Nicholas Cocke, Anthony Gilpin,
William Collinson, George Fleeming, William Thwaites, and Charles
Benson, who say that: Miles Buskell was seised in his demesne on the
day he died of one messuage and tenement in Middelton and 16 acres
of land thereto belonging. Premises held of the king as of his
manor of Kirbye Kendall called "le Marques Fee" in free socage
by fealty and a rent of 2d. yearly and are worth yearly clear 5s.
Miles Buskell died 8 November last (1612) and James Buskell is
his son and heir, aged 40 years now. Chan. Inq. p. mort., ser. ii,
vol. 676, n. 134.
1618 Inquest taken at Kirkbikendall 27 March, 16 James I. (1618) before
Roger Otwaie esq., Escheator, by oath of Robert Phillipsone of
Hollinghowe, Samuel Knipe of Fairebanke, James Strickland of
Helfell, Robert Wilkinsone of "towne eind Hall," Henry Kitching
of Aikrigge, Peter Mowsone of the same, Allan Stephenson of the
same, Thomas Atkinsonn of Skelsmer, William Denison of the same,
Anthony Gilpin of the same, John Harisonn of Staveley, Thomas
Gilpin of Skellsmer and Peter Birkett of Hugill, gentlemen, who
say that: John Bailiffe was seised in his demesne as of fee on the day
he died of two messuages and tenements in a place called Eskhame
in Midlton in the parish of Kirkbilondsdall, and seven acres of land
to one of the said messuages and 17 acres of land to the other messuage
Premises were held of the king as of his manor of Kendall in free
socage and a yearly rent of 5d. for all services at the time of John
Bailiffe's death and they are now held of Charles prince of Wales as
of his said manor of Kendall in free socage and a yearly rent of
5d. for all services. And they are worth yearly clear 20s.
John Bailiffe died 11 May, 15 James (1617) and Geoffrey Bailiffe
is his son and heir and he is aged 10 years now. Chan. Inq. p. mort,
ser. ii, 676, n. 136.
1619 Inquest taken at the Borough of Kirkbie Kendall 11 Augt, 17 Chas. I
(1619) before John Senehouse esq., Escheator, by the oath of Anthony
Duckett, Henry Warde, Edward Wilson esquires, Thos Kitson, Thos
Wilson, Henry Fisher, Wm Langbaine, Thomas Wharton, Robt Skaif,
James Warde, Robt Richardson, Robert Corney, Mathew Wilson, John
Baliff, Miles Walker, Richard Atkinson, Thomas Birkett, gentlemen,
who say that: Edward Middleton long before and on the day of his
death was seised in his demesne as of fee of the manor or lordship of
Middleton and one capital messuage and tenement called "Middleton
Haule" and 200 acres land, 200 acres meadow, 400 acres pasture,
40 acres wood, 1000 acres moor, 200 acres furze and health called
"Middleton demesne," and one water grain mill, in Middleton,
together with common of pasture for all cattle there, to the said
manor capital messuage and tenements belonging.
All held of the king as of his Castle or manor of Kendall called
"Marques Fee" in free socage namely, by fealty and a free rent of
26s. 8d. for all services etc., and worth yearly clear £4.
Edward Middleton died 17 Novr last (1618) and John Middleton
is his son and heir, aged 19 years and six months then. Chan. Inq.
p. mort., sel. ii, vol. 608, n. 12.
1629 Inquest taken at Kirkbie Kendall 20 Oct. 5 Chas. I (1629) before
John Cowper esquire, Escheator, by the oath of Isaac Gilpin, Thomas
Brigges, Christopher Phillipson, Christopher Bainebrigge, gentlemen,
Nicholas Cocke, Adam Shepheard, Thomas Wilson, William Hodgson,
John Jackson, Anthony Todde, Miles Williamson, Thomas Maskewe,
Henry Baitman, John Harrison, Charles Johnson, yeomen, who say
that: Thomas Robinson of le Holme in Middleton, yeoman, long
before his death was seised in his demesne as of fee of one messuage
or tenement in Middleton and 10 acres of land thereto belonging.
So seised he by his will dated 18 July 1627 granted the premises
to Issabella Robinson his daughter and next heir, now wife of James
Rowecrofte and her heirs for ever "to enter to thone half Immediatelie after my death and to enter unto thother half at the death of my
nowe wief Emmett Robinson."
Premises held of the king as of his manor of Kirkbie Kendall
called "le Marquess Fee" in free socage by fealty and a rent of Id.
and are worth yearly clear 3s. 4d.
Thomas Robinson died 31 July last (1629) and Issabella wife of
James Rowecrofte is his daughter and next heir and she is aged
20 years and upwards now. Chan. Inq. p. mort., ser. ii, vol. 713,
1636 Inquest taken at Kendall 6 Septr, 12 Charles I (1636) before Henry
Harrison gentleman, Escheator, by the oath etc., who say that:
Thomas Baines, father of William, long before the death of the
said William was seised in his demesne as of fee of one messuage
or tenement in Midleton and nine acres of land meadow and pasture
in Middleton thereto belonging and usually occupied therewith.
So seised the said Thomas on 24 May, 5 Charles I (1629) at Midleton
in consideration of a marriage to be had between the said William
his son and heir apparent and Jane Robinson daughter and coheir
of Henry Robinson of "le Holme" in Middleton, yeoman, and in
consideration of £1500 to be paid by Henry Robinson to the said
William Baines as a marriage portion with Jane and in consideration
that William Baines should provide Thomas Baines his father with
food, drink and other necessaries or pay Thomas Baines his father
£4 yearly during his life, agreed then and there that from thenceforth
the said William Baines should have the messuage or tenement and
lands in Middleton to himself and his heirs for ever, to enter into
possession after the marriage, as by the evidence of divers witnesses
at the agreement of marriage. The marriage was immediately
afterwards solemnized and William Baines entered and was seised
of the premises in his demesne as of fee.
The said William Baines long before his death and on the day he
died was seised in his demesne as of fee of three inclosures containing
one and a half acres of land meadow and pasture in Middleton,
lately purchased from Roger Moore, in Middleton.
All the above mentioned premises are held of the king as of his
manor of Kendall called "le Marquess Fee" in free socage and are
worth yearly clear 10s.
William Baines died on 4th February, II Charles I (1636) and Agnes
aged five years on 24 Septr last (1635) and Margaret two years on
23 February last (1635–6). are his daughters and coheirs. Court of
Wards Inq. p. mort., vol. 88, n. 21.
1641 Inquest taken at Kirkby Kendall 15 Septr, 17 Charles I (1641)
before John Senhouse esquire, Escheator, by the oath of Henry
Fisher, William Jeninges, Robert Robinson, John Toweres, Myles
Walker, Henry Becke, Robert Walker, Edward Benson, Thomas
Strickland, William Helme, Thomas Wilson, James Bell, Thomas
Birkett, Richard Becke and Giles Speight who say that: John
Thirnbecke long before his death was seised in his demesne as of fee
of one messuage and tenement in Middleton in a place there called
"le Ellers" with the barns, houses, buildings and gardens thereto
belonging and eight acres of land, four acres meadow, eight acres
pasture, 40 acres furze and heath and common of pasture for all
cattle in Middleton.
So seised he in consideration of his love for his son Christopher
Thirnbecke and for £70 paid to him by the said Christopher by his
charter 22 August, 1626, granted to said Christopher all his said
messuages and lands in "le Ellers" of the ancient rent of 19s. then in
his own tenure and occupation and all the houses buildings, lands etc.,
etc., thereto belonging. To have and to hold to Christopher his heirs
and assigns for ever, except and reserved to said John Thirnbecke a
moiety and half part of the said messuage, lands and other the
Premises held of the king as of his manor of Kendall Castle called
"le Marquis Fee" in free socage by fealty and payment of 2d.
yearly for all services and are worth yearly clear 10s.
Christopher Thrinbecke so being seised died 16 Decr. 1638, and
his father John Thirnbecke afterwards died on 17 March last (1640–1).
John Thirnbecke son and heir of the said Christopher, was and is
nearest heir of said John Thirnbecke deceased and he is aged two
years and eleven months. Chan. Inq. p. mort., ser. ii, vol. 702, n. 50.
1662–4 Schedule of defaulters to Hearth Tax. Lay Subsidy Roll, 259,
A list of all ye names of those which have unpaid their harth
moneyes untill now, 1662.
Mr. Robert Westby, 7s.; Joseph Harrison, Is.; Edward Cooke, Is.;
and Henry Bradelay, Is. Widow Barker behind her hallfe yeare one
chimne. Acknowledged by me James Tayeler late constable for the
Robert Westby, gent., for seven hearths due Lady Day 1663, 7s.
Joseph Harrison, Edward Cooke, Henry Bradlay and widow Barker
for one each, 4s. Thomas Geslinge and William Ashe for two each, 4s.
The names of those that did refuse to pay the harthes money in 1662
and now refuseth to pay the arrears then unpayed.
Thomas Geslinge, 2s. William Ashe, Is., but he is now soe poore
he hath nothing to pay with. October 27, 1664, Giles Moore then
1669–71 Hearth Tax Roll. Lay Subsidy R. 195, n. 73, m. 27d.
|Mr Tho: Bainbrigg
|Mr Tho: Ward
|Tho: Baines et mater
|John Midlton Esqr
1676 Mr. John Middleton pays yearly £1 6s. 8d. for Middleton Hall,
(Marquis Fee). Survey at Lowther.