CROOK AND WINSTER.
14 February. The pathetic Will of Ann, widow of the late
Christopher Nicholson of Crook, appears to have been made in
anticipation of dying in childbed, a fear that was too well founded as
she must have died very soon after the date of this Will:—"Besechyng our blessed Lady, the most pure and gloryous virgyn to pray for
me, and my body to be erthed and buryed at my parysse churche of
Kyrkby in Kendall. Also yf yt pleas God to sende me save delyverans
and a chrystyn soule, aither dorter or son, and yf ye same lefe to yt be
of leyfull age, unto ye same I bequeth and frely gyfe all my goods
moveable and unmoveable. Also yf I departe at this tyme, I beqweth unto Agnes Bulmer, Esybell Clerke and Agnes Knype, to every
of them 40s., and yf bothe my childe and I departe then I wyll, etc.,
etc. Executors my brother parson Cayrus and John Nicholson my
father in law." Surtees Socy., vol. 26, p. 105.
20 May. In the Will of Christopher Philipson of Crook there are
bequests to Roland Philipson and his heirs male of "all the lands I
purchased of Mr. Heskett and all others the tenements of Huthomes or
that was Barwiks that he dwelleth now on," also one tenement that
lieth near Bowlnes of the yearly value of 8s., also the whole title of
the Calgarthe lying in Windermere, and in default of heirs male all
these lands to remain to Miles Philipson. To Miles Philipson he
leaves all lands at the "Abbott hole," also at Cowperthwaite, and all
lands in Crook and one tenement called Furn close, also the tenement
of the Lange holme in Windermere, and in default of heirs male etc.
Also it is my will that Miles Philipson and his heirs shall pay for the
maintenance of the service or the reparations of Crook Chapel 8s.
a year, etc., etc. Surtees Socy., vol. 26, p. 188.
13 January. Memorandum that on 30 October, 22 Charles II, John
Bateman of Applethwayt came before Robert Phillipson, Esqre, at
Callgarth and gave information upon proof by the oaths of witnesses
that John Thompson of Crooke, Rob. Thompson of Under Milnebecke,
Geo. Thompson of Crooke, Geo. Dodgson, Peter Bateman, Miles
Birkett, and Mary Bateman all of the same, Ric. Stephenson of Staveley and William Muckellet of the same, each of them being aged 17 or
more were present, assembled and unlawfully congregated in the
house of the said John Thompson in Crooke with divers other evil
doers and disturbers of the king's peace to the number of 20 persons
and more at a conventicle there under colour and pretext of exercising
religion otherwise than allowed by the Liturgy of the English Church
and against the king's peace, his crown and dignity, and against the
form of the Statute, etc., wherefore the said John Thompson and the
other evil doers are convicted and the Justices impose upon the said
John Thompson a fine of £20 and upon each other person there a fine
of 5 shillings for their assent. K. Indictment Book, 1669–1692.
Also a similar information that on 10 October a number of 30
persons met at the house of Miles Bateman in Crooke, for which Miles
Bateman was fined £20, Miles Hubersty £20 for taking upon himself
to (concionari) and the others 5 shillings or 10 shillings for the second
Jonas Barber of Brime Houses, Winster, seems to have had a
monopoly for clock-making over Westmorland and Furness. Every
house of any importance had one or more of these old time-keepers,
generally winding by the weight chain every twenty-four hours with
brass dials very lightly engraved and one hour hand only. In his
later days he occasionally made more elaborate instruments winding
by a key every eight days and possessing two hands. He became a
member of the Clockmakers' Company in 1682.
24 April Sir Christ. Phillipson of Crook, knt., Ric. Pinder of
Kendall, esq., Hen. Guy of Watercrook, clerk, Tho. Shepherd of
Syzer, gent., and Tim. Banks of Levins, gent., Protestants and
suspected to be disaffected to the present government, in custody in
the garrison at Carlisle. K. Indictment Book, 1692–1724.
After Sir Christopher Philipson's death Crook or Thwatterden
Hall descended to his three daughters who sold the estate to Major
Pigeon, natural son of Charles 11, whose daughter carried it in marriage to Ralph Day, esq., who in 1777 was owner of the Hall.
8 October. Upon the request of Geo. Birkett of Crooke having
built a house at Crooke to be set apart for religious worship for
Protestants "defealing" from the Church of England. It is granted
so that it is used according to Law. K. Order Book, 1696–1724.
20 April. Order to the two high constables to apply £10 for the
effectual repairing of that part of Sand Pool (? Winster) Bridge which
stands or lays in this county, unless cause be shown to the contrary.
11 October. Mr. John Thompson's house at Crook licensed as a
place for religious worship for the people called Quakers. Ibid.
16 January. Geo. Brathwaite of Crook, Dissenting Minister,
took the oaths, signed the Declaration and subscribed the 39 Articles
of Religion. K. Indictment Book, 1692–1724.
21 April. Order to the inhabitants of Crook to find a house for the
accommodation of the poor, or to build such a house on the wastes
and commons of the hamlet. K. Order Book, 1696–1724.
17 April. The newly erected house in Crook is certified to be set
apart for religious worship upon the request of the people called
Quakers; it is allowed to be recorded accordingly. K. Order Book,
11 October. Presentment that the highway in two places between
Pepper Yate and Crooke Yate in Crooke Laine is in decay for want of
repair. K. Indictment Book, 1692–1724.
10 October. Crooke Laine from Pepper Yeat to Gilpin Bridge
presented as in decay for want of repair. Ibid.
18 April. Order to the high constable before 3 May to view
Winster Bridge between the county and co. Lancaster and to report
the cost of repairing or rebuilding the same on 3 May. (K. Order
Book, 1725–37). On 3 May an order was issued to repair or rebuild
Winster Bridge in conjunction with co. Lancaster. (Ibid.). On
3 July, 1729, Robert Robinson entered into a bond to pull down all
and every part of the common bridge belonging to the two counties,
situate between Cowmire Hall in Crosthwaite and Hodgehill in
Cartmel Fell, called and known by the name of Winster Bridge, now
being in very great decay, and erect and build in the same place a
new firm stone bridge to consist of one bend or arch of at least 9 yards
betwixt the springers and to be 4 yards broad under the arch, and the
said new arch to be shot over with good and choice stones called penn
stones and when shot and keyed to be well filled, closed and covered
with good strong pouring or pottage mortar made of hot lime. The
ledges to be 12 inches in thickness and 2 feet 6 inches high from the
pavement and well set with good and choice penn stones. Skillfully
and well pave over with thin stones set across the arch and made
easy and gradually ascending and descending at the ends thereof for
carriage and travellers. To finish and complete the work, on or
before 1 August next ensuing and the undertakers shall from time to
time and all times as shall be requisite well and sufficiently repair,
maintain and uphold the same for and during the term of seven years.
On 4 August, 1729, Robert Robinson, freemason, gave receipt for
£6 5s. being the remainder of £12 10s. the Westmorland share for the
new building of the bridge. Browne MSS. vol. i, n. 246; iii, nos. 197,
199; xv, 186.
11 October. Order to the high constable to view the north-east
end of Winster Bridge and report the condition thereof at the next
Sessions. K. Order Book, 1738–50.
16 January. Like order to view Winster Bridge and contract
for the repairs of 300 feet at the Westmorland end thereof. Ibid.
8 April. Presentment that the liege subjects of the king had
lawfully used a certain common and ancient highway in the township
of Crook in a certain place called Whitemossdale Lane, otherwise
called Breastyodes Lane, leading from the township of Nether
Staveley to the township of Crosthwaite, on horseback or on foot to go
return pass ride and labour at their will without any stoppage or
hinderance, nevertheless John Dodgson of Kirkland, gent., and Will.
German of Crook, husbandman, on the 15 March, 11 George III, with
force and arms upon and across the said ancient highway a certain
hedge did set and erect and the said hedge doth yet continue to the
hinderence, etc. K. Indictment Book, 1770–80.
5 October. Appeal of landowners of Winster and Crook against the
Commissioners of Heversham inclosures, quashed, and the boundaries
so set forth by the Commissioners confirmed. Kendal Order and
Indictment Book, 1798–1811.
The Kendal Papers for March 29, 1823, advertise for tenders for the
building of a new Gilpin Bridge over Gilpin Beck between Crook and
Undermilbeck. Resolved that notice be given to William Bowness
to get Mr. Webster, architect, to stake out the said bridge in order
that the same may be proceeded with immediately. (Ambleside
Turnpike Road Book). On 23 April, 1827, a Certificate was issued
that the bridge over a certain river called Gilpin Beck between
Plumgarth Cross and the Lake of Windermere, lately erected at the
expense of the Trustees of the turnpike road, has been built in a
substantial and commodious manner. K. Indict. Book, 1824–34.
21 October. The Rev. William Noble, Incumbent of Winster took
and subscribed the usual oaths and declaration on his appointment.
K. Indict. Book, 1839–52.
26 July. Rev. Frederick Howlett likewise. K. Minute Book,