John Dixon, Incumbent of Troutbeck, attended the Bp. of Chester's
Visitation at Windermere. Browne MSS.
18 July. Whereas Troutbeck is distant and remote from the
parish church of St. Martin's Windermere, the space of three myles
soe that they cann neither bring the bodyes of the dead to be buryed
att their parish church without their great and extraordinary cost
and discommoditye nor carrye their children to be baptized without
great danger of soul and bodye, nor can they by any means come to
to hear Divine Service, to receive the Sacrament nor to be instructed in
the word of God as becometh Christians, without their so great cost,
travel, danger and incommodity, William Downham, Bp. of Chester,
licenced the newly rebuilt Chapel of Jesus at Troutbeck for the celebration of the Sacraments etc., with the consent " of that worshipful
man Mr. Adam Carehouse," rector of Windermere. Browne MSS.
vol. III, n. 3.
30 April. A licence from Matthew, Archbishop of Canterbury,
in very much the same words as the above, was issued to the inhabitants seeing that there be a church or chapel with a competent
churchyard adjoining to the same anciently seated and decently
builded wherein Divine exercises have been and are accustomed to be
done, etc. Browne MSS., vol. III, n. 4.
8 August. Award of Christopher Philipson and thirteen others,
concerning the seats in Troutbeck Church. "Every tenant right
which hath formerly paid any sawd or sallary to the said church shall
have a seat or form therein" according to a schedule annexed.
Provision is made for the seating of "the young wifes" in the
unappropriated seats in cases where the old "wifes" are alive and
occupy the seats appropriated to their respective houses. Hist.
MSS. Com., 10th Rep. 355.
7 August. Confirmation of the above award by Edward Mannering,
Doctor of Law and Chancellor to the Bishop of Chester, with the
approval of James Wakefield, rector of Windermere, and command
to William Robinson, clerk, curate of the chapel of Troutbeck to
publicly declare this confirmation. Browne MSS., vol. XIV, p. 103.
8 October. Petition of Geo. Birkett of Troutbeck, concerning the
repair of a way lying at the upper side of one close called the Howing
in Troutbecke across which way a river runs which water formerly had
a wood bridge also gone to decay. Ordered that the inhabitants of
Troutbecke with all convenient speed shall repair and amend the way
and bridge. (K. Indictment Book, 1669–92), or otherwise the said
inhabitants are to show cause to the next sessions why they ought
not to do the same. K. Order Book, 1669–96.
8 December. Copy of Chancellor Sir Joseph Cradock's settlement
concerning a dispute about seats in the Chancel of Troutbeck Church
(Browne MSS., vol. XIV, 106). In vol. III of the same, there is
a plan showing the arrangement of the seats against all the four
sides of the Chancel. "When any man that has a seat in this chancell
dyes the 3 sidemen or psallery men has power to putt up another
into this chancell for the payment of 2s., but noe man knows his own
seat, every one takes places as they come, and it is a seat but for life."
There are three seats or forms on each side of the aisle between the
chancel screen and another division running across the nave, "these
forms on both sides are common till the womans forms." Westward
of the division are twelve seats or forms on each side. "All below
till the next back form on both sides this ile are fixt to every mans
estates, five estates to a form, and every one pays soe much psallary
as is sett down in a schedule by one Doctor Mannering, 5 wives to a
seat." Westward of a gangway from door to door across the nave are
three more seats or forms "these below are common to any." "The
Psallary men has not power to dispose of seats but in the Chancell
when any person dyes that is seated there, and to collect the psallarys
and the interest of the stock we have, and to pay the Minister his
wages." Hist. MSS. Com., 10th Rep. 350.
18 November. Articles of agreement made concluded and agreed
upon between John Grisedale of Troutbeck, clerk, on the one part,
and the inhabitants of Troutbeck and Applethwaite above Castlehow
in the parish of Windermere on the other part. First the said John
Grisedale is to do execute and perform the office of a Minister in
every particular as well in Reading public prayers according to the
rubrics of the Church of England, and preaching or reading Homilies
as also in administring the Sacrament, Marrying, Baptizing, Burying
and Churching of women, as often as need shall require, and doing and
performing all other things belonging to the Office of a Minister.
And diligently to keep and teach a school as well for petty as Grammar
Scholars. And in consideration thereof the said John Grisedale is
to have and receive his stipendary wages for performing the Office of
Minister the sum of £10 in the year to be paid unto him every year
by the Collectors or Psallary men for the time being after such manner
and form as formerly hath been used and accustomed. And likewise to have and receive for teaching the school the yearly interest
of the sum of one hundred marks, being the whole stock of the school—
and also to have six pence per quarter of a year for every scholar in
Troutbeck and Applethwaite above Castle-how, and for all other
scholars as the Master and they can agree. In witness whereof, etc.
This agreement betwixt the parties above named is very well approved
on by William Wilson, rector of Windermere. Browne MSS., vol. XIV,
pp. 92, 109.
16 January. The charge of my dear father George Browne sent
|Arval Bread 16 dozen at 14 to the dozen whole loaves (fn. 1)
|Mr. Robert Wilson cheese 78 lbs at 2 ¼d.
|Mr. Jos. Simpson a winding sheet 5½ yards of fine broad flannel at 20d., Black and white worsted Knot 3d.
|To Mr. Grisedale for preaching
|To the poor of our own town and none else 6d. a piece
|To George Wright for making a coffin
|For breaking a grave in the Chancel
|To William of Hughs for making the grave
|To Peggy Hughs and Maggy ffisher for winding him
|The Queen's duty for his burial
|To George Wilson, butcher, veal 4 quarters (or whole calf) 5s., another 6s. 6d.
|To Doctor Archer for coming to my father
|To Robert Walker, appothecary, for physic
|To John Longmire expenses in fetching the Doctor
Spared bread a dozen but little cheese and we spared some meat,
but not to speak of. All strangers had cold meat and all our neighbourhood. This money was all laid out besides what we had within
ourselves, as beef, wheat, bacon, bread and drinks. Browne MSS.,
vol. III, n. 44. Note, nos. 39 to 46 are somewhat similar accounts for
the burial of different members of the family.
20 April. Order to the high constables to repair Troutbeck High
or Church Bridge, which it is reputed 5s. will repair, unless it be
shown at next Session that it is a private and not public bridge.
K. Order Book, 1696–1724.
16 December. John, Lord Archbp. of York (the See of Chester
being then vacant) to our well beloved in Christ, Benjamin Browne of
Troutbeck, greeting. Whereas upon 14 June last it did appear to
our Commissioner (amongst other things) that the curate's reading
desk was very improperly and inconveniently placed being at a great
distance from the pulpit and that the said Commissioner did order
the said Reading desk to be removed and adjoined to the pulpit and
made more decent and convenient for divine service. And whereas
upon removal of the said Reading desk there will be a vacancy containing in length 2 yards from the Chancel Door to the south side,
and in breadth 1½ yard from the partition where the Reading desk
now stands into the choir, to which no person can claim any right
title or interest, wherein a very good pew may be erected without
any prejudice or injury, and whereas you Benjamin Browne, having
a very good mansion and considerable estate in the Chapelry, have
requested our said Commissioner to assign and set forth the said
vacant space to you for the erection of a pew for yourself and family
therein to sit kneel and hear divine service, we therefore favourably
inclining to your said request do by these presents assign and grant
to you the said Benjamin Browne the vacant space with power and
authority at your own proper charges to erect a new pew, and the same
so erected, we do hereby confirm to you and the successive owners
and occupiers of your said mansion house, enjoining you to assign and
permit the present sidesmen to dispose of your present seat etc.
which he did do as per deed dated 19 November, 1708. Abbreviated
from Browne MSS., XIV, 99, 119 and vol. III, n. 27.
On 24 September, 1709, Whereas (the above) and whereas at the
primary visitation of William Lord Bishop of Chester holden at
Kendall 4 July last a petition was exhibited (Ib. 113) setting forth
that William Birkett and others within the Chapelry pretending that
the Archbishop nor any bishop had the right over seats in that
Chapel had presumed to cut down with an axe and demolish the
said pew so erected by the said Benjamin Browne, as also the new
Reading desk and carried the remains into the belfry, in manifest
contempt of his Grace's authority. Upon which petition his lordship
hearing the arguments made by way of excuse was pleased to assent
his Grace's authority and confirmed the same. Ibid. 112, 131, 200.
12 August. Letter from Elizabeth, Lady Otway, to Benjamin
Browne. "I am very sorry to hear of Roland Brathwait sickness.
If it be a jandice, let him get a lemon and cut the top of it and put in
tow penyworth off saffron into it and cover it with the top, and sett
it to rost, and when rosted quez it into a pint of white wine and let the
lemon infuse 24 hours, and take the fine powder of turmerick as much
as will lye upon a crown piece and a nutmeg granted and a good
sponnefull of aneseed bruised, and mix this in treacle and take the
quantity of a nutmeg or more morning and afternoone and drink a
little glas off the wine aforesaid after it. This is a very good medicine iff he can get this done for him, if thee would give him 20 headlice mixed with nut-meg and sugar and powder of turmerick and
drink a litle warm ale after it sweetened with treacle and nutmeg
and a litle powder of turmerick in it and aneseede, it would perhaps
doe him good." Hist. MSS. Com., 10th Rep., p. 352.
Petition of 59 principal inhabitants of Troutbeck and Applethwaite
to the House of Commons, praying that the exportation of bark
into Ireland may not be prohibited, seeing that if deprived of selling
their bark they will lose half the profits of their estates and many
hundreds of poor men will be reduced to beggary for want of employment, although the tanners of Kendal have prayed for such prohibition. Ibid, 355.
12 August. Similar articles of agreements as given under 18
November, 1694, between William Langhorn, clerk, and the inhabitants of Troutbeck and Applethwaite above Castle-how. The stipend
is the same. Browne MSS., vol. XIV, p. 73.
15 January. Benjamin Browne, the high constable, reported
the Holebeck Lane and Bridge Lane are very narrow in several
places and that the hedges and trees grow very much into the ways.
Browne MSS., vol. 1, n. 220.
Troutbeck chapel rebuilt at a cost of £150 5s. od. Local Chron.,
6 October. Presentment that 15 yards in length and 2 yards in
breadth in the King's highway lying at or in a place called Troutbeck
Church Bridge is in a very ruinous, miry and deep broken condition
etc., and that the inhabitants of the townships of Applethwaite and
Troutbeck have for time whereof the memory of man is not to the
contrary repaired the said highway and ought still to repair it. Note
in the margin, Midsummer Sessions, 1750, ordered to be discharged
being a county bridge. K. Indictment Book, 1738–50.
4 October. Presentment that there is a certain common and
ancient highway leading from the market town of Ambleside to the
township of Kentmere (by the Garburn Pass) and that a certain part
of the same King's highway beginning at Greengate Foot and so on
to the Church bridge in the township of Troutbeck, containing in
length 150 yards and in breadth 8 feet, was and yet is very ruinous
etc., and that the inhabitants of the said township ought to repair
the same. (K. Indict. Book, 1760–70). Upon appeal to the above
indictment made 11 April, 1763, the jury find that the inhabitants
are Not Guilty or liable to repair the said road or any part thereof.
Therefore it is considered that they be acquitted. Ibid.
11 January. Presentment that Hollowbeck Bridge is one of the
public bridges and that the said bridge and 6 feet at either end is in
great decay etc., and that the public expense ought to repair the
same. Order to the two high constables to view and report the
condition at the next Sessions. (K. Indictment Book, 1760–70).
On the 11th April following the high constables were ordered to
forthwith contract for the repair. (K. Order Book, 1760–70). On
9 January 1769, it was certified as being in a good and sufficient
11 January. Similar application and order respecting an assessment for the maintenance of the highways as under Ambleside,
12 January, 1767. K. Order Book, 1760–70.
23 November. To be let 166 rods of highway beginning at the
Turnpike at the foot of Holbeck Lane and up the said lane as far as
the said 166 rods will extend—The undertakers to make the said road
13 foot in breadth exclusive of the trenches where the fences will
allow of that breadth and when the fences will not admit of such
breadth they are to make the same as close to the fences as possible.
The said road is to be made and finished in the same manner as
Turnpike and to be completed on or before 10 June, 1771. The
said undertakers to have pay for 20 rods when 30 rods is completed
and so to continue still leaving cash for 10 rods of finished road in the
Surveyor's hands till the whole 166 rods be completed. Browne
MSS., vol. IV, n. 159.
In a list of the voters for a curate at Troutbeck "which place is
now vacant by the death of Rev. Mr. Thompson," we find that 25
voted for the Rev. Thomas Martin and 12 for the Rev. Thomas
Jackson. (Browne MSS., vol. IX, n. 15.) Rev. William Thompson
was drowned in Corfoot Beck, 21 July, 1780.
6 October. Troutbeck Church Bridge. and 300 ft. of the road at
each end of it ought to be repaired at the public expense of the
county. K. Order and Indictment Book, 1786–1798.
26 April. Presentment that Church Bridge over river Troutbeck,
is in great decay and ought to be repaired at the expense of the
county. (K. Order and Indictment Book, 1798–1811). On 15 July
John Braithwaite, the Bridge Master, on behalf of the inhabitants
pleaded Guilty to the indictment and craved time in order to repair
the said bridge. It is ordered that the judgement of the court thereupon be suspended until the midsummer sessions next ensuing
(K. Indict. Book, 1811–17). On 11 January, 1813, the inhabitants
prayed for a further suspension of Judgement, which was granted
until the next Easter Sessions. (Ibid). On 4 October 1813, a certificate that the said bridge is now in good and sufficient repair was filed
and the indictment discharged. Ibid.
14 July. Presentment that Holbeck Bridge in the King's highway
between the market towns of K. Kendal and Ambleside is narrow
and in great decay etc., and that the inhabitants of the county ought
to amend the same. (K. Indict. Book, 1824–34). Ordered that the
above bridge be widened and rendered more commodious and safe
for the public and that the high constable do forthwith procure
plans for widening and repairing and proceed to the letting thereof.
The act for inclosing lands in Applethwaite, Troutbeck and Hugill
was passed in 1 and 2 William IV, c. 9.
6 July. On the Roll of this Sessions is filed an order with plan
for the enlarging and widening a certain part of the highway leading
from the village of Troutbeck to Ambleside, called Hallbeck Lane,
(K. Indict. Book, 1824–34), for the length of 924 yards commencing
at the turnpike road leading from Kendal to Ambleside and ending at
Little Lowther, coloured yellow. K. Order Book, 1824–34.
10 April. Ordered that the County bridge at Troutbeck Church,
be enlarged and repaired. K. Minute Book, 1825–38.
21 October. Resolved that the plan of a new bridge and improved
approaches thereto at Troutbeck be carried into effect at a cost not
exceeding £420. (K. Order Book, 1839–76). On 5 January, 1849.
it was resolved that the tender of Abraham Pattinson for the building
of a stone bridge and a temporary wooden bridge be accepted, he
upholding of the stone bridge for the term of seven years. K. Minute
21 October. Application for and order to divert and turn a certain
highway between Goose Well and Butt Hill in Troutbeck of the
length of 252 yards, the proposed new road being 246 yards, with
better gradients. Upon the plan being produced and consents given
the diversion was allowed. K. Order Book, 1839–76.
7 April. Order to divert and turn a public highway leading from
Troutbeck Bridge to the village of Troutbeck, and thereby rendering
it shorter and more commodious to the public. K. Order Book, 1839–
11 November. Troutbeck Church Bridge was originally a packhorse bridge, 6 ft. 6 ins. wide over all, to which an addition was made
some 120 years since, as Mr. Bintley reported, which addition was
washed down by the great flood of the 2nd November, leaving the
old pack-horse bridge intact. In the opinion of the surveyor it would be
best to build an entire new bridge for the reason that in getting down
to a solid foundation he might have to go so much below the footings
of the old pack-horse bridge as to render it impossible to keep it up.
On 18 November it was resolved that a new bridge should be built
giving a clear roadway of 21 feet, and that the Local Government
Board be asked to sanction a loan of £800 for the rebuilding. (C. C.
Minutes, 1898–99). On 10 March, 1899, the contract with Arthur
Jackson of Ambleside for the erection of Troutbeck Church Bridge
at £720 was sealed. On 8 August following the Surveyor reported
that the bed of the river was so soft that he could not get a firm
foundation without going down 15 feet. He therefore ordered piles
to be driven down to the more solid ground, which had been tied
together with iron bars at the top and concreted over, and Mr.
Jackson had commenced to build upon the concrete tops. C. C.
11 November. The Surveyor reported that the flood had played
sad havoc with the bed of the river below Troutbeck Bridge, boulders
of some four to five tons being washed away, but that the bridge
itself had not stirred in the slightest degree. Yet if the washing goes
on much further the abutments will be undermined and the bridge
must collapse. C. C. Minutes, 1898–99.