Crosthwaite and Lyth
The original chapel was very ancient but it did not obtain sacramental rights till the reign of Queen Mary, 1556, when Cuthbert,
Bishop of Chester, in consideration of the great distance from the
mother church at Heversham, granted a licence, dated 24 January,
that "Mass shall be celebrated in the said chapel, the canonical hours
rehearsed, the bodies of the dead buried and the sacraments administered by fit priests approved by the Vicar of Heversham for the
time being. "The Registers say:—" Ecclesia Crosthwaitiensis sanctificata fuit 7 Julii Anno Dom. 1557."
22 April. In the Will of Agnes, the widow of George Levens of
Crosthwaite, under this date, mention is made of her three sons,
William, Peter and Robert, and of her granddaughter Sybil, the
daughter of Robert, also of Sir John Birkhead, chaplain of Underbarrow. Surtees Socy., vol. 26, p. 235.
William Gilpin built a chancel and steeple to the church. K. Notes
and Queries, n. 138.
15 January. The house of James Garnett called Moss-side in
Crosthwaite is licensed by this Court for Mr. Richard Franklin to
preach in. K. Order Book, 1669–96.
Petition of the inhabitants that the bridge called Winster Bridge
dividing Westmorland and Lancashire is in decay and a great part
fallen down: Order that the chief constables of Kendal do take a
survey thereof and give an account to this Court what the charges
will amount to for repair of the same, that half of the same may be
collected for the purpose out of the county. Ibid.
Easter. Upon the humble petition of the inhabitants of Lyth
quarter showing that Warhead Cawsey, Thorpey Bridge and Warhead
Dyke are very ruinous and in great decay and hath formerly so often
as the same were in decay been repaired as well by Crosthwaite as by
Lyth: Ordered that the inhabitants of Crosthwaite do for the future
contribute with the inhabitants of Lyth towards the repair of the
same as formerly. (Ibid.). In October following, whereas by an
order of this Court in April last it appears that the inhabitants of
Crosthwaite ought to be contributory with the inhabitants of Lyth
quarter for the repair of Warhead Causey, Thorpey Bridge and
Warhead Dyke, the same being in decay, according to the several
dalts formerly allotted them, which order the inhabitants of Crosthwaite have not yet obeyed: it is therefore ordered that the said
inhabitants of Crosthwaite within a fortnight of the notice being given
shall assist towards the repair and upon refusal the parties so offending
are hereby ordered to be bound to their good behaviour. (Ibid.).
On 13 January following, whereas the order of 7 October, 1692, to the
inhabitants of Crosthwaite having been disregarded; ordered that
within a fortnight they repair Warhead Cawsey, Thorpy Bridge and
Warhead Dyke or that the several persons so offending are hereby
ordered to be conveyed by the constables before the next Justice of
the Peace. K. Order Book, 1669–96.
24 April. The following, being suspected persons, have neglected
or refused to make and subscribe the Declaration and take the oaths:
Thomas Dawson and John Threlkeld. K. Indictment Book, 1692–
11 October. The house of Joseph Pearson of Crosthwaite licensed
as a place of religious worship for the people called Quakers. K.
Order Book, 1696–1724.
21 April. The surveyor of highways and other inhabitants of
Crosthwaite and Lyth show that in 1665 and 1672 some charities were
left for repairing the highways there as by bond of James Hodgson and
others, and by the will of George Cock, deceased, may appear; and
whereas it does not appear what is become of the said charity or how
it is applied; order to James Hodgson, surviving obligee in the bond
and the trustees or their successors of the said will to appear on 6 May
next to give an account of the charity and its administration. (K.
Order Book, 1696–1724.) On 11 July following James Hodgson,
surviving obligee, and Edward Garnet and William Garnet, trustees
of the charity named above, having neglected to appear at the
adjourned Court held on 6 May last are ordered to appear at the next
5 October. The matter of the disposal of the above charity is
referred to the award of Mr. Thomas Shipherd, Mr. Robert Hubbersty
and Mr. Thomas Lickbarrow, to report as to how the charity has been
administered and its present state and to order the highways in decay
there to be repaired out of the said charity. (Ibid.). On 18 January
following, the referees report that a difference had existed between
the inhabitants of Crosthwaite and those in Lyth concerning the
repair of a causeway and ditch in Lyth called the Orehead Causey;
by the consent of both parties the arbitrators ordered that the
inhabitants of Lyth should immediately receive £4 out of the rent or
stock of the corn mill of Crosthwaite and Lyth towards the repair of
the said causeway and ditch on condition that henceforth the
inhabitants of Crosthwaite should be acquitted from repair of the
same. That Thomas Wilson, surveyor of highways in Lyth received
on 12 January, 1711/12, of Joseph Garnett of Crosthwaite the sum of
£4. Order made absolute. K. Order Book, 1696–1724.
13 January. Robert Rood of Whitebeck in Lyth, yeoman, and
James Bell of the same, yeoman, bought sheep on the common called
Lythmyre, with intent to resell them at unreasonable prices, and to
increase the prices, to the prejudice of the King's subjects; fined
2s. 6d. each. K. Indictment Book, 1692–1724.
July. Presentment that the highway lying in Crosthwaite Town
End quarter, betwixt Durham Bridge and an Outland Gate called
Hinkeld Lane, is very ruinous and in decay. (K. Indictment Book,
1725–37). On 6 October, 1727, James Burrow and Thomas Robinson
of Crosthwaite complained that the above highway still continued to
be ruinous, whereupon an order was issued to the surveyor to repair
the same before next Sessions, on pain of £10. K. Order Book,
18 January. Presentment that the way from Crosthwaite Church
to the Mill, being 200 yards in length is in decay for want of reparation.
K. Indictment Book, 1725–37.
18 April. Presentment that New Bridge in Crosthwaite is one of
the public bridges and that 300 feet at the west end of the said bridge
is in need of repair; order to the high constable to view and report
the condition thereof. K. Order Book, 1738–50; also Indictment
11 January. Petition of the surveyors of highways setting forth
that the highways within the township of Crosthwaite are greatly out
of repair and that the 6 days labour is insufficient to effectually repair
the same; it is ordered that an assessment of 6d. in the pound be
levied upon the several inhabitants owners and occupiers, and in case
of refusal or non payment within 10 days after demand, it be levied
by distress and sale of goods, etc. (K. Order Book, 1760–70).
Similar petitions and orders were made on 12 January, 1767,
9 January, 1769, and 8 January, 1770. Ibid.
14 July. Presentment that there is a common and ancient
watercourse, moss runner and fence dyke in Crosthwaite at a certain
place called Moss Side Moss containing in length 2,000 yards and in
breadth 8 feet from a certain place called Low End of the Heald
meadow to a certain other place called Whitbeck Bridge, was and
yet is very ruinous, etc. and that Roger Dickinson and Isaac Cartmell
both of Crosthwaite, John Biggins and Thomas Dixon, both of Lyth
and all those who hold any land adjoining to the said ancient watercourse ought by reason of their tenure to repair and amend the same.
K. Indictment Book, 1760–70.
9 January. Presentment that half of a certain bridge called
Bowland Bridge is one of the public bridges, and that half of the said
bridge and 40 yards at the east end of it is in great decay, etc. and
ought to be repaired at the public expense of the county. (K.
Indictment Book, 1760–70). Ordered that the two high constables
do forthwith view the said bridge and report the state at the next
13 January. On the Roll of this Sessions is filed an Appeal by the
Rt. Hon. William, lord Viscount Lowther and Richard Howard, esq.,
lords of the manor of Crosthwaite and Lythe, against the boundaries
fixed by the Commissioners appointed for dividing, allotting and
inclosing the Commons, etc. in the parish of Heversham. The Appeal
was heard on 10 July following and allowed. And it is further decided
and adjudged that the true and right boundary between the Townships of Crosthwaite and Lyth and Witherslack is as set forth and
claimed by the Appellants, that is to say, beginning at the foot of
that part of Whitbarrow Scar, called Raven Scar, and proceeding
south-westward on the foot of Whitbarrow Scar to Red Raike, thence
westward by the foot of the said last mentioned Scar to a stream of
water, running from White Well, thence northward by the said
stream to the said Whitewell, in the bank under Whitbarrow Scar,
thence north-west in a direct line to the wall against the old inclosures
in Witherslack, opposite to the large well in Low Cragg wood, belonging to the Earl of Derby, thence northward by the fence near the foot
of the Scar to the foot of Cowdraine Rake, thence by the fence
dividing the Common called Whitbarrow from the old enclosures in
Witherslack to Bell Raike, formerly called Yews Skar Raike, being
near the north end of Yews Skar, otherwise Black Yews Skar, where
the fence dividing the old inclosures in Witherslack and Crosthwaite
and Lyth meets the fence against Whitbarrow Common and thence
northward by the fence dividing the said Common from old inclosures
in Crosthwaite and Lyth to How Ridding where the said boundaries
lately in dispute terminate. K. Minute Book, 1780–1804.
15 July. Indictment that Nicholas Long of Crosthwaite and Lyth,
labourer and Martin Crosthwaite of the same, labourer, on the 1
October with force and arms at the church there situate, did unlawfully and wilfully break and enter the grave within the said church in
which one William Garnett, deceased, had lately been interred, and
indecently did then and there force break and open the coffin and did
beat, mangle, tear, cut, disfigure, expose, lay naked and open to the
sight the body to the great scandal and disgust of all Christian people,
etc. (K. Indictment Book, 1811–17). On 7 October, 1811, the two
defendants were found guilty, and were each fined 5 shillings, which
they paid to the Sheriff. Ibid.
13 July. James Strickland, curate of Crosthwaite, took the oaths
of allegiance, supremacy and abjuration and subscribed the same
according to law. Ibid.
12 July. Presentment that a certain common bridge over the
river Pool commonly called Lyth Pool Bridge in the common highway
leading between the market towns of Milnthorpe and Ulverston is in
great decay, narrow, broken and ruinous, etc., and that the inhabitants
of the County ought to repair the same. It is ordered that the judgment of the Court be suspended until the next Easter Sessions. K.
Indictment Book, 1817–24.
13 January. Order with plan annexed for widening and enlarging
part of a highway leading out of the turnpike road from Milnthorpe
to Ulverston, into and unto a certain other turnpike road leading
from K. Kendal to the market town of Ambleside, the length of 107
yards through the lands and grounds of John Wilson; of the length
of 229 yards through the lands of Robert Townson; 39 yards of
Thomas Whitwell; 37 yards of John Dickinson; 150 yards of Thomas
Taylor; 246 yards of George Dacre; 88 yards of James Atkinson;
379 yards of John Newby; 80 yards of Robert Turner; 549
yards of John Wakefield; 60 yards of John Pearson; 176 yards
of Tobias Strickland; 237 yards of Margaret Garnett; 135 yards of
Isabel Garnett situate in the lower division of the township of
Undermilbeck; of the length of 169 yards of Joseph Bateman; 44
yards of Birkett Ellery and of the length of 189 yards through the
lands and grounds of Anthony Garnett, situate in the higher division
of the township of Undermilbeck. K. Indict. Book, 1824–34.
8 January. An order with a plan annexed for widening and
enlarging part of the highway leading out of the turnpike road from
Milnthorpe to Ulverston and into another turnpike road from Kendal
to Ambleside, in the Church Town quarter of Crosthwaite, of the
length of 741 yards through the lands of the Rev. Robert Bell. Ibid.
10 April. Ordered that the Bridge Master be directed to survey the
temporary bridge made by the Commissioners for the Lyth Drainage
and take the necessary steps that it be erected in a perfectly safe way
for the passage of her Majesty's subjects. K. Order Book, 1839–76.
The church was rebuilt at a cost of £6,723, and the tower was
erected in 1885.
18 May. Johnscales, Johnskills or Thorpey Cut Bridge carries the
main Levens to Bowness road over the Lyth Marsh drain at the
junction of the Flodder Hall road. It is in bad condition and shows
signs of giving way. It has a span of 8 feet. The surveyor reported
that many years ago the drain was deepened two feet leaving the
abutments resting high and dry on the clay banks. The bridge is
maintainable by the owners and occupiers of the allotments set out in
the Heversham Inclosure Award. In view of the heavy char-a-banc
traffic over the bridge the surveyor erected notices prohibiting weights
of 3 tons and upwards to pass over it. On 1 November following it
was resolved that the County Council be recommended to take over
the bridge from the Drainage Authorities if it were first put into
complete repair and if the Drainage Authorities should pay the sum
of £100 for relief of their responsibility for maintenance of the bridge.
C.C. Minutes, 1920–21.
7 December. It was reported that the landowners of the Helsington, Levens, Underbarrow and Crosthwaite and Lyth Drainage areas,
and the Meathop and Witherslack Drainage Board, were desirous of
carrying out a scheme for the better drainage of their district, affecting
some 5000 acres of the best agricultural land in Westmorland. The
total scheme is estimated to cost £30,000 or thereabouts and the
Government has granted 75 per cent. of this as unemployment
benefit, and the landowners have agreed to find the balance. C.C.