a. (H. 2).—Richard de Burgh, earl of Ulster and lord of
Connaught, to all friends, bailiffs, ministers and lieges in Ireland.
He grants leave to the abbot and convent of Holm to land with
ships and boats in Ulster for the fishery, and for getting and carrying corn and other necessaries for their house. The monks and
lay-brothers are not to be molested, wherever in Ireland they land,
pass through, or stay for their purchases, but are to be guided,
advised and helped as if they were the earl himself and his men.
(This grant is dated by no. 269 before 1175.]
b. (H. 1 and 2; D. art. 9).—John [de Halton], bishop of
Carlisle, considering the depredations of the Scots, so that Holmcoltran cannot profitably work its own lands and that population
has grown up at Arlosk, agrees to the monks' building a new
chapel or church there, to be appropriated to the abbey. They
can have a cemetery, and present a secular priest at a salary of
£4 a year, with house and curtilage. He must pay half a mark
at chapters in Allerdale, and 40d. to the archdeacon at visitations.
If the district is depopulated the abbey may remove the chantry
elsewhere. At Lynstocke, April 11th, 1304.
c. (H. 2).—King Edward [I], after the fine made with
himself Feb. 12th, in his 29th year  before the Treasury and
the Exchequer, granted to the abbey that Skynburgh in Holm
might be a free burgh with a warden (custos) appointed by the
abbey. Also that all merchants, English and foreign, except
enemies might bring their wares there by land or sea and do their
lawful business. The abbey was to have a weekly market on
Thursday, and a yearly fair of 17 days' duration from St. John the
Baptist's eve for a fortnight. But the abbot has now reported
that the greater part of this burgh and the roads leading to it have
been swept away by the sea, and he begs the king to grant the
same privileges to Kirkebi Johannis [i.e. Newton Arlosh] in the
island of Holm, instead of Skynburgh; which is accorded.
Witnesses—A[nthony], bishop of Durham, W[alter de Langton],
bishop of Coventry and Lichfield, J[ohn de Halton], bishop of
Carlisle. At Westminster, by the king's hand, March 28th in his
33rd year .
d. (H. 2).—From the Pipe Roll, 28 Edward I, Cumberland.
The abbot's account for 100 marks payable as fine for having free
burgh, fair and market at Wavirmuth [i.e. Skinburness], with an
allowance for wool seized for the king's use, etc. .
e. (H. 2).—Memorandum that in the time of abbot
Gervase, in one year when Sir W. de Denton went to the fair, we
had 31½ sacks of good wool, worth 543 marks 4s. 4d., entered as
£362 4s. 4d.; of middling wool 7 sacks, and of locks (lokes) 8
sacks, worth 165 marks, entered as £110. Total, £472 4s. 4d.
['Locks' means (according to the Oxford Dictionary, with
quotations c. 1300) "the lowest class of remnants … the
shortest wool, coming from the legs and belly of the sheep."
Gervase was abbot 1274–79.]