XIV. The Church of the Reformation.
We have seen (p. 158) that at the Dissolution the abbey church
was left standing; but there was no authority on the spot, with
the means and the desire to keep it in good condition. The
ownership of the rectory and tithes, as the next chapter will tell,
was no longer in local hands, so that those who had the responsibility of maintaining the chancel neglected it. The parishioners
required only a part, ultimately cut down to about two-thirds of
the nave, for purposes of worship; and the story of the next two
hundred years, as it relates to the fabric, is one of struggle against
indifference, dilapidation and poverty.
On March 25, 1579, the great east window was blown in; this is
the date given by Edward Mandevile, the vicar, in describing the
repairs of 1591; and a petition of 1580 says that lead, stone and
wood had been carried away from the building already falling to
ruin. The MS. of Thomas Denton, quoted in the Lysons'
Cumberland (p. 114) puts the main period of destruction at the
time of the Civil Wars; but long before that the mischief had been
wrought. We can trace the stages in the churchwardens' accounts
and the parish registers, and follow the gradual changes which
transformed a magnificent abbey-church of Transitional character
into the curious building as it stands now.
The earliest registers begin in 1580 and, kept by Rowland
Chambers of Mosside as clerk, they continue until the end of 1597.
The next part has been lost; they begin again only after eleven
years. The churchwardens, one from each of the four Quarters of
the Holm, with assistant wardens, usually worked with the
Sixteen Men representing the manor, together acting as overseers
of the poor under the act of 5 and 6 Edward VI, and after 1572
under that of 14 Elizabeth. The wardens' accounts were submitted to the Sixteen Men, and many such entries are preserved,
mostly trivial, but in some cases throwing light on the history.
The earliest register was transcribed by the Rev. G. E. Gilbanks
when he was curate of the parish and extracts are given in his
book, Some Records of a Cistercian Abbey (London, 1899). We
give here only such as refer to the church.
1585. Repairs to the lead roof are mentioned.
1586. More was spent on "lead, sowder, iron worke," etc.
1587. New slates for the church.
1590. 3s. 8d. spent for "iron and workm[an]ship to the belles"
and Mandevile the vicar notes—"In the xiiij day of May there
fell out of the foit of the steeple vault over above the poulepoit
thre great stons wch braste the stalle where I use to sitt and some
part of Chambers stall and a ledge of the comm[uni]on table. A
little tyme before it fell there was ould Steven and sertaine others
standing where the fall hapned and so was I there also and came
forthe. I imediatly went to the church againe and there were the
said stones fallen, it was the morrowe after a court was houlden in
the church and the jury was that day togethe[r] in the churche." (fn. 1)
1591. The vicar writes—" Upon occation p[ar]tely of the
premises but more espetially for that in the Chancell there were
ma[n]ye corneres wherein people were alwayes jangling and talking
in tyme of devine se[r]vice which abuse I thought to redrese for
the honor of God, for these causes I moved the parisheners to
remove to the low churche [i.e. the nave] wch is proper to all the
parishe and for the better drawin of their myinds to this good
purpose I repared the lead, washed over the wau [whitewashed
the walls], repared all the glasse windowes, lefte not a hole in any
of the[m] within the compasse of the parishe churche, and this
being donne in August and September 1591, in October following
I sett it with fourmes wch cost me the very worke bysydes the
wood, for it perteyned to the parishe, xxxiijs. xd. and upon the
Sunday the twenty after trenitye being the xvij day of October
1591 I began to do service and ministred the sacrement yt same
day. The(y) were very quiet and made noe question about there
places as many dowted they shoulde." The churchwardens'
accounts give items beside what the vicar spent—work on the
pulpit, windows, lock to the 'steple dore,' setting the communion
table, amending the font, 'purging the church, and other necessaryes'; and the vicar continues—"Upon a presenteme[n]t
mayd to the Ordinarye yt ye chancell was in great decay … the
Ivings [ivy] growing in many places upon the waules wth divers
other delapidations pitifull to se, I procured a comission … and
… by the advise and consent of the churchwardens [did] raite
every rente tennante yt payethe corne tythe … foure pence for
every bz. [bushel] … wch came to this somme of xxviij li. if every
one should pay truly … who refused for a whyle but in thend
most of them yealded and … I repared [and] redified the east
window as it is now and glazened all the windowes in the churche
to the valey of 60 foite and 500 holes, but the most part of this
was donne wth oulde glasse that we tooke downe out of the ould
east windowe where stoneworke is now sette."
1592–3. More small repairs; and though 1597 was a plagueyear a stone found in a small house near the church reads—"ED.
MANDEVILE CLERICs FIERI FECIT HOC OPVS A° DNI 1597 : HOC
BONVM." Then the records fail, but from the lost register a passage
has been copied into a later book from which we learn, in Mandevile's words:—" 1600[–1]. The Steeple of ye Church being of ye
height of 19 fathoms did suddenly fall down to ye ground upon ye
first day of January 1600 about three o'clock in ye afternoon and
by ye fall thereof brought down a great part of ye chancel both
timber, leed and walls, and after ye said fall, the same continued
in a very ruinous manner for ye space of two years during which
time there was much leed, wood and stone carried away. There
was present at ye fall Robt. Chambers and myself, both of us
being within ye church at ye very time of ye fall, and yet by ye
good pleasure of God we escaped all perils.
"1602. By means of ye Bishop of Carlisle there was a commission granted to George Curwen, gentleman, and me Ed. Mandevile
vicar there, for re'edifying a comely and sufficient chancil, taking
… ye old materials of ye chancil … to rebuild a new one …
Anno 1602 and 1603 this commision was given by ye Chancellor,
Masters and scholars of ye University of Oxford [owners of the
tithes and therefore responsible for the chancel] … This work
came to £180 and odds … Masons were Martin Harrison, John
Dent, Arthur Dent and Tho. Stephenson. Plumrs Simon Myres
and John Smart. Carpenter John Fearon. This work being
finished, it so happened that upon Wednesday the 18th of April
an: 1604 one Christopher Hardon carrying a live coal and a
candle into ye roof of ye church to search for an iron chizil which
his brother had left there, and ye wind being exceeding strong and
boistrous it chanced that ye coal blew out of his hand into a daw's
nest, which was within ye roof of ye church and forthwith kindled
ye same, which set ye roof on fire in such a great sort, that within
less than three hours it consumed and burnt both ye body of ye
chancil and ye whole church except ye south side of ye Low
Church which was saved by means of a stone vault. Upon which
great mishap Tho. Chambers and William Chambers did most
utterly and maliciously put a Bill into ye Excheqr therein alledging
that ye said Hardon did burn ye church wilfully by ye procurement
of Thos. Hardon cousin of yt Christopher Hardon and me Edward
Mandevile to whom ye said Christopher was servant. This
false accusation they went about to prove by divers witnesses but
they failed in ye proof and so ye matter when it came before ye
Ld Treasurer and ye Barons of ye Excheqr was thought not worthy
of hearing and so dismissed ye court thereof for ye same year 1604.
I ye said Edwd Mandevile did re-edify ye chancil of ye said church
of my own voluntarie will which cost me £88 and some odd money
and in ye year 1606 the parishioners were commanded by ye
Bishop to repair ye body of ye church who were taxed to do so by
ye Churchwardens and ye 16 men who were appointed for that
purpose." (fn. 2)
1630, March 4. "Whereas the church is in great Ruin," a rate
for repairs was ordered. Next year, those who had refused to
contribute were to be presented.
1635, June 18. "The sume of the Account for two yeares by
past … for the adorning of the church according to the Lo.
Archbishopp of York his Commissions Injuction of the yeare 1633,
wch Taske [i.e. tax or rate] was assessed the fourth part of the
whole yeares Rent of all Coppyhold and Lease Land [etc.] and
young men according to their ability [i.e. means] £72 8s. 5d."
1636, July 12. "Agreed by Mr. Robson, Vicar, and the
Sixteene … that whereas there was a Taske assessed … for the
reparacyon and adorning of ye church, and … xj l. yet unpaid
… the churchwardens shall present unto ye Chapter Court all
those who are behind …"
1638, Sept. 12. "A taske . . towards the reparac'on of the
church now in decay … for every horse tenement 4d., every
demy 2d., and every Tradesman, servant or young man of ability
in stock 2d."
1639. Details of expenditure of the above include mending the
bells 2s. 2d., washing the church clothes, 12d., a Register Booke
3s. 4d. and delivering it 4d.; "swappes" [i.e. levers] and bellstrings, 10d.; casting [cleaning out] the churchyard gutters 2s. 4d.
1650, Nov. 26. "The Church being now in great decay both
in ye Roofe, Windowes and otherwise, wch the same reparac'ons
will (as we conceive) amount to ye sume of £100," fresh rates were
demanded. The bells were shifted, new locks made for the chest
and the door, a new "beare" [bier] was ordered, the churchyard
wall repaired, and £49 in three payments made to plumbers, for
the lead roof, and £3 4s. 10d. to glaziers.
For part of the Commonwealth period the registers are missing.
On Jan. 21, 1653[–4] Robert Wittie, clerk and schoolmaster, agreed
to pay James Jackson, bailiff, 20s. a year and to show him the
registers at the year's end [to copy out the entries? Jackson's
Diary, C. & W. Trans. n.s. xxi, 102].
1661, May. "Great decay" and another small rate for repairs.
1665, March 28. "The Bells shall be removed and shall be
hung again at the Bell Greese [steps] where they formerly were."
"June 28. Perceiving ye Bell Greese to be weake … the said
Bells shall be hung on the north side of the Church at ye west ende
of ye Leads there."
1671, Oct. 11. "Whereas ye chancel there is in great decay
and hath bene soe for some yeares bypast, it being to be repaired
at the cost of Sr William Dalston [the tithe farmer] … the
Minister and XVI Men … doe agree that £13 6s. 8d. be forthwith … collected … for furnishing 2 men to goe about causing
ye said Sr Wm. Dalston to repaire the sd. Chancel. William
1673, April 16 … . "Washing the surpluse [etc.] 8d.;
killing of ffoxes, 2s.; mending the cushion for pulpitt, 2d.; to
Robt. Wittie for a Registr Book, 3s. 4d." July 1, Wm. Dalston,
Baronet, was presented at the Ecclesiastical court for the chancel
being "in great decay."
1679. The new mode of raising money by purveys (fn. 3) took the
place of the older assessment by tenements, when 5 purveys were
assessed for church purposes and poor-relief; but for churchexpenses the old system still held good for a time.
1685, Aug. 27. "Whereas there has been a Tax assessed for ye
repair of ye Church and that ye same will not serve for the repairs
of ye leades, windows and workmen's wages, we do therefore order
… that every horse-place or tenement … shall paye … 6d.,
every demy 4½d. and every foote place or foote tenement 3d., and
every tradesman or young man of ability in stock 3d. John
1686. The church windows " in great decay," and a rate
1687. The church " in great decay"; a rate of 3s. 6d., 2s.,
1s. 9d. and 11d. was levied, John Holme signing as vicar. The
repairs cost £50 15s. 3d.
1691, Aug. 25. John Gibson, curate, four of the XVI Men and
three churchwardens sign an order for 10 purveys for repairs; and
Nov. 10 a further order was made for four purveys.
1692. " Received by me Tho. Fothergill for writeing the
Register … and other things belonging to ye office, 8s.; also for
a church Bible and a Comon prayer Book, £2 7s. 5d."
1697. Twenty purveys to be gathered for the repair of the
church … John Ogle, Vicar. On Nov. 5 the XVI Men agreed
to allow wood to be cut in Wedholme for repair of the church and
the sea-dyke; also that the stones in the bell greese be taken down
and used for the repair of the church. And Jan. 17 that the
repairs being finished £14 be collected towards discharging the
1699, March 15. Four purveys ordered for repairs of the "great
decay" of the church, and spent on lead and mending the bells,
1703, July 7. Bishop Nicolson visited the church and wrote
(Miscellany Accounts, p. 26)—"The Inside of the Church was full
of Water, the Rain falling in plentifully everywhere. The
parishioners, about 15 or 16 years agoe, took off the Lead from the
South Isle (the Arches of whch are now dropping down) to cover
that on the North. The Fabrick is large, tho' onely the Body of
the Church is standing, of nine Arches on each Isle, and very high.
Tis now in a shamefully neglected state; and, ' tis to be fear'd,
will be dayly in a worse. The Slates, on that part which was last
mended, are miserably Shatter'd; and a great many of 'em are
gone. The Vicar has a Garden-Stead, or little Close, where there
was formerly a Vicarage-House; but the present curate (Mr. Ogle)
farms a House at a good distance from the Church. His salary is
40 li. out of the great Tythes, and the Surplice-Fees. They have a
Schoolmr (one Isaac Anderson) who, without Salary or Licence,
teaches the Children in a House at a pretty distance from the
Church; which has lost the Conversation of the Boyes, as being too
raw and unwholsome a place for them to sit in and not on any
consideration of the Mischief commonly done by such Inmates." (fn. 4)
1723. "The Quaker sesses which was not pd. was 9s. 2¼d."
1723–4, Jan. 30. The church "very ruinous," four purveys
1724 (From the Bishop's Registry, Carlisle). "We whose
names are underwritten do nominate and appoint the honourable
Sir Richard Musgrave, Baronet, Robert Lamplugh, Esq., James
Lowther, Esq., Mr. Wm Tomlinson, Mr. Edward Hutchinson,
John Barwis, Francis Granger, John Penrice, John Jackson, Mr.
James Farish and Mr. Tho. Jefferson, vicar, to be Trustees and
Commissioners for the repair or rebuilding of the church of Abbey
"John, by divine Commission Lord Bishop of Carlisle to all
(etc.) Whereas upon our personal view and observation of the
fabrick … the same appears to us so much in disorder (etc.) and
whereas the parishioners upon a General Meeting or Vestry …
have agreed to erect a new Church and Chancell … and have by
their petition desired our consent and authority … Know Ye
therefore that the said Bishop … do give our License (etc.) to
take down the said ruinous fabrick … and in the place thereof to
erect a new fabrick … with decent and uniform seats … according to the modell hereunto agreed … The materials of the
old fabrick … shall be used … to the new … or otherwise …
and concerning the seats … we reserve the disposition or
allocation … and we hereby give license and leave to the Rev.
Thos. Jefferson . .. or the curate there to execute his office in the
schoolhouse Isle of the said Church or other convenient and
decent place (etc) … Given at Rose Castle, 27th July, 1724." (fn. 5)
1727. Another purvey ordered for repairs.
1728, Oct. 28. The XVI Men allow wood to be cut in Wedholme
to replace rotten joists and two dormonts [main beams of the roof].
1728–9, Jan. 30. Accounts passed for £82 12s. 1d. for work
done; and April 28, two further purveys ordered; and Sept. 11,
the XVI Men agree to further cutting in Wedholme for churchbuilding.
1730, March. Agreement between the Churchwardens and
Richard Smirke (fn. 6) of Wigton, house-carpenter, who is to set up all
pews, galleries and other work in the church, using wood from
Wedholme and "to work all wood to the best advantage as to
make no waste" etc. "all chips and shavings to be at the churchwardens' disposal," for £37. The tablet recording the work
bears—'GUARDIANI ECCLESIÆ J. P[enrise], J. H[ayton] 1730 J.
R[igg], T. K[nubley],' with a text in Latin, Hebrews xiii, 14.
This is on the storey then added to Abbot Chamber's porch and
used as a vestry. When all was done, it was described by Dr.
Waugh as —"neatly and conveniently seated, with handsome
galleries, and it is altogether a beautiful church; but though it
stands high, strangely damp. It contains seats for 846 persons."
There were 141 numbered pews, and the church rates, fixed by a
'process' of June 30, 1732, varied from as low as 3d., at which
some tenants were assessed, to £1 8s. for Sir James Lowther, bart.,
who had two pews allotted him, £1 3s. 2d. for two pews to Sir
Richard Musgrave, and 10s. 3d. for one pew to William Burton,
esq., lord of the manor, i.e. tithe farmer. Only one tenant is
named as a Quaker, Daniel Senhouse of Angerton, who ought to
pay a 6s. rate. The total amounts to £25 15s. 3d., divided among
1745. The accounts contain, among others, the following:—
"Imp. a Book of Articles, 7s. 6d. Bread and wine at Whitsuntide, 7s. 4d.; ditto. at Michaelmas, 7s. 4d.; ditto. at Christmas,
7s. 4d.," and at each time "for expences, 4s." Also—"July 16,
spent when Mr. Chancellor [Waugh] viewed £1."
1746. The bells were overhauled at a cost of £2 3s.
1749, Oct. 26. The Terrier states:—"Imprimis, one small
parcel of Glebe land containing by estimation ¼ part of an acre,
let at 2s. a year to Daniel Lightfoot and adjoining to his dwellinghouse in Abbey Town and enclosed on each side. Item, there is
yearly paid to the Reverend Mr. Thomas Boak, Vicar, the sum
of forty pounds at two equal payments … at the feast of St.
Michael … and . . at the Annunciation … by the University
of Oxford or the occupiers of the said Tithes, John Brisco Esq. or
his order. Item, all the Great Tithes arising out of the Parish …
and now in the occupation of John Brisco Esq. as all the Tithes of
wool, lambs, calves and all other Tithes or Ecclesiastical duties
… except surplus [surplice] fees which are as follows—Each
Burial pays 8d., Each wedding 1s., except it be by Licence, then
5s., each Churching 6d. N.B. At Newton Arlosh there is an
Ancient Buryingplace for which Burials there the Surplus fees is
16d. The Tithes and Profits of the Vicarage of Holm Cultram are
worth at the Improved Value communibus annis about forty-five
pound per annum." The terrier is signed by Thos. Boak, vicar;
Daniel Parkin, Joseph Skelton, Joseph Taylor, John Osborn,
churchwardens; Joseph Holliday, Thos. Barnes, Abraham Wise,
Jos. Harrison, chief inhabitants.
1762. "Binding the Church Prayer Book, 5s."
1763. "16 days plaistering the Church £1 4s.; lime and leading
[carting] for ditto., 1s. 9d.; laying a Bridge in the Churchyd. 1s."
1764. "New churchyard gates, £1 1s. 10d."
The windows are a continual expense, costing 5s. to 9s. a year;
and that the damage was not merely done by the weather is
suggested in the following extract:—
1766, Jan. 25. "Whereas a great complaint is made of assembling in the Church in the night by Singers and a Rabble following them with an intent to do all the mischief they can, Breaking
windows, abusing the Church, Leaving their indecent excrement
in the Seats, with resolute malice against the Assembly or ye
Church, To the Great Dishonour of Almighty God and the
ignominious ridicule of our Religion by all them who are of
another persuasion, Besides defiling the Holy and Sanctified place
where Moses and Joshua might not stand but with their Shoes off,
such and such like I say vindicating themselves to do Greater
Damages when conceived. Also we order and strictly forbid
any proclamation to be made in the Church or Churchyard
Relating to any Games such as Hunting, Hare coursing,
Cockfighting, Wrestling, Dancing School or any other Gaming.
And also Minister, Churchwardens, Clerks, Schoolmaster,
Schoolmistress and Parents, they are to restrain children
from playing there, which will prevent breaking of windows, Breaking of Tombstones and Headstones and writing
Ridiculous Sentences upon them to the great dishonour of the
sanctified place and damage to the Parish. Given under our
hands, Isaac Jefferson" [Foreman of the XVI Men]. (fn. 7)
Subsequent entries in the accounts for a hundred years need
little notice, until we come to the period of modern restoration.
1865, Dec. 14. A vestry meeting discussed a letter from the
University of Oxford recommending the consideration of a report
by Mr. J. A. Cory, the architect, to the effect that the dampness of
the church was a very serious feature. He proposed taking down
the walls built between the pillars of the ancient arcade and
putting a wall outside, hollow and with a damp-course; removing
clay from beneath the floor and relaying the flags; putting in new
seats, desk and pulpit and removing the galleries. He estimated
the cost at £900, or with a modified scheme, £580. He also suggested heating, taking down the bell-cote and carrying up the
porch to form a tower, and doing away with the plaster ceiling.
The cost of these additions would be about £1500. The University offered £500, but the proposal was defeated by five votes to
four; one reason alleged being that the country was then suffering
from rinderpest and consequent poverty; and nothing was done
for nearly 20 years.
1883, May 25. The proposal for restoration was carried; but
confined to making the church dry, removing the galleries and
re-seating the church. The floor, which had been raised by
burials made in the church up to the end of the 17th century, (fn. 8) was
cleared of two feet of soil and relaid in concrete at the original
height of the nave floor. The best of the old seats were re-used.
The roof (fn. 9) and walls were found to be in good order generally;
funds were provided by the family of Dunne of London to enable
the wall to be removed, showing the whole of the inside of the
arch. The new oak panelling in the chancel was erected to the
memory of the Rev. A. F. Sheppard, and is so inscribed. The
new oak seats were given by Mrs. and Mr. J. J. Martindale of High
House as thereon inscribed. On the north pillar at the original
division between nave and choir, Mr. Thomas Salkeld Borrodaile
in 1910 placed a brass to the memory of his ancient kinsman, the
last abbot and first rector.
Gawen Borrodaile, first and only clerical rector, 1538–52. In his
time, local wills name 'Sir' William Symondson, clerk and John
Alanby, curate of Holm Cultram (formerly monks). On Borrodaile's death the tithes were given to the University of Oxford, and
subsequent incumbents were vicars.
'Sir' William Robinson, perhaps until 1552 vicar of Newton
Arlosh, He is said to have resigned in 1564.
'Sir' George Stubb, presented by Humphrey Mitchell, who had
a grant of the avoidance from the University. G. Stubb witnessed
the will of Robert Chamber in 1566.
'Sir' William Adcock, 1576, collated by Bishop Barnes.
'Sir' Henry Symson, 1577, collated by the same; died 1578.
'Sir' Christopher Symson, 1578, collated by Bishop Meye as in
his own right. He resigned in 1581.
Edward Mandevile, M.A., 1581, collated by the same. He was
executor to the will of Edward Mandevile of Sevill, 1591. His
work at the abbey church has been described above. He died
Robert Mandevile, M.A., 1607, instituted on the presentation of
the University of Oxford. He had graduated M.A. of Queen's
College from St. Edmund's Hall on July 6, 1603.
Thomas Jefferson, 1617. To him Charles Robson was apparently
curate from about 1629.
Charles Robson, 1632; a Cumberland man, matriculated Queen's
College, Oxford, May 5, 1615, aged 17; B.A., Oct. 24, 1616; M.A.,
June 21, 1619 and S.T.B. (i.e. B.D.) July 10, 1629. He was
preacher to the English factory at Aleppo (before settling at Holm
Cultram) and died in 1638. During his curacy he asked the parish
to pay for his B.D. hood; they took counsel's opinion, and the
answer was—"The Ordinary cannot compel the Churchwardens
to find their priest a hood at the parish charge, because a hood is
habitus scholasticus … though the Ordinary may compel a
priest who is a graduate to wear his hood according to the 58th
William Head, instituted May 10, 1638. He was brother to
Thomas Head of Carleton, Cumbd.; graduated B.A. from Queen's
College, Oxford, June 11, 1634; M.A., May 11, 1637. He held the
living throughout the Commonwealth and Restoration, and died
1684. On Sept. 10, 1683, "Mr. King then Minister att Holme" is
named in James Jackson's Diary (C. & W. Trans. N.S. xxi, 129)
John Hewitt, ordained priest March 15, 1684, and instituted to
Holm Cultram on the day following with presentation from the
University of Oxford. Foster states that he was son of Francis
Hewitt of Warrington; matriculated at Brasenose College, April
10, 1674, aged 18; B.A., 1677; M.A. 1681.
John Holme, instituted to 'Holme Cultram alias Newton
Arlosh' in 1687. Son of John Holme of Brampton, Westmorland;
matriculated Queen's College, Oxford, March 22, 1677, aged 19;
B.A., 1682; M.A., Feb. 12, 1684. Under him as curates were
Thomas Fothergill, April 22, 1692, and Peter Farish, April 13, 1694.
John Ogle, 1694; B.A., May 23, 1691. His curates were James
Farish, licensed Oct. 9, 1695; John Parker, April 13, 1699;
George Smith and John Thomas in the same year; and James
Currie, licensed Jan. 1, 1713.
Thomas Jefferson, M.A., instituted 1715; resigned 1730 having
accepted the living of Lamplugh. In 1720 Thomas Nicholson is
named as curate and schoolmaster.
Thomas Boak, B.A. instituted Dec. 24, 1730. On July 11, 1750,
John Anderson, deacon, was licensed assistant curate by Bishop
Osbaldiston. A tablet reads:—"Rev. Thomas Boak vicar …
for 35 years who departed this life Nov. 8th 1766 aged 62 years …
Margaret daughter of Thomas and Jane … April 26th 1746 aged
11 years … Mary … Jany. 23, 1748, aged 11 years …
William their son who departed this life at Bengall Sept. 1762
aged 22 years … Jane widow of Rev. Thos. Boak who died
Sept. 19th 1786 aged 78 years." She was a Reed of Knowhill.
Matthew Kay, M.A., instituted April 18, 1767; afterwards D.D.
He died in 1783. In 1768 John Hogarth was curate and schoolmaster.
Clement Watts, B.A., admitted to the perpetual curacy of Holme
Cultram May 13, 1783.
John Pattinson, July 5, 1797, admitted and licensed on the
death of Clement Watts. He was non-resident. During the
whole of his incumbency William Barker acted as his curate. He
resigned 1808 or 1809.
John Thompson, M.A., instituted April 28, 1809.
John Starkie Jackson, M.A., July 18, 1814; of the family living
at Swinsty and Mosside; vicar also of Kingston and Iford,
Sussex; died March 11, 1822; buried at Milton, Wilts. A
tablet to his memory is in the chancel at Holm Cultram.
In 1817 the present vicarage was built at a cost of £1000.
Robert Collinson, M.A., July 25, 1822; resigned April 16, 1842.
Joseph Simpson, M.A. of Queen's College, Oxford; presented by
the University June 22, 1842; honorary canon of Carlisle. On
Dec. 6, 1845, the Bishop granted licences to him and his curates
to perform divine service in the recently erected chapels at Mawbray and Causeway head. On Nov. 1, 1847, Isaac Bowman was
licensed to the curacy (and became first vicar) of St. Cuthbert's.
On July 18, 1849, Francis Redford was licensed curate (and became vicar) of St. Paul's, Holme Low, and Robert Whiteman, who
became first vicar on the new foundation of St. John's, Newton
Arlosh. On Canon Simpson's retirement to Carlisle, Arthur
Ashworth was licensed to the curacy of Holme; and after the
vicar's death, Nov. 4, 1864, the parish petitioned the University
that Mr. Ashworth should succeed to the vicarage. On Dec. 6 a
vote was taken; Ashworth 174, Fearon 86. A tablet to Canon
Simpson, of Redmain, Isel, is in the chancel.
Arthur Ashworth, M.A. of Magdalen Hall, Oxford, instituted
Jan. 4, 1865. Owing to failure of health he gave up active work
to curates, James G. Mallinson, Dec. 21, 1872; Calvin Beaumont
Winstanley, M.A., March 6, 1873; John Ward, M.A., Jan. 21, 1874.
Arthur Francis Sheppard; B.A., Jan. 6, 1875. Under him the
restoration described above was effected. His curates were,
G. E. Gilbanks, M.A., Dec. 4, 1889, the author of 'Some Records of
a Cistercian Abbey'; H. H. Parker, M.A., Jan. 16, 1902 (later,
vicar of Arlecdon); C. W. Addison, Dec. 17, 1904 (later, rector of
William Baxter, M.A., of Queen's College, Oxford, was instituted Aug. 9, 1905, on the death of Mr. Sheppard. He had
been curate at St. John's, Workington, 1892; vicar of Barrow-onTrent and Twyford (Derbyshire), 1895–1905; to whom we owe
a 'Description of Holm Cultram Abbey,' read to the British
Archaeological Society, 1908, and a paper on the ancient Granges
of Holm Cultram (C. & W. Trans. N.S. xiv, 274ff).
The Modern Chapels and Churches
St. Cuthbert's (Mawbray) was built 1845 at a cost of £743.
Isaac Bowman was curate, Nov. 1, 1847, who became vicar when
the chapel was made parochial. The following have been vicars:—
John Short, 1852, who retired from active work July 13, 1869,
when John Wagstaff, and afterwards Thomas Chapman, June 8,
1870, and William Bridges, Feb. 1, 1871, supplied the church as
curates. On Mr. Short's death, William Bridges was instituted,
Feb. 20, 1872; on his death, John Bardsley, and on Mr. Bardsley's
death in 1920, Claude P. Moore, B.A., Durham, succeeded. The
living is in the gift of the Vicar of Holm Cultram. The school and
master's house, built 1845, gave place to a new school after
transference to the School Board.
St. Paul's (Causewayhead, Holme Low), built 1849 at a cost of
£835 to seat 357 persons; made parochial 1850 and declared a
rectory, 1867; in the gift of the Vicar of Holm Cultram. The
first curate, afterwards vicar, was Francis Redford; followed by
William Bone, Dec. 30, 1860; James Preston Richards, June 11,
1865; Robert Leitch, M.A., Sept. 8, 1872; Fred. Walker, Dec. 4,
1875; Henry Marshall Todd, Nov. 11, 1885; Robert Walker, 1898,
(Curate of Silloth 1893; vicar of West Newton 1895) rural dean
St. John's (Newton Arlosh). On the new foundation the curate
from July 18, 1849, was Robert Whiteman or Wightman, afterwards vicar; during a temporary suspension William Rothery was
curate until Jan. 9, 1861. After the vicar's cession he was
followed by William Mutrie Shepherd, May 1, 1865; William
Thomas Rooke, July 16, 1873 on the cession of Mr. Shepherd; he
resigned Dec. 18, 1889, followed by Norman Salesbury, M.A.,
Feb. 19, 1890; John Mitchell, Jan. 9, 1897, and H. G. Rogers,
M.A. Oxford, F.R.C.O., 1920.
Christ Church, Silloth, was built in 1871 at a cost of £4410, to
seat 320 persons. The present parish was carved out of St. Paul's
in 1872. The living is in the gift of the Simeon trustees. The
clergy have been Charles Hinde, M.A., resigned Nov. 21, 1877;
William Horne, Jan. 9, 1878; on his cession, Septimus Herbert,
M.A., Nov. 11, 1885, to whom were curates William T. Storrs,
June 20, 1886, and William P. Ingledow, Jan. 9, 1889 (later,
rector of Whicham). On Mr. Hebert's cession, Fred. Arthur
Dixon, June 9, 1890; and on his cession, Herbert Alwyn May 11,
1893, whose curate was Robert Walker, Aug. 4, 1893 (afterwards
rector of St. Paul's, above). On Mr. Alwyn's cession, James
Sowter, March 14, 1900, who resigned Dec. 18, 1901, followed by
Robert Alfred Humble, Jan. 16, 1902, B.A. Durham; deacon 1887;
priest 1889; curate at St. Barnabas, Sheffield, 1888: vicar of
Lindley, Yorks., 1890, and of St. Luke's, Huddersfield, 1897.