Index
L - Z

Sponsor

Institute of Historical Research

Publication

Author

Francis Grainger & W.G. Collingwood (editors)

Year published

1929

Supporting documents

Pages

287-308

Citation Show another format:

'Index: L - Z', Register & Records of Holm Cultram (1929), pp. 287-308. URL: http://british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=49552 Date accessed: 28 November 2014.


Highlight

(Min 3 characters)

Note.—In addition to corrections on p. x the following are required:— p. 19, pedigree; read the date of Adam the clerk as 'c. 1200.' p. 248, line 32, read '1681.'

Index

Lacy, Edmund de (1254), 79.
-, " Hugh de (expelled John de Curci from Ulster, 1204), 21, 97.
-, " Lascy, Henry de, earl of Lincoln (1292–1311), 60, 75.

Lammas lands and meadows, 244f.

Lamplugh, Lamplogh, Lamploch, Ralph de (1277), 25.
-, " Sir John de (c. 1322), 90.

Lamplugh, Edward, seneschal (1672), 235, 238.
-, " Francis (1601), 215.
-, " George, Steward of H.C. (1558), 204.
-, " Robert (1724), 182.
-, " Sir John (1532), 153.
-, " Sir Thomas (1649), 225.

Lancaster, James, the Quaker (1653), 250.
-, " Joseph, educational reformer (died 1838), 258.

Lancaster, Thomas earl of (1292), 60, (1307), 75.

Lanercost, John prior of (1200), 5; priory, 7, 76, 134, 160.

Langcake, Anthony (1647), 214, (1679), 239.
-, " Cuthbert (1640), 207.
-, " Elizabeth (1666), 235.
-, " Jane (1667), 239.
-, " John, of H.C. (1573), 171.
-, " Joseph, of Aldoth (1784), 203.
-, " Robert (1622), 212.
-, " William, a Quaker (1670), 250.

Langeland in Setmurthy, 42.

Langeley, Geoffrey de, justice (1252), 79, 85, 129.

Langeliverth, 'Lygleveyries' (Langley park, S. Cumbd.), John de, (1251–56), 32; (1298), 132.

Langerigg, Adam, and Thomas de (1332), 45.
-, " Adam f. Agnes de (1268), 131.

Langerigg, Adam f. Dolfin de, and Christiana his wife (c. 1250), 39, 73, 127.
-, " Thomas de (1278), 84f.
-, " William de (1317), 46.

Langrigg beck, Bromfield, 79f., 82.
-, " in Bromfield, 80, 160f.
-, " in Kirkbythore, 64.

Langton, Robert, monk of H.C. (1538), 156f.
-, " John, bp. of Chichester (1307), 75.

Langus of Setmurthy (c. 1250), 42.

Langwathby, 120.

Lanificio, the monk of H.C. de, 14.

Larges, John de (before 1230), 71f.

Largeuahan in Colvend, 88.

Lascelles, Laceles, Lassell, Alan de (1150), 92, 120.
-, " Alan de (1235), 76.
-, " Thomas de (1235), 76, 78, 134, 145.

Lascy, see Lacy.

Lateran, the, Rome, 4, 98f., 101, 149.

Lathes, Thomas and Alice del (1292), 82.
-, " Thomas del (1317), 46.
-, " William del, (1322), 45.

Lathom, Robert de, m. Johanna f. Adam, widow of John (I) de Hudleston (1256), 30f.

Laton, Richard (c. 1227), 78.
-, " Richard de (1292), 93.

Laurenceholm near H.C., 73, 114, 116, 167.

Laveroc, William, at Burgh-by-Sands (c. 1234), 8.

Lawson, Sir Wilfrid (1614–16), 215, 230.

Lawston burn, co. Kirkcudbright, 49.

Lay brothers, conversi, 13.

Layburn, Idonea de, f. Roger de Veteriponte (1294), 65.
-, " Robert de (1314), 140.

Laythes of H.C. m. Chamber, 152.

Lazonby, Laysingeby, Leisingby, 9f., 78, 86, 123, 160f.

Leaholm in H.C., 131.

Leche, Patrick, clerk of Glasgow diocese (1424), 90.

Lechtigil-ulty or Letegil-ultan in Kirkcudbright, 50.

Lee, Christopher (1535), 204.

Lees in H.C., 233.

Lefdyman (i.e. Ladyman), Thomas, at Burgh-by-Sands (1280), 9.

Leigh abbey, i.e. Gray abbey, 124.

Leigh or Lee, Dr. Thomas, chancellor to Henry VIII, 154, 156f.
-, " John, of Isel, steward of H.C. (1555), 169.
-, " William (1538), 156.

Leitch, Dr. J., of Silloth quoted, 107.
-, " Robert, rector of St. Paul's, Silloth (1872–75), 189.

Lekeley or Seaton nunnery and neighbourhood, 30–32, 126, 149, 160f.

Leominstre, Hugh de (1307), 139.

Lescelin, Richard f., of Dumfries (c. 1280), 59.

Lestrange, Extraneus, Thomas, of Kirkbythore, 62, 64, 66.

Letegil-ultan, see Lechtigil-ulty.

Leveric, William f., of Galloway, 51.

Levington, Eva de, m. Patrick f. Thomas de Southaik, 19.
-, " Sir Richard de (died 1250), 10, 76.
-, " William de, monk of H.C. (1302–4), 144, 147f.

Leyburn, see Layburn.

Leysingeby, see Lazonby.

Liddel, 120.

Liddle, John, of Moorhouse (1739), 237.
-, " Joseph, of Sevill Cote (1768), 256.

Lightfoot, Daniel, of H.C. (1749), 184.
-, " Isaac, of H.C. (1784), 202.

Lilburn, Captain Thomas (died 1665) and other Lilburns, 218f.

Lindeby, Lyndeby, Roger de, m. Agnes Dundraw (c. 1230–50), 27, 71f.

Lindeseia, Radulph de (1150), 92, 120.

Lindqvist, Dr. H., quoted, 115.

Linstock, Lynstocke, 95, 119, 136, 145.

Linstok, Robert de, monk of H.C. (1317–19), 148.

Lintels, inscribed, 239.

Lismore bishopric, 105.

Litilholm in Bromfield, 79.

Little, Nicholas, of H.C. (1827), 261.

Liulph, Liolph, Lyulph of Kirkbythore (12 cent.) and family, 61–67 (see also Lyolf.)

Locangre in Mabie, co. Kirkcudbright, 56, 59.

Locharthur, Lochartur, co. Kirkcudbright, 49, 51.

Lochencur, Locancur (i.e. Auchenloch, Colvend), 51, 88f.

Lochindalo, Lochildela in Colvend, 21, 50.

Lochmaben, Loghmaben, 37.

Locisfernan, co. Kirkcudbright, 56, 59.

Locks, inferior wool, 96.

Lofthayt in Bromfield, 80.

Loker, Henry, of Dumfries (c. 1280), 59 (? same as the next.)

Lokesmyth, Henry le, of Dumfries (c. 1280), 59.

London, Ralph de Baldock, bp. of (1307), 75.

Long, Radulph, of Newcastle (1235), 38, 87.

Longcake, John, school benefactor (1850), 257.

Longfell and Lotus Hill, co. Kirkcudbright, 50.

Longo Campo, Osbert de, justice (1190), 28.
-, " Wm. de bp. of Ely and chancellor (1189), 74.

Lonnesdale, Wm. de, at Dumfries (c. 1280), 58.

Losh, Miss, of Woodside, Wreay, 164.

Lothian, Richard, of H.C. (1784), 202.

Lothwaite, William, a Quaker (1660), 250.

Loudon, Thomas, monk of H.C. (1538), 156f.

Louther, Hugh de, justice (1305), 88.

Louth park abbey, Lincs., 101.

Louthre, John de (1325–32), 45, 142f.

Lowsay in H.C. 117.

Lowther, James (1724), 182; Sir James (1730), 183.

Lowther, 161; William de Capella, rector of (1313), 140.

Lucius III, pope (1181–85), 19, 21, 97, 101.

Lucy, Alicia de, m. Alan de Multon, 2.
-, " Amabilis de, m. Lambert de Multon (c. 1215), 2.
-, " Antony f. Thomas de, sheriff (1318–41), 21f., 29, 45–47, 142.
-, " Richard de, m. Ada f. Hugh de Morevill (and died before 1215) 2, 5.

Lumleye, Mr., (1595), 197.

Luna, Peter de, pope Benedict XIII (deposed 1417), 90.

Lus (Luce in Dumfriesshire), John de, Scottish 'rebel' (1292), 60.

Lusignan, Lezinnan, Geoffrey de, half-brother to Henry III, 78.

Lyme, port of, 132.

Lyndeby, see Lindeby.

Lyolf, Adam f., of Uldale; his dau. m. Bonekill, 30. (And see Liulph.)

Lyons, 79, 99f.

Lysons' Cumberland quoted, 159, 164, 176.

Mabie, Mayby, co. Kirkcudbright, 56–59, 126.

Mac Coffoc, Patrick, of Galloway (1289), 88.

Mac Dali, T. (1329), 56.

Mac Gilboytin, Magilboythin, Patrick, and Thomas his son (c. 1270– 89), 58, 88.

Mac Gilherine, Monc (1289), 88.

Machell, Rev. Thomas, 68; his MSS., 62.

Mac Karnachan, Gilchrist (1289), 88.

Mackge, John, Scotch pedlar (1569). 176.

Mackgilwinni, Chutbert. and Gilcolm his son. Scottish 'rebels' (1292), 60.

Mac Mal, G. (1329), 56.

McMorin, Wm. de (sic), archdeacon of Teviotdale (died 1407), 89, 145.

Mac Nele, Achyne (1289), 88.

Mac Wynnin, Gilmor (1329), 56.

Magister rotulorum, 74.

Magna Carta (here omitted), 79.

Magnus, king of Man (1252–65), 94.

Magrath, Dr. J. R., quoted, 45, 146, 242.

Maiden gate, Maydengath (i.e. Maiden Way), 65f.

Mainistir Liath or Gray Abbey, 124.

Makiluagh, Gilbert, Scottish 'rebel' (1292), 60.

Makinoluagh, Gilbert, Scottish 'rebel, (1292), 60.

Malclerk, Mauclerc, Walter, bp. of Carlisle (1223–46), 1f.

Malcolm IV, king (1153–65), 53, 73, 92, 119f., 122.

Mallinson, James G., curate of H.C. (1872), 189.

Man, Isle of, 94.

Mandevile, Edward, of Sevill (died 1591), 187.
-, " Edward, vicar of H.C. (1581– 1607), 176–179, 187, 194, 197, 199, 200.
-, " Robert, vicar of H.C. (1607–17), 187.

Mandeville, earl William de (1189), 75.

Mann, John, of Sandenhouse (1859), 251.
-, " Michael, of H.C. (1554), 192.
-, " Mr., of H.C. (1819), 259.

Manor of H.C. (1573), 167–172; later history, 204–238.

Marbeck, Roger, farmer of tithes, H.C., 191, 195, 197.

Marchia, master W. de. (1291), 61.

Marescall, William [earl of Pembroke, etc.] (1189), 75.

Marisco, Henry de, Gilcrux (c. 1240), 41.
-, " Richard de, chancellor to king John (1214–5), 76.

Marshall, Marchell, William, monk of H.C. (1538), 156f.
-, " William, M.P. (1857), 263.

Martin, Moreton, Wm., monk of H.C. (1538), 156f.

Martindale, Mr. J. H., F.S.A., quoted, 125, 185f.
-, " Mr. and Mrs. J. J., of High House, 186, 238.
-, " of Sevill (1613), 239.
-, " William, clerk and schoolmaster (1727), 255.

Martindale, William of Sevill (1759), 237.

Marwood, Henry (1595), 197.

Maskelawe in Bromfield, 80.

Mason, Mr. J. R. quoted, 33.

Matthew, Christopher, of Skinburness (1567), 164.
-, " Michael f., of Dumfries (c. 1280), 59.

Mauger of York (1198), 74.

Mauleverer, Hugh (c. 1200–10), 35.

Maurice of Amiens, in the I. o. Man (c. 1230), 94.

Mawbray, Mayburgh, Maybury, etc., abbey grange, 21, 70f., 97, 116, 122f., 162. Anglian name, 114; fish garth, 113; township, 168f., 172, 174, 190, 213.

Maxstun, Adam de, abbot of Melrose (to 1267), 134.

Maxwell, Maccuswell, John de (died 1241), 52.

May, Messrs Thomas, and L. E. Hope, quoted, 110.

Mayby (Mabie), Michael f. Durand de (c. 1276–89) and his sons Walter and John, 48, 56, 88.

Mealrigg, Midelrigg in Bromfield, 73.

Med[icus ?], G., at Kirkgunzeon. (1329), 56.

Melborn, Richard de, cimentarius of Carlisle (1296), 15f.

Melbt. (? Melbeth), Radulph f. (after 1150), 29.

Meldreth, Cambs., 140.

Melrose abbey and abbots, 13, 35f., 47, 57, 90–92, 117, 119f., 127f., 133f., 140, 143, 149f., 155, 186.
-, " W., prior of, 53.

Merscland in Burgh-by-Sands, 3.

Merton, near Wigton, 46.
-, " (i.e. Longmarton), 65.

Messinger, Wm., of Skinburness, fisher (1656), 248.

Metyngham, John de, justice (1277–8), 23, 84.

Meye, John, bp. of Carlisle (1577–97), 186.

Michael, parson of Bromfield (1227), 84.

Micklethwaite, Mekylthuat in Thursby, 160.

Middilton, Adam de, justice (1305), 88.

Middleton, Peter de, at Hazelspring (1317), 47.

Midelholm in Flimby, 19.

Milan, Italy, 98.

Milburn, Millebronna grange, 97f., 123.

Miller, John, of H.C. (1628), 230.
-, " Thomas (1718), 231.

Millers, Herbert and Robert (before 1194), and Thebelot (earlier) at Hartlepool, 43.

Millom, Millum, Milnum, see Boyvill, Hudleston.

Mills at Burgh-by-Sands, 9; Ellenborough, 26; Gilcrux, 40; H.C., 160, 166, 168, 210, 238; Islekirk, 76. Millstones from Hensingham (c. 1200), 69. The manorial law of boundsucken, 210, 213.

Milneburne, Little, in Edenhall, 17.

Mimeto, Roger de (c. 1180), 49.

Mina, iron ore, 21f.; quarry (?), 58.

Mireside in H.C., 109, 116, 172, 174, 191.

Mitchell, Humphrey (1564), 186.

Moderby (Northd.?), 130.

Modus decimandi, money payment for tithes, 201f.

Moffat, Robert f. Wm. de (c. 1280), 59.

Moffet, Robert de, Scottish 'rebel' (1292), 60.

Monkmyre in H.C., 212.

Monks' house, Plumpton in Lazonby, 10.

Monte, John de, monk of H.C. (1355), 144.

Moore, Rev. Claude P., vicar of St. Cuthbert's, H.C. (1920), 189.

Mora, John de, sheriff (1236), 18.
-, " Simon de, of Carlisle (c. 1260). 14.

Moray bishopric, 105.

Moresby, Moriceby, 32.

Morevill, Ada f. Hugh de, m. Richard de Lucy and Thomas de Multon, 1–3.
-, " Hugh de (1150), 92, 120.

Morevill, Hugh f. Symon de, baron of Burgh, 1f., 4–7, 9f., 78, 99, 120, 123.
-, " Johanna f. Hugh de, m. Richard Gernon (and died 1246–7), 1f., 6.
-, " Simon de, baron of Burgh, m. Ada Engaine (and died 1167), 2.

Morisceby, Moriceby (Moresby), Hugh de (1211–46), 33f., 90.
-, " Hugh de (c. 1290), 30.
-, " Nicholas de (1251–56), 32.
-, " Sir Nicholas de (c. 1322), 90.
-, " Thomas de, rector of Uldale (c. 1250), 29.

Morlandes in Kirkbythore, 64.

Morrig in Blencogo, 72.

Morris, Rev. J. H., of Silloth, 252.

Morspot and Morsflat in Kirkbythore, 61, 65f.

Morthing, John de (c. 1290), 30.

Mortmain, statute of, 2, 16, 88, 127.

Moss side, Mosside in H.C., 116, 172, 174, 191.

Motte, earthwork castle at H.C., 121, 174.

Mouner, J. and T. le, of Blencraik (1297), 41.

Moynhonild in Colvend, 88f.

Mulcaster, Mulecaster (Muncaster), Robert de (c. 1227), 78.
-, " Sir Robert de (1260–78), 3, 11, 14, 71, 84.
-, " Sir William de, sheriff (1298– 1302 and 1305–7), 16, 133.

Multon, Alan de, m. Alicia de Lucy, 2, 10, 22.
-, " Alan de, of Coupland (c. 1322), 90.
-, " Lambert f. Thomas de, m. Amabilis de Lacy (c. 1215, and died 1246–7), 2, 22.
-, " Margaret de, m. Ranulf de Dacre (1317, and died 1361), 3.
-, " Sir Hubert and Sir Hugh de (1292), 93.
-, " Thomas [probably f. Thomas, 90] de, the judge, m. Ada de Morevill (and died 1240), 1–3, 76, 78, 90f., 129.

Multon, Thomas de, primus of Gilsland, m. Matilda de Vallibus (and died 1270–1), 2f., 10, 22, 39 [and ? 42, 71].
-, " Thomas de, secundus of Gilsland (died 1293), 2f., 9.
-, " Thomas de, tertius of Gilsland, m. Isabel (1280, and died 1295), 3.
-, " Thomas de, quartus of Gilsland (died 1313), 3, 86.
-, " Thomas (I), f. Lambert de, of Egremont (died 1294), 3, 22, 92f.
-, " Thomas (II) f. Thomas de, of Egremont (died 1322), 3, 22, 90.

Multura sicca, money payment at the mill, 9.

Munenemuch, Munimuch (now Lotus hill), co. Kirkcudbright, 49f., 51.

Murder, payment by the township for failing to prosecute, 20, 74.

Muriertach, Gillecrist f., I. o. Man (c. 1230), 94.

Muselands in Edenhall, 17.

Musgrave, Ann f. Jack, of Bewcastle, m. T. Chamber (and killed 1586), 152, 243.
-, " Christopher, M.P. (1684), 220.
-, " Edward (1573–1604), 162, 167.
-, " Richard (1597), 173.
-, " Sir Richard (1604), 198.
-, " Sir Richard (1684), 220.
-, " Sir Richard (1724), 182f.
-, " Sir William (1616–47), 213, 215.
-, " Sir William (1778), 221.
-, " William, of Newton (1555), 167, 193.

Mustardgarth in Kirkconnel, 48.

Myres, Simon, of H.C. plumber (1603), 179.

Myton, battle of (1319), 146.

Nathwait, Natuait in Flimby, 18f.

Neddrum abbey, Ulster, 97.

Neilson, Dr. George, quoted, 248.

Netherhall, Maryport, 110, 159.

Neuband, Nicholas de, of Coupland (c. 1322), 90.

Neubiginge, Laurence f. Robert de, seneschal of Appleby (c. 1179), 63f.
-, " Thomas de (1242), 67.

Neuby, Adam de, monk of H.C. (1319), 148.

Neulands in Dundraw, 71.

Neuton, Adam f. Adam de, 68.
-, " Adam f. Ketill de (late 12 cent.), 68.
-, " Adam f. Odard de (c. 1200), 69, 123.
-, " Adam f. Richard de (1236–60), 29, 68, 123.
-, " Alan f. Ketill (1200–10) and Christiana his wife, 68f.
-, " Emma f. Adam de, m. Reginald de Rockcliff, 68.
-, " Henry de, monk of H.C. (1324), 148.
-, " Ketill de, 42, 68.
-, " Richard de (c. 1190), 24, 68; (c. 1227), 78.
-, " Richard f. Ketill de, 68f., 123.
-, " Robert de, f. Waldeve Barne (c. 1200), 69.
-, " Sir Richard f. Adam f. Richard de (1262), 68, 70f.
-, " Sir Thomas de, (c. 1270–92), 3, 23, 30, 71, 93.
-, " Thomas, monk of H.C. (1317), 148.

Nevil, Nevill, Geoffrey de, justice, 132.
-, " Hugh de (1201), 75.

Nevin of Ellenborough (early 13 cent.), 30.

Nevincroft in Ellenborough, 31.

Nevinson, Christopher, monk of H.C. (1536), 154, 156f.

Newbiggin, Westmorland, 64.

Newbottle, Neubotyl abbey, 57, 92.

Newby near Carlisle, 10–12, 126.

Newcastle, Jordan de, at Carlisle (1293), 15f.

Newcastle-upon-Tyne, 38f., 87f., 127, 130, 160f.

Newerk, John de, of Carlisle (c. 1250), 15.

Newhouse farm in H.C., 261.

Newton Arlosh, 95f., 114, 137f., 145, 147f., 157–160, 162–164, 170, 172, 174, 184, 189, 191, 202, 211.

Newton, West (south of H.C.) in Bromfield, 68–71, 123, 160f.; School, 256.

Nicholas, Radulf f., king's seneschal (1227), 75 (and see Nycholas).

Nicholson, Nekalson, John, abbot of H.C. (c. 1525–27), 153.
-, " Richard, of Kitching Crook (1667), 243.
-, " Thomas, clerk and schoolmaster of H.C. (to 1627), 252f.
-, " Thomas, curate of H.C. (1720), 188, 255.

Nicolson, Arthur, monk of H.C. (1533–38), 154, 156f.
-, " Joseph, of Hawkesdale (1777), 1.
-, " William, bp. of Carlisle (1702– 18), 1, 5, 29, 68, 75, 102, 151, 159, 174, 181, 242.

Nith, Nid river, 47f, 52, 57f, 124, 126.

Noketon, John de, rector of Dalston (1251), 7, 78.

Nonconformity in H.C., 249–252.

Norfolk, Duke of (1537), 155.

Norham, 60f.

Norman, Hugh f., at Troqueer, Dumfriesshire (c. 1280), 59.

Norse settlement in H.C., 115.

North British Railway Co., 253.

Northcroft in Aspatria, 24.

Northgate in Hartlepool, 44.

Northrig in Bromfield, 80f.

Northumberland, Gospatric earl of, and family, 37.

Nostell priory, 119.

Noutgeld or cornage, 18.

Novalia, newly tilled land, 98, 101.

Nycholas, chaplain to Henry II (1158?), 73.

Oaks crossed as boundary marks, 48, 50, 56, 59, 89.

Odard, see Udard.

Ogle, John, vicar of H.C. (1694–1715), 181f., 187.

Olaf or Olavus II, king of Man (1226– 37), 94.

Oldebode, Ivor f., I. o. Man (c. 1200), 94.

Old Grange in H.C., 21, 97, 116, 122.

Oley, Astin, of Carlisle (13 cent.), 13.

Oliver, Mr. A. M., quoted, 37, 88.

Orfeur, Cuthbert (1637), 232.

Orm, Cospatric f., see Workington.
-, " William f., rector of Gilcrux, see Ireby.

Ormesby near Allerby, West Cumbd., 69–71, 126.

Ormescroft in Setmurthy, 41.

Ormisby, Eva wife of Robert de (c. 1230–40), 70.

Orpine, Edward, of Barwick (1651), 218.

Orreton (Orton), Sir Alan de (c. 1275), 11, 84.

Osbaldiston, Richard, bp. of Carlisle (1747–62), 188.

Osbert, Richard f. (after 1150), 28.

Osborn of Salta in H.C. (1660), 239.
-, " John (1749), 184.
-, " Solomon, of Mawbray (1843), 251.

Osborne, William, of the Abbey (1856), 251.

Osmonderlawe, Asmunderlaw, Hasmunderlay, Ranulf de, m. Agnes f., Thomas de Langerig (1292–1332), 45f., 82, 104f.
-, " William de (c. 1290), 23, 58, 71, 103.

Osmotherley, John, of Dubmill (1630– 57), 204, 216, 232f., 236.
-, " Mary, m. John Chambers, 152.
-, " Robert (1637), 232.
-, " Simon, a Roundhead and Quaker, 250.
-, " T., of Mawbray (1698), 240.
-, " William, of Dubmill (1592), 175; (1604), 199.
-, " William, of Dubmill and Frances his wife (1683), 237, 239.

Ostell, John, of Newton Arlosh, a Quaker (1680), 250f.

Oterington, Robert de, archdeacon of Carlisle (1232), 7, 78.

Other, Sir Paul f., I. o. Man (c. 1230), 94.

Oughterside, Ughtersyde in Aspatria, 160f.

Oulton, Ulton, Cumbd., 160.

Ousby, see Ulvesby.

Overby, Outhby in H.C., 117.

Overton, Henry de, chaplain (1315), 140.

Ovingham, Northd., 87.

Oxford, University of, 158, 170, 184– 186, 191–194, 200, 203; Brasenose College, 187; Queen's College, 187-189, 242.

P. the pauper's badge (1700), 236.

Pagan, Payn, Henry f., of Carlisle (13 cent.), 14.

Paine, Thomas, grantee of H.C. (1695), 220.

Paipe or Pape, John (1573), 169.
-, " John, miller (1677), 243.
-, " John, salt badger (1699), 249.
-, " Jonathan, of Mawbray (1843), 251.
-, " m. Chamber, 152.
-, " Mr., of Goodyhills, 165.
-, " Robert, of Abbey, the young schoolmaster's father (1715), 254.

Palmcaster, Old Carlisle (Roman fort), 46.

Palmer, Thomas, schoolmaster (1723), 255.

Pandon, Pampedon, Newcastle, 39.

Pandulph, papal legate (1321), 141.

Pany or Pavij, John and Thomas ff., of Carlisle (c. 1250), 15.

Parish stock of H.C., 232–234.

Park, New or Deer, 116, 160, 162, 217.

Parker, H. H., curate of H.C. (1902), 189.
-, " John, curate of H.C. (1699), 187.
-, " Richard le, of Isel (1297), 41.
-, " Robert (1662), 234.

Parkin, Daniel, of H.C. (1749). 184.
-, " James, of H.C. (1554), 192.
-, " James, of Plasket lands (1681), 239; of Tarns (1682), 239.
-, " John (1586), 195.

Parkin, John, of Edderside (1784), 203.

Parnall, lawyer (1652), 219.

Partick, Pertheck near Glasgow, 55.

Parving, Sir Robert (1327), 142.

Pattinson, John, vicar of H.C. (1797– 1808), 188.
-, " Richard, monk of H.C. (1538), 156f.

Pearson, John, a Quaker, 250.

Peat, Peatt, Peate, Arthur (1622), 212.
-, " John, salt badger (1699), 249.
-, " Robert (1554), 192.
-, " Robert (before 1637), 216f.
-, " Robert, of Sevill (1789), 237.
-, " Robert, of Sevill (1835–40), 203, 238.

Peathouse, William (1554), 192.

Pelegrini, Hugo, papal nuncio (1357), 144.

Pele-towers to churches, 137f., 145, 164, 170 [and see 158].

Pelutho, Pellathow, Pollathow in H.C., 116, 172, 174, 206, 214, 239, 246.

Pennant's Tour (1790) quoted, 114.

Pennington, Cuthbert, of H.C. (1675), 227.

Penreth, Bricius de, serjeant (c. 1230– 60), 17f.

Penrice, Penrise, Penryse, Anthony, of Mosside (1586–92), 175, 195f.
-, " Anthony (1622), 212.
-, " John, of Causeway head and Mabell his wife, 204f.
-, " John, of Causeway head (1686– 1730), 182f., 237, 254.
-, " Mr. (1819), 259.

Penrith, Penreth, 18, 222; Thomas de Kirkoswald, vicar (1315), 140.

Penthouse causey at H.C., 230.

Perceby, Perisby, Dumfriesshire, 36.

Percy, Henry de (1292), 60.
-, " Sir Peter de, justice (1255–6), 11.

Perfect, H., Congregational minister (1863), 252.

Perugia, Italy, 98.

Petepottes in Bromfield, 80.

Peter, Gilbert f., of Hartlepool (13 cent.), 44.
-, " Radulph f., at Burgh-by-Sands (1299), 8.
-, " Sir, chamberlain to the lady de Balliol (c. 1280), 58.
-, " vicar of Burgh-by-Sands (1234), 6, 8.
-, " William f., and Radulph of Dumfries (c. 1280), 59.

Philipson, Edward, farmer of the Saltcotes (1573), 168f.

Pierson, Henry (1653), 233.

Pikering, Nicholas de, clerk (1296), 103; monk (1303–6), 147f.

Pilgrimage of Grace (1537), 155.

Pinchard or Punchard, Richard de, under-sheriff (c. 1211), 10f.

Pingney, Richard, monk of H.C. (1538), 156f.

Place-names of H.C., 109, 113–117.

Plasket lands, Plassegayth in H.C., 116, 165, 190, 239.

Plate, church, in H.C. at the Reformation, 158.

Poladkertin, Polatkertin, Pollatkertin, burn at Carton bridge, co. Kirkcudbright, 49f.

Polben, burn in co. Kirkcudbright, 51.

Pol-chillebride, burn of Kilbride, Kirkgunzeon, 50.

Pol-dere-duf, burn in Kirkgunzeon, 50, 52.

Polingouir, Pollingouir, burn in Mabie, 56, 59.

Polleburc, see Powburgh.

Pollenchos, Polleychos, Polchos, burn in Kirkgunzeon, 47f., 56f., 59; Pollenchos newa, 51.

Pollenhaune, burn in Kirkgunzeon, 89.

Polleroth, Pollerod, burn in Kirkconnel, 47f., 56, 59.

Pollesteresheved, Polsturshevid, co. Kirkcudbright, 50, 54, 57, 97.

Pol-ne-chauc, burn in co. Kirkcudbright, 49.

Pol-ne-hervede, burn in co. Kirkcudbright, 50.

Pol-neuton, now Black Dub, south of H.C., 68, 73.

Poor-relief, 177, 234–236.

Population of H.C., 158, 171–173, 245, 261f.

Potpurnall causey in H.C., 214.

Powburgh, Polleburc, Polleburgh, beck at Burgh-by-Sands, 7f., 9.

Prato, Warin del (1242), 67.

Presbyterian church, Silloth, 252.

Prescott, Chancellor, his 'Wetherhal' quoted, 28f., 47, 62, 67f., 119.

Prestholm in Burgh-by-Sands, 3.

Preston, co. Kirkcudbright, 21, 50.

Primitive Methodists in H.C., 252.

Pudil, Richard, of Carlisle (1293), 15.

Pulci and Rembertini, Italian firm (c. 1294), 86, 103.

Punchard, see Pinchard.

Purveys, 181.

Pym, Robert, abbot of H.C., 149.

Pynel, Reginald, at Burgh-by-Sands (1280), 9.

Quakers in H.C., 182f., 250f., 257.

Quarries at Sandwith, Aspatria, 23, 125; on the Nith and at Rainpatrick, 58, 124; Whitehaven, 134.

Quarters of H.C., 172f., 227, 237.

Queen Henrietta Maria owned H.C. (1625), 216.
-, " Katherine of Braganza owned H.C. (1665), 219.
-, " Mary (1553–58), 191f.
-, " Mary (1689–94), 220.

Quitrigg (i.e. Whitrigg), Michael de (c. 1220), 72.
-, " William de (1317), 46.

Raby, Rabi, 21, 73, 91, 93, 96f., 115f., 118, 122, 160, 172, 174, 191, 212. Raby Cote or Coat, 150, 152, 162, 191, 210, 238f., 246. Raby rigg, 174.

Raby, Richard de, monk of H.C. (1302), 147.

Radulph, Radulf or Ranulph, abbot of Gray abbey and of H.C. (1223), 11, 124, 134.
-, " Alexander f., mayor of Carlisle (1246), 13.

Radulph Meschin, lord of Cumberland and (c. 1120), earl of Chester, 21, 97.
-, " prior of Carlisle, see Barri.

Ragg, Rev. F. W., quoted, 11, 17, 52, 55.

Raghton (Raughton), William and Alice de (c. 1212), 13.
-, " Matillidis de, or Ormesby (c. 1230–40), 70.

Railway, Carlisle to Silloth (1856), 262f.

Rainpatrick on Solway, 34–36, 124, 127.

Rane as boundary mark, 19.

Ranes, reins or rheins, in ploughed fields, 244f.

Ranters, the, of Wigton (c. 1720), 251.

Ranulph, see Radulph.

Raper, Cuthbert, schoolmaster of H.C. (1674), 254.

Rationale, bishop's breastplate, 151.

Raveneswath, co. Durham, 74.

Rawbankes, Rabankes, Robert de, abbot of H.C. (1365–79), 147.

Rawlinson, Mr., Commissioner on tithes (1833), 203f.

Raynington, John de, monk of H.C. (1302), 147.

Reading, Rading, 78.

Reathwaite, Redethwaitis in Westward, 46.

Reay, Isaac, of Highlaws (1784), 203.

Red flatt in H.C., 171.

Redford, Francis, vicar of St. Paul's, H.C. (1849–60), 188f.

Redman, Thomas de (1332), 45.

Redmane, Thomas f. Norman de (1297), 41.

Reed, Jane, of Knowhill m. T. Boak, vicar, 188.
-, " John, of Knowhill (1768), 256.
-, " Robert (1651), 218.

Reginald or Rachnald I, king of Man (1187–1226), 94, 122.

Registers of H.C. parish, 176, 180.

Reguard of the forest, 20.

Reid, Mr. R. C., quoted, 50, 52, 58f., 89, 121.

Reinfred, 'Remstred,' Gilbert f. [? baron of Kendal 1184–1220], 10.

Rembertini, see Pulci.

Reraik, Nicholas de, at Troqueer, Dumfriesshire (c. 1280), 59.

Rescous (forcible rescue of goods distrained, etc.), 206.

Resindon, Richard de, Official of Carlisle (? c. 1340), 45, 146.

Ribbeton, Peter de, monk of H.C. (1303–6), 147f.
-, " Thomas de (c. 1290), 23.
-, " Thomas de, monk of H.C. (1303– 6), 147f.

Ribtoun, John, monk of H.C. (1472), 150.

Richard, abbot of Melrose, 149f.
-, " de Burgh, earl of Ulster, 21.
-, " [de Whyteby], archdeacon of Carlisle (1284–1302), 140.
-, " f. Radulph (c. 1208), 6.
-, " I, King, 20, 73–76, 96, 121.
-, " II, King, 145.
-, " of Gilcrux, son-in-law to Helyas (c. 1240), 40.

Richards, James P., rector of St. Paul's, H.C. (1865–72), 189.

Richardson, Arthur, monk of H.C. (1538), 156f.
-, " Gawen, of H.C. (1573), 169.

Rickergate, vicus Ricardi, Carlisle, 4, 12f., 15.

Ridala, Walter de (1150), 92, 120.

Riddings, the, in H.C., 212.

Ridill, Hugh (1150), 92, 120.

Rievaulx abbey and abbots, 101, 133, 155.

Rigg, J., of H.C. (1730), 183.
-, " Joseph, schoolmaster at Aldoth, 257.
-, " S., of Abbey House (1819), 259f.
-, " Thomas (1827), 261.

Ritson, John, monk of H.C. (1538), 156f.
-, " Jonathan (1827), 261.
-, " William, of Mawbray, pauper (1670), 235.

Rivings, divisions of the acredales, 171, 244.

Roads at Bassenthwaite, 96; Distington, 1, 33; Galloway, 49f., 58; H.C., 205, 211f., 213f., 230f.; Kirkbythore, 61, 64, 66; Rainpatrick, 36; Roman, 112. See also King's highway, Maidengate.

Robert, abbot of St. Mary's, York (1220), 6.
-, " archdeacon of Carlisle and diocesan (1156-c. 1180), 23, 96.
-, " chaplain of Hartlepool (12 cent.), 43f.
-, " Nicholas f., of Botcherby and his wife Johanna f. Henry de la Sale (1294), 16.
-, " prior of H.C. (c. 1160), 121.
-, " Robert f., of Botcherby and his wife Christiana f. Henry de la Sale (1294), 16.
-, " vicar of Gilcrux, dean of Allerdale (c. 1260), 29.

Roberts, Ralph, pauper boy (1662). 234.

Robinson, Mr. Joseph, of Maryport, quoted, 109–112.
-, " Richard, monk of H.C. (1538), 156f.
-, " William, vicar of Newton Arlosh (1535), 164; and of H.C. (to 1564), 186.

Robson, Charles, chaplain at Aleppo and vicar of H.C. (1632–38), 179, 187.

Rochester, Henry, bp. of (1232), 77.

Rockcliff, Routheclif, church and parish, 7.

Roger, Adam f., of Carlisle, 15.
-, " chaplain to Henry II (1158?), 73.
-, " Henry f., mayor of Carlisle (before 1280), 14.
-, " 'nepos' of Walter, Newcastle (1237), 39.

Rogers, Rev. H. G., vicar of Newton Arlosh (1920), 190.

Roger's sike at Tordiff, 35.

Roland f. Huctred, see Galloway.

Rome, a monk of H.C. at, 144. (See also Lateran, St. Lawrence, St. Peter's, St. Prisca, St. Pudentiana.)

Romelye, see Rumeli.

Roof-timbers of abbey church, H.C., 125, 186.

Rook, Mrs., of Aldoth, 244.

Rooke, William T., vicar of Newton Arlosh (1873–89), 190.

Rookesby, James (1538), 156.

Roper, Mr., of H.C. (1827), 261.

Ros, Peter de, archdeacon of Carlisle (c. 1180–91, died 1196), 28, 68.
-, " Robert de, justice (1235), 76, 85.
-, " Robert de, lord of Wark and rebel to Edward I, 60.
-, " William de (1291), 60.

Rosdufe, Robert de, of Dalston (1294) 12.

Rose Castle, 142, 150, 183.

Rosedale priory, Yorks., 4.

Rosley, Rosseley, Great and Little, 46, 139.

Ross, bishopric of, 105.

Rothery, William, curate of Newton Arlosh (1861), 189f.

Routheclif, Rockcliff, Robert de, of Carlisle (c. 1212), 13.

Routheclive, Rockcliff, Reginald de, m. Emma f. Adam de Newton (c. 1180–1200), 68f.

Royal Charters: Alexander II of Scotland, 51.
-, " Alexander III, 94.
-, " David I, 92.
-, " Edward I, 2, 16, 26, 46, 60.
-, " Edward II, 86.
-, " Godred II of Man, 94.
-, " Henry II, 52, 73, 75.
-, " Henry III, 75f., 77–79, 129.
-, " John, 74–76, 78.
-, " Magnus of Man, 94.
-, " Malcolm IV, 52f., 92.
-, " Olaf II of Man, 94.
-, " Reginald I of Man, 94.
-, " Robert Bruce, 55.
-, " Richard I, 20, 73, 75f.
-, " William the Lion, 35, 51, 54.

Ruchscalys (?) near Allonby, 70.

Ruckcroft, Roukkrofte, Ruchecroft in Gilgarran, 1, 33.

Rudchester, Rouchester, Rothcaster, Ruthchester, Northd., and family de, 37f., 126.

Rumeli, Romelye, Alice (II) de, f. William f. Duncan, 23, 125f. [In the text it is assumed that her grants to H.C. were made during her second widowhood, after the death of Robert de Curtenai in 1210–11. Her first widowhood occurred from 1192, when Gilbert Pipard died at Brindisi, to 1195 when she was married to Robert de Curtenai.]

Runci, Herbert (c. 1211), 10.

Rushen, Russin abbey, I. o. Man, 94.

Russell, Mr. R., quoted on geology, 108.

Rydekar, Reddekar, William, abbot of H.C. (c. 1434), 149.

Rydell, Hugh f. Richard, Newcastle (c. 1256), 130.

Ryson, Anthony, monk of H.C. (1533), 154.

Sabulonibus, Simon de (1284), 8; and see Sandis.

Saham, Sir William de, justice (1278), 25, 84.

St. Adamnan of Iona, life by abbot Everard of H.C., 120.
-, " Alban's, 26.
-, " Andrew's, bishopric of, 105.
-, " Bees, fishgarths, 113; priory, 118, 134.
-, " Benignus' abbey, Dijon, 100.
-, " Bernard's hymn, 186.
-, " Botolph's, Radulf f. Thomas de, 91.
-, " Botolph's town, Boston, 90f.
-, " Christian's chapel in H.C., 166.
-, " Cumen of Iona, life by abbot Everard of H.C., 120.
-, " Cuthbert, 113.
-, " Cuthbert's, Carlisle (c. 1200), 23.
-, Chapel in H.C. 154, 158, 165;
-, church at Mawbray, 186, 188f. School, 257.
-, " Finnian of Ayrshire, 49; and see Winninus.
-, " Hilda's hermitage, Islekirk, 76, 78, 126.

St. John's, Newton Arlosh, 137, 141, 164, 170, 186, 188–190.
-, " John's of the Grune, Skinburness, 163f., 174 (and see 136).
-, " Katherine's altar, Burgh-bySands, 8.
-, " Kentigern's, Caldbeck, 77, 83.
-, " Laurence's, Lawrenceholme, 73, 114, 116, 167.
-, " Laurence in Lucina, Rome, J. Cardinal of (1258), 100.
-, " Leonard's hospital (at York?), tithes due from Bewcastle, 103. [No such hospital is known at Bewcastle, though supposed in V.C.H., Cumberland, ii, 204.]
-, " Mary's cemetery and priory at Carlisle, see Carlisle.
-, " Mary's, H.C., 33, 44, 73.
-, " Mary's hospital, Westgate, Newcastle, 38, 87.
-, " Mary's nunnery, Lekeley, S. Cumbd., 31f.
-, " Michael's, Burgh-by-Sands (1235), 1f., 8. Kirkbythore (1194), 67f.
-, " Mungo's castle, Bromfield, 84.
-, " Nicholas' chapel, Flimby (before 1150), 27.
-, " Ninian, 114, 163.
-, " Paul's, Causeway head, H.C., 159, 186, 188f.
-, " Peter's, Rome, 51.
-, " Prisca, Rome, Arnald, cardinal of (1312), 139.
-, " Pudentiana, Rome, Robert, cardinal of (1301), 101.
-, " Roche or Rook's chapel in H.C., 164f.; school, 256.
-, " Swithin's holm misread for St. Wilfrid's, 17.
-, " Thomas' chapel in H.C., 126, 157, 166, 'old chappell,' 217.
-, " Waldeve of Melrose, life by abbot Everard of H.C., 120.
-, " Wilfrid's holm, Wolfriholm, 17f., 78, 85f., 127.
-, " Winninus, Wynynius (i.e. Finnian), 53f.

Sale, Juliana, widow of Henry de la, of Botcherby, and five daughters (1294), 16.

Salesbury, Norman, vicar of Newton Arlosh (1890–97), 190.

Salisbury, Sarum, William earl of (1201), 74f.

Salkeld, Salychild, 10.

Salkeld, John, of Threapland (1657), 233.
-, " Lancelot (1601), 215.
-, " Thomas (1555), 167, 193.

Salt Industry, 3, 7, 34–36, 48, 50f., 52, 54, 122, 142, 160, 168, 171, 217, 248f.

Salta, Sathowe in H.C., 174, 239.

Saltcoats or Saltcotes in H.C., 116, 172, 174, 191, 210, 217.

Salternes, see Southerness.

Sancto Claro (Sinclair), Wm. de, constable of Dumfries (c. 1280– 90), 48, 58, 95.

Sandale, John de (1314), 140.

Sandenhouse in H.C., 116, 159f., 161, 166, 172, 174, 191, 204, 217.

Sanderson, Lieut. Samuel (1651), 218.

Sandflath in Kirkbythore, 66.

Sandis, Richard del (1317), 46 (and see Sabulonibus).

Sandwith, Sandwath in Aspatria, 23f.

Saul, Saull, John, a Quaker (1680), 250; (1735), 251.
-, " Joseph, farmer and schoolmaster (died 1845), 222, 237, 257f., 260f.
-, " Robert, of Silloth, Roundhead and Quaker, 250.
-, " Silas, of Carlisle (1798), 221.
-, " William, a Quaker (1682), 250.

Saunderson, William, of Blitterlees (1592), 175.

Savile, Baron, Justice (1605), 201.

Saxton, Roger de (1255), 129.

Scalegile in Flimby, 18f.

Scales, Skaills in Bromfield, 160f.

Scalleflat or Sealflat in Edenhall, 17.

Scath (basket?), 241.

Sceftling, see Sheftling.

Sceplending on the Waver, 28.

Sch[ ], Yvo de (c. 1200–10), 11.

Schools and schoolmasters of H.C., 182, 194, 252–258.

Scone, Scon, Perthshire, 95.

Scot, Michael, the 'wizard,' 135f., 166.

Scotland, bishoprics of, 105. H.C. abbey's interests in, 34–37, 43, 47–60, 88f., 94, 121f., 139, 142.

Scott, Sir Walter, benefactor to H.C., 185f.

Scottish raids on H.C., 125, 128, 135, 140–144, 148, 153f., 174f., 248.
-, " Succession (1291), 60f.

Scrogs, Sir William, lawyer (1667), 243.

Scrope, Henry lord, warden of West Marches (1563–92), 167, 173, 176, 196, 204.
-, " Thomas lord, warden (1593– 1609), 173.

Sea-banks of Mawbray and Wolsty, 170, 263f.

Sea-dykes of H.C., 161, 168, 181, 207f., 224–229.

Sea griff in H.C., 205.

Sealby, Richard, schoolmaster (1628), 214, 253.

Seals of the abbey and abbots of H.C., 146, 149, 156f.

Seaton, South Cumberland, and nunnery, see Lekeley.

Seaton West, Seton, near Workington, 18f., 20, 22–25, 123, 171, 217.

Seaville, see Sevill.

Seawake, sewake, watching the coast, 18, 20, 74, 174.

Seawrack, wreccum maris, 35, 86f., 92–94.

Seburham, Henry and Geoffrey de (1292), 93.

Secular infirmary at H.C., 31.

Sedgefield, Professor W. J., quoted, 115, 117.

Sekeman house, infirmary at H.C. abbey, 157f.

Semer, John de, monk of H.C. (1294), 132.

Senage, payment for synodals, 161.

Senhouse of Angerton, Daniel (1730), 183.

Senhouse, John (c. 1580–1604), and his son Peter and grandson James, stewards of H.C. (to 1652), 158, 204f., 230.
-, " Thomas (1622–37), 212, 216, 224, 232.

Setmurthy, Satmirthoc, near Cockermouth, 41f., 127.

Seton, Yvo de, Edenhall (before 1245), 17.

Sevill, Seaville, Sevehill, Sewell, Sivill in H.C., 116, 160, 162, 172, 174, 191, 210, 231.

Shap priory, 97, 144.

Shaw, John, of H.C. (1604), 198.

Sheep, 246, 260.

Sheftling, Sceftling, Schefteling, Skefteling, William f. Symon de, of Flimby (c. 1212), 25f., 29 (and see Talun).

Shepherd, W. M., vicar of Newton Arlosh (1861–65), 190, 257.

Sheppard, Rev. Arthur F., vicar of H.C. (1875–1905), 186, 189.

Shielings at Crookley beck in Millom, 31; Hazlespring in Inglewood, 47.

Ships, 94f., 132, 142.

Short, John, vicar of St. Cuthbert's, H.C. (1852–72), 189.

Sibson of Pelutho (1685), 239.
-, " Robert, of Mawbray (1667), 236.
-, " Robert, of Mawbray (1771–84), 203, 237.

Sighrethcroft in Caldbeck, 28.

Sighrith, Syrit, Adam f., of Gilcrux (c. 1240), 40f.

Signal stations, Roman, 112.

Sigriz (i.e. Sigrith), John f., I. o. Man (c. 1230), 94.

Siles, forked house-timbers, 239.

Silloth, Selathe, Selat, Selythe in H.C., 116, 132, 137, 160, 170, 172, 174, 191, 214, 217, 231, 248, 252; Christ Church, 190; dock and railway, 107, 262f.; raised beach, 108; School, 257.

Simpkin, George, of H.C. (1647), 214.

Simpson, Canon Joseph, vicar of H.C. (1842–64), 164, 188, 257.

Simpson or Symondson, Wm., monk of H.C. (1538), 156f., 186. (And see Symson.)

Sixteen Men, the XVI of H.C., 158, 177, 179–181, 185, 195, 204f., 207–209, 211, 219, 221–238, 252, 254f., 256.

Skelton of Armathwaite, 152.
-, " of H.C.; Arthur, of Angerton, a Quaker (1698), 251.
-, " George (1622), 212.
-, " Joseph (1749), 184.
-, " Mr., of Skinburness (1819), 259.
-, " Rowland, of Angerton (1581), 195f., 201f. Rowland junior, 202.
-, " Stephen (1538), 162; (1573), 167; Old Steven? (1590), 177.
-, " William (1812), 222.

Skinburness, abbey grange de Schineburgh or Skynburgh, 21, 97, 115f., 122, 162; burgh, 95f., 128, 138; chapel, 136, 163; inundation (c. 1303), 95, 108, 136f.; port, 132f., 139, 142; Roman remains, 112; township of Skinburnees, Shunburnesh, Skymburnes, etc., 168, 172, 174, 191, 205, 208, 213, 222, 228, 248, 261.

Sleepers, main beams of wooden bridge (1718), 231.

Slightholme, Sletholme in H.C., 117, 174.

Slingsby, Simon (1573), 167.

Smart, John, plumber at H.C. (1603), 179.

Smirke, Richard, carpenter of Wigton (1730) and Robert the artist and his son Robert the architect, 183.

Smith, Faber, Gamell of West Newton (c. 1200), 69.
-, " George, vicar of H.C. (c. 1566), 186.
-, " George, curate of H.C. (1699), 187.
-, " Mr. F. W., quoted, 113.
-, " Smythe, Robert (1586), 195.
-, " Thomas, 243.

Smith, William, of Saltcoats (1573), 171.

Smithson, George (1651), 218; Mr. (1665), 219.

Smithy fell in Lorton, 21.

Snegrim and Snækoll, 64.

Sodington, Thomas de, justice (1278), 25, 84.

Solar, upper room, 16.

Sollis, Soulis, Radulf de, butler to king Malcolm IV (1150), 92, 120.

Somervilla, William de (1150), 92, 120.

Soules, Nichol de (1291), 60. (See also Sules.)

Soureby, see Templesowerby.

Soureby, Adam de, of Carlisle (c. 1212), 13.
-, " Adam f. Hugh de (1242), 67.

Southaik (Southwick in Galloway), Gilbert de, f. Cospatric f. Orm, 19, 51f.
-, " Gilbert f. Patrick de (1270–1307) m. Isabel de Boyvill, 19.
-, " John de, parson (c. 1270–80), 58.
-, " Patrick f. Gilbert, senior, de, 19, 52.
-, " Patrick f. Gilbert, junior, de (1298–1333), 52.
-, " Patrick f. Thomas f. Gilbert de, m. Eva de Levington and Elizabeth, 19.
-, " Robert de, rector of Bewcastle, abbot of H.C. (1351–65 ?), 45, 146.
-, " Thomas f. Gilbert de, 19.

Southerfield, Sowterfield, Sutherfield in H.C., 116, 159, 163, 172, 174, 190, 239, 244.

Southerness, Salternes, in Galloway, 51, 122.

Southey, Robert, poet laureate, quoted, 258.

Southwick, Southayke, Suithayc, co. Kirkcudbright, 51, 88f., 122.

Sowter, James, vicar of Christ Church, Silloth (1900–1), 190.

Soyes in H.C., 160.

Spaldin, Lambert de, of Boston, Lincs. (early 13 cent.), 90.

Speelgate in H.C., 230f.

Spenser, dispensator, Thomas, of Carlisle (c. 1200), 4, 13.

Sperstanerig in Kirkbythore, 61, 63f. 65.

Spooner, Abraham (1651), 218.

Stac in Kirkbythore, 62.

Stagg, John, accused of murder (before 1600), 243.

Stainbeck in Burgh-by-Sands, 9.

Stainbrigg in Burgh-by-Sands, 9.

Stainhowrigg in Blencogo, 72.

Stalker, Thomas, of Brownrigg (1768), 256.

Stallage, tolls at fairs, 20.

Stamper, Anthony (1647), 214.
-, " Francis (1671), 230.
-, " Hugh (1538–73), 166–169.
-, " Hugh, a Quaker (1655), 250.
-, " H. (1581), 195.
-, " Thomas (1573), 169.

Standish, see Stephenson.

Standyngston in Gilgarron, 1, 33.

Stanelaye, Richard, monk and hermit of H.C. (1532–38), 154, 158.

Stank, the, pool in H.C., 210, 216.

Stanlaw abbey, Cheshire, 137.

Stanrayse in Colvend, now (?) Willie's cairn, 88f. Stanraises (Cairns) in Colvend, 89; Staynraises near Kirkbythore, 65.

Stanwix church, 131.

Stary hill in H.C., 174.

Steel, John, of Southerfield (c. 1840), 109, 203; (1874), 238.

Stephenson, Edward, of Great Bardfield, and his family, subsequently Standish, lords of the manor of H.C., 220f.
-, " Thomas, mason at H.C. (1603), 179.

Stewards of H.C., 158, 173, 204f.

Stickeneye, John de, bailiff of Egremont (c. 1322), 90.

Stints, 206f.

Stirkeland, Roger de, Setmurthy (c. 1260), 41.

Stockbriggile near Whitehaven, 32.

Stockdale, Robert, of H.C. (1604), 201.

Stodeholm in Kirkbythore, 62, 66.

Stodfald in Colvend, 89.

Stone implements from H.C., 109.

Stoney law in H.C., 244f.

Stordy, Thomas, of Moorhouse (1652), 219; his sufferings as a Quaker (1662–84), 250.

Storms (1756), 228; (1911), 264 (and see Inundations).

Storrs, William T., curate of Christ Church, Silloth (1886), 190.

Stubbs, Glaister, sailor and schoolmaster (born 1795), 256.
-, " Ismay, of Raby Coat (1844), 238.

Studfold, Stodefald scoch in Distington, 33.

Studfold rigg in H.C., 169.

Studholme, Studdham, Cuthbert (1604), 199.
-, " Captain Cuthbert (1651), 253.

Sturgeon, Sturio, 35f., 248 (where on line 32 read the date '1681').

Stutevill, Stotevill, Nicholas de (died 1206), 4.
-, " Robert de, founder of Rosedale priory (died 1213), 4, 12.
-, " William de, justice, sheriff of Cumbd. (1198) and of Westmd. (1200–2), 28, 62.

Suan, Swain, Adam and Henry ff. (1150), 92, 120 (and see Swain).

Suanesate in Flimby, 18.

Subsidy for the Holy Land (1294–95), 16, 102–104.

Sudbury, Simon de, canon of Lincoln (1352), 144.

Sules, William de, justice of Lothian (1280), 95 (and see Soulis).

Sulwath (Wath?) in H.C., 174.

Summage, tolls on packhorse traffic, 20.

Summagia, packhorse loads, 42.

Sunday observance, 214f.

Surrays, William, of Burgh-by-Sands (early 13 cent.), 6.

Suthayk, Suithaik, see Southaik.

Suthou in Burgh-by-Sands, 3.

Swaby, Swaleby in H.C., 116, 130, 160, 163.

Swain, Sir, Chaplain of Burgh-bySands (12 cent.), 9.

Swanwath in H.C., 206.

Swappes, levers for bells, 180.

Sweetheart abbey, 132, 139. John, abbot of (c. 1280–90), 48.

Swift, Mr., auditor (before 1573), 171.

Swine and pigs, 43f., 46, 52, 62, 64, 73f., 211, 213.

Swinsty in H.C., 116, 159, 172, 174, 222, 236, 239.

Sykes, Rev. W. S., quoted, 32.

Symeon of Durham quoted, 114.

Symon, chaplain of William de Brus (c. 1200–10), 35.
-, " Robert f., of Southwick, 51.

Symondson, see Simpson.

Symson, Christopher, vicar of H.C. (1578–81), 186.
-, " Henry, vicar of H.C. (1577), 186. Syrit, see Sighrith.

T. sheriff [-substitute for Andrew de Harcla] of Carlisle (1321), 141.

Taillor, Adam f. Henry le, of Carlisle (c. 1250), 13.
-, " Gilbert f. William le, of Carlisle (c. 1300), 16.

Tailor, Cissor, Alice f. Roger the, and her sisters Beatrice and Johanna of Carlisle, 15.

Talkan, Alan de, monk of H.C. (1294), 132.
-, " Thomas de, abbot of H.C. (1330–36), 105, 142, 146, 148.

Tallentire, 26.

Tallies in the Treasury, 104.

Talun, Geoffrey, brother of William de Sheftling, 30.

Tanner, Robert the, of Carlisle (c. 1260), 14f.

Tarns, grange de Ternis, 21, 97, 116, 122, 162; township, 172, 174, 190, 239.

Taskes, taxes, 179f., and passim.

Tathes in Dundraw, 71.

Tauena-herothery in Colvend, 89.

Taylor, Joseph (1749), 184; of Raby (1786), 237.
-, " Robert, his house at Skinburness, 168.

Teindale, Walter de, of Newcastle (1235), 38.

Templars, the, 101.

Temple, the New, London, 103.

Templesowerby, Soureby, 63–67.

Terregles, Travereglys, Dumfriesshire, 56.

Terriby, Terryby, Sir John de (1260– 92), 3, 84, 93.

Terrier of H.C. (1749), 184.

Tesdal, John de (c. 1270–80), 58.

Teviotdale, Tevidal, R. dean of, (c. 1224), 53.

Thackthwaite, 27.

Thol, tale, theam and infangenetheof, 20, 74.

Thomas, John, curate of H.C. (1699), 187.

Thompson, John, vicar of H.C. (1809–14), 188.
-, " Joseph, of Mawbray (1843), 251.
-, " Professor Hamilton, quoted, 37.

Thorbrandcroft in Edenhall, 17.

Thoresby's 'History of Leedes' quoted, 1.

Thorisby (Thursby), Adam de (c. 1260–90), 3, 23, 58, 71.
-, " Robert de (1283), 16. (See also Thursby, Toresby).

Thornthwaite chapel, near Keswick, 24.

Thornton, J., Congregational minister (1871), 252.

Thorpe, John (1651), 218.

Threipheng, Yreipheing at Gilcrux, 40f.

Threlkeld, Francis (1666), 238.

Thuaythes, Thwaites in Millom [not Hall Thwaites], John de (1251– 56), 32.

Thurkilby, Sir Roger de, justice (1246, 1255), 11, 13.

Thurkilhou in Edenhall, 17.

Thursby, Thorisby, 16, 120, 127.
-, " William, parson of (c. 1200) and Bernard his brother, 44. (See also Toresbi.)

Thweregile in Flimby, 19.

Tickell, Richard (1637), 223, 232f.

Tiffen, John, of Skinburness (1582), 164.

Tilliol, Peter de, junior (succeeded 1204), 4.

Tilliol, Robert de (1305), 138.
-, " Symon de (dead 1204), 4, 12 [According to Prescott, Wetherhal, 89n., the date is 1201; but see Mr. T. H. B. Graham in C. & W. Trans. N.S. xxi, 141.]

Timperon, Timpauron, Henry de, monk of H.C. (1314–17), 148.
-, " Mr., of Silloth, 182.

Tindall, John, of Southerfield (1784), 203.

Tintern abbey, 141.

Tithes, 98f., 101; of fish, 6f., 9, 27, 161. Burgh-by-Sands, 6, 141, 159, 161; Camerton, 161; Crosby (Crosscanonby), 26; Flimby, 23, 27, 96; Holm Cultram, 141, 157, 159, 167, 182, 184, 190–204; Newby, 11; Newton Arlosh, 147, 157; Oulton, 161; Skinburness, 136; Waverton, 161; Wigton, 159, 161.

Tod, John, of Carlisle (c. 1280), 14.

Todd, Henry M., rector of St. Paul's, H.C. (1885–98), 189.

Toftes in Kirkbythore, 61, 65f.

Tolson, Richard, (1662), 235.

Tombstones, see Graveslabs.

Tomlinson, William (1724), 182.

Tordiff, Torduf on the Solway, 34f., 121f.

Tordiff, Mr., of Aldoth, 244.

Toresbi, Torisby, William de (c. 1190, c. 1208), 6, 73. (See also Thursby.)

Torpeneu, Torpenhow, Ysaac parson of (1231-c. 1243), 67.

Torpenhow, Torpennow, 133, 242.

Torthorald, Sir David de (c. 1278), 58.

Tough, Mr. D.L.W., quoted, 174.

Tout, Professor T. F., quoted, 105.

Towers, early, at Burgh-by-Sands (c. 1234), 8; Gilcrux (c. 1210), 40f.; H.C. abbey, 177f. (See also Pele-Towers.)

Townfields, 171 (and see Acredales).

Traneby mire in Kirkbythore, 64.,

Trebrigge (wooden bridge) in Kirkbythore, 63.

Tredgold, Hugh (1268), 131.

Tremble, Joseph, of Mawbray (1843), 251.

Trendilbut in Burgh-by-Sands, 3.

Trikingham, Sir Lambert de, justice (1305), 88.

Troddersyke in H.C., 117, 174.

Troqueer, Treuquer (sometimes misread Crevequer) near Dumfries 59, 121.

Truta, Richard f., and his son Richard and dau. Margaret m. Robert de Wathepol (c. 1223), 10f.

Trutebec in Kirkbythore, 62.

Tundergarth, Tonnergayth in Dumfriesshire, 36.

Turp of Edenhall, 127.
-, " Alan (1245–52), 17.
-, " Robert (died 1252), 16f., 78.

Turstanfeld, Thurstonfield, Thomas and Nicholas de (1234), 8.

Tuynham (Twynham, co. Kirkcudbright), Walter f. Walter de, (c. 1270–80), 58.

Tybay, Tibay, Tebay, Robert f. Herbert de (c. 1200), provost of Carlisle (1246), 4, 13.
-, " Symon de, of Carlisle, 14.
-, " Thomas de, of Carlisle (c. 1280– 93), 14–16.

Tyne river, 39.

Uchtred, Huctred f. Fergus, see Galloway.

Uckmanby or Upmanby in Allhallows, near Blennerhasset, 120.

Udard, Odard, Adam f. (c. 1211), 10 (and see Wigton).
-, " Aschetill f. (c. 1150), 92.

Uldale, Ulvedal, 29.

Ullock, Thomas, of Calvo (1592), 175.

Ulster, 95, 97.

Ulvesby, Ousby, Adam de, seneschal of the bishop (1294), 12.
-, " Sir Patrick de (1278), 84.
-, " Walter de, official of Carlisle (1230–1239) and archdeacon (c. 1230–60), 7, 10f., 17, 29, 41.

Umfraville, Odinel de, 37f.

Urban III, pope (1185–87), 97.

Urr, Hurr, co. Kirkcudbright, 54, 97.

Urr, Hurr, Hugh de (c. 1280–90), 58, 88.

Uuerhalse near Burgh-by-Sands, 7.

Uuirgate in Hartlepool, 44.

Uutred, Uchtred, Reginald f., at Burgh-by-Sands (c. 1237), 8.

Vale, William de la, escheator (1374), 144.

Valencia, William de, half-brother to Henry III, 78.

Valentine, Mr. H., quoted, 33.

Vallibus, Wallibus, Matilda de, m. Thomas de Multon (and died 1293), 2, 10, 39.
-, " Robert de, justice (1174), m. Ada Engaine, 2, 19.
-, " Sir John de, justice (1278, 1305), 25, 84, 88.
-, " William (II) de (dead 1253), 42, 78.
-, " William f. John of Catterlen, 42.

Valuations of H.C. Abbey, 130, 141, 159–163.

Vasconia, Gascony, 104.

Vaus, Robert de (1332), 45.

Veneur, William le (c. 1290), 23.

Verona, 97, 101.

Vescy, Sir John de, 46, 60.
-, " Sir William de, justice (died 1297), 46, 132.

Vestments in H.C. churches, 158.

Veteriponte, John de, sheriff of Westd. (1228–42), 63f.
-, " Sir Roger de, father of Idonea de Layburn, 65.
-, " Thomas de, bp. of Carlisle (1255–56), 11.

Vicars and curates of H.C., 186–189; vicarage house, 182, 188; vicar elected by vote of parish (1864), 188.

Vikings in Cumberland, 114f., 120.

Villiers, Elizabeth, countess of Orkney, 220.

Viterbo, Italy, 79, 100.

Wagstaff, John curate of St. Cuthbert's, H.C. (1869), 189.

Waite, Daniel, schoolmaster at Mawbray, 256.
-, " John (1640), 207; John of Highlaws (1679–84), 219, 237.
-, " John, of Lees, fisher (1656), 248.
-, " John, Quaker (1682), 250.

Waitecroft, Waytecroft, Whatecroft near Flimby, 18–20, 23, 74, 123, 160.

Waitefield in H.C., 117.

Waldeve, Waldef f. earl Gospatrick and his wife Sirit (Sigrid) and son Alan and grandson Waldeve, 25f., 49, 91f., 118–120.
-, " of Hallstead in Setmurthy (c. 1260), 41.
-, " William f., of Bromfield (1227), 84.

Waleis, Wallensis, Adam, at Burghby-Sands (1280), 9.
-, " Ranulf, of Burgh-by-Sands (c. 1237), 3, 8.

Walker, Fred., rector of St. Paul's H.C. (1875–85), 189.
-, " Robert, rector of St. Paul's H.C. (1898), 189f.

Walter, Water, archdeacon, see Ulvesby.
-, " bp. of Coventry (1292), 60.
-, " bp. of Glasgow, 53f., 57.
-, " Malclerk, Mauclerc, bp. of Carlisle, see Malclerk.
-, " prior of Carlisle, 92, 119.
-, " Robert and Roger ff., at Rudchester, 37.
-, " William f., at Burgh-by-Sands (1280), 9.

Walton, Gilbert de, abbot of Gray abbey (1327), 142.

Wampool, Wathepol, Wathenpoll river, 28, 73.

Wapentac, 20.

Ward, John, curate of H.C. (1874), 189.

Warin the priest of Kirkbythore (before 1200), 63.

Warnell, Warnhill, Wernayl in Sebergham, 77f., 82f., 106, 126, 129, 145.

Warren, free, in Flimby, 26.

Warrenne, William earl of (1227), 75.

Warthcoppe, Warthecop, Warcop, Henry de (1294), 65.
-, " Sir William de, sheriff (c. 1275), 11.

Wartheberh in Kirkbythore, 61, 63– 65, 67.

Warthewik, Warwick, John de (1317), 46.
-, " Robert de (c. 1275), 11.

Warthole near Gilcrux, 40.

Warwick, Guy earl of (1292), 60.

Watelands in Gilcrux, 41.

Watercourse of the H.C. monks at Mawbray, 68, 123.

Wathepol, Hervey de (c. 1223), 11.
-, " Robert de, m. Margaret f. Richard f. Truta (c. 1223), 11.

Watman, Thomas, of Newton Arlosh (1751), 237.

Watson, John, of H.C. (1586), 195.
-, " William, monk of H.C. (1553), 153.

Watts, Clement, vicar of H.C. (1783– 97), 188.

Waugh, John, bp. of Carlisle (1723– 34), and his son John, chancellor of Carlisle (1727–51), 182f.

Waver, Wavra, Wafyr river, 28f., 73, 109, 117, 124, 148, 166, 174, 205. [Prof. Ekwall's recent work 'English River-names,' 1928, repeats the doubt that Waver is Celtic (p. 440).]

Waverbridge, between Dundraw and Waverton, 160.

Waverley abbey, 79.

Waverton, 39f., 72, 126, 160f. Roger provost of, 40.

Waverton, Adam f. Gamel de (c. 1230) 39.
-, " Adam f. Richard de (c. 1200), 44.
-, " Lambert f. Gillestephen de, and his nephew Robert, 40.
-, " Lambert f. Lambert de (c. 1230) 39.
-, " or Alverton, Robert de, rector of Wigton (c. 1240–60), 72.

Wavirmouth, i.e. Skinburness, 96, 128.

Wax for altar candles, 8.

Wayf, bona waviata, 93.

Webster, Thomas, at Carlisle (1695), 68.

Wedholme, Waythholm, 73, 169, 174; Wood, 169, 181, 183, 207, 217– 219, 221, 223–229, 231.

Wells, Simon, archdeacon of (1201), 74.

Welp, see Whelp.

Welsh soldiers at Dumfries, 139.

Welton, Gilbert de, bp. of Carlisle (1353–62), 144.
-, " John de, lawyer (1353), 144.

Werdal, John de, monk of H.C. (1302–3), 147.

Wesleyans in H.C., 251f.

West Cote in H.C., 162.

West house in H.C., 222, 234.

Westker in Kirkbythore, 65.

Westminster, 75f., 96, 127.

West mire in H.C., 174.

Weston, R. (1630), 225.

Wetheral, Wederhal, Wedirhale Priory, 120.
-, " Thomas prior of, 5.
-, " (William de Tanfield), prior of (1294–5), 104.
-, " William (Rundel), prior of (1225–39), 77f.

Whale, le graspeis, 35.

Wharton, Sir Thomas (1536–38), 154f. Thomas lord, (1552), 174, 201.

Wheatsheaf inn, H.C., 261.

Whelp, Welp and Whelp Castle, Kirkbythore, 62f.

Wheteley, William de, vicar of Isel (1297), 41.

Whicham, Witingham, South Cumbd., 113.

Whinfell, Winefel, Wynnefell, forge at, 21, 123.

Whinfield, George, clerk and schoolmaster (1744), 256.

Whinney Close in H.C., 174.

Whinnyrigg in H.C., 244.

Whipping for unlicensed beggars (1700), 236; horse thief (1756), 244.

White or Albus, Adam, the carpenter of Bromfield and his dau.

Agnes or Annays (c. 1250), 80f.

Whitehaven as seaport (1300), 132; quarry, 134.

Whiteman or Wightman, Robert, vicar of Newton Arlosh (1849– 65), 188f.

Whithorn, see Candida Casa.

Whitlaw, William de (1317), 46.

Whyterig, Wyterigg, Sir Robert de (c. 1250), 13; (1278–99), 8, 30, 84, 93. (And see Quitrigg.)

Whytrigge, Wyterigg in Flimby, 19f.

Wigton, Wiggeton, Cumbd., 39, 42– 45, 126f., 143, 145f., 154, 161, 170, 183.
-, " Adam f. Lambert and Helyas his son of (c. 1200), 44.
-, " Adam the parson (c. 1200), 44.
-, " Robert de Waverton or Alverton, rector (c. 1240–60), 72.
-, " William, vicar (1362), 147.

Wigton, Adam f. Odard (I) de, 42.
-, " Adam f. Odard or Udard (II) de (1208–25), 6, 10, 69.
-, " Adam f. Odard (III) de, m. Isabel de Forde (and died 1251), 42.
-, " Margaret f. John de, m. John Gernon (after 1327), 45, 143, 146.
-, " Odard (I) de, the sheriff (1130), 42.
-, " Odard (II) de, m. Milicent (and died 1208), 42–44.
-, " Odard (III) de, m. Christiana (and died 1238), 42.
-, " Walter f. Odard (III) de (1237– 86), 42f., 45, 127.

Wilderness, field at Goodyhills in H.C., 165.

Wiley, Rev. J. G., Silloth (1926), 252.

Wilkinson, George and Francis (1651), 218.
-, " John, of Gillbank (1784), 203.
-, " Joseph (1802), 203.
-, " Robert, of Beckfoot, a Quaker (1735), 251.
-, " Robert, of Highlaws (1592), 175.

William, abbot of H.C. (to 1233), 134.
-, " Adam f., of Carlisle (c. 1230–50), 14.
-, " cellarer of H.C. (c. 1160), 121.

William (de Capella), rector of Lowther (1313–15), 140.
-, " f. Adam f. Liulph of Kirkbythore (1242), 62.
-, " f. Duncan and the Boy of Egremont, 118f.
-, " Henry f., m. Gunnilda de Boyvill, 30f.
-, " Official (?) of Carlisle (c. 1200), 23.
-, " of Orange, king, 220.
-, " prior of Durham (1311), 102.
-, " prior of H.C. (1319), 146.
-, " Radulph f., (1307), 76.
-, " Roger f., of Newcastle (1235), 38.
-, " The Lion, king of Scotland (1165–1214), 34f., 49, 51, 54, 121f.
-, " vicar of Wigton (1362), 147.
-, " William f., at Burgh-by-Sands (1280), 9.

Willis, Ann, salt badger (1699), 249.
-, " of Mawbray (1778), 240.

Wilson, Canon James, of Dalston quoted, 25, 41, 45, 74, 84, 87, 104, 119, 134, 146, 150, 153.
-, " John, of Blackdyke (1700), 237.
-, " Mr., of Aldoth, 244.
-, " of Edderside (1684), 239.

Winchelsea as port, 132.

Winchelsea, Robert de, archbishop of Canterbury, 133.

Winchester, Peter de Rupibus, bp. of (1215), 76.
-, " Stephen Gardiner, bp. of, 192.

Winder, John, of Brownrigg (1768– 82), 237.
-, " Richard (1651), 233.

Windskales in Caldbeck, 27f.

Windsor, Windeshore, 76, 79, 86.

Wine, 132, 139, 142.

Winmerby near Burgh-by-Sands, 9.

Winstanley, Calvin B., curate of H.C. (1873), 189.

Wintering-medue at Rudchester, Northd., 37.

Wischard, Wishart, Robert, bp. of Glasgow (1271–1316), 54f., 133.

Wise, Wyse, Abraham, of H.C. (1749), 184.

Wise, Anthony, of H.C. (1573), 171.
-, " John, monk of H.C. (1538), 156f.
-, " John (1573), 169.
-, " John, of Sevill (1688), 237.
-, " J. W., of Sevill (1823), 238.
-, " Mr., of H.C. (1819), 260. Joseph (1827), 261.
-, " Robert, his bridges (1647), 214.
-, " Robert Weise (1651), 233.
-, " Robert (1760), 234.

Witebi, Agnes de, of Hartlepool, 44.

Witeholm in Burgh-by-Sands, 3.

Witetofts in Kirkbythore, 63.

Withekat, Wythecat in Kirkbythore, 61f.

Wittie, Witty, Robert, clerk and schoolmaster of H.C. (1628– 74), 180, 253f.

Wittye, John, monk of H.C. (1538), 156f.

Woburn, 139.

Wolsty, Ulstey castle, 111, 116, 135f., 150, 152, 165f.; 238f.; chapel, 165f.; cowbyre, 160, 162; township, 168, 172, 174, 191, 206, 213f.,217.

Womerdeal in H.C., 206.

Wood, H. T., Congregational minister (1911), 252.

Woodwards, woodwardens of Wedholme, 224, 226, 228.

Wool, trade in, 14, 96, 122, 129, 139, 160, 246.

Workhouses at H.C. and Whitehaven, 236.

Workington Agricultural Society, 259.

Workington as port (1299), 132.
-, " Thomas priest of (c. 1190), 24.

Workington, Adam de, f. Cospatric f. Orm, rector of Camerton (c. 1174–1200), 19, 23, 122.
-, " Alan de, f. Cospatric and his son, John, 18f.
-, " Cospatric de, f. Orm (1150–79), 18–23, 26f., 34, 74, 92, 96f., 120, 122. Pedigree of his descendants, 19. [See pp. x and 309.]
-, " John de, monk of H.C. (1294), 131.

Workington, Thomas de, f. Cospatric, m. Grecia (and died 1201), 5, 10, 18–22, 24–27, 63, 74, 123.
-, " Thomas de, monk of H.C. (1305–7), 147f.
-, " Thomas f. Thomas f. Cospatric de (1201–c. 1212), 19, 22.[For later members of the family see Culwen, Ireby, Southaik.]

Worklooms, implements, 208.

Worthsip, Henry, tanner of Carlisle (c. 1260), 14.

Wrangservise, William, of Gilcrux (early 13 cent.), 41.

Wreckage, see Sea-wrack.

Wrigley, W. A., Congregational minister (1886), 252.

Writs in Chancery, 105.

Wybergh, Ann, m. John Chamber, 152.

Wydo or Wido the merchant, see Guydo.

Wylton, Roger f. Robert de, and Ada his wife (c. 1230), 39.

Wyse, see Wise.

Wyterigg, see Whyterig.

Wytewra in Caldbeck, 77, 83.

Wytherhoke (right of woodcutting?), 25–27.

Wytheskeld, south of H.C., 73.

Ydille, see Idle.

Yngus of Caldewgate, Carlisle (c. 1200), 14.

Yoke for swine, 211.

York, 16, 141. St. Leonard's, 103; St. Peter's, 120.
-, " Abbots of, 6, 84, 92f. Archbishops of, 75f., 129, 143, 179.
-, " Lord President of (1580), 194.

York, Thomas, abbot of H.C. (1450– 58 and later), 32, 149, 159.
-, " William de, justice (1227–35), 76, 84. (See also Eboraco.)

Younghusband, John, of Abbey Cowper (1851), 238.

Yreby, see Ireby.

Yvo the merchant of Carlisle (c. 1200), 12.
-, " W. f., of Carlisle (c. 1250), 15.

Y written in MS. for 'Th', 40.

Z written in MS. for 'Th,' 94.



<--Previous:
Index:
A - K