References

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English Heritage

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Author

F. H. W. Sheppard (General Editor)

Year published

1973

Supporting documents

Pages

356-382

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'References', Survey of London: volume 37: Northern Kensington (1973), pp. 356-382. URL: http://british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=49885 Date accessed: 20 April 2014. Add to my bookshelf


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References

General Introduction

(pp. 1–24)

1. E. Ffooks, 'The Kensington Turnpike Trust' in Annual Report of the Kensington Society, 1969–70, pp. 34–45.

2. M.O.H. Reports, passim; see especially for 1887, pp. 113–14.

3. H. A. Shannon, 'Migration and the Growth of London, 1841–91', in The Economic History Review, vol. v, 1935, pp. 79–86.

4. Migration figures for the 1860's calculated from the tables of births and deaths in 33rd Annual Report of the Registrar General (P.P., 1872, vol. xvii, pp. 280–1); those for the 1870's calculated from the figures contained in 35th–43rd Annual Reports of the Registrar General (P.P., 1873, vol. xx, p. 41; 1875, vol. xviii, pt. I, p. 41; 1876, vol. xviii, p. 41; 1877, vol. xxv, p. 41; 1878, vol. xxii, p. 41; 1878–9, vol. xix, p. 41; 1880, vol. xvi, p. 41; 1881, vol. xxvii, p. 41; 1882, vol. xix, p. 41).

5. H. J. Dyos, 'The Slums of Victorian London', in Victorian Studies, vol. xi, 1967, p. 30.

6. P.R.O., census returns of 1851; P.O.D.

7. P.R.O., census returns of 1871.

8. J. H. Clapham, An Economic History of Modern Britain, vol. ii, 1932, pp. 362–3.

9. B.N. 3 April 1857, pp. 322–3.

10. E. W. Cooney, 'Capital Exports, and Investment in Building in Britain and the U.S.A. 1856–1914', in Economica, new series, vol. xvi, 1949, PP. 347–54.

11. Kensington News, 12 January 1900.

12. P.R.O., census returns of 1851.

13. Guildhall Library, MS. 8733/15, p. 34.

14. P.P., 1886, vol. xii, Select Committee on Town Holdings, p. 356.

15. The Railway Times, 13 February 1864, pp. 192–5.

16. Hermione Hobhouse, Thomas Cubitt Master Builder, 1971, pp. 173–84.

17. 14 and 15 Vict., c. 116, local and personal.

18. Charles Marriott, Now!, 1910, p. 28.

19. The Kensington, Notting Hill, Brompton and Knightsbridge Directory for 1876, pp. 267–314 (copy in B.M., pressmark PP 2505 ye/23).

20. P.P., 1883, vol. lxi, Major Mandarin's Report to Board of Trade on Workmen's Trains on the Metropolitan Lines, pp. 445–54.

CHAPTER I (pp. 25–41)

The Village Centres around St. Mary Abbots Church and Notting Hill Gate

1. K.P.L., Millington's Book, p. 1.

2. P.R.O., C66/1513, mm. 24–7.

3. Faulkner, pp. 51–2, 63.

4. P.R.O., C54/1393, Barker to Cope; Faulkner, pp. 59–60.

5. P.R.O., C54/1653, Cecil to Cope.

6. Ibid., C54/1693, Cope to Anderson.

7. K.P.L., Millington's Book, pp. 21–7.

8. P.R.O., C54/1062, Cornwallis and Wingfield; C66/1851, no. 19.

9. Ibid., C2/Eliz/C.24/33 (reference kindly supplied by Dr. Stephen Pasmore).

10. K.P.L., Millington's Book, pp. 5–6; P.R.O., C54/1666, Chamberlain et al. to Horseman.

11. Documents in the possession of Messrs. Gregory, Rowcliffe and Co.

12. Harleian Society, Registers, vol. XVI (Kensington 1539–1675), 1890, p. 95.

13. P.R.O., C54/2313, no. 22.

14. Ibid., C54/3905, no. 5.

15. Ibid., PROB 11/290, f. 204.

16. M.L.R. 1722/1/72–4; 1722/6/327–30; P.R.O., C11/65/12.

17. M.L.R. 1718/4/243–4; 1723/4/77–9.

18. K.P.L., MS. 1433; tablet in wall of building.

19. R.B.

20. M.L.R. 1727/2/125; documents in possession of Messrs. Gregory, Rowcliffe and Co.

21. P.R.O., MPH 258.

22. M.L.R. 1724/2/344.

23. Ibid., 1723/2/411; 1723/6/367; 1725/1/365.

24. Ibid., 1729/5/348; documents in the possession of Messrs. Gregory, Rowcliffe and Co.; B. 14 May 1870, p. 395.

25. M.L.R. 1725/2/503.

26. D.S.R. 1882.

27. P.R.O., PROB 11/614, f. 65.

28. M.L.R. 1727/2/366.

29. Ibid., 1728/6/38.

30. Ibid., 1728/1/266, 425; 1728/3/339; 1728/6/ 38; 1729/2/11; 1729/5/348.

31. Ibid., 1736/4/550–1.

32. Ibid., 1747/1/49–50; 1758/3/287–8.

33. Ibid., 1736/2/218–19.

34. R.B.; plan attached to deed in possession of Messrs. Witham, Weld and Co.

35. M.L.R. 1841/3/189; R.B.

36. G.L.C. Members' Library, file 992; K.P.L., unidentified article, 'Mistress Walter Crane at 13 Holland Street' in N 1801.

37. K.P.L., Vestry Minutes, 13 April 1763; K.P.L., MSS. 1478–9.

38. M.L.R. 1764/4/154–7; deed in possession of Messrs. Witham, Weld and Co.

39. Deed in possession of Kensington and Chelsea Borough Council; M.L.R. 1834/6/418.

40. R.B.; deeds in possession of Kensington and Chelsea Borough Council.

41. K.P.L., index of notable inhabitants.

42. Ibid., Vestry Minutes, 4 Nov. 1767.

43. B. 19 June 1875, p. 561; D.S.R. 1875.

44. P.R.O., C54/3905, nos. 5, 9.

45. Ibid., C54/4433, no. 6; PROB 11/340, f. 121.

46. K.P.L., Millington's Book, pp. 22, 24; C.E.O., file 11119.

47. P.R.O., PROB 11/340, f. 121; K.P.L., MS. 63/1379 (Great Church Book), pp. 157, 169.

48. K.P.L., MS. 63/1379 (Great Church Book), rate assessments; deeds in M.L.R.; D.N.B.; G.E.C.

49. P.R.O., Cio5/5, Bowman V. Reynell.

50. Ibid., C54/4433, no. 6; K.P.L., MS. 63/1379 (Great Church Book), pp. 157, 169; P.R.O., PROB 11/487, f. 63.

51. M.L.R. 1764/4/116, 316; R.B.

52. M.L.R. 1781/3/321, 569; G.L.R.O.(M), MR/ PLT 4890–2.

53. C.E.O., file 15348.

54. Ibid., file 16017; The Architectural Review, vol. LIX, p. 133, vol. LXX, pp. 231–5.

55. B. 13 Jan. 1928, pp. 84, 86, 96.

56. L.C.C. Improvements Committee Minutes and Papers, 1912–16 passim.

57. D.S.R.; P.O.D.

58. The Architect and Building News, 13 Dec. 1935, pp. 314–16.

59. G.L.R.O.(L), Q/SHR/122, 127.

60. K.P.L., Court Books of Abbots Kensington, vol. 1, pp. 16, 31.

61. B. R. Curie, 'Some Aspects of Public Health in Kensington in the Nineteenth Century' (typescript in K.P.L.), p. 44; Annual Reports of the Princess Louise Kensington Hospital for Children, 1925, 1927; B.A. 41380.

62. L.C.C. Minutes, 1902–5 passim.

63. The British Architect, 30 April 1909, P. 309.

64. B.R. 8907; The Kensington Post, 15 Nov. 1963.

65. K.P.L., K66/57.

66. B. 4 Jan. 1902, P. 10.

67. [John Bowack], The Antiquities of Middlesex, part 1,1705, P. 15; K.P.L., MS. 1456.

68. K.P.L., MSS. 1784–5 and 63/1379 (Great Church Book), pp. 13, 153f.; Vestry Minutes, 3 Feb. 1705/6,9 Dec. 1706.

69. Ibid., MSS. 1795–6.

70. Ibid., Vestry Minutes, 11 Oct. 1769 and 1769–1772 passim.

71. Ibid., MSS. 24, 1454, 1795–6, 1811–12.

72. Ibid., MS. 1826; St. Mary Abbots Parish Magazine, 1882, pp. 47–65, 95–109, 132–144; The Kensington News, 22 Nov. 1879.

73. St. Mary Abbots Parish Magazine, 1890, p. 126, 1893, p. 202; B.N. 5 Sept. 1890, p. 346.

74. Alexander Rottmann, London Catholic Churches, 1926, pp. 100–7; Pepperell, p. 41; B.N. 20 July 1866, p. 488; R.B.; K.P.L., typescript history, and Court Books of Abbots Kensington, vol. 5, pp. 158–63.

75. Information kindly supplied by Sir Giles Scott, Son and Partner.

-76. K.P.L., Court Books of Abbots Kensington, vol. 6, pp. 121–2, 256–7; B. 10 July 1886, p. 54; D.S.R.

77. Pepperell, p. 21; P.O.D.; K.P.L., Kensington Valuation Book, 1911, and entry in information index.

78. K.P.L., Charity School Accounts, vol. 1,pp. 1–3.

79. Ibid., MSS. 2143–5.

80. Ibid., MS. 79.

81. Ibid., Charity School Minutes, 7, 9, 14, 21 May, 4 July 1711, 25 June 1712; Charity School Accounts, Vol. 1, pp. 77, 88–9.

82. Ibid., Charity School Minutes, 16 Sept. 1818.

83. The Gentleman's Magazine, vol. LXXXV, May 1815, p. 423.

84. K.P.L., MS. 2133; Charity School Minutes, 8 March, 12 April, 3 July 1804.

85. Ibid., Charity School Minutes, 15 Nov. 1815, 3, 27 April, 11 June 1817, 10 Feb. 1818.

86. Ibid., MSS. 1944, 2205; D.S.R.

87. K.P.L., Charity School Accounts, vol. 1, p. 119.

88. Playbills and newspaper cuttings in K.P.L.; playbills in possession of Dr. Stephen Pasmore; M.L.R. 1839/6/444; G.L.R.O.(L), C/84/ 101–5; M.C.S. 290, ff. 510a–12; N. M. Bligh, 'The Royal Kent Theatre, Kensington' in Theatre Notebook, vol. XIII, no. 4, 1959, pp. 124–8.

89. K.P.L., Vestry Minutes, 6 March 1851, and contract drawings for Vestry Hall; G.L.R.O. (L), M.B.O. 27, p. 267f, case 1,426; D.S.R.

90. K.P.L., 2446 (020/B.31), 2486c (020/B.40).

91. Kensington Vestry Annual Report, 1879–80, p. 30.

92. Ibid., 1877–8, pp. 46–7; K.P.L., MS. 1936.

93. B.N. 1877 Passim; B. 1876–7 passim; The Architect, 28 April 1877, p. 268.

94. Kensington Vestry Annual Reports, 1878–9, p. 27, 1879–80, pp. 30–1; B. 14 Aug. 1880, p. 201.

95. The Municipal Journal and London, 14 April 1899, p. 452.

96. K.P.L., Court Books of Abbots Kensington, vol. 1, passim.

97. G.L.R.O.(L), BRA 329/6; P.R.O., MPH 258; G.E.C.; D.N.B.

98. G.E.C.; P.R.O., C7/99/85.

99. M.L.R. 1736/5/231–2, 340–1; Dulwich College, Kensington deeds.

100. Survey of London, vol. XXXVI, 1970, p. 264.

101. Dulwich College, Kensington deeds.

102. M.L.R. 1737/3/535–6; Survey of London, vol. XXXIII, 1966, p. 61.

103. M.L.R. 1741/1/303–4.

104. Ibid., 1747/1/1.

105. Colvin.

106. Dulwich College, Kensington deeds; G.L.C. Members' Library, file 1259; Mendelssohn and his Friends in Kensington, ed. R. B. Gotch, 1934.

107. P.R.O., PROB 11/1810, f. 10, will of George Barker.

108. M.L.R. 1859/9/107–8; 1859/12/943.

109, Ibid., 1856/10/937–8; 1857/4/852–3; D.S.R.

110. M.L.R. 1863/14/929.

111. B. 23 Sept. 1865, p. 678.

112. B.A. 75180.

113. K.P.L., Vestry Works Committee, 15 Sept., 13 Oct., 10 Nov. 1865; M.L.R. 1867/2/365; 1869/26/720.

114. B.N. 31 Jan., 26 June 1868, pp. 85, 427.

115. P.R.O., census returns of 1971.

116. L.C.C. Minutes, 1953–62 passim.

117. D. N. B.

118. M. L. R. 1873/9/191; C. E. O., file 10504; D. S. R.; John C. Ballantyne, Origins of the Essex Church, Notting Hill Gate, London, [n.d.], (copy in K. P. L.).

119. M. L. R. 1863/2/722; K. P. L., Vestry Works Committee, 13 Sept. 1861; Pepperell, p. 44; P. O. D.

120. C. E. O., file 10504; The Architectural Review, vol. LX, pp. 66–73.

121. L. C. C. Theatres Committee Papers, Coronet Theatre, and Theatres and Music Halls Committee, 15 Nov. 1916; The Era, 26 Nov. 1898, p. 11, 3 Dec. 1898, p. 10; B. 15 Jan. 1898, pp. 61, 62; The Official Guide to the Royal Borough of Kensington [1917].

CHAPTER II (pp. 42–8)

The Sheffield House and Glebe Eastates

1. P.R.O., C54/1791, Cope to Coppin, and Chamberlain et al, to Coppin.

2. Ibid., C54/2165, no. 12.

3. Ibid., PROB 11/131, f. 24, 11/197, f. 141; Faulkner, p. 142.

4. M.L.R. 1723/1/333.

5. G.L.C. Print Collection, cuttings relating to the Sheffield family of Kensington.

6. M.L.R. 1744/3/245; K.P.L., Vestry Minutes, 3 Aug. 1759, 27 May 1767.

7. K.P.L., Vestry Minutes, 21 July 1791.

8. Faulkner, p. 298.

9. Dulwich College, Kensington deeds, surveyor's letter of 1 Sept. 1798; R.B.

10. P.R.O., PROB 11/1511, f. 268.

11. Ibid., PROB 11/1693, f. 685.

12. Guildhall Library, MS. 9531/11, f. 147.

13. K.P.L., Millington's Book, p. 21.

14. Ibid., MS. 1550.

15. Faulkner, p. 298; W. J. Loftie, Kensington Picturesque and Historical, 1888, pp. 174–5.

16. B. 13 April, 11 May 1872, pp. 281–2, 362, 20 Oct. 1877, p. 1052; B.N, 3 Aug. 1877, p. 100.

17. Tablet on building.

18. C.C., file 3583, pt. 1.

19. M.C.S. 298, ff. 398–9.

20. K.P.L., Vestry Sewers Committee, 10 July 1860.

21. Ibid., 14 Oct. 1856.

22. Ibid., MS. 2583.

23. P.R.O., census returns of 1861.

24. M.L.R. 1850/4/574; 1858/3/697.

25. Ibid., 1858/3/441–6.

26. Ibid., 1881/30/22; D.S.R.

27. M.L.R. 1850/4/574; 1858/11/301; 1858/15/ 342; 1869/28/596.

28. K.P.L., Vestry Works Committee, 1868–70 passim.

29. C.C., file 51854, pt. 5.

30. M.L.R. 1861/8/691–5; 1861/15/40–4.

31. C.C., file 51854, pt. 1.

32. Ibid., file P.G. 124.

33. Ibid., files 51854, pt. 5, 95766, pt. 2.

34. I.L.N. 29 Sept. 1855, p. 375.

35. C.E.O., file 10067.

36. St. Mary Abbots Parish Magazine, 1885–9 passim; B. 24 July 1886, p. 118; B.N. 23 July 1886, pp. 119–20, 11 March 1887, p. 353, 2 Nov. 1888, p. 591; R.I.B.A. Journal, third series, vol. iv, 1896–7, p. 360.

37. C.C., file 95770.

CHAPTER III (pp. 49–57)

The Pitt Estate

1. B.M., Add. Roll 59150.

2. P.R.O., C54/2313, no. 22.

3. G.E.C.

4. Ibid.; Journals of the House of Lords, vol. xi, p. 623.

5. P.R.O., SP 23/G. 183, pp. 79–80.

6. 14 Ch. II, c. 38, private.

7. K.P.L., MS. 3663; documents in the possession of Messrs. Gregory, Rowcliffe and Co.

8. K.P.L., MSS. 3663–8; M.L.R. 1712/5/26.

9. K.P.L., MSS. 3673–5, 3678–83.

10. Documents in the possession of Messrs. Gregory, Rowcliffe and Co.

11. K.P.L., Court Books of Abbots Kensington, vol. 5, pp. 136–40.

12. Ibid., Bullingham House, cuttings (F. 740).

13. P.R.O., K.B. 122/927, no. 73; M.L.R. 1712/5/ 26.

14. K.P.L., Kensington Turnpike Trust Minutes, 13 Feb. 1826.

15. A.P.S.D.

16. Documents in the possession of Messrs. Gregory, Rowcliffe and Co.; Colvin.

17. M.L.R. 1853/6/471; 1853/12/381.

18. Ibid., 1864/7/866.

19. Ibid., 1846–55 sub Pitt.

20. B. 21 Aug. 1847, p. 403.

21. M.L.R. 1846/4/541–8.

22. D.S.R.

23. Ibid.; M.L.R. 1850/9/119–24.

24. D.S.R.; M.L.R. 1847/3/73; 1847/7/319; P.R.O., census returns of 1851.

25. K.P.L., Vestry Works Committee, 3 Aug. 1866.

26. Douglas Goldring, South Lodge, 1943.

27. M. L. R. 1853/13/688; 1854/9/793; 1855/13; 185.

28. M. C. S. 294, f. 783.

29. M. L. R. 1855/2/179.

30. M. C. S. 291, f. 451a; 292, f. 246.

31. M. L. R. 1850/11/869–70.

32. P. R. O., census returns of 1851.

33. K. P. L., MS. 4463; P.R.O., census returns of 1851 and 1861.

34. K. P. L., Court Books of Abbots Kensington, vol. 6, pp. 68–70.

35. M. L. R. 1873/5/709; D. S. R.

36. M. L. R. 1871/23/1242–5; 1872/10/69–72; D. S. R.

37. M. L. R. 1872/15/790; 1873/6/682–3; 1873/7; 59–62; 1873/11/4–6; 1873/14/432; D. S. R.

38. M. L. R. 1872/4/9–11; D. S. R.

39. M. L. R. 1873/17/278; 1873/23/168–9; D. S. R.

40. M. L. R. 1877/26/107–9; 1877/36/331–2; 1878/ 16/103; D. S. R.

41. K. P. L., Court Books of Abbots Kensington, vol. 7, pp. 52–4; D. S. R.; documents in the possession of Messrs. Gregory, Rowcliffe and Co.

42. M. L. R. 1894/36/737–9, 752.

43. The Architectural Review, vol. XIX, 1906, pp. 207–8; K.P.L., K 66/102; Flats, Urban Houses and Cottage Homes, ed. W. Shaw Sparrow, [1907], p. 53.

44. L. C. C. Minutes, 2 Nov. 1948, p. 647, 14 May 1952, pp. 287–8, 3 Feb. 1953, p. 16.

45. P. R. O., C2/Eliz/C.24/33 (reference kindly supplied by Dr. Stephen Pasmore); K. P. L., Millington's Book, p. 22.

46. P. R. O., C54/1393, Barker to Cope.

47. Walpole Society, vol. 40, 1966 (The Book of Architecture of John Thorpe in Sir John Soane's Museum), p. 72, and further information kindly supplied by Sir John Summerson.

48. Faulkner, p. 308.

49. Notes and Queries, fifteenth series, vol. CXCII, 1947. pp. 244–8, 267–72.

50. [John Bowack], The Antiquities of Middlesex, part 1, 1705, p. 21.

51. M. L. R. 1854/10/517; Guildhall Library, MS. 8733/17; K. P. L., K 66/439.

52. I. L. N. 14 July 1855, p. 43.

53. Ibid., 29 March 1862, p. 309, 5 Sept. 1863, p. 234.

54. M. L. R. 1872/7/282; 1872/9/502.

55. G. L. R. O. (L), Acc. 64. 72; cutting in possession of G. L. C. Survey of London section.

56. B. A. 8794.

57. Daniel Lysons, The Environs of London, vol. III, 1795, p. 179.

58. P. R. O., MPH 258.

59. M. L. R. 1850/9/379; 1850/11/781.

60. K. P. L., Vestry Works Committee, 2 Dec. 1868, 24 Feb., 16 June 1869; P. O. D.

61. M. L. R. 1847/6/147; G. L. R. O.(L), M. B. O. 68, p. 272f.

62. Stuart Allen Smith, 'Alfred Water house', unpublished Ph. D. dissertation, University of London, 1970, pp. 72–4, 453–4; D. S. R.

63. B. N. 23 March 1877, p. 286.

CHAPTER IV (pp. 58–76)

The Phillimore Estate

1. W. P. W. Phillimore and Lord Phillimore, The Genealogy of the Family of Phillimore, 1922, p. 201.

2. P. R. O., PROB 11/509, f. 140.

3. Ibid., PROB 11/554, f. 204.

4. Ibid., PROB 6/107.

5. M. L. R. 1775/1/69–71; P. R. O., PROB 11/ 1056, f. 355.

6. M. L. R. 1798/2/821; K. P. L., Kensington Turnpike Trust Minutes, 12 May 1788.

7. Colvin.

8. M. L. R. 1789/1/287; 1812/8/424; R. B.

9. R. B.

10. M. L. R. 1789/4/421.

11. Ibid., 1791/9/217.

12. Ibid., 1789/2/194.

13. Ibid., 1789/9/219–20, 421–2; 1790/1/144; 1790/4/143.

14. Ibid., 1798/2/281.

15. Ibid., 1792/7/734.

16. Ibid., 1789–1812 sub William Phillimore.

17. K. P. L., MS. 127.

18. E.g. M. L. R. 1800/4/442; 1801/5/295, 598; 1802/2/247; 1803/6/516.

19. M. L. R. 1804/3/468.

20. The London Gazette, 11 Dec. 1813, p. 2503.

21. M. L. R. 1811/8/435; 1811/9/413–14; 1812/8/ 424.

22. Ibid., 1803/2/228–9.

23. Ibid., 1804/3/306; 1814/6/309.

24. Ibid., 1807/7/337–8; 1810/9/380–1; 1811/5/ 558; 1812/2/218–19, 318; 1814/6/309; 1815/4/597.

25. Ibid., 1797/4/964; 1814/5/503.

26. Ibid., 1818/4/510.

27. W. C. S. 179, p. 135; M. L. R. 1823/9/342; 1829/2/257.

28. M. L. R. 1792/8/189.

29. Ibid., 1812/3/818.

30. Ibid., 1822/6/677.

31. H. L. R. O., H. L. Committee Book, vol. 208, p.2.

32. M. L. R. 1817/3/718.

33. Ibid., 1809/1/238.

34- Ibid., 1812/6/602; 1815/4/556.

35. Ibid., 1827/3/387; 1827/6/410.

36. P. R. O., PROB 11/1756, f. 309.

37. Hermione Hobhouse, Thomas Cubitt Master Builder, 1971, pp. 213, 216, 228; P. O. D.

38. 25 and 26 Vict., c. 1, private.

39. Phillimore, Genealogy. . . ., p. 215.

40. K. P. L., MS. 579.

41. H. L. R. O., H. L. Committee Book, vol. 208, p. 15; B. 17 July 1858, p. 492.

42. I. L. N. 31 May 1856, p. 607.

43. M. L. R. 1857/13/873.

44. Ibid., 1856/9/778; 1856/10/102; 1858/2/914; 1858/10/529–30.

45. B. N. 15 July 1859, p. 659.

46. B. 3 March 1860, p. 144.

47. P. R. O., census returns of 1861.

48. M. L. R. 1864/14/161–3; K. P. L., MSS. 631–632, and Vestry Works Committee, 26 April 1861.

49. K. P. L., Vestry Sewers Committee, 20 April 1858, 25 Jan., 9 Aug., 20 Sept. 1859; Vestry Works Committee, 15 March 1861, 20 June, 12 Dec. 1862, 29 May 1863, 5 Feb. 1864.

50. P. O. D.

51. K. P. L., Vestry Sewers Committee, 14 June 1859.

52. Charles L. Eastlake, A History of the Gothic Revival, 1872, p. 395.

53. K. P. L., estate agent's prospectus of No. 15 Upper Phillimore Gardens; A.Trystan Edwards, Good and Bad Manners in Architecture, 1824, p. 138 and Figure 31 opposite.

54. M. L. R. 1869/11/685–712; K. P. L., MS. 639.

55. Elizabeth Aslin, The Aesthetic Movement, 1969, p. 114, and 'Luxuery and Refinement' in The Sphere, 6 Jan. 1962, pp. 28–30; Christopher Hussey, '18 Stafford Terrace, Kensington' in Country Life, 4 April 1952, pp.996–9.

56. M. L. R. 1870/23/857.

57. Ibid., 1872/7/26; 1873/23/256–7; 1874/2/ 323–8; D. S. R.

58. M. L. R. 1878/8/417.

59. W. Gordon Corfield, The Phillimore Estate, Campden Hill, 1961, p. 29.

60. M. L. R. 1881/33/121.

61. D. S. R

62. M. L. R. 1881/25/893–6; 1881/35/439–41; 1882/7/324–7; 1882/26/115; 1882/35/591–596; 1882/40/613.

63. Ibid., 1882/11/120–1; 1883/31/889–90.

64. Ibid., 1881/33/121.

65. Documents in the possession of Messrs. Frere, Cholmeley and Co.

66. Documents in the possession of Messrs. Chesterton and Sons; Corfield, op. cit., pp. 36–7.

67. D. N. B.

68. Phillimore, Genealogy. . ., p.216.

69. K. P. L., K64/246; Royal Borough of Kensington Council Minutes, 17 Feb. 1903, p. 162, 2 Aug. 1904, p. 393.

70. B. 23 March 1907, between pp. 368 and 369.

71. B.R. 34950.

72. M. L. R. 1930/57/163.

73. Recent English Domestic Architecture, ed. Ernest and W. G. Newton, [n. d.]. vol. vi, pp. 96–7.

74. B. A. 41058; D. N. B.

75. B. A. 40435.

76. The Architect and Building News, 28 Sept. 1934, PP. 375–9.

77. The Morning Post, 5 May 1932.

78. L. C. C. Minuted, 2 Nov. 1948, p. 647, 4 Dec. 1951, p. 733.

79. Royal Borough of Kensington Council Minutes, 12 Feb. 1946, pp. 70–2, 80.

80. M. L. R. 1794/5/622; D. N. B.

81. Pepperell, pp. 42–3.

81. G. L. R. O. (L), M. B. O. 16, p. 403f., case 107.

83. John Stoughton, Congregationalism in the Old Court Suburb, 1883, pp. 80, 84–4.

84. W. T. Whitley, The Baptists of London, 1612–1928, [n. d.], p. 184.

85. Faulkner, p. 319; R. B.

86. Reports of the British and Foreign School Society, 1835, p. 53, 1837, pp. 62–3.

87. M. L. R. 1813/3/651.

88. Souvenir Brochure of the Solemn Opening of Our Lady of Victories, 1959; Catholic directories in Archbishop's House, Westminster.

89. R. B.; M. L. R. 1814/7/104; 1817/1/589, 612; 1817/8/215.

90. R. B.; Burke's Peerage; The Aristocracy of London, Part I, Kensington, 1863 (R. M. pressmark P. P.2505.ae); P. O. D.

91. M. L. R. 1813/4/181–2; 1817/1/587–8, 650–1.

92. P. R. O., PROB 11/2146, f. 85.

93. M. L. R. 1833/7/34.

94. T.Mackay, The Life of Sir John Fowler, 1900, p. 321.

95. Sir George Otto Trevelyan, The Life and Letters of Lord Macaulay, 1876, vol. 11, pp. 332, 334, 405–6.

96. G.L.C. Members' Library, file 332.

97. R.B.; D.N.B.

98. Bedford Estate Office, abstract book no. 3, Middlesex bundle 16, no. 3.

99. B.M., Add. MS. 51748, letter of 28 May 1823.

100. Bedford Estate Office, volume of designs for Bedford Lodge by (Sir) Jeffry Wyatt (Wyatville).

101. I.L.N. 25 July 1846, p. 60.

102. Phillimore, Genealogy. . ., p. 261.

103. B.A. 69888.

104. M.L.R. 1817/4/251; D.N.B.

105. G.L.C. Map Collection.

106. Information kindly supplied by Mr. G. C. Berry, archivist to the Metropolitan Water Board.

107. M. L. R. 1817/1/651; R. B.

108. M. L. R. 1829/7/745; P. R. O., census returns of 1861.

109. Metropolitan Water Board, assignment of 25 Jan. 1869 from E. Stone to Grand Junction Water Works Co.

110. P. O. D.; D. N. B.; The Architectural Review, vol. 1, 1897, p. 82.

111. Burke's Peerage.

112. Ian Colquhoun, 'Montagu Norman designer' in Design, No. 71, Nov. 1954; Sir Henry Clay. Lord Norman, 1957, pp. 60–2.

113. L. C. C. Minutes, 6 Nov, 1956, p. 629.

114. M. L. R. 1817/1/613; R. B.; P. R. O., PROB 11/1600, f. 48.

115. Corfield, op. cit., pp. 21–2.

116. M. L. R. 1836/7/29.

117. R. B.; D. N. B.; G. E. C.; The Aristocracy of London (see ref. 90 above).

118. R. B.; M. L. R. 1836/7/27.

119. p.p., Eighteenth Report of the Commissioners of Inquiry into the Excise Establishment, 1836, vol. xxvi, p. 158.

120. British Transport Historical Records, WLR 1/11, pp. 132, 160; The Aristocracy of London (see ref. 90 above).

121. B. 29 April 1865, p. 303.

122. D. N. B.; P. O. D.; The Memoirs of Herbert Hoover: Years of Adventure 1874–1920, 1952, pp. 76–7, 122, 128–9, 212.

123. W. J. Lottie, Kensington Picturesque and Historical, 1888, p. 263.

124. The Aristocracy of London (see ref. 90 above).

125. M. L. R. 1880/25/111–15; 1885/9/964–70; G. L. C. Members' Library, sale prospectus of The Abbey, 1889.

126. G. L. C. Members' Library, The Abbey, ut supra, p. 3; P. O. D.; D. S. R.

127. M. L. R. 1930/57/163; B. A. 40815; The Architectural Review, vol. xi., 1916, pp. 13–17.

128. F. J. C. Hearnshaw, The Centenary History of King's College London 1828–1928, 1929, pp. 312–18, 438–42, 455–7, 489–509; Victorid County History of Middlesex, vol. 1, 1969, p. 353; St. Mary Abbots Parish Magazine, 1882, p. 113.

129. L. C. C. Minutes, 30 March 1954, p. 159; The Architect and Building News, 2 Dec. 1959, pp. 553–61.

130. Information in K. P. L.; The Daily Telegraph, 26 Jan. 1959.

131. M. L. R. 1827/3/387.

132. Ibid., 1729/6/318; 1730/1/186.

133. D. N. B.; K. P. L., MS. 2226; E, Walford, Old and New London, 1897, vol. v, pp. 130–2; The Times, 22 Dec. 1842.

134. M. L. R. 1871/5/212; 1871/10/624–5.

135. Ibid., 1874/10/228; 1875/4/911–14; 1875/5/ 211–13; 1876/2/453; 1876/6/946–7; 1876/ 24/247–8; 1877/2/911; 1879/28/130; D. S. R.

136. M. L. R. 1877/30/592; 1880/6/67–8, 233–4; 1880/20/75–6; 1880/23/248; 1886/18/507.

137. B. 4 Jan. 1902, p. 12; D. S. R.

138. M. L. R. 1827/6/410; 1840/9/134; P. O. D.

139. M. L. R. 1845/7/354; P. R. O., PROb 11/2004, f. 697; P. O. D.

140. G. L. C. Members' LIbrary, file 1301.

CHAPTER V (pp. 77–86)

Bedford Gardens to Uxbridge Street: The Racks

1. M. L. R. 1775/1/69–71; P. R. O., PROB 11/ 1056, f. 355.

2. W. P. W. Phillimore and Lord Phillimore, The Genealogy of the Family of Phillimore, 1922, pp. 221–2.

3. M. L. R. 1809/3/349–50; 1809/ 4/192–7.

4. Ibid., 1811/6/21–6.

5. Ibid., 1857/8/130–2.

6. P. R. O. PROB 11/1670, f. 267; Boase.

7. G. L. R. O.(M), Acc. 891/2/6/1716–17.

8. M. L. R. 1823/1/301.

9. G. L. R. O. (M), Acc. 891/2/6/1719–20.

10. M. L. R. O. (M), Acc. 891/2/6/1719–20. 10. M. L. R. 1823/1/302.

11. Ibid., 1824/2/413.

12. K. P. L. MSS. 182–4, 190, 277–8.

13. P. O. D.

14. M. L. R. 1831/5/278.

15. Ibid., 1824/9/733–8.

16. Ibid., 1824–8 sub Bromley.

17. Ibid., 1830/7/442.

18. P. R. O., PROB 11/1765, f. 34.

19. R. B.

20. M. L. R. 1832/1/37–8.

21. Ibid., 1827/2/122.

22. Ibid., 1833/1/47–50; P. O. D.

23. Gwen Hart, A History of Cheltenham, 1965, pp. 182, 185, 191, 199, 274, 309; Colvin; Robson's London Directory, 1835, 1836.

24. M. L. R. 1835/4/317–30; 1835/5/493; 1835/8/ 542.

25. Colvin.

26. K. P. L., 2204f (KE 70/300).

27. B. R. 124720.

28. B. N. 4 May 1883, p. 588; D. S. R.

29. M. L. R. 1872/19/686; D. S. R.

30. M. L. R. 1849/10/883–4; 1851/3/874; 1851/10/ 450–1; D. S. R.; M. C. S. 292, f. 297, and 293, f.5.

31. P. R. O., PROB 11/2123, f. 864.

32. B. A. 41421; B. 7 May 1948, p. 564; K. P. L., prospectus of the Byam Shaw School.

33. M. L. R. 1824/10/422; P. O. D.

34. M. L. R. 1823–5 sub Punter.

35. Ibid., 1823/10/824; 1824/6/73, 309; 1825/1/ 666; 1827/9/686.

36. Ibid., 1823/10/823; P. O. D.

37. M. L. R. 1824/10/422.

38. Ibid., 1824/4/366; 1826/10/596

39. Ibid., 1828/4/474.

40. W. C. S. P/31/985.

41. M. L. R. 1824/3/163; 1825/2/331–2; 1825/7/ 319; 1825/13/782; 1829/2/578.

42. Ibid., 1835/2/254.

43. W. C. S. 74, pp. 421–4.

44. K. P. L., Vestry Sewers Committee, 16 Dec. 1856.

45. M. L. R. 1876/2/556; 1876/21/171; 1879/20/ 154; B. 11, 25 Aug. 1877, pp. 822, 868; D. S. R.

46. M. L. R. 1876/2/556; 1876/20/946; 1877/22/ 23; D. N. B.

47. M. L. R. 1824/2/73; 1824/7/677; 1826/1/378–380; 1826/8/69–72; 1827/1/263.

48.Ibid., 1826/8/410.

49.Ibid., 1876/13/295–6.

50. B. N. 28 June 1878, p. 648.

51. M. D. Con way, Travels in South Kensington, 1882, p. 182.

52. G. L. R. O.(M), Acc. 891/2/3/235 and 891/2/6/ 1718.

53. M. L. R. 1824/11/717; 1826/6/8–9.

54. Metropolitan Water Board, Minutes of West Middlesex Water Works Co., 9 Aug., 6 Dec. 1808, 7 Nov. 1809.

55. Ibid., 2 Aug., 28 Sept., 6 Nov. 1810; M. L. R. 1810/8/107.

56. Metropolitan Water Board, conveyance of 15 May 1928 to F. and P. Vandervell, Ltd.

57. Ibid., conveyance of 7 Nov. 1924 to L. C. C.; M. L. R. 1842/6/595: Endowed Charities (London), vol. IV, 1901, pp. 471–2; L. C. C. Education Committee Minutes, 18 July 1934, 6 Nov. 1935, and Education Services Information, 1939.

58. Metropolitan Water Board, Minutes of W. M. W. W. C., 1 July, 2, 23 Aug., 20 Nov. 1825, 19 Sept. 1826; M. L. R. 1825/13/416, 525; 1830/7/573; 1835/5/245–6.

59. K. P. L., K 66/72.

60. B. R. 53476.

61. Endowed Charities (London), vol. IV, 1901, pp. 473—4; K. P. L., MS. 1764; Charity School Minutes, 5, 23 Nov., 4 Dec. 1838, 3 Jan., 7 Nov. 1839; L. C. C. Education Bulletin, No. 536, 5 Dec. 1962, item 13.

62. The Times, 1 Jan. 1849; M. L. R. 1829/5/621.

63. M. L. R. 1824/1/512.

64. W. C. S. P/21/681.

65. Ibid., 180, pp. 231, 254.

66. M. L. R. 1829/5/621.

67. I. L. N. 15 Nov. 1845, p. 320.

68. M. L. R. 1840/3/414; 1840/8/848.

69. P. R. O., PROB 11/2089, f. 199.

70. M. L. R. 1851/9/668.

71. Ibid., 1850/8/938; 1850/9/858—60.

72. M. C. S. 291, ff. 588—90; 292, ff. 164—5, 204, 206.

73. M. L. R. 1852/15/81—6; M. C. S. 298, ff. 5—6a.

74. M. L. R. 1850—9 sub William Johnson; D. S. R.

75. M. L. R. 1855/13/1.

76. Henry May hew, The Shops and Companies of London, 1865 (B.M. pressmark 1802.a.18), pp. 152—3.

77. K. P. L., K 62/431 (286 HIL/A).

78. The Kensington News, 26 Jan. 1900.

79. D. S. R.

80. Maurice Webb, Architecture in Britain Today, 1969, pp. 113—14, 251; B. A. 106187.

81. M. L. R. 1825/6/722; Pepperell, p. 54.

82. M. L. R. 1852/4/508; G. L. R. O. (L), M. B. O. 28, p. 206; Pepperell, p. 54; K. P. L., K 62/431 (286 HIL/A); W. T. Whitley, The Baptists of London, 1612—1928, [n.d.], p. 172; P. O. D.

CHAPTER VI (pp. 87—100)

Campden Hill Square Area

1. Hertfordshire Record Office, records 12335—7, 14474.

2. Ibid., 12340, 14474; M. L. R. 1750/2/206—7.

3. The Gentleman's Magazine, vol. XIV, Feb. 1744, p. 109.

4. P. R. O., PROB 11/1263, f. 460; G. E. C.

5. M. L. R. 1819/4/418.

6. K. P. L., Court Books of Abbots Kensington, vol. 3, pp. 93—8.

7. Ibid., vol. 1, pp. 246—7; M. L. R. 1830/7/1.

8. M. L. R. 1821/1/469.

9. Faulkner, p. 428.

10. M. L. R. 1823/5/292—3.

11. Ibid., 1736/4/513; K. P. L., Local 58/5630, Assessment Book 1683—1728.

12. Benjamin Allen, The Natural History of the Chalybeat and Purging Waters of England, 1699, pp. 129—32.

13. [John Bowack], The Antiquities of Middlesex, part 1, 1705, p. 20.

14. M. L. R. 1736/4/513.

15. Ibid., 1744/2/241; 1750/2/206—7.

16. R. B.

17. The Letters and Journals of Lady Mary Coke, [ed. James A. Home], 1889—96, vol. 11, pp. 45, 188, 221, 284, 294, 399, 111, pp. 11. 114, 118, 439, IV, pp. 439—40; Colvin.

18. Florence M. Gladstone, Aubrey House Kensington 1698—1920, 1922, pp. 28—34.

19. M. L. R. 1827/6/2.

20. Gladstone, Aubrey House . . ., pp. 36—8; R. B.

21. P. R. O., PROB 11/2146, f. 85.

22. M. L. R. 1859/10/601.

23. Ibid., 1860/7/324; Gladstone, Aubrey House. . ., p. 44.

24. M. L. R. 1863/19/221.

25. D. N. B.; Lousia M. Alcott, Shawl-Straps, 1873, pp. 281—2; Gladstone, Aubrey House . . ., pp. 45—8.

26. M. L. R. 1873/18/880.

27. G. L. C. Members' Library, file 1303.

28. Antony Dale, Fashionable Brighton, 1820—1860, 1947, pp. 41—4.

29. W. C. S. P/20/665.

30. Ibid., 180, pp. 130, 243—5.

31. R. B.; M. L. R. 1830/8/162.

32. K. P. L., MS. 655; M. L. R. 1826/8/46; 1834/3/409; W.C.S. 180, p. 243.

33. M. L. R. 1827/6/1; 1828/6/665.

34. Ibid., 1830/8/162; P. R. O., PROB 11/1804, f. 516.

35. M. L. R. 1839/8/778, 1839/9/158—9, 827; title deeds of No. 52 Campden Hill Square inspected by kind permission of Rt. Hon. Hugh and Lady Antonia Fraser.

36. F..g. M. L. R. 1845/8/520.

37. P. R. O., PROB 11/1804, f. 516.

38. M. L. R. 1831/4/701; 1833/3/288.

39. Ibid., 1838/1/35; 1838/3/214; 1840/4/100—1; 1841/3/266—9; 1849/8/720.

40. E.g. M. L. R. 1841/3/270—1; 1841/7/879; 1849/ 8/720.

41. M. L. R. 1837/6/756; 1839/7/258; 1839/9/338.

42. Ibid., 1851/6/386.

43. B. 1 Oct. 1887, p. 482; D. S. R.

44. B. A. 13415.

45. M. L. R. 1827/7/541; 1830/2/487; 1832/6/644; 1834/2/217—18; 1838/1/35; 1838/3/214; 1841/3/266—9; 1849/8/720; 1851/6/386; W. C. S. 181, p. 298.

46. M. L. R. 1827/7/541; 1830/1/773; 1830/2/487.

47. K. P. L., MS. 413; Campden Hill Square Garden Committee, Minute books.

48. M. L. R. 1830/1/807.

49. K. P. L., prospectus of Linton House School, 1922; D. S. R.

50. B. R. 10836.

51. M. L. R. 1830/9/253.

52. Ibid., 1826/8/46.

53. Ibid., 1841/8/457.

54. P. R. O., PROB 11/6986, f. 699.

55. R. I. B. A. Library, Wyatt papers.

56. M. L. R. 1843/9/411—12; 1844/4/631—2; 1844/ 6/342—3; W. C. S. P/43/1399; R. B.

57. B. A. 40325.

58. K. P. L., Vestry Works Committee, 7 June 1861; M. L. R. 1863/9/651.

59. M. L. R. 1854/14/362; D. S. R.; D. N. B.

60. E/HOL, first lease book, pp. 240—1; K. P. L., Vestry Works Committee, 1 May 1863.

61. M. L. R. 1826/11/349; 1829/7/445; R. B.

62. M. L. R. 1829/7/177—8.

63. D. S. R.

64. The British Architect, 28 Nov. 1902, pp. 381, 385.

65. M. L. R. 1839/7/258; R. B.; W. C. S. 78, p. 275, P/38/1194.

66. M. L. R. 1821/2/401.

67. P. R. O., PROB 11/1881, f. 516.

68. W. C. S. P/41/1339.

69. M. L. R. 1844/2/210—12.

70. Ibid., 1847/8/21; 1849/2/744; 1854/2/645.

71. A. P. S. D.; B. N. 10 Nov. 1871, pp. 347—8.

72. P. O. D.

73. M. L. R. 1852/14/869; D. S. R.; M. C. S. 293, f. 108.

74. M. L. R. 1862/14/131—4.

75. Ibid., 1821/1/336—7; K. P. L., Court Books of Abbots Kenisgton, vol. 3, pp. 115—17; R. B.

76. M. L. R. 1828/6/711—12.

77. K. P. L., Vestry Works Committee, 3 Aug. 1869.

78. M. L. R. 1870/13/185.

79. K. P. L., Vestry Minutes, 19 Jan., 166, 30 March 1870.

80. M. L. R. 1870/17/41; K. P. L., Vestry Works Committee, 18 July 1870.

81. M. L. R. 1870/21/488—90; 1870/23/952—4; K. P. L., Vestry Works Committee, 13 July, 5 Oct. 1870.

82. M. L. R. 1871/10/676—9; 1871/14/262—5, 921—2.

83. Ibid. 1874/12/536.

84. B. 1 April 1871, p. 252; P. O. D.

85. M. L. R. 1872/5/293—6; 1872/6/60; 1872/17/ 837—9; 1872/23/1021—3; D. S. R.

86. M. L. R. 1863/22/764; C. C., files 26966, 28273.

87. B. N. 29 Jan., 22 July, 30 Sept. 1864, pp. 85, 560, 726.

88. I. L. N. 26 Nov. 1864, p. 527; C. C., file 26966.

89. C. C., file 28273; information kindly supplied by Mr. R. B. Craze.

90. Pepperell, pp. 33—4.

91. B. 4 April 1885, p. 499.

92. M. L. R. 1820/3/590, 683; 1820/7/686.

93. Ibid., 1843/6/904; Metropolitan Water Board, Minutes of Grand Junction Water Works Co., 10 May, 7 June 1843, 23 April 1845; information kindly supplied by Mr. G. C. Berry.

94. Minutes of the Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers, vol. CXXIII, p. 434.

95. The British Almanac for 1858. Companion, p. 129; B. N. 26 June 1857, p. 665, 5 Feb. 1858, p. 124.

96. M.L.R. 1866/19/12; Metropolitan Water Board, Minutes of G. J. W. W. C., 19 Feb., 1 April, 20 May 1868, 1 Dec. 1869, conveyance of 25 April 1868 from C. Magniac to G. J. W. W. C.

CHAPTER VII (pp. 101—50)

The Holland Estate

1. 8 Geo. III, c. 32, local; G. E. C.; K. P. L., MS. 2804.

2. B. M., Add. MS. 51418, letter of 17 June 1746.

3. M. L. R. 1749/1/449.

4. P. R. O., C13/1619/27.

5. The History of Parliament. The House of Commons 1715—1754, 1970, vol. 11, p. 5.

6. 8 Geo. III, c. 32, local; E/HOL, documents relating to sale of Holland estate, 1767—8.

7. B. M., Add. MS. 51409, accounts for 1767—8.

8. Ibid., Crace Collection, Views portfolio XXXVI, sheet 45.

9. E/HOL, lease of 1 June 1758 to W. Bowles.

10. G. L. C. Map Collection.

11. P. R. O., E214/322 and 796; D. N. B.

12. G. E. C.; P. R. O., C13/1619/27; E/HOL, bargain and sale of 6 May 1823.

13. B. M., Add. MS. 51748, letter of 11 April 1823.

14. Ibid., Add. MS. 51815, accounts for 1822.

15. Ibid., Add. MS. 51748, letter of 13 May 1823.

16. Ibid., Add. MS. 51749, letter of 27 Aug. 1824.

17. Ibid., Add. MS. 51766, letter of 5 Jan. [1827].

18. Ibid., Add. MS. 51763, letter of 7 Feb. 1824.

19. Boase; Coutts' Bank, accounts of Lord Holland, 1829—30; G. L. R. O.(L), T. A. 9.

20. M. L. R. 1828/1/794; Colvin; Survey of London, vol. XXIII, 1951, p. 42, vol. XXIX, 1960, pp. 380—1; P.P., Report from the Select Committee on the Office of Works and Public Buildings, 1828, vol. IV, p. 400.

21. M. B. W. 213.

22. P. R. O., B4/48, H. 251.

23. B. M., Add. MS. 51812, letter of 18 March

24. Survey of London, vol. XXVI, 1956, pp. 112, 113.

25. W. C. S. 180, pp. 93—4; B. M., Add. MS. 51815, accounts for 1826.

26. W. C. S. 179, pp. 105—6, 108, 219; 180, pp. 93—94, 214—15; 182, pp. 20, 190—1; 185, p. 76.

27. B. M., Add. MS. 51763, letter of 7 Oct. [1823].

28. W. C. S. P/18/598.

29. Ibid., 68, pp. 143—5.

30. B. M., Add. MS. 51749, letter of 24 Sept. 1824.

31. Ibid., Add. MS. 51764, letter of [? 23 July 1824].

32. Ibid., Add. MS. 51815, accounts for 1826.

33. E/HOL, leases of 1 March 1824 to J. A. Snee and N. P. Rothery; P. O. D.

34. Survey of London, vol. XXVI, 1956, pp. 113, 114.

35. M. L. R. 1852/3/746.

36. R. B.

37. M. L. R. 1852/3/747.

38. E/HOL, lease of 5 July 1825 to W. Woods.

39. W. C. S. 191, pp. 131—2.

40. Survey of London, vol. XXVI, 1956, p. 109; K. P. L., Court Books of Abbots Kensington, vol. 3, p. 210.

41. M. L. R. 1852/3/750; G. L. R. O. (L), T. A.9.

42. D. N. B.

43. B. M., Add. MS. 51749, letter of 18 Sept. 1826.

Ibid., Add. MS. 52058, letters of 30 March, 13 April 1827.

44. Ibid., Add. MS. 52058, letters of 30 March, 13 April 1827.

45. M. L. R. 1842/2/215—20.

46. Ibid., 1842/5/683; W. C. S. P/39' 1243; B. M., Add. MS. 51788, letters of Aug.-Sept. 1839.

47. B. M., Add. MS. 51812, letter of 30 Sept. 1839.

48. M. L. R. 1832/1/351—3, 366—8; 1835/4/301—2; 1836/2/333; 1836/4/400; 1838/3/312; 1846/ 10/715; 1847/3/368.

49. W. C. S. 188, p. 128; 191, p. 57.

50. G. L. C. Historic Buildings Division, file 445; R. B.

51. M. L. R. 1829/10/402; W. C. S. 185, p. 27.

52. M. L. R. 1852/3/749.

53. M. L. R. 1826/1/693; 1829/2/483; 1835/5/ 598—9; R. B.

54. E. J. Willson, James Lee and the Vineyard Nursery Hammersmith, 1961; E/HOL, lease of 6 Jan. 1816 to J. Lee and J. Kennedy; G. L. R. O. (M), MR/UP/73D; R. B.

55. B. M., Add. MSS. 51812, letter of 25 Nov. 1823, 51815, Harrison's proposals [1823].

56. M. L. R. 1826/4/109.

57. B. M., Add. MS. 51749, letter of 24 Sept. 1824; M. L. R. 1824/12/668.

58. M. L. R. 1825/13/814; 1827/3/352; 1829/3/ 676; E/HOL, leases of houses in Holland Place.

59. E/HOL, leases of houses in St. Mary Abbots Terrace.

60. W. C. S. 179, p. 219.

61. K. P. L., postcards nos. 221 and 258, portfolio C(37).

62. E/HOL, leases of 1 Sept. 1825 to A. Unthank.

63. M. L. R. 1837/5/94.

64. K. P. L., 1423e (KE 70/273).

65. J. Parry Lewis, Building Cycles and Britain's Growth, 1965, pp. 32—8.

66. B. M., Add. MS 51765, letter of 16 Dec. [1825].

67. Coutts' Bank, accounts of Lord Holland, 1825—1826.

68. B. M., Add. MS. 51766, letter of 5 Jan. [1826].

69. Ibid., letter of 18 Jan. [1826].

70. Ibid., letter of 19 Dec. [1826].

71. Ibid., Add. MS. 51771, letter of 4 Jan. 1833.

72. Ibid., Add. MS. 51749, letter of 3 Oct. 1826.

73. Ibid., Add. MS. 51750, letter of 31 July [1827].

74. G. L. R. O.(M), MR/UP/149.

75. B. M., Add. MS. 51815, draft memorandum on railway by Lord Holland.

76. P. R. O., C13/1582, Holland v. Birmingham, Bristol and Thames Junction Railway Co.

77. 6 Wm. IV, c. 79, local.

78. B. M., Add. MS. 51793, p. 122.

79. British Transport Historical Records, GEN 3/97 and WLR 1/7, p. 192; 1/9, pp. 99, 166; 1/10, pp. 85, 179; 1/11, pp. 7, 143; M. L. R. 1845/4/229; 1846/9/683—4; 3 and 4 Vict., c. 105, local.

80. W. C. S. 77, pp. 168—73, 338—40, 472; 190, pp. 168—76, 237—46; 192, p. 36; P/36/1121; P/37/1165.

81. British Transport Historical Records, WLR 1/7, p. 82.

82. P. R. O., PROB 11/1941, f. 108.

83. D. N. B.; Earl of Ilchester, Chronicles of Holland House 1820—1900, 1937, p. 248.

84. B. M., Add. MS. 51775, letter of 5 April 1841; British Transport Historical Records, WLR 1/7, pp. 180, 203; W.C.S. 77, p. 339; Colvin.

85. B. M., Add. MS. 52064, draft letter of [April 1841].

86. Ibid., Add. MS 51775, letter of 5 April 1841.

87. Ibid., Add. MS. 52034, letter of 8 July 1845.

88. M. L. R. 1840/2/422; 1843/5/286—7; R. B.

89. M. L. R. 1846/5/15; R. B.

90. E/HOL, leases of 21 Dec. 1849 and 27 Dec. 1850 to T. Moore; R. B.; M. L. R. 1845/7/ 821; 1846/4/17.

91. M. C. S. 290, f. 534.

92. B. N. 4 Sept. 1857, p. 931.

93. M. L. R. 1849/1/622.

94. R. I. B. A. Transactions, first series, vol. XXXII, 1881—2, p. 59; Ilchester, Chronicles . . ., pp. 368—70.

95. E/HOL, grant of annuity dated 22 Aug. 1860 to J. H. Browne.

96. Ibid., agreement of 7 Feb. 1849 with G. H. Goddard.

97. M. L. R. 1849/6/943.

98. D. S. R.

99. E/HOL, folio volume containing miscellaneous items, pp. 3—7.

100. M. C. S. 292, f. 475; 293, ff. 164—7.

101. Ibid., 292, f. 352; M. L. R. 1850/6/785; 1851/8/6; D. S. R.

102. M. L. R. 1855/15/504—5; 1856/8/455; 1856/13/ 24—5; 1857/2/69; M. C. S. 298, ff. 591, 647; D. N. B.

103. M. L. R. 1855/14/22—5; M. C. S. 298, f. 636; B. 4 Feb. 1882, p. 149; C. C., file 29182.

104. M. L. R. 1852/12/33—4; 1852/15/180—1; 1853/ 11/523—4; 1854/7/673—4; 1856/9/681—2; D. S. R.; R. B.

105. E/HOL, leases of 1 March 1862 to W. Reed.

106. M. L. R. 1856/9/683—4; 1857/3/800—1; K. P. L., Vestry Sewers Committee, 14 Oct. 1856; R. B.

107. P. R. O., C16/392/69, answer of H. S. Stephens, pp. 2—9.

108. M. L. R. 1853/3/376; 1856/10/459—60.

109. Ibid., 1853/11/1047; R. B.

110. M. L. R. 1853—8, Lord Holland to Hall; E/HOL, leases of houses in Addison Road.

111. M. L. R. 1852/1/578; 1855/6/151; 1858/13/950.

112. Ibid., 1860/4/392.

113. Ibid., 1857/3/798—9; K. P. L., Vestry Works Committee, 28 Sept. 1866.

114. M. L. R. 1857—9, Lord Holland to Hall.

115. Ibid., 1858/15/849.

116. R. B.; D. N. B.; Alexander C. Ionides Jnr., Ion. A Grandfather's Tale, 1927, p. 15; Victoria and Albert Museum, Dept. of Prints and Drawings, E. 104—5 (pressmark A. 166).

117. M. L. R. 1853—60 sub Hall; P. R. O., C16/392/ 69, answer of H. S. Stephens, p. 16; C31/ 2072/2405, pp. 5, 12—13; E/HOL, mortgage of 8 Oct. 1858, Hall to W. J. Dawson.

118. P. R. O., C31/2072/2405, pp. 18—20; C16/392/ 69, bill of complaint of S. Boydell, pp. 5—15.

119. M. L. R. 1860/16/641; P. O. D.

120. Documents in the possession of Messrs. Fladgate and Co.; P. O. D.

121. M. L. R. 1860/16/796, 988—9; 1860/17/4—6, 77, 427; P. R. O., C16/392/69, bill of complaint, pp. 16, 18, answer, pp. 10—15.

122. The Times, 30 June 1865.

123. P. R. O., C16/373/91; C16/392/69; C16/557/ 243; C16/579/92.

124. Ibid., C33/1138, pp. 853—4.

125. K. P. L., MSS. 692—707; B. N. 16 April 1869, p. VII, 21 May 1869, p. 472.

126. M.L.R. 1855/6/922—4; 1855/7/376—80.

127. E/HOL, agreement of 1 July 1851 with W. Scott; M. L. R. 1856/11/727—42; 1858/10/ 289—305; R. B.

128. M. L. R. 1854/11/743—5; D. S. R.; R. B.

129. M. L. R. 1858/10/45—50; 1858/13/697—9; 1858/ 14/444—6, 551—3; 1859/8/412—15, 607—10.

130. E/HOL, conveyance of 27 July 1861 to London and North Western Railway Co.

131. British Transport Historical Records, GEN 3/97, pp. 44—5, 48, 52—3; T. C. Barker and Michael Robbins, A History of London Transport, vol. 1, 1963, p. 205.

132. P. O. D.

133. E/HOL, agreement of 13 Nov. 1862 with C. Chambers; K. P. L., Vestry Works Committee, 30 Oct. 1863.

134. E/HOL, second lease book, pp. 316—95; estate map of 1910.

135. K. P. L., MS. 269.

136. E/HOL, conveyance of 1 Sept. 1870, to C. Chambers and H. J. Bartley.

137. Ilchester, Chronicles . . ., p. 431.

138. K. P. L., Vestry Works Committee, 1863—70 passim; M. L. R. 1872/1/667—8.

139. E/HOL, leases of 1870 and 1871 to T. Snowdon, W. Lethbridge and J. H.Adams; M. B. W. 1788, nos. 1995, 2015, 2277; D. S. R.

140. St. John's Building Committee Minute Book; C. C., file 36133; B. 18 May 1872, p. 394.

141. E/HOL, conveyance of 14 Dec. 1871 to J. Beattie and H. Dowding; D. S. R.

142. E/HOL, conveyance of 31 Dec. 1871 to Beattie and Dowding; D. S. R.; K. P. L.; K 64/153.

143. E/HOL, agreements of 22 Aug., 8 Dec. 1859, 12 Sept. 1861 and 11 Feb. 1864 with W. and F. Radford.

144. M. L. R. 1860/16/732; D. S. R.; P. O. D.

145. Conveyances of houses in Holland Park and Holland Park Mews in the possession of Messrs. Fladgate and Co.

146. [W. S. Clarke], The Suburban Homes of London, 1881, pp. 286—7; B. 13 June 1891, p. 479.

147. The Kensington News, 12 Jan. 1900.

148. P. O. D.; D. N. B.; Boase.

149. B. 29 May 1942, p. 467.

150. G. L. C., Legal and Parliamentary Dept. deeds, docket nos. 10528—9, Historic Buildings Division, file 869; P. O. D.; Ionides Family Tree, compiled by D. B. [Dorothea, Lady Butterworth] (B. M. pressmark 9920.d.30); Alexander C. Ionides Jnr., op. cit., passim; Gleeson White, 'An Epoch-Making House' in The Studio, vol. xii, 1898, pp. 102—21; Elizabeth Aslin, The Aesthetic Movement, 1969, pp. 93—4.

151. M. S. Watts, George Frederic Watts, 1912, vol. 1, pp. 47—8, 198—200; Mrs. Russell Barrington, The Life, Letters and Work of Frederic Leighton, 1906, vol. H, p. 67.

152. E/HOL, documents relating to dispute over Holland Walk; The Times. 1 June 1891; K. P. L., Vestry Minutes, 7 June 1871.

153. M. L. R. 1862/18/360.

154. B. M., Add. MS. 52152, letter of 10 April [1873] with enclosure.

155. Ibid., Add. MS. 52120, letters of 27 Feb. and 18 May 1873.

156. Conveyance of 17 Jan. 1874 to Earl of Ilchester in the possession of Messrs. Fladgate and Co.

157. B. M., Add. MS. 52120, letter of 18 April 1873.

158. Ibid., Add. MS. 52152, letters of [18 Oct. 1874] and 16 June [? 1876].

159. M. S. Watts, op. cit., vol. 1, pp. 281, 290.

160. E/HOL, leases of 20 July 1876, 31 Jan. 1877 to G. Martin; leases of 7 Nov., 26 Dec. 1876, 21—22 Aug. 1877 to W. Turner; D.S.R.; G. L. C. Members' Library, file 286.

161. E/HOL, lease cited in licence of 20 June 1935 to C. J. Harman; D. S. R.

162. E/HOL, second lease book, pp. 428—33; D. S. R.

163. E/HOL, lease of 18 March 1854 to E. C. Tisdall and E. Tunks.

164. Ibid., lease of 20 Aug. 1859 to Tisdall and Tunks.

165. Journal of the British Dairy Farmers' Association, vol. VII, 1892, pp. 96—9; Seymour J. Price, From Queen to Queen. The Centenary Story of the Temperance Permanent Building Society, 1854—1954, [1954], pp. 12—13, 23—24; P. R. O., census returns of 1861.

166. B. N. 12 April 1878, p. 366.

167. L. V. Fildes, Luke Fildes, R. A. A Victorian Painter, 1968, p. 46.

168. E/HOL, documents relating to dispute over Holland Walk.

169. Lease of 27 Nov. 1900 and licence of 4 Aug. 1910 to E. R. Debenham in possession of Messrs. Fladgate and Co.

170. B. A. 34557.

171. M. L. R. 1826/10/53; 1849/3/726.

172. Victoria and Albert Museum, Dept. of Prints and Drawings, E.225, pp. 52—4 (pressmark A. 123.b).

173. B. A. 27398, 29394.

174. Endowed Charities (London), vol. iv, 1901, pp. 471—2; M. L. R. 1841/3/832.

175. Minutes of School Board for London, 1 Aug. 1877, p. 1066; D.S.R.

176. B. A. 61016.

177. Ibid., 16825.

178. K. P. L., Vestry Works Committee, 28 March 1862.

179. B. A. 10140.

180. B. 26 July 1884, p. 150; L. C. C. Theatres Committee Papers, Addison Hall; D. S. R.; K. P. L., K 64/241 (373 VAU/L).

181. B. A. 47753.

182. Ibid., 16645, 22395; D. S. R.

183. B. A. 62951; B. 20 Sept. 1929, p. 469, 2 May 1930, pp. 857—8.

184. B. 20 July 1928, pp. 93—4, 99.

185. Information kindly supplied by Mrs. Josephine Cashmore.

186. K. P. L., K. 66/154; E/HOL, agreements of 30 Sept. 1936 with C. Wright, 29 July 1938 with C. Wright and H. D. Sugden.

187. 15 and 16 Geo. VI and 1 Eliz. II, c. 5, local.

188. 2 and 3 Eliz. II, c. 41, local; B. 11 Sept. 1959, pp. 184—6; photographs and cuttings in K.P.L.

189. K. P. L., estate agents' brochures.

190. K. P. L., Vestry Minutes, 16 Dec. 1822, 5 March 1823, 22 Feb. 1825; C. C., file 20637.

191. C. C., H. M. Commissioners for Building New Churches, Minute Books no. 16, p. 138, no. 20, p. 422.

192. Ibid., Minute Books no. 19, p. 261, no. 21, pp. 99—101, 127—8, 130; file 20636.

193. Guildhall Library, MS. 9531/24, ff. 630—1.

194. C. C., file 20636; Commissioners' Minute Book no. 22, pp. 164—7.

195. K. P. L., MSS. 1507—24; Vestry Minutes, 14 May 1826, 14 Nov. 1828, 11, 13 June 1830.

196. Guildhall Library, MS. 9531/24, f. 627; C. C., file 35433.

197. The Gentleman's Magazine, vol. c1, July 1831, p. 10.

198. Ibid., pp. 10—11.

199. B. 16 March 1861, p. 182.

200. Notes Descriptive of the Chancel and Its Principal Features, 1910.

201. B. 8 Aug. 1885, p. 209.

202. Information from tablet at west end of church.

203. B. 24 Jan. 1852, p. 63; British Society of Master Glass Painters, A Directory of Stained Glass Windows, 1939, p. 84.

204. Information kindly supplied by James Byam Shaw.

205. C. C., files 36133, N.B. 23/244.

206. E/HOL, conveyance of 10 July 1872 to J. Beattic and H. Dowding.

207. C. C., file 36133.

208. B. N. 29 Nov. 1872, p. 422, 4 April 1873, p. 390.

209. Church of St. John the Baptist, Kensington: A Pastoral Address by Rev. George Booker, M. A., 1873, p. 18 (copy in K. P. L.).

210. St. John's Building Committee Minute Book; D. S. R.; C. C., file 36133; B. 23 April 1892, p. 323, 27 Oct. 1911, p. 480; Maurice B. Adams, Architects from George IV to George V, 1912, p. 10.

211. B. 29 June 1895, p. 488.

212. Ibid., 23 May 1885, p. 724, 18 April 1891, p. 316.

213. The Architect and Contract Reporter, 5 March 1909, p. 160.

214. Lease of 2 July 1906 to E. R. Debenham in possession of Messrs. Fladgate and Co.

215. Licences of 24 Jan. 1955 and 12 Dec. 1966 in possession of Messrs. Fladgate and Co.

216. The Architectural Review, vol. XXI, 1907, pp. 159—73; William Gaunt and M. D. E. Clayton-Stamm, William De Morgan, 1971, P. 47.

217. E/HOL, lease of 20 Aug. 1859 to E. C. Tisdall and E. Tunks; licence of 6 Nov. 1892 to E. Tisdall; agreement of 16 Nov. 1892, E. Tisdall with J. J. Shannon; D. S. R.

218. E/HOL, licence of 21 May 1908 to E. Hamilton; deed of 9 May 1925, E. Hamilton to Dame Florence Shannon.

219. Mrs. Russell Barrington, op. cit., vol. 11, pp. 115—16.

220. E/HOL, lease of 30 April 1866 to F. Leighton.

221. B. N. 9 Nov. 1866, p. 747.

222. Sydney C. Hutchison, The History of the Royal Academy 1768—1968, 1968, p. 234; R. I. B. A. Journal, third series, vol. V, 1898, pp. 409—11.

223. B. N. 30 Nov. 1866, p. 800.

224. Ibid., 29 Oct. 1880, p. 511.

225. Leighton House. A Collection of Essays on Lord Leighton and his Works, [n. d.], p. 48 (copy in K. P. L.); R. I. B. A. Library, Aitchison's drawings (U. 1/5).

226. Leighton House, ut supra, pp. 48, 159n.; Walter Crane, An Artist's Reminiscences, 1907, pp. 215—16; B.N. 1 Oct. 1880, p. 384.

227. E/HOL, licence of 27 July 1889 to E. C. Tisdall; B. 9 Nov. 1895, p. 336.

228. Royal Borough of Kensington Council Minutes, 26 Nov. 1901, pp. 34—6; 21 Jan. 1902, pp. 102—4; 7 April 1925, pp. 225—9; 11 May 1926, p. 282.

229. Ibid., 26 July 1927, pp. 373—4; 28 May 1929, p. 284; 23 July 1929, p. 354; K. P. L., drawings KQ 33—41 and 439.

230. Henry-Russell Hitchcock, Architecture: Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries, 1963 ed., p. 263.

231. K. P. L., Vestry Works Committee, 25 Nov. 1864; E/HOL, agreement of 21 Jan. 1865 with, and lease of 8 March 1866 to V. C. Prinsep; R. I. B. A. Library, Webb's drawings (V. 16/65—8); R. B.

232. R. I. B. A. Library, Webb's drawings (V. 16/70—76.)

233. Ibid. (V. 16/77—131).

234. Lease of 6 July 1948 to R. Parr (Builders) Ltd. in possession of Messrs. Fladgate and Co.

235. E/HOL, second lease book, pp. 416—21, 434—9.

236. B.N. 27 May 1881, p. 610.

237. Mrs. Russell Barrington, Reminiscences of G. F. Watts, 1905, pp. 6—7.

238. B. A. 68796.

239. E/HOL, drawings of studio by J. Belcher dated 14 Oct. 1891; D. S. R.

240. M. S. Watts, op. cit., vol. 1, pp. 279, 304; E/HOL, agreement of 15 Feb. 1875 with, and lease of 9 Nov. 1876 to V. C. Prinsep; lease of 6 July 1948 to R. Parr (Builders) Ltd. in possession of Messrs. Fladgate and Co.; D. S. R.

241. B. N. 7 Oct. 1881, p. 460; Mrs. Russell Barrington, Reminiscences of G. F. Watts, 1905, p. 8.

242. E/HOL, lease of 24 Dec. 1877 to M. C. Stone; D. S. R.

243. A. L. Baldry, The Life and Work of Marcus Stone, R. A. (The Art Annual, 1896), p. 28.

244. B. N. 30 April 1880, p. 527.

245. B. 12 Aug. 1876, p. 796; D. S. R.

246. E/HOL, draft lease of 7 Feb. 1877 to W. Burges; B. 14 April 1877, p. 385; Charles HandleyRead, 'Aladdin's Palace in Kensington: William Burges's Tower House' in Country Life, 17 March 1966, p. 601; D. S. R.; R. I. B. A. Library, Burges's drawings.

247. Victoria and Albert Museum Library, William Burges's estimate book (pressmark RC. JJ. 40).

248. L. V. Fildes, op. cit., pp. 33, 35, 43, 45, 56; R. I. B. A. Library, drawing by R. Norman Shaw (V. 10/97); D. S. R.

249. B. N. 17 Dec. 1880, p. 702.

250. L. V. Fildes, op. cit., p. 74.

251. Ibid., p. 197.

252. Ibid., p. 46.

253. G. L. C. Historic Buildings Division, file 516; The Times, 23 Feb. 1923; lease of 13 June 1893 to W. G. Robertson in possession of Messrs. Fladgate and Co.; D. S. R.

254. K. P. L., J. 1441.

255. Letters From Graham Robertson, ed. Kerrison Preston, 1953, pp. xiii, xxviii.

256. E/HOL, licence of 12 April 1912 to J. E. Mounsey.

257. Licence of 5 April 1948 to Parr Properties Ltd. in possession of Messrs. Fladgate and Co.

258. Letters From Graham Robertson, pp. xviii, xix; Agnes Ethel Mackay, Arthur Melville: Scottish Impressionist, 1951, p. 107.

259. B.A. 4928; D. S. R.; leases of 21 and 22 Oct. 1895 to J. M. and Lady E. Rendel respectively in possession of Messrs. Fladgate and Co.

260. B. 7 July 1894, p. 12.

261. Licences of 14 April 1930 and 19 April 1950 in possession of Messrs. Fladgate and Co.

262. Commonwealth Institute, Annual Reports, 1958, 1962.

CHAPTER VIII (pp. 151—93)

The Crown Estate in Kensington Palace Gardens

1. 5 Vict. c. 1, public general; C. E. O., file 11119; John Hayes, Kensington Palace a history and guide, 1969, p. 3; R. B. Pugh, The Crown Estate, 1960, pp. 16—18.

2. 5 Vict. c. I, public general; Hayes, op. cit., pp. 7, 15; G. L. C. Map Collection; P. R. O., T90/190.

3. P. R. O., T29/397, pp. 333—4, 513; T90/189, 190.

4. Ibid., T29/400, pp. 480—1.

5. Ibid., T1/3903.

6. Ibid., T29/423, pp. 531—3.

7. Ibid., T1/3903; B.M., Crace Collection, Maps portfolio x, no. 8.

8. P. R. O., T29/430, p. 108; K. P. L., extraillustrated copy of Faulkner, vol. 3, ff. 209, 210; The Times, 4 Nov. 1840.

9. The Times, 1 Sept. 1838 (reference kindly supplied by Mr. Derek Hudson); The Architectural Magazine, vol. v, 1838, pp. 620—1.

10. P. R. O., CREST 25/47, nos. 3619, 3797; 25/48, 27 July 1841; T1/4664, file 26346; C. E. O., file 11170.

11. P. R. O., T1/4664, file 26346; Journals of the House of Commons, vol. 96, pp. 568, 571, 599; 5 Vict. c. 1 and 2, public general.

12. C. E. O., file 11170; P. R. O., T1/4664, file 26346, T29/445, p. 261.

13. P. R. O., MPE 758, nos. 4, 5.

14. Ibid., T1/4664, file 26346.

15. Hayes, op. cit., p. 5; information supplied by the Crown Estate Office.

16. P. R. O., T29/445, p. 261.

17. C. E. O., files 10715, 11170.

18. Ibid., files 11157, 11118, 11122; Wren Society, vol. VII, 1930, pp. 145—7, 169; I. L. N. 31 Jan. 1846, p. 78.

19. P. R. O. MPE 758, no. 1.

20. Wren Society, op. cit., p. 189; The Gentleman's Magazine, vol. IXXXV, May 1815, p. 423; Colvin.

21. Sir John Summerson, Architecture in Britain 1530—1830, 1970 ed., p. 277; Kerry Downes, Kawksmoor, 1969, p. 56; Colvin.

22. P. R. O. MPE 758, no. 1; Faulkner, p. 40; Hayes, op. cit., p. 13, Pl. 15.

23. C. E. O., file 11170.

24. Ibid., file 11169.

25. Ibid., files 11151, 11169; P. R. O., census returns of 1851.

26. C. E. O., file 11157.

27. Ibid., file 11157; P. O. D.; Designs for Mosaic and Tessellated Pavements: by Owen Jones, architect, with an essay on their Materials and Structure by F. O. Ward, published for J. M. Blashfield, 1842, pp. 3, 4.

28. C. E. O., London lease book 57, pp. 467—98.

29. Ibid., file 11157; Designs, ut supra.

30. The British Almanac for1846. Companion, p. 245.

31. K. P. L., Kensington Palace Gardens, C. Pict. 472.

32. P. R. O., MPE 758, no. 5; C. E. O., file 11157; London lease book 58, pp. 149—203, 453—516; 59, pp. 1—12.

33. C. E. O., file 11154.

34.I. L. N. 31 Jan. 1846, p. 78.

35. C. E. O., file 11157; lithograph in K. P. L. and R. I. B. A.; B. 11 May, 1844, p. 239.

36. C. E. O., files 11150, 11157; P. R. O., census returns of 1851.

37. C. E. O., file 11142.

38. R. I. B. A., Murray (Italian) tracings and Moulton Barrett Collection (Sir Charles Barry's drawings); C. E. O., file 11142.

39. The British Almanac for1846. Companion, pp. 243—5; A. Barry, The Life and Works of Sir Charles Barry, 1867, p. 327n.; H.R. Hitchcock, Early Victorian Architecture in Britain, 1954, p. 180.

40. Country Life, 16 Dec. 1971, p. 1733 (letter from P. Hodson), and information kindly supplied by Mr. Hodson.

41. Boase; [Sir H. Peto], Sir Morton Peto, A Memorial Sketch, 1893, p. 16.

42. C. E. O., files 11 101, 11105, 11141, 11158.

43. Ibid., file 11317.

44. Ibid., file 11158.

45.Ibid., files 11157, 11158.

46. P. R. O., B4/51, B. 170; B5/106, p. 217; The Times, 19 May 1847.

47. P. R. O., B5/106, pp. 217—18;C. E. O., file 11158.

48. P. O. D.

49. B. N. 1 April 1864, p. 249, 20 Nov. 1868, p. 787; R. Gunnis, Dictionary of British Sculptors, 1660—1851, rev. ed., [n.d.], p. 56.

50. P. R. O., MPE 1181.

51. C. E. O., files 11154, 11318.

52. Ibid., files 14986, 15117.

53. Ibid., file 11158; London lease book 60, pp. 369—78.

54. Ibid., file 11103.

55. Ibid., file 11101; P. R. O., census returns of 1861.

56. C. E. O., files 10473, 10476, 11101, 11106, 11108, 11110, 11130.

57. Ibid., files 11103, 11318.

58. Ibid., file 11152.

59. Leigh Hunt, The Old Court Suburb, 2nd ed., 1855;, vol. 1, p. 130.

60. The Metropolitan, 22 Nov. 1890.

61. C. E. O., file 13956.

62. Ibid., London lease book 57, pp. 374—408.

63. Ratebooks of St. Mary, Paddington; P. R. O., census returns of 1851.

64. C. E. O., file 11151.

65. Ibid., London lease book 58, pp. 217—57.

66. Ratebooks of St. Mary, Paddington; P. R. O., census returns of 1851; D. N. B.

67. The Architectural Review, vol. LXXII, July 1932, pp. 29, 35—8.

68. C. E. O., file 11157; R. I. B. A., MS. 72.036(42).

69. C. E. O., file 11150; London lease book 58, pp. 279—308.

70. Ibid., file 11150; P. R. O., LRRO 1/2207.

71. International Exhibition of 1862, Official Catalogue, Fine Art Dept., p. 88.

72. C. E. O., file 11317; P. R. O., LRRO 1/2048.

73. Ratebooks of St. Mary, Paddington; P. R. O., census returns of 1861; D. N. B.

74. C. E. O., files 18338, 18338A, 18891.

75. Ibid., files 11103, 11108.

76. B. 17 July 1852, p. 462.

77. M. C. S. 294, f. 673, Nov. 1852; ratebooks of St. Mary, Paddington.

78. C. E. O., London lease book 63, pp. 277—92.

79. Victoria and Albert Museum, Dept. of Prints and Drawings, D1220.1908, D1245.1908.

80. C. E. O., file 11103; P. R. O., census returns of 1871; P. O. D.

81. C. E. O., file 15701.

82. Ibid., file 11137; P. R. O., MPE 832.

83. C. E. O., file 11137.

84. Ibid., London lease book 60, pp. 68—80.

85. Ratebooks of St. Mary, Paddington; Boase; C. E. O., London lease book 60, p. 68.

86. C. E. O., file 11137; R. I. B. A., MS. 72.036(42)—92B, vol. 4.

87. Boase; ratebooks of St. Mary, Paddington; C. E. O., file 11137; The Times Literary Supplement, 2 Aug. 1971, p. 784.

88. C. E. O., file 11137; Architecture. A Monthly Magazine, ed. J. P. Morgan, vol. 1, 1896, p. 209.

89. C. E. O., file 15293.

90. Ratebooks of St. Margaret's, Westminster; P. R. O., census returns of 1851.

91. M. C. S. 294, f. 673, Nov. 1852; ratebooks of St. Margaret's, Westminister; C. E. O., London lease book 63, pp. 293—308.

92. H. Stannus, Alfred Stevens and his Work, 1891, p. 13.

93. C. E. O., file 11108; M. Girouard, 'Gilded Preserves for the Rich' in Country Life, 18 Nov. 1971, p. 1363.

94. C. E. O., file 14361; P. R. O., LRRO 1/2493.

95. C. E. O., file 14361.

96. Walter Crane, An Artist's Reminiscences, 1907, p. 156.

97. C.E.O., plans in map-rack.

98. Ibid., file 11142; London lease book 59, pp. 243—286.

99. Ibid., files 11157, 11142.

100. P.R.O., census returns of 1851; C.E.O., file 11158.

101. Boase.

102. P.R.O., census returns of 1861; C.E.O., file 10475.

103. C.E.O., London lease book 69, pp. 330—40; file 10475; B.N. 25 May 1877, p. 507.

104. Royal Academy Catalogue, 1866, no. 793.

105. Ratebooks of St. Margaret's, Westminster; The Times, 22, 24, 29 July, 5, 10 Aug., 7 Sept. 1875.

106. The British Almanac for 1846. Companion, pp. 243.

107. C.E.O., file 10475.

108. Ibid., file 10475; P.R.O., LRRO 1/2340, nos. 1—10.

109. B. 23 Sept. 1865, p. 678; I.L.N. 10 May 1862, p. 481.

110. B. 23 Sept. 1865, pp. 676, 678.

111. Ratebooks of St. Margaret's, Westminster.

112. [Sir H. Peto], op. cit., pp. 46,47, 101; The Times, 12 May 1866.

113. Boase; ratebooks of St. Margaret's, Westminster.

114. The Times, 10 Oct. 1867, 18 Jan. 1868; [Sir H. Peto], op. cit., pp. 47, 48; C.E.O., London lease book 69, p. 341; file 12881; ratebooks of St. Margaret's, Westminster; P.O.D.; Burke's Peerage.

115. C.E.O., file 12881; P.R.O., LRRO 1/2340, nos. 11—15.

116. C.E.O., files, 12881, 12881 (1).

117. Ibid., file 10476; C. J. Richardson, Picturesque Designs for Mansions, Villas, Lodges. . ., 1870, p. 382; B.N. 1 April 1870, p. 242.

118. M.C.S. 292, f. 223, 27 Aug. 1851; D.S.R. 1851, no. 601.

119. Ratebooks of St. Margaret's, Westminster; C.E.O., London lease book 63, pp. 194—208.

120. B. 5 June 1852, p. 360.

121. The British Almanac for 1853. Companion, p.251.

122. Royal Academy Catalogue, 1852, no. 1181; 1855, no. 1183.

123. Notes on MSS. formerly in possession of the late Rupert Gunnis; C. J. Richardson, op. cit., pp. 378—97.

124. B. 5, 12 June 1852, pp. 360, 374.

125. C. J. Richardson, op. cit., pp. 379—80, 392—3, 396.

126. Notes on MSS., ut supra; C. J. Richardson, op. cit., pp. 386—7.

127. P.O.D.; Burke's Peerage.

128. C.E.O., file 13956; P.R.O., LRRO 1/4453.

129. C. J. Richardson, op. cit., pp. 378—97; P.R.O., LRRO 1/4453.

130. C.E.O., file 11101; B. 17 May 1845, p. 229.

131. C.E.O., file 11101; Hermione Hobhouse, Thomas Cubitt Master Builder, 1971, pp. 464—5.

132. M.C.S. 290, f. 510, 12 June 1850; D.S.R. 1850, no. 151; ratebooks of St. Margaret's, Westminster.

133. C.E.O., London lease book 61, pp. 224—37.

134. Ibid., file 11101; B. 13 Nov. 1886, p. 719; ratebooks of St. Margaret's, Westminster.

135. C.E.O., file 11110.

136. Ibid., file 11110; M.C.S. 298, f. 532, 4 Dec. 1854; D.S.R. 1855, no. 196.

137. C.E.O., London lease book 63, pp. 375—91.

138. D.N.B.; Samuel Smiles, George Moore Merchant and Philanthropist, 2nd ed., 1878, pp. 55, 102, 109, 165, 173.

139. Christopher Hussey, '15, Kensington Palace Gardens, its redecoration for Sir Alfred Beit, Bt., M.P.' in Country Life, 25 Feb. 1939, pp. 198—202; P.R.O., LRRO 1/4458; D.N.B.

140. P.R.O., LRRO 1/4457—8; D.S.R. 1855, no.197.

141. C.E.O., files 10473, 11103; P.R.O., census returns of 1861.

142. C.E.O., file 10473; R.I.B.A., MS. 72.036(42); D.S.R. 1852, nos. 560, 1232.

143. C.E.O., file 10473; ratebooks of St. Margaret's, Westminster.

144. C.E.O., London lease book 63, pp. 309—34; file 10473.

145. Ibid., file 11143; R.I.B.A., MS. 72.036(42); D.N.B.; P.R.O., census returns of 1851.

146. C.E.O., file 11158; ratebooks of St. Margaret's, Westminster.

147. C.E.O., file 11143.

148. Ibid., file 11143; Men and Women of Our Time, 1899; B. 28 July 1877, p. 772.

149. C.E.O., file 11157; London lease book 58, pp. 66—80; M.L.R. 1846/6/332.

150. C.E.O., file 11136; P.R.O., LRRO 1/4455.

151. C.E.O., file 11158; London lease book 59, pp. 202—28.

152. Ratebooks of St. Margaret's, Westminster; P.R.O., census returns of 1851.

153. C.E.O., file 11135; Who Was Who. . . 1897—1916; ratebooks of St. Margaret's, Westminster; P.O.D.; P.R.O., LRRO 1/2300.

154. C.E.O., file 11699.

155. Ibid., file 11142; ratebooks of St. Margaret's, Westminster.

156. C.E.O., London lease book 59, pp. 229—42.

157. Ibid., files 11142, 11132; P.R.O., LRRO 1/2109, nos. 3—8.

158. C.E.O., file 11105, London lease book 58, pp. 439—52; P.R.O., LRRO 1/2031 and census returns of 1851; ratebooks of St. Margaret's, Westminster.

159. C.E.O., file 11105.

160. Ibid., file 11130; P.R.O., MPE 835.

161. D.S.R. 1851, no. 769; R.B.; C.E.O., London lease book 62, pp. 72—84, file 11130.

162. C.E.O., files 11103, 11106; M.C.S. 294, f. 19, 19 July 1852.

163. D.S.R. 1852, no. 933.

164. C.E.O., file 11106; London lease book 62, pp. 402—12; R.B.; P.R.O., census returns of 1861, LRRO 1/2160.

165. C.E.O., file 11106; B. 9, 16June 1877, pp. 596, 622.

166. C.E.O., file 11141.

167. D.S.R. 1845, no. 292; C.E.O., file 11141.

168. C.E.O., London lease book 58, pp. 372—85; M.L.R. 1846/1/871; Colvin.

169. C.E.O., files 11141, 11158; Hermione Hobhouse, op. cit., p. 322; M.B.W. 213, 4 Feb. 1856; R.B.; P.R.O., census returns of 1851.

170. C.E.O., file 17074A; The Architect and Building News, 24 Dec. 1937, pp. 369—71.

171. C.E.O., file 11157; R.I.B.A., MS. 72.036(42); The British Almanac for 1846. Companion, p. 243.

172. C.E.O., London lease book 58, pp. 52—65, 134—48.

173. Ibid., file 11157; R.B.; P.R.O., census returns of 1851.

174. C.E.O., files 11133, 11158; P.R.O., census returns of 1861.

175. C.E.O., file 11133.

176. Ibid., file 11133; plans in map-rack; information supplied by the Czech Embassy.

177. C.E.O., London lease book 83, pp. 426—8.

178. Ibid., file 13434; D.N.B.

179. D.N.B.; C.E.O., file 10525.

180. C.E.O., file 10525.

181. Ibid., file 13434.

182. P.R.O., CREST 19/55, p. 81.

183. Drawings in the possession of Mr. John BrandonJones.

184. The Studio, vol. xv, no. 67, Oct. 1889, pp. 3—13; Walter Crane, op. cit. (ref. 96), pp. 167—9.

185. C.E.O., file 15838.

186. G.L.C. Historic Buildings Division, file 406.

187. C.E.O., file 10225.

188. Ibid., file 10224.

189. The Letters and Papers of William Makepeace Thackeray, ed. Gordon N. Ray, vol. iv, 1946, p. 180.

190. P.R.O., CREST 19/48, p. 272.

191. P. Metcalf, 'Postscript on Thackeray's House' in Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians, vol. xxviii, no.2, May 1969, pp. 118n., 122; C.E.O., file 10229.

192. Theodore Taylor, Thackeray The Humourist and The Man of Letters, 1864, p. 175.

193. The Cornhill Magazine, vol. 1, Jan.—June 1860, p. 478.

194. B.N. 17 May 1861, p. 419.

195. The Works of William Makepeace Thackeray with Biographical Introduction by his Daughter, Anne Ritchie, vol. xi, 1899, p. xxxv.

196. B. 8 May 1869, p. 373.

197. C.E.O., file 10227.

198. 'Thackeray's Kensington House, 2, Palace Green, and its Redecoration by Mr. Darcy Braddell in Country Life, 13 May 1939, pp. 510—11.

199. C.E.O., file 15231.

200. Ibid., file 15344.

201. Information kindly supplied by Willett Estates Ltd.; D.N.B.

202. C.E.O., files 11652, 15323—4, 15552.

203. B.A. 36840, 33367.

204. P.R.O., LRRO 1/2581, 2591—2, 2625, 2658; C.E.O., files 15321—4, 15461, 15552, 15566; Recent English Domestic Architecture, ed. Mervyn E. Macartney, 1908, pp. 31—2, 183, 184, 185; Flats, Urban Houses and Cottage Homes, ed. W. Shaw Sparrow, [1907], pp. 121—2; B.N. 13 June 1913, p. 821; B. 15 Dec. 1906, p. 694, 25 May 1907, p. 639.

205. C.E.O., file 15322; P.R.O., LRRO 1/2581.

206. C.E.O., files 15461, 15566.

207. Ibid., file 11119; P.R.O., C54/1666, Chamberlain et al. to Horseman, C54/2313, no. 22; K.P.L., Millington's Book, pp. 22, 24; D.N.B.

208. C.E.O., files 10067, 1118, 11144.

209. Ibid., files 11119, 11120, 11155.

210. Ibid., file 11119, London lease book 67, pp. 380—384; W. J. Loftie, Kensington Picturesque and Historical, 1888, p. 147.

211. C.E.O., London lease book 66, pp. 25—9.

212. P.R.O., Works 43/59—71; K.P.L., Vestry Sewers Committee, 23 Sept. 1856, 3 March 1857.

213. C.E.O., files 10410, 15296, London lease book 90, pp. 428—9.

214. B. 1 Aug. 1924, p. 164.

215. C.E.O., files 14986, 15188, 15412, 15453, 15641, 16284; L.C.C. Minutes, 1 Aug. 1905, p. 995.

CHAPTER IX (pp. 194—257)

The Ladbroke Estate

1. M.L.R. 1763/4/12—13.

2. Ibid., loc. cit.; P.R.O., PROB 11/992, f. 435; 11/1243, f. 148; 1 and 2 Geo. IV, c. 26, private; F. G. Hilton Price, A Handbook of London Bankers, 1890—1, p. 99.

3. G.L.R.O.(L), Blake papers in Ac.61.39.

4. Hilton Price, op. cit., p. 99.

5. 1 and 2 Geo. IV, c. 26, private.

6. M.L.R. 1823/10/3; 1824/12/1227; 1828/2/ 29—30.

7. A.P.S.D.

8. W.C.S. 68, pp. 69, 296; 72, pp. 344—6.

9. Sir John Summerson, Georgian London, 1945, p. 158.

10. M.L.R. 1833/8/218.

11. Ibid., 1825/2/115; 1833/8/219.

12. 2 and 3 Wm. IV, c. 27, private.

13. M.L.R. 1825/2/115.

14. Ibid., 1825/3/390.

15. W.C.S. 68, p. 296.

16. M.L.R. 1825/3/91; 1827/10/457.

17. Ibid., 1827/2/587; 1833/8/220.

18. Ibid., 1827/2/586.

19. W.C.S. 70, pp. 241, 252—3.

20. Ordnance Survey map, 1863.

21. W.C.S. 78, pp. 275—6; 79, p. 69; 83, p. 218.

22. M.L.R. 1826/9/406; 1828/6/289; 1829/7/335; 1831/6/45.

23. W.C.S. P/19/646.

24. M.L.R. 1827/5/480; 1827/9/671; 1828/6/422; 1829/7/336; 1831/6/44; 1831/8/63.

25. Ibid., 1833/6/244—5.

26. Ibid., 1833/6/246; 1838/5/109.

27. Ibid., 1838/4/138—9; W.C.S. 192, p. 105.

28. W.C.S. 77, pp. 9—15.

29. B. R. Curle, 'The Hippodrome Race-Course, Notting Hill', in K.P.L. Local History Occasional Notes No. 2, 1969.

30. K.P.L., Vestry Minutes, 12 April, 19 May 1837.

31. Ibid., 798.4 Hip.

32. Ibid., Vestry Minutes, 15 March 1838; Journals of the House of Commons, vol. 93, pp. 236—420, passim; Hansard's Parliamentary Debates, Third Series, vol. XLII, 2 April 1838, cols. 269—74.

33. K.P.L., MS. 4574; P.R.O., 89/122.

34. 7 and 8 Vict., c. 33, private; K.P.L., MSS. 4546, 4836.

35. H.L.R.O., Main Papers, 30 May 1844, Judge's Report on Ladbroke's estate Bill, deed of 10 Nov. 1841.

36. P.R.O., B9/122.

37. K.P.L., MSS. 4637, 4684.

38. W.C.S. 80, p. 356.

39. M.L.R. 1841/8/163.

40. K.P.L., MSS. 4532—3, 4550, 4613, 4615, 4684.

41. M.L.R. 1841/8/872.

42. K.P.L., MSS. 4532, 4575.

43. M.L.R. 1844/7/765; 1845/10/658.

44. The Architect and Building News, 25 Nov. 1938, pp. 210—13.

45. K.P.L., MS. 4540.

46. Ibid., MSS. 4540, 4683.

47. Ibid., MS. 4550.

48. Ibid., MS. 4544.

49. Gwen Hart, A History of Cheltenham, 1965, passim; Colvin; Cheltenham Reference Library, Alfred Miles, 'History of Cheltenham', vols. IV and VI; Cheltenham Annuaires, 1837—50, passim.

50. M.L.R. 1842/8/852.

51. K.P.L., MS. 4543.

52. Wyatt Papworth, John B. Papworth, Architect to the King of Wurtemburg, 1879, p. 94.

53. Ibid., pp. 23, 73.

54. Colvin.

55. W.C.S. 82, pp. 16, 169.

56. Ibid., 80, p. 504.

57. M.L.R. 1842/2/714.

58. W.C.S. 82, pp. 235—6, 248.

59. M.L.R. 1855/3/92.

60. W.C.S. P/40/1309.

61. Ibid., 82, p. 271.

62. Ibid., 83, p. 135.

63. Ibid., P/46/1512.

64. P.O.D.

65. 7 and 8 Vict., c. 33, private; M.L.R. 1844/5/ 450.

66. M.L.R. 1847/7/279.

67. Ibid., 1846/6/396—403.

68. Ibid., 1848/3/931.

69. B. 30 Aug. 1845, p. 419.

70. M.L.R. 1845/7/590.

71. K.P.L., MSS. 4602, 4871.

72. Ibid., MS. 4572.

73. M.L.R. 1844/9/71.

74. Ibid., 1845/9/41—4; 1845/11/269—72.

75. Ibid., 1844/5/356, 370.

76. Ibid., 1845/8/447—9.

77. Ibid., 1844/6/877.

78. Ibid., 1845/7/590.

79. Deeds in the possession of Mr. Michael White.

80. W.C.S. 85, pp. 455, 472.

81. B. 1 Feb. 1845, pp. 54—5.

82. C.C., file 18218.

83. M.L.R. 1847/11/836.

84. Ibid., 1845/7/590; 1845/10/659.

85. Ibid., 1847/5/473.

86. Ibid., 1846/10/675.

87. Ibid., 1846/10/162—4.

88. Ibid., 1846/12/495.

89. Guildhall Library, MS. 11931/13, p. 176.

90. M.L.R. 1847/7/498.

91. Ibid., 1847/5/568, 758; 1848/1/149.

92. Ibid., 1847/9/375, 905.

93. Ibid., 1848/3/931.

94. M.C.S. 288/727; 289/234, 263, 265.

95. K.P.L., MS. 4886.

96. Cheltenham Reference Library, Alfred Miles, 'History of Cheltenham', vol. v, p. 116; vol. vi, pp. 165, 216—20.

97. M.L.R. 1842/8/838; H.L.R.O., Main Papers, 30 May 1844, Judge's Report on Ladbroke's estate Bill, deed of 10 Nov. 1841.

98. M.L.R. 1841/5/248.

99. Ibid., 1842/2/714.

100. K.P.L., MS. 4683.

101. Ibid., MS. 4834.

102. Ibid., 798.4 Hip, deed of 1 Nov. 1842; M.L.R. 1842/6/287; 1844/5/883.

103. K.P.L., 798.4 Hip, deed of I Nov. 1842; M.L.R. 1842/6/574.

104. M.L.R. 1842/8/474.

105. K.P.L., 798.4 Hip, deed of I Nov. 1842.

106. W.C.S. 82, pp. 230, 280—3.

107. M.L.R. 1843/8/311—29.

108. Ibid., 1843/8/420.

109. Ibid., 1845/2/85.

110. Ibid., 1846/2/462—70.

111. Ibid., 1846/2/471.

112. Ibid., 1844/1/728; 1844/7/734.

113. Ibid., 1844/3/115—17.

114. Ibid., 1844/5/754—6.

115. Ibid., 1844/3/378.

116. Ibid., 1844/5/757.

117. Ibid., 1846/4/842.

118. 7 and 8 Vict., c. 33, private.

119. Survey of London, vol. xxv, 1955, pp. 105—16.

120. M.L.R. 1842/6/574.

121. Ibid., 1841/5/248.

122. W.C.S. P/40/1312.

123. M.L.R. 1842/1/804.

124. Ibid., 1843/8/228; 1847/4/510; 1848/5/960; 1848/6/849; B. 15 Sept. 1877, p. 943.

125. M.L.R. 1847/4/508—9; 1847/7/279.

126. Ibid., 1848/5/13—14; 1848/6/850—1.

127. Ibid., 1848/5/416, 960.

128. I.L.N. 15 Sept. 1849, p. 181; B. 5 Aug. 1848, p. 382.

129. M.C.S. 289/229.

130. Ibid., 288/671, 786; 293/274; Survey of London, vol. xxv, 1955, p. 110.

131. M.C.S. 298/629.

132. M.L.R. 1840/4/505; 1842/1/292.

133. Ibid., 1840/4/506.

134. Ibid., 1843/8/336.

135. Ibid., 1839/9/195.

136. Ibid., 1839/9/196—7; 1840/3/485—8; 1840/6/ 412—13.

137. Ibid., 1843/8/333—5.

138. Ibid., 1846/1/428—9.

139. Ibid., 1840/7/689.

140. Ibid., 1846/1/304, 424—6.

141. P.R.O., PROB 11/2150, f. 277.

142. M.L.R. 1846/1/304.

143. Ibid., 1850/1/798; 1850/5/221; plan in R.I.B.A. Library reproduced on Plate 56.

144. R.B.

145. Principal Probate Registry, 1878, f. 212, will of W. J. Drew.

146. M.L.R. 1846/4/843.

147. Ibid., 1846/8/762; 1847/7/279; 1847/8/705.

148. Ibid., 1846/5/158; 1847/7/279.

149. Ibid., 1846/4/829; 1847/9/61.

150. Ibid., 1847/4/28.

151. Ibid., 1847/7/279; 1848/5/241.

152. Ibid., 1847/9/62.

153. Ibid., 1847/4/28; 1847/9/61—2.

154. Ibid., 1846/6/396—403.

155. Ibid., 1848/4/710—12; 1848/5/415; K.P.L., MS. 4884.

156. Principal Probate Registry, 1862, f. 622; P.O.D.

157. M.L.R. 1850/5/746.

158. Ibid., 1850/1/209—15.

159. M.C.S. 294/788.

160. B. 17 Aug. 1867, p. 616.

161. M.L.R. 1861/1/418.

162. Principal Probate Registry, 1862, f. 622.

163. M.L.R. 1848/3/931.

164. K.P.L., MS. 4905.

165. India Office Library, N/1/1/4; O/5/26—28 passim; Bengal wills 1820, pp. 629—33; 1830 part 4, pp. 229—34; Bengal inventories 1832 part I, pp. 446—8; directories.

166. M.L.R. 1843/3/871.

167. K.P.L., MSS. 4583, 4900.

168. M.L.R. 1847/7/470.

169. Ibid., 1851/9/943—4.

170. Ibid., 1851/11/300—7; 1852/6/801—2; 1852/10/ 36—55; 1852/15/317; R.B.

171. G.L.R.O.(L), Blake papers, Ac.61.39; M.L.R. 1852/13/126.

172. M.L.R. 1844/1/335; 1845/7/168.

173. Ibid., 1845/5/871; 1849/9/886—90.

174. P.R.O., PROB 11/2144, f. 973; Principal Probate Registry, 1869, f. 375; Royal Cornwall Gazette, 25 March 1869; Western Morning News, 22 March 1869; The Register and Magazine of Biography, 1869, vol. 1, p. 40; Boase.

175. Guildhall Library, MSS. 11931/13, 11932/ 27—8.

176. M.L.R. 1850/1/798; 1850/5/221.

177. Guildhall Library, MS. 11932/29.

178. M.L.R. 1852/13/126.

179. Ibid., 1852/10/56—61.

180. Ibid., 1854/17/544.

181. K.P.L., MS. 2259.

182. M.L.R. 1852/10/708—9; G.L.R.O.(L), Blake papers, Ac.61.39.

183. M.L.R. 1852/13/742—86; G.L.R.O.(L), Blake papers, Ac.61.39.

184. D.S.R.

185. M.L.R. 1851—3 passim.

186. Ibid., 1852/13/389—410; 1854/15/502.

187. Ibid., 1853/10/845—7.

188. K.P.L., MS. 4594.

189. Royal Academy Catalogue, 1853, no. 1138.

190. M.L.R. 1852/13/741, 762—3, site plans.

191. Ibid., 1855/4/444—7; C.C., file 20646.

192. M.L.R. 1850/1/798; 1850/5/221.

193. B. 26 Oct. 1872, p. 840.

194. M.L.R. 1847/6/626; 1848/5/241.

195. Ibid., 1853/2/373; 1856/11/562.

196. Ibid., 1853/4/726—39.

197. Ibid., 1856/4/432.

198. Ibid., 1853/17/963—85; G.L.R.O.(L), Blake papers, Ac.61.39.

199. M.L.R. 1856/11/562.

200. Ibid., 1853/7/685—716; 1853/17/987—1014.

201. Guildhall Library, MS. 11932/30, pp. 138, 166, 198.

202. B.N. 12 April 1861, pp. 300—1.

203. M.L.R. 1854/15/502, 554—60; 1854/16/744—5; 1854/17/363—7.

204. Ibid., 1854/15/731—5.

205. Ibid., 1856/13/632.

206. Ibid., 1857/4/154.

207. Ibid., 1855/3/90.

208. K.P.L., MS. 2259.

209. M.L.R. 1855/14/576.

210. Ibid., 1854/16/107—8; 1855/1/497.

211. Ibid., 1855/4/444—7.

212. C.C., file 20646.

213. G.L.R.O.(L), Blake papers, Ac.61.39; M.L.R. 1859/10/962.

214. M.L.R. 1861/16/794.

215. Ibid., 1856/6/490; 1856/7/569; 1856/10/93; 1856/15/1055 etc.

216. Ibid., 1857/13/1000; 1858/9/980.

217. Ibid., 1857/8/922; 1858/6/169.

218. P.R.O., C15/95, no. 213; C34/67, f. 612.

219. M.L.R. 1860/3/157.

220. P.R.O., RG 9/13, pp. 29—33, 82—6.

221. Ibid., RG 9/13, pp. 33—6, 86—91, 100.

222. B.N. 27 July 1860, pp. 593—4.

223. M.L.R. 1860/13/213—14.

224. T. C. Barker and Michael Robbins, A History of London Transport, vol. 1, 1963, pp. 126—7.

225. P.R.O., C54/13512, no. 3; C54/13514, no. 14; C54/13572, nos. 12 and 13.

226. M.L.R. 1847/4/233; 1847/9/61—2.

227. W.C.S. 85, pp. 154—5, 324.

228. Ibid., P/46/1541.

229. Ibid., 86, pp. 270, 307.

230. M.C.S. 290, no. 419; 291, no. 175.

231. M.L.R. 1855/3/92.

232. Ibid., 1852/1/576; 1855/3/90.

233. K.P.L., Vestry Sewers Committe, 19 Oct. 1858.

234. M.L.R. 1853/2/795.

235. Ibid., 1855/4/444—7.

236. Ibid., 1852/16/228—9; 1853/5/71.

237. Guildhall Library, MS. 8733/21—2.

238. M.L.R. 1848/6/583; 1850/8/188.

239. Ibid., 1851/10/253; 1856/7/379; 1863/16/388.

240. Principal Probate Registry, 1879, f. 367.

241. M.L.R. 1847/7/470; 1851/9/943.

242. Ibid., 1854/7/462—4; 1854/12/560—2.

243. Ibid., 1856/4/591—2; 1856/6/165—6; 1856/7/ 379—80.

244. Ibid., 1860/13/367, 444, 481, 504, 549; 1862/7/68—9, 72.

245. Ibid., 1862/18/265—9.

246. Ibid., 1859/1/962.

247. B.N. 19 June 1857, p. 635.

248. Ibid., 27 July 1860, pp. 593—4; 22 July 1859, p. 662.

249. Ibid., 27 July 1860, pp. 593—4.

250. M.L.R. 1853/17/911—33.

251. Ibid., 1861/12/205.

252. Ibid., 1861/4/44.

253. Ibid., 1863/1/194—5, 332, 494.

254. P.R.O., C16/82/29; C16/83/55.

255. D.S.R. 1873, nos. 81—3.

256. Royal Academy Catalogue, 1855, no. 1259.

257. M.C.S. 291, no. 176.

258. B.N. 5 March 1858, p. 254.

259. K.P.L., Vestry Works Committee, 6 March 1863; M.L.R. 1862/8/287; 1863/1/441.

260. M.L.R. 1856/13/919; 1857/4/154.

261. Ibid., 1860/12/632—5; 1860/15/475—8; 1860/ 17/684—5 etc.

262. M.C.S. 291, no. 176.

263. P.R.O., PROB 11/2150, f. 277; A.P.S.D.

264. Principal Probate Registry, 1869, f. 715.

265. Ibid., 1869, f. 375.

266. Ibid., 1869, f. 284; M.C.S. 291, no. 453.

267. Principal Probate Registry, 1873, f. 1.

268. Ibid., 1872, f. 221; G.L.R.O.(L), Blake papers, Ac.61.39.

269. Principal Probate Registry, 1873, f. 376; P.O.D.; deeds in the possession of Mr. Michael White.

270. Principal Probate Registry, 1883, f. 643; A.P.S.D.

271. B. 1 Feb. 1845, pp. 54—5; see also K.P.L., 283/St. Joh.

272. B. 13 Jan. 1844, p. 24; 1 Feb. 1845, p. 54.

273. C.C., files 18218, 20647.

274. I.L.N. 22 Feb. 1845, p. 124; B. 14 Oct. 1843, p. 440; 13 Jan. 1844, p. 24; 1 Feb. 1845, p. 54; 8 Feb. 1845, p. 66.

275. B. 23 Aug. 1890, p. 142; 20 Dec. 1890, p. 480.

276. Information kindly supplied by Mr. Romilly B. Craze.

277. C.C., file 20646; B. 24 Nov. 1855, p. 571.

278. N. C. Wallace, The First Hundred Years of the Church and Parish of St. Peter, 1957, p. 21.

279. Pepperell, p. 35.

280. C.C., file 29827; B. 1 Nov. 1862, p. 790; B.N. 18 Sept. 1863, p. 716.

281. B. 1 Nov. 1862, p. 790.

282. B.N. 13 Aug. 1869, p. 121.

283. Ibid., 18 Sept. 1863, p. 716.

284. Ibid., 20 Jan. 1860, p. 43.

285. Winefride de L'Hopital, Westminster Cathedral and Its Architect, c. 1920, vol. 11, p. 589.

286. I.L.N. 15 Sept. 1849, p. 181; B 5 Aug. 1848, p. 382.

287. B.N. 1 July 1870, p. vii.

288. George Ronald Bryce, History of Trinity Presbyterian Church, Notting Hill, 1913.

289. West London Observer, 1 June 1867.

290. K.P.L., MS. 575.

291. Henry Shaw, Notting Hill Synagogue Diamond Jubilee 1900—1960, p. 9.

292. G.L.R.O. (L), M.B.O.27, p. 40.

293. Mary Clarke, Dancers of Mercury. The Story of Ballet Rambert, 1962, pp. 55—6, 70, 73.

294. M.L.R. 1845/7/79—80.

295. Ibid., 1844/5/356, 570.

296. P.R.O., HO 107/1468.

297. MS. history of Hanover Lodge, compiled by Colonel Martin Petrie, c. 1886, with additions by his daughter, Mrs. Ashley Carus-Wilson, after his death in 1892, and kindly made available by Professor E. M. Carus-Wilson.

298. K.P.L., MS. 4886.

299. Ibid., MS. 4883.

CHAPTER X (pp. 258—75)

Chepstow Villas and Pembridge Square Area

1. M.L.R. 1848/6/277.

2. Ibid., 1824/3/636.

3. 7 and 8 Vict., c. 33, private.

4. W.C.S. P/44/1439; 83, p. 549; 84, p. 32.

5. M.L.R. 1845/3/147.

6. W.C.S. 79. pp. 82—3.

7. Gladstone, p. 167.

8. M.L.R. 1846 11/279; 1847/2/121; 1847/6/ 602.

9. W.C.S. 75, p. 32.

10. Ibid., 84, pp. 278, 360.

11. Ibid., P/44/1439.

12. M.L.R. 1846/7/734; 1846/8/79.

13. Ibid., 1847/5/600.

14. W.C.S. P/44/1470.

15. Ibid., 83, p. 549.

16. Ibid., 83—4, passim.

17. M.L.R. 1849/7/690.

18. Ibid., 1850/4/828.

19. Ibid., 1849/9/172.

20. M.C.S. 291, 14 May 1851, no. 5.

21. D.S.R.

22. M.L.R. 1847/5/519.

23. Ibid., 1849/7/217, 600.

24. Ibid., 1846/2/118.

25. B.N. 19 June 1857, p. 635.

26. Ibid., 22 July 1859, p. 662; G.L.C. Street Naming Section, plan 22.

27. M.C.S. 288, 11 Feb. 1848, no. 6.

28. Ibid., 289, 2 March 1849, no. 8.

29. P.R.O., RG 10/36.

30. M.L.R. 1849/5/687.

31. Irene Scouloudi and A. P. Hands, 'The Ownership and Development of Fifteen Acres at Kensington Gravel Pits' in London Topographical Record, vol. xxii, 1965, pp. 111, 118.

32. The Kensington News, 12 Jan. 1900; undated typescript in the possession of Mrs. G. Christiansen of a lecture entitled 'Kensington', given by Alfred Moor Radford to the London Society and the Kensington Chamber of Commerce; Principal Probate Registry, 1900, f. 492.

33. M.L.R. 1849—63 passim sub Radford.

34. Scouloudi and Hands, op. cit., p. 105n.

35. Ibid., pp. 105—6, 118.

36. B.N. 5 Feb. 1858, p. 124; 14 Jan. 1859, p. 36.

37. Ibid., 5 Feb. 1858, p. 124; 22 July 1859, p. 662.

38. Scouloudi and Hands, op. cit., pp. 77—125.

39. B.N. 6 March 1857, p. 236.

40. Ibid., 6 March 1857, pp. 236, 239.

41. P.R.O., PROB 11/2123, f. 900.

42. M.L.R. 1849/7/690.

43. W.C.S. 85, p. 32.

44. M.L.R. 1849/1/151, 555—6.

45. Gladstone, p. 168.

46. M.L.R. 1847/9/624.

47. Ibid., 1849/4/180, 182.

48. Ibid., 1823/10/3.

49. Ibid., 1828/2/30.

50. Ibid., 1828/2/29.

51. R.B.; P.R.O., PROB 11/2150, f. 277.

52. Ordnance Survey map, 1867 ed., 5 feet to mile scale.

53. R.B.

54. M.L.R. 1849/8/981.

55. P.R.O., PROB 11/2150, f. 277.

56. Gladstone, p. 95.

57. R.B.; P.O.D.; D.S.R.

58. K.P.L., plan by Edwin Bull.

59. M.B.W. Minutes, 25 Oct. 1872, p. 467.

60. Guildhall Library, MS. 10687.

61. Deeds in the possession of the Campden Charity Trustees.

62. K.P.L., Vestry Sewers Committee, 17 June, 12 Aug., 14 Oct. 1856, 29 June 1858.

63. Campden Charity Trustees' Minutes, 10 Dec. 1868, pp. 366—7.

64. L.C.C. Minutes, 29 Sept. 1891, p. 928; 2 Feb. 1892, p. 78.

65. B. 10 April 1852, p. 237.

CHAPTER XI (pp. 276—97)

The Norland Estate

1. R.B.; D.N.B.; Gladstone, p. 39.

2. R.B.; K.P.L., 373.24, Nor/A.

3. B.M., Maps K 30.11.1.

4. D.N.B.

5. C.C., file 20639.

6. R.B.

7. G.L.R.O.(M), MA/AJ3/10; inscribed stone at No. 130 Holland Park Avenue.

8. 6 Wm. IV, c. 79, local and personal.

9. W.C.S. 77, pp. 168, 338, 372; 190, pp. 237—46; 191, pp. 136, 264.

10. Ibid., 77, p. 473.

11. Ibid., 77, p. 338.

12. Barry Supple, The Royal Exchange Assurance. A History of British Insurance 1720—1970, 1970, p. 322.

13. W.C.S. 93, p. 90.

14. C.C., file 20639; M.L.R. 1839/2/201.

15. M.L.R. 1844/1/424; P.R.O., PROB 11/2188, f. 250.

16. Information kindly supplied by the librarian of The Law Society; Charles Richardson, Notices and Extracts Relating to the Lion's Head which was erected at Button's CoffeeHouse in the year 1713, 1828; Survey of London, vol. XXXVI, 1970, pp. 84, 90, 168, 192.

17. K.P.L., KQ 213, abstract of title of Mortimore Timpson to land at Notting Hill; C.C., file 20639.

18. W.C.S. 78—83 passim.

19. Ibid., P/36/1121; P/37/1165; P/38/1193, 1218, 1221.

20. Ibid., P/39/1268.

21. Ibid., P/36/1121; P/37/1165.

22. Ibid., 79, p. 289.

23. M.L.R. 1842/1/984.

24. W.C.S. 80, p. 39.

25. Ibid., 80, pp. 503—4.

26. M.C.S. 291, 5 Feb. 1851, nos. 35—8.

27. W.C.S. 83, p. 339; 84, p. 211.

28. D.S.R. 1855, nos. 433—59.

29. M.L.R. 1839/8/417—21.

30. Ibid., 1840/9/593; R.B.; G.L.R.O. (M), MA/A/ 13/10b, plan of 1827.

31. M.L.R. 1840/5/741.

32. Boase.

33. M.L.R. 1841/1/185—96; 1841/2/60—72.

34. Ibid., 1842/7/579; R.B.

35. Guildhall Library, MS. 8733/10, 7 April 1841.

36. Ibid., MS. 8728/28, 14 April 1841; 8733/10, 13 April, 18 June 1841.

37. Ibid., MS. 8733/10, 18 June 1841.

38. 6 and 7 Vict., c. 33, local and personal.

39. K.P.L., KQ 213, abstract of title of Mortimore Timpson etc.

40. M.L.R. 1843/2/68.

41. Ibid., 1850/2/684—5.

42. D.S.R. 1850, nos. 24—7.

43. M.B.W. 213, 4 Feb. 1856.

44. West London Observer, 20 Oct. 1855.

45. M.L.R. 1846/2/403; 1847/4/571—4; 1847/67 299; 1848/3/24.

46. C. J. Richardson, The Englishman's House from A Cottage to A Mansion, [1871], p. 192.

47. C.C., file 18217.

48. D.S.R. 1850, no. 53.

49. M.L.R. 1844/5/181—2.

50. Ibid., 1844/9/436.

51. Guildhall Library, MS. 8733/11, 8 June 1842, 28 Feb. 1844; 8733/12, 4 March 1846.

52. M.L.R. 1849/9/366.

53. Ibid., 1847/6/299.

54. Ibid., 1851/2/69.

55. Ibid., 1851/4/812.

56. Ibid., 1848/2/949.

57. W.C.S. 83, p. 214.

58. Guildhall Library, K/Jam, coloured lithograph.

59. B. 23 Nov. 1844, p. 588; 2 Aug. 1845, p. 371; 9 Feb. 1856, p. 78; 15 Sept. 1866, p. 692.

60. K.P.L., Vestry Works Committee 1864, passim.

61. B. 4 Sept. 1847, p. 427.

62. M.C.S. 288, 21 Jan. 1848, no. 5; D.S.R. 1847, nos. 310—17.

63. M.L.R. 1848/2/942—55; 1848/3/77—9; 1853/2/ 779.

64. M.C.S. 288, 7 April 1848, no. 5; D.S.R. 1848, nos. 52—6.

65. The Times, 12 July 1848.

66. D.S.R. 1849, nos. 212—16, 301—11; 1850, nos. 367—74; 1851, nos. 85—9.

67. M.L.R. 1852/16/793; 1853/2/780.

68. Ibid., 1852—3 passim sub Tufnell.

69. Ibid., 1848/2/946.

70. The Times, 30 May 1848; G.L.R.O.(L), BRA 747/18.

71. P.R.O., PROB 11/2090, f. 228.

72. W.C.S. Minutes, passim.

73. Ibid., 82, p. 493.

74. Guildhall Library, MS. 8733/12, 4 March 1846.

75. M.L.R. 1852/16/793; K.P.L., Vestry Works Committee, 23 Nov. 1860, 15 March 1861, 25 April 1862.

76. B. 7 June 1851, p. 368.

77. M.L.R. 1852/16/154; 1851/6/995.

78. Ibid., 1852/1/804.

79. Ibid., 1853/9/851.

80. K.P.L., Vestry Works Committee, 23 Nov. 1860, 15 March 1861, 25 April 1862.

81. M.L.R. 1858/4/374—5.

82. Ibid., 1858/4/375—6; Scottish Record Office, B.C. Seqs, sec.v, R1/1.

83. Information kindly supplied by the librarian of The Law Society.

84. W.C.S. P/43/1388.

85. Ibid., P/43/1394; 83, p. 339.

86. K.P.L., Vestry Works Committee, 15, 29 April 1864.

87. Ordnance Survey map, 1863.

88. C.C., file 18217; B. 26 July 1845, p. 356.

89. D.S.R. 1850, no. 53.

90. Ibid., 1850, no. 184.

91. B. 29 Jan. 1876, p. 110.

92. Information kindly supplied by Mr. Romilly B. Craze.

93. Pepperell, pp. 49—50; B. 18 Nov. 1871, p. 915.

94. Spanish and Portuguese Synagogue, Holland Park. History, 1928—1953, pp. 13, 16; foundation stone.

CHAPTER XII (pp. 298—332)

The Portobello and St. Quintin Estates

1. M.L.R. 1755/2/221.

2. K.P.L., The River Colne Water Works. Proposed Aqueduct. Objections on the Part of Sir George Talbot.

3. Burke's Dictionary of the Peerage, 1869 ed., sub Earldom of Shrewsbury.

4. M.L.R. 1767/5/70—1.

5. D.N.B.

6. M.L.R. 1802/2/663.

7. P.R.O., PROB 11/1426, f. 384.

8. Principal Probate Registry, 1859, f. 687.

9. Walford's County Families of the United Kingdom, 1909 ed.

10. G.L.R.O.(L), Kensington Tithe Apportionment.

11. K.P.L., Portobello Farm sale particulars.

12. Ibid., MS. 2259; M.L.R. 1852/9/917; 1853/ 10/826—44.

13. M.C.S. 298, 29 April 1853, no. 773; 27 Aug. 1853, no. 144.

14. M.L.R. 1856/4/432.

15. Ibid., 1855/14/576.

16. Ibid., 1855/14/655.

17. Ibid., 1860/7/983—4; 1860/15/591—2, 913; 1860/17/768.

18. Ibid., 1861/1/383.

19. Phoenix Assurance Co. Ltd., Minutes of the Law Life Assurance Society, 22 July 1868.

20. M.L.R. 1860/15/608; 1869/28/521.

21. Ibid., 1863/21/829.

22. G.L.C. Historic Buildings Division, file 512.

23. M.L.R. 1864/3/487—91.

24. Ibid., 1864/9/331.

25. Ibid., 1864/10/855—6; 1868/3/302.

26. B.N. 12 April 1861, pp. 300—1.

27. D.S.R. 1871—3.

28. M.L.R. 1860/15/607; 1860/17/769; 1861/10/ 271, 311.

29. Ibid., 1861/1/746, 748; 1861/6/1021; 1861/7/ 897—902; 1861/10/272.

30. Ibid., 1861/7/768.

31. Ibid., 1863/21/829—30; 1864/18/245—6; Sun Alliance and London Insurance Group, Minutes of the County Fire Office, 1863—9 passim.

32. Guildhall Library, MS. 11932/34, p. 367; 11932/35, pp. 10, 97.

33. Ibid., MS. 8733/22, pp. 36, 53.

34. M.L.R. 1868/3/302.

35. Guildhall Library, MS. 11932/36, p. 231.

36. M.L.R. 1868/27/214; 1868/28/453, 871—3; 1868/30/387.

37. Phoenix Assurance Co. Ltd., Minutes of the Law Life Assurance Society, July 1868—April 1870.

38. M.L.R. 1864/19/37.

39. Ibid., 1868/27/214; 1868/28/453; 1869/28/ 521; Guildhall Library, MS. 11932/34, p. 367; 8733/22, p. 36.

40. B. R. Curle, 'Portobello Market', K.P.L. Local History Occasional Notes No. 1, 1969.

41. C.C., file 11898.

42. The Times, 11 Feb. 1885.

43. B. 14 May 1881, p. 624.

44. K.P.L., Kensington Directories.

45. C.C., file 39469.

46. K.P.L., Kensington Directories; Gladstone, p. 183.

47. M.O.H. Report for 1920; K.P.L., Kensington Directories.

48. Jane Morton, 'New Hope for Notting Hill', in New Society, 21 March 1968, p. 416. The editor is indebted to Mrs. Patricia Malcolmson for this reference.

49. T. C. Barker and Michael Robbins, A History of London Transport, vol. 1, 1963, pp. 113—17, 121—2.

50. 24 and 25 Vict., c. 164, local and personal; Herapath's Railway Journal, 18 June, 9 July 1864.

51. H.L.R.O., Minutes of select Committee of House of Lords on Hammersmith, Paddington and City Junction Railway Bill, 14 March 1861.

52. M.L.R. 1861/1/105, 444; G.L.R.O.(L), Blake papers, Ac.61.39.

53. G.L.R.O.(L), Blake papers, Ac.61.39.

54. The Railway Times, 13 Feb. 1864, pp. 192—5.

55. Herapath's Railway Journal, 25 July 1863.

56. Barker and Robbins, op. cit., vol. 1, pp. 105, 112.

57. Herapath's Railway Journal, 25 July 1863; The Railway Times, 13 Feb. 1864, pp. 192—5.

58. Herapath's Railway Journal, 16 April 1864.

59. Ibid., 18 June, 9 July 1864; 25 March 1865.

60. M.L.R. 1863/4/429; G.L.R.O.(L), Ac.61.39.

61. M.L.R. 1862/4/624.

62. Ibid., 1863/13/611; G.L.R.O.(L), Ac.61.39.

63. M.L.R. 1864/14/682; G.L.R.O.(L), Ac.61.39.

64. M.L.R. 1863/13/616; G.L.R.O.(L), Ac.61.39.

65. G.L.R.O.(L), Ac.61.39; K.P.L., Vestry Works Committee, 28 Oct. 1864.

66. P.O.D.

67. M.L.R. 1865/26/541.

68. K.P.L., Vestry Works Committee, 17 Feb. 1865.

69. B.N. 15 April 1870, p. 292.

70. M.L.R. 1870/5/849; 1875/27/115; 1878/21/ 171—3.

71. Ibid., 1874/23/93; 1874/24/234; G.L.R.O.(L), Ac.61.39.

72. M.L.R. 1875/28/610; G.L.R.O.(L), Ac.61.39.

73. D.S.R.

74. B.N. 5 May 1865, pp. vii, 327.

75. M.L.R. 1869/29/375; M.L.R. index sub Freehold Securities Co., 1868—70, passim.

76. Ibid., 1866/3/855; K.P.L., Vestry Works Committee, 16 Feb. 1866.

77. M.L.R. 1867/7/275.

78. Ibid., 1875/6/86—7.

79. Survey of London, vol. XXXIII, 1966, p. 299.

80. M.L.R. 1876/26/99—100; G.L.R.O.(L), Ac.61. 39.

81. G.L.R.O.(L), Ac.61.39; Principal Probate Registry, 1872, f. 221.

82. Principal Probate Registry, 1872, f. 221.

83. M.L.R. 1872/16/691; G.L.R.O.(L), Ac.61.39.

84. M.L.R. 1875/17/889; G.L.R.O.(L), Ac.61.39.

85. M.L.R. 1885/21/513.

86. Ordnance Survey map, 1891—3.

87. Principal Probate Registry, 1876, f. 604.

88. Ibid., 1859, f. 687.

89. M.L.R. 1902/16/543.

90. B.A. 25840; L.C.C. Minutes, 1904—14, passim; G.L.R.O.(L), L.C.C. Building Act Committee, Presented Papers, 23 Jan. 1905, item 51.

91. B.A. 46117; M.O.H. Report for 1922.

92. M.O.H. Report for 1931.

93. Kensington Borough Council Minutes, 1 Nov. 1932, p. 406.

94. M.O.H. Reports for 1933, 1935, 1938.

95. Kensington Borough Council Minutes, 13 Feb. 1923, p. 154; L.C.C. Minutes, 15 June 1926, p. 886.

96. K.P.L., 362.78 Pri; Annual Reports of the Princess Louise Kensington Hospital for Children, 1927, 1928.

97. Principal Probate Registry, 1933, folio unnumbered.

98. Information kindly supplied by Mr. W. W. Males.

99. B.N. 15 Sept. 1876, p. 256.

100. R.I.B.A. Journal, third series, vol. VII, 1900, pp. 145—6.

101. The Ecclesiologist, Aug. 1852, vol. XIII, p. 299.

102. G.L.R.O.(L), M.B.O. 30, p. 215, no. 1693.

103. B. 13 Oct. 1855, pp. 486—7.

104. B.N. 12 April 1861, p. 301.

105. C.C., file 24857.

106. K.P.L., 283/All.

107. The Ecclesiologist, Oct. 1861, vol. xix, p. 328.

108. I.L.N. 22 June 1861, p. 586.

109. Rev. J. H. C. Twisaday, Thirty Years at All Saints Notting Hill London Will, 1964, pp. 7—9.

110. Charles L. Eastlake, A History of the Gothic Revival, 1872, p. 291.

111. B.N. 22 Nov. 1872, p. 406.

112. B. 10 Jan. 1891, p. 40.

113. C.C., file 41861; Pepperell, pp. 3—4.

114. B. 22 Jan. 1870, p. 73.

115. Pepperell, pp. 3—4.

116. C.C., file 42587; Edward Ker Gray, Thirty Years of the Lights and Shades of Clerical Life in the Diocese of London, 1902, pp. 10—11; Pepperell, pp. 55—6; B. 12 Nov. 1870, p. 909.

117. B. 21 Jan. 1882, p. 90.

118. Henry Phipps Denison, Seventy-Two Years' Church Recollections, 1925, p. 91.

119. Denison, Short History of St. Michael's, North Kensington (in parts, undated).

120. Gray, op. cit., p. 13.

121. C.C., file NB23/321; B. 12 Jan. 1884, p. 75.

122. C.C., file 24076.

123. Ibid., file 63671.

124. Ibid., file NB23/242.

125. Ibid., file 64027.

126. B. 29 Sept. 1888, p. 239.

127. C.C., file 73881.

128. B. 3 Dec. 1898, p. 508.

129. Winefride de L'Hôpital, Westminster Cathedral and Its Architect, c. 1920, vol. II, pp. 380, 463—5.

130. Ibid., vol. II, p. 464.

131. Information kindly supplied by the Little Sisters of the Poor.

132. R.B.; information kindly supplied by the archivist, Archbishop's House, Westminster.

133. Pepperell, pp. 63—4.

134. B. 22 April 1882, p. 503.

135. Francis J. Kirk, Reminiscences of an Oblate of St. Charles, 1905, pp. 72—9.

136. E.S. Purcell, Life of Cardinal Manning, Archbishop of Westminster, 1896, vol. II, p. 504.

137. G.L.R.O.(L), EO/TRA/3/43; B. 27 June 1908, p. 748.

138. L.C.C. Minutes, 1951—7, passim.

139. B. 27 June 1908, pp. 748—9.

140. In the Silence of Mary. The Life of Mother Mary of Jesus, Carmelite Prioress and Foundress, 1851—1942, 1964, passim.

141. Kirk, op. cit., pp. 29—33; B. 14 Sept. 1872, p. 732.

142. de L'Hôpital, op. cit., vol. II, pp. 402—5.

143. Alexander Rottmann, London Catholic Churches, 1926, p. 123.

144. K.P.L., Vestry Works Committee, 1 Sept., 8 Dec. 1865.

145. Gladstone, pp. 183—4.

146. Pepperell, p. 58.

147. Gladstone, loc. cit.; B. 23 April 1887, p. 627.

148. B. 12 July 1879, p. 785; 25 June 1881, p. 792.

149. Ibid., 16 Jan. 1904, p. 64.

150. Ibid., 19 March 1881, pp. 354—5.

151. Ibid., 25 June 1881, p. 792.

152. M.L.R. 1868/17/481.

153. Ibid., 1870/6/820.

154. Guildhall Library, MS. 10687.

155. M.L.R. 1868/28/786—94; 1869/27/148.

CHAPTER XIII (pp. 333—9)

Kensal Green

1. Kensington Vestry Annual Report, 1899—1900.

2. G.L.R.O.(L), Chelsea Tithe apportionment; W.C.S. 81. passim.

3. M.L.R. 1832/3/169.

4. W.C.S. 81 et seq., passim.

5. G.L.R.O.(L), M.B.O. 30, p. 107.

6. Francis Kirk, Reminiscences of an Oblate of St. Charles, 1905, p. 30; Gladstone, pp. 197—201, 207.

7. Kensington Vestry Annual Reports, 1881—2, 1883—4.

8. Inscription on bridge.

9. Kirk, op. cit., p. 32; Gladstone, p. 202.

10. Charles Booth, Life and Labour of the People in London, first series, vol. 1, 1902, pp. 243, 246.

11. L.C.C. Minutes, 14 March 1911, p. 565.

12. Gladstone, p. 202.

13. M.O.H. Report for 1925, p. 90.

14. Ibid., for 1933, p. 36.

15. Ibid., for 1935, p. 36.

16. Ibid., for 1936, p. 38; 1938, p. 41.

17. Ibid., for 1936, p. 47.

18. The Architectural Review, vol. LXXXI, 1937, pp. 207—10.

19. M.O.H. Report for 1936, pp. 39, 40, 47.

20. Ibid., for 1955—64, passim.

21. K.P.L., Local Affairs, no. 12, Sept. 1970.

22. P.P., 1843(509), vol. XII, Report on the Practice of Interment in Towns, pp. 27, 133.

23. The Penny Magazine, 2 Aug. 1834, p. 299.

24. Papers in the possession of the General Cemetery Company.

25. Colvin.

26. D.N.B.; Royal Academy Catalogue, 1827, no. 958.

27. The Morning Chronicle, 6 July 1830.

28. The Gentleman's Magazine, vol. c, 1830, p. 351.

29. The Morning Advertiser, 14 May 1830 (reference supplied by Mr. J. S. Curl).

30. The Times, 10 June, 6 July 1830; The Morning Chronicle, 6 July 1830; The Gentleman's Magazine, vol. c. 1830, p. 552.

31. Boase.

32. The Times, 13 July 1831.

33. 2 and 3 Wm. IV, c. 110, local and personal.

34. Minutes in the possession of the Company, 8 Feb., 9 June 1830.

35. Ibid., Sept. 1831—Aug. 1832.

36. Ibid., 1 Nov. 1831.

37. Ibid., Jan.—March 1832.

38. The Gentleman's Magazine, 1832, vol. CII, p. 245.

39. Company Minutes, March 1832.

40. The Gentleman's Magazine, 1832, vol. CII, p. 171.

41. Company Minutes, Oct. 1832.

42. Ibid., Feb.—June 1833.

43. Ibid., 20 Feb. 1833.

44. The Times, 25 Jan. 1833; The Gentleman's Magazine, 1833, vol. CIII, p. 169.

45. Company Minutes, 1833—4 passim.

46. Royal Academy Catalogue, 1834.

47. Company Minutes, 1836—8.

48. The Architectural Magazine, vol. III, Dec. 1836, pp. 562 et seq.

49. P.P., 1867, vol. LVIII, Returns relating to Metropolitan Cemeteries, p. 728.

50. B. 2 Sept. 1854, p. 460; 27 Dec. 1856, p. 700.

51. Ibid., 7 Nov. 1863, p. 789; 8 April 1866, pp. 305—6.

52. Ibid., 21 April 1860, p. 251; Kirk, op. cit., p. 36; Catalogue of the Architectural Exhibition at Conduit Street, 1860, nos. 224, 325.

53. C.C., file 68965.

CHAPTER XIV (pp. 340—55)

The Potteries, Bramley Road Area, and the Rise of the Housing Problem in North Kensington

1. Mary Bayly, Ragged Homes and How to Mend Them, 1859, pp. 22—4; P.P., 1836, vol. XXVI, Eighteenth Report of the Commissioners of Inquiry into the Excise Establishment, p. 149; K.P.L., Court Books of Abbots Kensington, vol. 3, pp. 210—12.

2. K.P.L., Court Books, loc. cit.

3. D.S.R. 1879, no. 57.

4. B. 26 Jan. 1856, p. 43.

5. Fourth Annual Report of the Poor Law Commissioners, 1838, Appendix A, Supplement no. I, p. 109.

6. W.C.S. 74, p. 311; 84, pp. 54, 104, 327.

7. G.L.R.O.(L), Kensington Board of Guardians' Minutes, 11 Oct. 1849.

8. M.C.S. 477/27.

9. Ibid., 477/73.

10. Ibid., 12, 6 Dec. 1850, 3 Jan. 1851.

11. P.P., 1850, vol. XXI, Report of the General Board of Health on the Epidemic Cholera of 1848 and 1849, pp. 48—50.

12. G.L.R.O.(L), Kensington Board of Guardians' Minutes, 13, 20 Sept., 11 Oct. 1849.

13. B. 6, 13 Aug. 1853, pp. 506, 522.

14. M.O.H. Report for 1856.

15. 18 and 19 Vict., c. 120, public.

16. 18 and 19 Vict., c. 121, public.

17. K.P.L., Vestry Sewers Committee, 1 April 1856; M.O.H. Report for 1856.

18. K.P.L., Vestry Sewers Committee, 1 April 1856.

19. B. 9 April 1859, p. 245.

20. K.P.L., Vestry Works Committee, 25 Aug. 1869.

21. B. 26 June 1858, p. 446; 17 Jan. 1863, p. 50.

22. K.P.L., Vestry Works Committee, 6 Dec. 1861.

23. B.N. 16 Jan. 1863, pp. 44—7.

24. M.O.H. Report for 1869.

25. Ibid., for 1871—4.

26. Ibid., for 1878, 1894.

27. M.L.R. 1865/17/1046.

28. K.P.L., Vestry Works Committee, 1860—6 passim.

29. British Transport Historical Records, WLR 1/5, p. 113; 1/9, p. 6; Gladstone, p. 141.

30. 6 Wm. IV, c. 79, local and personal.

31. British Transport Historical Records, WLR 1/8, p. 258; 1/7, p. 251; W.C.S. 85, p. 246.

32. K.P.L., MS. 4908.

33. W.C.S. 85, p. 123; 86, p. 402.

34. M.C.S. 289, 16 March 1849, no. 2; Misc. sewer plans, P/1/33.

35. T. C. Barker and Michael Robbins, A History of London Transport, vol. 1, 1963, p. 127.

36. I.L.N. 5 Aug. 1865, p. 107.

37. M.O.H. Report for 1892.

38. Ibid., for 1878.

39. Kensington Vestry Annual Reports, 1878—9, 1885—6, 1888—9.

40. K.P.L., K67/174.

41. M.O.H. Reports for 1883—5.

42. The Times, 29 Oct. 1888; Kensington Vestry Annual Reports, 1888—9, 1891—2, 1892—3.

43. K.P.L., Latymer Road Mission Centenary Leaflet, 1963.

44. K.P.L., Vestry Works Committee, 10 Sept. 1862.

45. B. 30 March 1867, p. 232.

46. D.S.R. 1878—9.

47. I.L.N. 29 June 1867, p. 649.

48. P.O.D.

49. Gareth Stedman Jones, Outcast London, 1971, pp. 324—6.

50. M.O.H. Report for 1893.

51. Ibid., for 1895.

52. Ibid., for 1896.

53. Ibid., for 1888.

54. Ibid., for 1899.

55. Ibid., for 1898.

56. Ibid., for 1897.

57. Ibid., for 1902.

58. L.C.C. Minutes, 19 Dec. 1899, pp. 1842—3.

59. K.P.L., Record of the Work of the Borough Council under the Housing of the Working Classes Act, 1890 (Part III), Dec. 1900—June 1906.

60. Ibid., Mayoral Minute for 1900—1.

61. Ibid., Mayoral Minute for 1905—6.

62. M.O.H. Report for 1912.

63. Ibid., for 1907.

64. Life of Octavia Hill as Told in her Letters, ed. C. Edmund Maurice, 1913, pp. 560, 579; E. Moberly Bell, Octavia Hill. A Biography, 1942, pp. 253—5.

65. M.O.H. Report for 1901.

66. Charles Booth, Life and Labour of the People in London, first series, vol. 1, 1902, pp. 243, 246.

67. Agnes Mary Alexander, Some Kensington Problems, 1904, p. 4.

68. M.O.H. Reports for 1910—12.

69. Ibid., for 1911.

70. Ibid., for 1914.

71. Ibid., for 1923 and 1924.

72. Ibid., for 1926.

73. Ibid., for 1920 and 1927.

74. Ibid., for 1923.

75. K.P.L., Kensington Housing Association Annual Reports.

76. M.O.H. Report for 1927.

77. Ibid., for 1930; K.P.L., The Sutton Dwellings Trust, Annual Report, 1950, p. 7.

78. M.O.H. Report for 1933.

79. Ibid., for 1935 and 1938.

80. J. Fletcher, 'Kensington Builds for the Poor', in The Architectural Review, vol. LXXV, 1934, pp. 81—6.

81. M.O.H. Report for 1938.

82. Ibid., for 1936 and 1938.

83. Ibid., for 1932.

84. Ibid., for 1930.

85. Ibid., for 1936.

86. C.C., file 24076; B.N. 29 March 1867, p. 230; K.P.L., Vestry Works Committee, 10 Sept. 1862.

87. C.C., file 34709.

88. Ibid., file 24076.

89. Ibid., file 34709; I.L.N. 18 May 1867, p. 491; 29 June 1867, p. 649.

90. B.N. 29 March 1867, p. 230.

91. B. 21 Aug. 1875, p. 763.

92. Winefride de L'Hôpital, Westminster Cathedral and Its Architect, c. 1920, vol. 11, p. 369; B.N. 20 Jan. 1860, p. 43.

93. MS. diary in possession of the church, kindly lent by the Rev. Cyril Wilson; de L'Hôpital, loc. cit.

94. de L'Hôpital, op. cit., vol. 11, p. 375.

95. B.N. 16 Jan. 1863, pp. 44—7.

96. MS. diary; de L'Hôpital, op. cit., vol. 11, pp. 370—4.

97. de L'Hôpital, op. cit., vol. II, pp. 376—7.

98. B.N. 14 Oct. 1870, p. 285.

99. MS. diary.

100. D.S.R. 1879, no. 68.

101. de L'Hôpital, op. cit., vol. II, p. 473.