General history
Ecclesiastical jurisdiction and religious houses

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Institute of Historical Research

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Author

Daniel and Samuel Lysons

Year published

1814

Pages

25-35

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'General history: Ecclesiastical jurisdiction and religious houses', Magna Britannia: volume 3: Cornwall (1814), pp. XXV-XXXV. URL: http://british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=50609 Date accessed: 22 September 2014.


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Ecclesiastical Jurisdiction and Division of the County.

The county of Cornwall was anciently under the jurisdiction of Bishops of its own. It had been supposed, that their fee was originally at Bodmin; but the late learned Mr. Whitaker, in his elaborate work, intituled, "The Cathedral of Cornwall," has clearly shown that it was first established at St. Germans, and there remained, till the reign of Canute, when the sees of St. Germans and Crediton were united; and Cornwall and Devonshire were placed under the jurisdiction of one Bishop, who had his see at Exeter, as it has continued to the present day. The limits of the archdeaconry of Cornwall are nearly the same as those of the county (fn. 1) , but within it are thirty-two parishes of exempt jurisdiction (fn. 2) ; it is divided into eight deaneries; East, Kirrier, Penwith, Powder, Pyder, TriggMajor, Trigg-Minor, and West. The archdeacon's visitations are held annually about a month after Easter, at Launceston, Liskeard, Bodmin, Truro, Helston, and Penzance.

The office of dean-rural, which, in many parts of the kingdom, is become merely nominal, is in Cornwall an efficient office. The deans-rural, who are appointed annually, make regular visitations to every church within their deanery, and report the state of the churches at the archdeacon's visitations.

The spiritual court for the archdeaconry was held at St. Neot, till about the year 1750, when it was removed to Lostwithiel, and from thence, shortly afterwards, to Bodmin, where it is still held. The courts are held once a fortnight, on Fridays; except during the holidays at Easter and Christmas.

Carew, in his Survey of Cornwall, says, "Of parishes this county hath 161, as Master Camden noteth; and, as others have, about 180." The former number, which was taken from Wolsey's list, must certainly have excluded all those parishes which had subordinate churches, called, in Cornwall, Daughter-churches; such as Cury, Germoe, and Gunwallo, are esteemed with respect to their motherchurch, Breage; yet these, and many others of the same kind, have long since been esteemed separate parishes. Hals, in his Parochial Survey, makes the number of parishes 203: among these, he includes the Devonshire church of Bridgerule, Helston, and St. Thomas, near Launceston. Martyn, in his alphabetical table, makes the number also 203; but in this number, he includes not only Bridgrule, but North-Petherwin, a parish solely in Devonshire, and St. Erney, which is not in Hals's list; whilst he omits Helston, Lostwithiel, Stratton, and Truro. Adopting St. Erney, Helston, and St. Thomas, as separate parishes, but omitting Bridgrule and North-Petherwin, the number will be the same as stated by Hals and Martyn, namely, 203. Of these, eighty-five are rectories, 100 are vicarages, and eighteen donatives or curacies; the great tithes of most of the two latter descriptions are now lay-impropriations.

Hals has given a calculation of the value of the several Cornish benefices in the early part of the last century, in which that of St. Columb is estimated at 400l. per annum, being the only benefice stated to have been then worth more than 300l. He values the deanery of Burian, the rectories of St. Breock, St. Michael-Carhayes, Southill, and Stoke-Climsland, at 300l. Two of the other benefices are valued at 220l., fifteen at 200l., one at 170l., nine at 150l., twelve between 100l. and 150l., and twenty-seven at 100l. per annum, the remainder under 100l. (fn. 3)

Table of Parishes. (fn. 4)
Modern Names. Rectory, Vicarage, or Curacy. Ancient Names, where they can be ascertained. Deanery. Hundred.
(fn. 4) Advent Rectory Trigg-Major Lesnewth.
(fn. 4) St. Agnes, commonly called St. Anns Vicarage Breanick Pyder Pyder.
St. Allen Vicarage Powder Powder—West Division.
Alternon Vicarage Trigg-Major Lesnewth.
Anthony alias East-Anthony alias Anthony St. Jacobs Vicarage East East—South Division.
St. Anthony in Roseland Rectory Powder Powder—West Division.
St. Anthony in Meneage Vicarage Kirrier Kirrier—East Division.
St. Austell, generally written St. Austle Vicarage Powder Powder—East Division.
(fn. 4) St. Blazey Vicarage Powder Powder—East Division.
Blisland Rectory Bliston Trigg-Minor Trigg.
Boconnoc Rectory West West.
Bodmin Vicarage Trigg-Minor Trigg.
Botesfleming Rectory Boten East East—South Division.
Boyton Curacy Trigg-Major Stratton.
Breage Vicarage Pembro Kirrier Kirrier—West Division.
St. Breock, pronounced as the above, Breage Rectory Pyder Pyder.
St. Breward or Simon Ward Vicarage Trigg-Minor Trigg.
Broadoak, sometimes called and written Bradock Rectory West West.
Budock alias St. Budock Vicarage Kirrier Kirrier—East Division.
St. Burian, otherwise Burian Rectory Penwith Penwith.
(fn. 4) Callington Rectory Calweton East East—Middle Division.
Calstock Rectory East East—Middle Division.
Camborne Rectory Mariadoci Penwith Penwith—East Division.
Cardinham Rectory West West.
St. Cleather Vicarage Trigg-Major Lesnewth.
St. Cleer Vicarage Powder West.
St. Clement's Vicarage Moresk Trigg-Major Powder—West Division.
Colan Vicarage Pyder Pyder.
St. Columb Major Rectory Pyder Pyder.
St. Columb Minor Donative Pyder Pyder.
Constantine Vicarage Kirrier Kirrier—East Division.
Cornelly Curacy Grogoth Powder Powder—West Division.
Crantock Curacy Langoroch Pyder Pyder.
Creed Rectory Powder Powder—West Division.
Crowan Vicarage Penwith Penwith—East Division.
Cubert Vicarage Pyder Pyder.
Cuby or Keby Vicarage Powder Powder—West Division.
(fn. 4) Cury Vicarage Corantyn or Corington Kirrier Kirrier—West Division.
Davidstow vulgo Dewstow Vicarage Downstock, or St. David Trigg-Major Lesnewth.
St. Dennis Rectory and Vicarage Powder Powder—East Division.
St. Dominick Rectory East East—Middle Division.
Duloe Vicarage West West.
Egloshayle Vicarage Trigg-Minor Trigg.
Egloskerry Curacy Trigg-Major East—North Division.
Endellion Rectory Trigg-Minor Trigg.
St. Enoder Vicarage Pyder Powder and Pyder.
St. Erme Rectory Powder Powder—West Division.
(fn. 5) St. Erney Vicarage East East—South Division.
St. Erth Vicarage Lanhudnow Penwith Penwith—East Division.
St. Ervan Rectory Pyder Pyder.
St. Evall Vicarage Pyder Pyder.
St. Ewe, (sometimes written St. Tue) Rectory Powder Powder—East Division.
Falmouth Rectory Smithike Kirrier Kirrier—East Division.
Feock vulgo Feage Vicarage Powder Powder—West Division.
Filley or Filleigh, written also Philley or Philleigh Rectory Eglos-Ros Powder Powder—West Division.
Forrabury Rectory Trigg-Minor Lesnewth.
Fowey Vicarage Powder Powder—East Division.
St. Gennis Vicarage Trigg-Major Lesnewth.
St. Germans Curacy East East—South Division.
(fn. 5) Germoe Vicarage Kirrier Kirrier—East Division.
Gerrans Rectory Powder Powder—West Division.
Gluvias Vicarage Kirrier Kirrier—East Division.
Gorran Vicarage Powder Powder—East Division.
Grade Rectory Kirrier Kirrier—West Division.
Gulvall Vicarage Lanestly Penwith Penwith—West Division.
(fn. 5) Gunwalloe Vicarage Wynyanton Kirrier Kirrier—West Division.
Gwennap, (sometimes written Wennap or Winnap) Vicarage Pensignance Kirrier Kirrier—East Division.
Gwinnear, (sometimes written Winniar) Vicarage Penwith Penwith—East Division.
(fn. 5) Gwithian, (sometimes written Withian) Rectory Conarton Penwith Penwith—East Division.
Helland Rectory Trigg-Minor Trigg.
(fn. 5) Helston Vicarage Kirrier Kirrier—West Division.
St. Hilary Vicarage Penwith Penwith—East Division.
Jacobstow Rectory Trigg-Major Stratton.
Illogan Rectory Penwith Penwith—East Division.
St. John (generally called St. John's) Rectory East East—South Division.
St. Issey Vicarage Nansant and Eglos-Crock Pyder Pyder.
St. Juliot vulgo St. Jilt Curacy Trigg-Major Lesnewth.
St. Just, in Roseland Rectory Powder Powder—West Division.
St. Just, in Penwith Vicarage Penwith Penwith—West Division.
St. Ive Rectory East East—Middle Division.
(fn. 5) St. Ives Vicarage St. Eye Penwith Penwith—East Division.
*Kea Vicarage Landegy Powder Powder—West Division.
St. Kean Rectory West West.
Kenwyn Vicarage Powder Powder—West Division.
St. Keverne Vicarage Lanachebran Kirrier Kirrier—West Division.
St. Kew Vicarage Lanow Trigg-Minor Trigg.
Kilkhampton Rectory Kilhamland Trigg-Major Stratton.
Ladock vulgo Laffick Rectory Powder Powder—East Division.
Lamorran Rectory Powder Powder—West Division.
Landewednack Rectory Kirrier Kirrier—West Division.
Landrake or Lanrake Vicarage East East—South Division.
Landulph Rectory East East—South Division.
Laneast Curacy Trigg-Major East—North Division.
Lanhydrock vulgo Lanhetherick Curacy Pyder Pyder.
Lanivet Rectory Pyder Pyder.
Lanlivery Vicarage Lanvorek Powder Powder—East Division.
Lanreath Rectory Lanreythow. West West.
Lansalloes Rectory West West.
Lantegloss, near Camelford Rectory Trigg-Minor Lesnewth.
Lantegloss, near Fowey Vicarage West West.
Launcells Vicarage Lanlohoc or Lannohoc Trigg-Major Stratton.
Launceston or St. Mary Magdalen vulgo Lanson Curacy Dunheved Trigg-Major East—North Division.
Lawhitton Rectory East East—North Division.
Lelant or Lalant Vicarage La Nant Penwith Penwith—East Division.
Lesnewth Rectory Trigg-Minor Lesnewth.
Lestwithiel or Lostwithiel Vicarage Powder Powder—East Division.
(fn. 6) St. Levan Rectory Penwith Penwith—West Division.
Lewanick Vicarage East East—North Division.
Lezant Rectory East East—North Division.
Linkinhorne Vicarage East East—North Division.
Liskeard Vicarage West West.
Ludgvan Rectory Penwith Penwith—West Division.
Luxulion Vicarage Powder Powder—East Division.
Mabe Vicarage Lavabe or Lavapper Kirrier Kirrier—East Division.
St. Mabyn Rectory Trigg-Minor Trigg.
Maddern, Madron or Maddron Vicarage Penwith Penwith—West Division.
Maker Vicarage Macreton East East—South Division.
Manaccan or Manackan Vicarage Minster Kirrier Kirrier—East Division.
Marham-Church Rectory Trigg-Major Stratton.
St. Martin near Looe Rectory St. Kaine West West.
*St. Martin in Meneage Rectory Dedimus Kirrier Kirrier—West Division.
Mawgan in Pyder Rectory Lanherne Pyder Pyder.
Mawgan in Meneage Rectory Kirrier Kirrier—West Division.
Mawnan Rectory Kirrier Kirrier—East Division.
St. Mellion Rectory East East—Middle Division
Menheniot Vicarage East East—Middle Division.
St. Merrin or Merryn Vicarage Pyder Pyder.
Merther Curacy Eglosmerth Powder Powder—West Division.
Mevagissey Vicarage Lamorrack or Lavorack Powder Powder—East Division.
St. Mewan Rectory Powder Powder—East Division.
St. Michael-Carhayes Rectory and Vicarage Powder Powder—East Division.
St. Michael-Penkevil Rectory Powder Powder—East Division.
Michaelstow Rectory Trigg-Minor Lesnewth.
Milor or Mylor Vicarage Kirrier Kirrier—East Division.
Minster Rectory Trigg-Minor Lesnewth.
St. Minver Vicarage Trigg-Minor Trigg.
*Morvah Vicarage Penwith Penwith—West Division.
Morvall Vicarage West West
Morwinstow Vicarage Trigg-Major Stratton.
Mullion Vicarage Kirrier Kirrier—West Division.
St. Neot Vicarage West West.
Newlyn Vicarage Pyder Pyder.
Northill Rectory East East—North Division.
Otterham Rectory Trigg-Minor Lesnewth.
(fn. 6) Padstow Vicarage Aldestowe—Leland says it was called Lodenek by the Cornish Pyder Pyder.
Paul or St. Paul Vicarage Penwith Penwith—West Division.
Pelynt vulgo Plint Vicarage West West.
*Perran-Arwothall vulgo Perranwell Vicarage Kirrier Kirrier—East Division.
Perran-Uthnoe Rectory Udno or Uthno Penwith Penwith—East Division.
Perran-Zabuloe Vicarage Pyder Pyder.
Little-Petherick Rectory Nassington Pyder Pyder.
South-Petherwin vulgo South-Pethern Vicarage Trigg-Major East—North Division.
Phillack Rectory Penwith Penwith—East Division.
Pillaton Rectory East East—Middle Division.
St. Pinnock Rectory West West.
Poughill Vicarage Trigg-Major Stratton.
Poundstock Vicarage Trigg-Major Lesnewth.
Probus Vicarage Powder Powder—West Division.
Quethiock Vicarage Cruetheke East East—Middle Division.
Rame Rectory East East—South Division.
Redruth Rectory Penwith Penwith—East Division.
Roche Rectory Powder Powder—East Division.
Ruan-Lanihorne Rectory Powder Powder—West Division.
Ruan-Major Rectory Kirrier Kirrier—West Division.
Ruan-Minor Rectory Kirrier Kirrier—West Division.
*St. Sampson's, or Golant vulgo Glant Curacy Golant Powder Powder—East Division.
Sancreed Vicarage Penwith Penwith—West Division.
*Sennen Rectory Penwith Penwith—West Division.
Sheviock Rectory East East—South Division.
Sithney vulgo Sinney Vicarage Kirrier Kirrier—West Division.
Southill Rectory East East—Middle Division.
St. Stephen's near Launceston Curacy Trigg-Major East—North Division.
St. Stephen's near Saltash Vicarage East East—South Division.
*St. Stephen's in Brannell Rectory and Vicarage Brannell Powder Powder—East Division.
Stithians Vicarage Kirrier Kirrier—East Division.
Stoke-Climsland (commonly called Stoke) Rectory East East—North Division.
Stratton Vicarage Trigg-Major Stratton.
Talland Vicarage West West.
Tamerton or North-Tamerton Curacy Trigg-Major Stratton.
St. Teath Vicarage Trigg-Minor Trigg.
Temple Curacy Trigg-Minor Trigg.
St. Thomas Curacy Trigg-Major East—North Division.
Tintagel Vicarage Bossiney Trigg-Minor Lesnewth.
*Towednack Vicarage Penwith Penwith—West Division.
Tremaine or Tremean Curacy St. Winwallow Trigg-Major East—North Division.
Trenegloss Vicarage Trigg-Major Lesnewth.
Tresmere Curacy Trigg Major East—North Division.
Trevalga Rectory Trigg-Minor Lesnewth.
Trewen Vicarage Trigg-Major East—North Division.
Truro or St. Mary's Rectory Powder Powder—West Division.
St. Tudy Rectory Eglostudy Trigg-Minor Trigg
Tywardreth or Tywardreath Vicarage Powder Powder—East Division.
St. Veep Vicarage West West.
Veryan Vicarage Elerky Powder Powder—West Division.
*Warbstow Vicarage St. Warburgh Trigg-Major Lesnewth.
Warleggan Rectory West West.
Week St. Mary or St. Mary Week Rectory Wyke Trigg-Major Stratton.
Wendron Vicarage Kirrier Kirrier—West Division.
St. Wenn Vicarage Pyder Pyder.
Whitstone Rectory Wyceston Trigg-Major Stratton.
St. Winnow Vicarage West West.
Withiel Rectory Pyder Pyder.
Zennor Vicarage Penwith Penwith—West Division.

It may be observed that in most of the Cornish parishes the ancient secular name has been superseded by that of the patron-saint of the church; in most instances, indeed, it has been so completely superseded that the secular name is not recoverable, though it is probable that it was that of one of the principal manors in the parish. That there were many local saints whose names were never heard of beyond the confines of Cornwall, either natives of the county or devout persons who had migrated thither from Ireland and Wales, we are assured by several respectable historians; it seems probable that in process of time most of the parishes being called after the names of their patron-saints, the Cornish began to imagine that others, which perhaps retained the secular name, had been designated in the same manner, as St. Creed, St. Gluvias, St. Gorran, St. Gulvall, St Kenwyn, St. Mabe, St. Mawgan, St. Mawnan, St. Mewan, St. Newlyn, St. Pinnock, St. Sancred, St. Sithney, St. Wendron, &c. of whose history or whose festivals we know nothing, nor do we find their names in any of the martyrologies. Of late years, on the contrary, some parishes which take their names from saints, whose legends are well known, are generally spoken of and written without the addition of saint, such as Burian, Budock, Colan, Probus, Sennen, &c. Among the patron-saints of Cornish churches, who were known beyond the limits of Cornwall, were St. Blaze, Bishop and martyr, patron of the Wool-combers; St. David, Archbishop of Carleon, and his mother St. Nonnette; St. Dennis; St. German, Bishop of Auxerre; St. Wynwalloe, Abbot of Tauracum; St. Hilary; St. Martin; St. Neot; St. Paulinus, Bishop of Rochester; St. Olave and St. Nicholas, and a few other well-known saints of the Calendar.

Among the native saints were Keby, son of Solomon, King of Cornwall (patron of St. Cuby, &c.); Melianus, King of Cornwall, and his son Melor (patrons of St. Mellion and Milor); Gerennius, King of Cornwall (patron of Gerrans); and St. Columba, a virgin and martyr, who gave name to St. Columb. Among the Welch saints we have Carantoc, son of Careticus, a King of Wales; St. Colan; St. Rumon, a Bishop; and several of the twenty-four sons and daughters of Brechan, another King of Wales, mentioned by Leland and William of Worcester, such as Keyne, Nectan, Endelient, Menfrede or Menfre, Tetha, Maben, Wenna, Morwenna, Cleder, and Adwen; in whom we recognize the patron-saints of St. Keyne, St. Nighton's chapel, St. Endellion's church, St. Minver, St. Teath, St. Mabyn, St. Wenn, Marham-church, Morwinstow, St. Cleather, and Advent.

The most celebrated Irish saints were St. Petrock, patron of the priory of Bodmin; Fimbarrus, Bishop of Cork; St. Piran (fn. 7) , patron of the Tinners; and St. Burienne the Virgin, who built an oratory on or near the church which now bears her name; Breaca, who appears to have been a noble female of high estimation, came attended, as Leland informs us from an ancient history of her life, by Germoch, an Irish King; Sennan, an abbot; Crewenne, the patroness of Crowan; Elwin or Allen; St. Moran or Marvanus; Helen; Ia, a nobleman's daughter, who gave name to St. Ives, and her brother St. Uny; St. Erghe, patron of St. Erthe; Fingar, supposed to be Gwinnear; Piala; Budoc; St. Austell, the Confessor; St. Enoder; St. Ervan, the Confessor; St. Eval; St. Willow or Winnow; and St. Withiel.

St. Paternus, the Bishop, gave name to the Petherwins; St. Probus the Confessor to Probus. Among the patron-saints not giving name to the churches or parishes with which they were connected, may be reckoned St. Pratt, patron of Blisland; St. Simphorian, patron of Forrabury, Tintagel, and Veryan; St. Brevit or St. Vorek, Lanlivery; St. Marnack, Lanreath; St. Cyric and St. Juliot, of Luxulion; St. Metherian or St. Mather, of Minster (perhaps the same with St. Maddern); St. Torney, of Northill; and St. Nunn (Nonnette before-mentioned), of Pelynt.

The chapels of ease in this county are few: at Grampound there is a chapel of ease to Creed; at Penzance to Maddern; at Marazion to St. Hilary; St. Mawes (fn. 8) to St. Just in Roseland; Trevenson, newly built by Lord de Dunstanville, to Illoggan; St. Enodoc and St. Michael to St. Minver; East-Looe to St. Martin; Saltash to St. Stephen; and St. Nighton to St. Winnow. St. Michael's Mount is extraparochial: its church is supposed to have been the mother-church of St. Hilary.

The ancient chapels, most of which have been wholly demolished, whilst of of others, generally speaking, small ruins only remain, were very numerous. Mention will be made of them under the parishes in which they were severally situated. Among them were chapels said to have been dedicated to the following Irish or British saints, whose names we have not met with as patronizing any of the parish churches: —

St. Aldhelm, Bishop of Sherborn, in St. Kew; St. Bellarmin in Cardinham; St. Cannock, one of the sons of King Brechan, in St. Veep; St. Congar in Lanivet; St. Daye in Gwennap; St. Derwe in Camborne; St. Dillower in Burian; St. Elidius or St. Loy in Burian and St. Mellin; St. Elvan, Bishop of London, in Sithney; St. Ethelred, King and martyr, in St. Dominick; St. Ewin in Towednack; St. Henry, the hermit, in Wendron; St. Ildract (most probably Indract, a martyr, son of a King of Ireland who emigrated to Cornwall,) in St. Dominick; St. Illick in Endellion; St. Julian, or Ulian, in Tintagel; St. Laud (probably Laudatus, abbot of Bardsey,) in Milor; St. Sidwell in Launceston; and St. Wynnel in St. Germans.

Among the gilds at Bodmin was one dedicated to St. Anianus, the Bishop, of whom we find no mention in the Martyrologies; he was so called to distinguish him from St. Anian, a King of Cumbria, of whom there is mention. There was a gild also at Bodmin dedicated to St. Erasmus the Bishop.

Monasteries, Colleges, and Hospitals.

The principal monasteries in this county were the Austin priories of Bodmin, Launceston, and St. Germans; the Austin monks had also a cell at Launcels, subject to Hertland, in Devonshire, and another at St. Anthony's, in Roseland, subject to Plympton, in the same county. The Benedictines had an alien priory at Tywardreth, to which there was a cell at Anthony, in Meneage; another priory at St. Michael's Mount, a third at Minster or Talcarne, and a cell at Lammana, in the parish of Talland, subject to the abbey of Glastonbury. Dr. Borlase says, that there was a priory of Black Canons at Bonury, in Cornwall, but could not ascertain where Bonury was. The Cluniacs had a cell at St. Cyric or St. Carrock, in St. Veep, subject to Montaeute, in Somersetshire. The Cistercians had a cell at St. Keverne, subject to Beaulieu, in Hampshire. The Knights-Hospitallers had a preceptory at Trebigh, in St. Ive. The Black Friers had a convent in Truro; the Grey Friers at Bodmin. Carew mentions also a house of friers at Launceston, but of what order is not known. The Poor Clares had a nunnery at Liskeard, another at Truro, and there is said to have been a third at Tresilian-bridge. There were nunneries, but of what order we have not been able to ascertain, at St. Bennets in Lanivet, at Credis in Padstow, a cell to St. Bennets; and at Hellnoweth in St. Martins, in Meneage. Hals speaks of a nunnery at Trugan, in the parish of St. Michaels-Penkevill, but on very vague authority. At Padstow was a monastery, supposed to have been founded by St. Petrock, destroyed by the Danes in 981. There were colleges or collegiate churches at St. Burian, St. Columb, Constantine; at Penryn, called Glaseny college; St. Karantoc or Crantoc; Endellion; St. Neots; Probus; St. Piran, and St. Teath; besides the more modern short-lived college, founded by Thomasine Bonaventure, at Week-St. Mary, not long before the Reformation. Near Bodmin was the ancient hospital of St. Lawrence, and in the town those of St. Anthony and St. George; near Helston, in the parish of Sithney, an hospital under the government of a Prior, dedicated to St. John the Baptist. There were ancient hospitals also at Launceston, at Newport near Launceston, and in the parish of Menheniot, near Liskeard.


Seals of Monasteries, &c. in Cornwall.
1. A seal appendant to a grant among Lord Arundel's deeds, from Hameline, Prior of Tywardreth, and his Convent, of a mass to be said for the souls of Isabella de Cardinan, deceased, and of her husband Robert when he should die. The inscription is, "Sigillum sci Andree." This instrument is without date, but must have been as early as the reign of King Richard I. and from the rudeness of its execution, the seal is probably older.
2. Seal of the Priory at Launceston, appendant to the surrender of that Monastery, 26 Henry VIII. preserved in the Augmentation office. The inscription is, "Sigillu . . . . t: Stephani de Lan:"
3. Represents an impression from the matrix of the seal of St. Laurence's Hospital near Bodmin, in the possession of the corporation of Bodmin. It contains the figure of St. Laurence under a Gothic canopy, with this inscription: "S. sci Laurencii Bodmons de Penpo." and appears to be of as early a date as the reign of King Edw. I.
4. An impression from the matrix of the Hospital of St. Leonard near Launceston, apparently of about the same date as the last mentioned, in the possession of the Rev. F. Vyvyan Jago. Half of the figure of St. Leonard is rudely represented under a Gothic canopy.

Footnotes

1 Three Devonshire parishes, St. Giles in the Heath, North-Petherwin, and Werrington, are in the archdeaconry of Cornwall and in the deanery of Trigg-Major. It extends also over the islands of Scilly.
2 Of these, the following, being twenty-one in number, are in the peculiar jurisdiction of the Bishop of Exeter; St. Anthony in Roseland, St. Breock, Budock, St. Evall, Egloshayle, St. Erney, St. Ervan, Falmouth, St. Germans, Gerrans, Gluvias, St. Issey, Landrake, Lawhitton, Lezant, Mabe, St. Merrin, Milor, Padstow-town (the remainder of the parish being in the archdeacon's jurisdiction), Little-Petherick, South-Petherwin, and Trewen. The visitations for these peculiars are held at Launceston, Wade-bridge, St. Agnes, Falmouth or Penryn, Lostwithiel, and St. Germans. Wills and administrations for these parishes are registered, either at Doctors-Commons, or the Bishop's consistory at Exeter.
The five parishes of St. Agnes, Boconnoc, Broadoak, Perran-zabuloe, and St. Winnow, are in the peculiar jurisdiction of the Dean and Chapter of Exeter. Wills and administrations for these parishes are registered, either at Doctors-Commons, or in the registry of the Dean and Chapter at Exeter.
The three parishes of Burian, St. Levan, and Sennen, are in the peculiar jurisdiction of the Dean of Burian. Wills and administrations for these parishes are registered, either at Doctors-Commons, or in the Dean of Burian's registry at Penzance. The courts for the deanery of Burian are held at Penzance.
The wills and administrations of the parishes of Lanhydrock and Temple, the ecclesiastical jurisdiction of which is in lay hands, are registered, either at Doctors-Commons, or in the Archdeacon's registry at Bodmin.
The wills and administrations for all other parishes in the county, as well as for St. Giles's in the Heath, North-Petherwin, and Werrington, in Devonshire, have been, and are registered, either at Doctors-Commons, or in the Archdeacon's registry at Bodmin, where, indeed, previously to the year 1740, they will generally be found. The registers commence with the year 1569, but there are few wills or administrations of an earlier date than 1602. The register is kept alphabetically as to parishes; the wills and administrations being entered under each parish in chronological order.
3 St. Columb, Menheniot, Wendron, Liskeard, and Probus, are among the most valuable benefices of the present day.
4 Those marked with an asterisk, are subordinate or daughter-churches; those printed in italics, are Peculiars.
5 d 3
6 The town is subject to the Bishop's, the parish to the Archdeacon's jurisdiction.
7 Mr. Whitaker supposes St. Piran and St. Kieran or Keverne to be the same, but we think it can scarcely be supposed that they were so esteemed when the survey of Domesday was compiled, the latter being in that survey called St. Achebran, and it appears that they had distinct festivals, St. Piran's being March 5, St. Keverne's April 8.
8 Leland says that the patron of this chapel was Machutus, a Bishop.