ALLERTHORPE, a parish, in the union of Pocklington, Wilton-Beacon division of the wapentake of
Harthill, E. riding of York; containing, with the
townships of Allerthorpe and Waplington, 199 inhabitants, of whom 154 are in the township of Allerthorpe,
1½ mile (S. W. by W.) from Pocklington. The general
surface of the parish is flat and well wooded. It consists of 1543a. 1r. 33p., of which about 670 acres are
arable, 420 meadow or pasture, and 450 common land
tithe-free; the soil is of a light and various quality, but
chiefly sandy. On the east the parish is bounded by
the Pocklington canal, and it is also contiguous to the
road between York and Market-Weighton. The living
is annexed to the vicarage of Thornton: the appropriate tithes have been commuted for £246. 2. 6., and
the vicarial for £73. 12.; there are a glebe-house and
3 acres of glebe. In the church is a very fine font.
Allerthorpe, with Swainby, N. riding of York.—See Swainby.
ALLERTHORPE, with Swainby, N. riding of
ALLERTON, a township, in the parish of Childwall, union and hundred of West Derby, S. division
of the county of Lancaster, 5¼ miles (S. E.) from
Liverpool; containing in 1846 about 800 inhabitants.
At the time of the Domesday survey, three thanes held
"Alretune;" which was in the possession of Geoffrey de
Chetham in the reign of Henry III., and of the Lathoms
in that of Henry VIII. It was sold in 1670 to the
Percivals, who in 1732 sold it to the Hardmans; and
from them it was purchased by Messrs. Clegg and
Roscoe. The township comprises 1531 acres, and consists partly of a luxuriant vale, and partly of gentlyrising hills, which command fine views of the river
Mersey at its widest part, with portions of Cheshire and
North Wales. The air is salubrious, and the scenery
adorned with wood; the soil is of various quality, in
some parts sandy, and in others a stiff clay. Allerton
Hall was until 1816 the residence of William Roscoe,
the elegant historian of Leo X., and is now the seat of
Pattison Ellames, Esq.: the apartments contain numerous valuable paintings, and a beautiful marble statue
of Sappho, by John Gibson, of Rome. Wyncote is the
residence of Joseph Shipley, Esq.; and Allerton Priory,
of Theodore Woolman Rathbone, Esq. Here is a large
Druidical monument called Calder Stones, in digging
round which, more than sixty years ago, urns of coarse
clay were found, containing human bones: the stones
were surrounded with a neat iron palisade in 1845; and
not far distant is the residence of Joseph N. Walker,
Esq., named, after them, Calderstones. There is a
quarry of red sandstone. The tithes have been commuted for £228 payable to the lessee of the Bishop of
Chester, and £43 payable to the vicar of the parish. A
church was erected in 1848, at a cost of £5000, by
James Holme, Esq.; it is in the early English style,
with a tower and spire, and, standing on rising ground,
is a picturesque and commanding object. The living is
a perpetual curacy, in the gift of Mr. Holme.
ALLERTON, a township, in the ecclesiastical district of Wilsden, parish and union of Bradford,
wapentake of Morley, W. riding of York, 4 miles
(W. N. W.) from Bradford; containing 1914 inhabitants. This township is part of the ancient manor of
Allerton-cum-Wilsden, and comprises by measurement
1872 acres. A very considerable portion of waste has,
under the provisions of an act of parliament, obtained in
1840, by Mrs. Ferrand, the owner of the manor, in concurrence with the principal freeholders, been inclosed,
and is rapidly coming into profitable cultivation. Of
the whole land, about 1100 acres are meadow and
pasture, 550 arable, and 40 wood and plantation; the
soil is not unfertile, and the substratum is chiefly coal
and freestone of good quality; the surface is varied.
There are several ancient mansions, formerly the seats of
distinguished families, of which Crossley, Shuttleworth,
and Allerton Halls, are still remaining; Dean House, the
asylum of the celebrated Oliver Heywood, during the
times of the Tudors and Stuarts, is now divided into
tenements. The township consists chiefly of scattered
houses, and the inhabitants are principally employed in
the worsted manufacture, and in coal-mines and quarries. There are places of worship for General Baptists,
Independents, and Wesleyans.
ALLERTON-BYWATER, a township, in the parish
of Kippax, Lower division of the wapentake of Skyrack,
W. riding of York, 4¾ miles (N. W.) from Pontefract;
containing 490 inhabitants. This place comprises about
870 acres, and is situated at the confluence of the rivers
Aire and Calder, where extensive wharfs and stations
have been constructed by the Aire and Calder Company: part of the houses near the bridge form a suburb
of Castleford. Large glass-works have been established.
The tithes were commuted for land and a money payment, by an inclosure act, in 1803.
ALLERTON, CHAPEL, a parish, in the union of
Axbridge, hundred of Bempstone, E. division of
Somerset, 3 miles (S.) from Cross; containing 331
inhabitants. The living is a discharged rectory, valued
in the king's books at £10. 8. 4.; net income, £223;
patrons, the Dean and Chapter of Wells. There are 15
acres of glebe. The church is a small edifice, formerly
a chapel to Wedmore.
Allerton, Chapel, W. riding of the county of York.—See Chapel-Allerton.
ALLERTON, CHAPEL, W. riding of the county of
Allerton-Mauleverer (St. Martin)
ALLERTON-MAULEVERER (St. Martin), a parish, in the Upper division of the wapentake of Claro,
W. riding of York, 4½ miles (E.) from Knaresborough;
containing 277 inhabitants, of whom 258 are in the
township of Allerton-Mauleverer with Hopperton. This
place obtained its distinguishing name from the family
of Mauleverer, one of whom, named Richard, in the
reign of Henry II. founded here an alien priory of
Benedictine monks, the revenue of which was given by
Henry VI. to King's College, Cambridge. The parish is
wholly the property of Lord Stourton; and comprises
2170 acres, of which 1180 are arable, 820 meadow and
pasture, and 170 woodland and plantations. The mansion
here, which, with the estate, was purchased by his lordship's grandfather for £163,800, is a handsome structure
in the Grecian style; and attached to it is a neat Roman
Catholic chapel. The village is pleasantly situated about
half a mile from the great road between London and
Edinburgh. The living is a perpetual curacy; net income, £65; patron, Lord Stourton. The church is an
ancient cruciform structure. The late Duke of York
resided here in 1786, 1787, and 1789.
Allerton, North.—See Northallerton.
ALLERTON, NORTH.—See Northallerton.
Allesley, or Awesley (All Saints)
ALLESLEY, or Awesley (All Saints), a parish,
in the union of Meriden, Kirkby division of the hundred of Knightlow, N. division of the county of Warwick, 2 miles (N. W. by W.) from Coventry, on the road
to Birmingham; containing 963 inhabitants. It comprises by measurement 4155a. 3r. 30p., of which 1213
acres are arable, 2453 pasture, and 171 woodland; the
land is in good cultivation, the surrounding scenery is
pleasingly varied, and the village neatly built. Sandstone is quarried for rough building purposes. The Rev.
Edward Neale is lord of the manor. Fairs are held for
cattle on February 5th, March 4th, June 17th, August
7th, September 4th, October 7th, and December 11th.
The living is a rectory, valued in the king's books at
£17. 18. 9.; patron and incumbent, the Rev. W. T. Bree:
the tithes have been commuted for £786, and the glebe
comprises nearly 40 acres. The church is an ancient
structure in the early and later Norman styles, with
modern additions in bad taste: a gallery was erected in
1838. £43 per annum, derived from land and houses in
Meriden and Allesley, have been bequeathed for beautifying the church. There is a free school for boys, towards which Mrs. Flint, in 1705, gave land producing
£42. 9. per annum, and a house for the master; a girls'
school is supported by subscription. The sum of £16
yearly, left by an unknown benefactor, is distributed
among the poor; and there are various other small benefactions. The moat and mound of an ancient castle are
visible at the rear of the Hall. Fossil wood of a siliceous
kind is dug up from the gravel.
Allestree (St. Andrew)
ALLESTREE (St. Andrew), a parish, in the union
of Belper, hundred of Morleston and Litchurch,
S. division of the county of Derby, 2 miles (N.) from
Derby; containing 507 inhabitants. The family of
Alestrey or Alastre, so called from this place, are mentioned in deeds of the thirteenth century; they resided
in the village, and were at that time retainers to the
Lords Audley. At the period of the visitation of 1634,
the elder branch had been settled at Turnditch; but it
probably was extinct before the visitation of 1662, when
the younger branch only, settled at Alvaston, is named.
The parish lies on the road from Derby to Matlock, and
comprises 1030 acres, whereof 900 are pasture, 80 arable,
and 50 woodland; the soil is loam and marl; the land
is elevated, and the undulations of the surface are beautiful. The river Derwent flows on the east. The living
is a perpetual curacy, united to the vicarage of Mackworth: the church is an ancient structure, with a square
tower, and contains several monuments of the Mundys;
the sittings are 300 in number. There is a place of
worship for Wesleyans. Some schools, for which buildings were erected by William Evans, Esq., of Allestree
Hall, are supported by that gentleman.
ALLHALLOWS, a parish, in the union of Wigton,
Allerdale ward below Derwent, W. division of Cumberland, 6¾ miles (S. W. by S.) from Wigton; comprising by admeasurement 1860 acres, and containing
235 inhabitants. This place, which was anciently a
chapelry in the parish of Aspatria, is bounded on the
south by the river Ellen; and contains some quarries of
freestone and limestone, and a vein of coal of inferior
quality. The living is a perpetual curacy; net income,
£80; patron and appropriator, the Bishop of Carlisle.
The tithes were partially commuted for land, under an
inclosure act, in 1817. A little southward of Whitehall
is an intrenchment twenty-eight yards square, surrounded by a ditch.
ALLHALLOWS, a parish, in the union and hundred of Hoo, lathe of Aylesford, W. division of Kent,
9 miles (N. E.) from Rochester; containing 268 inhabitants. It is bounded on the north by the Thames, and
comprises 2460 acres, of which 300 are marsh, and 23
wood. The living is a discharged vicarage, valued in the
king's books at £8. 7. 11., and in the patronage of the
Dean and Chapter of Rochester: the appropriate tithes,
belonging to the Dean and Chapter, have been commuted
for £620, with a glebe of 11 acres, and those of the incumbent for £185, with a glebe of 39 acres.
Allington (St. Swithin)
ALLINGTON (St. Swithin), a parish, in the union
of Bridport, hundred of Godderthorne, Bridport
division of Dorset, ¾ of a mile (N. W.) from Bridport;
containing 1545 inhabitants. This parish, formerly a
chapelry in that of Bridport, comprises 582a. 3r. 5p., of
which 281 acres are arable, 249 pasture, and 51 homesteads. The river Brid, or Birt, runs through the locality,
which may be considered as a continuation of the town
of Bridport, and is within the limits of the borough.
Great quantities of hemp and flax are raised in the
vicinity, and a manufacture of home and sail cloth is
carried on, affording employment to a considerable
number of persons. A fair for cheese and pedlery is
held on the first Wednesday in August. The living is a
perpetual curacy, in the gift of the Rev. Henry Fox:
the tithes have been commuted for £190. The church
is in the Grecian style; it was erected in 1827, and contains 800 sittings, of which 400 are free. An hospital
for lepers, dedicated to St. Mary Magdalene, existed
here, which, at the Dissolution in 1553, was valued at
£7. 8. 4. An ancestor of the celebrated John Wesley
was ejected from the ministry of Allington as a nonjuror.
Allington (St. Lawrence)
ALLINGTON (St. Lawrence), a parish, in the
union of Malling, hundred of Larkfield, lathe of
Aylesford, W. division of Kent, 1¾ mile (N. N. W.)
from Maidstone; containing 49 inhabitants. It is
situated on the western side of the Medway, nearly
opposite Aylesford; and comprises 706 acres, of which
245 are woodland. The living is a discharged rectory,
valued in the king's books at £6. 16. 8.; net income,
£145, with a glebe-house, lately built; patron, the
Earl of Romney. Sir Thomas Wyatt, a distinguished
poet in the reign of Henry VIII., was born at Allington
Castle, the remains of which have been converted into a
ALLINGTON, a tything, in the parish and union of
South Stoneham, hundred of Mansbridge, Southampton and S. divisions of the county of Southampton; containing 536 inhabitants.
ALLINGTON, a parish, in the union and hundred
of Amesbury, Salisbury and Amesbury, and S. divisions
of Wilts, 3½ miles (E. S. E.) from Amesbury; containing 94 inhabitants. The living is a rectory, valued in
the king's books at £14. 13. 4.; net income, £236;
patron, the Earl of Craven.
ALLINGTON, a tything, in the parish of Allcannings, union of Devizes, hundred of Swanborough,
Devizes and N. divisions of Wilts, 4 miles (E. N. E.)
from Devizes; containing 188 inhabitants. The tithes
belong to the Dean and Canons of Westminster. There
is a place of worship for Particular Baptists.
Allington, East (St. Andrew)
ALLINGTON, EAST (St. Andrew), a parish, in
the union of Kingsbridge, hundred of Stanborough,
Stanborough and Coleridge, and S. divisions of Devon,
3½ miles (N. E. by N.) from Kingsbridge; containing
729 inhabitants, and comprising 2348 acres. The living
is a rectory, valued in the king's books at £32. 2. 1.,
and in the patronage of Mrs. Fortescue: the tithes have
been commuted for £485, and the glebe consists of 80
acres. In the church is a wooden screen, which, like
the pulpit, is much enriched with carved work.
Allington, East (St. James)
ALLINGTON, EAST (St. James), a parish, in the
union of Newark, wapentake of Winnibriggs and
Threo, parts of Kesteven, county of Lincoln, 5 miles
(N. W.) from Grantham; containing 276 inhabitants.
The living is consolidated with a mediety of the rectory
of Sedgebrook, to the incumbent of which an allotment
of land was given as a commutation for the tithes of the
manor, by an inclosure act, in 1793.
Allington, West, in the county of Devon.—See Alvington, West.
ALLINGTON, WEST, in the county of Devon.—
See Alvington, West.
Allington, West (Holy Trinity)
ALLINGTON, WEST (Holy Trinity), a parish, in
the union of Newark, wapentake of Loveden, parts of
Kesteven, county of Lincoln, 5½ miles (N. W. by W.)
from Grantham; containing 120 inhabitants. In this
parish is the seat of T. Earle Welby, Esq., a handsome
edifice, partly in the Elizabethan style, and commanding
a distant view of Foston and the city of Lincoln. The
living is a rectory, valued in the king's books at £3.
13. 11½., and in the patronage of the Crown; net income, £262.
ALLITHWAITE, LOWER, a township, in the
parish of Cartmel, union of Ulverstone, hundred of
Lonsdale north of the Sands, N. division of the county
of Lancaster, 2 miles (S.) from Cartmel; containing
807 inhabitants. This township has sometimes been
named Cartmel Church Town. To the north, not far
from the shore, are some remains of Wraysholme Tower,
which was a fortified house, of strong masonry, in the
14th century: Abbot Hall, in the hamlet of Kents, is
supposed to have been a residence of the priors of Cartmel. In some fields called Chapel Fields, human
skeletons have been exhumed. The church and part of
the town of Cartmel (which see) are in the township.
ALLITHWAITE, UPPER, a township, in the parish
of Cartmel, union of Ulverston, hundred of Lonsdale north of the Sands, N. division of the county of
Lancaster, 3¼ miles (N. E.) from Cartmel; containing
740 inhabitants. A conical rock in this township, called
Castlehead, is supposed, from some imperial coins
found on the spot, to have once had Roman inhabitants.
It had the appearance of a rough neglected wood, till
the late J. Wilkinson, Esq., the great iron-master, improved and adorned all around, by cutting paths, and
planting trees and shrubs wherever the soil invited the
hand of cultivation. In effecting these improvements,
many relics of antiquity were found, rings, Roman
money, fibulæ, ornaments, and fossils, and the bones of
animals that no longer inhabit this country. At the
foot of the rock is a house built by Mr. Wilkinson, and
afterwards occupied by Mr. Legh, who married his
daughter; it is now in the possession of Robert Wright,
Esq. At a short distance from it is a pyramidical
mausoleum of iron, twenty tons in weight, which, until
1828, pressed the mortal remains of its founder: in
that year, however, the remains of Mr. Wilkinson were
removed to the churchyard of Lindale.
ALLONBY, a chapelry, in the parish of Bromfield,
union of Wigton, Allerdale ward below Derwent,
W. division of Cumberland, 9 miles (N. N. W.) from
Cockermouth; containing 811 inhabitants. The village, comprising about 200 houses, is situated on the
coast of Allonby bay, which opens to the Solway Firth
and the Irish Sea; and is much frequented as a bathingplace, the sands being extremely smooth and firm. It
was noted for a herring-fishery, but this has greatly declined, owing to the herrings having almost totally deserted the neighbouring sea; a few of the inhabitants
are, however, still occupied in fishing. The living is a
perpetual curacy; net income, £94; patron, the Vicar of
Bromfield. The chapel, dedicated to Christ, was built at
the expense of Dr. Thomlinson and some relatives, in
1744; and a school was endowed in 1755, by Mrs.
Thomlinson, his relict, with £100, since laid out in land
producing £8 per annum. There is a place of worship
for the Society of Friends. Captain Joseph Huddart,
F.R.S., an eminent naval engineer and hydrographer,
was born here in 1741, and in the chapel is a handsome
monument erected to his memory, at a cost of £500.