Market Privileges 1150-1300

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Centre for Metropolitan History

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Author

Hannes Kleineke

Year published

2006

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'Market Privileges 1150-1300', Borough Market Privileges: The hinterland of medieval London, c.1400 (2006). URL: http://british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=51624 Date accessed: 31 August 2014.


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Market Privileges 1150-1300

Showing records 1 - 40 of 40

Date ? Place ? Description ?
1154-62Oxford (Oxfordshire)Charter of Henry II granting and confirming to the burgesses of Oxford (among other privileges) quittance from toll and passage throughout England and Normandy. [Oxford Royal Letters, 2-5]
18/11/1189Northampton (Northamptonshire)Charter of Richard I to the burgesses of Northampton, granting them (among other liberties) quittance from toll and lastage throughout England. [Lancum vs. Lovell, 11-12; Northampton Records I, 25-29]
5/5/1194Norwich (Norfolk)Charter of Richard I to the citizens of Norwich granting them (among other liberties) quittance of toll and lastage throughout England and the sea ports. [Norwich Records I, 12-14]
2/5/1194Portsmouth (Hampshire)Charter of Richard I granting to the burgesses of Portsmouth an annual fair for 15 days at the feast of St Peter ad Vincula (i.e. 1 August), a weekly market on Thursdays, and quittance from toll, pontage, passage, pedage, payage, stallage and tallage (as well as other liberties). [Portsmouth Charters, 2-3; Portsmouth Records, 572-73]
22/9/1199Norwich (Norfolk)Charter of king John granting to the citizens of Norwich (among other liberties) quittance from toll and lastage throughout England and the sea ports. [Norwich Records I, 14-15]
26/6/1199Southampton (Hampshire)Charter of John granting to the burgesses of Southampton quittance from toll, passage and pontage throughout the realm. [Southampton Charters I, 2-3]
17/4/1200Northampton (Northamptonshire)Charter of king John granting to the burgesses of Northampton (among other liberties) quittance from toll and lastage throughout England and the sea ports. [Lancum vs. Lovell, 202-3, Northampton Records I, 30-33]
25/10/1200Portsmouth (Hampshire)Charter of king John granting to the burgesses of Portsmouth an annual fair for 15 days at the feast of St Peter ad Vincula (i.e. 1 August), a weekly market on Thursdays, and quittance from toll, pontage, passage, pedage, payage, stallage and tallage (as well as other liberties). [Portsmouth Charters, 2-5]
23/3/1208 Southampton (Hampshire)
Winchester (Hampshire)
Exemplification of a charter of king John to the bishops of Winchester granting them and their men (among other liberties) quittance of toll, pontage, passage, pavage, lastage, pannage, stallage, carriage and paage and all other custom throughout the realm. [Oak Book II, 43]
1219; 1252Amesbury (Wiltshire)A Thursday market was granted to the lord of Amesbury manor in 1219 and 1252. [VCH Wilts XV, 46]
24/12/1224Northampton (Northamptonshire)Grant to the burgesses of Northampton in aid of enclosing the said town of the following custom [murage] for 3 years, to be taken once every week: of every cart or vehicle of Northamptonshire bringing saleable items to Northampton for sale 1/2d.; of every cart or vehicle of another county carrying saleable items to Northampton 1d.; of every horseload of saleable articles, except a load of 1 bushel, 1/4d.; of every horse, mare, ox or cow there taken for sale 1/2d.; of 10 sheep, goats or pigs taken there for sale 1d.; of 5 sheep, goats or pigs taken there for sale 1/2d. [Lancum vs. Lovell, 203-4; Northampton Records I, 36-37]
16/3/1227Northampton (Northamptonshire)Charter of Henry III granting to the burgesses of Northampton (among other privileges) quittance from toll and lastage throughout England and the sea ports. [Northampton Records I, 38-40]
17/2/1229Dover (Kent)Grant to the Master and brethren of the Hospital of the Domus Dei of Dover (among other liberties) that they and their men shall be quit from passage, pontage, tallage, stallage, lastage and paage. [Dover Charters]
13/2/1228-9Norwich (Norfolk)Charter of Henry III confirming the grant of quittance of toll and lastage throughout England and the seaports granted by Richard I and John. [Norwich Records I, 15]
16/2/1229Oxford (Oxfordshire)Charter of Henry III granting and confirming to the burgesses of Oxford (among other privileges) quittance from toll and passage throughout England and Normandy. [Oxford Royal Letters, 6-7]
18/11/1229Portsmouth (Hampshire)Grant and confirmation by Henry III of the liberties of the burgesses of Portsmouth, including a charter of Richard I granting to them an annual fair for 15 days at the feast of St Peter ad Vincula (i.e. 1 August), a weekly market on Thursdays, and quittance from toll, pontage, passage, pedage, payage, stallage and tallage (as well as other liberties). [Portsmouth Charters, 6-7; Portsmouth Records, 574-75]
20/1/1232 Southampton (Hampshire)
Winchester (Hampshire)
Exemplification of a charter of Henry III granting to the bishops of Winchester and the prior and monks of the church of Winchester and all their men (among other liberties) quittance of toll throughout the realm. [Oak Book II, 42-47]
1239 Southampton (Hampshire)
Portsmouth (Hampshire)
Agreement between the burgesses of Southampton and those of Portsmouth over certain customs, amercements, attachments and pleas in the port of Portsmouth claimed by the burgesses of Southampton, which are in future to be divided equally. [Oak Book II, 132-37]
1239Stapleford (Wiltshire)In 1239 the lord of Stapleford manor was granted a yearly fair on 7 September and the 3 days following. No fair is known to have been held at Stapleford. [VCH Wilts XV, 260]
1248Ludgershall (Wiltshire)In 1248 the king proclaimed a 3-day fair at Ludgershall at the Nativity of St Mary (7-9 September). [VCH Wilts XV, 128]
1252Amesbury (Wiltshire)A 3 day fair at the feast of St Melor was granted to the lord of Amesbury manor in 1252; a similar fair at the same feast but not over the same 3 days was granted in 1317 to Amesbury priory. The second grant may indicate that the fist grant was ineffective or that the fair had lapsed, but it is more likely that in 1317 the fair was being held within or was to be transferred to the priory precinct, where it was held later. St Melor's day was 1 October, but the fair was probably held on and about 6 May, when St Melor was venerated again. [VCH Wilts. XV, 46]
26/1/1252Northampton (Northamptonshire)Grant to the mayor, burgesses and good men of Northampton of murage for 2 years, from Easter 36 Hen. III., viz.: of every cart carrying brushwood for sale 1/4d.; of every cartload of corn for sale 1/2d.; of every horseload of brushwood, by the week, 1/2d.; of every horseload of straw, by the week, 1/2d.; of every horse, mare, ox or cow sold 1/2d.; of every truss of cloth brought by cart for sale 2d.; of every weight of Cordulean leather for sale 2d.; of every tanned hide of horse, mare, ox or cow 1/4d.; of every cart loaded with sea fish 4d.; of every horseload of sea fish 1d.; of every horseload of cloths for sale 1d.; of every cart loaded with salt fish for sale 2d.; of every cask of wine or ashes coming to the said town for sale or passing through the same 2d.; of every sack of wool for sale 4d.; of every untanned hide of ox, cow, horse or mare 1/4d.; of 10 sheep, goats and pigs 1d.; of 10 sheep skins tanned and sold 1d.; of every boat coming to the said town loaded with merchandise for sale 1/2d.; of every hundredweight 1d.; of every size of wood sold 1d.; of every boat load of salt for sale 1/2d.; of 2,000 onions sold 1/4d.; of every quarter of corn conveyed by water and sold 1/4d.; of every thousand of herrings 1/2d.; of every load of garlic sold 1/2d.; of every hundred of boards sold 1d.; of every hundred of buckets sold 1/4d.; of every car and cart sold 1/2d.; of every millstone sold 1d.; of every stone of flax 1/2d. [Lancum vs. Lovell, 204; Northampton Records I, 41-43]
5/7/1253Reading (Berkshire)Charter of Henry III granting to the burgesses of Reading (among other liberties) quittance from toll passage and carriage throughout England. [Reading Charters, 1]
20/6/1253Southampton (Hampshire)Charter of Henry III to the hospital of St John of Jerusalem granting its monks and all their men (among other liberties) quittance of toll in all fairs and markets, in the crossing of bridges, roads or the sea throughout the realm. Also inspeximus of the hospital's charters by Edward I, Edward II and Edward III. [Oak Book II, 106-13]
1255Ludgershall (Wiltshire)A market was presumably held at Ludgershall in 1255 when some of the inhabitants committed market offences. [VCH Wilts XV, 128]
5/4/1255Portsmouth (Hampshire)Confirmation by Henry III of previous charters of Richard I, John and his own granting to the burgesses of Portsmouth an annual fair for 15 days at the feast of St Peter ad Vincula (i.e. 1 August), a weekly market on Thursdays, and quittance from toll, pontage, passage, pedage, payage, stallage and tallage (as well as other liberties). [Portsmouth Charters, 6-7]
7/7/1265 Winchester (Hampshire)
Southampton (Hampshire)
Agreement between the citizens of Winchester and the burgesses of Southampton over the payment of murage and other customs. The men of either place shall in future be free from all custom in the other place, except for tronage and pesage. [Winchester Black Book, 50]
1268Ludgershall (Wiltshire)In 1268 Ludgershall market attracted people from elsewhere. [VCH Wilts XV, 128]
1274-75Northampton (Northamptonshire)Extract of an inquisition from the Hundred Rolls for the town of Northampton: The bailiff of the earl of Cornwall in the king's highway called Saltstreet, and the lord Roger de Wanton at the bridge of Billing have for 4 years withdrawn from the king and the bailiffs of Northampton the customs and tolls which they used to receive there and appropriated them to themselves. [Rot. Hund. II, 15] [Lancum vs. Lovell, 14-15]
1274-75Northampton (Northamptonshire)Extract from the Hundred Rolls: Thomas Kynne and Philip de Horton, burgesses of Northampton, William the fisherman, mayor of Northampton, and Richard de Toulouse have royal charters granting them quittance from talliages and all other things and customs pertaining to the king, when trading in Northampton. [Lancum vs. Lovell, 16]
1274-75 Northampton (Northamptonshire)
Dingley (Northamptonshire)
Yaxley (Suffolk [?])
Extract from the Hundred Rolls: Henry Ponteys of Yaxley, claiming to be a man of the master of the Hospital of Dingley (Northants.), has now for 10 years witheld his toll which he used to pay for merchandise bought and sold in Northampton to the annual damage of 20s. to the king and his bailiffs in Northampton. [Lancum vs. Lovell, 15]
1274-75 Northampton (Northamptonshire)
Hastings (Kent)
Extract from the Hundred Rolls: The men of Simon Fitz Henry, of Hastings, trading in Northampton are accustomed to pay toll for their goods and merchandise bought and sold, and have now for 7 years withdrawn the said toll from the king and the town of Northampton to a damage of 20 shillings and upwards. [Lancum vs. Lovell, 15]
1274-75 Northampton (Northamptonshire)
Wootton (Northamptonshire)
Great Billing (Northamptonshire)
Preston (Lancashire)
Extract from the Hundred Rolls: The men of Lawrence de Preston and the lord Gilbert de Preston his predecessor, have for ten years witheld the toll which they used to pay in Northampton, claiming to be of the honour of Huntingdon, namely the men of Preston (Lancs.), Wootton (Northants.) and Great Billing (Northants.) to the annual damage of over 1/2 mark to the king and the bailiffs of Northampton. [Lancum vs. Lovell, 15]
8/5/1284Northampton (Northamptonshire)Grant to the mayor and bailiffs of Northampton of pavage for 2 years from the feast of St John the Baptist, 13 Edw. I, viz.: of every cart load of corn for sale 1d.; of every cart conveying fish for sale 1d.; of every cart carrying hides of horses, mares, oxen or cows, by the week, 1d.; of every cask of wine for sale 1d.; of every sack of wool for sale 1d.; of every laod of cloth or other merchandise 1/2d.; of 20 sheep or pigs for sale 1d.; of 20 fleeces for sale 1/2d.; of every hide of horse, mare, ox or cow, fresh salted or tanned, for sale 1/4d.; of 100 tanned sheep skins 1/2d. [Lancum vs. Lovell, 204-5; Northampton Records I, 54-55]
27/5/1285Norwich (Norfolk)Inspeximus and confirmation by Edward I of (among other charters) a charter of Henry III, confirming a grant by king John to the citizens of Norwich of quittance of toll and lastage throughout England and the sea ports. [Norwich Records I, 18]
12/1/1286Norwich (Norfolk)Extract from the Plea Book of Norwich (fol. 28) Plea before the justices itinerant of the King. Concerning new customs they say that the prior of Norwich at the time of his fairs takes from the merchants of Norwich having shops upon the Tomlond the following: from every ale-wife's shop 2d.; from every butcher's shop 1d.; from every ironmonger's shop 1d.; and this for the past 20 years. And the sheriffs for the past 24 years have taken: from every boat coming to the city with herrings 12 herrings; from a boat with mackarel or haddock 1 mackarel or haddock; form every cartload of rods coming to Norwich market 1 faggot of rods; from every cartload of earthen pots 1 pot; from every cart loaded with mackarel coming to the market 1 mackarel; from every basket of herrings or whitings coming to the market 3 herrings or 3 whitings. And the sheriff claims that the king is in seigneury of such seizures as of the fee belonging to his castle. [Norwich Records II, 324-5]
1291Ludgershall (Wiltshire)In 1291 the tolls of Ludgershall market were held by lease from the crown. [VCH Wilts XV, 128]
1291Ludgershall (Wiltshire)In 1291 a fair was held at Ludgershall on the eve and day of St James (24-25 July). [VCH Wilts XV, 128]
1298Great Wishford (Wiltshire)In 1298 rights to hold an annual fair on 31 August and 1 September and a weekly market on Mondays were granted to Adam de la Ford, lord of a moiety of the manor. The holding of neither fair nor market is recorded. [VCH Wilts XV, 291]
27/5/1299Northampton (Northamptonshire)Inspeximus and confirmation by Edward I of (among others) a charter of Henry III granting to the burgesses of Northampton quittance from toll and lastage throughout England and the sea ports. [Northampton Records I, 56-8, 419-21]
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Key

Date
Date of the granting of the privilege.
Place
The principal place(s) concerned.
Description
Description of the substance of the privilege. Bibliographic details are given in square brackets at the end of each entry. The abbreviations used may be found in the Editorial note.