Plea Rolls for Staffordshire
1227

Sponsor

Institute of Historical Research

Publication

Author

Major-General Hon. George Wrottesley (editor)

Year published

1883

Pages

40-67

Citation Show another format:

'Plea Rolls for Staffordshire: 1227', Staffordshire Historical Collections, vol. 4 (1883), pp. 40-67. URL: http://british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=52383 Date accessed: 27 November 2014.


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Roll No. 26.

Headed, "Assisæ Mortis Antecessoris et Assisæ Novæ, Disseisinæ apud Salop, coram Domino Rege, de Comitatibus Stafford et Salop, anno R. R. H., filii regis J., Xo." [A.D. 1227.]

Staff. An assize of mordancestor, to make recognition if William de Bosco, the father of Gunilda, wife of Henry the Smith, and of Alice, the wife of Ralph de Hildulveston, and of Mabel, sister of the same Gunilda and Alice, was seised as of fee of two virgates of land in . . . . on the day he died, and which land Robert, son of Adam de Bosco, holds; who came into court and stated he held only one virgate of the land in question. And as Henry and the others acknowledged this, the suit is dismissed. m. 1.

Staff. An assize, &c., if William Brun, father of Henry, was seised as of fee of a virgate of land in Whytemore when he died, which land William de Melebiri holds. Henry withdrew his suit. m. 1.

Staff. An assize, &c., if Henry, son of Ralph de Hamsted, had unjustly raised a fence in Barr to the injury of Philip, son of Richard de Roweleg. The jury find for Philip, and the fence is to be pulled down. m. 1.

Staff. The assize of mordancestor which Matilda and Milisand, daughters of Ralph, son of Gamel, of Hopwas, arraigned against Robert Golle, concerning two parts of half a virgate of land in Hopwas, remanet, because the land is of the King's demesne in Hopwas; and the Sheriff was commanded to deal with the case according to the custom of the manor; and Robert acknowledged the land to be the right of the plaintiffs, and that they were the nearest heirs of Ralph, and that he had no entry into the land except through their mother. And therefore judgment is given for Matilda and Milisant. m. 1.

Staff. An assize, &c., if the Prioress of Brewode had unjustly disseised William de Englinton of his common of pasture in Brewode, belonging to his free tenement in Englinton. The jury say that the Prioress had disseised him as stated, and he is therefore to have seisin, and the Prioress is in misericordiâ. Judgment was afterwards respited, because the Prioress stated that the Lord the King had given her license of assarting in the forest of Brewode, where the said William had common of pasture, and that she held the King's charter to that effect. And William came afterwards into Court and withdrew his plea, and quit-claimed for himself and his heirs all his right in the said common of pasture to the Prioress and her successors. m. 1.

Staff. An assize, &c., if the Abbot of Burton had unjustly disseised Thomas Craddoc of his common of pasture in Bromley. The Abbot stated that Thomas had arraigned against him an assize of novel disseisin before the Justices Itinerant, and had not prosecuted his suit; and as Thomas acknowledged this to be true, he is in misericordiâ. He afterwards fined for half a mark, for which Warine de Couton is his surety. m. 1.

Staff. An assize, &c., if Richard, Abbot of Burton, had unjustly raised a fence in Illum (Ilam), to the injury of Henry de Hylum. The jury find for the Abbot, and Henry is in misericordiâ. m. 1.

Staff. Gervase, son of Nichol, arraigned an assize of novel disseisin against Simon de Wanton, concerning a tenement in Kynewaldestan (Kinvaston), and withdrew from the suit. His pledges, Richard de Onne and Robert de Rewel (Rule), are in misericordiâ. m. 1.

Staff. An assize, &c., if Joan de Hathelakeston had unjustly disseised Hugh de Nunant of his free tenement in Hathelakeston (Ellaston). The jury say that one Robert de Skyreford, who was Parson of Athelakeston, took the tenement in question from the said Hugh in exchange for other land, and Robert gave to Hugh land of the same value belonging to the Church, and then Robert gave the land he had thus acquired to the said Joan. After the death of Robert, the Prior of Calewych, who had obtained the presentation of the Church, took all the land of the Church into seisin, including that which had been given in exchange for the other land of the Church; and then Hugh came and took possession of the land he had demised to Robert, and then Joan ejected the said Hugh. Verdict for Joan. m. 1.

Staff. An assize, &c., if Roger de Tykebrom, father of Richard, was seised, &c., of two virgates of land in Gunston when he died, which land Geoffrey de Tunstal holds; who came and stated that Roger held the land only in his custody when he died, and not in fee, because William, the father of the said Geoffrey, was in ward to the said Roger at the time. Verdict for Geoffrey, and Richard is in misericordiâ, for which his sureties are Philip de Erdinton and Arnold de Tykebroc. m. 1.

Staff. An assize, &c., if Robert de Esinton, Ralph Luvel, and Alan de Aguilade, had unjustly disseised Henry de Sutton of his free tenement in Sutton; and Henry stated they had disseised him of his common of pasture and not of a free tenement. The assize therefore remanet. m. 1.

Staff. An assize, &c., if Robert, son of Richard, Adam, son of Robert, William le Mercer, and others named, had unjustly disseised Henry de Deneston of his common of pasture in Kingeslegh. Verdict for Henry. m. 1.

Staff. An assize, &c., if the Abbot of Brokesden (sic, Croxden) had unjustly obstructed a road to the injury of the free tenement which William Meverell holds in Truleg (Throwley). The jury find for William Meverel. m. 1, dorso.

[Here follow five suits relating to small burgage tenures in Lichfield, of no interest. m. 1, dorso.]

Staff. An assize, &c., if John de Bronton, William de Bronton, Richard Bagot, Roger de Dudinton, and Thomas his brother, Adam de Buterye, Walter Mangunel, Roger Gunne, and John Em, had unjustly disseised Richard de Onne of his common of pasture in Brunton, which belongs to his free tenement in Onne. The defendants all appear except Richard Bagot. The jury find for Richard de Onne. m. 2.

Staff. An assize, &c., if William Morel and Hugh Troke had unjustly disseised Stephen Meverel and Roger the Huntsman (Venatorem) of their free tenement in Cotes. Verdict for Stephen. Damages half a mark. m. 2.

Staff. An assize, &c., if Nicholas le Lus, Robert, son of Alured, Robert le Champium, and Richard, son of Alured, had unjustly disseised Nicolas Pynel in Sarsculf (Shareshill); and Robert Pugil (the champion) appeared in Court; and Nicolas Pinel on being asked of which tenement he had been disseised, stated of half a virgate of land; and because he never was seised of anything beyond 2s. rent for the said half virgate of land, it is considered that the assize should remain (remanet). m. 2.

Staff. The assize of mordancestor which Richard, son of Osbert, arraigned against Roger, son of William and Matilda his wife, concerning a free tenement in Befcote, remanet, because the tenement is a part of the demesne of the Lord the King in Pencrys, where such a writ will not run (ubi tale Breve non currit). m. 2.

Staff. An assize, &c., if Robert Fulco (Fowke) and Walter his son, had unjustly disseised Geoffrey de Tykebrom of his free tenement in Gunston. The jury say that Robert and Walter had unjustly disseised Geoffrey of two acres of land in Gunston, and they are therefore in misericordiâ. m. 2.

Staff. An assize, &c., if Magister William de Kannoc had unjustly disseised Giles de Erdinton of his common of pasture in Oderton (sic). The jury say that Magister William had not disseised Giles of any common of pasture in Hatherton (sic), because the pasture in question is in Kannoc. m. 2, dorso.

Staff. The assize of mordancestor which Margaret, daughter of Sibilla, arraigned against Magister Robert de Stouwe, concerning thirty acres of land in Whytegrave, is respited until the coming of the Justices, because Magister Robert is abroad beyond the seas. m. 2, dorso.

Staff. An assize, &c., if Geoffrey Griffin, Henry de Deneston, Michael de Athelakeston, and Pagan de Wasteneys, had unjustly disseised Matilda de Elkesdon of her free tenement in Elkesdon. The defendants conceded to her a third part of four bovates of land in the name of dower, and a competent messuage. m. 2, dorso.

Staff. An assize, &c., if Alan, son of Alard, father of Robert, son of Alan (who is within age), was seised, as of fee, &c., of half a virgate of land in Hildulveston, when he died, and which land Robert de Offewurth holds. The jury say Alan, father of Robert, was seised of the land in his demesne as of fee when he died, and that Robert, son of Alan, is his nearest heir. Robert (fitz Alan) therefore to have seisin; and Robert (de Offwurth) is in misericordiâ; and the Prior of Stane is in misericordiâ, in place of Robert de Offwurth, because he had stated that he (Robert) did not hold the land in question, and he had said so maliciously, to prevent the assize being taken. m. 2, dorso.

Staff. An assize, &c., if William, son of William, Robert the Parson, William the Clerk and Matilda his wife, had unjustly disseised Nicolas de Alewy of his free tenement in Colton. Robert did not appear, and would not find sureties, because he is a clericus. The jury say that William and the others named had unjustly disseised Nicolas of a croft, and they are therefore in misericordiâ. m. 2, dorso.

Staff. The assize of mordancestor which Robert de Whytindon arraigned against Avice de Derneslowe, concerning six acres of land in Whytendon, remanet sine die, because the said Robert has an elder brother, who is nearer heir to Theditha his mother. m. 2, dorso.

Staff. An assize came, &c., if Peter Giffard and Avice his wife had unjustly disseised William, son of Syride, of his free tenement in Walton; but the assize remanet, because William acknowledged he was not disseised of any free tenement, but only of common of a certain wood. m. 2, dorso.

Staff. Richard de Erthbiri gives half a mark for license of concord with Roger, son of Roger, in a plea of mordancestor, by the pledge of Henry de Hulle and Richard Illarie. m. 2, dorso.

Staff. An assize, &c., if Robert Mauluvel, father of Robert Mauluvel, was seised in his demesne, as of fee, of three acres of pasture in Tatenhulle when he died; and which John, the Vicar of Tatenhulle holds; who came and called to warranty Ralph, the Parson of Tatenhull, and who is to be summoned for the advent of the Justices. m. 2, dorso.

Staff. The assize of mordancestor between William, son of Stephen, and Robert de Sokenhull, respecting two virgates of land in Shatkelve, remanet, because Robert gave up the land to William. m. 2, dorso.

Staff. An assize, &c., if William, son of William, who is under age, &c., had unjustly disseised Robert, son of Henry, of his free tenement in Stansope; and John de Benerford, the custos of William, came and admitted the assize.

The jury say that it was arranged between William the Parson, the father of the said William, that the said Robert should marry a certain niece (nepotem) of his; and he put himself, with his land, into the custody of the said William; but after the death of William the Parson, Henry de Audideleg, the Lord of William the Parson, came and took the land into his own hands, together with the heir of William, and he took with him the land of Robert. And Henry had committed the custody of the heir and of the land which had belonged to William the Parson to John de Benerford, who took the profits of it, and also of the land which belonged to Robert. And thus John had disseised Robert of the land in question. John afterwards came into Court and gave back the land of Robert to him, viz., four bovates and a half of land. m. 2, dorso.

Staff. An assize, &c., if John Mareschall had unjustly disseised Thomas de Stanton of his free tenement in Stanton. The jury find in favour of John; and Thomas is in misericordiâ. His surety is Robert de Salt. m. 2, dorso.

Staff. Elena, the daughter of Robert, who arraigned an assize of novel disseisin against Adam de Wylbrighton, concerning a tenement in Wylbrighton, withdrew her suit, and is in misericordiâ. She is very poor, and has no surety. m. 2, dorso.

Staff. An assize, &c., if Adam de Ilum had unjustly disseised Robert de Catesturn (Casterne) of his free tenement in Ilum. The jury find for Adam. m. 3.

Staff. An assize, &c., if Stephen de Hadton (Hatton), father of William, was seised in his demesne as of fee, when he died, of four virgates of land in Hadton, which land Robert de Swinnerton holds. By consent of the Justices, and because he is poor, Robert gave the land to William, and accepted his homage for it. m. 3.

Staff. An assize, &c., if Nicholas, father of John, was seised, &c., when he died, of two virgates of land in Brochton, and of which Robert de Brochton and Avice his wife hold half a virgate, and Benigna de Brochton holds half a virgate, and Nicholas de Dacton (Acton) holds one virgate. And Nicholas called to warranty John de Dacton his brother, who is to be summoned for the advent of the Justices. And Robert and Avice and Benigna did not appear; and John, son of Nicholas, waited till the fourth day; and they are to be summoned again for the coming of the Justices. (fn. 1) m. 3.

Staff. An assize, &c., if the Prior of Tutebiri had unjustly disseised Robert de Couton of his free tenement (eight acres) in Thornhill. The jury find for Robert. m. 3.

Staff. Robert de Oxele gives half a mark for license of concord with Warine de Russhale in a plea of mordancestor. m. 3.

Staff. An assize, &c., if William, son of Hugh de Thornhill, father of Lettice (who is within age), was seised, &c., of twenty acres of land in Melewych when he died, and which Roger de Melewych holds. Roger did not appear, but the assize is to proceed, because Lettice is under age. The jury say that William died seised as of fee, and therefore Roger is in misericordiâ, and Lettice is to have seisin. m. 3.

Staff. Robert, son of William, who arraigned an assize of mordancestor against Alice, the widow of Jordan de Huntebrige, concerning two parts of a carucate of land in Huntebrige, withdrew from his suit. m. 3.

Staff. An assize, &c., if William, son of William, had unjustly disseised Henry de Ilum of his free tenement in Hudlesdale. The jury find in favour of William. m. 3.

Staff. An assize, &c., if John, son of Nicholas, (fn. 2) had unjustly disseised Robert, son of William, of his free tenement in Salt. The jury say that John had unjustly disseised him of a heath. m. 3.

Staff. Robert, son of Robert de Curburg, gives half a mark for license of concord with Avice, Beatrice, and Matilda, daughters of Pagan. m. 3.

Staff. Thomas Coingne appeared on the fourth day against Robert, son of Hugh, in a plea of mordancestor respecting fifteen acres of land in Hulmo. Robert did not appear. To be re-summoned for the advent of the Justices. m. 3.

Staff. Agnes de Riston, who arraigned an assize of mordancestor against Hugh le Despencer, concerning two bovates of land in Riston (RushtonSpencer), withdrew from her suit. m. 3.

Staff. William, son of William, who arraigned an assize of novel disseisin against William Ferbrar, Bertram de Calton, Robert de Calton, Roger de Calton and Peter de Spendure, respecting a tenement in Kalton (Caldon), withdrew from his suit. The sureties of William are Warine de Colton and William Griffyn. m. 3.

Staff. The assize of novel disseisin which Robert de Stockthorp arraigned against Geoffrey de Meanton, concerning a free tenement in Beteleton, remanet, because Robert is dead.

Staff. An assize, &c., if Henry de Ilum and Adam his brother, William de Straton, Walter, son of Simon, and Simon, son of Richard, had unjustly disseised Henry Wodegrim of his free tenement in Ilum. The jury find in favour of Henry Wodegrim, and the defendants are in misericordiâ. m. 3.

Staff. An assize, &c., if Philip Noel, father of Robert, was seised in his demesne as of fee of the manor of Hull when he died, which manor Robert de Halechton holds; who appeared, and stated he held the manor in his hand through default of service due for it, and acknowledged Philip died seised of it, and that Robert is his nearest heir. Therefore Robert, son Philip, to have seisin, and Robert de Halechton is in misericordiâ for an unjust detention. m. 3.

Staff. An assize, &c., if Robert le Fraunceis, father of John, was seised, &c., of the manor of Hull, which Robert Noel holds; who came, and by per mission gave up to John the fifth part of the manor, of which his father had died seised. m. 3.

Staff. An assize came, &c., if John Mareschall had unjustly disseised William de Aldithelega of his common of pasture in Stanton which belonged to his free tenement in Blore; and William pleaded he had no free tenement in Blore, but held it in custody only. The assize therefore remanet. m. 3.

Staff. Adam, son of Roger, appeared on the fourth day in a plea of mordancestor, concerning half a virgate of land in Fulford, against Avice, the widow of Roger, son of Wilfric. Avice did not appear, and is to be re-summoned for the advent of the Justices. m. 3.

Staff. An assize, &c., if William, Earl of Ferrars, and Adam Cocus, had unjustly disseised Walter de Cotes of his free tenement in Cotes. The Earl appeared by his bailiff; and on the prayer of the parties, the assize is respited to the advent of the Justices. m. 3.

Staff. Agnes, daughter of Leuka, (fn. 3) who is under age, appeared before the Justices, and William de Stratton, the custos of Agnes, is ordered to prosecute for her, her suit against Roger de Muhaut, the Seneschall of Cheshire, respecting the manor of Elleford; and a day is given to her at Nottingham before the Justices at the octaves of the Nativity of the Blessed Mary. And Roger to be re-summoned for the same day, because the first summons was too short. m. 4.

Staff. An assize, &c., if William, son of Roger, and William de Tetneshulle, had unjustly disseised Philip de Lega of his free tenement in Lega. The jury say that William, son of Roger, had unjustly disseised Philip, and therefore Philip is to have seisin; but that William de Tettenhulle had not disseised him; therefore Philip is in misericordiâ for a false claim. m. 4.

Staff. An assize, &c., if Philip, son of Miles, had unjustly disseised Simon, son of William, of his free tenement in Bromcroft. The jury find in favour of Simon, and Philip is in misericordiâ. Damages 10 marks. m. 4, dorso.

Staff. William Modi, who arraigned an assize of novel disseisin against John de Leton and Roger the Smith, respecting a tenement in Leton, withdrew his suit. He and his sureties, viz., William de Stamford and John de Wykewall, are therefore in misericordiâ. m. 4, dorso.

Staff. Henry, son of William, who arraigned an assize of mordancestor against Howel, son of William, respecting twenty-five and a half acres of land in Onnerton, withdrew his suit, and is in misericordiâ. m. 4, dorso.

Staff. An assize, &c., if William de Croukewell had unjustly disseised Simon de Cumpton of his free tenement in Wolverhampton; and the jury say that Simon is a villain of the Lord the King of Totehale, and gives merchetum (fn. 4) for his daughter, and is not able to marry her without the King's permission; and that he was not disseised of any free tenement, because the tenement in question is not held except at will of the Parson of Wolverhampton. Therefore Simon is in misericordiâ. m. 5.

Staff. An assize, &c., if Adam, son of Josceus (Josiah), father of Isabella, and of Dionisia, the wife of Thomas de Aluredeston, was seised, &c., of the manor of Aluredeston (Alston), which Robert, son of Thomas, now holds; who came and stated that an assize ought not to be taken, because Richard, the brother of Isabella and Dionisia, held the manor after the death of his father, and was convicted of felony, and lost his manor. Thomas, Isabella, and Dionisia acknowledged this to be true, and are therefore in misericordiâ for a false claim.

The assize of mordancestor between the same Isabella, and Thomas and Dionisia, concerning the manor of Hulle, (fn. 5) remanet for the same reason. m. 5.

Staff. An assize came, &c., if Edmund, son of Godwyn, brother of William, was seised, &c., of half a virgate of land in Balebroc (Bilbrook) on the day he set out for Jerusalem, which land Gervase de Bulebroc holds. Gervase did not appear, and is to be re-summoned for the advent of the Justices. m. 5.

Staff. Richard, son of Richard, and Agnes his mother, who arraigned an assize of novel disseisin against Ralph, son of Ralph, respecting a tenement in Riston (Rushton), withdrew their suit, and therefore they and their sureties for the prosecution, viz., Alexander de Ruston and Philip de Ruston, are in misericordiâ. m. 5.

Staff. An assize, &c., if Gilbert Wudegrym, father of Ralph, was seised, &c., of a bovate of land in Ilum, when he died, which land Henry Wudegrym holds; who appeared, and pleaded an assize should not be taken, because William, the elder brother of Ralph, held the land for eighteen years after the death of his father. Ralph is therefore in misericordiâ for a false claim. m. 5.

Roll No. 27.

Headed, "Placita apud Westm: anno R. R. Henrici, filii Regis Johannis, undecimo a die Paschæ in XV dies." [25th April, 1227.]

m. 9. "Placita de Octabis Sanctæ Trinitatis, anno undecimo." [13th June, 1227.]

Staff. An assize of last presentation to the Church of Elleford, the advowson of which Roger de Monhaut (Montealto) claimed against Philip de Oreby; who came by his attorney, and stated an assize ought not to be taken, because Ralph de Monhaut presented William de Haya, who last died parson of the Church; but after that presentation the said Ralph gave the manor to Roger de Monhaut his brother, who held the manor all his life; and after his death the manor descended to Leuca, his daughter, and from Leuca to Agnes, daughter of Leuca, who is in ward to the said Philip by gift of Roger de Monhaut the capital lord; and he produced the deed of the said Roger, which showed he had given 100 marks to the said Roger for the wardship of Agnes, daughter of Leuca, and of her inheritance, which descended to her from Roger, her father, in Elleford, and in Cassingland; and inasmuch as Ralph gave the land without excepting the advowson of the Church, and the Church had not since been vacant, he asked for judgment of the Court if the said Roger had any claim to the advowson, inasmuch as the advowson pertains to the manor.

And Roger by his attorney appeared and pleaded that Ralph, his ancestor, had made the last presentation, and that Roger had never been in seisin of the advowson, neither had Leuca his daughter, nor Agnes; and as Philip admitted the seisin of Ralph, he asked for seisin; and being questioned if Ralph had given the manor, cum pertinentiis, answered he did not know; but acknowledged the deed which he made to the said Philip of the land with its appurtenances.

And because both parties acknowledge that Ralph, after the last presentation, had given the manor with appurtenances to the said Roger, and Roger could not show that the advowson had been excepted, nor produced any evidence, nor any charter, and had besides acknowledged that Roger died seised of the manor with appurtenances, and Leuca likewise in the same manner, "it is considered that Philip should recover seisin by reason of his custody of the said Agnes, saving the right of Roger, if he should wish to inde loqui." And Roger is in misericordiâ. (fn. 6) m. 9.

Warw. John le Eir sued Robert de Offewurth and Elizabeth his wife, Leonard de Badelesdon and Basilia his wife, and Henry the Falkoner, for a rent of 12d. and for reasonable estover in the wood of Morton, which he claimed by a fine levied in the reign of King Henry, grandfather of the King, before the Justices Itinerant at Coventry, between Ralph de Mara, the father of the said Elizabeth, Basilia, and William Bagod, and Richard, son of Ernald, the grandfather of the said John, whose heir he is; and Robert and Elizabeth did not appear, but essoined themselves; and an essoin will not lie, because they first essoined themselves before the Justices Itinerant as is recorded. The Sheriff therefore to have their bodies at the octaves of Michaelmas; and the same day is given to Leonard and Basilia and to Henry le Fauconer, named in the writ, who did not wish to answer without their co-parceners; and William Bagot, who was named in the writ, had license from the Justices of receding, until the suit should be terminated. m. 10.

Staffordshire Assize Roll Of 12 H. III.

Headed, "Placita et Assisæ apud Stafford in crastino animarum, coram Thoma de Muletun, H. de Gant, R. de Lexinton, et R. Musard, anno R. R. H. XII. [3rd November, 1227.]

Robert de Legha, John Saucheverel, Ralph de Dulverne, William de Stafford, four knights summoned to elect twelve, &c., to make the great assize &c., between the Prior of Tutebiri, plaintiff, and Luke de Buterdon the tenant of eight and a half acres of land and half a mill in Turleston, &c., came and elected Robert de Stantun, Milo de Verdun, Ralph de Muttun, Hugh Baggot, William Pantun, Robert fitz Pagan, William Rufus, John de Salt, Robert de Knihtele, John de Actun, Roger de Melewik, Robert de Leya, John de Saucheverel, William de Stafford, Ralph de Dulverne, and Henry de Verdun. A concord was made, by which Luke acknowledged the land, &c. (to be the right of the Prior), and for which the Prior gave him five marks. m. 1.

Ralph de Dulverne, John de Actun, Robert de Knihtele, Henry de Verdun, four knights summoned to elect twelve, &c., between Adam de Wilbrighton, plaintiff, and Henry de Wyverston, tenant of eight acres of wood in Befecote, elected William Pantun, Robert de Esenington, Nicholas Urs, Adam de Bremtun, Ralph de Bremtun, Ralph de Mutton, Philip de Lottele, Richard de Evenefeld, Robert de Mere, Robert de Lea, Robert fitz Pagan, John de Saut, Roger de Mulewaz, Ralph de Dulverne, Henry de Verdun, John de Actun, Robert de Knihtele. Adam came afterwards, and gave 20s. for license of concord, by which Adam remitted all his claim for two and a half marks. (fn. 7)

Robert Mauluvel, (fn. 8) John Sautcheverel, Robert de Mere, Robert de Stantun, four knights summoned to elect twelve, &c., between Robert de Wuttun, plaintiff, and William Belnest, tenant of a virgate of land in Offeley, elected these, viz., Philip de Burwardele, John de Chetewik, Robert de Cnitele, Robert de Sugenhulle, John de Actun, Roger de Mulewich, John de Saut, Robert de Eseniton, Ralph de Dulverne, Nicholas Urs, Henry de Verdun, Richard de Eveneffeld, Robert Mauluvel, John de Sautcheverel, Robert de Mere, Robert de Stantun.

William gave a mark for license of concord by the pledge of Robert de Wuttun and Richard de Hehstall; Robert remitted his claim, for which William gave him 20s. (fn. 9)

Roger de Mulewick, Robert de Suggenhull, Hugh Baggot, John de Actun, four knights summoned to elect twelve to make (the great assize) between Robert de Swinnerton, plaintiff, and Richard de Titteshovere, tenant of onethird of twenty acres of wood in Wilstanswude, came and elected Philip de Asselegh, Milo de Verdun, John Sautcheverel, Roger de Mulewich, Richard de Traicote (Draycote), Robert de Legh, Roger de Rideware, Roger de Sumerville, Robert de Grendun, Philip de Luteleg, Robert de Eseninton, Robert de Suggenhull, Henry Mauveisin, Robert Mauluvel, William de Heronville, William de Dustun.

Robert afterwards gave two marks for license of concord, by which he remitted all his claim, except common of herbage in the wood, for all manner of cattle; and Richard gave to Robert a certain "piscia" in the wood of Northwude, saving to Richard his common (of pasture) in the same wood.

The great assize between Richard de Witinton, plaintiff, and William de Handesacre, tenant of a messuage in Lichefeld, remanet, because William was dead.

Geoffrey le Marchant gives half a mark for license of concord with Robert le Tanur and Alice his wife, by the pledge of Geoffrey Brun and Thomas de Stantun, of Alvestun, concerning half a messuage in Alvestun, by which concord Geoffrey and Emma his wife remit all their claim, &c. (fn. 10)

John, son of Roger, gives half a mark by the pledge of Roger de Eston for license of concord with Robert de Grendon. John remits his claim for 20s.

* * * * * * * * * * * (fn. 11)

Adam Cocus puts in his place Robert the Clerk, versus William de Admundeston, in an assize of mordancestor.

Alice, wife of Bertram Meverell, puts in her place Bertram her husband, versus Geoffrey de Desmor, in an assize of novel disseisin.

An assize, &c., if Alditha de Cunegrave, the aunt of Edith, daughter of Alice, and Isolda her sister, was seised, &c., of four virgates of land and a mill in Cunegrave when she died, and of which Andrew de Sondon holds the land, and John de Teneray the mill. And John came and said he ought not to answer to the assize, because there is an elder sister named Hawise of the same father and mother; and Edith and Isolda acknowledge this, but say she is married to a certain rustic (cuidam rustico). It is therefore considered that Andrew and John be dismissed from the suit, and Edith and Isolda are in misericordiâ, and to sue by another writ if they please. They are pardoned their fine because they are poor. m. 1, dorso.

An assize, &c., if Richard Mansel, father of Walter, son of Richard, was seised, &c., of half a virgate of land, &c., in Oldingtun, and which land Robert Mansel holds.

The jury say that it is true the said Richard, father of Walter, died seised of the land as stated, but after the death of Richard, Walter was in ward to Mansel, the capital lord, and whilst he was in ward, he gave the land to the said Robert, and afterwards he gave to the said Walter other land which he held, viz., thirty acres in Birnhull, in exchange for that land, and also a noke in Panteshull (Patshull), which he now holds; and Mansel deprived him of another thirty acres, and gave them in marriage with his daughter; a concord was afterwards made, and Robert le Mansel, the nephew of the aforesaid Robert, who is tenant, and of whom he holds the land, gave half a mark for license of concord, by which Walter remitted his claim to the said Robert, and agreed to hold the land of Robert his nephew, the capital lord, for a pound of cummin yearly; and for this recognition Robert the nephew gave to Walter a noke of land to be held of him for a pair of gloves. m. 1. dorso.

An assize, &c., if Alan de Cambrigge, father of Engaliana, the wife of Ivo Coci, was seised, &c., of one and a half acre in Northerhull, which Hugh le Nur holds. Hugh called to warranty William fitz Galfrid, of Northerhull, who was under age. Suit adjourned.

John de Estle versus Michael, Parson of Clent, three virgates in Hulle.

John, son of Swain, sued John Dikeman and others for lands in Langenour. Defendants called Gilbert, son of Peter de Langenoure, to warranty. Suit adjourned to Reading, on the Monday before Feast of St. Andrew, where a concord was made.

An assize, &c., if Peter, son of Brunnig, father of Agnes, was seised, &c., of two bovates of land in Rustun, of which Richard Ruffus holds half a bovate, and Richard, son of Ulfi, half a bovate, Henry, son of Edgar, half a bovate, and Ralph, son of Brungi, half a bovate.

The defendants state they only hold the land at the will of Hugh le Despencer, their lord. Suit dismissed.

William de Cheteletun was summoned to warrant to Richard de Draicote eight bovates of land in Cuneshale, and for which he holds the charter of William de Cheteltun, the uncle of William, whose heir he is; and Richard complained that against the tenor of the deed, William unjustly required of him suit of court fortnightly, when he owed no suit, unless the King's writ was in Court, or matters of doubt were in question, such as judgment upon thieves, &c.; and in consequence of which he was damaged by the action of the Earl of Chester, who distrained his men to enclose his park of Holmhaye, and to make stablias at the chaces of the said Earl, whereas for the sum of 13s. per annum which he paid, he ought to be acquitted for all service except forinsec service.

William acknowledged the charter, and denied that he required suit of Court, except for matters of doubt, or when the King's writ was in Court; and respecting the enclosure of the park, stated that his ancestors had always performed that service for the fee, and on the day when his uncle William enfeoffed the father of Richard, he owed that service to the Earl from the men of Cunshall, together with the men of Cheteltun, and upon this point appealed to a jury. And Richard stated that for five years before his father had been enfeoffed, no service of the kind had been demanded, and that the ancestors of William, and William himself for thirty years past, had acquitted him of the service in question. A concord was made between the parties; but the rest of the suit is illegible. (fn. 12)

A jury, &c., if five acres and a half and a messuage in Pencriz were free alms belonging to the Prebend of Robert de Caverswall, or a lay fee of Adam, son of Matilda and Isolda his wife. And Adam and Matilda (sic) came and state that a fine had been levied before Martin de Pateshill and his associate Justices between the said Robert and Meidusa, the mother of Matilda, in which Robert had acknowledged the land to be the lay fee of Maidusa, to be held of the Prebend by the service of 6d. annually; and as the rolls of the said Justices testified to this, the suit is dismissed, and Robert is in misericordiâ.

An assize, &c., if Thomas fitz Wimer, the father of Richard, was seised, &c., of ten and a half acres of land in the suburb of Stafford when he died, and which land Nicholas Urs holds. Nicholas appeared, and gave up the land to Richard.

An assize, &c., if Geoffrey, father of Geoffrey, was seised, &c., of a carucate of land in Bradesiche when he died, and which land John de Saut holds.

John called to warranty Hervey de Stafford, who appeared at the octaves of St. Martin, and warranted the land to him; and Geoffrey did not appear, and was the plaintiff. He is therefore in misericordiâ, together with his sureties, viz., Stephen de Bilentun and Adam de Buterhall.

Henry de Honecote, who arraigned an assize of novel disseisin against Ralph Basset for a tenement in Bradeheved, came and withdrew his plea. He is therefore in misericordiâ, together with his sureties for the prosecution, viz., Robert fitz Elias and Robert Putrel. m. 2.

An assize, &c., if John Saucheverel and Thomas, Abbot of Crokesdun, had unjustly disseised Robert, son of Gerard, of his free tenement in Chedle. And John stated that the Abbot had no ingress, except through him, and warranted the land to him. The jury say that John and the Abbot had disseised the said Robert of nine acres of wood. Damages 2s.

An assize, if Simon de Waltun had disseised Gervase, son of Nicholas, of his free tenement in Waldestun. Verdict for Simon; and Gervase and his sureties, William Griffin and William Buffare, are in misericordiâ. William de Stafford stands surety for their fine.

Robert Blund withdraws his suit against Geoffrey de Greselegh for common of pasture in Kingestun belonging to his free tenement in Huntesdun (Hixon), and his sureties are therefore in misericordiâ, viz., William Crispin and Roger de Fenneshay. The sureties for their fine are Henry de Wastineis and John Blund.

Henry de Aldithelegh sued Hervey Baghot for the manor of Hortun, of which Ralph, son of Orme, (fn. 13) his grandfather, was seised as of fee in the reign of King Henry, the grandfather of the present King; and from the said Ralph the right descended to Emma, his daughter and heir; and from Emma to Adam, the son of the said Emma; and from Adam to Henry, who now sues as brother and heir, Adam having died without issue.

And Hervey appeared, and offered to defend his right to the manor by the body of his freeman Richard de Newenham, &c.

And Henry offered to deraign his right by the body of his freeman Gilbert de Anant. It is therefore considered that a duel should be waged between them. The sureties of Richard are William de Stafford and Ralph de Dulverne, and those of Gilbert are William le Rus and William Pantulf. A day is given to them on the Monday after the octaves of St. Martin, and they are then to come with arms.

An assize, &c., if Richard, son of Uhtred, father of Petronilla, was seised, &c., of a virgate of land in Swindon, which Ralph de Langok and Amice, his daughter, hold.

Ralph and Amice called to warranty William, son of Alan de Engelsfeld. They afterwards pleaded that no assize ought to be taken, because Petronilla claimed by the seisin of her father Edric (sic), and she was in seisin a long time after the death of her father, and he had had twelve sons. Petronilla acknowledged this to be true; Ralph and Amice are therefore dismissed from the present suit, and Petronilla to claim by a writ of right if she chose. (fn. 14)

An assize, &c., if Liulf, uncle of Richard, was seised, &c., of twenty acres of land in Tunstal when he died, and which the wife of Henry Koc holds (left unfinished).

Amice, daughter of Ralph de Langhoc, puts in her place Robert de Herscote, versus Petronilla de Humeleg, in a plea of mordancestor.

Isabel, wife of Walter de Sturtun, puts in her place Walter, her husband, versus John de Vile, in a plea of land.

William de Dustun puts in his place Richard de Heistan, versus Thomas Cuiyne, in a plea of mordancestor, and against the same in a plea of customs and services.

John de Parles (puts in his place) Thomas de Bosco, versus Christiana, the widow of Walter de Waure, in a plea of novel disseisin.

John de Foddesbrok (Forsbrook) versus Abbot of Crokesdun, common of pasture in Chedle. Verdict for John. m. 2, dorso.

John Sautcheverel was summoned to warrant to Thomas, Abbot of Crokesden, twenty-two acres, and a wood in Kingehey, which the Abbot held of him, and respecting which he complained that John Fordesbrok and others had recovered against him common of pasturage, by which the tenement was much deteriorated. John appeared and warranted the same to him.

Osbert de Eytun gives a mark for license of concord with Peter de Gnoshale, by the surety of Richard de Onne, respecting thirty acres in Gnoshale.

An assize, &c., if Robert de Wibaldestun, father of Robert, was seised, &c., of a virgate of land in Wibaldestun (Wobaston, in Bushbury) when he died, and which Robert de Esingtun holds.

Robert de Esingtun called to warranty Henry de Amberlegh.

The jury say Robert died seised of the land, and that Robert is his nearest heir. Robert de Wibaldestun therefore to have seisin of the land; and Henry is in misericordiâ, and to make to Robert de Essington an exchange of equal value.

An assize, &c., if Cecilia de Langedun, mother of Ralph, son of Ivo, was seised, &c., of two bovates of land in Langedun (Longdon) when she died, and which land Ralph, son of Warine, now holds.

Ralph pleaded an assize ought not to be taken, because a fine was levied respecting the same land between Robert de Yunhale and Sierith his wife, plaintiffs, and the said Ralph, son of Warine and Cecilia his wife, tenants, by which the said Robert and Sierith remitted to Ralph and Cecilia, and their heirs, all claim to the land. Verdict for Ralph the tenant; and Ralph, son of Ivo, is in misericordiâ.

Cecilia, widow of Philip Escrop, sued Ralph Escrop for one-third of four bovates of land in Crakemers, as her dower. Ralph did not appear, and was re-summoned, and did not appear at the second summons. Cecilia therefore to have seisin, and Ralph in misericordiâ.

Thomas the Smith (Faber), of Bromwiz, versus Richard, Abbot of Hales, for raising a fence in Bromwiz, to the damage of Thomas.

An assize, &c., whether Geoffrey de Bradelea, (fn. 15) father of Walter, was seised, &c., of half a mill in Seisdun when he died, and which Simon de Tresel holds. Simon appeared, and conceded the assize; and the jury say that the said Geoffrey did not die seised of the tenement in question, because Bernard de Tresel, the father of Simon, held it for half-a-year before the death of the said Geoffrey. Walter is therefore in misericordiâ, and to pursue his claim by another writ if he chooses. Sureties for his fine are James (sic) de Mortun and William de Bradehurst.

An assize, &c., if Sibilla, daughter of Godmar, mother of Margaret, was seised, &c., of thirty acres in Witegrave when she died, and which Magister Robert de la Stowe holds. Magister Robert did not appear; and as he had previously made default at Salop, in the tenth year of King Henry, the assize was taken in his absence. The jury state that Matilda, the mother of Sibilla, held the land of the Church of Bromshelf (Bramshall), for eighteen farthings yearly, and gave it to Robert Godman, the father of Margaret, in frank marriage with Sibel, her daughter, who through poverty relinquished the land, and became a wandering beggar (ivit mendicans); and through default of service the said Magister took the land into his own hands, but permitted Sibel to retain the house until she died; but she did not die seised of the land. Magister Robert therefore to hold the land in peace, and Margaret is in misericordiâ. Her fine is remitted because of her poverty, and she is to pursue her claim in another form if she chooses.

William, Prior of Sandwell, puts in his place Thomas de Bosco in a suit of novel disseisin against the Abbot of Hales.

The Lord the King sent word to the Justices Itinerant in the County of Stafford, that Philippa Maubanc had attorned in her place Hugh de Alstilfeld and Robert le Boleneis in a plea of novel disseisin, which was summoned before them between the said Philippa, plaintiff, and Henry de Aldithelegh and Hugh Dispensator (Le Despencer), deforciants; and likewise in the plea between the same Philippa and the Abbot of Cumbremare respecting a messuage in Hastilfeld (Alstonfield). m. 3.

A jury, &c., whether a messuage in Bromshelf was a lay fee of William de Stafford, or the free alms of Silurus de Bromshelf, pertaining to his Church of Bromshelf (Bramshall).

The jury say that the messuage was neither a lay fee of the said William, nor the free alms of the said Silurus, but that it should be the lay fee of Hervey de Stafford, the brother of the said William, of which his ancestors were seised; and therefore Silurus may hold it in peace, and Hervey can sue for it if he wishes.

An assize, &c., whether Henry le Prestre, brother of William, was seised, &c., of six acres of land in Mersinton (Marchington) when he died, and which Adam Cook (Cocus) now holds. A concord was made. (fn. 16)

An assize, &c., if Nicholas, son of Edrich, father of Christiana de Sichelesbroc, was seised, &c., of a virgate of land in Sichesbroc, which Walter Mareschall holds. Verdict for Christiana. Walter in misericordiâ.

Adam de Fuleford, son of Roger, sues Richard Ruffus, Roger de Warilare, and Richard de Lege for five acres in Fuleford. Verdict for Adam.

Thomas de Bruneford, and his sureties, Adam de Chebesey and Hugh de Mollesleg, are in misericordiâ for not prosecuting an assize of novel disseisin against Ralph de Coven, respecting a tenement in Bruneford (Brinsford in Brewood).

Richa, daughter of Gladewine, sued William de Edboldeston and Henry his brother for a tenement in Elboldeston (Adbaston). The defendants deliver up the land in dispute.

Juliana, daughter of Osbert, in misericordiâ for withdrawing from her suit against A licia Bastard and Thomas her son, and others, respecting a tenement in Wylenhale.

An assize, &c., if Roger de Parles had unjustly disseised Sarra, the widow of William de Parles, of her free tenement in Huneswurthe. Verdict for Roger.

Sarra, daughter of Lambert le Fraunceis, and wife of Thomas le Mazun, sues Ralph, the Archdeacon of Chester, for a virgate of land in Alreshagh. Verdict for Sarra.

A jury, &c., whether ten acres of land in Horeburn are free alms pertaining to the Church of Nicholas de Horeburn, or a lay fee of Osbert le Parmentur. Osbert stated he was a villain, and the land was the free tenement of the Abbot of Hales. Nicholas is therefore in misericordiâ, and to sue by another writ if he chooses.

An assize, &c., whether William, Earl of Derby, had disseised Richard de Lisle (de Insula) of his free tenement in Bartun. Geoffrey de Gresele, the Seneschall of the Earl, appeared for him, and stated nothing against the assize. The jury say that the Earl had disseised the said Richard of 100 solidates of rent. Damages 25l.

William Pantulf puts in his place Geoffrey Griffin, versus Alice and Felicia de Idolveston (Hilderstone) in a plea of mordancestor.

Henry, Prior of Kenillewurthe, puts in his place brother Reginald, his canon, the Prior of Stanes, versus Edith, the widow of William the Clerk, in a plea utrum sit liberam elemosinam, &c.

Walter Ruffus in misericordiâ for withdrawing his plea against Simon, the Chaplain of Lichefeld, respecting a tenement in the suburb of Lichefeld. m. 3, dorso.

Petronilla la Sage gives a mark for permission to withdraw her writ of novel disseisin against Nicholas Duredent.

Ciprian de Tunstal, who had arraigned an assize of novel disseisin against Robert de Offileg, William de Badenhale, Robert le Arbelastir, and William, son of Roger, respecting a tenement in Tunstal, withdrew from his suit, and he and his sureties, William de Belaneston and Adam de Halfhide, are in misericordiâ.

An assize, &c., if Robert de Swinnertun had unjustly disseised John le Bret of his common of pasture in Sheltun (Shelton in Swynnerton), belonging to his free tenement in the same vill. Verdict for John. Damages 6d. Robert in misericordiâ. Robert de Cotes his surety.

An assize, &c., if Richard de Draycote had disseised, &c., Petronilla de Chekkeslega of her free tenement in Conleshale (Cunsall). Petronilla stated that Philip, the father of Richard, had disseised her, and not Richard, and Philip was dead. Petronilla is therefore in misericordiâ (for a false claim).

An assize, &c., if Henry de Rewel (Rule) had unjustly disseised Jordan de Pivelesdon (Puleston), Robert de Badenhale, and Hugh de Flotesbroc, of their common of pasture in Haldeton, belonging to their free tenement in the same vill. The jury say that Henry had disseised them of the common of pasture in eighteen acres. Henry in misericordiâ. His surety is Henry de Mutton. Damages 2s.

William de Duston gives 20s. for license of concord with Walter Coyne, respecting a service of 8s. from six bovates of land in Hulme, which the said William claimed against Thomas Coyne, the said Thomas having called Walter to warranty; and Walter acknowledged the service to be the right of the said William; and for this recognition, &c., William acknowledged sixteen acres of land in Hulme respecting which Thomas Coyne had arraigned an assize of mordancestor against William, and Robert, son of Hugh, to be the right of Thomas as pertaining to the aforesaid six bovates of land, to be held of Walter Coyne by the aforesaid service of 8s., and so that the said Walter and his heirs shall render the same service to William and his heirs; and Robert, son of Hugh, remitted to Thomas all his right and claim in the aforesaid sixteen acres. (fn. 17)

An assize, &c., if William, son of Adam, Adam de Wilbriton, and Adam de Stoketon, had disseised Silvester, son of Adam, of his free tenement in Wilbriton. The jury say that the said William, Adam, and Adam had not disseised the said Silvester, because his father Adam was seised of the land for a term only, and not in fee.

Warine, son of William and Hawise his wife, were summoned to warrant to Richard, Abbot of Hales, forty acres of land in Habbelench, which he claims to hold of them, and for which he has their charter. A concord was made. (fn. 18)

Edith, widow of Anketill le Corser, sues Amice, daughter of Robert le Teler, and Edith and Alice her sisters, for one-third of half a burgage in Lichefeld, as her dower. A concord was made.

The assize of mordancestor between Robert Mauluvell, plaintiff, and John, Parson of Tateuhull, tenant of three acres of land in Tatenhull, remanet, because John had died. m. 4.

An assize, &c., if Herbert de Bureton, brother of Philip, was seised, &c., of a messuage in Burtun, when he assumed the religious habit, and which messuage Elias, son of Richer, holds. The jury say that Herbert died seised as of fee, but they are ignorant as to whether Philip is his next heir, because they are strangers, being born in the county of Sussex. And Elias stated they were both bastards, being the sons of a certain Priest; and Philip stated he was legitimate, and his brother Herbert also, their mother Agnes having been married to their father Ralph Busch. Philip therefore to have a writ to the Bishop of Chichester to return whether he is legitimate or not.

Roger de Freneshay sued Henry le Faukunur, Ralph le Faukunur, and Robert de Offwurth, for half a virgate of land in Hildulveston. The defendant did not appear, and suit adjourned.

Alexander de Cokham, the essoign of William de Castello, appeared on the fourth day against Stephen Meverel and Agnes his wife, Alice de Yokel, and John de Kent, for two bovates of land in Watherfeld. And Stephen only appeared, and could not plead without his co-parceners; and as they were the plaintiffs, the suit is dismissed.

Nicholas de Norreis sued Henry le Faukoner and Ralph le Faukoner for half a virgate of land in Hildulveston. Defendants did not appear, and to be re-summoned.

An assize, &c., if Matilda de Bissopestun, the mother of Robert, was seised, &c., of half a virgate of land in Bissopeston (Bishton) when she died, and which Clarice and Matilda, daughters of Richard, hold; who plead they had already recovered the land by an assise of mordancestor against the said Robert, before Martin de Pateshull and his associates; and called to warranty the rolls of the said Justices; and as the rolls testify to this, the suit is dismissed, and Robert is committed to custody.

An assize, &c., if Felicia, daughter of Robert, mother of Thomas, was seised of a virgate of land in Matkeln (sic, Chatcull ?) when she died, which is held by Thomas de Aspeley; who called to warranty Robert de Suggenhill; who appeared and warranted the land to him, and stated an assize ought not to be taken, because the said Thomas had given the land to him for his homage and service, and he produced the charter of the said Thomas. And Thomas acknowledged the charter, but stated it had been given when he was under age, and in ward to him; and as Robert could not contradict this, he is in misericordiâ. His sureties are William de Chatculne and Stephen de Peshale.

An assize, &c., if Matilda, daughter of Richard, mother of William, son of William, was seised, &c., of the sixth part of the manor of Severled (? Saverley) when she died, which sixth part Gilbert de Selverle (sic) holds.

And Gilbert called to warranty his wife Felicia, who is to be summoned for the Sunday next after the Feast of St. Martin.

Philip, the Prior of St. Thomas of Stafford, and Hugh, son of John, have license of concord respecting a virgate of land in Weston; and Hugh acknowledged the tenement to be the right of the said Prior, to be held of Hugh for 6d. annually. (fn. 19)

Gilbert Saddok sued Walter le Taillur and others (named), for three messuages in Stafford, and stated they had no ingress except through one William Tunnie, to whom Thomas de Alditheleg, the father of the said Gilbert, whose heir he is, had demised them for a term now expired. The defendants called Simon Tunnie to warranty; who came and warranted the tenements to them, and stated that the said Gilbert had given the messuages to William Tunnie, and produced his deed to that effect.

And Gilbert acknowledged his deed, but stated he was at that time under age.

And Simon stated that at any rate he was of sufficient age to calculate his money, and to measure his cloth, and to deal with merchandise (denarios numerare, et pannos ulnare, et marcandisas facere); and out of the money he received for the messuages, viz., nine marks, he had purchased merchandise; and on this he appealed to a jury. The jury say that Gilbert was old enough to enter into mercantile transactions, as stated, when he gave the deed, and that he had afterwards quit-claimed to the said defendants before the Justices Itinerant at Lichfield. Gilbert is therefore in misericordiâ, and is committed to prison.

Richard, son of John, gives half a mark for license of concord with Henry Cok and Osbert de Lockelega, respecting twenty acres in Tunstal. William de Bromlega is his surety.

Agnes, wife of Stephen Meverel, puts in her place her husband Stephen, versus Robert de Snellesdale and William Smith (Fabrum), in a plea of novel disseisin.

Matilda Col, of Lanodi, puts in her place William Cook (Cocus), versus Ralph de Sanford, in a plea of land.

Margaret, the wife of Robert de Stantun, puts in her place her husband Robert, or Henry de Anestun (de Deneston), versus Hawise de Waterfathe (Waterfall) and William de Wrotesle, in a plea of mordancestor; and the said Robert puts in his place the same Henry against the same in the same plea.

Walter Fundu, Richard the Clerk, and six others (named), were attached to show cause why they intruded into a carucate of land in Humelega (Himley), which Alan de Englefeld had held; the custody of whose lands, after his death, belonged to Maurice de Gant and Margaret his wife, inasmuch as the said Alan held the land of the said Maurice and Margaret by military service, the land forming part of the dower of Margaret; (fn. 20) and the defendants appeared and acknowledged the right of the said Maurice and Margaret. m. 4, dorso.

An assize, &c., if Rolland Meverel, uncle of William, was seised, &c., of half a virgate of land in Westun on a day he went on a pilgrimage; which land Gilbert Meverel holds; and Gerebert (sic) appeared and stated that Rolland had no ingress through William Meverel, who was Parson of the Church of Westun, and who gave the land to him (Gerbert), as pertaining to his Church of Westun. William pleaded that the land was a lay fee, and did not belong to the Church. The jury find for Gerebert.

An assize, &c., if John Mareschall had unjustly disseised William de Wastineis of his free tenement in Coltun. And Bertram, the bailiff of the said John appeared and conceded the assize. The jury say that John had unjustly disseised the said William, because Philip de Wastineis gave the land to William his son for his maintenance, and had put him into full seisin of it, so that he had received the homage and fealty of the tenants in time of peace (and John Marescall in time of peace, and before the war, had unjustly disseised him). (fn. 21) Afterwards, however, the said Philip was taken at Mountsorel and imprisoned at Nottingham; and John Mareschall at that time so acted against him, that Philip gave him the land which he had previously given to his son (and he executed the deed whilst in prison, as they are informed); (fn. 22) and therefore William is to have seisin, and John is in misericordiâ. Damages 24 marks. And Richard de Wrotham the Seneschall of John afterwards appeared in Court, and offered to the Lord the King 40s. to have a jury of twenty-four to convict the twelve (of false judgment).

Petronilla la Sage gives 10s. to withdraw her plea against John de Thomehorn (Tamhorn), respecting common of pasture in Nortun. Her sureties are the said John and Salomon de Timmor.

John Owen, who arraigned an assize of novel disseisin against William Earl of Ferrars and Roger, Provost of Marchinton, withdrew his plea for a fine of one mark, for which Geoffrey de Greselega is his surety.

An assize, &c., if Philip de Burwardelega (Broseley) had disseised Adam de Mukelestun of common of pasture in the same vill. The jury find for Adam.

An assize, &c., if Henry de Hamstede had unjustly raised a fence in Little Barre to the injury of Thomas de Hamstede. Henry did not defend the suit, and the fence is to be prostrated. His fine is one mark, for which Thomas stands surety.

An assize, &c., if Wymarca, daughter of Edric, mother of Sibilla, Alice, and Isabella, was seised as of fee of ten acres in Elmherst when she died, and which land Richard the Miller holds. Richard stated one Robert, the brother of Sibilla, Alice, and Isabella, and who was son and heir of the said Wymarca, was in seisin of the land after the death of Wymarca, and sold the land to him; and he produced the deed of Robert to that effect; and afterwards he stated Richard Dol, the husband of Wymarca, sold the land to him; and he, Richard, was in seisin of it, and Richard Dol died, and Wymarca for six months after they had sold the land to him, went begging about the country (ibat mendicans per patriam); and at length she came back to the house of Richard, and was taken in and died there. The jury say that Wymarca died seised of the land, and that Sibilla, Alice, and Isabella are her nearest of kin. Richard is therefore in misericordiâ. John de Hamerwich and Alured de Homerwich are sureties for his fine of half a mark.

Hugh, son of Walter, and Margaret his wife, sue Adam le Lord for onefourth of a virgate of land in Brocton, as the right and inheritance of Margaret, and into which Adam had no ingress except through John Balle, who had the custody of it whilst Margaret was under age. Adam pleaded that the land descended to him by heriditary right from Avice his mother, whose inheritance it was, and who died seised of it; and William, the father of the said Avice, whose inheritance the land was, also died seised of it.

Adam afterwards remitted his claim to the said land in favour of Hugh and Margaret, to be held of him for 2d. annually. (fn. 23) m. 5.

Agnes, widow of Robert Cobyn, sued Roger de Waure for one-third of a virgate of land in Joneston, as her dower. Roger pleaded that she could not have been endowed with the land, because before Robert had married her, he had given the land to him. A concord was made by which Agnes remitted her claim for 10s. (fn. 24)

Gunnora, widow of Adam de Burton, sued Gilbert the Chaplain for one-third of a virgate of land and a messuage in Burton, as her dower. Gilbert pleaded that Gunnora had a husband, and could not plead without him. Gunnora admitted this, and the suit was dismissed.

Mabilla, widow of Reyner de London, sued Richard le Fruter for half a virgate of land in Torp (Thorp Constantine), as her right and maritagium; and in which Richard had no ingress except through his father Robert, to whom her husband Reyner had demised it for a term. Richard did not appear, and had gone to Jerusalem; and it was testified that he was not summoned until after he had started on his pilgrimage; the suit therefore remanet sine die.

Robert de Puteo (de Puis) gives a mark for license of concord with Richard de Puteo respecting thirty acres of land in Ruggeleg; and the concord is such that Robert acknowledged the land to be the right of Richard, and Richard remitted to the said Robert all his claim to five virgates of land in Stocton and Diwik in the county of Warwick. (fn. 25)

Juliana, daughter of Nicholas Modi, sued John, son of Roger, for a messuage in Lichefeld. The jury find for John.

An assize, &c., if Eadmund, son of Godwin, brother of William, son of Godwin, was seised, &c., of half a virgate of land in Bilrebroc (Bilbrook) on the day he set out for Jerusalem, and which Gervase de Bilrebroc holds. Gervase stated he held the land at will only of Luke, the Canon of Tetynhale. Verdict for Gervase.

An assize, &c., if John, of Little Sugginhille (Sugnall), had disseised Gilbert, son of Swain, of his tenement in Little Sugginhull. Verdict for John.

An assize, &c., if Roger de Waure had disseised William, son of Muriel, of his common of pasture in Aspelega (Aspley). Roger called to warranty Robert de Sugginhill, who warranted, &c. The jury say that the close of which they had made the view was a close in the time of the father of the said William, and that this William was never in seisin of that pasture; and therefore Roger had not disseised him of that; but that he had disseised him of common of pasture in half a selion of land (elsewhere), and therefore for this, Roger is in misericordiâ and William to have seisin of it; and William is in misericordiâ for his false claim to the aforesaid close.

An assize, &c., if John, son of Adam, and William de Lisle (de Insula), had disseised Henry le Colt of his free tenement in Eston. The jury say that John and William had disseised Henry of three and a half acres of land. Damages 4s., for which the Prior of Lappeley is surety.

Hawisia de Waterfale gives half a mark for license of concord with Robert de Stanton and Margaret his wife, respecting one-third of a bovate of land in Waterfale; and the concord is such that Hawise acknowledged the land to be the right of Margaret, to be held by Robert and Margaret of the said Hawise and her heirs for one pound of cumin yearly, and performing to the capital lord of the fee the services due from the land. William de Wroteslega is surety for the half mark.

An assize, &c., if Roger de la Dune had disseised William, son of Guy, of his free tenement in La Dune. The jury say that Roger gave the land to William for his homage and fealty, and accepted his homage in the Court of Hervey de Stafford, the capital lord of the fee, and had afterwards disseised him of it. Damages 30s.

An assize, &c., if Robert de Snellesdale and William the Smith (Faber) had disseised Stephen Meverel and Agnes his wife of their free tenement in Mathelfeld (Mayfield). The jury say Robert had not disseised the plaintiffs, but William had disseised them of half a building (fabrica) in Mathelfeld.

Maurice de Gant puts in his place Teodoric the Clerk, versus Thomas de Elingtun and others, in a plea of trespass.

Robert, son of John, sued Robert de Broc (fn. 26) and Sibilla his wife, for twelve acres in Admundestan, in which Robert and Sibilla have no ingress except through Hervey the Priest, the father of Sibilla, to whom John, the father of Robert, had pledged it for a term. Robert and Sibilla stated that John, the father of Robert, had given the land to Robert de Broc in frank marriage with Sibilla. The jury say that Robert and Sibilla obtained the land from John, the father of Robert, and not from Hervey the Priest, and that John had given the land to Robert del Broc in frank marriage with Sibilla at the church door when he married her. m. 5, dorso.

An assize, &c., if Alan de Linacre, father of John, was seised, &c., of five acres in Blithebiri when he died, &c.; which land William de Kileby holds. William pleaded an assize ought not to be taken, because Alan, the father of John, was a villain of William Malveisin, and held the land in villenage of the said William Malveisin. A concord was afterwards made, by which John remitted his claim for half a mark.

Richard de Hyntes sued Simon de Wulsileya for two acres in Wulsileya, in which Simon had no ingress, except through Ralph de Hyntes, father of Richard, whose heir he is, and who demised them to him for a term now expired, viz., for the lifetime of Ralph. Simon pleaded that Ralph had given him the land in fee and inheritance, for his homage and service. The jury find for Simon.

An assize, &c., if Ralph, son of Simon, and Henry de Deneston, had disseised Thomas de Stanton of common of pasture in Stanton. Ralph did not appear, and it was testified that he had gone to the Holy Land. And Henry stated that Ralph had given the land to him by deed, and called him to warranty, and stated that he had received the writ of the King before he went to Jerusalem; and the land consisted of two bovates and eighteen acres and three perches of land in Stanton, and that it was now in cultivation, but when the corn was carried, Thomas could have common of pasture there. Verdict for Henry de Deneston. The fine of Thomas is remitted, because he is poor.

The suit of mordancestor which Alice and Felicia, daughters of Ralph, son of Oviet, arraigned against William Pantulf, respecting half a virgate in Hildulveston, is dismissed, the plaintiffs not appearing.

An assize, &c., if John Marischall, of Stanton, Robert, son of Swane, Simon le Hayward, Geoffrey de Wynester, and Geoffrey, son of Hugh, had disseised Thomas de Stanton of his common of pasture in Stanton. Thomas withdrew his plea, and remitted all his claim to the pasture and the land which John Marischall held of the fee of Nicolas de Verdun and Clemence his wife in Stanton.

Robert, son of John, sued John de Hagonegate (Hanyard) and Juliana his wife, for a bovate of land in Admundeston (Admaston), in which they have no ingress except through Robert de Admundeston, formerly husband of Juliana, to whom John, son of Edith, father of Robert, whose heir he is, had demised it for a term now expired. John and Juliana plead they do not hold through John, son of Edith, but through Philip de Wasteneis, who gave the land to Robert de Admundeston, formerly husband of Juliana, the land having been held by a certain robber William, son of Luke, and fallen as an escheat to Philip; and that Robert died seised of it as of fee; and they now held the land by reason of the minority of William, son and heir of the said Robert, who is under age and in ward to them. The plaintiff withdrew his claim, and is in misericordiâ.

Geva, the widow of Richard fitz William, sued Adam the Smith for one-third of ten acres in Bromwich, as her dower; and Adam conceded the dower.

The same sued Herbert de Duddelega for one-third of two acres in the same vill, as her dower; and Herbert conceded it.

And a day is given to the same Geva, and to William, Prior of Sandwall, on the morrow of St. John, at Westminster, to hear judgment on her claim for dower against him.

Henry de Muttun withdrew his plea of novel disseisin against Robert de Wauretun and others named, respecting common of pasture in Muttun. m. 6.

An assize, &c., if Stephen de Wyverston, father of Henry, was seised as of fee of two virgates of land in Ulecote (Hilcote), which Henry de Wyverston now holds. The jury say Stephen did not die seised of the land; therefore Henry fitz Stephen is in misericordiâ, and Henry de Wyverston sit inde quietus.

John fitz Philip withdrew his plea against Richard de Evenefeld, respecting common of pasture in the land of the said John at Kenefare.

Nicholas, Prior of Tuttesbiri, sued Robert, son of Robert de Cueton, for eight acres of land in Thornhill, in which he has no ingress, except through Robert de Cudeton, to whom Bartholomew, formerly Prior of Tutesbiri, had demised it without the assent of the Chapter. Robert stated his father Robert had entered into the land with the assent of the Chapter, and after the death of the Prior Bartholomew, Nicolas had accepted his homage for it. The Prior replied that he had not taken the homage of Robert the father for that land, but for other land, for which the Earl of Ferrars had attorned the service of Robert to him. A concord was made by which Robert acknowledged the claim of the Prior, for which the Prior gave him two marks and twenty-one acres of land, to be held by him and his heirs, of the Prior and his Church for 5s. 9d., Robert having previously held sixteen acres. (fn. 27)

Felicia de Coppenhale sued William Bagot for four and a half acres of land, half an acre of meadow, and a messuage in Coppenhale, which was her marriage portion, and in which he has no ingress, except through Ralph Knikt, formerly her husband, who demised it to him for a term, &c. William pleaded he held the land through Robert fitz Geoffrey, (fn. 28) of whom he held half a knight's fee, and the land formed a portion of that fee. Felicia acknowledged this, and the suit is dismissed.

Edith, widow of Robert le Franceis, sues Adam Barefote for a messuage in Eccleshale, which was her marriage portion, and in which he had no ingress, except through Robert de Haleton, formerly her husband, who, &c. (had demised it for a term now expired). And Adam did not appear, having set out for Jerusalem; and it was shown he had not been summoned before he started on his journey. The suit therefore remanet sine die.

Edith, widow of Adam, son of Arnewy, is in misericordiâ for not appearing to prosecute her suit for dower against Roger de Biddulf.

Eva, widow of William, son of Hagan, sued Nicolas, Theodoric, and Elias, the sons of Hagan, for dower out of tenements in Lichefeld. A concord is made, by which Eva remitted her claim for 20s.

William, son of William, sued Cecilia, daughter of William, for half a virgate of land in Cotes, in which she has no ingress, except through William Justice, his father, whose heir he is, and who demised it to her for a term now expired. Cecilia pleaded that the said William her father gave it to her in frank marriage, and she offered half a mark (for a jury) by the surety of Richard de Pichford. William replied that William Justice had denied this, and gave half a mark by the surety of Roger de Mulewich, that it might be decided by a jury. Verdict for Cecilia.

An assize, &c., if Richard de Puteo had disseised Roger de Mulewich of his free tenement in Mulewich, &c. Verdict for Richard.

An assize, &c., if William Bagot, Henry Falconer, and Robert de Offewurth, had disseised William de Pulton of his common of pasture in Hildulveston. The jury say that the villains of the said William, Henry and Robert, had disseised the said William de Pulton of his common of pasture by warrant of their lords. William, Henry, and Robert are therefore in misericordiâ. The twelve jurors are in misericordiâ pro falso dicto.

Nicholas de Wilinton puts in his place Richard de Hulcrombe, versus the Abbot of Buretun, in a plea of mordancestor.

An assize, &c., if William, son of Muriel, had unjustly raised a fence in Aspeleg to the injury of Roger de Waure. The jury state the fence was erected with the assent of Roger, who is therefore in misericordiâ.

Robert de Offewurth puts in his place Brice, son of Richard, versus Roger de Founesay.

William de Killeby puts in his place William his son, versus John, son of Alan.

Alexander, Bishop of Coventry, puts in his place Geoffrey Pown, versus William Norreis.

The Abbot of Cumbermare puts in his place brother Robert de Brug, versus Philippa Maubanc.

An assize, &c., if Liulf, uncle of Richard, son of John, was seised, &c., of twenty acres of land in Tunstall when he died, and if Richard, son of John, is his nearest heir, and which land Henry Coc and Osbert de Lockeleg hold Osbert de Lockeleg stated he held ten acres of the land by reason of the wardship of William, son of John, whose mother Agnes is his wife, and John, the father of William, was seised of the land when he died; and because the said William is under age, the assize, so far as regards ten acres, remanet sine die.

Henry Coc stated he held the other ten acres, and called to warranty Hugh Baggot, who appeared and warranted them to him.

The jury say that Liolf was seised as of fee when he died, and Richard is his nearest heir. Richard therefore to recover seisin, and Hugh Baggot is in misericordiâ. Surety for his fine, Hugh de Bromleg; and he is to give land of equal value in Tunstall to Henry Coc. m. 6, dorso.

An assize, &c., if Michael de Aselacston (Ellaston) and Isolda de Stanton had disseised Robert, son of John, and Matilda his wife, of their free tenement in Stanton. The jury say that a certain Ralph, son of Simon, had pledged the tenement, viz., a bovate of land, to Richard the Clerk for a term, and in the interim had given the same land to Robert, son of John, in frank marriage with Matilda his daughter, and assigned to the said Robert the service of the land, viz., 5s. per annum, and that Michael had disseised the said Robert and Matilda of their free tenement. He is therefore in misericordiâ.

Henry the Clerk, of Kingeston, is in misericordiâ for not prosecuting his suit against Geoffrey de Gresele for common of pasture in Kingeston. His sureties are Hugh de Nunant and Thomas de Stanton. m. 6, dorso.

An assize, &c., if William de Aldithele, Geoffrey, son of Ivo, John, the serviens of William de Aldithele, Hervey, son of Ivo, and twenty-two others (named), had disseised John Marischall of his free tenement in Stanton. None of the defendants appeared except William de Aldithelega, who stated the tenement in question belonged to the vill of Blore, and not to other vills. And John stated it was in Stanton.

The jury say that William and the other defendants had disseised John of his free tenement between Huddesdale and Depedale, and as far as the head of Depedale. Damages half a mark.

Henry de Wyverdeston (Wiverstone) was summoned to warrant to Thomas de Onna a bovate of land in Befcote, which Thomas claims to hold of him, and for which one Gunilda had impleaded Thomas before the County; and Henry acknowledged his charter, and warranted the land to Thomas. It is therefore ordered that he should appear in the County Court and warrant the land to him there, and that the suit of Gunilda should proceed in that Court against him (i.e., Henry). Henry afterwards gave up the land to Gunilda, and is ordered to give land of equal value to Thomas elsewhere.

An assize, &c., if Geoffrey de St. Maur, William de Shefeld, and Mabilla his wife, William the Provost, Geoffrey, son of Gilbert, Robert de Tene, and five others (named), had disseised Bertram Meverel and Alice his wife, of common of pasture in Felde. The jury say defendants had disseised Bertram and Alice of ten acres of pasture. Damages 2s.

Henry, son of Turgis, was attached to answer the complaint of Henry, son of Robert Wodegrim, that he did not hold to a fine levied in the reign of King John, before the Justices Itinerant at Lichfield, between the said Henry, son of Turgis, and Robert Wodegrim, the father of Henry, respecting two bovates of land in Hilum (Ham) (fn. 29) . The jury find in favour of Henry, son of Turgis, stating that the acre and a half of land in dispute had been demised by Robert Wodegrim, the father of Henry, to Henry, son of Turgis, who had received in exchange for it a portion of meadow and half an assart, which were of the demesne of the said Henry.

Walter, son of Henry, sued Stephen de Cotes for one-fourth of a virgate of land in Cotes, in which he had no ingress, except through Henry de Cotes, the father of Walter, who had demised it to him for a term. Stephen stated that Henry de Cotes had given him the land for nine marks, and produced a charter to that effect. The jury find in favour of Stephen. Walter was stated to be under age, but the trial was allowed to proceed.

Robert, son of Adam de Strangricheshull (Stramshall), was attached to show cause wherefore he did not hold to a fine levied in the Court of the King, before the Justices at Lichfield, between Richard de Kingeslega and Adam, son of Walter, the father of the said Robert, respecting three bovates of land in Strangricheshull; Richard complaining that of the three bovates of land, of which one-half should remain to him by the fine in question, Robert had deprived him of an acre and a half. Robert stated that, before the fine had been levied, or Richard had commenced his action against Adam, Adam had given to Milo de Verdun three acres of land, for which he had received from Milo an exchange of land elsewhere, and on the day the fine was levied Adam was in seisin of the land given in exchange, and not of the three acres in question; and that Adam had given to Richard one-half of the land received in exchange for the three acres. Richard did not deny this, but prayed the decision of the Court, whether he was bound to take any other land but that which was named in the fine. Richard eventually withdrew his suit.

Philip de Heroville sued William de Heroville for the manor of Wednesbiri, of which Joan, the widow of William de Heroville, the mother of Philip, whose heir he is, died seised, &c. William denied that Joan died seised of the manor, and stated that two years before her death she had conveyed the land to him (William) as her son and heir at Hokehartum (Hooknorton), in the Court of the Lord Henry Duilli (D'Oyly), who is the capital lord.

Philip pleaded that his mother Joan died seised of the land, and if William had at any time seisin there, it was as bailee only of the said Joan, and not in fee; and that he, Philip, is the eldest son, born before William de Heroville, and the land should descend to him as son and heir of Joan.

And William denied that Philip was the son of William de Heroville and Joan, and stated that they had never looked upon him as their son, and he was not brought up by them as their son.

And Philip stated he was the oldest and legitimate son of William and Joan, and was born at Hokenhartum, in the county of Oxford, and maintained there and elsewhere by Joan for a long time, and until he went to Ireland, and he offered 40s. for a mixed jury from the counties of Oxford and Stafford. A jury was summoned for the Wednesday after the close of Easter. A day was given to the parties at Reading to hear judgment on the Monday after the Feast of St. Nicolas, ut de die in diem. m. 7.

The assize of mordancestor between Roger, son of Roger, and Philip, son of Richard, respecting half a virgate of land and a mill in Henedun (Endon), remanet, because Roger acknowledged that Philip did not hold the land in demesne, inasmuch as the mother of Philip holds it as dower.

William de Luttelega and John, son of Gilbert, have license of concord respecting the warranty of a virgate of land in Bromwich. John remits his claim for half a mark.

Gilbert Saddock sued Nicholas, son of Gerard, for two messuages in Stafford, in which he had no ingress, except through Gerard, his father, to whom Thomas de Aldithelega, the father of Gilbert, had pledged the land. Nicholas stated that Gilbert had given him the land for five marks, and a robe. Verdict for Nicholas.

Robert de Oxelea gives half a mark for license of concord with Robert, son of William, respecting a virgate of land in Rushale. (fn. 30) Robert, son of William, remits his claim for 20s.

John, son of Aldred, sued Walter Buvenheorth and Isabel his wife, for three acres of land in Sturton. Walter stated that the land was a villenagium of the Lord the King, which John acknowledged. John is therefore in misericordiâ, and to prosecute his suit by writ of right if he wishes.

Henry, son of Juwete, sued Robert, son of John, for half a virgate of land in Fotesbrok; and Robert denied he held the land, and stated a certain free man, Ralph de Ibestane, held it. Henry acknowledged this, and is in misericordiâ.

An assize, &c., if Guy de Hamstede, father of Thomas de Hamstede, was seised as of fee of four acres of land in Huneswurth when he died, &c., of which John de Parles holds two acres, and Ralph de Blakwell holds two acres. And Ralph called John de Parles to warranty, who appeared, and warranted the two acres to him, and by leave of the Justices gave up to Thomas the four acres, together with two other acres enclosed with them, for which Thomas gave him a mark, and agreed to pay 4d. rent per annum.

An assize, &c., if Cecilia, daughter of Edwin, mother of Felicia, was seised, &c., of a virgate of land in Mollesleg, when she died, &c., which land Roger Trenchenote holds; who appeared, and stated an assize ought not to be taken, because Felicia sued upon the seisin of Cecilia, her mother, and Cecilia had a brother named Thomas, who was in seisin after the death of the mother of the same Cecilia (sic), and who had been hanged for robbery; and as Felicia could not deny this, she is in misericordiâ.

Hugh de London sued Robert le Taillur and Alice his wife, and Godusa, daughter of Robert, for a messuage in Stafford, in which they have no ingress except through Amice Colesey, to whom Gerard, son of Stable, the uncle of Hugh, whose heir he is, had pledged it, &c.; and Robert and Alice prayed a view of the tenement.

They afterwards came into Court, and a concord was made by which Hugh remitted his claim for 20s. William Wimer, of Stafford, is surety for Robert. (fn. 31)

The assize of novel disseisin between Robert son of Henry, plaintiff, and Henry de Aldithelegh, tenant of a tenement in Stansop (Stanshope), remanet sine die, because Robert had died.

Philippa Maubanc puts in her place Robert de Morkote, versus Henry de Alditheleg and Hugh de Spensir (sic), in a plea of assize of novel disseisin.

Sibilla, wife of Robert de Esingtun, puts in her place Robert her husband, versus Ingeran de Wulward, in a plea of novel disseisin.

An assize, &c., if Henry de Hull and Ivetta his wife, had disseised Ralph, son of Walter, of his free tenement in Barre. Verdict for Henry and Ivetta.

An assize, &c., if Juliana de Benetlega and Robert de Oxelega, William de Benetlega, Richard de Benetlega, and Robert, son of Swane, had disseised Roger de Benetlega of his free tenement in Benetlega. The jury say there has been no disseisin, because Roger de Benetlega gave to Roger, son of Roger, the husband of the said Juliana, the tenement in question. Roger is therefore in misericordiâ, but his fine is remitted because of his poverty.

An assize, &c., if Robert de Estlegh, father of John de Estlegh, was seised, &c., of three virgates of land in Hulle when he died, &c., and if John was his next heir, which land Michael, Parson, of Clent, holds; who made default of appearance, and was summoned again to be at Lichfield on the Octaves of St. Martin; and who again making default, the assize was taken without him. The jury find in favour of John.

An assize, &c., if Iveta de Brunlega, the mother of Roger de Fenneshay (? Fegghayes), was seised, &c., of half a virgate of land in Idulveston (Hilderstone) when she died, &c.; which land Henry le Faukenir, Ralph le Faukenir, and Robert de Offeswurth hold. Jury find in favour of Roger.

An assize, &c., if Robert, father of Dionisia, was seised, &c., of half a virgate of land in Oldintun, &c., which land Robert de Wistun holds. Robert de Wistun stated that Robert the father did not die seised of the land as of fee, but one Reginald de Cublesdun held the land for a term from a certain Osbert de Octun. And Reginald afterwards went to the Holy Land, and conveyed the land to Robert to hold for the rest of the term. The jury find in favour of Robert de Wistun.

An assize, &c., if William de Ferrars, the Earl of Derby, and Roger, the Provost of Mersinton, had disseised William de Esseby of his free tenement in Oundelega. Geoffrey de Greselega, the Seneshall of the Earl, appeared for him, and said nothing against the assize. The jury find in favour of William de Esseby. Damages, two marks.

An assize, &c., if Henry de Aldithelegh and Hugh le Despencer (Dispensator) had disseised Philippa Maubanc of common of pasture in Alstaneslegh (Alstonfield). Henry and Hugh admitted that Philippa and her heirs were entitled to all the issues and profits arising from one-third part of the forest of Alstanesfeld, and they further agreed to pull down the fence they had erected at Querneford (Quarnford) in the same forest; and Henry and Hugh and Philippa conceded that an inquiry should take place whether a certain place called Querneford, which Hugh had enclosed, had been a park and in defenso in the time of Peter, the Clerk of Chester, or was open pasture. And Philippa conceded that it should remain a park, saving to her, and to her heirs, and to her men, common of the herbage of it after the hay had been carried.

The jury say that the aforesaid place had been imparked in the time of Peter the Clerk, (fn. 32) and that Peter had caused it to be watched by his men at the time of grass (herbagium), until the hay was carried; and if strange cattle entered the park, it was not the custom to impound them (imparcare), but the custos of the park drove them away; and after the hay was carried, the park remained a common pasture; and it was not the custom of the men of the said Peter to impound any cattle which then entered the park.

The assize of mordancestor which Thomas, son of Felicia, arranged against William, son of Gilbert, respecting a messuage in Eccleshale, remanet, because no assize of mordancestor is current within the vill of Eccleshale; and this was testified by the whole county (per totum comitatum). m. 8.

Thomas, son of Thomas de Mercinton, gives a mark for license of concord with William, son of John, respecting two bovates of land in Marchinton. (fn. 33)

An assize, &c., if Matilda, daughter of Richard, mother of William, son of William, was seised, &c., of a sixth part of the manor of Severleg, &c. (? Saverley), which Gilbert de Severlega holds. And Gilbert called to warranty Felicia his wife, and Gilbert and Felicia called to warranty Richard, son of Nicholas, who was under age; and they say by Gilbert, who is his custos, that Nicholas his father died seised of the land in demesne as of fee, and they ask for a writ de etate. And William stated that Richard de Severlega, his grandfather, gave the land to William his father in frank marriage with the said Matilda his mother, and that she died seised of it; and after the death of Matilda, the said Nicholas had the custody of the land, and died seised of it by reason of the custody, and in no other way.

The jury say that Matilda, the mother of the said William, was seised when she died of the sixth part of the manor, and that William is her nearest heir; and that after the death of Matilda, Nicholas had held the land in his custody, and was seised of it in no other way. Richard is therefore in misericordiâ. His fine is remitted because he is under age.

Nicholas de la Bruere sued William, son of Thomas, to show cause why he did not hold to a fine levied before the Justices Itinerant at Lichfield, in the reign of King John, between the said William and Alice his wife, and Thomas de Upton, the father of Nicholas, whose heir he is, respecting a virgate of land in Upton; and in consequence of his default, Nicholas de Hambricton, Walter de Hageneyate, and Richard de Hopton, had distrained him for the service of 2s.

William admitted he ought to warrant the said virgate of land to Nicholas for 4s. yearly, against the capital lords of the fee, but stated that Nicholas had never complained to him that he had been distrained for defect of that service, and he acknowledged that out of a service of 4s. he was bound to acquit him of 2s.

William, son of Thomas, afterwards acknowledged he ought to acquit Nicholas of the aforesaid service of 4s. He is therefore in misericordiâ. His sureties are Henry de Blithefeld and Robert de Doddinton. (fn. 34)

An assize, &c., if Nicholas de Brohtun, father of John, was seised, &c., of a virgate of land in Brohtun when he died, &c., which Robert de Brohtun and Avice his wife, and Benigna, sister of Avice, hold; who appeared and gave up the land. And let it be known, that the said Robert and Avice, and Benigna, had impleaded John de Actun for the same land before M. de Pateshill and his associates, because they believed the said John (de Brohton), the brother of Avice and Benigna, to be dead, when he was beyond the seas, and at that time the fine (fn. 35) was levied between them respecting the said land. John is therefore to have seisin of it.

The same assize came to make recognition if the said Nicholas, father of John, was seised, &c., of a virgate of land in Brohtun, which Nicholas de Actun holds. And Nicholas called to warranty John de Actun, who appeared and warranted the land to him; and John de Actun gave half a mark for license of concord, (fn. 36) by which concord John, the father of Nicholas, acknowledged the land to be the right of the said John de Actun; and for this recognition John de Actun remitted his claim to half the land, &c., excepting the capital messuage, to be held of him together with the virgate of land which he formerly held, for a rent of 4d. annually.

Hugh de Bueles, for himself and his wife Alice, sued John de Parles for two parts of a mill in Rushale, as the right of Alice, and of which William de Rushale, the grandfather of Alice, was seised, &c., in the reign of King Richard. And from the said William the right descended to William his son and heir; and from the said William to Alice, who now sues as his daughter and heir.

John appeared, and pleaded he did not hold the mill in fee, for a certain freeman held the mill of him for 18s. annual rent, viz., one William de Waleshale; and as Hugh and Alice did not deny this, the suit is dismissed. Hugh to sue William if he pleases.

John de Parles, and Robert, son of Margery, have license of concord respecting a virgate of land in Huneswurth, by which concord Robert is to hold the land of John for a service of 6d. annually. (fn. 37)

William Dreng sued Robert le Vel, Nicholas de Alregat, and Beatrice his wife, for two acres in Tamewurth, but remitted his claim for half a mark. (fn. 38)

An assize, &c., if Roger de Hales, father of Roger, was seised, &c., of half a virgate of land in Handden (fn. 39) when he died, and of which Ralph de Handen holds half; and William the Smith the other half; who called to warranty Philip, son of Richard de Ruleg (Rowley). And Philip appeared, and warranted the land to them. The jury say that Roger died seised of the land, and that Roger is his nearest heir; but the said Roger, during an illness just before his death, for a certain debt which he owed to Richard de Rueleg, whose bailiff he was, demised the land to him for a term until the debt was paid off; and because Roger, the father of Roger, never remitted his right to the land, but only demised it for a term until he was quit of a debt, and finally because he made the demise in an illness of which he died, it is considered that Roger should recover seisin.

Philip de Harunvil (Heronville) puts in his place Bertram de Heronvill, versus William de Herunvill, in a plea of land.

Norman Pantun puts in his place William de Waleton, versus Dionisia, in an assize of mordancestor.

Matilda, daughter of Robert, sued John de Samford for the manor of Wyford (Weeford), into which John had no ingress, except through Roger de Samford, to whom Robert, the father of Matilda, whose heir she is, had demised it for a term now expired. John appeared, and prayed a view of the land. A day is therefore given to them on the morrow of St. Andrew at Rading. A view to be made in the interim. m. 8, dorso.

William, son of William, was summoned to show cause why he refused to take the homage and a reasonable relief from Reginald de Forgate for a free tenement in Stafford. Reginald withdrew his suit, and is in misericordiâ. Nicholas his son is his surety for the fine.

Dionisia, (fn. 40) daughter of Ingenulf de Greseleg, was summoned to show cause why she should not warrant to Robert, son of William, four acres in Bukenhale, for which he holds her charter.

Robert afterwards appeared, and stated he did not hold the land, because Nicholas de Verdun, immediately after the death of his father, had taken the land into his hands. Robert is therefore in misericordiâ, and to sue Nicholas de Verdun by writ of mordancestor if he pleases.

An assize, &c., if Ralph, son of Hoviet, father of Ralph the Carpenter, was seised, &c., of half a virgate of land in Hildulvestun when he died, &c., which Leonard de Idulvestun and Basilia his wife hold. The jury find for Ralph; and Leonard is in misericordiâ. Warin de Colton is his surety.

An assize, &c., if Robert le Noreis, father of Nicholas le Noreis, was seised, &c., of half a virgate of land in Hildulvestun when he died, which Henry le Falconer and Ralph le Falconer hold. The defendants did not appear, and the assize was taken in their absence. The jury find for Nicholas.

Henry, the Prior of Kenilwurt, by his attorney, sued Edith, the widow of William the Clerk, for twelve acres in Stane. And Edith did not appear, and was summoned again, and did not appear at the second summons, and the summons was certified. The assize was therefore taken in her absence. The jury find for the Prior.

Henry, the Prior of Roucestre, withdrew his suit against Robert, son of William de Combruge, in a plea of warranty of charter of three bovates of land in Combruge (Combridge). The sureties for the prosecution, Richard de Draycote and Adam de Fuleford, are in misericordiâ.

An assize, &c., if Adam, the son of Alina, father of Silvester, was seised, &c., of a virgate of land in Wilbricton, which William, son of Adam de Wilbricton, holds. The jury say that Adam did not die seised of the land as of fee, but held it for a term only. Verdict for William.

An assize, &c., if William Turgis and Robert Shakeloc had disseised Philip, son of Robert, and Geoffrey his brother, of their free tenement in Stafford. The defendants give up the messuage in dispute.

Matilda, widow of Robert le Sureis, sues Thomas, son of Gode, for twothirds of a messuage in Newcastle. A concord made.

Osbert de Dudelebiri gives a mark for license of concord with Walter de Stirchlegh, respecting a virgate of land in Stirchelegh, and a virgate in Dudelebiri. A day is given to them at Rading on the Octaves of St. Andrew.

An assize, &c., if Henry Parfey, the uncle of Dionisia, was seised, &c., of half the manor of Burh when he died, which Norman Pantof holds. Norman appeared by his attorney, and stated the assize ought not to be taken, because Henry Parfey was never seised of the whole of the land for which Dionisia sues. As Dionisia could not deny this, the suit is dismissed. m. 9.

An assize, &c., whether a messuage in Bromshelf (Bramshall) was a lay fee of Hervey de Stafford, or the free alms of Silvester, Parson of the Church of Bromshelf. The jury find in favour of Hervey.

An assize, &c., if Hervey, son of William, father of Isolda, the wife of Walter de Haywude, was seised, &c., of thirty acres of land in Burtun when he died, which Roger le Taillur holds. Roger stated he held the land as custos of Richard his son, who is under age; and by permission of the Court gave up to Walter and Isolda the land, saving the rights of his son Richard, when he comes of age.

Robert del Mur gives half a mark for license of concord with Felicia Duredent. (No place named.) (fn. 41)

Hervey de Stafford gives five marks for license of concord with Henry de Aldithelega respecting the manor of Hortun, regarding which a duel was waged between them, and the terms of the concord are, that Hervey acknowledges the manor to be the right of Henry, and gave it to him for a rent of 10s. per annum. And for this acknowledgment Henry gave him ten librates of land, viz., in Northun under Kevermunt. And if the ten librates cannot be made up there, then in a competent place in the vicinity of his land of Enedun (Endon), and he gave in addition fifty marks.

The names of the knights by whom the extent is to be made, are, on the part of Hervey, William de Stafford, Hugh de Okeseye (Doxey), Ivo de Mere; on the part of Henry, Henry de Anestun (Deneston), Geoffrey Griffin, and Robert de Mere. A day is given to them to take the chirograph (fn. 42) on the Octaves of St. Andrew at Rading. And Hervey puts in his place Ralph de St. Edmund; and Henry puts in his place Nicholas his clerk.

Footnotes

1 Sec a fine of 20th October, 1223 (Calendar of Fines).
2 John, son of Sir Nicholas de Mutton, assumed the name of John de Salt. (Assize Roll, 56 H. III.).
3 Leuca was daughter and heir of Roger de Monhaut of Elford; she married Philip de Orreby the younger, by whom she had an only daughter, Agnes, who married Walkeline de Arderne.
4 Merchetum is the fine payable by customary tenants of a manor on the marriage of their daughters. See Ducange.
5 The Pipe Rolls in Vol. II., p. 34, show that the lands of Richard de Aluredeston in Hulle were in the King's hands as an escheat, A.D. 1193–1194.
6 This suit shows the pedigree of Montalt in Ormerod's "Cheshire" to be incorrect in some particulars.
7 See fine No. 42, levied at Lichfield 12th November, 1227.
8 Robert Mauluvel was a tenant of the Earl of Ferrars at Tatenhill, holding, I think, in soccage, for his name appears in none of the Staffordshire Feodaries.
9 See fine No. 125, levied at Lichfield 12th November, 1227.
10 See fine No. 50, levied at Lichfield 3rd November, 1227.
11 Here follows a Roll of Attorneys of no interest.
12 See fine No. 26 levied at Lichfield.
13 Orme de Darlaston, or de Guldene, the King's Thane, temp. H. I, and the builder, I think, of St. Chad's Church in Stafford. This suit is of great interest, as it shows how the Audleys obtained most of their lands.
14 According to Bracton, a writ of mordauncestor would not lie between conjunctas personas, such as brothers and sisters, grandsons and granddaughters.
15 Bradley in Bilston, held by a family of the same name of the Overtons, who held it of the Barons of Dudley. Seisdon was divided into two manors, one held by the Bradleys, and the other by the family of Tresel. They both held of the Baron of Dudley.
16 See Calendar of Fines, Lichfield, No. 36.
17 See Calendar of Fines, Lichfield, No. 48.
18 See Calendar of Fines, Lichfield, No. 47.
19 See Calendar of Fines, Lichfield, No. 37.
20 This Margaret must have been the widow of Ralph de Somery, Lord of Dudley, who died A.D. 1210. See Pipe Rolls, Vol. II. She was his second wife.
21 This sentence is an interlineation placed above the line.
22 This sentence is also an interlineation, the original record scored out runs as follows: "et Johannes tunc cum forciâ suâ ejecit eum, et disseisivit injuste, etc., et sicut breve, etc."
23 See Calendar of Fines, Lichfield, No. 30.
24 See Calendar of Fines, Lichfield, No. 34.
25 See Calendar of Fines, Lichfield, No. 51.
26 Robert de Broc held Huntingdon by sergeanty, for the service of keeping the King's Haye of Teddesley.
27 See Calendar of Fines, Lichfield, No. 52.
28 Robert fitz Geoffrey de Coppenhall. See notes to the "Liber Niger," Vol. I.
29 See Calendar of Fines, Vol. III, No. 47, dated 29th October, 1208.
30 See Calendar of Fines, Lichfield, No. 43.
31 See Calendar of Fines, Lichfield, No. 38.
32 Peter, the Clerk of the Earl of Chester, and one of the Cheshire feudatories.
33 See Calendar of Fines: Fine No. 44, Lichfield.
34 See Fine No. 25, Lichfield, dated 29th October, 1221.
35 See Fine No. 10, Lichfield, dated 20th October, 1221.
36 See Fine No. 40, Lichfield, dated 18th November, 1227.
37 See Fine No. 41, Lichfield, dated 18th November, 1227.
38 See Fine No. 49, Lichfield (Calendar of Fines).
39 This name survives, I think, in Haden Cross in Rowley Regis. Philip de Ruley was tenant at Rowley Regis at this date, under the Dudley Barony.
40 Robert, son of Orme (the King's Thane, temp. H. I.), left an only daughter, Alissa, who carried Buckenall and other manors in marriage to Engenulph de Greseleg. The latter had three daughters, co-heirs, Dionisia, Hawise, and Petronilla. These Tainlands appear to have been added to the Verdun fief by King Stephen or Henry II.
41 See Calendar of Fines, No. 39, Lichfield.
42 See Calendar of Fines, No. 72, Lichfield.