Lancashire Fines
John, Duke of Lancaster (1394-8)

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Institute of Historical Research

Publication

Author

William Farrer (editor)

Year published

1905

Pages

43-55

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'Lancashire Fines: John, Duke of Lancaster (1394-8)', Final Concords for Lancashire, Part 3: 1377-1509 (1905), pp. 43-55. URL: http://british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=52564 Date accessed: 29 July 2014.


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John, Duke of Lancaster (1394-8)

115 (m. 22). At Lancaster, on Tuesday in the second week of Lent, 18 Regality of John, Duke of Lancaster [17th March, 1394].

Between Roger Wyntir, vicar of the church of Walton in Derbyshire, and William Sherwynd, chaplain, plaintiffs, by William de Dutton put in their place, and Robert de Urswyk, knight, and Ellen, his wife, deforciants of 5 messuages, 61 acres of land, and 4 acres of pasture in Croston and Maudeslegh.

Robert and Ellen remitted all right to Roger and William and to the heirs of Roger, for which Roger and William gave them 200 marks.

116 (m. 21). At Lancaster, on Thursday in the first week of Lent, 18 Regality of John, Duke of Lancaster [12th March, 1394].

Between William de Dutton, plaintiff, and Richard de Brynyng and Margaret, his wife, deforciants of a moiety of a messuage in Preston in Amundirnesse.

Roger and Margaret remitted all right to William and his heirs, for which William gave them 8 marks.

117 (m. 20). At Lancaster, on Thursday in the first week of Lent, 18 Regality of John, Duke of Lancaster [12th March, 1394].

Between John Le Botiller, of Kirkland, plaintiff, and William de Grenehils, of Preston, and Margaret, his wife, deforciants of a messuage, 24 acres of land, and 4 acres of meadow in Grenol [Greenhalgh, par. Kirkham].

William and Margaret granted the said tenements to John, and whatsoever the said William and Margaret had in the said tenements for the term of Margaret's life they rendered to the said John, to have and to hold to him and to his heirs for the life of the said Margaret, for which John gave them 10 marks.

118 (m. 19). At Lancaster, on Friday in the first week of Lent, 18 Regality of John, Duke of Lancaster [13th March, 1394].

Between John Holcroft, plaintiff, and John de Merklesden and Joan, his wife, deforciants of a messuage and 10 acres of land in Culchith and Kenyan.

John and Joan remitted all right to John Holcroft and to his heirs, for which John Holcroft gave them 10 marks.

119 (m. 18). At Lancaster, on Thursday next after St. Peter ad Vincula, 18 Regality of John, Duke of Lancaster [6th August, 1394].

Between Thomas del S . . ., of Kertmel, and Alice, his wife, and Robert, son of the said Thomas and Alice, plaintiffs, and John Tracy, "Litster," and Agnes, his wife, deforciants of 3 messuages in Flokesburgh and Holker.

John and Agnes remitted all right to the plaintiffs and to the heirs of Thomas, for which the plaintiffs gave them 10 marks.

120 (m. 17). At Lancaster, on Monday in the fourth week of Lent [19 ? torn] Regality of John, Duke of Lancaster [22nd March, 1395].

Between Roger de . . . [torn], [Thomas de] Asshton, plaintiff, and Geoffrey de Athirton and Lucy, his wife, deforciants of a moiety of the manor of Bykersha[gh] . . . [Bickershaw, in Abram].

Geoffrey and Lucy acknowledged the said [moiety] to be the right of Roger, for which Roger and Thomas granted it to Geoffrey and Lucy, to have and to hold for their lives, after their decease to remain to Richard, son of the said Geoffrey and Lucy and to the heirs males of their bodies, in default to remain to Charles, [brother] of the said Richard, and to the heirs males of his body, in default to remain to the right heirs of the said Lucy for ever.

121 (m. 16). At Lancaster, on Monday in the third week of Lent, 19 Regality of John, Duke of Lancaster [15th March, 1395].

Between John de Tounlay, plaintiff, and Nicholas de Kyghla[y and] Joan, his wife, deforciants of the manor of Brittwysell, except 1 messuage, 6 acres of land, 2 acres of meadow, an acre of wood and an acre of pasture, called "Gibland del Hall," in the said manor.

Nicholas and Joan remitted all right for themselves and the heirs of Joan to John and his heirs, for which John gave them 100 marks.

122 (m. 15). At Lancaster, on Saturday in the third week of Lent, 19 Regality of John, Duke of Lancaster [20th March, 1395].

Between Thomas, son of William de Claghton, plaintiff, and John Cudbertson, of Farleton in Lonesdale, and Katherine, his wife, deforciants of a messuage, 4 acres of land, and 1 acre of meadow in Claghton [Claughton in Lonsdale] and Caton.

John and Katherine remitted all right for themselves and the heirs of Katherine to Thomas and his heirs, for which Thomas gave them 10 marks.

123 (m. 14). At Lancaster, on Tuesday in the fourth week of Lent, 19 Regality of John, Duke of Lancaster [23rd March, 1395], and afterwards recorded on Thursday next after the feast of St. Peter ad Vincula in the said year [5th August, 1395].

Between John Shaffar and Emma, his wife, plaintiffs, and John de Birkheued, chaplain, and John de Kellet, chaplain, deforciants of 7 messuages, 60 acres of land, and 12 acres of meadow in Haconeshowe [Hackinsall], Stalmyn, and Great Pulton.

The deforciants acknowledged the said tenements to be the right of Emma, for which John and Emma granted them to the deforciants, to have and to hold to them and to the heirs of John de Byrkheued for ever.

124 (m. 13). At Lancaster, on Monday the Vigil of St. Lawrence, 19 Regality of John, Duke of Lancaster [9th August, 1395].

Between Roger de Ethelyston, plaintiff, and John de Shorrok, the younger, and Agnes, his wife, deforciants of 3 messuages, 28 acres of land, and 2 acres of meadow in Ethelston [Elston].

John and Agnes remitted all right to Roger and his heirs, for which Roger gave them 20 marks.

125 (m. 12). At Lancaster, on Tuesday the feast of St. Lawrence, 19 Regality of John, Duke of Lancaster [10th August, 1395].

Between John, son of Roger de Croft, of Yeland Redman, plaintiff, and Nicholas, son of John de Croft, of Dalton, knight, and Ellen, his wife, deforciants of a messuage, 85 acres of land, 10 acres of meadow, 20 acres of pasture, 10 acres of wood, and 30 acres of turbary in Yeland Redman.

Nicholas and Ellen remitted all right to John and his heirs, for which John gave them 100 marks.

126 (m. 11). At Lancaster, on Wednesday the morrow of St. Lawrence, 19 Regality of John, Duke of Lancaster [11th August, 1395].

Between Richard Lestraunge, chaplain, plaintiff, and John Broun, of Lathum, and Joan, his wife, deforciants of 2 messuages, 30 acres of land, 2 acres of meadow, and 4 acres of wood in Lathum.

John and Joan remitted all right to Richard and his heirs, for which Richard gave them 20 marks.

127 (m. 10). At Lancaster, on Thursday next after St. Peter ad Vincula, 19 Regality of John, Duke of Lancaster [5th August, 1395].

Between John de Cotom, of Kirkham, plaintiff, and Nicholas, son of John de Croft, of Dalton, knight, and Ellen, his wife, deforciants of a messuage, a toft, a mill, and an oxgang and 6 acres of land in Frekelton.

Nicholas and Ellen acknowledged the said tenements to be the right of John, to have and to hold to him and to his heirs for ever, for which John gave them 20li.

128 (m. 9). At Lancaster, on Tuesday the feast of St. Lawrence, 19 Regality of John, Duke of Lancaster [10th August, 1395].

Between Nicholas, son of John de Croft, of Dalton, knight, and Ellen, his wife, plaintiffs, and John, son of Roger de Croft, of Yeland Redman, deforciant of 13 messuages, 87 acres of land, 3 acres of meadow, 20 acres of pasture, 10 acres of wood, and 60 acres of turbary in Yeland Redman.

John remitted all right to Nicholas and Ellen and to the heirs of Ellen, for which Nicholas and Ellen gave him . . . [torn].

129 (m. 8). At Lancaster, on Thursday next after St. Peter ad Vincula, 19 Regality of John, Duke of Lancaster [5th August, 1395], and afterwards recorded on Monday in the fourth week of Lent in the 20th year [13th March, 1396].

Between Robert de Wygan, chaplain, and Henry Le Scryvanere, chaplain, plaintiffs, and Adam de Bolton and Katherine, his wife [deforciants of a messuage], 40 acres of land, 6 acres of meadow, and a moiety of a messuage and 40 . . . [torn] in Walton in the Dale, Salebury, and Wylpshire.

Adam and Katherine remitted all right for themselves and the heirs of Adam to the aforesaid Robert . . . [torn]. Moreover Adam and Katherine granted for themselves and the heirs of Adam . . . [torn] de Clyderhowe and Agnes, his wife, held for the term of the life of the said Agnes, and also that a third part . . . [torn] which Henry de Walton in the Dale and Isabella, his wife, held in dower on the day this concord was made, after the decease of the said Agnes and Isabella [to remain to] . . . [torn] Henry Le Scryvanere and to the heirs of the said Henry, for which Robert and Henry Le Scryvanere gave to the aforesaid Adam . . . [torn].

130 (m. 7). At Lancaster, on Saturday next after St. Peter ad Vincula, 20 Regality of John, Duke of Lancaster [5th August, 1396].

Between Adam, son of Robert de Buckeley, and Alice, his wife, plaintiffs, and Robert del Shore, chaplain, deforciant of 9 messuages, 58 acres of land, 10 acres of meadow, and 4 acres of turbary in Pynyngton [Pennington], Westley [Westleigh], and Workeslegh [Worsley].

Adam and Alice acknowledged the said tenements to be the right of Robert, for which Robert granted them to Adam and Alice, to have and to hold to the said Adam . . . [torn] of the said Adam and Alice issuing, in default of an heir of their bodies to remain to the heirs of the said Alice of . . . [torn], in default to remain to the heirs of [the body] of the said Adam, in default to remain to Richard, brother of the said Adam, and to the heirs of his body, in default to remain to Henry, son of Roger de Totehill, and to the heirs of his body, in default to remain to Ralph, brother of the said Richard, and to the heirs . . . [torn] in default to remain to Geoffrey f . . . [torn], in default of an heir of his body to remain . . . [torn] Alice (Alicie) for ever.

131 (m. 6). [At Lancaster, on] Saturday next after St. Peter ad Vincula, 20 Regality of John, Duke of Lancaster [5th August, 1396].

Between Ralph de Langeton and Joan his wife, plaintiffs, by Henry de Walton put . . . [torn], and John de Blakeburn, of Gerstan, deforciant of a messuage, 60 acres of land, 3 acres of meadow, and 3 acres . . . [torn] [Walton in le] Dale, which John de Sotheworth, of Walton in le Dale, holds for term of life by the law of England.

Ralph acknowledged the said tenements to be the right of John de Blakeburn, for which John [granted] that the said tenements which John de Sotheworth held for term of life on the day this agreement was made should remain to the said Ralph and Joan for their lives, after their decease to remain to Nicholas, son of the said . . . [torn] males of his body, in default to remain to . . . [torn] of his body begotten, to hold of the chief lords of that fee by the services which to the aforesaid tenements pertain . . . [torn] males of his body begotten, then after the decease of the said Geoffrey the said tenements with the appurtenances . . . [torn].

132 (m. 5). At Lancaster, on Friday next after St. Lawrence, 20 Regality of John, Duke of Lancaster [11th August, 1396].

Between Gilbert, son of William de Hurleton, the younger, and Elizabeth, daughter of William de Chysenall, plaintiffs, by the said William de Chysenall, guardian of the said Gilbert and Elizabeth, and William de Hurleton, the younger, and Matilda, his wife, deforciants of 6 messuages, 30 acres of land, and 2 acres of meadow in Longeton.

William and Matilda granted the said tenements to Gilbert and Elizabeth, to have and to hold to them and to the heirs issuing of their bodies, of the said William and Matilda and the heirs of Matilda for ever, rendering a rose at the Nativity of St. John the Baptist. In default of their issue the said tenements to revert to William and Matilda and to the heirs of Matilda for ever, for which Gilbert and Elizabeth gave them 10 marks.

133 (m. 4). At Lancaster, on Monday next after St. Peter ad Vincula, 20 Regality of John, Duke of Lancaster [7th August, 1396].

Between William Shirwynd, chaplain, plaintiff, and John de Huntyngdene, of Chypyndale, the younger, and Alice, his wife, deforciants of a messuage, 10 acres of land, 2 acres of meadow, and 2 acres of wood in Thornelay in Chypyndale.

John and Alice acknowledged the said tenements to be the right of William, for which William granted them to John and Alice, to have and to hold to them and to the heirs of Alice for ever.

134 (m. 3). At Lancaster, on Monday next after St. Peter ad Vincula, 20 Regality of John, Duke of Lancaster [4th August, 1396.]

Between Richard, son of Henry de Kyghlay, knight, plaintiff, and Nicholas, son of Henry Blundell, of Crosseby, and Ellen, his wife, deforciants of the manor of Lyghtshagh, and of a messuage, 7 acres of land, and 2 acres of meadow in Pemburton.

Nicholas and Ellen remitted all right to Richard and his heirs, for which Richard gave them 100 marks.

135 (m. 2). At Lancaster, on Thursday the feast of St. Lawrence, 20 Regality of John, Duke of Lancaster [10th August, 1396].

Between Roger de Dytton and Alice, his wife, and Ralph de Longetre and Margery, his wife, plaintiffs, by Thomas del More, of Lyverpull, put in the place of Alice and Margery, and William, son of John Le Mercer, of Lyverpull, otherwise called William de Sutton, esquire, deforciant of 26 messuages, 4 oxgangs and 20 acres of land, 2½ acres of wood, and the sixth part of a mill in Lyverpull and Botyll.

William remitted all right to the plaintiffs and to the heirs of Alice for ever, for which the plaintiffs gave him 40 marks.

136. At Lancaster, (fn. 1) on Saturday in the second week of Lent, 21 Regality of John, Duke of Lancaster [24th March, 1398].

Between John . . . . . ., chaplain, plaintiff, and Henry de Grenehalgh and Alice, his wife, deforciants of 3 messuages, 40 acres of land, 40 acres of meadow, 100 acres of pasture, 6 acres of wood, and 8 acres of moor in Totynton.

Henry and Alice acknowledged the said tenements to be the right of [John], for which John granted one moiety to Henry and Alice, to have and to hold to them for their lives, after their decease to remain to John, their son, and his issue male, in default to remain to Geoffrey, brother of the said John, son of Henry and Alice, and to his issue male, in default to remain to the issue male of the said Henry and Alice, in default to remain to the issue of the said John, son of Henry and Alice, in default to remain to the issue of the said Geoffrey, in default to remain to the issue of the said Henry and Alice, in default to remain to Alice, daughter of Thomas, son of Thomas de Barlowe, and her issue, in default to remain to Margery, sister of the said Alice, daughter of Thomas, and her issue, in default to remain to John Williamson, of Elton, the elder, and his issue, in default to remain to the said Alice, wife of Henry, for ever; and the other moiety to remain to the said Margery and her issue, in default to remain to the said Alice, sister of Margery, and to her issue, in default to remain to the said John Williamson and his issue, in default to remain to the issue of the said Henry for ever.

137. At Lancaster, (fn. 2) . . . . . .

Between John Gartside, chaplain, Robert Grenehyll, chaplain, and Edmund de Ber . . . . . . Alice, his wife, deforciants of 10 messuages, 47 acres . . . . . . 2 acres of wood, and 30 acres of moor in Barton, Salford . . . . . .

William and . . . . . . to be the right of Edmund . . . . . . and quitclaimed from the said William and Alice and the heirs of Alice to the said Edmund, John, and Robert, and to the heirs of Edmund for ever, for which Edmund, John, and Robert gave them 100 marks of silver.

138 (m. 1a). At Lancaster, on Wednesday next after the Decollation of St. John the Baptist, 22 Richard II. [4th September, 1398].

Between William de Bretargh, the elder, and William de Bretargh, the younger, plaintiffs, and Alan Le Norreys and Alice, his wife, deforciants of a messuage (fn. 3) and 120 acres of land in Little Wolueton [Little Woolton].

Alan and Alice for themselves and the heirs of Alice remitted all right to the plaintiffs and to the heirs of William de Bretargh, the younger, for which the plaintiffs gave them 20 marks.

139 (m. 1). (fn. 4) At Lancaster, . . . . . . in the fourth week of Lent, . . . . . . Richard II.

Between William Tyndour, parson of the church of Tateham, plaintiff, and William de Brereworth, the elder, and Katherine, his wife, deforciants of a moiety of 5 messuages, 100 acres of land, 10 acres of meadow, and 10 acres of wood in Claton (?) in Leylondshire.

William de Brereworth acknowledged the tenements to be the right of William Tyndour, whereof the said William has a moiety of 1 messuage and 10 acres of land of the gift of the said William de Brereworth, for which William Tyndour granted to William and Katherine the same moiety, to have and to hold to the same William and Katherine for their lives. And moreover he granted that the said moiety of the said 4 messuages, 90 acres of land, and the said meadow and wood, which John de Brereworth, the elder, held for the term of 19 years, of the inheritance of the said William Tyndour in the aforesaid town on the day on which this concord was made and which ought to revert to William Tyndour and to his heirs after the said term, should remain to William de Brereworth, the elder, and Katherine, to hold together with the aforesaid moiety during the whole of their lives. After the decease of the said William and Katherine the said moiety entirely to remain to Ralph, son of Roger Banastre, and to the heirs begotten of his body, in default to remain to the heirs of the body of the said Katherine, in default to remain to the right heirs of the said Katherine.

140 (m. 9). (fn. 5) At Lancaster, on Tuesday in the second week of Lent, 21 Regality of John, Duke of Lancaster [20th March, 1397].

Between John Totty, chaplain, plaintiff, by John Grenhils put in his place, and Richard del Eves, of Wolveton, and Matilda, his wife, deforciants of a messuage, an oxgang and 6 acres of land, and 4 acres of meadow in Ines Blundell.

Richard and Matilda remitted all rights to John and his heirs, for which John gave them 10 marks.

141 (m. 8). At Lancaster, on Monday in the second week of Lent, 21 Regality of John, Duke of Lancaster [19th March, 1397].

Between Agnes, daughter of Thomas Henryson, of Erghum [Arkholme], plaintiff, by Adam de Erghum, chaplain, guardian of the said Agnes, and Robert del Bek and Ellen, his wife, deforciants of a third part of a messuage and an oxgang of land in Erghum [Arkholme].

Robert and Ellen granted the said third part to Agnes, and they remitted whatsoever they had in the said third part in dower of the said Ellen to Agnes and to her heirs for ever, for which Agnes gave them 40s.

142 (m. 7). At Lancaster, on Thursday the Vigil of St. Lawrence, 21 Regality of John, Duke of Lancaster [9th August, 1397].

Between John del Holt, chaplain, plaintiff, and Henry de Grenehalgh and Alice, his wife, deforciants of 3 messuages, 48 acres of land, 50 acres of meadow, 100 acres of pasture, 10 acres of wood in Bury and Totynton. (fn. 6)

Henry and Alice acknowledged the said tenements to be the right of John, for which John granted them to Henry and Alice for their lives, after their decease to remain to John, son of the said Henry and Alice, and to the heirs males of his body, in default to remain to Geoffrey, brother of the said John, son of Henry and Alice, and to the heirs males of his body, in default to remain to the heirs males begotten of the bodies of the said Henry and Alice, in default to remain to the heirs of the body of the said John, son of Henry and Alice, in default to remain to the heirs of the body of the said Geoffrey, in default a moiety of the said tenements to remain to Alice, daughter of Thomas, son of Thomas de Barlowe, and to the heirs begotten of her body, in default the said moiety to remain to Margery, sister of the said Alice, daughter of Thomas, and to the heirs of her body, in default the said moiety to remain to John Williamson, of Elton, the elder, and to the heirs of his body, in default the said moiety to remain to the right heirs of the said Alice, wife of Henry. The other moiety to remain to the said Margery and to the heirs of her body, in default to remain to the said Alice, sister of the said Margery, and to the heirs of her body, in default to remain to the said John Williamson, and to the heirs of his body, in default to remain to the right heirs of the said Alice, wife of Henry, for ever.

143 (m. 6). At Lancaster, on Saturday next after the Assumption, 21 Regality of John, Duke of Lancaster [18th August, 1397].

Between Margaret, daughter of Thomas de Lathum, knight, plaintiff, and Nicholas de Haveryngton, knight, and Joan, his wife, deforciants of a moiety of the manor of Huyton.

Nicholas and Joan granted the said moiety to Margaret, and remitted whatsoever they had therein for the term of Joan's life to Margaret and her heirs for ever, for which Margaret gave them 100 marks.

144 (m. 5). At Lancaster, on Wednesday the feast of the Assumption, 21 Regality of John, Duke of Lancaster [15th August, 1397].

Between Adam de Halstedes, plaintiff, and William Robard and Agnes, his wife, deforciants of a messuage, 10 acres of land, 3 acres of meadow, and a moiety of an acre of wood in Worsthorn and Hirstewod.

William and Agnes remitted all right to Adam and his heirs, for which Adam gave them 20 marks.

145 (m. 4). At Lancaster, on Wednesday the feast of the Assumption, 21 Regality of John, Duke of Lancaster [15th August, 1397], and afterwards recorded on Monday in the fourth week of Lent in the 22nd year [18th March, 1398].

Between Henry de Baumforth and Ellen, his wife, plaintiffs, and Henry de Scolefeld, deforciant of 2 messuages, 30 acres of land, 6 acres of meadow, and 10 acres of turbary in Maudesley and Croston.

Henry de Baumforth and Ellen acknowledged the said tenements to be the right of Henry de Scolefeld, whereof the said Henry had a moiety of the gift of Henry and Ellen, for which Henry de Scolefeld granted the said moiety to Henry and Ellen for their lives. Moreover Henry de Scolefeld granted that two parts of the other moiety which Richard de Werbirton and Margery, his wife, held in dower of the said Margery, and also that a third part of the said moiety which the said Richard and Margery held for term of life, of the inheritance of the said Henry de Scolefeld, on the day this concord was made, after the deeease of the said Richard and Margery should remain to the said Henry and Ellen for their lives, after their decease to remain to Richard, son of the said Henry and Ellen, and to the heirs which the said Richard should beget by Rose, his wife, daughter of Thomas de Aynesworth, in default to remain to the heirs of the body of the said Richard, son of Henry and Ellen, in default to remain to Thomas, brother of the said Richard, son of Henry and Ellen, and to the heirs of his body, in default to remain to John, brother of the said Thomas, and to the heirs of his body, in default to remain to the heirs of the bodies of the said Henry and Ellen, in default to remain to the heirs of the body of the said Ellen, in default to remain to John Henryson, of Scolefeld, and to the heirs of his body, in default to remain to Henry, son of John de Scolefeld, and to the heirs of his body, in default to remain to Thomas de Maudesley and to the heirs of his body, in default to remain to Thomas, son of the said Thomas de Maudesley, and to the heirs of his body, in default to remain to the right heirs of the said Ellen for ever.

146 (m. 3). At Lancaster, on Friday in the fourth week of Lent, 22 Dukedom (fn. 7) of John, Duke of Lancaster [22nd March, 1398].

Between William de Prestmane, of Ulverston, plaintiff, and William Stot and Joan, his wife, deforciants of a moiety of a messuage in Ulverston.

The deforciants remitted all right to William and his heirs, for which William gave them 20s.

147 (m. 2). At Lancaster, on Thursday in the fourth week of Lent, 22 Dukedom of John, Duke of Lancaster [21st March, 1398].

Between Robert, . . . by, chaplain, plaintiff, and John, son of Richard Kayrous, and Katherine, his wife, deforciants of a messuage, 10 acres of land, and an acre of meadow in Warton in Amondernesse.

John and Katherine acknowledged the said tenements to be the right of Robert, to have and to hold to him and to his heirs for ever, for which Robert gave them 10 marks.

148 (m. 1). At Lancaster, on Friday in the fourth week of Lent, 22 Dukedom of John, Duke of Lancaster [22nd March, 1398], and afterwards recorded on Monday next after the Assumption in the said year [19th August, 1398]. (fn. 8)

Between Roger de Bolton and Richard de Bukley, plaintiffs, and John de Aynesworth, of Plesyngton, and Agnes, his wife, deforciants of the manor of Plesyngton.

John and Agnes acknowledged the said manor to be the right of Richard, and rendered it to him in the Court, except 3s. of rent. And they granted the said rent to the said Roger and Richard, together with the homages and services of John de Cophull, William Howell, Thomas de Leuesay, Richard de Whallay, William de Redyssh, Joan, his wife, and of Alice, sister of the said Joan, and of their heirs for the tenements which they held in the said manor, to have and to hold to the said Roger and Richard and to the heirs of Richard for ever, for which Roger and Richard gave them 100 marks.

Footnotes

1 Palatinate of Lancaster, Fines, Bundle 8, no. 1.
2 Ibid., no. 94.
3 Probably Brettargh Holt.
4 Palatinate of Lancaster, Fines, Bundle 8, no. 99.
5 Palatinate of Lancaster, Fines, Bundle 4 (21 & 22 John of Gaunt).
6 The tenements probably represented the estate of Brandlesholme, a hamlet in the township of Elton, par. of Bury.
7 I am unable to account for this change of style, which continued until the Duke of Lancaster's death.— Editor.
8 After the death of John, Duke of Lancaster, on the 3rd February, 1399, the Palatinate of Lancaster was dealt with by the sovereign, Richard II., until his death on the 29th September in the same year.