Fos. 69, 95.
Memorandum of a certain settlement, taken, made and had,
by the unanimous consent and assent as well of the abbot and
convent of the Blessed Mary of Vale Royal as of the prioress
and convent of nuns of Chester, in the year of our Lord 1475, (fn. 1)
and the 15th year of the reign of King Edward the Fourth,
as to divers parcels of land in the parish of Overee, to wit, as to
those parcels of land in that parish from which tithes ought to
be paid only to the aforesaid abbot and convent, and their successors, and not at all and no part thereof to the said prioress and
convent, and their successors—in the presence of the venerable
men William Strattford, abbot of the said monastery, and the
convent of that place, the Lady Elizabeth Rixton, prioress of the
said nuns, and the convent thereof, Sir William Stanley, chamberlain of Chester, Sir Geoffrey Massy, Sir Hugh Calverley
[and] Sir Thomas Manley, knights, William Venables, Thomas
Bulkeley of Ayton the elder, [and] Richard Wynnynton, esquires,
Sir Thomas Twymlawe, official of the archdeacon of Chester,
Master Robert Clerke, notary public, Sir Edward Barker, vicar
of Overee, (fn. 2) then being proctor of the said prioress and convent,
and many other notable persons and honest and trustworthy men,
upon the oath of William Fisher, Edmund Darlynton, Henry
Slaver, Warin Sompnour, Richard Young, William Glaseour,
Richard Glaseor, John Derlynton, Thomas Garnett, Roger
Nicson, Richard Domelawe, and Thomas Bekansawe, sworn,
"A croft negh the crosse at Merton sonde callytt the
"Item a howse stonding on Merton sonde, with a crofte
lying thereto within the lordship of Merton.
"Item at the Beleawe 2 crofts in holding of Tho. Bower.
"Item from the cowrse of the water unto John house
Derlynton; (fn. 3) that is to weete 2 crofts and a medowe, and Paxtons
crofte in the holding of the said John.
"Item a croft callytt the Wall Croft in the holding of Will.
Fisher, with the medowe within the same crofte.
"Item 5 croftes adjoyneing negh to the forest rownd abowtt
now in the holding of Richard Yonge.
"Item 5 croftes in holding of Richard Glaseor negh to the
"Item [fo. 44d (281d)] a cloyse callytt Tewfeld in holding of
Ric. Bower, departyd in two.
"Item a croft in holding of Edm. Derlynton callyt Clerkes
"Item a crofte callytt Pykrakys in the holding of John
Derlynton adjoining to the forest.
"Item a crofte callytt Pykrakys in the holding of Tho.
"Item 2 cloyses in holding of Tho. Bower callytt . . . Heyez.
"Item an other Croft at the hede of the said Pykrakys in the
holding of the forsaid Rich. Bower.
"Item 2 felds negh Blakeden lone in holding of Tho.
"Item the Blake crofte, lyyng after Blakden grene negh
to Henr. Slaver.
"Item Blakden heth that is to say three feldez in the holding
of Jo. Bower, lying after Blakden lone.
"Item a Croft callytt Grymvale in the holding of Tho.
Garnett, lying negh to Blakden Croft.
"Item ij Blakden heyes, lyying after Chester lone, in holding
of Tho. Bower.
"Item the Intake, that is to say 2 Closes and a medowe, lying
after Blakden mosse.
"Item all the holding of Maykin-Cokeson, that is to wete, x.
croftes and 2 medowez.
"Item 2 crofts in the holding of Ric. Nicson callytt
Fyschpitt feeldes, lying by and too Chester lone.
"Item 3 feldes callyt Churnokfeldes in the holding of
"Item the 3d part of the new medowe lying beten Ellwall
and Ellwalls lone.
"Item a feld and a medowe negh to Wynsfurth brigge in
holding of Roger Nicson.
"Item a medowe lying to Wynsfurth brygge in holding
of Will. Glaseour.
"Item a feeld and a medowe negh to Wynsfurth brygge
in holding of Ric. Coke.
"Item a feeld callytt Bradwall feld, lying negh the grene att
Ric'. dor Coke, (fn. 4) in holding of the said Richard.
"Item a medowe callytt Langwall aftyr Wever side, extending to the Rohurst, in the holding of Hug' Gregory.
"Item a medowe betwen Wever and Brownfeld Knoll in
holding of Henr. Sammesburye.
"Item a medowe on the north side the chyrche of Oueree
devydytt by a lytyll sych dych, and a parcell of ground negh
to the vicarage; opon part of the quich grownd Sir Tho. Wolley
late Vicar of Oueree (fn. 5) edyfyett a bay of his berne by sufference
of the abbott and covent that tyme being.
"Item ij feeldys callytt Langwallys in holding of Hugh
"Item ij croftes lying in the Wether grene in holding of
"Item j crofte callytt Ayne crofte in holding of Will. Yonge,
lyynge between Rohurst and Knyghtys lone.
"Item one crofte lying betwene the Knyghts yates and
Gregge feld, in the holding of Thomas Kelsall.
"Item 5 felds lying in Caldwall late in holding of Tho.
"Item a feld callytt Crabtre feld in holding of Tho.
"Item the Hole in the holding of Robert Fyscher.
"Item xj closes with 2 medowes late in the holding of
"Item 2 buttes lying by the yate within the Gale feld.
"Item 4 buttes within the said Galefeld extending opon the
"Item 3 other buttes lying in the same feeld.
"Item a medowe in holding of Waryn Sompnour and Perkin
"Item 3 closes in holding of Waryn Sompnour.
"Item one londe and a halfe lying opon the Rye Crofte.
"Item one londe and a halfe shotynge unto the Cokshote.
"Item 2 londes in the same feeld.
"Item 2 croftes in holding of Alyson Clotton with a
"Item the Blake crofte in the holding of John Bower lying
to the forest.
"Item the bonke betwen the Blakfeeld and the forest in
holding of the said John.
"Item frome the Marlepytt in the her Blakefeld upon
the west side, that is to wete 8 buttes.
"Item in the secund Ryefeeld from the house late in
the holding of Tho. Prykkett of the Gale, 6 buttes on the
west part and 6 on the est part, shotyng north and sowth.
"Item [fo. 45 (282)] all Foxwyste with all the feeldes pertaineing thereto.
"Item the Bonke late in the holding of Tho. Prykett of the
Gale shoting unto the Forest."
On Wednesday next after the feast of St. Edmund in the
sixteenth year of the reign of King Henry the Seventh [? Nov.
1500] in the court of Ouere, John Warde came before William,
then abbot of Vale Royal, William Westby, Thomas Croston
[and] Robert Kyrkeham, monks of that house, Ralph Byrkenhede,
deputy sheriff of Chester, Richard Leftewiche and many others,
and there did his homage and fealty to the said William, then
abbot, and acknowledged he holds the manor of Wodeforthe
from the said lord abbot by homage and fealty, and paying 6s.
yearly at the feasts of Christmas and St. John the Baptist,
and one appearance every year at the eyres (in itineribus) of the
court of Over.
[Fines paid to the Abbot.]
Be it remembered that in a certain account of Hugh de
Dutton, sheriff of Chester, of the third year of King Henry
the Sixth [1424–5], amongst other things it is thus contained:
Whereof he is discharged as to 33s. above charged in the estreats
of the justices for the amercements of the abbot of Vale Royal
of his men and tenants, by virtue of the charter of confirmation of
the King to the same abbot and convent and their successors, as
is noted and allowed in the accounts of John de Legh, sheriff
in the 22nd year of King Richard the Second, and also in
the sheriffs' accounts as well of the time of Edward the Third
and Henry the Fourth, late kings of England, as also of Henry
the Fifth. And the names of these men and tenants with
their amercements are recorded as well in the estreats of the
justices of this year as in a schedule shown to John Dedwode,
attorney of the said abbot and convent, upon this account,
and remaining in the exchequer among the memoranda of the
accounts of this year there.
Proctors sent to the court of Rome for confirmation of the
church of Lampadern'.
Know all men by the presents that we, Brother Thomas, by
sufferance of God abbot of the monastery of the Blessed Mary of
Vale Royal, of the Cistercian order, diocese of Coventry and
Lichfield, and Brother Robert del Halle, prior etc., and the
brethren and monks of the monastery aforesaid forming the
convent there, and in full chapter of our monastery, making
a chapter specially for this reason, by the presents ordain, make
and constitute our well-beloved in Christ the venerable men
Master Richard de Wynewyk, canon of Lincoln, (fn. 6) Master Peter
de Haknesse and Sir John de Kyrkby, and each of them as
a whole, the absent being counted as present, so that no better
condition of authorization can be imagined, our true and lawful
procurators, agents and special messengers, giving and granting
to them and each of them in the name of us and of our monastery,
full and free power and special mandate to appear for us and our
monastery aforesaid before our most holy father in Christ and
lord Urban, by God's providence chief Pontiff, (fn. 7) and before all
others whomsoever by him deputed or to be deputed in this
behalf, and to solicit the ratification, confirmation and corroboration
of the union, annexation and appropriation of the parish church
of Lampadern in the diocese of St. David's, canonically united
and appropriated to us and our monastery by the diocesan of the
place; and with full authority to request, solicit and pursue
proceedings in this behalf for the supplementing, correcting and
reforming [the act of] the diocesan of the place, if there be
any defect therein, and apostolic favour and letters to be granted
to us therein, in any wise concerning this business, and to obtain
and receive the same, to draw up, set forth and prove petitions in
this matter, to produce and exhibit witnesses, instruments and
proceedings and to repel those brought forward against us, and
to submit the said church and all the rights thereof, with its
union, annexation and appropriation, with all things therewith
and therefrom emerging, arising, depending and connected, in
so far as they relate to the business of this confirmation, to
the grace, disposal, ordinance, definition, decree and will of
the most holy father abovesaid, and to take oaths upon challenge
and as to the truth in the premises upon our souls and pledging
our . . ., doing, exercising and arranging all and singular other
the things which may be necessary or fitting in and about the
premises. And we pledge our goods and give sureties to our
said procurators and to each of them to ratify the business and
to pay what is adjudged (et judicatum solvere). Given in our
chapter house under our common seal 14 Kal. Feb. 1462 (sic)
[19 Jan. 1362–3].
[Small Tithes of Over.]
In the year [fo. 45d (282d)] of our Lord 1487 a certain agreement
was made between William Stratford, abbot of the monastery of the
Blessed Mary of Vale Royal, and the convent of that place on
the one side, and Ralph Larden, perpetual vicar of the church
of Overee on the other side, concerning the petty tithes of
Overee aforesaid, on Monday next before the feast of St.
James the Apostle, in the following manner: to wit, that the
said abbot and convent, at the instance of the venerable men Sir
Thomas Twemlowe, official of the archdeacon of Chester, Hugh
Grymesdyche, deputy sheriff of Chester, and John Lech of Broxton Hylles, gentyllman, granted that the said Ralph the vicar
should receive the tithes of flax and hemp of Foxwiste during the
pleasure of the aforesaid abbot and convent and their successors;
but the residue of the petty tithes of Foxwyste and of the other
places to the said monastery belonging, should remain to the said
monastery, as more fully appears in the real composition arranged
between their predecessors on both sides.
[Fines paid to the Abbot.]
Memorandum of the fines and amercements, issues and mercies
[fines] and other liberties on divers occasions allowed and considered by the auditors of the King at Chester, according to the
form of the charters and confirmation of Henry the Sixth, King
of England, to the abbots and convent of Vale Royal, as hereafter appears: to wit,—
In the time of abbot Henry Weryngton petitions allowed by
the auditors: to wit,—
Thomas Buyres 6s. 8d., Richard Fisher 6s. 8d., Robert
Prekett 6s. 8d., Thomas Prikett 6s. 8d., Tho. Cholford 2s. 0d.,
Hugh Male 2li. 0d., Robert Prekett 1s. 0d., Tho. Aleyn 1s. 0d.,
Jo. Sutton and others 4s. 0d., Henry Elkyn 1s. 0d., John
Sompnour 1s. 0d.
All these men are in the memoranda of accounts of the xth,
ixth, viijth and vijth years of King Henry the Sixth [1428–32],
and their petitions were allowed to the abbot, by William Horton
and William Ferrour, attorneys of the said abbot.
Total: lxxvijs. viijd.
In the accounts of Ralph de Brereton, sheriff of Chester, concluding at Michaelmas in the tenth year of the reign of King
Henry the Sixth after the Conquest:
The same sheriff is discharged as to lxxvijs. viijd. charged as
well under the heading of Arrears as under the heading of Estreats
of the Justices this year, of the fines, issues and amercements of
divers men and tenants of the abbot of Vale Royal, because
Edward son of Edward, late Prince of Wales and Earl of Chester,
granted to the abbot of Vale Royal and their successors the fines
and amercements of their artificers, labourers, men and tenants in
the county of Chester, the which grant the now Lord [the King],
that is to say, Henry the Sixth, ratified and confirmed by his
letters patent dated on the xvjth day of October in the ninth
year of his reign , as is contained in the King's writ of
privy seal dated on the 20th day of October in the said ninth
year, directed to the auditors of the said account, and delivered
in with this account and remaining among the memoranda of
the account of the preceding year in the exchequer of Chester.
Thomas Cholford because he did not come to answer Thomas
Mosley in a plea of debt, 1s.
The same Thomas because he did not come to answer Robert
de Smethewik in a plea of debt, 1s.
The petitions of Henry, abbot of Vale Royal upon the account
of Randolph Brereton, sheriff of Chester, allowed to the said
Henry by the auditors, to wit, in the 13th year of the said
King Henry the Sixth [1434–5].
Henry, abbot of Vale Royal, because he did not come to
answer the Lord the King in a plea of trespass whereof he was
William Chere indicted and outlawed for trespass by pledge
of William Wode 20s.
Issues of the lands and tenements of the aforesaid Abbot
Henry, because he did not come to answer William Hasewalle
in a plea of debt 3s.
Issues of the lands and tenements of the aforesaid abbot
because he did not come to answer the King for divers trespasses
whereof he was indicted 2s.
Issues of the lands and tenements of the aforesaid abbot for
the like with regard to William Hasewalle in a plea of deception
(? decept), 4s. 4d.
Issues of the lands and tenements of the aforesaid Abbot
Henry for the like with regard to the aforenamed William
Hasewalle, 4s. 4d.
The same Abbot Henry for the like in a plea of debt with
the aforenamed William, 1s.
The same Abbot Henry for the like in a plea of deception
(decept') with the same William 1s.
Total: xxxvjs. viijd.—Petitioned for and allowed.
Petitions [fo. 46 (283)] of Thomas Kirkham, abbot, made and
allowed in the seventeenth year of the said King Henry the
Sixth [1438–9]: to wit,—
The township of Merton for the price of a staff (gestri) with
which Robert Brodefeld, a monk, was killed, price 6d.
The township of Weverham for the price of a stick with
which Hugh Wotton was killed near Sondeway, price 2d.
John Brunley, because he did not prosecute his plea of detention of goods against Robert Chakley js.
Thomas Atkinson, because he did not prosecute his complaint
in two pleas of debt against Robert Warton of Torperley, ijs.
Thomas Kirkham, abbot of Vale Royal, because he did not
come to answer Matthew Broune, husband of the sister's daughter
of John Borowes of Cholmonaston, and executor of the will of the
said John in a plea of [blank] according as he had been attached, 1s.
Total viijs. viijd.—Petitioned for and allowed by . . . and
Walshe, auditors of Chester, and in the time of Robert Bothe,
sheriff of Chester.
Petitions of the said Abbot Thomas Kirkham in the 18th year
of the said King Henry the Sixth, and in the time of the
said Sir Robert Bothe, knight, sheriff of Chester, and
allowed by Richard Bedford the auditor: to wit,—
For the price of one stick with which Richard Hoton was
William Bower of Overe for breach of agreement with
William Troutbek, whereof he was convicted— 1s.
John Baxter of Ouer, because he did not prosecute his complaint against Robert Moreton— 1s.
Thomas Kirkham, the abbot aforesaid, for his cattle forfeited
at the suit of William Haselwall, whereby he was attached in two
[Collection of Tithes.]
Constitution of Alexander of blessed memory, bishop of Coventry
and Lichfield. (fn. 8)
On account of the diversity of customs in collecting tithes for
different churches there have frequently arisen between rectors of
churches and their parishioners inopportune strivings and contentions, scandals and misunderstandings; we will that the collection of
the tithes of the revenues of the churches shall be by one uniform
method in all the churches throughout the diocese of Coventry
and Lichfield. First therefore we will that tithes of the crops
shall be paid without deduction of expenses, entirely and without
any diminution, and [also] of tree-fruit, seeds and all garden produce, unless the parishioners make a sufficient composition (redempcionem) for such tithes. Further we will that tithes of hay,
wheresoever it may be, whether in large meadows or small, shall
be demanded and paid as may be convenient to the church. Of
the increase of animals, to wit, of lambs, we will that for six
lambs or less 6d. shall be given for a tithe, but the seventh lamb
and above shall always be given for the tithe, provided that whenever the rector of a church receives the seventh lamb from a
parishioner as a tithe, [he shall give] 3d. in recompense to him
from whom he receives that tithe; if he receives an eighth he
shall give a penny, and if he receives a ninth he shall give a halfpenny; or the rector of the church may wait till the next year,
if he pleases, and then he shall have the full tithe; and because
he waited, he shall always demand the second best lamb or the
third at least of the lambs of the second year, and this for having
waited the first year. And in the same way it is to be understood concerning the tithes of wool, but if the sheep are fed in
one place in winter and in another place in summer, the tithe shall
be divided. And if any one shall have kept sheep for part the
time, or shall have sold them, and it is certain from what parish
those sheep came, the tithe shall be divided as in the case of two
domiciles. As to milk we will and appoint that the tithe shall be
paid while it lasts, and of cheese in its season, and of milk in
autumn and winter, unless the parishioners are willing to make
a sufficient composition for such tithes, and this at the convenience of the church. Of the issues of mills . . . we will that
tithes shall be exacted. From artificers, to wit, from merchants
of the profit of their business, likewise from carpenters, plasterers,
smiths, weavers, and all other workmen and wage-earners, tithes
shall be demanded, unless those wage-earners will give some
certain thing yearly to the light of the church or to the use of
the church, if the rector of the church is willing. Concerning
pastures and feedings, as well commons as not commons, we
appoint that the tithes shall be faithfully paid, and according to
the number of animals and days, as may be convenient to the
church, provided nevertheless that the parishioners shall have no
just occasion for complaining [fo. 46d (283d)]. Of fishings and
bees, as of all other goods justly acquired, which renew themselves, we will and appoint that the tithe shall be demanded and
duly [collected ?]. As to the exaction of a "principal bequest,"
we will that the custom of the province with the possession (possessione) of the church shall be observed; provided, nevertheless,
that the rector of the church, or vicar or chaplain, shall have the
lord's principal beast (? animus d'ni h'eat p'cicul' [sic]). But, since
there are many people who are unwilling (fn. 9) to pay tithes, we
appoint that parishioners shall be warned once, twice and three
times, to pay their tithes faithfully to God and the church.
Then, if they do not comply, they shall in the first place be suspended from entering the church, and then, if necessary, compelled to pay the churches by ecclesiastical judgment; but when
they request release of suspension or absolution they shall be sent
to the ordinaries of the place to be absolved and punished in due
manner. And the rectors of churches, vicars or chaplains, who,
setting the fear of God before them, do not thus effectually collect
their tithes, by reason either of fear or favour of men, shall incur
the penalty of suspension, until they have paid half a mark of silver
to the archdeacon of the place.
The following documents have been copied on the blank leaves at the
beginning of the Ledger-Book, as explained in the Introduction
to the present volume.
Know [fo. 4 (241)] ye etc. that we, the abbot and convent
of Vale Royal [by the] present [writing] drawn up [acknowledge
that we have received] from Henry Russell and Richard de
Kelshall for our tenements being in the city of Chester and
demised to farm to them by a certain indenture, 8 marks sterling
in which they were bound to us for all times past up to the
feast of the Epiphany of Our Lord in the year 1338[–9], of the
which 8 marks [we acknowledge] ourselves to be paid, and the
said Henry and Richard to be quit in form [aforesaid]. In
witness whereof to these presents we have affixed our seals.
Given at Vale Royal on the day aforesaid.
Item, he had another (? an' a) acquittance of the same tenor
for two years, the date of which is on the feast of the Purification
[? p'is], A.D. 1339 [c'. xxxix].
Deed of the corrody of John de Trentam.
Know all men etc. that we, Brother Robert, abbot of Vale
Royal, and the convent of the same place, have given etc. to
John de Trentam a corrody of bread and ale and a pittance for
all the life of the same John for his service to be rendered to us
and our successors, to wit, one loaf of convent bread and one
black loaf called a kibett, and one flagon of convent ale to be
received every day at our cellar, and as a pittance one dish to be
reasonably cut up in the kitchen for the members of our household, and one gown every year of the suit of the . . . office
of our house; and the same John shall serve us in the office
of parker so long as he shall be able (qm' da concede . . . poterit)
in return for the corrody and gown aforesaid. And if the same
John, by reason of old age or infirmity, be disabled altogether
from performing the said service, he nevertheless shall have the
room assigned to him so long as he shall live, but the gown
above-specified he shall not receive during his said infirmity or
weakness, but [shall receive] by special grace as shall seem most
expedient to us and our successors. And if the said John shall
offend (derit) in the said office he shall make fitting amends to
the house in accordance with the degree of his fault. And we
bind ourselves and our successors to give and deliver the corrody
and robe aforesaid, in manner and form abovesaid . . . In witness
whereof etc. A.D. 1349 [c'. xlix].
Deed of the corrody of John, son of Robert le Fisher of Weverham.
Know all men etc. Brother Robert, abbot of Vale Royal, etc.
have given to John, son of Robert le Fisher of Weverham, for
the whole of his life a corrody to be received every week on the
Saturday from our cellar at . . . in the manner following, to
wit, seven loaves of white convent bread and an equal number
[of black loaves] called kybectes, and seven flagons of convent ale,
provided that the said John for this corrody shall well and faithfully keep our woods of Weverham and le Henwode [so long]
as he may be able, and when the aforesaid John, by reason of
infirmity or extreme old age, shall no longer be able to serve in
the aforesaid office . . . (fn. 10)
[The King's gift of Wine.]
In the account of the Chamberlain of Chester for the term of
St. Michael the Archangel 9 Henry VII , among
other things, it is thus contained:
And for 108 casks of wine received from the prise of wine,
as well of the red Gascon wine as of the sweet, from divers ships
putting in to the port of Burton, whereof the Prince, as Earl of
Chester, has of ancient custom two casks from every native ship
putting in to the port aforesaid, for this year as appears more fully
set forth in the same account under the heading of "Prise and
Custom of Wines for this year."
The same chamberlain accounts in delivery to the abbot of
Vale Royal for two casks of wine by virtue of divers charters,
made as well by Edward, late Prince of Wales, as by his predecessors, formerly Earls of Chester, to the same abbot and his
successors [fo. 4d (241d)], of two casks of wine to be received
every year in frankalmoin of the prise of wine of the city of
Chester, to wit, for the same alms this year by custom. Two
casks of wine have been accustomed to be allowed in previous
accounts, to wit, in the sixth year two casks, in the seventh year
two casks, and in the eighth year two casks of wine are due to
the aforenamed abbot beyond the two casks of wine retained in
the said abbot's manor for the year to come. (fn. 11)
[Income and Expenses in 1336.]
Moot [fo. 5 (242)] concerning the taxation of the rents of
Vale Royal made before the commissioners of the King,
To the reverend father in Christ and Lord, the Lord
Abbot of Morimonde, (fn. 12) Brother Peter, Lord Abbot of Vale
Royal, greeting, reverence and honour. By these present letters
we declare unto you, reverend father, that the state of our
monastery aforesaid of Vale Royal, as regards annual value and
capacity of rents, and as regards charges, also as regards the
number of religious to be put there, is as follows, according to
the deposition of officers of the said monastery sworn upon the
subject, in the presence of Brother Bernard de Laudun, monk of
First, as regards property and rents. In the grange of Conewardesley there are two carucates of land, which are worth 30s.
a year, with a certain wood. Also there is a pasture there for
sheep and other animals, worth 60s. a year. Also of the rents
of tenants there, 50s. by the year. Also in the grange of Bradeford there are 3 carucates of land, worth £4 a year, and pasture
for all the animals of the said grange in one wood, which [pasture]
is worth 20s. a year. Also there is one mill there worth 53s. 4d.
a year. Also in the grange of Bieurepeir or of Knythtes, three
carucates of land worth £4 a year, and the pasture there is worth
30s. a year. Also in the grange of Merton there is one carucate
of land worth 12s. 4d. a year, and the pasture there is worth 6s. 8d.
a year, and the rents of tenants belonging to the said grange £4, 18s.
a year. Also in the grange of Twemelowe, of the rents of tenants
and newly tilled lands there, with one mill, worth £9, 8s. a year.
Also in the grange of Moresbarwe there are two carucates of land,
with a meadow and a small wood, worth 40s. a year.
Also in the city of London annual rents of 40s. Also in the
city of Chester, of the rents of certain tenements, with perquisites
of court there, 41s. Also in the salt-pans in Northwich, which
are worth £4, 13s. 4d. a year.
Also in the manor of Dernehale there are six carucates of
land, worth £12 a year. Also there are three mills there, worth
£10 a year. Also of the perquisites of the court of the said
manor, and of the goods of villeins at death [decedentium] there,
worth 60s. a year. Also in the manor of Weverham there are
three carucates of land, with the pasture of one wood, worth £6
a year. Also there is one mill there worth £6, 12s. 4d. Also of
the rents of villeins and free tenants there by the year £20.
Also of the perquisites of the court of the said manor and the
stallage thereof 13s. 4d. a year.
Also of the church of Kirkham, by taxation, £53, 6s. 8d. a
year, besides the portion of the vicar and the archdeacon of
Richmond. Also of the church of Frodesham, £24. Also of
the church of Weverham £12 a year. Also of the church of
Castelton in the Peak, worth £12 a year.
Total: £248, 17s.
Now the charges incumbent on the monastery are these:
First in farms and fees to clerks and esquires for defence of the
monastery by the year £30. Also to the abbot of Chester for
certain tithes of two of the churches abovesaid, by the year £4.
Also in receiving of guests and in otherwise providing for the
justices and other ministers of the lord of the country, by the
year £60. Also in gifts, damages and contributions, by the
year £50. Also in wages of the servants of the abbey by the
year £16. Also in journeys on horseback for the business of the
house for the abbot and other officers, by the year £21. Also
in maintenance (resumptionibus) of all the granges, repair of the
houses, with the harvest and collection of tithes, by the year £20.
And the total remainder of the receipts: £48, 17s.
out of which 20 monks with the abbot can hardly be maintained
according to the poor way of living in the district.
In witness whereof we have thought fit to affix our [seal] to
the presents. Given 4 Ides of May [4 May], A.D. 1336.
But you should bear in mind, reverend father, that in our
said monastery we have one very large church, commenced by
the King of England at our first foundation, but by no means
finished. For at the first foundation he built it with stone walls,
but the vaults remain to be built, with the roof and the glass and
other ornaments of the church. Moreover the cloister, chapterhouse, dormitory, refectory and other offices of the monastery,
still remain to be built in a style corresponding with the church;
for the accomplishment of which the rents of our house are not
sufficient. And this we have written to you, in order that you
may know that, if there should remain anything over from our
expenses, it should all be applied to the work above indicated.
[Debts of the Abbey.]
Be it remembered [fo. 5d (242d)] that in the year etc. 1340,
and in the first year of the creation of Robert de Cheyneston
the abbot, which was celebrated towards the end of the year
and in lordly wise, the same Robert found his house in debt,
acknowledged and unacknowledged, £20. The same abbot
found his granges of Knythtes, Bradeford and Hefferton burnt
down, with all the corn that was in them at the time; and so
the same abbot was obliged to buy corn from that time until
harvest-time. The same abbot was indicted, moreover, before
the escheator Richard de Merton concerning 12 burgages in
Over, and the land of Robert Hykedon, etc., acquired without
licence, concerning which he made a fine with the Earl of
Chester, £10, and he had his charter of licence for the same
confirmed, and the trepass pardoned. Afterwards a number of
his servants and certain monks were falsely etc. indicted for the
death of Robert Hykes and John Bulderdog, for which they
made a fine £10 and suit to the Court for Pleas, £10.
Moreover the same abbot repaired all the granges aforesaid
and the weirs of Darnale; the choir of the church and the north
part of the church he covered with lead, all which is estimated to
have cost in hard cash, besides the timber, £100. Also, in a plea
of the church of Kirkham against the abbot of Shrewsbury, he
spent £ . . . [sic]. And afterwards he made a fine with the
said abbot for £100. These things were done in the first and
second years of his rule. In the third year of his rule he bought
corn to the actual value of £40, and he had the mill of Kirkham
made for £13.
[The death of Abbot Peter.]
Be it remembered that on the Ides of February [13 Feb.],
A.D. 1344[–5], in the monastery of Vale Royal, Thomas de
Venables, Alan son of Alan le Noreys, William son of Ralph
de Bostok, Robert son of Thomas de Acton and Roger de
Hulgreue, present in person, satisfied the abbot and convent
of the said monastery for the death of Lord Peter, the late
abbot, and Brother Walter le Walche, a monk of the said
monastery, and for other trespasses and injuries inflicted upon
the said abbot and convent and their monastery, in this manner:
to wit, that the aforesaid Thomas, Alan, William, Robert and
Roger, will do and procure to and for the said abbot and convent
now in being, and for the time to come, and their monastery, all
the good which they can do and procure, as well in the persons
of themselves and their tenants, as in all their goods and chattels
whatsoever, so long as they shall live. Each of them, moreover,
will give so long as they shall live, every year on the day of the
death of the aforesaid Lord Abbot Peter, unless they be lawfully
prevented (and, if so prevented, then on another day in the same
year), two pounds of wax to the light of Blessed Mary of the
monastery aforesaid. And to do the same faithfully and observe
them firmly, the aforesaid Thomas, Alan, William, Robert and
Roger, having touched the holy gospels, took their corporal oath
in the presence of the venerable father Roger, Lord Bishop of
Coventry and Lichfield, (fn. 13) the abbot and convent of the said
monastery, and other trustworthy witnesses.
The following documents have been copied on the blank leaves at the
end of the Ledger-Book, although belonging, by their nature, to
A jury [fo. 57d(294d)] was taken at Lampadervaur on Saturday
next before the feast of the Assumption of the Blessed Mary in
the 12th year of the reign of King Edward [12 Aug. 1284],
before Robert de Staundone and Richard de Pullesdone, justices
of the King, between William de Estame, parson of the church
of Lampedervaur, plaintiff, and Hoel ap Kedynor ap Heylyn and
others in the original writ contained, deforciants.
The jury came to recognize whether thirty-two carucates of
land, with their appurtenances, lying between the river (ripariam
of Rydaul and the river of Claraught in Lampadervaur, (fn. 14) are frank
almoin belonging to the church of Lampadervaur, of which
the aforesaid [William] is parson [fo. 58 (295)] or the lay
fee of the aforesaid Hoel and the others in the original writ
contained. And thereupon the aforesaid William says that
Thomas, abbot of Gloucester, formerly parson of the said
church, his predecessor, was seised of the said tenements as
of frank almoin belonging to his church aforesaid in time of
peace in the time of King Richard etc., and thereupon he
complains that the aforesaid Hoel and the others in the writ
contained unjustly deforced him therefrom, the which tenements
the ancestors of the aforesaid Hoel and of the others occupied in
time of war. And the aforesaid Hoel and the others come
and say that the aforesaid tenements with their appurtenances,
and also with suits of courts and all other liberties to the
same tenements belonging, are a lay fee and not frank almoin
belonging to the church aforesaid. And they say that their
ancestors from time immemorial were seised of the tenements
aforesaid with their appurtenances, and the liberties aforesaid,
as of their lay fee; and concerning this they put themselves upon
And the jurors disagreed. The parties were asked if they
wished a jury to be taken by other jurors, to which they agreed.
And therefore the sheriff was ordered to cause a better jury
to come. And therefore the jury aforesaid was put in respite
until Saturday next after the feast of the Exaltation of the Holy
Cross in the year aforesaid etc. [16 Sept.].
On which day the aforesaid William and the others come,
and the aforesaid Hoel and the others in the writ [contained]
say that they will not make answer to this writ, and they demand
a day according to the law of Hoel Da; and being asked several
times if they wish to object anything else against the jurors, they
say No. Let the jury be taken etc. The jurors say upon their
oath that the aforesaid tenements with their appurtenances, and
also with all their liberties aforesaid, are frank almoin belonging
to the aforesaid church of Lampader-vaur, of which the said
William is parson, and not the lay fee of the aforesaid Hoel and
the others in the writ contained. And therefore it is considered
that the aforesaid William shall recover his seisin of the aforesaid tenements with their appurtenances and liberties as of frank
almoin belonging to his church aforesaid of Lampader-vaur; and
the aforesaid Hoel and the others in mercy etc.
Edward, by the grace of God King of England and Ireland
and Duke of Aquitaine, to his well-beloved and trusty Walter de
Peterton, his justiciar of West Wales, greeting. We send you a
transcript of the record and proceedings of a certain jury lately
taken upon our writ before Robert de Staundone and Richard
de Puellesdone, our justices appointed for that purpose, between
William de Estame, parson of the church of Lampader-vaur, and
Hoel ap Kedynor and others etc. Dated at Stebenheth 16 May
in the 27th year of our reign .