||This name occurs in 1502; Duchy
Plead. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), i, 19.
The local pronunciation is Both or Bŭrth.
||To the north of it is a farm called
||2,932 acres, including 7 of inland
water; Census Rep. 1901.
Civil War Tracts (Chet. Soc.), 288.
The local tradition attributes to him the
naming of an adjacent brook, the Cawbeck.
'What a refreshing cool beck!' he exclaimed on drinking of it; W. S. White,
in Leyland Reg. 198.
Lancs. and Ches. Antiq. Soc. xvii, 23.
||Subsidy R. 250, no. 9 (hearth tax);
there were 153 hearths in all.
||Harl. MS. 7386, fol. 217 b (note by
||Gillow, Bibl. Dict. of Engl. Cath. v,
549–54; Dict. Nat. Biog.
||Granted by Maud wife of Richard
Bussel; Penwortham Priory (Chet. Soc.), 6.
Lancs. Inq. and Extents (Rec. Soc.
Lancs. and Ches.), i, 33, 34.
||Several pleas of 1246 are on record,
and Adam de Holland appears in them. He
recovered common of pasture against
Richard de Euxton, Margery his wife,
Stephen de Euxton, Avice his wife, Thomas
Bussel, William and Nicholas his sons;
Assize R. 404, m. 2 d. He also recovered
an acre against Thomas Bussel and his
sons; ibid. m. 3. On the other hand,
Thomas Bussel, Stephen de Euxton and
Avice his wife recovered 4 acres against
Henry de Whalley, Adam de Holland,
Matthew and Richard his brothers, and
many others; ibid. m. 4 d. A further
claim by Thomas Bussel, Richard de
Standish and Stephen de Armetriding
against Adam de Holland, Thomas de
Leghs and Richard de Euxton was defeated; ibid. m. 7 d. Thomas Bussel
and Richard son of Avice had licence to
concord concerning 2 acres; ibid. m. 3.
Adam was living in 1275–7, when he
claimed and recovered 16 acres in Euxton
against William de Ferrers; De Banco R.
7, m. 28 d.; 11, m. 96 d.; 18, m. 31.
Lancs. Inq. and Extents, i, 315, xxii.
The restoration is conjectural.
||In 1280 Muriel widow of William
Rouneson claimed dower in two messuages
in Euxton against Robert son of Adam
de Holland; De Banco R. 36, m. 27 d.
In the following year William Russel
(? Bussel) of Euxton complained that
Robert de Holland, Richard son of Robert
de Werden, and Richard son of Nicholas
de Euxton had seized his cattle; ibid.
41, m. 24 d. The above-named Muriel
in 1282 made a further charge against
Robert de Holland, Richard his brother
and Adam de la Moor; ibid. 44, m. 42 d.,
The Hollands appear to have bought
the estates of some smaller freeholders.
Thus in 1292 Robert purchased 14 acres
from John de la Cross of Lathom and
Margery his wife; Final Conc. (Rec. Soc.
Lancs. and Ches.), i, 172. In 1286 and
1298 he claimed land against Thomas
son of William Bushel; De Banco R. 62,
m. 9 d.; 122, m. 103; 129, m. 101 d.
Robert also in 1287 claimed Robert son
of Dene of Euxton and another as his
'natives,' but did not appear and was nonsuited; ibid. 66, m. 7.
He in 1288 made a claim against Henry
de Whalley concerning a messuage and
50 acres of land in Euxton, from which
an annual service of 4d. should be rendered; ibid. 72, m. 2 d.
Robert de Holland by his marriage with
one of the co-heirs of Ellel added considerably to his hereditary estates. Robert
appears in various pleadings down to 1306;
Assize R. 408, m. 46 d.; 1299, m. 17;
420, m. 9 d. The rent of 1 d. due from
him to the lord of Penwortham is recorded
in De Lacy Compoti (Chet. Soc.), 10.
||Robert de Holland and his sons
Grimbald and William were defendants
in a suit about a tenement in Ellel in
1301; Assize R. 1321, m. 5 d.
||Charter R. 95 (30 Edw. I), m. 6,
||Inq. p.m. 17 Edw. II, no. 54. The
whole was valued at about £12 a year.
The Hospitallers' land comprised an inclosed hey, containing 30 acres of waste
and 30 acres of wood. In addition to his
Euxton estate William held lands also in
Ulnes Walton, Ellel and Newsham.
The age of the heir and the remarriage
of Joan, the widow, to William de Scargill
appear from Cal. Close 1323–7, p. 361.
Sir Robert de Holland was said to hold
three plough-lands in Euxton; Lansdowne
MS. 559, fol. 23, quoted in Baines, Lancs.
(ed. 1870), ii, 692.
||Robert son of William de Holland
of Euxton appears in an Ellel plea in
1332; De Banco R. 288, m. 379. In
1327 and 1332 Margery de Holland was
a contributor to the subsidy in Euxton;
Lay Subs. R. 130, no. 5; Exch. Lay Subs.
(Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), 53. Robert
de Holland was in 1335 exempted from
serving on assizes, &c.; Cal. Pat. 1334–8,
p. 110. Robert son of Roger le Spenser, a
minor, in 1337–8 claimed a free tenement
in Euxton and Ellel against Robert de
Holland and others, the latter asserting
that the plaintiff's land was held by knights'
service, and he was therefore in ward to
Robert de Holland; Assize R. 1424,
m. 10 d.; 1425, m. 5.
Robert seems to have come to a violent
end shortly afterwards, for in 1339 two
men were pardoned for their part in the
death of Robert de Holland of Euxton;
Cal. Pat. 1338–40, pp. 235–6.
||In 1346–55 William de Holland was
holding part of the tenement in Euxton,
&c., formerly held by Robert Bussel;
Feud. Aids, iii, 87. In 1378 it was his
heir who was chargeable; Harl. MS.
2085, fol. 421, &c.
In 1356 William de Holland was
custodee of the land and heir of Robert
son of Roger le Spenser of Euxton;
Duchy of Lanc. Assize R. 5, m. 1, 9.
||See the account of Sefton.
||Sir Richard de Balderston and Agnes
his wife in 1375 demised to Thomas son
of John de Euxton, Margaret his wife
and Richard his son the third part of the
Maynes of Euxton, with the Pagefield,
&c.; Dods. MSS. cxlix, fol. 39b.
The manor of Euxton is usually
named in Molyneux inquisitions, &c.;
see Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Chet. Soc.), i, 71;
ii, 118; the tenure is not described, but
in each case is mentioned a deed made
at Euxton, so that the family occasionally
resided there. In 1445–6 Sir Richard
Molyneux was stated to hold two ploughlands for the tenth part of a knight's fee;
Duchy of Lanc. Knights' Fees, bdle. 2,
In 1521 it was found that Anne Molyneux (widow of Sir Thomas) had held
lands in Euxton of the Hospitallers;
Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. v, no. 39. The
manor also was in 1548 stated to be held
of the king as of the late priory of St. John,
by a rent of 7s. 2d.; and this is the statement in later inquisitions; ibid. ix, no. 2, &c.
For a claim for the rent due to Penwortham from Euxton, see Ducatus Lanc.
(Rec. Com.), i, 155.
About 1690 there were a court leet
and court baron under Lord Molyneux;
Kuerden in Harl. MS. 7386, fol. 217 b. In
1693–4 the manor of Euxton was alleged
to have been devoted by Lord Molyneux
to 'superstitious uses,' i.e. 'for the support of the secular priests of the Church
of Rome or maintenance of the Romish
religion,' &c.; Exch. Dep. (Rec. Soc.
Lancs. and Ches.), 84; Petty Bag, Spec.
Com. bdle. 19, no. 18.
||It was one of the manors sold at that
time under a Private Act of Parliament,
2 Geo. II, cap. 9.
||Baines, Lancs. (cd. 1870), ii, 139.
In the licence for a gamekeeper in
1794 the lords of the manor are thus
named: John Lowes, John Gosnell,
George Clayton and John Johnson;
Preston Guardian Sketches, no. 1126.
In 1803 the deforciants in a fine relating to the manors of Euxton, Eccleston,
&c., were Samuel Fleetwood and Betty
his wife, Margaret Warren, widow, Nancy
Lowes, widow, John Gosnell and Jane
his wife, Samuel Warren, Thomas Wiatt
and Mary his wife, William Wainwright
and Mary his wife, and Tryphosa Johnson,
spinster; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle.
449 (Lent 43 Geo. III, m. 342).
In 1826 William Ince Anderton was
vouchee in a recovery of various messuages,
lands, &c., in Euxton and Clayton-leWoods, but no 'manor' is named; Pal.
of Lanc. Plea R. 753.
||a In 1600 James Anderton purchased
the tithes of Euxton and Clayton; Lathom
House D., Clayton boxes.
||b Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 11,
m. 187; Duchy of Lanc. Dep. xxv, B 1;
Duchy of Lanc. Plead. lxxviii, B 11.
||These statements are from depositions, &c., printed in Duchy Pleadings
(Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), ii, 87–100.
See the account of Anderton. The Healey
lands appear to have gone with Anderton,
but others in Culcheth and Kenyon with
the Euxton family.
||In 1516 Richard Hawkesbury, Prior
of Penwortham, with the assent of
Evesham, granted to Hugh Anderton of
Euxton, James his son, Agnes wife of
James, and Hugh son of James and
Agnes the grange called Euxton barn, &c.,
for sixty years, at an annual rent of £16;
Towneley MS. OO, no. 1326. From an
earlier deed it appears that the elder Hugh
had a second son Thomas, and a daughter
Margaret, who was in 1508 espoused to
Nicholas son and heir apparent of
Nicholas Rigby; ibid. no. 1313.
||The first-named James Anderton
'of Euxton' was a man of substance in
1525; Lay Subs. R. 130, no. 93. He
died in 1552 holding a scattered estate in
Bretherton, &c., Euxton not being named.
His son and heir Hugh was thirty-six
years of age; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m.
ix, no. 14. Hugh was in 1541 the
husband of Grace Butler (aged twentyseven), one of the daughters and co-heirs
of John Butler of Rawcliffe; Pal. of
Lanc. Plea R. 172, m. 11. He took part
in the Scottish expedition of 1544;
L. and P. Hen. VIII, xix (1), 532 (5).
The inquisition after the death of Hugh
Anderton (1566) does not mention his
holding in Euxton, but James Anderton
of Clayton had the tithe barns of Euxton
in 1630; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xi,
no. 31; xxvii, no. 56. See further in
the account of Clayton.
A dispute about the tithe barn in 1594
establishes the pedigree. James Anderton
of Clayton claimed by lease (dated 1538) to
his grandfather James, and Hugh his son
(plaintiff's father); Hugh, by his will of
1565, directed that Alice his wife should
occupy the tithes for twenty years and
then his youngest son William should
have them, with reversion to plaintiff;
Duchy of Lanc. Plead. Eliz. clxii, A 9.
||See the pedigree in Dugdale's Visit.
(Chet. Soc.), 6; Add. MS. 32110, fol. 13b.
William Anderton of Euxton occurs in
1600 (Close, 42 Eliz. pt. xv [no. 1659]),
but he was known also as 'of Pendle
Hall,' in right of his wife Isabel daughter
and heir of William Hancock, whom he
married about 1599; Lancs. Inq. p.m.
(Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), i, 122, 80.
He died in 1618; Chan. Inq. p.m. (Ser.
2), ccclxvii, 4. Isabel his widow lived at
Euxton. His heir was his son Hugh,
||In 1586 Alice Anderton, late of
Euxton, widow, was sued for non-payment
of £260, her fines for recusancy; Pal. of
Lanc. Plea R. 259, m. 12. She is also
named as a recusant in 1591 and 1592;
Raines MSS. xxiii, 49; Cecil MSS. (Hist.
MSS. Com.), iv, 232.
Isabel Anderton, widow, and Hugh
Anderton appear in the recusant roll of
1628, with several others of Euxton;
Misc. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), i, 181.
The Ven. Robert Anderton, a Douay
priest (and perhaps Oxford, 1578), executed in the Isle of Wight on 25 April
1586, is believed to have been of the
Euxton family. There are accounts of
him in Pollen, Acts of Engl. Martyrs, 67,
379; Gillow, Bibl. Dict. Engl. Cath. i, 41.
Thomas Anderton, brother of Hugh
the Cavalier, became a Benedictine monk
at Paris in 1630. Late in life he was
sent on the English mission and died in
1671. He wrote a History of the Iconoclasts; ibid. 42. Three of his brothers
were monks also, and one a Franciscan;
Weldon, Chronol. Notes, 185; Thaddeus,
Franciscans in Engl. 191. See also Trans.
Hist. Soc. (new ser.), xiii, 130, &c.
||He purchased Euxton Hall and lands
there in 1642; Close, 3 Chas. I, pt. xix
(2699), no. 21. His father William had
obtained a lease (or renewal) of the hall
from Sir R. Molyneux in 1617; ibid.
For another purchase in Euxton by Hugh
Anderton in 1628, see Lancs. and Ches.
Antiq. Notes, ii, 84. Margaret Hodgson,
the vendor, was to pay certain sums to
her brothers-in-law, John and Robert
Hodgson, 'at the south porch of the parish
church of Leyland.'
Royalist Comp. Papers (Rec. Soc.
Lancs. and Ches.), i, 60, 61. He had
acted at Lancaster and Warrington, and
as commissary he seized the goods of one
Henry Taylor at Preston, also money,
&c., in the possession of Mr. Werden,
treasurer for the Parliament's forces. He
was examined at Preston in 1647 concerning these matters. He stated that 'he
was a recusant and believed he was convict'; he had been in Kilkenny, Wexford,
Wales and London, returning to his house
at Euxton on 30 September 1647. Then
he went to his mother's house at Pendle.
It appeared that he was convicted of
recusancy in 1640.
The practical confiscation of his property reduced him to poverty and in 1651
he was in Lancaster gaol 'upon an execution for about £700 and upon another
action of £1,000 for goods plundered by
him.' He was rescued at the 'Scots
King's' march through the town and took
part in the subsequent fighting, which
ended at Worcester; and the Parliamentary officials declare: 'We could have sent
you many other informations against him,
he being one of the most notorious papist
delinquents in this county'; ibid. 63–4.
Charles, on his way from Scotland to
Worcester, had stayed for the night at
Hugh Anderton's house at Euxton Burgh;
'this Anderton,' remarks the hostile
chronicler, 'is a bloody Papist, and one
that when Prince Rupert was at Bolton
boasted much of being in blood to the
elbows at that cruel massacre'; Civil
War Tracts (Chet. Soc.), 288. To the
same effect is a letter from Charles Worsley
in 1656; Thurloc's State Papers (1742),
iv, 534. A Hugh Anderton, gent., was a
'suspected person' living in Lincoln's
Inn Fields about 1655–7; Add. MS.
Royalist Comp. Papers, i, 54–67;
67–74; Index of Royalists (Index Soc.),
41. Isabel's sequestration was for recusancy only; she had been convicted in
1641. She died 14 May 1652. It
appeared (p. 72) that in 1642 Hugh
Anderton had granted his mother a
messuage in Euxton called the Spout,
with various lands—the Priestfield, Higher
and Lower Buckshaw, &c.; and that she
in 1651 sold them to Seth Bushell, clerk.
The lands acquired by Seth Bushell
were given by his grandson William to
found the Goosnargh Charity. See Fishwick, Goosnargh, 120.
Visit. ut sup. In the same year
Hugh Anderton sold Pendle Hall, &c., to
Piers Starkie, and purchased the tithes of
Euxton and land in Clayton-le-Woods
from his cousin James Anderton of Clayton; Close, 16 Chas. II, pt. xi (4161),
no. 23, m. 16; 15 Chas. II, pt. xiv
(4135), no. 4.
||Administration was that year granted.
According to Towneley he died in Wales
28 August 1670; Add. MS. 32110, fol. 14.
||In 1689 he, with many others of
the Catholic gentry, was seized and carried
off to prison at Manchester; Hist. MSS.
Com. Rep. xiv, App. iv, 314. They were
afterwards released without any further
proceedings against them.
||Buried at Leyland, 22 May 1704;
||Forfeited Estates Papers, H 26; act
of treason, 12 Nov. 1715; outlawed,
24 July 1716. Hugh Anderton could
not be found early in 1716; Dep. Keeper's
Rep. v, App. ii, 156. About the same
time his brother Thomas celebrated mass
for 'fratre peregrinante'; MS. penes
Burnley Lit. and Scient. Club.
After the conviction Catherine the
wife of Hugh Anderton made petition in
1718 on behalf of herself and her children
—three sons and four daughters. The
marriage covenants dated 25–6 June 1707
were recited, showing the provision made
on Hugh's marriage with the petitioner,
then Catherine Trappes. Her claim was
at first allowed, it being shown that Hugh
Anderton was tenant for life only, and
then dismissed, it being proved that at the
time of execution and also at the time of
petition she was a 'Papist' and therefore
(by the Act 11 & 12 Will. III, cap. 4)
unable to make a valid settlement; Forfeited Estates Papers (Geo. I), 53 A.
Hugh's life interest was accordingly sold
on 1 July 1719 to William Brooke of
London, woollen draper, youngest son of
Richard Brooke of Astley; Forfeited
Estates Bks. xcii, 29. Hugh Anderton
was buried at Leyland 24 May 1721.
||The descent is continued from those
in Burke's Commoners (i, 607) and Landed
Gentry, and Foster's Lancs. Pedigrees, supplemented by Piccope MS. Peds. (Chet.
Lib.), i, 4. William Anderton also was
a Jacobite; see Raines MSS. (Chet. Lib.),
xliv, 187; H. H. Barker, Walton-le-Dale
Mock Corp. 13.
||Buried at Leyland 17 Oct. 1744;
administration granted 1746.
A deed enrolled in 1752 stated that
Hugh Anderton married Catherine
Trappes in or about 1707, and had sons,
William and Francis (both dead), and
daughters, Elizabeth (dead), Mary, and
Margaret (to be married to Robert Blundell of Ince Blundell); Piccope MSS.
(Chet. Lib.), iii, 280, from R. 26 of
Geo. II at Preston. The original is in
Mr. H. Ince Anderton's possession.
||Perhaps not immediately. Indentures of 1763 respecting lands in Euxton
between Francis Anderton, residing in
Flanders, and Anthony Atkinson, &c.,
were enrolled in the Common Pleas,
Easter, 4 Geo. III (R. 45–6). Francis
was William's elder son and immediate
heir, William being his younger brother.
Francis, however, was a Benedictine monk;
he died in 1779; Trans. Hist. Soc. (new
ser.), xiii, 131.
||William Ince Anderton died at Euxton 8 Nov. 1848, aged seventy-eight. His
son, Major William Michael Ince Anderton, also died there on 24 Jan. 1884,
aged fifty-eight. There is a good account
of the present state of the family in Burke,
Landed Gentry (ed. 1906).
The editors have received great assistance in compiling the accounts of the
various branches of the family from Mr.
Henry Ince Anderton, a younger son of
Major Anderton above named. Many of
the dates and references in the story of
Euxton are due to him.
||Twycross, Lancs. Mansions, i, 51,
where an illustration is given. The front
was very long, with thirteen windows to
each floor. The old hall is said to have
been erected in the reign of Henry VIII.
||These families are mentioned only
incidentally in the records; some details
will be found in preceding notes.
Armetriding—the Hermit's Ridding or
clearance—seems to have been a place
in Euxton. William son of John de
Armetriding had land in 1294; Assize R.
1299, m. 17. John del Armetriding contributed to the subsidy in 1327 and 1332,
and William in the latter year; Lay Subs.
R. 130, no. 5; Exch. Lay Subs. (Rec.
Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), 53. In 1348
Sir William de Dacre complained that
John de Armetriding had impounded his
cattle at Euxton; De Banco R. 355, m. 114.
Adam (son of William) del Armetriding
and Agnes his wife had a messuage and
land in 1358; Assize R. 438, m. 7. See also
De Banco R. 459, m. 143; 463, m. 142.
||William son of Nicholas Bussel in
1276 claimed a tenement in Euxton
against William Bussel and Adam son of
Nicholas Bussel; Assize R. 405, m. 4 d.;
1238, m. 35.
In 1284 Cecily daughter of William
Bussel of Euxton recovered a messuage
and land in Leyland against William son
of Robert Bussel, John de Farington and
others; Assize R. 1265, m. 5. John
Bushel contributed to the subsidy in
1327; Lay Subs. R. 130, no. 5.
In 1334 Robert (a minor) son of
John son of Thomas Bussel recovered
land in Euxton against Thomas son of
John Bussel and another; Coram Rege
R. 297, m. 103.
Thomas son of Thurstan de Tyldesley
in 1375 claimed land in Euxton against
Emma daughter of Thomas Bussel and
others; De Banco R. 458, m. 334 d.
||Ranulf de Dacre of Halton died in
1375 holding 12 acres in Euxton of
Richard de Molyneux by the service of a
rose yearly; Inq. p.m. 49 Edw. III, pt. i,
||William de Euxton was a plaintiff
in 1292; Assize R. 408, m. 42 d., 46 d.
Robert de Euxton in 1295 had a dispute
with William son of William de Euxton
as to their inheritance; Assize R. 1306,
||Henry de Whalley in 1277 sought
common of pasture in Euxton against
Roger de Whalley and Adam de Holland;
Assize R. 1235, m. 13.
Henry Whalley had lands in 1573 and
1578; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 35,
m. 83; 40, m. 99.
William Farington in 1588 purchased
a messuage from Henry and William
Whalley; ibid. bdle. 50, m. 174.
||A number of Charnocks occur in
1444 and later; Pal. of Lanc. Plea R.
6, m. 5; 10, m. 42.
Henry de Whittle in 1363 claimed
land in Euxton as son of William son of
Robert the Greve and Alice his wife.
Richard the Greve was defendant; De
Banco R. 416, m. 383 d.
||From a fine of 1418 John de Lancaster seems to have had two messuages,
80 acres of land, &c., in Euxton, which
were in that year given to John de Clayton
of Brindle and Joan his wife for life;
Final Conc. iii, 77.
Richard Lancaster died in 1535 holding
lands in Euxton which had been granted
by Thomas, his father, to trustees for the
benefit of younger sons; they were held
of the Prior of St. John by a rent of 6d.;
Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. vii, no. 11.
A similar statement was made after the
death of Richard Lancaster, son of
Richard; ibid. x, no. 21.
Thomas Lancaster, son and heir of
Richard the younger, leased his messuage
and land in Runshaw in 1563 to Richard
Charnock the elder and Ellen his wife,
and, the rent falling into arrear, he took
possession about 1582. Charnock afterwards re-entered into one part called
Clark's field. See Duchy of Lanc. Plead.
Eliz. cxxvi, L 7. See also Pal. of
Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 56, m. 18.
||The family is often mentioned, but
no particulars can be given. A number
of the sons became Benedictine monks;
Trans. Hist. Soc. (new ser.), xiii, 131, &c.
Edward Farnworth of Runshaw in
1717 registered his estate in Euxton as a
'Papist'; its value was £77 5s. 6d. a
year; Engl. Cath. Non-jurors, 107. Later
Edward Farnworth (perhaps the same)
mortgaged Littlewood; Piccope MSS.
(Chet. Lib.), iii, 256, from R. 7 of Geo. II
||Edward Robinson of Euxton occurs
in the list of freeholders in 1600; Misc.
(Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), i, 245.
He was the grandfather of Major
Edward Robinson, an active Parliamentarian, and supposed author of the Discourse of the War in Lancs. printed by the
Chetham Society (vol. lxii.). He bought
an estate in Euxton about 1652 and built
the house at Higher Buckshaw. See the
account of him in W. Beamont's introduction to the Discourse; a view of the
house is given.
The will of Edward Robinson of
Chorley, dated 1681, shows that he had
Buckshaw in Euxton, lands in Newtonwith-Scales, Whittingham, Haighton,
Durton, and Whittle-le-Woods. He names
Edward Parr of Eccleston as a son-in-law;
his grandson (and apparently his heir)
was Edward Robinson, his wife was
named Jane, and he had children:
Edward (deceased), Richard and Lucy;
Piccope MSS. xiv, 93. Edward Robinson had a seat and burial-place in Chorley
Church, and was buried there 7 Jan.
1680–1; Wilson, Chorleys of Chorley, 18,
61. Proceedings in 1693–5 in respect of
a mortgage give the succession as Edward
-s. John (married Alice) -s. Thomas;
Exch. Dep. 83, 89. Thomas had had an
elder brother Edward.
Higher Buckshaw afterwards belonged
to the Townley Parkers of Cuerden, and
was sold to Col. T. R. Crosse of Shaw
Hill; Leyland Reg. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and
Ches.), 24 note.
||Dugdale, Visit. (Chet. Soc.), 247;
see also War in Lancs. p. xxxii.
||Probably for Edward Robinson.
||Thomas Hesketh of Rufford purchased land in 1520 from Edward Rishton
and Margaret his wife (Pal. of Lanc. Feet
of F. bdle. 11, m. 205), and in 1523
held 10 acres in Euxton of the Hospitallers and Sir William Molyneux by a
rent of 16d.; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m.
v, no. 16. Dame Elizabeth Kighley appears to have held the same in 1524 of
Sir William Molyneux; ibid. v, no.
Sir Thomas Hesketh in 1554 sold a
messuage and land to Thomas Dicconson;
Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 15, m. 110.
This seems to have descended to the
Dicconsons of Eccleston, but the tenure
is variously stated. In 1604 William
Dicconson held his lands in Euxton of
William Whalley by 6d. rent; while in
1639 John Dicconson held part at least
of Lord Molyneux in socage by suit at
the court baron of the manor of Euxton;
Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and
Ches.), i, 19; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m.
xxviii, no. 71.
Sir Alexander Hoghton, who died in
1498, held land in Euxton of William
Molyneux, which descended to William
Hoghton; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. iii,
no. 66; v, no. 66. Richard Hoghton,
who declined knighthood in 1631, is described as 'of Euxton'; Misc. (Rec.
Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), i, 214.
John Sumner died in 1640 holding a
messuage in Euxton of the king; his heir
was his brother Christopher, aged fortythree years; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m.
xxx, no. 53.
The Rigbys of Harrock also had land
in Euxton; Duchy of Lanc. Plead. lxi,
Plac. de Quo Warr. (Rec. Com.),
375. About 1540 the tenants were:
Sir William Molyneux, 7s.; Sir Robert
Hesketh for John's field, 18d.; Sir
William Molyneux for a messuage, lately
John Armetriding's, with a toft in Charnock Richard, 6d.; Kuerden MSS. v,
||Robert Hodgson, recusant, petitioned
to contract for his estate in 1653; Cal.
Com. for Comp. iv, 3175. So did Thomas
Moore, two-thirds of his estate being
sequestered for recusancy only; ibid.;
Royalist Comp. Papers (Rec. Soc. Lancs.
and Ches.), iv, 175. Inett Hodgson,
widow, was also a recusant; ibid.
iii, 168. Thomas Hodgson was a tenant
of Lord Molyneux in 1652; ibid, iv,
Agnes Shorrock, widow, and William
Wright were other recusants who desired
to compound; Cal. Com. for Comp. iv,
John Rivington took arms against the
Parliament, and dying without issue his
brother James in 1649 desired to compound for the estate which should descend
to him; ibid. iii, 2054. For family
disputes see Exch. Dep. 27.
For recusants 1660–80 see Misc. (Cath.
Rec. Soc.), v, 103.
Index of Royalists, 44; Cal. Com. for
Comp., iv, 3105.
||Estcourt and Payne, Engl. Cath.
||Land tax returns at Preston.
||Over the west door of the present
building is an ancient dated stone:
It was in use for worship in 1537; Duchy
Plead. ii, 113.
According to Kuerden James Anderton
of Euxton in 1523 charged his lands
with stipends for three chantry priests to
pray for the souls of himself and Agnes
his wife, one priest each at Leyland,
Eccleston and Euxton; Harl. MS. 7386,
||Visit. lists at Chester.
Hist. MSS. Com. Rep. xiv, App. iv,
11—an old chapel without a curate,
||A. Hewitson, Country Churches and
Chapels, 253–4. That it was used by
Roman Catholics seems clear from the
confirmation therein of Hugh Tootell in
1687; Gillow, cp. cit. v, 549. But that
was in the time of James II.
Commonw. Ch. Surv. (Rec. Soc.
Lancs. and Ches.), 102. The incumbent was Mr. Seth Bushell, 'a godly
preaching minister, and conformable to
the present government.' His salary was
£40 paid out of the sequestrated tithes of
James Anderton of Clayton. See also
Plund. Mins. Accts. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and
Ches.), i, 81. Bushell readily conformed
at the Restoration, and was made vicar
of Preston in 1663.
||Raines in Notitia Cestr. ii, 384,
quoting Cartwright's Diary (Camd. Soc.
p. 28) of 1687. It was alleged that no
prayers had been said in it for twenty
years past. Bishop Gastrell himself states
(ibid.) that for twenty years before 1717
the chapel had been in ruins and without
service; but he modifies this by saying
that divine service was performed 'about
1705.' In 1724 it had been repaired,
but no pulpit or seats were there.
||Mr. Armetriding (d. 1719) gave £200,
and a grant from Queen Anne's Bounty
was also secured; ibid. ii, 385. In a
note are given the proposals of the Rev.
C. Sudell, vicar of Leyland in 1725, for
the management of the chapels of Euxton
Manch. Dioc. Dir.
The present vicar (a descendant of the
Rev. James Armetriding) has given some
details of the succession, as follows:—
Thomas Armetriding, vicar of Leyland
1689–1719, had no issue, and his heirs
were his nephews, sons of his brothers
James and Richard. James had sons
John, Hugh and Thomas, of whom John
was father of James Armetriding, incumbent of Euxton from 1774 to 1788, when
he became rector of Steeple Aston, Oxfordshire. His representatives about 1890
were four grandchildren, who assigned the
advowson to the eldest, Major CokayneFrith; he gave it to his son, the Rev.
Colin Cokayne-Frith, who bequeathed it
to his brother Reginald, the latter's widow
now holding the patronage.
||From the papers at the Diocesan
||Nominated by James Armetriding
of Euxton; he stayed till his death. He
was buried at Leyland (where he seems to
have been curate also) on 12 Nov. 1751.
||He had been guilty of some breach
of the ecclesiastical laws, but had been
pardoned and allowed to be a candidate
for holy orders by the preceding Bishop of
||Schoolmaster of Walton-le-Dale.
||Son of John Armetriding of Euxton,
aged eighteen in 1766; Foster, Alumni
Oxon. He was fellow of his college.
||Presented by the Rev. James Armetriding.
||Presented by the same. He was curate
of Claughton and Hornby in Lonsdale.
In 1821 the incumbent resided at
Kirkby Lonsdale, but employed a curate.
Mr. Armetriding of Steeple Aston was
patron. There were two services on Sunday, with a sermon in the morning, and
during the summer in the afternoon also.
The sacrament was administered four times
a year. The church possessed a silver cup,
pewter flagon and plate.
||The following were the patrons:—
Cokayne Frith, James F., William Armetriding F., Margaretta F., Mary Anne F.,
and Eliza F., all of Bridgen Place, Kent,
sons and daughters of Margaretta late
wife of the Rev. Edward Cokayne Frith
(formerly Margaretta Armetriding);
Thomas Compton of Littlehampton,
Sussex, and Sarah Mary (Armetriding)
his wife; the Rev. Richard Greswell,
of Worcester College, Oxford, and Joana
Julia (Armetriding) his wife. Vacant by
the resignation of Robert Procter.
End. Char. Rep. (Leyland).
||The stories of the three brothers
Critchlow of Euxton, as told by themselves on entering the English College at
Rome in 1627–9, are of much interest.
William Critchlow, aged about twentyseven at his entry in 1627, said he was
the 'son of Ralph Critchlow, senior, and
Catherine Tootell his wife. Born in the
parish of Leyland, Lancashire, he was
brought up and lived there for the greater
part of his life. His parents belonged to
the middle class of society and were in
moderate circumstances. He had three
brothers and two sisters; all his relations, except one, were Catholic. After
beginning his education, until thirteen,
he then took to mercantile pursuits for
ten years, when he again returned to his
studies. He was always a Catholic, and
left England 17 June 1626. He had
suffered a little for his faith, having been
seized and sent to the Tower of London,
from which he effected his escape by
means of a bribe, which cost him £20.
He was at length sent into exile to
Belgium, and there applied himself to
study under the fathers of the Society';
Foley, Rec. S. J. vi, 314. At college
he showed himself 'a pious man and an
example of all good'; he was ordained
priest and sent to England in 1634.
Oliver Critchlow, his brother, aged
about twenty-one at his admission in
1628, had been arrested between London
and Dover when on his way to Douay
about 1624, but had escaped by a bribe.
He was 'of remarkable virtue, distinguished for humility'; was ordained and
sent on the English mission in 1635;
ibid. vi, 317. He died at Clayton Hall
August 1671; Misc. (Cath. Rec. Soc.),
Richard Critchlow, a third brother, aged
nineteen on his admission in 1629, stated
that 'he studied at home until he was
fourteen years of age; then when on his
way in company with others to prosecute
his studies in Lower Germany he was
captured on the River Thames and taken
back to London, and was detained there in
gaol for some time by the Archbishop of
Canterbury, who examined him. Some
months after, having obtained his liberty,
he was compelled to return home. In
the following year he went again to
London, seeking an opportunity of embarking, but the plague raged there, and
he was compelled a second time to return
home. He made his humanities at St.
Omer's College for three years'; Foley,
op. cit. vi, 320. He also was ordained and
was sent on the English mission in 1636.
James Walton, another student of the
College about the same time, had made
his studies at Euxton; ibid. vi, 314.
||A. Hewitson, Our Country Churches,
257. The list of officiating priests is
given from 1740.