||1,431 acres, including 14 of inland
water; Census Rep. 1901.
Lancs. and Ches. Antiq. Soc. xvii, 27.
||Subs. R. 250, no. 9 (hearth tax).
Dict. Nat. Biog. He was born at
Wood End Farm.
||It was part of a grant of eight ploughlands which were to be held by the fourth
part of a knight's fee; Farrer, Lancs.
Pipe R. 374.
||See the account of Hoghton.
||The lordship is recorded in the
Clayton inquisitions, and in 1422 was
regarded as part of the Hoghton lordship;
Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Chet. Soc.), i, 145. It
is not named in later Hoghton inquests.
Later John Fitton's plough-land in
Clayton appears to have been considered
distinct from the eight plough-lands in
Hoghton, &c.; Lansdowne MS. 559,
fol. 33, quoted in Baines, Lancs. (ed. 1870),
Perhaps for this reason it has been
identified with a plough-land given to
Robert Hickeling; Lancs. Inq. and Extents
(Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), i, 31.
||Gerald de Clayton occurs in the
Pipe Roll of 1194–5 as owing 5 marks
for himself and his esquires, 'because he
was with Count John,' i.e. in the latter's
rebellion against Richard I; Lancs. Pipe
R. 90, &c. He had received the serjeanty
of the hundred of Leyland from Count
John, and this grant was confirmed to
him in 1199, when John had become
king; Cal. Rot. Chart. (Rec. Com.), 27.
Gerald had also been seneschal for Albert
Bussel, lord of Penwortham (1164–90),
and held 4 oxgangs of land there as recompense; Lancs. Inq. and Extents (Rec.
Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), i, 33.
Gerald de Clayton was a benefactor to
Cockersand Abbey, giving part of his
land within bounds beginning at the
clough under Scalecroft (on the east side
of the king's street) and going by the
waingate to the clough dividing Leyland
and Clayton, and by Blacklache to the
starting-point; Cockersand Chartul. (Chet.
Soc.), ii, 498.
From later notices Gerald de Clayton's
land seems to have been one plough-land
in Clayton; as his successors held Clayton
of Lea and Hoghton their manor must
have been included in the grant to
Richard Fitton, though in some ways it
is regarded as held directly of the lord of
Penwortham. On the other hand in
1346–55 Sir Adam de Hoghton was
found to hold three parts of a knight's
fee, formerly held by Robert de Clayton
and Richard Fitton; Feud. Aids, iii, 86.
||Robert de Clayton in 1215 owed 12½
marks and a palfrey on succeeding to the
office of bailiff of Leylandshire; Lancs.
Pipe R. 252; Lancs. Inq. and Extents,
i, 132. He afterwards sold this office to
William de Ferrers.
Robert confirmed the grant made by
his father Gerald to the canons of Cockersand, and added further portions of land;
from the bounds it appears that Werden
brook fell into the above-named clough
dividing Clayton and Leyland; Cockersand
Chartul. ii, 499, 500.
||Of the heir of the Earl of Lincoln
(as lord of Penwortham) Robert de
Clayton in 1242 held the tenth part and
the twentieth part of a knight's fee in
Clayton and Penwortham; Lancs. Inq.
and Extents, i, 149. The 'twentieth part'
in Penwortham being the 4 oxgangs named
in a preceding note, it seems to follow that
the 'tenth part' in Clayton was a ploughland.
||Mentioned simultaneously in 1242;
ibid. His name also occurs among the
jurors at inquisitions and the witnesses to
Richard son of Robert (son of) Gerald
de Clayton was defendant in 1270; Curia
Regis R. 199, m. 15.
Lancs. Inq. and Extents, i, 270; the
date is February 1287–8.
||Ibid. 273; December 1288. John
de Clayton and Warine his son attested a
local charter; Add. MS. 32109, fol. 22.
The homage of John de Clayton was
included in the grant by Edmund Fitton
to Henry de Lea; Dods. MS. cxlii, fol. 12b.
Lancs. Inq. and Extents, i, 315;
Robert held of the Earl of Lancaster the
tenth part of a fee in Clayton and the
twentieth part in Penwortham.
In the same year Agnes and Mabel,
daughters of William de Crook, with
William Cuckoo and Alice his wife, did
not prosecute their claim against Robert
son of Warine de Clayton touching land
in Clayton; Assize R. 418, m. 2.
From later pleadings it appears that
Alice was a Clayton. She was plaintiff
in 1315 and later against Gilbert de
Swiney; De Banco R. 208, m. 118 d.;
261, m. 227 d.; 296, m. 364.
||Perhaps a brother of Robert.
Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Chet. Soc.), i, 3.
||Ibid. In 1313 Adam claimed two
parts of two parts of the manor against
Henry de Lea (who said he was guardian
in chivalry), Robert son of Adam
Banastre, and William son of Richard
Banastre, asserting that his father John
de Clayton held the manor by a rent of
18d. yearly and not by knights' service.
The jury, however, found that John had
held it by the eighth part of a knight's
fee; Assize R. 424, m. 7 d. The increase of service from the tenth part to
the eighth part will be noticed.
||In 1332 Adam de Clayton and
Hawise his wife made a settlement of
the manor of Clayton; Final Conc.
(Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), ii, 88. The
same year Adam and Robert de Clayton
contributed to the subsidy; Exch. Lay
Subs. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), 44.
In 1345 Adam de Clayton claimed 20
acres of moor against John son of Adam
de Charnock, it being uncertain whether
the land was in Clayton or in Cuerden.
The jury divided it between them; Assize R. 1435, m. 36.
Warine son of Thomas son of Warine de
Clayton in 1341 released to Adam son of
John de Clayton land in Whittle held of
Warin; Kuerden MSS. iii, C 25.
Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Chet. Soc.), i, 77.
It is stated that Sir Richard de Hoghton
held the manor of the king as duke as
of his fee of Penwortham. The clear
value was 20 marks.
Ralph son of John son of Adam de
Clayton was in 1367 contracted to marry
Margaret daughter of William Farington;
Kuerden MSS. iii, C 25.
Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Chet. Soc), i, 143.
Adam son of Ralph Clayton was in
1404 contracted to marry Katherine
daughter of William Charnock; Kuerden
MSS. iii, C 25.
||In 1448 a jury of the view of frankpledge of Clayton was summoned to
recognize if 50 acres of land, &c., had
been settled on Robert son of Adam de
Clayton and his issue; John, Thomas
and Alice were the children of Robert;
Pal. of Lanc. Writs of Assize, 4 Mar.
26 Hen. VI.
||A pedigree printed in the Visit. of
1613 (Chet. Soc.), 47, gives the descent
as follows: Ralph -s. Adam -s. Thomas
bro. James -s. William (d.v.p.) -s. John.
Adam Clayton attested a charter in
1440–1; Add. MS. 32109, fol. 79b.
Thomas Clayton appears down to 1464;
ibid. fol. 87. John Clayton attested in
1498–9; ibid. fol. 91. Thomas son of
Adam Clayton married Blanche sister of
Sir Peter Legh; Kuerden, ut sup.
But see Earwaker's East. Ches. ii, 303.
||The pedigree is set out in a petition
for a division of Clayton made in 1555;
Pal. of Lanc. Plea R. 196, m. 3; 200,
m. 6 d. Anthony Browne, Joan his wife,
and William Lister were summoned to
answer John Orrell and Elizabeth his wife
regarding the capital messuage called
Clayton Hall, &c. A feoffment made by
John Clayton in 1527 is cited, and John
is described as kinsman and heir of James
Clayton. Anthony and Joan Browne in
1549 made a settlement of their moiety
of the manor of Clayton; Pal. of Lanc.
Feet of F. bdle. 13, m. 21.
Elizabeth widow of John Clayton was
an out-burgess of Preston in 1542;
Preston Guild R. (Lancs. and Ches. Rec.
Soc.), 19, xxv–vi.
||Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 17, m.
48. The estate was described as a moiety
of the manor of Clayton, and of fifty
messuages, dovecote, water-mill, 800 acres
of land, &c.
Hugh Anderton about the same time
purchased lands in Clayton belonging to
Richard Starkie of Appleton in Cheshire;
Kuerden MSS. ii, fol. 239. The deforciants to the fine (1557) were Richard
Starkie, Elizabeth his wife, John Clayton
and Maud his wife; Pal. of Lanc. Feet
of F. bdle. 19, m. 77.
||See the pedigree in Dugdale, Visit.
(Chet. Soc.), 6.
Hugh Anderton of Euxton died in 1566
holding a moiety of the manor of Clayton,
&c., of the Earl of Derby, Lord Mounteagle, and Sir Richard Shireburne by a
rent of 6d.; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xi,
no. 31. According to this the mesne lordship of Hoghton had been replaced by that
of the lords of Leylandshire.
James the son and heir of Hugh was
twenty-four years of age at his father's
His child marriage with Elizabeth
daughter and heir of Richard Elston of
Brockholes had been dissolved in 1561;
Register Bk. at Chester Dioc. Reg. i,
fol. 246. Elizabeth was married to Ralph
Holden of Holden before the sentence of
divorce; Duchy of Lanc. Plead. xliv,
A 5. James Anderton was admitted to
Gray's Inn in 1562. He married Dorothy
Bardsey about 1576; she died in 1627.
||a Duchy of Lanc. Draft Decrees
15 Eliz. no. 21; Towneley MS. DD,
no. 1935. Depositions made in April
1586 state that Roger Crook and others
went to Clayton Hall, being James
Anderton's dwelling-place, in the previous
month; Duchy of Lanc. Dep. (ser. 2),
bdle. 28, 28 Eliz., no. 30.
||b He was steward of the royal manor
of Muchland in Furness from 1591; Pat.
33 Eliz. pt. iii, m. 40. He was receiver
for the possessions of Furness Abbey from
1579; Duchy of Lanc. Misc. Bks. xliv,
fol. 452b–454. He was also a farmer of
the goods of felons and outlaws; ibid.
fol. 369–71b. He was a magistrate;
Pal. of Lanc. Plea R. 279, m. 11–13 d.
He was one of the magistrates who at
Wigan in 1612 signed the order for disarming recusants; Chet. Soc. Publ. 1, 259.
||Anthony Browne and John his wife
in 1550 complained that John Orrell had
entered into the whole of Ellen Butler's
share of the manor as having descended
to Elizabeth his wife, whereas a moiety
of it should be given to Joan; Duchy of
Lanc. Plead. Edw. VI, xxv, B 21.
John Charnock, the tenant of the
Brownes, complained in 1553 that he had
been disturbed by John Orrell and others,
who had entered armed into his moiety
of the manor-house of Clayton, broken
open a chest, and taken goods away; ibid.
Mary, xxxiii, C 5; also xxxvii (n.d.), B 18.
Hugh Anderton of Euxton in 1557–8,
being seised of a moiety of the manor of
Clayton in common with Anthony
Browne, Joan his wife, and John
Orrell of Turton, owners of the other
moiety, complained that his cattle had
been driven away, and that he had not
been able to take the profits of his
moiety, owing to an incursion by
Orrell; ibid. xxxv, A 2.
This disturbance was due to the dispute as to the third part of the moiety.
The rival claims are set out in pleadings
of 1560; ibid. Eliz. xliv, B 31. Elizabeth Orrell in 1564, asserting her claim
to the two-thirds, prayed that her defence might be made through her
husband; ibid. lvi, O 3.
||Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 61,
no. 214. The vendor was William son
of John and Elizabeth Orrell.
James Anderton the younger soon
complained that though he had paid for
the Orrell part of the manor he could
not obtain possession, William having
no good title; Duchy of Lanc. Plead.
Eliz. clxxxvii, A 26. William Orrell
replied that Anderton, who held a
moiety of the manor, and had bought
up much of the freeholders' lands in
the township, was now endeavouring
to conceal what belonged to the Orrell
quarter, pretending that this or that
parcel belonged to one of the freeholders' estates, and had altered the
boundaries. As the land was to be paid
for at the rate of £6 13s. 4d. an acre
Orrell desired an investigation; ibid.
clxxxix, O 2.
||a Close, 42 Eliz. pt. xiii (1657).
||b Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 78,
no. 24; Pal. of Lanc. Plea R. 306, m. 1 d.
||The following fines relate to the
manor and its divisions:—
1602—James Anderton and Dorothy
his wife deforciants of a moiety of the
manor of Clayton and a fourth part of
the manor of Whittle-le-Woods; Pal. of
Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 64, no. 233. The
Orrell part had not then been purchased.
1606—Sir Robert and Sir John Dormer
v. Sir Edmund Huddleston, Dorothy his
wife and Henry their son and heirapparent; manors, including a fourth
part of the manor of Clayton; ibid. bdle.
70, no. 84. From the account of Hesketh it will be seen that Dorothy was
the daughter and heir of Henry Beconsaw,
1608—James Anderton the younger
v. Sir John Cotton and others, a fourth
part of the manor of Clayton, &c.; ibid.
bdle. 73, no. 65.
||James Anderton died 8 Nov. 1630,
at Clayton, holding a moiety of the manor,
also a fourth part of the manor, &c.,
purchased of John Orrell, and other lands
in Clayton, Charnock Richard, Whittle-leWoods, Ulnes Walton, Cuerden, Farington, &c. The jury did not know of
whom the manor of Clayton was held;
Duchy of Lane. Inq. p.m. xxvii, no. 56.
James Anderton, the son and heir, was
fifty-five years of age.
Dorothy the wife of the elder James
brought him the manor of Bardsea; Exch.
Dep. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), 16, 17.
1631—James Anderton, Anne his wife
and James son and heir-apparent, deforciants of the manors of Clayton and
Whittle-le-Woods, &c.; Pal. of Lane.
Feet of F. bdle. 120, no. 27.
||This is shown by the account which
Hugh Anderton gave of himself and his
family on entering the English College
at Rome in 1600, as follows:
'I am second son of James Anderton,
esq., of Lancashire, and was born at my
father's house called Clayton, and educated
in neighbouring grammar schools till my
fourteenth year. I am now 22 or 23
years of age. My parents are of the
higher class. I have three brothers and
two sisters; all these and most of my
relatives are schismatics, but a few are
Catholics. I studied at Oxford for about
seventeen months . . . I was then sent
to Gray's Inn, London, to study the law,
but after staying there for six entire
years I made little or no progress. I
was always a schismatic until the feast
of St. George of the present year of
jubilee, when by the grace of God and
assistance of Fr. Blount I became a
Catholic. By his advice and that of
Fr. Gilbert Gerard, and of my own will,
I left England and came to Rome for the
sake of religion and study about four
months ago, and it is my great desire to
embrace the ecclesiastical state of life';
Foley, Rec. S. J. iii, 489. He died during
his college course in 1603.
As to the father James Anderton's disposition in 1595 see Hist. MSS. Com. Rep.
xiv, App. iv, 585. In a dispute between
William Farington of Worden and James
Anderton in 1596 concerning the Constableship of Lancaster Castle the former
sent to Lord Burghley a long statement
about the obstinate recusancy of most of
the Clayton household, alleging in particular that in the last Passion Week
(1595) James Anderton himself had sent
for one Peter Makinson, 'being a massing
priest made in Queen Mary's time,' and
very early in the morning received communion from him with wafer bread,
although 'there was at that time a very
sufficient minister of his the said Master
Anderton's parish church of Leyland, who
was no priest but only a minister made in
the queen's majesty's time that now is.'
Anderton warmly repudiated all the
charges, and the jury found against
Farington, assessing the damages at 100
marks; Pal. of Lane. Plea R. 279,
m. 11–13 d.
||In 1628 James Anderton (i.e. the
son of the squire), Anne his wife and
Thurstan Anderton were recusants;
Misc. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), i, 182,
where the list for the township is printed.
James Anderton and his brother Hugh
had both been sent to Gray's Inn in
1593; Pal. of Lane. Plea R. 279, m. 13 d.
James Anderton in 1631 paid £13 6s. 8d.
as composition on declining knighthood;
ibid. i, 214.
||'Old Master Anderton of Clayton,
their great popish commander, is taken,'
says the report ordered by the House of
Commons to be printed; Civil War
Tracts (Chet. Soc.), 75. In another
report he is described as 'one of the
most considerable men for estate and
activity in the country'; ibid. 72.
Three sons of James Anderton lost
their lives in the king's cause: Matthew,
at Sheriff Hutton, 1642; Nicholas, at
Greenhalgh Castle, 1645; and Thomas,
1646; Gillow, Bibl. Dict. of Engl. Cath.
i, 38, 42; Towneley MS. C 8, 13
(Chet. Lib.), fol. 45; Castlemain, Cath.
||The estate was sequestered in 1643,
and James Anderton sent in his petition
for an allowance from it in 1650, and
Ann his wife had before that had a fifth
part allowed her, which was stopped.
The estates included Clayton Hall,
Bardsea Hall, and the tithes of Euxton.
James Anderton was in 1655 described
as 'very old and infirm.' See Royalist
Comp. Papers (Rec. Soc. Lancs, and Ches.),
i, 81–4; Index of Royalists (Index Soc.), 41.
In 1654 Richard Bell was plaintiff
and James Anderton of Clayton and
James his son and heir-apparent deforciants in a fine respecting the manors of
Clayton, Whittle and Bardsea; Pal. of
Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 156, m. 182;
Close, 1655, pt. xiv (3844), no. 23. In
the following year Bell purchased the
entire Anderton inheritance from the
Parliamentary trustees; Lathom House D.
James Anderton was buried at Leyland,
31 May 1658; Parish Reg.
||a This appears from a settlement of
1661 by James Anderton in favour of his
half-brothers Thurstan, Christopher and
William; Lathom House D.
||From a statement drawn up by Isaac
Greene, now at Lathom House.
The third James Anderton is said to
have 'mortgaged the lordship to Dicconson
of Wrightington, esq. After several years
it was redeemed by Caryll Molyneux,
Viscount Maryborough, on behalf of
Thurstan, Christopher and William
Anderton, who were all living in 1672.
The two latter, after the death of Thurstan, sold their right in the lordship to
Viscount Maryborough, and retired to
another lordship of theirs in the north,
called Bardsea'; Baines, Lancs. (ed. 1836),
iii, 466, from Kuerden's account in Harl.
MS. 7386, fol. 212b. The statement
requires some correction, for Thurstan
Anderton appears to have joined in the
sale to Lord Molyneux just before his
death; Pal. of Lane. Plea R. 437, m. I.
See also the account of Bardsea.
James Anderton and Jane his wife
were in possession in 1674; Pal. of Lanc.
Feet of F. bdle. 192, m. 82. James is
said (in a document at Lathom) to have
died in London about 1676 intestate and
insolvent; he is probably the James
Anderton buried at Westminster Abbey
11 July 1676; Reg. of Westm. (Harl.
Soc.), 189. His widow, as Jane Anderton
of Bardsea, occurs in 1679; Duchy of
Lanc. Plead. bdle. 438, Anderton v.
Douglas (note by Mr. Anderton).
Thurstan Anderton was buried at
Leyland 29 Aug. 1683; Parish Reg.
||Pal. of Lane. Feet of F. bdle. 280,
m. 66; Lathom House D, Clayton boxes.
Wright purchased the larger part, but not
the whole of Clayton.
||From a deed at Lathom it appears
that in 1739 Anne widow of John
Wright, linen-draper, of London, and
Francis Wright their son and heir conveyed the manor of Clayton to Thomas
Bootle; note by Mr. H. Ince Anderton.
The land tax return of 1788 shows
that the Bootle family had then the
largest estate in the township; and in
1815 Edward Wilbraham Bootle purchased (a moiety of) the manor of
Clayton, &c., from Isaac George Manley,
William Cunliffe Shawe and their wives;
Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. Aug. 55 Geo.
III, m. 31. The origin of their title
does not appear, but the wives were
daughters and co-heirs of Charles Pole;
Burke, Commoners, iv, 708; Brooke,
Liverpool as it was, 295.
Plac. de Quo Warr. (Rec. Com.), 375.
||Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xiv, no.
71. He also held land in Coppull and
Leyland. His son and heir William was
eleven years old in 1584, when the
inquisition was taken, and appears in the
1600 list of freeholders; Misc. (Rec.
Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), i, 244.
The Werden family was of old standing.
Richard de Bosco son of Robert de
Clayton granted land to Robert son of
William de Werden in marriage with
Richard's daughter Margery; Kuerden
MSS. iii, C 25.
In 1451 the Cockersand lands in the
township were held by Henry Werden,
but Thomas Farington was the holder in
1501; Cockersand Chartul. iii, 1260–1.
||Of these the principal seem to have
been the owners of the adjoining Crook
estate; see Whittle. Their land in
Clayton was perhaps that previously held
by Gilbert Swiney, who contributed to
the subsidy in 1327 and 1332; Lay Subs.
R. 130, no. 5; Exch. Lay Subs. (Rec. Soc.
Lancs. and Ches.), 44. In 1338 William
de Crook claimed two messuages, &c.,
in Clayton against Gilbert de Swiney
and Richard his son; Assize R. 1425,
m. 4; 1435, m. 48. See also De Banco
R. 434, m. 188.
Adam del Crook contributed to the
subsidy in 1327; Lay Subs. R. 130, no. 5.
In 1506 William Crook's lands there were
held of John Clayton by a rent of 6d.;
Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. iii, no. 32.
In 1591, however, Thomas Clayton's were
said to be held of the lord of Clayton by
services unknown; ibid. xv, no. 3. In
later inquisitions of the owners of Crook
the tenements in Clayton were found to be
held of James Anderton; e.g. Lancs. Inq.
p.m. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), i, 23.
In the time of Richard II William
Brereworth the elder and Katherine his
wife held a moiety of certain messuages
and land in Clayton, which was to descend
to Ralph son of Roger Banastre; Final
Conc. iii, 51. A John de Brereworth
was also named, and may have been the
ancestor of James Brereworth who in 1556
sold three messuages, 30 acres of land, &c.,
to Hugh Anderton; Pal. of Lanc. Feet
of F. bdle. 16, m. 86.
Ralph Banastre in 1518 held lands in
Clayton of John Clayton by a rent of 6d.
and left a son and heir Francis, aged
about eleven; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m.
v, no. 29. Henry Banastre of Bank in
1641 held land of James Anderton; ibid.
xxix, no. 15.
Hugh Swansey in 1566 held lands of
the heir of John Clayton by a rent of 6d.;
Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xi, no. 29.
||Two-thirds of his estate were sequestered for recusancy only. He seems
to have died in 1649; Royalist Comp.
Papers (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), iv,
||His offence also was 'recusancy
only'; ibid. ii, 42.
||Estcourt and Payne; Engl. Cath.
Non-jurors, 131, 151, 137.
||Land tax returns at Preston.
Thomas Townley Parker contributed
nearly a tenth, and Mr. Anderton, John
Cowban and Christopher Crook were
'double assessed' for religion.
||Baines, Lancs. (ed. 1870), ii, 145.
Trans. Hist. Soc. (new ser.), xiii, 161.
It is affiliated to St. Gregory's, Downside.