||1,357 acres, including 19 of inland
water; Census Rep. 1901.
||The road to Heapey is called in part
Town Lane; a map of 1774 shows that
the Town field lay on the north side of
it. Somewhat to the south is Lucas
||a Gibson, Cavalier's Note-Bk., 300.
||Subs. R. 250, no. 9.
||Watkin, Rom. Lancs. 235.
Lancs. and Ches. Antiq. Soc. xvii, 23,
||Farrer, Lancs. Pipe R. 374.
||Gilbert de Clifton was a defendant in
1290; Assize R. 1288, m. 13. Robert
son of Mons. William de Clifton in 1322
demised to Randolf two parts of the park
of Whittle-le-Woods until the full age of
Nicholas son of William le Boteler;
Dods. MSS. liii, fol. 93b.
Cuthbert Clifton died in 1512 seised of
the homage and service of Sir Nicholas
Boteler for certain lands held in Whittlein-the-Woods; Duchy of Lane. Inq. p.m.
iii, no. 3; iv, no. 12. Sir William
Molyneux, who married Elizabeth, the
daughter and heir, was seised of the same
in 1548; ibid. ix, no. 6.
||Richard le Boteler released to Thomas
de Whittle his claim made against him in
1259–60, so that Thomas might hold his
land in Whittle of Richard and his heirs;
Dods. MSS. liii, fol. 86b. On the other
hand Mabel daughter of Thomas gave to
Sir Richard le Boteler all her land in
Whittle (ibid. fol. 87), and William son
of Thomas de Whittle granted to Sir
Richard lands within certain bounds;
Kuerden MSS. iii, W 22. He also
released to Nicholas son and heir of
Sir William Boteler all the rent he had
been accustomed to receive from Sir
William for the mill of Whittle and
various lands there; Dods. MSS. liii, fol.
Richard le Boteler in 1259–60 also
released his claim against William Ball
and Richard de Hesketh and their wives;
ibid. fol. 95. To the same Richard
Adam Topping conceded all his right to
common of pasture in Richard's park in
Whittle; ibid. fol. 87. This park is also
named in a grant by William Bussel of
Euxton to Sir Richard, viz. of 4 acres of
land with their appurtenances of the
waste of Werden lying between Sir
Richard's park of Whittle and the Kirkgate from Whittle to Leyland; ibid. fol.
95. In a charter of 1347 Sir Nicholas le
Boteler demised to Joan widow of Adam
de Charnock for her life the lands which
Robert de Heskin, formerly her husband,
had held in the park of Whittle, except a
messuage, &c., then held by Margery
widow of Adam de Heskin for life; ibid.
See also Assize R. 1238, m. 31 d.;
Final Conc. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.),
iii, 108, 136.
||Harl. MS. 2085, fol. 421, &c.
||Duchy of Lanc. Knights' Fees, 2/20.
In 1431 Sir Richard Hoghton was said to
hold the moiety of the manor of the
king by the fourth part of a knight's
fee and 6d. rent; Harl. MS. 2085, fol.
||See Final Conc. i, 192; iii, 146.
It does not appear how the Hoghtons
acquired this estate, unless it had previously become united with Gunolfsmoors. A 'Whithill in Wheelton,' perhaps this Whittle, is named in the account
Sir Richard de Hoghton in 1388 gave
to Thomas son of Richard Hanson de
Whittle the moiety of certain land newly
approved on the south side of the Berefield in Whittle, at a rent of 9d.; Add.
MSS. 32109, fol. 50. The other moiety
was about the same time given to Thomas
by Sir Robert de Urswick and Ellen his
wife; it was described as 'upon Leythlandhurst, between the Berefield and the
boundary of Worden'; ibid. fol. 57.
Sir Alexander Hoghton in 1498 held
the moiety of a fourth part of a knight's
fee of the king as of his duchy;
Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. iii, no. 66.
Later inquisitions record the tenure
||It does not occur in fines, &c., concerning the Hoghton estates, and was
probably acquired by Standish of Duxbury and Anderton of Clayton; cf. Lancs.
Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), i,
23, 214; iii, 313.
||John Boteler of Rawcliffe died in 1488
holding twenty messuages, lands, &c., in
Whittle-le-Woods and Goosnargh of the
king by knights' service, viz. by the
moiety of a knight's fee; Duchy of
Lanc. Inq. p.m. iii, no. 43. His son
James in 1503 complained that this finding was erroneous, asserting that the
premises in Whittle were held of Robert
Whittle by fealty and a rent of 12d.;
ibid. iii, no. 45. James Butler himself
died the next year, and the jury did not
know of whom his lands in Whittle were
held; ibid. iii, no. 109. Later the
tenure was called knights' service; ibid.
x, no. 4.
John Butler, who died in 1534, left
four daughters, of whom Elizabeth married
James Standish of Duxbury, and Grace
married Hugh Anderton of Euxton;
Anne, daughter and heir of a third, married
Gilbert Gerard, who became Master of
the Rolls. On the partition in 1572
Thomas Standish and James Anderton
received the moiety of the manor of
Whittle, while Gilbert Gerard and his
wife had Hoole; Pal. of Lanc. Plea R.
231, m. 8.
||By virtue of the above-named partition Thomas Standish died in 1599 holding the manor with messuages, lands, &c.
in Whittle-le-Woods of the queen as of
her duchy by the twentieth part of a
knight's fee; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m.
xvii, no. 54. Alexander his son, who
died in 1622, also held the manor, &c., by
knights' service; Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Rec.
Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), iii, 399.
In fines, &c., regarding this family's
estates the manor of Whittle is included,
and as the Hoghton manor disappears
about the same time it (or a moiety) may
have been purchased by Alexander
Standish. See Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F.
bdle. 104, no. 10; 306, m. 77, &c.
||In 1611 a partition of the manor
was desired by Alexander Standish and
James Anderton; Pal. of Lanc. Plea R.
305, m. 20 d. The partition was
decreed the following year; ibid. 307,
||James Anderton of Worden in Leyland, who died in 1523, held lands in
Whittle of Sir Richard Hoghton and John
Butler; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. v,
James Anderton of Euxton in 1552
held lands in Whittle of Sir Richard
Hoghton in socage by 6d. rent; ibid. ix,
no. 14. It was his son Hugh who
married one of the co-heirs of John
Butler, as above stated, and ultimately
the fourth part of Whittle descended with
Clayton to his son James. James Anderton died in 1630 holding a fourth part of
the manor of Whittle of the king by the
hundredth part of a knight's fee, and
another fourth part, also by knights'
service; ibid. xxvii, no. 56; W. and L.
Inq. p.m. lxxxvi, 191. The former fourth
part was inherited from his mother and
named in the settlement of 1602; the
latter fourth was probably purchased
from Hoghton. This manor is named
in settlements of the Anderton of
Clayton estates; Pal. of Lanc. Feet
of F. bdle. 64 (1602), m. 233; 177,
m. 88. This last, of 1666, indicates the
time of sale, for in that year James
Anderton of Clayton gave the manor of
Whittle to Grace Bold, reserving a few
parcels and the right to take millstones
for Clayton mill out of the quarries,
'roaches,' or 'delphs' in Whittle at the
rate of 13s. 4d. a millstone; Close, 18
Chas. II, pt. xvi, no. 20 (4209),
m. 27; no. 18, m. 28–9; no. 21,
m. 26 (a reference due to Mr. H. I.
||A statement by Kuerden quoted in
Baines, Lancs. (ed. 1870), ii, 141. The
manor of Whittle-le-Woods and other
lands were in 1768 held by Samuel
Crook and Elizabeth his wife; Pal. of
Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 230, m. 31.
In 1769 Sir Frank Standish and Samuel
Crook were lords of the manor; End.
Char. Rep. (Leyland), 22.
||The first of the family known seems
to be the Henry son of Gilbert who, as
stated below, made a grant to the Hospitallers. He had sons Thomas and Hugh,
the latter perhaps ancestor of the Crook
Richard le Boteler in 1259–60 gave
land to Thomas de Whittle; Kuerden
MSS. iii, W 22. Thomas made a grant
to Hugh his brother, while William son
of Thomas confirmed it or made an additional grant to the same Hugh his uncle;
ibid. ii, fol. 265. Ellen widow of
Thomas de Whittle released to William
her son her dower land; ibid. iii, W 22.
Ellen was living in 1301; Assize R.
1321, m. 8 d.
William son of Thomas gave lands to
Adam de Priestlache; he also made a
grant to Sir Richard le Boteler, while to
Nicholas le Boteler he gave the service
of Adam del Moor (viz. a rent of 6d.);
Kuerden MSS. iii, W 22. To Richard
de Hoghton he gave 'what he had' in
Whittle, and Agnes daughter of William
son of Thomas de Whittle released to
Master Richard de Hoghton what she
had in the Halgh in Whittle; ibid.
William son of William de Whittle was
a plaintiff in 1292; Assize R. 408, m.
57 d. He granted to Sir Richard le
Boteler a fourth part of the wood and
waste, his father being a witness;
Kuerden MSS. iii, W 22. William
son of Thomas granted the Townyard to
his daughter Ellen, together with the
homage of Alice del Crook; ibid.
Cecily the widow of William son of
Thomas in 1304 claimed dower against
Master Richard de Hoghton and Henry
son of John del Bank, and it appeared
that Emma the daughter (and heir) of
William had married John (or Jordan)
de Ditton (Dutton), and had left four
daughters, all under age, viz. Isabel, Avice,
Alice and Christiana; De Banco R. 149,
m. 177; 151, m. 213, 201 d.
The following had in 1303 been called
to warrant Master Richard: Thomas
Topping and Alice his wife, Adam del
More and Ellen his wife, Jordan de
Dutton, clerk, and Emma his wife, and
Agnes daughter of William de Whittle;
De Banco R. 145, m. 163.
The above-named Thomas de Whittle
granted land in Farnley to Roger de
Whittle, who may be the Roger del Crook
of other deeds; Robert son of Roger gave
the same to William his son, while
another son, Richard, regranted to his
father Robert what he had had; Kuerden
MSS. ii, fol. 265. William (son of
Robert) made a grant to his sister Agnes,
and from a charter of hers it appears she
had brothers Adam and John and a sister
Alice; ibid. iii, W 22. From a dispute as
to a messuage and lands in Whittle in
1331 it appears that Robert son of Roger
de Whittle granted them to Agnes, afterwards wife of William the Disherson;
Robert's son Richard died before his
father, leaving (by a second wife) a son
and heir Adam, under age; Assize R.
1404, m. 26. Margery the widow of
Richard de Whittle was a plaintiff (for
dower) in 1330; De Banco R. 283, m. 14.
The suit named was still proceeding in
1347 when Adam son of Richard de
Whittle unsuccessfully claimed three
messuages, 32 acres, &c., against William
le Disherson, Agnes his wife, and John
their son; Assize R. 435, m. 39 d., 43 d.
Richard had a brother Henry, whose son
In the Kuerden deeds cited Thomas
son of Richard Hanson de Whittle is
several times mentioned, c. 1380. Other
deeds about him and his family are in
Add. MS. 32109.
||See also the account of Wheelton.
Oliver Whittle contributed to the
subsidy of 1542–3 for lands; Subs. R. 130,
no. 126. In 1595 James Anderton of
Clayton purchased a messuage, &c., from
Thomas Whittle; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of
F. bdle. 57, m. 54. Richard Whittle
died in 1591 holding a messuage, &c.,
in Whittle of James Anderton and 'two
falls or perches of land' lately improved
from the waste, held of the king by the
two-hundredth part of a knight's fee;
Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and
Ches.), i, 179. His son Oliver had left
a son Richard, who was three years of
age at his grandfather's death.
||The early history of the family is
very obscure, but, if it may be assumed
that Hugh de Crook was identical with
Hugh de Whittle son of Henry, the
following is the outline of it. A number
of the Crook deeds are in the Kuerden
MSS. ii, fol. 240; iii, W 13, W 22;
and in Harl. MS. 2042, fol. 169.
William Fitton (de Lytton in one
place) granted to Hugh son of Henry de
Whittle a moiety of the land between
certain bounds—the Crossland, Clough,
Horstan, and the Lostock being named,
Amiria daughter of William Fitton (de
Lydton or Litlton) part of her land
within bounds beginning at Horstan, by
the thread of the Lostock to the ditch
and so to Castilne Clough, beyond Black
Menegate to Penelache, Croysitland,
&c., to the starting place. See Kuerden
MSS. iii, W 13, W 22. Hugh del Crook
in 1256–7 made an agreement with John
de Clayton as to common of pasture;
ibid. ii, fol. 240b.
In 1292 it was averred that Hugh del
Crook had held land in Clayton and
Whittle, to which the heirs were his
daughters Alice and Emma; the latter, of
unsound mind, was then dead. Alice
married William Ball and had a son
William, a minor; and then married one
Thomas Coltman, by whom she had issue,
and afterwards died. Henry de Charnock
was holding the land for Thomas's life.
See Assize R. 408, m. 3. It seems that
Alice was living in 1290; Assize R.
1288, m. 13. William Fitton gave
to Emma his daughter, who had married
William son of Henry Ball, lands in
Snape, Croston, Farnley, &c., and an
eighth part of his demesne; Kuerden
MSS. iii, W 22. Richard le Boteler in
1259–60 released to William Ball and
Eve (? Emma) his wife and to Richard
de Hesketh and Amiria his wife their
tenement in Whittle, &c.; Dods. MSS.
liii, fol. 95. William de Crook, perhaps
the minor of 1292, was a grantor in
1303; Kuerden MSS. ii, fol. 240.
The next step is uncertain. Alice
daughter of Richard de Clayton and widow
of William de Chorley gave to Richard
her father land in Crook in Clayton
(sic); and Alice de Crook, apparently the
same, in 1322–3 gave a moiety of Crook
field to her brother Robert (son of
Richard), with remainders to Philip and
William, brothers of Robert; ibid.
William de Crook, probably the brother
of Alice, in 1331 obtained a part of the
waste from Adam de Clayton; ibid. In
the following year William de Crook contributed to the subsidy; Exch. Lay Subs.
(Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), 52. In
1349 Margery daughter of John de Clayton made a grant to William de Crook
and Ellen his wife; Kuerden, loc. cit.
Richard de Crook occurs from 1383 to
1401; he is described as son of William
in 1384 and again in 1401, when he
obtained land called Letherland le Hurst
on Priestlache moor; ibid. Hugh son
of John de Crook in 1386 gave Toppinghouse land, &c., to Richard de Crook
and Thomas his son; ibid. In 1387
William de Crook and Richard his son
appear to have withdrawn from the king's
service at sea and in Scotland; Cal. Pat.
1385–9, pp. 280, 284. Richard de Crook
in 1400 made a feoffment of his lands in
Whittle, Walton-le-Dale, Heath Charnock, Howick and Wigan; Kuerden, loc.
cit. His wife Clemency occurs. In 1401
Richard gave land on the Withenbutts in
the Town field in exchange for the Skinnerbutts in the same field given him by
Thomas son of Richard Hanson; Add.
MS. 32109, fol. 67b.
Thomas son of Richard Crook about
1411 married Godith daughter of William
Ambrose; and Godith widow of Thomas
occurs from 1426 down to 1447; Kuerden,
loc. cit. Richard the son and heir of
Thomas Crook made an agreement with
Godith as to her dower in 1436–7, and
the following year he seems to have
married Janet; ibid. Richard was still
living in 1482, in which year William
Crook, who from other deeds is known
to have been his son and heir, had a wife
Agnes, sister of Isabel Wild; ibid.
William Crook died in November 1506
holding twelve messuages, 300 acres of
land, &c., in Clayton and Whittle, which
he granted to trustees in 1494 for the use
of Agnes his wife and his heirs. The lands
in Whittle were held of John Butler of
Rawcliffe and Richard Hoghton by the
rent of 3d. His heir was a son Anthony,
fifteen years of age; Duchy of Lanc. Inq.
p.m. iii, no. 32. By his will his brother
Gilbert, a priest, was executor; Anthony
was to be kept at Oxford and the Inns of
Court. Other children are named—
Thomas, Cecily, Anne. James Anderton
of Worden was a brother-in-law. Testator's first wife was Alice daughter and
heir of John Eltonhead, esq.; she had
given 10s. a year to keep her obit in
Grace Dieu Abbey, Leic. His second
wife was named Agnes; Dods. MSS.
xxii, fol. 104b.
In the same charters another family of
Crook may be traced from about 1300 to
1386. One of them was Joan wife of
Richard the Clerk; see Final Conc.
||Anthony Crook died about 1525.
His wife's name was Joan. By his will
he divided his manor of Crook and lands
between his daughters Katherine and
Mary; Kuerden MSS. ii, fol. 240. In
1541 Nicholas Williamson, Mary his
wife, George Smalley and Katherine
his wife demised the manor of Crook
for twenty-one years to William Garstang
at £6 16s. rent; Kuerden MSS. iii, W 13.
Another lease of Crook Hall was made in
1564 to Cecily widow of Thurstan
Garstang and William her son by Henry
Richardson, Katherine his wife, John
Ward of Denford, Northants, and Mary
his wife; ibid. ii, fol. 240.
||Sir Henry Richardson and Katherine
his wife conveyed their moiety of the
mansion house of Crook, alias Crook Hall,
and of messuages, &c., in Whittle, Clayton, and Crook Manor, to John Clayton;
while John Ward of Denford and Mary
his wife conveyed their moiety to Thomas
Clayton. Oliver Breres and Cecily his
wife and William Garstang were in possession under a lease; James Anderton
was their tenant. See Duchy of Lanc.
Plead. lxxxii, C 10; lxxxi, A 3, 13;
Draft Dec. 15 Eliz., no 21. The sale
of a moiety by John and Mary Ward
to Thomas Clayton was made in 1569;
Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 31, m. 40.
The sale of the other moiety took place
the following year, Henry Richardson,
Katherine his wife and the latter's son
Anthony Smalley being the vendors;
ibid. bdle. 32, m. 6. See also Trans.
Hist. Soc. (new ser.), xxv, 55, for the
Clayton family; Gen. xxvi, 129.
||Pedigree recorded in 1664; Dugdale, Visit. (Chet. Soc.), 85.
||John Clayton had sons William,
Richard and Ralph and daughters Jane
(wife of Richard Ashton), Ellen (wife of
John Leigh) and Janet (wife of William
Johnson); and the eldest son William
having died before him he seems to have
made contradictory settlements, one giving the preference to Richard and the
other to Ralph. John died in January
1585–6 and disputes arose. Richard, 'a
poor student at Cambridge,' seems to have
established his right. See Duchy of Lanc.
Plead. cxlv, C 5; cxliv, A 20; cxlix,
C 18. See also Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Rec.
Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), i, 22–3; the
capital messuage and lands in Whittle
were held of the lord of Whittle le
Woods by services unknown.
||Ibid. i, 213; the moieties were held
of Alexander Standish of Duxbury and
James Anderton. The heir was John
Clayton son of Ralph (brother of Richard),
fifteen years of age.
Dr. Richard Clayton entered St. John's
College, Cambridge, in 1572, and became
scholar and fellow (1577). He was
elected master of Magdalene College in
1593, and two years later returned to his
old college as master, being welcomed as
'a man of business and very sociable.'
He caused the erection of the second
court at St. John's, but in his time the
reputation of the college for scholarship
declined. At the same time the Calvinistic Puritanism which had distinguished
it also died out. He became Archdeacon
and Prebendary of Lincoln in 1595, Dean
of Peterborough 1607, and warden of a
hospital at Lincoln 1609; in his college
he obtained a double share of the revenue
for the master and a lease at his choice.
'By such means as this,' says the college
historian, 'this master . . . heaped up
great riches, but did not know who should
gather them; for dying suddenly of an
apoplexy 2 May 1612 without a will, his
next relations not agreeing about the
division, his wealth became a rich booty
to the men of the law'; T. Baker, Hist.
of St. John's Coll. (cd. Mayor), i, 190–7.
Administration was granted to Jane Ashton, widow, his sister; ibid.
||John Clayton died at Whittle in
December 1625, leaving a son and heir
Richard, eight years old. In addition to
his moiety of Crook (held of James
Anderton), and other lands in Lancashire,
he held the manors of Sotby and Bleasby,
in Lincolnshire; Duchy of Lanc. Inq.
p.m. xxv, no. 15.
Richard Clayton was buried at Leyland
on 7 June 1659; Parish Reg.
||Ormerod, Ches. (ed. Helsby), i,
||Thomas Clayton died in 1591 holding messuages, land, &c., in Whittle-leWoods and Clayton, of the lords thereof,
by services not known. He also had
lands in Leyland, Fulwood and Fishwick.
William his son and heir was thirty-six
years of age; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m.
xv, no. 3.
||William Clayton died in 1632 holding a capital messuage called the Crook
in Whittle, and various lands there and
elsewhere in Lancashire, and leaving a
son and heir Thomas, forty years of age;
ibid. xxviii, no. 79. Thomas was still
living in 1664, when the pedigree was
recorded. His son Robert was then
thirty-seven years of age, and had a
brother Thomas, from whom descended
the Claytons of Adlington.
Thomas Clayton the elder was a
Parliamentarian, and served as a captain
in 1643; War in Lancs. (Chet. Soc.), 42.
He was buried at Leyland on 13 August
||Kuerden, quoted by Baines; Lancs.
(ed. 1870), ii, 141.
||In 1703 Samuel Crook of Coppull
granted to feoffees his moiety of the
manor or reputed manor of Whittlele-Woods, the messuages called Old
Crook and New Crook with lands appurtenant, Coppull House, &c., in Coppull,
Burgh in Chorley, and other messuages
and lands; Deed in possession of W.
||John de Bank contributed to the
subsidy of 1332; Exch. Lay Subs.
52. William son of William de Bank,
Richard son of William and William son
of Henry appear in deeds between 1386
and 1402 preserved by Kuerden; ii, fol.
156; iii, W 22.
The seal of William de Bank is
appended to one deed; it shows a
cheveron between three billets (?).
||William Farington in right of
Henry Butler (who had made an exchange) claimed lands in Whittle against
James Anderton in 1594; Duchy of Lanc.
Plead. clxiii, F 10. Whittle Green is
mentioned. William Farington of
Worden in 1610 held land of James
Anderton and Alexander Standish; Lancs.
Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.),
||William Foster died in 1636 holding lands in Whittle of James Anderton.
There were four co-heirs— Thomas
Wareing, John Burscough, Richard
Farington and William Stopforth;
Towneley MS. C 8, 13 (Chet. Lib.),
||Lewis Garstang (Gerstan) and
Ellen his wife in 1458 gave to James
son of Ralph Garstang all their lands,
&c., in Whittle at a rent of 6s. 8d.
during their lives; Add. MS. 32109,
fol. 74. Thomas the son of Lewis in
1464 released to James his right in
certain lands; ibid. fol. 87.
John Garstang of Livesey, &c., in
1530 held lands in Whittle of Sir
Richard Hoghton by a rent of 4d.;
Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. vi, no. 5.
His son and heir was James, eight years
of age. For Garstang disputes in 1554
see Ducatus Lanc. (Rec. Com.), i, 277.
William Garstang in 1590 made a
feoffment of three messuages, &c., in
Whittle; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle.
52, m. 10. It seems to have been the
same William who died in 1638 holding
two messuages, &c., in Whittle of Thomas
Standish of Duxbury. His son Andrew
having died before him, the heirs were
the daughters of Andrew—Anne wife of
Robert Lowe and Ellen wife of Henry
Wright, aged respectively twenty-four
and twenty-three; Duchy of Lanc. Inq.
p.m. xxx, no. 64.
||William Gerard died in 1622 holding lands of James Anderton and
Alexander Standish and Thomas son and
heir of Alexander; Lancs. Inq. p.m.
(Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), ii, 313.
Ellen Walmesley was daughter and
||Richard Shireburne died in 1513
holding lands in Whittle of John Butler
in socage; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m.
iv, no. 46. A similar statement is made
in later inquisitions.
||The Swanseys held lands in Whittle
in 1493; Final Conc. iii, 144.
Hugh Swansey in 1566 held a messuage, &c., there of Thomas Hoghton
and Henry Boteler in socage by a rent of
4s. 8d.; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xi,
||Robert (the son of Hugh) Swansey
sold to Thomas Walmesley the elder in
1572 and later; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of
F. bdle. 34, m. 36; 47, m. 48. Thomas
Walmesley died in or before 1584, and
left the capital messuage called Whittle
House, with its lands, &c., to his
younger son Edward and heirs male;
Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xiv, no. 72.
See also Ducatus Lanc. iii, 119, &c.
||Richard Wilson owned a messuage,
&c., in 1593; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F.
bdle. 55, m. 206.
||They held a third of the tithe barn
and the tithes of corn, &c., of the king;
Duchy of Lane. Inq. p.m. xxix, no. 63,
Misc. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), i,
||Ibid, i, 170.
Index of Royalists (Index Soc.), 44.
Cal. Com. for Comp. iv, 3103.
||Estcourt and Payne, Engl. Cath.
Non-jurors, 129, 132.
||Land tax returns at Preston.
||For the Ashburners see N. and Q.
(Ser. 4), vi, 413. An account of the
Crosse family is given under the townships of Wigan and Chorley; see also
Foster, Lancs. Ped.
||a Sir Richard Molyneux in 1569 held
lands in Whittle of the queen as of the
late priory of St. John of Jerusalem;
Duchy of Lane. Inq. p.m. xiii, no. 35.
These lands of the Hospitallers in
Whittle are named in 1292; Plac. de
Quo Warr. (Rec. Com.), 375. They
probably included (or consisted of) a grant
of land at the head of Meneriding, made
about 1220 by William son of Edith for
the souls of his parents and of Sir
Roger de Lacy; Dods. MSS. liii, fol. 95.
Another grant was made by Henry son
of Gilbert de Whittle; Kuerden MSS. iii,
W 22. The lands were not included in
the 1540 rental (Kuerden MSS. v, fol.
83), being apparently regarded as part of
the Euxton estate.
||The former church was built principally out of a parliamentary grant. A
district was formed for it in 1842; Lond.
Gaz. 3 May.
End. Char. Rep. (Leyland), 22, 62.
The school was built on part of the
waste called Waterhouse Green.
||The list of recusants in 1628 is
printed in Misc. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and
Ches.), i, 181. It includes Hugh Tootell
and his wife.
||Foley, Rec. S. J. v, 338. An amusing account is given of the defeat of the
enterprise of a gang of priest-catchers
about 1730, the priest's gentle speech
making them ashamed of their enterprise.
For the Blacklidge family see A.
Hewitson, Our Country Churches, p. 568.
He states: 'Mr. Robert Blacklidge, of
Highfield House, Brindle . . . has now
[c. 1870] in his possession several very
ancient Catholic vestments, the history
of which cannot be made out, but which
were probably used in a private chapel
connected with some of his ancestors.
. . . Mr. Blacklidge has also in his
possession a pewter chalice and paten;
but they are of more recent make and
tally in style with those in use about 150
years ago, when a close eye was kept
upon valuable Catholic church property,
and when, by way of keeping "hands
off," it was necessary to make sacred
vessels of common metal.'
An old vestment from Brindle is now
at Stonyhurst, also a pewter chalice.
||In 1750 Fr. William Gillibrand (of
Chorley) had a stipend of £50. In 1784
the number of communicants was 260,
and 68 persons were confirmed; in 1793
the numbers were 240 and 110. Sec
Foley, op. cit. v, 321–5.
||Ibid. vii, 136.
Liverpool Catholic Annual.