||It is usually impossible to distinguish
between Ulues Walton and Ulnes Walton
in the manuscripts; but in one case in
1331 the defence relied on the distinction,
asserting that u was wrong; Assize R.
1404, m. 26 d. The variation in spelling
between Ulves and Ulnes continued
down to the 18th century. The local
pronunciation seems to have been Oves
Walton or Oos Walton; see Ducatus
||2,107 acres, including 8 of inland
water; Census Rep. 1901.
Lancs. and Ches. Antiq. Soc. xvii, 14;
Lostock Brow and Roecroft's Crosses.
||Ibid. ii, 87, 119.
||Subs. R. Lancs. 250, no. 9.
Lond. Gaz. 27 Nov. 1877.
Lancs. Inq. and Extents (Rec. Soc.
Lancs. and Ches.), i, 36. The 'fifth
part of a knight's fee' indicates an ancient
assessment of two plough-lands.
||Farrer, Lancs. Pipe R. 375; Ulf
attested a charter from the lord of
Penwortham to Richard Fitton.
||Ibid. 179. The scutage was nominally at 2½ marks for a knight's fee, so
that Adam de Walton paid double.
||Piccope MSS. (Chet. Lib.), iii, p. 3;
a charter of Adam son of Adam to his
son Warine. The grantor states that his
father Adam held of Benedict Gernet,
who died about 1205.
Lancs. Inq. and Extents, i, 149. As
early as 1217 Warine de Walton (perhaps
another person) made his peace with
Hen. III; Rot. Lit. Claus. (Rec. Com.),
Warine was living in 1252; Lancs.
Inq. and Extents, i, 188–9. To Robert
son of Adam de Holland he granted
an assart in Ulnes Walton; Add. MS.
32104, no. 1168. In 1323 William de
Holland held a messuage and land of the
king (by grant of Alice daughter of Henry
de Lacy) in socage, by a rent of 1d.;
Inq. p.m. 17 Edw. II, no. 54.
||Master Adam was precentor of the
church of Lichfield and died in or before
1306; De Banco R. 160, m. 151.
Final Conc. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and
Ches.), i, 178. Hoole was granted to
Adam de Walton, clerk, and his issue,
with remainder to Master Adam and his
heirs, and did not descend like Ulnes
The heirs of Warine de Walton held
the manor in 1302; Lancs. Inq. and
Extents, i, 315 (and p. xxii).
Final Conc. i, 194. It is difficult
to make out the relationships. The
Adam de Walton of Hoole may be the
same as the Adam the clerk of 1294
and the Adam of Mitton his nephew,
son of John de Walton. It appears that
in about 1310 Adam de Walton, parson
of Mitton, held two plough-lands in
Ulnes Walton, where ten plough-lands
made a knight's fee; Lansdowne MS.
559, fol. 23.
From a charter by Adam son of
Warine de Walton it appears that he had
out of charity brought up William de
Walton, literate, from infancy, and that
Margery de Walton was daughter of
John de Walton; Raines MSS. (Chet.
Lib.), xxxviii, p. 284.
||In 1330 William de Walton held
two-thirds of the manor, the other third
being held by Emma, then wife of John
de Croft; De Banco R. 284, m. 93;
287, m. 571. It appears that Emma
was widow of Adam de Walton and wife
of John de Croft as early as 1320; ibid.
235, m. 131 d. She was living in
In 1311 Robert del Clough and Joan
his wife claimed two-thirds of certain
messuages, &c., in Eccleston and Ulnes
Walton against Margery daughter of
John de Walton, and it appeared that
Joan, Margaret and Margery were the
sisters and heirs of Adam son of John
de Walton; ibid. 184, m. 53 d.; 187,
m. 136 d. Margery had married Thurstan
de Northlegh before 1315, when the suit
was continued; ibid. 212, m. 322 d.
From a continuation of the suit it is
shown that John de Walton was brother
and heir of an Adam de Walton; ibid.
222, no. 211 d. Afterwards (1320)
Thurstan de Northlegh and his wife
appear to have purchased the rights of
Joan and her husband; Final Conc. ii,
33, 43; De Banco R. 233, no. 146.
Thurstan de Northlegh was in 1322 said
to hold two plough-lands in Ulnes Walton
for the fifth part of a knight's fee;
Duchy of Lanc. Knights' Fees, bdle. 1,
William de Walton seems to have
acquired possession without dispute, but
in 1331 Sir Thurstan de Northlegh and
Margery his wife claimed the manor of
Ulnes Walton against William de
Walton, Sir William de Bradshagh,
Mabel his wife, Robert son of Adam de
Wettenhall and Maud his wife; Assize
R. 1404, m. 27, 26 d. Again in 1343
William de Walton complained that
Richard de Radcliffe had expelled him
from his manor of Ulnes Walton in
1336; ibid. 430, m. 12, 18 d.; Cal. Pat.
1334–8, p. 511; 1343–5, p. 434.
||From a bond in 1338 it appears
that William had two daughters, Maud
and Agnes, then married respectively to
Robert de Wettenhall and John Blount;
Duchy of Lanc. Great Coucher, i, fol.
87b, no. 1. Earlier still, in 1332, the
Bishop of Lichfield had granted a certificate as to Maud's legitimacy; she was
the daughter of William by his wife
Margery de Clayton; ibid. fol. 96b. The
matter was, however, still in dispute in
1344; ibid. fol. 92, no. 2. After the
death of Robert de Wettenhall Maud
married William de Bracebridge, and the
matter received a final decision in her
favour; ibid. fol. 96b.
||Ibid. fol. 90, no. 7–12; Duchy
of Lanc. Anct. D. L 1222; Final Conc.
ii, 124. The sale included the whole of
William de Walton's estate, including the
reversion of that part held in dower by
Emma wife of John de Croft. Margery
daughter of John de Walton and widow of
Thurstan de Northlegh put in her claim.
It appears that in 1344 William de
Walton had granted his manor of Ulnes
Walton, land in Leyland, rent in Kellamergh and the moieties of the manors of
Eccleston, Heskin and Leyland to Henry
Earl of Lancaster for Henry's life at a
rent of £50 a year, payable at Lichfield,
where William seems to have lived;
Great Coucher, i, fol. 89, no. 4.
||See the suits named in preceding
notes. In 1331 Thurstan de Northlegh
and Margery his wife, apart from the
two-thirds of the manor, claimed various
messuages, lands, mill and rent in Ulnes
Walton, Leyland, Eccleston and Croston
as part of Margery's inheritance; Assize
R. 1404, m. 26 d., 28 d. They claimed
part by a charter of Adam de Walton of
Mitton, who had succeeded the Adam of
||In the inquisitions their lands are
said to be held of the king as of his duchy
by knights' service; Duchy of Lanc. Inq.
p.m. iii, no. 12; iv, no. 82. In 1612
the tenure was unknown; Lancs. Inq. p.m.
(Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), i, 211.
Ralph Radcliffe in 1413 remitted to
the king all right, &c., in the manor of
Ulnes Walton; Close, 1 Henry V,
||Said to be held of the king as of the
dissolved priory of St. John of Jerusalem
in 1541 by a rent of 6d.; Duchy of
Lanc. Inq. p.m. viii, no. 10. From the
contemporary rental of the Hospitallers'
lands it seems that Peter Legh and
Andrew Barton jointly held a messuage,
&c., paying a rent of 12d.; Kuerden
MSS. v, fol. 83b.
||In 1355 Henry Duke of Lancaster
held the fifth part of a knight's fee in
Ulrres Walton, formerly held by Warine
de Walton; Feud. Aids, iii, 86. There are
several grants concerning it in the duchy
records. In 1358 the duke granted the
site of the manor with the demesne lands,
&c., to his physician, Master Richard de
Ireland, for life; Dep. Keeper's Rep. xxxii,
App. 345. For other grants to Sumner,
Radcliffe and others see ibid. xl, App. 530,
531, 538, 539.
The manor of Ulnes Walton, the
moiety of the manors of Eccleston and
Leyland, &c., were in 1366 demised by
John of Gaunt to William de Chorley at
a rent of £61. The oaks and trees of
the south wood (Southbois) are mentioned. See Great Coucher, i, fol. 94,
no. 7; Duchy of Lanc. Anct. D. L 2090.
Other leases were to Robert Standish for
life in 1372; William de Hoghton and
Alice his wife for twenty years in 1401;
and to Sir William Ashton for twenty
years in 1435; Duchy of Lanc. Misc.
Bks. xiii, 9; xvi, 34 d.; xviii, 33. See
also Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. i, no. 51
(21 Hen. VI).
In 1481 the manors of Ulnes Walton,
&c., were granted to Thomas Molyneux
and his heirs with a provision for resumption which appears to have come into
effect; for though held by Thomas at his
death (Lancs. Inq. p.m. [Chet. Soc.], ii,
117) they were in 1487 demised to Sir
Thomas Wolton and his son James for
twenty-four years, in 1502 to William
Wall, rector of Eccleston, for twenty
years, and in 1505 to Henry Farington
for a like period; Duchy of Lanc. Misc.
Bks. xix, 20; xxi, A 54 d., A 57 d.,
A 59 d.
The last grant was in 1514 renewed to
Henry Farington and William his son
and heir for their lives; ibid. xxii, 33.
A large number of references to disputes between members of the Farington
family respecting Ulnes Walton will be
found in the Ducatus Lanc. (Rec. Com.),
||Duchy of Lanc. Misc. Bks. xxiii,
70 d. The grant included the manors of
Ulnes Walton, Leyland and Kellamergh;
turbary of Penwortham, lands called
Conylache in Leyland and others lately
belonging to Cockersand Abbey in Tarleton, Sollom and Holmes.
||In August 1558 Anthony Jebb was
plaintiff and Anthony Browne, serjeantat-law, Joan his wife and William Hodson were deforciants in a fine respecting
the manors of Ulnes Walton and Kellamergh, sixty messuages, water-mill, &c.;
Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 20, m. 4.
Immediately afterwards the moiety of
these manors was sold to William
Farington; Com. Pleas D. Enr. Mich.
5 & 6 Phil. and Mary and 1 Eliz.
||The sales are recited in pleadings
of 1601; Pal. of Lanc. Plea R. 289,
||No 'manor' was claimed for William
Farington of Worden in 1610, when his
messuages and lands there were stated to
be held of the king by the hundredth part
of a knight's fee; Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Rec.
Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), i, 181–4. The
manor is named in settlements of the
Farington estates in 1684 and later; Pal.
of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 213, m. 30;
Pal. of Lanc. Plea R. 503, m. 4 d. (1715);
557, m. 8 (1742).
Thomas Farington in 1616 sought a
partition of forty messuages, two watermills, &c., held together by him and Sir
Richard Molyneux; Pal. of Lanc. Plea
R. 317, m. 41.
||Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 24,
m. 78. The deforciants of the moiety of the
manors of Ulnes Walton and Kellamergh
were Sir Thomas Gerard and Elizabeth
||Ibid. bdle. 58, m. 320; half the manor
of Ulnes Walton, thirty messuages, two
mills, dovecote, &c. From a later fine it
appears that the estate was not finally
disposed of in 1600; ibid. bdle. 62,
||A fourth part of the manor was held
by Sir Richard Molyneux in 1608; ibid.
bdle. 73, m. 27. The other fourth part
seems for a time to have been held by
Ashton of Croston, as will be seen in a
later note. In 1623 the 'manor' was
found to have been held by Sir Richard
Molyneux, by tenure unknown; Lancs.
Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.),
iii, 384, 391. In a settlement of 1614
it is called the moiety of the manor, but
the style varies; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of
F. bdle. 86, m. 19; 104, m. 18; 201,
||It was among the manors, &c., sold
under the provisions of a Private Act,
2 Geo. II, cap. 9.
||The deforciants in a fine respecting
it in 1803 were Samuel Fleetwood and
wife, Margaret Warren widow, Nancy
Lowes widow, John Gosnell and wife,
Samuel Warren, Thomas Wiatt and wife,
William Wainwright and wife, and Tryphosa Johnson, spinster; Pal. of Lanc.
Lent Assizes, 43 Geo. III. In 1870
this moiety of the manor was said to be
vested 'in Longworth's heirs'; Baines,
Lancs. ii, 119.
||Henry VI in 1444 demised to Sir
Bertin Entwisle 'the site of the manor
called Littlewood' for twenty years at a
rent of £20, but it appeared that Sir
William Ashton claimed under a previous
lease; Early Chan. Proc. bdle. 14,
The free tenants in 1503, according to
the court rolls, were Thomas Earl of
Derby, Sir Peter Legh, William Molyneux, Thomas Hesketh, John Barton,
Henry Farington, esquires, Christopher
Leyland, Roger Farington, Gilbert Sutton,
George Dandy, chantry priest, Robert
Smith and John Clayton the younger;
each held lands, &c., by knights' service
and suit of court.
In 1504 the cucking stool was out of
repair. The manor-house of Littlewood
was ruinous in 1505; the court was held
at Littlewood in 1534. In 1578 it was
ordered that the underwood on the banks
of the Lostock (ash, willow, 'uler,' &c.)
must be cut down and the banks made
right, so that the river should be three
yards wide. A sapling of ash was to be
planted yearly by each tenant for every
6s. 8d. of his rent.
Littlewood was claimed by Alice
Dowager Countess of Derby (widow of
Ferdinando fifth Earl) in 1595; Ducatus
Lanc. iii, 323, 352. Later it appears that
Littlewood and Leighouses pertained to
the purchase made by Sir Richard Molyneux; Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc. Lancs.
and Ches.), iii, 386. But in 1622 the
reversion of a moiety of the capital
messuage called Littlewood, with various
lands in Ulnes Walton, was the right of
Thomas Ashton of Croston; ibid. iii, 330.
It was held of the king in chief by
knights' service, but was in the possession
of Alice Dowager Countess of Derby as
part of her dower. The next Thomas
Ashton held three messuages, &c., in
Ulnes Walton; Duchy of Lanc. Inq.
p.m. xxix, no. 6.
A court roll of 1673 preserved at
Croxteth gives the lords of the manor as
Caryll Lord Molyneux and George Farington. The following were suitors:
Richard Leigh, Sir Rowland Belasyse,
Lawrence Seymour, Richard Ashton,
Roger Ashton, William Gradell, Nicholas
Fazakerley, Seth Bushell, clerk, George
Carter, Humphrey Marsh and Thomas
Wigans. The cleansing of the ditches
was the chief business.
In 1709 a Mrs. Floyd owned Littlewood; Croston Ch. Bks. (Rev. W. G.
||William and Thomas de Sutton had
a tenement in 1284; Assize R. 1268, m.
13. The former was non-suited in a
claim against Master Adam de Walton in
1292; Assize R. 408, m. 23. Avice
widow of William de Sutton claimed
dower in a messuage and 6 oxgangs of
land against Adam de Walton in 1307;
De Banco R. 162, m. 190. From a further statement it appears that William
son of Thomas de Sutton had granted the
estate to Master Adam de Walton, and
had died leaving a son and heir Thomas
under age; ibid. 164, m. 172 d. Adam
de Walton in 1308 called to warrant him
John de Chisnall guardian of Thomas
son and heir of William de Sutton; ibid.
170, m. 131. In a pleading of 1333
Thomas states that his great-grandfather
Robert de Sutton married Agnes daughter
of Dolphin de Walton; ibid. 296, m.
237 d. See also ibid. 284, m. 93; 290,
m. 203 d.
William son of Thomas de Sutton had
a messuage and land in Ulnes Walton as
early as 1330; Final Conc. ii, 76. There
were remainders to Robert and Thomas,
brothers of William.
William de Sutton in 1347 complained
that Henry son of Robert son of Thomas
de Ulnes Walton, Mabel his wife, John
del Dam, 'leech,' and others had broken
his houses, &c.; De Banco R. 353, m.
157 d. It may be noted that William
(infant) son of Henry son of Robert de
Ulnes Walton was plaintiff respecting
two messuages, &c., at Michaclmas
1352; Duchy of Lanc. Assize R. 2,
Some further account of the Sutton
family will be found under Scarisbrick in
Gilbert Sutton was in 1518 found to
have held his lands here of the Knights
of St. John by a rent of 4d.; Duchy of
Lanc. Inq. p.m. v, no. 67. About 1540
Thomas Gorsuch was holding the land
(in Dodfield) by the same rent; Kuerden
MSS. v, fol. 83b. James Gorsuch in 1580
sold a toft, &c., to James and William
Stopford; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle.
42, m. 20.
An Ayscow or Askue family occurs
about 1330–50. In 1331 Joan widow of
John de la Legh did not prosecute her claim
against Roger de Aykyskowe; Assize R.
1404, m. 18. In 1347 it appears that
Roger son of Roger de Aykescogh had by
his wife Christiana left two daughters,
Alice and Maud, who had a messuage and
land; Assize R. 1435, m. 51 d.
||Margery widow of Richard son of
Nicholas de Goldburn in 1343–7 claimed
two messuages, &c., in Ulnes Walton
against John son of William de Farington
and William Doddeson of Eccleston, but
failed; De Banco R. 336, m. 409 d.;
Assize R. 1435, m. 48. John son of
Nicholas de Goldburn occurs in a fine of
1333; Final Conc. ii, 90.
Richard son of John Collinson (? Goldburn) at Pentecost, 1352, claimed a
messuage and land against Alice daughter
of John de Farington, Alice widow of
William del Rowe and Joan widow of
John de Farington; Duchy of Lanc.
Assize R. 2, m. 8 d.
William Farington died in 1502 holding land, &c., in Ulnes Walton of the
Prior of St. John of Jerusalem by a rent
of 3d.; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. iii,
no. 67. Sir Henry Farington in 1540
held land in Dodfield; Kuerden MSS.
loc. sup. cit.
Roger (son of Robert) Farington of
Ulnes Walton died in 1613 holding land
of the king in socage; his son and heir
William was thirteen years of age; Lancs.
Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), i,
Thomas Hesketh of Rufford in 1523
held 2 acres in Ulnes Walton, but the
tenure was unknown; Duchy of Lanc.
Inq. p.m. v, no. 16; vii, no. 14.
James Anderton of Clayton died in
1630 holding a messuage and land in
Ulnes Walton, but the tenure is not
stated; ibid. xxvii, no. 56.
||James Stopford and William Gradell
are named in that year; Misc. (Rec. Soc.
Lancs. and Ches.), i, 244. William
Stopford contributed to the subsidy in
1628; ibid. ii, 166.
||A William Alanson died before 1578
holding lands, and leaving as heirs his two
daughters Ellen and another (Margaret)
wife of James Stopford; Court R. In
1562 a division was sought of four messuages and 26 acres of land held by Sir
Peter Legh, Robert Barton on one side and
James Stopford, Margaret his wife and
Ellen Alanson on the other; Pal. of
Lanc. Plea R. 212, m. 9. A settlement
by Ellen daughter and heir of William
Stopford was made in 1569; Pal. of Lanc.
Feet of F. bdle. 31, m. 24. James Stopford, Margaret his wife and William his
illegitimate son had made a similar settlement in 1563; ibid. bdle. 25, m. 203. The
same parties made a further settlement in
1587; ibid. bdle. 49, m. 138.
William Stopford died in 1617 holding
a messuage and land in Ulnes Walton
and other lands, &c., in Preston, Leyland,
Croston, Longton, &c.; Lancs. Inq. p.m.
(Rec. Soc. Lanes. and Ches.), ii, 72. The
premises in Ulnes Walton were held of Sir
Richard Molyneux and William Farington in free socage. William Stopford son
and heir of the deceased was twenty-three
years of age.
||John Charnock (of Farington) died
in 1574 holding a messuage and lands in
Ulnes Walton occupied by the wife of
Thomas Gradell and Christopher Gradell
her son; they had been purchased of Sir
Anthony Browne, but the tenure is not
stated; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xii, no.
35. His heir was his brother William's
son Thomas Charnock, over thirty years
of age, and this Thomas in the following
year made a settlement or partition of his
estate in Fulwood, Aughton and Ulnes
Walton, the plaintiffs in the fine being
William Charnock, William Gradell and
Roger Charnock; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of
F. bdle. 37, m. 191. John Charnock had
in 1571 bequeathed his tenement in Ulnes
Walton to his nephew William Gradell
son of Christopher; Piccope, Wills (Chet.
Soc.), ii, 209.
William Gradell died in 1608 holding
a messuage and lands in Ulnes Walton
and Croston of the king (as duke) by
knights' service; Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Rec.
Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), i, 92. Alice his
widow survived him, and his heir was his
son Christopher, seventeen years of age.
Christopher Gradell died in 1630 holding much the same estate of the king by
the two-hundredth part of a knight's fee.
His son and heir William was thirteen
years old, and his wife Elizabeth survived
him; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xxv, no.
10. The recusant roll of 1628 contains
the names of Christopher and Elizabeth
Gradell and two other members of the
family; Misc. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and
Ches.), i, 175.
The family were zealous Roman Catholics, and 'suffered every form of persecution rather than abjure their faith. They
appear annually on the recusant rolls from
their commencement under Elizabeth to
the reign of James II. . . . They supplied the church with several virtuous
and learned priests during the days of
persecution and throughout the whole of
that period maintained a chaplain at their
house at Barbles Moor. The mansion
has long since disappeared. . . . A corner
of the garden had originally been used as
a burial ground'; Gillow, Bibl. Dict.
Engl. Cath., ii, 547. He states that
the family became extinct in the male
line by the death of the Rev. Christopher
(son of Christopher) Gradell in 1758,
after serving as the priest at Sheffield for
twenty-two years. His two brothers had
died unmarried, and the heirs were his
three half-sisters, married to O'Neil,
Taylor of Standish and Orrell of Blackbrook.
The religion of the family and the
presence of a resident chaplain explain
the 'tradition' mentioned by Baines,
that the house had been 'a monkish
cell.' For the crosses there see Lancs.
and Ches. Antiq. Soc. xvii, 14. A long
account of the family, by the late Mgr.
R. Gradwell, appeared in the Preston
Guardian in 1884.
||Baines, Lancs. (ed. 1870), ii, 119.
||Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xxx, no. 49.
||Sequestered for recusancy; Cal. Com.
for Comp. iv, 2683.
||Sequestered for the recusancy of
Elizabeth Gradell and the popery and delinquency of William Gradell her son;
Royalist Comp. Papers (Rec. Soc. Lancs.
and Ches.), iii, 90. William Gradell's
estate was afterwards declared forfeit and
sold; Index of Royalists (Index Soc.), 42.
||He was the son of the above-named
William, and his sons William, Christopher and Richard are named; Estcourt
and Payne, Engl. Cath. Non-jurors, 131.
The son Christopher, as above stated, was
the last of the line; he went to Douay
in 1728. The will of Christopher Gradell,
the father, and a deed (1735) by William
Gradell are abstracted in Piccope MSS.
(Chet. Lib.), iii, pp. 216, 336, from deeds
enrolled at Preston.
||Estcourt and Payne, op. cit. 130,
||Land tax returns at Preston.
||It is mentioned in 1292; Plac. de
Quo Warr. (Rec. Com.), 375. Some
of the tenants have been named in preceding notes. The others about 1540
were: Edward Earl of Derby, paying
12d.; Sir Robert Hesketh, in Berle,
4d.; and some chaplains, probably for
chantry lands, paying 12d. and 6d.;
Kuerden MSS. v, fol. 83b. William
Dicconson in 1604 held part of what had
been the Hospitallers' lands by a rent of
4d.; Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc. Lancs.
and Ches.), i, 19.