||3,266, including 18 of inland water;
Census Rep. 1901.
||Subs. R. Lancs. bdle. 250, no. 9.
Edward Standish had eighteen hearths,
Langtree Hall ten, Bradley Hall, Dr.
Brideoak and Thomas Smith eight each,
Wigan Lane House seven and Thomas
||W. Stout, Autobiography, 28, 70.
Lond. Gaz. 11 Oct. 1872.
Lancs. and Ches. Antiq. Soc. xvii, 18,
||See Walton-on-the-Hill; Dict. Nat.
||Ibid.; Gillow, Bibl. Dict. of Engl.
Cath. v, 569; Preston Guardian Sketches,
no. 701; Trans. Hist. Soc. (new ser.), xiii,
Dict. Nat. Biog.
V.C.H. Lancs. i, 337.
Lancs. Inq. and Extents (Rec. Soc.
Lancs. and Ches.), i, 31. Nothing is
known of Richard Spileman. A contemporary Hugh Spileman was one of the
Abbot of Shrewsbury's 'men of Woolston'; Farrer, Lancs. Pipe R. 287.
||Some indications of it will be found
in subsequent notes. It is possible that
the Banastre holding was conveyed to the
Marsey family, who already held five
plough-lands in the parish, for at the sale
about 1230 to Randle Earl of Chester (to
whom Ferrers succeeded) Standish, Langtree, Shevington, Charnock, Heath Charnock, Duxbury, Adlington and Whittle
are named; Ormerod, Chesbire (ed.
Helsby), i, 37. This might account for
the double lordship which appears in
several of the townships. See also Inq.
and Extents, i, 29.
Lancs. Pipe R. 378. He may be
the Ralph de Standish son of Leising
mentioned in the ancient note to a Langtree charter; Cockersand Chartul. (Chet.
Soc.), ii, 514.
Final Conc. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and
Ches.), i, 24. Ralph retained the ploughland in Standish, a moiety of the advowson of the church, common of wood
and other easements, and 16 acres of
assarted land on the south side of Standish Church. See Bracton's Note Bk.
There are a large number of Standish
charters in Kuerden's MSS., but many of
them are but brief notes. Abstracts of
nearly 400—in some cases the full deed is
given—are printed in Local Glean. Lancs.
and Ches. ii. Mrs. Tempest has made
abstracts of others and has kindly placed
them at the editors' service.
||This appears from disputes as to the
advowson. Ralph de Standish was the
defendant in 1219 and Alexander, as 'son
and heir,' in 1220; Curia Regis R. 70,
m. 16; 74, m. 8.
The descent in the text is derived from
the pedigree set forth by William de
Standish in 1310 in support of his claim
to the advowson of Wigan, to which, as
he alleged, his ancestor Ralph de Standish
had presented a clerk in the time of
Richard I; De Banco R. 180, m. 218.
Apart from this nothing seems known of
the Richard son of Ralph who has the
second place in the descent.
||Ralph de Standish was in possession
in 1246, when he with Henry de Standish
and others in the parish brought a writ
against William de Ferrers Earl of Derby,
alleging that he should acquit them of the
services demanded for Standish, &c., by
the guardians of the lands of John
formerly Earl of Lincoln; Assize R. 404,
m. 14 d. It seems clear from this that
Ferrers occupied the place of Banastre in
1212. Hugh son of Gerard de Duleys
granted land in Shevington to Ralph de
Standish, Hugh, rector of Standish, being
one of the witnesses; Standish D. (Local
Glean.), no. 362.
||In 1288 it was found that Jordan de
Standish held Standish, with the advowson of the church, of William de Ferrers
by homage and the service of 5s. 8d.
yearly; Lancs. Inq. and Extents, i, 269.
He and the other tenants provided
puture for the serjeants. He died in
1290; ibid. 274.
Jordan son of Ralph de Standish
granted lands in Langtree and Standish to
Alan de Burlegh; Standish D. (Local
Glean.), no. 4. Jordan de Standish demised for twenty years to Nicholas (son)
of Hugh and Maud mother of Robert de
Haydock, rector of Standish, land within
these bounds: Beginning at the land of
John son of Hulle, ascending to Robert
de Worthington's land called Hatchacre,
round the outside of the Hut Lanc, Proceeding to the church land to the west as
far as 'le walle' of the church, descending
the Walle Lanc to South Brook as far as
the acre held by Siward and so to the
start; Standish D. (Mrs. Tempest's abstract), no. 5. The seal is appended; it
bears a conventional flower, surrounded
by the legend 's' iordani d' stan.'
Jordan de Standish granted a messuage
to William de Burlegh, whose son Roger
dying without issue, the tenement was
unsuccessfully claimed in 1341 by
William's daughter Goditha and her
husband Richard de Newton, miller. The
possessors were John de Burlegh and
Ellen his wife; De Banco R. 328, m.
Edmund son of Jordan de Standish in
1346 gave to Richard his son lands in
Standish and Langtree, with remainders
to his other sons—Robert, Edmund and
Henry; Kuerden MSS. v, fol. 145.
There are some other deeds referring to
him in the same volume. Robert son of
Edmund de Standish frequently occurs
in the Standish deeds and acquired Arley
in Blackrod, the Standishes of Arley being
apparently his descendants. See Standish
D. (Local Glean.), no. 36, 51, &c.
||Thomas le Waleys in 1298 complained that whereas the wardship and
marriage of William brother and heir of
Ralph son of Jordan de Standish belonged
to him, one Robert the Serjeant and Alice
his wife had abducted the heir; De Banco
R. 123, m. 30.
Cecily the widow of Ralph son of
Jordan de Standish in 1313–14 had common of pasture in Standish; Assize R.
424, m. 6 d.
Mabel and Alice daughters of Jordan
de Standish occur in the deeds; Standish
D. (Local Glean.), no. 9–13. Some of the
deeds (as printed) are dated Edward I
instead of Edward II.
In 1318–19 a settlement was made of
the moiety of the manors of Standish and
Langtree and the advowson of Standish
Church on William son of Jordan de
Standish and his heirs; ibid. no. 16.
About the same time William and Eleanor
his wife made a settlement of the eighth
part of the manor of Shevington; ibid.
De Lacy Inquest (Chet. Soc.), 22.
In the Compotus of 1296 the farm of
Standish and Langtree is similarly returned as 2s., and the same in 1305;
Compoti (Chet. Soc.), 10, 97.
||In 1329 John son of William, lord
of Standish, granted to Henry son of
Henry son of Anabil de Shevinley a piece
of land in Standish bounded by land of
John de Burlegh, the Cockscroft, Standish
Moor and the Kirk Brook, and another
piece in Shevington, in exchange for
Shevinley, which lay on the west side of
the manor of Standish; Standish D.
(Local Glean.), no. 17. Henry had been
accustomed to pay a pig as rent; ibid.
John de Standish and Thomas de Langtree in 1336 came to an agreement regarding the approvements of the waste;
ibid. no. 27. John de Standish attested
a charter in May 1351; ibid. no. 37.
||John son of William de Standish in
1332 gave his eighth part of the manor
of Shevington to his son William and
Margery his wife, a rent of 12¼d. being payable; Standish D. no. 20. A few weeks
later a settlement was made of the manor
and advowson of Standish, except four
messuages and 15 acres; the remainders,
after John de Standish, were to William
his son and his heirs by Margaret daughter
of Adam de Holcroft; should William
die without issue, the manor was to
descend to his brothers Henry, Edmund
and Ralph in succession; ibid. no. 21;
Final Conc. ii, 89. Margaret widow of
William de Standish (father of John)
was holding a third in dower.
One of these Margarets was probably
the wife of Adam de Tyldesley in 1339,
when an agreement was made with John
de Standish as to claims in Standish and
Shevington; Adam and Margaret undertook, if required, to sell and release by
fine in the King's Bench all their right
'at the costs of the said John for their
going and returning, that is to say, 2s.
each day for their reasonable journey';
Standish D. (Local Glean.), no. 33.
||John de Standish in 1343 granted
to his son Henry, who was to marry
Joan daughter of Henry de Worsley, all
his lands, &c., in Shevington except those
inclosed within his park; ibid. no. 34.
Joan survived her husband; ibid. no. 80.
Henry de Standish was in possession in
1353, when his park of Shevington is
named; ibid. no. 39, 40. Four years
later he made an agreement with Richard
de Langtree as to the wastes; by the
arbitration of friends an equal valuation
was to be made of the wastes and the
inclosures which had from time to time
been made by themselves or their ancestors; ibid. no. 43. The wastes of Standish and Langtree (described as 'a hamlet
of Standish') were the subject of further
agreements in 1362, when the two lords
(Henry and Richard) gave lands to
Thomas de Eccleston and Robert de
Standish in exchange for their rights of
common of pasture in the wastes, then
extending to 300 acres. From these
deeds (ibid. no. 52, 53) it appears that
the wood stretched from the park of
Standish to the boundary of Wigan, and
that the pasture lay in the north-west
quarter of the township, its bounds beginning at the church and reaching to
the borders of Wrightington and Shevington.
Henry de Standish in 1363 claimed
the custody of lands in Standish during
the minority of John son and heir of
Richard Stalon against Christiana the
widow of Richard and Ralph de Standish;
De Banco R. 415, m. 150; 416, m. 90.
In 1381 Henry de Standish granted to
Hugh de Standish land called Bolton
Field lying between the bounds of Wigan
and the Twelve Acre, and extending to
the road from Wigan to Standish [and]
as far as the Douglas, in exchange for a
moiety of 15 acres of the waste of Standish and Langtree next Byrlegh clough as
far as the ford by the Cinderheap, and a
moiety of a piece of the waste on
Ratonraw Green in the same vill; Standish D. (Mrs. Tempest's abstract), no. 99.
The seal shows the ancient coat of the
family—a saltire within a border engrailed.
In 1383 Henry de Standish released to
the rector of the church a field called
Eldefield; Standish D. (Local Glean.),
||The king in 1353 granted a pardon
to Ralph son of John de Standish for
breach of the peace, ordering no one to
reproach him for what had been done on
10 April 1352; ibid. no. 38.
By 1364 he had acquired lands in
Wigan, Standish, Langtree and Shevington, which had belonged to Edmund de
Fulshagh and others; ibid. no. 40, 46,
He appears afterwards to have served
the Black Prince, who granted him an
annuity of £20 out of the manor of
Sutton near Macclesfield, which was continued to him (as Ralph de Standish,
esq.) by Richard II; Cal. Pat. 1377–81,
p. 124. As Sir Ralph de Standish he
was made warden of Scarborough Castle
in 1381; ibid. 1381–5, pp. 32, 47.
In Oct. 1382, as Sir Ralph de Standish,
he explained to his dearest brother Gilbert
de Standish, the rector, the objects of a
feoffment he had made. His lands in
Wigan, Standish, &c., were for the use of
his wife Elizabeth for life, for his issue
by her, in default to Joan de Standish
and heirs, then to John de Standish son
of Mary de Ince. The deed was made in
London; Standish D. (Mrs. Tempest's
abstract), no. 102. Sir Ralph died soon
afterwards, his annuity being at once
granted to another; Cal. Pat. 1381–5,
p. 180. The feoffees in May 1383 granted
the lands to his widow Elizabeth with
remainders to their sons Nicholas and
Ralph and issue, and then to John and
Joan children of Mary de Ince; ibid.
no. 104. The widow soon afterwards
married Thomas Lampet; Standish D.
(Local Glean.), no. 75, 76. The whole
or most of the estate was in 1407 purchased by Ralph Standish of Standish;
ibid. no. 93–102.
Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Chet. Soc.), i, 64.
||In an aid levied in 1378 it is stated
that 6s. 8d. was due from Henry de
Standish and Gilbert de Langtree for the
third part of a knight's fee in Standish
and Langtree; Harl. MS. 2085, fol. 423.
At the same time William de Harrington
was said to hold the third part of a fee
there (ibid.), and in 1446 Thomas de
Harrington held the same as feoffee;
Duchy of Lanc. Knights' Fees, bdle. 2,
||Standish D. (Local Glean.), no. 82.
His mother Joan released to Ralph 100
acres in Standish and the Great Heys
near the hall; ibid. no. 80.
He had in 1359 been contracted to
marry Cecily daughter of Roger de Bradshagh, and she was still living in 1411–12;
ibid. no. 47, 48, 82, 103.
John 'Standwich' is said by Froissart
(Chron. i, 650) to have killed Wat Tyler,
but Stow gives the name as Cavendish.
Dep. Keeper's Rep. xli, App. 727, 760.
||The eighth part of the manor of
Shevington and lands, &c., in Standish
were in 1398 settled by Ralph son of
Henry de Standish and Cecily his wife
upon Lawrence son of Ralph and Lora
daughter of Sir Roger de Pilkington;
Standish D. (Mrs. Tempest's abstract),
no. 115. Shortly afterwards Lawrence
and Lora are called husband and wife;
ibid. (Local Glean.), no. 84. She was
living in 1422; ibid. no. 113.
||Ibid. no. 120–3.
||In 1419 Lawrence arranged the
marriage of his sister Eleanor and John
son and heir-apparent of Henry Birkhead;
Standish D. (Mrs. Tempest's abstract),
no. 110. A further agreement as to the
wastes of Standish and Langtree became
necessary in 1431, when Lawrence de
Standish and Richard de Langtree referred
the point in dispute to arbitrators; ibid.
(Local Glean.), no. 124.
He arranged in 1421 that his son
Alexander should marry Constance
daughter of John Gerard of Brynn; ibid.
no. 111. The marriage took place, and
Constance survived her husband, being
alive in 1468; ibid. no. 112, 129, 152.
||Ibid. no. 116.
||Towneley MS. DD, no. 1479. The
manor and advowson of Standish were
held of Sir William de Ferrers of Groby,
Margaret widow of Sir William de Harrington and Robert de Shireburne, but
the services were unknown.
||See the account of Chadderton.
||Standish D. (Local Glean.), no. 137.
Ralph Standish took part in a division
of Chadderton in 1454–5; his wife
Margery, the heiress, survived him and
was living a widow in 1473; ibid. no.
139, 153. She afterwards married Thomas
Radcliffe and died in 1476, when Alexander, her son and heir, was twenty-four
years of age; Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Chet.
Soc.), ii, 126.
Ralph seems to have died in 1468,
when there was a settlement of family disputes; Standish D. (Local Glean.), no. 152.
||In 1451–2 Ralph de Standish conveyed his estates in Lancashire, Cheshire,
Warwickshire and Essex to feoffees in
order to make settlements on the marriage
of Alexander his son and heir with Sibyl
daughter of Henry Bold; ibid. no. 135,
136, 140–2. Sibyl is mentioned again in
1484; ibid. no. 171.
In 1476 Alexander Standish made a
further agreement with the lord of Langtree respecting the approvement of the
waste; ibid. no. 155. In 1479 he made
a declaration to the Abbot of Norton of
his innocence in the affray at Wigan with
Sir Thomas Gerard of Brynn; ibid. no.
162. In the following year the disputes
between the families were referred to
arbitration and Sir Thomas was ordered
to pay £10 15s. 8d. to the 'uses of the
fellowship of the said Alexander that have
had bloody strokes in the said matter';
ibid. no. 167. A feoffment of the manor
of Standish was made about the same
time; ibid. no. 165.
||Metcalfe, Bk. of Knights, 7.
||Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. iii, no. 25.
Sibyl his widow was living at Bromley in
Wigan at the date of the inquisition.
||The marriage settlement is dated 16
Aug. 1497; Standish D. (Local Glean.),
no. 183. (Perhaps it should be a year
later; ibid. no. 182.) The manor of
Wolfage or Brixworth was on division
assigned to the Standishes. From the
same deeds it appears that Ralph Standish
secured a lease of the rectory and made
many purchases of land in Shevington,
Duxbury, Wigan, &c.
A pedigree was recorded in 1533;
Visit. (Chet. Soc.), 103.
||Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. viii, no.
21. Ralph's will is given in Standish D.
(Local Glean.), no. 299; Alice his wife
is named in it.
||Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. viii, no.
23. The heir, not married, was at that
time in the custody of Alice Standish,
widow (his grandmother).
Alexander's will is in Dods. MSS. xxii,
An annuity out of the manor of Chadderton with the wardship and marriage of
Richard (Ralph) son and heir of Alexander Standish was granted to the Earl
of Derby in 1540; Dep. Keeper's Rep.
xxxix, App. 560.
In 1518 an agreement was made for
the marriage of Alexander son and heirapparent of Ralph Standish with Anne
daughter of Sir William Molyneux of
Sefton; Standish D. (Mrs. Tempest's
abstract), no. 201.
||Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. vii, no. 17.
In the will of Thurstan Tyldesley of
Wardley, 1547, it is stated that his
daughter Mary had been espoused to
Ralph Standish, and a desire is expressed
that the match should be continued by
her marriage with Edward the brother
and heir of Ralph; Piccope's Wills
(Chet. Soc.), i, 101.
In 1583 Edward Standish was suing for
woods called Gillotts and Hayhurst in
Chadderton, Coppull and Duxbury, the
defendant being Mary widow of his
brother Ralph, and afterwards wife of
William Tatton; Pal. of Lanc. Plea R.
257, m. 9.
||Edward Standish obtained livery in
1553; Standish D. (Local Glean.), no.
||He was reported to the queen's
ministers as disaffected in 1584 and 1586;
Gibson, Lydiate Hall, 227, 239. He
was, however, a justice of the peace in
1600; Misc. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and
Ches.), i, 244.
Two of his sons were convicted recusants; Standish D. (Local Glean.), no. 365
||Birt, Eliz. Settlement, 386; quoting
S. P. Dom. Eliz. cxviii, no. 29.
||Standish D. (Local Glean.), no 311,
316, &c. On the other hand he sold his
interest in the manor of Brighington in
Norfolk, part of his grandmother's inheritance; ibid. no. 312. See also Pal.
of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 16, m. 37; 43,
m. 206; 47, m. 31.
||Standish D. (Local Glean.), no. 326.
'The new mansion house of the said
Edward called the Hall of Standish' is
mentioned in the covenant.
Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc. Lancs.
and Ches.), i, 185; various family arrangements are given in detail. Edward
married Ellen daughter of Sir William
Radcliffe of Ordsall, and recorded a pedigree in 1567; Visit. (Chet. Soc.), 102.
Edward's widow was Elizabeth Towneley;
her will was proved in 1614.
For a settlement by Alexander Standish
in 1610 see Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle.
75, no. 11.
||Standish D. (Local Glean.), no. 338.
Ralph's second wife, the mother of his
children, was Bridget Molyneux of Sefton.
||Alexander Standish was living in
1616; ibid. no. 341. The inquisition
after the death of Elizabeth Standish,
widow, who died in 1623, was taken in
1627. It refers to the manor of Woolston and states that Ralph Standish, her son
and heir, was forty years of age; Towneley
MS. C 8, 13 (Chet. Lib.), p. 1090.
Settlements of the manors of Standish,
Shevington, &c., were made by Ralph
Standish in 1613 and later; Pal. of Lanc.
Feet of F. bdle. 81, no. 8; 121, no. 5.
||In his petition to the Parliament in
1652 Ralph Standish stated that he was
'neither recusant nor delinquent'; Cal.
Com. for Comp. iv, 2812.
He had in 1632 paid £30 on refusing
knighthood; Misc. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and
Ches.), i, 222. A survey of part of his
estate seems to have been made in 1634;
Towneley MS. C 8, 13 (Chet. Lib.),
||See Cal. Com. for Comp. iv, 2574; Index
of Royalists (Index Soc.), 38. Nothing is said
about his recusancy. He is probably the
'Master Standish of Standish' who took
part in Lord Strange's attack on Manchester
in 1642; Civil War Tracts (Chet. Soc.), 51.
Edward Standish was in 1632 contracted to marry Elizabeth daughter of
Sir Francis Howard of Naworth; Standish
D. (Local Glean.), no. 364.
Cal. Com. for Comp. iv, 2812.
||Dugdale, Visit. (Chet. Soc.), 291.
William the son of Edward was then
twenty-six years old and married to
Cecilia daughter (and heir) of Sir Robert
Bindloss of Borwick.
Settlements of the manor were made
by Edward Standish in 1660 and 1669;
Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdles. 165, m.
8; 182, m. 102.
In 1677 a Private Act was obtained
enabling the trustees of Edward Standish
to sell lands for the payment of his debts;
29 Chas. II, cap. 13.
||William Standish was one of those
charged with participation in the supposed
Lancashire plots of 1690 and 1694. The
hall was alleged to have been a meetingplace of the conspirators and was accordingly searched. See Lancs. Plot (Chet.
Soc.), 36, 37; Hist. MSS. Com. Rep. xiv,
App. iv, 238, 297, &c.
A settlement of the Standish manors
was made in 1698; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of
F. bdle. 240, m. 140.
Cecilia Standish, widow of William,
in 1717 registered her estate, including
the manor of Standish; Engl. Cath. Nonjurors, 143.
||There are rentals of Ralph Standish
among the Forfeited Estates Papers,
||His will seems to have been proved
in 1755; Piccope MSS. (Chet. Lib.), iii,
284, from R. 29 of Geo. II at Preston.
Deeds concerning the estates were in
1736 enrolled in the Common Pleas;
Hil. 10 Geo. II, 56/7. Ralph Standish
and Cecilia, his only child, were parties.
||The latter part of the descent is
taken from a full pedigree in Piccope
MS. Pedigrees (Chet. Lib.), i, 79; see
also Burke's Commoners, ii, 67.
||Charles Standish served as M.P. for
Wigan in 1837 and 1842; he was a
Liberal; Pink and Beaven, Parl. Repre.
of Lancs. 241, 242.
||The shield is one of ten quarters.
||Quarterly(1) and (4)—1 and 4 France,
2 and 3 England, (2) Scotland, (3) Ireland,
which is the shield of the Stuart sovereigns.
||Ralph Standish married Lady Philippa
Howard daughter of the sixth Duke of
Norfolk; she died 1731.
||Baines, Lancs. (ed. Harland), ii, 160.
Final Conc. i, 24, quoted above.
Lancs. Pipe R. 38. Siward de Langtree's name occurs in a charter made
about 1190; ibid. 378.
Cockersand Chartul. ii, 513; he
gave land called Wallcroft in his vill of
Langtree, bounded on the east by Perburn,
on the south by Worthington and a road
to the west, by a valley and stream on
the other sides. From this it seems that
the brook bounding Standish on the north
was the Perburn.
||See the account of the disputes as to
Cockersand Chartul. ii, 515. The
bounds of one grant were defined by
Aspensnape, Tathelache and Perburn,
and of another by the Harestan between
Langtree and Worthington, the great
brook up to Beleford, up by a certain
shady place (wascellum) between Littlecroft and Wetbutts, by ditches and crosses
to the cross in Greenlache, and so to the
||Henry was one of the plaintiffs in
the plea of 1246 respecting homage,
quoted above; Assize R. 404, m. 14 d.
He may have married the heiress of
Richard de Langtree.
Cockersand Chartul. ii, 517.
In 1276 William son of William de
Preston and Eleanor his wife claimed a
tenement in Standish against Henry de
Langtree, but were unsuccessful; Assize
R. 405, m. 1 d.
Henry de Langtree in the time of
Jordan de Standish made a grant of land
lying near the boundaries of Wigan;
Standish D. (Mrs. Tempest's abstract),
Lancs. Inq. and Extents, i, 269.
||William son of Henry de Langtree
gave a release of land granted by his
father; Kuerden MSS. ii, fol. 145b.
||From Thomas de Langtree living in
the time of Edward II the pedigree is
given thus in a pleading of 1429:—
Thomas —s. Thomas—s. Richard —s.
Gilbert —s. Richard, the plaintiff; Pal.
of Lanc. Plea R. 2, m. 31. The dispute
arose from a grant by the first-named
Thomas to John son of Ralph de Bradshagh in 1311 of 3 acres of land and
waste lying together in the vill of Standish
and Langtree at a rent of 12½d. Adam
son of Ralph de Bradshagh was in
1313–14 plaintiff against Thomas de
Langtree in a plea of mort d'ancestor;
Assize R. 424, m. 4 d.
The agreement as to the wastes in
1336 and 1357 to which Thomas and
Richard de Langtree were parties has
been mentioned above. Richard son of
Thomas de Langtree in 1341 paid 12d.
to the lord of Penwortham as relief on
succeeding; Mins. Accts. bdle. 1091, no. 6.
In the same year he allowed Dame Mabel
de Bradshagh for her life his attachment
of the water of Douglas at a rent of 2s.
(Bradshaw D.); and in 1348 gave John
de Standish licence to make a mill on
the Douglas between the mills of Worthington and Haigh, in return for 2½
acres of land; Standish D. (Local Glean.)
In 1370 Margery widow of Richard de
Langtree claimed a third part of the
manor of Langtree against Thomas son
of Richard; De Banco R. 440, m. 33.
Gilbert son of Richard de Langtree in
1377–8 granted to Robert son of Edmund
de Standish right of turbary at Hodspull
in the vill of Standish in exchange for
Robert's claim to the waste in Langtree;
Standish D. (Local Glean.), no. 63. In
the preceding year Gilbert de Langtree
and his wife Alice, daughter of Robert de
Winstanley, are mentioned, Gilbert being
bound to pay £40 in case he moved for
a divorce; Add. MS. 32105, no. 339.
In 1383–4 Gilbert made a settlement
of his manor of Langtree; Standish D.
(Local Glean.), no. 357. Gilbert was still
living in 1401; Dep. Keeper's Rep. xxxiii,
Richard son of Gilbert de Langtree was
married by dispensation to Elizabeth
daughter of Ralph de Standish, and land
called Standish Wood was settled upon
them, with remainders to Richard's
brothers, Ralph, Gilbert, Robert and
Henry; Standish D. (Local Glean.), no.
363. In another deed (no. 124) Richard
is described as grandson of Richard de
The next known possessor is Lawrence
Langtree, with whom the recorded pedigree begins. He was witness to a deed
in 1458; Standish D. (Mrs. Tempest),
no. 146. He had disputes with the
Standish family, and Gilbert his son was
a party to them in 1484–5; ibid. (Local
Glean.), no. 172. Gilbert Langtree ten
years later received £2, portion of
damages awarded him against Lawrence
Standish; Standish D. no. 180.
||Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. vi, no. 55.
||John Langtree's name appears in
the Visit. of 1533 (Chet. Soc. 191), but
the herald had not spoken with him and
no particulars are given.
||Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xi, no. 18;
the estate included a water-mill in Standish and Langtree.
John Langtree had in 1562 purchased
messuages in Standish, &c., from Richard
Rutter; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 22,
m. 87. For the Rutter family see ibid.
bdles. 12, m. 34; 24, m. 132.
Visit. (Chet. Sec.), 66.
||Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 50,
m. 212. Administration of Gilbert's
estate was granted in Feb. 1596–7;
Wills (Chet. Soc. new ser.), i, 218.
His son Edward succeeded, and died in
1619 holding the manor of Langtree and
various lands as before; Thomas, his son
and heir, was not quite of full age; Lancs.
Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.),
Thomas Langtree made a settlement
of his manor and lands soon after coming
of age; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 99,
Misc. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.),
i, 167. Thomas Langtree in 1631 paid
£10 on refusing knighthood; ibid. i, 214.
Royalist Comp. Papers (Rec. Soc.
Lancs. and Ches.), iv, 59–64. Though
Thomas Langtree appears to have avoided
any share in the war, his son Edward
served with Prince Rupert. Hence the
father's whole estate in Leyland Hundred
was sequestered for 'delinquency ' and
two-thirds of that in Amounderness for
Index of Royalists (Index Soc.), 43.
The purchaser was Samuel Foxley of
Westminster, the estate being described
as 'half the manors of Langtree, Standish,
Coppull, Worthington and Swarbreck';
Cal. Com. for Comp. iv, 2660.
||Thomas Langtree, Edward his son,
Samuel and Joshua Foxley were deforciants in a fine of 1655 relating to the
manor of Langtree and lands in Standish,
Langtree, Wigan and Worthington; Pal.
of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 157, m. 97.
||Henry de Langtree gave Bradley to
Hugh son of Robert de Haydock, rector
of Standish; Kuerden MSS. iii, W 26.
It was perhaps the estate in Standish
settled by fine in 1304; Final Conc. i, 204.
In Kuerden MSS. vi, fol. 96, are a number of short notes of Standish of Duxbury
deeds relating to acquisitions of land in
Standish by Hugh de Haydock (Standish)
and his successors. Bradley was in 1471
in the possession of Christopher son and
heir of James Standish; no. 101.
A 'manor of Bradley,' of tenure unknown, was held by Thomas Standish of
Duxbury in 1517, being occupied by his
mother Alice; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m.
v, no. 11; see also Lancs. Inq. p.m.
(Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), iii, 398.
Hugh Cooper, the benefactor of Chorley,
records in his will (1682) that he had
purchased Bradley from Sir Richard
Standish; he bequeathed it to his grandson Hugh Warren.
||Baines, Lancs. (ed. 1870), ii, 161.
||A branch of this family settled in
Langtree, as appears by a deed and pleading already cited. Their estate went
back to the middle of the 13th century,
when Henry de Langtree gave Ralph son
of Adam de Bradshagh land adjoining
Perburn; Standish D. (Mrs. Tempest's
abstract), no. 4. In 1313 Thomas de
Langtree demised to Robert de Bradshagh
and his heirs by Cecily his wife land
between Hodpull Moss and the Brewsterfield and a headland at the Saltersgate,
with remainder to Adam brother of
Ralph for life; ibid. no. 25.
Adam son of Ralph de Bradshagh was
in 1331 refeoffed of his lands in Standish
and Langtree; the remainder was to
Cecily daughter of Adam and his wife
Hawise; ibid. no. 42.
Cecily daughter of Hawise daughter of
Austin the Harper in 1332 claimed a
messuage, &c., in Langtree against Henry
son of Robert and kinsman and heir of
Adam de Bradshagh and Adam son of
John de Bradshagh; Assize R. 1411,
m. 12; De Banco R. 294, m. 152.
William son of Adam de Bradshagh of
Langtree in 1380 held his father's lands
in Shevington; Standish D. (Mrs. Tempest's abstract), no. 97. An agreement
was made in 1475 between Richard
Bradshagh and Gilbert Whalley, both of
Langtree, for the marriage of the former's
son Ralph to Gilbert's daughter Katherine; ibid. no. 159. In the following
year there was a partition of lands in
Standish, Langtree and Shevington between Lawrence Claughton (grandson of
John Claughton) and Robert Moody, heirs
of Adam Bradshagh; ibid. no 166.
Margaret widow of Gilbert Bradshagh
in 1543 claimed dower in her husband's
lands against Ralph, who was son of
Henry brother of Gilbert and heir male.
Gilbert's daughters Ellen and Grace also
claimed portions. Next year Ralph
Bradshagh sold his estate to Ralph Standish of Standish; ibid. no. 230, 233.
The purchase appears to have been completed by Edward brother and heir of
Ralph Standish in 1548; Pal. of Lanc.
Feet of F. bdle. 13, m. 170. This purchase may be the origin of the 'manor
of Langtree' which afterwards appears in
descriptions of the Standish family's estate.
||For this family see the account of
Ralph Gidlow, who died in 1531, held
part of a tenement in Langtree of John
Langtree by the rent of 12d. It had
descended from one John Perlebarn
(? Perburn) to the representatives of his
three daughters, viz. to Ralph Gidlow as
son of John son of Ralph son of Joan, to
Roger Haydock as son of William son of
Hugh son of Katherine, and to James
Aspinall as son of Hugh son of Margaret.
Robert Gidlow was Ralph's son and heir;
Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. iii, no. 6;
vi, no. 12. Roger Haydock in 1547 purchased Robert Gidlow's part of the inheritance in Langtree and Coppull; Pal.
of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 13, m. 256.
The Haydock family occur from time
to time, and produced one of the rectors
of the parish, but no account can be
given of them. John Haydock of Coppull
died in 1622 holding land of Thomas
Langtree by a rent of 12d.; Lancs. Inq.
p.m. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), iii, 314.
||The Fords have been mentioned in
preceding notes. In 1569 Alexander
Ford of Swinley purchased a third part of
a messuage in Standish, Langtree and
Shevington from Roger Breres; Pal. of
Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 31, m. 69; see
also ibid. bdle. 31, m. 88. In another
fine Roger Breres and Jane his wife
appear among the sharers of another tenement, Robert Langton, Ralph Gillar,
Alice his wife, Margaret Chorley, Thomas
Osbaldeston and Elizabeth his wife being
the others; ibid. bdle. 41, m. 73.
||Thus Alexander Standish of Duxbury in 1622 held lands, &c., in Standish
and Langtree, but the services were unknown; Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc. Lancs.
and Ches.), iii, 400.
Nicholas Worthington and Agnes his
wife had a messuage, &c., in Langtree in
1589; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 51,
William Taylor in 1618 held lands in
the same of Thomas Langtree by 8d.
rent; Thomas, his son and heir, was
forty years of age; Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Rec.
Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), ii, 152.
Ellen Chamberlaine, widow, held land,
&c., of the Fairclough inheritance; ibid.
Plac. de Quo Warr. (Rec. Com.),
375. Emma widow of Richard de
Molyneux of Sefton was a tenant in 1329; De Banco R. 279, m 180 d. About
1540 Ralph Standish was the tenant, paying
a rent of 12d.; Kuerden MSS. v, fol. 83b
||His lands in Standish were held of the
queen as of her manor of East Greenwich;
Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xii, no. 2.
||Subs. R. Lancs. bdle. 130, no. 126.
||Ibid. bdle. 131, no. 210.
||John Prescot, a minor, in 1651
desired to compound for the delinquency
of his late father, Robert Prescot; Cal.
Com. for Comp. iv, 2795.
James Rigby in 1653 desired to compound, his estate having been ordered for
sale; ibid. iv, 3103.
John Rigby of Standish Wood desired
to clear himself of the charge of delinquency; ibid. iv, 2815. For pedigree
see Visit. of 1613 (Chet. Soc.), 24.
In addition to the estates of Prescot
and Rigby, the following were ordered for
sale by the Confiscation Act of 1652: John
Brown, George Hornby and Lawrence
Standish; Index of Royalists, 41, 42, 44.
||The following are given in Estcourt
and Payne's Engl. Cath. Non-jurors:
Oliver Bibby (130), Thomas Blundell
(131), John Buller (125), Emir Grimboldston (129), William Smith (131),
Alexander Standish (99—he inherited
from his brother Edward), and Ralph
Taylor (106). It is remarked that
the last-named had a son Thomas, who
entered the English College in Rome in
1695; Foley, Records S. J. vi, 445.
||Forfeited Estate Papers, Lancs. L 5.
||Land tax returns at Preston.
Quaker Charities Rep. 1905, p. 44.
The ground was purchased in 1709. A
later meeting-house in Standish, 1812,
was sold to the Wesleyans; Note by Dr.
Shaw. See also Kuerden's statement
quoted in the introduction to Standish.
||Lists of recusants are printed in
Misc. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), i,
176–9, for 1628; Misc. (Cath. Rec. Soc.),
v, 102, for 1670 (about), and Trans.
Hist. Soc. (new ser.), xix-xx, 246–9, for
||Alexander Gardiner, a seminary
priest, 'used the parish of Standish' in
1588. The Ven. Edward Bamber, priest,
was once captured near Standish, about
1640; Gillow, Bibl. Dict. of Engl. Cath.
||In 1716 it was reported to the
government that 'Thomas Brockholes of
Standish, co. Lanc., who is a popish
priest . . . has an estate in Standish
Wood . . . which he holds as a priest of
the Church of Rome, and is to go always
to popish priests'; Payne's Engl. Cath.
Trans. Hist. Soc. (new ser.), xiii,
155. A Dominican (Fr. James D. Darbyshire) was at Standish 1726–8. The
English Benedictines served the mission
from 1741 to 1873. In 1774 Bishop
Walton confirmed 247 persons and
Bishop Gibson 38 in 1784.